STEPHANIE KELTON ~ THE DEFICIT MYTHS THAT HAVE HOBBLED US ~ THE DEFICIT MYTH ~ 2020

MYTH #1:

~ TFGSBLAH ~ The Federal Government Should Budget Like A Household

REALITY:

~ DTOAH ~ Don’t Think Of A Household

~ UAH-TFGITCIS-ASPTMBEWGC-TSCROOP-TGITC-A-EE-H.PB/SALG/F-MUI ~ Unlike A Household – The Federal Government Issues The Currency It Spends – A Special Power That Must Be Exercised With Great Care – The Scorekeeper Can’t Run Out Of Points – The Government Issues The Currency – And – Everyone Else – Household / Private Business / State And Local Governments / Foreigners – Merely Uses It

MYTH #2

~ DAEOO ~ Deficits Are Evidence Of Overspending

REALITY

~ TOI ~ Think Of Inflation

~ FEOO-LT-I-ADIOEOOIISI ~ For Evidence Of Overspending – Look To – Inflation – A Deficit Is Only Evidence Of Overspending If It Sparks Inflation

MYTH #3

~ OWOA-WAOTH ~ One Way Or Another – We’re All On The Hook

REALITY

~ TND(TI) ~ The National Debt (That Isn’t)

~ TNDPNFBW ~ The National Debt Poses No Financial Burden Whatsoever

MYTH #4

~ GDCOPI-MUP ~ Government Deficits Crowd Out Private Investment – Making Us Poorer

REALITY

~ TRIIOBI ~ Their Red Ink Is Our Black Ink

~ FDIOWACS-GD=NS-TTITPTDFGTBOTS ~ Fiscal Deficits Increase Our Wealth And Collective Savings – Government Deficit = Nongovernment Surplus – The Trick Is To Prevent The Deficit From Getting Too Big Or Too Small

MYTH #5

~ TD-M-L ~ Trade Deficit – Means – Losing

REALITY

~ TS-I-‘S’-S ~ Trade Surplus – Is – “Stuff” – Surplus

~ TPISSWCA;ISWCANTA ~ Trade Peace Isn’t Simply Something We Can Achieve; It’s Something We Can’t Afford Not To Achieve

REALITY

MYTH #6

~ ‘E’-P-L-SSAM-A-FU-WCATAM ~ “Entitlement” – Programs – Like – Social Security And Medicare – Are – Financially Unsustainable – We Can’t Afford Them Any More

REALITY

~ YE! ~ You’re Entitled!

~ ALATFGCTMTP-ICAATSTP-EPWHMOUAOTOA-OSSNSOSBWOAAHTSTEAAW ~ As Long As The Federal Government Commits To Making The Payments – It Can Always Afford To Support These Programs – Entitlement Programs Will Help Most Of Us At One Time Or Another – Our Social Safety Nets Strengthen Our Social Bonds With One Another And Help To Support The Economy As A Whole

STEPHANIE KELTON ~ THE DEFICIT MYTH ~ 2020

~ HC-I-E-CC-B-HAYGTPFI? ~ Health Care – Infrastructure – Education – Climate Change – But – How Are You Going To Pay For It?

~ B-WIT-FB-W-FD-TY-HB? ~ But – What If The – Federal Budget – Was – Fundamentally Different – Than Your – Household Budget?

~ WICT-IOPW-B-WHFMOTWR-B-WDNTSTTMTHBHUB ~ When It Come To – Increasing Our Public Well-Being – We Have Far More Options Than We Realize – But – We Desperately Need To See Through The Myths That Have Been Holding Us Back

~ MMT ~ Modern Monetary Theory

~ B-TITTPFWTGSIPF ~ But – The Idea That Taxes Pay For What The Government Spends Is Pure Fantasy

~ JBTANFCOTFB-DMTARLTWTGC(AS)D-RB-TAOORPR-TSOT-A-TQAQO-L/W/F/M/OM-ITGTTSTMIAETARAFS-IWA ~ ~ Just Because There Are Not Financial Constraints On The Federal Budget – Doesn’t Mean There Aren’t Real Limits To What The Government Can (And Should) Do – Regulated By – The Availability Of Our Real Productive Resources – The State Of Technology – And – The Quantity And Quality Of – Land/Workers/Factories/Machines/Other Materials – If The Government Tries To Spend Too Much Into An Economy That’s Already Running At Full Speed – Inflation Will Accelerate

~ MMT-DTRLFDAUS-IC ~ MMT – Distinguishes The Real Limits From Delusional And Unnecessary Self-Imposed Constraints

~ SONSIAPD-O-TEROABSBTC-B-SSNBCB-ABT-O-ABATS-CSF ~ Spending Or Not Spending Is A Political Decision – Obviously – The Economic Ramifications Of Any Bill Should Be Thoroughly Considered – But – Spending Should Never Be Constrained By – Arbitrary Budget Targets – Or – A Blind Allegiance To So-Called Sound Finance

~ TMICOGSII ~ The Most Important Constraint On Government Spending Is Inflation

~ IOAOTMC-LSBFAWPSTBCOMTNOOEP-TMCABT-TQI-WWTMB? ~ Instead Of Arguing Over The Monetary Cost – Lawmakers Should Be Fighting About Whose Policies Stand The Best Chance Of Meeting The Needs Of Our Entire Population – The Money Can Always Be There – The Question Is – What Will That Money Buy?

~ TRCTWFHNTDWT-FD-O-E-P/I/I/VNRWGST1970/CC-TA-RC ~ The Real Crises That We’re Facing Have Nothing To Do With The – Federal Deficit – Or – Entitlements – Poverty / Infrastructure / Inequality / Virtually No Real Wage Growth Since The 1970s / Climate Change – These Are – Real Crises

~ WNTSTTMAROATWHTPAA ~ We Need To See Through The Myths And Remember Once Again That We’ve Had The Power All Along

~ UAH-TFGITCIS-ASPTMBEWGC ~ Unlike A Household – The Federal Government Issues The Currency It Spends – A Special Power That Must Be Exercised With Great Care

~ W-C-WLON-MS-FTPBD-T-CFUDJLAH ~ When – Countries – With Little Or No – Monetary Sovereignty – Fail To Prioritize Budget Discipline – They – Can Face Unsustainable Debts Just Like A Household

~ ATTDSBLUAT-TACI-B-TNRTATGMRTWIWTIIOE ~ Adding To The Deficit Shouldn’t Be Looked Upon As Taboo – Taxes Are Critically Important – But – There’s No Reason To Assume The Government Must Raise Taxes Whenever It Wants To Invest In Our Economy

~ DSITN ~ Deficit Spending Is The Norm

~ BTGC-S(D)-ADAFU-IMF-A(C)-T-SMCF-O-WWAHGTDTNTPTT? ~ Before The Government Could – Subtract (Debit) – Any Dollars Away From Us – It Must First – Add (Credit) – Them – Spending Must Come First – Otherwise – Where Would Anyone Have Gotten The Dollars They Needed To Pay The Tax?

