STEVEN JOHNSON ~ EIGHT PRIMARY FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE CHALLENGE OF FARSIGHTED DECISION-MAKING ~ FARSIGHTED ~ 2018

~ CD-IMV-A-IMCD-KVANEATO;THTBD ~ Complex Decisions – Involve Multiple Variables – And – In Many Complex Decisions – Key Variables Are Not Evident At The Outset; They Have To Be Discovered

~ CD-RF-SA-INJTTCMV;IATTVDOCDFOR-TMTDW-YNTFYMOOINP-YHTTAAPFMP ~ Complex Decisions – Require Full-Spectrum Analysis – It’s Not Just That They Contain Multiple Variables; It’s Also That Those Variables Draw On Completely Different Frames Of Reference – To Make Those Decisions Well – You Need To Force Your Mind Out Of Its Narrowband Priorities – You Have To Think About A Problem From Multiple Perspectives

~ CD-FUTPTF ~ Complex Decisions – Force Us To Predict The Future

~ CD-IVLOU ~ Complex Decisions – Involve Varied Levels Of Uncertainty

~ CD-OICO ~ Complex Decisions – Often Involve Conflicting Objectives

~ CD-HUO ~ Complex Decisions – Harbor Undiscovered Options

~ CD-APT-S1-F-ATS-TMIETGTTSPOL-CTOTBLWWFATC ~ Complex Decisions – Are Prone To – System 1 – Failings – All The Shortcuts – That Make It Easy To Get Through The Simple Problems Of Life – Can Turn Out To Be Liabilities When We Face A True Crossroads

~ CD-AVTFO-CI-GAVT-CBTAFTSDOHI-‘GT’~ Complex Decisions – Are Vulnerable To Failures Of – Collective Intelligence – Groups Are Vulnerable To – Collective Biases That Arise From The Social Dynamics Of Human Interaction – “GroupThink”

STEVEN JOHNSON ~ FARSIGHTED ~ 2018

~ TATMIACDIASTATEAOOL:WE;DR;CL;EE ~ The Ability To Make Informed And Creative Decisions Is A Skill That Applies To Every Aspect Of Our Lives: Work Environments; Domestic Roles; Civic Lives; Economic Existence

~ I-O-C-O-I-COTUSFWWROOT-DC ~ Intelligence – Or – Confidence – Or – Intuition – Can Only Take Us So Far When We Reach One Of Those – Difficult Crossroads

~ WTTF-FTTOOCD-SOTJTLTT-B-S-WIMM-WNTRTT ~ We Tend To Fast-Forward To The Outcomes Of Complex Decisions – Skipping Over The Journey That Led To Them – But – Sometimes – When It Matters Most – We Need To Rewind The Tape

~ BR ~ Bounded Rationality

~ ‘GT’-MOTTTHBDTACD-MHBSETSA-TPBSOBO-GB-A-TU-TWROKTAW-CGP ~ “GroupThink” – Many Of The Techniques That Have Been Developed To Augment Complex Decision-Making Have Been Specifically Engineered To Steer Around – The Potential Blind Spots Or Biases Of – Group Behavior – And – To Uncover – The Wide Range Of Knowledge That A Well-Curated Group Possesses

~ E-L-TD-IA-S-OA-F:U-NTBR-SDFIPTWCSIIFC ~ Every – Long-Term Decision – Is A – Snowflake – Or A – Fingerprint: Unique – Never To Be Repeated – So Different From Its Peers That We Can’t Shovel It Into Formulaic Categories

~ MTAE-WWFOCOOLHC-WNTSIOIOT-WFE-TIWIUADBIRSPC-BTIW-T-ISATWTDBFTP-IAISP-TWOSCBT ~ More Than Anything Else – When We Find Ourselves Confronting One Of Life’s Hard Choices – We Need To See It On Its Own Terms – With Fresh Eyes – There Is Wisdom In Understanding A Decision Because It Resemble Some Past Crossroads – But There Is Wisdom – Too – In Seeing All The Ways The Decision Breaks From The Past – In Appreciating Its Singular Properties – This Way Of Seeing Can Be Taught

