GWYNNE DYER ~ THE SHORTEST HISTORY OF WAR ~ 2022

~ TIAAWTA ~ There Is Always Another War To Analyze
~ TBIFD-OOT-CBO-EPG-A-MI-A-WWFIVHTP ~ The Bill Is Falling Due – On Our Two-Century Binge Of – Eightfold Population Growth – And – Mass Industrialization – And – We Will Find It Very Hard To Pay
~ WBTGP-TKOWTKITM-IND-IOS-A-R-IHBTAB ~ War Between The Great Powers – The Kind Of War That Kills In The Millions – Is Not Dead – It’s Only Sleeping – And – Recently – It Has Been Twitching A Bit
~ HBDNIW-TII-OMDAPI-ADSOOPN-RDTTD ~ Human Beings Did Not Invent War – They Inherited It – Our Most Distant Ancestors Practised It – As Do Some Of Our Primate Near-Relatives Down To This Day
~ TWWNE-A-FHABL-W-D/J/S/S-P/P-WTTBUTTCCOTE-A-ABBI ~ The World Was Never Empty – And – Food Has Always Been Limited – Wether – Desert / Jungle / Seashore / Savannah – Predator / Prey – Will Tend To Breed Up To The Carrying Capacity Of The Environment – And – A Bit Beyond It
~ H-G-EABIIFS-WCAIC-B-YB-M-HTOO-SCTAMPOTNB-A-TOTFR-TGYTTC ~ Hunter-Gathers – Even A Brief Interruption In Food Supply – Will Create An Instant Crisis – But – Your Band – May – Have The Option Of – Systematically Culling The Adult Male Population Of The Neighbouring Band – And – Taking Over Their Food Resources – To Get You Through The Crisis
~ E-H-G-B-TAHHTOTSW-FE ~ Every – Hunter-Gather – Band – That Anthropologists Have Had The Opportunity To Study Was – Fiercely Egalitarian
~ TH-GOTLP-W-PIV-WFFWWNB-TER-DNETW-TWBF-A-EC-W-NQE-WR ~ The Hunter-Gathers Of The Long Past – Were – Proficient In Violence – Who Fought Frequent Wars With Neighbouring Bands – The Egalitarian Revolution – Did Not Eliminate The Wars – Then We Became Farmers – And – Everything Changed – Well – Not Quite Everything – War Remained
~ RN-AAMIVDTTFT-ER-TT-OC-T-O/ER-D-HIRITPASSOADPW-NCACO-B-E-RES-NAI-IHTBP-B-IITDOOTESLIOTATPOTS-OAMOV-S-T/P/L-A-FBA-PT-A-ADDNTD-TCTIA-P-SM-ITBTJAB ~ Rank Necessity – All Armies Make It Very Difficult To Transfer From The – Enlisted Ranks– To The – Officer Caste – The – Officer / Enlisted Ranks – Distinction – Has Its Roots In The Political And Social Structures Of A Distant Past When – Nobles Commanded And Commoners Obeyed – But – Even – Radically Egalitarian States – Never Abolished It – It Had To Be Preserved – Because – It Is The Duty Of Officers To Expend Their Soldiers’ Lives In Order To Accomplish The Purposes Of The State – Officers Are Managers Of Violence – Soldiers – Training / Pride / Loyalty – Are – Finely Balanced Against – Physical Terror – And – A Desperate Desire Not To Die – They Can Turn Into A – Panic -Stricken Mob – If That Balance Tilts Just A Bit
~ TDAWIAM-P-T-C-B-OAT-40O50%-OTME ~ The Dead And Wounded In A Major – Pre-Twentieth-Century – Battle – Often Amounted To – 40 Or 50 Percent – Of The Men Engaged
~ BCNCFW-A-BFEOIQS-‘CF’-MUIPCIMW-AAUMO-SGAUR-SV(MOWANB)-A-ALG-TBTB-WASITF-‘G’-T-BO ~ Battles Can Now Continue For Weeks – And – Battles Follow Each Other In Quick Succession – “Combat Fatigue” – Most Units In Prolonged Combat In Modern War – Are An Uneasy Mixture Of – Some Green And Unsure Replacements – Some Veterans (Many Of Whom Are Nearing Breakdown) – And – A Large Group – The Bigger The Better – Who Are Still In Transition From – “Green” – To – Burned Out
~ T-GAROD-I-NANT ~ The – Giving And Receiving Of Death – Is – Not A Normal Transaction
~ NBK? ~ Natural-Born Killers?
~ TRTKAHBIU-IILETL-HETCBTIDIA-B-SEPC-A-T ~ The Reluctance To Kill Another Human Being Is Universal – It Is Less Encouraging To Learn – How Easily They Can Be Tricked Into Doing It Anyway – By – Some Elementary Psychological Conditioning – And – Training
~ ASMOM-DNFTURTK-WTCMI-N/P ~ A Small Minority Of Men – Do Not Feel The Usual Reluctance To Kill – When The Circumstances Make It – Necessary / Praiseworthy
~ AT-DB-TTF-A-TTI-I-DA-FHM-WDI ~ As The – Distance Between – The Trigger Finger – And – The Target Increase – Inhibitions – Drop Away – Five Hundred Metres – Will Do It
