JOHN CLEESE ~ CREATIVITY ~ 2020

~ C-NWOTAT-CBSIEAOL ~ Creativity – New Ways Of Thinking About Things – Can Be Seen In Every Area Of Life

~ WYCFAWODTTIBTWHBDB-YABC ~ Wherever You Can Find A Way Of Doing Things That Is Better Than What Has Been Done Before – You Are Being Creative

~ ACBC ~ Anyone Can Be Creative

~ YCTPHTCCIWTWBC ~ You Can Teach People How To Create Circumstances In Which They Will Become Creative

~ PTWI-BGTB-O-A-CI-O ~ Put The Work In – Before Going To Bed – Often – A – Creative Idea – Overnight

~ WSTABAY-YD-YDFCETA ~ When Someone Throws A Brick At You – You Duck – You Don’t First Carefully Evaluate The Alternatives

~ Y-U-CIKTYSTTLOTU-A-TLOTUINV-ISY-I-IGY-F-INYAWYIKWIGA ~ Your – Unconscious – Communicates Its Knowledge To You Solely Through The Language Of The Unconscious – And – The Language Of The Unconscious Is Not Verbal – It Shows You – Images – It Gives You – Feelings – It Nudges You Around Without You Immediately Knowing What It’s Getting At

~ B-SMOCIATU-TIALTWYCSAI! ~ Because – So Much Of Creativity Is About The Unconscious – There Is A Limit To What You Can Say About It!

~ B-CP-AMBATTVSOWTWAGWWLSU ~ But – Creative People – Are Much Better At Tolerating The Vague Sense Of Worry That We All Get When We Leave Something Unresolved

~ N-THPOBC-HDWLTPLAC? ~ Now – The Harder Part Of Being Creative – How Do We Learn To Play Like A Child?

~ TGKOCII-IPYMAFWYWTBTA-ICT-M-TRT-YP-SOC-A-GBIA-SODF ~ The Greatest Killer Of Creativity Is Interruption – It Pulls Your Mind Away From What You Want To Be Thinking About – It Can Take – Minutes – To Return To – Your Previous – State Of Consciousness – And – Get Back Into A – State Of Deep Focus

~ WYBCTINSTAAM-YCPKIYAGDAWAUYGDI ~ When You’re Being Creative There Is No Such Thing As A Mistake – You Can’t Possibly Know If You Are Going Down A Wrong Avenue Until You’ve Gone Down It

~ WYPWIAF-YNKWAVPMCF ~ When You’re Playing With Images And Feelings – You Never Know Where A Vital Prompting May Come From

~ IIANT-HCYPUISA?-DR-LTNNOYSB-C-A-C-A-C ~ If It’s A New Thought – How Can You Possibly Understand It Straight Away? – Don’t Rush – Let These New Notions Of Yours Slowly Become – Clearer – And – Clearer – And – Clearer

~ WT-NI-HBPC-BIY-C/A/F-S-M-TAI ~ When This – New Idea – Has Become Pretty Clear – Bring In Your – Critical / Analytical / Fact-Seeking – Mind – To Assess It

~ WYFHA-NI-YDGTCTS0N-A-‘W’-I-SBABYLBUTHTTG-TB-CAS ~ When You First Have A – New Idea – You Don’t Get Too Critical Too Soon – New – And – “Woolly” – Ideas – Shouldn’t Be Attacked By Your Logical Brain Until They’ve Had Time To Grow – To Become – Clearer And Sturdier

~ S-EP-UYHACSOWIITYCUW-TYCBY-CT-I-NB ~ So – Exercise Patience – Until You Have A Clear Sense Of What It Is That You’ve Come Up With – Then You Can Bring Your – Critical Thinking – In – Not Before

~ BAFBTCMOTATAMOT-U-F-YGTSTABS-TIC-I-IW-CP-DATT ~ Backwards And Forwards Between The Creative Mode Of Thinking And The Analytical Mode Of Thinking – Until – Finally – You Get To Something That’s A Bit Special – This Is Called – Iteration – Its What – Creative People – Do All The Time

~ ‘TB’-‘HB’-TNEO ~ “Tortoise Mind” – “Hare Brain” – They Need Each Other

~ YL-A-LF-SOS-YA-INS-IC-‘BIB’ ~ You’re Learning – And – Learning From – Something Or Someone – You Admire – Is Not Stealing – It’s Called – “Being Influenced By”

~ MAIL ~ Making An Imaginative Leap

~ P-KYF ~ Playing – Keeps You Fresh

~ GDIATWOYT ~ Getting Discouraged Is A Total Waste Of Your Time

~ YTFYM ~ Your Thoughts Follow Your Mood

~ TYI ~ Testing Your Ideas

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ IIET-ECBCCITE-TB-TTMPTMC-A-AGCAIANTROASI-ALFOITD-B-CAYOHW ~ It Is Easier To – Enhance Creativity By Changing Conditions In The Environment – Than By – Trying To Make People Think More Creatively – And – A Genuinely Creative Accomplishment Is Almost Never The Result Of A Sudden Insight – A Lightbulb Flashing On In The Dark – But – Comes After Years Of Hard Work

~ MOTTTA-I-I-A-H-ATROC ~ Most Of The Things That Are – Interesting – Important – And – Human – Are The Results Of Creativity

~ C-WWAIII-WFTWALMFTDTROL ~ Creativity – When We Are Involved In It – We Feel That We Are Living More Fully Than During The Rest Of Life

~ AIALR-TIJSMIWCPAAGT-TACIAED-TMBSAA ~ Attention Is A Limited Resource – There Is Just So Much Information We Can Process At Any Given Time – To Achieve Creativity In An Existing Domain – There Must Be Surplus Attention Available

~ CGICTBOD ~ Creativity Generally Involves Crossing The Boundaries Of Domains

~ ITFOFCAA-ITMOAPITWORAE-TMTEICBIEE ~ If Too Few Opportunities For Curiosity Are Available – If Too Many Obstacles Are Placed In The Way Of Risk And Exploration – The Motivation To Engage In Creative Behavior Is Easily Extinguished

~ ITNGITFTFWZAS-C-WMETTB-O-AWA-C ~ If The Next Generation Is To Face The Future With Zest And Self-Confidence – We Must Educate Them To Be – Original – As Well As – Competent

~ TMIMWCLFCP:HTFPAEITCOE ~ The Most Important Message We Can Learn From Creative People: How To Find Purpose And Enjoyment In The Chaos Of Existence

~ CDNHIPH-B-ITIBAPTAASCC-IIA-S-RTA-I-P ~ Creativity Does Not Happen Inside People’s Heads – But – In The Interaction Between A Person’s Thoughts And A SocioCultural Context – It Is A – Systemic – Rather Than An – Individual – Phenomenon

~ A-L-C-A-POSRTOI ~ Accidents – Like – Creativity – Are – Properties Of Systems Rather Than Of Individuals

~ BITRPATRT-ICI-B-MPNRTTASIAPS-TC-A-EFKWTDWTRHT ~ Being In The Right Place At The Right Time – Is Clearly Important – But – Many People Never Realize That They Are Standing In A Propitious Space-Time Convergence – And – Even Fewer Know What To Do When The Realization Hits Them

~ WAGDO-C-W-A-I-I-WTALAIHTW-IIDTRAIP ~ Without A Good Dose Of – Curiosity – Wonder – And – Interest – In – What Things Are Like And In How They Work – It Is Difficult To Recognize An Interesting Problem

~ OTE-AFATCPEITE-IAGAF-RPN-ECPIMTAEWTT ~ Openness To Experience – A Fluid Attention That Constantly Processes Events In The Environment – Is A Great Advantage For – Recognizing Potential Novelty – Every Creative Person Is More Than Amply Endowed With These Traits

~ YCATMOCJBAACPS ~ You Cannot Assume The Mantle Of Creativity Just By Assuming A Certain Personality Style

~ CI-TTBS-YANATST ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Be Smart – Yet Also Naive At The Same Time

~ APLAITOCI ~ A Playfully Light Attitude Is Typical Of Creative Individuals

~ CI-ABIAFAOE-A-ARSORATO ~ Creative Individuals – Alternate Between Imagination And Fantasy At One End – And – A Rooted Sense Of Reality At The Other

~ CI-AARHAPATST ~ Creative Individuals – Are Also Remarkably Humble And Proud At The Same Time

~ CI-TACE-E-RGRS ~ Creative Individuals – To A Certain Extent – Escape – Rigid Gender Role Stereotyping

