ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ CHARLES ELTON ~ THREE QUESTIONS ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ HWTCATAAPTLHN? ~ How Will This Change Affect The Animals And Plants That Live Here Now?

~ WBASMBL? ~ What Beauty And Security May Be Lost?

~ HWTCA-‘TAIOC’ ~ How Will This Change Affect – “The Accumulating Instability Of Communities?”

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ W-OBP-OTMEY-WSBSTMTHAPU ~ With – One Billion People – On The Move Every Year – We Shouldn’t Be Surprised That Microbial Traffic Has Also Picked Up

~ ED-G-T-FOB-DEANOGIITWWL ~ Every Day – Globe-Trotting – Fungi Or Bacteria – Determinedly Expose A Number Of Glaring Insecurities In The Way We Live

~ T-TPO-600-LD-PIQTWOTT-LR–A-T-B-I-B-FIA ~ The Troubling Proliferation Of – 600 – Livestock Diseases – Puts Into Question The Wisdom Of The – “Livestock Revolution” – And – The – Bigger-Is-Better – Fad In Agriculture

~ WHBGTIP ~ We Have Become Grand Traders In Pandemonium

~ F-MI ~ Factory-Made Infections

~ BF-INPTSTHLA-VT ~ Bird Flu – Is Now Poised To Sweep Through Humans Like A – Viral Tsunami

~ VAALFOTETD ~ Viruses Are Always Looking For Opportunities To Expand Their Domain

~ WAVOBGIAFATFSOWG-T-‘U’-A-RRUARO ~ Whenever A Virus Or Bacterium Gets Into A Factory And Threatens Feed Schedules Or Weight Gain – The – “Units” – Are – Routinely Rounded Up And Rubbed Out

~ YC-C-P-P-A-P-T-WBABMFVC ~ You Can’t – Crowd – People – Pigs – And – Poultry – Together – Without Building A Better Market For Viral Commerce

~ OLFS ~ Officials Looking For Scapegoats

~ N-OC-WTTA-C-M-IGAGC

~ Nobody – Of Course – Wants To Talk About – Crowding – More – In Greater And Greater Concentrations

~ VANBOOTNRIWAUR-TTP-HE ~ Viruses Are Now Breaking Out Of Their Natural Reservoirs In Wildlife At Unprecedented Rates – Thanks To Persistent – Human Encroachment

~ T-SGE ~ The – Sixth Great Extinction

~ HH-RMAMLASO-BE-TGEMLAGATPASOOTI ~ Human History – Reads More And More Like A String Of – Biological Explosions – That Grow Ever More Loud And Grotesque As The Pace And Scale Of Our Trading Increases

~ CC/SC/BW-TAT-NHTPTCPBAEGO ~ Cargo Containers / Shipping Crates / Ballast Water – Trade And Transport – Now Have The Power To Collapse Political Borders And Erase Geographical Ones

~ BI-OER-RLEWDOAIO-I/A/WH ~ Biological Invaders – Outrageous Economic Robberies – Ruining Local Economies With Deliberate Or Accidental Invasions Of – Influenza / Ants / Water Hyacinth

~ FS-IAE-DH-BD ~ For Starters – Importers And Exporters – Don’t Hold – Biology Degrees

~ B-TRPACDT-A-TCOI-ABB-C/T ~ But – The Real Problem Always Comes Down To – Accountability – The Costs Of Invasions – Are Borne By – Consumers / Taxpayers

~ TUE:HE ~ The Ultimate Invader: Homo Economicus

~ ML-LDR-PIFOGC-SBO-NRTVABIHBS-GD-HAHBC ~ Modern Livestock – Little Disease Resistance – Packed In Feedlots Or Gestation Crates – Stressed By Overcrowding – Natural Resistance To Viral And Bacterial Infections Has Been Shattered – Growing Densities – Hidden And Huge Biological Costs

~ TM-TP-ATEO-AH-W-TL-HCTACGO-P-AH-S ~ To Maximize – Trade Profit – At The Expense Of – Animal Health – With – Trade Liberalization – Has Come A Corresponding Gutting Of – Public – Animal Health – Services

~ H-OATLBTEDOIT19C-AG-A-OTR-MT-40%-AE ~ Half – Of All The Livestock Breeds That Europe Depended On In The 19th Century – Are Gone – And – Of Those Remaining – More Than – 40 Percent – Are Endangered

~ GD-MTBIA-F/D/E ~ Genetic Diversity – Makes The Best Insurance Against – Famine / Drought / Epidemics

~ ‘GCP’ ~ “Great Cattle Plague”

~ MCD-BSE-TSE-‘SGA’-IOTWR-4,500-M-S-BTI-EEWTHO-BC-A-IF ~ Mad Cow Disease – Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy – Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy – “Spectacular Geographic Amplification” – Invasion Of The World’s Remaining – 4,500 – Mammal – Species – By These Illnesses – Expands Exponentially With The Help Of – Barnyard Cannibalism – And – Industrial Farming

~ R-‘SFOA’-ICFR-DGE-BATCID-SI-A-ATOKOR-B-TEO-RDR-CW-CSDTTWW-K-MAB-MBM-P-OTLM-MFA-IF-DC-FIDTTM-CCAE-MHNPICOTSB ~ Rendering – “Scientific Feeding Of Animals – Industrial Cannibalism For Ruminants – Devoted Grass Eaters – Balked At The Change In Diet – Suffered Indigestion – And – Ate Their Own Kind Only Reluctantly – But – The Efficiency Of – Recycling Dead Ruminants – Combined With – Cereal Shortages During The Two World Wars – Kept – Meat And Bonemeal – MBM – Powder – On The Livestock Menu – Material From An – Infected Few – Diligently Concentrated – For Industrial Delivery To The Many – Could Cause An Epidemic – Mammals Had Never Partaken In Cannibalism On That Scale Before

~ SW ~ Slaughterhouse Waste

~ ISP ~ Inadequate Surveillance Program

~ ATCOAF-IB-DAE ~ Analyzing The Content Of Animal Feeds – Is Both – Difficult And Expensive

~ F-MT-1M-S-TMOTWMDCDAFIO-SCOOC-OAWA-OHOAWTBD-ASFCCAHOAR ~ Fungi – More Than – 1 Million – Species – The Majority Of The World’s Most Devastating Crop Diseases Are Fungal In Origin – Specialized Cultivation Of One Crop – Over A Wide Area – One Hell Of A Way To Brew Disease – A Simple Fungus Can Create A Hell Of A Rumpus

~ AECOANOESINUSOHHABWD-TGEOAP-I-RAG ~ Almost Every Crop Of Any Nutritional Or Economic Significance Is Now Under Siege Or Has Had A Brush With Death – The Global Exchange Of Agricultural Pathogens – Is – Real And Growing

~ ‘GCA’ ~ “Global Change Agents”

~ FAP-HDAETS ~ Famine And Pestilence – Have Dogged Agriculture’s Every Tortured Step

~ M-TPOOCVOAWA ~ Monoculture – The Planting Of One Crop Variety Over A Wide Area

~ W-WOB-30,000-V-NCIO-TOF-SV-TMBETW-135K-O-PPPA ~ Wheat – Which Once Boasted – 30,000 – Varieties – Now Comes In Only – Three Of Four – Specialized Varieties – That Must Be Engineered To Withstand – 135 Kilograms – Of – Pesticide Poison Per Acre

~ TEB-AM-FF-D-W-UMW ~ The Epidemic Began – As Most – Fungal Fiestas – Do – With – Unusually Moist Weather

~ TF ~ Toxic Fungicides

~ M-I-D-A-GT-GTIPUL-AMFGCD-HABOE-DP-M ~ Monocultures – Invite – Disease – And – Global Trade – Gives The Invading Pathogens Unlimited Mileage – Abandoning Monoculture For Greater Crop Diversity – Has Always Been On Every – Disaster Prevention – Menu

~ WHEATPO-E-PAP-RA-L4(TS)L-DOAL ~ We Have Even Added The Possibility Of – Engineered – Pests And Plants – Running Amok – Level 4 (Top Security) Labs – Deliberate Or Accidental Leaks

~ TWABM-WR-TID-WR ~ The World Already Boasts More – Water Refugees – Than It Does – War Refugees

