LAURENCE BRITT ~ 14 CHARACTERISTICS COMMON TO FASCIST REGIMES ~ 2003

~ H/G-M/I-S/P-P/C-S/I ~ Hitler/Germany – Mussolini/Italy – Salazar/Portugal – Pinochet/Chile – Suharto/Indonesia

~ POEP – PPIATNAWHTTF ~ Promotion Of Extreme Patriotism – Promote Pride In All Things National Along With Hostility To Things Foreign

~ DFHR-PCTAVOHRFTMONS ~ Disdain For Human Rights – Persuade Citizens To Accept Violations Of Human Rights For The Maintenance Of National Security

~ CS-FS(OCT)FTPPOS ~ Create Scapegoats – Find Scapegoats (Or Create Them) For The Perceived Problems Of Society

~ SOTM-RFFSPWITFOTMAI‘D’C ~ Supremacy Of The Military – Remove Funding From Social Programs While Increasing The Financing Of The Military And Its “Defence” Contractors

~ RS-PM-DIAETROWAS-CC ~ Rampant Sexism – Promote Male-Dominated Institutions And Encourage The Regarding Of Women As Second-Class Citizens

~ S/CMM-CTMOOC-OTOOI ~ Supportive/Controlled Mass Media – Control The Media Outright Or Co-Opt The Ownership Of It

~ TOWNS-EANSAWOISABTROL ~ Obsession With National Security – Establish A National Security Apparatus Which Operates In Secret And Beyond The Rule Of Law

~ RARL-PTREASDOTF-ATROOI-‘G’E ~ Religion And Regime Linked – Portray The Ruling Elites As Staunch Defenders Of The Faith – And The Righteous Opponents Of Its – “Godless” Enemies

~ PAPOC-LLC(PMC)TOIRFWLTROOC ~ Promotion And Protection Of Corporations – Leave Large Corporations (Particularly Military Contractors) To Operate In Relative Freedom While Limiting The Rights Of Ordinary Citizens

~ IOOL-COSUOTRAIATMBASOOP ~ Intolerance Of Organized Labour – Crush Or Strip Unions Of Their Rights And Influence As They Might Be A Source Of Opposition Power

~ SOIATA-SDIAAFEVTDFTPL ~ Suppression Of Intellectuals And The Arts – Strongly Discourage Intellectuals And Artists From Expressing Views That Deviate From The Party Line

~ OWCAP-OHSOCJ(ABLOP)WGTP(AATTN) ~ Obsession With Crime And Punishment – Operate Harsh Systems Of Criminal Justice (And Build Lots Of Prisons) While Glorifying The Police (And Adding To Their Numbers)

~ RCAC-PLGCTTTSTR ~ Rampant Cronyism And Corruption – Provide Lucrative Government Contracts To Those That Support The Regime

~ FE-CTEM-FAPSAOC-IADOV-DODLV-A-AALR-HERDBAJABABTTR ~ Fraudulent Elections – Control The Election Machinery – Fabricate And Promote Slander Against Opposition Candidates – Intimidate And Disenfranchise Opposition Voters – Destroy Or Disallow Legal Votes – And – As A Last Resort – Have Election Results Decided By A Judiciary Appointed By And Beholden To The Regime

LEWIS LAPHAM ~ MAMMON/ENGLISH DICTIONARY ~ THE AGONY OF MAMMON ~ 01-11-1998

~ A-HAIPOFEFPWCATGTBS-CPEASRFTVOM ~ Austerity: Healthy And Invigorating Program Of Fiscal Exercise For People Who Cannot Afford To Go To Business School – Constant Practice Encourages A Sober Respect For The Value Of Money

~ B-DWBITCMDSOTC-T-A-WRTSEI:ACFPBCBALP-O-B-WRTOOI-AJRBUACE ~ Bailout: Difficult Word Because Its Two Contrary Meanings Depend Solely On The Context – Thus – A – With Reference To Somebody Else’s Investments: A Criminal Fraud Perpetrated By Corrupt Banks And Lying Politicians – Or – B – With Reference To One’s Own Investments – A Just Reward Bestowed Upon A Courageous Entrepreneur

