VIRGINIA EUBANKS ~ AUTOMATING INEQUALITY ~ 2017

~ P-P-A-P-T-P ~ Profile – Police – And – Punish – The – Poor

~ YA-NAOTMDTSOL-WMBHB-T-WHCMOTD-MPT-SM-AES-RA-A-PRM-C-WNGP-WFANR-WIS-LFE-AWIIFF ~ Years Ago – Nearly All Of The Major Decisions That Shape Our Lives – Were Made By Human Beings – Today – We Have Ceded Much Of That Decision-Making Power To – Sophisticated Machines – Automated Eligibility Systems – Ranking Algorithms – And – Predictive Risk Models – Control – Which Neighborhoods Get Policed – Which Families Attain Needed Resources – Who Is Short-Listed For Employment – And – Who Is Investigated For Fraud

~ H-CFIARP-TTGMOIICB-P-N-C ~ Health-Care Fraud Is A Real Problem – Though The Great Majority Of It Is Committed By – Providers – Not – Consumers

~ TTTABTBAA:YGASOAPITDN-AEETTY-BYCPYFOEWA ~ That’s The Thing About Being Targeted By An Algorithm: You Get A Sense Of A Pattern In The Digital Noise – An Electronic Eye Turned Toward You – But You Can’t Put Your Finger On Exactly What’s Amiss

~ TIN-SL-TCCTRT-ID-OT-DFDS ~ There Is No – Sunshine Law – That Compels Companies To Release The – Inner Details – Of Their – Digital Fraud Detection Systems

~ WTNEO-CR-WHRLAT-T-E-A-A-M-TSO-LC ~ With The Notable Exception Of – Credit Reporting – We Have Remarkably Limited Access To – The – Equations – Algorithms – And – Models – That Shape Our – Life Chances

~ DSG-CIAU-MIAOB-A-CATR-TASDWITFOSLT-MOTTWDENWABWAA ~ Digital Security Guards – Collect Information About Us – Make Inferences About Our Behavior – And – Control Access To Resources – They Are So Deeply Woven Into The Fabric Of Social Life That – Most Of The Time We Don’t Even Notice We Are Being Watched And Analyzed

~ PP-L-NITW-IWIT-HSOSP-A-RTCNTTWAPAA-C/L/S-A ~ Performative Politics – Legislation – Not Intended To Work – It Was Intended To – Heap Stigma On Social Programs – And – Reinforce The Cultural Narrative That Those Who Access Public Assistance Are – Criminal / Lazy / Spendthrift – Addicts

~ DTAD-MHBRI-P-PF-M-CR-CS-BM-F-A-TAOPP ~ Digital Tracking And Decision-Making Systems Have Become Routine In – Policing – Political Forecasting – Marketing – Credit Reporting – Criminal Sentencing – Business Management – Finance – And – The Administration Of Public Programs

~ TNROD-CPAW-CP-O-DTPO-LTM-A-UTHR-TDRBANFSM? ~ The New Regime Of Data – Constricts Poor And Working-Class People’s – Opportunities – Demobilizes Their Political Organizing – Limits Their Movement – And – Undercuts Their Human Rights – How Has The Digital Revolution Become A Nightmare For So Many?

~ PAW-CP-ATB-NTODPM-A-FL-TCAAR-AES-DTFCPRTTNTSAT ~ Poor And Working-Class People – Are Targeted By – New Tools Of Digital Poverty Management – And – Face Life-Threatening Consequences As A Result – Automated Eligibility Systems – Discourage Them From Claiming Public Resources That They Need To Survive And Thrive

~ AD-M-STSSN-CTP-ID-A-CODNV-IR-SSDAWWAAWWWTB-A-SEP ~ Automated Decision-Making – Shatters The Social Safety Net – Criminalizes The Poor – Intensifies Discrimination – And – Compromises Our Deepest National Values – It Reframes – Shared Social Decisions About Who We Are And Who We Want To Be – As – Systems Engineering Problems