~ G-CP-ATTB-RAI-YIIITBCWHFIADOC-A-APMBITIOSADIOTLIR;H-HOSMBTACEA-T-SIIDTSHAPCBCWBBTACAATST-RAI-BOTLTDU;CTCWRTWHBVITPRLTNTIAAAI ~ Generally – Creative People – Are Thought To Be – Rebellious And Independent – Yet Is Is Impossible To Be Creative Without Having First Internalized A Domain Of Culture – And – A Person Must Believe In The Importance Of Such A Domain In Order To Learn Its Rules; Hence – He Or She Must Be To A Certain Extent A – Traditionalist – So It Is Difficult To See How A Person Can Be Creative Without Being Both Traditional And Conservative And At The Same Time – Rebellious And Iconoclastic – Being Only Traditional Leaves The Domain Unchanged; Constantly Taking Chances Without Regard To What Has Been Valued In The Past Rarely Leads To Novelty That Is Accepted As An Improvement

~ M-CP-A-VPATW-Y-TCBEOAIAW ~ Most – Creative Persons – Are – Very Passionate About Their Work – Yet – They Can Be Extremely Objective About It As Well

~ B-U-I-TTCT-PM-TI-TTWHTLAHAAGSOPI ~ But – Usually – Insights – Tend To Come To – Prepared Minds – That Is – To Those Who Have Thought Long And Hard About A Given Set Of Problematic Issues

~ W-ABC-ALI-WAUTPLTMA-SNC-TKOIIROIIN-IIURIDF-IMETNSSOR ~ Without – A Burning Curiosity – A Lively Interest – We Are Unlikely To Persevere Long To Make A – Significant New Contribution – This Kind Of Interest Is Rarely Only Intellectual In Nature – It Is Usually Rooted In Deep Feelings – In Memorable Experiences That Need Some Sort Of Resolution

~ B-TAASIWNHATQY-NEKTTIAP ~ But – There Are Also Situations In Which Nobody Had Asked The Question Yet – Nobody Even Knows That There Is A Problem

~ WITKOTD-TCOTF-A-TBPOTWOMAO ~ We Internalize The Knowledge Of The Domain – The Concerns Of The Field – And – They Become Part Of The Way Our Minds Are Organized

~ WWSAIOSASTAIWW-WWMBSITNOTPWOMWAI ~ When We Sit Alone In Our Study And Say That An Idea Won’t Work – What We May Be Saying Is That None Of The People Whose Opinions Matter Will Accept It

~ CT-EITGFWT-HOTWIKAAWTTAS-I-DTTIBGOTOSOTC ~ Creative Thoughts – Evolve In This Gap Filled With Tension – Holding On To What Is Known And Accepted While Tending Toward A Still Ill-Defined Truth That Is Barely Glimpsed On The Other Side Of The Chasm

~ TCOG ~ The Clarity Of Goals

~ B-CAS-TMO-AAA ~ Balancing – Challenges And Skills – The Merging Of – Action And Awareness

~ CI-TTGTCOVA-WTWHTCOS ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Gravitate Toward Centers Of Vital Activity – Where Their Work Has The Chance Of Succeeding

~ IE-U-TINE-A-PTNWB-TPTADSIC-Y-HAHTROICBHITCTOWAOOU ~ Inspiring Environments – Unfortunately – There Is No Evidence – And – Probably There Never Will Be – To Prove That A Delightful Setting Induces Creativity – Yet – Having A Home That Reinforces One’s Individuality Cannot But Help Increase The Chances That One Will Act Out One’s Uniqueness

~ WHT-PADI-A-HEC-IAETWHBTRO-WIIETFTOWACCOTTAH ~ What Helps To – Preserve And Develop Individuality – And – Hence Enhance Creativity – Is An Environment That We Have Built To Reflect Ourselves – Where It Is Easy To Forget The Outside World And Concentrate Completely On The Task At Hand

~ M-CI-FOEWTBRAF-S/E/W-A-ABT-EWIITTDO-A-WMINWOKTASOTAFS;WCITBMOOOT ~ Most – Creative Individuals – Find Out Early What Their Best Rhythms Are For – Sleeping / Eating / Working – And – Abide By Them – Even When It Is Tempting To Do Otherwise – Again – What Matters Is Not Whether One Keeps To A Strict Or To A Flexible Schedule; What Counts Is To Be Master Of One’s Own Time

~ BAP-INARF-LC-AMTUK-CAOS-ATB ~ Being A Prodigy – Is Not A Requirement For – Later Creativity – A More Than Usually Keen – Curiosity About One’s Surroundings – Appears To Be

~ TDT-B-IAD-TISCOECP ~ The – Dialectical Tension – Between – Involvement And Detachment – That Is So Characteristic Of Every Creative Process

~ P-IIT-AR-WIT-LAFOA-TG-TEO-UF ~ Paradoxically – It Is The – Abstract Rules – We Invent To – Limit And Focus Our Attention – That Give Us – The Experience Of – Untrammelled Freedom

~ CP-A-CS-TDATTUWIHAT-A-TDATAEDE ~ Creative People – Are – Constantly Surprised – They Don’t Assume That They Understand What Is Happening Around Them – And – They Don’t Assume That Anybody Else Does Either

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ THE FLOW EXPERIENCE ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ TACGESOTW ~ There Are Clear Goals Every Step Of The Way

~ TIIFTOA ~ There Is Immediate Feedback To One’s Actions

~ TIABBCAS-WFTOAAWMTTOFA ~ There Is A Balance Between Challenges And Skills – We Feel That Our Abilities Are Well Matched To The Opportunities For Action

~ AAAAM-OCIFOWWD ~ Action And Awareness Are Merged – Our Concentration Is Focused On What We Do

~ DAEFC-WAAOOWIRHAN ~ Distractions Are Excluded From Consciousness – We Are Aware Only Of What Is Relevant Here And Now

~ TINWOF ~ There Is No Worry Of Failure

~ S-CD-WATIIWWADTCAPTE ~ Self-Consciousness Disappears – We Are Too Involved In What We Are Doing To Care About Protecting The Ego

~ TSOTBD ~ The Sense Of Time Becomes Distorted

~ TABA-AEII-NRFDTETFTETP ~ The Activity Becomes Autotelic – An End In Itself – No Reason For Doing – Except To Feel The Experience They Provide

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ THE CREATIVE PROCESS ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ TCPHTBDATFS: ~ The Creative Process Has Traditionally Been Described As Taking Five Steps:

~ APOP:BI-IASOPITAIAAC ~ A Period Of Preparation: Becoming Immersed – In A Set Of Problematic Issues That Are Interesting And Arouse Curiosity

~ APOI:DWICABTTOC-IIDTTT-UC-ALTBM ~ A Period Of Incubation: During Which Ideas Churn Around Below The Threshold Of Consciousness – It Is During This Time That – Unusual Connections – Are Likely To Be Made

~ I(SCT-‘A!’-M):WPOTPFT ~ Insight (Sometimes Called The – “Aha!” – Moment): When Pieces Of The Puzzle Fall Together

~ E:DWTIIVAWP-OTMETPOTP-WOFMUAI ~ Evaluation: Decide Whether The Insight Is Valuable And Worth Pursuing – Often The Most Emotionally Trying Part Of The Process – When One Feels Most Uncertain And Insecure

~ E:PTUTMT-A-ITHW ~ Elaboration: Probably Takes Up The Most Time – And – Involves The Hardest Work

DIERDRE MCCLOSKEY ~ BOURGEOIS EQUALITY ~ 2016

~ ORDNCF-PBOB-O-BDOBD-O-BBOBB-B-FP-IOI ~ Our Riches Did Not Come From – Piling Brick On Brick – Or – Bachelor’s Degree On Bachelor’s Degree – Or – Bank Balance On Bank Balance – But – From Piling – Idea On Idea

~ TMW-WCB-EL ~ The – Modern World – Was Caused By – Egalitarian Liberalism

~ TWIPR-B-OWP ~ The World Is Pretty Rich – But – Once Was Poor

~ T-RE-WTEIO-LAD-TITP-SOB-BAF-T-CP ~ The – Real Engine – Was The Expanding Ideology Of – Liberty And Dignity – That Inspired The Proliferating – Schemes Of Betterment – By And For – The – Common People

~ A-IC-TSIGUT-A(TROTBBD)-A-T(TROP)-AE-P(TROTPR)-WA-N ~ An – Ideological Change – The Strange Idea Grew Up That – Aristocracy (The Rule Of The Best By Descent) – And – Theocracy (The Rule Of Priests) – And Even – Plutocracy (The Rule Of The Present Rich) – Were All – Nasty

