ANDY NORMAN ~ WHAT YOU CAN DO ~ MENTAL IMMUNITY ~ 2021

~ PWI-TT-AQ-PC-EUNWFBAHTWC-IIPU ~ Play With Ideas – Test Them – Ask Questions – Pose Challenges – Explore Unsettling Notions Without Fear But Also Handle Them With Care – Information Is Profoundly Unruly

~ UTMANPKR-WBIAEDFOF-FAICHAMAWIBR ~ Understand That Minds Are Not Passive Knowledge Receptacles – Willful Belief Is An Especially Dangerous Form Of Folly – For An Ideology Can Hijack A Mind And Warp It Beyond Recognition

~ GPTS-IITYETYO-WYBATW-BOO-SBR-DYKTTBT?-H?-IYMOKTTR?-SSEATSMTAAACYD-WYBOWT?-IN-R ~ Get Past The Self-Indulgent Idea That You’re Entitled To Your Opinions – What You Believe Affects The Well-Being Of Others – So Believe Responsibly – Do You Know Them To Be True? – How? – Is Your Method Of Knowing Them Truly Reliable? – Suppose Someone Else Applied The Same Method To Arrive At A Conclusion You Deplore – Would You Be Okay With That? – If Not – Rethink

~ DB-GABF-INJ-‘U’-ETM-T-‘D’-COMSMT ~ Distinguish Between – Good And Bad Faith – It’s Not Just – “Upstream” – Evidence That Matters – The – “Downstream” – Consequences Of Mental States Matter Too

~ GUTITLIMAMOATTMKS-Y-IITL-NF-B-IAITU-‘AF’-IGI-B-WATUBI-NAIIYB?-TTTAI ~ Give Up The Idea That Learning Is Merely A Matter Of Adding To The Mind’s Knowledge Stockpile – Yes – It’s Important To Learn – New Facts – But – It’s Also Important To Unlearn – “Alternative Facts” – Install Good Information – But – Work Also To Uninstall Bad Information – Notice An Inconsistency In Your Beliefs? – Take Time To Address It

~ DU-‘WTS’-TCSUI-‘C-WTS;WEWT-R?’-IINOTKKTHQDTR ~ Don’t Use – “Who’s To Say? – To Cut Short Unsettling Inquires – “Clearly – We’re To Say; Who Else Will Take – Responsibility?” – It Is Not Okay To Keep Kicking The Hard Questions Down The Road

LGOTITVJCBO-KRIAV-A-CRIAV:TTAACAAMT-TNTWCD-RSUOWGAR-I-M-LIG ~ Let Go Of The Idea That Value Judgments Can’t Be Objective – Kindness Really Is A Virtue – And – Cruelty Really Is A Vice: These Truths Are As Certain As Any Mathematical Theorem – The Notion That We Can’t Develop – Responsible Shared Understanding Of What’s Good And Right – Is – Mistaken – Let It Go

~ TCTYBAORTT-T-B/A/I-OY-TAY-ACTTINWDYW-SDGD;ITOYCABALOTYA-HET-EY-EITPITETBM-D-E-TDTHATUTL ~ Treat Challenges To Your Beliefs As Opportunities Rather Than Threats – Those – Beliefs / Assumptions / Ideas – Of Yours – They Aren’t You – A Challenge To Them In No Way Diminishes Your Worth – So Don’t Get Defensive; Instead Think Of Your Challenger As Bringing A Learning Opportunity To Your Attention – Honor Efforts To – Enlighten You – Even If They Prove In The End To Be Misguided – De-Escalate – Turn Down The Heat And Turn Up The Light

~ PDOD-EO-MIAT ~ Promote Dialogue Over Dogma – Encourage Open-Mindedness In All Things

~ UYUO-RB-TBSHAIPOTUC-HYCUVQ? ~ Upgrade Your Understanding Of – Reasonable Belief – The Best-Supported Hypotheses Are In Principle Open To Unanticipated Challenges – Has Your Conviction Undergone Vigorous Questioning?

~ DUTVOITHSS-B-BR-WN-TRADT-T-TPYVIA ~ Don’t Underestimate The Value Of Ideas That Have Survived Scrutiny – But – Be Ready – When Needed – To Reexamine And Discard Them – Think – Then Put Your Values Into Action

ANDY NORMAN ~ MENTAL IMMUNITY ~ 2021

~ APOI ~ A Plague Of Ideologies

~ BI-A-MP-PTQL-IM ~ Bad Ideas – Are – Mind Parasites – Pathogens That Quite Literally – Infect Minds

~ H-M-H-IS:OT-KBIAB-S-TSDAPW-S-BIOTATDM-IF-AMDCCUCKOS-ETKOSISTT ~ Happily – Minds – Have – Immune Systems: Operations That – Keep Bad Ideas At Bay – Sadly – These Systems Don’t Always Perform Well – Sometimes – Bad Ideas Overrun Them And Thoroughly Disorder Minds – In Fact – A Mind’s Defenses Can Collapse Under Certain Kinds Of Stress – Especially The Kind Of Stresses Ideologies Subject Them To

