MARSHAL MCLUHAN ~ UNDERSTANDING MEDIA ~ 1964

~ ATGCATNHE ~ Any Technology Gradually Creates A Totally New Human Environment

~ EANPWBAP ~ Environments Are Not Passive Wrappings But Active Processes

~ TMITM-M-ITO-TEA-T-ATNEHBC-T-‘C’-OTNE-ITOMEOTIA ~ “The Medium Is The Message” – Means – In Terms Of – The Electronic Age – That – A Totally New Environment Has Been Created – The – “Content” – Of This New Environment – Is The Old Mechanized Environment Of The Industrial Age

~ ENT-RACAD-Y-TNOTIPIAAF ~ Each New Technology – Regarded As Corrupt And Degrading – Yet – The New One Turns Its Predecessor Into An Art Form

~ TPOTATAFSATD-BAGAM-HLBR-A-AR-AA-‘AEWS’-AIW-EUTDSAPTILOTTPTCWT ~ The Power Of The Arts To Anticipate Future Social And Technological Developments – By A Generation And More – Has Long Been Recognized – Art – As Radar – Acts As – “An Early Alarm System” – As It Were – Enabling Us To Discover Social And Psychic Targets In Lots Of Time To Prepare To Cope With Them

~ TMITM-TIMTST-TPASCOAM-TI-OAEOO-RFTNSTIIIOA-B-EEOO-O-BANT ~ The Medium Is The Message – This Is Merely To Say That – The Personal And Social Consequences Of Any Medium – That Is – Of Any Extension Of Ourselves – Result From The New Scale That Is Introduced Into Our Affairs – By – Each Extension Of Ourselves – Or – By Any New Technology

~ T-‘C’-OAMIAAM ~ The – “Content” – Of Any Medium Is Always Another Medium

~ WWAAC-H-H-AT-PASC-O-TDOPATAOAEP-FT-‘M’-O-AMOT-I-TCOSOPOPTIIIHA-IITMTSACTSAFOHAAA ~ What We Are Considering – Here – However – Are The – Psychic And Social Consequences – Of – The Designs Or Patterns As They Amplify Or Accelerate Existing Processes – For The – “Message” – Of – Any Medium Or Technology – Is – The Change Of Scale Or Pace Or Pattern That It Introduces Into Human Affairs – It Is The Medium That Shapes And Controls The Scale And Form Of Human Association And Action

~ TMISTM ~ The Medium Is Socially The Message

~ TOTFAAFN ~ That One Thing Follows Another Accounts For Nothing

~ TEOTDNOATLOOOC-B-ASR-O-POPSAWAR ~ The Effects Of Technology Do Not Occur At The Level Of Opinions Or Concepts – But – Alter Sense Ratios – Or – Patterns Of Perception Steadily And Without Any Resistance

~ M-ITIVOACPTOEOALP-WL-M-B-CTTFAOSP ~ Myth – Is The Instant Vision Of A Complex Process That Ordinarily Extends Over A Long Period – We Live – Mythically – But – Continue To Think Fragmentary And On Single Planes

~ CW-E-RT-M-I-ABCOOET ~ Concern With – Effect – Rather Than – Meaning – Is – A Basic Change Of Our Electric Time

~ ITTOMRTMEMTP? ~ Is The Threat Of Massive Retaliation The Most Effective Means To Peace?

~ TSOBUADCB ~ The Spectacle Of Brutality Used As Deterrent Can Brutalize

~ NITROAPT ~ Numbness Is The Result Of Any Prolonged Terror

~ TPOEVII ~ The Price Of Eternal Vigilance Is Indifference

~ AEILR-AAKOMWSAKONOF-FTIMAMITROSCAITSOP ~ As Electric Information Levels Rise – Almost Any Kind Of Material Will Serve Any Kind Of Need Or Function – Forcing The Intellectual More And More Into The Role Of Social Command And Into The Service Of Production

~ TGL:NAN ~ The Gadget Lover: Narcissus As Narcosis

~ AIOTAAEOS-AOOPB-A-SEADNRONEATOOAEOTB ~ Any Invention Or Technology Is An Extension Or Self-Amputation Of Our Physical Bodies – And – Such Extension Also Demands New Ratios Or New Equilibriums Among The Other Organs And Extensions Of The Body

~ WHTNOCNSWIIEAE-O-WWD-TTAOAAOEMIATAOTUAOA-B-IISTAOCOTU ~ We Have To Numb Our Central Nervous System When It Is Extended And Exposed – Or – We Will Die – Thus The Age Of Anxiety And Of Electric Media Is Also The Age Of The Unconscious And Of Apathy – But – It Is Strikingly The Age Of Consciousness Of The Unconscious

~ ITEA-WWAMAOS ~ In The Electric Age – We Wear All Mankind As Our Skin

~ OWH-SOSANS-TTPMOTWWTTBF-TALOOEAEAN-WDRHARL ~ Once We Have – Surrendered Our Senses And Nervous Systems – To The Private Manipulation Of Those Who Would Try To Benefit From – Taking A Lease On Our Eyes And Ears And Nerves – We Don’t Really Have Any Rights Left

~ WTTOATIPTIOD-WMWCFACT ~ When The Technology Of A Time Is Powerfully Thrusting In One Direction – Wisdom May Well Call For A Countervailing Thrust

~ TVSWEI-SASF-IOTH-S-H-IATSTTCOIAUOTS ~ The Very Success We Enjoy In – Specializing And Separating Functions – In Order To Have – Speedup – However – Is At The Same Time The Cause Of Inattention And Unawareness Of The Situation

~ AM-A-NRTEBVOTSKASOAC ~ All Media – Are – Natural Resources That Exist By Virtue Of The Shared Knowledge And Skill Of A Community

~ L-SD-A-NFOW-D-A-MATE ~ Labor-Saving Devices – Are – New Forms Of Work – Decentralized – And – Made Available To Everybody

~ TBRFAPATMFC ~ The Brothel Remains Firm And Permanent Amidst The Most Furious Changes

~ NCCPA ~ Nobody Can Commit Photography Alone

~ COCWSTCIMNWIBAOI ~ Control Over Change Would Seem To Consist In Moving Not With It But Ahead Of It

~ RN-I-BN-BNASOBNFS ~ Real News – Is – Bad News – Bad News About Someday Or Bad News For Somebody

~ AATH-IBOTIITCC-A-TSPAMITIM ~ As Automation Takes Hold – It Becomes Obvious That Information Is The Crucial Commodity – And – That Solid Products Are Merely Incidental To Information Movement

~ TGOPRAGDAT ~ The Games Of A People Reveal A Great Deal About Them

~ AITTEOEO-IBINIAITRTHSTTCBCAO ~ Any Innovation Threatens The Equilibrium Of Existing Organization – In Big Industry New Ideas Are Invited To Rear Their Heads So That They Can Be Clobbered At Once

~ WANMOHEO-ICANMFI-UAWAMF ~ Whenever Any New Medium Or Human Extension Occurs – It Creates A New Myth For Itself – Usually Associated With A Major Figure

~ TOESTM ~ The Organic Everywhere Supplants The Mechanical

~ DSTL ~ Dialogue Supersedes The Lecture

~ A-IAFFDABIAO ~ Acceleration – Is A Formula For Dissolution And Breakdown In Any Organization

~ RO-EAP-CBA-NB-TSOP-B-B-APOC ~ Restraints On – Electric Absolutist Power – Can Be Achieved – Not By – The Separation Of Powers – But – By – A Pluralism Of Centers

~ EWBRACDAMF ~ Education Will Become Recognized As Civil Defense Against Media Fallout

