LI PARISER ~ THE FILTER BUBBLE ~ 2011

~ D-RCTSTFOAPOV-B-I-WMAMEI-OOB ~ Democracy – Requires Citizens To See Things From One Another’s Point Of View – But – Instead – We’re More And More Enclosed In – Our Own Bubbles

~ T-NI-DJKYAD;IKYBAWTSYABOPK ~ The – New Internet – Doesn’t Just Know You’re A Dog; It Knows Your Breed And Wants To Sell You A Bowl Of Premium Kibble

~ I-P-ITA-ICPUFCICW-T-M-B-P-S-E-A-I-TCHWTATWAO ~ If – Personalization – Is Too Acute – It Could Prevent Us From Coming Into Contact With – The – Mind-Blowing – Preconception-Shattering – Experiences – And – Ideas – That Change How We Think About The World And Ourselves

~ T-U-I-T-C ~ The – User – Is – The – Content

~ WHATTB-T-TWIAIATB ~ We Have A Tendency To Believe – That – The World Is As It Appears To Be

~ LAL-T-FB-ITTWWE-BC-WWSADS ~ Like A Lens – The – Filter Bubble – Invisibly Transforms The World We Experience – By Controlling – What We See And Don’t See

~ IWWTKWTWRLL-WHTUHFSASOVOI ~ If We Want To Know What The World Really Looks Like – We Have To Understand How Filters Shape And Skew Our View Of It

~ PF-CU-CB-B-SOEIAANO-F-TFB-SUWIWWWAF(AAA)-MUOIOMF-S-IRFOESOTKPTMUWTL ~ Personalized Filters – Can Upset – Cognitive Balance – Between – Strengthening Our Existing Ideas And Acquiring New Ones – First – The Filter Bubble – Surrounds Us With Ideas With Which We’re Already Familiar (And Already Agree) – Making Us Overconfident In Our Mental Frameworks – Second – It Removes From Our Environment Some Of The Key Prompts That Make Us Want To Learn

~ E-HALIITTTDTETW-A-AAFYOWOT-TTTSTE ~ Experts – Have A Lot Invested In The Theories They’ve Developed To Explain The World – And – After A Few Years Of Working On Them – They Tend To See Them Everywhere

~ TFB-TT-DA-CB-CITCTOIOTWIEAP;CITCUTTINWOQOAIFAD ~ The Filter Bubble – Tends To – Dramatically Amplify – Confirmation Bias – Consuming Information That Conforms To Our Ideas Of The World Is Easy And Pleasurable; Consuming Information That Challenges Us To Think In New Ways Or Question Our Assumptions Is Frustrating And Difficult

~ ITB-TPOCTVWYKGWU ~ In The Bubble – The Proportion Of Content That Validates What You Know Goes Way Up

~ SOTMICB-ASB-TIOTERITFADTRO ~ Some Of The Most Important Creative Breakthroughs – Are Spurred By – The Introduction Of The Entirely Random Ideas That Filters Are Designed To Rule Out

~ ITFB-TLD-YDSTTTDIYAA-YNELATTAMEAIYM ~ In The Filter Bubble – Things Look Different – You Don’t See The Things That Don’t Interest You At All – You’re Not Even Latently Aware That There Are Major Events And Ideas You’re Missing

~ ABTOY ~ A Bad Theory of You

~ HWB-IABAB-OFAPS ~ How We Behave – Is A Balancing Act Between – Our Future And Present Selves

~ WIAWF-WAWWC ~ With Information As With Food – We Are What We Consume

~ TIAYL ~ Trapped In A You Loop

~ SWHWTITYD? ~ So What Happens When The Internet Thinks Your Dumb?

~ RT-DP-AIEPP-ISW-TI-I-CI ~ Rather Than – Decentralizing Power – As Its Early Proponents Predicted – In Some Ways – The Internet – Is – Concentrating It

~ LOTC ~ Lords Of The Cloud

~ PD-S-ITC-I-MEFTGTS-T-IOAHC ~ Personal Data – Stored – In The Cloud – Is – Much Easier For The Government To Search – Than – Information On A Home Computer

~ I-KIP-T-AIKAAIP ~ If – Knowledge Is Power – Then – Asymmetries In Knowledge Are Asymmetries In Power

~ FWS-TFBWOBOTTIOSTAIBCOU ~ Friendly World Syndrome – The Filter Bubble Will Often Block Out The Things In Our Society That Are Important But Complex Or Unpleasant

~ IIBTH-SBFT-TNAA ~ It Is Better To Have – Some Bar For Truthfulness – Than None At All

~ WWCLSOOSP-TDLSOU ~ While We Can Lose Sight Of Our Shared Problems – They Don’t Lose Sight Of Us

~ U-DW-OI-WCACOTBONS-I ~ Ultimately – Democracy Works – Only If – We Citizens Are Capable Of Thinking Beyond Our Narrow Self-Interest

~ ‘CIL’ ~ “Code Is Law”

~ MOTT-E-RTITTWH-MOPC-AA ~ Much Of The Time – Engineers – Resist The Idea That Their Work Has – Moral Or Political Consequences – At All

~ $50BSC ~ $50 Billion Sand Castle

~ I-P-ROI-CT-TNFCB-SAMP-TMOUWI ~ If – Personalization – Remains On Its – Current Trajectory – The Near Future Could Be – Stranger And More Problematic – Than Many Of Us Would Imagine

~ A-A-VB-WA-CP ~ Advertar – A – Virtual Being – With A – Commercial Purpose

~ NSTA-AFVL ~ No Such Thing As – A Free Virtual Lunch

~ ‘AFM’ ~ “Advertiser-Funded Media”

~ A-T-GBABADOA-WNTWC-WIIDOAT ~ As – Technology – Gets Better And Better At Directing Our Attention – We Need To Watch Closely – What It Is Directing Our Attention Toward

~ SIASTJ ~ Serendipity Is A Shortcut To Joy

~ TNF-CSB-MT-FS-M-T-TTP-STIPTHADAHTETRITFP ~ The New Filterers – Can Start By – Making Their – Filtering Systems – More – Transparent – To The Public – So That It’s Possible To Have A Discussion About How They’re Exercising Their Responsibilities In The First Place

~ YSKWHYPD-WDTH-A-HIU ~ You Should Know Who Has Your Personal Data – What Data They Have – And – How It’s Used

~ YSBATPICAYFOPFBUFO ~ You Should Be Able To Prevent Information Collected About You For One Purpose From Being Used For Others

~ YSBATCIIAY ~ You Should Be Able To Correct Inaccurate Information About You

~ YDSBS ~ Your Data Should Be Secure

MARK BLYTH ~ AUSTERITY ~ 2013

~ A-IAFO-VD-IWTEATT-R-O-W-P-A-PS-TR-C-WI(S)BAB-CTS-B-D-A-D-DS-IAB-WI-‘BC’ ~ Austerity – Is A Form Of – Voluntary Deflation – In Which The Economy Adjusts Through The – Reduction – Of – Wages – Prices – And – Public Spending – To Restore – Competitiveness – Which Is (Supposedly) Best Achieved By – Cutting The State’s – Budget – Debts – And – Deficits – Doing So – Its Advocates Believe – Will Inspire – “Business Confidence”

~ TPOA-IMOTN-ETWTTD-PBIPTVOYATTA ~ The Policy Of Austerity – Is More Often Than Not – Exactly The Wrong Thing To Do – Precisely Because It Produces The Very Outcomes You Are Trying To Avoid

~ IWITTP-WSIPTB? ~ I Wasn’t Invited To The Party – Why Should I Pay The Bill?