~ DA-DOTSHOEDOTDLOTT-STTCFCTIWC-AT-FA-TAP-WTCBHWETLOO-TITT-TPISLD-O-GTP-A-MO-TTIL-TMABRTLITA-TSITTWK-TSNOT-O-D-‘D-T’-ATTOT-RA/OM-MDOSFPERTWTHSAD-‘PD’-‘MI’-TMTWTT-GD/PWTK-TGT-‘ROMI’ ~ Drone Attack – Drone Operators Typically Spend Hours Or Even Days Observing The Daily Lives Of Their Targets – So That They Can First Confirm Their Identities With Confidence – And Then – Find A – Time And Place – Where They Can Be Hit Without Endangering The Lives Of Others – That Is The Theory – The Practice Is Sometimes Less Diligent – Occasionally – Great Time Pressure – And – Mistakes Occur – That Take Innocent Lives – They May Also Be Required To Loiter In The Area – To See If The Target Was Killed – To Say Nothing Of The – Oft-Denied – “Double-Tap” – Attacks That Take Out The – Rescuers And/Or Mourners – Many Drone Operators Suffer From Powerful Emotional Reactions To What They Have Seen And Done – “Psychological Distress” – “Moral Injury” – The More They Watched Their Targets – Getting Dressed / Playing With Their Kids – The Greater Their – “Risk Of Moral Injury”
~ IWCNTRWP-R-K/DKD-NTBTIASS-‘LAWS’-FTMTOKD ~ It’s What Comes Next That Really Worries People – Robots – Kill / Don’t Kill Decisions – Need To Be Taken In A Split Second – “Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems” – Free To Make Their Own Killing Decisions
~ AL-90%-OTSTEE-HB-DBW ~ At Least – 90 Percent – Of – The States That Ever Existed – Have Been – Destroyed By War
~ AS-B-2000BCE-TOMOHBWF-A-AALISTW-EU-W-SK-ATT-A-AMOS/S-ATB-PF-WNTKATNTHOTH-GIL-M/T-BAU ~ Anthill Society – By – 2000 BCE – The Overwhelming Majority Of Human Beings Were Farmers – And – Almost All Lived In States That Were – Extravagantly Unequal – With – Semidivine Kings – At The Top – And – A Mass Of Serfs / Slaves – At The Bottom – Physical Force – Was Needed To Keep All These Newly Tamed Heirs Of The Hunter-Gathers In Line – Militarization / Tyranny – Became Almost Universal
~ P-E-BKA-N-G-WPIIWW ~ Pseudo-Egalitarianism – Better Known As – Nationalism – Get – Whole Populations Involved In Waging War
~ T-WOA-I-NOS-B-C ~ The – War Of Attrition – Involved – Not Only Soldiers – But – Civilians
~ LARM-A-N-BTM-B-BG ~ Labour And Raw Materials – Allocated – Not – By The Market – But – By Government
~ ‘HF’ ~ “Home Front”
~ TW ~ Total War
~WTB-HL-KU-B-HP-T-PTWA-AMCAAE ~ Willingness To Bear – Huge Losses – Kept Up – By – Hate Propaganda – That – Paints The War As – A Moral Crusade Against Absolute Evil
~ P-HCTS-W-A-G-A-HI-CTSIA-AHP ~ People – Have Ceased To See – War – As – Glorious – And – Have Instead – Come To See It As – A Huge Problem
~ NW-HDST-Y-WKPNAHTWAWIW-T-P/E/C-E ~ Nuclear Weapons – Have Dominated Strategic Thinking – Yet – We Know Practically Nothing About How They Would Actually Work In War – The – Psychological / Electromagnetic / Climate – Effects
~ NASD-T-TNHBESII-JAFGTIS ~ Nukes Are So Destructive – That – The Number Held By Each Side Is Irrelevant – Just A Few Getting Through Is Sufficient
~TFO-LNW ~ The Fallacy Of – Limited Nuclear War
~ EOS? ~ Engineers Or Soldiers?
~ TCW-NQTH-ICHBJFYODL-FICCTTAUONWST-A-NTCUNIITS ~ The Cold War – Never Quite Turned Hot – It Could Have Been Just Forty Years Of Dumb Luck – For It Came Close To The Actual Use Of Nuclear Weapons Several Times – And – New Technologies Continually Unleashed New Instabilities Into The System
~ ‘NW’ ~ “Nuclear Winter”
~ ‘RIMA’ ~ “Revolution In Military Affairs”
~ UGW’ ~ “Urban Guerrilla Warfare”
~ WWHTS-TPOW-WTCO-TESS ~ We Will Have To Solve – The Problem Of War – Within The Context Of – The Existing State System
~ MPARTAT-WANSAIL-A-TTBROO-TMGUMOTO-TVMOIBSTTONSHCI ~ Most People Are Reluctant To Accept That – War And National Sovereignty Are Indissolubly Linked – And – That To Be Rid Of One – They Must Give Up Much Of The Other – The Vast Majority Of Individuals Believe Strongly That Their Own Nation Should Have Complete Independence
~ ‘CW’ ~ “Cyberwar”