~ T-GE-A-1800-CF-HC-UB-LAD-F-OP-T-T-TB-ROAN-EITEOO-A-SBT-OOMIC ~ The – Great Enrichment – After – 1800 – Came From – Human Creativity – Unleashed By – Liberty And Dignity – For – Ordinary People – Through – Trade-Tested Betterment – Resting On A New – Equality In The Eyes Of Others – And – Spread By The – Overturning Of Monopoly In Competition

~ WIIC-SAS-TW-FC-EJ-MFA-CTD-T-ROTG-RDUBTEIFOTOR ~ Whatever It Is Called – Such A Society – Thronging With – Free Conversations – Easily Joined – Made For A – Creativity That Disturbed – The – Rules Of The Game – Rules Designed Unsurprisingly By The Elite In Favor Of The Old Rich

~ A-POCM-TBS-MBBFTPTB-BAF-OD-OS-C-IP-FTMPIHB ~ A – Patent Or Copyright Monopoly – To Be Sure – Must Be Broken For The Poor To Benefit – But Aside From – Overlawyered Definitions – Of So-Called – Intellectual Property – For The Most Part It Has Been

~ TMTRUTPINATDOEFRP-BTRSASPOTITTM-CATP-ISTRT-AALALSOTNTIGTTT-CDID ~ The Mechanism That Raised Up The Poor Is Not A Trickle Down Of Expenditures From Rich People – Because The Rich Spend A Smaller Proportion Of Their Incomes Than The Middle-Class And The Poor – It Stands To Reason That – As A Larger And Larger Share Of The Nations’ Total Income Goes To The Top – Consumer Demand Is Dampened

~ TIN-FL-SFA-TDOATU-WGBBGSO-NB-MTUOD ~ There Is No – Free Lunch – Springing From A – Trickle Down Or A Trickle Up – We Get Better By Getting Smarter Only – Not By – Miraculous Trickles Up Or Down

~ TGI-ET-TB-SA-MTPPR-WHH-O-RIIE-WHAH ~ The Goal Is – Ethical Trade-Tested Betterment – Such As – Making The Poor People Rich – Which Has Happened – Or – Reducing Inequality In Essentials – Which Has Also Happened

~ TP-MAD-NTPWCP-IPAH-TT-I-TOWA ~ The Persistent – Macho And Deadly – Notion That Power Will Cause Plenty – Is Popular Among Historians – The Truth – Is – The Other Way Around

~ T-AH-O-EIIA-SEII-T-EE-OIO-OE-HBSRTB-NON ~ The – Appalling History – Of – European Imperialism In Africa – Sufficiently Establishes Its Indefensibility – The – Economic Effect – Of Imperialism On – Ordinary Europeans – Has Been Shown Repeatedly To Be – Nil Or Negative

~ E-CBAWTAF-PF-B-NT-NW ~ Empire – Can Be A Way To A Few – Private Fortunes – But – Not To – National Wealth

~ IWPTBP-NTOWA ~ It Was Plenty That Bred Power – Not The Other Way Around

~ AC-B-U-N-P-OII-E-B-I ~ Accumulated Capital – Becomes – Unusually – Nonroutinely – Profitable – Only If It – Embodies – Betterment – Innovism

~ B-K-UMTOE-HACOAOC ~ But – Knowledge – Unlike Most Treasures On Earth – Has A Chance Of Accumulating Over Centuries

~ TAB-T-FW-TBI-B-A-FP-TE-T-P-TTEOOV-TTAATC-‘N’-‘GIG’-TOB-EB-SE-AB-AIT-B-T/H/K-DNGPTAFHL-F/H/L-D ~ Trade And Betterment – Threatened – From Within – The Bourgeoisie Itself – By – A – Foolish Pride – That Elevates – Trading – Prudence – To The Exclusion Of Other Virtues – The Threat Appears As The Crudely – “Neoliberal” – “Greed-Is-Good” – Theory Of Behavior – Encouraged By – Some Economists – And By – All Inside Traders – But – Taking / Having / Keeping – Do Not Give Purpose To A Full Human Life – Faith / Hope / Love – Do

~ M-E-N-M-L-HST ~ Mainly – Ethics – Not – Mainly – Laws – Held Societies Together

~ T-GE-DNAFG-PR-WEAOAA-IAF-R-T-TB ~ The – Great Enrichment – Did Not Arise From Good – Property Rights – Which Existed All Over And Anciently – It Arose From – Revolutionary – Trade-Tested Betterment

~ Ethics – What Is Honored Or Dishonored By Society – Is What Changed Quickly – Not – The Institutional Environment – The Institutions – Such As – Criminal / Contract / Property / Corporate – Law – Changed – After The Ethical Change – Not Before – Ideas And Ethics Changed – The Institutions Did Not

~ GCBSFALT-A-COTAOQLPG ~ Governments Can Be Stupid For A Long Time – And – Can Obstruct The Achievement Of Quite Large Potential Gains

~ B-T-RAP-RTG-T-PAOP-HBRHB-GR ~ Because – The – Rich And Powerful – Run The Government – The – Poor And Other Powerless – Have Been Regularly Hurt By – Governmental Regulation

~ NM-BD-CBM-W-IAI ~ Not Many – Business Decisions – Could Be Made – Without – Identity And Impulse

~ B-TEGLFTHTNOIMB-S-L-RAVTV-IPTVO-P-WI-TSITT-I-TWOS-MU ~ But – The Economists’ Great Love For The Hypothesis That No One Is Motivated By – Say – Love – Reduces All Virtues To Vice – In Particular The Vice Of – Pride – Which Is – To Speak In Theological Terms – Idolatry – The Worship Of Self – Max U

~ TVOTP-C/L/J/T/F/H-AV-A-NMAWOGPP ~ The Virtues Other Than Prudence – Courage / Love / Justice / Temperance / Faith / Hope – Are Virtues – And – Not Merely Another Way Of Getting Prudent Pleasure

~ NTHMIIAC-WTWWMWWC ~ Numbers Tell How Much Is In A Classification – Words Tell What We Mean When We Count

~ T-NE-WO-B/N/R-T/C/D/E/L/D ~ The – New Ethic – Was Of – Betterment / Novelty / Risk-Taking / Creativity / Democracy / Equality / Liberty / Dignity

~ IIAWU ~ Irrationality Is Always With Us

~ WCWWWDU ~ What Changed Was What Was Deemed Useful

~ PL-AN-B-TANLSF-TSB-S-GE-OTP150Y ~ Property Laws – Are Necessary – But – They Are Nothing Like Sufficient For – The Startling Betterment – Startling – Great Enrichment – Of The Past 150 Years

~ IIACOSO-R-T-TPR-WTCII-N-WIGW ~ It Is A Cliche Of Studies Of – Revolution – That – The Poor Revolt – When Their Condition Is Improved – Not – When It Gets Worse

~ FC-TSO-RD-KBPBIH ~ For Centuries – The Specter Of – Radical Democracy – Kept Being Pushed Back Into Hell

~ TIO-EAL-A-DFAH-C-AT-P-AS-M-AT-S-P ~ The Idea Of – Equality Of Liberty – And – Dignity For All Humans – Caused – And Then – Protected – A Starling – Material – And Then – Spiritual – Progress

~ I-N-I-MT-MW ~ Ideas – Not – Institutions – Made The – Modern World

~ NR-D-M-AAL-V-RT-G-GLOSP-AFI-SD-AALL-IF ~ Negotiated Rights – Deal-Making – And At Length – Voting – Replaced The – God-Given Laws Of Social Position – At First In – Stirring Declarations – And At Long Last – In Fact

~ BCBCBC-MC ~ Behavior Can Be Changed By Compulsion – Minds Cannot

~ TFITPBMTOOAIIASLIIAME-WEMHTSITF ~ The Fact Is That Persuasion Beyond Mere Transmittal Of Offers And Information Is A Startlingly Large Item In A Modern Economy – We Economist Might Have To Stop Ignoring The Fact

~ STR ~ Sweet Talk Rules

~ TWITT ~ The Word’s The Thing

~ BBU ~ Betterocracy Became Usual

~ TTC-C-A-C-ITRM-ITTF-REE ~ Trade Test Cooperation – Competition – And – Conservation – In The Right Mix – Is The Ticket For – Rapid Economic Evolution

