NATASHA DOW SCHULL ~ ADDICTION BY DESIGN ~ 2012

~ BAC-PAPGASOATWG-F-30%-TAS-60%-O-TGR-HBFTDFPG ~ By Any Count – Problem And Pathological Gamblers Are Significantly Overrepresented Among Those Who Gamble – From – 30 Percent – To A Staggering – 60 Percent – Of – Total Gambling Revenues – Have Been Found To Derive From Problem Gamblers

~ RFDOGA-TIATROMSM-A-‘R’-F-A-A-‘R’-WBTD-WAFOGIRPOP-MGIDBI-S-C-A-R-MOW-IIPTCAGETTFS ~ Relatively Few Discussions Of – Gambling Addiction – Take Into Account The Role Of Modern Slot Machines – Although – “Reliable – Fast-Acting – And – Robust” – Well Describes The Devices – While All Forms Of Gambling Involve Random Patterning Of Payouts – Machine Gambling Is Distinguished By Its – Solitary – Continuous – And – Rapid – Mode Of Wagering – It Is Possible To Complete A Game Every Three To Four Seconds

~ TSO-‘PG’-INJASOPG;IIAASOPM-PE-A-PBP ~ The Story Of – “Problem Gambling” – Is Not Just A Story Of Problem Gamblers; It Is Also A Story Of Problem Machines – Problem Environments – And – Problem Business Practices

~ IDFIS-A-A-A-A ~ Interior Design For Interior States – Architecture – Ambience – And – Affect

~ ‘CA’ ~ “Casino Atmospherics”

~ LOAE-M-WBAABMWIRITB ~ Like Other Atmospheric Elements – Music – Works Best As A Behavioral Modulator When It Remains In The Background

~ EE-TPEOP-CD ~ Engineering Experience – The Productive Economy Of Player-Centric Design

~ ‘CGP’ ~ “Continuing Gaming Productivity”

~ DO-TGMI-PCATTPRO-TZE ~ Designers Of – The Gambling Machine Interface – Pay Careful Attention To The Phenomenological Requirements Of – The Zone Experience

~ AP ~ Accelerating Play

~ S-IACEO-TZE-GASOSAAKOS-EWILTTMHTMHW ~ Speed – Is A Critical Element Of – The Zone Experience – Gambling Addicts Speak Of Speed As A Kind Of Skill – Even When It Leads Them To Miss Hands They Might Have Won

~ E-T-O-D ~ Extending – Time-On-Device

~ IFF ~ Intensifying Financial Flow

~ AC ~ Asymmetric Collusion

~ PC-TCOE ~ Programming Chance – The Calculation Of Enchantment

~ TSOMAWTGMPITUHAGDTDWTHAOOT-‘MAC’-BWTMC-UCGPAT-TRAOOWAAT-TIMAOOGDHABCIAB-PO-IKTTSAOGM ~ The Sense Of Magic And Wonder That Gambling Machines Provoke In Their Users Has A Great Deal To Do With The Hiddenness And Opacity Of The – “Means And Calculations” – By Which They Mediate Chance – Unlike Card Games Played Around Tables – The Rules And Odds Of Which Are Always Transparent – The Inner Mechanisms And Odds Of Gambling Devices Have Always Been Concealed In A Box – Purposive Obfuscation – Is Key To The Seductive Appeal Of Gambling Machines

~ P-AIDTEGMTBPAAD-CAPFADOUCTNLE ~ Paradoxically – Advances In Digital Technology Enable Gambling Machines To Better Pose As Analog Devices – Communicating A Physical Functionality And Degree Of User Control That No Longer Exist

~ LTO-VRM ~ Lengthening The Odds – Virtual Reel Mapping

~ MMOO-‘PRDF’ ~ Machines’ Misrepresentation Of Odds – “Physical Reel Distortion Factor”

~ RL:NM ~ Reconfiguring Loss: Near Misses

~ VRM-HBUNOTDPPOGO-BA-TDTPOL-BC-‘NM-E-‘AHTJ’ ~ Virtual Reel Mapping – Has Been Used Not Only To Distort Players’ Perception Of Games’ Odds – But Also – To Distort Their Perception Of Losses – By Creating – “Near Miss” – Effects – “Almost Hitting The Jackpot”

~ GAAWATTABR-ITZ-AT-KOTMIF-WDLTCTD ~ Gambling Addicts Are Well Aware That They Are Beyond Reason – In The Zone – And That – Knowledge Of The Machines’ Inner Functions – Will Do Little To Curb Their Drive

~ MLODAAWITEWGM ~ Multiple Lines Of Delusion Are At Work In The Encounter With Gambling Machines

~ IDAMTTDG-AT-WATDT-AAOT-DTTBITTGG-‘WTW’ ~ Industry Designers Actively Marshal Technology To Delude Gamblers – At Times – Worrying About Their Delusionairy Tactics – And At Other Times – Defending These Tactics By Insisting That They Give Gamblers – “What They Want”

~ ITGB-CAI-RAA-TGIS-R-WPS-TZ ~ In The Gap Between – Calculation And Intuition – Rationality And Affect – The Gambling Industry Seeks – Revenue – While Players Seek – The Zone

~ MTM-I/I/H ~ Matching The Market – Innovation / Intensification / Habituation

~ FHTH ~ From Hook To Hold

~ PFT:VP-LT-O-D-N-TWAWA-J-B-TETPS ~ Playing For Time: Video Poker – Longer Time-On-Device – Not – To Walk Away With A – Jackpot – But – To Extend The Play Session

