ROBERT PUTNAM ~ BOWLING ALONE ~ 2000

~ PC-RT-PO ~ Physical Capital – Refers To – Physical Objects

~ HC-RT-POI ~ Human Capital – Refers To – Properties Of Individuals

~ SC-RT-CAI-SN-A-TNO-RAT-TAFT ~ Social Capital – Refers To – Connections Among Individuals – Social Networks – And – The Norms Of – Reciprocity And Trustworthiness – That Arise From Them

~ ASCBGRIMETADS-FTSRTMIMETB-IWDHTBEEI-WCGALMA ~ A Society Characterized By Generalized Reciprocity Is More Efficient Than A Distrustful Society – For The Same Reason That Money Is More Efficient Than Barter – If We Don’t Have To Balance Every Exchange Instantly – We Can Get A Lot More Accomplished

~ TLSL ~ Trustworthiness Lubricates Social Life

~ CE-A-SC-E-MO-A-RFA ~ Civic Engagement – And – Social Capital – Entail – Mutual Obligation – And – Responsibility For Action

~ S-‘SC’-LICC-‘C’-S-WAC-H-NATANOR-AGGFTITN-B-TEEOSCABNMAP ~ Sometimes – “Social Capital” – Like Its Conceptual Cousin – “Community” – Sounds – Warm And Cuddly – However – Networks And The Associated Norms Of Reciprocity – Are Generally Good For Those Inside The Network – But – The External Effects Of Social Capital Are By No Means Always Positive

~ DEP-ISTMVSOABDFCL ~ Declining Electoral Participation – Is Simply The Most Visible Symptoms Of A Broader Disengagement From Community Life

~ TMDTFOI-TGTD ~ The More Demanding The Form Of Involvement – The Greater The Decline

~ TW-INTSFOFCS ~ The Workplace – Is Not The Salvation For Our Fraying Civil Society

~ PWHRHATMLTHO-ST-SAOKHARE ~ People Who Have Received Help Are Themselves More Likely To Help Others – So That – Simple Acts Of Kindness Have A Ripple Effect

~ TTOSCITPO-GR-IDTFYN-WEAIIR-APWEKY-CF-DTR-YOSE-W-RTF ~ The Touchstone Of Social Capital Is The Principle Of – Generalized Reciprocity – I’ll Do This For You Now – Without Expecting Anything Immediate In Return – And Perhaps Without Even Knowing You – Confident That – Down The Road – You Or Someone Else – Will – Return The Favor

~ TNO-GR-ISFTCLTAPMCCSE ~ The Norm Of – Generalized Reciprocity – Is So Fundamental To Civilized Life That All Prominent Moral Codes Contain Some Equivalent

~ TAIBSO-D-‘TC’-MAHEW-LE-I-IEIMTC-HAT-LTIFOSL ~ The Almost Imperceptible Background Stress Of – Daily – “Transaction Costs” – May Also Help Explain Why – Life Expectancy – Itself – Is Enhanced In More Trustful Communities – Honesty And Trust – Lubricate The Inevitable Frictions Of Social Life

~ FBOW-WRI-WAFTRI-O-FI-AAAL-TL-TA-WWUTATINRBGR-TI-T-SC ~ For Better Or Worse – We Rely Increasingly – We Are Forced To Rely Increasingly – On – Formal Institutions – And Above All On – The Law – To Accomplish – What We Used To Accomplish Through Informal Networks Reinforced By Generalized Reciprocity – That Is – Through – Social Capital

~ N-D-D ~ Not – Deliberation – Din

~ F-T-F-E-PADASOF-TIII-C-MC ~ Face-To-Face – Encounters – Provide A Depth And Speed Of Feedback – That Is Impossible In – Computer-Mediated Communication

~ TRTMOC-T-M-S-P-T-A-F-TE ~ The Richer The Medium Of Communication – The – More – Sociable – Personal – Trusting – And – Friendly – The Encounter

~ BOTPOSCASC-PIC-BGFIHTRCAFLSWOA ~ Because Of The Paucity Of Social Cues And Social Communication – Participants In Computer-Based Groups Find It Harder To Reach Consensus And Feel Less Solidarity With One Another

~ HCWUTEPO-C-MC-TMOIISCMP?-HCWHTPT-FTCT? ~ How Can We Use The Enormous Potential Of – Computer-Mediated Communication – To Make Our Investments In Social Capital More Productive? – How Can We Harness This Promising Technology – For Thickening Community Ties?

