TIM WU ~ THE MASTER SWITCH ~ 2010

~ TKE-TEUBADCTCIPSITI ~ The Kronos Effect ~ The Efforts Undertaken By A Dominant Company To Consume Its Potential Successors In Their Infancy

~ ATYWB-TFOTCS-WBTCT-AN-TA-F-TCOAR ~ As The Years Went By – The Founders Of The Commercial System – Would Begin To Credit Themselves – And Not – The Amateurs – For – The Creation Of American Radio

~ MWSTTAOW-GRICAPITI-B-TSR-WS-CCT-TPOI-T-CE-O-SI ~ Most Who Study These Topics Are Obsessed With – Government’s Role In Censorship And Providing Incentives To Innovate – But – The State’s Role – While Significant – Cannot Compare To – The Power Of Industry – To – Censor Expression – Or – Squelch Invention

~ TEMCOPADP ~ The Enlightened Monopolist Can Occasionally Prove A Delusional Paranoid

~ SOFTM:FO/MT/DSL/FM/SP-TLGOAO ~ Suppress Or Fail To Market: Fiber Optics / Mobile Telephones / Digital Subscriber Lines / Facsimile Machines / SpeakerPhones – The List Goes On And On

~ T-PP-ITITFSOANI-AST-‘EA’-PTTACOI ~ The – Primitive Prototype – Is Typical In The Founding Stage Of A New Industry – As Are The – “Early Adopters” – Prepared To Take A Chance On It

~ W-TV-RCATW-IW-AP-ARORIAR-TPWSBA-MOTSSAOERP ~ When – TV – Reached Consumers After The War – It Was – As Prophesied – A Replica Of Radio In All Respects – The Programming Was Sponsored By Advertisers – Most Of The Shows Simply Adaptations Of Existing Radio Programs

~ TBOTS-IOE-HBCTET-C-IE ~ The Blessing Of The State – Implicit Or Explicit – Has Been Crucial To Every Twentieth-Century Information Empire

~ YAWHSTATA-OGRIITNGUD ~ Yet As We Have Seen Time And Time Again – One Generation’s Radical Innovation Is The Next Generation’s Unyielding Dinosaur

~ AW-TBRIT1910-TOOCTAO-BIWTWOA-AW-TFTITFYOTTC-CWAD-I-T-BFAWWAW~ As With – The Broadcast Radio In The 1910s – The Origins Of Cable Television Are Obscure – Because It Was The Work Of Amateurs – As With – The Farmer’s Telephone In The First Years Of The Twentieth Century – Cable Was A Do-It-Yourself Business For Anyone With Will And Wires

~ TIAUETAAMDWIHBPTD-WSW-OMDNDSW-H-IITSO-CD-TRIAUMPAV ~ There Is An Undeniable Efficiency That Attends A Monopoly’s Doing What It Has Been Perfected To Do – What Such Well-Oiled Machines Do Not Do So Well – However – Is Initiate The Sort Of – Creative Destruction – That Revolutionizes Industries And Ultimately Multiplies Productivity And Value

~ TSATOOCEWALOTTIORMIAWWFHBCE ~ The Shape And Tenor Of Our Current Entertainment World Are Largely Owing To The Imperatives Of Risk Management In A World Where Failure Had Become Catastrophically Expensive

~ WLTCWCWYCEI? ~ Why Learn To Cope With Competition When You Can Eliminate It?

~ IAAMRTEOTM-TMCTPOIAC-TEIIFGTIITTP-BB ~ In An Age More Reliant Than Ever On Telecommunications Media – The More Concentrated The Power Over Information And Communications – The Easier It Is For Government To Indulge Its Temptation To Play – Big Brother

~ ITIRD?-EOIOIKHHIPOO-OTBTBOYAIE-WIG:TROTIOTIOTC? ~ Is The Internet Really Different? – Every Other Invention Of Its Kind Has Had Its Period Of Openness – Only To Become The Basis Of Yet Another Information Empire – Which Is Mightier: The Radicalism Of The Internet Or The Inevitability Of The Cycle?