~ ASR:VS ~ A Smoother Ride: Video Slots

~ T-I-T-O-T ~ Ticket-In – Ticket-Out – Technology

~ LD-TP-GP ~ Live Data – Tracking Players – Guiding Play

~ TROPT-GM-T-F-S-AGB-I-N-‘ESD’ ~ The Rise Of Player Tracking – Gambling Machines – Transformed – From – Stand-Alone Game Boxes – Into – Networked – “Electronic Surveillance Devices”

~ IETTCIJOC-PTS-SATATFTADCS-B-LM-I-T-S-P-A-CS ~ Initially Engineered To Track Consumers Inside Just One Casino – Player Tracking Systems – Soon Acquired The Ability To Follow Them Across Diverse Consumer Spaces – By – Linking Machines – In – Taverns – Supermarkets – Pharmacies – And – Convenience Stores

~ RI-ODTMTPMOCOASTEBROTTTPOCP-AIC-RFID-UTTEIPCTFPATMTAS-IRT ~ Radiofrequency Identification – Originally Devised To Monitor The Peripatetic Movements Of Criminal Offenders And Soon Thereafter Employed By Retail Operations To Trace The Purchase Of Consumer Products – Applied In Casinos – RFID – Uses Tracking Tags Embedded In Player Cards To Follow Patrons As They Move Through A Space – In Real Time

~ BA:AI ~ Behavioral Analytics: Actionable Intelligence

~ AINOBASSHBDTHMOTGINTDISTHFITWOTT ~ An Increasing Number Of Behavioral Analytic Software Suites Have Been Developed To Help Members Of The Gambling Industry Navigate The Deep Informational Seas That Have Formed In The Wake Of Tracking Technology

~ T:RM ~ Touchpoint: Relationship Management

~ AIOSI-‘R’-IEAEFASEIWCRPDTCTUTBMTTATGT-‘L’ ~ As In Other Service Industries – “Relationship” – Is Essentially A Euphemism For A Strategic Exchange In Which Customers Relinquish Personal Data That Corporations Then Use To Better Market To Them And Thus Gain Their – “Loyalty”

~ AG-‘O’-FAV-GAM-FBATC ~ A Gambler – “Overdue” – For A Visit – Gets A Mailer – Followed By A Telephone Call

~ CDMPRST-IQRFTS ~ Customers Deemed Most Profitable Receive Special Treatment – Including Quicker Responses From Telephone Systems

~ EA-PS-OR-TRM-S-FAPDTAATCHMTPCLASFS-TE-P-‘PP’-ATT-ID-MC-TTSOGS ~ Enacting A – Pavlovian System – Of Real-Time Relationship Management – Software – Feeds A Players Data Through An Algorithm That Calculates How Much That Player Can Lose And Still Feel Satisfied – Thereby Establishing – Personalized – “Pain Points” – Approach The Threshold – It Dispenses – Meal Coupons – Tickets To Shows Or Gambling Shows

~ DG ~ Downloadable Gaming

~ LTRDTOSB ~ Let The Rats Design Their Own Skinner Box

~ PC-FCTC-GMR-ETZ-ATPWTOABIFTFOTM-TETPAAKOCBTIATMR ~ Perfect Contingency – From Control To Compulsion – Gamblers Most Readily – Enter The Zone – At The Point Where Their Own Actions Become Indistinguishable From The Functioning Of The Machine – They Explain This Point As A Kind Of Coincidence Between Their Intentions And The Machine’s Responses

~ GA ~ Gambled Away

~ LL ~ Liquidating Life

~ SCT-G-DT-BTIIADSOE ~ Suspending Clock Time – Gambling – Dechronologizes Time – By Turning It Into A Disconnected Series Of Events

~ ML ~ Machine Life

~ TPPIOOAOITNOCG:ATST-T-TSC-TSTBROI ~ The Paradox Plays Itself Out Over And Over In The Narratives Of Compulsive Gamblers: At The Same Time – That – They Seek Control – They Seek To Be Rid Of It

~ WL ~ Willing Loss

~ PTD ~ Playing To Death

~ TRI ~ The Recovery Industry

~ ACA-ACBA ~ Anything Can Addict – Anyone Can Become Addicted

~ IINUFGATDTEOTMPAP-L-PDMC-‘T’-FCO-R-IEO-A-WGD-ITCOAT-HWTCSTAOGAEFTZE ~ It Is Not Unusual For Gambling Addicts To Describe The Effects Of Their Machine Play As Pharmaceutical-Like – Pharmaceutical Drugs Most Clearly – “Turn” – From Conditions Of – Recovery – Into Elements Of – Addiction – When Gamblers Discover – In The Course Of Administering Them – How Well They Can Supplement The Act Of Gambling And Even Facilitate The Zone Experience

~ TITTGIAIPMSAPORFPGB-IOTR-TCBTIRRATPIRFI ~ The Idea That The Gambling Industry And Its Products Might Share A Portion Of Responsibility For Problematic Gambling Behavior – Is On The Rise – The Conflict Between The Industry’s Responsibility Rhetoric And The Profits It Reaps From Irresponsibility

MARIANA MAZZUCATO ~ THE VALUE OF EVERYTHING ~ 2018

~ ILPV-WWLCTLIPAM?-IFDNCV-HDTBSR? ~ If Labour Produced Value – Why Was Labour Continuing To Live In Poverty And Misery? – If Financiers Did Not Create Value – How Did They Become So Rich?

