MARG DE VILLIERS ~ WATER ~ 1999

~ W-ITBOCI-DNJL?-THQINHMCPSWTS-B-WKOEIPFTWDS ~ Where – In The Balance Of Competing Interests – Does Natural Justice Lie? – The Human Question Is Not How Many Can Possibly Survive Within The System – But – What Kind Of Existence Is Possible For Those Who Do Survive

~ THPIB-B-WDIITAF ~ The Human Population Is Burgeoning – But – Water Demand Is Increasing Twice As Fast

~ ‘TWOTT-FCWBFOW’ ~ “The Wars Of The Twenty-First Century Will Be Fought Over Water”

~ EYL-TASTTWSIIP ~ Everywhere You Look – There Are Signs That The Water Supply Is In Peril

~ ANWLT-1000CMPPPY-I-WS ~ Any Nation With Less Than – 1,000 Cubic Metres Per Person Per Year – Is – Water Scarce

~ PCAO-G-P-W-IGDIADADC ~ Per Capita Availability Of – Good – Potable – Water – Is Going Down In All Developed And Developing Countries

~ MOT-‘E’-SFWHABE-A-MOTWIIPIIN ~ Most Of The – “Easy” – Sources For Water Have Already Been Exploited – And – Much Of The Water Is In Places It Isn’t Needed

~ TBEATMEG-IT-TAS-1.4BCKOWOEILAFF-IT-O/L/S/G/G-FS-AO-2.5%-OTT ~ The Best Estimate Among The Many Educated Guesses – Is That – There Are Some – 1.4 Billion Cubic Kilometres Of Water On Earth In Liquid And Frozen Form – In The – Oceans / Lakes / Streams / Glaciers / Groundwater – Freshwater Stocks – Are Only – 2.5 Percent – Of The Total

~ WD-WITWTCF? ~ Water Demand – Where Is This Water To Come From?

~ WMMTNI-HB-NLI-S-H-OE-Y ~ We Must Measure Time Now In – Human Beings – No Longer In – Seconds – Hours – Or Even – Years

~ GD-I-OOTGUBLCFOP-WATIF-FFS-HM-F-C-W ~ Groundwater Depletion – Is – One Of The Great Unseen But Looming Crises Facing Our Planet – With All The Implications For – Falling Food Supplies – Human Misery – Famine – Conflict – War

~ TPOTMWOFAATNRTIIC-‘GO’-IIAMP-DO-RPACE ~ The Process Of Taking More Water Out From An Aquifer Than Naturally Returns To It Is Called – “Groundwater Overdrafting” – It Is A Modern Phenomenon – Depending On – Reliable Pumps And Cheap Energy

~ TWOTMWICACSWTI-RTAPFHU ~ The Withdrawal Of Too Much Water In Coastal Aquifers Causes Sea Water To Intrude – Ruining The Aquifer Permanently For Human Use

~ EASUTRACS-A-TIHAMOECWSLOP ~ Europeans Are Still Using Their Rivers As Convenient Sewers – And – There Is Hardly A Metre Of European Coastline Without Some Level Of Pollution

~ DAG ~ Deserts Are Growing

~ HHA-D-D-A-R-H-A-M-W ~ Humans Have Always – Discovered – Diverted – Accumulated – Regulated – Hoarded – And – Misused – Water

~ M-IC-PTTVS-EUTETROWTSWB ~ Many – Irrigating Cultures – Perished Through Their Very Success – Expanding Until They Exhausted The Resources On Which Their Success Was Based

~ ADOTE ~ Anthropogenic Degradation Of The Environment

~ PG-TEOAIRD ~ Population Growth – The Engine Of All Increased Resource Demands

~ DI-ANP-F-IC-I-APC-TOHAACOD ~ Drought Is – A Natural Phenomenon – Famine – In Contrast – Is – A Political Catastrophe – That Occasionally Happens As A Consequence Of Drought

~ WWHWBTIITW ~ Who Was Hiding What By Throwing It Into The Water

~ B-A-A=B-M-MEW-CBMCATPUTFC ~ Bio-Accumulation – And – Bio-Magnification – Make Everything Worse – Chemicals Become More Concentrated As They Pass Up The Food Chain

~ ESHCLBCOBDACG ~ Epidemiological Studies Have Confirmed Links Between Cancer Or Birth Defects And Contaminated Groundwater

~ TP-HBAT-EWW-SN ~ The Public – Having Been Assured That – Everything Was Well – Stopped Noticing

~ OABPHNATCDW-A-MT2.9BHNATSS ~ Over A Billion People Have No Access To Clean Drinking Water – And – More Than 2.9 Billion Have No Access To Sanitation Services

~ PLTD ~ Pollution Leads To Disease

~ WIBASAAS:ICDVLOTEIWIIF-TMGSVTP ~ Water Is Both A Solvent And A Sponge: Its Composition Depends Very Largely On The Environment In Which It Is Found – That Makes Groundwater So Vulnerable To Pollution

~ TCTHHWANT-TCOGIBMOAGS ~ The Changes That Humans Have Wrought Are Not Trivial – The Chemistry Of Groundwater Is Being Modified On A Global Scale