~ LSUAMAWSL ~ Language Speaks Us As Much As We Speak Language

~ I-F-GOI-M ~ Ideas – For – Good Or Ill – Matter

~ PWTBTBIT ~ People Want To Believe That Beauty Is Truth

~ DITP-WITS-PBHU ~ Dogma Is The Problem – Which Is To Say – Passionate Beliefs Held Uncritically

~ WGAS-TNTBAS-A-HIUANWODI ~ When Goods Are Scarce – They Need To Be Allocated Somehow – And – Hierarchy Is Usually A Nasty Way Of Doing It

~ RMU-B-CRUU ~ Rhetoric Made Us – But – Can Readily Unmake Us

~ WE-IA-CTF ~ Widespread Evil – Is A – Comfort To Fools

EMILY ESFAHANI SMITH ~ THE POWER OF MEANING ~ 2017

~ WLHM-ITO-L-O-DQ-T-P-HEAAATA-II-TMIQOA ~ Whether Life Has Meaning – Is The Only – Life-Or-Death Question – That – Philosophy – Has Ever Asked And Attempted To Answer – It Is – The Most Important Question Of All

~ WLFREOTW-A-SOAU-B-TWI-C/D/S ~ We Long For Rational Explanations Of The World – And – Seek Order And Unity – But – The World Is – Chaotic / Disordered / Senseless

~ TFPOM:B/P/S/T ~ The Four Pillars Of Meaning: Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence

~ ASOB-CIA-TMIDOM ~ A Sense Of Belonging – Clocks In As – The Most Important Driver Of Meaning

~ P-NMT-FAS-T-LFAHL-TNN-LAC-TN-TBTS ~ People – Need More That – Food And Shelter – To – Live Full And Healthy Lives – They Need – Love And Care – They Need – To Belong To Someone

~ AS-PASLTWFAN-A-MTIFO-T/P/C ~ Across Society – People Are Spending Less Time With Friends And Neighbors – And – More Time In Front Of – Television / Phone / Computer

~ SE-I-ATTM ~ Social Exclusion – Is – A Threat To Meaning

~ TSMOR-CKTMOOAC-AEA-TSMOBCBIU ~ The Smallest Moment Of Rejection – Can Knock The Meaning Out Of A Connection – As Easily As – The Smallest Moment Of Belonging Can Build It Up

~ C-LATCO-B ~ Compassion – Lies At The Center Of – Belonging

~ MGT-HAT-IOFIT-LML-TMCT-S/T/C-TLWT-A-UTFTBOO ~ Many Great Thinkers – Have Argued That – In Order For Individuals To – Live Meaningful Lives – They Must Cultivate The – Strengths / Talents / Capacities – That Lie Within Them – And – Use Them For The Benefit Of Others

~ ETMTTCBMPWTBTPYL ~ Even The Most Tedious Tasks Can Be Made Purposeful When They Benefit The People You Love

~ NAOUW-FOC-B-TDMWC-FP ~ Not All Of Us Will – Find Our Calling – But – That Doesn’t Mean We Can’t – Find Purpose

~ EOUHA-COP-F/C/W-WLWCI-TALECLB ~ Each Of Us Has A – Circle Of People – Families / Communities / Work – Whose Lives We Can Improve – That’s A Legacy Everyone Can Leave Behind

~ OSIEFAD-SNAHS:TNTMSOTW-SAPEWICTDOI-UWWAAHWGTW ~ Our Storytelling Impulse Emerges From A Deep-Seated Need All Humans Share: The Need To Make Sense Of The World – Stories Are Particularly Essential When It Comes To Defining Our Identity – Understanding Who We Are And How We Got That Way

~ O-S-TTFOTM-EE-OOL-GAB-B-TATETWNTMSO-TATETSU ~ Our – Stories – Tend To Focus On The Most – Extraordinary Events – Of Our Lives – Good And Bad – Because – Those Are The Experiences That We Need To Make Sense Of – Those Are The Experiences That Shape Us

~ T-O-OA-RS-I-A-‘CS’ ~ The – Opposite – Of A – Redemptive Story – Is – A – “Contamination Story”

~ WAATAOOOSACCTCTWWTT ~ We Are All The Authors Of Our Own Stories And Can Choose To Change The Way We’re Telling Them

~ BWAFMISTBO ~ But We Also Find Meaning In Stories Told By Others

~ A-BWM-WUTS-BAGWOA-DARR-O-ITHDR-CTU ~ A – Brush With Mystery – Whether Underneath The Stars – Before A Gorgeous Work Of Art – During A Religious Ritual – Or – In The Hospital Delivery Room – Can Transform Us

~ TE-CL-D-SP-W-Y-STTCAPUTGIWTUMUWAOLMF-WDSBROTPO-B/P/S/T-ITPAS-WBATLOTWAS-B-I-TPCOFAAROAST-WCRTTBESAMR ~ Traumatic Experiences – Can Leave – Deep – Sometimes Permanent – Wounds – Yet – Struggling Through Them Can Also Push Us To Grow In Ways That Ultimately Make Us Wiser And Our Lives More Fulfilling – We Do So By Relying On The Pillars Of – Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence – If Those Pillars Are Strong – We’ll Be Able To Lean On Them When Adversity Strikes – But – If – The Pillars Crumble Or Fall As A Result Of A Shattering Trauma – We Can Rebuild Them To Be Even Stronger And More Resilient

~ VRE-A-FBOP-DNLT-HB-B-SAT-W-D-IHUMBO-IER-T-SD-EWIUH ~ Venting Raw Emotions – And – Falling Back On Platitudes – Does Not Lead To – Health Benefits – But – Sustained And Thoughtful – Writing – Does – It Helps Us Move Beyond Our – Initial Emotional Reactions – To – Something Deeper – Expressive Writing Is Uniquely Healing

~ COM ~ Cultures Of Meaning

~ HMIL-HBAW-L-BIF-A-MGMITB ~ Having Meaning In Life – Has Been Associated With – Longevity – Better Immune Functioning – And – More Gray Matter In The Brain

~ WT-SOD-OLPTCTT-L-A-M-ICABA-C-FTTWO-ATHNDB-TMOTL ~ While The – Specter Of Death – Often Leads People To Conclude That Their – Lives – Are – Meaningless – It Can Also Be A – Catalyst – For Them To Work Out – As They Have Never Done Before – The Meaning Of Their Lives

DANIEL GOLEMAN ~ FOCUS ~ 2013

~ WTLB-AAE-RHMOTT-IRTAEWSTA ~ While The Link Between – Attention And Excellence – Remains Hidden Most Of The Time – It Ripples Through Almost Everything We Seek To Accomplish

~ TEHYPSSAEG-MHTASCS-B-TACAQAHTSHMLT-DICMS ~ The Endless Hours Young People Spend Staring At Electronic Gadgets – May Help Them Acquire Specific Cognitive Skills – But – There Are Concerns And Questions About How Those Same Hours May Lead To – Deficits In Core Mental Skills

~ TDLB-FR-A-PR-LIWONWCUWS-TSOI-AT-CLT-DT-G-O-I-OTOH-WJK-OOTSLOW ~ The Dividing Line Between – Fruitless Rumination – And – Productive Reflection – Lies In Whether Or Not We Come Up With Some – Tentative Solution Or Insight – And Then – Can Let Those – Distressing Thoughts – Go – Or – If – On The Other Hand – We Just Keep – Obsessing Over The Same Loop Of Worry

~ TMOFGD-TWWD ~ The More Our Focus Gets Disrupted – The Worse We Do

~ SFDW-TO-O-ED-ONWFSAITFIE ~ Since Focus Demands We – Tune Out – Our – Emotional Distractions – Our Neural Wiring For Selective Attention Includes That For Inhibiting Emotion

~ EVOAHIU ~ Every Variety Of Attention Has Its Uses

~ TVFT-AHOOTAD-STMWBSAT-AMTCETF ~ The Very Fact That – About Half Of Our Thoughts Are Daydreams – Suggests There May Well Be Some Advantages To – A Mind That Can Entertain The Fanciful

~ LCCRCITFOW-FP-I-WOHTRTVNTFACSITFP ~ Life’s Creative Challenges Rarely Come In The Form Of Well-Formulated Puzzles – Instead – We Often Have To Recognize The Very Need To Find A Creative Solution In The First Place

~ T-CC-WN-FT-W-WCSAOA ~ The – Creative Cocoon – We Need – Free Time – Where – We Can Sustain An Open Awareness