~ TLTOVDWN-TEOANSOITITEAT-VWNIOCOP-T-CE-LTCTAND-TN ~ The Labour Theory Of Value’s Days Were Numbered – The Emergence Of A New Set Of Ideas That Inverted The Earlier Argument That – Value Was Nested In Objective Conditions Of Production – The – Classical Economists – Lost Their Crown To A New Dynasty – The Neoclassicals

~ T-MUTOV-STAIIRFAPU ~ The – Marginal Utility Theory Of Value – States That All Income Is Reward For A Productive Undertaking

~ TMCIAT-S-O-GAA-WBM-PB-MAM-TNAMVOP-LT-COCB-BTFATSC-B-LOUFSB-TCO-IU-WHTIW-NAGOB-B-HCGCBRTEITTMTBTHOH ~ The Medieval Church Inveighed Against The – Sin – Of – Greed And Avarice – Which Broadly Meant – Profiteering By – Middlemen And Moneylenders – This Normative And Moral View Of Price – Linked To – Cheating Or Criminal Behaviour – Began To Fade After The Seventeenth Century – But – Lingered On Until Firmly Supplanted By – The Concept Of – Individual Utility – Which Held That It Was – Not About Good Or Bad – But – How Common Goals Could Be Reached Through Each Individual Trying To Maximize The Benefit To His- Or Herself

~ TN-VT-M-IBOTNO-UAS-AI-S:TVOTIMBTUTTC-TI-T-N-‘O’-SOV-SUMVBIAADT-TUDATAOATTIHOCI-P-TR-T-U-T-BGFT-TSTA-THT-MU-TMCWBWTPFT ~ The – New – Value Theory – Marginalism – It Is Based On The Notions Of – Utility And Scarcity – And Is – Subjective: The Value Of Things Is Measured By Their Usefulness To The Consumer – There Is – Therefore – No – “Objective” – Standard Of Value – Since Utility May Vary Between Individuals And At Different Times – This Utility Decreases As The Amount Of A Thing That Is Held Or Consumed Increases – Prices – Then – Reflect – The – Utility – That – Buyers Get From Things – The Scarcer They Are – The Higher Their – Marginal Utility – The More Consumers Will Be Willing To Pay For Them

~ TPAWACMIWMTHOHTTA(M)UOAC-TTMWP-IWTSII-‘E’-AIRO-HGHTUT-TS-CCOTEAEF-DASTI-P-A-P-‘O’-S-E-T-STOV-B-TRFTPOE-PIADMOV-W-NLM-TLTPTGITE-A-BTM-A-HMWWC ~ The Point At Which A Consumer’s Money Is Worth More To Him Or Her Than The Additional (Marginal) Unit Of A Commodity – That Their Money Would Purchase – Is Where The System Is In – “Equilibrium” – An Idea Reminiscent Of – How Gravity Held The Universe Together – The Smooth – Continuous Curves Of These Equilibrating And Evolutionary Forces – Depict A System That Is – Peaceful – And – Potentially – “Optimal” – Self-Equilibrating – This – Scarcity Theory Of Value – Became – The Rationale For The Price Of Everything – Price Is A Direct Measure Of Value – We – No Longer Measure – The Labour That Produced The Goods In The Economy – And – By This Means – Assess – How Much Wealth Was Created

~ T-MOU-HBEBTEST-EHB ~ The – Maximization Of Utility – Has Been Extended Beyond The Economic Sphere To – Explain Human Behavior

~ B-DTC-MUT-P-AI-HI-TNEVTWWABFPC-H-I-A-CTI-GPATOPMB ~ But – Despite The Critiques – Marginal Utility Theory – Prevails – And Is – Highly Influential – The Narrow Equilibrium View That We Will All Benefit From Perfect Competition – Has – Influenced – And – Continues To Influence – Government Policies And Those Of Powerful Multilateral Bodies

~ WSLAMITC-HPAD-TANTTTI-OOOMDATTAV ~ When Students Learn About Microecnomics In The Classroom – How Prices Are Determined – They Are Not Told That This Is – Only One Of Many Different Approaches To Thinking About Value

~ AT-M-B-VDFP-SEAVHSIIOTPAW-ATST-AHDAJAA-ISTRTPFW:TUOWATOL ~ According To – Marginalists – Because – Value Derives From Price – Somebody Earning A Very High Salary Is Indicative Of Their Productivity And Worth – At The Same Time – Anybody Holding Down A Job At All – Is Supposed To Reflect Their Preference For Work: The Utility Of Work Against That Of Leisure

~ MUT-HAFTAFOOTKPIMC:TEAOTFS ~ Marginal Utility Theory – Has Also Failed To Account For One Of The Key Problems In Modern Capitalism: The Extractive Activities Of The Financial Sector

~ ITCOCUPIBB-SOTTP-IICA-E-TCI-‘O’-TPP-A-LA-A-I-GDP ~ If The Cost Of Cleaning Up Pollution Is Borne By – Someone Other Than The Polluter – It Is Called An – Externality – The Cost Is – “Outside” – The Polluter’s Profit-And-Loss Account – And – Increases – GDP

~ T-‘BP’-HTETPOF-PVR ~ The – “Banking Problem” – How To Estimate The Productiveness Of Finance – Profits Versus Rents

~ T-FS-FSA-U-N-ACOV ~ The – Financial Sector – Formerly Seen As – Unproductive – Now – A Creator Of Value

~ TCOF-B-PLAEB-I-H-NUSA-E ~ The Celebration Of Finance – By – Political Leaders And Expert Bankers – Is – However – Not Universally Shared Among – Economists

~ PFITVOFWUBI2008I-I-TRTTGFCWTITMOEE-‘C’-SBATP-SB-A-TSTWAU-RMP-N-ZIR-SB-CBBUOGOECBTKTPH ~ Policymakers’ Faith In The Value Of Finance Was Undiminished By Its 2008 Implosion – Indeed – Their Reaction To The Global Financial Crisis Was To Insist That More Of Each Economy’s – “Capital” – Should Be Assigned To Private-Sector Banks – And – To Support Them With An Ultra-Relaxed Monetary Policy – Near-Zero Interest Rates – Supplemented By – Central Banks’ Buying Up Of Government Or Even Corporate Bonds To Keep Their Prices High

