CASS SUNSTEIN ~ ANTI-CATASTROPHE PRINCIPLE – FOUR QUALIFICATIONS ~ LAWS OF FEAR ~ 2005

~ ATTFROSR-IMNSTTSTACITVSWCCROTO ~ Attentive To The Full Range Of Social Risks – It Makes No Sense To Take Steps To Avert Catastrophe If Those Very Steps Would Create Catastrophic Risks Of Their Own

~ ATTIO-C-E-WRRTCTLCMOATE ~ Attentive To The Idea Of – Cost-Effectiveness – Which Requires Regulators To Choose The Least Costly Means Of Achieving Their Ends

~ DCM-AIAWTREBOTLATBT ~ Distribution Considerations Matter – Applied In A Way That Reduces Extreme Burdens On Those Least Able To Bear Them

~ CMAS-TEOPCRBDFTE ~ Costs Matter As Such – The Extent Of Precautions Cannot Reasonably Be Divorced From Their Expense

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ LIBERTARIAN PATERNALISM ~ LAWS OF FEAR ~ 2005

~ T-LA-OTSLITSIT-IG-PSBFTOOOSAITCTDS ~ The – Libertarian Aspect – Lies In The Straightforward Insistence That – In General – People Should Be Free To Opt Out Of Specified Arrangements If Hey Choose To Do So

~ T-PA-CITCTIILFPAPITATIPB-EWT-PEAA-ITU-APTCA-‘P’-IIATITCOAPIAWTWMCBO-ISCIMIDITOTOW-DTTWCITH-CI-UCA-A-NLOS-C-H-LP-PTBRTBEAIF ~ The – Paternalistic Aspect – Consists In The Claim That It Is Legitimate For Private And Public Institutions To Attempt To Influence People’s Behavior – Even When Third-Party Effects Are Absent – In This Understanding – A Policy Therefore Counts As – “Paternalistic” – If It Attempts To Influence The Choices Of Affected Parties In A Way That Will Make Choosers Better Off – In Some Cases Individuals Make Inferior Decisions In Terms Of Their Own Welfare – Decisions That They Would Change If They Had – Complete Information – Unlimited Cognitive Abilities – And – No Lack Of Self-Control – Hence – Libertarian Paternalism – Promises To Be Responsive To Both Excessive And Insufficient Fear

~ LP-IAR-WAN-TOP-B-CANBOFO-IIMCF-LP-I-TC-OTWSTDFT-PPO ~ Libertarian Paternalism – Is A Relatively – Weak And Nonintrusive – Type Of Paternalism – Because – Choices Are Not Blocked Or Fenced Off – In Its Most Cautious Forms – Libertarian Paternalism – Imposes – Trivial Costs – On Those Who Seek To Depart From The – Planner’s Preferred Option

~ WAOOT-PTFASBTD-AA-ESC-ITRWT-ITCROATC? ~ Would Any One Object To – Putting The Fruit And Salad Before The Desserts – At An – Elementary School Cafeteria – If The Result Were To – Increase The Consumption Ratio Of Apples To Candy?

~ TPTICSBR-IOBOTCT-PDAEJOMCO-AL-TTDAFBJTTPCPD-B-TILESFTC ~ The Presumption That Individual Choices Should Be Respected – Is Often Based On The Claim That – People Do An Excellent Job Of Making Choices – Or – At Least – That They Do A Far Better Job Than Third Parties Could Possibly Do – But – There Is Little Empirical Support For This Claim

~ DR-OSK-A-I-A-MOTTTRWA-PAC=POL-W-FP-A-SP-HICF-BAC ~ Default Rules – Of Some Kind – Are – Inevitable – And – Much Of The Time Those Rules Will Affect – Preferences And Choices – People Often Lack – Well-Formed Preferences – And – Starting Points – Have Important Consequences For – Behavior And Choice

~ I-FP ~ Ill-Formed Preferences

~ I-US-W-FP-AEUTE ~ In – Unfamiliar Situations – Well-Formed Preferences – Are Especially Unlikely To Exist

~ TIOP-TINWTAEOBAC-TTFTCLI-ITMOSE-T-P-FOC-T-PCEAT-PSO ~ The Inevitability Of Paternalism – There Is Not Way To Avoid Effects On Behavior And Choices – The Task For The Committed Libertarian Is – In The Midst Of Such Effects – To – Preserve – Freedom Of Choice – That – People Can Easily Avoid The – Paternalist’s Suggested Option

~ SLA-PI-CBEABTWSTAACOTO-TDEBAAM ~ So Long As – Paternalistic Interventions – Can Be Easily Avoided By Those Who Seek To Adopt A Course Of Their Own – The Dangers Emphasized By Antipaternalist Are Minimal

~ TWMT-SS-A-A-ATEOAS-CP-ALFP-B-IP-SF-S-CP-TIIHLTOPDT ~ Those Who Make The – Slippery Slope – Argument – Are – Acknowledging The Existence Of A Self-Control Problem – At Least For Planners – But – If Planners – Suffer From Self-Control Problems – Then It Is Highly Likely That Other People Do Too

~ TG-SBT-A-R-I-A-O-H-E-A-TPASTILT-PPW-SD ~ The Goal – Should Be To – Avoid – Random – Inadvertent – Arbitrary – Or – Harmful – Effects – And – To Produce A Situation That Is Likely To – Promote People’s Welfare – Suitably Defined

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ LAWS OF FEAR ~ 2005

~ SPAFWTONTB-A-STAFWTSBF-IDN-TLRTPF-AAR-TLCBLIUAEDD ~ Sometimes People Are Fearful When They Ought Not To Be – And – Sometimes They Are Fearless When They Should Be Frightened – In Democratic Nations – The Law Responds To People’s Fears – As A Result – The Law Can Be Led In Unfortunate And Even Dangerous Directions

~ ‘RP’-PALRI-G-C-E-N ~ “Risk Panics” – Play A Large Role In – Groups – Cities – Even – Nations

~ W-FS-MIPFPTAAWAIN-A-UFTTAAWAII ~ Well-Functioning Societies – Make It Possible For People To Achieve Agreement When Agreement Is Necessary – And – Unnecessary For Them To Achieve Agreement When Agreement Is Impossible

~ DD-DBITAFTLQATTOACFPWDO-O-AUA-HTRTQ-ITCOF-IIOPTOJSAC ~ Deliberative Democracies Do Best If They Abstract From The Largest Questions And Try To Obtain A Consensus From People Who Disagree On – Or – Are Unsure About – How To Resolve Those Questions – In The Context Of Fear – It Is Often Possible To Obtain Just Such A Consensus

~ T-PP-TMF-B-IAOT-TAIITRSTSTPAPH-EICCAUAEIWDNKTTHWCTF ~ The – Precautionary Principle – Takes Many Forms – But – In All Of Them – The Animating Idea Is That Regulators Should Take Steps To Protect Against Potential Harms – Even If Causal Chains Are Unclear And Even If We Do Not Know That Those Harms Will Come To Fruition

~ HB-C-A-N-OSOOOAFSRA-‘S’-A-IO ~ Human Beings – Cultures – And – Nations – Often Single Out One Or A Few Social Risks As – “Salient” – And – Ignore The Others

~ T-AH-WPLSK-TCRTBSITCETOIIWTRCTF ~ The – Availability Heuristic – When People Lack Statistical Knowledge – They Consider Risks To Be Significant If They Can Easily Think Of Instances In Which Those Risks Came To Fruition

~ T-PP-MWBRAA-A-CP-DFSCIWIINPTAPTPCR ~ The – Precautionary Principle – Might Well Be Reformulated As An – Anti-Catastrophe Principle – Designed For Special Circumstances In Which It Is Not Possible To Assign Probabilities To Potentially Catastrophic Risks

~ EWEAIE-WC-TTCOAIOTASOTR ~ Especially When Emotions Are Intensely Engaged – Worst Cases – Tend To Crowd Out An Investigation Of The Actual Size Of The Risk

~ ‘LP’-AATSPIDTWPTW-WFTOC ~ “Libertarian Paternalism” – An Approach That Steers People In Directions That Will Promote Their Welfare – Without Foreclosing Their Own Choices

~ EE-ATSPEP-AMBT-‘WTP’ ~ Economic Efficiency – Attempts To Satisfy People’s Existing Preference –As Measured By Their – “Willingness To Pay”

~ HMPITRAOP? ~ How Much Precaution Is The Right Amount Of Precaution?