~ TBS ~ The Blind Spot

~ ITTUAPWMIV-IOIFUTPATRED-SODIBOO-PAT-OSMTRBTUWTAOTS-POMTRDILHTMSOATDI-BIIJAITRTHTHOUIYN-TUT ~ In Trying To Understand A Problem With Many Interacting Variables – It’s Often Impossible For Us To Perceive All The Relevant Elements Directly – So Our Decision Is Built Out Of – Proxies And Translators – Other Specialized Minds That Report Back To Us With Their Assessment Of The Situation – Part Of Making The Right Decision Is Learning How To Make Sense Of All Those Different Inputs – But – It Is Just As Important To Recognize The Holes That Have Opened Up In Your Network – The Unreliable Translators

~ WFAD-TI-M-I-V-PHATTPO-‘A’-V-A-MTDBOTE-B-FDTMRFY-IMSTEOP ~ When Facing A Decision – That Involves – Multiple – Independent – Variables – People Have A Tendency To Pick One – “Anchor” – Variable – And – Make Their Decision Based On That Element – But – For Decisions That May Reverberate For Years – It Makes Sense To Expand Our Perspective

~ ID-DACD-CHETTCOTI-TCOE-SC-IH-TIFHC ~ Influence Diagrams – Diagramming A Complex Decision – Can Help Elucidate The True Complexity Of The Issue – The Chain Of Effects – Sometimes Called – Impact Highways – That Inevitably Follow Hard Choices

~ D-EFDHIOUM-OC-A-TAOMTCWAMWAPLNIFTMTMSET-B-IIDTKOKVRTSTSAITI-A-TBWTDTVITGDPOEOTP ~ Diversity – Every Farsighted Decision Has Its Own Unique Map – Of Course – And – The Art Of Making Those Choices With As Much Wisdom As Possible Lies Not In Forcing That Map To Match Some Existing Template – But – Instead In Developing The Kind Of Keen Vision Required To See The Situation As It Truly Is – And – The Best Way To Develop That Vision Is To Get Different Pairs Of Eyes On The Problem

~ TMIEI-TDOPYA-TDODISSTIATAEWTDPBATTGHNRETTCAH ~ The Most Important Element Is – The Diversity Of Perspectives You Assemble – The Power Of Diversity Is So Strong That It Appears To Apply Even When The Divers Perspectives Being Added To The Group Have No Relevant Expertise To The Case At Hand

~ HG-T-TCTDTQ ~ Homogeneous Groups – Tend – To Come To Decisions Too Quickly

~ YCETDOAEG-WBIO-SBD-‘ER’-TEOTPBOTKTHTBTTD-IOLFTCGOSK-PWETSTUPOTC ~ You Can Enhance The Diversity Of An Existing Group – Without Bringing In Outsiders – Simply By Designating – “Expert Roles” – To Each Of The Participants Based On The Knowledge They Happen To Bring To The Discussion – Instead Of Looking For The Common Ground Of Shared Knowledge – Participants Were Empowered To Share Their Unique Perspective On The Choice

~ STEWTBWITBCYAR ~ Sometimes The Easiest Way To Be Wrong Is To Be Certain You Are Right

~ TIWIBAAMMOTSYATTN-B-TIAACKOWIITBSOTM-TPWYDHC-EBYDHTRSOSAY-OBSEOTSIFU ~ There Is Wisdom In Building An Accurate Mental Map Of The System You Are Trying To Navigate – But There Is Also A Crucial Kind Of Wisdom In Identifying The Blank Spots On The Map – The Places Where You Don’t Have Clarity – Either Because You Don’t Have The Right Set Of Stakeholders Advising You – Or Because Some Element Of The Situation Is Fundamentally Unknowable

~ APTRTCLTOTBAPSOML-NJBIAOTGHSTTTI-B-BTVAOTAHCYAASMYTAWYMBM-CUWNC-TUP ~ Asking People To Rate Their Confidence Level Turns Out To Be A Productive Strategy On Multiple Levels – Not Just Because It Allows Others To Gauge How Seriously To Take Their Information – But – Because The Very Act Of Thinking About How Certain You Are About Something Makes You Think About What You Might Be Missing – Coming Up With New Choices – The Undiscovered Path

~ OE ~ Optimal Extremism

~ MSSCFTTFOA-‘E’-P-FFT-C-C-W-ASWEPANGAMVIASIOFC-OC-TAMEPTTOTB-DE-O-W ~ Most Significant Social Change First Takes The Form Of An – “extreme” – Position – Far From The – Centrist – Conventional – Wisdom – A Society Where Extreme Positions Are Not Granted A Meaningful Voice Is A Society Incapable Of Fundamental Change – Of Course – There Are Many Extreme Positions That Turn Out To Be – Dead-Ends – Or – Worse

