LEWIS WOLPERT ~ SIX IMPOSSIBLE THINGS BEFORE BREAKFAST ~ 2006

~ WHHABNTHBTAFIEIOL ~ We Humans Have A Basic Need To Have Beliefs That Account For Important Events In Our Lives

~ COOBCFLACOO ~ Criticism Of Our Beliefs Can Feel Like A Criticism Of Ourselves

~ PPATPU-IG-MF ~ People’s Perceptions About Themselves Are Peculiarly Unreliable – In General – More Flattering

~ TIAW-ETTAFOOBIARDWFTWWUTETBOOP-WBOOB-TBHIBECAS-BC-TBOOIMMOBTBTROTPOT-UPTAD ~ There Is A Well-Established Tendency To Account For Our Own Behaviour In A Rather Different Way From That Which We Use To Explain The Behaviour Of Other People –We Believe Our Own Behaviour – To Be Heavily Influenced By External Causes And Situations – By Contrast – The Behaviour Of Others – Is Much More Often Believed To Be The Result Of The Product Of The – Underlying Personal Traits And Dispositions

~ OPORIC-A-MBLRTTOP ~ Our Perception Of Risk Is Complex – And – May Bear Little Relation To The Objective Probabilities

~ IIVHTASB-WALF-CRTF-OBAF-TTTP ~ It Is Very Hard To Alter Someone’s Beliefs – We All Look For – Confirmation Rather Than Falsification – Once Beliefs Are Formed – They Tend To Persevere

~ AITFCF-IEAS-LT-MD-E-A-S-TIASTTMUACSTPAE-IAICII ~ An Inability To Find Causes For – Important Events And Situations – Leads To – Mental Discomfort – Even – Anxiety – So – There Is A Strong Tendency To Make Up A Causal Story To Provide An Explanation – Ignorance About Important Causes Is Intolerable

~ B-HN-BTSOM-N-SR ~ Belief – Has Not – Been The Subject Of Much – Neuro-Scientific Research

~ B-IAPO-T-B ~ Belief – Is A Property Of – The – Brain

~ TPFO-T-B-T-CBM ~ The Primary Function Of – The – Brain – To – Control Bodily Movements

~ HWAABIFFC;IIAMO-E-C-I-A-E ~ How We Arrive At Beliefs Is Far From Clear; It Is A Mixture Of – Experience – Cognition – Intuition – And – Emotion

~ CC-IACIITPOB-ASICAOB-TSWTO-I-AFPOHN ~ Cognitive Consistency – Is Another Central Idea In The Psychology Of Belief – A Satisfying Internal Consistency About Our Beliefs – The Stories We Tell Ourselves – Is – A Fundamental Part Of Human Nature

~ W-HTCF-S-D-WI-TATHTCBATST ~ We – Have The Capacity For – Self-Deception – Which Includes – The Ability To Hold Two Contradictory Beliefs At The Same Time

~ MROASCSOBTIIT ~ Mere Repetition Of A Statement Can Strengthen One’s Belief That It Is True

~ H-TTT-UFT-SR-HUF-MFD-I-D-T-DL:TAE-B ~ Heuristics – The Technical Term – Used For The – Simple Rules – Humans Use For – Making Fast Decisions – In – Day-To-Day Lives: They Are Essentially – Beliefs

~ NEITON ~ Negative Evidence Is Too Often Neglected

~ EL-JOE-CEG-FB ~ Emotions Like – Jealousy Or Envy – Can Even Generate – False Beliefs

~ WHW-ACSAEOIL-APE-A-ATO-IOTFWOB ~ We Humans Want – A Consistent Story About Events In Our Lives – A Plausible Explanation – And – All Too Often – Invent One To Fit With Other Beliefs

~ TANSDLBNBADB ~ There Are No Sharp Dividing Lines Between Normal Beliefs And Delusional Beliefs

~ D-CBSAAA-AAFO-TMSOTW ~ Delusions – Could Be Seen As An Attempt – Alas A False One – To Make Sense Of The World