~ T-EOU-WWT?-IRIACID ~ That – Epidemic Of Unreason – We’re Witnessing Today? – It’s Rooted In A Cultural Immune Disorder

~ WAO-C-‘T’-IMTST-OTBEB-DAP-ETV:TSJ-WFAMTOL ~ When An Out-Group – “Them” – Is Made To Seem Threatening – Our Thinking Becomes Especially Bent – Demagogues And Propagandists – Exploit These Vulnerabilities: They Stoke Judgment-Warping Fears And Manipulate Their Own Loyalists

~ WFTA-BQ-ES-SB-A-SOWTC ~ We Fail To Ask – Basic Questions – Embrace Self-Serving Beliefs – And – Saddle Others With The Costs

~ T-GV-IT-O-ODP-PTWFE-TIAHPFH-A-AHB-BN-W-IC-IHBA-ET ~ The – Garden-Variety – Irresponsible Thinking – Of – Otherwise Decent People – Paves The Way For Extremism – This Is A Huge Problem For Humanity – And – Always Has Been – But Now – With – Internet Connectivity – It Has Become An – Existential Threat

~ MM ~ Mental Malware

~ P-IIVTPI-ICSDB-F/D/D-BI-UPTP ~ Propaganda – Induces Its Victims To Propagate It – Ideas Can Spread Despite Being – False / Delusional / Destructive – Bad Ideas – Use People To Proliferate

~ AICB-S-TB-B-L-TH ~ An Idea Can Be – Short-Term Beneficial – But – Long-Term Harmful

~ AIC-BIH-W-HO ~ An Idea Can – Benefit Its Host – While – Harming Others

~ IUT-U-TFOBI-WNTCO-PI-JAWCO-PB ~ It’s Up To – Us – To Filter Out Bad Ideas – We Need To Call Out – Problematic Ideas – Just As We Call Out – Problematic Behaviours

~ I-C-S/A/C/D/D-COATTICAIW ~ Ideas – Can – Seduce / Addict / Confuse / Disorient / Derange – Compromise Our Ability To Think In Clear And Impartial Ways

~ I-A-CROB-A-FBOW-ROM ~ Ideas – Are – Constantly Rewiring Our Brains – And – For Better Or Worse – Remaking Our Minds

~ CI ~ Cognitive Immunology

~ U-QAR-TTI-A-PCATWH ~ Use – Questions And Reasons – To Test Ideas – And – Pay Close Attention To What Happens

~ ‘WTSWAIIGOB?”-TAIS-WA-WWFTAI-TBOPAEUCH ~ “Who’s To Say Whether An Idea Is Good Or Bad?” – The Answer Is Simple – We Are – When We Fail To Assess Ideas – The Bad Ones Proliferate And End Up Causing Harm

~ CID ~ Cognitive Immune Disrupter

~ WITR-TTTBRT-RR-T-SDCT-O-ECTFCS ~ When Ideologies Take Root – They Tend To Become Resistant To – Rational Revision – They – Shut Down Critical Thinking – Or – Exempt Core Tenets From Critical Scrutiny

~ MI ~ Mental Immunity

~ BYHATA-IWTHNTUBI ~ Believing You Have All The Answers – Interferes With The Humility Needed To Unlearn Bad Ideas

~ A-WF-WT-CPI-OD ~ A – Weakness For – Wishful Thinking – Can Progress Into – Outright Derangement

~ NYST-YOATU-A-ICCI-TP ~ Nurse Your Sense That – Your Opinions Are Treated Unfairly – And – It Can Curdle Into – Toxic Partisanship

~ IIT-A-YWCDAFR ~ Ignore Inconvenient Truths – And – Your Worldview Can Drift Away From Reality

~ FTRTIIYO-A-YSTSOMC ~ Fail To Resolve The Inconsistencies In Your Outlook – And – You Sow The Seed Of Moral Confusion

~ ATO-T-S-S-O-S-S-A~ Accept Things On – The – Say-So – Of – Self-Styled – Authorities – Increases Susceptibility To Demagoguery

~ HM ~ Hijacked Minds

~ WWCYM? ~ What Would Change Your Mind?

~ C-WU-C-ATTRRW? ~ Can – Willful Unreason – Compromise – Ability To Tell Right From Wrong?