~ AWTMSDD-MTATIWCBC-‘LRE’-WTAFEO-PAAT-SFDF-TP-WE-BUOE ~ And While The Most Sweeping Digital Decision-Making Tools Are Tested In What Could Be Called – “Low Rights Environments” – Where There Are Few Expectations Of – Political Accountability And Transparency – Systems – First Designed For – The Poor – Will Eventually – Be Used On Everyone

~ WHF-A-DP-F-D-A-A-RM-IPTETRAROETCB ~ We Have Forged – A Digital Poorhouse – From – Databases – Algorithms – And – Risk Models – It Promises To Eclipse The Reach And Repercussions Of Everything That Came Before

~ WM-TIP-IOTEO-SR-F-EP ~ We Mange – The Individual Poor – In Order To Escape Our – Shared Responsibility – For – Eradicating Poverty

~ O-NDT-SF-P-M-VOP-A-CASOH-TCAI ~ Our – New Digital Tools – Spring From – Punitive – Moralistic – Views Of Poverty – And – Create A System Of High-Tech Containment And Investigation

~ TDP-DTPFAPR-PTL/S/S/P-TTPTFB-A-PACTWDNCWID ~ The Digital Poorhouse – Deters The Poor From Accessing Public Resources – Polices Their Labor / Spending / Sexuality / Parenting – Tries To Predict Their Future Behavior – And – Punishes And Criminalizes Those Who Do Not Comply With Its Dictates

~ WMS ~ Welfare Management System

~ WMS ~ Workflow Management System

~ HMIS ~ Homeless Management Information System

~ CAWH ~ Crimes Associated With Homelessness

~ OASOS-R-IA-TTHTBIBTWCS-IC-I-ND-BS-TTOEFTD-TTCATDC-NB ~ Older Analog Systems Of Surveillance – Required – Individualized Attention – The Target Had To Be Identified Before The Watcher Could Surveil – In Contrast – In – New Data-Based Surveillance – The Target Often Emerges From The Data – The Targeting Comes After The Data Collection – Not Before

~ MAOIAC-OAWVOIAG-T-TDIM-A-A-S-IOTIPTFMTS ~ Massive Amounts Of Information Are Collected – On A Wide Variety Of Individuals And Groups – Then – The Data Is Mined – Analyzed – And – Searched – In Order To Identify Possible Targets For More Thorough Scrutiny

~ WPTPIAPATHOTATMOPP-DIEAE ~ We Pretend That Poverty Is A Puzzling Aberration That Happens Only To A Tiny Minority Of Pathological People – Denial Is Exhausting And Expensive

~ T-OPL-ARATCBEAB-BD/IB/CP-IF-PIAO-TS-EC-BAHNOP-FWDBDANIROB ~ The – Official Poverty Line – A Regrettable Anomaly That Can Be Explained Away By – Poor Decisions / Individual Behavior / Cultural Pathology – In Fact – Poverty Is An Often-Temporary State – Experienced Cyclically – By A Huge Number Of People – From Wildly Different Backgrounds Displaying A Nearly Infinite Range Of Behaviors

~ WPPOAFFTRAS-TW ~ When Poor People Organize And Fight For Their Rights And Survival – They Win

~ TDPIHTU-T-S/A/M-TPI-ACAOS ~ The Digital Poorhouse Is Hard To Understand – The – Software / Algorithms / Models – That Power It – Are Complex And Often Secret

~ TTTOTPWEBUOE ~ Technological Tools Tested On The Poor Will Eventually Be Used On Everyone

~ A-NC-OA-PRC-MJ-TDOTDPFSC-ATCS ~ A – National Catastrophe – Or A – Political Regime Change – Might Justify – The Deployment Of The Digital Poorhouse’s Full Surveillance Capability – Across The Class Spectrum

~ AIHUA ~ Automated Inequality Hurts Us All

~ H-TT-HAB-IAAPOO-TOLUTBTTDALDTTMBH-B-BII-T-PC-DS-A-PM ~ High-Tech Tools – Have A Built-In Authority And Patina Of Objectivity – That Often Lead Us To Believe That Their Decisions Are Less Discriminatory Than Those Made By Humans – But – Bias Is Introduced – Through – Programming Choices – Data Selection – And – Performance Metrics

