RICHARD THALER + CASS SUNSTEIN ~ NUDGE ~ 2008

~ CA-TRFOTCIWPMD ~ Choice Architect – The Responsibility For Organizing The Context In Which People Make Decisions

~ TINSTAA’N’-D ~ There Is Not Such Thing As A – “Neutral” – Design

~ SAD-HSI ~ Seemingly Arbitrary Decisions – Have Subtle Influences

~ SAAID-CH-MIOPB-A-‘EM’ ~ Small And Apparently Insignificant Details – Can Have – Major Impacts On People’s Behavior – Assume – “Everything Matters”

~ TIT-‘EM’-CBB-PAE ~ The Insight That – “Everything Matters” – Can Be Both – Paralyzing And Empowering

~ LP-TPWTTITTHBCBD-T-LA-LITSIT-IG-PSBFTDWTL-A-TOOOUAITWTDS-T-PA-LITCTIILFCATTTIPBIOTMTL-L/H/B-AJBT ~ Libertarian Paternalism – The Problem With The Terms Is That They Have Been Captured By Dogmatists – The – Libertarian Aspect – Lies In The Straightforward Insistence That – In General – People Should Be Free To Do What They Like – And – To Opt Out Of Undesirable Arrangements If They Want To Do So – The – Paternalistic Aspect – Lies In The Claim That It Is Legitimate For Choice Architects To Try To Influence People’s Behavior In Order To Make Their Lives – Longer / Healthier / Better – As Judged By Themselves

~ IMC-IMPBD-DTWNHM-IT-HPFA-A-P-CI-UCA-A-CS-C ~ In Many Cases – Individuals Make Pretty Bad Decisions – Decisions They Would Not Have Made – If They – Had Paid Full Attention – And – Possessed – Complete Information – Unlimited Cognitive Abilities – And – Complete Self-Control

~ LP-IAR-W/S/N-TOP-B-CANB/FO/SB ~ Libertarian Paternalism – Is A Relatively – Weak / Soft / Nonintrusive – Type Of Paternalism – Because – Choices Are Not Blocked / Fenced Off / Significantly Burdened

~ A-N-IAAOT-CA-TAPBIAPWWFAOOSCTEI-TCAAM-N-TIMBEACTA-NANM ~ A – Nudge – Is Any Aspect Of The – Choice Architecture – That Alters People’s Behavior In A Predictable Way Without Forbidding Any Options Or Significantly Changing Their Economic Incentives – To Count As A Mere – Nudge – The Intervention Must Be Easy And Cheap To Avoid – Nudges Are Not Mandates

~ PTFAEL-CAAN-BJF-DN ~ Putting The Fruit At Eye Level – Counts As A Nudge – Banning Junk Food – Does Not

~ TE-SOC-RHRSQATROMJADTPM-HOS-CTHFAFAB-HDMINSGE ~ The Emerging – Science Of Choice – Research Has Raised Serous Questions About The Rationality Of Many Judgments And Decisions That People Make – Hundreds Of Studies – Confirm That Human Forecasts Are Flawed And Biased – Human Decision Making Is Not So Great Either

~ ‘SQB’-AFNF-I-FAHOR-PHASTTGAWTSQODO-RSTWTDCA-MPSWT-EWTSAMH ~ “Status Quo Bias” – A Fancy Name For – Inertia – For A Host Of Reasons – People Have A Strong Tendency To Go Along With The Status Quo Or Default Option – Research Shows That Whatever The Default Choices Are – Many People Stick With Them – Even When The Stakes Are Much Higher

~ NUTPOI-TPCBH-SDO-A-OSST-M-CS-CHHEOO ~ Never Underestimate The Power Of Inertia – That Power Can Be Harnessed – Setting Default Options – And – Other Similar Seemingly Trivial – Menu-Changing Strategies – Can Have Huge Effects On Outcomes

~ BPDB-IAN-ACIOATIPLAHSMOSMP-A-WCDSWSTOEFTC ~ By Properly Deploying Both – Incentives And Nudges – We Can Improve Our Ability To Improve People’s Lives And Help Solve Many Of Society’s Major Problems – And – We Can Do So While Still Insisting On Everyone’s Freedom To Choose

~ T-FA-ITAAPAAOTTMCTAITBIOATVLABTTCTWBMBSE-TAIF-I-OF ~ The – False Assumption – Is That Almost All People Almost All Of The Time Make Choices That Are In Their Best Interest Or At The Very Least Are Better Than The Choices That Would Be Made By Someone Else – This Assumption Is False – Indeed – Obviously False

~ HWPCIAEQ-OWAILTVAD-ISRTSTPMGCICIW-TH-E/GI/PF-TDLWICIWTA-I/PI/FISOI ~ How Well People Choose Is An Empirical Question – One Whose Answer Is Likely To Vary Across Domains – It Seems Reasonable To Say That People Make Good Choices In Contexts In Which – They Have – Experience / Good Information / Prompt Feedback – They Do Less Well In Contexts In Which They Are – Inexperienced / Poorly Informed / Feedback Is Slow Or Infrequent

~ B-ITCRU-TROIOECDAR-FTC-ITBSABCA ~ By – Insisting That Choices Remain Unrestricted – The Risks Of Inept Or Even Corrupt Designs Are Reduced – Freedom To Choose – Is The Best Safeguard Against Bad Choice Architecture

~ CACMJITTLOOBDU-FE ~ Choice Architects Can Make Major Improvements To The Lives Of Others By Designing User-Friendly Environments

~ I-IAN-R-RAB-GWBBSAMM-N-BG-J-BG-IS-LP-I-NLNR ~ If – Incentives And Nudges – Replace – Requirements And Bans – Government Will Be Both Smaller And More Modest – Not – Bigger Government – Just – Better Governance – In Short – Libertarian Paternalism – Is – Neither Left Nor Right

~ W-S-CPAMC-AC-TRIASOBO ~ When – Self-Control Problems And Mindless Choosing – Are Combined – The Result Is A Series Of Bad Outcomes

~ S-MSC-I-MAP-A-SWA-SSN-H-AEIBTSADOO ~ Sometimes – Massive Social Changes – In – Markets And Politics – Alike – Start With A – Small Social Nudge – Humans – Are Easily Influenced By The Statements And Deeds Of Others

~ HAENBOH-OR-WLTC ~ Humans Are Easily Nudged By Other Humans – One Reason – We Like To Conform

~ PBMLTCWTKTOPWSWTHTS-SPWGAWTGEWTT-O-K-TEEHB ~ People Become More Likely To Conform When They Know That Other People Will See What They Have To Say – Sometimes People Will Go Along With The Group Even When They Think – Or – Know – That Everyone Else Has Blundered

~ IMD-PATTT-ATF-TAOWEP-A-TTS-WI-BOTT-SI-AE-C-AAKS-CPLVITO ~ In Many Domains – People Are Tempted To Think – After The Fact – That An Outcome Was Entirely Predictable – And – That The Success – Was Inevitable – Beware Of That Temptation – Small Interventions – And Even – Coincidences – At A Key Stage – Can Produce Large Variations In The Outcome

~ T-SF-CHA-PE ~ The – Specific Framing – Can Have A – Powerful Effect

~ SI-CITEWWCICTM-S-TMHOAIOCWTAATCSA-T-‘P’-OISSATECBSP ~ Subtle Influences – Can Increase The Ease With Which Certain Information Comes To Mind – Sometimes – The Merest Hint Of An Idea Or Concept Will Trigger An Association That Can Stimulate Action – These – “Primes” – Occur In Social Situations And Their Effects Can Be Surprisingly Powerful

~ MPWTWOR-TLE-O-TPOLR-WONIIGFT ~ Many People Will Take Whatever Option Requires – The Least Effort – Or – The Path Of Least Resistance – Whether Or Not It Is Good For Them

~ HMM-A-W-DS-EIUTEAIAFAP ~ Humans Make Mistakes – A – Well-Designed System – Expects Its Users To Err And Is As Forgiving As Possible

~ GF-TBWTHHITPITPF-W-DS-TPWTADWAWTAMM ~ Give Feedback – The Best Way To Help Humans Improve Their Performance Is To Provide Feedback – Well-Designed Systems – Tell People When They Are Doing Well And When They Are Making Mistakes

~ AITOFIAWTTAGW-O-EMH-AATGW ~ An Important Type Of Feedback Is A Warning That Things Are Going Wrong – Or – Even More Helpful – Are About To Go Wrong

~ WS-HTATPO-OSMWTTAI ~ Warning Systems – Have To Avoid The Problem Of – Offering So Many Warnings That They Are Ignored

~ A-FQ-A-CA-WU?/WC?/WP?/WP? ~ Ask – Four Questions – About – Choice Architecture – Who Uses? / Who Chooses? / Who Pays? / Who Profits?