~ RT ~ Red Tides

~ CS-‘FBI’ ~ Cargo Ships – “Floating Biological Islands”

~ LO-UAM-P-LOT-D ~ Loads Of – Untreated Animal Manure – Produce – Loads Of Trouble – Downstream

~ CW:OOTPMEDFAPK ~ Cold Winters: One Of The Planet’s Most Effective Disease Filters And Pest Killers

~ ITL-10Y-JAE-E-BD-HZEIT ~ In The Last – 10 Years – Just About Every – Insect-Borne Disease – Has Zealously Expanded Its Territory

~ A-SP-WST-GE-WTSFAA-MED ~ A – Severe Pandemic – Will Shock The – Global Economy – With The Same Force As A – Major Economic Depression

~ MWWLT-WC-LT-W-LBIUW ~ Maybe We Will Learn That – We Can’t – Liberalize Trade – Without – Liberating Biology In Unpredictable Ways

~ IIM-EAC-T-IABHACDIP-TIIT-SARP ~ It Is Much – Easier And Cheaper – To – Identify A Biological Hitchhiker And Close Down Its Pathways – Than It Is To – Stop A Runaway Pandemic

~ B-WFGTDTRT-CBAHE-AA-TOP ~ But – Waiting For Government To Do The Right Thing – Can Be A – Hazardous Enterprise – And A – Test Of Patience

~ ATWTPTR ~ Ask Them Where They Plan To Retire

~ BL-A-LM ~ Buy Less – And – Live More

DIERDRE MCCLOSKEY ~ BOURGEOIS EQUALITY ~ 2016

~ ORDNCF-PBOB-O-BDOBD-O-BBOBB-B-FP-IOI ~ Our Riches Did Not Come From – Piling Brick On Brick – Or – Bachelor’s Degree On Bachelor’s Degree – Or – Bank Balance On Bank Balance – But – From Piling – Idea On Idea

~ TMW-WCB-EL ~ The – Modern World – Was Caused By – Egalitarian Liberalism

~ TWIPR-B-OWP ~ The World Is Pretty Rich – But – Once Was Poor

~ T-RE-WTEIO-LAD-TITP-SOB-BAF-T-CP ~ The – Real Engine – Was The Expanding Ideology Of – Liberty And Dignity – That Inspired The Proliferating – Schemes Of Betterment – By And For – The – Common People

~ A-IC-TSIGUT-A(TROTBBD)-A-T(TROP)-AE-P(TROTPR)-WA-N ~ An – Ideological Change – The Strange Idea Grew Up That – Aristocracy (The Rule Of The Best By Descent) – And – Theocracy (The Rule Of Priests) – And Even – Plutocracy (The Rule Of The Present Rich) – Were All – Nasty

~ T-GE-A-1800-CF-HC-UB-LAD-F-OP-T-T-TB-ROAN-EITEOO-A-SBT-OOMIC ~ The – Great Enrichment – After – 1800 – Came From – Human Creativity – Unleashed By – Liberty And Dignity – For – Ordinary People – Through – Trade-Tested Betterment – Resting On A New – Equality In The Eyes Of Others – And – Spread By The – Overturning Of Monopoly In Competition

~ WIIC-SAS-TW-FC-EJ-MFA-CTD-T-ROTG-RDUBTEIFOTOR ~ Whatever It Is Called – Such A Society – Thronging With – Free Conversations – Easily Joined – Made For A – Creativity That Disturbed – The – Rules Of The Game – Rules Designed Unsurprisingly By The Elite In Favor Of The Old Rich

~ A-POCM-TBS-MBBFTPTB-BAF-OD-OS-C-IP-FTMPIHB ~ A – Patent Or Copyright Monopoly – To Be Sure – Must Be Broken For The Poor To Benefit – But Aside From – Overlawyered Definitions – Of So-Called – Intellectual Property – For The Most Part It Has Been

~ TMTRUTPINATDOEFRP-BTRSASPOTITTM-CATP-ISTRT-AALALSOTNTIGTTT-CDID ~ The Mechanism That Raised Up The Poor Is Not A Trickle Down Of Expenditures From Rich People – Because The Rich Spend A Smaller Proportion Of Their Incomes Than The Middle-Class And The Poor – It Stands To Reason That – As A Larger And Larger Share Of The Nations’ Total Income Goes To The Top – Consumer Demand Is Dampened

~ TIN-FL-SFA-TDOATU-WGBBGSO-NB-MTUOD ~ There Is No – Free Lunch – Springing From A – Trickle Down Or A Trickle Up – We Get Better By Getting Smarter Only – Not By – Miraculous Trickles Up Or Down

~ TGI-ET-TB-SA-MTPPR-WHH-O-RIIE-WHAH ~ The Goal Is – Ethical Trade-Tested Betterment – Such As – Making The Poor People Rich – Which Has Happened – Or – Reducing Inequality In Essentials – Which Has Also Happened

~ TP-MAD-NTPWCP-IPAH-TT-I-TOWA ~ The Persistent – Macho And Deadly – Notion That Power Will Cause Plenty – Is Popular Among Historians – The Truth – Is – The Other Way Around

~ T-AH-O-EIIA-SEII-T-EE-OIO-OE-HBSRTB-NON ~ The – Appalling History – Of – European Imperialism In Africa – Sufficiently Establishes Its Indefensibility – The – Economic Effect – Of Imperialism On – Ordinary Europeans – Has Been Shown Repeatedly To Be – Nil Or Negative

~ E-CBAWTAF-PF-B-NT-NW ~ Empire – Can Be A Way To A Few – Private Fortunes – But – Not To – National Wealth

~ IWPTBP-NTOWA ~ It Was Plenty That Bred Power – Not The Other Way Around

~ AC-B-U-N-P-OII-E-B-I ~ Accumulated Capital – Becomes – Unusually – Nonroutinely – Profitable – Only If It – Embodies – Betterment – Innovism

~ B-K-UMTOE-HACOAOC ~ But – Knowledge – Unlike Most Treasures On Earth – Has A Chance Of Accumulating Over Centuries

~ TAB-T-FW-TBI-B-A-FP-TE-T-P-TTEOOV-TTAATC-‘N’-‘GIG’-TOB-EB-SE-AB-AIT-B-T/H/K-DNGPTAFHL-F/H/L-D ~ Trade And Betterment – Threatened – From Within – The Bourgeoisie Itself – By – A – Foolish Pride – That Elevates – Trading – Prudence – To The Exclusion Of Other Virtues – The Threat Appears As The Crudely – “Neoliberal” – “Greed-Is-Good” – Theory Of Behavior – Encouraged By – Some Economists – And By – All Inside Traders – But – Taking / Having / Keeping – Do Not Give Purpose To A Full Human Life – Faith / Hope / Love – Do

~ M-E-N-M-L-HST ~ Mainly – Ethics – Not – Mainly – Laws – Held Societies Together

~ T-GE-DNAFG-PR-WEAOAA-IAF-R-T-TB ~ The – Great Enrichment – Did Not Arise From Good – Property Rights – Which Existed All Over And Anciently – It Arose From – Revolutionary – Trade-Tested Betterment

~ Ethics – What Is Honored Or Dishonored By Society – Is What Changed Quickly – Not – The Institutional Environment – The Institutions – Such As – Criminal / Contract / Property / Corporate – Law – Changed – After The Ethical Change – Not Before – Ideas And Ethics Changed – The Institutions Did Not

~ GCBSFALT-A-COTAOQLPG ~ Governments Can Be Stupid For A Long Time – And – Can Obstruct The Achievement Of Quite Large Potential Gains

~ B-T-RAP-RTG-T-PAOP-HBRHB-GR ~ Because – The – Rich And Powerful – Run The Government – The – Poor And Other Powerless – Have Been Regularly Hurt By – Governmental Regulation

~ NM-BD-CBM-W-IAI ~ Not Many – Business Decisions – Could Be Made – Without – Identity And Impulse

~ B-TEGLFTHTNOIMB-S-L-RAVTV-IPTVO-P-WI-TSITT-I-TWOS-MU ~ But – The Economists’ Great Love For The Hypothesis That No One Is Motivated By – Say – Love – Reduces All Virtues To Vice – In Particular The Vice Of – Pride – Which Is – To Speak In Theological Terms – Idolatry – The Worship Of Self – Max U