~ TDPHPP ~ The Digital Poorhouse Preempts Politics

~ WCDTDP ~ We Can Dismantle The Digital Poorhouse

~ TMISI-DTDP-ICHW-T/T/F-AP-ACAIMS-TBCFTMOBDITBS ~ The Most Important Step In – Dismantling The Digital Poorhouse – Is Changing How We – Think / Talk / Feel – About Poverty – As Counterintuitive As It May Sound – The Best Cure For The Misuse Of Big Data Is Telling Better Stories

~ TBSPOAP-IIYWBP-BPITQOY-E-TRIYN-YETVAT-A-YH ~ The Best Single Predictor Of Adult Poverty – Is If You Were Born Poor – Because Poverty Impacts The Quality Of Your – Education – The Resources In Your Neighborhood – Your Exposure To Violence And Trauma – And – Your Health

~ TGNITTMIAWUW-BIMTEP-LBTP-HBOTR ~ The Good News Is That This Mission Is Already Well Under Way – Broadbased Inclusive Movements To End Poverty – Led By The Poor – Have Been On The Rise

~ T-RA-TWUWWROCS-IA-E-ST-V-F ~ The – Righteous Anger – That Wells Up When We Recognize Our Common Suffering – Is An – Earthshaking – Structure-Tumbling – Visionary – Force

~ WTTBTIIWTAN-PP? ~ Would The Tool Be Tolerated If It Was Targeted At Non-Poor People?

~ DND-BSTOAELROTP ~ Design No Data-Based System That Overturns An Established Legal Right Of The Poor

~ ETVOTDPWRAGDOC ~ Exposing The Violence Of The Digital Poorhouse Will Require A Great Deal Of Courage

GUY HARRISON ~ HOW TO THINK LIKE A SCIENTIST ~ THINK BEFORE YOU LIKE ~ 2017

~ RLAS-PATBMADIM-AGIATATATM-AASSWSYWOSM ~ React Like A Scientist – Pause And Think Before Making Any Decisive Intellectual Moves – Avoid Granting Immediate And Total Acceptance To Anything That Matters – Adopting A Scientific Stance Will Serve You Well On Social Media

~ DYR-THTITHBCBTUWICTSI-PL;PBC;AETMSAHAUOGFW ~ Do Your Research – The Hard Truth Is That Human Beings Cannot Be Trusted Unconditionally When It Comes To Sharing Information – People Lie; People Become Confused; And Even The Most Sensible And Honest Among Us Often Get Facts Wrong

~ CUWYOHOT-TTEHACMBTOF-S-IPEFAIOC-TNTDTDWOTIMLTBT ~ Come Up With Your Own Hypothesis Or Theory – Try To Explain How A Claim Might Be True Or False – Speculate – Image Possible Explanations For An Idea Or Claim – Then Narrow Them Down To Determine Which Of Them Is More Likely To Be True

~ CYOEOT-FOHTTACCBD-BIIDMOTN-FOIOHATOITT ~ Conduct Your Own Experiment Or Test – Figuring Out How To Test A Claim Can Be Difficult – But It Is Doable More Often Than Not – Find Out If Others Have Already Tested Or Investigated The Topic

~ SYC-NITTAOPTLFEIYR-SYCW-TS-MS-PYK ~ Share Your Conclusion – Now It’s Time To Ask Other People To Look For Errors In Your Reasoning – Share Your Conclusion With – The Smartest – Most Sensible – People You Know

~ LO-C-C-APA-YCOD ~ Let Others – Consider – Challenge – And Pick Apart Your Conclusion Or Decision

~ F-IIVTYCWIYRFOABWTCYMIN ~ Finally – It Is Vital That You Consider Whatever Input You Receive From Others And Be Willing To Change Your Mind If Necessary

~ IS-POAMOAF-IYR-DBTIOO-BGTYHBGTCTMALCT-TAR ~ If Someone – Points Out A Mistake Or A Flaw – In Your Reasoning – Don’t Be Too Irritated Or Offended – Be Grateful That You Have Been Given The Chance To Move A Little Closer To – Truth And Reality

GUY HARRISON ~ THINK BEFORE YOU LIKE ~ 2017

~ AWB-‘ESOO?’~ Are We Becoming – “Efficient Shadows Of Ourselves?”

