TIM KASSER ~ THE HIGH PRICE OF MATERIALISM ~ 2002

~ ATPI-HH-WH-EMR-T-F/C/S/E-ELIOE-TSREINMA-UF-IIA-R-AWTILSD-N-AQLAMAPOTWGTUJHFWAFAAOTG-I-T-HC-I-DIITDW:A-‘F’-FW-O/L/ME-A-A-‘T’-CB-D/PS ~ At This Point In – Human History – We Have – Enough Material Resources – To – Feed / Clothe /Shelter / Educate – Every Living Individual On Earth – That Such Resources Exist Is Not Merely A – Utopian Fantasy – It Is A – Reality – About Which There Is Little Serious Debate – Nonetheless – A Quick Look Around Most Any Part Of This Warming Globe Tells Us Just How Far We Are From Achieving Any Of These Goals – Instead – The – Human Community – Is – Dividing Itself Into Two Distinct Worlds: A – “First” – Filled With – Opulence / Luxury / Material Excess – And – A – “Third” – Characterized By – Deprivation / Poverty /Struggle

~ W-F-A-T-W-CFBDANB-I-A-IMC-OF-RIPOW-SB-EW-FOI ~ Whereas – First – And – Third – Worlds – Could Formerly Be Distinguished Along National Boundaries – Increasingly – And – In Most Countries – One Finds – Relatively Insulated Pockets Of Wealth – Surrounded By – Ever Widening – Fields Of Impoverishment

~ MOTWPINGUI-W-T-A-E-WTMGOIITGWTCFT-WT-EL-SAM-ANLBSA-MP-B-A-CG-T-GR-E-H-OB-P-EOOU-CSRBCTTRO-CAM ~ Most Of The World’s Population Is Now Growing Up In – Winner-Take-All – Economies – Where The Main Goal Of Individuals Is To Get Whatever They Can For Themselves – Within This – Economic Landscape – Selfishness And Materialism – Are No Longer Being Seen As – Moral Problems – But – As – Cardinal Goals – This – Global Reality – Exists – However – Only Because – People – Each One Of Us – Can So Readily Be Converted To The Religions Of – Consumerism And Materialism

~ WHAA-WV-IW-WAS-I-J-NB-AW/K/CC-B-I-T-R-‘S’

~ We Have Adopted A – World View – In Which – Worth And Success – Is– Judged – Not By – Apparent Wisdom / Kindness / Community Contributions – But – In – The – Right – “Stuff”

~ TBTMPOTHS ~ The Burdens That Materialism Places On The Human Soul

~ DTH-MAM-MG-DUIAEMFPOL-NOMW-WH-B-O-PTG-WHT-M/U/R/I-A-CM-A-E-H-L-SAS ~ Desires To Have – More And More – Material Goods – Drive Us Into An Ever More Frantic Pace Of Life – Not Only Must We – Work Harder – But – Once – Possessing The Goods – We Have To – Maintain / Upgrade / Replace / Insure – And – Constantly Manage – An – Ever-Heavier – Load – Strain And Stress

~ WIR?-WT-POMAP-BA-‘TGL’-O-ATPO-CS-F? ~ Who Is Right? – Will The – Pursuit Of Money And Possessions – Bring About – “The Good Life” – Or – Are The Promises Of – Consumer Society – False?

~ WHTO-IE-A-IR-WWATMO-CC-A-PB?-WHTT-QOOL-W-WV,? ~ What Happens To Our – Internal Experience – And – Interpersonal Relationships – When We Adopt The Messages Of – Consumer Culture – As – Personal Beliefs? – What Happens To The – Quality Of Our Lives – When – We Value Materialism?

~ AI ~ Aspiration Index

~ TM-MV-AATCOOL-TMO-QOL-ID ~ The More – Materialistic Values – Are At The Center Of Our Lives – The More Our – Quality Of Life – Is Diminished

~ MV-AAW-RL-W-B ~ Materialistic Values – Are Associated With – Relatively Low – Well-Being

~ PN ~ Psychological Needs

~ PACBWM-T-NCBSBHTRP-AOU-T-SE-TO-O-I-MV-TI-WI-TMOCS-I-OO-VABS-TVTBTOOL-BI-G/A/B ~ People Are Constantly Bombarded With Messages – That – Needs Can Be Satisfied By Having The Right Products – All Of Us – To – Some Extent –Take On – Or – Internalize – Materialistic Values – That Is – We Incorporate – The Messages Of Consumer Society – Into – Our Own – Value And Belief Systems – These Values Then Begin To Organize Our Lives – By Influencing – Goals / Attitudes / Behaviors

~ ASFOMV-IO-A-S-O-M-O-A-PH-CB-A-R-FINS ~ A Strong Focus On Materialistic Values – Is Often – A – Symptom – Or – Manifestation – Of – A – Personal History – Characterized By – A – Relative – Failure In Need Satisfaction

~ MVANJEOU-I-TLPTOTLIWTDAPJOSTN-AT-CEMT-M ~ Materialistic Values Are Not Just Expressions Of Unhappiness – Instead – They Lead People To Organize Their Lives In Ways That Do A Poor Job Of Satisfying Their Needs – And Thus – Contribute Even More To – Misery

~ TF-IOC-T-PSE-F-OEY-A-TEWHT-SDHMW-EF-SAS ~ The Family – Is Or Course The – Primary Socializing Environment – For – Our Early Years – And – The Experiences We Have There – Strongly Determine How Much We – Eventually Feel – Safe And Secure

~ TWPTTCSOTF-A-SC-IWCAR-H-IR-ITO-FN-O-S/S/S ~ The Ways Parents Treat Their Children – Stability Of The Family – And – Socioeconomic Circumstances – In Which Children Are Raised – Have – Important Ramifications – In Terms Of – Fulfilling Needs – Of – Safety / Sustenance / Security

~ A-MO-DWI-HE-EIC-T-FTSTNF-S/S/S ~ A – Materialistic Orientation – Develops When Individuals – Have Experiences – Especially In Childhood – That – Fail To Support Their Needs For – Security / Safety / Sustenance

~ MV-AB-ASOAUI-A-ACSTOIAAT-AP-A-SN-TPITMVARPCS ~ Materialistic Values – Are Both – A Symptom Of An Underlying Insecurity – And – A Coping Strategy Taken On In An Attempt To – Alleviate Problems – And – Satisfy Needs – The Problem Is That Materialistic Values Are Rather Poor Coping Strategies

~ ETSPOMI-EAU ~ Even The Successful Pursuit Of Materialistic Ideals – Typically Turns Out To Be – Empty And Unsatisfying

~ MPT-N-MG-SON-AT-I-W-B ~ Making Progress Toward – Non-Materialistic Goals – Satisfies One’s Needs – And Thus – Improves – Well-Being

~ N-ODAADA-LS-E ~ Narcissism – Often Develops As A Defense Agaisnt – Low Self-Esteem

~ P-ES-ALAFO-HFTAF-W/W/W-TIWLTB ~ People’s – Emotional States – Are Largely A Function Of – How Far They Are From – Who / What / Where – They Ideally Would Like To Be

~ OOTMRMIHUI-A-WAP-ITTFVSIITM ~ One Of The Main Reasons Materialistic Individuals Have Unrealistic Ideals – About – Wealth And Possessions – Is That They Frequently View Such Images In The Media

~ MIWALOT ~ Materialistic Individuals Watch A Lot Of Television

~ RB-LFTNNT-TWGT-RTF ~ Rising Baselines – Looking For The Next New Thing – That Will Give The – Temporary Fix

~ TSTIT-WPFTEOEMSOF-TOPITT-MWBB-AT-CTSFWWNMTH ~ The Sad Truth Is That – When People Feel The Emptiness Of Either Material Success Or Failure – They Often Persist In Thinking That – More Will Be Better – And Thus – Continue To Strive For What Will Never Make Them Happier

~ PWFOMA-ODSAT-‘E’-O-TR ~ People Who Focus On Materialistic Aims – Often Do So At The – “Expense” – Of – Their – Relationships

~ BVHBEOHB-TETWIFOMP-ATWTIWOP ~ Because Values Have Broad Effects On Human Behavior – The Extent To Which Individuals Focus On Materialistic Pursuits – Affect The Way They Interact With Other People

~ ‘MM’ ~ “Market Metaphors”

~ W-C/P/M-BO-PA-WBLCWFU-O-SE/F/D-I-OBO-AT-LVAP ~ When – Consumption / Possessions / Money – Become Our – Primary Aims – We Become Less Concerned With Fully Understanding – Others’ – Subjective Experience / Feelings / Desires – Instead – Others Become Objects – And Thus – Lose Value As People

~ ASFO-W/F/I-U-TSONF-AAA ~ A Strong Focus On – Wealth / Fame / Image – Undermines – The Satisfaction Of Needs For – Authenticity And Autonomy

~ IRAIMOB-GP-MOP-F-DSTE-CITM-OTOH-ICLP-TCMATRTTA-A-C-TE-L-I-A-E ~ If Rewards Are Important Motivators Of Behavior – Giving People – Money Or Praise – For – Doing Something They Enjoy – Could Increase Their Motivation – On The Other Hand – It Could Lead People To Care More About The Rewards Than The Activity – And – Consequently – To Experience – Less – Interest – And – Enjoyment

~ RT-PPT-FAA-PF-C/P/C-WT-FOMV ~ Rather Than – Providing Paths To – Freedom And Autonomy – People Feel – Chained / Pressured / Controlled – When They – Focus On Materialistic Values