~ BDT-RC-A-Y-MC-ILTGH ~ Become Deaf To – Reason’s Call – And – Your – Moral Compass – Is Likely To Go Haywire

~ ‘IPT’-WITI-IVHTTI-F-MW ~ “Identity-Protective Thinking” – When Information Threatens Identity – It’s Very Hard To Think In – Fair-Minded Ways

~ HCTS-INGTYAT-O-ATWAC ~ Having – Critical Thinking Skills – Is No Guarantee That You’ll Apply Them – Or – Apply Them With Any Consistency

~ A-GHM-IOTP-IDBRAR-IHITTSSIATO ~ A – Genuinely Healthy Mind – Is Open To Persuasion – It Distinguishes Between Reasoning And Rationalizing – It Holds Itself To The Same Standards It Applies To Others

~ WN-MN-T-R-MTTLHNBR ~ We Need – Moral Norms – To – Regulate – Many Things The Law Has No Business Regulating

~ T-‘VAS’-I-HR-OD-PCI-‘R’-II-F-T-VIIP-I-DIQ-I-KC-A-BAFM ~ The – “Values Are Subjective” – Idea – Hamstrings Resolution-Oriented Dialogue – Philosophers Call It – “Relativism” – It Implies – Falsely – That – Value Inquiry Is Pointless – It – Delegitimates Important Questions – It – Kills Curiosity – And – Breeds A Fixed Mindset

~ IIUTBAIO-SVF-WSPOTYIDOMSAM-TADYAK-IWSSDTAU-CTGSITFOQ ~ It Is Unwise To Build An Identity On – Shaky Value Foundations – When Someone Points Out That You’re In Danger Of Making Such A Mistake – They’re Arguably Doing You A Kindness – It’s Worth Suffering Some Discomfort To Acquire Understanding – Conviction That’s Genuinely Stable In The Face Of Questioning

~ IAIFU-MWCTI-EAIEAB ~ If An Idea Feels Useful – Many Will Cling To It – Even After It’s Exposed As Baseless

~ B-WAYBEOTW-BOO?-ATIT? ~ But – What About Your Beliefs’ Effect On The Well-Being Of Others? – Aren’t They Important Too?

~ DORSOOR? ~ Don’t Our Responsibilities Sometimes Override Our Rights?

~ A-WLDV-‘T’-T-E/I/T-D ~ Authoritarians – Will Label Dissenting Views – “Traitorous” – Then – Exile / Imprison / Torture – Dissidents

~ HTT-CBR-DEW ~ History Teaches That – Coercive Belief Regulation – Doesn’t End Well

~ CW-T-LTEIIOATGOIMOTOT ~ Culture Warriors – Typically – Locate The Evil Ideas In Others And The Good Ones In Members Of Their Own Tribe

~ PF-AT-IE-OAB-ILATTCD:ITTB-IA-A-R-A-IT ~ Pointing Fingers – At The – Ideological Elements – Of Another’s Beliefs – Is Like Admonishing Them To Calm Down: It Tends To Backfire – It Arouses – Anger – Resentment – And – Irrational Tenacity

~ RSU ~ Responsible Shared Understanding

~ IT-A-RLTOA-W-OM-PR-A-ADS ~ Inquiring Together – And – Really Listening To One Another – Was – Opening Minds – Provoking Reflection – And – Altering Deep Sensibilities

~ RT-DW-DB-T-EOI-CI ~ Real Thinkers – Don’t Wage – Dialectical Battle – They – Engage Others In – Collaborative Inquiry

~ TP-TWOI-YNT-CQI-B-YGTRTTTATWHTI-VTSAA-LO-PYWL-PTO-EW-AOHATBSU ~ To Practice – The Way Of Inquiry – You Need To – Challenge Questionable Ideas – But – You’ve Got To Resist The Temptation To Attack Those Who Host Those Ideas – View The Situation As A – Learning Opportunity – Perhaps You Will Learn – Perhaps The Other – Either Way – An Opportunity Has Arisen To Build Shared Understanding

~ MP ~ Mind-Parasites

~ OBHIFTW-BOO-TICB-LOS-HOB-ABBECBHTT-B-TVN-BAODTBICW ~ Our Beliefs Have Implications For The Well-Being Of Others – These Implications Can Be – Large Or Small – Harmful Or Beneficial – A Belief’s Behavioral Effects Can Be Hard To Trace – But – By Their Very Nature – Beliefs Alter Our Disposition To Behave In Characteristic Ways

~ OIAH-B-UCDOIO ~ Overregulation Is A Hazard – But – Underregulation Carries Dangers Of Its Own

~ O-M-A-MC-CTOE-T-PSIAE ~ Our – Minds – Are – Makeshift Contraptions – Cobbled Together Over Eons – To – Promote Survival In Ancestral Environments

~ O-BS-AWB-TA ~ Our – Belief Systems – Are Warped By – Tribal Allegiance

~ WCTIARAW-B-AOT-WOT-DPI-A-OWTPF ~ We Can Test Ideas About Right And Wrong – By – Among Other Things – Working Out Their – Downstream Pragmatic Implications – And – Observing Whether They Promote Flourishing

~ RF ~ Reason’s Fulcrum

~ IYT-Y-BR-I-Y-YTM ~ I’ll Yield To – Your – Better Reasons – If – You – Yield To Mine

~ DWADCBOP ~ Dialogue With A Detractor Can Broaden Our Perspective

~ I ~ Ideodemic

~ UTBR-IJAFOBUTSTF-IAAFOBUTYTT ~ Unresponsiveness To Better Reasons – Isn’t Just A Function Of Being Unable To See Their Force – It’s Also A Function Of Being Unwilling To Yield To Them