~ TVOTP-C/L/J/T/F/H-AV-A-NMAWOGPP ~ The Virtues Other Than Prudence – Courage / Love / Justice / Temperance / Faith / Hope – Are Virtues – And – Not Merely Another Way Of Getting Prudent Pleasure

~ NTHMIIAC-WTWWMWWC ~ Numbers Tell How Much Is In A Classification – Words Tell What We Mean When We Count

~ T-NE-WO-B/N/R-T/C/D/E/L/D ~ The – New Ethic – Was Of – Betterment / Novelty / Risk-Taking / Creativity / Democracy / Equality / Liberty / Dignity

~ IIAWU ~ Irrationality Is Always With Us

~ WCWWWDU ~ What Changed Was What Was Deemed Useful

~ PL-AN-B-TANLSF-TSB-S-GE-OTP150Y ~ Property Laws – Are Necessary – But – They Are Nothing Like Sufficient For – The Startling Betterment – Startling – Great Enrichment – Of The Past 150 Years

~ IIACOSO-R-T-TPR-WTCII-N-WIGW ~ It Is A Cliche Of Studies Of – Revolution – That – The Poor Revolt – When Their Condition Is Improved – Not – When It Gets Worse

~ FC-TSO-RD-KBPBIH ~ For Centuries – The Specter Of – Radical Democracy – Kept Being Pushed Back Into Hell

~ TIO-EAL-A-DFAH-C-AT-P-AS-M-AT-S-P ~ The Idea Of – Equality Of Liberty – And – Dignity For All Humans – Caused – And Then – Protected – A Starling – Material – And Then – Spiritual – Progress

~ I-N-I-MT-MW ~ Ideas – Not – Institutions – Made The – Modern World

~ NR-D-M-AAL-V-RT-G-GLOSP-AFI-SD-AALL-IF ~ Negotiated Rights – Deal-Making – And At Length – Voting – Replaced The – God-Given Laws Of Social Position – At First In – Stirring Declarations – And At Long Last – In Fact

~ BCBCBC-MC ~ Behavior Can Be Changed By Compulsion – Minds Cannot

~ TFITPBMTOOAIIASLIIAME-WEMHTSITF ~ The Fact Is That Persuasion Beyond Mere Transmittal Of Offers And Information Is A Startlingly Large Item In A Modern Economy – We Economist Might Have To Stop Ignoring The Fact

~ STR ~ Sweet Talk Rules

~ TWITT ~ The Word’s The Thing

~ BBU ~ Betterocracy Became Usual

~ TTC-C-A-C-ITRM-ITTF-REE ~ Trade Test Cooperation – Competition – And – Conservation – In The Right Mix – Is The Ticket For – Rapid Economic Evolution

~ LSUAMAWSL ~ Language Speaks Us As Much As We Speak Language

~ I-F-GOI-M ~ Ideas – For – Good Or Ill – Matter

~ PWTBTBIT ~ People Want To Believe That Beauty Is Truth

~ DITP-WITS-PBHU ~ Dogma Is The Problem – Which Is To Say – Passionate Beliefs Held Uncritically

~ WGAS-TNTBAS-A-HIUANWODI~ When Goods Are Scarce – They Need To Be Allocated Somehow – And – Hierarchy Is Usually A Nasty Way Of Doing It

~ RMU-B-CRUU ~ Rhetoric Made Us – But – Can Readily Unmake Us

~ WE-IA-CTF ~ Widespread Evil – Is A – Comfort To Fools

ANTONIO DAMASIO ~ SELF COMES TO MIND ~ 2010

~ TIIA-S-B-IIAP-NAT-A-TPIPAATWWAPTBC ~ There Is Indeed A – Self – But – It Is A Process – Not A Thing – And – The Process Is Present At All Time Whens We Are Presumed To Be Conscious

~ T-M-M-T-S-A-O:ADCO-INP-COTROTLB-TFEIADCO-IMP ~ The – Material – Me – The – Self-As-Object: A Dynamic Collection Of – Integrated Neural Processes – Centered On The Representation Of The Living Body – That Finds Expression In A Dynamic Collection Of – Integrated Mental Processes

~ S-A-K/’I’ ~ Self-As-Knower / “I”

~ CINMA-IITM-II-ITVL-AAOOMCCOTOTPAMTC ~ Consciousness Is Not Merely About – Images In The Mind – It Is – In The Very Least – About An Organization Of Mind Contents Centered On The Organism That Produces And Motivates Those Contents

~ T-SAW-ITSETRTP-IEOU-O-EWCM ~ The – Self As Witness – Is The Something Extra That Reveals The Presence – In Each Of Us – Of – Events We Call Mental

~ IINSTTMATHANN ~ It Is Not Surprising That The Mind Appears To Have A Nonphysical Nature

~ OMMOOTAOSCKA-N-TASTCAT;TAE(AIPTSWMC)-TTAFPKAT-A-A-TTEROTAKAT-S-NCSSTOC-ON-MC ~ Organisms Make Minds Out Of The Activity Of Special Cells Known As – Neurons – They Are Sensitive To Changes Around Them; They Are Excitable (An Interesting Property They Share With Muscle Cells) – Thanks To A Fibrous Prolongation Known As The – Axon – And – To The End Region Of The Axon Known As The – Synapse – Neurons Can Send Signals To Other Cells – Other Neurons – Muscle Cells

~ TB-IAFO-TCM ~ The Body – Is A Foundation Of – The Conscious Mind

~ TFAMEPOT-P-I-PF-WOSACWOIA-TPADEOOOLB-W-U-A-CTNBSE-TPFRTCSOTB-AVD-FE-ATSTRFPTP-A-TOATLOT-BS-RTT-CC-A-FOE-A-C-V-O-PF ~ The First And Most Elementary Product Of The – Protoself – Is – Primordial Feelings – Which Occur Spontaneously And Continuously Whenever One Is Awake – They Provide A Direct Experience Of One’s Own Living Body – Wordless – Unadorned – And – Connected To Nothing But Sheer Existence – These Primordial Feelings Reflect The Current State Of The Body – Along Varied Dimensions – For Example – Along The Scale That Ranges From Pleasure To Pain – And – They Originate At The Level Of The – Brain Stem – Rather Than The – Cerebral Cortex – All – Feelings Of Emotion – Are – Complex – Variations – On – Primordial Feelings

~ CM-BW-SCTM-WBAA-SP-TTMM-MAFBQRL ~ Conscious Minds – Begin When – Self Comes To Mind – When Brains Add A – Self Process – To The Mind Mix – Modestly At First But Quite Robustly Later

~ T-S-IBIDSGOT-P-TFSITGO-PF-TEFOETSSFTP-NIT-CS-TCSIAA-S-AARBTOATO-TCSUIASOITDAOETPAMTP-IIPF-F-TIT-AS-TSIDITOBKPTTPAWATAF ~ The – Self – Is Built In Distinct Steps Grounded On The – Protoself – The First Step Is The Generation Of – Primordial Feelings – The Elementary Feelings Of Existence That Spring Spontaneously From The Protoself – Next Is The – Core Self – The Core Self Is About Action – Specifically – About A Relationship Between The Organism And The Object – The Core Self Unfolds In A Sequence Of Images That Describe An Object Engaging The Protoself And Modifying That Protoself – Including Its Primordial Feelings – Finally – There Is The – Autobiographical Self – This Self Is Defined In Terms Of Biographical Knowledge Pertaining To The Past As Well As The Anticipate Future

~ NSM ECITB-NS-D/R/F/T-MAN ~ No Single Mechanism Explains Consciousness In The Brain – No Single – Device / Region / Feature / Trick – Many Are Needed

~ BV-NGAC-STS-ETHIO-VM-VC-B-BVHTSOAP ~ Biological Value – Naturally Guides And Colors – So To Speak – Everything That Happens Inside Our – Very Minded – Very Conscious – Brains – Biological Value Has The Status Of A Principle

~ IB-T-CM-EWTHO-LR-H ~ In Brief – The – Conscious Mind – Emerges Within The History Of – Life Regulation – Homeostasis

~ OMG-CD-LTCITG ~ Over Multiple Generations – Cultural Developments – Lead To Changes In The Genome