~ SF~ SuperForecasters

~ FTLV-YNTDOMSFC For The Long View – You Need To Draw On Multiple Sources For Clues

~ RCT ~ Randomized Controlled Trial

~ S-MUBAP-A-SPMUBD-M ~ Simulations – Make Us Better At Predicting – And – Successful Predictions Make Us Better Decision-Makers

~ SP-YB-OMWTGB-OWTGW-A-OWTGW ~ Scenario Plans – You Build – One Model Where Things Get Better – One Where They Get Worse – And – One Where They Get Weird

~ PM-ITTSIGTD-A-ITCTWBRFTFD ~ PreMortem – Imagine That The Subject Is Going To Die – And – Imagine The Causes That Will Be Responsible For That Future Death

~ RT ~ Red Teams

~ HCAOHBTIOPLIMW-ASOATITI-THTTEAMCFSEP-TOTBAET ~ Hard Choices Are Often Hard Because They Impact Other People’s Lives In Meaningful Ways – And So Our Ability To Imagine The Impact – To Think Through The Emotional And Material Consequences From Someone Else’s Perspective – Turns Out To Be An Essential Talent

~ AWOMUITFPTAMAYEOT-RFTDTL ~ Another Way Of Mitigating Uncertainty Is To Favor Paths That Allow Modifications After You’ve Embarked On Them – Room For Tinkering Down The Line

~ Supercomputers Have Started Taking On The Role That In Ancient Times Belonged To The Oracles: To Peer Into The Future

~ WLIAS-A-SATKUFTLV ~ We Live In A Short-Attention-Span Age That Keeps Us From The Long View

~DGMSD ~ Diverse Groups Make Smarter Decisions

~ TLV ~ The Long View

~ WGTD? ~ Who Gets To Decide?

~ WITIO-D-IAIMG-THU-D-AAS-WOLSB ~ We Invented The Institution Of – Democracy – In All Its Many Guises – To Help Us – Decide – As A Society – What Our Laws Should Be

~ MIP-TIWO-MFCAAS-FT-WINWODO-CIEFUTT ~ Maybe It’s Possible – To Invent Ways Of – Making Farsighted Choices As A Society – Faster Than – We Invent New Ways Of Destroying Ourselves – Certainly It’s Essential For Us To Try

GEORGE TYLER ~ MARKET REGULATION ~ WHAT WENT WRONG ~ 2013

~ P-BI-FCTC-EM ~ Prevents – Business Interests – From Combining To Create – Exploitative Monopolies

~ E-T-E-SA-P-A-M ~ Ensures – That – Externalities – Such As – Pollution – Are – Managed

~ C-MWSFE ~ Creates – Minimum Worksite Standards For Employees

~ A-TPO-FS-B-B-APESCWCCA ~ Avoids – The Problem Of – Financial Speculation – By – Banks – A Problem Ever Since Credit Was Conceived Centuries Ago

~ E-ABLO-HAI-OTPO-BI ~ Enforces – A Basic Level Of – Honesty And Integrity – On The Part Of – Business Interests

GEORGE TYLER ~ THE ALTERNATIVE: FAMILY CAPITALISM ~ WHAT WENT WRONG ~ 2013

~ U-TIOSGR-PITFS ~ Understands – The Importance Of Selective Government Regulation – Particularly In The Financial Sector

~ PAPO-L-TPG ~ Puts A Premium On – Long-Term Productivity Growth

~ RAM-TDOCIOG ~ Recognizes And Modulates – The Dangers Of Corporate Influence On Government

~ PAPO-L-TGIWATKTFP ~ Puts A Priority On – Long-Term Growth In Wages As The Key To Family Prosperity

GEORGE TYLER ~ WHAT WENT WRONG ~ 2013

~ TA:FC ~ The Alternative: Family Capitalism

~ P-TATDOG-A-TMIBCS ~ Policies – To Ameliorate The Dangers Of Globalization – And – To Maximize Its Benefits Can Succeed

~ WTIO-OJIPO-EFBTV ~ When The Impact Of – Offshoring Jobs Is Pointed Out – Executives Frequently Blame The Victims