~ T-ADW-I-TFRIADI ~ That – Austerity Doesn’t Work – Is – The First Reason It’s A Dangerous Idea

~ TWCIA-‘SDC’-SAVIPO-‘BAS’-AP ~ That We Call It A – “Sovereign Debt Crisis” – Suggests A Very Interesting Politics Of – “Bait And Switch” – At Play

~ TCO-STGBS-HEUO-TBSOG-ATATCO-TB-WIWWMCT-A-SDC-WIFIIQ-TAWC-BC ~ The Cost Of – Saving The Global Banking System – Has Ended Up On – The Balance Sheets Of Governments – As They Absorb The Costs Of – The Bust – Which Is Why We Mistakenly Call This – A – Sovereign Debt Crisis – When In Fact It Is A – Transmuted And Well Camouflaged – Banking Crisis

~ ‘TBTF’-‘TBTB’ ~ “Too Big To Fail” – “Too Big To Bail”

~ ISAA-STB-TWN-OOGS-TGUT ~ It’s Still All About – Saving The Banks – There Was No – Orgy Of Government Spending – To Get Us There

~ AINJ-TPOSTB-T-TPTTBWSETP ~ Austerity Is Not Just – The Price Of Saving The Banks – It’s – The Price That The Banks Want Someone Else To Pay

~ S-A-I-ITT-YCCDWMD-I-TBATPTDECATDSOPTPABUAD-T-APSWNW ~ So – Although – If – Its True That – You Cannot Cure Debt With More Debt – If – Those Being Asked To Pay The Debt Either Cannot Afford To Do So Or Perceive Their Payments As Being Unfair And Disproportionate – Then – Austerity Policies Simply Will Not Work

~ EITWND-DHLIAMEF-‘ZE’~ Economic Ideas That Will Not Die – Despite Huge Logical Inconsistencies And Massive Empirical Failures – “Zombie Economics”

~ FOUWITTP-B-WAABATPTB ~ Few Of Us Were Invited To The Party – But – We Are All Being Asked To Pay The Bill

~ A-IFAFA-PPOD-A-NAEPOA ~ Austerity – Is First And Foremost A – Political Problem Of Distribution – And – Not An Economic Problem Of Accountancy

~ F-ND-AGI ~ Facts – Never Disconfirm – A Good Ideology

~ ACFWTCFHWT-NOCHSIC-SCAN ~ A Common Refrain When The Crisis First Hit Was That – No One Could Have Seen It Coming – Such Claims Are Nonsense

~ BS-ALP(GTSAAD)-A-(V)H-I-E ~ Black Swan – A Low Probability (Given The Sample And Assumed Distribution) – And – (Very) High-Impact – Event

~ TTOAGOETWOESMAGATSAB-TMUW-WTI ~ The Theories Of A Generation Of Economic Thinkers Who Only Ever Saw Markets As Good And The State As Bad – The Models Used Were – Worse Than Inaccurate

~ NOAHNOTHATDW-TSSH-O-IM ~ Note Once Again How None Of This Has Anything To Do With – The State’s Spending Habits – Or – Individual Morality

~ TPPOFI ~ The Political Power Of Financial Ideas

~ TWCWTTSTS? ~ The World Changes While The Theory Stays The Same?

~ DET-E-A-D-D-PAEC ~ Different Economic Theories – Empower – And – Disempower – Different – Political And Economic Constituencies

~ TPWPT-TB-DH-SITG ~ The Problem Was Precisely That – The Banks – Didn’t Have – Skin In The Game

~ Systemic Risk – The Risk – That You Cannot – Diversify Away

~ TS-PAGASAFC-IDN-DAFDTPS ~ The State – Plugged A Gap And Stopped A Financial Collapse – It Did Not – Dig A Fiscal Ditch Through Profligate Spending

~ TBMHMTL-B-TCWPFT ~ The Banks May Have Made The Losses – But – The Citizenry Will Pay For Them

~ R-WSTB-C-B-FDAR-MT-B-I-TTST-AAS-RT-RAC-TRITS ~ Risks – Were Supposed To Be – Controlled – By – Financial Derivatives And Risk-Management Tools – But – Instead – These Technologies Seemed To – Amplify And Spread – Rather Than – Reduce And Control – The Risk In The System

~ TINNAM-TPIWL-STPOOL-E-ICAPIMF-AA-DPP-TI-C-R-E-B-A-ATR ~ There Is Nothing Natural About Markets – Turning People Into Wage Laborers – Securing The Private Ownership Of Land – Even – Inventing Capital And Preserving Its Monetary Form – Are All – Deeply Political Projects – That Involve – Courts – Regulation – Enforcement – Bureaucracy – And – All The Rest

~ TS:CLWI/CLWI/DWTPFI ~ The State: Can’t Live With It / Can’t Live Without It / Don’t Want To Pay For It

~ A-R-AI-IT-FABER ~ Austerity – Remains – An Ideology – Immune To – Facts And Basic Empirical Refutation

~ ADW-P-IATFRCAFCOWLL-‘EFC’-TCAEDBFOTWTAPM-O-TPSGTCW-IHIBU-CP-R-PI-MRTLD-A-A-W-IHNO-‘DWISOTT’ ~ Austerity Doesn’t Work – Period – Insofar As The Fossil Record Contains A Few Cases Of What Look Like – “Expansionary Fiscal Consolidations” – These Cases Are Either Driven By Factors Other Than What The Austerity Proponents Maintain – Or – Those Proponents Simply Get The Cases Wrong – It Has Instead Brought Us – Class Politics – Riots – Political Instability – More Rather Than Less Debt – Assassinations – And – War – It Has Never Once – “Done What It Says On The Tin”

~ A-IGIPB-TIOS-TAO-AEDOTTB ~ Austerity – Is Generated In Part By – The Inability Of Societies – To Agree On – An Equitable Distribution Of The Tax Burden

~ H-PAD-EACOTP-F-MHEIOGM ~ Having – Pumped And Dumped – Every Asset Class On The Planet – Finance – May Have Exhausted Its Own Growth Model

~ TIHWAGTDWOD-T-T-AN-A-NBAIU-WII-NBTAMDTC-WTA-A-NBDHAIB-WID-B-B-ASDW ~ This Is How We Are Going To Deal With Our Debts – Through – Taxes – And Not – Austerity – Not Because Austerity Is Unfair – Which It Is – Not Because There Are More Debtors Than Creditors – Which There Are – And – Not Because Democracy Has An Inflationary Bias – Which It Doesn’t – But – Because – Austerity Simply Doesn’t Work

DANIEL GOLEMAN ~ SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE ~ 2006

~ TSB ~ The Social Brain

~ SC ~ Social Corrosion

~ CD ~ Creeping Disconnection

~ SN ~ Social Neuroscience

~ AW ~ Acting Wisely

~ TEE ~ The Emotional Economy

~ CE ~ Catching Emotions

~ RFI ~ Radar For Insincerity

~ F-IT-BDR-O-NW-T-O-EMM-O-TMOOF-MOFIV-TDOEI-AAU-A-SISDCE-BDAWWF-TTHOFOA-DAE-A-RSP ~ Forthrightness – Is The – Brain’s Default Response – Our – Neural Wiring – Transmits – Our – Every Minor Mood – Onto – The Muscles Of Our Face – Making Our Feelings Instantly Visible – The Display Of Emotion Is – Automatic And Unconscious – And – So Its Suppression Demands Conscious Effort – Being Devious About What We Feel – Trying To Hide Our Fear Or Anger – Demands Active Effort – And – Rarely Succeeds Perfectly

~ TGOS ~ The Glow Of Simpatico

~ WOAIS-WTOAB-M-CD-E-EO ~ When Our Attention Is Split – We Tune Out A Bit – Missing – Crucial Details – Especially – Emotional Ones

~ IS ~ In Synch

~ NM-‘MN’-DJT-RB-AAWOISE-MU-MTA-O-HTITDS ~ Neural Mirrors – “Mirror Neurons” – Do Just That – They – Reflect Back – An Action We Observe In Someone Else – Making Us – Mimic That Action – Or – Have The Impulse To Do So