~ B-EOFE-NBKWIMTMAPOTAR ~ Bureaucrats: Enemies Of Free Enterprise – No Bureaucrat Knows What It Means To Meet A Payroll Or Take A Risk

~ CS-PEO-JB – Campaign Slogans: Political Equivalents Of – Junk Bonds

~ CEO-COTP-HOOT-TCOMATTS-SW-WAMQOH ~ CEOs: Champions Of The People – Heroes Of Our Time – Their Clarity Of Mind Allows Them To Subtract – Superfluous Workers – Without A Moment’s Qualm Or Hesitation

~ CL-FGT-M/C/R/ATUP-EE ~ Civil Liberties: Favors Granted To – Minorities / Criminals / Radicals / And The Undeserving Poor – Extremely Expensive

~ C(T)-L-T-CI-CT-TMC-O-TLOAR-BIEITROPAICGBTIOP ~ Corporation (Transnational): Late-Twentieth-Century Institution – Comparable To – The Medieval Church – Or – The Legions Of Ancient Rome – Because It Exists In The Realm Of Pure Abstraction It Can Give Birth To Its Own Parents

~ C-SOAMS-TPOOAABTTLOC ~ Corruption: Sign Of A Mature Society – The Practice Of Offering And Accepting Bribes Teaches The Lesson Of Civility

~ C-FNFTCWBSOPH ~ Culture: Fancy Name For Traditional Customs Worn By Schoolchildren On Public Holidays

~ D-OSOGUTTCOTT-FC ~ Democracy: Outworn System Of Government Unequal To The Challenges Of The Twenty-First Century

~ D-TKTOM-OETDWTEL ~ Dictators: They Know Their Own Minds – Often Easier To Deal With Than Elected Legislatures

~ ES-ETC-NG-TWPSATPOTWM ~ Economic Sovereignty: Entrusted To Corporations – Not Governments – The World’s Parliaments Serve At The Pleasure Of The World’s Markets

~ E-NH ~ Ethics: Native Handicrafts

~ F-AMHAMESOGTIGS ~ Fascism: A Much Happier And More Efficient System Of Government Than Is Generally Supposed

~ FM-TFPWSQIOBTWRS ~ Free Market: The Few People Who Still Question Its Omniscience Belong To Weird Religious Sects

~ GE-WOM-EBWF-TGTHOM-IRTPOIIOC ~ Global Economy: Wonderfully Ornate Mechanism – Engineered By Wise Financiers – To Guarantee The Happiness Of Mankind – It Requires The Participation Of Investors Instead Of Citizens

~ GR-STSOV-ISTSOI ~ Government Regulation: Similar To Serpents Or Vines – It Strangles The Sinews Of Industry

~ I:DS-ILSTLARTOLT-ICII-WBTAPRO-V ~ Idealism: Dangerous Substance – If Left Standing Too Long At Room Temperature On A Library Table – Idealism Congeals Into Ideology – Which Breeds Totalitarianism And Puritanical Reigns Of – Virtue

~ MCP:TUWAGSISTACOB ~ Minimum Consensus Program: Terms Under Which A Government Surrenders Its Sovereignty To A Consortium Of Banks

~ M:TLOTWATMOH ~ Money: The Light Of The World And The Mandate Of Heaven

~ M:GMOHI-TSOAOB ~ Monopoly – Glorious Manifestation Of Human Ingenuity – The Source Of All Our Blessings

~ M:TDSUIBTTU ~ Multiculturalism – The Department Stores Understand It Better Than The Universities

~ N:LROSAICWADTT-IOTCABM-TOSRARL ~ Nationalism: Last Refuge Of Small And Impoverished Countries Without A Well-Developed Tourist Trade – Instead Of Tennis Courts And Boat Marinas – They Offer Street Riots And Recreational Looting