~ WATTTTTOCI ~ We’re Averse To Thinking Thoughts That Threaten Our Chosen Identities

~ S-WOSRATAO-ES-I-WSORF-F-T-A-P ~ Sadly – We Often Sacrifice Reason At The Altar Of – Economic Self-Interest – We Sell Out Reason For – Fame – Too – And – Power

~ IDTRW-W-YNTRPTFLADHB ~ It’s Difficult To Reason Well – When – You Need To Reason Poorly To Feel Like A Decent Human Being

~ RBCWQ ~ Reasonable Beliefs Can Withstand Questioning

MARK GOULSTON ~ JUST LISTEN ~ 2010

~ JL ~ Just Listen

~ PC:FRTL;FLTC;FCTWTD;FWTDTD;FDTGTDACTD ~ Persuasion Cycle: From Resisting To Listening; From Listening To Considering; From Considering To Willing To Do; From Willing To Do To Doing; From Doing To Glad They Did And Continuing To Do

~ YGTTPBHT-‘BI’-‘BI’-OWPMF-‘R’-T-‘L’-T-‘C’-WYAS ~ You Get Through To People By Having Them – “Buy In” – “Buy-In” – Occurs When People Move From – “Resisting” – To – “Listening” – To – “Considering” – What You Are Saying

~ I-TKTG-‘B-IA-TMPTTROTCINWYTT-B-WYGTTTY-A-WHITMITP ~ Ironically – The Key To Gaining – “Buy-In” – And – Then Moving People Through The Rest Of The Cycle Is Not What You Tell Them – But – What You Get Them To Tell You – And – What Happens In Their Minds In The Process

~ T-RW-H-TPTH ~ The – Right Words – Have – Tremendous Power To Heal

~ WOLAOPAVD-OB-WISW ~ While Our Lives And Our Problems Are Very Different – Our Brains – Work In Similar Ways

~ Y-A-ASADIYB-FIAIISATTY-TT-D-NTBP-EACTYE-CLIOAW-S-WYRS-YA-ISOY-HB-CYTAOPI-AH-YBIASP-T-FC-INLIC-YATRDD-YWMF-SHFYS-IMTHFTFETF ~ Your – Amygdala – A Small Area Deep In Your Brain – Flies Into Action If It Senses A Threat To You – This Threat – Doesn’t – Need To Be Physical – Even A Challenge To Your Ego – Can Light It Off As Well – Sometimes – When You’re Really Scared – Your Amygdala – Instantly Shuts Out Your – Higher Brain – Causing You To Act On Primitive Instinct – Amygdala Hijack – Your Brain’s Intelligent And Sensible Pilot – The – Frontal Cortex – Is No Longer In Control – Your Ability To Reason Drops Drastically – Your Working Memory Falters – Stress Hormones Flood Your System – It Make Take Hours For The Full Effects To Fade

~ IYTTTFARWAPWI-FAH-Y-WYT-B-I-B-TAHTBP-A-TPHBCSIC ~ If You’re Trying To Talk Facts And Reason With A Person Who’s In – Full Amygdala Hijack – You’re – Wasting Your Time – But – Intervene – Before – The Amygdala Hits The Boiling Point – And – The Person’s Higher Brain Can Stay In Control

~ MN ~ Mirror Neurons

~ WC-MTW-CTIN-TTWI-LAA-A-ETWMTW-ICALRHTBMB ~ We Constantly – Mirror The World – Conforming To Its Needs – Trying To Win Its – Love And Approval – And – Each Time We Mirror The World – It Creates A Little Reciprocal Hunger To Be Mirrored Back

~ MNRC ~ Mirror Neuron Receptor Deficits

~ GTTYF-B-ICOYOWAE-B-MOTT-TWSCS-S-T-FAMIR-F-TCIASS-I-GYUCF ~ Get Through To Yourself First – Be – In Control Of Your Own Thoughts And Emotions – Because – Most Of The Time – That’s Where Successful Communicating Starts – So – The – First And Most Important Rule – For – Taking Control In A Stressful Situation – Is – Getting Yourself Under Control First

~ O-ACE-IMYBFPTO-IT-PWTWYF-AES ~ One – Absolutely Crucial Element – In Moving Your Brain From Panic To Logic – Is To – Put Words To What You’re Feeling – At Each Stage

~ RYTL ~ Rewire Yourself To Listen

~ GROTF-TSYTYAKAS-‘L’/’L’/’W’/’H’/’I’-I-IR-BOWYNTK-RT-MB-A-YRTSRPYTWU ~ Get Rid Of The Filter – The Stuff You Think You Already Know About Someone – “Lazy” / “Loser” / “Whinny” / “Hostile” / “Impossible” – Is – In Reality – Blocking Out What You Need To Know – Remove The – Mental Block – And – You’re Ready To Start Reaching People You Thought Were Unreachable