~ WHBFTRIBOSIAPC ~ We Have Been Freed To Retreat Into Bubbles Of Selective Information And Parochial Concern

~ WAOM-OHDOFOC-AWI-DAGAIAARTEOR ~ With An Open Medium – One Has Diversity Or Fragmentation Of Content – And With It – Differences Among Groups And Individuals Are Accentuated Rather Than Elided Or Repressed

~ C-FIB-TMWAARCATBV ~ Cable – From Its Birth – The Medium Was Always As Relentlessly Commercial As The Broadcast Variant

~ NHAOTMCR-CFTCTROPPM(IV)~ No Honest Account Of The Media Conglomerate’s Rise – Could Fail To Concede The Role Of Purely Personal Motivations (Indeed Vanities)

~ IPD ~ Intellectual Property Development

~ MF ~ Mine Festivals

~ TM-TA:LALS-TA:DACC-ADWAETUFWLR ~ The Monopolist’s – Tools Are: Lawyers And Local Statues – Tactics Are: Delays And Court Challenges – All Deployed With An Eye Toward Unraveling Firms With Lesser Resources

~ BTTOCWSEAAC ~ Blow The Trumpet Of Competition While Simultaneously Eliminating All Actual Competitors

~ TCCOTMS ~ The Current Custodian Of The Master Switch

~ HMGTTIHTO-S/IR/RO-IHMIYCGTT ~ However Many Good Things The Internet Has To Offer – Service / Information Resources / Retail Outlets – It Hardly Matters If You Can’t Get To Them

~ NNITT-FCVOCC ~ Net Neutrality Is The Twenty-First Century’s Version Of Common Carriage

~ WLTBTOSACPPWUPUFTCOAEP-BTHABS ~ We Like To Believe That Our Safeguards Against Concentrated Political Power Will Ultimately Protect Us From The Consequences Of Accumulated Economic Power – But This Hasn’t Always Been So

~ GOPRIAACOPP-NAAATI ~ Government’s Only Proper Role Is As A Check On Private Power – Never As An Aid To It

~ MABF-YNSATBTSW-BEIFC ~ Markets Are Born Free – Yet No Sooner Are They Born Than Some Would-Be Emperor Is Forging Chains

~ TIISN-TIEP-TIIPITB-BR-AAPE-T-CBWOB ~ The Internet Is Simply Not – The Infinitely Elastic Phantasm – That It Is Popularly Imagined To Be – But Rather – An Actual Physical Entity – That – Can Be Warped Or Broken

~ IWDNTTMT-SO-S-OTCTOIAHAUTE-WCRB-I-LOTWAFTETBTIFUIAMHHF ~ If We Do Not Take This Moment To – Secure Our – Sovereignty – Over The Choices That Our Information Age Has Allowed Us To Enjoy – We Cannot Reasonably Blame – Its – Loss – On Those Who Are Free To Enrich Themselves By Taking It From Us In A Manner History Has Foretold

THOMAS MORE ~ UTOPIA ~ 1516 ~ [1901 TRANSLATION]

~ RH ~ Raphael Hythloday

~ IIPAO-TII-AAOICTTC-T-ATAAMSBEP ~ It Is Plain And Obvious – That It Is – Absurd And Of Ill Consequence To The Commonwealth – That – A Thief And A Murderer Should Be Equally Punished

~ WTTDO-WSHALH ~ Who Throws The Dice Often – Will Sometimes Have A Lucky Hit

~ IAKSFUSCOETHCNKHSITDBBOAIU-A-BTTPAM-IWCBFHTQHKTTRIBSM ~ If A King Should Fall Under Such Contempt Or Envy That He Could Not Keep His Subjects In Their Duty But By Oppression And Ill Usage – And – By Rendering Them Poor And Miserable – It Were Certainly Better For Him To Quit His Kingdom Than To Retain It By Such Methods

~ [S]H-IAUP-TCCOD-WCHPIA ~ [S]He – Is An Unskillful Physician That Cannot Cure One Disease Without Casting His[Her] Patient Into Another

~ TNSWM ~ They Never Sup Without Music

~ WTAATSBPASAFOASW ~ While They Are At Table Some Burn Perfumes And Sprinkle About Fragrant Ointments And Sweet Waters

~ TOASPOATGTBFGTTPOTCTWTST ~ They Order A Seventh Part Of All These Goods To Be Freely Given To The Poor Of The Countries To Which They Send Them

~ TEADOOVO-EOG-WTMTCPAC-SO-G&S-OTSMTLM-CAFFTS ~ They Eat And Drink Out Of Vessels Of – Earth Or Glass – While They Make Their Chamber Pots And Close-Stools Of – Gold And Silver – Of The Same Metals They Likewise Make – Chains And Fetters For Their Slaves

~ P/D/C-NBCUSB ~ Pearls / Diamonds / Carbuncles – None But Children Use Such Baubles