~ D-F-JW-ARAOHAND ~ Debt-Free Corporations – Juxtaposed With – A Record Amount Of Household And National Debt

~ RC-SOTTOGBSI ~ Regulatory Capture – Seizure Of The Tools Of Government By Special Interests

~ TOGS-G-WNLSTBACOTPOBB-I-IWSTGOOTW-O-EB-F ~ The Tone Of Government Shifted – Government – Was No Longer Supposed To Be A Check On The Power Of Big Business – Instead – It Was Supposed To Get Out Of The Way – Or – Even Better – Facilitate

~ SGO-WJIWT-RI-BIDFTRO-I-I-WPTRWTSIGWC-TCWRWCOI ~ Senior Government Officials – Whose Job It Was To – Regulate Industry – Became Increasingly Drawn From The Ranks Of – Industry – Itself – With Plans To Return When Their Stint In Government Was Complete – These Circumstances Were Rife With Conflicts Of Interest

~ WCG ~ Weak Corporate Governance

~ TCC ~ Tax Cut Cultists

~ ‘DDM’ ~ “Deficits Don’t Matter”

~ IP-RCD-RHD-RND ~ Illusory Prosperity – Rising Corporate Debt – Rising Household Debt – Rising National Debt

~ RID ~ Rising Income Disparity

~ EM ~ Economic Mythmaking

~ TS:SC-R-SC ~ The Shift: Shareholder Capitalism – Replaced – Stakeholder Capitalism

~ TRDORC:IO-MI-WO-ATI-L-O-BI-IO-T-PG-BSI-FFSTBCFR ~ The Revolving Door Of Regulatory Capture: Industry Officials – Morphing Into – Washington Officials – And Then Into – Lobbyists – Or – Back Into – Industry Officials – Their – Personal Gain – Blending Seamlessly Into – Fervor For Shielding The Business Community From Regulation

~ TGORIT-CMG-PAMCL-SA-THI-AA-PC-TCITFAB:TPMOOTP-ERT-W-P-RC ~ The Goal Of Regulation Is To – Corral Mankind’s Greed – Protect Against Mankind’s Cognitive Limitations – Such As – The Herd Instinct – And Also – Prevent Collusion – The Challenge Is To Find A Balance: The Proper Measure Of Oversight That Promotes – Entrepreneurial Risk Taking – While – Preventing – Regulatory Capture

~ AS”TFP-RC-BIFPITGOE-‘TIOT-P-OTBAT-OSFAIMBNF-PTOT-C’ ~ Adam Smith: The Father Of – Regulated Capitalism – Broadly Improving Family Prosperity Is The Goal Of Economics – “The Interest Of The – Producer – Ought To Be Attended To – Only So Far As It May Be Necessary For – Promoting That Of The – Consumer” (Wealth Of Nations)

~ SC ~ Stakeholder Capitalism

~ SC-CW-W-TE-P-AWA-P ~ Stakeholder Capitalism – Concerned With – Wages – The Environment – Poverty – As Well As – Profit

~ SC ~ Shareholder Capitalism

~ SC-TOIAILM-WMAWTLDC-IAM-EBETUAAMMSINGOHW ~ Shareholder Capitalism – The Outcome Is An Insecure Labor Market – With Mean And Women Treated Like Disposable Commodities – It Also Means – Efforts By Employees To Upskill And Acquire More Marketable Skills Is No Guarantee Of Higher Wages

~ TSMIAO-AS-HIT-TBOCBEFATG-HGWTD-TBSPFCBBP ~ The Single Most Important Aspect Of – Adam Smith – He Intended That – The Beneficiaries Of Capitalism Be Every Family Across The Globe – His Goal Was To Divine – The Best Scheme Possible For Creating Broadly Based Prosperity

~ SC-TRGOMIMEC-BOMATCI-MC-W-E-NMPNMSR-M-NS-HBTBW-EALBTCARHAOEIHT ~ Shareholder Capitalism – The Real Goal Of Management Is Maximizing Executive Compensation – Because Of Management’s Ability To Control Information – Managerial Capitalism – Where – Enterprises – Neither Maximize Profits Nor Maximize Shareholder Returns – Management – Not Shareholders – Has Been The Big Winner – Executives Are Little Better Than Consumers At Resisting Herding And Other Economically Irrational Human Tendencies