~ T-ITT-CADFTGC-BACPTT-SHTDTWTETC-INO-TM-TGW-IO-T-T-PTFTS-TGATSDRATTD ~ Tax – Is There To – Create A Demand For The Government’s Currency – Before Anyone Can Pay The Tax – Someone Has To Do The Work To Earn The Currency – It’s Not Our – Tax Money – The Government Wants – It’s Our – Time – To – Produce Things For The State – The Government’s Ability To Spend Doesn’t Revolve Around The Taxpayer Dollar

~ ITCHB-T-DM-WEWTUTJWS? ~ If They Couldn’t Hide Behind – The – Deficit Myth – What Excuse Would They Use To Justify Withholding Support?

~ WTILONI-IUCAROWITBE ~ When There Is Little Or No Inflation – It’s Usually Considered A Reflection Of Weakness In The Broader Economy

~ MP-INAP-IINTIT-HLP-IWMBDCABID ~ Monetary Policy – Is Not A Panacea – It Is Not The Ideal Tool – Has Limited Potency – It Works Mainly By Driving Consumers And Businesses Into Debt

~ WMINWTGBIISOD-B-WTGIUIBTAGOFTROTE ~ What Matters Is Not Whether The Governments Budget Is In Surplus Or Deficit – But –Whether The Government Is Using Its Budget To Achieve Good Outcomes For The Rest Of The Economy

~ TTTOCW-B-I-T-BD-I-EI ~ The Threat To Our Common Well-Being – Isn’t – The – Budget Deficit – It’s – Excessive Inflation

~ AIC-MMT-IARA-A(R)C-WA-R(I)C ~ At It’s Core – MMT – Is About Replacing An – Artificial (Revenue) Constraint – With A – Real (Inflation) Constraint

~ OIAAOP-B-SIRTAWMCBDTETHCWRI ~ Overspending Is An Abuse Of Power – But – So Is Refusing To Act When More Can Be Done To Elevate The Human Condition Without Risking Inflation

~ WDNTFTD-WNTFOT-NJTPSCTPTSTOM-B-ATHAMEDATFROTWCAIWWSA-TDITRWCHNT-OBTI ~ We Don’t Need To Fix The Debt – We Need To Fix Our Thinking – Not Just To Prevent Senseless Cuts To Programs That Support Tens Of Millions – But – Also To Have A More Enlightened Debate About The Full Range Of Things We Could Accomplish If We Weren’t So Afraid – The Debt Isn’t The Reason We Can’t Have Nice Things – Our Broken Thinking Is

~ FEDTEIOPOTE-TIAEAOSISOP-TJNWAI-GD=NS-EDTGSHTGS-A-TIOOPTDG-TN-TTITPTDFGTBOTS ~ For Every Deficit That Exists In One Part Of The Economy – There Is An Equal And Opposite Surplus In Some Other Part – There’s Just No Way Around It – Government Deficit = Nongovernment Surplus – Ever Dollar The Government Spends Has To Go Somewhere – And – There Is Only One Place Those Dollars Can Go – The Nongovernment – The Trick Is To Prevent The Deficit From Getting Too Big Or Too Small

~ STM-O-TTL-CLTP ~ Spending Too Much – Or – Taxing Too Little – Can Lead To Problems

~ DCBTB-B-TCABTS ~ Deficits Can Be Too Big – But – They Can Also Be Too Small

~ ITGI-BSP-WNFDTCRME-FE-II-HC/E/P-B-W-BPS-A-WFDHL-AM-IF-TDAHIO-SBA-TGSBITE ~ If The Goal Is – Broadly Shared Prosperity – We Need Fiscal Deficits That Channel Resources More Equitably – For Example – Investing In – Health Care / Education / Public Infrastructure – Benefit – Workers – Better Public Services – And – When Fiscal Deficits Help Low- And Middle-Income Families – Those Dollars Aren’t Hoarded In Off-Shore Bank Accounts – They Get Spent Back Into The Economy

~ CWMSANATMOFM ~ Countries With Monetary Sovereignty Are Not At The Mercy Of Financial Markets

~ TSNPRBFDAIR ~ There’s Simply No Preordained Relationship Between Fiscal Deficits And Interest Rates

~ J-AAOP ~ Joblessness – Is An Official Policy

~ AFJG-N-P-B-IBTTTPOUD(AOTSTEOU)WA-JG-FT-INLATTFE-A-TWANLNTPU ~ A – Federal Job Guarantee – No – Panacea – But – It Begins To Tackle The Problem Of Unemployment Directly (As Opposed To Subsidizing The Effects Of Unemployment) – With A – Job Grantee – Free Trade – Is No Longer A Threat To Full Employment – And – Trade Wars Are No Longer Necessary To Prevent Unemployment

~ MCATWASIASWTCROTOC-IPTBAGEFAOTP ~ Many Countries Around The World Are Stuck In A Situation Where They Can’t Rely On Their Own Currency-Issuing Powers To Build A Good Economy For All Of Their People

~ F-WMDWOPA ~ First – We Must Decide What Our Priorities Are

~ WSSATQ-HWWPFI?-A-SA-HWWRI? ~ We Should Stop Asking The Question – How Will We Pay For It? – And – Start Asking – How Will We Resource It?

~ TDTM:GJ/S/H-C/E-I/C/D ~ The Deficits That Matter: Good Jobs / Savings / Health-Care / Education / Infrastructure / Climate / Democracy

~ AEFTP-IOE-IOMS-WCMIWFU ~ An Economy For The People – It’s Our Economy – It’s Our Monetary System – We Can Make It Work For Us

THOMAS HOMER DIXON ~ COMMANDING HOPE ~ 2020

~ TPWHTRAWIP ~ The Power We Have To Renew A World In Peril

~ A-‘S’-G-OT-CAS-T-ES-T-OAO-AT-CBAWC ~ A – “Superordinate” – Goal – One That’s – Clear And Specific – That – Everyone Shares – That – Overrides All Others – And That – Can’t Be Achieved Without Cooperation

~ WBT-1.5D-T-IN-I-IWBOOT-S-P-SF-PSHFP ~ Warming Beyond The – 1.5 Degree – Threshold – Is Now – Inevitable – It Will Be One Of The – Slow-Process – Structural Factors – Profoundly Shaping Humanity’s Future Possibilities

~ OC-CAFMDFSTO-B-ITDCWUCU-AOU-TWI-WEFO-BNC ~ Of Course – Conditions Are Far More Dire For Some Than Others – But – If The Dangerous Changes We’ve Unleashed Continue Unabated – All Of Us – The Wealthiest Included – Will Eventually Find Our – Basic Needs Compromised

~ IWGTPT-WN-PAG-TCTFA-IAC-VOTF-T-PE-CTTH-AICWEO-A-RA-AT-WWETTR ~ If We’re Going To Pull Together – We Need – Principles And Goals – That Combine To Form An – Inspiring And Coherent – Vision Of The Future – That – People Everywhere – Can Take To Heart – Affirm In Conversation With Each Other – And – Rally Around – And Then – Work With Excitement Together To Reach