~ CCIBBO-BV-AACTME-VM ~ Consciousness Came Into Being Because Of – Biological Value – As A Contributor To More Effective – Value Management

~ TNT-HUCMTA-UMP-IHN-NP-TARTML-CEWTCP ~ The Notion That – Hidden Underneath Conscious Minds There Are – Unconscious Mind Processes – Is Hardly News – Nonconscious Processes – That Are Relevant To Maintaining Life – Can Exist Without Their Conscious Partners

~ NLM-CTBFAAIO-CM ~ Nonconscious Life Management – Constitutes The Blueprint For Attitudes And Intentions Of – Conscious Minds

~ N-AU-TEFD-TNATP-ES-COCTSOOC-NDNIES-B-NUTSTIOC-N-ON-EC -AMF-CTSOOC-TVSOTATCARB ~ Neurons – Are Unique – The Essential Functional Difference – The Neuron’s Ability To Produce – Electrochemical Signals – Capable Of Changing The State Of Other Cells – Neurons Did Not Invent Electrical Signals – But – Neurons Use Their Signals To Influence Other Cells – Namely – Other Neurons – Endocrine Cells – And – Muscle Fiber – Changing The State Of Other Cells – The Very Source Of The Activity That Constitutes And Regulates Behavior

~ TDB-ROTB ~ The Deep Body-Relatedness Of The Brain

~ L-RTTBMACOPRAACFLDOCIIDI-TMRIKA-H-A-TPOATBSIC-H-HBU-W-C-M-O-B ~ Life – Requires That The Body Maintain A Collection Of Parameter Ranges At All Costs For Literally Dozens Of Components In Its Dynamic Interior – The Magic Range Is Known As – Homeostatic – And – The Process Of Achieving This Balanced State Is Called – Homeostasis – Homeostasis Began Unknowingly – Without – Consciousness – Mind – Or – Brain

~ THR:OR-ETITCM-A-PF;DR-A-N-S-POEPF ~ The Homeostatic Range: Optimal Ranges – Express Themselves In The Conscious Mind – As – Pleasurable Feelings; Dangerous Ranges – As – Not-So-Pleasant Or Even Painful Feelings

~ C-HIAAATBTCNSTTPOLAS ~ Consciousness – Has Improved Adaptability And Allowed The Beneficiaries To Create Novel Solutions To The Problems Of Life And Survival

~ CEHTRTLOLRBMOACOCI-EE-RB-SC-ER-L-A-S-T ~ Consciousness Enabled Humans To Repeat The Leitmotif Of Life Regulation By Means Of A Collection Of Cultural Instruments – Economic Exchange – Religious Beliefs – Social Conventions – Ethical Rules – Laws – Arts – Science – Technology

~ TDFOBSATOWO-ITUATCM ~ The Distinctive Feature Of Brains Such As The One We Own – Is Their Uncanny Ability To Create Maps

~ T-LB-IT-CL-LR-IT-NATM-BM-IT-E-TE-TTP-LR-I-MR-A-EI-CMR ~ The – Living Body – Is The – Central Locus – Life Regulation – Is The – Need And The Motivation – Brain Mapping – Is The – Enabler – The Engine – That Transforms Plain – Life Regulation – Into – Minded Regulation – And – Eventually Into – Consciously Minded Regulation

~ OMAP-ITFSOTT-B-OPHAB-PFMIAM-AOTTO-WPBE-RTBPR ~ Our Memories Are Prejudiced – In The Full Sense Of The Term – By – Our Past History And Beliefs – Perfectly Faithful Memory Is A Myth – Applicable Only To Trivial Objects – We Perceive By Engagement – Rather Than By Passive Receptivity

~ TSIIAMF ~ The Self Is Indeed A Movable Feast

~ WDCP-OPA-G/O/O-IOTB-A-OTOW-ITOTON-ITLO-ELM-A-CIT-COS ~ Why Did Consciousness Prevail – One Possible Answer – Generating / Orienting / Organizing – Images Of The Body – And – Of The Outside World – In Terms Of The Organism’s Needs – Increased The Likelihood Of – Efficient Life Management – And – Consequently Improved The – Chances Of Survival

~ ECATPOKATOEAAISTSA-OC-KDNJOTCADOEI-B-OTSIIR-KC-TSOE-WA-UIO ~ Eventually Consciousness Added The Possibility Of Knowing About The Organism’s Existence And About Its Struggles To Stay Alive – Of Course – Knowing Depended Not Just On The Creation And Display Of Explicit Images – But – On Their Storage In Implicit Records – Knowing Connected – The Struggles Of Existence – With A – Unified Identifiable Organism

~ TAS ~ The Autobiographical Self

~ TAF-RAFITHOL-DOHMTCTTSOL-C-C-S-A-C-IHF-ISTBHTS ~ Traits And Functions – Rise And Fall In The History Of Life – Depending On How Much They Contribute To The Success Of Living – Consciousness – Came – Saw – And – Conquered – It Has Flourished – It Seems To Be Here To Stay

~ TPO-CD-ASLBALAO-NB-SBS-SCA-WTWAIC-B-OAN ~ The Products Of – Conscious Deliberation – Are Significantly Limited By A Large Array Of – Nonconscious Biases – Some Biologically Set – Some Culturally Acquired – We Think We Are In Control – But – Often Are Not

~ BACATI ~ Biology And Culture Are Thoroughly Interactive

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ THE WHITE-COLLAR UNEMPLOYED ~ BAIT AND SWITCH ~ 2005

~ O-W-C-OG-D/L/T/CP-HDBACOS-AAS-FT-T-PS-UITETW-W-P-TEOSBTTO-BUBT-FOL-SOATFPAB-U-TDTA-AAA-E ~ Other – White-Collar – Occupational Groups – Doctors / Lawyers / Teachers / College Professors – Have Done Better At Carving Out Some – Autonomy And Security – For Themselves – Their – Principle Strategy – Undertaken In The Early Twentieth Century – Was – Professionalization – The Erection Of Steep Barriers To The Occupation – Backed Up By The – Force Of Law – Some Occupations Added The Further Protection Afforded By – Unions – To Defend Themselves Against – Arbitrary And Autocratic – Employers

~ TFO-W-CW-T-BT-A-D-TJ-A-TPA-IUATT-I-O-TA-UFIT-MC-OOC ~ The Failure Of – White-Collar Corporate Workers – To – Band Together – And – Defend – Their Jobs – And – Their Professional Autonomy – Is Usually Attributed To Their – Individualism – Or – To An – Unwarranted Faith In The – Meritocratic Claims – Of Our Culture

~WSTW-CWA-A-LTSV-I-TRTTI-AAU-W-TE ~ What Sets The White-Collar Workers Apart – And – Leaves Them So Vulnerable – Is – The Requirement That They Identify – Absolutely And Unreservedly – With – Their Employers

~ TW-CF-IETE-TF-TTCOOT-‘C-S’ ~ The – White-Collar Functionary – Is Expected To Express – Total Fealty – To The Current Occupants Of The – “C-Suites”

~ TCEOMBAF;TCBMBBC-A-SYARTSUAWTSQ-U-ATLNOL-OW-CWS-TLINRR ~ The CEO May Be A Fool; The Company’s Behavior May Be Borderline Criminal – And – Still You Are Required To Serve Unstintingly And Without The Slightest Question – Unfortunately – As The Large Numbers Of Laid-Off White-Collar Workers Show – This Loyalty Is Not Reliably Reciprocated

~ NGIBS-O-P-BM-TL-TDOTMC-T-TU-ATTC-RTCI-A-BTAAA-PF ~ No Group Is Better Situated – Or – Perhaps – Better Motivated – To Lead – The Defense Of The Middle Class – Than – The Unemployed – Assuming That They Could – Recognize Their Common Interests – And – Begin To Act As A – Political Force

~ T-W-CU-TPW-‘PBTR’-DER-A-SEUIR ~ The – White-Collar Unemployed – The People Who – “Played By The Rules” – Did Everything Right – And – Still Ended Up In Ruin

~ C:TCTCTAWFC-EITFOOO ~ Courage: The Courage To Come Together And Work For Change – Even In The Face Of Overwhelming Odds