~ WMVDOS-WM-FAFF-WMUC-WTEOILHW ~ When Materialistic Values Dominate Our Society – We Move – Farther And Farther From – What Makes Us Civilized – We Treat Each Other In Less Humane Ways

~ MV-UO-QOL ~ Materialistic Values – Undermine Our – Quality Of Life

~ AYWMVHAWFY-O-WTCTPYPI ~ Ask Yourself Whether Materialistic Values Have Actually Worked For You – Or – Whether They Continue To Perpetuate Your Problems Instead

~ TAGLAWYNRA ~ Take A Good Look At What Your Needs Really Are

~ A-F-Z ~ Advertising-Free-Zones

~ AATBDTPW-B ~ Advertisements Appear To Be Detrimental To Peoples Well-Being

~ MVBU-W-TAHIICWOV ~ Materialistic Values Become Unhealthy – When – They Are Highly Important In Comparison With Other Values

ROY BAUMEISTER + JOHN TIERNEY ~ WILLPOWER ~ 2011

~ W-LAM-BFFO-B-CABSOTLTTE ~ Willpower – Like A Muscle – Becomes Fatigued From Overuse – But – Can Also Be Strengthened Over The Long Term Through Exercise

~ MMP-PAS-COFOS-C:CSAB/IV/UIS/PAW/AADA/UD/LOE/CA/EA ~ Most Major Problems – Personal And Social – Center On Failure Of Self-Control: Compulsive Spending And Borrowing / Impulsive Violence / Underachievement In School / Procrastination At Work / Alcohol And Drug Abuse / Unhealthy Diet / Lack Of Exercise / Chronic Anxiety / Explosive Anger

~ PS-C-CWJAEKOIT ~ Poor Self-Control Correlates With Just About Ever Kind Of Individual Trauma

~ TASATNM-RFASMEB ~ To Avoid Smirking At The Next Meeting – Refrain From Any – Strenuous Mental Exercises – Beforehand

~ WSRD-T-I-DW-WD-A-T-CE ~ What Stress Really Does – Though – Is – Deplete Willpower – Which Diminishes – Ability – To – Control Emotions

~ YHA-FAOW-T-BDAYUI-YUTS-SOW0FAMOT ~ You Have A – Finite Amount Of Willpower – That – Becomes Depleted As You Use It – You Use The Same – Stock Of Willpower – For All Manner Of Tasks

~ FOOPAAT ~ Focus On One Project At A Time

~ TWTT-QS-WA-RTE-O-CBOA-TTFAAT-TM-SD-O-W-ABP-IT-MORASTI ~ Those Who Try To – Quit Smoking – While Also – Restricting Their Eating – Or – Cutting Back On Alcohol – Tend To Fail At All Three – Too Many – Simultaneous Demands – On – Willpower – A Better Plan – Is To – Make One Resolution An Stick To It

~ NG-NW-ATBUGDS-C-ISTCSTTE-WPHMDFS-C-THFSI-EJETHTES-CSTMPHFSF ~ No Glucose – No Willpower – As The Body Uses Glucose During Self-Control – It Starts To Crave Sweet Things To Eat – When People Have More Demands For Self-Control – Their Hunger For Sweets Increases – Even Just Expecting To Have To Exert Self-Control Seems To Make People Hungry For Sweet Foods

~ IYH-A-T-A-IM-O-A-VP-DTIOWG ~ If You Have – A – Test – An – Important Meeting – Or – A – Vital Project – Don’t Take It On Without Glucose

~ DACWABC-HBFTB-EMDT-DWMI-Y0IS-IUSMOYGTFTC-T-TNELFTB ~ Driving A Car With A Bad Cold – Has Been Found To Be – Even More Dangerous Than – Driving When Mildly Intoxicated – Your – Immune System – Is Using So Much Of Your Glucose To Fight The Cold – That – There’s Not Enough Left For The Brain

~ WYT-S ~ When You’re Tired – Sleep

~ SD-HBSTITPOG-W-PICF-S-C ~ Sleep Deprivation – Has Been Shown To Impair The Processing Of Glucose – Which – Produces Immediate Consequences For Self-Control

~ TGTMOOOW-UITSAETTS ~ To Get The Most Out Of Our Willpower – Use It To Set Aside Enough Time To Sleep

~ TFSI-S-C-I-TSA-CG ~ The First Step In – Self-Control – Is – To Set A – Clear Goal

~ TRO-CG-I-U-IO-A ~ The Result Of – Conflicting Goals – Is – Unhappiness – Instead Of – Action

~ YIN ~ Your Inner Nag

~ UT-A-UG-TTPIOM ~ Uncompleted Tasks – And – Unmet Goals – Tend To Pop Into One’s Mind

~ TPO-DT-INAITTUIWTFTT-I-TUIATCM-T-MAP-OTPIM-TUCSN ~ The Persistence Of – Distracting Thoughts – Is Not An Indication That The Unconscious Is Working To Finish The Task – Instead – The Unconscious Is Asking The Conscious Mind – To – Make A Plan – Once The Plan Is Made – The Unconscious Can Stop Nagging

~ DF ~ Decision Fatigue

~ S-TT-I-NAGSFL ~ Short-Term Thinking – Is – Not A Great Strategy For Life

~ SYFO-HFYC-O-HMRTBD?-TS-MAA-F-I-O-TRA ~ Should You Focus On – How Far You’ve Come – Or – How Much Remains To Be Done? – To Stoke – Motivation And Ambition – Focus – Instead – On – The Road Ahead

~ WW ~ Willpower Workouts

~ ISRFHTBITF-YOIA-C/C-S-SYM-UC ~ In Setting Rules For How To Behave In The Future – You’re Often In A – Calm / Cool – State – So You Make – Unrealistic Commitments

~ TA-MT-TEYTCWFTMWII-TTRWTI-B-ITLRTLYLDFTMWITASCTS ~ There Are – Mental Tricks – That Enable You To Conserve Willpower For Those Moments When It’s Indispensable – These Techniques Require Willpower To Implement – But – In The Long Run They Leave You Less Depleted For Those Moments When It Takes A Strong Core To Survive

~ P:LYIAVP-MI-I/UD/S-T-LTP ~ Precommitment: Lock Yourself Into A Virtuous Path – Make It – Impossible / Unthinkably Disgraceful / Sinful – To – Leave The Path

~ TBAF-YW-A-AP-I-WED ~ The Best Advice For – Young Writers – And – Aspiring Professors – Is – Write Every Day

~ H(LH)-I-OP ~ Heaven (Like Hell) – Is – Other People

~ PORST-BAITWIS ~ Plenty Of Research Suggests That – Being Alone In The World Is Stressful

~ L-A-LP-TTHMO-JAEKO-MAPI-T-PWLIRSN ~ Loners – And – Lonely People – Tend To Have More Of – Just About Every Kind Of – Mental And Physical Illness – Than – People Who Live In Rich Social Networks

~ POTGPCFTPAOSTAL ~ Part Of The Group’s Power Comes From The Passive Act Of Sitting There And Listening

~ APGCSMROYSIOL-P-IYKTAWBMY ~ A Personal Goal Can Seem More Real Once You Speak It Out Loud – Particularly – If You Know The Audience Will Be Monitoring You

~ TB-RIN-I-TPCOTS-EM-A-IINTL-TCAS-B-TMPDTETINMCBM-S-H-O-OBC ~ The Broad – Rise In Narcissism – Is – The Problem Child Of The Self-Esteem Movement – And – It Is Not Too Likely – To Change Anytime Soon – Because – The Movement Persists Despite The Evidence That It’s Not Making Children Become More – Successful – Honest – Or – Otherwise Better Citizens

~ WTGGT-PWHS-EODTSB ~ When The Going Gets Tough – People With High Self-Esteem Often Decide They Shouldn’t Bother

~ NAEAT-CNAWCR-AT-BHAFOTR-I-AVFOHD ~ Nearly All Experts Agree That – Children Need And Want Clear Rules – And That – Being Held Accountable For Obeying The Rules – Is – A Vital Feature Of Healthy Development

~ ALOASDTTT-TOTBOOTSPO-CB ~ A Lack Of Adult Supervision During The Teenage Years – Turned Out To Be One Of The Strongest Predictors Of – Criminal Behavior

~ TCWMTHO-WWFMIOTGTM-T-SBDT ~ The Children Who Manged To Hold Out – Who Waited Fifteen Minutes In Order To Get Two Marshmallows – Typically – Succeeded By Distracting Themselves

~Y-CAII-B-YNWTCA ~ Yes – Controlling Attention Is Important – But – You Need Willpower To Control Attention

~ TFSI-S-C-IT-ERG ~ The First Step In – Self-Control Is To – Establish Realistic Goals

~ T-CB-WPOTOSOTR-A-HWETR ~ The – Candy Bowl – Was Placed On The Other Side Of The Room – And – Hence Was Easier To Resist

~ ITWTTDD-B-A-ILSOTMTS-L-RT-N ~ It Takes Willpower To Turn Down Dessert – But – Apparently – It’s Less Stressful On The Mind To Say – Later – Rather Than – Never

~ WTDCA-DGLAFT-VTYWEAOT-SOL-B-JNT ~ When The Dessert Cart Arrives – Don’t Gaze Longingly At Forbidden Treats – Vow That You Will Eat All Of Them – Sooner Or Latter – But – Just Not Tonight

~ TBWTRSIYLIT-SSU ~ The Best Way To Reduce Stress In Your Life Is To – Stop Screwing Up

~ OOTMOYWIR:DKPIO ~ One Of The Most Obvious Yet Widely Ignored Rules: Don’t Keep Putting It Off