~ SONETINAEOOBBOOCNS-WNSAT-IL-AAMO-PE-AMO-SASI-A-ISAS-ATCPBRAW ~ Since Our New Electric Technology Is Not An Extension Of Our Bodes But Of Our Central Nervous Systems – We Now See All Technology – Including Language – As A Means Of – Processing Experience – A Means Of – Storing And Speeding Information – And – In Such A Situation – All Technology Can Plausibly Be Regarded As Weapons

~ T-FOW-CO-LAL-IT-AA ~ The – Future Of Work – Consists Of – Learning A Living – In The – Automation Age

HOWARD ZINN ~ A POWER GOVERNMENTS CANNOT SUPPRESS ~ 2007

~ TIABWIG-TPDOT-O-O-C-S-CS-JAWATAA ~ There Is A Basic Weakness In Governments – Their Power Depends On The Obedience – Of – Citizens – Soldiers – Civil Servants – Journalists – Writers – Teachers – Artists

~ IINATCTA-BIYDHNOBOAC-IIITIPWD ~ It Is Not Accurate To Call Them Accidents – Because If You Drop Huge Numbers Of Bombs On A City – It Is Inevitable That Innocent People Will Die

~ TLNAWTHBSL-IDOATIBAU-IIAMV ~ To Live Now As We Think Human Beings Should Live – In Defiance Of All That Is Bad Around Us – Is Itself A Marvelous Victory

~ W-OG-OM-A-OIOHL-SCEFRAIO-WHTRTSTMI ~ When – Our Government – Our Media – And – Our Institutions Of Higher Learning – Select Certain Events For Remembering And Ignore Others – We Have The Responsibility To Supply The Missing Information

~ HSWLOLIASTMBHMAMD? ~ How Shall We Live Our Lives In A Society That Makes Being Human More And More Difficult?

~ WMRTWCDOTGOTWTAW-BTATEITRBFW-T-W-TPOTW-MTUTC ~ We Must Recognize That We Cannot Depend On The Governments Of The World To Abolish War – Because They And The Economic Interests They Represent Benefit From War – Therefore – We – The People Of The World – Must Take Up The Challenge

~ WYLATHOW-YSH-WCEI ~ When You Look At The History Of Wars – You See How – War Corrupts Everyone Involved

~ TCTGP-A-TO-BOSC-B-WANBTHTC ~ The Committees That Give Prizes – Are – Too Often – Bereft Of Social Conscience – But – We Are Not Bound To Honor Their Choices

DANIEL LEVITIN ~ THE ORGANIZED MIND ~ 2014

~ TMI-TMD ~ Too Much Information – Too Many Decisions

~ AT-IAD-CWAC-DO ~ All This – Ignoring And Deciding – Comes With A Cost – Decision Overload

~ TD-MNIOBDP-WCHTSTTFTI-A-ATIPMUT-NALCWAM;TNOAGTS-A-WTBWH-E-WEF ~ The Decision-Making Network In Our Brain Doesn’t Prioritize – We Can Have Trouble Separating The Trivial From The Important – And – All This Information Processing Makes Us Tired – Neurons Are Living Cells With A Metabolism; They Need Oxygen And Glucose To Survive – And – When They’re Been Working Hard – We Experience Fatigue

~ T-PCOTCM-HBEA-120BPS-B-TSLFTTOIWCPCATAAOT-IOFSTBEAPOYE-YNTHPCATI ~ The – Processing Capacity Of The Conscious Mind – Has Been Estimated At – 120 Bits Per Second – Bandwidth – The Speed Limit For The Traffic Of Information We Can Pay Conscious Attention To At Any One Time – In Order For Something To Become Encoded As Part Of Your Experience – You Need To Have Paid Conscious Attention To It

~ A-ITMEMRFAO-IDWAOTEWDW-A-MOTT-VASP-MTCCAWGPTTOCA ~ Attention – Is The Most Essential Mental Resource For Any Organism – It Determines Which Aspects Of The Environment We Deal With – And – Most Of The Time – Various Automatic Subconscious Processes – Make The Correct Choice About What Gets Passed Through To Our Conscious Awareness

~ HSP ~ Highly Successful Persons

~ TBIAECD ~ The Brain Is An Exquisite Change Detector

~ A-IAL-CR-TADLTTNOTWCATAO ~ Attention – Is A Limited-Capacity Resource – There Are Definite Limits To The Number Of Things We Can Attend To At Once

~ WDKWWM-B-OBCCITTANIPATM-EITARIFOOE-IB ~ We Don’t Know What We’re Missing – Because – Our Brain Can Completely Ignore Things That Are Not Its Priority At The Moment – Even If They Are Right In Front Of Our Eyes – Inattentional Blindness

~ B-WASC-WAESB-F-PS-A-VA-O-ASE-OBFO-V-S-A-MT-D-B-SA ~ But – We Are Social Creatures – We Are Easily Swayed By – First-Person Stories – And – Vivid Accounts – Of – A Single Experience – Our Brains Focus On – Vivid – Social – Accounts – More Than – Dry – Boring – Statistical Accounts

~ OBTD-MS ~ Our Brains Take Decision-Making Shortcuts

~ AS-T-OWOA-IIAEPOB-O-E-A-P ~ Active Sorting – Triage – One Way Or Another – It Is An Essential Part Of Being – Organized – Efficient – And – Productive

~ WTWAOEGOAU-HLOTWWAP-ISOTOFTWGIA ~ We Think We’re Aware Of Everything Going On Around Us – How Little Of The World We Actually Perceive – In Spite Of The Overwhelming Feeling That We’re Getting It All

~ D-A-M-W-A-ANSOTB ~ Daydreaming – And – Mind-Wandering – Are – A Natural State Of The Brain

~ PA-AHAC-WWPATOT-WANTAAFSE ~ Paying Attention – Attention Has A Cost – When We Pay Attention To One Thing – We Are Necessarily Taking Attention Away From Something Else

~ WTTR-TMRI-WEOAL-B-NAWA-TFI ~ We Tend To Remember – The Most Recent Items – We Encountered On A List – But – Not As Well As – The First Item

~ OOT-BR-I-NLT-IT-R-O-TDP ~ One Of The – Big Rules – In – Not Losing Things – Is The – Rule – Of – The Designated Place

~ A-O-LTIFOBAITE;UTEITRYOWNTBD ~ Affordances – Off-Loading The Information From Our Brain And Into The Environment; Use The Environment Itself To Remind You Of What Needs To Be Done

~ TBIAECD-B-TBHTTTDC ~ The Brain Is An Exquisite Change Detector – But – The Brain Habituates To Things That Don’t Change

~ W-OP-FTRBTKATHOATTTGAPOS-TBAEP ~ When – Organized People – Find Themselves Running Between The Kitchen And The Home Office All The Time To Get A Pair Of Scissors – They Buy An Extra Pair

~ E-PD-O-CARDSS-WW ~ Either – Providing Duplicates – Or – Creating A Rigidly Defined Special Spot – Works Well

~ MCPFTTTBCPB-S-UAUTM ~ Many Creative People Find The Time To Be Creative Precisely Because – Systems – Unburdening And Uncluttering Their Minds

~ TFTOBAIGACCIAPLFOOL-WCCOHAWEISAWTTBEOOB-C-LTNOTOTTC ~ The Fact That Our Brains Are Inherently Good At Creating Categories Is A Powerful Lever For Organizing Our Lives – We Can Construct Our Home And Work Environments In Such A Way That They Become Extensions Of Our Brains – Categories – Limit The Number Of Types Of Things They Contain