~ HA-LA-RS-T-HLATAMATLG ~ Humans Are – Loss Averse – Roughly Speaking – They – Hate Losses About Twice As Much As They Like Gains

~ ENABN-CAMHTOA-LUIWWC-A-E-MAT-WWC ~ Evil Nudgers And Bad Nudges – Choice Architects May Have Their Own Agendas – Line Up Incentives When We Can – And – Employ – Monitoring And Transparency – When We Can’t

~ PCA-PCA-WAB-V/MP-APGSBT-IT ~ Public Choice Architects – Private Choice Architects – Worry About Both – Voters / Maximizing Profits – A Primary Goal Should Be To – Increase Transparency

~ FPTC-INAW-A-RNINAP-DWTS-A-WTCANAS(MLAP)-I-T ~ Forcing People To Choose – Is Not Always Wise – And – Remaining Neutral Is Not Always Possible – Deciding Where To Stop – And – When To Call A Nudge A Shove (Much Less A Prison) – Is – Tricky

MICHAEL SANDEL ~ THE TYRANNY OF MERIT ~ 2020

~ WBOTCG? ~ What’s Become Of The Common Good?

~ WNTAWTSTOFP-ITLMFB-TPOM-O-TSACGBTSATS ~ We Need To Ask Whether The Solution To Our Fractious Politics – Is To Live More Faithfully By – The Principle Of Merit – Or – To Seek A Common Good Beyond The Sorting And The Striving

~ B-TRORNRH-ITE-IINETR-MWNERTTMC ~ But – The Rhetoric Of Rising Now Rings Hollow – In Today’s Economy – It Is Not Easy To Rise – Most Will Not Even Rise To The Middle Class

~ T-TCWT-HM-TTBTWT-GE-TATR-IS-DLO-TSOP-TOAT=E=HC-A-OR-TEPTSITWOW ~ Today – The Countries With The – Highest Mobility – Tend To Be Those With The – Greatest Equality – The Ability To Rise – It Seems – Depends Less On – The Spur Of Poverty – Than On Access To – Education – Health Care – And – Other Resources – That Equip People To Succeed In The World Of Work

~ ASRTTGBRAPMRDWIOPAW-RT-RCWTPOHPSUALWRGFAFA ~ Any Serous Response To The Gap Between Rich And Poor Must Reckon Directly With Inequalities Of Power And Wealth – Rather Than – Rest Content With The Project Of Helping People Scramble Up A Ladder Whose Rungs Grow Father And Farther Apart

~ M-IIUWTTDTORTM-DSLOTS-TWCTMI-A-MITCOTPP-OTMQ-TAISMPP:TMAATMEP-ATWAAATL-ATW-IGH-ATL-HAR ~ Morally – It Is Unclear Why The Talented Deserve The Outsize Rewards That Market-Driven Societies Lavish On The Successful – Those Who Celebrate The Meritocratic Ideal – And – Make It The Center Of Their Political Project – Overlook This Moral Question – They Also Ignore Something More Politically Potent: The Morally Attractive Attitudes The Meritocratic Ethic Promotes – Among The Winners And Also Among The Losers – Among The Winners – It Generates Hubris – Among The Losers – Humiliation And Resentment

~ TPCIATTOM-A-TCIJ ~ The Populist Complaint Is About The Tyranny Of Merit – And – The Complaint Is Justified

~ TNT-TSR-TAHW-ETW-TCTSTOD-AMOTV-A-TLDUTLFTT-MH-RTTOWTITDOTS-TFT-CAGF-THTOTW-IIT-SC-OT-WLOT-TTDTF-A-T-TOTB-DTT ~ The Notion That – The System Rewards – Talent And Hard Work – Encourages The Winners – To Consider Their Success Their Own Doing – A Measure Of Their Virtue – And – To Look Down Upon Those Less Fortunate Than Themselves – Meritocratic Hubris – Reflects The Tendency Of Winners To Inhale Too Deeply Of Their Success – To Forget The – Luck And Good Fortune – That Helped Them On Their Way – It Is The – Smug Conviction – Of Those – Who Land On Top – That They Deserve Their Fate – And – That – Those On The Bottom – Deserve Theirs Too

~ T- T-CG-IUMI-ET-IILACSODTBOC-TA-SCP-AMBT-GDP-TMFA-IPD ~ Today – The – Common Good – Is Understood Mainly In – Economic Terms – It Is Less About Cultivating Solidarity Or Deepening The Bonds Of Citizenship – Than About – Satisfying Consumer Preferences – As Measured By The – Gross Domestic Product – This Makes For An – Impoverished Public Discourse

~ WPF-PA-TD-CEO-NMTT-WINO-OE-SM-IWPTPOAWRL-C-ATPS-FT-EPD-FAD-TRSTTAO-RPD-DNMTNPABD-ISMTABDE-OOPV-B-AA(OCBTITR)-B-CBABM-B-CL-W-CC-BIWPO ~ What Passes For – Political Argument – These Days – Consists Either Of – Narrow Managerial Technocratic Talk – Which Inspires No One – Or Else – Shouting Matches – In Which Partisans Talk Past One Another Without Really Listening – Citizens – Across The Political Spectrum – Find This – Empty Public Discourse – Frustrating And Disempowering – They Rightly Sense That The Absence Of – Robust Public Debate – Does Not Mean That No Policies Are Being Decided – It Simply Means They Are Being Decided Elsewhere – Out Of Public View – By – Administrative Agencies (Often Captured By The Industries They Regulate) – By – Central Banks And Bond Markets – By – Corporate Lobbyists – Whose – Campaign Contributions – Buy Influence With Public Officials

~ FD-O-M-DG-H-HOPD-DOC-A-PAPB ~ Four Decades – Of – Market-Driven Globalization – Have – Hollowed Out Public Discourse – Disempowered Ordinary Citizens – And – Prompted A Populist Backlash

~ B-IIOTTHPRFAM;IISETATWA-EOU-WRFOLIL ~ But – It Is One Thing To Hold People Responsible For Acting Morally; It Is Something Else To Assume That We Are – Each Of Us – Wholly Responsible For Our Lot In Life

~ TNTOFROM-RDIT-MI-O-WC-IRTBTTMUIAIAWTAPWMASWW-T-MWOT-GRTHATTWSM-TMATS-TGTSTTVHBIOH[H]~ The Notion That Our Fate Reflects Our Merit – Runs Deep In The – Moral Intuitions – Of – Western Culture – It Reflects The Belief That The Moral Universe Is Arranged In A Way That Aligns Prosperity With Merit And Suffering With Wrongdoing – This – Meritocratic Way Of Thinking – Gives Rise To Harsh Attitudes Toward Those Who Suffer Misfortune – The More Acute The Suffering – The Greater The Suspicion That The Victim Has Brought It On Himself[/Herself]

~ MOTF-TS-WFL-AAFAMPOV ~ Many Of The Factors – That Separate – Winners From Losers – Are Arbitrary From A Moral Point Of View

~ TMWVOAS-MAS-S-TLLWATCFTFOTLFTO-IMSIMOD-TFMBTF-TLMMCOC-TSANOPRFOFMIHTIOIOPS ~ The More We View Ourselves As Self-Made And Self-Sufficient – The Less Likely We Are To Care For The Fate Of Those Less Fortunate Than Ourselves – If My Success Is My Own Doing – Their Failure Must Be Their Fault – This Logic Makes Meritocracy Corrosive Of Commonality – Too Strenuous A Notion Of Personal Responsibility For Our Fate Makes It Hard To Imagine Ourselves In Other People’s Shoes

~ TROR ~ The Rhetoric Of Responsibility

~ FD-ME-ITMT-TW-WHAPBTR-CRAFATTWTT-TDNNTFT-SATBOSTSA-T-ROR-WLAPTAT ~ For Decades – Meritocratic Elites – Intoned The Mantra That – Those Who – Work Hard And Play By The Rules – Can Rise As Far As Their Talents Will Take Them – They Did Not Notice That For Those – Stuck At The Bottom Or Struggling To Stay Afloat – The – Rhetoric Of Rising – Was Less A Promise Than A Taunt

~ C:TLAP ~ Credentialism: The Last Acceptable Prejudice

~ ‘SVD’- BTD-EOI-C-L-‘JVU’-O-‘RVW’ ~ “Smart Versus Dumb” – Began To Displace – Ethical Or Ideological – Contrasts – Like – “Just Versus Unjust” – Or – “Right Versus Wrong”

~ T-‘STTD’-A-PTA-POS-IR-TDNDO-MC ~ The – “Smart Thing To Do” – Always – Pointed To A – Prudential Or Self-Interested Reason – That Did Not Depend On – Moral Considerations

~ TNT-‘TBATB’-ABAG-TT-L-C-FC-I-AMBOMH ~ The Notion That – “The Best And The Brightest” – Are – Better At Governing – Than Their – Less-Credentialed – Fellow Citizens – Is – A Myth Born Of Meritocratic Hubris

~ P-TO-RW-I-RME ~ Parties – That Once – Represented Workers – Increasingly – Represented Meritocratic Elites

~ WMFAMITEHAECTCTLOS;IHNTSAHFATROTLSB-T-MI-INA-ROI-IIA-JOI ~ What Matters For A Meritocracy Is That Everyone Has An Equal Chance To Climb The Ladder Of Success; It Has Nothing To Say About How Far Apart The Rungs On The Ladder Should Be – The – Meritocratic Ideal – Is Not A – Remedy Of Inequality – It Is A – Justification Of Inequality