~ OYM-A-LFTRBTB-A-YTTFSTBDB-A-CWA-‘I’-P ~ Open Your Mind – And – Look For The Reasons Behind The Behavior – And – You’ll Take The First Step Toward Breaking Down Barriers – And – Communicating With An – “Impossible” – Person

~ MTOPF-‘F’-WPF-F-TFLA-A-WTFLA-TFLAAA-A-TOTUTTMYTTS ~ Make The Other Person Feel – “Felt” – When People Feel – Felt – They Feel Less Alone – And – When They Fell Less Alone – They Feel Less Anxious And Afraid – And – That Opens Them Up To The Message You’re Trying To Send

~ BE-I-T-I-DJ-AI-BI ~ Be More – Interested – Than – Interesting – Don’t Just – Act Interested – Be Interested

~ TMOS-A-I-HDASIYAIO;TMOI-I-HMYTTITWY ~ The Measure Of Self-Assurance – Is – How Deeply And Sincerely Interested You Are In Others; The Measure Of Insecurity – Is – How Much You Try To Impress Them With You

~ MPFV ~ Make People Feel Valuable

~ ‘IMADTYH’ ~ “It Makes A Difference That You’re Here”

~ ISTGOOYWTMTAPIYL-C/K/O-FI-OTMOTH-M-E-T-U-P-HIC-IT-TFAITWITTWE-IS-TPADYCFT-SR-TNTM-WTTSDYC?-TYNTSTN ~ It’s Smart To Go Out Of Your Way To Make The Annoying People In Your Life – Complainers / Kvetchers / Obstructers – Feel Important – One Thing Most Of These High-Maintenance – Easy-To-Upset – People – Have In Common – Is That – They Feel As If The World Isn’t Treating Them Well Enough – In Short – These People Are Driving You Crazy For The – Simple Reason – They Need To Matter – Want Them To Stop Driving You Crazy? – Then You’ll Need To Satisfy That Need

~ T-GP-IYL-NADRTTV-A-T-AP-IYL-MNDIBTNIEM-GBOTWTW-AFTTM-A-TGYWYN ~ The – Good People – In Your Life – Need And Deserve Reassurance That They’re Valued – And – The – Annoying People – In Your Life – May Not Deserve It But They Need It Even More – Give Both Of Them What They Want – A Feeling That They Matter – And – They’ll Give You What You Need

~ ECFT-B-NOSNTCFI ~ Everyone Competes For Time – But – No One Should Need To Compete For Importance

~ HPT-E-EAM ~ Help People To – Exhale – Emotionally And Mentally

~ MAPAFD-IWSCOIDTWLSOOIL-TG-A-I-LFWWRUN-ATP-WTBLFAEEFOPTBEROR ~ Moving A Person Away From Distress – It’s When Stress Crosses Over Into Distress That We Lose Sight Of Our Important Long-Term Goals – And – Instead – Look For What Will Relieve Us Now – At That Point – We’re Too Busy Looking For An Emergency Exit From Our Pain To Be Either Rational Or Reachable

~ YCRAPW-V-B-YWUDYOC ~ You Can’t Reach A Person Who’s – Venting – Because – You Wind Up Defending Yourself Or Counterattacking

~ WYGA-DP-BR-APAASTE-YDJGTSBTN-YAIOI-B-IATGAPTCD-YBA-MB-BTPAY-A-WYBTB-YCCAI ~ When You Give A – Distressed Person – Breathing Room – A Place And A Space To Exhale – You Don’t Just Get The Situation Back To Normal – You Actually Improve On It – Because – In Addition To Getting A Person To Calm Down – You Build A – Mental Bridge – Between The Person And Yourself – And – When You Build That Bridge – You Can Communicate Across It

~ TBTTDWSI-V/W/C-IT-AI ~ The Best Thing To Do When Someone Is – Venting / Whining / Complaining – Is To – Avoid Interrupting

~ CYDATD ~ Check Your Dissonance At The Door

~ WASL-BYN-WYACAEIYMYFL-BYT-RDIY-FYF-A-BYN-I ~ When All Seems Lost – Bare Your Neck – When You Are Cornered And Everything Inside You Makes You Feel Like – Baring Your Teeth – Reach Deeper Into Yourself – Feel Your Fear – And – Bare Your Neck – Instead

~ SC-O-TP ~ Steer Clear – Of – Toxic People

~ YCBCAOTAATSM ~ You Can’t Be Curious And On The Attack At The Same Moment

~ BYWASSEP-FOITRIAP ~ Before You Worry About Solving Someone Else’s Problem – Find Out If There Really Is A Problem

~ DGD;GD ~ Don’t Get Defensive; Go Deeper

~ SPBOETMPHAYATBMLTGYTPAUA ~ Show Poise By Openly Expressing The Misgivings People Have About You And They’ll Be More Likely To Give You Their Positive And Undivided Attention

~ WYAPQ-RTA ~ When You Ask People Questions – Respect Their Answers

~ WYCGT-FTF-T-SBS ~ When You Can’t Get Through – Face To Face – Try – Side By Side

~ DQ-MPTY-TAT-LT-FITB-A-TFYTWT ~ Direct Questions – Make People Think You’re – Talking At Them – Let Them – Fill In The Blanks – And – They’ll Feel You’re Talking With Them

~ ATBTYC-AT-BTP-T-AY-WWTLT ~ Assemble The Best Team You Can – And Then – Become The Person – They – And You – Would Want To Lead Them

MICHAEL SANDEL ~ THE TYRANNY OF MERIT ~ 2020

~ WBOTCG? ~ What’s Become Of The Common Good?