~ MVTTYNR-A-HTTYD ~ Make Visible The Things You Need Regularly – And – Hide Things That You Don’t

~ T-H-DTRFUIWAAOWAPSL-OWTETHNSOMSITCDWSFTDKOWWD ~ The – Hippocampus – Does The Remembering For Us If We Associate An Object With A Particular Spatial Location – One Way To Exploit The Hippopotamus’s Natural Style Of Memory Storage Is To Create Different Work Spaces For The Different Kinds Of Work We Do

~ DSMT-FAC-TYRO-S ~ Don’t Spend More Time – Filing And Classifying – Than You’ll Reap On – Searching

~ ETWTWGALD-I-M-T-MUDLE ~ Even Though We Think We’re Getting A Lot Done – Ironically – Multi-Tasking – Makes Us Demonstrably Less Efficient

~ M-T-HBFTITPOTSHCAWATF-O-FHA-WCOYBACMFOST ~ Multi-Tasking – Has Been Found To Increase The Production Of The Stress Hormone Cortisol As Well As The Fight-Or-Flight Hormone Adrenaline – Which Can Overstimulate Your Brain And Cause Mental Fog Or Scrambled Thinking

~ ITOT-D-M-I-VHOYNR-A-LDATTUAMEABO-OOTFTWLI-IC-AM-LOID-WCEUM-TBDASI ~ It Turns Out That – Decision-Making – Is – Very Hard On Your Neural Resources – And – Little Decisions Appear To Take Up As Much Energy As Big Ones – One Of The First Things We Lose Is – Impulse Control – After Making – Lots Of Insignificant Decisions – We Can End Up Making – Truly Bad Decisions About Something Important

~ O-L-MF-ITPW-RTIYC-MW ~ Off-Load – Memory Functions – Into The Physical World – Rather Than Into Your Crowded – Mental World

~ TPOCE:WHTRWSI?-PIPWYWNI ~ The Principle Of Cognitive Efficiency: Why Have To Remember Where Something Is? – Put It Precisely Where You Will Need It

~ WNTB-PARS-BDTT-ROWB-ENAA-ATM-WMTKIR-A-STWF ~ We Need To Be – Proactive About Reducing Stress – By Doing Things That – Reset Our Working Brains – Experiencing Nature And Art – Allowing The Mind-Wandering Mode To Kick In Regularly – And – Spending Time With Friends

~ T-A-R-STTYM ~ Tickler – A – Reminder – Something That Tickles Your Memory

~ EM-CI-OP-TM ~ Externalizing Memory – Can Include – Other People – Transactive Memory

~ ALPOOOSWS-LAE-IIWWWFI ~ A Large Part Of Organizing Our Social World Successfully – Like Anything Else – Is Identifying What We Want From It

~ SMTA-UTITTBS ~ Spending More Time Alone – Under The Illusion That They’re Being Social

~ HTTBISOO ~ Humans Tend To Be Innately Suspicious Of Outsiders

~ OWHA-S-WTNT-RTS-WI-DA-N-D-E-A-‘E’ ~ Once We Have A – Stereotype – We Tend Not To – Reevaluate The Stereotype – We Instead – Discard Any – New – Disconfirming – Evidence – As – “Exceptions”

~ YMST-TFOTWD-AOT-O-AO-GB ~ You Might Say That – The Fate Of The World Depends – Among Other Things – On – Abolishing Out-Group Bias

~ IYH-SBYWTGD-BIUI-C-M/I/D-C-TNSATCOES ~ If You Have – Something Big You Want To Get Done – Break It Up Into – Chunks – Meaningful / Implementable / Doable – Chunks – There’s Neurochemical Satisfaction At The Completion Of Each Stage

~ PAD-RSPOTB ~ Planning And Doing – Require Separate Parts Of The Brain

~ D-TMUT-FTITM-WGIH-B-WDATDMO ~ Do – The Most Unpleasant Task – First Thing In The Morning – When Gumption Is Highest – Because – Willpower Depletes As The Day Moves On

~ RWADHGOOCIOOTGCOL ~ Realizing When A Diversion Has Gotten Out Of Control Is One Of The Great Challenges Of Life

~ DNSMTOADTIW ~ Do Not Spend More Time On A Decision Than It’s Worth

~ WTTORE ~ We Tend To Overweight Rare Events

~ WFBWWAUSCAAATEICWTC ~ We Function Best When We Are Under Some Constraints And Are Allowed To Exercise Individual Creativity Within Those Constraints

~ MSTAAOTIH-IICTEOUTRFVTIWE-TIAEI ~ More So Than At Any Other Time In History – It Is Crucial That Each Of Us Takes Responsibility For Verifying The Information We Encounter – Testing It And Evaluating It

ANDREAS WEIGEND ~ DATA FOR THE PEOPLE ~ 2017

~ TARL-TRTSPI-B-DCBUAU ~ There Are Real Life-Threatening Risks To Sharing Personal Information – Because – Data Can Be Used Against Us

~ TRIA-HTETTDCAATTUAWATT-A-TWHSSIHODAU ~ The Real Issues Are – How To Ensure That The Data Companies Are As Transparent To Us As We Are To Them – And – That We Have Some Say In How Our Data Are Used

~ TSDR ~ The Social Data Revolution

~ HCWETDAFTP? ~ How Can We Ensure That Data Are For The People?

~ SD-I-IAY-SA-Y-M-B-A-I-AWAIA-YRW-OP-P-P-E-I ~ Social Data – Is – Information About You – Such As – Your – Movements – Behavior – And – Interests – As Well As Information About – Your Relationships With – Other People – Places – Products – Even – Ideologies

~ OLSNB-D-B-D-TSB-E-B-D ~ Our Lives Should Not Be – Driven – By – Data – They Should Be – Empowered – By – Data

~ PFTP-PA ~ Principles For The Post-Privacy Age

~ B-T-IE-YAN-A ~ But – Transparency – Isn’t Enough – You Also Need – Agency

~ A-E-TROITAUTD-OAFL-A-I-GPTATCDTAUTT ~ Agency – Encompasses – The Right Of Individuals To Act Upon Their Data – On A Fundamental Level – Agency – Involves – Giving People The Ability To Create Data That Are Useful To Them

~ T-AWDCALADIE-ST-I-YATHSCODPAS-O-HCYPJ-WYGAWYG? ~ Transparency – About What Data Companies Are Learning And Doing Is Essential – So Too – Is – Your Ability To Have Some Control Over Data Products And Services – Otherwise – How Could You Possibly Judge – What You Give Against What You Get?

~ IIATCOP ~ Information Is At The Center Of Power

~ TWHMITOAASTB ~ Those Who Have More Information Than Others Almost Always Stand To Benefit

~ BDL ~ Becoming Data Literate

~ TBFPIT-SDR-WMSTOMO-P-‘C’-WTIWIPBU-A-EA-NM-TO-AC-COSD ~ To Be Full Participants In The – Social Data Revolution – We Must Shed The Old Mindset Of – Passive – “Consumers” – Who Take In Whatever Is Placed Before Us – And – Embrace A – New Mindset – That Of – Active Co-Creators Of Social Data

~ WCT-SDR-A-M-‘BB’-O-WCBDLADMWTITRSTTVWGFTIWWWGTT ~ We Can Treat – Social Data Refineries – As – Mysterious – “Black Boxes” – Or – We Can Become Data Literate And Demand Meaningful Ways To Influence The Refineries So That The Value We Get From Them Is Worth What We Give To Them

~ WYDW? ~ What’s Your Data Worth?