JOHN TIERNEY + ROY BAUMEISTER ~ TRAINING THE FEARLESS MIND ~ THE POWER OF BAD ~ 2019

~ TAI-TAAFHYOI-A-TATPYMHYMFP ~ Talk About It – Talking About A Fear Helps You Overcome It – And – Talking About The Progress You’re Making Helps You Make Further Progress

~ MTRT-PTWIYM-O-OP ~ Map The Runaway Train – Plot The Waypoints In Your Mind – Or – On Paper

~ TTT-OYI-TWOTRTP-DPBAOOTUYC ~ Throttle The Train – Once You’ve Identified – The Waypoints On The Rout To Panic – Don’t Proceed Beyond Any One Of Them Unless You’re Calm

~ RYM-PYWCS:SSTCBRIYMTOTINT-TSSB-SAR-TMAORWIC ~ Recite Your Mantra – Prepare Yourself With Coping Statements: Simple Sentences That Can Be Repeated In Your Mind To Overwhelm The Irrational Negative Thoughts – The Statements Should Be – Short And Realistic – The Mere Act Of Repeating Words Is Calming

~ B-ADBIASTTBTWS-IAAWFYMTCOSOTYF ~ Breathe – A Deep Breath Is A Signal To The Body That We’re Safe – It’s Also A Way For Your Mind To Concentrate On Something Other Than Your Fear

JOHN TIERNEY + ROY BAUMEISTER ~ SOME PRINCIPLES FOR DEALING WITH BAD APPLES ~ THE POWER OF BAD ~ 2019

~ PY-MYDWTBA ~ Protect Yourself – Minimize Your Dealings With The Bad Apple

~ RTB-STATONTBSBOIM ~ Rearrange The Barrels – Sometimes The Apple Turns Out Not To Be So Bad Once It’s Moved

~ BCWYL-DC-UC-W-O-YWPAW-WSFAP-A-COI ~ Be Careful Whom You Label – Don’t Confuse – Useful Criticism – With – Obnoxiousness – You Want People Around Who – Will Speak Frankly About Problems – And – Challenge Others’ Ideas

~ DEBATCOTO-TDFGA-NOI-HTB-BA-IWTC-NB ~ Don’t Expect Bad Apples To Change On Their Own – They Differ From Good Apples – Not Only In – How They Behave – But Also – In What They Consider – Normal Behavior

~ ITBA-NS-ADO ~ Isolate The Bad Apples – Night Shift – A Distant Office

~ IE-A-DBSAI-SD ~ Intervene Early – And – Don’t Be Shy About It – Staring Discreetly

~ WEABA-LATWB-IP-OAJ-CSQI ~ When Evaluating A Bad Apple – Look At The Whole Barrel – Individual Performance – Of A Jerk – Can Seem Quite Impressive

~ DFTGATATBB ~ Don’t Force The Good Apples To Adapt To Bad Behavior

~ DHT-FAJ-B-DBAJAI-DNB-ELB-OBOCTASE-WBRMLTANYDFSE ~ Don’t Hesitate To – Fire A Jerk – But – Don’t Be A Jerk About It – Duly Noted By – Everyone Left Behind – One Bit Of Cruelty To A Sacked Employee – Will Be Remembered Much Longer Than Anything Nice You Do For Someone Else

