BRIAN FAGAN ~ THE ATTACKING OCEAN ~ 2013

~ AP-ESLR-AAAROA-TM-AY-ICOAAOTPC-OTPFY-H-TARIA-TM-AY-A-ADART-GW ~ At Present – Eustatic Sea Level Rise – Advances At A Rate Of About – Two Millimeters – A Year – If Calculated On An Average Of The Past Century – Over The Past Fifteen Years – However – The Averaged Rate Is Around – Three Millimeters – A Year – Apparently – A Direct Accelerated Response To – Global Warming

~ T-AAG-IS-HCOATPTASLR-UR-ATSATTRIA-PD ~ The – Antarctic And Greenland – Ice Sheets – Have Contributed Only A Tiny Proportion To Annual Sea Level Rise – Until Recently – All The Signs Are That The Rate Is Accelerating – Perhaps Dramatically

~ T-GIS-C-4,550MSK-ITWTMC-GSL-WRB-SM ~ The – Greenland Ice Sheet – Covers – 4,550 Million Square Kilometers – If This Were To Melt Completely – Global Sea Levels – Would Rise By – Seven Meters

~ UA-2000-TAOAIWSI-B-RSMSTTISANLM ~ Until About – 2000 – The Amount Of Antarctic Ice Was Slowly Increasing – But – Recent Satellite Measurements Show That The Ice Sheets Are Now Losing Mass

~ T-EAIS-LASLAIRS-IIWTM-TR-SLR-WBITOO-FM ~ The – East Antarctic Ice Sheet – Lies Above Sea Level And Is Relatively Stable – If It Were To Melt – The Resulting – Sea Level Rise – Would Be In The Order Of – Fifty Meters

~ MOT-WAIS-IAOTS-WCOTATSOIF-STE-WAIS-M-WSLWRA-FM ~ Much Of The – West Antarctic Ice Sheet – Is Aground On The Seabed – Where Changing Ocean Temperatures Affect The Stability Of Its Foundations – Should The Entire – West Antarctic Ice Sheet – Melt – World Sea Levels Would Rise About – Five Meters

~ MEBT-AT-MRB2100-SBTBFFP ~ Many Experts Believe That – A Two-Meter Rise By 2100 – Should Be The Basis For Future Planning

~ NTSHCS ~ Now The Situation Has Changed Significantly

~ T-W-CITM-A-BOCDLASLOCTI-TL-TCOASLRAAMTFIAMMVW ~ Today – With – Cities In The Millions – And – Billions Of Coastal Dwellers Living At Sea Level Or Close To It – The Long-Term Challenges Of Accelerated Sea Level Rise Are Already Making Themselves Felt In A Much More Vulnerable World

~ A-STYA-TWOHRMOLML ~ Around – Six Thousand Years Ago – The World’s Oceans Had Reached More Or Less Modern Levels

~ LBSLAFTL-AFIACIP-RSS-WNVG-TL-TEORSI-DLIB-DOFAL-SODW-DIFFP-A-STTL-TFS ~ Long Before Seal Levels Actually Flood The Landscape – Another Factor Is Already Coming Into Play – Rising Soil Salinity – Where No Vegetation Grows – The Long-Term Effects Of Rising Salinity Include – Drastic Losses In Biodiversity – Degradation Of Fertile Agricultural Land – Scarcities Of Drinkable Water – Decreases In Freshwater Fish Populations – And – Serious Threat To Long-Term Food Security

~ SLR-IAS-L-TP-WIWMPDTT ~ Sea Level Rise – Is A Seemingly – Long-Term Problem – Which Is Why Many People Discount The Threat

~ GWHRSLA20CS1880ATRORIA-MSEARO20TO203CTC-DOTROGGAOPITA ~ Global Warming Has Raised Sea Levels About 20 Centimeters Since 1880 And The Rate Of Rise Is Accelerating – Many Scientists Expect A Rise Of 20 To 203 Centimeters This Century – Depending On The Release Of Greenhouse Gases And Other Pollutants Into The Atmosphere

~ ICRO-GGE-C-GTWRTAAO-13DC-WTT-B-2100-TWLUIAL-4T6M-O-SLR-ISC ~ If Current Rates Of – Greenhouse Gas Emissions – Continue – Global Temperatures Will Rise To An Average Of – Thirteen Degrees Celsius – Warmer Than Today – By – 2100 – This Would Lock Us Into At Least – 4 To 6 Meters – Of – Sea Level Rise – In Subsequent Centuries

~ AFSLRFUA-TITAIOVT-S-C-H-YS ~ Apart From Seal Level Rises Flooding Urban Acreage – There Is The Additional Issue Of Vulnerability To – So-Called – Hundred-Year Storms

~ WNAAPWWCNLBLOWOHITS ~ We’re Now At A Point Where We Can No Longer Behave Like Ostriches With Our Heads In The Sand

~ TOALAAIDE ~ The Options Are Limited And Almost Invariably Dauntingly Expensive

~ WWDIGTBE ~ Whatever We Do Is Going To Be Expensive

~ WAAAT-PW-HAC-W-CCASLR-WFMOPTMTHG-TB-CR ~ We Are Approaching A Time – Perhaps Within – Half A Century – When – Climate Change And Sea Level Rise – Will Force Millions Of People To Move To Higher Ground – To Become – Climatic Refugees

~ TATMOUOE ~ There Are Too Many Of Us On Earth

~ WFA-F-L-T-C-TWCAODROIAO ~ We Face A – Frightening – Long-Term – Crisis – That Will Challenge All Our Deep Reservoirs Of Ingenuity And Opportunism

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