~ ETBSCOSWBTPOIC ~ Effects Triggered By Social Change Often Spread Well Beyond The Point Of Initial Contact

~ CD-ATBAEOA ~ Civic Disengagement – Appears To Be An Equal Opportunity Affliction

~ POTAM ~ Pressures Of Time And Money

~ PB ~ Pervasive Busyness

~ ‘TB’-BFTMCEWOFNV ~ “Too Busy” – By Far The Most Common Explanation We Offer For Not Volunteering

~ M-FH-ANN-TSAY-CFOCEHDMRTIF ~ My – Free Hours – Are Not Necessarily – The Same As Yours – Collective Forms Of Civic Engagement Have Declined More Rapidly Than Individual Forms

~ FWAET-HAPDEO-SI-B-FAI ~ Financial Worries And Economic Troubles – Have A Profoundly Depressing Effect On – Social Involvement – Both – Formal And Informal

~ E-SAWLONFC-AIB-FD-TOLAPCWFAI-TV ~ Even – Social Activities With Little Or No Financial Cost – Are Inhibited By – Financial Distress – The Only Leisure Activity Positively Correlated With Financial Anxiety Is – TV

~ EA-T-W-T-D-ASOFV-D-CI ~ Even Among – The – Well-To-Do – A Sense Of Financial Vulnerability – Dampens – Community Involvement

~ CEASC-HDAEF-BWAM-WON-MOS-FSOFC ~ Civic Engagement And Social Connectedness – Have Diminished Almost Equally For – Both Women And Men – Working Or Not – Married Or Single – Financially Stressed Or Financially Comfortable

~ RS-I-SA-W-CE ~ Residential Stability – Is – Strongly Associated – With – Civic Engagement

~ STT-MT-AITC-LTF-FAN-M-CP-A-SO ~ Sprawl Takes Time – More Time – Alone In The Car – Less Time For – Friends And Neighbors – Meetings – Community Projects – And – So On

~ CL-R-T-EF-T-MIEC-A-T-NF-CCNBS ~ Canned Laughter – Reflected – The – Enduring Fact – That – Mirth Is Enhanced Companionship – And – The – Novel Fact – Companionship Could Now Be Simulated

~ T-V-SB-MH-LI ~ Television – Viewing – Steadily Became – More Habitual – Less Intentional

~ ITDRCE-HDIDS?-TP:CFST;HPETISP;SPC-UCM ~ If Television Does Reduce Civic Engagement – How Does It Do So? – Three Possibilities: Competes For Scarce Time; Has Psychological Effects That Inhibit Social Participation; Specific Programmatic Content – Undermines Civic Motivations

~ APEOT-NJ-P-BA-TAA-I-I-EOMV ~ Another Probable Effect Of Television – Not Just – Programming – But Also – The Associated Advertising – Is – Its – Encouragement Of Materialist Values

~ ATVL-TAIEC-AWAIT-CM-WHBU-AMLTN-TAR ~ At The Very Least – Television And Its Electronic Cousins – Are Willing Accomplices In The – Civic Mystery – We Have Been Unravelling – And More Likely Than Not – They Are Ringleaders

~ TRO-L-B/S/OLBF-B-F-F-ME-OMADICCOTPOBL ~ The Replacement Of – Local – Banks / Shops / Other Locally Based Firms – By – Far-Flung – Multinational Empires – Often Means A Decline In Civic Commitment On The Part Of Business Leaders

~ SC-SE-O-I/C/EN ~ Social Capital – Salutary Effects – On – Individuals / Communities / Entire Nations

~ Y-CC-HMU-H/W/W ~ Yes – Civic Connections – Help Make Us – Healthy / Wealthy / Wise

~ LWSCINE ~ Living Without Social Capital Is Not Easy

~ ‘C-AP’-ABSBA-IM-WTPTECWTCDB ~ “Collective-Action Problems” – Are Best Solved By An – Institutional Mechanism – With The Power To Ensure Compliance With The Collectively Desirable Behavior

~ AS-SI-IFMITAWHP-IE-THDOY-ICARHPPVTSCD ~ A State’s – Social Infrastructure – Is Far More Important Than Anyone Would Have Predicted – In Ensuring – The Healthy Development Of Youth – Individual Children At Risk Have Proven Particularly Vulnerable To Social Capital Deficits

~ NWHLOSCTTBGPTRC ~ Neighborhoods With High Levels Of Social Capital Tend To Be Good Places To Raise Children

~ NSC:M/S/M/O ~ Neighborhood Social Capital: Monitoring / Socializing / Mentoring / Organizing

~ SCIS-RABMTWAHASOWTT ~ Social Capital Is Self-Reinforcing And Benefits Most Those Who Already Have A Stock On Which To Trade

~ VGANAPFWAOD-A-TAOSC-N/T/NOA-DNEP ~ Voluntary Groups Are Not A Panacea For What Ails Our Democracy – And – The Absence Of Social Capital – Norms / Trust / Networks Of Association – Does Not Eliminate Politics

~ DDNRTCBSS-B-IMMWIDAT-MOU-MOTT-WRTTTC-TPOODIDIMWUSC ~ Democracy Does Not Require That Citizens Be Selfless Saints – But – In Many Modest Ways It Does Assume That – Most Of Us – Much Of The Time – Will Resist The Temptation To Cheat – The Performance Of Our Democratic Institutions Depends In Measurable Ways Upon Social Capital

~ EOSC-CWDSAI? ~ Erosion Of Social Capital – Can We Do Something About It?

~ C(ORC)SC-INST ~ Creating (Or Re-Creating) Social Capital – Is No Simple Task

~ TI-PF-FH-EGO-FE/L/D-OTOH-I-DD-MRE-S/E/C-I ~ The Internet – Potential For – Flattening Hierarchy – Encouraging Grassroots Organizing – Fostering Equality / Liberty / Democracy – On The Other Hand – Incipient – Digital Divide – Might Reinforce Existing – Social / Educational / Cultural – Inequalities

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