JOHN TIERNEY + ROY BAUMEISTER ~ THE POWER OF BAD ~ 2019

~ NE ~ Negativity Effect
~ NB/ND/NE:TUTF-N-EAE-TAUMST-P-O ~ Negativity Bias / Negativity Dominance / Negativity Effect: The Universal Tendency For – Negative – Events And Emotions – To Affect Us More Strongly Than – Positive – Ones
~ DBAWOC-B-UBASOP-STHFITC-A-MATFS-BIS-B-GCP-IWKWWUA ~ Devastated By A Word Of Criticism – But – Unmoved By A Shower Of Praise – See The Hostile Face In The Crowd – And – Miss All The Friendly Smiles – Bad Is Stronger – But – Good Can Prevail – If We Know What We’re Up Against
~ B-RT-NE-A-OOIR-WC-BDP-TMEATF-A-ETRBOTB-BL/BN/BF-C-PI-TMP-IF-TMU-S/S/K ~ By – Recognizing The – Negativity Effect – And – Overriding Our Innate Responses – We Can – Break Destructive Patterns – Think More Effectively About The Future – And – Exploit The Remarkable Benefits Of This Bias – Bad Luck / Bad News / Bad Feelings – Create – Powerful Incentives – The Most Powerful – In Fact – To Make Us – Stronger / Smarter / Kinder
~ T-NE-DR-BC-PTAE-SBS-IMP-PP-ED ~ The – Negativity Effect – Destroys Reputations / Bankrupts Companies / Promotes Tribalism And Xenophobia / Spreads Bogus Scares / Ignites Moral Panics / Poisons Politics / Elects Demagogues
~ TASMM-SP-O-FAV-T-MOB-WH-PFAP-B-FTP-A-FH ~ There Are So Many More – Skilled Purveyors – Of – Fear And Vitriol – The – Merchants Of Bad – Who Have – Prospered Financially And Politically – By – Frightening The Public – And – Fomenting Hatred
~ T-UOB-IIPT-STM-A-ETW ~ The – Upside Of Bad – Is Its Power To – Sharpen The Mind – And – Energize The Will
~ BM-C-UF-TDGA ~ Bad Moments – Create – Unconscious Feelings – That Don’t Go Away
~ PEATT-SMES-B-OF-TSOB-CBD-A-WWFH-G-DAWFU ~ Paying Extra Attention To Threats – Still Makes Evolutionary Sense – But – Our Fine-Tuned Sense Of Bad – Can Be Debilitating – And – What Worked For Hunger-Gathers Doesn’t Always Work For Us
~ BT-AHIM-A-TUTMJASA-J-FM ~ Bad Today – Also Has Its Merchants – And – They Use The Media Just As Skilfully As – Junk-Food Marketers
~ WAPT-OOA-AWA-OPTCOD ~ We’re All Prone To – Overestimate Our Abilities – As Well As – Our Power To Control Our Destiny
~ CC-TN-ESO-HT-LTATLEWO ~ Crisis Crisis – The Never-Ending Series Of – Hyped Threats – Leading To Actions That Leave Everyone Worse Off
~ HBIB? ~ How Bad Is Bad?
~ TPW-BAG-YNT-EYRM ~ To – Properly Weigh – Bad Against Good – You Need To – Engage Your Rational Mind
~ PR-TNOGEFEBE ~ Positivity Ratio – The Number Of Good Events For Every Bad Event
~ T-ROF-IT-FGT-T-O-OBT-IDATEPIES-NTEKO-GAB-E-SFOBAIP ~ The – Rule Of Four – It Takes – Four Good Things – To – Overcome – One Bad Thing – It Doesn’t Apply To Every Person In Every Situation – Nor To Every Kind Of – Good And Bad – Event – Some Forms Of Bad Are Incomparably Powerful
~ T-W-T-H-E-NTIBTDWTBOIC-IMAWFOTC ~ The – What-The-Hell – Effect – Now That I’ve Broken The Diet With The Bowl Of Ice Cream – I May As Well Finish Off The Carton
~ TTDOOYH-IOTYFITM-MARB-H-ASR-III-X-S-IWD-Y-ARTTRBCDAII ~ Take The Decision Out Of Your Hands – Instead Of Trusting Your Feelings In The Moment – Make A Rule Before-Hand – A Simple Rule – If I’m In – X – Situation – I Will Do – Y – A Rule That The Rational Brain Can Deploy Against Irrational Impulses
~ WTOSB-A-CS-TG-RTA-NL-TB ~ We’re Too Often Swayed By – A – Clear Short-Term Gain – Rather Than A – Nebulous Long-Term Benefit
~ NIATDTS-A-IHC ~ Negativity Is A Tough Disease To Shake – And – It’s Highly Contagious
~BAT-HYT-RTSSNOS-WDMMFYRT-AGWOD ~ Being Able To – Hold Your Tongue – Rather Than Say Something Nasty Or Spiteful – Will Do Much More For Your Relationship Than – A Good Word Or Deed
~ DO ~ Don’t Overpromise
~ DECFGTEM ~ Don’t Expect Credit For Going The Extra Mile
~ RT-BIITEOTB-AOTSTTTROTW-CDARIILLTOP ~ Remember That – Bad Is In The Eye Of The Beholder – An Offense That Seems Trifling To The Rest Of The World – Can Destroy A Relationship If It Looms Large To One Person
~ PTBMTGU ~ Put The Bad Moments To Good Use
~TBYB ~ Think Before You Blame
~ WYF-BIAIR ~ When You’re Fighting – Bring In An Imaginary Referee
~ GASO ~ Get A Second Opinion
~ SJ ~ Suspend Judgment
~ DTTB ~ Don’t Take The Bait
~ IYMR-DE ~ If You Must Respond – Don’t Escalate
~ FT-NGR-INSMWYDOO-IWYDO ~ Follow The – Negative Golden Rule – It’s Not So Much What You Do Onto Others – It’s What You Don’t Do
~ TFB-B-R-TTBATNS-AIADTT-TBFLOAITEFOD ~ The Fearful Brain – Bad – Rules – Throughout The Brain And The Nervous System – Attention Is Automatically Drawn To Threats – The Brain Focuses Longer On An Image That Evokes Fear Or Disgust
~ WMAACOTOATBFOOMAF ~ We’re Marvellously Adept At Convincing Ourselves That Others Are To Blame For Our Own Mistakes And Failures
~ ACISC ~ A Carrot In Stick’s Clothing
~ C/A/N/O/E ~ Conscientiousness / Agreeableness / Neuroticism / Openness / Extraversion
~ O-L/D/EU-P-WETSTWT-IDMITWOPWMOTG-TSCCFTDD ~ One – Lazy / Disagreeable / Emotionally Unstable – Person – Was Enough To Sabotage The Whole Team – It Didn’t Matter If There Was One Particularly Wonderful Member Of The Group – The Star Couldn’t Compensate For The Dud’s Damage
~ SR-IJOOMVOBN-IAYMSAPTOT ~ Social Rejection – Isn’t Just One Of Many Varieties Of Bad News – It Affects You More Strongly And Profoundly Than Other Types
~ SR-IMST-SA ~ Social Rejection – Is Much Stronger Than – Social Acceptance
~ TFSIDWBAITIT ~ The First Step In Dealing With Bad Apples Is To Identify Them
~ OP-TI-HA-TNE ~ Online Perils – The Internet – Has Amplified – The Negativity Effect
~ CE ~ Counternegativity Experts
~ IYFI-SLTLA-ES-A-R-P-O-CAM-A-SMTLA-SOY-FAF ~ If You’re Feeling Insecure – Spend Less Time Looking At – Elaborately Staged – And – Retouched – Photos – Of – Celebrities And Models – And – Spend More Time Looking At – Snapshots Of Your – Friends And Family
~ T-CC-TEOPNBBC ~ The – Crisis Crisis – The Exploitation Of People’s Negativity Bias By Crisismongers
~ TMOB ~ The Merchants Of Bad
~ T-NB-MUPT-QGAIOIAATWG-AT-GLFMO-T-W-H-I-IETA ~ The – Negativity Bias – Makes Us Prone To – Quickly Generalize Any Individual’s Offence Into Animus Against The Whole Group – And Then – Go Looking For More Offenders – The – Witch-Hunting – Instinct – Is Easy To Arouse
~ RLAGPTW-TSWDAG-OW-HSIWMTEW ~ Remarkably Little Attention Gets Paid To Whether – The Solution Will Do Any Good – Or Whether – History Suggests It Will Make Things Even Worse
~ WA-THDT-IOA-LRDT ~ Worrying About – Tiny Hypothetical Dangers Tomorrow – Instead Of A – Large Real Danger Today
~ S-GPFTP-TP-IOS ~ Stop – Giving Prizes For Terror Pornography – The Publicity – Inspires Other Sociopaths
~ WRONG ~ Page 228 ~ “vaping – safer” ~ vaping (“pens”) mixtures just like tobacco (cigarette) mixtures (you mention this) it’s the additives (details) that make the poison (evil)
~ WRONG ~ Page 243 ~ “fake news” ~ very real polarizing effect on society ~ weaponized by authoritarian states (Russia / China / Iran / Saudi Arabia / North Korea for specific domestic political objectives and generally as destabilizing (polarizing) propaganda directed at their perceived enemies
~ IDEA ~ Climate Change ~ an excellent example of a serious problem (which has sometimes been treated as if it were “tiny hypothetical dangers tomorrow”)