~ WNTAWTSTOFP-ITLMFB-TPOM-O-TSACGBTSATS ~ We Need To Ask Whether The Solution To Our Fractious Politics – Is To Live More Faithfully By – The Principle Of Merit – Or – To Seek A Common Good Beyond The Sorting And The Striving

~ B-TRORNRH-ITE-IINETR-MWNERTTMC ~ But – The Rhetoric Of Rising Now Rings Hollow – In Today’s Economy – It Is Not Easy To Rise – Most Will Not Even Rise To The Middle Class

~ T-TCWT-HM-TTBTWT-GE-TATR-IS-DLO-TSOP-TOAT=E=HC-A-OR-TEPTSITWOW ~ Today – The Countries With The – Highest Mobility – Tend To Be Those With The – Greatest Equality – The Ability To Rise – It Seems – Depends Less On – The Spur Of Poverty – Than On Access To – Education – Health Care – And – Other Resources – That Equip People To Succeed In The World Of Work

~ ASRTTGBRAPMRDWIOPAW-RT-RCWTPOHPSUALWRGFAFA ~ Any Serous Response To The Gap Between Rich And Poor Must Reckon Directly With Inequalities Of Power And Wealth – Rather Than – Rest Content With The Project Of Helping People Scramble Up A Ladder Whose Rungs Grow Father And Farther Apart

~ M-IIUWTTDTORTM-DSLOTS-TWCTMI-A-MITCOTPP-OTMQ-TAISMPP:TMAATMEP-ATWAAATL-ATW-IGH-ATL-HAR ~ Morally – It Is Unclear Why The Talented Deserve The Outsize Rewards That Market-Driven Societies Lavish On The Successful – Those Who Celebrate The Meritocratic Ideal – And – Make It The Center Of Their Political Project – Overlook This Moral Question – They Also Ignore Something More Politically Potent: The Morally Attractive Attitudes The Meritocratic Ethic Promotes – Among The Winners And Also Among The Losers – Among The Winners – It Generates Hubris – Among The Losers – Humiliation And Resentment

~ TPCIATTOM-A-TCIJ ~ The Populist Complaint Is About The Tyranny Of Merit – And – The Complaint Is Justified

~ TNT-TSR-TAHW-ETW-TCTSTOD-AMOTV-A-TLDUTLFTT-MH-RTTOWTITDOTS-TFT-CAGF-THTOTW-IIT-SC-OT-WLOT-TTDTF-A-T-TOTB-DTT ~ The Notion That – The System Rewards – Talent And Hard Work – Encourages The Winners – To Consider Their Success Their Own Doing – A Measure Of Their Virtue – And – To Look Down Upon Those Less Fortunate Than Themselves – Meritocratic Hubris – Reflects The Tendency Of Winners To Inhale Too Deeply Of Their Success – To Forget The – Luck And Good Fortune – That Helped Them On Their Way – It Is The – Smug Conviction – Of Those – Who Land On Top – That They Deserve Their Fate – And – That – Those On The Bottom – Deserve Theirs Too

~ T- T-CG-IUMI-ET-IILACSODTBOC-TA-SCP-AMBT-GDP-TMFA-IPD ~ Today – The – Common Good – Is Understood Mainly In – Economic Terms – It Is Less About Cultivating Solidarity Or Deepening The Bonds Of Citizenship – Than About – Satisfying Consumer Preferences – As Measured By The – Gross Domestic Product – This Makes For An – Impoverished Public Discourse

~ WPF-PA-TD-CEO-NMTT-WINO-OE-SM-IWPTPOAWRL-C-ATPS-FT-EPD-FAD-TRSTTAO-RPD-DNMTNPABD-ISMTABDE-OOPV-B-AA(OCBTITR)-B-CBABM-B-CL-W-CC-BIWPO ~ What Passes For – Political Argument – These Days – Consists Either Of – Narrow Managerial Technocratic Talk – Which Inspires No One – Or Else – Shouting Matches – In Which Partisans Talk Past One Another Without Really Listening – Citizens – Across The Political Spectrum – Find This – Empty Public Discourse – Frustrating And Disempowering – They Rightly Sense That The Absence Of – Robust Public Debate – Does Not Mean That No Policies Are Being Decided – It Simply Means They Are Being Decided Elsewhere – Out Of Public View – By – Administrative Agencies (Often Captured By The Industries They Regulate) – By – Central Banks And Bond Markets – By – Corporate Lobbyists – Whose – Campaign Contributions – Buy Influence With Public Officials