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ BAIT AND SWITCH ~ 2005

~ SWTEDO-2001-THBARIUAHCAEP ~ Starting With The Economic Downturn Of – 2001 – There Has Been A Rise In Unemployment Among Highly Credentialed And Experienced People

~ TEMBLU-TCMBRIC-A-STLC-LAPFONS-WOTTASAWATM-TPWPHBUVE:D/R-S/S-S/R/D-L ~ The Economy May Be Looking Up – The Company May Be Raking In Cash – And – Still The Layoffs Continue – Like A Perverse Form Of Natural Selection – Weeding Out The Talented And Successful As Well As The Mediocre – This Perpetual Winnowing Process Has Been Institutionalized Under Various Euphemisms: Downsizing / Right-Sizing / Smart-Sizing / Restructuring / De-Layering

~ H-L-EAP-T-OFTSPDOTTAL-PWEWMWTJIOTMEM ~ High-Level – Executives And Professionals – Today – Often Face The Same Punishing Demands On Their Time As Lower-Paid Wage Earners Who Must Work Two Jobs In Order To Make Ends Meet

~ MP-F-DHTDE-N-FTSFJAAATWOAWARR ~ Many People – From – Displaced Homemakers To Downsized Executives – Now – Find Themselves Searching For Jobs At An Age That Was Once Associated With A Restful Retirement

~ ‘CC’-YCDYAC-WAC-NATARALOYS ~ “Career Coaches” – You Can Declare Yourself A Coach – Without Any Credentials – Nor Are There Any Regulatory Agencies Looking Over Your Shoulder – Which Means That

~ IATTOM-AA-‘B’-O-ALA-P ~ I Am To Think Of Myself – As A – “Brand” – Or – At Least A – Product

~ ‘ES’-AT-TF-F-SS-A ~ “Elevator Speech” – A Thirty- To Forty-Five-Second – Self-Advertisement

~ A-POU-IALT-DOCR ~ A – Period Of Unemployment – Is Also Likely To – Damage One’s Credit Rating

~ E-ETLO-NLBTRRAA-TSTWCPSFT-DK ~ Employers – Especially The Large Ones – No Longer Bother To Read Resumes At All – They Scan Them With Computer Programs Searching For The – Desired Keywords

~ TW-CWSTCOTG:TWCFWAA-A-TWAEIJWTWMMTTWT ~ The White-Collar Workforce Seems To Consist Of Two Groups: Those Who Can’t Find Work At All – And – Those Who Are Employed In Jobs Where They Work Much More Than They Want To

~ TIOT-‘WA’-APA-‘A’-O-‘F’-DOWAWSYGW-PR-W-LONAOYPR ~ The Importance Of The – “Winning Attitude” – A Positive Attitude – “Attracts” – Or – “Fulfills” – Depending On Which Author’s Weird Science You Go With – Positive Results – With – Little Or No Action On Your Part Required

~ DM-BCM-C-TLTDTOOTJ-B-‘V’-A-AL-RF? ~ Did My – Boot-Camp Mates – Cause – The Layoffs That Drove Them Out Of Their Jobs – By – “Vibrating” – At – A Layoff-Related Frequency?

~ IS-IC-TT-PWHRSKOPN-TTPI-EOTOM-B-FTPOVOTE-‘W’-TWOPAH-PJ-TVT-OFDEOO-MBRC-IETWSITMFT-WITCOTL-INTWTNC-ITM-IY-NNTT-BT-TWFASE-O-AMH-FCE-O-TBTAA-WAOOE ~ It Seems – Inexcusably Cruel – To Tell – People Who Have Reached Some Kind Of Personal Nadir – That Their Problem Is – Entirely Of Their Own Making – But – From The Point Of View Of The Economic – “Winners” – Those Who Occupy Powerful And High-Paying Jobs – The View That – One’s Fate Depends Entirely On Oneself – Must Be Remarkably Convenient – It Explains The Winners’ Success In The Most Flattering Terms – While Invalidating The Complaints Of The Losers – It’s Not The World That Needs Changing – Is The Message – It’s You – No Need Then To – Band Together – To Work For A Saner Economy – Or – A More Human-Friendly Corporate Environment – Or – To Band Together At All – We Are Our Own Enemies

~ ‘JC’-O-MA-JL-HBI-STIAL ~ “Job Change” – Or – More Accurately – Job Loss – Has Become Inevitable – Several Times In A Lifetime

~ TIITPA-A-HMOTU-MC ~ The Idea Is To Pass As – A – Hereditary Member Of The Upper-Middle Class

~ JS101:AES/APR/N-N-N ~ Job Search 101: An Elevator Speech / A Polished Resume / Network – Network – Network

~ TONW-“IWHATS’-O-S-“ISUATF’-B-ALOO-IRE-WHOTBLO-A-TRTPUAFDJO-RMSFOE ~ The Old Narrative Was – “I Worked Hard And Therefore Succeeded” – Or – Sometimes – “I Screwed Up And Therefore Failed” – But – A Life Of Only – Intermittently Rewarded Effort – Working Hard Only To Be Laid Off – And – Then Repeating The Process Until Aging Forecloses Decent Job Offers – Requires More Strenuous Forms Of Explanation

~ MTWPOA-CE-WIT-AUR-F-W-CE-ITITYTSSAKYEO ~ Maybe The Whole Point Of A – College Education – Which Is The – Almost Universal Requirement – For – White-Collar Employment – Is That It Trains You To Sit Still And Keep Your Eyes Open

~ WADF-R/W/S/L-NF-SUDAD ~ We Are Designed For – Running / Walking / Squatting / Lounging – Not For – Sitting Upright Day After Day

~ A-G-OAK-FAP-CR/CFAEP/RFAI-EC-IU-IYHSEMOYLMMFSE-YCFAGAJ ~ A – Gap – Of Any Kind – For Any Purpose – Child Raising / Caring For An Elderly Parent / Recovering From An Illness / Even Consulting – Is Unforgivable – If You Haven’t Spent Every Moment Of Your Life Making Money For Somebody Else – You Can Forget About Getting A Job

~ TFIOOCI-Y-POTD-Y-YAS-B-TDRSSIYF ~ The Feeling Is One Of Complete Invisibility – You – Pound On The Door – You – Yell And Scream – But – The Door Remains Sealed Shut In Your Face

~ IIM-R-T-CMTD-O-SAM-PA? ~ Is It My – Resume – That – Consigns Me To Darkness – Or – Something About My – Physical Appearance?

~ S-OYFIT-L-W-S-J-T-TAGCTYWRT-AUTFAMSAPW ~ So – Once You Fall Into The – Low-Wage – Survival-Job – Trap – There’s A Good Chance That You Will Remain There – An Unwilling Transplant From A More Spacious And Promising World

~ IASW-WIMEBIAP-DM-CASO-F/R/S ~ In A Society Where – Worth Is Measured Entirely By Income And Position – Downward Mobility – Carries A Sense Of – Failure / Rejection / Shame

~ HW-WB-RW-MCAS-THNBTOTWC-MOWTAAWIWTER-A-N-IIIUOT-EM-C-TSTCB ~ Hard Work – Will Be – Rewarded With – Material Comfort And Security – This Has Never Been True Of The Working Class – Most Of Which Toils Away At Wages Incommensurate With The Effort Required – And – Now – It Is Increasingly Untrue Of The – Educated Middle-Class – That Stocks Our Corporate Bureaucracies

~ SHHTCDITVSCTHUT ~ Something Has Happened That Cuts Deep Into The Very Social Contract That Holds Us Together

~ T-‘TI’-WIM-NE-T-U-AT-PE-CGT-TECBSFA-W-RD-LPTSKOA-NSDOAO-APSCATEAICGIS-‘ALIKTIANA’-WACR-B-HLCWO!-TAQ-WWILGWIGTCSM?-I-COBICBA ~ The – “Transition Industry” – With Its Many – Networking Events – The – Unemployed – And The – Precariously Employed – Can Get Together – Those Events Could Become Settings For A – Wide-Ranging Discussion – Leading Perhaps To Some Kind Of Action – No Such Discussion Or Action Occurs – Any Potentially Subversive Conversation About The Economy And Its Corporate Governance Is Suppressed – “At Least I Know That I Am Not Alone” – Was A Common Remark – But – How Little Connection Was Offered! – The Aching Question – Why Was I Let Go When I Gave The Company So Much? – Is – Cut Of Before It Can Be Asked