~ FSWHR-B-ALIHOBCAFOFIS-SH-LTT-FFCELDM-A-ISD-DREAAECSU-WBC-TTTOEMIHRTSFEMRIP-UD(AB)S ~ Financial Sectors Were Heavily Regulated – Because – A Long International History Of Bank Crashes And Failed Or Fraudulent Investment Schemes – Showed How – Left To Themselves – Financial Firms Could Easily Lose Depositors’ Money – And – In So Doing – Disrupt Real Economic Activity And Even Cause Social Unrest – When Banks Competed – They Tended To Offer Ever More Improbably High Returns To Savers By Funding Ever More Risky Investment Projects – Until Disaster (And Bankruptcy) Struck

~ IITTWICOT-TTRR-BOTB ~ It Is The Taxpayer Who Is Called On To – Take The Real Risk – Bailing Out The Banks

~ TCOHRALRTOTBASI ~ The Golden Combination Of High Return And Low Risk Turned Out To Be A Statistical Illusion

~ SEGTHB-‘PK’ ~ Sustaining Economic Growth Through Household Borrowing – “Privatized Kenesianism”

~ ‘SB’- DFITCB-LABANRAB-P-L-F-MAFAMAAQOTGFS ~ “Shadow Banking” – Diverse Financial Intermediaries That Carryout Bank-Like Activities But Are Not Regulated As Banks – Pawnbrokers – Lenders – Funds – May Account For As Much As A Quarter Of The Global Financial System

~ TFSNAFASAGSOTEVAAP-B-O-15%-OTFGGT-BIN-FI-TRITBFI-MMSFMCH-S-NT-‘RE’-B-I ~ The Financial Sector Now Accounts For A Significant And Growing Share Of The Economy’s Value Added And Profits – But – Only – 15 Per Cent – Of The Funds Generated Go To – Businesses In Non-Financial Industries – The Rest Is Traded Between Financial Institutions – Making Money Simply From Money Changing Hands – Serving – Not The – “Real Economy” – But – Itself

~ MUT:FIVBIIV-A-IEPAPOTV ~ Marginalism’s Ultimate Tautology: Finance Is Valuable Because It Is Valued – And – Its Extraordinary Profits Are Proof Of That Value

~ RINP-FR-CBUT-RL-T-A-AHT-DFTTRE-AOT-FOI ~ Reform Is Not Impossible – Financial Regulation – Can Be Used To – Reward Long-Termism – And – Also Help To – Direct Finance Towards The Real Economy – As Opposed To – Feeding On Itself

~ MSV ~ Maximizing Shareholder Value

~ S-TAUI ~ Short-Termism And Unproductive Investment

~ FAI ~ Financialization And Inequality

~ SV ~ Stakeholder Value

~ PVE ~ Patented Value Extraction

~ IA-COTFT-TI-SB-RTT-N-STB ~ If Anything – Companies Owing Their Fortunes To – Taxpayer Investment – Should Be – Repaying The Taxpayer – Not – Seeking Tax Breaks

~ UTPS ~ Undervaluing The Public Sector

~TMOA~ The Myths Of Austerity

~ MN-TOOTA-SBNTNP ~ Magic Numbers – Taken Out Of Thin Air – Supported By Neither Theory Nor Practice

~ T-A-PO-CTAGS-DNRIAEG-WTRPIWD ~ The – Austerity – Policy Of – Cutting Taxes And Government Spending – Does Not Revive Investment And Economic Growth – When The Real Problem Is Weak Demand

~ TOIHWOE ~ Too Often Ideology Has Won Over Experience

~ TCOVMOAFIRPATCOET ~ The Concept Of Value Must Once Again Find Its Rightful Place At The Centre Of Economic Thinking

ROBERT FRANK ~ RICHISTAN ~ 2007

~ TRWJGR-TWB-FF-C-TOCWAC-TOSWAS-A-TOEWAE-TWC-R ~ The Rich Weren’t Just Getting Richer – They Were Becoming – Financial Foreigners – Creating – Their Own Country Within A Country – Their Own Society Within A Society – And – Their Own Economy Within An Economy – They Were Creating – Richistan

~ R-ARTNO-CC ~ Richistanis – Are Reinventing The Notion Of – Conspicuous Consumption

~ ‘A’-TURI ~ “Affluent” – The Ultimate Richistani Insult

~ TLOURHBIC-TRT-TC-‘FO’-LCDETSAFD-T-DN-FIALWTTPAHHS ~ The Lives Of Upper Richistanis Have Become Incredibly Complicated – To Run Them – They’re Creating – “Family Offices” – Large Companies Dedicated Entirely To Serving A Family’s Day-To-Day Needs – From Investments And Legal Work To Travel Plans And Hiring House Staff

~ B ~ Billionaireville

~ B-OOTF-GJ ~ Butlering – One Of The Fastest-Growing Jobs

~ Y-IITGI-F-MTAOF-APTB-R-F-TEB ~ Yet – It Is The Growth In – Finance – More Than Any Other Factor – Allowing People To Become – Richer – Faster – Than Ever Before

~ EOW-EC-CNATKOWORF-R-TE ~ Executives Of Well-Established Companies – Can Now Amass The Kind Of Wealth Once Reserved For – Risk-Taking Entrepreneurs