~ AT-AOG-BRWTT-W-C-IDNFMOW-PI-B-WRASASSOWTP-W-EASCALS ~ Although The – Age Of Globalization – Brought Rich Rewards To – The Well-Credentialed – It Did Not Nothing For Most Ordinary Workers – Productivity Increased – But – Workers Reaped A Smaller And Smaller Share Of What They Produced – While – Executives And Shareholders Captured A Larger Share

~ OTLSD-TIT-TMWMRTVOOSC-HBDE ~ Over The Last Several Decades – The Idea That – The Money We Make Reflects The Value Of Our Social Contribution – Has Become Deeply Embedded

~ M-FA-HRTP-EG-TDPATEI-SP-MTDOTWEAL-P-U-GAS-IT-RE ~Much – Financial Activity – Hinders Rather Than Promotes – Economic Growth – The Disproportionate Prestige Accorded Those Engaged In – Speculative Pursuits – Mocks The Dignity Of Those Who Earn A Living – Producing – Useful – Goods And Services – In The – Real Economy

~ A-PA-TRT-DOW-WUT-TS-TRTEOEB-DS-A-HPL ~ A – Political Agenda – That Recognizes The – Dignity Of Work – Would Use The – Tax System – To Reconfigure The Economy Of Esteem By – Discouraging Speculation – And – Honoring Productive Labor

MARCEL DANESI ~ THE ART OF THE LIE ~ 2020

~ SLAD-THTATTWIWTCDPAEO ~ Skilful Liars Are Dangerous – They Have The Ability To Twist Words Into Weapons That Can Divide People Against Each Other

~ DPEAIAOTAOAAC? ~ Do Political Expediency And Ideological Agendas Override Truth And Objectivity At Any Cost?

~ TSOLLFUTTD-LIATFITFOAP ~ The Stories Of Legendary Liars Fascinate Us To This Day – Lying Is A Theme Found In The Folklore Of All Peoples

~ TH-DBTALHBACOOPAT ~ Throughout History – Distinguishing Between Truth And Lies Has Been A Central Objective Of Philosophy And Theology

~ P-ANOTIHH-H-M-FSAFG-F-SPAH-AITCWO-SM ~ Perhaps – At Not Other Time In Human History – Has – Mendacity – Found Such A Fertile Ground – For – Stoking Prejudice And Hatred – As In The Contemporary World Of – Social Media

~ TINRWANFI ~ There Is No Reality Without A Name For It

~ TD-ATUO-L-TAMOI-TASTBRTNTT-IT-L ~ Truthful Discourse – And The Use Of – Logic – To Argue Matters Of Importance – These Are Still The Best Remedies To Neutralize The Tactics – In The – Lie

~ SA-UAV-DWFTNM-TSTFL ~ Semantic Ambiguity – Uncertainty And Vagueness – Disconnecting Words From Their Normal Meanings – To Snatch Truth From Language

~ FE ~ False Equivalency

~ WAH-DIB-TCAF-TIWG-F-SI ~ We All Harbor – Deeply Ingrained Beliefs – That Color And Filter – The Information We Glean – From – Social Interactions

~ CN-APTO-MC-STADTS-DEB ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Are Powerful Tools Of – Mind Control – Since They Are Designed To Stoke – Deeply Engrained Beliefs

~ CN-ROTBPO-M-NHBA-NIAIS-EIC ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Rely On Three Basic Principles Of – Mythos – Nothing Happens By Accident – Nothing Is As It Seems – Everything Is Connected

~ CN-WP-BTABO-ASUOM ~ Conspiracy Narratives – Work Psychologically – Because They Are Based On – A Strategic Use Of Metaphor

~ LC-A-I-TAPATWOT-‘E’-ATED ~ Logical Counterarguments – Are – Ineffectual – Because They Are Perceived As The Words Of The – “Enemy” – And Thus Easily Dismissed

~ TIN-MC-W-VC ~ There Is No – Mind Control – Without – Vocabulary Control

~ CS ~ Confabulated Stories

~ OOT-PT-O-PR:TAO-‘O’ ~ One Of The – Primary Tactics – Of – Political Repression: The Attack On – “Otherness”

~ “Enemies From Within”

WAL-STBD-I-TSII-TLIPAI-A-ITUSWSMBHFU ~ We Are All – Susceptible To Being Deceived – If – The Story Is Interesting – The Language Is Persuasive And Immediate – And – It Tells Us Something We Suspect May Be Hidden From Us

~ IAIR ~ Innuendo And Indirect Reference

~ PAMT-ED-B-WAG ~ People Are Much Too – Easily Deceived – By – Words And Gifts

~ S-B-TM-A-ATH-DAKO-A-RM ~ Saying – B – To Mean – A – And Then – Denying Any Knowledge Of – A’s – Real Meaning

~ TGP ~ The Great Pretender

~ B-TDIT-WLTA ~ But – The Danger Is That – Words Lead To Actions

~ CW-CHWP-T ~ Changing Words – Changes How We Perceive – Things

~ AN ~ AttackoNyms

~ HCALCSEAL-P-A/D-DA-TM-ML-IA-MP ~ How Can A Liar Call Someone Else A Liar – Projection – Attack / Defensive – Deflect Attention – The Master – Machiavellian Liar – Is A – Master Projector

~ D/D/D ~ Denial / Deflection / Distraction

~ ‘W’-AODC-B-CT-OO-OTSTOWTAAY-WRTIAODIIAW ~ “Whataboutism” – Attack Or Discredit Critics – By – Charging Them – Or Others – Of The Same Thing Of Which They Are Accusing You – Without Refuting The Initial Attack Or Disproving It In Any Way

~ LCTWWSTIOM ~ Language Conditions The Way We See Things In Our Mind

~ TFO-BD-IS-DE-TIIET-DTF-OE-ETA-IS-S-I-W-TTAT ~ The Feeling Of – Being Duped – Is So – Destructive Emotionally – That It Is Easier To – Deny The Facts – Or Else – Explain Them Away – In Some – Self-Illusory – Way – Than To Accept Them

JOHN FREEMAN ~ DON’T SEND ~ THE TYRANNY OF E-MAIL ~ 2009

~ DS ~ Don’t Send

~ DCIFTITMOLAN ~ Don’t Check It First Thing In The Morning Or Late At Night

~ CITAD ~ Check It Twice A Day

~ KAWT-DLAIEMII ~ Keep A Written To-Do List And Incorporate E-Mail Into It

~ GGE ~ Give Good E-Mail

~ RTEIEBR ~ Read The Entire Incoming E-Mail Before Replying

~ DNDCOSMBE ~ Do Not Debate Complex Or Sensitive Matters By E-Mail

~ IYHTWAAGBE-MYC-F-T-F ~ If You Have To Work As A Group By E-Mail – Meet Your Correspondents – Face-To-Face

~ SUYDTDSEBE ~ Set Up Your Desk To Do Something Else Beside E-Mail

~ SMFTED ~ Schedule Media-Free Time Every Day

JOHN FREEMAN ~ THE TYRANNY OF E-MAIL ~ 2009

~ WLTIWTWBMO;NODWNTSOPTUTMEBOMLHTMOLAMSOTWBMTAOO ~ We Lean To Interact With The World By Mirroring Others; Not Only Do We Need To See Other People To Understand Them Most Effectively – Our Mind Learns How To Move Our Limbs And Make Sense Of The World By Mirroring The Actions Of Others

~ T-CS-H-IAENRE-RTBDOAS-LISDIOE-IIBRIOP ~ The – Computer Screen – However – Is An Entirely New Reading Experience – Rather Than Bouncing Down Off A Surface – Light Is Shot Directly Into Our Eyes – It Is Beamed Right Into Our Pupils

~ EHDWTA-B-IHTALLBDTCADTTFTPSBCOTDFOASTITFIFOTF ~ Eyesight Has Deteriorated With The Ages – But – It Has Taken A Large Leap Back During The Computer Age Due To The Fact That People Spend Big Chunks Of Their Day Focusing On A Screen That Is Two Feet In Front Of Their Faces

~ BDOOFEATTFOPC-WAFATLOMIIL ~ By Depriving Ourselves Of Facial Expressions And The Tangible Frisson Of Physical Contact – We Are Facing A Terrible Loss Of Meaning In Individual Life

~ SB-P/P/C-OBHAIMOSMN ~ Surrounded By – Plastics / Polystyrenes / Chemicals – Our Bodies Have An Instinctual Memory Of Something More Natural

~ ECBHEI-WETNOTCBTTON ~ Each Communication Breakthrough Has Encouraged Individuality – While Expanding The Notion Of The Commons Beyond The Tangible Or Nearby

~ T-EA-O-NMOC-AO-TEI-IOUA-WBGBBAOTC ~ The – Earliest Adopters – Of – New Modes Of Communication – Are Often – Those Engaged In – Illegal Or Unethical Activity – Who Benefit Greatly By Being Ahead Of The Curve

~ IO-IBTCA-F-FA ~ Information Overload – Is Beginning To Create A – Free-Floating Anxiety

~ WNSAEAOTIFOOM ~ We Now Spend An Enormous Amount Of Time In Front Of Our Machines

~ HMATOE-B-WARAATAW ~ Humans May Adapt To Our Environment – But – We Also Rebel Against Adaptions That Aren’t Working