~ RPTH ~ ~ The Path To Hope

~ HB-CCNAOT-SR-SB-BTTR-CTBAT-A-TACTOT ~ Human Beings – Can Create New Aspects Of Their – Social Reality – Simply By – Believing That They’re Real – Communicating Those Beliefs Among Themselves – And – Then Acting Concretely Together On Them

~ IOCADETDUTAMUS-TCATCOTSMR-HUT-VAOD-THAO-PAB-TC-A-EE-TTTPUAAMUD ~ Instead Of Creating A Digital Environment That Draws Us Together And Makes Us Smarter – The Companies At The Core Of The Social Media Revolution – Have Used The – Vast Amounts Of Data – They Harvest About Our – Preferences And Behaviors – To Create – An – Emotional Environment – That Tends To Pull Us Apart And Make Us Dumber

~ M-E-O-S-A-C-O-L-GMR-B-CA-AIE-O-C-CAE-S-A-ATETWBA-O-A-(S)A-SEMUFCI-EUTCIGOL-MFPP-A-DTTBDPTEFACOW-TAU-TA-S-EOFITF ~ More – Eyeballs – On – Sites – And – Clicks – On – Links – Generate More Revenue – By – Creating An – Addictive Information Environment – Of – Constant – Cognitive And Emotional – Stimulus – And – Among The Emotions That Work Best Are – Outrage – And – (Social) Anxiety – Such Emotions Make Us Feel Chronically Insecure – Encourage Us To Coalesce Into Groups Of The Like-Minded For Psychological Protection – And – Dissolve The Trust Between Divers Peoples That’s Essential For A Consensus On What’s – True And Untrue – They Also – Subtly – Erode Our Faith In The Future

~ MME-A-PC-A-T-C-WPITRD-CB-AEFFG ~ Modern Market Economies – Are – Prodigiously Creative – And – That – Creativity – When Pointed In The Right Direction – Can Be – An Extraordinary Force For Good

~ ‘MI’ ~ “Motivated Inference”

~ HIDEIN-A-S-IDOI ~ Humanity Is Deeply Enmeshed In Nature – And – So – Intimately Dependent On It

~ B-MOUSWOCW-EWAESINBU-B-IOOR-A-GOLM ~ But – Most Of Us Stick With Our Current Worldview – Even When Abundant Evidence Shows It’s Not Benefiting Us – Because – It Orders Our Reality – And – Gives Our Lives Meaning

~ IISITHOCBTCMAD ~ It’s So Important To Help Our Children Believe They Can Make A Difference

~ H-IIF-D-O-I-W-C-CTBD ~ Humanity – If In Fact – Doomed – Only – If – We – Collectively – Choose To Be Doomed

~ H-CAW-AIUP-UEOU-FABROC-TOOAFTPT-AMOAC-‘W’ ~ Humanity – Can’t And Won’t – Address Its Urgent Problems – Until Enough Of Us – From A Broad Range Of Cultures – Think Of Ourselves As Facing These Problems Together – As Members Of A Common – “We”

~ BO-CP-AN-GIBTCAS-WN-BCA-ATWS-TATS ~ Because Our – Critical Problems – Are Now – Global – In Both Their Causes And Scope – We Need – Broad Collective Action – Across The World’s Societies – To Address Them Successfully

~ ‘POC’-MB-OOO-B-LI ~ “Protect Our Children” – Must Be – One Of Our – Bottom-Line Injunctions

NICHOLAS CHRISTAKIS ~ BUBONIC PLAGUE ~ APOLLO’S ARROW ~ 2020

~ ETHKA-THM-P-OT-FH-Y-IHRWP-PI-TMP-T-S/F/N-C ~ Estimated To Have Killed Around – Two Hundred Million – People – Over The – Fourteen Hundred – Years – It Has Ravaged Worldwide Populations – Primarily In – Three Major Pandemics – The – Sixth / Fourteenth / Nineteenth – Centuries

~ TFOTP-KAT-POJ-SI-541-A-H-ESW-BIEI-755-IITTHOIA-TRISANWU ~ The First Of These Pandemics – Known As The – Plague Of Justinian – Started In – 541 – And – Had – Eighteen Successive Waves – Before It Ended In – 755 – It Is Thought To Have Originated In Africa – The Reasons It Stopped Are Not Well Understood

~ TSP-OOTMCPE-BI-CA-A-R-E-I-1347-IL-OAO-FN-FHY-TDIT-1830S-TFWOTSP-WLF-1347-1353-IWWTOAT-BD-ATTWNUATT-DTFW-DPTAC-A-S-AMA-HOTPOE-WWO ~ The Second Plague – One Of The Most Catastrophic Pandemics Ever – Began In – Central Asia – And – Reached – Europe – In – 1347 – It Lasted – On And Off – For Nearly – Five Hundred Years – Then Disappeared In The – 1830s – The First Wave Of The Second Plague – Which Lasted From – 1347 – 1353 – Is What We Think Of As The – Black Death – Although The Term Was Not Used At The Time – During This First Wave – Densely Packed Towns And Cities – And – Substantial Poverty – As Much As – Half Of The Population Of Europe – Was Wiped Out

~ F-I-1870-T-TO-LI-I-KAT-‘MP’-TECB-TAFM-D ~ Finally – In – 1870 – The – Third Occurrence – Largely In – India – Known As The – “Modern Plague” – The Epidemic Caused Between – Thirteen And Fifteen Million – Deaths

~ OOTCOPB-1900-2016-LAHAOETWA ~ Over One Thousand Case Of Plague Between – 1900 – 2016 – Largely Among Hunters And Others Exposed To Wild Animals

~ WDNRETOIAAPA;WJCIA-Y-I-A-ICBCIASFW-SOT ~ We Do Not Really Even Think Of It As A Plague Anymore; We Just Call It A – Yersinia – Infection – And – It Can Be Cured In A Straightforward Fashion With – Streptomycin Or Tetracycline

NICHOLAS CHRISTAKIS ~ APOLLO’S ARROW ~ 2020

~ SMPCASR-VFPHAET-B-TFTTANIPLMDNMTWCNT-TIR-WSPA ~ Since Major Pandemics Come Along So Rarely – Very Few People Have Actually Experienced Them – But – The Fact That They Are Not In People’s Living Memory Does Not Mean That We Can Neglect Them – They Inevitably Recur – We Should Pay Attention

~ TBITHSTFUWTHOS ~ The Beds In The Hospital Started To Fill Up With The Hospital’s Own Staff

~ AT-CPAOCT-PHM-S-BUPCSTD ~ Asymptomatic Transmission – Can Present An Obvious Challenge To – Public Health Management – Since – Blithely Unaware Patients Can Spread The Disease

~ EW-ASTBAR ~ Essential Workers – Always Seem To Be At Risk

~ E-DOA-CI-O-P/H/E ~ Epidemics – Depend On A – Complex Interaction – Of – Pathogen / Host / Environment