~ MC ~ Managerial Capitalism

~ ‘TM’-B-‘NE’ ~ “Too Much” – Became – “Never Enough”

~ MFI-EP-SC-AVOC-EMTPECWDTPO-S-A-T-F-I ~ Market Failure In – Executive Pay – Shareholder Capitalism – A Version Of Capitalism – Enabling Management To Prioritize Executive Compensation While Deemphasizing The Prosperity Of – Shareholders – And – The – Firm – Itself

~ S-T ~ Short-Termism

~ S-THSTI ~ Short-Termism Has Spread To Investors

~ S-THHHCI ~ Short-Termism Has Hobbled Human Capital Investment

~ EFC-I-TAO-S ~ Evolved Family Capitalism – Is – The Antithesis Of – Socialism

~ C-IT-WOI-R-E-A-EG ~ Competition – Is The – Wellspring Of Invention – Rising – Efficiency – And – Economic Growth

~ ST-F-UI-O-W ~ Shifting Taxes – From – Unearned Income – Onto – Wages

~ DOC-A-E-F-AEB-I-J-WD ~ Deregulation Of Commerce – And – Especially – Finance – Always Ends Badly – Instability – Joblessness – Wealth Destruction

~ ‘STB’ ~ “Starve The Beast”

~ TM:TTAEG ~ The Myth: That Taxes Affect Economic Growth

~ TM:TPIEREE ~ The Myth: That Promoting Income Equality Reduces Economic Efficiency

~ TM:TEAUCSWS ~ The Myth: That Education And Upskilling Can Solve Wage Stagnation

~ FC:TDOTMAA-OGAYTTHPONSAF ~ Family Capitalism: The Dictates Of The Marketplace And Age-Old Greed Are Yoked To The Higher Priority Of Nurturing Society And Families

~ THAS-ST-S-DAAD-D-MN-AWYOWTD ~ Tax Havens Are State-Sponsored Thieves – Serving – Drugs And Arms Dealers – Despots – MultiNationals – Along With Your Ordinary Wealthy Tax Dodgers

~ GCBABOAB ~ Globalization Can Be A Boon Or A Bane

~ VHD-EAU-AW-I-U-A-R-SN-TAB-CDITCDP ~ Voters Have Demanded – Education And Upskilling – Along With – Income – Unemployment – And – Retirement – Safety Nets – To Avoid Becoming – Collateral Damage In The Creative Destruction Process

~ SAUFTJ ~ Support And Upskilling For The Jobless

~ HMWIPG ~ Higher Minimum Wages Incentivize Productivity Growth

~ MWAAEAM ~ Minimum Wages Are An Effective Antipoverty Mechanism

~ DMWCJ?-NEOAUEE-HARMWCWJCAFU ~ Do Minimum Wages Cost Jobs? – No Evidence Of An Unemployment Effect Exists – High And Rising Minimum Wages Coexist With Job Creation And Falling Unemployment

~ AEFSSG ~ An Enlarged Financial Sector Slows Growth

~ EPEPG ~ Employee Protections Enhance Productivity Growth

~ T-FCC-HDT-STRFES-ANO-TPTS ~ The – Family Capitalism Countries – Have Demonstrated That – Steps To Reassert Family Economic Sovereignty – Are Not On – The Path To Serfdom

~ CIG-CBR-B-BCOIIPO ~ Confidence In Government – Can Be Rebuilt – By – Banning Conflicts Of Interest Involving Public Officials

~ M/SC-EECATS-T-O-RTS-I-R&D-O-FPAS ~ Managerial / Shareholder Capitalism – Exalts Executive Compensation And The Short-Term – Over – Returns To Shareholders – Investment – R&D – Or – Firm Property And Survivability

~ RRW ~ Raise Real Wages

~ IEMWEAAP ~ Improve Economic Mobility With Education And Apprenticeship Programs

~ TR-I-CTH ~ Tax Reform – Including – Closing Tax Havens

~ TFPC-B-ATBB ~ Time For Political Courage – Bootstrap – At The Ballot Box

AMANDA LANG ~ THE BEAUTY OF DISCOMFORT ~ 2017

~ AOWESMW-TWCC-A-E-TWCI-HTBCOS ~ As Our World Evolves So Must We – Those Who Can Change – And – Especially – Those Who Can Innovate – Have The Best Chance Of Succeeding