~ BOM-BD-W-YEID-B-YTTFO-W-S-TG-A-DC ~ Beware Of Making – Binding Decisions – When – Your Energy Is Down – Because – You’ll Tend To Favor Options – With – Short-Term Gains – And – Delayed Costs

~ TNA-YM-FI-RTSYD-W-NM-DT-YMIG-WNI ~ The Nothing Alternative – You Might – For Instance – Resolve To Start Your Day – With – Ninety Minutes – Devoted To – Your Most Important Goal – With No Interruptions

~ KT-M-I-CFAKOP-A-ICEWIYDMAPAA ~ Keep Track – Monitoring – Is – Crucial For Any Kind Of Plan – And – It Can Even Work If You Don’t Make A Plan At All

GERARD DUMENIL + DOMINIQUE LEVY ~ THE CRISIS OF NEOLIBERALISM ~ 2011

~ N-NCO-TWTTBO-T-HIB/CO/UFOM-TGCOIIFOAPMWACAOTNSO ~ Neoliberalism – New Class Objectives – That Worked To The Benefit Of – The – Highest Income Brackets / Capitals Owners / Upper Fractions Of Management – The Greater Concentration Of Income In Favor Of A Privileged Minority Was A Crucial Achievement Of The New Social Order

~ TDSTRDN-WHBII-AAHNBMB-CAMC-IPTUF ~ The Dramatic Social Transformation Realized During Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible If – An Alliance Had Not Been Made Between – Capitalist And Managerial Classes – In Particular Their Upper Fractions

~ N-IA-SO-AATGOIFTUIB-N-IIP-NEL-SP ~ Neoliberalism – Is A – Social Order – Aimed At The Generation Of Income For The Upper Income Brackets – Not – Investment In Production – Nor Even Less – Social Progress

~ TOBWTT-COTC-WGTTI-SE-SCANOAW-K/E/R-AC ~ The Original Bet Was That The – Countries Of The Center – Would Gradually Transform Themselves Into – Services Economies – Still Concentrating A Number Of Activities Where – Knowledge / Education / Research – Are Crucial

~ NSTCOA-FAU-FS-BO-QP-A-‘PTTPOFS’ ~ Neoliberalism Saw The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure – Based On – Questionable Practices – A – “Propensity To The Production Of Fictitious Surplus”

~ T-FMOCI-IOP-MPIAGC ~ The – Free Mobility Of Capital Internationally – Impairs Or Prohibits – Macro Policies In A Given Country

~ TOST-FAG-GTI-PATNPFTDGO-HD-WTCO-FI-A-G-TTBOAPM ~ The Overall Shift Toward – Fictionalization And Globalization – Given Their Interconnectedness – Provided All The Necessary Prerequisites For The Dramatic Growth Of – Households’ Debt – With The Collaboration Of – Financial Institutions – And – Governments – To The Benefit Of A Privileged Minority

~ TWISR-ITCOTC-FE-TMADOWP ~ There Were Important Social Resistances – In The Countries Of The Center – For Example – To Maintain A Degree Of Welfare Protection

~ RTTDCBN ~ Reaction To The Devastation Caused By Neoliberalism

~ N:’FC’~ Neoliberalism: “Financialized Capitalism”

~ ‘FC’ ~ “Finance Capital”

~ O-FAG-MTCOA-FAU-FS ~ Overall – Financialization And Globalization – Meant The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure

~ IAWO-FT-A-FCM-IIDTC-IR/L/ER ~ In A World Of – Free Trade – And – Free Capital Mobility – It Is Difficult To Control – Interest Rates / Loans / Exchange Rates

~ TRFT-2001R-WOOATCO-TRORI-ABOTHS-W-PIRL ~ The Recovery From The – 2001 Recession – Was Obtained Only At The Cost Of – The Rise Of Residential Investment – A Boom Of The Hosing Sector – While – Productive Investment Remained Low

~ TCOIATT ~ The Concentration Of Income At The Top

~ TDB-WAM-I-TIT-S-A-C-M-WAOTSS-A-UMOTCS-A-M-IPI-UL-IGICT-SA-AIFOTSGWETTB ~ The Difference Between – Workers And Managers – Is – That In The – Stick-And-Carrot – Metaphor – Workers Are On The Stick Side – And – Upper Management On The Carrot Side – Actually – Management – In Particular Its – Upper Layers – Increased Gradually Its Capability To – Set Apart – An Increasing Fraction Of The Surplus Generated Within Enterprises To Their Benefit

~ N-I-T-UA-TEO-TROT-PAI-O-CC ~ Neoliberalism – Is – Thus – Understood As – The Expression Of – The Restoration Of The – Power And Income – Of – Capitalist Classes

~ TRPLOTFS ~ The Record Profitability Levels Of The Financial Sector

~ MSNBSA-MPA-ITDOT-COH-IN-T-MC-IPT-UF-AP-ITFOT-NST-EHR-A-WTGOEITRO-AO-IF-TION-WHBI-HNTNABSWTULOTSP-B-OAM ~ Mangers Should Not Be Seen As – Merely Passive Agents – In The Determination Of The – Course Of History – In Neoliberalism – The – Managerial Classes – In Particular Their – Upper Fractions – Actively Participated – In The Formation Of The – New Social Trends – Expecting High Remunerations – And – With The Goal Of Entering Into The Realm Of – Active Ownership – In Fact – The Imposition Of Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible – Had Not The New Alliance Been Struck Within The Upper Layers Of The Social Pyramid – Between – Ownership And Management

~ WT-PP-OTBO-WE-W-S-UWIS-DTND ~ While The – Purchasing Power – Of The Bulk Of – Wage Earners – Was – Stagnating – Upper Wages – Increased Sharply – During The Neoliberal Decades

~ B-CM-SO-AAA-IC-OT-MG ~ Besides – Corporate Managers – State Officials – Are Also An – Important Component – Of The – Managerial Classes

~ T-TON-O-ESI-WG-PLOTFOB-PTROW-ITOHI-A-SO ~ The – Tenants Of Neoliberalism – Oppose – Excessive State Intervention – Whenever Governments – Place Limits On The Freedom Of Business – Protect The Rights Of Workers – Imposes Taxes On High Incomes – And – So On

~ NRTSOT-SDC-NTSIG ~ Neoliberalism Rejected The State Of The – Social Democratic Compromise – Not The State In General

~ PH ~ Prevailing Hegemonies

~ TSWSFAMC ~ The Stage Was Set For A Major Collapse

~ ACBE-N-A-NG-DA-TSAFOT-FS ~ As Could Be Expected – Neoliberalism – And – Neoliberal Globalization – Deeply Altered – The Structure And Function Of The – Financial Sector

~ TIOTFS-IA-NASP ~ The – Indebtedness Of The Financial Sector – Is A – New And Spectacular Phenomenon

~ TMAEO-TH-CBCIAA-NA ~ The Multiplication And Expansion Of – Tax Havens – Can Be Clearly Interpreted As A – Neoliberal Accomplishment

~ AM ~ Asset Management

~ CT ~ Carry Trade

~ EC ~ Exchanging Currencies

~ AFAUS ~ A Fragile And Unwieldy Structure

~ TIOT-UIB-IDDT-ND-TROPASVOFCFSG ~ The Income Of The – Upper Income Brackets – Increased Dramatically During The – Neoliberal Decades – The Rise Of Profits And Stock Values Of Financial Corporations Fed Skyrocketing Gains

~ THONAICIOOSTBRATL-WCBDAT-‘DOPAF’-WTPOTFSRP?-OWGWTTGOTUWBITSB?-BADTD ~ The History Of Neoliberalism At Its Climax Is One Of Subtle Transition Between Reaching And Trespassing Limits – What Could Be Denoted As The – “Dialectics Of Performance And Fictitiousness” – Were The Profits Of The Financial Sector Real Profits? – On What Grounds Were The Tremendous Gains Of The Upper Wage Brackets In The Sector Based? – Boundaries Are Difficult To Draw

~ OSFOT-FS-I-TCOVHW ~ One Specific Feature Of The – Financial Sector – Is – The Concentration Of Very High Wages

~ P-IW-A-RFE ~ Practices – Impossible Within – A – Regulated Financial Economy

~ TFWOD-WAIFI-TCO-BAT-I-1980/1990

ITL190SAE1990S ~ The First Wave Of Deregulation – Was An Important Factor In – The Crisis Of – Banking And Thrift – Institutions – In – 1980/1990

~ SL-BEAAROTEO-UC-AOTC-HIR-O-B-W-HCR ~ Subprime Loans – Became Easier As A Result Of The Elimination Of – Usury Controls – Allowing Originators To Charge – Higher Interest Rates – On – Borrowers – With – Higher Credit Risks

~ NG-LTLPBTAOT-IMOC-WHBC-BR ~ Neoliberal Globalization – Lifted The Limits Placed By The Agreements On The – International Movements Of Capital – Which Had Been Considered – Basic Requirements

~ F-IT-F-GS ~ Fundamentals – In The – Financial-Global Storm

~ DA-A-GD ~ Declining Accumulation – And – Growing Disequilibria

~ TMTDW-T-RDI-A-T-ROFF ~ The Most Threatening Developments Were – The – Rising Domestic Indebtedness – And – The – Reliance On Foreign Financing

~ TSOQMBP:WIB?-A-FWP?-A-WIL-A-TWI? ~ Two Sets Of Questions Must Be Posed: Who Is Borrowing? – And – For What Purpose? – And – Who Is Lending – And – Through Which Instruments?