~ THBHM-MNS-NJF-MA-BA-FRI-FETSI-FWSD ~ The Human Brain Harbors Multiple – Mirror Neuron Systems – Not Just For – Mimicking Actions – But Also – For Reading Intentions – For Extracting The Social Implications – From What Someone Does

~ THFA ~ The Happy Face Advantage

~ S-HAEOAOEE:T-HB-P-HF ~ Smiles – Have An Edge Over All Other Emotional Expressions: The – Human Brain – Prefers – Happy Faces

~ L-MBTSDBTB-A-UIS-TBA-ISB ~ Laughter – May Be The Shortest Distance Between Two Brains – An – Unstoppable Infectious Spread – That Builds An – Instant Social Bond

~ MW ~ Meme Wars

~ APCA-ISIN-TC-HSTSA-MP-A-I-TAAID ~ Although People Can Also – Ignore Someone In Need – That Cold-Heartedness Seems To Suppress A – More Primal – Automatic – Impulse – To Aid Another In Distress

~ TB-A-E-B-FTSN-WB-PAP-AA ~ The Brain – Achieves – Efficiency – By – Firing The Same Neurons – While Both – Perceiving And Performing – An Action

~ IOTTEA-SA-P-MCTCO-TITTCAAA ~ Instead Of Trying To Explain Away – Selfless Acts – Philosophers – Might Contemplate The Conundrum Of – The Innumerable Times That Cruel Acts Are Absent

~ ETWC-ST-WCSSS-OTOV-OFE-AWWF-EWPTTSASOTE-FHAWOLA-ITS-WICTE-WCNC ~ Even Though We Can Stop Talking – We Cannot Stop Sending Signals – Our Tone Of Voice – Our Fleeting Expressions – About What We Feel – Even When People Try To Suppress All Signs Of Their Emotions – Feelings Have A Way Of Leaking Anyway – In This Sense – When It Comes To Emotions – We Cannot Not Communicate

~ ‘PONS’ ~ “The Profile Of Nonverbal Sensitivity”

~ FL-M-PS-STEA-LC-W-UA-OONCFC-PU-OTSW ~ Full Listening – Maximizes – Physiological Synchrony – So That Emotions Align – Listening Carefully – With – Undivided Attention – Orients Our Neural Circuits For Connectivity – Putting Us – On The Same Wavelength

~ K-A-H-TSW-AW ~ Knowledge – About – How – The Social World – Actually Works

~ ME-ES-TFATFILTATOAS-TSOAF-SAMU-TOACATHAPAFATM ~ MicroExpressions – Emotional Signals – That Flit Across The Face In Less Than A Third Of A Second – The Snap Of A Finger – Spontaneous And Made Unconsciously – They Offer A Clue As To How A Person Actually Feels At That Moment

~ Y-A-I ~ You – And – It

~ I-Y ~ I – You

~ I-I-OP-A-MTSOE ~ I – It – Other People – As – Means To Some Other End

~ I-Y-R-AEII ~ I – You – Relationship – An End In Itself

~ ‘FF’ ~ “Feeling Felt”

~ GAND ~ Genes Are Not Destiny

~ TRE ~ The Reparative Experience

~ TSPFH ~ The Set Point For Happiness

~ EIACD-OAM-FBOFW-O-HTHS ~ Everyone In A Child’s Day – Offers A Model – For Better Or For Worse – Of – How To Handle Stress

~ O-R-T-F-E-TCTCGOOO-TIWOD-B-SBC ~ Our – Relationships – Themselves – Form – Environments – That Can Turn Certain Genes On Or Off – The Invisible Web Of Disconnectedness – Bestows – Surprising Biological Consequences

~ HC ~ Healthy Connections

~ R-CTW:TCEBUFI-O-ITROAAD ~ Relationships – Cut Two Ways: They Can Either Buffer Us From Illness – Or – Intensify The Ravages Of Aging And Disease

~ TAO-T-LA-S-AW-TM-PT-TVF ~ The Aftereffects Of – Trauma – Like All – Stress – Are Worse – The More – Personally Targeted – The Victim Feels

~ SE-TEO-CS-RATWDTTLO-GE-IT-IC-EFFIAHW ~ Social Epigenetics – The Effects Of – Continual Stress – Reach All The Way Down To The Level Of – Gene Expression – In The – Immune Cells – Essential For Fighting Infections And Healing Wounds

~ D-UST-MBAPMT-MOOESFTB ~ Dropping – Unrewarding Social Ties – May Be A Preemptive Move To – Manage Our Own Emotional States For The Better

~ ER ~ Emotional Rescuers

~ PC ~ Positive Contagion

~ AHP ~ A Healing Presence

~ EI-WFAALFW-WCAO-TGOALP ~ Even If – We Feel At A Loss For Words – We Can Always Offer – The Gift Of A Loving Presence

~ M-P-CMS-ETP-W-SBD-WSUUOWPSTT ~ Mere – Presence – Can Matter Surprisingly – Even To Patients – With – Severe Brain Damage – Who Seem Utterly Unaware Of What People Say To Them

~ APP ~ A People Prescription

~ OL ~ Organized Lovelessness

~ RTHB ~ Recognizing The Human Being

~ HH ~ Healing Healers

~ HR ~ Healing Relationships

~ SC ~ Social Consequence

~ T-SS-F-A ~ The – Sweet Spot – For – Achievement

~ AOS ~ An Optimal State

~ DKL ~ Distress Kills Learning

~ TSIL ~ The Socially Intelligent Leader

~ SIL-SW-BFP-A-GIS ~ Socially Intelligent Leadership – Starts With – Being Fully Present – And – Getting In Synch

~ ASC ~ A Special Connection

~ CC ~ Connected Communities

~ SC ~ Strengthening Connections

~ H-OLTBBP-N-BC ~ Help – Offenders Learn To Be Better People – Not – Better Criminals

~ F-T-T-U ~ From – Them – To – Us

~ TGTD-UFT-BWT-SOE-A-ATGWAFT-PO-T-WWL ~ The Gulf That Divides – Us From Them – Builds With The – Silencing Of Empathy – And – Across That Gulf We Are Free To – Project Onto – Them – Whatever We Like

~ WWRTSA-OOT-WCOO-AI ~ When We Relate To Someone As – One Of Them – We Close Off Our – Altruistic Impulses

~ IB ~ Implicit Bias

~ BTFTA ~ Brief Tutorial For The Amygdala

~ C-THD ~ Closing – The Hostile Divide

~ WRM ~ What Really Matters

~ T-RW-O-FF ~ The – Raw Buzz – Of – Fellow Feeling

~ WMRT-PA-TWAIT-TSE-TEEOS-HS ~ We Must Reconsider The – Pat Assumption – That We Are Immune To – Toxic Social Encounters – The Emotional Equivalent Of Second-Hand Smoke

~ SR-B-HAN-WWAIWTHCOSIO ~ Social Responsibility – Begins – Here And Now – When We Act In Ways That Help Create Optimal States In Others

~ TCCFTC-WBT-ETCOTWCA-U-A-STNWCA-T ~ The Crucial Challenge For This Century – Will Be To – Expand The Circle Of Those We Count Among – Us – And – Shrink The Numbers We Count As – Them

~ WNNATDTHB ~ We Need Not Accept The Divisions That Hatred Breeds

~ TSBWCUAAOCHC ~ The Social Brain’s Wiring Connects Us All At Our Common Human Core