~ L-OT-E-MT ~ Life – On The – E-Mail Treadmill

~ TTIT-T-R-IE-CETROA-F-T-F-CI-S-D-IDNC-NG/VT/I/FE-TWATFBT-EAD-WLT-CWOB ~ The Truth Is That – Text – Rarely – If Ever – Can Equal The Richness Of A – Face-To-Face – Conversation – It’s – Static – Disembodied – It Does Not Convey – Hand Gestures / Verbal Tone / Inflection / Facial Expressions – Things We Are Taught From Birth To – Encode And Decode – We Learn To – Communicate With Our Bodies

~ SB ~ Sensory Brownout

~ WSAPBGTW-A-CIBGTB ~ We Sneak A Peak Before Going To Work – And – Clock In Before Going To Bed

~ COFS ~ Culture Of Forwarding Stuff

~ E-MVN-IC-BEF-P/R/C ~ E-Mail’s Viral Nature – Is Clearly – Being Exploited For – Payback / Revenge / Comeuppance

~ TGBWOPAACP-MT-AAMCBF-WCLT-DPE ~ The Gap Between What One Person And Another Considers Private – Means That – Almost Any Message Can Be Forwarded – Which Can Lead To – Devastating Personal Experiences

~ OH ~ Online Humiliation

~ C-B-S-A-W-A-V-P-TTTWND ~ Connectedness – Both – Strength – And – Weakness – A – Virus – Potential – To Take The Whole Network Down

~ 85-95-P-OA-E-I-S ~ 85-95 – Percent – Of All – Email – Is – Spam

~ PLANTBL-NS-MSPSMSNS ~ People Love And Need To Be Loved – Not Surprisingly – Most Successful Phishing Schemes Mimic Social Networking Sites

~ TTTWSTSUFTWFA-TCIACOOOOT-HNB-TLELEI-B-WCSTLO ~ The Technology That Was Supposed To Set Us Free To Work From Anywhere – To Check In And Clock Out On Our Own Time – Has Now Become – The Longest Employee Leash Ever Invented – Because – We Can’t Seem To Log Off

~ ‘VIRS’ ~ “Variable Interval Reinforcement Schedule”

~ AWAV-IADWYTEA-EIFOAFH ~ As With Any Vice – It’s A Disaster When You Take E-Mail Away – Even If For Only A Few Hours

~ ‘IA’ ~ “Internet Addition”

~ OUOTHBTAOAS;WSREOBF-S-AOT-M ~ Our Use Of Technology Has Begun To Alter Our Attention Span; We’ve Started Reverse Engineering Our Brains For – Speed – As Opposed To – Mindfulness

~ DJ-FTS-CC-GD ~ Disinhibted Jeering – From The Sidelines – Can Cause – Grave Damage

~ T-TATTTLOTPW-M-STCOIUE ~ Technology – That Appears To Transcend The Limits Of The Physical World – Merely – Shifts The Cost Of Its Use Elsewhere

~ T-I-WSTAUT-WFA-A-SWD-F-O-V/H/POW-IWMT-LU-FTT-DAO-IIHLUT-WATT-TINASWTL-B-CO-C-EAPB-WM-A-U ~ The – Internet – Was Supposed To Allow Us To – Work From Anywhere – And – So We Do – From – Our – Vacations / Homes / Places Of Worship – It Was Meant To – Liberate Us – From Ties To – Desk And Office – Instead It Has Led Us To – Work All The Time – This Is Not A Sustainable Way To Live – Being – Constantly On – Causes – Emotional And Physical Burnout – Workplace Meltdowns – And – Unhappiness

~ S-M-TSAWWDS-A-COEOI-WACANITTFT ~ Speed – Matters – The Speed At Which We Do Something – Anything – Changes Our Experience Of It – Words And Communication Are Not Immune To This Fundamental Truth

~ WNTPTFWOOAIWCAOR ~ We Need To Protect The Finite Well Of Our Attention If We Care About Our Relationships

~ WNTIOTPCTEOWWSUO-WNTTGTPAPROOTC-WNTTSADAFOWSTWSEWWM ~ We Need Time In Order To Properly Consider The Effect Of What We Say Upon Others – We Need Time In Order To Grasp The Political And Professional Ramifications Of Our Typed Correspondence – We Need Time To Shape And Design And Filer Our Words So That We Say Exactly What We Mean

~ CAGH-HOUDT-IAI-TUNHBHBOCMC ~ Communicating At Great Haste – Hones Our Utterances Down To – Instincts And Impulses – That Until Now Have Been Held Back Or Channelled More Carefully

~ A-IOOTMVMR-IWWIO-FC-WWHNLWWRNI ~ Attention – Is One Of The Most Valuable Modern Resources – If We Waste It On – Frivolous Communication – We Will Have Nothing Left When We Really Need It

~ T-PW-M ~ The – Physical World – Matters

~ C-M-WNCIOTL-A-ITEOECHSPI-WSSOFAS-B-TBTTRWASD ~ Context – Matters – We Need Context In Order To Live – And – If The Environment Of Electronic Communication Has Stopped Providing It – We Shouldn’t Search Online For A Solution – But – Turn Back To The Real World And Slow Down

JEFF FAUX ~ THE SERVANT ECONOMY ~ 2012

~ FASTCPO-WASATDODF ~ For A Society That Constantly Promotes Optimism – We Are Surprisingly Addicted To Depictions Of Dystopian Futures

~ M-DE-T-CNHBF-A-RTWCA ~ Major – Dislocating Events – That – Could Not Have Been Foretold – Are – Rarer Than We Commonly Acknowledge

~ HACS-DNATT-TW-‘E’ ~ History And Common Sense – Did Not Apply To Them – They Were – “Exceptional”

~ B-TWDTEOTC-DNEUSOPB ~ But – Those Who Drove The Economy Off The Cliff – Did Not End Up Sleeping On Park Benches

~ TCFPASSFTFHCFTGTTWGTNF ~ The Call For Patience And Shared Sacrifice For The Future Has Costs For The Governed That Those Who Govern Typically Never Face

~ WTFW-A-U-W-TBOA-FB-O-A-ED-O-COO-HBGAFT-TATT-T-GC-PNTDOI-PM-R-IUUTMOTA-BT ~ Whether The Folly Was – An – Unnecessary – War – The Bursting Of A – Financial Bubble – Or – An – Environmental Disaster – Our – Culture Of Optimism – Has Been Generous And Forgiving To – Those At The Top – The – Governing Class – Prefers Not To Dwell On Its – Past Mistakes – Rather – It Urges Us To Move On To A – Better Tomorrow

~ YDBAMOT-GC-B-CTSQ ~ You Don’t Become A Member Of The – Governing Class – By – Challenging The Status Quo

~ TROGIFM-NLWTRT-CTTOTMTSAB-NWITDTBBTP-IWT-IOATDHBD-DTRO-L-F-TGRITERC-B-TRHC-IPNW-TIATDHC-T-PUTP-PTBT-A-HTROTCPFTD ~ The Role Of Government In Financial Markets – No Longer Was That Role To – Control The Tendency Of The Markets Toward Speculative Asset Bubbles – Nor Was It To Diffuse The Bubbles Before They Popped – It Was To – Intervene Only After The Damage Had Been Done – Despite The Rhetoric Of – Laissez-Faire – The Government’s Role In The Economy Remained Critical – But – That Role Had Changed – Its Purpose Now Was – To Intervene After The Damage Had Occurred – To – Pick Up The Pieces – Put Them Back Together – And – Have The Rest Of The Country Pay For The Damage

~ T-HFDALTI-IA-EUM ~ That – High Federal Deficits Always Lead To Inflation – Is An – Economic Urban Myth

~ T-L-BAIF-A-TBTF-TGTM-A-TPTR ~ The – Largest – Banks And Investment Firms – Are – Too Big To Fail – Too Global To Monitor – And – Too Powerful To Regulate

~ PS-B-D-I-LA-STBPW-TW-WBEMOADCT-S-E ~ Personal Service – By – Definition – Is – Largely About – Satisfying The Boss’s Personal Whims – The Workplace – Will Become Even More Of A Daily Challenge To – Self-Esteem

~ WCET-M-B/T/H-W-FOB ~ We Can Expect That – More – Bridges / Tunnels / Highways – Will – Fall Or Breakdown

~ NOD-YBYJ-OT-YTTSTEWTTLOTWYD ~ Not Only Do – You Become Your Job – Over Time – You Tend To See The Economic World Through The Lens Of The Work You Do

~ N-EP-TI-DO-M-F-T-RR-A-T-GC-WATAOET ~ No – Established Party – That Is – Dependent On – Money – From – The – Reactionary Rich – And – The – Globalizing Corporations – Will Act To Alter Our Economic Trajectory

~ T-IOMIP-ETT-G-WIOBOCI-N-T-MC ~ The – Influence Of Money In Politics – Ensures That The – Government – Will Intervene On Behalf Of Corporate Interests – Not – The – Middle Class

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ HAD I KNOWN ~ 2020

~ T-TIWFWAMONOTE=WF-B-P-W-OO-‘CP-TONTBPOTBP ~ True – The Internet Was Filled With A Multiplicity Of New Outlets To Write For – But – Paying – Writers – Or Other – “Content Providers” – Turned Out Not To Be Part Of Their Business Plan

~ TITRFOJT:NM-D-A-YA-B-L-WWADSPWCMUETESOT-A/PE/V-TWTD-MLFAOTCTCODT-TIOJ-IJ ~ This Is The Real Face Of Journalism Today: Not Million-Dollar-A-Year Anchorpersons – But – Low-Wage Workers And Downwardly Spiralling Professionals Who Cant Muster Up Expenses To Even Start On The – Articles / Photo Essays / Videos – They Want To Do – Much Less Find An Outlet To Cover The Costs Of Doing Them – This Impoverishment Of Journalists – Impoverishes Journalism

~ WCTF-LAL-ITM-A-TPWW-FPTP ~ We Come To Find – Less And Less – In The Media – About – The People Who Work – From Paycheck To Paycheck

~ BA-ASP-DNSI ~ Burying An – Aching Social Problem – Does Not Solve It

~ B-IIRPTMALOTKOJCATUP? ~ But – Is It Really Possible To Make A Living On The Kinds Of Jobs Currently Available To Unskilled People?