~ MW ~ Mortgage Wave

~ F-T-MW ~ Feeding – The – Mortgage Wave

~ T-LO-O-CDO-AP-SI ~ The – Late Outburst – Of – Collateralized Debt Obligations – A Prominent – Speculative Instrument

~ RI-V-FS ~ Real Incomes – Versus – Fictitious Surplus

~ NINAPOI-B-ASOAATPAIOTUC ~ Neoliberalism Is Not About Principles Or Ideology – But – A Social Order Aiming At The Power And Income Of The Upper Classes

~ IN-TS-AWIFOTUC ~ In Neoliberalism – The State – Always Worked In Favor Of The Upper Classes

~ TGC ~ The Great Contraction

~ GFT ~ Global Financial Turmoil

~ COFH ~ Crises Of Financial Hegemony

~ A-DD-T-RAC ~ A – Deficient Determination – To – Regulate And Control

~ TLF-TD-WF ~ The Lessons From – The Depression – Were Forgotten

~ A-FS-ITSO-TRE ~ A – Financial Sector – In The Service Of – The Real Economy

~ BN ~ Beyond Neoliberalism

~ IWBNT-PSL-O-TTOLFOITTUFOIB ~ It Will Be Necessary To – Place Severe Limitations – On – The Transfer Of Large Flows Of Income Toward The Upper Fractions Of Income Brackets

~ NC-AA-TMLOOTCON-FTCD ~ Neomanagerial Capitalism – Appears As – The Most Likely Outcome Of The Crisis Of Neoliberalism – For The Coming Decades

NICHOLAS CARR ~ UTOPIA IS CREEPY ~ 2016

~ TPFGOTH ~ Technological Paradise Forever Glittering On The Horizon

~ TIOTCNAAEOLIAIF ~ The Idea Of The Computer Network As An Engine Of Liberation Is An Innocent Fraud

~ TDOADAWU-TIHTMT-B-IHNTU ~ The Dreams Of A Digital Awakening Went Unfulfilled – The Internet Had Transformed Many Things – But – It Had Not Transformed Us

~ TCOTA ~ The Cult Of The Amateur

~ TPO-W2.0-VTA-A-DTP ~ The Promoters Of – Web 2.0 – Venerate The Amateur – And – Distrust The Professional

~ TPOF ~ The Price Of Free

~ LION-W2.0-L-W1.0-BI-I-A-IA-SOE-O-OAC-IDCWICAGOB-S-LDT-UR-A-STTAII-NAWWIWB ~ Like It Or Not – Web 2.0 – Like – Web 1.0 – Before It – Is – Amoral – It’s A – Set Of Economics – Of – Production And Consumption – It Doesn’t Care Whether Its Consequences Are Good Or Bad – So – Lets Ditch The – Utopian Rhetoric – And – See The Thing As It Is – Not As We Wish It Would Be

~ Q-T-SMO ~ Questioning – The – Social Media Orthodoxy

~ DS ~ Digital Sharecropping

~ DTEOWCORY-WTATBGEMC-WR-BC-IN-OC-B-T-EV-OTC ~ Despite The Explosion Of Web Content Over Recent Years – Web Traffic Appears To Be Growing Ever More Concentrated – What’s Really – Being Concentrated – Is Not – Online Content – But – The – Economic Value – Of That Content

~ T-S-OHIA-AE-WT-OOHIACE-T-AE-IJAMOC-CI-FT-CE-MSITW-FITP ~ The – Sharecroppers – Operate Happily In An – Attention Economy – While Their – Overseers Operate Happily In A Cash Economy – The – Attention Economy – Is Just A Means Of Creating – Cheap Inputs – For The – Cash Economy – Many Share In The Work – Few In The Profit

~ TGPO-SN-IT-IUNATGFTC ~ The Great Paradox Of – Social Networking – Is That – It Uses Narcissism As The Glue For The Community

~ ATPWTOMOTCOAS-WSRITSW-ALTWCBFFTAONKWTEBRAUL-ALTWCFSTHOT-EIIN ~ As The Physical World Takes On More Of The Characteristics Of A Simulation – We Seek Reality In The Simulated World – At Least There We Can Be Freed From The Anxiety Of Not Knowing Where The Edge Between Real And Unreal Lies – At Least There We Can Find Something To Hold On To – Even If It’s Nothing

~ GITC ~ Ghosts In The Code

~ GAAA ~ Go Ask Alice’s Avatar

~ IB-I-YW-R-H-TMAMS ~ I Bet – If – You Were – Really – Really – High – That Might Actually Make Sense

~ STNF? ~ Should The Net Forget?

~ TSOTIGMBBCV-TOGIT-KU-TTITDO-IL-B-TTIU-TS-TMSIEMIDOOLAD ~ The Strategy Of Today’s Internet Giants Might Best Be Called Vampiric – Their Overriding Goal Is To – Know Us – To Transfer Into Their Databases Our – Informational Life-Blood –Their Thirst Is Unquenchable – To Survive – They Must Suck In Ever More Intimate Details Of Our Lives And Desires

~ IANS:FYGYCTETPDTY-A-TY-NOSTDTA-B-YGTCTBTVFTA ~ It’s A Nifty System: First You Get Your Customers To Entrust Their Personal Data To You – And – Then You – Not Only Sell That Data To Advertisers – But – You Get The Customers To Be The Vector For The Ads

~ IYWTPAIBHI-YHTO:MMS-O-MPD ~ If You Want To Push Artificial Intelligence Beyond Human Intelligence – You Have Two Options: Make Machines Smarter – Or – Make People Dumber

~ RTVC ~ Raising The Virtual Child

~ GFOP-WCTT-ASA-PDSTCDA ~ Great Fans Of Progress – Will Change Their Tune – As Soon As – Progress Destroys Something They Care Deeply About

~ YNLNAC-TBA-CP ~ You No Longer Need A Couch – To Be A – Couch Potato

~ GTA ~ Grand Theft Attention

~ WSBSOAWDO-VGS-TATSALOTIFOACS-SO-A/M/ATM-TE-SIHTOF ~ We Should Be Skeptical Of Anyone Who Draws On – Video Game Studies – To Argue That Spending A Lot Of Time In Front Of A Computer Screen – Strengthens Our – Attentiveness / Memory / Ability To Multitask – The Evidence – Suggest It Has — The Opposite Effect

~ TDFPIS;VIS ~ The Desire For Privacy Is Strong; Vanity Is Stronger

~ I-AT-D ~ Innovation – Arcs Toward – Decadence

~ WKTCARS-WCSGB ~ We’ll Know That Computers Are Really Smart – When Computers Start Getting Bored

~ IIT-VON-MT-VON-T-TMI ~ It Is The – Vanity Of Neuroticism – More Than – The – Vanity Of Narcissism – That – The Mirror Incites

~ HIACSTHAIC-W-S-IICUTW-‘BS’-? ~ How Is A Computer Supposed To Have An Intelligent Conversation – With – Singularitarians – If It Can'[T Use The Word – “BullShit” – ?

~ UW ~ UnderWearables

~ J-HAB-A-B-P-OT-MIH-NIA ~ Jobs – Have Always Been – A By-Product – Of The – Market’s Invisible Hand – Not Its Aim

~ TLITSOAS-I-TBLTTW ~ To Look Into The Screen Of A Smartphone – Is – To Be Lost To The World

~ TIOICIA ~ The Illusion Of Involvement Conceals Its Absence

~ TGS-WWSLTCTP-NAO-A-B-AO-R-TWHN-A-Q ~ Things Get Sticky – When We Start Looking To Computers To Perform – Not As Our – Aides – But – As Our – Replacements – That’s What’s Happening Now – And – Quickly

~ T-ROAI-DLISDF-TAHN ~ The – Risks Of Artificial Intelligence – Don’t Lie In Some Dystopian Future – They Are Here Now

~ T-PD-HLAYWTWFTNNTTA?-HMESCYE ~ The – Patience Deficit – How Long Are You Willing To Wait For The Next New Thing To Arrive? – How Many Empty Seconds Can You Endure

~ WL-M-ETMCOU ~ We Live – Mythically – Even The Most Calculating Of Us

~ ITIOANTTDTIOTCTI ~ Increasing The Intelligence Of A Network Tends To Decrease The Intelligence Of Those Connected To It

~ SHST-R-TTMUALALME-ALMATTILOO ~ Studies Have Shown That – Reading – Tends To Make Us At Least A Little More Empathetic – A Little More Alert To The Inner Lives Of Others

~ T-GD-PBT-EOPP-ITIMLU-A-I-AAA-S-T-D-TCOP-TSIA-OAU ~ The – Greatest Danger – Posed By The – Erosion Of Personal Privacy – Is That It May Lead Us – As – Individuals – And As A – Society – To – Devalue – The Concept Of Privacy – To See It As – Outdated And Unimportant

~ W-CWIS-A-WI-A-WVA-D ~ We – Cherish What Is Scarce – And – What Is – Abundant – We View As – Disposable

~ T-V-OA-W-MAW-U-T-L-NOI-WIPFU-B-WIPU ~ The – Value – Of A – Well-Made And Well-Used – Tool – Lies – Not Only In – What It Produces For Us – But – What It Produces In Us

~ WWET-VW-WRTSMOOB-TDFU;IEU ~ When We Enter The – Virtual World – We’re Required To Shed Much Of Our Body – That Doesn’t Free Us; It Emaciates Us

~ T-BIT-AA-B-S-H-A-F-I-S-IAUT-FO-ATF-W-RUOR-FTF ~ The – Belief In Technology – As A – Benevolent – Self-Healing – Autonomous – Force – Is – Seductive – It Allows Us To – Feel Optimistic – About The Future – While – Relieving Us Of Responsibility – For That Future