~ I ~ Instapreneurs

~ TNLC ~ The New Leisure Class

~ F-R-WHBTP-A-PHBTW-YAJ-ANLWCGTATRTKW-EITFITMOSATA ~ For – Richistanis – Work Has Become Their Play – And – Play Has Become Their Work – Yachts And Jets – Are Now Loaded With Communications Gear To Allow The Rich To Keep Working – Even If They’re Floating In The Mediterranean Or Soaring Above The Atlantic

~ TCE-R-LTTOTAOP-AWEF ~ The Conflicted Elite – Richistanis – Like To Think Of Themselves As Ordinary People – Albeit With Extraordinary Fortunes

~ FOF-WTNRCMGFIRT-TCLTJAQ ~ Fear Of Falling – While The New Rich Can Make Giant Fortunes In Record Time – They Can Lose Them Just As Quickly

~ BBB ~ Beach Blanket Billionaires

~ Y:WTSPCS ~ Yachts: When The Stripper Pole Comes Standard

~ B-DC-ART-FR ~ Big-Dog Cars – A Return To – Flashy Rides

~ PBN ~ Painting By Numbers – The Art Market

~ P ~ Plutonomics

~ PP-GFR ~ Performance Philanthropy – Giving For Results

~ CA-PHNBMF-RWAC ~ Competitive Altruism – Philanthropy Has Never Been More Fashionable – Rebel With A Cause

~ WW-TTWM-TFTO-WSG ~ Worried Wealth – The Trouble With Money – They’d Formed Their Own – Wealth Support Groups

~ TIM ~ The Inner Millionaire

~ A-WTNTW-CDLSOMOD-THTD-BLS-CU-MM-WWOP-STUTROHSAP-TPGITWOHM ~ Aristokids – Without The Need To Work – Children Develop Little Sense Of Motivation Or Drive – They Have Trouble Developing – Basic Life Skills – Cleaning Up – Managing Money – Working With Other People – Since They’re Used To Relying On House Staff And Parents – The Privilege Gets In The Way Of Healthy Maturation

~ MGPTATBTWOOLE ~ Money Gives People The Ability To Buy Their Way Out Of Life Experiences

~ IWOG-WC-H-TTWUTWTHTSDP ~ Inequality Will Only Grow – We Can – Hope – That They Will Use Their Wealth To Help Target Society’s Deepest Problems

MARYANNE WOLF ~ READER, COME HOME ~ 2018

~ R-TCITM ~ Reading – The Canary In The Mind

~ HBWNBTR-TAOLIOOTMIEAOHS-TOK-NOSEA ~ Human Begins Were Never Born To Read – The Acquisition Of Literacy Is One Of The Most Important Epigenetic Achievements Of Homo Sapiens – To Our Knowledge – No Other Species Ever Acquired

~ THBAUDOEAOYP ~ There Has Begun An Unanticipated Decline Of Empathy Among Our Young People

~ AMNMHBMPTTAFU-TPAFRIR-WWRAPOF-‘C’-WAROTBTAATWTCABFAD ~ Although Mirror Neurons May Have Become More Popular Than They Are Fully Understood – They Play A Fascinating Role In Reading – When We Read A Piece Of Fiction – “Closely” – We Activate Regions Of The Brain That Are Aligned To What The Characters Are Both Feeling And Doing

~ OYWNKWTDNK ~ Our Young Will Not Know What They Do Not Know

~ ATCABPBBOPKCAOAP-WRTRODIWQWTQOPOTIATUIAAFFEMAP ~ Absent The Checks And Balances Provided By Both Our Prior Knowledge Content And Our Analytical Processes – We Run The Risk Of Digesting Information Without Questioning Whether The Quality Or Prioritization Of The Information Available To Us Is Accurate And Free From External Motivations And Prejudices

~ DR-POFVTTOTCOOL ~ Deep Reading – Provides Our Finest Vehicle To Travel Outside The Circumferences Of Our Lives

~ TFOTR-BCIAUEAITIHOOS-WTC-DR-SC-WWP-WWF-A-WWK-A-ISD-A-I-A-E-TCI ~ The Formation Of The Reading-Brain Circuit Is A Unique Epigenetic Achievement In The Intellectual History Of Our Species – Within This Circuit – Deep Reading – Significantly Changes – What We Perceive – What We Feel – And – What We Know – And – In So Doing – Alters – Informs – And – Elaborates – The Circuit Itself

~ QE-QOA ~ Quiet Eye – Quality Of Attention

~B-WIOCTPIADBWACW-TMI-? ~ But – What If Our Capacity To Perceive Is Actually Decreasing Because We Are Confronted With – Too Much Information – ?

~ TDCH:HMWR-HWR-WWR-HTAW ~ The Digital Chain Hypothesis: How Much We Read – How We Read – What We Read – How Things Are Written

~ SOI-A-MFD-CFTW-WS-ROAS ~ Sequencing Of Information – And – Memory For Detail – Change For The Worse – When Subjects – Read On A Screen

~ TMWKAAW-TMAOBB-A-TMLOMAA ~ The More We Know About A Word – The More Activated Our Brain Becomes – And – The More Levels Of Meaning Are Available

~ OT-TEOCB-I-HWAR-CHB-I-WWRAHIIW ~ Over Time – The Effects Of Changing Behaviors – In – How We Are Reading – Cannot Help But – Influence – What We Read And How It Is Written

~ TFOL-ILBTTSEBWTFTWTDUTTH-WT-A-TTSEBRTRBATBTTWIR ~ The Future Of Language – Is Linked Both To The Sustained Efforts By Writers To Find Those Words That Direct Us To Their Hard-Won Thought – And – To The Sustained Efforts By Readers To Reciprocate By Applying Their Best Thought To What Is Read

~ WCE-O-SR-H-I-G-S-O-L-CLTTEOWI-D-O-‘O’ ~ Whether Cruelly Enforced – Or – Subtly Reinforced – Homogenization – In – Groups – Societies – Or – Language – Can Lead To The Elimination Of Whatever Is – Different – Or – “Other”

~ TCRBTQORATQOTIIHB-CIA-CP ~ The Critical Relationship Between The Quality Of Reading And The Quality Of Thought Is Influenced Heavily By – Changes In Attention – Cognitive Patience

~ DNFYRTSPOAOTUIM?-DYSWYWTYATETCOYTISSOD? ~ Do You Find Yourself Reading The Same Passage Over And Over To Understand Its Meaning? – Do You Suspect When You Write That Your Ability To Express The Crux Of Your Thoughts Is Subtly Slipping Or Diminished?