~ P-AAFOT-HE-WHI-2020-WNNTOS-IWJ-NT-U ~ Plagues – Are A Feature Of The – Human Experience – What Happened In – 2020 – Was Not New To Our Species – It Was Just – New To – Us

~ MM-WNT-PF-TCIDTGA-TAC-W-SI-A-TIO-PHM ~ Modern Medicine – Was Not The – Primary Force – That Caused Infectious Diseases To Go Away – The Actual Cause – Was – Socioeconomic Improvements – And – The Implementation Of – Public Health Measures

~ TBC-WNT-D-O-P-N-S ~ To Be Clear – We Need To – Distance – Ourselves – Physically – Not – Socially

~ IAC-A-ANME-A-TWBIUIC ~ Individual And Collective – Approaches – Are Not Mutually Exclusive – And – They Work Best If Used In Combination

~ ASESSAH-CS-FTC-ATSTW-A-AESOE-A-OH-CP ~ A Serious Epidemic Severally Strains Any Health-Care System – Flattening The Curve – Allows The System To Work – And – Avoids Exhausting Supplies Of Equipment – And – Overwhelming Health-Care Personnel

~ BT-AAUTGTPHSR;WCDT-A-PFCT-A-LMATVIOL ~ Buying Time – Also Allows Us To Get The Public Health System Ready; We Can Develop Tests – And – Procedures For Contact Tracing – And – Learn More About The Virus In Our Laboratories

~ WW-FTC-WAFSOTIITFTAPW-SBVOTPOT-A-V-EM-BCFPSFTD-MALLVOTD ~ When We – Flatten The Curve – We Also Push Some Of The Infections Into The Future To A Point When – Simply By Virtue Of The Passage Of Time – A – Vaccine – Effective Medicines – Better Care For People Suffering From The Disease – Milder And Less Lethal Versions Of The Disease

~ FTC-M-STSOTV-N-EI ~ Flattening The Curve – Means – Slowing The Spread Of The Virus – Not – Eradicating It

~ BTT-PSTD-ITLTGTFBOTME-I-ATDSH ~ By The Time – People Start To Die – It’s Too Late To Gain The Full Benefit Of The More Effective – Interventions – Although They Do Still Help

~ TPOPWNTBIFASTH-HI-DOHITDI-TLITD-TFINTBI ~ The Proportion Of People Who Need To Be Immune For A Society To Have – Herd Immunity – Depends On How Infectious The Disease Is – The Less Infectious The Disease – The Fewer Individuals Need To Be Immune

~ OOTMIAARTAEIT-CB ~ One Of The Most Intuitive And Ancient Responses To An Epidemic Is To – Close Borders

~ CT-PAIRIT-EO-S ~ Contact Tracing – Played An Important Role In The – Eradication Of – Smallpox

~ IWMOCTDP-A-TTC-WTAOAF-TSCBTOTMCTF ~ If We Miss Our Chance To Detect Patients – And – Trace Their Contacts – When There Are Only A Few – The System Can Become Too Overwhelmed To Make Contact Tracing Feasible

~ T-OGHIHW-T-T-I-SOS-I ~ Tracing – Often Goes Hand In Hand With – Testing – To – Identify – Sick Or Susceptible – Individuals

~ T-OIODLTHCAV-ITUOWAHTV-NWIHS ~ Testing – On Its Own Does Little To Help Control A Virus – It Tells Us Only Who Already Has The Virus – Not Where It Has Spread

~ IOWYC-T-T-A-I-TYC-BTCOT-A-BAVUC ~ It’s Only When You Can – Test – Trace – And – Isolate – That You Can – Break The Chains Of Transmission – And – Bring A Virus Under Control

~ PAATOL-NJO-L-B-O-R-C-L-A-ME ~ Plagues Are A Time Of Loss – Not Just Of – Lives – But – Of – Routines – Connections – Liberty – And – Much Else

~ B – DEASPEOA-POE-N-LTBEV-G/A/F/D/D-A-E-A-ANU-ER-TTPACLIASOOID ~ But Deadly Epidemics Always Spawn Parallel Epidemics Of A – Psychological Or Existential – Nature – Leas Tangible But Equally Virulent – Grief / Anger / Fear / Denial / Despair – And – Even – Anomie – Are Not Unexpected – Emotional Reactions – To The Personal And Collective Loss In A Serious Outbreak Of Infectious Disease

~ PHATTBOFTD ~ People Have A Tendency To Blame Others For The Disease

~ AICF-PHA-A-LDAP-IT-AWNEAFOP-A-THPERTTICW ~ An Important Challenge For – Public Health Authorities – And – Leaders During A Pandemic – Is To – Acknowledge Widespread Negative Emotions And Feelings Of Powerlessness – And – To Help People Effectively Respond To Them In Constructive Ways

~ FBOBECECPTSTTTHCTD ~ Fear Brought On By Epidemics Can Even Cause People To Shun Those Trying To Help Control The Disease

~ A-F-TRI-SOS-OT-IATTPWPCTIUI-CAWTIOTE ~ And – Fear – That Results In – Stigmatization Or Scapegoating – Or That – Increases Anxiety To The Point Where People Cannot Take In Useful Information – Can Also Worsen The Impact Of The Epidemic

~ FOD-HI-OE-I-OSD ~ Fear Of Disease – Has Its – Own Epidemiology – Its – Own Spreading Dynamics

~ ROTFOIAOJOTGTTRPOFC-B-TSFRIHETIHTGTEAC ~ Restrictions On The Flow Of Information Are Often Justified On The Grounds That They Reduce Panic Or Foster Consistency – But – They So Frequently Result In Harmful Effects That It’s Hard To Give Those Explanations Any Credence

~ LT-V-M-CHU ~ Like The – Virus – Misinformation – Can Harm Us

~ S-A-DDFPAC-HAADTOP ~ Superstitions – And – Desperate Desires For Preventatives And Cures – Have Always Arisen During Times Of Plague

~ TEOEAOMIIWWWTUEOTPI ~ The Epidemics Of – Emotions And Of Misinformation – Intersect In Worrisome Ways – With – The Underlying Epidemic Of The Pathogen Itself

~ TITBOFCIOFBIIP ~ The Impulse To Blame Others For Causing Infections Or For Being Infected Is Powerful

~ ITPDND-WSW? ~ If The Pathogen Does Not Discriminate – Why Should We?