~ GF ~ Grandiose Futurism

~ U-IAFO-S-D ~ Utopianism – Is A Form Of – Self-Delusion

~ WWRS-I-WRTCOII-DW-AT-FOI-A-I-TSUAFM ~ What We Risk Sacrificing – If – We Rush To Curtail Our Involvement In – Difficult Work – Are The – Flashes Of Insight – And – Inspiration – That Set Us Apart From Machines

~ LITC ~ Lost In The Cloud

~ A-WNTET-COO-CH-DEUITHOA-SGOCE-T-FOPNP ~ And – We’ll Need To Ensure That – Control Over Our – Cultural Heritage – Doesn’t End Up In The Hands Of A – Small Group Of Commercial Enterprises – That – Focus On Profit Not Posterity

EVGENY MOROZOV ~ THE NET DELUSION ~ 2011

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ CU:ANBITENOOCTROASRTAID ~ Cyber-Utopianism: A Naive Belief In The Emancipatory Nature Of Online Communication That Rests On A Stubborn Refusal To Acknowledge Its Downside

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ EL-‘FR’-HBTBOOT-TTC-A-ET-PC ~ Expressions Like – “Freedom Recession” – Have Begun To Break Out Of The – Think-Tank Circuit – And – Enter The – Public Conversation

~ FTA-H-AG-WRTTI-C-U-DNPHUIWPFPP-HMDWLTUIFS-A-HS-MSOIC-WB ~ Failing To Anticipate How – Authoritarian Governments – Would Respond To The Internet – Cyber-Utopians – Did Not Predict How Useful It Would Prove For Propaganda Purposes – How Masterfully Dictators Would Learn To Use It For Surveillance – And – How Sophisticated – Modern Systems Of Internet Censorship – Would Become

~ P-ITRTSTDOTNDE-C-U-EUBTROTI-RTSTIPARAWOPL-NJTOCTD ~ Paradoxically – In Their Refusal To See The Downside Of The New Digital Environment – Cyber-Utopians – Ended Up Belittling The Role Of The Internet – Refusing To See That It Penetrates And Reshaped All Walks Of Political Life – Not Just The Ones Conducive To Democratization

~ IMWIW-C-U-UR ~ I Myself Was Intoxicated With – Cyber-Utopianism – Until Recently

~ ATITOAEGRITPOBAADS-TPTFTC-A-SWWTIAWOG ~ As The Internet Takes On An Even Greater Role In The Politics Of Both Authoritarian And Democratic States – The Pressure To Forget The Context – And – Start With What The Internet Allows Will Only Grow

~ TSAAITIOABTFWAVIH-EITHAUTPWTLFG ~ The Struggle Agaisnt Authoritarianism Is Too Important Of A Battle To Fight With A Voluntary Intellectual Handicap – Even If That Handicap Allows Us To Play With The Latest Fancy Gadgets

~ TUCOAIR ~ The Unimaginable Consequences Of An Imagined Revolution

~ TBB-C-U-A-C-NIABO ~ The Border Between – Cyber-Utopianism – And – Cyber-Naivete – Is A Blurry One

~ TRWSMPAJBITPOTIIBTHNGTSMT ~ The Reason Why So Many Politicians And Journalists Believe In The Power Of The Internet Is Because They Have Not Given This Subject Much Thought

~ TIHAETSPTSAP-O-AMAR ~ The Internet Has Also Empowered: The Secret Police / The Censors / The Propaganda

~ RTATTWCAS-RTU-AR-I-EI ~ Refusing To Acknowledge That The Web Can Actually Strengthen – Rather Than Undermine – Authoritarian Regimes – Is – Extremely Irresponsible

~ MAR-HLTFIAEMBTAOI ~ Modern Authoritarian Regimes – Have Learned To Function In An Environment Marked By The Abundance Of Information

~ OD-A-T-CI ~ Online Discontents – And – Their – Content Intellectuals

~ CPTEICADIAMB-FMET-24/7P-TIHMTEEOTLUA-A-TLIAD-MA ~ Controlling People Through Entertainment Is Cheaper And Doesn’t Involve As Much Brutality – Far More Effective Than – 24/7 Policing – The Internet Has Made The Entertainment Experiences Of Those Living Under Authoritarianism – And – Those Living In A Democracy – Much Alike

~ ACTUSTAFOUV ~ A Call To Use Strategies That Are Free Of Utopian Visions

~ C-A-S ~ Censors – And – Sensibilities

~ UO-ILT-IAP ~ Unwarranted Optimism – Inevitably Leads To – Inaction And Paralysis

~ CS-AA-DAF-T-TTI-NOTU-A-T-BA-WEED ~ Censorship-Systems – Are As – Detailed And Fine-Tuned – To – The Information-Needs Of Their Users – As – The – Behavioral Advertising – We Encounter Every Day

~ TTU ~ Time To Unfriend

~ TBTTIITBTCIDN ~ The Belief That The Internet Is Too Big To Censor Is Dangerously Naive

~ WDC;WO! ~ We Don’t Censor; We Outsource!

~ WC-UC ~ Wise Crowds – Unwise Causes

~ METI-DNBI-DSFAG ~ Mere Exposure To Information – Does Not By Itself – Decrease Support For Authoritarian Governments

~ TH-THHBAMEWTETPTAS-TT-BDAI ~ Throughout History – There Has Hardly Been A More Effective Way To Ensure That People Talk About Something – Than To – Ban Discussions About It

~ MP-DNDBP-EP-TM/CG/BP-A-MR-RT ~ Modern Propaganda – Does Not Discriminate Between Platforms – Easily Penetrating – Text Messages / Computer Games / Blog Posts – And – Most Recently – Ringback Tones

~ TUO-TM-F-PP-‘RT’ ~ The Use Of – Text Messaging – For – Propaganda Purposes – “Red-Texting”

~ TIINGTUTPFOMA ~ The Internet Is Not Going To Undermine The Propaganda Foundations Of Modern Authoritarianism

~ TIROT-B-IDOTAOUNV ~ The Internet Runs On Trust –But – Its Dependence On Trust Also Opens Up Numerous Vulnerabilities

~ TWIYTMADTCOIC ~ The World Is Yet To Meet A Database That Cried Over Its Contents

~ SS-TC-AAACOWIS ~ Surveillance Software – That Can – Automatically Annotate And Comment On What It Sees

~ BTAO-SM-ITALOEF-RG-T-LATP-DAAW ~ Before The Advent Of – Social Media – It Took A Lot Of Effort For – Repressive Governments – To – Learn About The People – Dissidents Are Associated With

~ TC-DTCIWMOTUO-WSUTCOGTW ~ Technology Companies – Utterly Disregard The Contexts In Which Many Of Their Users Operate – While Significantly Underestimating The Consequences Of Getting Things Wrong

~ T-IV-O-SE-INLO-T-IG-C-AG ~ The – Intelligence Value – Of – Search Engines – Is Not Lost On – The – Internet Gurus – Consulting – Authoritarian Governments

~ FAF-ACSDM-N-WTFIPE ~ First And Foremost – Authorities Can Shut Down Mobile-Networks – Whenever They Find It Politically Expedient

~ NOHY-TAAG-B-ATPOAC-A-CJATG ~ No One Has Yet – Toppled An Authoritarian Government – By – Assuming The Posture Of A Clown – And – Cracking Jokes About The Guillotine

~ P-H-N-ACBTUO-SN-A-N ~ Psychologists – Have – Noticed – A Correlation Between The Use Of – Social Networking – And – Narcissism

~ DWD ~ Dissidents Without Dissent

~ MO-DA-IMB-CI-WOO-KP ~ Much Of – Digital Activism – Is Mediated By – Commercial Intermediaries – Who Operate On – Kafkaesque Principles

~ DI ~ Dangerous Intermediaries

~ ‘IS’TIT-G-H-LC-OT-NAA-O-TWMTIM ~ “Information Sovereignty” – The Idea That – Governments – Have – Legitimate Concerns – Over The – Nationalities And Allegiances – Of – Those Who Mediate Their Information Markets

~ IF-A-TC ~ Internet Freedoms – And – Their Consequences

~ TOTWAAASIAFO ~ The Only Thing Worse Than An Authoritarian State Is A Failed One

~ NMT-PVAACA-FRC ~ Nothing More Than – Poorly Veiled Attempts At Creating A – Favorable Regulatory Climate

~ A-UT-ITHO-OP-I-ARFD ~ An – Unruly Tool – In The Hands Of – Overconfident People – Is – A Recipe For Disaster

~ H-C-W-SOL-P-EP-TWMUPAOHESTRA ~ Hidden-Costs – Will – Sooner Or Later – Produce – Environmental Problems – That Will Make Us Painfully Aware Of How Expensive Such Technologies Really Are

~ TFTWCYCATCOAGT-F/M/E-DNMTICF ~ The Fact That We Cannot Yet Calculate All The Costs Of A Given Technology – Financial / Moral / Environmental – Does Not Mean That It Comes Free

~ J-AOP-B-CT-TIWSIHA-I-ETKOCTSBST-MAP-NJ-T-S ~ Justifying – Assault On Privacy – By – Clamming That – This Is Where Society Is Heading Anyway – Is – Exactly The Kind Of Claim That Should Be Subject To – Moral And Political – Not Just – Technological – Scrutiny

~ WI-MD-A-ST-TD-ITIHOAO-TS-A-TP ~ What Is – Most Dangerous – About – Succumbing To – Technological Determinism – Is That It Hinders Our Awareness Of – The Social – And – The Political