~ IHBT-R-MT-BI-TT-BI-MLT-BT ~ I Had Begun To – Read – More To – Be Informed – Than To – Be Immersed – Much Less To Be Transported

~ LTCIAEBEMDCIACWDIO ~ Learning To Concentrate Is An Essential But Ever More Difficult Challenge In A Culture Where Distraction Is Omnipresent

~ WLPDOTS-C-ACATMOODAA-A-TQJFO-‘SNS’-TA-TINOCDWA-BLD-MRNO-B-E-D-BA-TCON-FOADIAGODC ~ With Little Prefrontal Development On Their Side – Children – Are Completely At The Mercy Of One Distraction After Another – And – They Quickly Jump From One – “Shiny New Stimulus” – To Another – The Increasing Number Of Children Diagnosed With Attention-Based Learning Deficits – May Reflect Not Only – Better – Earlier – Diagnoses – But Also – The Creation Of New Forms Of Attention Deficit In A Generation Of Distracted Children

~ DMCEPFDR-TPBIPF-ICWTR ~ Despite Most Children’s Expressed Preference For Digital Reading – They Performed Better In Print Form – In Comprehending What They Read

TMBAIDOTUOWMFCDTWTPATIOTTRATITPOASTOMO ~ There May Be An Incremental Diminishment Of The Use Of Working Memory For Children Due To What They Perceive As The Impossibility Of Trying To Remember All The Information Typically Presented On A Screen That Often Moves On

~ TRSWATAGMOTN1BCPUAC-TYAOSAIMSTAETPP ~ The Responsibility Starts With Acknowledging That A Great Many Of The Now 1 Billion Cell Phone Users Are Children – These Youngest Among Our Species Are Intrinsically More Susceptible Than Anyone Else To Persuasion Principles

~ ECFSWYRTYC-TISNEOGIWYACTTVCOTR-BC ~ Everything Counts For Something When You Read To Your Child – There Is Almost No End Of Good In What You Are Contributing To The Various Components Of The Reading-Brain Circuit

~ WYSTYC-YETTWTAAAT-AWT-WYRTYC-YETTWTNHIOPATSNOATU ~ When You Speak To Your Children – You Expose Them To Words That Are All Around Them – A Wonderful Thing – When You Read To Your Children – You Expose Them To Words They Never Hear In Other Places And To Sentences No One Around Them Uses

~ BTAFY:WLATTFT ~ Between Two And Five Years: When Language And Thought Take Flight Together

~ TUMLECPBWS ~ The Universal Moral Laws Every Culture Possesses Begin With Stories

~ S-NURBOCM-HUFSDILAWPSFST ~ Stories – Not Unlike Remembered Bridge Or Chess Moves – Help Us Face Similar Difficulties In Life Armed With Possible Strategies For Solving Them

~ WAANATIAF-BDCWMU ~ We Are All Navigating A Transition Into A Full-Blown Digital Culture With Many Unknowns

~ SAOOHMPVFMLCTPWWNM ~ Stories Are One Of Humanity’s Most Powerful Vehicles For Making Lasting Connections To People We Will Never Meet

~ WCLTWTTBHITEG-TBBWAT ~ When Children Learn To Write Their Thoughts By Hand In The Early Grades – They Become Better Writers And Thinkers

~ A-R-C-I-A/Tl ~ Attend – Remember – Connect – Infer – Analyze / Then Leap

~ IIETFTTCDTRWUINAGARIATTBS

~ It Is Easy To Forget That The Contemplative Dimension That Resides Within Us Is Not A Given And Requires Intention And Time To Be Sustained

~ OMUS-TCNFE:’BT’-WKFWP;DAS-PBTCLBAFODAITWNBK;ATIMASUOKTWNBW ~ Our Milieu’s Unforeseen Sequelae – The Constant Need For Efficiency: “Buying Time” – Without Knowing For What Purpose; Decreasing Attention Spans – Pushed Beyond Their Cognitive Limits By A Flotsam Of Distractions And Information That Will Never Become Knowledge; And The Increasingly Manipulated And Superficial Uses Of Knowledge That Will Never Become Wisdom

~ TFJ ~ Time For Joy

~ WTWKE-TMMS-TLUIAFO-PCC-TPFRAOWTDFOTTFU-TIA-L-KRF-I-S-A-M-N-A-TFOSO ~ We Think We Know Enough – That Misleading Mental State – That Lulls Us Into A Form Of – Passive Cognitive Complacency – That Precludes Further Reflection And Opens Wide The Door For Others To Think For Us – This Is A – Long-Known Recipe For – Intellectual – Social – And – Moral – Neglect – And – The Fraying Of Societal Order

~ T-AAGD-OO-AARCAI-A-TWEOATDS-F-WR-I-WM-I-WA ~ The – Atrophy And Gradual Disuse – Of Our – Analytical And Reflective Capacities As Individuals – Are – The Worst Enemies Of A Truly Democratic Society – For – Whatever Reason – In – Whatever Medium – In – Whatever Age