~ GT:SBS ~ GroupThink: Shared Blind Spots

~ W-IFMF-ATGAII-TBDWBM-B-GT-BWTUA-WKEWNT ~ When Information Flows Most Freely – Among The Group And Into It – The Best Decisions Will Be Made – But – GroupThink – Begins With The Unstated Assumption – We Know Everything We Need To

~ TRWNBTC-Y-EBATTWASSI-A-TTPEYGBB-TW-‘RLAIIWS’ ~ The Results Were No Better Than Chance – Yet – Everyone Behaved As Though There Were A Special Skill Involved – And – The Top Performers Each Year Got Big Bonuses – They Were – “Rewarding Luck As If It Were Skill”

~ AATGT:EYCOCBYCZ-A-IAI-GIBBAACON-BSC ~ Another Antidote To Groupthink: Expand Your Circle Of Connection Beyond Your Comfort Zone – And – Inoculate Against In-Group Isolation By Building An Ample Circle Of No-BS Confidants

~ ARE ~ Attention Regulates Emotion

~ TBS:ACLOS-C-IEBAPAPO-A-FS-AH-AA-SC/WOFO/IQ-W-ACIFILS ~ The Big Shock: A Child’s Level Of Self-Control – Is Every Bit As Powerful A Predictor Of – Adult – Financial Success – And – Health – As Are – Social Class / Wealth Of Family Origin / IQ – Willpower – A Completely Independent Force In Life Success

~ TPT-DOFOOT-A-IO-LATCOW ~ The Power To – Direct Our Focus Onto One Thing – And – Ignore Others – Lies At The Core Of Willpower

~ E-W-AT-IAP-GMAAUL-A-O-B-UC-CRI-O-AC-GTM-B-O-T-DA-MAAOI-THMHPI ~ Everything – We – Attend To – In Another Person – Generates Meaning At An Unconscious Level – And – Our – Bottom-Up Circuitry – Constantly Reads It – Our – Automatic Circuitry – Gets The Message – But – Our – Top-Down Awareness – Misses Almost All Of It – These Hidden Messages Have Powerful Impacts

~ ASF:ISOSSAP:TPTTTOTP ~ A Subtle Force: Invisible Signs Of Social Status And Powerlessness: The Powerful Tend To Tune Out The Powerless

~ TAOTPTD-IP-A-IT-B-PNA-HBTFO-SP-WAF-RBPATPWPMALAT-TPAPATOPATN-TW-OTOH-CHH-TM-TCATBLAOTNOOP ~ The Ability Of The Powerful To Dismissive – Inconvenient People – And – Inconvenient Truths – By – Paying No Attention – Has Become The Focus Of – Social Psychologists – Who Are Finding – Relationships Between Power And The People We Pay Most And Least Attention To – The Poor Are Particularly Attentive To Other People And Their Needs – The Wealthy – On The Other Hand – Can Hire Help – This Means – They Can Afford To Be Less Aware Of The Needs Of Other People

~ TMYCAS-TMAYP-A-TMAYP-TMYC-AIWL ~ The More You Care About Someone – The More Attention You Pay – And – The More Attention You Pay – The More You Care – Attention Interweaves With Love

~ AWDTRP? ~ Are We Defining The Right Problem?

~ DWHTRD? ~ Do We Have The Right Data?

~ WATABTATDGFI?-DTMGTAMOR? ~ What Are The Assumptions Behind The Algorithm The Data Gets Fed Into? – Does The Model Guiding Those Assumption Map On Reality?

~ WWAMB-PE-WWDFMMATUTALL-IASLIA ~ When We Are Motivated By – Positive Emotions – What We Do Feels More Meaningful And The Urge To Act Lasts Longer – It All Stays Longer In Attention

~ SL ~ Systems Literacy

~ ‘DALY’ ~ “Disability Adjusted Life Years”

~ VAOT-I-P/C/MP-WDIAEE-WNOKOCA-EI-W-ST-WNTRTA-AH-EO-FTF ~ Virtually All Of Today’s – Industrial – Platforms / Chemicals / Manufacturing Processes – Were Developed In An Earlier Era – When No One Knew Or Cared About – Environmental Impacts – With – Systems Thinking – We Need To Rethink Them All – A Huge – Entrepreneurial Opportunity – For The Future

~ HAHOP-ANFGP-HEIAD-PA-WP-MACD-SP-AIA-FL-TLY-REACT-PFA-ST-BTMPS-SSC-A-EOCNNFWWAP ~ Hours And Hours Of Practice – Are Necessary For Great Performance – How Experts In Any Domain – Pay Attention – While Praticing – Makes A Crucial Difference – Smart Practice – Always Includes A – Feedback Loop – That Lets You – Recognize Errors And Correct Them – Paying Full Attention – Seems To – Boost The Mind’s Processing Speed – Strengthen Synaptic Connections – And – Expand Or Create Neural Networks For What We Are Practicing

~ AFOOS-UUTADFASOTN-I/P/P-IC-SOW-EADSO-OAG-CUD ~ A Focus On Our Strengths – Urges Us Toward A Desired Future And Stimulates Openness To New – Ideas / People / Plans – In Contrast – Spotlighting Our Weaknesses – Elicits A Defensive Sense Of – Obligation And Guilt – Closing Us Down

~ WPW-SSU-A-OA-TANN-EL-ITLTR-EI ~ While People With – Superior Systems Understanding – Are – Organizational Assets – They Are Not Necessarily – Effective Leaders – If They Lack The Requisite – Emotional Intelligence

~ PFOTST-WITTGR-WVNAPT-WNTBDNTPFG ~ Politicians Focus On The Short Term – What It Takes To Get Reelected – With Virtually No Attention Paid To – What Needs To Be Done Now To Protect Future Generations

~ TA-HI-IA-TS:EO-AAU-IO-IO-IOCAS ~ There’s A – Hidden Ingredient – In Any – True Solution: Enhancing Our – Attention And Understanding – In Ourselves – In Others – In Our Communities And Societies

~ ITSTLIOGPTASG-LIWD-W-WAF-OSM-O-IAO-O-SAAW-WAALIOWOA ~ In The Sense That Leaders Influence Or Guide People Toward A Shared Goal – Leadership Is Widely Distributed – Whether – Within A Family – On Social Media – Or – In An Organization – Or – Society As A Whole – We Are All Leaders In One Way Or Another

~ GL-BTWC ~ Great Leaders – Benefit The Widest Circle

~ WNTROES-FI-HN ~ We Need To Reinvent Our Economic Systems – Factoring In – Human Needs

~ I-OF-SO-O-PE-S-I-IR-A-OOSG-T-ITLR-AOU-AAS-A-D ~ If – Our Focus – Serves Only – Our – Personal Ends – Self-Interest – Immediate Reward – And – Our Own Small Group – Then – In The Long Run – All Of Us – As A Species – Are – Doomed

NASSIM TALEB ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ HAIDL ~ Hidden Asymmetries In Daily Life

~ IATINDBAATRW;ITRW-TI ~ In Academia There Is Not Difference Between Academia And The Real World; In The Real World – There Is

~ IYHTR-YMAGSOTR-NLOPTPOYM ~ If You Have The Rewards – You Must Also Get Some Of The Risks – Not Let Others Pay The Price Of Your Mistakes

~ IYIROO-ATAH-YNTPSPFI ~ If You Inflict Risk On Others – And – They Are Harmed – You Need To Pay Some Price For It

~ IDLRBTIMOTO ~ I Don’t Like Reading Books That Inform Me Of The Obvious

~ ODAPBEJI ~ One Debases A Principle By Endlessly Justifying It

~ YCS-K-F-CWTG-A-YCS-A-F-CWTG ~ You Cannot Separate – Knowledge – From – Contact With The Ground – Actually – You Cannot Separate – Anything – From – Contact With The Ground

~ TKWGB-T-V-TAE-E-A-TWOT-IOW-CWTE-IVSTT-OT-R ~ The Knowledge We Get By – Tinkering – Via – Trial And Error – Experience – And – The Workings Of Time – In Other Words – Contact With The Earth – Is Vastly Superior To That – Obtained Through – Reasoning

~ ESB-LD ~ Elaborate Semiabstract Buzzword-Laden Discourse

~ I-NLFH-TF:TTISND/TTIL-N-H-D/TTITOA-NI ~ Interventionistas – Never Learn From History – Three Flaws: They Think In Statics Not Dynamics / They Think In Low – Not – High – Dimensions / They Think In Terms Of Actions – Never Interactions

