KEN ROBINSON + LOU ARONICA ~ THE ELEMENT ~ 2009

~ FYPCE ~ Finding Your Passion Changes Everything

~ E-TPWTTYLTDATTTYAGACT ~ Element – The Place Where The Things You Love To Do And The Things That You Are Good At Come Together

~ HWPOCAHWCATO-DLOWWEOO ~ How We Perceive Our Circumstances And How We Create And Take Opportunities – Depends Largely On What We Expect Of Ourselves

~ EIAAAYATAOTWIWYETW-ADWYOTSL-JDTTFG ~ Element Is All About Allowing Yourself Access To All Of The Ways In Which You Experience The World – And Discovering Where Your Own True Strengths Lie – Just Don’t Take Them For Granted

~ GCTAD-TACOVDSOPWDBCT ~ Great Creative Teams Are Diverse – They Are Composed Of Very Different Sorts Of People With Different But Complementary Talents

~ CTHADPACTGDSS ~ Creative Teams Have A Distinctive Personality And Come Together To Do Something Specific

~ G-SBTRIASWTFOOOTG-WMDODPTSCWOP ~ Groupthink – Since Breaking The Rules Is A Sure Way To Find Ourselves Out Of The Group – We May Deny Our Deepest Passions To Stay Connected With Our Peers

~ FTLOI ~ For The Love Of It

~ TBIYE-IINTDEEADIAD-ED-MPETLDOT-ATTCTASITLTDTTTL ~ To Be In Your Element – It Isn’t Necessary To Drop Everything Else And Do It All Day – Every Day – Many People Earn Their Living Doing One Thing – And Then Then Create Time And Space In Their Lives To Do The Thing They Love

YOCHAI BENKLER ~ THE PENGUIN AND THE LEVIATHAN

~ CTOSI ~ Cooperation Triumphs Over Self-Interest

~ WNNB-RSTTGL-AGBTIHOTM-O-POTCHOF-TSTCW-IHOT-TSOL-ICTA-TP~ We Need Not Be – Robotic Slaves To The Government’s Leviathan – Automations Guided By The Invisible Hand Of The Market – Or – Parts Of The Collectivist Hive Of Fascism – To Serve The Common Weal – In Honor Of Tux – The Symbol Of Linux – I’ll Call This Alternative – The Penguin

~ INTCCSDBTLNTIHOTFMCEGS-WSWT? ~ If Neither The Command-Control Systems Dictated By The Leviathan Nor The Invisible Hand Of The Free Market Can Effectively Govern Society – Where Shall We Turn?

~ EWBNTUQOTSS-A-WBTTOHBITOAMPR-TPAE ~ Economics Was By Now The Unquestioned Queen Of The Social Sciences – And – We Began To Think Of Human Behavior In Terms Of Almost Mechanical, Predictable, Responses – To Punishments And Incentives

~ PAIFMC-TMEAOPA-TIJT-DOFSHICS-OMSAETEIBO ~ People Are In Fact More Cooperative – Than Most Economists And Others Previously Assumed – This Isn’t Just Theory – Dozens Of Field Studies Have Identified Cooperative Systems – Often More Stable And Effective Than Equivalent Incentive-Based Ones

~ UCOCASTMUIE ~ Using Control Of Carrots And Sticks To Motivate Us Isn’t Effective

~ ORTTMOUSPITIINWW-OMS ~ One Reason That The Myth Of Universal Selfishness Persists Is That It Is Not Wholly Wrong – Only Mostly So

~ Y-SBAS-BFASAOTT-ASOUDNAOOSI ~ Yes – Some People Are Selfish – But Few Are Selfish All Of The Time – And Some Of Us Do Not Act Out Of Self-Interest

~ HBTTSONSETHUMSOOCACW ~ Human Beings Tend To Seek Out Neat, Simple Explanations To Help Us Make Sense Of Our Confusing And Complex World

~ ATGHNBEASTTITOUS-OWGITHOTOOAOBIAGW-WTTIATEWEACSIFWOPAA-BDSB-AEO ~ Almost Two Generations Have Now Been Educated And Socialized To Think In Terms Of Universal Selfishness – Once We Get In The Habit Of Thinking Of Ourselves And Our Behavior In A Given Way – We Tend To Interpret All The Evidence We Encounter And Collect So It Fits With Our Preconceptions And Assumptions – By Discarding Some Bits – And Emphasizing Others

~ WASB-WPSAB-WAEBJAM-INM-TWARB ~ We Are Social Beings – We Perform Selfless Acts Because – We Are Emotional Beings Just As Much – If Not More – Than We Are Rational Beings

~ ONADAFMCAVTTSDTMPAG-UR-TFHBLIOOP ~ Our Needs And Desires Are Far More Complex And Varied Than The Simple Desire To Maximize Pleasure And Gain – Until Recently – These Findings Have Been Largely Ignored Outside Of Psychology