~ TMWLA-T-TLIMSTFOIA-IIFOF ~ The More We Learn About – Technology – The Less It Makes Sense To Focus On It Alone – In Isolation From Other Factors

~ UNC-SWBGT-AFPOE ~ Under No Circumstances – Should We Be Giving Technologies – A Free Pass On Ethics

~ TWF ~ The Wicked Fix

~ E-WP-CBCASO-AH-LP-AT-SBTOTHPL ~ Every – Wicked Problem – Can Be Considered A Symptom Of – Another Higher-Level Problem – And Thus – Should Be Tackled On The Highest Possible Level

~ TUIOTMW-WIMDOTTE-IT-ATBEMII-P-A-S-L-LALAIP-TSAP-DOTI ~ The Ultimate Irony Of The Modern World – Which Is More Dependent On Technology Than Ever – Is That – As Technology Becomes Ever More Integrated Into – Political – And – Social – Life – Less And Less Attention Is Paid – To The – Social And Political – Dimensions Of Technology Itself

TORKEL KLINGBERG ~ THE OVERFLOWING BRAIN ~ 2009

~ T-SAB-M-T-IF ~ The – Stone Age Brain – Meets – The – Information Flood

~ OBHLCFPI-AAIITACSUWIAAEAR-TLOOBBATMO ~ Our Brains Have Limited Capacity For Processing Information – As Advances In Information Technology And Communication Supply Us With Information At An Ever Accelerating Rate – The Limitations Of Our Brains Become All The More Obvious

~ WIIOBTDWWCCAITD? ~ What Is In Our Brains That Determines Whether We Can Concentrate And Ignore The Distractions?

~ T-MNS-TIAFCFTHATRI-A-TLLAASI ~ The – Magical Number Seven – There Is A Fixed Capacity For The Human Ability To Receive Information – And – This Limit Lies At Around Seven Items

~ ‘CC’ ~ “Channel Capacity”

~ IWDNFOAOS-WWNRI ~ If We Do Not Focus Our Attention On Something – We Will Not Remember It

~ MAIM ~ Measuring Attention In Milliseconds

~ WM:OATRIFALPOT-U-A-MOS ~ Working Memory: Our Ability To Remember Information For A Limited Period Of Time – Usually – A Matter Of Seconds

~ L-TM:WMEIWWHBI-WCARFUWASLO-SATMOAW ~ Long-Term Memory: We Memorize Events In Which We Have Been Involved – We Can Also Remember Facts Unassociated With A Specific Learning Occasion – Such As The Meaning Of A Word

~ WMC-CHW-RC ~ Working Memory Capacity – Correlates Highly With – Reading Comprehension

DAVID WIENBERGER ~ TOO BIG TO KNOW ~ 2011

~ KIAT-KITDHA-O-SOK-ITBFTHTWMAODCTAALIP ~ Knowledge Is A Treasure – Knowing Is The Distinctively Human Activity –Our – System Of Knowledge – Is The Basis For The Hope That We Might All One Day Come To Agreement And Live In Peace

~ AIW-T-COK-IAITJOFPFAO ~ At Its Worst – This – Crisis Of Knowledge – Is Apparent In The Jumble Of Fears Put Forward As Obvious

~ T-I-IA-UM-O-R/G/L-I-SOA-A-STEO-F/L-F-T-EWASI-HAM-ABATO-E/T-P-WF-‘EC’-O-A-AEFCTOTTWDDTBE ~ The – Internet – Is An – Unedited Mash – Of – Rumor / Gossips / Lies – It – Splinters Our Attention – And – Spells The End Of – Reflective / Long-Form – Thought – Everyone With Any Stupid Idea – Has A Megaphone – As Big As That Of – Educated / Trained – People – We Form – “Echo Chambers” – Online – And – Actually Encounter Fewer Challenges To Our Thinking Than We Did During The Broadcast Era

~ TI-L-F-C-D-A-A-D-P-OOB ~ The Internet – Loves – Fervid – Cult-Driven – Amateurs – And – Drives – Professionals – Out Of Business

~ TI-R-TAOADA-IB-G-E-CM-W-JT-B-TNOTU-WBTNOV-A-KBWITMFTB ~ The Internet – Represents – The Ascension Of A Dark Ages – Inhabited By – Glassy-Eyed – Chronic Masturbators – Who – Judge Truth – By – The Number Of Thumbs Up – Wisdom By The Number Of Views – And – Knowledge By Whatever Is The Most Fun To Believe

~ S-WAIA-COK-ATSTTWAIA-E-EOK ~ So – We Are In A – Crisis Of Knowledge – At The Same Time That We Are In An – Epochal – Exaltation Of Knowledge

~ IO-SN-AO-NF-T-AIS-F-EIFO-T-TNOPW-K/L/R ~ If Our – Social Networks – Are Our – New Filters – Then – Authority Is Shifting – From – Experts In Faraway Offices – To – The Network Of People We – Know / Like / Respect

~ ILTOTI ~ I Learned That On The Internet

~ EI-TSPITRITRI-TRDNMMAWEIS ~ Even If – The Smartest Person In The Room Is The Room Itself – The Room Does Not Magically Make All Who Enter It Smart

~ TEOC ~ The Expertise Of Clouds

~ I-1970-TWATD-TT-T-TAO-3,500-W-ATIOTTOGPI-T-COE-STECOOC ~ In – 1970 – There Were About Two Dozen – Think Tanks – Today – There Are Over – 3,500 – Worldwide – As The Influence Of Think Tanks On Government Policy Increased – The – Cult Of Expertise – Spread To Every Corner Of Our Culture

~ TFAMOFATI-IT-ITBCAHES ~ The First And Most Obvious Fact About The Internet – Is That – It’s The Biggest Crowd Anyone Has Ever Seen

~ TWOC-PC-UW-CDBTE-IDO:ADOO-I-D-A-AWTDA-CD ~ The Wisdom Of Crowds – Precise Conditions – Under Which – Crowds Do Better Than Experts – It Depends On: A Diversity Of Opinion – Independence – Decentralization – And – A Way To Derive A – Collective Decision

~ MOTEO-CNTIE-DNIM ~ Most Of The Examples Of – Crowds Networking Themselves Into Expertise – Do Not Involve Money

~ AMOE? ~ A Marketplace Of Echoes?

~ ITNICM-EC-TBLWBD-FTCWBP-A-TBLATCTA-A-TCWIC ~ If The Net Is Creating More – Echo Chambers – The Biggest Loser Will Be Democracy – For The Citizenry Will Be Polarized – And – Thus Be Less Able To Come To Agreement – And – To Compromise When It Cannot

~ SHS-T-WPSOWTWWTA-TNOBMCOTOV-TTTAMEVOTV ~ Studies Have Shown – That – When People Speak Only With Those With Whom They Agree – They Not Only Become More Convinced Of Their Own Views – They Tend To Adopt More Extreme Versions Of Those Views

~ SWNTK:-I-TN-IF-COM-A-MUTMEV? ~ So We Need To Know: Is – The Net – In Fact – Closing Our Minds – And – Moving Us Toward More Extreme Views?

~ ‘C’-IW-ABRGMBBIIBPATNAT ~ “Cybercascades” – In Which – A Belief Rapidly Gains Many Believers Because It Is Being Passed Around The Net As True

~ TWT-TAK-IT-R-A-O-EATWD ~ The Way To – Truth And Knowledge – Is Through – Reasonable – And – Open – Encounters Among Those Who Disagree

~ WNTBOGATPT-EC-P-CU-TOBA-‘O’-T-A-NUTMEVOT ~ We Need To Be On Guard Agaisnt The – Psychological Tricks – Echo Chambers – Play – Convincing Us – That Our Beliefs Are – “Obviously” – True – And – Nudging Us Toward More Extreme Versions Of Them

~ WW-IS-HA-C-ECM-RTTSCTCOO ~ We Were – In Short – Having A – Classic – Echo Camber Moment – Refusing To Take Seriously Claims That Challenged Our Own

~ PT ~ Public Thinking

~ TI-HNETNF-CPS-N-HICE-TLBPAA ~ The Internet – Has Not Eliminated The Need For – Credentialed Professional Scientists – Nor – Has It Completely Erased – The Line Between Professionals And Amateurs

~ We Are In This Together – We Need To Continue To Assert He Truths That Come From Methods More Likely To Reveal Them

JAMES KUNSTLER ~ THE LONG EMERGENCY ~ 2005

~ SWITF ~ Sleepwalking Into The Future

~ EITFO-ED-TIALWCDTA-TRODLA-A-L-C-BO-BLE/PA/ACOICWR ~ Even In The Face Of – Epochal Discontinuity – There Is A Lot We Can Do To Assure – The Refashioning Of Daily Life Around – Authentic-Local – Communities – Based On – Balanced Local Economies / Purposeful Activity / A Culture Of Ideas Consistent With Reality

~ IIIFCTBAT-IAHF-EITOMXAC ~ It Is Imperative For Citizens To Be Able To – Imagine A Hopeful Future – Especially In Times Of Maximum Stress And Change

~ YRCIITM ~ Your Reality Check Is In The Mail

~ AA-A-MI-WFTEOTCFFE-IINETSTRSOCOANGUEWIAABOML ~ Above All – And – Most Immediately – We Face The End Of The Cheap Fossil Fuel Era – It Is No Exaggeration To State That Reliable Supplies Of Cheap Oil And Natural Gas Underlie Everything We Identify As A Benefit Of Modern Life