GEORGE LAKOFF + MARK JOHNSON ~ TRUTH ~ METAPHORS WE LIVE BY ~ 1980

~ TITTI-AOT-INO-M-B-SAP-D-TIARTACSTIDILPBM-MOOMHEIOCOALP-B-M-AIUUB-PIP-PL/RL/BL/A/M/E ~ The Idea That There Is – Absolute Objective Truth – Is Not Only – Mistaken– But – Socially And Politically – Dangerous – Truth Is Always Relative To A Conceptual System That Is Defined In Large Part By Metaphor – Most Of Our Metaphors Have Evolved In Our Culture Over A Long Period – But – Many – Are Imposed Upon Us By – People In Power – Political Leaders / Religious Leaders / Business Leaders / Advertisers / Media / Etc

~ IACWT-MOO-IVMA-A-TIAAT-TPWGT-ITMOTC-GTDWWCTBT-AAO-T ~ In A Culture Where The – Myth Of Objectivism – Is Very Much Alive – And – Truth Is Always Absolute Truth – The People Who Get To – Impose Their Metaphors On The Culture – Get To Define What We Consider To Be True – Absolutely And Objectively – True

~ TIOTIODL-WBOA-B-PAS-O-WWTTBT ~ The Importance Of Truth In Our Daily Lives – We Base Our Actions – Both – Physical And Social – On – What We Take To Be True