~ AT-OA-SJ-I-‘SW’-ITC-S/S/S/R/R ~ A Third – Of A – Server’s Job – Is – “Side Work” – Invisible To Customers – Sweeping / Scrubbing / Slicing / Refilling / Restocking

~ CWTPTM-SWTSTG-B-MATFOOR-TMSTMIMFSTETEFA ~ Cooks Want To Prepare Tasty Meals – Servers Want To Serve Them Graciously – But – Mangers Are There For Only One Reason – To Make Sure That Money Is Made For Some Theoretical Entity That Exists Far Away

~ MCS-FHAATITW-B-ITJTSTNOEED-EWTNTD-A-TIW-FS-STCBAEAR ~ Mangers Can Sit – For Hours At A Time If They Want – But – It’s Their Job To See That No One Else Ever Does – Even When There’s Nothing To Do – And – This Is Why – For Servers – Slow Times Can Be As Exhausting As Rushes

~ A-BR-IN-AR-ICBTA ~ A – Break Room – Is Not – A Right – It Can Be Taken Away

~ G-WSTM-ETAT-MS ~ Gossip – Which Seems To Mean – Employees Talking Among Themselves – Must Stop

~ IP-AICPIP-SCAE ~ In Poverty – As In Certain Propositions In Physics – Starting Conditions Are Everything

~ TAN-SETNTP-OTC-TAAHOSC ~ There Are No – Secret Economies That Nourish The Poor – On The Contrary – There Are A Host Of Special Costs

~ T-RP-AUTWOHT-A-OI-B-TIASVSM-S/PT/TP-TBFTC-WME-ALOOOH ~ The – Regulation Poster – Admonishes Us To Wash Our Hands Thoroughly – And – Offers Instructions – But – There Is Always Some Vital Substance Missing – Soap / Paper Towels / Toilet Paper – Too Bad For The Customers – Who Must Eat – Almost Literally Out Of Our Hands

~ B-F-TCTU-WWCETSKOAOPTOBEOU ~ But – Fortunately – The Commercial Tells Us – We Workers Can Exert The Same Kind Of Authority Over Our Painkillers That Our Bosses Exert Over Us

~ ORFOTMAL-WW-TCOP-WA-IAAC-FTSAFACFTWTDATWTP ~ One Redeeming Feature Of The Most Abject Low-Wage Work – The Camaraderie Of People – Who Are – In Almost All Cases – Far Too Smart And Funny And Caring For The Work They Do And The Wages They’re Paid

~ PHBAMCTOOT-A-WBTTTPTASGTH-NM-NFIHP-A-NASOPC? ~ Punishment Has Become A Major Cultural Theme Of Our Time – And – Who Better To Take The Punishment Than A Social Group That Has – No Money – No Friends In High Places – And – Not A Speck Of Political Clout?

~ B-WAKT-‘WR’-M-I-PE-TSHGTBP ~ But – We All Know That – “Welfare Reform” – Means – In – Plain English – That Someone Has Got To Be Punished

~ WIISH-F-TPATT-T-GATDOTLOO? ~ Why Is It So Hard – For – The People At The Top – To – Graciously Acknowledge Their Dependency On The Labor Of Others?

~ IINACTBP? ~ Is It Now A Crime To Be Poor?

~ The – Safety Net – Or – What’s Left Of It – Has Been Transformed Into A Dragnet

~ IWCATTHTP-NCSATGOTT ~ If We Can’t Afford To Truly Help The Poor – Neither Can We Afford To Go On Tormenting Them

~ ML-F-WTCW-TT-WTBDQ ~ Manual Labor – From – Waitressing To Construction Work – Tends To – Wear The Body Down Quickly

~ TWOD ~ The Wages Of Despair

~ TEO-R-B-ITT-BC-I-AROP-N-AIOATTRA-B-ANMITLC-L-MOGH ~ The Effect Of – Relentless – Brightsiding – Is To Transform – Breast Cancer – Into – A Rite Of Passage – Not – An Injustice Or A Tragedy To Rail Against – But – A Normal Marker In The Life Cycle – Like – Menopause Or Graying Hair

~ IOU-TVIO-EC-TMCE-WOHDOCAD-A-WTO-O-E-ST-PT ~ Ignoring Or Underemphasizing – The Vexing Issue Of – Environmental Causes – The Multinational Corporate Enterprise – With One Hand Doles Out Carcinogens And Disease – And – With The Other – Offers – Expensive – SemiToxic – Pharmaceutical Treatments

~ T-MT-O-‘S’-DTDATD-DWHL-‘F’-HTTWD?-CWCTB-‘B’-B-P-T-TD? ~ The – Mindless Triumphalism – Of – “Surviorhood” – Denigrates The Dead And The Dying – Did We Who Live – “Fight” – Harder Than Those Who’ve Died? – Can We Claim To Be – “Braver” – Better – People – Than – The Dead?

~ IINOK!-WII-AWCGOASAPWOD-I-AA-A-TTETIH-M-A-A-C ~ IT IS NOT OK! – What It Is – Along With Cancer Generally Or Any Slow And Painful Way Of Dying – Is – An Abomination – And – To The Extent That It’s Human-Made – Also – A – Crime

~ M-INLAPFO-CS ~ Morality – Is No Longer A Prominent Feature Of – Civil Society

~ FDM-WADSFTTAIAS ~ Facts Don’t Matter – When A Dogma So Flattering To The Affluent Is At Stake

~ TCOATWAAHCF-IC-ASOGW ~ The Combination Of A Tiny Waist And A Huge Carbon Footprint – Is Considered – A Sign Of Great Wealth

~ F-HNBCAMFIH-B-P-I-A-‘TPOP’-IG-SB ~ Fun – Has Never Been Considered A Major Force In History – But – Perhaps – It – And – “The Pursuit Of Pleasure” – In General – Should Be

~ IAOS:IYWTSS-FFTTATIC ~ It’s An Old Story: If You Want To Sell Something – First Find The Terrible Affliction That It Cures

~ TDTWSTMUSAMCTOH-WAMWOM-C-‘NB’-A-‘MM’-AWA-PDAWLHOS ~ The Devices That Were Supposed To Make Us Smarter And More Connected To Other Humans – Were Actually Messing With Our Minds – Causing – “Net Brain” – And – “Monkey Mind” – As Well As – Physical Disorders Associated With Long Hours Of Sitting

~ D-IAA-‘TV’ ~ Dissent – Is Also A – “Traditional Value”

~ TCOB ~ The Cult Of Busyness

~ T-H-N-AGBOL-A-T-H-ADBTE ~ The – Have-Nots – Are Getting By On Less – And – The – Haves – Are Doing Better Than Ever

RACHEL CARSON ~ SILENT SPRING ~ 1962

~ IWASWV-N-W-N-EA-HSTRONLITSW-TPHDIT ~ It Was A Spring Without Voices – No – Witchcraft – No – Enemy Action – Had Silenced The Rebirth Of New Life In This Stricken World – The People Had Done It Themselves

~ CO-A/E/R/S-W-DAELM-IFTMP-I-T-COE-II-NOITWTMSL-B-ILT-I-FTMP-I ~ Contamination Of – Air / Earth / Rivers / Sea – With – Dangerous And Even Lethal Materials – Is For The Most Part – Irrecoverable – The – Chain Of Evil – It Initiates – Not Only In The World That Must Support Life – But – In Living Tissue – Is – For The Most Part – Irreversible

~ NC-CFOLIA-ES-NCTW-B-AR-S-TA-CTOTLOBE ~ New Chemicals – Come From Our Laboratories In An – Endless Stream – New Chemicals To Which – Bodies – Are Required – Somehow – To Adapt – Chemicals Totally Outside The Limits Of Biologic Experience

~ NC-THTPTK-EI-‘G’-A-‘B’-TTITMBO-AFWOI ~ Nonselective Chemicals – That Have The Power To Kill – Every Insect – “Good” – And – “Bad” – Though The Intended Target May Be Only – A Few Weeds Or Insects

~ TSNBC-‘I’-B-‘B’-STAITTOPAA-AE-PTGCTSOATVMOHUWTSOTFD ~ They Should Not Be Called – “Insecticides” – But – “Biocides” – Substances That Accumulate In The Tissue Of Plants And Animals – And Even – Penetrate The Germ Cells To Shatter Or Alter The Very Material Of Heredity Upon Which The Shape Of The Future Depends

~ HCIBSTCAFUSBAMTCTEEABTTODADETTOK? ~ How Could Intelligent Beings Seek To Control A Few Unwanted Species By A Method That Contaminated The Entire Environment And Brought The Threat Of Disease And Death Even To Their Own Kind?