~ PTIB-POTGE-TPANS:RPMFPTCES ~ Poor The – Inspirational By-Products Of The Global Economy – They Perform A Necessary Service: Reminding People More Fortunately Placed That Civilization Entails Sacrifice

~ P:NIOO ~ Profits: Never Indecent Or Obscene

~ TTFS-FPCITTGE ~ Titanic The – Famous Ship – Foolish People Compare It To The Global Economy

~ T:WIWIG ~ Transparency: Worth Its Weight In Gold

~ U:NCOI ~ Unemployment: Necessary Check On Inflation

PETER KROPOTKIN ~ MUTUAL AID ~ 1902

~ WATF:TWACAWWEO-O-TWSOA? ~ Who Are The Fittest: Those Who Are Continually At War With Each Other – Or – Those Who Support One Another?

~ TWOEAA-INTLON ~ The War Of Each Against All – Is Not The Law Of Nature

~ MA-IAMALONA-MS ~ Mutual Aid – Is As Much A Law Of Nature As – Mutual Struggle

~ LISINEITAW;IITR ~ Life In Societies Is No Exception In The Animal World; It Is The Rule

~ IIETLISWBUIWACDOSF-A-E-OACCSOJGTBAH-IEIWCAIPAWTOIIFOTW-NS-LWBP ~ It Is Evident That Life In Societies Would Be Utterly Impossible Without A Corresponding Development Of Social Feelings – And – Especially – Of A Certain Collective Sense Of Justice Growing To Become A Habit – If Every Individual Were Constantly Abusing Its Personal Advantages Without The Others Interfering In Favour Of The Wronged – No Society-Life Would Be Possible

~ TWEDCREWEAS?-UWITAB? ~ To What Extent Does Competition Really Exist Within Each Animal Species? – Upon What Is The Assumption Based?

~ FTGPFAIOLWTLWOE-NSCSOTWPFACAMAP ~ For The Greatest Possible Fullness And Intensity Of Life With The Least Waste Of Energy – Natural Selection Continually Seeks Out The Ways Precisely For Avoiding Competition As Much As Possible

~ FFBAPFOO-TFIAVLP-S/B/T-N-F-WTPFOOOM ~ Far From Being A Primitive Form Of Organization – The Family Is A Very Late Product – Societies / Bands / Tribes – Not Families – Were – The Primitive Form Of Organization Of Mankind

~ TVPOTCOSHUFIITRPMAADAOI-WOOTIP-A-TAOTPFACAAOROTS ~ The Very Persistence Of The Clan Organization Shows How Utterly False It Is To Represent Primitive Mankind As A Disorderly Agglomeration Of Individuals – Who Only Obey Their Individual Passions – And Take Advantage Of Their Personal Force And Cunningness Against All Other Representatives Of The Species

~ UIIAMG-BIINCOPM ~ Unbridled Individualism Is A Modern Growth – But It Is Not Characteristic Of Primitive Mankind

~ PFSMCEOAAATA-DUTA-TTETTCRFEOA-TWBIRBAISOUROPWATFOTCEATWIGOB-TI-BOH-FTOT ~ Primitive Folk So Much Consider Every One’s Acts As A Tribal Affair – Dependent Upon Tribal Approval – That They Easily Think The Clan Responsible For Every One’s Acts – Their Whole Behaviour Is Regulated By An Infinite Series Of Unwritten Rules Of Propriety Which Are The Fruit Of Their Common Experience As To What Is Good Or Bad – That Is – Beneficial Or Harmful – For Their Own Tribe

~ S-RAS-S-ITIOTC ~ Self-Restriction And Self-Sacrifice – In The Interest Of The Clan