~ TBOCOAGWSS-A-ISTOMC-TWCPATTENOTMGFTE:TTEI-F-N-S-UDATW ~ The Blandishments Of Cheap Oil And Gas Were So Seductive – And – Induced Such Transports Of Mesmerizing Contentment – That We Ceased Paying Attention To The Essential Nature Of These Miraculous Gifts From The Earth: That They Exist In – Finite – Nonrenewable – Supplies – Unevenly Distributed Around The World

~ C-OAG-EMTMDIEPOSWCOEAMTLODLI ~ Cheap – Oil And Gas – Even Mild To Moderate Deviations In Either Price Or Supply Will Crush Our Economy And Make The Logistics Of Daily Life Impossible

~ T-DOFF-ICTICSBNCTRS-T-RW-HAB ~ The – Decline Of Fossil Fuels – Is Certain To Ignite Chronic Strife Between Nations Contesting The Remaining Supplies – The – Resource Wars – Have Already Begun

~ TPT-IC-WNB-R-B-TI ~ The Possibility That – Industrial Civilization – Will Not Be – Rescued – By – Technological Innovation

~ WFA-DAU-POD-IT-T-FC ~ We Face A – Dire And Unprecedented – Period Of Difficulty – In The – Twenty-First Century

~ HE-I-LC-O-EAC-SAF-LAD-BAS-IIGTAT-OTISS-ATT-EOAC ~ Human Existence – Involves – Long Cycles – Of – Expansion And Contraction – Success And Failure – Light And Darkness – Brilliance And Stupidity – It Is Grandiose To Assert That – Our Time Is So Special – As To The – End Of All Cycles

~ T-‘GR’-MA-MAO-FAP-MOOFF-AWA-IAAFS-MPBAOAG ~ The – “Green Revolution” – Mostly About – Massive Amounts Of – Fertilizers And Pesticides – Made Out Of Fossil Fuels – As Well As – Irrigation At A Fantastic Scale – Made Possible By Abundant Oil And Gas

~ TWIOFA-E-IE ~ The World Is Overdue For An – Extreme – Influenza Epidemic

~ DWCPALRITLE-TMCNI ~ Disease Will Certainly Play A Larger Role In The Long Emergency – Than Many Can Now Imagine

~ ST-1970-AMAFFIPTM-FOACHO-RV-RTBPTAFMOV-SAG-FUG-TOTCOA-WPR ~ Since The – 1970s – All Monies And Fungible Financial Instruments Pegged To Money – Floated On A Collective Hallucination Of – Relative Value – Rather Than Being Pegged To A Fixed Medium Of Value – Such As Gold – Finance Under Globalism – Took On The Characteristics Of A – Worldwide Pyramid Racket

~ TCOTWNLBN-IA-P-C-O-A-LWB-IAIL ~ The Cost Of Transport Will No Longer Be Negligible – In A – Post-Cheap-Oil – Age – Life Will Become – Intensely And Increasingly Local

~ SS-HNF ~ Suburban Sprawl – Has No Future

~ THY-O-M-CBBTIKBA-WPS ~ Two Hundred Years – Of – Modernity – Can Be Brought To Its Knees By A – Worldwide Power Shortage

~ T-AOFF-IATE-TINRFTAH ~ The – Age Of Fossil Fuels – Is About To End – There Is No Replacement For Them At Hand

~ CI-CD/CAC ~ Cultural Inertia / Collective Delusion / Comfort And Complacency

~ TSD-AO-TN-FFES-ADOAU-FFE ~ To Some Degree – All Of – The Non-Fossil Fuel Energy Sources – Actually Depend On An Underlying – Fossil Fuel Economy

~ TBT-‘ME’-WADARFFFI-ATO-MT ~ The Belief That – “Market Economics” – Will Automatically Deliver A Replacement For Fossil Fuels Is – A Type Of – Magical Thinking

~ THE-M-H-U-NGOM-WP-CD-JLAT-ITMETMHTTHIP ~ The – Hydrogen Economy – Making – Hydrogen – Using – Natural Gas Or Methanol – Would Produce – Carbon Dioxide – Just Like Any Tailpipe – It Takes More Energy To Manufacture Hydrogen Than The Hydrogen Itself Produces

~ IOF-ANFTRS-AFMSAIRMB-T-LI-TWC-SBPT ~ Instead Of Finding – A New Fuel To Run Suburbia – A Far More Sane And Intelligent Response Might Be –To – Live In – Traditional Walkaway Committees – Serveed By Public Transit

~ C-WHAMMOT-B-QC-TWCTTSAETG-ALOWRMBSHTGTIWBWTEENTGI

~ Coal – We Have Already Mined Much Of The – Best-Quality Coal – That Was Closest To The Surface And Easiest To Get – A Lot Of What Remains May Be So Hard To Get That It Won’t Be Worth The Energy Expenditure Necessary Tot Get It

~ BC-IST-GSOOTAP-CM-IA-VD-TT-LAH ~ Burning Coal – Is Still The – Greatest Source Of Overall Toxic Air Pollution – Coal Mining – Is Also – Very Destructive – To The – Landscape And Habitats

~ SP-B-CWMTTITFW-O/G/C?-B/P/E/W/P ~ Solar Power – But – Can We Make Thee Things In The Future Without – Oil / Gas / Coal? – Batteries / Panels / Electronics / Wires / Plastics

~ CTTBDFTFFPST? ~ Can These Technologies Be Detached From The Fossil Fuel Platform Supporting Them?

~ TAOWO-UT-S-A-W-TDRO-H-TG ~ There Are Other Ways Of – Using The – Sun – And – Wind – That Don’t Rely On – High-Tech Gadgets

~ TD-WANGT-REOF-W/J/G-TKR-ASAOT ~ Thermal Deploymerization – We Are Not Going To – Recover Enough Oil From – Waste / Junk / Garbage – To Keep Running – Any Significant Amount Of Time

~ MH-VDTR-BU-AH-GG ~ Methane Hydrates – Very Difficult To Recover – Basically Uneconomical – Also Hazardous – Greenhouse Gas

~ NE-S-T-MT-IMBAWRHTFBO-WTFFPTS-C/M/M/M/P ~ Nuclear Energy – Short-To-Medium Term – It Might Be All We Really Have To Fall Back On – Without The Fossil Fuel Platform To Support – Construction / Manufacture / Maintenance / Mining / Processing

~ NBB ~ Nature Bites Back

~ CATFS ~ Climate And The Food Supply

~ WCAFFTPOIPAPD-B-T-IAD-O-IAPAD ~ Warmer Conditions Are Favorable For The Proliferation Of Insect Pest And Plant Disease – Both – The – Intensity And Diversity – Of – Invading Agriculture Pests And Disease

~ ED:BCWC-HWW-SWE-TAWWP ~ Environmental Destruction: Biological Complexity Was Compromised – Habitats Were Wrecked – Species Were Exterminated – Terrain And Water Were Poisoned

~ TLE-FLS-WCTPAMAA ~ The Long Emergency – Falling Life Spans – Will Characterize This Period As Much As Anything

~ FMC-ENAT-IA-EYC-NS-VDTHL-TWIOFANOOS ~ Flu Mutates Continually – Every Now And Then – In About – Eighty Year Cycles – New Strains – Violently Destructive To Human Life – The World Is Overdue For A New Outbreak Of Supervirus

~ ROF ~ Running On Fumes

~ G-WPAWO-PTP-OBA-W-STC-TWAB-DDTFFTSOS-TB-CO-STWS-A-TSWHBIWI ~ Globalism – Was Primarily A Way Of – Privatizing The Profits – Of Business Activity – While – Socializing The Costs – This Was Achieved By – Discreetly Discounting The Future For The Sake Of Short-Term Benefits – Cheap Oil – Subsidized The Whole System – And – The System Would Have Been Impossible Without It

~ T-H-EE ~ The – High-Entropy Economy

~ EITSPTH ~ Efficiency Is The Straightest Path To Hell

~ F-O-AE ~ Finance – Or – Abstracted Economy

~ AMWSCT-‘DE’ ~ Another Myth Was Something Called The – “Digital Economy”

~ IWBITSTITWCGSFN ~ It Will Be Impossible To Sustain The Illusion That We Can Get Something For Nothing

~ LITLE ~ Living In The Long Emergency

~ F-WHTS-WWWF-F-WWAD-A-WCBD ~ First – We Have To Separate – What We Wish For – From – What We’re Actually Doing – And – What Can Be Done

~ PF-WBAPO-SU-AOA-WBST-FP ~ Producing Food – Will Become A Problem Of – Supreme Urgency – All Other Activities – Will Be Secondary To – Food Production

~ THO-IF-HBRS-Y-TLOKATP-ST-HBS ~ The History Of – Industrialized Farming – Has Been Remarkable Short – Yet – The Loss Of Knowledge And Traditional Practice – Since Then – Has Been Stupendous

~ IWDQKWWAG-ALWHTSOKWWB ~ If We Don’t Quite Know Where We Are Going – At Least We Have The Satisfaction Of Knowing Where We’ve Been

ELLEN MEIKSINS WOOD ~ THE ORIGIN OF CAPITALISM ~ 1999

~ ITP-C-HAPOOI-RC-B-NWLAFF-N-A-EW-O ~ In The Past – Capitalism – Has Always Pulled Out Of Its – Recurrent Crises – But – Never Without Laying A Foundation For – New – And – Even Worse – Ones

~ AAIIASIWTBOSWIDB-PL-WAOTSTL-PIEFAW-IOTGATTMOLAOLI ~ Above All It Is A System In Which The Bulk Of Society’s Work Is Done By – Propertyless Labourers – Who Are Obliged To Sell Their Labour-Power In Exchange For A Wage – In Order To Gain Access To The Means Of Life And Of Labour Itself