~ AFO-D-ITTCLT-B-TPT-F ~ A Feature Of – Delusions – Is That They Can Lead To – Behaviour – That Prevents Their – Falsification

~ S-C-U-M-B-A-WMBLICOWWBTWWLTB ~ Suggestibility – Can – Underlie – Many – Beliefs – And – We May Be Less In Control Of What We Believe Than We Would Like To Believe

~ MIE:ITMOSIC-IIETB ~ Meaning Is Essential: If The Meaning Of Suffering Is Clear – It Is Easier To Bear

~ TARO-D-STOBCUGETHNAO ~ The Apparent Reality Of – Dreams – Shows That Our Brains Can Unconsciously Generate Experiences That Have Not Actually Occurred

~ PMBWT-B-TWT-PB-IMTFG ~ People May Believe Weird Things – Because – They Want To – Perhaps Because – It Makes Them Fell Good

~ WAQCA-E-ETGAGWHS ~ We Are Quite Casual About – Evaluating – Evidence That Goes Against Beliefs We Hold Strongly

~ TBOTWP-EOOWDNSTB ~ The Beliefs Of Those With Power – Exerted On Others Who Do Not Share Those Beliefs

~ A-S-N-ATD-ITPV-F-W?~ Are – Scientists – Now – All That Different – In The Public View – From – Witches?

NASSIM TALEB ~ NO ~ VIA NEGATIVA ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ M-W-S ~ Muscles – Without – Strength

~ F-W-T ~ Friendship – Without – Trust

~ O-W-C ~ Opinion – Without – Consequence

~ C-W-A ~ Change – Without – Aesthetics

~ A-W-V ~ Age – Without – Values

~ L-W-E ~ Life – Without – Effort

~ W-W-T ~ Water – Without – Thirst

~ F-W-N ~ Food – Without – Nourishment

~ L-W-S ~ Love – Without – Sacrifice

~ P-W-F ~ Power – Without – Fairness

~ F-W-R ~ Facts – Without – Rigor

~ S-W-L ~ Statistics – Without – Logic

~ M-W-P ~ Mathematics – Without – Proof

~ T-W-E ~ Teaching – Without – Experience

~ P-W-W ~ Politeness – Without – Warmth

~ V-W-E ~ Values – Without – Embodiment

~ D-W-E ~ Degrees – Without – Erudition

~ M-W-F ~ Militarism – Without – Fortitude

~ P-W-C ~ Progress – Without – Civilization

~ F-W-I ~ Friendship – Without – Investment

~ V-W-R ~ Virtue – Without – Risk

~ P-W-E ~ Probability – Without – Ergodicity

~ W-W-E ~ Wealth – Without – Exposure

~ C-W-D ~ Complication – Without – Depth

~ F-W-C ~ Fluency – Without – Content

~ D-W-S ~ Decision – Without – Symmetry

~ S-W-S ~ Science – Without – Skepticism

~ R-W-T ~ Religion – Without – Tolerance

NASSIM TALEB ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ HAIDL ~ Hidden Asymmetries In Daily Life

~ IATINDBAATRW;ITRW-TI ~ In Academia There Is Not Difference Between Academia And The Real World; In The Real World – There Is

~ IYHTR-YMAGSOTR-NLOPTPOYM ~ If You Have The Rewards – You Must Also Get Some Of The Risks – Not Let Others Pay The Price Of Your Mistakes

~ IYIROO-ATAH-YNTPSPFI ~ If You Inflict Risk On Others – And – They Are Harmed – You Need To Pay Some Price For It

~ IDLRBTIMOTO ~ I Don’t Like Reading Books That Inform Me Of The Obvious

~ ODAPBEJI ~ One Debases A Principle By Endlessly Justifying It

~ YCS-K-F-CWTG-A-YCS-A-F-CWTG ~ You Cannot Separate – Knowledge – From – Contact With The Ground – Actually – You Cannot Separate – Anything – From – Contact With The Ground