~ OTW-TMTU-B-IHSV-A-AUTFIOW ~ On The Whole – Truth Matters To Us – Because – It Has Survival Value – And – Allows Us To Function In Our World

~ TIBOU ~ Truth Is Based On Understanding

AMARTYA SEN ~ THE IDEA OF JUSTICE ~ 2009

~ MAON-ACB-PWAD ~ Many Acts Of Nastiness – Are Committed By – People Who Are Deluded

~ OOTMPIFO-R-ITIHUT-SI-A-BB ~ One Of The Main Points In Favour Of – Reason – Is That It Helps Us To – Scrutinize Ideology – And – Blind Belief

~ R-CBCW-TRWO-V-A-T-OP/OC/OC-A-W-EDGFRAT-WCARA-OOM-A-TTLNTRT ~ Reasoning – Can Be Concerned With – The Right Way Of – Viewing – And – Treating – Other People / Other Cultures / Other Claims – And – With – Examining Different Grounds For Respect And Tolerance – We Can Also Reason About – Our Own Mistakes – And – Try To Learn Not To Repeat Them

~ M-CD-F-CI-RF-UF-MAC-BO-R-A-CS ~ Millions – Can Die – From – Calamitous Inaction – Resulting From – Unreasoned Fatalism – Masquerading As Composure – Based On – Realism – And – Common Sense

~ T-N-A-D-OT-NE-AHSP ~ The – Neglect – And – Deterioration – Of The – Natural Environment – A Hugely Serious Problem

~ TPC-CB-H-N-O-CO-WN-CS-NJ-GWTO ~ To Prevent Catastrophes – Caused By – Human – Negligence – Or – Callous Obduracy – We Need – Critical Scrutiny – Not Just – Good Will Towards Others

~ NGO-UI-A-UFS ~ Not Giving Or – Unscrutinized Instincts – An – Unconditional Final Say

~ JAF-B-WIF?-ICBSAADFI ~ Justice As Fairness – But – What Is Fairness? – It Can Broadly Be Seen As A Demand For Impartiality

~ HTTNO-DATM-A-TAA-OSOPOJFTTEG ~ How To Take Note Of – Diversities Among The Members – And – To Arrive At – One Set Of Principles Of Justice Fair To The Entire Group

~ LCBRTBOAFTCOF ~ Liberty Cannot Be Reduced To Being Only A Facility That Complements Other Facilities

~ T-IR-O-AB ~ The – Inescapable Relevance – Of – Actual Behaviour

~ WRHTP-CBB-ACCOATOJ ~ What Really Happens To People – Cannot But Be – A Central Concern Of A Theory Of Justice

~ TROGP ~ The Relevance Of Global Perspectives

~ TCNOIC ~ The Contingent Nature Of Institutional Choice

~ TNIOUP-BB-IB-IVIFS-BA-B-PC ~ The Negative Influence Of Unchecked Power – Both Because – Institutional Balance – Is Very Important For Society – But Also – Because – Power Corrupts

~ IAF-ATOJ-HTGAIPTTROI-H-ITPJRTTTITMOJ-TBUONBCSTWAHITW-NMHETIATTB ~ Institutions As Foundations – Any Theory Of Justice – Has To Give An Important Place To The Role Of Institutions – However – Institutions That Promote Justice Rather Than Treating The Institutions Themselves Manifestations Of Justice – The Basic Unreliability Of Not Being Constantly Sensitive To What Actually Happens In The World – No Matter How Excellent The Institution Are Taken To Be

~ NOA-DAC-POTSMOTTOJ-IIATCT-TN-R-A-R-OTT-DOCF-DAD ~ Not Only Are – Dialogue And Communication – Part Of The Subject Matter Of The Theory Of Justice – It Is Also The Case That – The Nature – Robustness – And – Reach – Of The Theories – Depend On Contributions From – Discussion And Discourse

~ IIU-THADOTFOHB-TSSPWLM-FONTBIITFC ~ It Is Unsustainable – To Have A Defence Of The Freedom Of Human Beings – That Separates Some People Whose Liberties Matter – From Others Not To Be Included In That Favoured Category

~ JOJ-CBAEPA-TIUTO ~ Judgements Of Justice – Cannot Be An Entirely Private Affair – That Is Unfathomable To Others

~ TICAII-ITNOT-IAP-OTWANPTTSCOAP-B-WBSOTCODT ~ There Is Clearly An Important Issue – In The Neglect Of The – Interests And Perspectives – Of Those Who Are Not Parties To The Social Contract Of A Polity – But – Who Bear Some Of The Consequence Of Decisions Taken

~ TLRO-OP-ADTO-UAU-P-TBBIC-A-EUTBF-TITCF-DS-IS ~ The Liberating Role Of – Open Impartiality – Allows Different Types Of – Unprejudiced And Unbiased – Perspectives – To Be Brought Into Consideration – And – Encourages Us To Benefit From – The Insights That Come From – Differently Situated – Impartial Spectators