~ AGDOE-STPT-A-ER-CH-AEOLAH-PPAEVTTE-TBS-BTPATUMAD ~ A Great Deal Of Evidence – Suggests The Possibility That – An – Expensive Regulation – Can Have – Adverse Effects On Life And Health – Poor People Are Especially Vulnerable To This Effect – To Be Sure – Both The Phenomenon And The Underling Mechanism Are Disputed

~ T-AH-W-P-ATMORBAWECRCTM-IPCETOSE-TAFMLTBFTITC-TPI-T-AH-CLTSE-ITOB-EF-A-N ~ The – Availability Heuristic – When – People – Assess The Magnitude Of Risks By Asking Whether Examples Can Readily Come To Mind – If People Can Easily Think Of Such Examples – They Are Far More Likely To Be Frightened Than If They Cannot – The Problem Is – The – Availability Heuristic – Can Lead To Serious Errors – In Terms Of Both – Excessive Fear – And – Neglect

~ PN-B-S-PWALAOPAA-EWSEAI ~ Probability Neglect – But – Sometimes – People Will Attempt Little Assessment Of Probability At All – Especially When Strong Emotions Are Involved

~ LA-PTTB-LA-WMT-ALFT-SQ-ISA-MU-TAGISAD ~ Loss Aversion – People Tend To Be – Loss Averse – Which Means That – A Loss From The – Status Quo – Is Seen As – More Undesirable – Than A Gain Is Seen As Desirable

~ SQB-T-SQ-MTBAWGALAM-A-AL-FT-SQ-SMMBTAGFT-SQ-SG ~ Status Quo Bias – The – Status Quo – Marks The Baseline Against Which Gains And Losses Are Measured – And – A Loss – From The – Status Quo – Seems Much More Bad Than A Gain From The – Status Quo – Seems Good

~ PAFMWTT-FR-T-UO-EITA-SE ~ People Are Far More Willing To Tolerate – Familiar Risks – Than – Unfamiliar Ones – Even If They Are – Statistically Equivalent

~ A-RA-ONA-EH-INASGF-DC-EWABFAECAWAB ~ A – Risk Assessment – Offering Numbers About – Expected Harms – Is Not A Sufficient Ground For – Democratic Choice – Even When Accompanied By Figures About Expected Costs As Well As Benefits

~ WEKARTIO-B-DNPTTAPTE-IISTFT-MP:CTPWT-B-WC-O ~ When Existing Knowledge Allows Regulators To Identify Outcomes – But – Does Not Permit Them To Assign Probabilities To Each – It Is Standard To Follow The – Maximin Principle: Choose The Policy With The – Best – Worst-Case – Outcome

~ SSAR-B-MAN-W-AE-O-AS-I-‘R’-CBDITA-IAC-RIAMOD-EDOTF-T-‘RP’-SBUAAH-OTFIITFOPDTC-LMH-T-RP-WWWIMC-B-ICALTSAEDE ~ Some Systems Are Resilient – But – Many Are Not – Whether – An Ecosystem – Or – A Society – Is – “Resilient” – Cannot Be Decided In The Abstract – In Any Case – Resilience Is A Matter Of Degree – Everything Depends On The Facts – The – “Resilience Principle” – Should Be Understood As A Heuristic – One That Favors Inaction In The Face Of Possibly Damaging Technological Change – Like Most Heuristics – The – Resilience Principle – Will Work Well In Many Circumstances – But – It Can Also Lead To Systematic And Even Deadly Errors

~ ABAWATAWVOAEMCF-I-R-A-EB-ASAWAT-C-RTT-E-TVCLTPFITAR-AETPAFAOTUODSAHTDTDO-I-GM ~ A Better Approach Would Acknowledge That A Wide Variety Of Averse Effects May Come From – Inaction – Regulation – And – Everything Between – A Sensible Approach Would Attempt To – Counteract – Rather Than To – Embody – The Various Cognitive Limitations That People Face In Thinking About Risks – An Effort To Produce A Fair Accounting Of The Universe Of Dangers Should Also Help To Diminish The Dangers Of – Interest-Group Manipulation

~ PA-IIII-IIAH-A-IILTLTAH-‘RE’ ~ Public Alarm – Even If Ill Informed – Is Itself A Harm – And – It Is Likely To Lead To Additional Harms – “Ripple Effects”

~ WTP ~ Willingness To Pay

~ PA-ITVALP-A-IA-MOTT-WTAITDOT-‘S’-O-T-‘U’ ~ People Are – Insensitive To Variations Among Low Probabilities – And – Instead Ask – Much Of The Time – Whether They Are In The Domain Of The – “Safe” – Or – The – “Unsafe”

~ W-CSHTP ~ Worst-Case Scenarios Have Tremendous Power

~ C-S-AAS-ST-SB-O-C-IW-ARAAGE-MRFOPTA-U-C-CLPIMD-WAF-‘EM’-S-SFTDNMR ~ Cascades – Sometimes – Availability And Salience – Spread Through – Social Bandwagons – Or – Cascades – In Which – Apparently Representative Anecdotes And Gripping Examples – Move Rapidly From One Person To Another – Unfortunately – Cascades – Can Lead People In Mistaken Directions – With A Few – “Early Movers” – Spurring – Social Fear That Does Not Match Reality

~ F-IA-W-HEV-A-ELTS ~ Fear-Inducing Accounts – With – High Emotional Valence – Are – Especially Likely To Spread

~ GP-WIOITCO-F ~ Group Polarization – Will Inevitably Occur In The Context Of – Fear

~ B-IAS-MB-FONOTR-A-S-NRD ~ Both – Individuals And Societies – May Be – Fearful Of Nonexistent Or Trivial Risks – And – Simultaneously – Neglect Real Dangers

~ WCF-CRTWPCBA-IMSFTTA-A-CP ~ When Citizens Face – Catastrophic Risks To Which Probabilities Cannot Be Assigned – It Makes Sense For Them To Adopt An – Anti-Catastrophe Principle

~ WTW-CSITC-A-WPCBA-AL-MOS-MAGDOS ~ Where The Worst-Case Scenario Its Truly Catastrophic – And – When Probabilities Cannot Be Assigned – A Large – Margin Of Safety – Makes A Great Deal Of Sense

~ MOS ~ Margins Of Safety

~ IG-IIBTTPATDTTF-WTLOH? ~ In General – Isn’t It Best To Tell People About The Dangers That They Face – Whatever The Likelihood Of Harm?