~ FAS-FM-DOD ~ Fleeting And Soon-Forgotten Micro-Doses Of Dopamine

~ WWMP? ~ Will We Miss Privacy?

~ YOASNDYAAP-B-I-TD ~ Your Online Activities Should Not Define You As A Person – But – Increasingly – They Do

~ WD-‘F’-C? ~ What Does – “Free” – Cost?

~ ATMAMOTTCBBFU?-WCK-BTCTBITSWOPTAADHTTUWTK-O-WTTTK-AU-WDHTLRTCT ~ Are There Misinformation And Misinterpretations Out There That Could Be Bad For Us? – We Can’t Know – Because The Companies That Barter In The Shadows With Our Private Thoughts And Activities Don’t Have To Tell Us What They Know – Or – What They Think They Know – About Us – We Don’t Have The Legal Right To Check Them

~ WCPTH-HEAMC-WWDEKTTE ~ We Can’t Petition To Have – Harmful Errors And Misjudgments Corrected – When We Don’t Even Know That They Exist

~ TRONWBD ~ The Renaissance Of Nonsense Will Be Digitized

~ TPV-BPN-WUB-CA-C-A-TSD ~ The Positive Features – Become Powerful Negatives – When Used By – Con Artists – Crackpots – And – The Sincerely Deluded

~ TLSM ~ Terrorists Love Social Media

~ SPB-SMWDNLTSTWBUIANAOC-O-H-WTSMMHTFDUAIASCO-F/H/S ~ Some People Believe – Social Media Will Do Nothing Less Than Save The World By Ushering In A New Age Of Connectivity – Others – However – Warn That Social Media Might Help To Finally Drown Us All In A Sad Cesspool Of – Fear / Hate / Stupidity

~ SOTWMVADGCUSMTOAGTRIPODG ~ Some Of The World’s Most Violent And Destructive Groups Currently Uses Social Media To Organize And Grow Their Ranks In Pursuit Of Dark Goals

~ WT-YVO-C-B-B-O-PR-M-AL ~ Welcome To – Your Very Own – Customized – Biased – Bubble – Of – Psychological Reinforcement – Manipulation – And Lies

~ ROTA ~ Rise Of The Algorithms

~ OTA-CB-TCBSEIT-EHI-A-EUI-C-BHIAHAIEOMYMVTTPO-CB-RTLV ~ One Thing About – Confirmation Bias – That Cannot Be Stressed Enough Is That – EVERYONE HAS IT – And – EVERYONE USES IT – Counterintutively – Being Highly Intelligent And Having An Impressive Education Often Makes You More Vulnerable To The Problem Of – Confirmation Bias – Rather Than Less Vulnerable

~ TRB ~ The Reality Bubble

~ IYWTAALDITVOT-TYMBHETBH ~ If You Want To Always At Least Dwell In The Vicinity Of Truth – Then You Must Be Honest Enough To Be Humble

~ WWDKITLDUARNHFSMTBAFEIWTT ~ What We Do Know Is That Lies Dressed Up As Respectable News Have Found Social Media To Be A Fertile Environment In Which To Thrive

~ HCSWBAKN? ~ How Concerned Should We Be About Fake News?

~ FN-I-DN-THBCAPFTSPOM-R/L/V-WKFI-TGCIA-F-GCFP-T-MPG ~ Fake News – Is – Dishonest News – That Has Been Crafted And Published For The Specific Purpose Of Misleading – Readers / Listeners / Viewers – With Knowingly False Information – That Goal Can Include Anything – From – Garnering Clicks For Profit – To – Making Political Gains

~ HNNBACIAWAFN ~ Humour Need Not Be A Casualty In Anyone’s War Against Fake News

~ CFOF’ ~ Contradictory “Fountains Of Facts”

~ WBTS? ~ Who Believes This Stuff?