~ FMOU-CINC-STDCF-UOA-SIRT-ASOL-CUDTYGSU ~ For Most Of Us – Change Is Not Comfortable – Sometimes The Discomfort Comes From – Uncertainty Or Ambiguity – Sometimes It’s Related To – A Sense Of Loss – Change Usually Demands That You Give Something Up

~ TSPDMTD-TEI-SIOAAA-A-TCWDIWMTSGAC ~ Truly Successful People Don’t Merely Tolerate Discomfort – They Embrace It – Seeking It Out Again And Again – And – Their Comfort With Discomfort Is What Makes Them So Good At Change

~ IYCTD-YCGBATTAD-YCG ~ If You Cannot Tolerate Discomfort – You Cannot Get Better At Things That Are Difficult – You Cannot Grow

~ LTCW-D-D/A/C-CBOOTGAOACESY ~ Learning To Cope With – Discomfort – Disagreement / Aggression / Criticism – Can Be One Of The Greatest Accomplishments Of A Child’s Early School Years

~ ATALTTDLIPAITLOPC ~ Attending To And Learning To Tolerate Discomfort Lessens Its Power And Increases The Likelihood Of Positive Change

~ M-LYED-WJI-DTAAYTLITM ~ Mindfulness – Letting Yourself Experience Discomfort – Without Judging It – Disperses Tension And Allows You To Live In The Moment

~ WCROE-STDDNDUOPUTS-DB-A-IBASTBS-ACTPUITDWNTO ~ We Can Reframe Our Experiences – So That Discomfort Does Not Derail Us Or Push Us Toward Self-Destructive Behavior – And – Instead Becomes A Sign To Be Studied – A Compass That Points Us In The Direction We Need To Go

~ RD ~ Reframing Discomfort

~ YEO-‘P’-IIBYCSOM-YPE-A-YFE ~ Your Experience Of – “Pain” – Is Influenced By Your Current State Of Mind – Your Prior Experiences – And – Your Future Expectations

~ BYCCYFODHYATC ~ Believing You Can Control Your Feelings Of Discomfort Heightens Your Ability To Cope

~ KHLYHTPUWPIABDOHWYBATTI ~ Knowing How Long You’ll Have To Put Up With Pain Is A Big Determinate Of How Well You’ll Be Able To Tolerate It

~ A-TMWATPM ~ And – The Meaning We Assign To Pain Matters

~ TOTPAAWIP-AMTAE-A-C-ASTWP-AMIMB ~ Thinking Of The Pain As A Work In Progress – A Means To An End – And – Crucially – As Something That Will Pass – Also Makes It More Bearable

~ TMF-OFOMDIHWRTOC ~ The Mindset Factor – Our Frame Of Mind Dramatically Influences How We Respond To Our Circumstances

~ G-ATSS-IFITASOW-BAAFDSL-IF-PG-FOWYHTBGF-A-MAPOEYT-WAWUASFOME-A-TFLS ~ Gratitude – According To Social Scientists – Is Fundamentally Important To A Sense Of Well-Being And A Fully Developed Social Life – In Fact – Practising Gratitude – Focusing On What You Have To Be Grateful For – And – Making A Point Of Expressing Your Thanks – We Also Wind Up Accepting Support From Others More Easily – And – Therefore Fell Less Stressed

~ SEOGCEMRTFG ~ Sincere Expressions Of Gratitude Create Even More Reasons To Feel Grateful

~ TAGHITP-YHTTCATPAOATF-TKTBEILTFGAF-GAF-A-IOW-TWPOH-TAAMO-TP ~ To Achieve Greater Happiness In The Present – You Have To Think Constructively About The Past And Optimistically About The Future – The Key To Both Exercises Is Learning To Feel Gratitude And Forgiveness – Gratitude And Forgiveness – Are – In Other Words – The Twin Pillars Of Happiness – They Are Also Misery’s One-Two Punch

~ TSE-OATFGMBGP-B-NDPTLR-YCLHTFMG ~ To Some Extent – Our Ability To Feel Grateful May Be Genetically Predetermined – But – Nurture Definitely Plays The Largest Role – You Can Learn How To Feel More Gratitude