~ TBOOT-CS-ITPAS-EOC-TDWOSTMNOHB-SVDFAPWO-OML-A-SR-HEFAVST-BAFOHEOE-ETWMEIO-TSRIHN-A-INCWA-OHP-WNCTIREB-TEMP-A-TOI-WE ~ The Basic Objective Of The – Capitalist System – Is The Production And Self-Expansion Of Capital – This Distinctive Way Of Supplying The Material Needs Of Human Beings – So Very Different From All Preceding Ways Of – Organizing Material Life – And – Social Reproduction – Has Existed For A Very Short Time – Barely A Fraction Of Humanity’s Existence On Earth – Even Those Who Most Emphatically Insist On – The System’s Roots In Human Nature – And – Its Natural Continuity With Age-Old Human Practices – Would Not Claim That It Really Existed Before – The Early Modern Period – And – Then Only In – Western Europe

~ IMAOCAIO-TRINO-CSATBT-S-AIONTBRFIC-FIFTFOF-TBATGAM-TTFAP:TPPOLOTROAAS-STACOI:PTWR-TEOTEITSTCBN-CACS-A-TDOD-TSOC-CTTCAOHACA-EOI-A-HN-A-AHHBWBIOGTC ~ In Most Accounts Of Capitalism And Its Origin – There Really Is No Origin – Capitalism Seems Always To Be There – Somewhere – And It Only Needs To Be Released From Its Chains – For Instance From The Fetters Of Feudalism – To Be Allowed To Grow And Mature – Typically These Fetters Are Political: The Parasitic Power Of Lordship Or The Restriction Of An Autocratic State – Sometimes They Are Cultural Or Ideological: Perhaps The Wrong Religion – The Effect Of These Explanation Is To Stress The Continuity Between Non-Capitalist And Capitalist Societies – And – To Deny Or Disguise – The Specificity Of Capitalism – Central To These Conventional Accounts Of History Are Certain Assumptions – Explicit Or Implicit – About – Human Nature – And – About How Human Beings Will Behave If Only Given The Chance

~ I-CI-TMI-NCBF-B-WMNABSC-ITTDADCOTCM-INOOC-B-OTC-C-AIM-IOWOA-EI-MR-IOTGATT-MOL-TUSO-M-D-MTTDOTCM-IIO-C/A/P-M-A-I-L-P-R-NOA-ET-B-SR-IG ~ In – Capitalist Ideology – The Market Implies – Not Compulsion But Freedom – But – What May Not Always Be So Clear – Is That The Distinctive And Dominant Characteristic Of The Capitalist Market – Is Not Opportunity Or Choice – But – On The Contrary – Compulsion – All Individuals Must – In One Way Or Another – Enter Into – Market Relations – In Order To Gain Access To The – Means Of Life – This Unique System Of – Market-Dependence – Means That The Dictates Of The Capitalist Market – Its Imperatives Of – Competition / Accumulation / Profit-Maximization – And – Increasing – Labour-Productivity – Regulate – Not Only All – Economic Transactions – But – Social Relations – In General

~ C-RA-HS-SF-A-A-HR-W-EF-TNOC-WDI-S-A-TLAPHPTBIIB-LOUOTP-ATST-IROHAEFTF ~ Capitalism – Represents A – Historically Specific – Social Form – And – A – Historic Rupture – With – Earlier Forms – The – Naturalization Of Capitalism – Which Denies Its – Specificity – And – The Long And Painful Historical Processes That Brought It Into Being – Limits Our Understanding Of The Past – At The Same Time – It Restricts Our Hopes And Expectations For The Future

~ TQO-TOOC-MSA-B-IGTTHOA-DRIOC-WAD-I-AT-S-C-‘F-M’A-IBTH-ICW-D-SJ-A-ES ~ The Question Of – The Origin Of Capitalism – May Seem Arcane – But – It Goes To The Heart Of Assumptions – Deeply Rooted In Our Culture – Widespread And Dangerous – Illusions – About The – So-Called – “Free Market” – And – Its Benefits To Humanity – Its Compatibility With – Democracy – Social Justice – And – Ecological Sustainability

~ TMCWOETOOC-ITPTIDI-TNOOHPAAOATSI-WROTROEOTHIR-FFRTTMBCWIBC-TASTCEWTMWLFA-OC ~ The Most Common Way Of Explaining The Origin Of Capitalism – Is To Presuppose That Its Development Is – The Natural Outcome Of Human Practices Almost As Old As The Species Itself – Which Required Only The Removal Of External Obstacles That Hindered Its Realization – Far From Recognizing That The Market Became Capitalist When It Became Compulsory – These Accounts Suggest That Capitalism Emerged When The Market Was Liberated From Age-Old Constraints

~ T-NOTM-A-IL-INRQ ~ The – Nature Of The Market – And – Its Laws – Is Never Really Questioned

~ I-A-ES-‘E’-R-A-P-W-‘E’-O-S-I-N-E-K/C/R/P-R-THBOMDEAT-TP-‘E’-M-O-PAMG-SA-TAOSAP-O-TMOCS-THBOWOOELTTTMO-ME-IP-‘R’-A-‘R’-IG-C-W-DE-BITTDT ~ In – All – Earlier Societies – “Economic’ – Relations – And – Practices – Were – “Embedded” – Or – Submerged – In – Non-Economic – Kinship / Communal / Religious / Political – Relationships – There Have Been Other Motives Driving Economic Activity Than – The Purely – “Economic” – Motives – Of – Profit And Material Gain – Such As – The Achievement Of Status And Prestige – Or – The Maintenance Of Communal Solidarity – There Have Been Other Ways Of Organizing Economic Life Than Through The Mechanisms Of – Market Exchange – In Particular – “Reciprocity” – And – “Redistribution” – In General – Competition – Was – Deliberately Eliminated – Because It Tended To Disorganize Trade

~ T-IR-R-SI-T-PTSF ~ The – Industrial Revolution – Required – State Intervention – To – Preserve The Social Fabric

~ WCAT-CAC-AOATS-O-TOPITOBASPOG ~ We Cannot Assume That – Commerce And Capitalism – Are One And The Same – Or – That One Passed Into The Other By A Simple Process Of Growth

~ TDOFHMTOO ~ The Dissolution Of Feudalism Had More Than One Outcome

~ TDDOC-CIP-WPBM-D-A-T-STTIOC ~ The Distinctive Dynamics Of Capitalism – Come Into Play – When Producers Become Market-Dependent – And – Therefore – Subject To The Imperatives Of Competition

~ TNIO-PE-I-NCOP-A-TEOP-WIEB-SR-CBTS-WRTI-TCOTM ~ The New Ideology Of – Political Economy – Including – New Conceptions Of Property – And – The Ethic Of Profit – Was Increasingly Enforced By – State Repression – Coercion By The State – Was Required To Impose – The Coercion Of The Market

~ TDB-TMAO-A-TMAAI ~ The Difference Between – The Market As Opportunity – And – The Market As An Imperative

~ F-W-D-A-IPSDO-OOOWWC ~ Feudalism – Was – Diverse – And – It Produced Several Different Outcomes – Only One Of Which Was Capitalism

~ TCFITDOCFAOFO-CS-WTDOC-S-PR-TG-MI-A-C-‘LOM’-WITOP ~ The Critical Factor In The Divergence Of Capitalism From All Other Forms Of – Commercial Society – Was The Development Of Certain – Social Property Relationships – That Generated – Market Imperatives – And – Capitalist – “Laws Of Motion” – Which Imposed Themselves On Production

~ ELTT-SC-MOTW-W-FOMI-TDPOTE-WN-SVDFP-B-‘BCASD’ ~ Even Later Than The – Seventeenth Century – Most Of The World – Was – Free Of Market Imperatives – The Dominant Principle Of Trade Everywhere – Was Not – Surplus Value Derived From Production – But – “Buying Cheap And Selling Dear

~ C-R-NA-SEOE-O-BAE-B-ACTIT-MB-H-RAP-A-RIA-OP-O-HIWN ~ Capitalism – Required – Not A – Simple Extension Or Expansion – Of – Barter And Exchange – But – A Complete Transformation In The – Most Basic – Human – Relations And Practices – And – Rupture In Age-Old Patterns – Of – Human Interaction With Nature

~ VEICSIAC-PRTM ~ Virtually Everything In Capitalist Society Is A Commodity – Produced For The Market

~ TUSOMDHSSRACSBNOMOP:TIO:C/A/P-M-A-H-A-C-SN-T-A/SONM/III ~ This Unique System Of Market Dependence Has Specific Systemic Requirements And Compulsions Shared By No Other Mode Of Production: The Imperatives Of: Competition / Accumulation / Profit-Maximization – And – Hence – A – Constant – Systemic Need – To – Accumulate / Search Out New Markets / Impose Its Imperatives

~ EP-I-BARF-EOR ~ Enhancing Productivity – Itself – Became A Reason For – Excluding Other Rights

~ NDOCHEOWSKOVHR ~ No Development Of Capitalism Has Ever Occurred Without Some Kind Of Violent Historic Rupture

~ TVSLTDTSF-MIIST-EI-WR-C-‘E-E’-I-TCFTDE ~ The Very Same Logic That Drives The System Forward – Makes It Inevitably Susceptible To – Economic Instabilities – Which Require – Constant – “Extra-Economic” – Interventions – To Compensate For Their Destructive Effects

~ HOAA-H-TD-A-ES-C-IB-TU ~ Hope Of Achieving A – Humane – Truly Democratic – And – Ecologically Sustainable – Capitalism – Is Becoming – Transparently Unrealistic