JAMES KWAK ~ ECONOMISM ~ 2017

~ BEATROI ~ Bad Economics And The Rise Of Inequality

~ E-ROTPT-PCAM-BAT-TA-TDIOAE101T-ETTABTDVNHTITRW ~ Economism – Rests On The Premise That – People – Companies – And – Markets – Behave According To – The Abstract – Two-Dimensional Illustrations Of An Economics 101 Textbook – Even Though The Assumptions Behind Those Diagrams Virtually Never Hold True In The Real World

~ EIAILTWPMSOR-BICTAO-‘E’-ECBAPRT ~ Economism Is An Interpretive Lens Through Which People Make Sense Of Reality – Because It Claims The Authority Of – “Economics” – Economism Can Be A Powerful Rhetorical Tool

~ WSEACSMP-ITWTMOJ-TESO-ATITIG-WETFOAATCI ~ While Superficial Economic Arguments Can Serve Multiple Purposes – In Today’s World They Most Often Justify – The Existing Social Order – And The Inequality That It Generates – While Explaining The Futility Of Any Attempt To Change It

~ RARWQTSM-A-ATITST-ITS-EILAI ~ Reducing All Real-World Questions To Simple Models – And – Answering Them In The Same Terms – In This Sense – Economism Is Like An Ideology

~ TCJFGDOW-INLTTSHWDBG-OTTSOTFIRFTPOTS-I-IIN-EC-BIITNOOAESTPTGGTTGN ~ The Common Justification For Great Disparities Of Wealth – Is No Longer That The Social Hierarchy Was Dictated By God – Or That The Survival Of The Fittest Is Required For The Progress Of The Species – Instead – Inequality Is Necessary – Even Celebrated – Because It Is The Natural Outcome Of An Economic System That Provides The Greatest Good To The Greatest Number

~ TAOETPA-AS-RT-RD-IOSOIS ~ The Ability Of Economism To Pass As– Abstract Science – Rather Than – Rhetorical Device – Is One Source Of Its Strength

~ EIAIBOISEAEP-A-C-U-POTW-WCBCQAE-DW-MAUF ~ Economism Is Also Influential Because Of Its Sedative Elegance And Explanatory Power – A – Clean – Uncluttered – Picture Of The World – Which Can Be Communicated Quickly And Easily – Dispensing With – Messy And Uncooperative Facts

~ ASSOAC-BOAUA-HB-WICS ~ A Small Set Of Abstract Concepts – Based On Admittedly Unrealistic Assumptions – Has Become – Widespread In Contemporary Society

~ IALETMAC-ITAWOSADC-TII-ITRWOPAI ~ It’s A Lot Easier To Make A Case – In The Abstract World Of Supply And Demand Curves – Than It Is – In The Real World Of People And Institutions

~ IGPPWTBUTAISOS-WTSTIOTG-O-PIWAFIOTW ~ Ideas Gain Power Precisely When They Become Useful To An Important Segment Of Society – When They Support The Interests Of That Group – Or – Provide It With A Favorable Interpretation Of The World

~ BBTPO-PT-SI-A-WP-CCTBUWEFTPOPTO ~ Befuddled By The Popularity Of – Progressive Taxes – Social Insurance – And – Welfare Programs – Commentators Continue To Blame Unfamiliarity With Economics For The Popularity Of Policies They Oppose

~ M-IC-WDNSIEI-ARATVOE ~ Many – Influential Commentators – Who Do Not Specialize In Economic Issues – Also Routinely Adopt The Vocabulary Of Economism

~ TM-NE-BMIASWOPADSAEI ~ The Media – Normalize Economism – By Making It A Standard Way Of Presenting And Discussing Social And Economic Issues

~ FC-WSGWHBACPQ-ERTQFTPSTTAROT-IWT-CLM-PT-P-I-S ~ For Centuries – Who Should Get What Has Been A Central Political Question – Economism Removes The Question From The Political Sphere To The Abstract Realm Of Theory – In Which The – Competitive Labor Market – Provides The – Perfect – Indisputable – Solution

~ OOTCPOEIT-T-A-V-V-B-AU-YCMTAEUAS-A-DD-TITHTDPFWATMSWOIPTSMDETOE ~ One Of The Core Principles Of Economism Is That – Taxes – Are – Very – Very – Bad – As Usual – You Can Make The Argument Easily Using A Supply-And-Demand Diagram – The Idea That Higher Taxes Discourage People From Working And Therefore Make Society Worse Off Is Probably The Single Most Deeply Entrenched Tenet Of Economism

~ MPABUOTTR-MHBFDABNOSCIROR-B-OPR-SA-‘SWILOAE’ ~ Many People Are Blissfully Unaware Of Their Tax Rates – Most Human Beings’ Financial Decisions Are Based Not On Sophisticated Calculations Involving Rates Of Return – But – On Primitive Rules – Such As – “Save Whatever Is Left Over After Expenses”

~ LTRITAOMTTGHTB-RTCATTPS ~ Lower Tax Revenues Increase The Amount Of Money That The Government Has To Borrow – Reducing The Capital Available To The Private Sector

~ TSMST-LITWISAG-DHUTS-LPKMOTSDNAMTTWM ~ The Simple Model Saying That – Lower Investment Taxes Will Increase Savings And Growth – Doesn’t Hold Up To Scrutiny – Letting People Keep More Of Their Salaries Does Not Always Motivate Them To Work More

~ AGISAMBWWOCAOSTWDNTTPSTLAE-AS-TQOWTAWDOWFWEFOGAHWIFT ~ A Government Is Simply A Mechanism By Which We Organize Certain Aspects Of Society That We Do Not Trust The Private Sector To Look After Effectively – And So – The Question Of Whether Taxes Are Worthwhile Depends On What Functions We Expect From Our Government And How Well It Fulfills Them

~ TGPOAWITSTBOWPBIEP ~ The Greatest Power Of A Worldview Is To Set The Boundaries Of What People Believe Is Even Possible

~ ERM-FTP-HBIACWBIAWOE-IFC ~ Economism’s Rosy Model – Failed To Predict – How Both Individuals And Companies Would Behave In A World Of Ever-Increasing Financial Complexity

~ I2008-WRTLTACMDNMETCFTIMPU-I-P-SBLBPACTMTIGIWTDLDAWR-SOATMS ~ In 2008 – We Relearned The Lesson That A Competitive Market Does Not Magically Ensure That Capital Flows To Its Most Productive Uses – Instead – Profit-Seeking Behavior Leads Both People And Companies To Maximize Their Individual Gains In Ways That Distort Lending Decisions And Waste Resources – Sometimes On A Truly Monumental Scale

~ TMTNCALAMCTE-A-CRASTLTETTBWSTNCI ~ The Megabanks That Nearly Collapsed Are Larger And More Complex Than Ever – And – Capital Requirements Are Still Too Low To Ensure That Those Banks Will Survive The Next Crisis Intact

~ IARWLM-TADCCL ~ In A Real-World Labor Market – Trade Agreements Do Create Clear Losers

~ TGAOEHBT-RAPI-AAL-E-T-U-SN-FFSTW ~ The Great Achievement Of Economism Has Been To – Repackage A Political Ideology – As A Lightweight – Easy-To-Use – Seemingly Neutral – Framework For Seeing The World

~ BCTSO-AT-EDTTIADAA-TWSITWII-IYDA-YMNU-E101 ~ By Claiming The Status Of – Absolute Truth – Economism Denies That There Is Any Debate At All – The World Simply Is The Way It Is – If You Don’t Agree – You Must Not Understand – Economics 101

~ EPAIRIOCPI-PCTOAAA-WPOTTM ~ Economism Plays An Important Role In Our Contemporary Political Institutions – Prioritizing Certain Types Of Analyses And Arguments – While Pushing Others To The Margins

~ FASTBR-CMANE-TMAB-PDPI-TPEF-MP-SC-A-SAESOR ~ For A Society To Become Rich – Competitive Markets Are Not Enough – There Must Also Be – Pluralistic Democratic Political Institutions – That Prevent Elites From – Monopolizing Power – Suppressing Competitors – And – Seizing An Excessive Share Of Resources