~ TNCOFWIRSBMAMFAUN-BFATAHLOIAUW ~ The Nitrate Content Of Fresh Water Is Rising Steadily Because More And More Farmers Are Using Nitrogen-Based Fertilizers And There Are Higher Levels Of Industrial And Urban Wastes

~ ‘D’-W-ILTWMSPP ~ “Dirty” – Water – Is Likely The World’s Most Serious Pollution Problem

~ DAHBFTPMPHTIA ~ Diversified Agriculture – Has Been Found To Produce More Per Hectare Than – Irrigated Agriculture

~ ATCAF-D-AAS-TBLIR ~ A True Cost Accounting For – Dams – Almost Always Shows – The Bottom Line In Red

~ NOINMLBBUIBAGDOILIBTOOP ~ Not Only Is No More Land Being Brought Under Irrigation But A Good Deal Of Irrigated Land Is Being Taken Out Of Production

~ SOTS-TADTIH-ISATRO-MT1MHAY ~ Salination Of The Soil – To A Degree That Inhibits Farming – Is Spreading At The Rate Of – More Than 1 Million Hectares A Year

~ TPISTS-TDDTF:WGCASM-IAIC-W-L-D-A-POTWS-A-RSITS-LU-TPCEKTSA ~ The Problem Is Simple To State – Though Devastatingly Difficult To Fix: Without Great Care And Skilful Management – Irrigation Almost Inevitably Causes – Water-Logging – Depletion – And – Pollution Of The Water Supply – And – Rising Salinity In The Soil – Left Unchecked – These Problems Can Eventually Kill The Soil Altogether

~ AAWA-A-60%-OTWIFINGTTC ~ As A Working Average – Almost – 60 Percent – Of The Water Intended For Irrigation Never Gets To The Croplands

~ ‘W-S-M’ ~ “Water-Stress-Management”

~ SA ~ Shrinking Aquifers

~ WW-T-D-W-T-W-RO? ~ What Will – They – Do – When – Their – Water – Runs Out?

~ IYTARIAS-YC-TIBIARA ~ If You Turn A River Into A Sewer – You Can – Turn It Back Into A River Again

~ F-TEWS-AOWP ~ Fish – The Early Warning System – A Measure Of Water Purity

~ T-ME-HABTPW-WW-AMP ~ The – Middle East – Has Always Been The Place Where – Water Wars – Are Most Probable

~ WSTIIP-B-AAIIWAC-IIN-S-SWSEHOPOFU ~ We Say That It Is Priceless – But – Act As If It Were Absurdly Cheap – It Is Not – Surely – Something We Should Either Hoard Or Prevent Others From Using

~ T-GR-DNOO-MPSG-B-O-I-AP-BHROTS-MTP-TINMWTBH-IIITAOSS-A-PHPAUAOWLIL-A-TIGOPINNWFGTASTBM ~ The – Green Revolution – Depended Not Only On – More Productive Seed Grains – But – On – Irrigation – And – Pesticides – Both Have Run Out Their String – Maximized Their Potential – There Is No More Water To Be Had – Irrigation Is Increasing The Amount Of Saline Soil – And – Pesticides Have Poisoned An Unsettling Amount Of What Land Is Left – And – The Inexorable Grind Of Population Is Now Negating What Few Gains There Are Still To Be Made

~ BINSYWIYDW ~ Benzene Is Not Something That You Want In Your Drinking Water

~ D-TPE-DW-TMUTEOAD-SR-WCBOD ~ Desalination – To Produce Enough – Desal Water – To Make Up The Equivalent Of A Decent-Sized River – Would Cost Billions Of Dollars

~ IYCGMW-WT-ULOI ~ If You Can’t Get More Water – Well Then – Use Less Of It

~ DC ~ Dew Collectors

~ F-DI ~ Fog-Drip Irrigation

~ W-WRICBIF ~ Waste-Water Reuse Is Coming Back Into Favour

~ LFAATT ~ Learn From And Adapt Traditional Techniques

~ IIITS-WV-A-TPISTWH ~ It Is Important To Signal – Water’s Value – And – To Price It So That Waste Hurts

~ PPAAFSOGP ~ Population Projections Are A Familiar Source Of Gloomy Prognostications

~ WS-MNLTW-B-TMCLT-FS-IP-A-TTSOD-TMPP-TITMOP-FSTMMOTDW-SOLD-SUAVI ~ Water Shortages – May Not Lead To War – But – They Most Certainly Lead To – Food Shortages – Increased Poverty – And – To The Spread Of Disease – They Make People Poorer – They Increase The Migrations Of Peoples – Further Straining The Massive Megaslums Of The Developing World – Standards Of Living Deteriorate – Social Unrest And Violence Increase

LARS OSBERG ~ THE AGE OF INCREASING INEQUALITY ~ 2018

~ EIWIYAYCEHSDAPDPC ~ Economic Inequalities Which Increase Year After Year Can Eventually Have Socially Divisive And Potentially Disastrous Political Consequences

~ EPIATEOD ~ Elite Political Influence And The Erosion Of Democracy

~ IIIGTT1%MRTIITPPATETTOM ~ Increasing Income Inequality Gives The Top 1 Percent More Resources To Intervene In The Political Process And To Ensure That Their Opinions Matter

TICETPASPOTVAAQDFTOTGP-DT-‘TT’-A-PI-A-TOOPMO-GTWTATPTPOV-IAWOPCM ~ There Is Clear Evidence The Political And Social Preferences Of The Very Affluent Are Quite Different From Those Of The General Population – Donations To – “Think Tanks” – And – Policy Institutes – And – The Ownership Of Private Media Outlets – Give The Wealthy The Ability To Push Their Point Of View – In A Way Ordinary People Cannot Match

~ IG-IDNTMMTMABDITLOPWHVL ~ In General – It Does Not Take Much Money To Make A Big Difference In The Lives Of People Who Have Very Little

~ TOCSOTLA-A-TWTPVHIR-CAOFP-TFTS-TCHAMHCFTLAMTGLECFTAI ~ The Occasional Cash Shortfalls Of The Less Affluent – And – Their Willingness To Pay Very High Interest Rates – Create An Opportunity For Profit – The Fact That Short-Term Credit Has A Much Higher Cost For The Less Affluent Means They Get Less Effective Consumption From Their Annual Incomes

~ AWAC? ~ And What About Chance?

~ EOTPDIORAMLOE-VW-F-9T47%-OAJ–ETL-EE-WBABHFTLM-TU ~ Estimates Of The Possible Disruptive Impacts Of Robots And Machine Learning On Employment – Vary Widely – From – 9 To 47 Per Cent – Of All Jobs – Even The Low-End Estimate – Would Be A Big Hit For The Labour Market – Technological Unemployment

~ BIMAHTBHRITCATBMF-TAAOBHRFACITPROADG ~ Because Individuals Must Actually Have Their Basic Human Rights If Their Choices Are To Be Meaningfully Free – The Actual Achievement Of Basic Human Rights For All Citizens Is The Primary Responsibility Of A Democratic Government

~ E-VWNANMITPMWTTTEFS ~ Eventually – Voters Whose Needs Are Not Met In The Political Mainstream Will Turn To The Extremes For Solutions

~ IICIEIAGSS-ASME-SDOART-‘GOD’-A-LFSWTDNM ~ Increasing Inequality Causes Increased Economic Instability And Greater Social Stress – Authoritarian Social Movements Emerge – Selling Dreams Of A Return To – “Good Old Days” – And – Looking For Scapegoats When They Do Not Materialize

~ STEPTPI-‘MG’-B-TPCHTDEGFTWNI-TWBARSFNSTB ~ Since The Easiest Policy To Promise Is – “More Growth” – But – That Promise Cannot Hope To Deliver Enough Growth For Those Who Need It – There Will Be A Relentless Search For New Scapegoats To Blame

~ AHRPDNSTESHEI-B-IDSTESHER-A-FTTH-ACMHALAMCOER ~ A Human Rights Perspective Does Not Say That Everyone Should Have Equal Income – But – It Does Say That Everyone Should Have Equal Rights – And – For That To Happen – All Citizens Must Have At Least A Minimum Command Over Economic Resources

~ WAOTA-STWUADISCTWOI-C ~ We All Own The Air – So Those Who Use And Degrade It Should Compensate Those Who Own It – Citizens

~ GAI-B-TIANLOWTIAFIWRCMTRWMTSTWC-PJMBS ~ Guaranteed Annual Income – Because – There Is A New Level Of Worry That In A Future In Which Robots Can Make The Robots Which Make The Stuff That We Consume – Paying Jobs May Be Scarce

~ WWTCDCFTATOFTAFOTF? ~ Where Will The Consumer Demand Come From To Absorb The Output From The Automated Factories Of The Future?

~ AMPWUMWAACOSVITMOTWIWPANCTS-AVOATCOCOTE-ANPJ ~ A Major Problem With Using Market Wages As A Criterion Of Social Value Is That Many Of The Ways In Which People Actually Now Contribute To Society – As Volunteers Or As The Caretakers Of Children Or The Elderly – Are Not Paying Jobs

~ FTATT ~ Fairer Taxes At The Top

~ TAATE-ALITTGP-B-TCOTLPMPDOTAATLPTETA ~ Tax Avoidance And Tax Evasion – Are Largely Invisible To The General Public – Because – The Complexity Of Tax Law Precludes Much Public Discussion Of The Accounting And Tax Law Provisions That Enable Tax Avoidance

DAVID BOLLIER ~ THINK LIKE A COMMONER ~ 2014

~ C-PAG-B-ADGOPDTODSPABOKFMAR-ECIS-BEHEIRTAS-R-L-LH-A-SOT ~ Commons – Persist And Grow – Because – A Defined Group Of People Develop Their Own Distinctive Social Practices And Bodies Of Knowledge For Managing A Resource – Each Commons Is Special – Because Each Has Evolved In Relationship To A Specific – Resource – Landscape – Local History – And – Set Of Traditions

~ TIN-SF-O-B-FCAC-NITCSPOU ~ There Is No – Standard Formula – Or – Blueprint – For Creating A Commons – Nor Is The Commons Some Panacea Or Utopia

~ TC-IA-PP-F-S-G-RM-A-‘LW’ ~ The Commons – Is A – Practical Paradigm – For – Self-Governance – Resource Management – And – “Living Well”

~ ACCITTOSPT’D’FACAAUPSTWOBE-TCLTPPFACR-O-W-AC-F-F-A-TDTR-TIKAA-‘CAP’ ~ A Constant Challenge Is The Tendency Of Some People To “Defect” From A Common Agreement And Undermine Potential Schemes That Would Otherwise Benefit Everyone – This Can Lead To Private Profiteering From A Collective Resource – Or – Worse – A Chaotic – Free-For-All – That Destroys The Resource – This Is Known As A – “Collective Action Problem”

~ ACI:AR+AC+ASOSP ~ A Commons Is: A Resource + A Community + A Set Of Social Protocols

~ WCIIA?-A-WA-TF-ME-MFPI? ~ Whose Commons Is It Anyway? – And – What Are – The Fairest – Most Effective – Means For Protecting It?

~ T-‘DWU’-PTCEIWMTCPSVAP-A-SCTCEAP ~ The – “Diversity Within Unity” – Principle That Commons Embody Is What Makes The Commons Paradigm So Versatile And Powerful – And – So Confusing To Conventional Economists And Policymakers

~ TC-INOASR;IMATSPAVTWDTMT ~ The Commons – Is Not Only About Shared Resources; It’s Mostly About The Social Practices And Values That We Devise To Manage Them

~ WPCT-STSEAP-A-AABOPKAT-ASOPSCE ~ When People Come Together – Share The Same Experiences And Practices – And – Accumulate A Body Of Practical Knowledge And Traditions – A Set Of Productive Social Circuits Emerges

~ ACH-B-R-SN-A-SAF-R ~ A Commons Has – Boundaries – Rules – Social Norms – And – Sanctions Against Free Riders

~ ACRTTBACWTAAACSOAR ~ A Commons Requires That There Be A Community Willing To Act As A Conscientious Steward Of A Resource

~ ‘CPR’ ~ “Common Pool Resources”

~ WDA-CMHEAT-CRM ~ When Disputes Arise – Commoners Must Have Easy Access To – Conflict-Resolution Mechanisms

~ TGINTMMGAAM-B-TMSTOFHE-TC-PU-IATPAEOS ~ The Goal Is Not To Maximize Market Gains And Amass Money – But – To Make Sure That One’s Family Has Enough – The Commons – Properly Understood – Is About The Practice And Ethic Of Sufficiency

~ TFOMEACARIDADC;TDLTC ~ The Forces Of Market Enclosure Are Cruel And Relentless In Deconstructing And Destroying Commons; They Don’t Like The Competition

~ GGPTMRTSSSOC-TT-C-ATBA-TI-IAU-EITASOCRTP ~ Governments Generally Prefer To Manage Resources Through Strict Standardized Systems Of Control – To Them – Commoning – Appears To Be Altogether – Too Informal – Irregular And Unreliable – Even If The Actual Successes Of Commons Refute That Prejudice

~ ABUOTCMITAOTDAMOE ~ Any Basic Understanding Of The Commons Must Inevitably Take Account Of The Dynamics And Meaning Of Enclosure

~ E-ASFOTTALN-IPB-GOPAKRILT-BIAC-RT-B-TAOU-O-TDC-ABTI-C-OPAFWD ~ Enclosures – A Special Form Of Theft That Attracts Little Notice – In Part Because – Governments Often Play A Key Role In Legitimizing Them – But In All Cases – Resources That – Belong – To All Of Us – Or – To Distinct Communities – Are Being Transformed Into – Corporate-Owned Properties And Free Waste Dumps

~ NS-E-TTIWTAOPT-S-OACTOG-MTON-A-PTCAWOL ~ Not Surprisingly – Enclosures – Tend To Interfere With The Ability Of People To – Self-Organize And Control Their Own Governance – Meet Their Own Needs – And – Protect Their Culture And Way Of Life

~ VPO-A-A-LA-ACRFAFILG-CRHFPD-TSOEOCLIM-A-SITDOC-OTLAS-CCNL-GAHTOF-DW-O-HWG-EASTCAC ~ Vast Portions Of – Africa – Asia – And – Latin America – Are Currently Reeling From A Fierce International Land Grab – Commoners Rarely Have Formal Property Deeds – The Scale Of Enclosure Of Customary Lands Is Massive – And – So Is The Displacement Of Commoners – Once Their Lands Are Seized – Commoners Can No Longer – Grow And Harvest Their Own Food – Draw Water – Or – Hunt Wild Game – Enclosures Are Shattering Their Communities And Cultures

~ WCBMLTTPSOTPEAABP? ~ What Could Be More Lucrative Than The Private Sale Of The Public’s Equity Assets At Bargain Prices?

~ GBIAEFO-E’I’ ~ Genetic Biodiversity Is An Important Form Of – Ecological “Insurance”

~ P-P-S-AIIE-D ~ Public – Physical – Spaces – Are Important In Enacting – Democracy

~ ITIK-OAATA-CHGTTI-CAIITM-TI-MBTMSPOINE ~ Infrastructure That Is Kept – Open And Accessible To All – Can Help Guarantee That There Is – Competition And Innovation In The Marketplace – The Internet – May Be The Most Significant Piece Of Infrastructure Now Endangered

~ FTI-HBHFSTCWEO-CHABAI-E-A-T-ECW ~ From Time Immemorial – Human Beings Have Freely Shared Their Creativity With Each Other – Culture Has Always Been About Imitation – Extending – And – Transforming – Earlier Creative Works

~ A-HABA-C-I-AOB ~ Art – Has Always Been A – Communal – Intergenerational Act Of Borrowing

~ -CCTWACOSC ~ Culture Cannot Thrive Without A Commons Of Shared Creativity

~IAS-CGOOTM-V-DC-IB-ANKOCTM-BC ~ In A Sense – Creativity Generated Outside Of The Marketplace – Via – Digital Commons – Is Becoming – A Robust New Kind Of Competition To Market-Based Culture

~ IIEPF-MAC-T-‘PNT’ ~ It Is Entirely Possible For – Markets And Commons – To – “Play Nicely Together”

~ B-ITMSPIDTF-MTTSNBGAP-PATBRTEN-EHCR-EAD-CADOVR ~ But – If The Market System Presses Its Demands Too Far – Monetizing Things That Should Not Be Given A Price – Privatizing Access To Basic Resources That Everyone Needs – Enormous Harm Can Result – Ecosystems Are Damaged – Commoners Are Dispossessed Of Vital Resources

~ CTTBNWOSOPAIR-A-T-ANWI-TIOADCTBTLOTCATIOIHE-TIWMCTIT-IOP-I-‘PZ’-T-O-O-BPARFI ~ Commons Tend To Be Nested Within Other Systems Of Power And Institutional Relationships – And – Therefore – Are Not Wholly Independent – There Is Often A Deep Creative Tension Between The Logic Of The Commons And The Imperatives Of Its Host Environment – This Is Why Many Commons Thrive In The – Interstices Of Power – In – “Protect Zones” – Tolerated – Or – Overlooked – By Power Accidentally Remote From It

~ HRACGBM ~ Human Reciprocity And Cooperation Go Back Millennia

~ ETWLTC-‘I’-A-‘C’-A-O-ITCTTTBAIICW-TTANME-BR-DY-A-YC ~ Even Though We Like To Contrast – “Individualism” – And – “Collectivism” – As – Opposites – In The Commons They Tend To Blur And Intermingle In Complicated Ways – The Two Are Not Mutually Exclusive – But Rather – Dynamic Yin-And-Yang Complements

~ H-C-R-A-N-RB-AJASFA-‘CR’-A-‘UM’ ~ Human – Cooperation – Reciprocity – And – Non-Rational Behavior – Are Just As Significant Forces As – “Competitive Rationality” – And – “Utility Maximization”

~ IS-RSE-LATHO-H-I-C-A-C ~ In Short – Reciprocal Social Exchange – Lies At The Heart Of – Human – Identity – Community – And – Culture

~ L-INJ-FW-AI;I-IA-I-A-S ~ Law – Is Not Just – Formal – Written – And Institutional; It – Is Also – Informal – Oral – And – Social

~ CRVIAABATAOFLBIROOTFWTFLCBMATTP ~ Commoning Remains Vitally Important As A Bulwark Against The Abuses Of Formal Law Because It Represents One Of The Few Ways That Formal Law Can Be Made Accountable To The People

~ CAM-BSSWTC? ~ Can A Market-Based Society Survive Without The Commons?

~ TROTDC ~ The Rise Of The Digital Commons

~ TCS ~ The Commons Sector

~ TOAR ~ The Open Access Revolution

~ SC ~ Subsistence Commons

~ VACAHTDISMUTSOTM ~ Virtually All Commons Are Hybrids That Depend In Some Measure Upon The State Or The Market

~ STC ~ State Trustee Commons

~ TPOACCFTASPTAI ~ The Power Of A Commons Comes From The Actual Social Practices That Animate It

~ WSS-A-S-S-B-O-EF-AP-W-LEAE-RT-MBM-T-R-A-P? ~ Why Should Some – Abstract – Self-Serving – Bureaucratic – Or – Economic Framework – Automatically Prevail – When – Local Expertise And Experience-Rich Traditions – May Be More – Trustworthy – Responsive – And – Practical?

~ TS-SORT-S-OCCPCFME-T-T-S-O-M-A-WGP-L-F-A-P ~ The State – Should Openly Recognize That – Self-Organized Commons Can Perform Certain Functions More Effectively – Than – The – State – Or – Market – And – With Greater Perceived – Legitimacy – Fairness – And – Participation

STEVE KEEN ~ CAN WE AVOID ANOTHER FINANCIAL CRISIS? ~ 2017

~ M-CBDDF-M ~ Macroeconomics – Cannot Be Derived Directly From – Microeconomics

~ TDTH-OPCBDEFLOSIACCIGST-‘E’~ The Discovery That Higher-Order Phenomena Cannot Be Directly Extrapolated From Lower-Order Systems Is A Commonplace Conclusion In Genuine Sciences Today – “Emergence”

~ TWPO-W-O-NBO-TPOI-H20-MT-BBO-IBLO(I)-H2O-M ~ The Wonderful Properties Of – Water – Occur – Not Because Of – The Properties Of Individual – H2O – Molecules Themselves – But Because Of – Interactions Between Lots Of (Identical) – H2O – Molecules

~ GFC ~ Global Financial Crisis

~ ACCBPOFAD-ITPSCBETCB ~ A Crisis Can Be Put Off For A Decade – If The Private Sector Can Be Enticed To Continue Borrowing

~ T-PS-R-TLOCWTTUB-A-MAPVO-TIWTBC ~ The – Political System – Rewards – The Lackey Of Credit Who Triggers The Unsustainable Boom – And – Makes A Political Victim Of – The Incumbent When The Boom Collapses

~ TGEHBSWALOPD-T-INOUSTEOTSWW-BAU-ITHOC ~ The Global Economy Has Been Saddled With A Level Of Private Debt – That – Is Not Only Unprecedented Since The End Of The Second World War – But Also Unprecedented – In The History Of Capitalism

~ WYMTOHWTGSM-WISMTIGBIT-TBTAOMIC-ATFPSA-TBTGSBBITLRIIFABT-GSATROMCSTPB-A-WASWAGJTDWTRITLFD ~ Whatever You Might Think Of How Well The Government Spends Money – When It Spends More Than It Gets Back In Taxation – This Boosts The Amount Of Money In Circulation – And That Finances Private Sector Activity – The Belief That Governments Should Be Balanced In The Long Run Is In Fact A Belief That – Governments Should Abdicate The Role Of Money Creation Solely To Private Banks – And – We’ve All Seen What A Great Job They’ve Done With That Responsibility In The Last Few Decades

~ D-Z-T-B ~ Debt-Zombies-To-Be

~ WDOD ~ Walking Dead Of Debt – Private Debt – Its Primary Cause

MURRAY CARPENTER ~ CAFFEINATED ~ 2014

~ MX ~ Methylated Xanthine

~ B-IIA-D-ASOAT-ATAITOOC-IAGSDFAHU-AQTWLTBU-RH/S/AA-ATW-K ~ But It Is A – Drug – A Sixteenth Of A Teaspoon – About The Amount In Twelve Ounces Of Coffee – Is A Good Solid Dose For A Habituated User – A Quarter Teaspoon Will Lead To Bodily Unpleasantness – Racing Heart / Sweating / Acute Anxiety – A Tablespoon Will – Kill

~ CSTM-EFPWA-S/T/S-WTUIRON-IWAN-ELBTTCIV ~ Caffeine Sharpens The Mind – Especially For People Who Are – Stressed / Tired / Sick – Whether They Use It Regularly Or Not – It Was A Neuro-Enchancer Long Before The Term Came Into Vogue

~ CW-I-RAU-OI-H/MP/W/A/D ~ Caffeine Withdrawal – Is – Real And Unpleasant – Often Including – Headaches / Muscle Pain / Weariness / Apathy / Depression

~ ATEOTD-TACDM ~ At The End Of The Day – They Are Caffeine Delivery Mechanisms

~ ASM-IEHT-B-BB-TM-BTUOANC-A-ATTBWAD-B-C-DNLTBGTM

~ A Small Molecule – It Easily Hurdles The – Blood-Brain Barrier – The Molecule – Blocks The Uptake Of A Neurotransmitter Called – Adenosine – Adenosine Tells The Brain We Are Drowsy – But – Caffeine – Does Not Let The Brain Get The Message

~ INF-C-C-WSB-JAS-GITHONA ~ If Not For – Caffeine – Coffee – Would Still Be – Just A Shrub – Growing In The Hills Of North Africa

~ TIWP-TBTP-DTPA-TC/BKA-TGDT ~ The Insurgents Who Planned – The Boston Tea Party – Drafted Their Plans At – The Coffeehouse/Bar Known As – The Green Dragon Tavern

~ HTCDS ~ High Technology Caffeine Delivery Systems

~ SOT-SD-M-QA-HTCDS ~ Some Of Today’s – Soft Drinks – May – Qualify As – High Technology Caffeine Delivery Systems

~ AC-SON-MHI-TICBHOH-OTCSBS-SC-SG ~ Any Caffeine – Synthetic Or Natural – Might Have Impurities – Those Impurities Could Be Healthful Or Harmful – Or They Could Simply Be Strange – Synthetic Caffeine – Sometimes Glows

~ I-WGO-SCF-F-C ~ Increasingly – We Get Our – Synthetic Caffeine Fix – From – China

~ RSTCMPARISO-P-A-A ~ Research Suggests That Caffeine Might Play A Role In Staving Off – Parkinson’s – And – Alzheimer’s

~ TL-LOA-‘PEB’-TIC-NWOKHM ~ The Label – Listed Only A “Proprietary Energy Blend” – That Included Caffeine – No Way Of Knowing How Much

~ CWS ~ Caffeine Withdrawal Syndrome

~ CISOOTS ~ Caffeine Is Stepping Out Of The Shadows

RUTH SOUKUP ~ LIVING WELL SPENDING LESS ~ 2014

~ TGLINWWTII-MINE-DYGL ~ The Good Life Is Not What We Think It Is – More Is Never Enough – Define Your Good Life

~ CIAC ~ Contentment Is A Choice

~ KWMM-IIWTDT-WWPRMF? ~ Knowing What Matters Most – If I Were To Die Tomorrow – What Would People Remember Me For?

~ AAOG ~ An Attitude Of Gratitude

~ ET-SFCIASACTSCOTTTCUTS-IMSAFATTTMUFUOLWJDHE ~ Eliminating Temptation – Sometimes Finding Contentment Is As Simple As Choosing To Steer Clear Of The Things That Cause Us To Stumble – It Means Staying Away From All Those Things That Make Us Feel Unworthy Or Like We Just Don’t Have Enough

~ WAHASS-FYSS-WIYP? ~ We All Have A Sweet Spot – Finding Your Sweet Spot – Where Is Your Passion?

~ BWYA-MTMOWYARN ~ Bloom Where You Are – Make The Most Of Where You Are Right Now

~ IOG ~ Identifying Our Gifts

~ WG-CCYL-WTDMTR-A-OTAR-YCIT ~ Written Goals – Can Change Your Life – Writing Them Down Makes Them Real – And – Once They Are Real – You Can’t Ignore Them

~ PYR-BCAYO-GYADD-BDLG-TYP-CA-CYS ~ Planning Your Route – Be Clear About Your Objective – Give Yourself A Due Date – Break Down Large Goals – Track Your Progress – Create Accountability – Celebrate Your Success

~ S-TS-F-L-TG ~ Short-Term Sacrifices – For – Long-Term Gain

~ WAGTS24H ~ We All Get The Same Twenty-Four Hours

~ ETU ~ Eliminating The Unessential

~ LSEMJ ~ Less Stuff Equals More Joy

~ STF-IYTWTLCF-YMSBMS ~ Stop The Flow – If You Truly Want To Live Clutter Free – You Must Stop Buying More Stuff

~ VQOQ ~ Value Quality Over Quantity

~ PYES ~ Purge Your Excess Stuff

~ WNTSLTWTWD ~ We Need To Spend Less Than We Think We Do

~ RTAOL ~ Retail Therapy And Other Lies

~ SIASOM ~ Saving Is A State Of Mind

~ CAB-AST-ARB ~ Creating A Budget – And Sticking To – A Realistic Budget

~ SMOOS-HOA-TIIQSTRHMPEFCB-EOTTWN ~ So Much Of Our Spending – Happens On Autopilot – That It Is Quite Shocking To Realize How Many Possibilities Exist For Cutting Back – Even On Those Things We Need

~ SFTF-SAMFTFINAL;IIAN ~ Saving For The Future – Setting Aside Money For The Future Is Not A Luxury; It Is A Necessity

~STS-S-S-S- ~ Shop The Sales – Stockpile – Stockpile – Stockpile

~ GYO ~ Grow Your Own

~ ACHIAHH ~ A Clean House Is A Happy House

~ TBTILAF ~ The Best Things In Life Are Free

~ NYF ~ Nurturing Your Friendships

~ CC ~ Cultivating Creativity

~ WGMWWG ~ We Get More When We Give

ANDREW KEEN ~ HOW TO FIX THE FUTURE ~ 2018

~ NE-IS-IPPA:DC/BDM/TIOTOC/JSVB/FN/ASN/MTU/DA/TEROSA ~ Now Everyone – It Seems – Is Penning Polemics Against: Surveillance Capitalism / Big Data Monopolists / The Ignorance Of The Online Crowd / Juvenile Silicon Valley Billionaires / Fake News / Antisocial Social Networks / Mass Technological Unemployment / Digital Addiction / The Existential Risk Of Smart Algorithms

~ IOST-I-SHB-AATADTH-A:I/R/E/C-A-AA-A-EC-WAFTTFCF ~ Instead Of Smart Technology – It’s – Smart Human Begins – Acting As They’ve Always Done Throughout History – As: Innovators / Regulators / Educators / Consumers – And – Above All – As – Engaged Citizens – Who Are Fixing The Twenty-First-Century Future

~ ACIBAC(AC)TD ~ A Culture Infected By A Creeping (And Creepy) Technological Determinism

~ OOHA-OTRTSOOS-IEIWATBAHDF ~ Our Own Human Agency – Our Timeless Responsibility To Shape Our Own Societies – Is Essential If We Are To Build A Habitable Digital Future

~ EIGPUE-U-WH-FTMAL-ANS-NS-A-R-NMS-A-TWWBI-1965 ~ Everything Is Getting Perpetually Upgraded Except Us – We Humans – For The Moment At Least – Are No Speedier – No Smarter – And – Really – No More Self-Aware – Than We Were Back In – 1965

~ TD-AEDCB-HASM-A-AB-TCATROH ~ The Duality – An Ever-Deepening Chasm Between – Humans And Smart Machines – And – Also Between – Tech Companies And The Rest Of Humanity

~ THCODRAQBTCIOODS ~ The Human Costs Of The Digital Revolution Are Quickly Becoming The Central Issue Of Our Digital Society

~ ‘MGI’-AIDTPAMAOESAATOT-DU ~ “Minimum Guaranteed Income” – An Idea Designed To Provide A Minimal Amount Of Economic Security At A Time Of Technology-Driven Unemployment

~ TFPMFFTF:R/CI/SR/WACC/E ~ The Five Perennial Methods For Fixing The Future: Regulation / Competitive Innovation / Social Responsibility / Worker And Consumer Choice / Education

~ TFAITUOP ~ The Future Appears In The Unlikeliest Of Places

~ WABIAWO:RA-E-LOA-I-A-I ~ We Are Back In A World Of: Rampant Addiction – Exploitation – Lack Of Accountability – Irresponsibility – And – Inequality

~ TWAALUTBDSOASEIWWAIW ~ Today We Are All Living Under The Big Data Spotlight Of A Surveillance Economy In Which We Are Incessantly Watched

~ TWHSAIOVCIODM-TISANFOAOMTW-RP-LB-A-S ~ Today We Have Such An Infestation Of Violent Content In Our Digital Media – That It Seems Almost Normal For Online Audiences Of Millions To Watch – Revenge Porn – Live Beheadings – And – Suicides

~ TIR-WWSTEU-IIEU ~ The Internet Revolution – Which Was Supposed To Empower Us – Is Increasingly Enslaving Us

~ TWDAHBIC ~ The Web’s Decentralized Architecture Has Become Intensely Centralized

~ WWDTBA-D-E-A-E-R-AKODC-ITOTB-D-C-U-A-C ~ What Was Designed To Be A – Decentralized – Egalitarian – And – Enlightened – Revolution – A Kind Of Digital Commonwealth – Is Turning Out To Be – Disturbingly – Centralized – Unequal – And – Creepy

~ WWSAROSM-IWWWTSAR-NWENSSITSMP-T-ECE-TSC-FB-HCA-HOM-A-‘PT’-ML-DBFNAOFOOP ~ What We See And Read On Social Media – Is What We Want To See And Read – No Wonder Everything Now Seems So Inevitable To So Many People – This – Echo Chamber Effect – The So-Called – Filter Bubble – Has Created A – Hall Of Mirrors – A – “Post-Truth” – Media Landscape – Dominated By Fake News And Other Forms Of Online Propaganda

~ POTPITTEGOSTATDTTROU ~ Part Of The Problem Is That The Economic Gains Of Smart Technology Aren’t Trickling Down To The Rest Of Us

~ T-I-WIAOCA-A-TAOMOIU-HBTIMFOTNTOWAT ~ The – Internet – With Its Absence Of Curatorial Authority – And – The Anonymity Of Many Of Its Users – Has Become The Ideal Medium For Orchestrating This New Type Of War Against Truth

~ DC ~ Digital Communitarianism

~ TIODPSHBCITCIO-‘NN’-TNTGOPCSBR-UL-TTADOTIE ~ The Inviolability Of Digital Public Space Has Become Captured In The Controversial Idea Of – “Network Neutrality” – The Notion That Governments Or Private Companies Should Be Required – Under Law – To Treat All Data On The Internet Equally

~ T-S-TFOTIIASODMWODERACA ~ The – Splinternet – The Fragmentation Of The Internet Into A Series Of Different Markets Working On Different Economic Rules And Cultural Assumptions

~ GDPR ~ General Data Protection Regulation

~ SWSASPWAPTMPTNN ~ Somebody Will Succeed At Some Point With A Product That Makes Privacy The New Norm

~ DAO ~ Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

~ TDE-WITPO-W-T-A-C-IAABFVCAIIFEE ~ Today’s Digital Economy – With Its Tiny Pool Of – Winner-Take-All – Companies – Is Actually As Bad For Venture Capitalists As It Is For Everyone Else

~ AVPOTH ~ A Valuable Player On Team Human

~ DLD ~ Digital Life Design

~ SUIAGBM-AITIOTHTU-ITBBMED ~ Surveillance Ultimately Isn’t A Good Business Model – And If There Is One Thing History Teaches Us – It’s That Bad Business Models Eventually Die

~ TUWYF-TAS-TU-I-I-BAFPF-TTC ~ Trust Us With You Future – They Are Saying – Trust Us – Is – Indeed – Becoming A Familiar Promise From – The Tech Community

~ CABCA ~ Civic Algorithm By Civic Algorithm

~ WTF ~ Win The Future

~ DMCA-‘NPOUOAICSSBTATPOSOAIPBACP’-TCC ~ Digital Millennium Copyright Act – “No Provider Or User Of An Interactive Computer Service Shall Be Treated As The Publisher Or Speaker Of Any Information Provided By Another Information Content Provider” – The Controversial Clause

~ HPAWCRTBAFTCPOTN-E-MMF-ORAVVAODIC ~ Hugely Powerful And Wealthy Companies Refusing To Be Accountable For The Content Posted On Their Networks – Essentially – Making Money From – Overtly Racist And Violent Videos And Other Disgustingly Inappropriate Content

~ WTWALOR-TM-DBWAAMTMA-O-TW ~ When Threatened With A Loss Of Revenue – These Multibillion-Dollar Businesses Will Act And Make Themselves More Accountable – Otherwise – They Won’t

~ T-‘P’-AGCOIEF-WSOAL ~ The – “Precariat” – A Growing Class Of Impermanently Employed Folks – Who Scrape Out A Living

~ TINAUTTIO-TU ~ There Is Now An Urgency To The Issue Of – Technological Unemployment

~ UBI-‘AOIWMA’ ~ Universal Basic Income – “An Old Idea With Modern Appeal”

~ WAHGF? ~ What Are Humans Good For?

~ TINIWR ~ There Is No Innovation Without Regulation

~ DACMOTF-RACKOTP-TWTHOTN-CIRISIIHUMSOTEDT-FC ~ Designing A Coherent Map Of The Future – Requires A Coherent Knowledge Of The Past – That’s Why The History Of The Nineteenth-Century Industrial Revolution Is So Investiture In Helping Us Make Sense Of The Early Digital Twentieth-First Century