~ RL-HTH-S/T/F/N-S ~ Real Life – Happens To Have – Second / Third / Fourth / Nth – Steps

~ WWCT-I-D-LMD-SBTNHTPFTCOTA ~ What We Call The – Intelligensia – Delusional – Literally Mentally Deranged – Simply Because They Never Have To Pay For The Consequences Of Their Actions

~ I-FDNH ~ Intervention – First Do No Harm

~ WHABC-B-WSET-DTW-NWC ~ We Have Always Been Crazy – But – Weren’t Skilled Enough To – Destroy The World – Now We Can

~ B-IA CBWAPI-CSFTCOHOHA ~ Bureaucracy – Is A Construction By Which A Person Is – Conveniently Separated From The Consequences Of His Or Her Actions

~ W-WHNCBT-D-O-MP-T-L ~ Well – We Have No Choice But To – Decentralize – Or – More Politely – To – Localize

~ D-R-LSA ~ Decentralization – Reduces Large Structural Asymmetries

~ S-ITTOPO-AR-TAC-SITG ~ Somehow – In The Thousands Of Pages Of – Additional Regulations – They Avoided Considering – Skin In The Game

~ S-LB-RP-VN ~ Systems – Learn By – Removing Parts – Via Negativa

~ SITG-KHHIC ~ Skin In The Game – Keeps Human Hubris In Check

~ WKWMMCWIBTWIG ~ We Know With Much More Clarity What Is Bad Than What Is Good

~ VN-ABR-I-MPALE-P-T-VP-ABA ~ Via Negativa – Acting By Removing – Is – More Powerful And Less Error-Prone – Than – Via Positiva – Acting By Addition

~ ATAFSWGAFAL-U-TIAPFTA ~ Avoid Taking Advice From Someone Who Gives Advice For A Living – Unless – There Is A Penalty For Their Advice

~ WABA-D-T-U ~ We Are Better At – Doing – Than – Understanding

~ TLE-TRTFAKTR-A-TLEOTNLWT ~ The Lindy Effect: Time Removes The Fragile And Keeps The Robust – And – The Life Expectancy Of The Nonfragile Lengthens With Time

~ OAN(BP) ~ Overeducated And Naive (But Punctual)

~ TINKRDO-R-TMRO-T-‘N’-R ~ There Is No Known Rigorous Definition Of – Rationality – That Makes Rejection Of The – “Natural” – Rational

~ WI-R-ITWA-TCE-MTLFALT-T-S- ~ What Is – Rational – Is That What Allows – The Collective Entities – Meant To Live For A Long Time – To – Survive

~ CH-WBAFI ~ Causing Harm – Without Being Accountable For It

~ TWTSD-A-OTWDST ~ Those Who Talk Should Do – And – Only Those Who Do Should Talk

~ ATGMT-TI-AGSBTMATU ~ As Things Get More Technical – There Is – A Growing Separation Between The Maker And The User

~ TDB-PWSITG-TTGI-C-BT-FC ~ Things Designed By – People Without Skin In The Game – Tend To Grow In – Complication – Before Their – Final Collapse

~ IYC-ES-R ~ If You Can’t – Effectively Sue – Regulate

~ AYDT-OYW-CSC-SM-‘E’-OOI(AOOYL)-WEMYDI ~ Anything You Do To – Optimize Your Work – Cut Some Corners – Squeeze More – “Efficiency” – Out Of It (And Out Of Your Life) – Will Eventually Make You Dislike It

~ AHTSITG ~ Artisans Have Their Soul In The Game

~ PWTHTSITG ~ People Want To Have Their Soul In The Game

~ TSNBAATEOO ~ Thou Shalt Not Become Antifragile At The Expense Of Others

~ YNTEWYFO ~ You Need To Eat What You Feed Others

~ TEIAMRTTL-OT-IITLTSCTTE-NTR ~ The Ethical Is Always More Robust Than The Legal – Over Time – It Is The Legal That Should Converge To The Ethical – Never The Reverse

~ L-CAG;E-S ~ Laws – Come And Go; Ethics – Stay

~ SM ~ Scaling Matters

~ TEACCSBWPAAC-PTC-AITEUBR-SCCBTL-GBDAADS ~ There Exists A Certain Community Size Below Which People Act As Collectivists – Protecting The Commons – As If The Entire Unit Became Rational – Such Commons Cannot Be Too Large – Groups Behave Differently At A Different Scale

~ ROM-EMIG ~ Reliance On Metrics – Every Metric Is Gameable

~ Y-TMM-R ~ Yes – The Most Motivated – Rules

~ TMILALMTWASD-A-TBWTDASITSIH[H]FIOTSOTTRTTOTD ~ The Market Is Like A Large Movie Theater With A Small Door – And – The Best Way To Detect A Sucker Is To See If His[Her] Focus Is On The Size Of The Theater Rather Than That Of The Door

~ T-S-C-M-UTP-T-SG-AW-NAM ~ The – So-Called – Mathematics – Used To Prove – The – Selfish Gene – Are Woefully – Naive And Misplaced

~ LPA-UAGS-A-TWTCOT ~ Leave People Alone – Under A Good Structure – And – They Will Take Care Of Things

~ FINF ~ Freedom Is Never Free

~ WM-IWAPHODH;IIWHOSIAOL ~ What Matters – Isn’t What A Person Has Or Doesn’t Have; It Is What He Or She Is Afraid Of Losing

~ TMYHTL-TMFYA ~ The More You Have To Lose – The More Fragile You Are

~ TSOOIYG ~ The Skin Of Others In Your Game

~ THO-W-EIYEUV-IMTTFTTTE-OTNCB-CS-MYWPTP-ASCAY ~ The History Of – Whistleblowers – Even If You End Up Vindicated – It May Take Time For The Truth To Emerge – Over The Noise Created By – Corporate Shills – Meanwhile You Will Pay The Price – A Smear Campaign Against You

~ TWEI-SC-AAP-AN-IAEE-HATBT-STIA-R-WAPT-ES ~ Those Who Engage In – Smear Campaigning – As A Profession – Are Necessarily – Incompetent At Everything Else – Hence At That Business Too – So The Industry Accumulates – Rejects – Who Are Prone To – Ethical Stretches

~ PTWA-FIWARTAWTSTWA ~ Precede Talk With Action – For It Will Always Remain That Action Without Talk Supersedes Talk Without Action

~ IYI ~ Intellectual Yet Idiot

~ WPR-O-SR-I-TPATTWHNSITG-ITTPOF ~ What People Resent – Or – Should Resent – Is – The Person At The Top Who Has No Skin In The Game – Immune To The Possibility Of Falling

~ TE-I-EIP ~ True Equality – Is – Equality In Probability

~ TPINTP-IIHPHI ~ The Problem Is Never The Problem – It Is How People Handle It

~ IY-PL-CWY-IO-ICY-II-NY-PL ~ If Your – Private Life – Conflicts With Your – Intellectual Opinion – It – Cancels Your – Intellectual Ideas – Not Your – Private Life

~ TVM ~ The Virtue Merchants

~ V-INSY-A ~ Virtue – Is Not Something You – Advertise

~ C-ITOVYCF ~ Courage – Is The Only Virtue You Cannot Fake

~ P-B-F-U-L ~ Pronouncements – By – Fools – Using – Labels

~ OO-P-BT-V-T-AOK ~ Outside Of – Poetry – Beware The – Verbalistic – That – Archenemy Of Knowledge

~ IPS ~ Intolerant Political System

~ R-RIWY-D-NIWY-T-O-IWY-‘B’~ Rationality – Resides In What You – Do – Not In What You – Think – Or – In What You – “Believe”

~ SCF-T/U/S-L ~ Survival Comes First – Truth / Understanding / Science – Later

~ WIRITWAFS-ATH-S-I-I ~ What Is Rational Is That Which Allows For Survival – Anything That Hinders – Survival – Is – Irrational

~ IOTS-YMFS ~ In Order To Succeed – You Must First Survive

~ NCAR-I-IIOAFFD ~ Never Cross A River – If – It Is On Average Four Feet Deep

~ CAP-AO ~ Courage And Precaution – Aren’t Opposites

~ SC-INC ~ Selfish Courage – Is Not Courage

LI PARISER ~ THE FILTER BUBBLE ~ 2011

~ FB ~ Filter Bubble

~ D-RCTSTFOAPOV-B-I-WMAMEI-OOB ~ Democracy – Requires Citizens To See Things From One Another’s Point Of View – But – Instead – We’re More And More Enclosed In – Our Own Bubbles