~ FD-O-M-DG-H-HOPD-DOC-A-PAPB ~ Four Decades – Of – Market-Driven Globalization – Have – Hollowed Out Public Discourse – Disempowered Ordinary Citizens – And – Prompted A Populist Backlash

~ B-IIOTTHPRFAM;IISETATWA-EOU-WRFOLIL ~ But – It Is One Thing To Hold People Responsible For Acting Morally; It Is Something Else To Assume That We Are – Each Of Us – Wholly Responsible For Our Lot In Life

~ TNTOFROM-RDIT-MI-O-WC-IRTBTTMUIAIAWTAPWMASWW-T-MWOT-GRTHATTWSM-TMATS-TGTSTTVHBIOH[H]~ The Notion That Our Fate Reflects Our Merit – Runs Deep In The – Moral Intuitions – Of – Western Culture – It Reflects The Belief That The Moral Universe Is Arranged In A Way That Aligns Prosperity With Merit And Suffering With Wrongdoing – This – Meritocratic Way Of Thinking – Gives Rise To Harsh Attitudes Toward Those Who Suffer Misfortune – The More Acute The Suffering – The Greater The Suspicion That The Victim Has Brought It On Himself[/Herself]

~ MOTF-TS-WFL-AAFAMPOV ~ Many Of The Factors – That Separate – Winners From Losers – Are Arbitrary From A Moral Point Of View

~ TMWVOAS-MAS-S-TLLWATCFTFOTLFTO-IMSIMOD-TFMBTF-TLMMCOC-TSANOPRFOFMIHTIOIOPS ~ The More We View Ourselves As Self-Made And Self-Sufficient – The Less Likely We Are To Care For The Fate Of Those Less Fortunate Than Ourselves – If My Success Is My Own Doing – Their Failure Must Be Their Fault – This Logic Makes Meritocracy Corrosive Of Commonality – Too Strenuous A Notion Of Personal Responsibility For Our Fate Makes It Hard To Imagine Ourselves In Other People’s Shoes

~ TROR ~ The Rhetoric Of Responsibility

~ FD-ME-ITMT-TW-WHAPBTR-CRAFATTWTT-TDNNTFT-SATBOSTSA-T-ROR-WLAPTAT ~ For Decades – Meritocratic Elites – Intoned The Mantra That – Those Who – Work Hard And Play By The Rules – Can Rise As Far As Their Talents Will Take Them – They Did Not Notice That For Those – Stuck At The Bottom Or Struggling To Stay Afloat – The – Rhetoric Of Rising – Was Less A Promise Than A Taunt

~ C:TLAP ~ Credentialism: The Last Acceptable Prejudice

~ ‘SVD’- BTD-EOI-C-L-‘JVU’-O-‘RVW’ ~ “Smart Versus Dumb” – Began To Displace – Ethical Or Ideological – Contrasts – Like – “Just Versus Unjust” – Or – “Right Versus Wrong”

~ T-‘STTD’-A-PTA-POS-IR-TDNDO-MC ~ The – “Smart Thing To Do” – Always – Pointed To A – Prudential Or Self-Interested Reason – That Did Not Depend On – Moral Considerations

~ TNT-‘TBATB’-ABAG-TT-L-C-FC-I-AMBOMH ~ The Notion That – “The Best And The Brightest” – Are – Better At Governing – Than Their – Less-Credentialed – Fellow Citizens – Is – A Myth Born Of Meritocratic Hubris

~ P-TO-RW-I-RME ~ Parties – That Once – Represented Workers – Increasingly – Represented Meritocratic Elites

~ WMFAMITEHAECTCTLOS;IHNTSAHFATROTLSB-T-MI-INA-ROI-IIA-JOI ~ What Matters For A Meritocracy Is That Everyone Has An Equal Chance To Climb The Ladder Of Success; It Has Nothing To Say About How Far Apart The Rungs On The Ladder Should Be – The – Meritocratic Ideal – Is Not A – Remedy Of Inequality – It Is A – Justification Of Inequality

~ AT-AOG-BRWTT-W-C-IDNFMOW-PI-B-WRASASSOWTP-W-EASCALS ~ Although The – Age Of Globalization – Brought Rich Rewards To – The Well-Credentialed – It Did Not Nothing For Most Ordinary Workers – Productivity Increased – But – Workers Reaped A Smaller And Smaller Share Of What They Produced – While – Executives And Shareholders Captured A Larger Share

~ OTLSD-TIT-TMWMRTVOOSC-HBDE ~ Over The Last Several Decades – The Idea That – The Money We Make Reflects The Value Of Our Social Contribution – Has Become Deeply Embedded

~ M-FA-HRTP-EG-TDPATEI-SP-MTDOTWEAL-P-U-GAS-IT-RE ~Much – Financial Activity – Hinders Rather Than Promotes – Economic Growth – The Disproportionate Prestige Accorded Those Engaged In – Speculative Pursuits – Mocks The Dignity Of Those Who Earn A Living – Producing – Useful – Goods And Services – In The – Real Economy

~ A-PA-TRT-DOW-WUT-TS-TRTEOEB-DS-A-HPL ~ A – Political Agenda – That Recognizes The – Dignity Of Work – Would Use The – Tax System – To Reconfigure The Economy Of Esteem By – Discouraging Speculation – And – Honoring Productive Labor

MARCEL DANESI ~ THE ART OF THE LIE ~ 2020

~ SLAD-THTATTWIWTCDPAEO ~ Skilful Liars Are Dangerous – They Have The Ability To Twist Words Into Weapons That Can Divide People Against Each Other

~ DPEAIAOTAOAAC? ~ Do Political Expediency And Ideological Agendas Override Truth And Objectivity At Any Cost?