~ U-IWTA-NW-TDBWTO ~ Ultimately – It Will Take A – New Worldview – To Do Battle With The Old

NAOMI KLEIN ~ THE SHOCK DOCTRINE ~ 2007

~ DC-OR-O-TPS-ITWO-CE-CW-TTODAEMO ~ Disaster Capitalism – Orchestrated Raids – On – The Public Sphere – In The Wake Of – Catastrophic Events – Combined With – The Treatment Of Disasters As Exciting Market Opportunities

~ DCC ~ Disaster Capitalism Complex

~ CSI ~ Corporate Supremacist Ideology

~ AP-RA-B-AFVLC-A-ACO-MW-P-WHAE-SLBTTG ~ A Powerful – Ruling Alliance – Between – A Few Very Large Corporations – And – A Class Of – Mostly Wealthy – Politicians – With Hazy And Ever-Shifting Lines Between The Two Groups

~ The Ideologies That Long For That Impossible – Clean Slate – Which Can Be Reached Only Through – Some Kind Of Cataclysm – Are The Dangerous Ones

~ T-TITMO-W-P-TMIG ~ Then – There Is The Matter Of – Where – Precisely – The Money Is Going

~ WID-BC ~ When In Doubt – Blame Corruption

~ TPO-ST-ITOUAWF-EPTBMVQ-N-DTL-B-PBOI-CSL-F-CTC-MOASATLCU ~ The Point Of – Shock Therapy – Is To Open Up A Window For – Enormous Profits To Be Made Very Quickly – Not – Despite The Lawlessness – But – Precisely Because Of It – Constantly Shifting Location – From – Crisis To Crisis – Moving On As Soon As The Law Catches Up

~ BCF-LAO-A-TPHABMO-IRJAWO-LTTEPF ~ But Calling For – Law And Order – After – The Profits Have All Been Moved Offshore – Is Really Just A Way Of – Legalizing The Theft Ex Post Facto

~ T-G-R-O-D-T-D ~ The – Get-Rich-Or-Die-Trying – Dystopia

~ TUSO-‘S’-IT-TVMNCBA-TEU-IS-IB-O-ICSC-TA-TD ~ The Ugly Secret Of – “Stablization” – Is That – The Vast Majority Never Climb Back Aboard – They End Up – In Slums – In Brothels – Or – In Cargo Ship Containers – They Are – The Disinherited

~ TTI-TWRDBGAI ~ Then There Is – The Whirling Revolving Door Between Government And Industry

~ NCR ~ No Conspiracies Required

~ THOSMW-B-ATMOTWP-WNAPP-N-O-WIALO ~ The Hoarding Of So Much Wealth – By – A Tiny Minority Of The World’s Population – Was Not A Peaceful Process – Nor – Often – Was It A Legal One

~ OTMOTSDADACU-WCBHTTBS-MDTC-SR ~ Once The Mechanics Of The Shock Doctrine Are Deeply And Collectively Understood – Whole Communities Become Harder To Take By Surprise – More Difficult To Confuse – Shock Resistant

~ TBWT-R-F-H-TOTB-H-HTRTBPOA-CR ~ The Best Way To – Recover – From – Helplessness – Turns Out To Be – Helping – Having The Right To Be Part Of A – Communal Recovery

ROBERT FRANK ~ THE DARWIN ECONOMY ~ 2011

~ ITI-NRA-TLUAGWTPTL-MT-OBOITTTCOTW-DTMVFOM ~ If There Is – No Realistic Alternative – To Living Under A Government With The Power To Levy – Mandatory Taxes – Our Best Option Is To Try To Create One That Will – Deliver The Most Value For Our Money

~ ATOAA-NOGR-B-A-DTA ~ A Tax On Any Activity – Not Only Generates Revenue – But – Also – Discourages The Activity

~ AA-RD-‘SE’-AT-‘COB’-‘SOC’-A-‘CTWWLOL’-B-IAVC-B-VE-LAR-C-SE ~ Antigovernment Activists – Reliably Denounce – “Social Engineering” – Attempts To – “Control Our Behaviour” – “Steer Our Choices” – And – “Change The Way We Live Our Lives” – But – It’s A Vacuous Compliant – Because – Virtually Every – Law And Regulation – Constitutes – Social Engineering

~ LAHAT-O-SL-SS-TL-SE-I-I-SB-NS-IWOLPTCUHTO ~ Laws Against Homicide And Theft – Noise Ordinances – Speed Limits – Stop Signs – Traffic Lights – Social Engineering – Is – Inescapable – Simply Because – Narrow Self-Interest Would Otherwise Lead People To Cause Unacceptable Harm To Others

~ EDRBTHAIODLTWMRBTUO ~ Every Dollar Raised By Taxing Harmful Activities Is One Dollar Less That We Must Raise By Taxing Useful Ones

~ WGS-OC-SBCWP ~ Wasteful Government Spending – Of Course – Should Be Cut Whenever Possible

~ IETSH-S-WCPITGHNUM-MSNHIACWLIITTAH-AIFWDCATMOTGATH-OPOP ~ It’s Easy To See How – Someone – Whose Core Philosophy Is That Government Has No Useful Mission – Might See No Harm In Appointing Cronies With Little Interest In The Task At Hand – Appointing Incompetent Friends Who Don’t Care About The Mission Of The Government Agencies They Head – Often Plays Out Poorly

~ TSFWT-EPW-ISIII-PW-IAMETET-PW ~ The Search For Ways To – Eliminate Private Waste – Is Still In Its Infancy – Private Waste – Is Actually Much Easier To Eliminate Than – Public Waste

~ TIP-ITTUDA-WRMS-SHO-PPQ-ATEOPRR-SATAPOIFDHASQ ~ The Important Point – Is That The Ultimate Decision About – Whether Regulation Makes Sense – Should Hinge On – Purely Practical Questions – About The Efficacy Of Proposed Regulatory Remedies – Slogans About The Absolute Primacy Of Individual Freedom Don’t Help Answer Such Questions

~ ICBAI? ~ Is Cost Benefit Analysis Immoral?

~ DAGR-EBCAB-ITE-QRWSRTDAQPO-WRSWD? ~ Defending Any Given Right – Entails Both Costs And Benefits – In The End – Questions Regarding Which Specific Rights To Defend Are Quintessentially Practical Ones – Which Rights Should We Defend?

~ DAGRCBFTWVI-B-IAGC-NJFTTWETR-BA-FTWBIRBI ~ Defending Any Given Right Creates Benefits For Those Who Value It – But – It Also Generates Costs – Not Just For Those Tasked With Enforcing The Right – But Also – For Those Whose Behavior Is Restricted By It

~ TITMTWPWPFBT ~ The Infrastructure That Made Their Wealth Possible Was Paid For By Taxes

~ TOAT-SE-I-CA ~ The Only Alternative To – Social Engineering – Is – Complete Anarchy

~ AT-RMF-HBAC-IOI-FO-HSFTB-U-MOTAHBCBMPABEOTPS-APWBML-I-WCA-I-FV-A-TRBSAM ~ Attempts To – Remedy Market Failure – Have Been A Central – If Often Implicit – Focus Of – Human Societies From The Beginning – Unfortunately – Many Of Those Attempts Have Been Compromised By Misguided Perceptions At Both Ends Of The Political Spectrum – Additional Progress Will Be More Likely – If – We Can Abandon – Ill-Founded Views – About – The Relationship Between Success And Merit

~ IWTOBTAATSUPCSTRBTU-IAINTRA ~ If We Think Of Being Taxed As Akin To Some Unknown Person Confiscating Something That Rightfully Belongs To Us – It’s Almost Impossible Not To React Angrily