~ AAOCAB-IAIIIT-AOR ~ An Accounting Of – Costs And Benefits – Is An Important Ingredient In The – Analysis Of Risks

~ W-F-LS-MWPFTITI ~ Well-Functioning – Legal Systems – Make Wrongdoers Pay For The Injuries They Inflict

~ TPE ~ Third Party Effects

~ T-OPS-A-U-W-TBIBLANWS ~ The – Ordinary Political Safeguards – Are – Unreliable – When – The Burdens Imposed By Law Are Not Widely Shared

~ ITCO-TTNS-IIPT-GWIOCLWAJ-HOCE ~ In The Context Of – Threats To National Security – It Is Predictable That – Governments Will Infringe On Civil Liberties Without Adequate Justification – History Offers Countless Examples

RICHARD THALER ~ MISBEHAVING ~ 2015

~ SIF ~ Supposedly Irrelevant Factors

~ TMWIWPDFTFCTPEM ~ The Myriad Ways In Which People Depart From The Fictional Creatures That Populate Economic Models

~ TPIWTMBUBE-AMTR-HS-WAFCC-HE-E-CTTFW-HDALOM-A-TMTEMMALOBP-PTCH-SC The Problem Is With The Model Being Used By Economists – A Model That Replaces – Homo Sapiens – With A Fictional Creature Called – Homo Economicus – Econ – Compared To This Fictional World – Humans Do A Lot Of Misbehaving – And – That Means That Economic Models Make A Lot Of Bad Predictions – Predictions That Can Have – Serious Consequences

~ TPOWETRAF ~ The Premises On Which Economic Theory Rests Are Flawed

~ TBUWPMTCANU-TA-C-B ~ The Beliefs Upon Which People Make Their Choices Are Not Unbiased – There Are – Countless – Biases

~ O-MNBIT-ED-BIIAW-EFOHN ~ Overconfidence – May Not Be In The – Economists’ Dictionary – But – It Is A Well-Established Feature Of Human Nature

~ WNAEATDPER-OTATEAROH ~ We Need An Enriched Approach To Doing – Economic Research – One That Acknowledges The Existence And Relevance Of Humans

~ TBOTATEIAE-SNBD-TRUASPFMRM ~ Theories Based On The Assumption That Everyone Is A Econ – Should Not Be Discarded – They Remain Useful As Starting Points For More Realistic Models

~ IYBT-FBATI-A-YAACB-TYCMSM ~ If You Believe That – Financial Bubbles Are Theoretically Impossible – And – You Are A Central Banker – Then You Can Make Serious Mistakes

~ TPRFAHTETITITAOTPMWTT ~ The Primary Reason For Adding Humans To Economic Theories Is To Improve The Accuracy Of The Predictions Made With Those Theories

~ ‘SL’-‘IL’ ~ “Statistical Life” / “Identified Life”

~ T-OC-OSAIWYGUBDI-OCAVAA-WCT-HOAC ~ The – Opportunity Cost – Of Some Activity Is What You Give Up By Doing It – Opportunity Costs Are Vague And Abstract – When Compared To – Handing Over Actual Cash

~ PTALITO-C-N-L-WF-DS-TB-GAL-A-LSMTE-SGFG ~ People Think About Life In Terms Of – Changes – Not – Levels – We Feel – Diminishing Sensitivity – To Both – Gains And Losses – And – Losses Sting More Than Equivalently-Sized Gains Feel Good

~ TIH ~ The Invisible Handwave

~ TINLWTAAACTMTPIRA-OCATMPWSBR-EIMIADH ~ There Is No Logical Way To Arrive At A Conclusion That Markets Transform People Into Rational Agents – One Can Argue That Market Prices Will Still Be Rational – Even If Many Individuals Are Decidedly Human

~ OYUA-BP-YCSIA-BS-IT ~ Once You Understand A – Behavioral Problem – You Can Sometimes Invent A – Behavioral Solution – To It

~ AAPIT-AICOTS-TIAF-L-“P”-WHGIACATF-A-A-D-MC-‘D’-WLFTP ~ At Any Point In Time – An Individual Consists Of Two Selves – There Is A Forward-Looking – “Planner” – Who Has Good Intentions And Cares About The Future – And – A – Devil-May-Care – “Doer” – Who Lives For The Present

~ T-R-T-E/T/E-A-L-IATC ~ The – Reluctance – To – Experiment / Test / Evaluate – And – Learn – Is All Too Common

~ OIAPF ~ Overconfidence Is A Powerful Force

~ WSF? ~ What Seems Fair?

~ A-PG-IOTECCWDTCOAE-A-IIITEAFCI ~ A – Public Good – Is One That Everyone Can Consume Without Diminishing The Consumption Of Anyone Else – And – It Is Impossible To Exclude Anyone From Consuming It

~ PAWTSSOTOMTTALTTWBU-A-TWTP-DPF-R-A-K-RCR-S ~ People Are Willing To Spend Some Of Their Own Money To Teach A Lesson To Those Who Behave Unfairly – And – This Willingness To Punish – Disciplines Potential Free Riders – And – Keeps – Robust Cooperation Rates – Stable

~ L-AR-TAP-A-G-A-P ~ Losses – Are Roughly – Twice As Painful – As – Gains – Are – Pleasurable

~ R(MO)-I-NNNS-TD-GET ~ Rationality (Meaning Optimization) – Is – Neither Necessary Nor Sufficient – To Do – Good Economic Theory

~ IPAL-TTTBMF ~ If People Are Laughing – They Tend To Be More Forgiving

~ OC-NFEATT-A-TUDSWAC ~ Of Course – New Fields Emerge All The Time – And – They Usually Do So Without Any Coordination

~ A-M ~ Anomaly-Mining

~ ‘CC’ ~ “Conditional Cooperators”

~ IWAIWHDAUATHALFAWTCTCOTBC ~ It Was As If We Had Discovered A Unicorn And Then Had A Long Fight About What To Call The Color Of The Beast’s Coat

~ TPIOW-A-S-VW ~ The Price Is Often Wrong – And – Sometimes – Very Wrong

~ IP-MSTIAAMOFTPAAR-TWNSANTTPA-B-OWGTBAP-A-TPSATBFTF-ICMSFP-MTLATWISW ~ If Policy-Makers Simply Take It As A Matter Of Faith That Prices Are Always Right – They Will Never See Any Need To Take Preventive Action – But – Once We Grant That Bubbles Are Possible – And – The Private Sector Appears To Be Feeding The Frenzy – It Can Make Sense For Policy-Makers To Lean Against The Wind In Some Way

~ ‘PD’ ~ “Path Dependence”

~ TGATT-IHTASQ ~ To Get At The Truth – It Helps To Ask Specific Questions

~ SMT ~ Save More Tomorrow

~ LP ~ Libertarian Paternalism

~ A-N-ISSFITETAOAAIB-NAEFH-B-NFE-SEAADTRT ~ A – Nudge – Is Some Small Feature In The Environment That Attracts Our Attention And Influences Behavior – Nudges Are Effective For Humans – But – Not For Econs – Since Econs Are Already Doing The Right Thing

~ ‘PC’ ~ “Prompted Choice”

~ WDWH-WM ~ When Dealing With Humans – Words Matter

~ IYWPTCWSNOR-IIAGSTIT(IT)-TMOPC ~ If You Want People To Comply With Some Norm Or Rule – It Is A Good Strategy To Inform Them (If True) – That Most Other People Comply

~ EN-MBB-TAT ~ Ethical Nudges – Must Be Both – Transparent And True

~ IYWTESTDS-MIE ~ If You Want To Encourage Someone To Do Something – Make It Easy