~ WDNKOSHROOSNWHNHIPO-VC-IWAUP-ANOOTCO ~ We Do Not Know One Single Human Race Or One Single Nation Which Has Not Had Its Period Of – Village Communities – It Was A Universal Phase – A Natural Outcome Of The Clan Organization

~ PP-O-P‘FE’-W-I-WTVPATRCO-TVC ~ Private Property – Or – Possession “For Ever” – Was – Incompatible – With The Very Principles And The Religious Conceptions Of – The Village Community

~ TVCWNOAUFG-S-ITCL-BAAU-F-CC-MSIAPF-PFV-A-DO:K/NB/MC ~ The Village Community Was Not Only A Union For Guaranteeing – Share – In The Common Land – But Also A Union – For – Common Culture – Mutual Support In All Possible Forms – Protection From Violence – And – Development Of Knowledge: / National Bonds / Moral Conception

~ EC-IT-J/M/E/EM-HTBDATF-O-TV-TT-O-TC ~ Every Change – In The – Judicial / Military / Educational / Economical Manners – Had To Be Decided At The Folkmotes Of – The Village – The Tribe – Or – The Confederation

~ TRB-WL-OTC-UAWSOI-IWCATWMBUONT-TOC-A-TIWPHDFGTG-IVAS-IPOT-ISAI ~ The Real Barbarian – Was Living – On The Contrary – Under A Wide Series Of Institutions – Imbued With Considerations As To What May Be Useful Or Noxious To – Tribe Or Confederation – And – These Institutions Were Piously Handed Down From Generation To Generation – In Verses And Songs – In Proverbs Or Triads – In Sentences And Instructions

~ TFVRATLC-DIF-AIN-A-FDI-TMS-IETOTSOE-ILTAHY-FC-HBCIE-E-TBTTFG-ATA-ATI-OWOPC-WAIAAPFTF-IOAFD ~ The Fortified Village Rose Against The Lord’s Castle – Defied It First – Attacked It Next – And – Finally Destroyed It – The Movement Spread – Involving Every Town On The Surface Of Europe – In Less Than A Hundred Years – Free Cities – Had Been Called Into Existence – Everywhere – They Bequeathed To The Following Generations – All The Arts – All The Industries – Of Which Our Present Civilization – With All Its Achievements And Promises For The Future – Is Only A Further Development

~ AGMBAOEFFTVWSWAC-TOFCWTBBTEOTVC-ANLOFBTDWTFE-TMCWB ~ A General Movement Began All Over Europe For Fortifying The Villages With Stone Walls And Citadels – Thousands Of Fortified Centres Were Then Built By The Energies Of The Village Communities – A New Life Of Freedom Began To Develop Within The Fortified Enclosures – The Mediaeval City Was Born

~ G-AFDIMT-P-AIPITEOTC-M/C/H/P/P/P/T/B/E/LW-AOOTSDPO-S-JAMS-AAOMSIACAIAAOLAIWAOFMJ ~ Guilds – A Formidable Development In Mediaeval Times – Played – An Important Part In The Emancipation Of The Cities – Merchants / Craftsmen / Hunters / Peasants / Priests / Painters / Teachers / Beggars / Executioners / Lost Women – All Organized On The Same Double Principle Of – Self-Jurisdiction And Mutual Support – An Association Of Mutual Support In All Circumstances And In All Accidents Of Life And It Was An Organization For Maintaining Justice

~ HOCIWTCITLHRU-ATAOT-NTIVOD-WDUTMOLGFOE-TSLIR-TCOIAAFOBSVCAG ~ Hundreds Of Charters In Which The Cities Inscribed Their Liberation Have Reached Us – And Through All Of Them – Notwithstanding The Infinite Variety Of Details – Which Depended Upon The More Or Less Greater Fulness Of Emancipation – The Same Leading Ideas Run – The City Organized Itself As A Federation Of Both Small Village Communities And Guilds