~ IPTTOTROGLITOS-TATTOTROBLIOF ~ If People Tend To Overlook The Role Of Good Luck In Their Own Success – They Also Tend To Overlook The Role Of Bad Luck In Others’ Failures

~ TPFITTWJL ~ The Plan Fact Is That They Were Just Lucky

~ TPFPTPHANRTKTFBTTAECITLM-GTETWIROPIFBT-TPHNMMS ~ The Prevailing Framework Presumes That People Have A Natural Right To Keep The Full Bounty Their Talents And Efforts Command In The Labor Market – Given The Extent To Which Incomes Rest On Public Investment Financed By Taxes – That Presumption Has Never Made Much Sense

~ WHNPRTBT-HTOTEWIEG-TCIOR-A-SQ ~ We Have No Persuasive Reasons To Believe That – Higher Taxes On Top Earners Would Inhibit Economic Growth – This Claim Is Often Repeated – And – Seldom Questioned

~ IWC-TTR-TNHORTRWN-B-TGN-IT-CTCBLOTEWHTIIAW ~ If We Can’t – Tax The Rich – There’s No Hope Of Raising The Revenue We’ll Need – But – The Good News – Is That – Certain Taxes Can Be Levied On Top Earners Without Harming Their Interest In Any Way

~ TOHACTBKA-PT ~ Taxes On Harmful Activities Came To Be Known As – Pigouvian Taxes

~ TPOAPTGHSESRTC ~ The Price Of Any Product That Generates Harmful Side Effects Should Reflect Their Cost

~ MPSDHV ~ Many Public Services Deliver High Value

~ TPSOO-PP-IRDHB-ACOS-T-CMTTNOTACWF ~ The Primary Source Of Our – Political Paralysis – In Recent Decades Has Been – A Collection Of Slogans – That – Completely Misrepresent The True Nature Of The Actual Choices We Face

~ PA-WABC-U-APSFATCHTO-A-RE ~ Personal Autonomy – Will Always Be Compromised – Unless – All Problems Stemming From Activities That Cause Harm To Others – Are – Resolved Efficiently

~ T-BL-ITI-SR-DMT-TEP-ALAP-TSAOTE-TPAOEC ~ The – Bottom Line – Is That If – Society’s Rules – Don’t Make The – Total Economic Pie – As Large As Possible – They Squander An Opportunity To Enhance – The Personal Autonomy Of Every Citizen

~ B-GG-DJH-IMBNC-STB-R-SHHUFTKOSMOUWTLI ~ But – Good Government – Doesn’t Just Happen – It Must Be Nurtured Carefully – Starve The Beast – Rhetoric – Surely Hasn’t Helped Us Forge The Kind Of Society Most Of Us Want To Live In

~ ANOW-AGTTTREB-ATEGWFOO-BTCRH-TOCEAOTO-IWTTDTBWTLTP ~ Almost No One Wants – A Government That Tries To Regulate Every Behavior – A Truly Effective Government Would Focus Only On – Behaviors That Cause Real Harm – That Others Cannot Easily Avoid On Their Own – It Would Try To Discourage Those Behaviors With The Lightest Touch Possible

JAMES KWAK ~ ECONOMISM ~ 2017

~ BEATROI ~ Bad Economics And The Rise Of Inequality

~ E-ROTPT-PCAM-BAT-TA-TDIOAE101T-ETTABTDVNHTITRW ~ Economism – Rests On The Premise That – People – Companies – And – Markets – Behave According To – The Abstract – Two-Dimensional Illustrations Of An Economics 101 Textbook – Even Though The Assumptions Behind Those Diagrams Virtually Never Hold True In The Real World

~ EIAILTWPMSOR-BICTAO-‘E’-ECBAPRT ~ Economism Is An Interpretive Lens Through Which People Make Sense Of Reality – Because It Claims The Authority Of – “Economics” – Economism Can Be A Powerful Rhetorical Tool

~ WSEACSMP-ITWTMOJ-TESO-ATITIG-WETFOAATCI ~ While Superficial Economic Arguments Can Serve Multiple Purposes – In Today’s World They Most Often Justify – The Existing Social Order – And The Inequality That It Generates – While Explaining The Futility Of Any Attempt To Change It

~ RARWQTSM-A-ATITST-ITS-EILAI ~ Reducing All Real-World Questions To Simple Models – And – Answering Them In The Same Terms – In This Sense – Economism Is Like An Ideology

~ TCJFGDOW-INLTTSHWDBG-OTTSOTFIRFTPOTS-I-IIN-EC-BIITNOOAESTPTGGTTGN ~ The Common Justification For Great Disparities Of Wealth – Is No Longer That The Social Hierarchy Was Dictated By God – Or That The Survival Of The Fittest Is Required For The Progress Of The Species – Instead – Inequality Is Necessary – Even Celebrated – Because It Is The Natural Outcome Of An Economic System That Provides The Greatest Good To The Greatest Number

~ TAOETPA-AS-RT-RD-IOSOIS ~ The Ability Of Economism To Pass As – Abstract Science – Rather Than – Rhetorical Device – Is One Source Of Its Strength

~ EIAIBOISEAEP-A-C-U-POTW-WCBCQAE-DW-MAUF ~ Economism Is Also Influential Because Of Its Sedative Elegance And Explanatory Power – A – Clean – Uncluttered – Picture Of The World – Which Can Be Communicated Quickly And Easily – Dispensing With – Messy And Uncooperative Facts

~ ASSOAC-BOAUA-HB-WICS ~ A Small Set Of Abstract Concepts – Based On Admittedly Unrealistic Assumptions – Has Become – Widespread In Contemporary Society

~ IALETMAC-ITAWOSADC-TII-ITRWOPAI ~ It’s A Lot Easier To Make A Case – In The Abstract World Of Supply And Demand Curves – Than It Is – In The Real World Of People And Institutions

~ IGPPWTBUTAISOS-WTSTIOTG-O-PIWAFIOTW ~ Ideas Gain Power Precisely When They Become Useful To An Important Segment Of Society – When They Support The Interests Of That Group – Or – Provide It With A Favorable Interpretation Of The World

~ BBTPO-PT-SI-A-WP-CCTBUWEFTPOPTO ~ Befuddled By The Popularity Of – Progressive Taxes – Social Insurance – And – Welfare Programs – Commentators Continue To Blame Unfamiliarity With Economics For The Popularity Of Policies They Oppose

~ M-IC-WDNSIEI-ARATVOE ~ Many – Influential Commentators – Who Do Not Specialize In Economic Issues – Also Routinely Adopt The Vocabulary Of Economism

~ TM-NE-BMIASWOPADSAEI ~ The Media – Normalize Economism – By Making It A Standard Way Of Presenting And Discussing Social And Economic Issues

~ FC-WSGWHBACPQ-ERTQFTPSTTAROT-IWT-CLM-PT-P-I-S ~ For Centuries – Who Should Get What Has Been A Central Political Question – Economism Removes The Question From The Political Sphere To The Abstract Realm Of Theory – In Which The – Competitive Labor Market – Provides The – Perfect – Indisputable – Solution

~ OOTCPOEIT-T-A-V-V-B-AU-YCMTAEUAS-A-DD-TITHTDPFWATMSWOIPTSMDETOE ~ One Of The Core Principles Of Economism Is That – Taxes – Are – Very – Very – Bad – As Usual – You Can Make The Argument Easily Using A Supply-And-Demand Diagram – The Idea That Higher Taxes Discourage People From Working And Therefore Make Society Worse Off Is Probably The Single Most Deeply Entrenched Tenet Of Economism