~ TOTGMOTT-FC:TITOTTC-A-FTEWWHABTCOCAPAIJTOIOIFS ~ Two Of The Greatest Mistakes Of The Twenty-First Century: To Ignore Those Of The Twentieth Century – And – Fail To Evaluate Whether We Have Already Begun To Cede Our Critical Analytical Powers And Independent Judgment To Others In Our Increasingly Fissured Society

MAUDE BARLOW ~ FOUR PRINCIPLES ~ BLUE FUTURE ~ 2013

~ WIAHR-AI-AIO-J-N-C ~ Water Is A Human Right – And Is – An Issue Of – Justice – Not – Charity

~ WIACHAPT-A-T-ATWMNBATBDB-P-F-P-I ~ Water Is A Common Heritage And Public Trust – And – Therefore – Access To Water Must Not Be Allowed To Be Decided By – Private – For-Profit – Interests

~ WHRBISTH-A-MBRAPFTE ~ Water Has Rights Beyond Its Service To Humans – And – Must Be Respected And Protected For The Ecosystem

~ RTBASOCAD-W-CB-NGTTUHWMLTLMLOTPAIHWOA ~ Rather Than Being A Source Of Conflicts And Division – Water – Can Be – Nature’s Gift To Teach Us How We Might Learn To Live More Lightly On The Planet And In Harmony With One Another

MARG DE VILLIERS ~ WATER ~ 1999

~ W-ITBOCI-DNJL?-THQINHMCPSWTS-B-WKOEIPFTWDS ~ Where – In The Balance Of Competing Interests – Does Natural Justice Lie? – The Human Question Is Not How Many Can Possibly Survive Within The System – But – What Kind Of Existence Is Possible For Those Who Do Survive

~ THPIB-B-WDIITAF ~ The Human Population Is Burgeoning – But – Water Demand Is Increasing Twice As Fast

~ ‘TWOTT-FCWBFOW’ ~ “The Wars Of The Twenty-First Century Will Be Fought Over Water”

~ EYL-TASTTWSIIP ~ Everywhere You Look – There Are Signs That The Water Supply Is In Peril

~ ANWLT-1000CMPPPY-I-WS ~ Any Nation With Less Than – 1,000 Cubic Metres Per Person Per Year – Is – Water Scarce

~ PCAO-G-P-W-IGDIADADC ~ Per Capita Availability Of – Good – Potable – Water – Is Going Down In All Developed And Developing Countries

~ MOT-‘E’-SFWHABE-A-MOTWIIPIIN ~ Most Of The – “Easy” – Sources For Water Have Already Been Exploited – And – Much Of The Water Is In Places It Isn’t Needed

~ TBEATMEG-IT-TAS-1.4BCKOWOEILAFF-IT-O/L/S/G/G-FS-AO-2.5%-OTT ~ The Best Estimate Among The Many Educated Guesses – Is That – There Are Some – 1.4 Billion Cubic Kilometres Of Water On Earth In Liquid And Frozen Form – In The – Oceans / Lakes / Streams / Glaciers / Groundwater – Freshwater Stocks – Are Only – 2.5 Percent – Of The Total

~ WD-WITWTCF? ~ Water Demand – Where Is This Water To Come From?

~ WMMTNI-HB-NLI-S-H-OE-Y ~ We Must Measure Time Now In – Human Beings – No Longer In – Seconds – Hours – Or Even – Years

~ GD-I-OOTGUBLCFOP-WATIF-FFS-HM-F-C-W ~ Groundwater Depletion – Is – One Of The Great Unseen But Looming Crises Facing Our Planet – With All The Implications For – Falling Food Supplies – Human Misery – Famine – Conflict – War

~ TPOTMWOFAATNRTIIC-‘GO’-IIAMP-DO-RPACE ~ The Process Of Taking More Water Out From An Aquifer Than Naturally Returns To It Is Called – “Groundwater Overdrafting” – It Is A Modern Phenomenon – Depending On – Reliable Pumps And Cheap Energy

~ TWOTMWICACSWTI-RTAPFHU ~ The Withdrawal Of Too Much Water In Coastal Aquifers Causes Sea Water To Intrude – Ruining The Aquifer Permanently For Human Use

~ EASUTRACS-A-TIHAMOECWSLOP ~ Europeans Are Still Using Their Rivers As Convenient Sewers – And – There Is Hardly A Metre Of European Coastline Without Some Level Of Pollution

~ DAG ~ Deserts Are Growing

~ HHA-D-D-A-R-H-A-M-W ~ Humans Have Always – Discovered – Diverted – Accumulated – Regulated – Hoarded – And – Misused – Water

~ M-IC-PTTVS-EUTETROWTSWB ~ Many – Irrigating Cultures – Perished Through Their Very Success – Expanding Until They Exhausted The Resources On Which Their Success Was Based

~ ADOTE ~ Anthropogenic Degradation Of The Environment

~ PG-TEOAIRD ~ Population Growth – The Engine Of All Increased Resource Demands

~ DI-ANP-F-IC-I-APC-TOHAACOD ~ Drought Is – A Natural Phenomenon – Famine – In Contrast – Is – A Political Catastrophe – That Occasionally Happens As A Consequence Of Drought

~ WWHWBTIITW ~ Who Was Hiding What By Throwing It Into The Water

~ B-A-A=B-M-MEW-CBMCATPUTFC ~ Bio-Accumulation – And – Bio-Magnification – Make Everything Worse – Chemicals Become More Concentrated As They Pass Up The Food Chain