~ ASDACIMAOOL-WWIDODRTHUMSOTBDIL ~ As Social Data Are Created In More Areas Of Our Lives – We Will Increasingly Depend On Data Refineries To Help Us Make Some Of The Biggest Decisions In Life

~ IMC-TTMOTDWCEOWWCODTTDCBO ~ In Many Cases – The True Meaning Of The Data We Create Emerges Only When We’re Comparing Our Data To The Data Created By Others

~ OOTBSOBDLILWDA-P-I-O-I ~ One Of The Basic Skills Of Being Data Literate Is Learning What Data Are – Plausible – Implausible – Or – Impossible

~ ADAPTE ~ All Data Are Prone To Error

~ WAASWHTCWSDEWWTHR-A-WRWCT ~ We As A Society Will Have To Consider Which Social Data Experiments We Want To Have Run – And – Which Results We Can Trust

~ A-IN-TDSOD-TPDTWFTP-WN-TAA ~ Anonymity – Is Not – The Default Setting Of Democracy – To Put Data To Work For The People – We Need – Transparency And Agency

~ TEIAOSDCPUO-IWCDTHTAIOTABTTM?-WNTDMSTFETT-O ~ The Exponentially Increasing Amount Of Social Data Clearly Presents Unprecedented Opportunities – In Which Cases Does The Harm To An Individual Outweigh The Aggregate Benefit To The Masses? – We Need To Develop More Sophisticated Tools For Evaluating These Trade-Offs

~ TNSC ~ The New Social Capital

~ TMOSDE ~ The Ministry Of Social Data Engineering

~ AAFS-DR-OTGUASSTT-P-OAO ~ As A First Step – Data Refineries – Ought To Give Users A Simple Switch To Turn – Personalization – On And Off

~ MSOTSOS-WDIMTLIAWWEIR? ~ Making Sense Of The Sensorization Of Society – What Does It Mean To Live In A World Where Everything Is Recorded?

~ PH-TMF-A-LWUS-F-TIT-FOII-O-BR-IAW-TWATOOTI-S-TIT-FOD-O-OSD-WP-T-TITFOP-O-ORDASTD-AUAHTDMBAOUITF ~ People Have – Three Main Fears – About – Living With Ubiquitous Sensors – First – There Is The – Fear Of Information Imbalance – Of – Being Retrievable – In A Way – That Will Alter The Outcome Of The Interaction – Second – There Is The – Fear Of Dissemination – Of – Others Sharing Data – Without Permission – Third – There Is The Fear Of Permanence – Of – Others Recording Data And Saving The Data – An Uncertainty About How The Data Might Be Analyzed Or Used In The Future

~ CAD-TVOAE-I-WADO-SD-TGUR ~ Companies Are Discovering – The Value Of Analyzing Everything – Increasingly – We’ll All Depend On – Sensor Data – To Give Us Recommendations

~ C-ATO-S-TCPU-TUCOA-P/P/T ~ Cameras – Aren’t The Only – Sensor – That Can Pick Up – The Unique Characteristics Of A – Person / Place / Thing

~ RTASD-WINTBTBTTMOUATPHTPWMNEBATTMABI ~ Refineries That Analyze Sensor Data – Will Increasingly Need To Balance The Benefits To The Majority Of Users Against The Potential Harm To People Who May Not Even Be Aware That Their Movements Are Being Inferred

~ IRS-WIAFSITBB-PAS-AWAB-PAFS ~ Image Recognition Software – Will Involve A Fundamental Shift In The Balance Between – Privacy And Security – As Well As Between – Privacy And Free Speech

~ A-C-GVTTWCSFT ~ Algorithms – Can – Give Voice To Those Who Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ B-WCDA-SOR-WRTO-SD-TETFPO-TAA

~ But – We Can Demand A – Set Of Rights – With Respect To Our – Social Data – That Ensures The Fullest Potential Of – Transparency And Agency

~ STC-TFTP ~ Seeing The Controls – Transparency For The People

~ WHTDOTRTHUIAUTIOOD-TRTAYDSITATSYDIC-TOTMPCA-YP-A-YP ~ We Have To Depend On The Refineries To Help Us Interpret And Understand The Implications Of Our Data – The Right To Access Your Data Should Include The Ability To See Your Data In Context – Two Of The Most Powerful Contexts Are – Your Past – And – Your Peers

~ AT-RD-A-WATF-AC-A-I-I-M ~ Access To – Raw Data – Alone – Without Any Tools For – Analysis Comparison – And – Interpretation – Is – Meaningless

~ TRTIDR ~ The Right To Inspect Data Refineries

~ I-CO-AP-C-W-SRS ~ Increasingly – Cyber Operations – Are Providing – Criminals – With – Significant Revenue Streams

~ HCYDWARI-‘SE’-TSYDW? ~ How Can You Determine Whether A Refinery Is – “Secure Enough” – To Share Your Data With?

~ MSBS-NWA-SW-B-WA-HW-IAC-AE-WI-D-D-IT-O-STBTDATJ ~ Many Security Breaches Start – Not With A – Software Weakness – But – With A – Human Weakness – Inside A Company – An Employee – Who Is – Disgruntled – Disaffected – Inadequately Trained – Or – Simply Too Busy To Do A Thorough Job

~ AW-LAR-WMMAT-GP;TDWEAWLHBTURDAEOTR ~ As With – Laws And Regulations – What Matters Most Are The – Guiding Principles; The Details Will Evolve As We Learn How Best To Use Refined Data And Exercise Our Transparency Rights

~ TTC-AFTP ~ Taking The Control(S) – Agency For The People

~ IRCEWU-WSBATEWT ~ If Refineries Can Experiment With Us – We Should Be Able To Experiment With Them

~ ITM ~ Influencing The Machines

~ IAWAGT-TAR-B-TMITEHNEOODL ~ It’s All Well And Good To – Talk About Rights – But – They’re Meaningless If Their Existence Has No Effect On Our Daily Lives

~ WFBQATPAAUOD ~ We Face Big Questions About The Possible And Acceptable Uses Of Data

~ T-HIP-B-SD-ALOT ~ Transparency – Has Its Price – But – So Does – A Lack Of Transparency

~ SD-CGU-F-MT-W-T-MWWW-MCTP-A-OTW-ALAWCETDR ~ Social Data – Can Give Us – Fairer – More Transparent – Ways – To – Match Work With Workers – Match Compensation To Performance – And – Optimize The Workforce – As Long As Workers Can Exercise Their Data Rights

~ AWGTAT-REUTS-EO-TAAR-AWDS-DOTPABTP-WB-DFTP ~ As We Gain The Ability To – Refine Everything Under The Sun – Exercising Our – Transparency And Agency Rights – As We Do So – Data Of The People And By The People – Will Become – Data For The People

CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

RICHARD SWIFT ~ THE GREAT REVENUE ROBBERY ~ BETWEEN THE LINES ~ 2013

~ TCAMETSTPTTSOSP ~ Tax Cuts Are Much Easier To Sell The Public Than The Shredding Of Social Programs

~ WNT-LD-B-FTRP-NJBC-S ~ We Need To – Lower Deficits – By – Fixing The Revenue Problem – Not Just By – Cutting Spending

~ RTCTR ~ Raise The Corporate Tax Rate

~ TINETSTGCTCTCCJ ~ There Is No Evidence To Support The Government’s Claim That Corporate Tax Cuts Create Jobs

~ RTOHIE-A-CTL ~ Raise Taxes On High-Income Earners – And – Close Tax Loopholes

~ IAFTT ~ Implement A Financial Transactions Tax

~ IATOLEOIW ~ Introduce A Tax On Large Estates Of Inherited Wealth

~ TTH ~ Tackle Tax Havens

~ ISAPCT MEAT-A-LC-W-T-PAPOC-T-C-A-T -CT-AAT-S-U-A-UWG-AW-C-A-T-S ~ Introduce Smart And Progressive Carbon Taxes – More – Efficient And Transparent – And – Less Corruptible – Way – To – Put A Price On Carbon – Than – Cap-And-Trade ~ Carbon Taxes – Also Avoid The – Speculation – Uncertainty – And – Unfair Windfall Gains – Associated With – Cap-And-Trade – Systems

~ UTTSTHRPAI ~ Use The Tax System To Help Reduce Poverty And Inequality

~ P-RP ~ Post-Reality Politics

~ NTAA-WLT-NG-NI-A-CA ~ No Taxes At All – Would Lead To – No Government – No Infrastructure – And – Complete Anarchy

~ I-TWEDFM-GI-TAOIG ~ Ironically – The Wealthy Elites Demand Far More – Government Intervention – Than Any Other Interest Group

~ FDCTN ~ Facts Directly Contradict The Narrative

~ TMOTM-THWIRWR-HBUAACF-TMROWFTLAMCTTW ~ The Myth Of The Meritocracy – That Hard Work Is Rewarded With Riches – Has Been Used As Cover For – The Massive Redistribution Of Wealth From The Lower And Middle Classes To The Wealthy

~ CEAL-EBTW-ANRA-U;I-TAPA-RGFTMC ~ Corporate Excesses And Luxuries – Enjoyed By The Wealthy – Are Not Recognized As – Unfair; Indeed – They Are Proffered As – Realistic Goals For The Middle Class

~ ‘W-T-A-P’ ~ “Winner-Take-All-Politics”

~ TFANE ~ The Facts Are Not Enough

~ CC ~ Corporate Coddling

~ CATHOSASOTAO-‘GYHOOMP’ ~ Citizenship And The Health Of Society Are Sacrificed On The Altar Of – “Get Your Hands Out Of My Pockets”

~ TH-ATCOA-SFS-TEUT-ETL-A-R-ITOC-WPLASASOA? ~ Tax Havens – Are The Centerpieces Of A – Shadow Financial System – That Enables Users To – Escape Tax Laws – And – Regulations – In Their Own Countries – What Possible Logic Allows Such A State Of Affairs?

~ WIHTODIOA-TATPOTITPOR ~ Wealthy Individuals Hold Trillions Of Dollars In Offshore Accounts – Thereby Avoiding The Payment Of Taxes In Their Places Of Residence

~ HOAIBLAALHOAGTOP-ICT-SJ-E-MC -T-APTL-TJ-A-CTH-TJ ~ Half Of All International Bank Lending And At Least Half Of All Global Trade On Paper – Is Conducted Through – Secrecy Jurisdictions – Enabling – Multinational Corporations – To – Allocate Profits To Low-Tax Jurisdictions – And – Costs To High-Tax Jurisdictions

~ MOTWLAMPCPLONTAA ~ Many Of The World’s Largest And Most Profitable Corporations Pay Little Or No Tax At All

~ TIANTD-PA-TT-PAITCT-‘S-S’-OC ~ There Is A Need To Draw – Public Attention – To The – People And Institutions That Comprise The – “Supply-Side” – Of – Corruption

~ TR-PFT-GAS-OWCD-PI-AT-TEC-AESTTW-SAHS-SS-A-ACACLSTSCCAPR ~ Tax Revenues – Pay For The – Goods And Services – On Which Corporations Depend – Public Infrastructure – Access To – The Environmental Commons – An Educational System That Trains Workers – Social And Health Services – Significant Subsidies – And – A Complex And Costly Legal System That Safeguards Corporate Contracts And Property Rights

~ T-INA-BS-T-IMLA-D-ARDOIMBSA-L-A-DFT-‘C’~ Tax – Is Not A – Business Cost – Tax – Is Much Like A – Dividend – A Return Due On Investments Made By Society At-Large – And – Derived From The – “Commons”

~ TAACPOTDSCBCSATS-YPLOASYRTTAAB-RTTWWHCOTPTIASEBE ~ Taxes Are A Crucial Part Of The Democratic Social Contract Between Citizens And The State – Yet Political Leaders Of All Stripes Typically Refer To Taxes As A Burden – Rather Than The Way We Have Collectively Organized To Provide The Infrastructure And Services Enjoyed By Everyone

~ T&A-IT-IFS-HBRB-PPAJTPFT-SQ-H-AIBWRT-SS-HIEDOLE-CG-AOIMPOTW-TRATTR ~ Transparency And Accountability – In The – International Financial System – Have Been Resisted By – Powerful Players And Jurisdictions That Profit From The – Status Quo – However – As It Becomes Widely Recognized That – Secrecy Spaces – Have Inflicted Enormous Damage On Local Economies – Citizens’ Groups – Are Organizing In Most Parts Of The World – To Resist And Transform This Reality

~ CTRHHNMIOBI ~ Corporate Tax Rates Have Had No Measurable Impact On Business Investment

~ TIBRT-TFSHG-‘TB’-FTEG ~ There Is Broad Recognition That – The Financial Sector Has Grown – “Too Big” – For The Economy’s Good

~ MTCIIRDHGBTFSATWRI ~ Major Tax Changes Introduced In Recent Decades Have Greatly Benefited The Financial Sector And Those Who Run It

~ TFI-IOOTLEWOCT-AMTACOEATTCBCEAATS ~ Taxing Financial Transactions Is One Of The Least Expensive Ways Of Collecting Taxes – As Most Transactions Are Carried Out Electronically And The Tax Can Be Collected Electronically And At The Source

~ OEALTS-‘EMBEMQ’-AARO-IL-STS-A-TPO-D ~ Our Economies Are Likely To Suffer – “Ever More Bubbles Ever More Quickly” – As A Result Of – Increased Leverage – Speculative Trading Strategies – And – The Proliferation Of – Derivatives

~ TITRTCBPIFMOSAGHBO ~ The Imperative To Reclaim The Commons By Protecting Its Financial Means Of Survival And Growth Has Become Obvious

~ A-ETWHSYCFTC-STRTTR-‘IC’-ACAHTH-R-B-S-A-H ~ Apparently – Even Those Who Have Spent Years Clamoring For Tax Cuts – Seem To Realize That To Remain – “Internationally Competitive” – A Country Actually Has To Have – Roads – Bridges – Schools – And – Hospitals

~ WTTIITT-HC-E-PR-CC-A-SO-SMSTI ~ When The Tax Increase Is Tied To – Health Care – Education – Poverty Reduction – Child Care – And – So On – Significant Majorities Support Tax Increases

~ Taxes – Produce Revenues For – Services – Infrastructure – And – Income Redistribution; They Can Also Encourage Certain Publicly Beneficial Behaviours While Discouraging Others – The Market – Left On Its Own – Tilts Towards – Antisocial Behaviour – As – Corporations Try To Externalize As Many Of Their Costs As Possible

MITCH JOEL ~ SIX PIXELS OF SEPARATION ~ 2009

~ MAYNIAH? ~ Maybe All You Need Is A Hug?

~ ITDAAYEROI ~ In This Day And Age You’re Either Remarkable Or Invisible

~ YAHAC-AYAPOI? ~ You Already Have A Community – Are You A Part Of It?

~ CWYRA ~ Communicate Who You Really Are

~ AVTTC ~ Add Value To The Conversation

~ WTDPCUTHNBMAFTOW? ~ What Tools Do People Commonly Use That Have Not Been Made Available For The Online World?

~ T-R-N-S ~ Think – Ripples – Not – Splashes

~ TBAITPYOT ~ The Best Advice Is To Put Yourself Out There

~ TBWTBAPBITGYKA ~ The Best Way To Build A Personal Brand Is To Give Your Knowledge Away

~ BCAE-B-RIWYGIW ~ Be Curious About Everything – But – Ruthless In What You Get Involved With

~ FAOYOSN ~ Finding And Owning Your Own Specific Niche

~ WIYN? ~ What Is Your Niche?

~ DOTG ~ Do One Thing Great

~ BOS ~ Blue Ocean Strategy

~ ABE ~ Always Be Experimenting

~ LPSYI ~ Let People Steal Your Ideas

~ CIE-EIC ~ Content Is Everything – Everything Is Content

~ SIASTMP ~ Simple Ideas Are Sometimes The Most Powerful

~ ANBMLWAAWBTAW ~ All New Business Models Look Weird And Act Weird Because They Are Weird

~ NA-‘F’-ACE ~ Not All – “Friends” – Are Created Equal

OZZIE ZEHNER ~ GREEN ILLUSIONS ~ 2012

~ ATAI ~ Addiction To An Ideal

~ BDWH ~ Buying… Debting… Working… Hoarding

~ CHCRW ~ Commercially Honed Celebrity Repli-Ware

~ CRC ~ Cosmopolitan Radical Chic

~ DHS ~ Deferred Happiness Syndrome

~ CS ~ Cornucopian Superstars

~ EATK ~ Eliminate Advertising To Kids

~ WWHIAAWTSD? ~ What Would Happen If All Advertising Were To Suddenly Disappear?

~ F-TBC-WR-ABP-A-WHO ~ Filling – The Bottomless Cornucopia – Will Require – A Bottomless Planet – And – We Haven’t One

~ EBE ~ Energy Boomerang Effect

~ FW(TWNKWN) ~ Fantastico-Widgets (That We Never Knew We Needed)

~ V-IA-L-CON-CA-TCR-C-RA-A-IDSPR ~ Volunteering – Is A – Low-Cost Or No-Cost Activity – That Can Replace – Consumption-Related Activities – And – It Delivers Superior Personal Rewards

~ RES ~ Real Energy Security

~ STFITC ~ Shift Taxes From Income To Consumption

~ SP ~ Smart Packaging

~ IEISAVCTOS-WISSFLOODAE? ~ If Energy Is Such A Vital Component To Our Society – Why Is Society So Frequently Left Out Of Debates About Energy?

~ IDTP-HR-C-WC-HMC-L-B-BR-R-FP-WS-A-C-IA-MM ~ It’s Difficult To Price – Human Rights – Cancer – Working Conditions – Heavy Metal Contamination – Leaks – Bribery – Biodiversity Risks – Radiation – Food Patronages – Water Security – And – Conflict – Into A – Market Mechanism

~ WDAG-WWE-B-WWI-TTSASAFR ~ We Don’t Always Get – What We Expect – But – What We Inspect – That’s The Short And Sweet Argument For Regulation

~ NUTVOAS ~ Never Underestimate The Value Of A Sticker

~ CADOE ~ Create A Department Of Efficiency

~ UEU-IASO-SSC-EUWCDWWITC ~ Unsustainable Energy Use – Is A Symptom Of – Suboptimal Social Conditions – Energy Use Will Come Down When We Improve These Conditions

~ U-CE-ILE ~ Ultimately – Clean Energy Is Less Energy

~ STFT ~ Silver-Tongued Fairy Tales

~ TEP ~ The Energy Pornographers

~ AET-D-CTA/W-PW-SHR-IN-SD-RT-LACD-RC-T-PP ~ Alternative-Energy Technologies – Don’t – Clean The Air/Water – Protect Wildlife – Support Human Rights – Improve Neighborhoods – Strengthen Democracy – Regulate Themselves – Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide – Reduce Consumption – They – Produce Power

DANIEL LEVITIN ~ A FIELD GUIDE TO LIES ~ 2016

~ U-MPHTTCANBTIBT ~ Unfortunately – Many People Have Trouble Thinking Clearly About Numbers Because They’re Intimidated By Them

~ TCROA-PC-IT-TPHTAUT100 ~ The Cardinal Rule Of A – Pie Chart – Is That – The Percentages Have To Add Up To 100

~ TMFWTLWASGITNLTA ~ The Most Fundamental Way To Lie With A Statistical Graph Is To Not Label The Axes

~ I-AOUB-LW-T-SPO-A-TROTFTMPWSWTDTC ~ Infographics – Are Often Used By – Lying Weasels – To – Shape Public Opinion – And – They Rely On The Fact That Most People Won’t Study What They’ve Done Too Carefully

~ STSBRITRO ~ Sometimes The Statistic Being Reported Isn’t The Relevant One

~ CATO-OWTLWSITCT-D/P/TOP-TADFOA-A-PTTN ~ Comparing Apples To Oranges – One Way To Lie With Statistics Is To Compare Things – Datasets / Populations / Types Of Products – That Are Different From One Another – And – Pretend That They’re Not

~ JBTANOI-DMTTNWAAP-R-P-GS-P-CWTC-HTGAC-TAAHOEABTCEITCP-A-CL-T-TWC ~ Just Because There’s A Number On It – Doesn’t Mean That The Number Was Arrived At Properly – Remember – People – Gather Statistics – People – Choose What To Count – How To Go About Counting – There Are A Host Of Errors And Biases That Can Enter Into The Collection Process – And – Can Lead – To – The Wrong Conclusions

~ TBAG-AS-HTBR ~ To Be Any Good – A Sample – Has To Be Representative

~ R-HTATTT-CVTAETIOCDO-STTTMANOOADTM ~ Researchers – Have To Avoid The Tendency To – Capture Variables That Are Easy To Identify Or Collect Data On – Sometimes The Things That Matter Are Not Obvious Or Are Difficult To Measure

~ PSLWATO ~ People Sometimes Lie When Asked Their Opinions

~ MMBS-TMB-C-R-A-P-P-F-CD-STEPWCIDIITSW-EPWICHTCITSW ~ Measurements Must Be Standardized – There Must Be – Clear – Replacable – And – Precise – Procedures – For – Collecting Data – So That Each Person Who Collects It Does It In The Same Way – Each Person Who Is Counting Has To Count In The Same Way

~ ME-OIEM ~ Measurement Error – Occurs In Every Measurement

~ HSIDOCCMABDITSYEUW ~ How Something Is Defined Or Categorized Can Make A Big Difference In The Statistic You End Up With

~ ADCBWATTAAIP-OPBAAQUS ~ A Definition Can Be Wrangled And Twisted To Anyone’s Advantage In Public-Opinion Polling By Asking A Question Just-So

~ IASICO-ASOPDM-G-M-O-M-O-FE-TRCWBF ~ If A Statistic Is Composed Of – A Series Of Poorly Defined Measures – Guesses – Misunderstandings – Oversimplifications – Mismeasurement – Or – Flawed Estimates – The Resulting Conclusion Will Be Flawed

~ W-HATTACTOTTWDW ~ We – Have A Tendency To Apply Critical Thinking Only To Things We Disagree With

~ WAAST-S-A-ASS-ESBTOOO ~ We Are A Story-Telling Species – And – A Social Species – Easily Swayed By The Opinions Of Others

~ THBOMUIMBO-EC-AT-STJT-A-TBIAVOS-JM ~ The Human Brain Often Makes Up Its Mind Based On – Emotional Considerations – And Then – Seeks To Justify Them – And – The Brain Is A Very Powerful Self-Justifying Machine

~ ETSOUCBF ~ Even The Smartest Of Us Can Be Fooled

~ MAIAE-BCAWIT ~ Make An Informed And Evidence-Based Choice About What Is True

~ WUDWTSEO-HDWIT? ~ We Usually Do Well To Seek Expert Opinions – How Do We Identify Them?

~ IE ~ Identifying Expertise

! SH-S-INTEANW-IJT-S-TMLTBR ~ Stuff Happens – So – It’s Not That Experts Are Never Wrong – It’s Just That – Statically – They’re More Likely To Be Right

~ EITN ~ Expertise Is Typically Narrow

~ B-IAE-TTB-DS-CTTPBTIIA-S-UQ ~ But – Intelligence And Experience – Tend To Be – Domain-Specific – Contrary To The Popular Belief That Intelligence Is A – Single – Unified Quantity

~ WIBI? ~ Who Is Behind It?

~ CTWBOUANMTDY? ~ Could The Website Be Operating Under A Name Meant To Deceive You?

~ WLTTWP? ~ Who Links To The Web Page?

~ P-RJ ~ Peer-Reviewed Journals

~ RA ~ Regulated Authority

~ SI ~ Supporting Information

~ B-IYLOF-SE-Y-NDPR-BY-ITCE-TMB-AL-OT-O-AL-B-YDK-B-YHL-‘C-P’-TDTSYH ~ But – If You’re Looking Only For – Supporting Evidence – You’re – Not Doing Proper Research – Because Your – Ignoring The Contradictory Evidence – There Might Be – A Little – Of This – Or – A Lot – But – You Don’t Know – Because – You Haven’t Looked – “Cherry-Picking” – The Data That Suit Your Hypothesis

~ SS-AUNR-LS-MARTSOTW-S-CT-TLOLN ~ Small Samples – Are Usually Not Representative – Larger Samples – More Accurately Reflect The State Of The World – Statisticians – Call This – The Law Of Large Numbers

~ B-WIEAYIAWSTI-W-W-TENCTEIW-P? ~ But – What If Everyone Around You Is Agreeing With Something That Is – Well – Wrong – The Exquisite New Clothes The Emperor Is Wearing – Perhaps?

~ C-MPTLLF-A-T-SCMOPHBTB ~ Counterknowledge – Misinformation Packaged To Look Like Fact – And – That – Some Critical Mass Of People Have Begun To Believe

~ IITAT-ICE-NEIE-B-NEWOOR ~ It’s Important To Accept That – In Complex Events – Not Everything Is Explainable – Because – Not Everything Was Observed Or Reported

~ AHOUADNDOUAW-ETTIBOTOPOE-Y-TAATATHOACT ~ A Handful Of Unexplained Anomalies Does Not Discredit Or Undermine A Well-Established Theory That Is Based On Thousands Of Pieces Of Evidence – Yet – These Anomalies Are Typically At The Heart Of All Conspiratorial Thinking

~ TPO-A-IN-D;TI-ABOSOCODNMS ~ The Plural Of – Anecdote – Is Not – Data; That Is – A Bunch Of Stories Or Casual Observations Do Not Make Science

~ MORCLUTIODEWCUTPO ~ Misunderstandings Of Risk Can Lead Us To Ignore Or Discount Evidence We Could Use To Protect Ourselves

~ PBA ~ Persuasion By Association

~ OIHB-TOETMRT-CFT ~ Our Imperfect Human Brains – Those Of Even The Most Rigorous Thinkers – Can Fool Themselves

~ IC-TBIAGPD-A-ISTEOASFWOATBRC ~ Illusory Correlation – The Brain Is A Giant Pattern Detector – And – It Seeks To Extract Order And Structure From What Often Appear To Be Random Configurations

~ FOP ~ Framing Of Probabilities

~ FR ~ Framing Risk

~ SWAPC ~ Start With A Plausibility Check

~ AOFOHCIT-OWFABOAAC-IVHFUTLG-EITFOO-WEASPTTC ~ An Odd Feature Of Human Cognition Is That – Once We Form A Belief Or Accept A Claim – It’s Very Hard For Us To Let Go – Even In The Face Of Over-Whelming Evidence And Scientific Proof To The Contrary

~ PH-EPH-‘B-THAT-TMHCT’ ~ Post Hoc – Ergo Propter Hoc – “Because – This Happened After That – That Must Have Caused This”

~ KWYDK ~ Knowing What You Don’t Know

~ WWRHY-A-CUAODAI-ATTYTYKBD ~ What Will Really Hurt You – And – Cause Untold Amounts Of Damage And Inconvenience – Are The Things You Think You Know But Don’t

~ ECLAT ~ Every Contact Leaves A Trace

~ AECOCTIKWWDK ~ An Essential Component Of Critical Thinking Is Knowing What We Don’t Know

~ A-A-SB-HEPDATW ~ An – Anti-Science Bias – Has Entered Public Discourse And The Web

~ W-NCA-CWTROMARWAOMFO-TRFVCFOEOU ~ With – No Central Authority – Charged With The Responsibility Of Monitoring And Regulating Websites And Other Material Found Online – The Responsibility For Verifying Claims Falls On Each Of Us

~ CT-INSYDOWAIATDI-IAAAOP ~ Critical Thinking – Is Not Something You Do Once With An Issue And Then Drop It – It’s An Active And Ongoing Process

~ WFBOKAMNOTWCTALNOTTMNBS ~ We’re Far Better Off Knowing A Moderate Number Of Things With Certainty Than A Large Number Of Things That Might Not Be So

~ TKSOL-HUTMCTIOHAST ~ True Knowledge Simplifies Our Lives – Helping Us To Make Choices That Increase Our Happiness And Save Time

PRIYA PARKER ~ THE ART OF GATHERING ~ 2018

~ TWWGM ~ The Way We Gather Matters

~ ID-TFTAIOOTFRGTEI-ICDIA-OOTFTTGITRTA ~ In Democracies – The Freedom To Assemble Is One Of The Foundational Rights Granted To Every Individual – In Countries Descending Into Authoritarianism – One Of The First Things To Go Is The Right To Assemble

~ WSPLG ~ We Spend Our Lives Gathering

~ II-TW-AGIG-TDWHIIAHSII ~ It Is – The Way – A Group Is Gathered – That Determines What Happens In It And How Successful It Is

~ DWYRG ~ Decide Why You’re Really Gathering

~ ACINAP ~ A Category Is Not A Purpose

~ R-TGEO-MG ~ Routine – That Great Enemy Of – Meaningful Gathering

~ CT-AGAS-S-TMFAPAGI-TMNIFIATMPIA-U-IAI-HITM-U-? ~ Commit To – A Gathering About Something – Specificity – The More Focused And Particular A Gathering Is – The More Narrowly It Frames Itself And The More Passion It Arouses – Uniqueness – Is Another Ingredient – How Is This Meeting – Unique – ?