~ C-MBGT-R-NT-MS-A-TMEMBSTTDNDUAWTI ~ Control – Must Be Geared To – Realities – Not To – Mythical Situations – And – The Methods Employed Must Be Such That They Do Not Destroy Us Along With The Insects

~ S-GF-DNTAOTPBWNW;IIAAAEMCITB ~ Single-Crop Farming – Does Not Take Advantage Of The Principles By Which Nature Works; It Is Agriculture As An Engineer Might Conceive It To Be

~ TSOTODKOOFTNHTINT ~ The Spreading Of Thousands Of Different Kinds Of Organisms From Their Native Homes To Invade New Territories

~ MOTNKINA-B-WDNUI-WTEIOUAEETIOGA-B-WSTTA ~ Much Of The Necessary Knowledge Is Now Available – But – We Do Not Use It – We Train Ecologists In Our Universities And Even Employ Them In Our Governmental Agencies – But – We Seldom Take Their Advice

~ WAT-CDR-TF-ATTWNA-WIF-TAM-A-OICSDMMIGO-HWFIAMSTMUAAITWIIOD-ATHLTWOTVTDTWIG? ~ We Allow The – Chemical Death Rain – To Fall – As Though There Were No Alternative – Whereas In Fact – There Are Many – And – Our Ingenuity Could Soon Discover Many More If Given Opportunity – Have We Fallen Into A Mesmerized State That Makes Us Accept As Inevitable That Which Is Inferior Or Detrimental – As Though Having Lost The Will Or The Vision To Demand That Which Is Good?

~ WHP-PABPC-IITHOPLOWIOTPFH-WHSENOPTCWTPWTCAOWTK-WHATCTBUWLONAIOTEO-S/W/[H]M ~ We Have Put – Poisonous And Biologically Potent Chemicals – Indiscriminately Into The Hands Of Persons Largely Or Wholly Ignorant Of Their Potentials For Harm – We Have Subjected Enormous Numbers Of People To Contact With These Poisons Without Their Consent And Often Without Their Knowledge – We Have Allowed These Chemicals To Be Used With Little Or No Advance Investigation Of Their Effect On – Soil / Water / [Hu]Man

~ FG-AUTCOLOPCF-TIOTNWTSAL ~ Future Generations – Are Unlikely To Condone Our Lack Of Prudent Concern For – The Integrity Of The Natural World That Supports All Life

~ TRTMADAWCISC ~ The Right To Make A Dollar At Whatever Cost Is Seldom Challenged

~ IITPTIBATATR-TPMDWIWTCOTPR-A-ICDSOWIFPOTF ~ It Is The Public That Is Being Asked To Assume The Risks – The Public Must Decide Whether It Wishes To Continue On The Present Road – And – It Can Do So Only When In Full Possession Of The Facts

~ EOD ~ Elixirs Of Death

~ ACOT-SWW-ITCODAOCW-SOTCCITLWFTBLTI ~ A Child Of The – Second World War – In The Course Of Developing Agents Of Chemical Warfare – Some Of The Chemicals Created In The Laboratory Were Found To Be Lethal To Insects

~ NAMDCAATTLEY-IWAGTLSIWTC-EADT-TTITVMOOB-WHBKSATNATP ~ New And More Deadly Chemicals Are Added To The List Each Year – If We Are Going To Live So Intimately With These Chemicals – Eating And Drinking Them – Taking Them Into The Very Marrow Of Our Bones – We Had Better Know Something About Their Nature And Their Power

~ FOOTA-TATLOTFC-A-VSA-MEAA-HC ~ From One Organism To Another – Through All The Links Of The Food Chains – A – Very Small Amount – May End As A Heavy Concentration

~ CAMSTPTA ~ Children Are More Susceptible To Poisoning Than Adults

~ P-TFSOT-DIOC-IAYLK ~ Potentiation – The Full Scope Of The – Dangerous Interaction Of Chemicals – Is As Yet Little Known

~ H-L-I-ISVDC-A-T-CU-ITBTTA-‘S’-CHDR ~ Herbicides – Like – Insecticides – Include Some Very Dangerous Chemicals – And – Their – Careless Use – In The Belief That They Are – “Safe” – Can Have Disastrous Results

~ ‘M’:ACOMTG ~ “Mutagens”: Agents Capable Of Modifying The Genes

~ TPEOWCFMS-TA-LU-I/T/SOE ~ The Pollution Entering Our Waterways Comes From Many Sources – There Are – Little-Understood – Interactions / Transformations / Summations Of Effect

~ PO-GW-I-POWE ~ Pollution Of – GroundWater – Is – Pollution Of Water Everywhere

~ CWST-PWIIW-WNAEI-CON? ~ Can We Suppose That – Poisons We Introduce Into Water – Will Not Also Enter Into – Cycles Of Nature?

~ CWUA-NF-WAK-TF-TITRO-T-IABA-TATTIENFTS? ~ Can We Use A – Nonspecific Fungicide – Without Also Killing – The Fungi – That Inhabit The Roots Of – Trees – In A Beneficial Association – That Aids The Tree In Extracting Nutrients From The Soil?

~ CC-STHPOTATTSCAWSAAOI-TVNOTWOTSHBLI ~ Chemical Control – Seems To Have Proceeded On The Assumption That The Soil Could And Would Sustain Any Amount Of Insult – The Very Nature Of The World Of The Soil Has Been Largely Ignored

~ SMA-OAPOY-MBUFQIS ~ Seemingly Moderate Applications – Over A Period Of Years – May Build Up Fantastic Quantities In Soil

~ NO-IP-B-SWA ~ Not Only – Improperly Planned – But – Studded With Abuses

~ IT-EON-NV-HIEP ~ In The – Economy Of Nature – Natural Vegetation – Has Its Essential Place

~ B-DH-O-‘W’ ~ Bees – Depend Heavily – On – “Weeds”

~ TDTHATFOW-IPWITLRT-DK ~ To Destroy The Homes And The Food Of Wildlife – Is Perhaps Worse In The Long Run Than – Direct Killing

~ SS-MTAOCA-PH-KTAM ~ Selective Spraying – Minimizes The Amount Of Chemical Applied – Potential Harm – Kept To A Minimum

~ TQI-WAC-CWRWOL-WDI-A-WLTRTBCC ~ The Question Is – Whether Any Civilization – Can Wage Relentless War On Life – Without Destroying Itself – And – Without Losing The Right To Be Called Civilized

~ TATEWP ~ The Authoritarians Temporarily Entrusted With Power

~ ROD ~ Rivers Of Death

~ WMMWUO-AM-TANK-A-WMDOIARTDO ~ We Must Make Wider Use Of – Alternative Methods – That Are Now Known – And – We Must Devote Our Ingenuity And Resources To Developing Others

~ IFTS ~ Indiscriminately From The Skies

~ TF-H-CTA ~ The Facts – However – Continue To Accumulate

~ UO-PITK-IMB-AAE ~ Use Of Poisons – In The Kitchen – Is Made Both – Attractive And Easy

~ WOL-IIST ~ Warnings On Labels – Inconspicuously In Small Type

~ THP ~ The Human Price

~ I/I ~ Interrelationship / Interdependence

~ A-HB-U-A-LA-URCC-INETOCA ~ A – Human Being – Unlike – A – Laboratory Animal – Under Rigidly Controlled Conditions – Is Never Exposed To One Chemical Alone

~ TEO-ACOSIN-CBDC-B-TAOA ~ The Effect Of – A Chemical Of Supposedly Innocuous Nature – Can Be Drastically Changed – By – The Action Of Another

~ TT-GROOI-BO-ASOAMMDO ~ Trying To – Get Rid Of One Insect – Brought On – A Scourge Of A Much More Destructive One

~ ATEVO-A-IA ~ A Truly Extraordinary Variety Of – Alternatives – Is Available

ROWAN JACOBSEN ~ FRUITLESS FALL ~ 2008

~ WHHTTB-TBHETFOANCB-DB-S-VB?-N-S-TMDSSATC-T-ATW ~ Whatever Had Happened To These Bees – They’d Been Healthy Enough To Fly Off And Not Come Back – Dead Bees – Sure – Vanished Bees? – No – Sir – The Mysterious Deaths Soon Spread Across The Country – Then – Around The World

~ MPOETCRWT ~ Most Plants On Earth Today Can’t Reproduce Without Them

~ OT-TT-SOB-OOHBATAON-DAWHCAI-TII-AM-T-HB-TOL-FWUS-MOTIFC-OITB ~ Of The – Twenty Thousand – Species Of Bees – Only One Has Become A True Artisan Of Nectar – Developing A Worldwide Human Culture Around Itself – That Insect Is – Apis Mellifera – The – Honey Bee – This One Life-Form Wound Up Shouldering – Much Of The Industrial Food Chain – On Its Tiny Back