~ ESHCLBCOBDACG ~ Epidemiological Studies Have Confirmed Links Between Cancer Or Birth Defects And Contaminated Groundwater

~ TP-HBAT-EWW-SN ~ The Public – Having Been Assured That – Everything Was Well – Stopped Noticing

~ OABPHNATCDW-A-MT2.9BHNATSS ~ Over A Billion People Have No Access To Clean Drinking Water – And – More Than 2.9 Billion Have No Access To Sanitation Services

~ PLTD ~ Pollution Leads To Disease

~ WIBASAAS:ICDVLOTEIWIIF-TMGSVTP ~ Water Is Both A Solvent And A Sponge: Its Composition Depends Very Largely On The Environment In Which It Is Found – That Makes Groundwater So Vulnerable To Pollution

~ TCTHHWANT-TCOGIBMOAGS ~ The Changes That Humans Have Wrought Are Not Trivial – The Chemistry Of Groundwater Is Being Modified On A Global Scale

~ TNCOFWIRSBMAMFAUN-BFATAHLOIAUW ~ The Nitrate Content Of Fresh Water Is Rising Steadily Because More And More Farmers Are Using Nitrogen-Based Fertilizers And There Are Higher Levels Of Industrial And Urban Wastes

~ ‘D’-W-ILTWMSPP ~ “Dirty” – Water – Is Likely The World’s Most Serious Pollution Problem

~ DAHBFTPMPHTIA ~ Diversified Agriculture – Has Been Found To Produce More Per Hectare Than – Irrigated Agriculture

~ ATCAF-D-AAS-TBLIR ~ A True Cost Accounting For – Dams – Almost Always Shows – The Bottom Line In Red

~ NOINMLBBUIBAGDOILIBTOOP ~ Not Only Is No More Land Being Brought Under Irrigation But A Good Deal Of Irrigated Land Is Being Taken Out Of Production

~ SOTS-TADTIH-ISATRO-MT1MHAY ~ Salination Of The Soil – To A Degree That Inhibits Farming – Is Spreading At The Rate Of – More Than 1 Million Hectares A Year

~ TPISTS-TDDTF:WGCASM-IAIC-W-L-D-A-POTWS-A-RSITS-LU-TPCEKTSA ~ The Problem Is Simple To State – Though Devastatingly Difficult To Fix: Without Great Care And Skilful Management – Irrigation Almost Inevitably Causes – Water-Logging – Depletion – And – Pollution Of The Water Supply – And – Rising Salinity In The Soil – Left Unchecked – These Problems Can Eventually Kill The Soil Altogether

~ AAWA-A-60%-OTWIFINGTTC ~ As A Working Average – Almost – 60 Percent – Of The Water Intended For Irrigation Never Gets To The Croplands

~ ‘W-S-M’ ~ “Water-Stress-Management”

~ SA ~ Shrinking Aquifers

~ WW-T-D-W-T-W-RO? ~ What Will – They – Do – When – Their – Water – Runs Out?

~ IYTARIAS-YC-TIBIARA ~ If You Turn A River Into A Sewer – You Can – Turn It Back Into A River Again

~ F-TEWS-AOWP ~ Fish – The Early Warning System – A Measure Of Water Purity

~ T-ME-HABTPW-WW-AMP ~ The – Middle East – Has Always Been The Place Where – Water Wars – Are Most Probable

~ WSTIIP-B-AAIIWAC-IIN-S-SWSEHOPOFU ~ We Say That It Is Priceless – But – Act As If It Were Absurdly Cheap – It Is Not – Surely – Something We Should Either Hoard Or Prevent Others From Using

~ T-GR-DNOO-MPSG-B-O-I-AP-BHROTS-MTP-TINMWTBH-IIITAOSS-A-PHPAUAOWLIL-A-TIGOPINNWFGTASTBM ~ The – Green Revolution – Depended Not Only On – More Productive Seed Grains – But – On – Irrigation – And – Pesticides – Both Have Run Out Their String – Maximized Their Potential – There Is No More Water To Be Had – Irrigation Is Increasing The Amount Of Saline Soil – And – Pesticides Have Poisoned An Unsettling Amount Of What Land Is Left – And – The Inexorable Grind Of Population Is Now Negating What Few Gains There Are Still To Be Made

~ BINSYWIYDW ~ Benzene Is Not Something That You Want In Your Drinking Water

~ D-TPE-DW-TMUTEOAD-SR-WCBOD ~ Desalination – To Produce Enough – Desal Water – To Make Up The Equivalent Of A Decent-Sized River – Would Cost Billions Of Dollars

~ IYCGMW-WT-ULOI ~ If You Can’t Get More Water – Well Then – Use Less Of It

~ DC ~ Dew Collectors

~ F-DI ~ Fog-Drip Irrigation

~ W-WRICBIF ~ Waste-Water Reuse Is Coming Back Into Favour

~ LFAATT ~ Learn From And Adapt Traditional Techniques

~ IIITS-WV-A-TPISTWH ~ It Is Important To Signal – Water’s Value – And – To Price It So That Waste Hurts

~ PPAAFSOGP ~ Population Projections Are A Familiar Source Of Gloomy Prognostications

~ WS-MNLTW-B-TMCLT-FS-IP-A-TTSOD-TMPP-TITMOP-FSTMMOTDW-SOLD-SUAVI ~ Water Shortages – May Not Lead To War – But – They Most Certainly Lead To – Food Shortages – Increased Poverty – And – To The Spread Of Disease – They Make People Poorer – They Increase The Migrations Of Peoples – Further Straining The Massive Megaslums Of The Developing World – Standards Of Living Deteriorate – Social Unrest And Violence Increase