~ B-IR-PM-HAH-I ~ But – In Reality – Pandemics Mostly – Heighten And Highlight – Inequality

~ PAAATWMOAG-WTIDBABO-CI-AA-O-SP ~ Pathogens Almost Always Affect The Weaker Members Of Any Group – Whether This Is Defined By A Burden Of – Chronic Illness – Advanced Age – Or – Substantial Poverty

~ IATOP-SDL-AAHS-A-UH ~ In A Time Of Plague – Social Distinctions Like – Age And Health Status – Are – Unavoidably Highlighted

~ M-LIJ-CBDR-H-A-SMOTP-L-AHI-SWCNEA-HC-O-E-SD-WTBI ~ Most – Low Income Jobs – Cannot Be Done Remotely – However – And – Since Many Of These Positions – Lack – Adequate Health Insurance – Such Workers Could Not Easily Access – Health Care – Or – Even – Sick Days – When They Became Ill

~ IEFEWWHAVIOM ~ It’s Expensive For Everyone When We Have A Virus In Our Midst

~ F-TWHSFBSSOOVDDTTV ~ Fortunately – The World Has So Far Been Spared Serious Outbreaks Of Violence Directly Due To The Virus

~ OATSDTEITTOP-PTMMI-TDBTWKSWHD-A-TWDN-B-AMPD-A-AMOUCTKSWHD-TEWSMR ~ Of All The Societal Divisions That Emerge In The Time Of Plague – Perhaps The Most Meaningful Is – The Divide Between Those Who Know Someone Who Has Died – And – Those Who Do Not – But – As More People Die – And – As More Of Us Come To Know Someone Who Has Died – The Epidemic Will Seem More Real

~ B-‘R’-P-T-AWT-TR-A-CTS ~ But – “Regular” – People – Too – Are Willing To – Take Risks – And – Contribute To Society

~ LAC-CMSMB ~ Love And Connection – Can Make Suffering More Bearable

~ HAMACOTTOS-I ~ Humans Are Moral Actors Capable Of Transcending Their Own Self-Interest

~ AISO-SI-IVCA-TEC-A-TISAPSO-CB-A-GW ~ An Increased Sense Of – Shared Identity – Is Very Common Among – Those Experiencing Catastrophes – And – This Is A Powerful Source Of – Cooperative Behavior – And – Good Will

~ B-S-PASDTASNR ~ But –Sometimes – Plagues Are So Devastating That A Society Never Recovers

~ S-WWR-HI-O-TPWETB-LL-O-AAVLT-HWETB-R ~ So – We Will Reach – Herd Immunity – Or – The Pathogen Will Evolve To Be – Less Lethal – Or – After A Very Long Time – Humans Will Evolve To Be – Resistant

~ RPR ~ Respiratory Pandemics Recur

~ PAE ~ Plagues Always End

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ IIET-ECBCCITE-TB-TTMPTMC-A-AGCAIANTROASI-ALFOITD-B-CAYOHW ~ It Is Easier To – Enhance Creativity By Changing Conditions In The Environment – Than By – Trying To Make People Think More Creatively – And – A Genuinely Creative Accomplishment Is Almost Never The Result Of A Sudden Insight – A Lightbulb Flashing On In The Dark – But – Comes After Years Of Hard Work

~ MOTTTA-I-I-A-H-ATROC ~ Most Of The Things That Are – Interesting – Important – And – Human – Are The Results Of Creativity

~ C-WWAIII-WFTWALMFTDTROL ~ Creativity – When We Are Involved In It – We Feel That We Are Living More Fully Than During The Rest Of Life

~ AIALR-TIJSMIWCPAAGT-TACIAED-TMBSAA ~ Attention Is A Limited Resource – There Is Just So Much Information We Can Process At Any Given Time – To Achieve Creativity In An Existing Domain – There Must Be Surplus Attention Available

~ CGICTBOD ~ Creativity Generally Involves Crossing The Boundaries Of Domains

~ ITFOFCAA-ITMOAPITWORAE-TMTEICBIEE ~ If Too Few Opportunities For Curiosity Are Available – If Too Many Obstacles Are Placed In The Way Of Risk And Exploration – The Motivation To Engage In Creative Behavior Is Easily Extinguished

~ ITNGITFTFWZAS-C-WMETTB-O-AWA-C ~ If The Next Generation Is To Face The Future With Zest And Self-Confidence – We Must Educate Them To Be – Original – As Well As – Competent

~ TMIMWCLFCP:HTFPAEITCOE ~ The Most Important Message We Can Learn From Creative People: How To Find Purpose And Enjoyment In The Chaos Of Existence

~ CDNHIPH-B-ITIBAPTAASCC-IIA-S-RTA-I-P ~ Creativity Does Not Happen Inside People’s Heads – But – In The Interaction Between A Person’s Thoughts And A SocioCultural Context – It Is A – Systemic – Rather Than An – Individual – Phenomenon

~ A-L-C-A-POSRTOI ~ Accidents – Like – Creativity – Are – Properties Of Systems Rather Than Of Individuals

~ BITRPATRT-ICI-B-MPNRTTASIAPS-TC-A-EFKWTDWTRHT ~ Being In The Right Place At The Right Time – Is Clearly Important – But – Many People Never Realize That They Are Standing In A Propitious Space-Time Convergence – And – Even Fewer Know What To Do When The Realization Hits Them

~ WAGDO-C-W-A-I-I-WTALAIHTW-IIDTRAIP ~ Without A Good Dose Of – Curiosity – Wonder – And – Interest – In – What Things Are Like And In How They Work – It Is Difficult To Recognize An Interesting Problem

~ OTE-AFATCPEITE-IAGAF-RPN-ECPIMTAEWTT ~ Openness To Experience – A Fluid Attention That Constantly Processes Events In The Environment – Is A Great Advantage For – Recognizing Potential Novelty – Every Creative Person Is More Than Amply Endowed With These Traits

~ YCATMOCJBAACPS ~ You Cannot Assume The Mantle Of Creativity Just By Assuming A Certain Personality Style

~ CI-TTBS-YANATST ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Be Smart – Yet Also Naive At The Same Time

~ APLAITOCI ~ A Playfully Light Attitude Is Typical Of Creative Individuals

~ CI-ABIAFAOE-A-ARSORATO ~ Creative Individuals – Alternate Between Imagination And Fantasy At One End – And – A Rooted Sense Of Reality At The Other

~ CI-AARHAPATST ~ Creative Individuals – Are Also Remarkably Humble And Proud At The Same Time

~ CI-TACE-E-RGRS ~ Creative Individuals – To A Certain Extent – Escape – Rigid Gender Role Stereotyping

~ G-CP-ATTB-RAI-YIIITBCWHFIADOC-A-APMBITIOSADIOTLIR;H-HOSMBTACEA-T-SIIDTSHAPCBCWBBTACAATST-RAI-BOTLTDU;CTCWRTWHBVITPRLTNTIAAAI ~ Generally – Creative People – Are Thought To Be – Rebellious And Independent – Yet Is Is Impossible To Be Creative Without Having First Internalized A Domain Of Culture – And – A Person Must Believe In The Importance Of Such A Domain In Order To Learn Its Rules; Hence – He Or She Must Be To A Certain Extent A – Traditionalist – So It Is Difficult To See How A Person Can Be Creative Without Being Both Traditional And Conservative And At The Same Time – Rebellious And Iconoclastic – Being Only Traditional Leaves The Domain Unchanged; Constantly Taking Chances Without Regard To What Has Been Valued In The Past Rarely Leads To Novelty That Is Accepted As An Improvement