~ B-WDECTPJ-ALTITRGFE-C-TC/PS/LOR-EOCTCFOS-WAAT-TINOWTGJ ~ But – We Do Expect Corporations To Provide Jobs – At Least That Is The Rational Given For Every – Corporate – Tax Cut / Public Subsidy / Loosening Of Regulations – Elected Officials Coddle The Corporations For Our Sake – We Are Always Told – There Is No Other Way To Generate Jobs

~ ASP-TSWNLBATATWOTWHBE-NMHHTT-A-MAMWILTO-E-I-S ~ At Some Point – The Survivors Will No Longer Be Able To Absorb The Work Of Those Who Have Been Eliminated – No Matter How Hard They Try – As – More And More Work Is Left To The – Exhausted – Insecure – Survivors

~ EBPT ~ Empirically Baseless Personality Tests

~ IE-A-B-L-N-F-Z-B-WIEW-ACRW-AUTTTUTFAL-B-ATUH-PBC-A-STWMT-T-TTANFTTHBCOTHBOICAC-PTSA-W-TCEO-‘P’-A-‘A’ ~ I Expected – A – Brisk – Logical – Nonsense-Free – Zone – But – What I Encountered Was – A Culture Riven With – Assumptions Unrelated To Those That Underlie The Fact- And Logic-Based – Addicted To Untested Habits – Paralyzed By Conformity – And – Shot Through With Magical Thinking – Then – There’s The Almost Numerological Faith That Things Have Been Clarified Once They Have Been Organized Into Categories And Counted – Perhaps The Strangest Aspect – Was – The Constant Emphasis On – “Personality” – And – “Attitude”

SHERRY TURKLE ~ ALONE TOGETHER ~ 2011

~ WE-MFT-A-LFEO ~ We Expect – More From Technology – And – Less From Each Other

~ PAL-TNIS-B-IWA-AO-WMDOTROS ~ People Are Lonely – The Network Is Seductive – But – If We Are – Always On – We May Deny Ourselves The Rewards Of Solitude

~ FG-IN-GR-OCFGFBR ~ Feeling Good – Is No – Golden Rule – One Can Feel Good For Bad Reasons

~ WA-PP-NOT-NWWL-BT-LWWN ~ We Are – Psychologically Programmed – Not Only To – Nurture What We Love – But To – Love What We Nurture

~ AWDO-WMAO ~ As We Distribute Ourselves – We May Abandon Ourselves

~ B-IYS-T-F-F-HAD-I-A-OG-O-VW-TGTBSYN-A-TSYNIOWYFAF ~ But – If You’re Spending – Three – Four – Five – Hours A Day – In – An – Online Game – Or – Virtual World – There’s Got To Be Someplace You’re Not – And – That Someplace You’re Not Is Often With Your Family And Friends

~ NS-PRFLDWT-MFTVTTRW ~ Not Surprisingly – People Report Feeling Let Down When They – Move From The Virtual To The Real World

~ T-TUU-AIPT-FUU-CT-OPTGUMT ~ Technology – Ties Us Up – As It Promises To – Free Us Up – Connectivity Technologies – Once Promised To Give Us More Time

~ ADTEO-WIOORTSTMWD ~ A Danger To Even Ourselves – We Insist On Our Right To Send Text Messages While Driving

~ OBTVAVOOL-WTTTTHUFT-B-TMUBTE-A-EMISOR ~ Overwhelmed By The Volume And Velocity Of Our Lives – We Turn To Technology To Help Us Find Time – But – Technology Makes Us Busier Than Ever – And – Ever More In Search Of Retreat

~ TRTLOOEL-B-IIOUTLWWTL? ~ Technology Reshapes The Landscape Of Our Emotional Lives – But – Is It Offering Us The Lives We Want To Lead?

~ RWRARU;RWPARD ~ Relationships With Robots Are Ramping Up; Relationships With People Are Ramping Down

~ S-OETWMA-DISOHP? ~ So – Of Every Technology We Must Ask – Does It Serve Our Human Purposes?

~ IARMYLI-IIA? ~ If A Robot Makes You Love It – Is It Alive?

~ S-IMSNT-WAR-‘S’-IYHI ~ Soon – It May Seem Natural To – Watch A Robot – “Suffer” – If You Hurt It

~ DOAR-PIA-RF-B-WOBAT-‘C’-WD-LWP-MSO ~ Dependence On A Robot – Presents Itself As – Risk Free – But – When One Becomes Accustomed To – “Companionship” – Without Demands – Life With People – May Seem Overwhelming

~ DOAPIR-IMUSTR-B-IAOUT-DKA ~ Dependence On A Person Is Risky – It Make Us Subject To Rejection – But – It Also Opens Us To – Deeply Knowing Another

~ RC-MSASW-B-ICUTA-CW-TLASAMTM ~ Robotic Companionship – May Seem A Sweet Deal – But – It Consigns Us To A – Closed World – The Lovable As Safe And Made To Measure

~ DWHPFTJ? ~ Don’t We Have People For These Jobs?

~ FIVB-AI-HWITSB-AMVOP-A-AP-ES-VOM ~ From Its Very Beginnings – Artificial Intelligence – Has Worked In This Space Between – A Mechanical View Of People – And – A Psychological – Even Spiritual – View Of Machines

~ WARHOG-HOE-MUTTTRIIIU-WTH-WFAPFDC-WWITH ~ When A Robot Holds Our Gaze – Hardwiring Of Evolution – Makes Us Think That The Robot Is Interested In Us – When That Happens – We Feel A Possibility For Deeper Connection – We Want It To Happen

~ CM ~ Caring Machines

~ ‘C’-MTMW-TCOU-NTTW-CAU ~ “Caring” – Meant That Machines Would – Take Care Of Us – Not That They Would – Care About Us

~ ITEATB-UW-WSTDTJBR-IINDTWTTIOA-RO-ICAMA-D-CF-TSLLMTSW-TIOA-RB-BLT ~ If The Elderly Are Tended By – Underpaid Workers – Who Seem To Do Their Jobs By Rote – It Is Not Difficult To Warm To The Idea Of A – Robot Orderly – If Children Are Minded At – Day-Care Facilities – That Seem Like Little More Than Safe Warehouses – The Idea Of A – Robot Babysitter – Becomes Less Troubling

~ AO ~ Always On

~ OWROFTF-O-P/M/U-L-A-B-R-A-NL-DT-WBLWT-GOTATAC ~ Once We Remove Ourselves From The Flow – Of – Physical / Messy / Untidy – Life – And – Both – Robotics – And – Networked Life – Do That – We Become Less Willing To – Get Out There And Take A Chance

~ TNSOTS:TAMA ~ The New State Of The Self: Tethered And Marked Absent

~ WHMF-M-T-T-M-L ~ We Have Moved From – Multi-Tasking – To – Multi-Lifing

~ O-F-T-F-C-ARIB-ICATM ~ Our – Face-To-Face Conversations – Are Routinely Interrupted By – Incoming Calls And Text Messages

~ IT-NE-TAFTIFOYTAAMPORTAT-HBCTTN ~ In The – New Etiquette – Turning Away From Those In Front Of You To Answer A Mobile Phone Or Respond To A Text – Has Become Close To The Norm

~ RF-DTBB-W/F/P/R-DB-A-TAU-E-ATT-WAQTCT-CPOAT-TKNRFTAHLITS ~ Rituals For – Demarcating The Boundaries Between – Work / Family / Play / Relaxation – Demarcations Blur – As – Technology Accompanies Us – Everywhere – All The Time – We Are Too Quick To Celebrate The – Continual Presence Of A Technology – That Knows No Respect For Traditional And Helpful Lines In The Sand

~ TSTTAPAAT-I-VTSIAO ~ The Self That Treats A Person As A Thing – Is – Vulnerable To Seeing Itself As One

~ GUT ~ Growing Up Tethered

~ IWCB-CIT-NTBCIT-DNSAPOAPBAATWTA-IBTN ~ If We Can Be – Continually In Touch – Needing To Be Continually In Touch – Does Not Seem A Problem Or A Pathology But An Accommodation To What Technology Affords – It Becomes The Norm

