TIM WU ~ THE MASTER SWITCH ~ 2010

~ TKE-TEUBADCTCIPSITI ~ The Kronos Effect ~ The Efforts Undertaken By A Dominant Company To Consume Its Potential Successors In Their Infancy

~ ATYWB-TFOTCS-WBTCT-AN-TA-F-TCOAR ~ As The Years Went By – The Founders Of The Commercial System – Would Begin To Credit Themselves – And Not – The Amateurs – For – The Creation Of American Radio

~ MWSTTAOW-GRICAPITI-B-TSR-WS-CCT-TPOI-T-CE-O-SI ~ Most Who Study These Topics Are Obsessed With – Government’s Role In Censorship And Providing Incentives To Innovate – But – The State’s Role – While Significant – Cannot Compare To – The Power Of Industry – To – Censor Expression – Or – Squelch Invention

~ TEMCOPADP ~ The Enlightened Monopolist Can Occasionally Prove A Delusional Paranoid

~ SOFTM:FO/MT/DSL/FM/SP-TLGOAO ~ Suppress Or Fail To Market: Fiber Optics / Mobile Telephones / Digital Subscriber Lines / Facsimile Machines / SpeakerPhones – The List Goes On And On

~ T-PP-ITITFSOANI-AST-‘EA’-PTTACOI ~ The – Primitive Prototype – Is Typical In The Founding Stage Of A New Industry – As Are The – “Early Adopters” – Prepared To Take A Chance On It

~ W-TV-RCATW-IW-AP-ARORIAR-TPWSBA-MOTSSAOERP ~ When – TV – Reached Consumers After The War – It Was – As Prophesied – A Replica Of Radio In All Respects – The Programming Was Sponsored By Advertisers – Most Of The Shows Simply Adaptations Of Existing Radio Programs

~ TBOTS-IOE-HBCTET-C-IE ~ The Blessing Of The State – Implicit Or Explicit – Has Been Crucial To Every Twentieth-Century Information Empire

~ YAWHSTATA-OGRIITNGUD ~ Yet As We Have Seen Time And Time Again – One Generation’s Radical Innovation Is The Next Generation’s Unyielding Dinosaur

~ AW-TBRIT1910-TOOCTAO-BIWTWOA-AW-TFTITFYOTTC-CWAD-I-T-BFAWWAW~ As With – The Broadcast Radio In The 1910s – The Origins Of Cable Television Are Obscure – Because It Was The Work Of Amateurs – As With – The Farmer’s Telephone In The First Years Of The Twentieth Century – Cable Was A Do-It-Yourself Business For Anyone With Will And Wires

~ TIAUETAAMDWIHBPTD-WSW-OMDNDSW-H-IITSO-CD-TRIAUMPAV ~ There Is An Undeniable Efficiency That Attends A Monopoly’s Doing What It Has Been Perfected To Do – What Such Well-Oiled Machines Do Not Do So Well – However – Is Initiate The Sort Of – Creative Destruction – That Revolutionizes Industries And Ultimately Multiplies Productivity And Value

~ TSATOOCEWALOTTIORMIAWWFHBCE ~ The Shape And Tenor Of Our Current Entertainment World Are Largely Owing To The Imperatives Of Risk Management In A World Where Failure Had Become Catastrophically Expensive

~ WLTCWCWYCEI? ~ Why Learn To Cope With Competition When You Can Eliminate It?

~ IAAMRTEOTM-TMCTPOIAC-TEIIFGTIITTP-BB ~ In An Age More Reliant Than Ever On Telecommunications Media – The More Concentrated The Power Over Information And Communications – The Easier It Is For Government To Indulge Its Temptation To Play – Big Brother

~ ITIRD?-EOIOIKHHIPOO-OTBTBOYAIE-WIG:TROTIOTIOTC? ~ Is The Internet Really Different? – Every Other Invention Of Its Kind Has Had Its Period Of Openness – Only To Become The Basis Of Yet Another Information Empire – Which Is Mightier: The Radicalism Of The Internet Or The Inevitability Of The Cycle?