~ TKWGB-T-V-TAE-E-A-TWOT-IOW-CWTE-IVSTT-OT-R ~ The Knowledge We Get By – Tinkering – Via – Trial And Error – Experience – And – The Workings Of Time – In Other Words – Contact With The Earth – Is Vastly Superior To That – Obtained Through – Reasoning

~ ESB-LD ~ Elaborate Semiabstract Buzzword-Laden Discourse

~ I-NLFH-TF:TTISND/TTIL-N-H-D/TTITOA-NI ~ Interventionistas – Never Learn From History – Three Flaws: They Think In Statics Not Dynamics / They Think In Low – Not – High – Dimensions / They Think In Terms Of Actions – Never Interactions

~ RL-HTH-S/T/F/N-S ~ Real Life – Happens To Have – Second / Third / Fourth / Nth – Steps

~ WWCT-I-D-LMD-SBTNHTPFTCOTA ~ What We Call The – Intelligensia – Delusional – Literally Mentally Deranged – Simply Because They Never Have To Pay For The Consequences Of Their Actions

~ I-FDNH ~ Intervention – First Do No Harm

~ WHABC-B-WSET-DTW-NWC ~ We Have Always Been Crazy – But – Weren’t Skilled Enough To – Destroy The World – Now We Can

~ B-IA CBWAPI-CSFTCOHOHA ~ Bureaucracy – Is A Construction By Which A Person Is – Conveniently Separated From The Consequences Of His Or Her Actions

~ W-WHNCBT-D-O-MP-T-L ~ Well – We Have No Choice But To – Decentralize – Or – More Politely – To – Localize

~ D-R-LSA ~ Decentralization – Reduces Large Structural Asymmetries

~ S-ITTOPO-AR-TAC-SITG ~ Somehow – In The Thousands Of Pages Of – Additional Regulations – They Avoided Considering – Skin In The Game

~ S-LB-RP-VN ~ Systems – Learn By – Removing Parts – Via Negativa

~ SITG-KHHIC ~ Skin In The Game – Keeps Human Hubris In Check

~ WKWMMCWIBTWIG ~ We Know With Much More Clarity What Is Bad Than What Is Good

~ VN-ABR-I-MPALE-P-T-VP-ABA ~ Via Negativa – Acting By Removing – Is – More Powerful And Less Error-Prone – Than – Via Positiva – Acting By Addition

~ ATAFSWGAFAL-U-TIAPFTA ~ Avoid Taking Advice From Someone Who Gives Advice For A Living – Unless – There Is A Penalty For Their Advice

~ WABA-D-T-U ~ We Are Better At – Doing – Than – Understanding

~ TLE-TRTFAKTR-A-TLEOTNLWT ~ The Lindy Effect: Time Removes The Fragile And Keeps The Robust – And – The Life Expectancy Of The Nonfragile Lengthens With Time

~ OAN(BP) ~ Overeducated And Naive (But Punctual)

~ TINKRDO-R-TMRO-T-‘N’-R ~ There Is No Known Rigorous Definition Of – Rationality – That Makes Rejection Of The – “Natural” – Rational

~ WI-R-ITWA-TCE-MTLFALT-T-S- ~ What Is – Rational – Is That What Allows – The Collective Entities – Meant To Live For A Long Time – To – Survive

~ CH-WBAFI ~ Causing Harm – Without Being Accountable For It

~ TWTSD-A-OTWDST ~ Those Who Talk Should Do – And – Only Those Who Do Should Talk

~ ATGMT-TI-AGSBTMATU ~ As Things Get More Technical – There Is – A Growing Separation Between The Maker And The User

~ TDB-PWSITG-TTGI-C-BT-FC ~ Things Designed By – People Without Skin In The Game – Tend To Grow In – Complication – Before Their – Final Collapse

~ IYC-ES-R ~ If You Can’t – Effectively Sue – Regulate

~ AYDT-OYW-CSC-SM-‘E’-OOI(AOOYL)-WEMYDI ~ Anything You Do To – Optimize Your Work – Cut Some Corners – Squeeze More – “Efficiency” – Out Of It (And Out Of Your Life) – Will Eventually Make You Dislike It