~ WCD-E-BP-WE ~ We Can’t Do – Evidence-Based Policy – Without Evidence

~ ISC-SI-AS-RTPWMOFTDS ~ In Some Cases – Successful Interventions – Are Simply – Reminders To People Who Might Otherwise Forget To Do Something

~ TOPAOITSCD-EDTCPYW ~ The Only Protection Against Overconfidence Is To Systematically Collect Data – Especially Data That Can Prove You Wrong

~ T-IOE-EE-T-O-CD-A-SP ~ The – Ideal Organizational Environment – Encourages Everyone – To – Observe – Collect Data – And – Speak Up

EMILY ESFAHANI SMITH ~ THE POWER OF MEANING ~ 2017

~ WLHM-ITO-L-O-DQ-T-P-HEAAATA-II-TMIQOA ~ Whether Life Has Meaning – Is The Only – Life-Or-Death Question – That – Philosophy – Has Ever Asked And Attempted To Answer – It Is – The Most Important Question Of All

~ WLFREOTW-A-SOAU-B-TWI-C/D/S ~ We Long For Rational Explanations Of The World – And – Seek Order And Unity – But – The World Is – Chaotic / Disordered / Senseless

~ TFPOM:B/P/S/T ~ The Four Pillars Of Meaning: Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence

~ ASOB-CIA-TMIDOM ~ A Sense Of Belonging – Clocks In As – The Most Important Driver Of Meaning

~ P-NMT-FAS-T-LFAHL-TNN-LAC-TN-TBTS ~ People – Need More That – Food And Shelter – To – Live Full And Healthy Lives – They Need – Love And Care – They Need – To Belong To Someone

~ AS-PASLTWFAN-A-MTIFO-T/P/C ~ Across Society – People Are Spending Less Time With Friends And Neighbors – And – More Time In Front Of – Television / Phone / Computer

~ SE-I-ATTM ~ Social Exclusion – Is – A Threat To Meaning

~ TSMOR-CKTMOOAC-AEA-TSMOBCBIU ~ The Smallest Moment Of Rejection – Can Knock The Meaning Out Of A Connection – As Easily As – The Smallest Moment Of Belonging Can Build It Up

~ C-LATCO-B ~ Compassion – Lies At The Center Of – Belonging

~ MGT-HAT-IOFIT-LML-TMCT-S/T/C-TLWT-A-UTFTBOO ~ Many Great Thinkers – Have Argued That – In Order For Individuals To – Live Meaningful Lives – They Must Cultivate The – Strengths / Talents / Capacities – That Lie Within Them – And – Use Them For The Benefit Of Others

~ ETMTTCBMPWTBTPYL ~ Even The Most Tedious Tasks Can Be Made Purposeful When They Benefit The People You Love

~ NAOUW-FOC-B-TDMWC-FP ~ Not All Of Us Will – Find Our Calling – But – That Doesn’t Mean We Can’t – Find Purpose

~ EOUHA-COP-F/C/W-WLWCI-TALECLB ~ Each Of Us Has A – Circle Of People – Families / Communities / Work – Whose Lives We Can Improve – That’s A Legacy Everyone Can Leave Behind

~ OSIEFAD-SNAHS:TNTMSOTW-SAPEWICTDOI-UWWAAHWGTW ~ Our Storytelling Impulse Emerges From A Deep-Seated Need All Humans Share: The Need To Make Sense Of The World – Stories Are Particularly Essential When It Comes To Defining Our Identity – Understanding Who We Are And How We Got That Way

~ O-S-TTFOTM-EE-OOL-GAB-B-TATETWNTMSO-TATETSU ~ Our – Stories – Tend To Focus On The Most – Extraordinary Events – Of Our Lives – Good And Bad – Because – Those Are The Experiences That We Need To Make Sense Of – Those Are The Experiences That Shape Us

~ T-O-OA-RS-I-A-‘CS’ ~ The – Opposite – Of A – Redemptive Story – Is – A – “Contamination Story”

~ WAATAOOOSACCTCTWWTT ~ We Are All The Authors Of Our Own Stories And Can Choose To Change The Way We’re Telling Them

~ BWAFMISTBO ~ But We Also Find Meaning In Stories Told By Others

~ A-BWM-WUTS-BAGWOA-DARR-O-ITHDR-CTU ~ A – Brush With Mystery – Whether Underneath The Stars – Before A Gorgeous Work Of Art – During A Religious Ritual – Or – In The Hospital Delivery Room – Can Transform Us

~ TE-CL-D-SP-W-Y-STTCAPUTGIWTUMUWAOLMF-WDSBROTPO-B/P/S/T-ITPAS-WBATLOTWAS-B-I-TPCOFAAROAST-WCRTTBESAMR ~ Traumatic Experiences – Can Leave – Deep – Sometimes Permanent – Wounds – Yet – Struggling Through Them Can Also Push Us To Grow In Ways That Ultimately Make Us Wiser And Our Lives More Fulfilling – We Do So By Relying On The Pillars Of – Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence – If Those Pillars Are Strong – We’ll Be Able To Lean On Them When Adversity Strikes – But – If – The Pillars Crumble Or Fall As A Result Of A Shattering Trauma – We Can Rebuild Them To Be Even Stronger And More Resilient

~ VRE-A-FBOP-DNLT-HB-B-SAT-W-D-IHUMBO-IER-T-SD-EWIUH ~ Venting Raw Emotions – And – Falling Back On Platitudes – Does Not Lead To – Health Benefits – But – Sustained And Thoughtful – Writing – Does – It Helps Us Move Beyond Our – Initial Emotional Reactions – To – Something Deeper – Expressive Writing Is Uniquely Healing

~ COM ~ Cultures Of Meaning

~ HMIL-HBAW-L-BIF-A-MGMITB ~ Having Meaning In Life – Has Been Associated With – Longevity – Better Immune Functioning – And – More Gray Matter In The Brain

~ WT-SOD-OLPTCTT-L-A-M-ICABA-C-FTTWO-ATHNDB-TMOTL ~ While The – Specter Of Death – Often Leads People To Conclude That Their – Lives – Are – Meaningless – It Can Also Be A – Catalyst – For Them To Work Out – As They Have Never Done Before – The Meaning Of Their Lives

SHOSHANA ZUBOFF ~ HOW IS IT THAT THIS MARKET FORM HAS BEEN ABLE TO SUCCEED? ~ THE AGE OF SURVEILLANCE CAPITALISM ~ 2019

~ U-IWITRTWIWTDFATHGB ~ Unprecedented – It Was Impossible To Recognize The Ways In Which They Differed From Anything That Had Gone Before

~ DAI-TC-AIRTBOA-TTOEATIID-TCOOADOTUOTD-TPSATTKUIOIP-A-TIOTCOLRFTO ~ Declaration As Invasion – The Corporation – Asserted Its Rights To Bypass Our Awareness – To Take Our Experience And Transform It Into Data – To Claim Ownership Of And Decisions Over The Uses Of Those Data – To Produce Strategies And Tactics That Keep Us Ignorant Of Its Practices – And – To Insist On The Conditions Of Lawlessness Required For These Operations

~ HC-SCFSITNZTEGROBWT-T-‘WOT’-STGAFPTS ~ Historical Context – Surveillance Capitalism Found Shelter In The Neoliberal Zeitgeist That Equated Government Regulation Of Business With Tyranny – The – “War On Terror” – Shifted The Government’s Attention From Privacy To Surveillance