~ M-CP-A-VPATW-Y-TCBEOAIAW ~ Most – Creative Persons – Are – Very Passionate About Their Work – Yet – They Can Be Extremely Objective About It As Well

~ B-U-I-TTCT-PM-TI-TTWHTLAHAAGSOPI ~ But – Usually – Insights – Tend To Come To – Prepared Minds – That Is – To Those Who Have Thought Long And Hard About A Given Set Of Problematic Issues

~ W-ABC-ALI-WAUTPLTMA-SNC-TKOIIROIIN-IIURIDF-IMETNSSOR ~ Without – A Burning Curiosity – A Lively Interest – We Are Unlikely To Persevere Long To Make A – Significant New Contribution – This Kind Of Interest Is Rarely Only Intellectual In Nature – It Is Usually Rooted In Deep Feelings – In Memorable Experiences That Need Some Sort Of Resolution

~ B-TAASIWNHATQY-NEKTTIAP ~ But – There Are Also Situations In Which Nobody Had Asked The Question Yet – Nobody Even Knows That There Is A Problem

~ WITKOTD-TCOTF-A-TBPOTWOMAO ~ We Internalize The Knowledge Of The Domain – The Concerns Of The Field – And – They Become Part Of The Way Our Minds Are Organized

~ WWSAIOSASTAIWW-WWMBSITNOTPWOMWAI ~ When We Sit Alone In Our Study And Say That An Idea Won’t Work – What We May Be Saying Is That None Of The People Whose Opinions Matter Will Accept It

~ CT-EITGFWT-HOTWIKAAWTTAS-I-DTTIBGOTOSOTC ~ Creative Thoughts – Evolve In This Gap Filled With Tension – Holding On To What Is Known And Accepted While Tending Toward A Still Ill-Defined Truth That Is Barely Glimpsed On The Other Side Of The Chasm

~ TCOG ~ The Clarity Of Goals

~ B-CAS-TMO-AAA ~ Balancing – Challenges And Skills – The Merging Of – Action And Awareness

~ CI-TTGTCOVA-WTWHTCOS ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Gravitate Toward Centers Of Vital Activity – Where Their Work Has The Chance Of Succeeding

~ IE-U-TINE-A-PTNWB-TPTADSIC-Y-HAHTROICBHITCTOWAOOU ~ Inspiring Environments – Unfortunately – There Is No Evidence – And – Probably There Never Will Be – To Prove That A Delightful Setting Induces Creativity – Yet – Having A Home That Reinforces One’s Individuality Cannot But Help Increase The Chances That One Will Act Out One’s Uniqueness

~ WHT-PADI-A-HEC-IAETWHBTRO-WIIETFTOWACCOTTAH ~ What Helps To – Preserve And Develop Individuality – And – Hence Enhance Creativity – Is An Environment That We Have Built To Reflect Ourselves – Where It Is Easy To Forget The Outside World And Concentrate Completely On The Task At Hand

~ M-CI-FOEWTBRAF-S/E/W-A-ABT-EWIITTDO-A-WMINWOKTASOTAFS;WCITBMOOOT ~ Most – Creative Individuals – Find Out Early What Their Best Rhythms Are For – Sleeping / Eating / Working – And – Abide By Them – Even When It Is Tempting To Do Otherwise – Again – What Matters Is Not Whether One Keeps To A Strict Or To A Flexible Schedule; What Counts Is To Be Master Of One’s Own Time

~ BAP-INARF-LC-AMTUK-CAOS-ATB ~ Being A Prodigy – Is Not A Requirement For – Later Creativity – A More Than Usually Keen – Curiosity About One’s Surroundings – Appears To Be

~ TDT-B-IAD-TISCOECP ~ The – Dialectical Tension – Between – Involvement And Detachment – That Is So Characteristic Of Every Creative Process

~ P-IIT-AR-WIT-LAFOA-TG-TEO-UF ~ Paradoxically – It Is The – Abstract Rules – We Invent To – Limit And Focus Our Attention – That Give Us – The Experience Of – Untrammelled Freedom

~ CP-A-CS-TDATTUWIHAT-A-TDATAEDE ~ Creative People – Are – Constantly Surprised – They Don’t Assume That They Understand What Is Happening Around Them – And – They Don’t Assume That Anybody Else Does Either

SUN TZU ~ THE FIVE CONSIDERATIONS ~ THE ART OF WAR ~ 4??BCE ~ MICHAEL NYLAN [TRANSLATION]

THE FIVE CONSIDERATIONS

~ TW-WATPATSTBOOW-WTLOD-UBD ~ The Way – Whatever Allows The People And Their Superior To Be Of One Will – Willing To Live Or Die – Undeterred By Danger

~ TH-NAD/HAF ~ The Heavens – Night And Day / Heat And Frost

~ TE-RD/GAOOTT-ISFATMFLOD ~ The Earth – Relative Distance / Gradient And Openness Of The Terrain – In So Far As This Makes For Life Or Death

~ TFC-W/R/H/C/S ~ The Field Commander – Wisdom / Reliability / Humaneness / Courage / Strictness

~ TR-OAM/DOA/DOR ~ The Regulations – Organization And Management / Delegation Of Authority / Deployment Of Resources

GAUGE THE TWO SIDES AND INVESTIGATE THE TRUE CONDITIONS

~ WRHTW ~ Which Ruler Has The Way

~ WCITA ~ Which Commander Is The Abler

~ WSEAHF ~ Whose Side Earth And Heaven Favor

~ WRAOAO ~ Whose Rules And Orders Are Obeyed

~ WTATS ~ Whose Troops Are The Stronger

~ WS-BT ~ Whose Solider – Better Trained

~ WRASAMCO ~ Whose Rewards And Sanctions Are More Clearly Ordained

DEIRDE MCCLOSKEY ~ BOURGEOIS DIGNITY ~ 2010

~ ECETMW ~ Economics Can’t Explain The Modern World

~ E(AU)TRTW ~ Ethical (And Unethical) Talk Runs The World

~ BR ~ Bourgeois Revaluation

~ LEH ~ Liberty Encourages Hope

~ DWYMT-EEDNETIC ~ Despite What You May Think – European Empires Did Not Enrich The Imperial Countries

~ SIAW-B-IINATSAW-A-ALLIADT ~ Science Is A Wonder – But – It Is Not Always The Same As Wisdom – And – A Little Learning Is A Dangerous Thing

~ MEG-HB-A/U/U-TGSIEH ~ Modern Economic Growth – Has Been – Astounding / Unprecedented / Unexpected – The Greatest Surprise In Economic History

~ N-TE-HFTNO-P-UCATMOM-BIEC-AWTAE-A-B-IIETDSAM ~ Nonetheless – The Economists – Have Favored The Notion Of – Piled-Up Capital As The Maker Of Modernity – Because It Emphasizes Cost – About Which They Are Expert – And – Because – It Is Easy To Describe Statistically And Mathematically

~ LOB ~ Lottery Of Birth

~ PP ~ Profitable Peregrinations

~ ST-IOP-GA-SOL-IA-IINE-A-TDCBD ~ Superior Technologies – In One Place – Get Adopted – Sooner Or Later – In Another – It Is Not Easy – And – The Delay Can Be Decades