~ RS-LLHTPTP-IYPFGIADW-ARH-TSIAALBEYA-YFHTGACD ~ Research Suggests – Like Learning How To Play The Piano – If You Practise Feeling Grateful In A Disciplined Way – A Regular Habit – Then Spreading It Around A Little By Expressing Your Appreciation – You’ll Feel Happier Than Grousers And Complainers Do

~ CT-FOTRYHTBG-IO-TRYD-NOIYHQ-B-ABOTBITAY ~ Choosing To – Focus On The Reasons You Have To Be Grateful – Instead Of – The Reasons You Don’t – Not Only Improves Your Happiness Quotient – But – Also Brings Out The Best In Those Around You

~ IIHTFUWYAOHMYHAYFGFI ~ It Is Harder To Feel Unhappy When You’re Aware Of How Much You Have And You Feel Grateful For It

~ DPWAGWUHBL-O-ATGBTLAASG? ~ Do People Who Are Grateful Wind Up Having Better Lives – Or – Are They Grateful Because Their Lives Are Already So Good?

~ CYB-A-RDW-EIYDHATMOT-YWFALHIYSAFMEDAFOWTA ~ Counting Your Blessings – Apparently – Really Does Work – Even If You Don’t Have All That Many Of Them – You Will Feel A Lot Happier If You Spend A Few Minutes Every Day Actively Figuring Out What They Are

~ WIK ~ Wording Is Key

~ DTCA-AEFEFOP-CBOOTMDTTDW ~ Discomfort That Comes As – An External Force Emanating From Other People – Can Be One Of The Most Difficult Types To Deal With

~ SHST-WDNTHA-AC-TFBAD-WJNT-BWHC-TRTB-WBO-FAMHP-BWCWDTWABWBCBI ~ Studies Have Shown That – We Don’t Need To Have Any – Actual Control – To Feel Better About Discomfort – We Just Need To – Believe We Have Control – To Reap The Benefits – We’re Better Off – From A Mental Health Perspective – Believing We Can Withstand Discomfort Than We Are Believing We’ll Be Crushed By It

~ S-SHIGYAFOC-B-HTMICBIWFH ~ Sometimes – Simply Having Information Gives You A Feeling Of Control – But – Having Too Much Information Can Backfire If We Feel Helpless

~ TDOR ~ The Discomfort Of Reinvention

~ MOFSTHWFYFALT-CB-OOTMC-A-U-FOC ~ Moving On From Something That Has Worked For You For A Long Time – Can Be – One Of The Most Challenging – And – Uncomfortable – Forms Of Change

~ WCO-ALOI-R-ITPTPTGSOC ~ When Change Occasions – A Loss Of Identity – Reinvention – Is The Path That Provides –The Greatest Sense Of Control

~ CWS-SYSCAG-IE-YNTBAT-FO-WRI-A-SO-TRT-F-TMD ~ Coping With Stress – So You Stay Calm And Grounded – Is Essential – You Need To Be Able To – Focus On – What’s Really Important – And – Sort Out – The Real Threats – From – The Mere Distractions

~ A-RITEOP-A-BSTGOL ~ Anxiety – Really Is The Enemy Of Progress – And – Basically Shuts The Gate On Learning

~ TCTTAIAEIFOC ~ The Capacity To Tolerate Ambiguity Is An Especially Important Feature Of Creativity

~ BIYO-C-WPC-S-E-IIBIRIM-CTHWYBATMTC ~ Belief In Your Own – Capability – Which Psychologists Call – Self-Efficacy – Is Important Because It Reinforces Internal Motivation – Central To How Well You’ll Be Able To Maintain The Change

~ HITSYTMS-TAPOTP-WINAAL ~ However Inconsequential The Steps You’re Taking May Seem – They’re All Part Of The Process – Which Is Not At All Linear

~ CINASCASOSBAIUASS-YMLYFASRBDTAPS ~ Change Is Not About Steadily Climbing A Set Of Stairs But About Inching Up A Slippery Spiral – You May Lose Your Footing And Slide Right Back Down To A Previous Stage

~ FTM ~ Finding The Meaning

~ C-IA-ATNC-O-AOTAOO ~ Change – Is About – Adapting To New Circumstances – Or – Adapting Our Thinking About Old Ones

~ IIEFUTACIWHANFWIH-IOW-IWITCWM ~ It Is Easier For Us To Accept Change If We Have A Narrative For Why It’s Happening – In Other Words – If We Invest The Change With Meaning