~ SID-AGIABOI ~ Silk Is Despised – And Gold Is A Badge Of Infamy

~ TATDVTBLATN-STITNPAPOTSAPATEOATD ~ Thus As They Define Virtue To Be Living According To Nature – So They Imagine That Nature Prompts All People On To Seek After Pleasure As The End Of All They Do

~ TAOTIOTOSTPOL-NIUTEI-S ~ They Also Observe That In Order To Our Supporting The Pleasures Of Life – Nature Inclines Us To Enter Into – Society

~ OCIBT-TTWHUAUMOW-NFAUTIITBT-BMTPTWTCOI-EATPII?-TDTFIOAFSOJ ~ Or Can It Be Thought – That They Who Heap Up A Useless Mass Of Wealth – Not For Any Use That It Is To Bring Them – But Merely To Please Themselves With The Contemplation Of It – Enjoy Any True Pleasure In It? – The Delighted They Find Is Only A False Shadow Of Joy

~ TAHTCPTBTTB;FTTT-TPOEAD-AATODOS-AOSFDATGOMH ~ They Account Health The Chief Pleasure That Belongs To The Body; For They Think That – The Pleasure Of Eating And Drinking – And All The Other Delights Of Sense – Are Only So Far Desirable As They Give Or Maintain Health

~ Y-IAPW-TTCT-ALJDNHAG-A-TPMNBP-WTTAFDP ~ Yet – In All Pleasures Whatsoever – They Take Care That – A Lesser Joy Does Not Hinder A Greater – And – That – Pleasure May Never Breed Pain – Which They Think Always Follows Dishonest Pleasures

~ IASTWMBSOTN-TINITWWEABPOAHG ~ I Am Sure That Whatever May Be Said Of Their Notions – There Is Not In The Whole World Either A Better People Or A Happier Government

~ IHTCAGMBWT-IGTAMB ~ I Happened To Carry A Great Many Books With Me – I Gave Them All My Books

~ TA ~ Thricius Apinatus

~ TSATAOSAACTTSOL-FCOSC-O-WIMC-SATMFCTDITPTWTT-WTSRALR-AIOPHTFN ~ The Slaves Among Them Are Only Such As Are Condemned To That State Of Life – For The Commission Of Some Crime – Or – Which Is More Common – Such As Their Merchants Find Condemned To Die In Those Parts To Which They Trade – Whom They Sometimes Redeem At Low Rates – And In Other Places Have Them For Nothing

~ TTGPIF-AAIITABBAUTTUTI-STDNTIAFPTDTWTF-TRBAFS ~ They Take Great Pleasure In Fools – And As It Is Thought A Base And Unbecoming Thing To Use Them Ill – So They Do Not Think It Amiss For People To Divert Themselves With Their Folly – Their Ridiculous Behaviour And Foolish Sayings

~ IA-SRAF-BMOII-B-IWBASIHTHUAWW[S]HDCNH ~ If Any – Should Reproach Another For – Being Misshaped Or Imperfect In – Body – It Would Be Accounted Scandalous In Him[/Her] That Had Upbraided Another With What [S]He Could Not Help

~ THNLAT-EOTISITL-IIAVSS-TPMOWWACIATSOTL ~ They Have No Lawyers Among Them – Everyone Of Them Is Skilled In Their Law – It Is A Very Short Study – The Plainest Meaning Of Which Words Are Capable Is Always The Sense Of Their Laws

~ IICT-WPJAS-EBAOPA-TMFADO-J-TCSOS ~ It Is Certain That – When Public Judicatories Are Swayed – Either By Avarice Or Partial Affections – There Must Follow A Dissolution Of – Justice – The Chief Sinew Of Society

~ TDWAAVBT-AW-T-IOTTSOAAON-TTTINMITTGTIGBW ~ They Detest War As A Very Brutal Thing – And Which – They – In Opposition To The Sentiments Of Almost All Other Nations – Think That There Is Nothing More Inglorious Than That Glory That Is Gained By War

~ TDALAA-ATOVASWOD ~ They Despise And Laugh At Auguries – And The Other Vain And Superstitious Ways Of Divination

~ ICHNONOATOGTISOK-TTTAACOTR-W-OPOMTP-OPTPE ~ I Can Have No Other Notion Of All The Other Governments That I See Or Know – Than That They Are A Conspiracy Of The Rich – Who – On Pretence Of Managing The Public – Only Pursue Their Private Ends

FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last