~ T-NI-DJKYAD;IKYBAWTSYABOPK ~ The – New Internet – Doesn’t Just Know You’re A Dog; It Knows Your Breed And Wants To Sell You A Bowl Of Premium Kibble

~ I-P-ITA-ICPUFCICW-T-M-B-P-S-E-A-I-TCHWTATWAO ~ If – Personalization – Is Too Acute – It Could Prevent Us From Coming Into Contact With – The – Mind-Blowing – Preconception-Shattering – Experiences – And – Ideas – That Change How We Think About The World And Ourselves

~ T-U-I-T-C ~ The – User – Is – The – Content

~ WHATTB-T-TWIAIATB ~ We Have A Tendency To Believe – That – The World Is As It Appears To Be

~ LAL-T-FB-ITTWWE-BC-WWSADS ~ Like A Lens – The – Filter Bubble – Invisibly Transforms The World We Experience – By Controlling – What We See And Don’t See

~ IWWTKWTWRLL-WHTUHFSASOVOI ~ If We Want To Know What The World Really Looks Like – We Have To Understand How Filters Shape And Skew Our View Of It

~ PF-CU-CB-B-SOEIAANO-F-TFB-SUWIWWWAF(AAA)-MUOIOMF-S-IRFOESOTKPTMUWTL ~ Personalized Filters – Can Upset – Cognitive Balance – Between – Strengthening Our Existing Ideas And Acquiring New Ones – First – The Filter Bubble – Surrounds Us With Ideas With Which We’re Already Familiar (And Already Agree) – Making Us Overconfident In Our Mental Frameworks – Second – It Removes From Our Environment Some Of The Key Prompts That Make Us Want To Learn

~ E-HALIITTTDTETW-A-AAFYOWOT-TTTSTE ~ Experts – Have A Lot Invested In The Theories They’ve Developed To Explain The World – And – After A Few Years Of Working On Them – They Tend To See Them Everywhere

~ TFB-TT-DA-CB-CITCTOIOTWIEAP;CITCUTTINWOQOAIFAD ~ The Filter Bubble – Tends To – Dramatically Amplify – Confirmation Bias – Consuming Information That Conforms To Our Ideas Of The World Is Easy And Pleasurable; Consuming Information That Challenges Us To Think In New Ways Or Question Our Assumptions Is Frustrating And Difficult

~ ITB-TPOCTVWYKGWU ~ In The Bubble – The Proportion Of Content That Validates What You Know Goes Way Up

~ SOTMICB-ASB-TIOTERITFADTRO ~ Some Of The Most Important Creative Breakthroughs – Are Spurred By – The Introduction Of The Entirely Random Ideas That Filters Are Designed To Rule Out

~ ITFB-TLD-YDSTTTDIYAA-YNELATTAMEAIYM ~ In The Filter Bubble – Things Look Different – You Don’t See The Things That Don’t Interest You At All – You’re Not Even Latently Aware That There Are Major Events And Ideas You’re Missing

~ ABTOY ~ A Bad Theory of You

~ HWB-IABAB-OFAPS ~ How We Behave – Is A Balancing Act Between – Our Future And Present Selves

~ WIAWF-WAWWC ~ With Information As With Food – We Are What We Consume

~ TIAYL ~ Trapped In A You Loop

~ SWHWTITYD? ~ So What Happens When The Internet Thinks Your Dumb?

~ RT-DP-AIEPP-ISW-TI-I-CI ~ Rather Than – Decentralizing Power – As Its Early Proponents Predicted – In Some Ways – The Internet – Is – Concentrating It

~ LOTC ~ Lords Of The Cloud

~ PD-S-ITC-I-MEFTGTS-T-IOAHC ~ Personal Data – Stored – In The Cloud – Is – Much Easier For The Government To Search – Than – Information On A Home Computer

~ I-KIP-T-AIKAAIP ~ If – Knowledge Is Power – Then – Asymmetries In Knowledge Are Asymmetries In Power

~ FWS-TFBWOBOTTIOSTAIBCOU ~ Friendly World Syndrome – The Filter Bubble Will Often Block Out The Things In Our Society That Are Important But Complex Or Unpleasant

~ IIBTH-SBFT-TNAA ~ It Is Better To Have – Some Bar For Truthfulness – Than None At All

~ WWCLSOOSP-TDLSOU ~ While We Can Lose Sight Of Our Shared Problems – They Don’t Lose Sight Of Us

~ U-DW-OI-WCACOTBONS-I ~ Ultimately – Democracy Works – Only If – We Citizens Are Capable Of Thinking Beyond Our Narrow Self-Interest

~ ‘CIL’ ~ “Code Is Law”

~ MOTT-E-RTITTWH-MOPC-AA ~ Much Of The Time – Engineers – Resist The Idea That Their Work Has – Moral Or Political Consequences – At All

~ $50BSC ~ $50 Billion Sand Castle

~ I-P-ROI-CT-TNFCB-SAMP-TMOUWI ~ If – Personalization – Remains On Its – Current Trajectory – The Near Future Could Be – Stranger And More Problematic – Than Many Of Us Would Imagine

~ A-A-VB-WA-CP ~ Advertar – A – Virtual Being – With A – Commercial Purpose

~ NSTA-AFVL ~ No Such Thing As – A Free Virtual Lunch

~ ‘AFM’ ~ “Advertiser-Funded Media”

~ A-T-GBABADOA-WNTWC-WIIDOAT ~ As – Technology – Gets Better And Better At Directing Our Attention – We Need To Watch Closely – What It Is Directing Our Attention Toward

~ SIASTJ ~ Serendipity Is A Shortcut To Joy

~ TNF-CSB-MT-FS-M-T-TTP-STIPTHADAHTETRITFP ~ The New Filterers – Can Start By – Making Their – Filtering Systems – More – Transparent – To The Public – So That It’s Possible To Have A Discussion About How They’re Exercising Their Responsibilities In The First Place

~ YSKWHYPD-WDTH-A-HIU ~ You Should Know Who Has Your Personal Data – What Data They Have – And – How It’s Used

~ YSBATPICAYFOPFBUFO ~ You Should Be Able To Prevent Information Collected About You For One Purpose From Being Used For Others

~ YSBATCIIAY ~ You Should Be Able To Correct Inaccurate Information About You

~ YDSBS ~ Your Data Should Be Secure

JIM LOEHR + TONY SCHWARTZ ~ THE POWER OF FULL ENGAGEMENT ~ 2013

~ E-N-T-I-TFCOHP ~ Energy – Not – Time – Is – The Fundamental Currency Of High Performance

~ P-H-A-H-AGI-TSMOE ~ Performance – Health – And – Happiness – Are Grounded In – The Skillful Management Of Energy

TMWTRFTEWBTTW-TMEAPWB-TMWBOOEC-TMNACOEILTB ~ The More We Take Responsibility For The Energy We Bring To The World – The More Empowered And Productive We Become – The More We Blame Others Or Eternal Circumstances – The More Negative And Compromised Our Energy Is Likely To Be

~ L-A-TSO-OE-T-IOD-OF-BHETMTOE-AN-BHWT-M-F-I-A-R-TCEOTTL ~ Leaders – Are – The Stewards Of – Organizational Energy – They – Inspire Or Demoralize – Others First – By How Effectively They Manage Their Own Energy – And Next – By How Well They – Mobilize – Focus — Interest – And – Renew – The Collective Energy Of Those They Lead

~ TSMOE-IAO-MP-FE ~ The Skillful Management Of Energy – Individually And Organizationally – Makes Possible – Full Engagement

~ FE-RDOFSBRSOE:P-E-M-A-S-AFDAC-NISBI-A-EPITO ~ Full Engagement – Requires Drawing On Four Separate But Related Sources Of Energy: Physical – Emotional – Mental – And – Spiritual – All Four Dynamics Are Critical – None Is Sufficient By Itself – And – Each Profoundly Influences The Others

~ B-ECD-BWOAWU-WMB-EE-W-IER ~ Because – Energy Capacity Diminishes – Both With Overuse And With Underuse – We Must Balance – Energy Expenditure – With – Intermittent Energy Renewal

~ TMABAO ~ The Mind And Body Are One

~ EF-RTCTMFAAAAWPOERTRROD ~ Emotional Flexibility – Reflects The Capacity To Move Freely And Appropriately Along A Wide Spectrum Of Emotions Rather Than Responding Rigidly Or Defensively