~ Y-P-MF-T-W-T-T-W ~ Your – Purpose – Move From – The – What – To – The – Why

~ A-W-YDI-ETYGT-A-D-R-AWA-KAWUYH-A-BOV ~ Ask – Why – You’re Doing It – Every Time You Get To – Another – Deeper – Reason – Ask Why Again – Keep Asking Why Until You Hit – A – Belief Or Value

~ FOYDOBFTAM-A-IAPTMBCAWTNTBT-E-WAMIN ~ Figuring Out Your Desired Outcome Brings Focus To A Meeting – And – It Allows People To Make Better Choices About Whether They Need To Be There – Even – Whether A Meeting Is Necessary

~ YAPTCPMPR:T-MTETCHYW-YG-A-Y-TBABTE-IWYOPAAGSOTR ~ You Are Proposing To Consume People’s Most Precious Resource: Time – Making The Effort To Consider How You Want – Your Guests – And – Yourself – To Be Altered By The Experience – Is What You Owe People As A Good Steward Of That Resource

~ HAP-YW-FIETMATDTAGR ~ Having A Purpose – You Will – Find It Easier To Make All The Decisions That A Gathering Requires

~ PIYB ~ Purpose Is Your Bouncer

~ VECWBETMW-YKWYG ~ Virtually Every Choice Will Be Easier To Make When – You Know Why You’re Gathering

~ TP-DL ~ The Purpose-Driven List

~ IPIE-EPCBH ~ Inviting People Is Easy – Excluding People Can Be Hard

~ S-W-O-I-B-WDWTDWTCOECP-ETGAMAS ~ Sometimes – We – Over-Include – Because – We Don’t Want To Deal With The Consequences Of Excluding Certain People – Especially Those Gifted At Making A Stink

~ AVOAN ~ A Venue Is A Nudge

~ TCOPIOMAT-ECBP-TC-D-TV-O-C-O-T ~ The Choice Of Place Is Often Made According To – Every Consideration But Purpose – The Cost – Determines – The Venue – Or – Convenience – Or – Traffic

~ WYCAVF-LR-YALTLO-YP-WIFTSBWFI ~ When You Choose A Venue For – Logistical Reasons – You Are Letting Those Logistics Override – Your Purpose – When In Fact They Should Be Working For It

~ E-SAST-E-TRFYC-WALI ~ Embodiment – Seek A Setting That – Embodies – The Reason For Your Convening – When A Location Inspires

~ WMHDRIT-TCOVIOOYMPLOYGB ~ What Many Hosts Don’t Realize Is That – The Choice Of Venue Is One Of Your Most Powerful Levers Over Your Guests’ Behavior

~ PAABTE-A-YSHYGIAPACTSYP ~ People Are Affected By Their Environment – And – You Should Host Your Gathering In A Place And Context That Serves Your Purpose

~ A-CS-FAGAPTR-A-IHCT-AW-TAGC-AIB-A ~ A – Contained Space – For A Gathering Allows People To Relax – And – It Helps Create The – Alternative World – That A Gathering Can – At Its Best – Achieve

~ DBACH-‘C’-ISDAK ~ Don’t Be A Chill Host – “Chill” – Is Selfishness Disguised As Kindness

~ AIAOC-IIE-JT-SAP-D-A-GR-ATTRE-A-IYDEF-OWSIAETO-P-D-A-GR ~ Authority Is An Ongoing Commitment – It Isn’t Enough – Just To – Set A Purpose – Direction – And – Ground Rules – All These Things Require Enforcement – And – If You Don’t Enforce Them – Others Will Step In And Enforce Their Own – Purposes – Directions – And – Ground Rules

~ GA-INAP-INTAOP-IIUPTAOTAG-TAFO-TAIJBTG

~ Generous Authenticity – Is Not A Pose – It’s Not The Appearance Of Power – It Is Using Power To Achieve Outcomes That Are Generous – That Are For Others – The Authority Is Justified By The Generosity

~ PYG ~ Protect Your Guests

~ TF-A-P-MIUOYA-I-TPOYG-FOA-FB-O-FTATTLIOP-VA ~ The First – And – Perhaps – Most Important Use Of Your Authority – Is – The Protection Of Your Guests – From One Another – From Boredom – Or – From The Additive Technologies That Lurk In Our Pockets – Vibrating Away

~ BBH-IYJAH-K-G-B-F-TWIO ~ Bad Behavior Happens – It’s Your Job As A Host – Kindly – Graciously – But – Firmly – To Ward It Off

~ PYG-I-IS-AETRTAGCEAARTRTE-A-IG-B-YDIFYG-ST-TDHT ~ Protecting Your Guests – Is – In Short – About Elevating The Right To A Great Collective Experience Above Anyone’s Right To Ruin That Experience – And – It’s Generous – Because – You’re Doing It For Your Guests – So That – They Don’t Have To

~ EYG ~ Equalize Your Guests

~ THMLTSTUAITOWFLC-IIITOWKHEWPOTWOMTGP ~ The Host Most Likely To Succumb To Ungenerous Authority Is The One Who Fears Losing Control – It Is In The Obsession With Knowing How Events Will Play Out That We Often Make Them Go Poorly

~ R-CCA-I-T-W-TIAMPTYEG-B-ERT-TRAT-AIT-WTOT ~ Rules – Can Create An – Imaginary – Transient – World – That Is Actually More Playful Than Your Everyday Gathering – Because – Everyone Realizes That – The Rules Are Temporary – And Is Therefore – Willing To Obey Them

~ S-AR-IUWAGWPTCIAWTNSNWD ~ Sometimes – A Rule – Is Useful When A Gatherer Wants People To Connect In A Way That Normal Social Norms Would Discourage

~ NSAFWL ~ Never Start A Funeral With Logistics

~ P-BYES-IHB-T-P-SSIGASBYWTBRATO ~ Priming – Before Your Event Starts – It Has Begun – The – Pregame – Should Sow In Guests Any Special Behaviors You Want To Blossom Right At The Outset

~ AGTCTAGAOTCTPOI ~ Asking Guest To Contribute To A Gathering Ahead Of Time Changes Their Perception Of It

~ AW-P-IIOT-CAD-T-UAAAGSCRT ~ As With – Purpose – It Is Often Through – Conflict And Disgruntlement – That – Underlying Assumptions About A Gathering’s Social Contract Reveal Themselves

~ NAP-T-NAG-ATWPPI-TNSWTPOTEI-A-IAPPFTRALOEP

~ Naming As Priming – To – Name A Gathering – Affects The Way People Perceive It – The Name Signals What The Purpose Of The Event Is – And – It Also Prepares People For Their Role And Level Of Expected Participation

~ TIIJTB-TAMCATWTROTYGACTP ~ The Invitation Is Just The Beginning – There Are Many Chances Along The Way To Reach Out To Your Guests And Continue The Priming

~ TAMTWYC-CAT-AP-B-YAYGCTSLT-APTTOTPRACPAAI-TFTBTGAATO ~ There Are Many Tiny Ways You Can – Create A Threshold – A Pause – Before – You And Your Guests Cross The Starting Line Together – A Passageway That Tunes Out The Prior Reality And Captures Peoples’ Attention And Imagination – The Final Transition Between The Guests’ Arrival And The Opening

~ HAAYG ~ Honor And Awe Your Guests

~ Y-O-NTBAKO-PST-IS-GP-IMPITTPFOBTWADGTBT-TTE-WTO-TVRTYFMTBAGOHBT-TTMYGPFITFM ~ Your – Opening – Needs To Be A Kind Of – Pleasant Shock Therapy – It Should – Grab People – It Must Plant In Them The Paradoxical Feeling Of Being Totally Welcomed And Deeply Grateful To Be There – Try To Embody – With That Opening – The Very Reason That You Felt Moved To Bring A Group Of Human Beings Together – Try To Make Your Gathering’s Purpose Felt In Those First Moments

~ CGC ~ Cause Good Controversy

~ LO-C-AA-MOPAMF-EW-IACWTCTFAIYWYGTTWT-RYP-RPOWWINEWIITFP ~ Like Openings – Closings – Are A – Moment Of Power And Memory Formation – Ending Well – Is A Crucial Way To Cement The Feelings And Ideas You Want Your Guests To Take With Them – Recall Your Purpose – Remind People Of Why What Is Now Ending Was Initiated In The First Place