~ IF-A-IA-HCTDWP-A-AECWGONC-IHBFTRMAMHO-B ~ In Fact – As – Industrial Agriculture – Has Come To Dominate World Production – And – As Exotic Crops Were Grown On New Continents – It Has Been Forced To Rely More And More Heavily On – Bees

~ BCDTNOCC ~ Bees Can Do Things No Other Creature Can

~ HBPHBCIEAA ~ Honey Bee Populations Have Been Crashing In Europe And America

~ STSHANAVAIC:CCD ~ Soon The Syndrome Had A Name As Vague As Its Cause: Colony Collapse Disorder

~ IASWTFG-BNALAI-WHBACACATROPRAACWTTSBNB-WAIJH-A-WGOH-ITCB-FWF-WCNLCOT-A-TANOOTB ~ It’s A System We’ve Taken For Granted – Because Nature Always Looked After It – We Have Been As Clueless And Complacent About The Realities Of Plant Reproduction As A Child Who Thinks That Storks Bring New Babies – We Assumed It Just Happened – And – Would Go On Happening – If The Crops Bloomed – Fruit Would Follow – We Can No Longer Count On That – And – There Are No Options Other Than Bees

~ 80%-OTFWPIOM-ROP-SDTL ~ 80 Percent – Of The Food We Put In Our Mouths – Relies On Pollination – Somewhere Down The Line

~ OT-250,000SOP-TSOW-TQ-ROWPTR ~ Of The – 250,000 Species Of Plants – That Share Our World – Three Quarters – Rely On Wild Pollinators To Reproduce

~ INAINOSTCC ~ It’s Not As If No One Saw This Crisis Coming

~ H-CSOTOPF-AWANOFBTBA ~ Honey – Carries Some Of The Original Plant Flavors – As Well As New Ones Formed By The Bees’ Alchemy

~ S-P-B-NOIESW-IMPBFDEOAP-MTVS ~ Smoke – Pacifies – Bees – No One Is Entirely Sure Why – It May Prevent Bees From Detecting Each Other’s Alarm Pheromones – Messages Transmitted Via Scent

~ FAB-NF-M-NF ~ For A Bee – No Flowers – Means – No Food

~ W-HB-MOTILI-TC-N-TI ~ With – Honey Bees – Most Of The Intelligence Lies In – The Colony – Not – The Individual

~ L-NAS-P-IFOCT-QN:MP-P-F/V/M-HIADFB:PIASAGO ~ Like – Nuts And Seeds – Pollen – Is Full Of Complex Top-Quality Nutrients: Mostly Protein – Plus – Fats / Vitamins / Minerals – Honey Is A Doughnut For Breakfast; Pollen Is A Spinach And Garlic Omelet

~ IA-SO-T-TQ-AC-A-DOW-T-S-ATA-TB-M/L/S/A/D/I-O-L-CBETTT-FL-OC-SEOT-A-TBMOTHBD

~ It’s A – SuperOrganism – That – Thinks Quickly – Adapts Constantly – And – Depends On Wisdom – To – Survive – Anything That Affects – The Bee’s – Memory / Learning / Senses / Appetite / Digestion / Instincts – Or – Lifespan – Can Be Enough To Throw Those – Feedback Loops – Off Course – Skew Enough Of Them – And – The Beautiful Mathematics Of The Hive Break Down

~ VM-KMOHBC-MV-IHCOTW ~ Varroa Mites – Killed Millions Of Honey Bee Colonies – Most Varroa-Infested Hives Collapse Over The Winter

~ HDYKOA(TM)-WKTO(TB)?-THITOTMAG-TBWR ~ How Do You Kill One Arthropod (The Mites) – Without Killing The Other (The Bees)? – The Hope Is That Once The Mites Are Gone – The Bees Will Recover

~ V-I-N-B-IA-TWFMITDTITHH-SDWSBEAWGU-BSOTSOLH-YCAYHACKA-PPB-P-PB-WBRI? ~ Varroa – Is – Nasty – But – If Anything – There Were Fewer Mites In The Deadouts Than In The Healthy Hives – Same Disaster Was Striking Beekeepers Everywhere And Was Going Unreported – Beekeepers Speak Of The Stigma Of Losing Hives – Your Colleagues Assume You Have A Condition Known As – PPB – Piss-Poor Beekeeping – Why Bother Reporting It?

~ TWD-TYB-DAR-T-WC-WE-WAATH-TBDHOD-THTA-THSAT-B-AIDS-BWOEWR?-BWOEWR? ~ This Was Different – The Young Bees – Didn’t Act Right – They – Wouldn’t Cluster – Wouldn’t Eat – Wandered Aimlessly Around The Honeycomb – The Bees Didn’t Have One Disease – They Had Them All – They Had Something Akin To – Bee – AIDS – But What On Earth Was Responsible?

~ H-LCWLATABITW ~ Healthy-Looking Colonies Were Losing All Their Adult Bees In Two Weeks

~ ESA-RABTPI-N-IWAQOWTHEBTMTWA ~ Every Single Almond – Requires A Bee To Pollinate It – Now – It Was A Question Of Whether They Had Enough Bees To Make The World’s Almonds

~ HFIWHBITCHTOTB-CP-TT:ER-TBAOBAITNA-GM(GM)CGTSOT-B-ATAT-LW-TDPO ~ How Fitting It Would Have Been If The Culprit Had Turned Out To Be Cell Phones – The Theory: Electromagnetic Radiation – Tweaks Bees’ Antennae Or Brains And Impairs Their Navigation Abilities – Genetically Modified (GM) Crops Got Their Share Of The – Blame – As Tantalizing As The – Leads Were – They Didn’t Pan Out

~ TBHNJD;TD ~ The Bees Had Not Just Died; They’d Disappeared

~ MTGSA-AD-AA ~ Microwave Towers Got Some Attention – As Did – Alien Abduction

~ FAW-OB-BTWI ~ For A While – Organic Beekeepers – Believed They Were Immune

~ VM-DMBFOAD-PTMBUTFVWI-STCHBU-TLSOMQBHBCIH-YWTC-HDSAA ~ Varroa Mites – Didn’t Make Bees Fly Off And Disappear – Perhaps The Miticides Beekeepers Used To Fight Varroa Were Involved – Since The Chemicals Have Been Used – The Life Span Of Many Queen Bees Has Been Cut In Half – Yet Without The Chemicals – Hives Don’t Survive At All

~ EBGWTA-P-WI-B-CCD-STBT ~ Everyone’s Best Guess Was That A – Pathogen – Was Involved – Because – CCD – Seemed To Be Transmissible

~ TIPOI:AHBASEHDL ~ The Important Piece Of Information: All Honey Bees Are Suffering Extraordinarily High Disease Loads

~ ANGOPCT-N-CA-NP-AIOTP-O-ASN ~ A New Group Of Pesticides Called The – Neonicotinoids – Came Along – Nerve Poisons – An Improvement Over Traditional Pesticides – Organophsphates – Are So Noxious

~ TTOPTHBINN-ABPTTTOP-TWTFGAFP-MCGCITCC ~ The Threat Of Pesticides To Honey Bees Is Nothing New – As Bees Performed The Thankless Task Of Pollination – They Were Taken For Granted And Frequently Poisoned – Many Colonies Get Caught In The Chemical Crossfire

~ MBD ~ Mad Bee Disease

~ OA-CE-DCDEBC-MTBTCWTN? ~ Only After – Chronic Exposure – Do Cigarettes’ Deadly Effects Become Clear – Might That Be The Case With The Neonicotinoids?

~ TLIMSIPTWCHI-A-TDGAACAWTTD ~ The Land Is More Soaked In Pesticides Than We Could Have Imagined – And – They Don’t Go Away As Completely As We Thought They Did

~ CC-DTFIAA-NOD-TC-ABMEDITWFAS ~ Chemical Conglomerates – Don’t Test For Interactions At All – No One Does – Toxic Cocktails – Are Being Mixed Every Day In The World’s Fields And Streams

~ ETBTWE-CCD-SWRWV ~ Even The Bees That Weren’t Exhibiting – CCD – Symptoms Were Rife With Viruses

~ BALT-A-WBTHAT-GTH ~ Bees Are Living Things – And – When Beekeepers Think Holistically About Them – Good Things Happen

~ LAL-HB-R-GP-A-TWFAFBF ~ Like Any Livestock – Healthy Bees – Require – Good Pasture – And – That’s What Fewer And Fewer Bees Find

~ WPY-B-MAD-RB-WTCCHAT-M/F/A-ARN? ~ Why Spend Years – Breeding – Mite- And Disease-Resistant Bees – When The Chemical Conglomerates Have All These – Miticides / Fungicides / Antibiotics – Available Right Now?