~ B-OC-TANF-THB-‘F’-T-MATDITW ~ But – Of Course – They Are Not Friends – They Have Been – “Friended” – That – Makes All The Difference In The World

~ IS-WDRTW-B-HTSTTOOT-B-IYPIAWY-SSCLSLH ~ In Solitude – We Don’t Reject The World – But – Have The Space To Think Our Own Thoughts – But – If Your Phone Is Always With You – Seeking Solitude Can Look Suspiciously Like Hiding

~ I-SC-WB-C-A-ICBHTRTAL-LOS-MFB-BTN-T-SBB ~ In – Simulation Culture – We Become – Cyborg – And – It Can Be Hard To Return To Anything Less – Life On The Screen – Moves From Being – Better Than Nothing – To – Simply Being Better

~ O-IBMDTTWMCFP-BWHTOTSLT-ATE-A-TEIIS-WWSLP-WAPLSWH-PTAI ~ Online – It Becomes More Difficult To Tell Which Messages Come From Programs – Because We Have Taught Ourselves To Sound Like Them – At The Extreme – And – The Extreme Is In Sight – When We Sound Like Programs – We Are Perhaps Less Shocked When They – Propose Themselves As Interlocutors

~ W-PCA-TANT-B-EITAT ~ When – People Create Avatars – They Are Not Themselves – But – Express Important Truths About Themselves

~ TCOS ~ The Cruelty Of Strangers

~ A-DNPUF-EI ~ Anonymity – Does Not Protect Us From – Emotional Investment

~ O-TFST-DSD-I-DTCTNA-T-SSAR ~ Often – The First Step Toward – Doing Something Different – Is – Developing The Capacity To Not Act – To – Stay Still And Reflect

~ HAS ~ Hide And Stalk

~ WP-TWY-PM-TH-CAC-WP-HYSNA-Y-HETD ~ When People – Tamper With Your – Physical Mail – They Have – Committed A Crime – When People – Hack Your Social-Networking Account – You – Have Explaining To Do

~ ES-BTFSN-TTSSTD-U-AMOC ~ Electronic Shadow – Begins To Feel So Natural – That The Shadow Seems To Disappear – Until – A Moment Of Crisis

~ A-OC-WAIIC-ECBTIAI ~ And – Of Course – When All Information Is Collected – Everyone Can Be Turned Into An Informer

~ WMOT-AT-IT-MASU ~ We Make Our Technologies – And They – In Turn – Make And Shape Us

~ TGUMAMO-WWTWW ~ Technology Gives Us More And More Of – What We Think We Want

~ WHI-IAET-AY-WHATTDU-WDB-WWROTIIWWD-HTKTB-WSHB ~ We Have Invented – Inspiring And Enhancing Technologies – And Yet – We Have Allowed Them To Diminish Us – We Deserve Better – When We Remind Ourselves That It Is We Who Decide – How To Keep Technology Busy – We Shall Have Better

GLYNNIS HOOD ~ THE BEAVER MANIFESTO ~ 2013

~ TBM ~ The Beaver Manifesto

~ TFT-BSE-I-NA-A-E-INSOAM ~ The Fact That – Beavers Still Exist – In – North America – And – Europe – Is Nothing Short Of A Miracle

~ IMP-AWWBIAWWWATLIS-IATWWCBHIAAA-THADABATC-TBOUAU-‘G’-S ~ In Most Places – A World Without Beavers Is A World Without Water And The Life It Supports – In A Time When Water Consumption By Humans Is At An All-Time High And Droughts Are Becoming All Too Common – The Beaver Offers Us An Undeniably – “Green” – Solution

~ SMSADTTBBAWPWT ~ So Many Species Are Drawn To The Beaver’s Benefits And Would Perish Without Them

~ MOOELWBTB-EDITHOOC-WASPOAWTHTC ~ Much Of Our Ecological Landscape Was Born Through Beavers – Even Deep In The Heart Of Our Cities – We Are Still Part Of A World They Helped To Create

~ B-1900-BW-AE-I-NA ~ By – 1900 – Beavers Were – Almost Extinct – In – North America

~ O-4.7M-BP-AATAHOBB-1769-1868-TFDNITGNOPTDNMTGAWD ~ Over – 4.7 Million – Beaver Pelts – Arrived At The Auction Houses Of Britain Between – 1769 – 1868 – These Figures Do Not Include The Great Numbers Of Pelts That Did Not Make The Grade And Were Discarded

~ ROPCWH-ROB-HBUTREDL ~ Regardless Of Potential Conflicts With Humans – Reintroductions Of Beavers – Have Been Used To Restore Ecologically Damaged Landscapes

~ IMS-IIATT-SSTBAAP-A-MA-APTNUTAWCATCECIB ~ In Many Situations – It Is Also Time To – Stop Seeing The Beaver As A Pest – And – More As – A Pilot To Navigate Us Through A Warming Climate And The Complex Ecological Challenges It Brings

~ TBP-BA-T-F-W-A-ES-DT-DO2002-WI ~ The Benefit Of – Beaver Activity – To – Farmers – Wildlife – And – Ecological Systems – During The – Drought Of 2002 – Were Immeasurable

~ TDB-BAH-A-BAP-HBAMITNAPFC ~ This Dichotomy Between – Beaver As Hero – And – Beaver As Pest – Has Been A Mainstay In The North American Psyche For Centuries

~ B-C-OTTT:T-A-WTC ~ But – Creativity – Often Takes Two Things: Time – And – Willingness To Change

~ TC-‘TITOTTW-W-NN-HBTFR ~ The Comment – “This Is The Only Thing That Works” – When – Nothing New – Had Been Tried For – Years

~ IOBWYLEI ~ Innovation Often Begins When You Least Expect It

~ WWTC-EWW-B-WWITB-W-BW-MLO-LO ~ We Want To Co-Exist With Wildlife – But – We Want It To Be – Well-Behaved Wildlife – Much Like Our – Lawn Ornaments

~ T-SF-HLRTPOT-SAB-OTP-WOMOOCFT-PI-N ~ Today – Synthetic Fabrics – Have Largely Replaced The Products Of The – Silkworm And Beaver – Of The Past – We Obtain Many Of Our Clothes From The – Petrochemical Industry – Now

~ TAOSFB/HCB-A-TT-TAP-TASRI-TI-EW ~ There Are Other Solutions For Beaver/Human Conflicts – But – Again – They Take – Time And Patience – That Are So Rare In – Today’s Instant-Everything World

~ IISAAWTNTSHASABMLABLBIAE ~ It Is Society As A Whole That Needs To See How Animals Such As Beavers Modify Landscapes And Bring Life Back Into Arid Environments

~ WANFASWWCEHTDWMFASD ~ We Are Now Facing A Scenario Where We Could Easily Have To Deal With More Frequent And Severe Droughts

~ ATGD-TRTFWBAFOTFS ~ As The Glaciers Diminish – The Rivers They Feed Will Become A Fraction Of Their Former Size

~ WWNMT-ACOB-TSWITCDTPOARWC-B-ISWBABTKTA ~ We Will Need More Than – A Colony Of Beavers – To Stop What Is To Come During This Period Of A Rapidly Warming Climate – But – It Sure Would Be A Benefit To Keep Them Around

~ BKHTKWA-IIALET-ED-DS-A-TTR-WABDFF ~ Beavers Know How To Keep Water Around – It Is A Lot Easier Than – Excavating Dugouts – Damning Streams – And – Trying To Replicate – What A Beaver Does For Free

~ EITLAGO-TMBE ~ Even If The Laws Are Good Ones – They Must Be Enforced

~ GCWATLTW-B-ITINC-T-PPATFLTET-TAJ-WWI ~ Governments Can Write All The Legislation They Want – But – If There Is No Commitment – To – Providing People At The Field Level To Enforce Them – They Are Just – Words Without Intent

~ CA-NP-FOO-CATR-TOO-L-O-NH-WTT ~ Changing A – National Psyche – From One Of – Complete Access To Resources – To One Of – Limited – Or – No Harvest – Would Take Time