~ F-OCFWIRAF-ODTBSFBOPASBTASG-AFBTGTRD ~ Finally – Our Concern For What Is Right And Fair – Our Desire To Be Seen Favorably By Our Peers And So Belong To A Social Group – Are Finally Beginning To Get Their Rightful Due

~ TPOCINSSUD-IIGISOTBWAMRRIBS ~ The Promise Of Cooperation Is Not Some Silly Utopian Dream – It Is Grounded In Some Of The Best Work And Most Rigorous Research In Behavioural Science

~ SORAP-STIASRFSITGABBSATEOTWC ~ Systems Of Reciprocity Aren’t Perfect – So There Is Always Some Room For Some Individuals To Get Ahead By Being Selfish At The Expense Of Those Who Cooperate

~ AWMADTA-WHTFITSWI-EEHGAT-TFE-PWMDDDOHASIP ~ Anytime We Make A Decision To Act – We Have To First Interpret The Situation We’re In – Even Economists Have Grudgingly Admitted This – The Framing Effect – People Will Make Different Decision Depending On How A Situation Is Presented

~ SCRASC ~ Social Capital, Reputation, And Social Contagion

~ SRHTOC ~ Social Relations Have Their Own Currency

~ MESTOBIASIGIBTBWOIPAU-EIWCUOTI ~ Much Evidence Suggests That Our Behavior In Any Situation Is Greatly Influenced By The Behavior We’ve Observed In People Around Us – Even If We’re Completely Unaware Of That Influence

~ WSTBWTNO-FPAADAPASI ~ We Seem To Be Wired To Need Others – Few Punishments Are As Debilitating And Painful As Social Isolation

~ WASBNLTWAI-STLUBBWBTSTSUAJOOTO ~ We Are Social Beings No Less Than We Are Individuals – Systems That Let Us Be Both Work Better Than Systems That See Us As Just One Or The Other

~ E-NM-WWOOPDS-TNIOBFIATESPAWWADTSAO-OBMNOPOMM-BPEAW ~ Empathy – Neuron Mirroring – When We Observe Other People Doing Something – The Neurons In Our Brains Fire In Almost The Exact Same Patterns As When We Are Doing Those Same Acts Ourselves – Our Brains Mirror Not Only Pain Or Motor Movements – But Pure Emotions As Well

~ WVQAS-SPIG-‘LU’&‘NLU’~ We Very Quickly And Subconsciously Sort People Into Groups – “Like Us” and “Not Like Us”

~ IMC-TSATCACWO-IE-TGPTATFACG-WTGMB ~ In Many Cases – The Simple Ability To Communicate And Coordinate With Others – Is Enough – To Get People To Act Together For A Common Goal – Whatever That Goal Might Be

~ TIETSTWCEMATPTTAOOAS ~ There Is Evidence To Suggest That We Care Even More About The Process Than The Actual Outcome Of A Situation

~ ODFF-AIIUIACC-IACCOHMAB-IIIOSIEOS-WHABNODTBTF-ATBPISTTUF ~ Our Desire For Fairness – As It Is Understood In A Cultural Context – Is A Critical Component Of Human Motivation And Behavior – It Is Independent Of Self-Interest, Empathy Or Solidarity – We Have A Basic Need Or Desire To Be Treated Fairly – And To Be Participants In Systems That Treat Us Fairly

~ IWWTBASTMPTWW-OCE-INETOTSRAI-WANTTAHFTSI ~ If We Want To Build A System That Motivates People To Work Well – Or Cooperate Effectively – It’s Not Enough To Offer Them Simple Rewards And Incentives – We Also Need To Think About How Fair The System Is

~ FI-APIPOMSWW-A-FMPFWACWT ~ Fairness Is – A Practical, Integral Part Of Making Systems Work Well – And – Of Making People Function Well And Cooperatively Within Them

~ PAAQGASUEASRFA-TASOMAUAECN ~ People Are Actually Quite Good At Setting Up, Enforcing, And Self-Regulating Fair Arrangements – Through A Set Of Mutually Agreed Upon And Enforced Community Norms

~ NPOV ~ Neutral Point Of View

~ TIEETST-WICTC-PMP-TBBAECS-WITBLOCTS ~ There Is Enough Evidence To Suspect That – When It Comes To Cooperation – Practice Makes Perfect – That By Building And Engaging Cooperative Systems – We Increase The Baseline Level Of Cooperation Throughout Society

~ TSOFAOSSBENE ~ The Success Of Free And Open-Source Software Baffles Economist No End

~ COEOW-TOOMR-E-CWAPEAAI-O-IWAPSOAAC ~ Crowding-Out Effects Occur When – The Offer Of Material Rewards – Either – Clash With A Person’s Expectation About An Interaction – Or – Interferes With A Person’s Sense Of Autonomy And Control

~ AM-AROAP-CARTTPOOM-ASUOTPOC ~ Adding Money – As Reward Or As Punishment – Can Actually Redirect The Total Pull Of Our Motivations – And Steer Us Off The Path Of Cooperation

~ NIMIIACSTCATP-WPAATC-TA-ME-MT-A-CRSMRTWTCTTOA ~ Nothing Is More Important In A Cooperative System Than Communication Among The Participants – When People Are Able To Communicate – They Are – More Empathetic – More Trusting – And – Can Reach Solutions More Readily Than When They Cannot Talk To One Another

~ VANAA-FINSYATATPDAHTIEOIOPHBM-FIITEHC-FSAPS ~ Values Are Not An Afterthought – Fairness Is Not Something You Attend To After The Practical Decisions About How To Improve Efficiency Or Innovation Or Productivity Have Been Made – Fairness Is Integral To Effective Human Cooperation – Fair Systems Are Productive Systems

~ CHU-LTR-BDAI ~ Cooperation Hinges Upon – Long-Term Reciprocity – Both Direct And Indirect

~ STHODMANJMPBAMCWHE ~ Systems That Harness Our Diverse Motivations Are Not Just More Productive But Also More Consistent With Human Experience

STEVEN JOHNSON ~ WHERE GOOD IDEAS COME FROM

~ ISHATTGTT‘EOC’ ~ Innovative Systems Have A Tendency To Gravitate Toward The “Edge Of Chaos”

~ TAP-ATWIWTPCRI ~ The Adjacent Possible – All The Ways In Which The Present Can Reinvent Itself

~ GIANCOOTA-TABOOACOEP ~ Good Ideas Are Not Conjured Out Of Thin Air – They Are Built Out Of A Collection Of Existing Parts

~ TMPTFGGIR-ACOH-AAT-TS ~ The Most Productive Tool For Generating Good Ideas Remains – A Circle Of Humans – At A Table – Talking Shop

~ ASLNOTIITAOSCBATCLE ~ A Shockingly Large Number Of Transformative Ideas In The Annals Of Science Can Be Attributed To Contaminated Laboratory Environments

~ WWW-WHTCOA-ANS-WBOIODUNDITAP-BIDFUTLFT ~ When We’re Wrong – We Have To Challenge Our Assumptions – Adopt New Strategies – Being Wrong On Its Own Doesn’t Unlock New Doors In The Adjacent Possible – But It Does Force Us To Look For Them

~ MOHGIMTBACDCEWTOPWR ~ Many Of History’s Great Innovators Managed To Build A Cross-Disciplinary Coffeehouse Environment Within Their Own Private Work Routines

~ ‘ST’-OPTCSFASOHOD-YTOPLITMOCT ~ “Serial Tasking” – One Project Takes Center Stage For A Series Of Hours Or Days – Yet The Other Projects Linger In The Margins Of Consciousness Throughout

~ CFTCM ~ Chance Favours The Connected Mind

~ OAOP-GICCFA ~ On An Open Platform – Good Ideas Can Come From Anywhere

~ HB-LTC-IEM-DBASI-BMOTKTTPTIRWIOWTSC-‘CI’ ~ History Books – Like To Condense – Into Eureka Moments – Dominated By A Single Inventor – But Most Of The Key Technologies That Powered The Industrial Revolution Were Instances Of What The Scholars Call – “Collective Invention”

~ AOTBE-FIWISI-TPI-AOTANE ~ All Other Things Being Equal – Financial Incentives Will Indeed Spur Innovation – The Problem Is – All Other Things Are Never Equal

~ FFU-TCINBDMACACS-MOTHOIAOTPCHLIALFSBTTR ~ Fortunately For Us – The Choice Is Not Between Decentralized Markets And Command-And-Control States – Much Of The History Of Intellectual Achievement Over These Past Centuries Has Lived In A Less Formal Space Between Those Two Regimes

~ TWOMLDNEEFTPCBPF-TAEFON ~ The Wonders Of Modern Life Did Not Emerge Exclusively From The Proprietary Clash Between Private Firms – They Also Emerged From Open Networks

~ TMTGTOIAAOP-IOACB-TBIWBFAOU-CAAAEA ~ The More The Government Thinks Of Itself As An Open Platform – Instead Of A Centralized Bureaucracy – The Better It Will Be For All Of Us – Citizens And Activists And Entrepreneurs Alike

STEVEN PRESSFIELD ~ THE WAR OF ART

~ ATCIT-FTD-FTS-IHOR ~ All That Counts Is That – For This Day – For This Session – I Have Overcome Resistance

~ INTWPTH-WHISDTW-WKUFSDIR ~ It’s Not The Writing Part That’s Hard – What’s Hard Is Sitting Down To Write – What Keeps Us From Sitting Down Is Resistance