~ MPABUOTTR-MHBFDABNOSCIROR-B-OPR-SA-‘SWILOAE’ ~ Many People Are Blissfully Unaware Of Their Tax Rates – Most Human Beings’ Financial Decisions Are Based Not On Sophisticated Calculations Involving Rates Of Return – But – On Primitive Rules – Such As – “Save Whatever Is Left Over After Expenses”

~ LTRITAOMTTGHTB-RTCATTPS ~ Lower Tax Revenues Increase The Amount Of Money That The Government Has To Borrow – Reducing The Capital Available To The Private Sector

~ TSMST-LITWISAG-DHUTS-LPKMOTSDNAMTTWM ~ The Simple Model Saying That – Lower Investment Taxes Will Increase Savings And Growth – Doesn’t Hold Up To Scrutiny – Letting People Keep More Of Their Salaries Does Not Always Motivate Them To Work More

~ AGISAMBWWOCAOSTWDNTTPSTLAE-AS-TQOWTAWDOWFWEFOGAHWIFT ~ A Government Is Simply A Mechanism By Which We Organize Certain Aspects Of Society That We Do Not Trust The Private Sector To Look After Effectively – And So – The Question Of Whether Taxes Are Worthwhile Depends On What Functions We Expect From Our Government And How Well It Fulfills Them

~ TGPOAWITSTBOWPBIEP ~ The Greatest Power Of A Worldview Is To Set The Boundaries Of What People Believe Is Even Possible

~ ERM-FTP-HBIACWBIAWOE-IFC ~ Economism’s Rosy Model – Failed To Predict – How Both Individuals And Companies Would Behave In A World Of Ever-Increasing Financial Complexity

~ I2008-WRTLTACMDNMETCFTIMPU-I-P-SBLBPACTMTIGIWTDLDAWR-SOATMS ~ In 2008 – We Relearned The Lesson That A Competitive Market Does Not Magically Ensure That Capital Flows To Its Most Productive Uses – Instead – Profit-Seeking Behavior Leads Both People And Companies To Maximize Their Individual Gains In Ways That Distort Lending Decisions And Waste Resources – Sometimes On A Truly Monumental Scale

~ TMTNCALAMCTE-A-CRASTLTETTBWSTNCI ~ The Megabanks That Nearly Collapsed Are Larger And More Complex Than Ever – And – Capital Requirements Are Still Too Low To Ensure That Those Banks Will Survive The Next Crisis Intact

~ IARWLM-TADCCL ~ In A Real-World Labor Market – Trade Agreements Do Create Clear Losers

~ TGAOEHBT-RAPI-AAL-E-T-U-SN-FFSTW ~ The Great Achievement Of Economism Has Been To – Repackage A Political Ideology – As A Lightweight – Easy-To-Use – Seemingly Neutral – Framework For Seeing The World

~ BCTSO-AT-EDTTIADAA-TWSITWII-IYDA-YMNU-E101 ~ By Claiming The Status Of – Absolute Truth – Economism Denies That There Is Any Debate At All – The World Simply Is The Way It Is – If You Don’t Agree – You Must Not Understand – Economics 101

~ EPAIRIOCPI-PCTOAAA-WPOTTM ~ Economism Plays An Important Role In Our Contemporary Political Institutions – Prioritizing Certain Types Of Analyses And Arguments – While Pushing Others To The Margins

~ FASTBR-CMANE-TMAB-PDPI-TPEF-MP-SC-A-SAESOR ~ For A Society To Become Rich – Competitive Markets Are Not Enough – There Must Also Be – Pluralistic Democratic Political Institutions – That Prevent Elites From – Monopolizing Power – Suppressing Competitors – And – Seizing An Excessive Share Of Resources

~ U-IWTA-NW-TDBWTO ~ Ultimately – It Will Take A – New Worldview – To Do Battle With The Old

WILLIAM MARSDEN ~ FOOLS RULE ~ 2011

~ TGB-WTSIAUTD-A-WMPAWTA-WTCI-‘P’-GUV ~ The Gap Between – What The Science Is Asking Us To Do – And – What Most People Are Willing To Accept – What They Claim Is – “Possible” – Gives You Vertigo

~ D-KRDM-A-BLSWIC ~ Deniers – Keep Repackaging Debunked Material – And – Badgering Legitimate Scientists With Irrelevant Concerns

~ WLIA-PC-WT-SO-O-AOCE-AP-O-ATC-CAMWFTGPA-TSKOAG ~ We Live In A – Public Cyberspace – Where The – Scientific Opinions – Of – An Oil Company Executive – A Politician – Or – A Television Commentator – Carry As Much Weight For The General Public As – The Scientific Knowledge Of A Geophysicist

~ WDPBTTAPF? ~ Why Do People Believe Things That Are Patently False?

~ AOM ~ Axis Of Melt

~ ML-IWWTOA-TPA-ABF-THITW-TMFITAMTFSIC-V-AAOC ~ Mercury Levels – In What We Think Of As – The Pristine Arctic – Are By Far – The Highest In The World – The Mercury Found In The Arctic Migrated There From Southern Industrial Centers – Via – Atmospheric And Ocean Currents

~ MGH-BOMLIWC-‘FH’-LEIBTOSATDP-CATAMOCAAOFFROE ~ Methane Gas Hydrates – Bits Of Methane Locked Inside Water Crystals – “Frozen Heat” – Literally Everywhere In Both The Ocean Sediment And The Deep Permafrost – Contains About Twice As Much Organic Carbon As All Other Fossil Fuel Reserves On Earth

~ TDTARAEI ~ They Describe Themselves As Research And Educational Institutions

~ WCTPOFI-APS-HBC-A-RB-LAPOASOTS ~ We Continue To Place Our Faith In – A Political System – Hijacked By Corporations – And – Run By – Liars And Propagandists On All Sides Of The Spectrum

~ OBMIFUT-SSITREOTWWHCTKAT-Y-OBAHAAATCNC ~ Our Brains May Instinctively Force Us To – Seek Shelter In The Reassuring Equilibrium Of The World We Have Come To Know And Trust – Yet – Our Brains Also Have An Amazing Ability To Chart New Courses

ANDREAS WEIGEND ~ DATA FOR THE PEOPLE ~ 2017

~ TARL-TRTSPI-B-DCBUAU ~ There Are Real Life-Threatening Risks To Sharing Personal Information – Because – Data Can Be Used Against Us

~ TRIA-HTETTDCAATTUAWATT-A-TWHSSIHODAU ~ The Real Issues Are – How To Ensure That The Data Companies Are As Transparent To Us As We Are To Them – And – That We Have Some Say In How Our Data Are Used

~ TSDR ~ The Social Data Revolution

~ HCWETDAFTP? ~ How Can We Ensure That Data Are For The People?

~ SD-I-IAY-SA-Y-M-B-A-I-AWAIA-YRW-OP-P-P-E-I ~ Social Data – Is – Information About You – Such As – Your – Movements – Behavior – And – Interests – As Well As Information About – Your Relationships With – Other People – Places – Products – Even – Ideologies

~ OLSNB-D-B-D-TSB-E-B-D ~ Our Lives Should Not Be – Driven – By – Data – They Should Be – Empowered – By – Data

~ PFTP-PA ~ Principles For The Post-Privacy Age

~ B-T-IE-YAN-A ~ But – Transparency – Isn’t Enough – You Also Need – Agency

~ A-E-TROITAUTD-OAFL-A-I-GPTATCDTAUTT ~ Agency – Encompasses – The Right Of Individuals To Act Upon Their Data – On A Fundamental Level – Agency – Involves – Giving People The Ability To Create Data That Are Useful To Them

~ T-AWDCALADIE-ST-I-YATHSCODPAS-O-HCYPJ-WYGAWYG? ~ Transparency – About What Data Companies Are Learning And Doing Is Essential – So Too – Is – Your Ability To Have Some Control Over Data Products And Services – Otherwise – How Could You Possibly Judge – What You Give Against What You Get?