~ B-GW-A-OOWR-PNCF-TC-WW-RTTC-A-TTIT-RTBS ~ But – Global Warming – And – Overexploitation Of Water Resources – Pose New Challenges For – The Commons – Whether We – Rise To These Challenges – And – Turn Tragedy Into Triumph – Remains To Be Seen

~ ANHATWMMS ~ A More Holistic Approach To Wildlife Management Makes Sense

~ TLONAAEEWTB-A-WITEGA-BRTHTPBTTVOOL-WTPACTCAM-TLOTLDU ~ The Landscapes Of North America And Europe Evolved With The Beaver – And – Without It Their Ecology Goes Awry – Beavers Represent The Heart That Pumps Blood Through The Veins Of Our Landscape – Without The Ponds And Channels They Create And Maintain – The Lifeblood Of The Land Dries Up

~ DCOOOROAGS-WSSOWIEARTWP ~ Despite Centuries Of Overexploitation Of Resources On A Global Scale – We Still Stumble Our Way Into Ecosystems And Remove The Working Parts

~ TBHSTTUASABAPMOOEC ~ The Beaver Has Something To Teach Us About Survival And Becoming A Productive Member Of Our Ecological Community

~ WWSAPIASPC-WRCIWTLTWCTMAETMAPPBTI ~ When We See A Product In A Shiny Plastic Case – We Rarely Connect It With The Land That Was Cleared To Mine And Extract The Minerals And Petroleum Products Behind That Innovation

~ WAIRFTVETOUEWNTS ~ We Are Increasingly Removed From The Very Environment That Offers Us Everything We Need To Survive

~ BDD ~ Beaver Deficit Disorder

~ WWTTTTLFOSDOOOAAWTSOWATRWUIANL ~ Whether We Take The Time To Learn From Other Species Depends On Our Own Adaptability And Willingness To See Our World And The Resources Within Us In A New Light

WILLIAM LOGAN ~ AIR ~ 2012

~ TACBO-ICBC-ICBC-IHNBOB-ICTFOCATDOP ~ The Air Cannot Be Owned – It Cannot Be Controlled – It Cannot Be Contained – It Has No Borders Or Boundaries – It Changes The Fate Of Creatures And The Destiny Of Peoples

~ TAIEMIASG-TINOPWTPTHTLOI-A-P-TINOPAAATHSA ~ The Air In Every Moment Is A Special Gift – There Is No Other Planet Within Twenty Parsecs That Has The Like Of It – And – Perhaps – There Is No Other Place Anywhere At All That Has Such Air

~ TORTTWINAI-TD-ITTFRTTTE-WBTSOFIANADED ~ The Only Reason That The World Is Not Awash In – The Dead – Is That The Fungi Return Them To The Earth – We Breathe The Spores Of Fungi In And Out All Day Every Day

~ T-BF-T-TF-A-TG-GAS-AABO-W-PP ~ The – Boreal Forests – The – Temperate Forests – And – The Great – Grasslands And Savannahs – Are All Based On – Wind-Pollinated Plants

~ ITIE-NBNF-HBTPSO-AC-TDTLAOO-R-P-SETLITUOLAAITLTMOHCD ~ In The Industrial Era – Neither Bacteria Nor Fungi – Have Been The Primary Source Of – Airborne Contaminants – That Damage The Lungs And Other Organs – Rather – Particles – Small Enough To Lodge In The Upper Or Lower Airway And In The Lungs Themselves More Often Have Caused Disease

~ TF-S-PI-A-NTWBAN-A-TS-CDWTTDOOPALAAT-1920~ Toxic Fogs – Smog-Producing Inversions – And – Noondays That Were Black As Night – Alerted – The So-Called Developed World To The Dangers Of Outdoor Pollution As Long Ago As The – 1920s

~ MM-O-GOG ~ Mystery Materials – Often – Give Off Gas

~ T-OBOBF-IRF-AHMATRP ~ The – Open Burning Of Biomass Fuels – Is Responsible For – A Huge Mortality Among The Rural Poor

~ TPTRLITAATTSO ~ The Particles That Remain Longest In The Air Are Typically The Smallest Ones

~ IAD-WAM-TK-TD-TFOT-TOPTBTCW-TAWABIIQ ~ In A Democracy – We Are Meant – To Know – To Debate – To Find Out Together – This Ought Particularity To Be The Case When – The Air We All Breathe Is In Question

~ W-ROS-F-IISJWTCD-R-IIASOWWA-TD-TL-TS-A-TMOTHRFTSOTE-AOTPACBTGN-‘A’-TI-TDIA ~ When – Rain Or Snow – Falls – It Is Seldom Just Water That Comes Down – Rather – It Is A Solution Of Water With All – The Dusts – The Liquids – The Smokes – And – The Microscopic Organisms That Have Risen From The Surface Of The Earth – All Of These Particles Are Called By The General Name – “Aerosols” – That Is – Things Dissolved In Air

~ DOF-EB-RC-A-FC ~ Droplets Of Fat – Emitted By – Restaurant Chimneys – And – Food Carts

~ GT ~ Ground Truth

~ TTOTAOBUWWDNE ~ The Theater Of The Air Often Brings Us What We Do Not Expect

~ B-CA-A-APCORD ~ Black-Carbon Aerosols – Are – A Principal Cause Of Respiratory Disease

~ APWNPGW-ASTFTAWAHBP-TARA-IAPP ~ Aerosol Pollution Will Never Prevent Greenhouse Warming – Although Schemes To Fill The Air With Aerosols Have Been Proposed – They Are Regarded As – Ineffective And Possibly Poisonous

~ WWTTAAAD-JAWHTTD-TITOGDNJGA ~ When We Treat The Air As A Dump – Just As We Have Treated The Dirt – The Invisible Tides Of Garbage Do Not Just Go Away

~ TWIAIP-SASTTCTEART-SCBEBO-SAIFBPTATP-ADOT-PM-O-COGOC-TTA-F-STR-T-EOS-IBFTMCFOCATL-ATKOL ~ The World Is Awash In Perfumes – Some Are Specific To The Creature That Emits And Receives Them – Some Can Be Eavesdropped By Others – Some Are Intentionally Faked By Predators To Attract Their Prey – All Depend On The – Physical Movement – Of – Chemicals Or Group Of Chemicals– Through The Air – From – Sender To Receiver – This – Exchange Of Signals – Is By Far The Most Common Form Of Communication Among The Living – All The Kingdoms Of Life

~ MCMTTTWFCBFSTTFCFIT ~ Many Creatures Mark The TraIl To Where Food Can Be Found So That Their Friends Can Find It Too

~ WEA-COASESA ~ When Enemies Appear – Creatures Of All Sizes Emit Scented Alarms

~ TTOTAOBUWWDNE ~ The Theater Of The Air Often Brings Us What We Do Not Expect

~ ASRTT:BAAL ~ A Song Requires Two Things: Breath And A Listener

~ NCBSWE ~ Nothing Can Be Said Without Exhaling

~ MST-ICIUTTA-B-ITUOOO ~ Music Stops Thought – It Comes Into Us Through The Air – But – It Takes Us Out Of Ourselves

~ BTAPIAH-IYCBT-YCLT ~ Breath Turns A Place Into A Habitat – If You Can Breathe There – You Can Live There

~ BRAE-IRA-IAO-A-IR-GAT-ABOACAAM-IWAI-EIE-W-O-FB-IAO-A-RTTOBTPOIE ~ Breath Requires An Exchange – It Requires An – Inside And Outside – And – It Requires – Give-And-Take – A Breath Of Air Comes Across A Membrane – Interacts With An Inside – Exchanges Its Elements – With – Others – From Both – Inside And Outside – And – Returns To The Outside Bearing The Products Of Its Exchange

~ FTM ~ Fogging The Mirror

~ TAITKOTB ~ The Air Is The Kingdom Of Breath

~ ABC-O-N-CD-AWVOOC-DM-G-B-DS-PH-A-S ~ A Breath Contains – Oxygen – Nitrogen – Carbon Dioxide – A Wide Variety Of Other Compounds – Dust Motes – Pollen Grains – Bacteria – Dead Skin – Plant Hairs – And – Spores

~ TSILBOTA-TTFO-G-D-S-V-SAWMTS ~ The Sky Is Light Because Of The Air – The Thin Film Of – Gases – Dusts – Spores – Vapor – Sun And Weather Make The Sky