~ MSF-R-IO-E-MBS-FW-A-‘ETU’-OATCOS-TG ~ Managing Systems For – Resilience – Instead Of – Efficiency – Maintaining Backup Systems – Fire Walls – And – “Expecting The Unexpected” – Often At The Cost Of Short-Term Gain

~ U-LA-R-GA-TWABAP ~ Until – Local Agriculture – Replaces – Global Agriculture – There Will Always Be Another Parasite

~ DIN ~ Diversity Is Needed

~ WBST-P-LT-PC-TA ~ We’d Better Start Treating – Pollinators – Like The – Precious Commodity – They Are

~ TINSTAUNL ~ There Is No Such Thing As Unproductive Natural Land

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ THE ENERGY OF SLAVES ~ 2012

~ B-ITAO-WAT-EERBAMO-DRTS ~ But – In The Absence Of – Wisdom And Temperance – Every Energy Relationship Becomes A Matter Of – Dominion Rather Than Stewardship

~ ODOTEOS-WANSTPAIM ~ Once Dependent On The Energy Of Slaves – We Are Now Slaves To Petroleum And Its Masters

~ SHM-B/P/E-EFMTM-W-H-ETWFLC-TTYA-HD-DTAPWHOSES ~ Shackled Human Muscle – Built / Powered / Emboldened – Empires From Mesopotamia To Mexico – When – Hammurabi – Established The World’s First Legal Codes – Two Thousand Years Ago – He Decreed – Death To Any Person Who Helped Or Sheltered Escaping Slaves

~ OC-ACC-PAPRISTER-MCSTISTPTD ~ Orphaned Children – And – Convicted Criminals – Played A Prominent Role In Swelling The Energy Ranks – Many Citizens Sold Themselves Into Slavery To Pay Their Debts

~ ES-RLPALI-A-APAGMTTP ~ Escaped Slaves – Represented Lost Property And Lost Income – And – Also Posed A General Menace To The Public

~ WMT-WRTAEOHS-W-ANS-PBFF ~ Without Much Thought – We Replaced The Ancient Energy Of Human Slaves – With – A New Servitude – Powered By Fossil Fuels

~ G-RHCTFP-ATWPOKD-A-DIIR ~ Gasoline – Refiners Had Considered The Flammable Product – A Troublesome Waste Product Of Kerosene Distillation – And – Dumped It Into Rivers

~ TN-H-Y-GSFTTNMWAMSN-GR-DO-O-B-F/P-A-D-RIS ~ The New – High-Yielders – Grew So Fast That They Needed More Water And More Soil Nutrients – Green Revolution – Depended On – Oil-Based – Fertilizers / Pesticides – And – Diesel-Run Irrigation Systems

~ E-LC-AV-BS-AIWT-240KOO-NTMIT ~ Every – Laptop Computer – A Veritable – Brain Slave – Arrives Impregnated With The – 240 Kilograms Of Oil – Needed To Make It

~ EGOG-BIAV-RTPOEO-98T-O-PBPM ~ Every Gallon Of Gasoline – Burned In A Vehicle – Required The Pumping Or Excavation Of – 98 Tons – Of – Prehistoric Buried Plant Material

~ E-ES-CIO-SD-A-UD ~ Every – Energy System – Creates Its Own – Starling Dependencies – And – Unpredictable Dynamics

~ OOTRCOSAACOPITI ~ One Of The Remarkable Characteristics Of Slaveholders As A Class Of People Is Their Indebtedness

~ ATW-OAIS-HR-TNOG/TSOS/TWOP/TMOC-A-TPOE ~ Around The World – Oil And Its Servants – Have Reengineered – The Nature Of Government / The Scale Of Science / The Weight Of Populations / The Metabolism Of Cities – And – The Purpose Of Economics

~ A-F-OA-RE-MIAGMOGB-F/P/M-IBITSDTAMIMPOTWW-L-EO ~ As – Farming – Once A – Renewable Enterprise – Morphed Into A Giant Mining Operation Governed By – Fertilizers / Pesticides / Machines – It Became Impossible To Sit Down To A Meal In Many Parts Of The World Without – Literally – Eating Oil

~ M-VAC-NCF-P/M/V-TTDOHYA-RSTTSOPGHDTUOGN ~ Most – Vegetables And Cereals – Now Contain Fewer – Proteins / Minerals / Vitamins – Than They Did One Hundred Years Ago – Researchers Suspect That The Speed Of Plants Growth Has Diluted Their Uptake Of Good Nutrients

~ C-TUO-30%-OT-AF-TRWA ~ Crops – Take Up Only – 30 Percent – Of The – Applied Fertilizer – The Rest Washes Away

~ ETUEF ~ Enslavement To Unsustainable Energy Flows

~ OSAO-F-FF-HB-I-RC ~ One Striking Aspect Of – Fossil-Fueled Farming – Has Been – It’s – Relentless Concentration

~ R/B/I-O-CF-HOTWACY-GE-B-70,000-D-PAPD-DAAEO-$35B-O-P ~ Rusts / Blights / Insects – One-Crop Farms – Half Of The World’s Annual Crop Yield – Gets Eaten – By – 70,000 – Different – Pests And Plant Diseases – Despite An Annual Expenditure Of – $35 Billion – On – Pesticides

~ LD-HSSEDTPPFH-ABT-RD/ED/SC-ABRW-DD-H-Y-F-‘U’-SB-PI-CO-V-A-A-FAHFF ~ Livestock Diversity – Has Suffered Similar Erosion Due To Petroleum’s Preference For Homogenization – Animals Bred To – Resist Disease / Endure Drought / Survive Cold – Are Being Replaced With – Dumbed Down – High-Yield – Factory – “Units” – Shaped By – Petroleum Inputs – Consisting Of – Vaccines – Antibiotics – And – Formulated And Highly Fertilized Feeds

~ A-H-E-U-C-TRAADGFEIANW-UTET-NOLT ~ All – High-Energy-Use – Countries – Treat Rural Areas As Dumping Grounds For Exploitative Industries And Nuclear Waste – Using The Excuse That – No One Lives There

~ T-F-F-M-HNWO-LT-LF-A-LCD-ATG-WTBLTFTCCTQOMN ~ The – Factory-Farm – Model – Has Nearly Wiped Out – Local Traditions – Local Farmers – And – Local Crop Diversity – Around The Globe – With The Bold Lie That Factory Techniques Can Conquer The Quirks Of Mother Nature

~ T-FFS-DTFPANWOS-HA-SP-IHFTPMOA-F-FDAMMA ~ The – Factory Food System – Designed To Fatten Plants And Animals With Oil Subsidies – Has Also – Supersized People – It Has Fattened The Poor Most Of All – Fast-Food Diets Are Much More Affordable

~ AOPI-MPASF-AATS-C-GR-F-O-FH ~ As Oil Prices Increase – Many Peasants And Small Farmers – Are Abandoning The So-Called – Green Revolution – For – Old-Fashioned Husbandry

~ AMPBTFPMBITFTHM-HPGOFAAFOFA ~ Although Many People Believe That Food Production Must Be Increased To Feed The Hungry Masses – Human Population Grows Or Falls As A Function Of Food Availability

~ IINHTTTDB-C-BBH-A-T-CBM-TFSP;TLSEAIIC ~ It Is Not Hard To Tell The Difference Between – Cities – Built By Hand – And – Those – Constructed By Machines – The Former Served People ; The Latter Serve Energy And Its Inanimate Clients

~ A-S-R-STD-SS-A-W-LF ~ As – Skyscrapers – Rose – So Too Did – Sprawling Slums – And – Window-Less Factories

~ R-SAT-W-CAA-‘YHI’ ~ Replacing – Soil And Trees – With – Concrete And Asphalt – “Urban Heat Islands”

~ RSL-W-FS-PFA-A-FGM ~ Rising Sea Levels – Will – Flood Slums – Poison Freshwater Aquifers – And – Force Great Migrations

~ E-BAJF-CC ~ Economics – Became A Justification For – Conspicuous Consumption

~ T-TPOE-L-S-I-HPP-TIAUMEHBTMLG ~ Today – The Pseudoscience Of Economics – Like – Science – Itself – Has Probably Peaked – The Ideological Assumptions Undermining Modern Economics Have Begun To Melt Like Glaciers

~ PS ~ Peak Science

~ 26.5-POO-F-EPOC ~ 26.5 – Ponds Of Oil – For – Every Pound Of Computer

~ EN-EOT-STCM-TLTD-A-T-EPC-OTDLVAEFER ~ Each New – Extreme Oil Technique – Seems To Cost More – Takes Longer To Develop – And – Typically – Exceeds Predicted Costs – Only To Deliver Less Volume And Even Fewer Energy Returns

~ M-CO2C-WRMEAPF-FTOY-C-BS-AESTREME ~ Monitoring – CO2 Cemeteries – Would Require More Energy And Public Funds – For Thousands Of Years – Classic – Big Science – An Energy Solution That Requires Even More Energy

~ WMEWYCSRT? ~ Why Manage Emissions When You Can Simply Reduce Them?

~ M-L-T-A-E ~ Many – Low-Tech – Alternatives – Exist

~ OAG-BRAD-LTAEOBSOTP-AAC-MOTTCABIA-‘I’-IAB ~ Oil And Gas – Basic Research And Development – Less Than Almost Every Other Business Sector On The Planet – As A Consequence – Most Of The Technology Currently Advertised By Industry As – “Innovative” – Is Anything But

~ FE-ASP ~ Fugitive Emissions – Are So Prevalent

~ TM-OOH-DE-TMHANEB ~ The More – Oil Or Hydrocarbons – Dominate Exports – The More Hollow A National Economy Becomes

~ EROEI ~ Energy Return On Energy Invested

~ MCOE-SBCW-QOL ~ Massive Consumption Of Energy – Shouldn’t Be Confused With – Quality Of Life