~ ER-ITATBBF-EO-D-F-A-E-L ~ Emotional Resilience – Is The Ability To Bounce Back From – Experiences Of – Disappointment – Frustration – And – Even – Loss

~ PER-HSRFME-ATKT-FE-A-SHP ~ Positive Energy Rituals – Highly Specific Routines For Managing Energy – Are The Key To – Full Engagement – And – Sustained High Performance

~ A-PR-IABTB-A-OT-FB-SDHV ~ A – Positive Ritual – Is A Behavior That Becomes – Automatic – Over Time – Fueled By – Some Deeply Held Value

~ TPORITTITWUALCEAPWIINAN-LUFT-SF-TEATU-I-C-E-W ~ The Power Of Rituals Is That They Insure That We Use As Little Conscious Energy As Possible Where It Is Not Absolutely Necessary – Leaving Us Free To – Strategically Focus – The Energy Available To Us – In – Creative – Enriching – Ways

~ TFSIOCPIT-DP-ITFOOHBAOITP-TSQ-WNITMCIOL ~ The First Step In Our Change Process Is To – Define Purpose – In The Face Of Our Habitual Behaviors And Our Instinct To Preserve – The Status Quo – We Need Inspiration To Make Changes In Our Lives

~ ‘HSISMEIAWTICWMDV?’ ~ “How Should I Spend My Energy In A Way That Is Consistent With My Deepest Values?”

~ IIITCACOC-U-YAATLHAWYAT-‘HAYSYEN?’ ~ It Is Impossible To Chart A Course Of Change – Until You Are Able To Look Honestly At Who You Are Today – “How Are You Spending Your Energy Now?”

TO-WVOLT-R-C-G-POAV-O-SDTOT-TCWAMAHACIO-T-Q-F-A-F-OO-E ~ Too Often – We View Our Lives Through – Rose-Colored Glasses – Painting Ourselves As Victims – Or – Simply Denying To Ourselves That – The Choices We Are Making Are Having A Consequential Impact On – The – Quantity – Force – And – Focus – Of Our – Energy

~ FTT-BW-GCD ~ Facing The Truth – Begins With – Gathering Credible Data

~ PIF ~ Physical Is Fundamental

~ E-IS-TCTDW-OMFNAHBI-TSARE-WA-OB-IA-OU-RIOI ~ Energy – Is Simply – The Capacity To Do Work – Our Most Fundamental Need As Human Beings Is – To Spend And Recover Energy – We Are – Oscillatory Beings – In An – Oscillatory Universe – Rhythmicity Is Our Inheritance

~ WCOPSHFSLWBDABO ~ We Can Only Push So Hard For So Long Without Breaking Down And Burning Out

~ WMLTE-SP-IOD-IT-WWSOTT-CPI-A-SOAFATR ~ We Must Learn To Establish – Stopping Points – In Our Days – Inviolable Times – When We Step Off The Track – Cease Processing Information – And – Shift Our Attention From Achievement To Restoration

~ SA ~ Stress Addiction

~ DFO ~ Death From Overwork

~ WGAAL-B-EEBONL-A-T-R ~ We Grow At All Levels – By – Expending Energy Beyond Our Normal Limits – And – Then – Recovering

~ EC-R-AWTE-S-TD-ITSO-L-TR ~ Expanding Capacity – Requires – A Willingness To Endure – Short-Term Discomfort – In The Service Of – Long-Term Reward

~ OMFNAHBITSARE-O ~ Our Most Fundamental Need As Human Beings Is To Spend And Recover Energy – Oscillation

~ WB-E-M-A-S-C-WMSEOT-SBONL-FB-AR ~ We Build – Emotional – Mental – And – Spiritual – Capacity – We Must Systematically Expose Ourselves To – Stress Beyond Our Normal Limits – Followed By – Adequate Recovery

~ D-S-A-R-B-I-SASO-E-A-A-F-AWAO-R-S-A-Q-TU-HP ~ Deep – Smooth – And – Rhythmic – Breathing – Is – Simultaneously A Source Of – Energy – Alertness – And – Focus – As Well As Of – Relaxation – Stillness – And – Quiet – The Ultimate – Healthy Pulse

~ OT-E-A-B-S-I-TMISO-R-IOL ~ Other Than – Eating – And – Breathing – Sleeping – Is – The Most Important Source Of – Recovery – In Our Lives

~ B-S-A-C-T-HAPIO-H-O-EL-A-O-P ~ Both – Strength – And – Cardiovascular – Training – Have A Powerful Impact On – Health – On – Energy Levels – And – On – Performance

~ EAR ~ Enjoyment And Renewal

~ HITBP ~ Healing In The Broken Places

~ NE-SS-B-TAVCAEIITCOP ~ Negative Emotions – Serve Survival – But – They Are Very Costly And Energy Inefficient In The Context Of Performance

~ TAT-SPEDPOIS-LATHO-EL ~ The Ability To – Summon Positive Emotions During Periods Of Intense Stress – Lies At The Heart Of – Effective Leadership

~ TPOTB ~ The Plasticity Of The Brain

~ B-T-MAB-AS-IC-EMPECICC-IDSMSBDMBAOTTB-EIABTSMPOAC-B-D-NT-WHRBCAPFD ~ Because – The – Mind And Body – Are So – Inextricably Connected – Even Moderate Physical Exercise Can Increase Cognitive Capacity – It Does So Most Simply By Driving More Blood And Oxygen To The Brain – Exercise Is Also Believed To Stimulate More Production Of A Chemical-Brain-Derived – Neurotrophic Factor – Which Helps Repair Brain Cells And Prevent Further Damage

~ TO-WDOTTATDAOM-DOERITP ~ Too Often – We Devote Our Time To Activities That Don’t Advanced Our Mission – Depleting Our Energy Reserves In The Process

~ T-ME-TBS-FE-I-RO-STWAII-B-AWPTA-DO ~ The – Mental Energy – That Best Serves – Full Engagement – Is – Realistic Optimism – Seeing The World As It Is – But – Always Working Positively Towards A – Desired Outcome

~ MMC-IDF-ABBEAR-ME ~ Maximum Mental Capacity – Is Derived From – A Balance Between Expending And Recovering – Mental Energy

~ CTCTBSAAPAA-RMD ~ Continuing To Challenge The Brain Serves As A Protection Against Age-Related Mental Decline

~ SE:AWTL ~ Spiritual Energy: A Why To Live

~ TKMTF-SE-I-C-TCACTLBOV-EWDSRPSAH-SSM-I-P-C-I-A-H ~ The Key Muscle That Fuels – Spiritual Energy – Is – Character – The Courage And Conviction To Live By Our Values – Even When Doing So Requires Personal Sacrifice And Hardship – Supportive Spiritual Muscles – Include – Passion – Commitment – Integrity – And – Honesty

~ SE-ISB-BACTAPBO-W-AS-C ~ Spiritual Energy – Is Sustained By – Balancing A Commitment To A Purpose Beyond Ourselves – With – Adequate Self-Care

~ SW-CBDARATST ~ Spiritual Work – Can Be Demanding And Renewing At The Same Time

~ PCAD ~ Purposes Creates A Destination

~ T-S-AE-R-ITWFTBTSFM ~ The – Simple – Almost Embarrassing – Reality – Is That We Feel Too Busy To Search For Meaning

~ CPT-T-Q-U-T-WISTMOUFWSDNH-WAFRFOOTTNWALSOD ~ Clarifying Purpose Takes – Time – Quiet – Uninterrupted – Time – Which Is Something That Many Of Us Feel We Simply Do Not Have – We Are Forever Rushing From One Obligation To The Next Without Any Larger Sense Of Direction

~ W-O-SI-WYLTSOY-T-TWCWYRWIYL? ~ What – One-Sentence Inscription – Would You Like To See On Your – Tombstone – That Would Capture Who You Really Were In Your Life?

~ WWLASSOP-WAEBBLIS ~ When We Lack A Strong Sense Of Purpose – We Are Easily Buffeted By Life’s Inevitable Storms

~ FTT:HAYMYEN? ~ Face The Truth: How Are You Managing Your Energy Now?

~ I-IAMOAAT-C-WEII-E ~ Intellectualizing – Is A Means Of Acknowledging A Truth – Cognitively – Without Experiencing Its Impact – Emotionally

~ HWAPAYIYE? ~ How Wisely And Productivity Are You Investing Your Energy?

~ ‘ICBW’ ~ “I Could Be Wrong”

~ CETBWWFDAAR ~ Confident Enough To Be Wrong Without Feeling Diminished As A Result