~ ACCASIINSAAAOF-TFTBF ~ Accepting Crazy Claims And Stupid Ideas Is Now Seen As An Aspect Of Freedom – The Freedom To Be Fooled

~ BSOE ~ Be Skeptical Of Everything

~ CTS ~ Consider The Source

~ DSG ~ Don’t Spread Garbage

~ O-B-FATGP-ASFAGS-AEI-CL-OJPOG ~ Our – Brains – For All Their Glorious Powers – Are Suckers For A Good Story – An Exciting Image – Convenient Lie – Or Just Plain Old Gossip

~ FNM ~ Fake News Matters

~ DLTD ~ Delusions Lead To Danger

~ SOCTIHGUC ~ Scarcity Of Critical Thinking Is Humankind’s Great Unrecognized Crisis

~ WHWYDKWYDK? ~ What Happens When You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know?

~ CINTSTAK ~ Confidence Is Not The Same Thing As Knowledge

~ WCYDTAG?-BDSN ~ What Can You Do To Avoid Groupthink? – Build Diverse Social Networks

~ BTB-CCBW-PINARMOTAR ~ Beware The Bandwagon – Crowds Can Be Wrong – Popularity Is Not A Reliable Measure Of Truth And Reality

~ A:TFITHYSMAATYANRFWSTSFYCTADAI ~ Anchoring: The First Input That Hits Your Subconscious Mind About A Topic You Are Not Reasonably Familiar With Sets The Stage For Your Conscious Thoughts And Decisions About It

~ OAMEFTIA ~ Others Are More Easily Fooled Than I Am

~ WASC-WTTSNOOPBWTAUBEODTAFAW ~ We Are Social Creatures – We Tend To Synchronize Not Only Our Physical Behavior With Those Around Us But Even Our Deepest Thoughts And Feelings As Well

~ AB-TT-TTIABIBSPTBAAF ~ Authority Bias – The Tendency – To Trust In And Be Influenced By Someone Perceived To Be An Authority Figure

~ ABIAATTB ~ Authority Bias Is An Amazing Thing To Behold

~ AEIOTINAEIE ~ An Expert In One Thing Is Not An Expert In Everything

~ SIAT-AHI-ATAOU-TUDITTOODL ~ Science Is A Tool – A Human Invention – Available To All Of Us – To Use Down In The Trenches Of Our Daily Lives –

~ NOWBATDTNFGTITWIDIL ~ No One Will Be Able To Deny The Need For Good Thinking If The World Is Drowning In Lies

~ NMWYAOWYD-TAAALAFTYWRKOOTROARSOSWDLYAMECYG ~ No Matter Who You Are Or What You Do – There Likely Are At Lest A Few Things You Would Rather Keep Out Of The Reach Of A Random Stranger Or Someone Who Doesn’t Like You And Might Enjoy Causing You Grief

~ HI-TET-FC-A-I-PAI-E-THETD-S-A-AS-IOT-MAJT ~ Humans In – The Early Twenty-First Century – Are – Ill-Prepared And Ill-Equipped – To Have Everything They Do – Surveilled – Analyzed – And Stored – In Order To – Manipulate And Judge Them

~ AT-A-TMODW-T-I-C-H-S-JIT-DR-DR-DE ~ A Tried-And-True Method Of Dealing With – Trolls – Is – Cold – Hard – Silence – Just Ignore Them – Don’t React – Don’t Reply – Don’t Engage

~ DBD ~ Defined By Data

~ E-BPT ~ Emotion-Based Precision Targeting

~ ASMUABUAGP ~ All Social Media Users Are Being Used As Guinea Pigs

~ TDYSMI-VIS ~ Trim Down Your Social Media Identity – Vague Is Safer

~ AQ-NBYOICATN-B-BWNTBTATN ~ Ask Questions – Not Because You Or I Can Answer Them Now – But – Because We Need To Be Thinking About Them Now

~ WCLTI-GTW-O-W-DACTBTAU ~ We Can’t Let – The Internet – Go To Waste – Or – Worse – Degrade And Corrupt The Best Things About Us