~ TIN-AIITS-TETMW-TS-INPTT-AOI-TOP-DNITCOM ~ There Is No – Aggregate Increase In Thrifty Savings – To Explain The Modern World – Thrifty Saving – Is Not Peculiar To The – Age Of Innovation – Thrift Or Prudence – Did Not Increase In The Childhood Of Modernity

~ CINTC-NITLR-TCTMAICBEFOGBOITS-ITIOCOCANC ~ Capital Is Not The Constraint – Not In The Long Run – The Capital To Make An Innovation Can Be Extracted From Or Given By Others In The Society – If The Institutions Of Coercion Or Credit Are Not Clogged

~ ND-MI-HAU-‘G’-AI ~ Nor Does – Modern Innovation – Have Anything Unusually – “Greedy” – About It

~ S-ORNO-PAS-BA-R ~ Success – Ordinarily Requires Not Only – Pugnacity And Shrewdness – But Also – Restraint

~ LIL ~ Legally Infinite Lives

~ MEG-DN-A-DN-A-C-DOTSTBGB-SFPP-IINAGBP-INHB ~ Modern Economic Growth – Did Not – And – Does Not – And – Cannot – Depend On The Scraps To Be Gained By – Stealing From Poor People – It Is Not A Good Business Plan – It Never Has Been

~ I-WNBIA-SOE ~ Innovation – Was Not Born In A – Sin Of Expropriation

~ CDNAP ~ Crime Does Not Always Pay

~ WCAFTRORCBRTEOPP ~ We Cannot Account For The Riches Of Rich Countries By Reference To Exploitation Of Poor People

~ VT-W-FRP-AA-EOEPP-TOTBTBP ~ Voluntary Trading – With – Free Rich People – As Against – Exploitation Of Enslaved Poor People – Turns Out To Be The Better Plan

~ TF-O-T-WN-HYON ~ The Fall – Of – Tyrants – With Nine-Hundred Year Old Names

~ AGDOLAPAE-TPIT-DOI-A-TAOM ~ A Good Deal Of Life And Politics And Exchange – Takes Place In The – Damning Of Incentives – And – The Assertion Of Meaning

~ Y-MMIB-AMA-LIAM-O-CIAA-O-JIACOL ~ Yet – Meaning Matters In Business – As Much As – Love In A Marriage – Or – Courage In An Army – Or – Justice In A Court Of Law

~ SPOP-I-N-B-IHLTDW-FI-O-PL-BIHBECB ~ Secure Possession Of Property – Is – Necessary – But – It Had Little To Do With – Financial Innovations – Or – Political Liberty – Because It Had Been Established Centuries Before

~ WETMW-IN-I-B-I ~ What Explains The Modern World – Is Not – Investment – But – Innovation

~ PC-T-TDNADF-TCG ~ People Cooperate – Too – They Do Not Always Defect From – The Common Good

~ PWCUBMI ~ Patents Were Considered Undignified By Many Inventors

~ NANIAGO ~ Not All New Ideas Are Good Ones

~ HOTHAMAL-MTE ~ Habits Of The Heart And Mind And Lip – Matter To Economies

~ I-VA-IAC-ANCWM-BR-CAC ~ Institutions – Viewed As – Incentives And Constraints – Are Not Chiefly What Mattered – But Rather – Community And Conversation

~ L-IAT-S-W-MA-R-O-EG-TA-C ~ Like – Imperialism And Trade – Science – Was – More A – Result – Of – Economic Growth – Than A – Cause

~ TANSTAAFL (TANSTAAFL) ~ There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch (TANSTAAFL)

~ ANRE-E-E ~ A New Rhetorical Environment – Encouraged – Entrepreneurs

~ IWW ~ It Was Words

~ S-TP-A-PCTHH-UF-T-EINEORE-TRTTAEHAAIP ~ Science – Though Proud – And – Persistently Claiming To Help Humankind – Usually Followed – Technology – Explaining In Neat Equations Or Rigorous Experiments – The Results That Tinkerers And Engineers Had Already Achieved In Practice

~ DAL-S-W ~ Dignity And Liberty – Still – Work

~ DAL-TGE ~ Dignity And Liberty – The Greatest Externalites

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ CHARLES ELTON ~ THREE QUESTIONS ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ HWTCATAAPTLHN? ~ How Will This Change Affect The Animals And Plants That Live Here Now?

~ WBASMBL? ~ What Beauty And Security May Be Lost?

~ HWTCA-‘TAIOC’ ~ How Will This Change Affect – “The Accumulating Instability Of Communities?”

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ W-OBP-OTMEY-WSBSTMTHAPU ~ With – One Billion People – On The Move Every Year – We Shouldn’t Be Surprised That Microbial Traffic Has Also Picked Up

~ ED-G-T-FOB-DEANOGIITWWL ~ Every Day – Globe-Trotting – Fungi Or Bacteria – Determinedly Expose A Number Of Glaring Insecurities In The Way We Live

~ T-TPO-600-LD-PIQTWOTT-LR-A-T-B-I-B-FIA ~ The Troubling Proliferation Of – 600 – Livestock Diseases – Puts Into Question The Wisdom Of The – “Livestock Revolution” – And – The – Bigger-Is-Better – Fad In Agriculture

~ WHBGTIP ~ We Have Become Grand Traders In Pandemonium

~ F-MI ~ Factory-Made Infections

~ BF-INPTSTHLA-VT ~ Bird Flu – Is Now Poised To Sweep Through Humans Like A – Viral Tsunami

~ VAALFOTETD ~ Viruses Are Always Looking For Opportunities To Expand Their Domain

~ WAVOBGIAFATFSOWG-T-‘U’-A-RRUARO ~ Whenever A Virus Or Bacterium Gets Into A Factory And Threatens Feed Schedules Or Weight Gain – The – “Units” – Are – Routinely Rounded Up And Rubbed Out

~ YC-C-P-P-A-P-T-WBABMFVC ~ You Can’t – Crowd – People – Pigs – And – Poultry – Together – Without Building A Better Market For Viral Commerce

~ OLFS ~ Officials Looking For Scapegoats

~ N-OC-WTTA-C-M-IGAGC

~ Nobody – Of Course – Wants To Talk About – Crowding – More – In Greater And Greater Concentrations

~ VANBOOTNRIWAUR-TTP-HE ~ Viruses Are Now Breaking Out Of Their Natural Reservoirs In Wildlife At Unprecedented Rates – Thanks To Persistent – Human Encroachment

~ T-SGE ~ The – Sixth Great Extinction

~ HH-RMAMLASO-BE-TGEMLAGATPASOOTI ~ Human History – Reads More And More Like A String Of – Biological Explosions – That Grow Ever More Loud And Grotesque As The Pace And Scale Of Our Trading Increases

~ CC/SC/BW-TAT-NHTPTCPBAEGO ~ Cargo Containers / Shipping Crates / Ballast Water – Trade And Transport – Now Have The Power To Collapse Political Borders And Erase Geographical Ones