~ F-SRWEAAO ~ Fortifications – Strong Relationships With Elected And Appointed Officials

~ TDC-AIAP ~ The Dispossession Cycle – Audacious Incursions Are Pursued

~ D-FS-TMO-SP-BCWTMO-BM ~ Dependency – Free Services – The Means Of – Social Participation – Become Coextensive With The Means Of – Behavioral Modification

~ S-I-N-O-FT/P/C/C-WRDO-TPI ~ Self-Interest – Networks – Of – Fellow Travelers / Partners / Collaborators / Customers – Whose Revenues Depend On – The Prediction Imperative

~ I-WSM-E/S/C-F-SOOI-LA-AI-CFLA-LAR-P ~ Inclusion – With So Much – Energy / Success / Capital – Flowing – Standing Outside Of It – Let Alone – Against It – Can Feel Like A – Lonely And Risky – Prospect

~ I-MP-IWAA-SC-A-RTA-RM ~ Identification – Many People – Identify With And Admire – Surveillance Capitalists – And – Regard Them As – Role Models

~ A-AOTF-G-TNF-S-TMABR ~ Authority – Authorities On The Future – Geniuses – The Naturalistic Fallacy – Successful – They Must Also Be Right

~ SP-AECOBR ~ Social Persuasion – An Endless Cascade Of Beguiling Rhetoric

~ FA-T-‘DONA’ ~ Foreclosed Alternatives – The – “Dictatorship Of No Alternatives”

~ I-N-IF-P-A-STNP-WFI-R ~ Inevitablism ~ New – Institutional Facts – Proliferate – And – Stabilize The New Practices – We Fall Into – Resignation

~ TIOHF-AW-T-F-HM-AWIAIONTROIOF ~ The Ideology Of Human Frailty – A Worldview – That – Frames – Human Mentation – As Woefully Irrational And Incapable Of Noticing The Regularity Of Its Own Failure

~ I-IIITUSTHB-CIS-A-DAFI ~ Ignorance – It Is Impossible To Understand Something That Has Been – Crafted In Secrecy – And – Designed As Fundamentally Illegible

~ V-FITDIRT ~ Velocity – From Invention To Domination In Record Time

SHOSHANA ZUBOFF ~ THE AGE OF SURVEILLANCE CAPITALISM ~ 2019

~ HOE-IT-DF ~ Home Or Exile – In The – Digital Future

~ HOE?-LOS?-MOS?-TAETO-K-A-A-P-TCNBSFAT-TINEOH;EGMAIWAIANTRUTRTCIEA ~ Home Or Exile? – Lord Or Subject? – Master Or Slave? – These Are Eternal Themes Of – Knowledge – Authority – And – Power – That Can Never Be Settled For All Time – There Is No End Of History; Each Generation Must Assert Its Will And Imagination As New Threats Require Us To Retry The Case In Every Age

~ WCTNWFTMWIWIEOCAP-B-IHB-WNTO-A-D-A-V-ATSOAPFSA ~ We Celebrate The Networked World For The Many Ways In Which It Enriches Our Capabilities And Prospects – But – It Has Birthed – Whole New Territories Of – Anxiety – Danger – And – Violence – As The Sense Of A Predictable Future Slips Away

~ ‘MOBM’-SC-BANSOP-I-IP-KASHBTOE ~ “Means Of Behavioral Modification” – Surveillance Capitalism – Births A New Species Of Power – Instrumentarianism – Instrumentarian Power – Knows And Shapes Human Behavior Toward Others’ Ends

~ SC–QRTTCDATW-A-TD ~ Surveillance Capitalists – Quickly Realized That They Could Do Anything They Wanted – And – They Did

~ SCACATETTIIMFFB-UAIKATPTATK-VDONK-FU-B-NFU ~ Surveillance Capitalism’s Actual Customers Are The Enterprises That Trade In Its Markets For Future Behavior – Unprecedented Asymmetries In Knowledge And The Power That Accrues To Knowledge – Vast Domains Of New Knowledge – From Us – But – Not For Us

~ SC-IA-RFDB-NEI-T-DSN-A-NT-ER-AW-IA-TAETTVPOA-DS ~ Surveillance Capitalism – Is A – Rogue Force Driven By – Novel Economic Imperatives – That – Disregard Social Norms – And – Nullify The – Elemental Rights – Associated With – Individual Autonomy – That Are Essential To The Very Possibility Of A – Democratic Society

~ JAICFATEONANTTCUTE-AICSBSCAINIP-WTATEOHNAWTTCUUH ~ Just As Industrial Civilization Flourished At The Expense Of Nature And Now Threatens To Cost Us The Earth – An Information Civilization Shaped By Surveillance Capitalism And Its New Instrumentarian Power – Will Thrive At The Expense Of Human Nature And Will Threaten To Cost Us Our Humanity

~ TU-OEFSCMTFATA:IIU-TUINU-WWESU-WAIITTLOFC-TRIPTWIU-ICBAGWOEC ~ The Unprecedented – One Explanation For Surveillance Capitalism’s Many Triumphs Floats Above The All: It Is Unprecedented – The Unprecedented Is Necessarily Unrecognizable – When We Encounter Something Unprecedented – We Automatically Interpret It Through The Lenses Of Familiar Categories – Thereby Rendering Invisible Precisely That Which Is Unprecedented – It Cannot Be Adequately Grasped With Our Existing Concepts

~ TI-DNE-TAA-E-M-N-E-IT ~ Technological Inevitability – Does Not Exist – Technologies Are Always – Economic – Means – Not – Ends – In Themselves

~ ADO-EDG-HFTMT-PAONE-A-T-EI-TIP-TMPHCTFEFTF-E-RAV-ATOR ~ A Decade Of – Explosive Digital Growth – Had Failed To Mitigate The – Punishing Austerity Of Neoliberal Economics – And – The – Extreme Inequality – That It Produced – Too Many People Had Come To Feel Excluded From The Future – Embracing – Rage And Violence – As Their Only Remedies

~ ‘TRTBF’ ~ “The Right To Be Forgotten”

~ FE-UT-OE-T-FACOPC-T-PTIFPC ~ Financial Elites – Use Their – Outsized Earnings – To – Fund A Cycle Of Political Capture – That – Protects Their Interests From Political Challenge

~ CSNBER-IIMTB-C-B-ADSAII-B-RCIA ~ Capitalism Should Not Be Eaten Raw – It Is Meant To Be – Cooked – By – A Democratic Society And Its Institutions – Because – Raw Capitalism Is Antisocial

~ TPOV-SA-F-NA-B ~ The Patterns Of Violations – Signalled A – Feature – Not A – Bug

~ CTTSOTI ~ Challenges To The Sanctity Of The Individual

~ TRTTFT-A-TRTS ~ The Right To The Future Tense – And – The Right To Sanctuary

~ WHYTI-TP-A-NFO-CA-TEA-TPRTAHF ~ We Have Yet To Invent – The Politics – And – New Forms Of – Collaborative Action – That Effectively Assert – The People’s Right To A Human Future

~ NAIIWOI ~ Not All Information Is Worthy Of Immortality

~ BS ~ Beharioral Surplus

~ BM ~ Behavioral Modification

~ WHBRA-WM-‘DE’-WA-A-CE ~ What Had Been Regarded As – Waste Material – “Data Exhaust” – Was Quickly – A – Critical Element

~ BVRC-BD-A-RITIOTPOS-W-RAS-STALAMCU-T-RM-THBSUT-IQ-WNABPTUITSO-TATIU ~ Behavioral Value Reinvestment Cycle – Behavioral Data – Are – Reinvested In The Improvement Of The Product Or Service – Was – Rapidly And Secretly – Subordinated To A Larger And More Complex Undertaking – The – Raw Materials – That Had Been Solely Used To – Improve Quality – Would Now Also Be Put To Use In The Service Of – Targeting Advertising To Individual Users

~ BD-AFUB-SI-CA-S-‘UPI’ ~ Behavioral Data – Available For Uses Beyond – Service Improvement – Constituted A – Surplus – “User Profile Information”

~ SC-INA-IRODT-NII-ANEOIC ~ Surveillance Capitalism – Is Not An – Inherent Result Of Digital Technology – Nor Is It – A Necessary Expression Of Information Capitalism

~ UWNLEIT-BR-TMTOE-A-NEL-BO-F-TAS-STGNOP-ILL-A-TLI-TSPOTB ~ Users Were No Longer Ends In Themselves – But Rather – The Means To Others’ Ends – A – New Economic Logic – Based On – Fortune-Telling And Selling – Serving The Genuine Needs Of People – Is Less Lucrative – And – Therefore Less Important – Than Selling Predictions Of Their Behavior

~ TKP-TEOTE-ITROOLABDFTSOO-IC-OU ~ The Key Point – The Essence Of The Exploitation – Is The Rendering Of Our Lives As Behavioral Data For The Sake Of Others’ – Improved Control – Of Us

~ DR-V-BOEKTTIADTM ~ Decisions Rights – Vanish – Before One Even Knows That There Is A Decision To Make

~ BFM-TNPSAOIAA-TS-CBATMOD ~ Behavioral Futures Markets – The New Prediction Systems Are Only Incidentally About Ads – The Systems – Can Be Applied To Many Other Domains

~ DD ~ Digital Dispossession

~ IA-A-ID-T-PHDR ~ Intelligence Agencies – Are – Irresistibly Drawn – To – Privately Held Data Resources

~ LAANR ~ Lawlessness As A Natural Right

~ PK-DFBS-CA-HCWE ~ Predictive Knowledge – Derived From Behavioral Surplus – Could Also – Help Candidates Win Elections

~ GAS-A-M-S-B-SR ~ Goods And Services – Are – Merely – Surveillance-Bound – Supply Routes

~ TDC:I/H/A/R ~ The Dispossession Cycle: Incursion / Habituation / Adaptation / Redirection

~ I-W-A/K/A ~ Incursion – Without – Authorization / Knowledge / Agreement

~ A-SRE-ABPO-M-AC-S-P ~ A – Single Rogue Engineer – A Brilliant Piece Of – Misdirection – A Classic – Scapegoating – Ploy

~ IYANOOM-YDNE ~ If You Are Not On Our Map – You Do Not Exist

~ S-A-A-S ~ Surveillance-As-A-Service

~ WK?/WD?/WDWD?~ Who Knows? / Who Decides? / Who Decides Who Decides?

~ RSC-IAMATTS-AIITC ~ Raw Surveillance Capitalism – Is As Much A Threat To Society – As It Is To Capitalism

~ O-ER-T-TFT-WI-TRTAFOTIOIFT-OOOA-T-I-M-A-C-OB ~ Our – Elemental Right – To – The Future Tense – Which Is – The Right To Act Free Of The Influence Of Illegitimate Forces That – Operate Outside Our Awareness – To – Influence – Modify – And – Condition – Our Behavior

~ UC-INJA-KM-IIA-AM-DTP-MC-AU-A-FT ~ Ubiquitous Computing – Is Not Just A – Knowing Machine – It Is An – Actuating Machine – Designed To Produce – More Certainty – About Us – And – For Them

~ TKTNDOFIP ~ The Knowledge That Now Displaces Our Freedom Is Proprietary

~ OWW ~ Observation Without Witness

~ YAN-TP-YA-TAC-T-‘P’-DFTSTIRFYL ~ You Are Not – The Product – You Are – The Abandoned Carcass – The – “Product” – Derives From The Surplus That Is Ripped From Your Life

~ P-N-OOTMOBM-BO ~ Power – Now – Ownership Of The Means Of Behavioral Modification – Big Other

~ EUHAH ~ Every Unicorn Has A Hunter

~ TMOTBABOANGDTGTTIOTCS ~ Too Many Of The Best And Brightest Of A New Generation Devote Their Genius To The Intensification Of The Click-Stream

~ B-T-F-‘FC’-L/L/M/B ~ Behavior – The – Fourth – “Fictional Commodity” – Land / Labor / Money / Behavior

~ TANINT-D-N-BR-HN ~ The Aim Now Is Not To – Dominate – Nature – But Rather – Human Nature

DONALD SHOUP ~ CONCLUSION ~ THE HIGH COST OF FREE PARKING ~ 2011

~ MFP-DTL-DUF-DTE-A-WMTCBSMPE ~ Mandatory Free Parking – Disfigures The Landscape – Distorts Urban Form – Damages The Environment – And – Wastes Money That Could Be Spent More Productively Elsewhere

~ BWNS-TMWSOP-IASSEIPFI ~ Because We Never See – The Money We Spend On Parking – It Always Seems Someone Else Is Paying For It

~ PWABFWLIPAC-B-IIAGMTTPSBFE ~ Parking Will Always Be Free Where Land Is Plentiful And Cheap – But – It Is A Grave Mistake To Think Parking Should Be Free Everywhere

~ FCP-B-FAVCSOR-C-A-CFP-AC-CP-DWTTCTBWWFACTL-A-ISDT-CT-WF-A-PTA ~ Free Curb Parking – But – Finding A Vacant Curb Space Often Requires – Cruising – And – Cruising For Parking – A Classic – Commons Problem – Drivers Waste Their Time Circling The Block While Waiting For Another Car To Leave – And – In So Doing They – Congest Traffic – Waste Fuel – And – Pollute The Air

~ A-SAFMSFAFCSINAGBFID-I-AC-AA-MCHCA-CFP-I-ATCCOE-GASAO-EVT-WAAAOF-A-PCLOAP

~ Although – Spending A Few Minutes Searching For A Free Curb Space Is Not A Great Burden For Individual Drivers – Its – Aggregate Consequences – Are Astonishing – Many Cities Have Congested Areas – Cruising For Parking – In – All The Congested Cities On Earth – Generates A Stupendous Amount Of – Excess Vehicle Traffic – Wastes An Astronomical Amount Of Fuel – And – Produces Catastrophic Levels Of Air Pollution

~ MNCBH-PLOS-BTTBT ~ Most New Commercial Buildings Have – Parking Lots Or Structures – Bigger Than The Buildings Themselves

~ AT-FP-I-CFC ~ All This – Free Parking – Is – Charity For Cars

~ BPCSMAMPSLFI-THSITG-SSMTSPDATTS-L-UP-TE-A-TE-AITWD ~ Because Parking Costs So Much And Motorists Pay So Little For It – The Hidden Subsidy Is Truly Gigantic – Spending So Much To Subsidize Parking Dramatically Alters The Transportation System – Land-Use Patterns – The Economy – And – The Environment – All In The Wrong Direction

~ AFVOAPPI-T-CSK-NOWIBD-BA-HMICAWWP ~ A Fundamental Virtue Of Any Public Policy Is – Transparency – Citizens Should Know – Not Only What Is Being Done – But Also – How Much It Costs And Who Will Pay

~ TSOFPINT:TSFII-NJHBAH ~ The Source Of Free Parking Is Not Transparent: The Subsidy For It Is – Not Just High But Also Hidden

~ APITSBLUIC-IHMTBAPOSE-ARRTAP ~ Although Parking Is The Single Biggest Land Use In Cities – It Has Managed To Become Always Part Of Something Else – A Right Rather Than A Privilege

~ STNMWABTSTMMRASEI-B-TNOPWACIS-A-TPPIES ~ Saddling The Nonmotoring Minority With A Burden To Subsidize The Motoring Majority Raises A Serious Equity Issue – But – The Number Of People With A Complaint Is Small – And – Their Political Power Is Even Smaller

~ PR-HAHOOUC-TITCAAP-DUF-DUD-IHC-LH-DTUE-HTCBD-A-PPF-TAIEC ~ Parking Requirements – Have A Host Of Other Unintended Consequences – They Increase Traffic Congestion And Air Pollution – Distort Urban Form – Degrade Urban Design – Increase Housing Costs – Limit Homeownership – Damage The Urban Economy – Harm The Central Business District – And – Penalize Poor Families – They Also Increase Energy Consumption

~ P-ME-PRFELU-B-TH-AN-TOD-THTEHMPSAR-‘N’-TDK-H-PRHBASBTWB-AS-TCTTWA-HTPRWE ~ Planners – Must Establish – Parking Requirements For Every Land Use – But – They Have – Almost No – Theory Or Data – To Help Them Estimate How Many Parking Spaces Are Really – “Needed” – They Do Know – However – Parking Requirements Have Been Around Since Before They Were Born – And So – They Continue The Tradition Without Asking – How The Parking Requirements Were Established

~ S-FPATNFP-HEW-WNM-87P-OAOT-BC ~ Self-Fulfilling Prophecies About The Need For Parking – Help Explain Why – We Now Make – 87 Percent – Of All Our Trips – By Car

~ P-IOOTMHRAOULU-A-TRAOB ~ Parking – Is One Of The Most Heavily Regulated Aspects Of Urban Land Use – And – The Regulations Are Often Bewildering

~ ICBT-CMPFCP-A-STRT-IN-FGAUTVTEADAPRFTCOUDMOTACR-DCSP-TJHTP-A-TRBE ~ If Cities Begin To – Charge Market Prices For Curb Parking – And – Spend The Revenue To – Improve Neighborhoods – Future Generations Are Unlikely To View This Enclosure As Diminishing Anyone’s Personal Responsibility For The Community Or Unfairly Dispossessing Motorists Of Their Ancient Commoning Rights – Drivers Can Still Park – They Just Have To Pay – And – The Results Benefit Everyone

~ B-TCOFPAE-A-TB-TMOET-ASIC ~ But – The Costs Of Free Parking Are Enormous – And – The Benefits – The More One Examines Them – Are Small In Comparison

~ FCP-HSID-A-IHTG ~ Free Curb Parking – Has Served Its Day – And – It Has To Go

~ T-SOP-LB-PP-AOE-A-CWOA-ATO ~ The – Spectrum Of Possibilities – Lying Between – Private Property – At One End – And – A Commons With Open Access – At The Other

~ NOWTPFP-TWNC-B-WWTPFA?-WPFTBWHT-NBWWT-A-RRTTMN-WCA-NC-WWTCFCP ~ No One Wants To Pay For Parking – That Will Never Change – But – Who Wants To Pay For Anything? – We Pay For Things Because We Have To – Not Because We Want To – And – Returning Revenue To The Metered Neighborhoods – Will Create A – Necessary Constituency – Who Want To Charge For Curb Parking

~ GTPOCPRWDAWOG ~ Getting The Price Of Curb Parking Right Will Do A World Of Good

~ WCA-E-S/E/E-B-AANC-SB-S-PAP-N-PAC ~ We Can Achieve – Enormous – Social / Economic / Environmental – Benefits – At Almost No Cost – Simply By – Subsidizing – People And Places – Not – Parking And Cars

CHIP HEATH + DAN HEATH ~ THE POWER OF MOMENTS ~ 2017

~ DM-ME-TSOIOM-MOTOAGDTC-MOODMJHTU-DM-SOL-B-WDHTWFTTH-WCBTAOT ~ Defining Moments – Meaningful Experiences – That Stand Out In Our Memory – Many Of Them Owe A Great Deal To Chance – Most Of Our Defining Moments Just Happen To Us – Defining Moments – Shape Our Lives – But – We Don’t Have To Wait For Them To Happen – We Can Be The Authors Of Them

~ OLAMIM ~ Our Lives Are Measured In Moments

~ IRAE-WIMOWHAFIO-AFPM-TKM-TBOWM-KAT-‘P’-A-T-E-BM-T-TWIPTTA-T-WEB-EAB ~ In Recalling An Experience – We Ignore Most Of What Happened And Focus Instead On – A Few Particular Moments – Two Key Moments – The Best Or Worst Moment – Known As The – “Peak” – And – The – Ending – Beginnings Matter – Too – That’s Why It’s Preferable To Talk About – Transitions – Which Encompass Both – Endings And Beginnings

~ WWAOE-WD-AOM-B-MS-R-WTTRFM:TP/TP/TT ~ When We Assess Our Experiences – We Don’t – Average Our Minute-By-Minute Sensations – Rather – We Tend To Remember Flagship Moments: The Peaks / The Pits / The Transitions

~ DM-ACF-OOM-OTFFE:E-ATE;I-ROUOOOTW;RS-TMIOL;P-CUAOB;C-WSTWO ~ Defining Moments – Are Created From – One Or More – Of The Following Four Elements: Elevation – Above The Everyday; Insight – Rewire Our Understanding Of Ourselves Or The World – Realize Something – That Might Influence Our Lives; Pride – Capture Us At Our Best; Connection – We Share Them With Others

~ MM-A-WAOWMWWLTTC! ~ Moments Matter – And – What An Opportunity We Miss When We Leave Them To Chance!

~ TLOAPTA-EFD-I-M-B-WA-WO-T-MANTMFIAA ~ The Lack Of Attention Paid To An – Employee’s First Day – Is – Mind-Boggling – What A – Wasted Opportunity – To – Make A New Team Member Feel Included And Appreciated

~ WMUWSMAN-WMLT-TIM-TSTOTAWOI-‘M-S’ ~ We Must Understand When Special Moments Are Needed – We Must Learn To – Think In Moments – To Spot The Occasions That Are Worthy Of Investment – “Moment-Spotting”

~ MAWWRAWWC ~ Moments Are What We Remember And What We Cherish

~ T-L-M-A-P-A-NDM ~ Transitions – Like – Milestones – And – Pits – Are – Natural Defining Moments

~ P-CSBFI-P ~ Pits – Can Sometimes Be Flipped Into – Peaks

~ B-AYMOT-O-S/C-O-C-ACT?-AY-TIM? ~ But – Are You Missing Opportunities To – Offer – Support / Congratulations – Or – Counsel – At Critical Times? – Are You – Thinking In Moments?

~ ‘FDE’ ~ “First Day Experience”

~ T-AONOP-IPGIO-W-RR-TTGTDFPTB ~ The – Absence Or Neglect Of Peaks – Is Particularly Glaring In Organizations – Where – Relentless Routines – Tend To Grind Them Down From Peaks To Bumps

~ T-CF-YN-T-R-A-TRW ~ To – Create Fans – You Need – The – Remarkable – And – That Requires Peaks

~ A-P-M-SSIH-ISLD ~ A – Peak – Means – Something Special Is Happening – It Should Look Different

~ OSD-TGWY-TTO-I-IPFTNTPOTC ~ One Simple Diagnostic – To Gauge Whether You’ve – Transcended The Ordinary – Is – If People Feel The Need To Pull Out Their Cameras

~ BTS-DPEOHAEWU-SS ~ Breaking The Script – Defying People’s Expectations Of How An Experience Will Unfold – Strategic Surprise

~ SIASBM ~ Some Insights Are Small But Meaningful

~ T-‘A’-M-SAHITMOT-A ~ The – “Aha!” – Moment – Should Always Happen In The Minds Of The – Audience

~ YCATSUYATP ~ You Can’t Appreciate The Solution Until You Appreciate The Problem

~ TPO-S-IN-S-I-L-I-S-I-TPMO-S-I-WNT-S-POINSTEUTTROF ~ The Promise Of – Stretching – Is Not – Success – It’s – Learning – It’s – Self-Insight – To Produce Moments Of – Self-Insight – We Need To – Stretch – Placing Ourselves In New Situations That Expose Us To The Risk Of Failure

~ M-CHUSFTWTWC ~ Mentors – Can Help Us Stretch Further Than We Thought We Could

~ W-RIAUE-INA-UP ~ While – Recognition Is A Universal Expectation – It’s Not A – Universal Practice

~ TSINI-WII-A:BPNP ~ The Style Is Not Important – What’s Important Is – Authenticity: Being Personal Not Programmatic

~ EG-PTROTP-OC-B-ICAHABE-ETSOTGP ~ Expressing Gratitude – Pleases The Recipient Of The Praise – Of Course – But – It Can Also Have A Boomerang Effect – Elevating The Spirits Of The Grateful Person

~ ASITYALR-TDFO-R ~ A Small Investment That Yields A Large Reward – The Defining Feature Of – Recognition

~ TDTHMEACFPOE-B-WNSWJO-FL-B-MM-WTA-L-A-R-IOW-MI-‘FL’-AWPTEO-WEABOPAWAAJOETCTTNO ~ The Desire To Hit Milestones Elicits A Concerted Final Push Of Effort – But – We’re Not Stuck With Just One – Finish Line – By – Multiplying Milestones – We Transform A – Long – Amorphous – Race – Into One With – Many Intermediate – “Finish Lines” – As We Push Through Each One – We Experience A Burst Of Pride As Well As A Jolt Of Energy To Charge Toward The Next One

~ ‘GAGP’-ET ~ “Gradual And Graduated Practice” – Exposure Therapy

~ MF-IACPO-C ~ Managing Fear – Is A Critical Part Of – Courage

~ WPM-AMC:I-X-H-T-I-WD-Y-II-TIPIPAR ~ When People Make – Advance Mental Commitments: If – X – Happens – Then – I – Will Do – Y – Implementation Intentions – There Is Power In Preloading A Response

~ B-POKWTRTTDI-THPIAOTJ ~ But – People Often Know What The Right Thing To Do Is – The Hard Part Is Acting On That Judgment

~ B-TS-TLT-UB-A-P ~ Because – The Situations – That Lead To – Unethical Behavior – Are – Predictable

~ BLOA-P-G-T-DU-WLTA ~ Blurry Lines Of Accountability – Plus – Get-Things-Done Urgency – Will Lead To Accidents

~ AL-B/B/S-TRIA-PE-WILTA-TANA-TAP-TCBFAF ~ A Leader’s – Bias / Bigotry / Sexism – Taking Root In A – Permissive Environment – Will Inevitably Lead To Abuse – These Are Not Anomalies – They Are Probabilities – They Can Be Foreseen And Fought

~ ACFO-PC-T-I-MSTPRC! ~ A Crucial Feature Of – Practicing Courage – Then – Is – Making Sure The Practice Requires Courage!

~ PQTATCCOMIATM ~ Practice Quiets The Anxiety That Can Cloud Our Mind In A Tough Moment

~ OAOCSA ~ One Act Of Courage Supports Another

~ ONIIT-CTTMO-TGNIT-IEOPIBETDTM-WAE-WNAA ~ Our Natural Instinct Is To – Cave To The Majority Opinion – The Good News Is That – If Even One Person Is Brave Enough To Defy The Majority – We Are Emboldened – We’re Not Alone Anymore

~ CIC ~ Courage Is Contagious

~ IIHTBC-B-IEWYP-A-WYSU-OWJY ~ It Is Hard To Be Courageous – But – It’s Easier When You’ve Practiced – And – When You Stand Up – Others Will Join You

~ YMOC-MB-ADMFSE ~ Your Moment Of Courage – Might Be – A Defining Moment For Someone Else

~ TPOO-TAIISR ~ The Presence Of Others – Turns Abstract Ideas Into Social Reality

~ PW-CTS-I-TWMSTT-THSAICIO-A-ITCTPON ~ People Will – Choose To Struggle – If – The Work Means Something To Them – They Have Some Autonomy In Carrying It Out – And – It’s Their Choice To Participate Or Not

~ IYWTBPOAGTBLC-TOARDTTDM-AOYWRIFTROYL ~ If You Want To Be Part Of A Group That Bonds Like Cement – Take On A Really Demanding Task That’s Deeply Meaningful – All Of You Will Remember It For The Rest Of Your Lives

~ PII-PISPCS ~ Passion Is Individualistic – Purpose Is Something People Can Share

~ P-I-D-I-C ~ Purpose – Isn’t – Discovered – It’s – Cultivated

~ WTRKO-M-R-CCIAI ~ With The Right Kind Of – Moment – Relationships – Can Change In An Instant

~ IWWM-MOC-WNTB-MRTO ~ If We Want More – Moments Of Connection – We Need To Be – More Responsive To Others

~ IA ~ Interpersonal Alchemy

~ GBWTST-PWWASW-ITC-TGA-TMIM ~ Groups Bond When They Struggle Together – People Will Welcome A Struggle When – It’s Their Choice / They’re Given Autonomy / The Mission Is Meaningful

~ TPOSG ~ The Power Of Simple Gestures

~ TMPMAOTOTCTL ~ The Most Precious Moments Are Often The Ones That Cost The Least

~ WCBT-DOM-TD-E/I/P/C ~ We Can Be The – Designers Of Moments – That Deliver – Elevation / Insight / Pride / Connection

ROLF DOBELLI ~ SCIENTIFICALLY RUBBER-STAMPED POINTERS TO MAKE – BETTER – BRIGHTER – DECISIONS ~ THE ART OF THINKING CLEARLY ~ 2013 ~ [TRANSLATION ~ NICKY GRIFFIN ~ 2013]

~ ANTTYCGAT-AS-C/N/CS ~ Avoid Negative Things That You Cannot Grow Accustomed To – Such As – Commuting / Noise / Chronic Stress

~ EOS-TH-F-MT-SA-C/H/LW/B/P ~ Expect Only Short-Term Happiness – From – Material Things – Such As – Cars / Houses / Lottery Winnings / Bonuses / Prizes

~ AFAM-FTAA-AP-S-L-LPEGCFWYAD ~ Aim For As Much – Free Time And Autonomy– As Possible – Since – Long-Lasting Positive Effects Generally Come From What You Actively Do

~ FYPEIYMFAPOYIFT ~ Follow Your Passions Even If You Must Forfeit A Portion Of Your Income For Them

~ IIF ~ Invest In Friendships