~ TG-L-S-A-A-P-WTCAOTMC-A-L-CG-WICF-AIO-‘J’-TTC-O-‘R’-TBPAC-WWSSEN-PPAE ~ To Guarantee – Liberty – Self-Administration – And – Peace – Was The Chief Aim Of The Mediaeval City – And – Labour – Craft Guilds – Was Its Chief Foundation – An Idea Of – “Justice” – To The Community – Of – “Right” – Towards Both Producer And Consumer – Which Would Seem So Extravagant Now – Penetrated Production And Exchange

~ TIOPRIAAU-TMGS-ITBPTTSWNHTII ~ The Immensity Of Progress Realized In All Arts Under – The Mediaeval Guild System – Is The Best Proof That The System Was No Hindrance To Individual Initiative

~ IR-TMC-WAFO-AACPIFS-AIHTMRFIBTFOIA-TWATC ~ In Reality – The Mediaeval City – Was A Fortified Oasis – Amidst A Country Plunged Into Feudal Submission – And It Had To Make Room For Itself By The Force Of Its Arms – The War Against The Castles

~ TC-NTE-WTRMOTNU ~ The Cities – Not The Emperors – Were The Real Makers Of The National Unity

~ TTITNDTVCDOIOA;E-OTC-ITTRCSCOP-BNASE-TAIATCTCL ~ The Truth Is That Nowhere Did The Village Community Disappear Of Its Own Accord; Everywhere – On The Contrary – It Took The Ruling Classes Several Centuries Of Persistent – But Not Always Successful Efforts – To Abolish It And To Confiscate The Communal Lands

~ TCLCTBPU-ATPWDRTL-BIWESTMOTEC-T-I-E-AEE-IBPOASPTSWOATOCO-TLOTVCWTBTL-ATAWSBP ~ The Communal Lands Continued To Be Preyed Upon – And The Peasants Were Driven From The Land – But It Was Especially Since The Middle Of The Eighteenth Century – That – In – England – As Everywhere Else – It Became Part Of A Systematic Policy To Simply Weed Out All Traces Of Communal Ownership – The Land Of The Village Community Was Taken By The Lords – And The Appropriation Was Sanctioned By Parliament

~ IS-TSPTNDO-TVC-IVO-EL-IAGAJATSP-TNDOSSOAB ~ In Short – To Speak Of The Natural Death Of – The Village Communities – In Virtue Of – Economic Laws – Is As Grim A Joke As To Speak Of – The Natural Death Of Soldiers Slaughtered On A Battlefield

~ TVCHLFOATY;AWTPWNRBWAE-TSITMOC ~ The Village Communities Had Lived For Over A Thousand Years; And Where And When The Peasants Were Not Ruined By Wars And Exactions – They Steadily Improved Their Methods Of Culture

~ CWM-FWC-TWP-AMWD-B-TVC-FTI-ATSCS ~ Canals Were Maintained – Forests Were Cleared – Trees Were Planted – And Marshes Were Drained – By – The Village Communities – From Time Immoral – And The Same Continues Still

~ EUTSORIWNP-TAMPMTM-SI ~ Even Under The System Of Reckless Individualism Which Now Prevails – The Agricultural Masses Piously Maintain Their Mutual-Support Inheritance

~ ASATSRTILBMOWTHBAB-TBAAOR-NTD-P/E/S-WAM-A-ISFABATTMR ~ As Soon As The States Relax The Iron Laws By Means Of Which They Have Broken All Bonds – These Bonds Are At Once Reconstituted – Notwithstanding The Difficulties – Political / Economical / Social – Which Are Many – And – In Such Forms As Best Answer To The Modem Requirements

~ TPWI-BO-TM-AT-TTGD-WATPO-TGPI-A-I-A-S ~ The Periods When Institutions Based On – The Mutual-Aid Tendency – Took Their Greatest Development – Were Also The Periods Of – The Greatest Progress In – Arts – Industry – And – Science

~ MAITRFOOEC ~ Mutual Aid Is The Real Foundation Of Our Ethical Conceptions