~ AHTSITG ~ Artisans Have Their Soul In The Game

~ PWTHTSITG ~ People Want To Have Their Soul In The Game

~ TSNBAATEOO ~ Thou Shalt Not Become Antifragile At The Expense Of Others

~ YNTEWYFO ~ You Need To Eat What You Feed Others

~ TEIAMRTTL-OT-IITLTSCTTE-NTR ~ The Ethical Is Always More Robust Than The Legal – Over Time – It Is The Legal That Should Converge To The Ethical – Never The Reverse

~ L-CAG;E-S ~ Laws – Come And Go; Ethics – Stay

~ SM ~ Scaling Matters

~ TEACCSBWPAAC-PTC-AITEUBR-SCCBTL-GBDAADS ~ There Exists A Certain Community Size Below Which People Act As Collectivists – Protecting The Commons – As If The Entire Unit Became Rational – Such Commons Cannot Be Too Large – Groups Behave Differently At A Different Scale

~ ROM-EMIG ~ Reliance On Metrics – Every Metric Is Gameable

~ Y-TMM-R ~ Yes – The Most Motivated – Rules

~ TMILALMTWASD-A-TBWTDASITSIH[H]FIOTSOTTRTTOTD ~ The Market Is Like A Large Movie Theater With A Small Door – And – The Best Way To Detect A Sucker Is To See If His[Her] Focus Is On The Size Of The Theater Rather Than That Of The Door

~ T-S-C-M-UTP-T-SG-AW-NAM ~ The – So-Called – Mathematics – Used To Prove – The – Selfish Gene – Are Woefully – Naive And Misplaced

~ LPA-UAGS-A-TWTCOT ~ Leave People Alone – Under A Good Structure – And – They Will Take Care Of Things

~ FINF ~ Freedom Is Never Free

~ WM-IWAPHODH;IIWHOSIAOL ~ What Matters – Isn’t What A Person Has Or Doesn’t Have; It Is What He Or She Is Afraid Of Losing

~ TMYHTL-TMFYA ~ The More You Have To Lose – The More Fragile You Are

~ TSOOIYG ~ The Skin Of Others In Your Game

~ THO-W-EIYEUV-IMTTFTTTE-OTNCB-CS-MYWPTP-ASCAY ~ The History Of – Whistleblowers – Even If You End Up Vindicated – It May Take Time For The Truth To Emerge – Over The Noise Created By – Corporate Shills – Meanwhile You Will Pay The Price – A Smear Campaign Against You

~ TWEI-SC-AAP-AN-IAEE-HATBT-STIA-R-WAPT-ES ~ Those Who Engage In – Smear Campaigning – As A Profession – Are Necessarily – Incompetent At Everything Else – Hence At That Business Too – So The Industry Accumulates – Rejects – Who Are Prone To – Ethical Stretches

~ PTWA-FIWARTAWTSTWA ~ Precede Talk With Action – For It Will Always Remain That Action Without Talk Supersedes Talk Without Action

~ IYI ~ Intellectual Yet Idiot

~ WPR-O-SR-I-TPATTWHNSITG-ITTPOF ~ What People Resent – Or – Should Resent – Is – The Person At The Top Who Has No Skin In The Game – Immune To The Possibility Of Falling

~ TE-I-EIP ~ True Equality – Is – Equality In Probability

~ TPINTP-IIHPHI ~ The Problem Is Never The Problem – It Is How People Handle It

~ IY-PL-CWY-IO-ICY-II-NY-PL ~ If Your – Private Life – Conflicts With Your – Intellectual Opinion – It – Cancels Your – Intellectual Ideas – Not Your – Private Life

~ TVM ~ The Virtue Merchants

~ V-INSY-A ~ Virtue – Is Not Something You – Advertise

~ C-ITOVYCF ~ Courage – Is The Only Virtue You Cannot Fake

~ P-B-F-U-L ~ Pronouncements – By – Fools – Using – Labels

~ OO-P-BT-V-T-AOK ~ Outside Of – Poetry – Beware The – Verbalistic – That – Archenemy Of Knowledge

~ IPS ~ Intolerant Political System

~ R-RIWY-D-NIWY-T-O-IWY-‘B’~ Rationality – Resides In What You – Do – Not In What You – Think – Or – In What You – “Believe”

~ SCF-T/U/S-L ~ Survival Comes First – Truth / Understanding / Science – Later

~ WIRITWAFS-ATH-S-I-I ~ What Is Rational Is That Which Allows For Survival – Anything That Hinders – Survival – Is – Irrational

~ IOTS-YMFS ~ In Order To Succeed – You Must First Survive

~ NCAR-I-IIOAFFD ~ Never Cross A River – If – It Is On Average Four Feet Deep

~ CAP-AO ~ Courage And Precaution – Aren’t Opposites

~ SC-INC ~ Selfish Courage – Is Not Courage

CHRIS MARTENSON ~ THE CRASH COURSE ~ 2011

~ TM-O-’FPOD’-H-LFIIID-A-N-MPIBGUP-MOAATH ~ The Media – Our – “Fourth Pillar Of Democracy” – Has – Largely Failed In Its Investigative Duties – And – Now – Mainly Provides Interesting But Generally Unhelpful Post-Mortems On Accidents After They’ve Happened

~ WIO-EP-EAM-S-RTB-TSCOHE-ARJ-A-AOO?-S-THEOSEPFTG?-IS-WHT-W/EC/SO-WTCBFBSREI?-WHT?~ What If Our – Exponentially Based – Economic And Monetary – Systems – Rather Than Being – The Sophisticated Culmination Of Human Evolution – Are Really Just – An – Artefact Of Oil? – Simply – The Human Expression Of Surplus Energy Pumped From The Ground? – If So – What Happens To – Wealth / Economic Complexity / Social Order – When They Cannot Be Fed By Steadily Rising Energy Inputs? – What Happens Then?

~ WNMTAIT-RTSTWTO ~ What We Need More Than Anything Is To – Reshape The Stories That We Tell Ourselves

~ WEATNRWMAB-TMDT-A-MHM-WBWTOT-TEOEBRAA-TNWIASOTE-IITOWA-TEIASOTNW ~ Where Economists Assume That Needed Resources Will Magically Arise Because – The Marketplace Demands Them – A – More Holistic Model – Would Begin With The Observation That – The Economy Only Exists Because Resources Are Available – The Natural World Isn’t A Subset Of The Economy – It Is The Other Way Around — The Economy Is A Subset Of The Natural World

THOMAS FRANK ~ PITY THE BILLIONAIRE ~ 2011

~ SDA-B-BOTFOTP-NMBTD ~ Society’s Deterioration Accelerates – But – Blinking Out The Facts Of The Past – Nothing Matters But The Dream

~ WITPO-HW-O-SFAFDMASLHW-W-DFL-IS-P? ~ What Is The Point Of – Hard Work – Of – Scrapping For A Few Dollars More At Some Lousy Hourly Wage – When – Dishonest Financial Legerdemain – Is So –Profitable?

~ T-GOD-M-HBS-A-IMJ-TNAO-R-WF-C-CIIQ ~ The – Gospel Of Deregulation – Meanwhile – Had Become Such – An – Irresistible Methodological Juggernaut – That No Amount Of – Real-World Failure – Could – Call It Into Question

~ B-TB-A-B-A-J-RVCC-T-HPTTB-T-HDEW-TBCNBPTF-THTB-R-PU-DO-A-SBOITW-T-SABAFTHMF-AOA ~ But – Banks – And – Brokerages – And – Jerry-Rigged Venture Capital Concerns – That – Had Propelled The Tainted Boom — That – Had Done Everything Wrong — These Businesses Could Not Be Permitted To Fail – They Had To Be – Recapitalized – Propped Up – Dusted Off – And – Sent Back Out Into The World – To – Swagger And Bully And Fly That Huge Middle Finger – All Over Again

~ WHSU-ANPE-O-WTSC-’CH’ ~ We Have Stumbled Upon – A Nearly Perfect Example – Of – What The Sociologists Call – “Complete Horseshit”