JOEL BEST ~ COMMON SIGNS OF DUBIOUS DATA ~ STAT-SPOTTING

~ B ~ Background

~ NSIWBF(BAFF) ~ Numbers Seem Inconsistent With Benchmark Figures (Basic And Familiar Facts)

~ SEAUTIASCP ~ Severe Examples Are Used To Illustrate A Supposedly Common Problem

~ B ~ Blunders

~ NTSTHOTLMBCBAMDP ~ Numbers That Seem Too High Or Too Low May Be Caused By A Misplaced Decimal Point

~ BTCSISBIL ~ Botched Translations Convert Statistics Into Simpler But Incorrect Language

~ MGDTRVIOD ~ Misleading Graphs Distort The Reader’s Visual Impression Of Data

~ EISOCATFF ~ Errors In Strings Of Calculations Affect The Final Figures

~ S ~ Sources

~ BRNMBASOG ~ Big Round Numbers May Be A Sign Of Guessing

~ H-‘TB’O’TW’-MRE ~ Hyperbole – “The Biggest” Or “the Worst” – May Reveal Exaggeration

~ CTSUSMIBU ~ Claims That Seem Unbelievably Shocking May Indeed By Unbelievable

~ APIGADNCTAC ~ A Problem Is Given A Disturbing Name, Calculated To Arouse Concern

~ D ~ Definitions

~ BDLTBN ~ Broad Definitions Lead To Big Numbers

~ EAPDMTPSL ~ Expanding A Problem’s Definition Makes The Problem Seem Larger

~ CAPDDMOC ~ Changing A Problem’s Definition Distorts Measures Of Change

~ APDMELDC ~ A Problem’s Definition May Exclude Less Disturbing Cases

~ M ~ Measurements

~ NSITQ-HWTMC? ~ New Statistics Invite The Question – How Was This Measure Created?

~ UUOACLTQC ~ Unusual Units Of Analysis Can Lead To Questionable Conclusions

~ SMULQTEPR ~ Surveys May Use Loaded Questions That Encourage Particular Responses

~ CIMMATRS ~ Changes In Measurements May Affect The Resulting Statistics

~ CMOMMPDR ~ Competing Methods Of Measurement May Produce Different Results

~ P ~ Packaging

~ GMBBOABOMS ~ Generalizations May Be Based On A Biased Or Misleading Sample

~ TFACTEAPT ~ Time Frames Are Chosen To Emphasize A Particular Trend

~ AOBIUTCP ~ An Odd Base Is Used To Calculate Percentages

~ TNIASC(LATCMLTBA) ~ The Number Involves A Selective Comparison (Looking Only At Those Cases Most Likely To Be Affected)

~ ACRTSSMHBP ~ A Claim Reports That Some Statistical Milestone Has Been Passed

~ TW’A’MRTET’M’OT’M’ ~ The Word “Average” May Refer To Either The “Mean” Or The “Median”

~ AEMBCBPRCATB ~ Apparent Epidemics May Be Caused By Problems Receiving Closer Attention Than Before

~ CIIAPOC ~ Correlation Is Implied As Proof Of Causation

~ DDMPI ~ Dramatic Discoveries May Prove Incorrect

~ D ~ Debates

~ REIDCOTP ~ Rival Explanations Identify Different Causes Of The Problem

~ OSDATNOE ~ Opposing Sides Disagree About The Nature Of Equality

~ ADPC ~ Advocates Debate Policy Choices

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