~ TSOLLFUTTD-LIATFITFOAP ~ The Stories Of Legendary Liars Fascinate Us To This Day – Lying Is A Theme Found In The Folklore Of All Peoples

~ TH-DBTALHBACOOPAT ~ Throughout History – Distinguishing Between Truth And Lies Has Been A Central Objective Of Philosophy And Theology

~ P-ANOTIHH-H-M-FSAFG-F-SPAH-AITCWO-SM ~ Perhaps – At Not Other Time In Human History – Has – Mendacity – Found Such A Fertile Ground – For – Stoking Prejudice And Hatred – As In The Contemporary World Of – Social Media

~ TINRWANFI ~ There Is No Reality Without A Name For It

~ TD-ATUO-L-TAMOI-TASTBRTNTT-IT-L ~ Truthful Discourse – And The Use Of – Logic – To Argue Matters Of Importance – These Are Still The Best Remedies To Neutralize The Tactics – In The – Lie

~ SA-UAV-DWFTNM-TSTFL ~ Semantic Ambiguity – Uncertainty And Vagueness – Disconnecting Words From Their Normal Meanings – To Snatch Truth From Language

~ FE ~ False Equivalency

~ WAH-DIB-TCAF-TIWG-F-SI ~ We All Harbor – Deeply Ingrained Beliefs – That Color And Filter – The Information We Glean – From – Social Interactions

~ CN-APTO-MC-STADTS-DEB ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Are Powerful Tools Of – Mind Control – Since They Are Designed To Stoke – Deeply Engrained Beliefs

~ CN-ROTBPO-M-NHBA-NIAIS-EIC ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Rely On Three Basic Principles Of – Mythos – Nothing Happens By Accident – Nothing Is As It Seems – Everything Is Connected

~ CN-WP-BTABO-ASUOM ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Work Psychologically – Because They Are Based On – A Strategic Use Of Metaphor

~ LC-A-I-TAPATWOT-‘E’-ATED ~ Logical Counterarguments – Are – Ineffectual – Because They Are Perceived As The Words Of The – “Enemy” – And Thus Easily Dismissed

~ TIN-MC-W-VC ~ There Is No – Mind Control – Without – Vocabulary Control

~ CS ~ Confabulated Stories

~ OOT-PT-O-PR:TAO-‘O’ ~ One Of The – Primary Tactics – Of – Political Repression: The Attack On – “Otherness”

~ “Enemies From Within”

WAL-STBD-I-TSII-TLIPAI-A-ITUSWSMBHFU ~ We Are All – Susceptible To Being Deceived – If – The Story Is Interesting – The Language Is Persuasive And Immediate – And – It Tells Us Something We Suspect May Be Hidden From Us

~ IAIR ~ Innuendo And Indirect Reference

~ PAMT-ED-B-WAG ~ People Are Much Too – Easily Deceived – By – Words And Gifts

~ S-B-TM-A-ATH-DAKO-A-RM ~ Saying – B – To Mean – A – And Then – Denying Any Knowledge Of – A’s – Real Meaning

~ TGP ~ The Great Pretender

~ B-TDIT-WLTA ~ But – The Danger Is That – Words Lead To Actions

~ CW-CHWP-T ~ Changing Words – Changes How We Perceive – Things

~ AN ~ AttackoNyms

~ HCALCSEAL-P-A/D-DA-TM-ML-IA-MP ~ How Can A Liar Call Someone Else A Liar – Projection – Attack / Defensive – Deflect Attention – The Master – Machiavellian Liar – Is A – Master Projector

~ D/D/D ~ Denial / Deflection / Distraction

~ ‘W’-AODC-B-CT-OO-OTSTOWTAAY-WRTIAODIIAW ~ “Whataboutism” – Attack Or Discredit Critics – By – Charging Them – Or Others – Of The Same Thing Of Which They Are Accusing You – Without Refuting The Initial Attack Or Disproving It In Any Way

~ LCTWWSTIOM ~ Language Conditions The Way We See Things In Our Mind

~ TFO-BD-IS-DE-TIIET-DTF-OE-ETA-IS-S-I-W-TTAT ~ The Feeling Of – Being Duped – Is So – Destructive Emotionally – That It Is Easier To – Deny The Facts – Or Else – Explain Them Away – In Some – Self-Illusory – Way – Than To Accept Them