~ WWCS-I-NIOWWSIRTWWATTS ~ What We Can See – Is – Not Independent Of Where We Stand In Relation To What We Are Trying To See

~ WION?-TQOODTONHAHPITHOEIITW-WAIL-TAFN-NLITWT ~ Who Is Our Neighbour? – The Question Of One’s Duty To One’s Neighbours Has A Huge Place In The History Of Ethical Ideas In The World – We Are Increasingly Linked – There Are Few Non-Neighbours Left In The World Today

~ TAO-TCEHBHCTDMOMET-WMOTGPOTDHAETSDATVOTA-TDHN-H-ABPIE-TEAOEM-TEAAIPOUHB-TGEPIRIBRIS ~ The Assumption Of – The Completely Egoistic Human Being – Has Come To Dominate Much Of Mainstream Economic Theory – While Many Of The Great Practitioners Of The Discipline Have Also Expressed Their Serious Doubts About The Veracity Of That Assumption – This Dichotomy Has Not – However – Always Been Present In Economics – The Early Authors On Economic Matters – Took Ethics As An Important Part Of Understanding Human Behaviour – They Gave Ethical Principles Important Roles In Behavioural Relations In Society

~ BCOTDAPOO-NNBSAAVOR ~ Being Considerate Of The Desires And Pursuits Of Others – Need Not Be Seen As A Violation Of Rationality

~ TATGWOBATAO-MBTC-N-AC-TCBE-A-SN-TMWVITD ~ There Are Two Grand Ways Of Bringing About The Attainment Of – Mutual Benefits Through Cooperation – Namely – Agreed Contracts – That Can Be Enforced – And – Social Norms – That May Work Voluntarily In That Direction

~ PACD ~ Poverty As Capability Deprivation

~ MCBD-NOT-DTPOD-B-A-TRII ~ Much Can Be Done – Not Only To – Diminish The Penalty Of Disability – But – Also – To – Reduce Its Incidence

~ WHTCBT-FOA-A-TNOT-CAO-THAA-UOL ~ We Have To Consider Both The – Freedom Of Action – And – The Nature Of The – Consequences And Outcomes – To Have An Adequate – Understanding Of Liberty

~ COD-NMHVTMBITR-MFSWOATDAO-PG ~ Critics Of Democracy – No Matter How Vigorous They May Be In Their Rejection – Must Find Some Way Of Addressing The Deep Attraction Of – Participatory Governance

~ TVT-D-IBSA-‘GBD’-HG-WS ~ The View That – Democracy – Is Best Seen As – “Government By Discussion” – Has Gained – Widespread Support

~ WDNHTBBIACWALDH-T-CTPT ~ We Do Not Have To Be Born In A Country With A Long Democratic History – To – Choose That Path Today

~ IAU-FOV-R-O-O-CAA-T-FOTP-I-CTTP ~ Informed And Unregimented – Formation Of Values – Requires – Openness – Of – Communication And Argument – The – Freedom Of The Press – Is – Crucial To This Process

~ I-AMIRTS-TROM-AEO-DOD-I-T-LCBGWHTRMR ~ If – A Majority Is Ready To Support – The Rights Of Minorities – And Even Of – Dissenting Or Discordant – Individuals – Then – Liberty Can Be Guaranteed Without Having To Restrain Majority Rule

~ O-MEIPR-I-QCT-TPOJ ~ Open-Minded Engagement In Public Reasoning – Is – Quite Central To – The Pursuit Of Justice

~ JBSTBD ~ Justice Being Seen To Be Done

~ N-P-A-RFJ ~ Non-Parochialism – A – Requirement Or Justice

HENRIETTE KLAUSER ~ WITH PEN IN HAND ~ 2003

~ THPOW ~ The Healing Power Of Writing

~ AWEODF-WR-I-P-A-P-WFTPOOW-BTDOSOTPFOH-A-RIWH ~ As We Expressed Our Deepest Feelings – Without Reserve – In – Poetry – And – Prose – We Felt The Power Of Our Words – Begin To Draw Out Some Of The Pain From Our Hearts – And – Replace It With Hope

~ AST-ATAOU:W ~ A Simple Tool – Available To All Of Us: Writing

~ R;GIAD ~ Rapidwriting: Get It All Down

~ TW:YCHTT ~ Twilight Writing: You Can Handle The Truth

~ RHM:WPWTS ~ Resistance Has Meaning: Write Past Wanting To Stop

~ LFYPS:IYB ~ Learn From Your Physical Self: Interview Your Body

~ OHWTP ~ Others Have Walked This Path

~ WH ~ Writing Heals

~ WPG-MCM-OO-A-U-T-PG ~ Writing Provides Grounding – Making Concrete Marks – Out Of – Abstract – Unarticulated – Thoughts – Provides Grounding