~ BI-OER-RLEWDOAIO-I/A/WH ~ Biological Invaders – Outrageous Economic Robberies – Ruining Local Economies With Deliberate Or Accidental Invasions Of – Influenza / Ants / Water Hyacinth

~ FS-IAE-DH-BD ~ For Starters – Importers And Exporters – Don’t Hold – Biology Degrees

~ B-TRPACDT-A-TCOI-ABB-C/T ~ But – The Real Problem Always Comes Down To – Accountability – The Costs Of Invasions – Are Borne By – Consumers / Taxpayers

~ TUE:HE ~ The Ultimate Invader: Homo Economicus

~ ML-LDR-PIFOGC-SBO-NRTVABIHBS-GD-HAHBC ~ Modern Livestock – Little Disease Resistance – Packed In Feedlots Or Gestation Crates – Stressed By Overcrowding – Natural Resistance To Viral And Bacterial Infections Has Been Shattered – Growing Densities – Hidden And Huge Biological Costs

~ TM-TP-ATEO-AH-W-TL-HCTACGO-P-AH-S ~ To Maximize – Trade Profit – At The Expense Of – Animal Health – With – Trade Liberalization – Has Come A Corresponding Gutting Of – Public – Animal Health – Services

~ H-OATLBTEDOIT19C-AG-A-OTR-MT-40%-AE ~ Half – Of All The Livestock Breeds That Europe Depended On In The 19th Century – Are Gone – And – Of Those Remaining – More Than – 40 Percent – Are Endangered

~ GD-MTBIA-F/D/E ~ Genetic Diversity – Makes The Best Insurance Against – Famine / Drought / Epidemics

~ ‘GCP’ ~ “Great Cattle Plague”

~ MCD-BSE-TSE-‘SGA’-IOTWR-4,500-M-S-BTI-EEWTHO-BC-A-IF ~ Mad Cow Disease – Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy – Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy – “Spectacular Geographic Amplification” – Invasion Of The World’s Remaining – 4,500 – Mammal – Species – By These Illnesses – Expands Exponentially With The Help Of – Barnyard Cannibalism – And – Industrial Farming

~ R-‘SFOA’-ICFR-DGE-BATCID-SI-A-ATOKOR-B-TEO-RDR-CW-CSDTTWW-K-MAB-MBM-P-OTLM-MFA-IF-DC-FIDTTM-CCAE-MHNPICOTSB ~ Rendering – “Scientific Feeding Of Animals” – Industrial Cannibalism For Ruminants – Devoted Grass Eaters – Balked At The Change In Diet – Suffered Indigestion – And – Ate Their Own Kind Only Reluctantly – But – The Efficiency Of – Recycling Dead Ruminants – Combined With – Cereal Shortages During The Two World Wars – Kept – Meat And Bonemeal – MBM – Powder – On The Livestock Menu – Material From An – Infected Few – Diligently Concentrated – For Industrial Delivery To The Many – Could Cause An Epidemic – Mammals Had Never Partaken In Cannibalism On That Scale Before

~ SW ~ Slaughterhouse Waste

~ ISP ~ Inadequate Surveillance Program

~ ATCOAF-IB-DAE ~ Analyzing The Content Of Animal Feeds – Is Both – Difficult And Expensive

~ F-MT-1M-S-TMOTWMDCDAFIO-SCOOC-OAWA-OHOAWTBD-ASFCCAHOAR ~ Fungi – More Than – 1 Million – Species – The Majority Of The World’s Most Devastating Crop Diseases Are Fungal In Origin – Specialized Cultivation Of One Crop – Over A Wide Area – One Hell Of A Way To Brew Disease – A Simple Fungus Can Create A Hell Of A Rumpus

~ AECOANOESINUSOHHABWD-TGEOAP-I-RAG ~ Almost Every Crop Of Any Nutritional Or Economic Significance Is Now Under Siege Or Has Had A Brush With Death – The Global Exchange Of Agricultural Pathogens – Is – Real And Growing

~ ‘GCA’ ~ “Global Change Agents”

~ FAP-HDAETS ~ Famine And Pestilence – Have Dogged Agriculture’s Every Tortured Step

~ M-TPOOCVOAWA ~ Monoculture – The Planting Of One Crop Variety Over A Wide Area

~ W-WOB-30,000-V-NCIO-TOF-SV-TMBETW-135K-O-PPPA ~ Wheat – Which Once Boasted – 30,000 – Varieties – Now Comes In Only – Three Of Four – Specialized Varieties – That Must Be Engineered To Withstand – 135 Kilograms – Of – Pesticide Poison Per Acre

~ TEB-AM-FF-D-W-UMW ~ The Epidemic Began – As Most – Fungal Fiestas – Do – With – Unusually Moist Weather

~ TF ~ Toxic Fungicides

~ M-I-D-A-GT-GTIPUL-AMFGCD-HABOE-DP-M ~ Monocultures – Invite – Disease – And – Global Trade – Gives The Invading Pathogens Unlimited Mileage – Abandoning Monoculture For Greater Crop Diversity – Has Always Been On Every – Disaster Prevention – Menu

~ WHEATPO-E-PAP-RA-L4(TS)L-DOAL ~ We Have Even Added The Possibility Of – Engineered – Pests And Plants – Running Amok – Level 4 (Top Security) Labs – Deliberate Or Accidental Leaks

~ TWABM-WR-TID-WR ~ The World Already Boasts More – Water Refugees – Than It Does – War Refugees

~ RT ~ Red Tides

~ CS-‘FBI’ ~ Cargo Ships – “Floating Biological Islands”

~ LO-UAM-P-LOT-D ~ Loads Of – Untreated Animal Manure – Produce – Loads Of Trouble – Downstream

~ CW:OOTPMEDFAPK ~ Cold Winters: One Of The Planet’s Most Effective Disease Filters And Pest Killers

~ ITL-10Y-JAE-E-BD-HZEIT ~ In The Last – 10 Years – Just About Every – Insect-Borne Disease – Has Zealously Expanded Its Territory

~ A-SP-WST-GE-WTSFAA-MED ~ A – Severe Pandemic – Will Shock The – Global Economy – With The Same Force As A – Major Economic Depression

~ MWWLT-WC-LT-W-LBIUW ~ Maybe We Will Learn That – We Can’t – Liberalize Trade – Without – Liberating Biology In Unpredictable Ways

~ IIM-EAC-T-IABHACDIP-TIIT-SARP ~ It Is Much – Easier And Cheaper – To – Identify A Biological Hitchhiker And Close Down Its Pathways – Than It Is To – Stop A Runaway Pandemic

~ B-WFGTDTRT-CBAHE-AA-TOP ~ But – Waiting For Government To Do The Right Thing – Can Be A – Hazardous Enterprise – And A – Test Of Patience

~ ATWTPTR ~ Ask Them Where They Plan To Retire

~ BL-A-LM ~ Buy Less – And – Live More