~ WHBFTRIBOSIAPC ~ We Have Been Freed To Retreat Into Bubbles Of Selective Information And Parochial Concern

~ WAOM-OHDOFOC-AWI-DAGAIAARTEOR ~ With An Open Medium – One Has Diversity Or Fragmentation Of Content – And With It – Differences Among Groups And Individuals Are Accentuated Rather Than Elided Or Repressed

~ C-FIB-TMWAARCATBV ~ Cable – From Its Birth – The Medium Was Always As Relentlessly Commercial As The Broadcast Variant

~ NHAOTMCR-CFTCTROPPM(IV)~ No Honest Account Of The Media Conglomerate’s Rise – Could Fail To Concede The Role Of Purely Personal Motivations (Indeed Vanities)

~ IPD ~ Intellectual Property Development

~ MF ~ Mine Festivals

~ TM-TA:LALS-TA:DACC-ADWAETUFWLR ~ The Monopolist’s – Tools Are: Lawyers And Local Statues – Tactics Are: Delays And Court Challenges – All Deployed With An Eye Toward Unraveling Firms With Lesser Resources

~ BTTOCWSEAAC ~ Blow The Trumpet Of Competition While Simultaneously Eliminating All Actual Competitors

~ TCCOTMS ~ The Current Custodian Of The Master Switch

~ HMGTTIHTO-S/IR/RO-IHMIYCGTT ~ However Many Good Things The Internet Has To Offer – Service / Information Resources / Retail Outlets – It Hardly Matters If You Can’t Get To Them

~ NNITT-FCVOCC ~ Net Neutrality Is The Twenty-First Century’s Version Of Common Carriage

~ WLTBTOSACPPWUPUFTCOAEP-BTHABS ~ We Like To Believe That Our Safeguards Against Concentrated Political Power Will Ultimately Protect Us From The Consequences Of Accumulated Economic Power – But This Hasn’t Always Been So

~ GOPRIAACOPP-NAAATI ~ Government’s Only Proper Role Is As A Check On Private Power – Never As An Aid To It

~ MABF-YNSATBTSW-BEIFC ~ Markets Are Born Free – Yet No Sooner Are They Born Than Some Would-Be Emperor Is Forging Chains

~ TIISN-TIEP-TIIPITB-BR-AAPE-T-CBWOB ~ The Internet Is Simply Not – The Infinitely Elastic Phantasm – That It Is Popularly Imagined To Be – But Rather – An Actual Physical Entity – That – Can Be Warped Or Broken

~ IWDNTTMT-SO-S-OTCTOIAHAUTE-WCRB-I-LOTWAFTETBTIFUIAMHHF ~ If We Do Not Take This Moment To – Secure Our – Sovereignty – Over The Choices That Our Information Age Has Allowed Us To Enjoy – We Cannot Reasonably Blame – Its – Loss – On Those Who Are Free To Enrich Themselves By Taking It From Us In A Manner History Has Foretold

FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans –They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

DAVID GRAEBER ~ THE FIVE MAJOR VARIETIES OF BULLSHIT JOBS ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ WFD-OOPTMSELOFI-YCBMWAE ~ What Flunkies Do – Only Or Primarily To Make Someone Else Look Or Feel Important – You Cannot Be Magnificent Without An Entourage

~ WGD-PW-J-A-EMAA ~ What Goons Do – People Whose – Jobs – Are – Essentially Manipulative And Aggressive

~ WDTD-WJEOBOAGOFITO-TSAPTONTE ~ What Duct Tapers Do – Whose Jobs Exist Only Because Of A Glitch Or Fault In The Organization – To Solve A Problem That Ought Not To Exist

~ WBTD-EWEOOPTAAOTBATCIIDST-IF-IIND ~ What Box Tickers Do – Employees Who Exist Only Or Primarily To Allow An Organization To Be Able To Claim It Is Doing Something That – In Fact – It Is Not Doing

~ WTD-TWRCEOAWTO ~ What Taskmasters Do – Those Whose Role Consists Entirely Of Assigning Work To Others

~ AM-DTDPWOTFCIBT-OTMSTCEOS ~ Ambiguous Multiform – Difficult To Determine Precisely Which Of The Five Categories It Belongs To – Often It May Seem To Contain Elements Of Several

~ SOBJ-INSPAAOT-B-WAUP-B-TAPISOAPE ~ Second Order Bullshit Jobs – In No Sense Pointless In And Of Themselves – But – Which Are Ultimately Pointless – Because – They Are Performed In Support Of A Pointless Enterprise

JAMES RICKARDS ~ THE ROAD TO RUIN ~ 2016

~ TNFC ~ The Next Financial Crisis

~ G-SIFI-‘TBTF’ ~ Globally Systemic Important Financial Institution – “Too Big To Fail”

~ SIB ~ Systemically Important Banks

~ BI-IOBOD-DM-TCTFB ~ Bail-In – Instead Of Bailing Out Depositors – Depositors’ Money – To Recapitalize The Failed Banks

~ MRSU-YTC ~ Money Riots Seem Unreal – Yet They Come

~ SDR-AWMFBTDFI ~ Special Drawing Rights – A World Money Fire Brigade To Douse Financial Infernos

~ TGACERD-RIECCS-F-TC-T-TA-A-BA-IAEG ~ The Government And Corporate Elite Revolving Door – Results In Experts’ Continually Changing Sides – From – Tax Collector – To – Tax Avoider – And – Back Again – It’s An Elite Game

~ CTAIALDECNLA ~ Corporate Tax Avoidance Is A Luxury Developed Economies Can No Longer Afford

~ VW-EIFS-HMFFTSR-WSS ~ Virtual Warfare – Especially In Financial Space – Has Moved From Fantasy To Sophisticated Reality – With Stunning Speed

~ TPOTITTWSGTCANLW ~ The Problem Over Time Is That The Winning Strategy Gets Too Crowded And No Longer Works

~ PWITOLTWSU ~ Personal Wealth Is The Only Language That Wall Street Understands

~ L(N)L ~ Lessons (Not) Learned

~ TISRTAGNVI-RGUIANF-BAFWCB-TOOHT-DOSSC ~ There Is Scant Recognition That As Gross Notional Value Increases – Risk Goes Up In A Nonlinear Fashion – By A Factor Which Can Be – Ten Or One Hundred Times – Depending On Specific System Characteristics

~ CDE-M-O-F-PD-R-IAEFOS-SCIISCPDR-OCBOOC ~ Complex Dynamics Exhibit – Memory – Or – Feedback – Path Dependence – Risk – Is An Exponential Function Of Scale – Small Changes In Initial System Contentions Produce Divergent Results – Output Can Be Orderly Or Chaotic

~ O-B-S-D-ADBTAO-IAC-CCFEOTNTDTTN ~ Off-Balance-Sheet-Derivatives – Are Dangerous Because They Are Opaque – In A Crisis – Counterparties Cannot Find Each Other To Net Transactions Due To This Nontransparency

~ CRSBIAACAEC-TSBE-BNA ~ Capital Requirements Should Be Increased As A Cushion Against Emergent Crises – That Should Be Expected – But Never Are

~ NESCAA ~ Not Every Snowflake Causes An Avalanche

~ FMADNWFB-B-B-A-S/I/R/AIG-MBATOOFMI-SDAAN ~ Free Market Approaches Do Not Work For Banks – Because – Banks – Are – Subsidized / Insured / Regulated / And Implicitly Guaranteed – Modern Banks Are The Opposite Of Free Market Institutions – So Different Approaches Are Needed

~ RMOWSHBDBAMC-‘VAR’-TBTRIRD-ATEEHNBOTNEIAS-B-WIMANLCT?-WINEAPABWWB? ~ Risk Management On Wall Street Has Been Dominated By A Model Called – “Value At Risk” – The Belief That Risk Is Randomly Distributed – And That Each Event Has No Bearing On The Next Event In A Sequence – But – What If Markets Are Not Like Coin Tosses? – What If New Events Are Profoundly Affected By What Went Before?

~ MOTS:BB/MD/MI ~ More Of The Same: Bigger Banks / More Derivatives / More Interconnectedness

~ TNCEIO-OATSIBR ~ The Next Critical Event Is Overdue – Once Again The System Is Blinking Red

~ CMWCTASOC-WA-T-CBWDFMDTCTOTF ~ Capital Markets Were Condemned To A Succession Of Calamities – While Academics-Turned-Central Bankers Waited Decades For More Data To Convince Them Of Their Failures

~ TSBFTBR-SB-FD-LL-A-SM ~ The Step Back From The Brink Requires – Smaller Banks – Fewer Derivatives– Less Leverage – And – Sound Money

~ ECRDFPC-TSAMFS-TIASCOCBBTD ~ Elites Conduct Ritual Disagreements For Public Consumption – These Squabbles Are Mostly For Show – There Is A Shocking Conformity Of Core Beliefs Behind These Debates

~ FT-IAM-AACO-DTOTRBFCA-OMA-ITL-WITCFFT? ~ Free Trade – Is Another Myth – And A Costly One – Do Terms Of Trade Reflect Bona Fide Comparative Advantage – Or Manipulated Advantage – If The Latter – What Is The Case For Free Trade?

~ ODEBEI-FER ~ One Distortion Embraced By Elites Is – Floating Exchange Rates

~ TGTONIEANRANRTII ~ Today Globalization’s Triumph Over Nationalism Is Energizing A Nationalist Revival As Nations Reassess Their Individual Interests

~ CGCPEFTCFS ~ Certain Global Corporations Profit Enormously From The Current Flawed System

~ ASGOGC-WMC-H-TATRP-A-PMTMER-MAMOFT ~ A Small Group Of Global Corporations – With Mobile Capital – Hair-Trigger Ability To Relocate Plants – And – Political Muscle To Move Exchange Rates – Make A Mockery Of Free Trade

~ TSANSOTECIT-1990-AE-2000-CBEIASW:D ~ The Superficial And Nonsustainable Success Of The Elite Consensus In The – 1990s – And Early – 2000s – Can Be Explained In A Single Word: Debt

~ FMAFTA-FIT-NIP ~ Free Markets And Free Trade Are – Flawed In Theory – Nonexistent In Practice

~ SP-HCAHW-ITWF ~ Smart Policy – Helping Capital And Helping Workers – Is The Way Forward

~ ATWMETA-P-EB-CC-O-BCB ~ All The World’s Major Economies Today Are – Planned – Either By – Central Committees – Or – By Central Banks

~ TPEPWADFATCFTS-TPPTP-ASOS-MPTSICFTSPOCA-‘PFP’ ~ The Poor Encounter Police Who Are De Facto Armed Tax Collectors For The State – The Poor Pay The Price – A Share Of Seizures – Motivates Police To Stop Innocent Citizens For The Sole Purpose Of Confiscating Assets – “Policing For Profit”

~ EATPDBGATM ~ Emergency Access To Private Data By Government Agents Takes Minutes

~ AA-SH-TINOTHTHNHB-B-TIMTHNHL-MAS ~ Above All – Study History – There Is Nothing On The Horizon That Has Not Happened Before – But – There Is Much That Has Not Happened Lately – Memories Are Short

~ PTC-IINTEOTW-IITEOAA ~ Periodically Things Collapse – It Is Not The End Of The World – It Is The End Of An Age

PETER HUBER ~ HARD GREEN ~ 1999

~ WIPCDTTCOPOTE-TMCTIOP-ATISAAW ~ When Individual Producers Can Dump The True Costs Of Production Onto The Environment – They May Create The Illusion Of Prosperity – As They Impoverish Society As A Whole

~ WRCDTTCOGOTPS-TMCTIOGG-EATISAAW ~ When Regulators Can Dump The True Costs Of Government On The Private Sector – They May Create The Illusion Of Good Government – Even As They Impoverish Society As A Whole

~ TOTTBGICODWI-DN-WHTBTPOOC ~ The One Thing That Big Government Is Capable Of Doing Well Is – Doing Nothing – Which Happens To Be The Paramount Objective Of Conservation

~ SVDODTOASASTIIP ~ Some Values Depend On Doing Things On A Scope And Scale That Is Inescapably Public

~ WSNBATC-NP-A-NP-E ~ We Should Not Be Ashamed To Conserve – Not Privately – And – Not Publicly – Either

~ TWPOCITB-AE-TWI-BD-TWHNB-S/T/G/P/P ~ The Whole Point Of Conservation Is To Be Anti-Economic The Wilderness Is By Definition That Which Has Not Been Subdued / Tamed / Graded / Plowed / Paved

~ NTAWTCITCB-NTATFPTWALOICR ~ New Trees Are Where The Carbon In The Coal Began – New Trees Are The First Place To Which A Lot Of It Can Return

~ EIG-O-WIDADLOTOTLAIE-IRD ~ Efficiency Is Green – Only – When It Definitely And Directly Lightens Our Tread On The Land And Its Environs – It Rarely Does

~ WSSOCWONBSIJ ~ We Should Save Our Cougars Whether Or Not Brazil Saves It Jaguars

~ STEAAWEU-TIMPSTATATS-WEO-ILQAAHC ~ Some Toxic Effects Are Already Well Enough Understood – That It Makes Perfect Sense To Address Them At Their Sources – Where Emissions Occur – In Large Quantities And At High Concentrations

~ WK-P-F-AAMOOB-C-ATE-B-WHDTFTP ~ We Know – Pesticides – Fungicides – And All Manner Of Other Bio-Cides – Affect The Environment – Because – We Have Designed Them For That Purpose

~ NIIMB-AOTTWOHATTWOOT ~ Nature Itself Is Morally Blind – As Oblivious To The Welfare Of Humans As To The Welfare Of Our Tapeworms

~ WCTWBIIB ~ We Conserve The Wilderness Because It Is Beautiful

~ WSRLOENBWFCFBBLIAGTRNFJ ~ We Should Revere Life On Earth Not Because We Fear Catastrophic Failure But Because Life Is A Good That Requires No Further Justification

~ BFTANS ~ Big Future Theories Are Never Scientific

~ TORAGSISO-WATWTDT-SOPUBM ~ The One Real And Growing Scarcity Is Scarcity Of – Wilderness And The Wildlife That Dwells There – Scarcity Of Places Undeveloped By Markets

~ ETEBDNPTE ~ Expanding The Environmental Bureaucracy Does Not Protect The Environment

~ IINUFIJTNSOAC-IIIJASWRTTUS ~ It Is No Use Fencing In Just The North Side Of A Commons – If It Is Just A Short Walk Round To The Unfenced South

NEIL COLE ~ ORGANIC LEADERSHIP ~ 2009

~ TFOLI-TP-ML-N-MF ~ The Function Of Leadership Is – To Produce – More Leaders – Not – More Followers

~ ECOWOVT-YMHRBAAS-B-YANAEUYHTI ~ Experience Changes Our Way Of Viewing Things – You May Have Read Books About A Subject – But – You Are Not An Expert Until You Have Tasted It

~ ICL-WMLF-C-N-DI-PS-O-MS ~ In Choosing Leaders – We Must Look For – Character – Not – Doctrinal Integrity – Preaching Style – Or – Managerial Skills

~ MAIHTGBETL-YCSALGI-ALIIAFMOW ~ Moral Authority Is Hard To Gain But Easy To Lose – You Can Spend A Lifetime Getting It – And Lose It In A Few Moments Of Weakness

~ OFSTHLATIIAHNMTL-LDIALP ~ Only Fools Say They Have Learned All That Is Important And Have Nothing More To Learn – Leadership Development Is A Lifelong Process

~ TOUWAL-HATTOOWAUTVOSLTOW ~ Those Of Us Who Are Leaders – Have A Tendency To Overestimate Our Words And Underestimate The Value Of Simply Listening To Others’ Words

~ It Is Not Uncommon – Someone – Who Listens Very Little – And – Talks Way Too Much ~ IINU-S-WLVL-A-TWTM

~ TL:PWLM-TSM:NORL ~ Talk Less: People Would Listen More – Talk So Much: No One Really Listens

~ TFSNTBAGLOLITATALTP-TINAEFL-BTTTBPWA ~ The First Skill Needed To Be A Good Leader Of Leaders Is The Ability To Actually Listen To People – This Is Not As Easy For Leaders – Because They Tend To Be People With Answers

~ LAAGQ-ATISFL-BTCDOTELLIL ~ Listening And Asking Good Questions – Are Two Important Skills For Leaders – Because They Can Draw Out The Emerging Leader’s Learning In Life

~ WWHSTUS-TGOSFIOUACEBF-DSOIAMDLOL-A-INEF ~ When We Hear Someone Tell Us Something – It Goes Only So Far In Our Understanding And Can Easily Be Forgotten – Discovering Something Ourselves Is A Much Deeper Level Of Learning – And – Is Not Easily Forgotten