~ WIT ~ Writing Is Therapeutic

~ TAOMTPATP-CBM-CACS ~ The Act Of Moving The Pen Across The Page – Can Be Meditative – Creating A Calming State

~ TINROWWTW ~ There Is No Right Or Wrong Way To Write

~ TT-I-CC-WW-A-IA ~ Taking Time – Is – Counter Culture – We Want – An – Instant Answer

~ SPW-T-BWTW ~ Some People Write – Then – Burn What They Wrote

~ UYPWAABOYP-LB-YWSHFYHC ~ Use Your Past Writing As A Benchmark Of Your Progress – Look Back – You Will See How Far You Have Come

~ WIPOTPTGYTTOS-YMNFLW-DIA ~ Writing Is Part Of The Process That Gets You To The Other Side – You May Not Feel Like Writing – Do It Anyway

~ RE-CTTS ~ Raw Emotions – Coming To The Surface

~ L-MI-C-A ~ Listing – Makes It – Concrete – Attainable

~ ASIP ~ A Shift In Perception

~ A-IO-A-ATD-EATSPUIFM-A-MLTAUB ~ Action – Is Often – An – Antidote To Depression – Even A Tiny Step Puts You In Forward Motion – And – May Lead To An Unpredictable Boon

~ OWTFYAOWIMIOY-I-TDAPOYH-A-PIOI-WYAFATPM ~ One Way To Focus Your Awareness On What Is Moving Inside Of You – Is – To Draw A Picture Of Your Heart – And – Pencil Inside Of It – Whatever You Are Feeling At This Precise Moment

~ KOW-A-LTPAFY ~ Keep On Writing – And – Let The Pen Answer For You

~ S-WMYS-HAMFY-IYWBPETLFI ~ Sometimes – What Makes You Sad – Has A Message For You – If You Will Be Patient Enough To Listen For It

~ WBAFTI-W-HTIOMA-WNA-B-WYWSD-ISBTY ~ Writing Brings A Fullness To Ideas – Which – Holding Them In Our Mind Alone – Will Never Accomplish – Because – When You Write Something Down – It Speaks Back To You

~ T-ATEOTD-WBYL-A-WMYS ~ Track – At The End Of The Day – What Brought You Light – And – What Made You Sad

~ LYWSBTY ~ Let Your Writing Speak Back To You

~ BGTBAN-WOSYAGW-A-SOI-PTPAAQ-A-DBFANKTA-LTQSIYC-FTINM-WUWCTM-DNBCINISIT-NTIOP-YBIWOI-YWBATTAWIPIDYD ~ Before Going To Bed At Night – Write Out Something You Are Grappling With – And – Sleep On It – Pose The Problem As A Question – And – Don’t Be Frantic About Not Knowing The Answer – Let The Question Seep Into Your Consciousness – First Thing In The Morning – Write Up Whatever Comes To Mind – Do Not Be Concerned If No Immediate Solution Is There – Now That It’s On Paper – Your Brain Is Working On It – You Will Be Alert To The Answer When It Presents Itself During Your Day

~ TIA-FAR-TCF-CWHBBUFY-T-P ~ There Is A – Freedom And Release – That Comes From – Consigning What Has Been Bottled Up For Years – To – Paper

~ WYHAROYW-IPAIIDP ~ When You Have A Record Of Your Whining – It Provides An Insight Into Destructive Patterns

~ LIP-FYP ~ Life Is Precious – Follow Your Passion

~ AJ-IAWTRI-ANH-S-TBTY-O-S-S ~ A Journal – Is A Way To Ramble Incessantly – And Not Have – Someone – Talk Back To You – Or – Say – Stop

~ WYH/GYT/PTP-O-SAV-AAII-YJ ~ Wring Your Hands / Gnash Your Teeth / Pound The Pillow – Or – Seethe And Vent – All About It In – Your Journal

~ APOA-CTD ~ A Pattern Of Abuse – Connecting The Dots

~ L-UAU-DV-E ~ Left – Unchecked And Unchallenged – Domestic Violence – Escalates

~ WGTTC ~ Writing Gets To The Core

~ CWAMAAIEIYL-NFP-B-FY-T-NWSY-A-P-TSWAFS-CF-A-F-BH-WCWWA-S/G-TMYW-TMYWR ~ Consider Writing A Memoir About An Important Event In Your Life – Not For Publication – But – For Yourself – To – Name What Shaped You – And – Perhaps – To Share With A Few Select – Close Friends – And – Family – Be Honest – Write Continuously Without Worrying About – Style / Grammar – The More You Write – The More You Will Remember

~ WAR ~ Writing And Ritual

~ BC-I-JW-WTCPI-IDHTBP ~ Be Creative – In – Journal Writing – Whatever That Creative Process Is – It Doesn’t Have To Be Perfect

~ T-A-ET ~ Thanks – And – Ever Thanks