~ MOUHTL-TLWL-ATULWU-BTTSR ~ Most Of Us Have Two Lives – The Life We Live – And The Unlived Life Within Us – Between The Two Stands Resistance

~ AY-AWWDW-APWDP-AEWNSAV-?-TYKWRI ~ Are You – A Writer Who Doesn’t Write – A Painter Who Doesn’t Paint – An Entrepreneur Who Never Starts A Venture – ? – Then You Know What Resistance Is

~ RINAPO-RAFW-IISGASP ~ Resistance Is Not A Peripheral Opponent – Resistance Arises From Within – It Is Self-Generated And Self-Perpetuated

~ RIP-IWAAF ~ Resistance Is Protean – It Will Assume Any Form

~ TDIGWTFLIIS ~ The Danger Is Greatest When The Finish Line Is In Sight

~ TBAOTTOACDFAITSAAEAAI ~ The Best And Only Thing That One Artist Can Do For Another Is To Serve As An Example And An Inspiration

~ PITMCMORBITETR ~ Procrastination Is The Most Common Manifestation Of Resistance Because It’s The Easiest To Rationalize

~ CSOIOLIASOR-NGADTD ~ Creating Soap Operas In Our Lives Is A Symptom Of Resistance – Nobody Gets A Damn Thing Done

~ TTFIIFOTTEO-SM-WTWWNGT ~ The Truly Free Individual Is Free Only To The Extent Of – Self-Mastery – While Those Who Will Not Govern Themselves Are Condemned To Find Masters To Govern Over Them

~ IYFYCOP-YPDIOOR-IWARITOLANCO-IFSAAIITOE ~ If You Find Yourself Criticizing Other People – You’re Probably Doing It Out Of Resistance – Individuals Who Are Realized In Their Own Lives Almost Never Criticize Others – If They Speak At All, It Is To Offer Encouragement

~ GFAASOR-TTSOTA ~ Grandiose Fantasies Are A Symptom Of Resistance – They’re The Sign Of The Amateur

~ TPLTREDCATTIFWII-TSC ~ The Professional Learns To Recognize Envy-Driven Criticism And To Take It For What It Is – The Supreme Compliment

~ TMITAAITW ~ The Most Important Thing About Art Is To Work

MARY PIPHER ~ FINDING YOUR VOICE

~ WTCTW ~ Writing To Change The World

~ WMYLCAOYH? ~ What Makes You Laugh, Cry, And Open Your Heart?

~ WPDYRMTTYL? ~ What Points Do You Repeatedly Make To Those You Love?

~ WTKYUATOHYFA? ~ What Topics Keep You Up At Night, Or Help You Fall Asleep?

~ WYYKTBT? ~ What Do You Know To Be True?

~ WDYCTBE? ~ What Do You Consider To Be Evil?

~ WIBTY? ~ What Is Beautiful To You?

~ WDYMRIO? ~ What Do You Most Respect In Others?

~ WEYC? ~ What Excites Your Curiosity?

~ IYWTROTW-WWYDF? ~ If You Were The Ruler Of The World – What Would You Do First?

~ WDYQRBYD? ~ What Do You Want To Accomplish Before You Die?

JAMES WEBB YOUNG ~ A TECHNIQUE FOR PRODUCING IDEAS

~ DTP-TMAYDTPTB ~ Define The Problem – The More Accurately You Define The Problem, The Better

~ RR-TMPYFTQARTRMDAOTB ~ Research Relentlessly – The More Precisely You Frame The Question And Research The Relevant Models, Data, And Options, The Better

~ LIC-YMTTUPOYMTOIP-TFPCAPSTTP ~ Let It Cook – You Must Trust The Unconscious Part Of Your Mind To Do Its Part – To Find Patterns, Combinations, And Possible Solutions To The Problem

~ CTIAIFB-BTGIWSTCAOM ~ Catch The Idea As It Flies By – Because The Good Ideas Will Start To Come At Odd Moments

~ S&P-TTRM-TIOIYH-AI-SIWO-GF ~ Shape And Polish – Take The Raw Material – Turn It Over In Your Head – Adapt It – Share It With Others – Get Feedback

JAY ABRAHAM ~ YOUR SECRET WEALTH

~ IAVYTE&IYNPA ~ Identify And Value Your True Expertise And Inventory Your Negotiable Personal Assets

~ IPSYHDITPTHNOABIVAITAB(OASTOB) ~ Identify Performance Skills You Have Demonstrated In The Past That Have Not Only Abstract, But Intrinsic, Value And Importance To A Business (Or A Specific Type Of Business)

~ IWYHA-TPWNOR-BADTLAUTGTSBFTB ~ Identify What You Have Accomplished – That People Would Not Only Respect – But Also Desire To Learn And Utilize To Gain The Same Benefits For Their Businesses