~ IIATCOP ~ Information Is At The Center Of Power

~ TWHMITOAASTB ~ Those Who Have More Information Than Others Almost Always Stand To Benefit

~ BDL ~ Becoming Data Literate

~ TBFPIT-SDR-WMSTOMO-P-‘C’-WTIWIPBU-A-EA-NM-TO-AC-COSD ~ To Be Full Participants In The – Social Data Revolution – We Must Shed The Old Mindset Of – Passive – “Consumers” – Who Take In Whatever Is Placed Before Us – And – Embrace A – New Mindset – That Of – Active Co-Creators Of Social Data

~ WCT-SDR-A-M-‘BB’-O-WCBDLADMWTITRSTTVWGFTIWWWGTT ~ We Can Treat – Social Data Refineries – As – Mysterious – “Black Boxes” – Or – We Can Become Data Literate And Demand Meaningful Ways To Influence The Refineries So That The Value We Get From Them Is Worth What We Give To Them

~ WYDW? ~ What’s Your Data Worth?

~ ASDACIMAOOL-WWIDODRTHUMSOTBDIL ~ As Social Data Are Created In More Areas Of Our Lives – We Will Increasingly Depend On Data Refineries To Help Us Make Some Of The Biggest Decisions In Life

~ IMC-TTMOTDWCEOWWCODTTDCBO ~ In Many Cases – The True Meaning Of The Data We Create Emerges Only When We’re Comparing Our Data To The Data Created By Others

~ OOTBSOBDLILWDA-P-I-O-I ~ One Of The Basic Skills Of Being Data Literate Is Learning What Data Are – Plausible – Implausible – Or – Impossible

~ ADAPTE ~ All Data Are Prone To Error

~ WAASWHTCWSDEWWTHR-A-WRWCT ~ We As A Society Will Have To Consider Which Social Data Experiments We Want To Have Run – And – Which Results We Can Trust

~ A-IN-TDSOD-TPDTWFTP-WN-TAA ~ Anonymity – Is Not – The Default Setting Of Democracy – To Put Data To Work For The People – We Need – Transparency And Agency

~ TEIAOSDCPUO-IWCDTHTAIOTABTTM?-WNTDMSTFETT-O ~ The Exponentially Increasing Amount Of Social Data Clearly Presents Unprecedented Opportunities – In Which Cases Does The Harm To An Individual Outweigh The Aggregate Benefit To The Masses? – We Need To Develop More Sophisticated Tools For Evaluating These Trade-Offs

~ TNSC ~ The New Social Capital

~ TMOSDE ~ The Ministry Of Social Data Engineering

~ AAFS-DR-OTGUASSTT-P-OAO ~ As A First Step – Data Refineries – Ought To Give Users A Simple Switch To Turn – Personalization – On And Off

~ MSOTSOS-WDIMTLIAWWEIR? ~ Making Sense Of The Sensorization Of Society – What Does It Mean To Live In A World Where Everything Is Recorded?

~ PH-TMF-A-LWUS-F-TIT-FOII-O-BR-IAW-TWATOOTI-S-TIT-FOD-O-OSD-WP-T-TITFOP-O-ORDASTD-AUAHTDMBAOUITF ~ People Have – Three Main Fears – About – Living With Ubiquitous Sensors – First – There Is The – Fear Of Information Imbalance – Of – Being Retrievable – In A Way – That Will Alter The Outcome Of The Interaction – Second – There Is The – Fear Of Dissemination – Of – Others Sharing Data – Without Permission – Third – There Is The Fear Of Permanence – Of – Others Recording Data And Saving The Data – An Uncertainty About How The Data Might Be Analyzed Or Used In The Future

~ CAD-TVOAE-I-WADO-SD-TGUR ~ Companies Are Discovering – The Value Of Analyzing Everything – Increasingly – We’ll All Depend On – Sensor Data – To Give Us Recommendations

~ C-ATO-S-TCPU-TUCOA-P/P/T ~ Cameras – Aren’t The Only – Sensor – That Can Pick Up – The Unique Characteristics Of A – Person / Place / Thing

~ RTASD-WINTBTBTTMOUATPHTPWMNEBATTMABI ~ Refineries That Analyze Sensor Data – Will Increasingly Need To Balance The Benefits To The Majority Of Users Against The Potential Harm To People Who May Not Even Be Aware That Their Movements Are Being Inferred

~ IRS-WIAFSITBB-PAS-AWAB-PAFS ~ Image Recognition Software – Will Involve A Fundamental Shift In The Balance Between – Privacy And Security – As Well As Between – Privacy And Free Speech

~ A-C-GVTTWCSFT ~ Algorithms – Can – Give Voice To Those Who Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ B-WCDA-SOR-WRTO-SD-TETFPO-TAA

~ But – We Can Demand A – Set Of Rights – With Respect To Our – Social Data – That Ensures The Fullest Potential Of – Transparency And Agency

~ STC-TFTP ~ Seeing The Controls – Transparency For The People

~ WHTDOTRTHUIAUTIOOD-TRTAYDSITATSYDIC-TOTMPCA-YP-A-YP ~ We Have To Depend On The Refineries To Help Us Interpret And Understand The Implications Of Our Data – The Right To Access Your Data Should Include The Ability To See Your Data In Context – Two Of The Most Powerful Contexts Are – Your Past – And – Your Peers

~ AT-RD-A-WATF-AC-A-I-I-M ~ Access To – Raw Data – Alone – Without Any Tools For – Analysis Comparison – And – Interpretation – Is – Meaningless

~ TRTIDR ~ The Right To Inspect Data Refineries

~ I-CO-AP-C-W-SRS ~ Increasingly – Cyber Operations – Are Providing – Criminals – With – Significant Revenue Streams

~ HCYDWARI-‘SE’-TSYDW? ~ How Can You Determine Whether A Refinery Is – “Secure Enough” – To Share Your Data With?

~ MSBS-NWA-SW-B-WA-HW-IAC-AE-WI-D-D-IT-O-STBTDATJ ~ Many Security Breaches Start – Not With A – Software Weakness – But – With A – Human Weakness – Inside A Company – An Employee – Who Is – Disgruntled – Disaffected – Inadequately Trained – Or – Simply Too Busy To Do A Thorough Job

~ AW-LAR-WMMAT-GP;TDWEAWLHBTURDAEOTR ~ As With – Laws And Regulations – What Matters Most Are The – Guiding Principles; The Details Will Evolve As We Learn How Best To Use Refined Data And Exercise Our Transparency Rights

~ TTC-AFTP ~ Taking The Control(S) – Agency For The People

~ IRCEWU-WSBATEWT ~ If Refineries Can Experiment With Us – We Should Be Able To Experiment With Them

~ ITM ~ Influencing The Machines

~ IAWAGT-TAR-B-TMITEHNEOODL ~ It’s All Well And Good To – Talk About Rights – But – They’re Meaningless If Their Existence Has No Effect On Our Daily Lives

~ WFBQATPAAUOD ~ We Face Big Questions About The Possible And Acceptable Uses Of Data

~ T-HIP-B-SD-ALOT ~ Transparency – Has Its Price – But – So Does – A Lack Of Transparency

~ SD-CGU-F-MT-W-T-MWWW-MCTP-A-OTW-ALAWCETDR ~ Social Data – Can Give Us – Fairer – More Transparent – Ways – To – Match Work With Workers – Match Compensation To Performance – And – Optimize The Workforce – As Long As Workers Can Exercise Their Data Rights

~ AWGTAT-REUTS-EO-TAAR-AWDS-DOTPABTP-WB-DFTP ~ As We Gain The Ability To – Refine Everything Under The Sun – Exercising Our – Transparency And Agency Rights – As We Do So – Data Of The People And By The People – Will Become – Data For The People

CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations