NAOMI BARON ~ WORDS ONSCREEN ~ 2015

~ EFC-IIOTTLASF-IATA-WEAGFK ~ Ebooks For Children – It Is One Thing To Look At Sales Figures – It’s Another To Ask – Whether Ebooks Are Good For Kids

~ TMTK-TMTR ~ Too Much To Know – Too Much To Read

~ TL;DR – Too Long; Didn’t Read

~ ATWTWDTP-PTTV-LAL-OWIO-TRHS-E-TAOPWII-TLL-HC ~ As They Work Their Way Down The Page – People Tend To View – Less And Less – Of What Is On – The Right-Hand Side – Essentially – They Are Only Processing What Is In – The Lower Left-Hand Corner

~ RSA-80%-OTT-RWIO-TIP ~ Readers Spend About – 80 Percent – Of Their Time – Reading What Is On – The Initial Page

~ YDWTSOCFAWTDPO-AS-T-BR-WB ~ You Don’t Want To Shell Out Cash For A Work That Doesn’t Pan Out – And So – The – Book Review – Was Born

~ Tl;DS – Too Long; Didn’t Scroll

~ WSAECAY ~ What Should An Ebook Cost Anyway?

~ WHTAWCDDEP? ~ What Happens To Authors When Competition Drives Down Ebook Prices?

~ IT-33P-OM-TM-ASE-CW-2/3OAP-TMAPB ~ It Takes – 33 Pounds – Of Minerals – To Make – A Single Ereader Compared With – 2/3 Of A Pound – To Make A Printed Book

~ PAE-R-100K-HOFF-WP-66POCO2-CW-2KH-A-1OOTLIGG-FAB ~ Producing An Ereader – Requires – 100 Kilowatt-Hours Of Fossil Fuels – Which Produce – 66 Pounds Of Co2 – Compared With – 2 Kilowatt-Hours – And – 100 Times Less In Greenhouse Gases – For A Book

~ ‘R’ AE-TEIPM-IGDIPC-OBC-WWAETEHRFT ~ “Recycling” An Ereader – To Extract Its Precious Minerals – Is Generally Done In Poor Countries – Often By Children – Where Workers Are Exposed To Enormous Health Risks From Toxins

~ P-UMCIDD-AARR ~ Paper – Unlike Many Components In Digital Devices – Is A Renewable Resource

~ A-30BWOE-ACWB-DDW-TAEOTOO-30NPP ~ About – 30 Billion Watts Of Electricity – Are Consumed Worldwide By – Digital Data Warehouses – The Approximate Equivalent Of The Output Of – 30 Nuclear Power Plants

~ TJIDSOO-WDROP-IN-OWB-MEF ~ The Jury Is Definitely Still Out On – Whether Digital Reading Or Paper – Is Now – Or Will Become – More Environmentally Friendly

~ PA-TIAL-IAMC-TNOAFPLIAFR ~ Public Access – To Information And Learning – Is A Modern Concept – The Notion Of A Free Public Library Is Also Fairly Recent

~ CB-IYGITTS-YCHTN ~ Centuries Back – If You Gathered In The Town Square – You Could Hear The News

~ MOOC ~ Massive Open Online Courses

~ WCTSSASAFPP ~ We Continue To See Stories About Students And Faculty Preferring Print

~ ASWTDCRITM ~ A Surefire Way To Disrupt Careful Reading Is To Multitask

~ TMPRGF-E-IF ~ The Most Popular Reading Genre For – Ebooks – Is Fiction

~ IADW-OISAQE ~ In A Digital World – Once Is Seen As Quite Enough

~ HSIR? ~ How Social Is Reading?

~ RA-TTWWNAT-WACO ~ Reading Aloud – To Those Who Were Not Able To – Was A Common Occurrence

~ T-TFMOPCTFTPOR-IF-T-FRGOO-AW-A-TBTR-O-A-F ~ Today – The Fast Majority Of People Coming Together For The Purpose Of Reading – In Face-To-Face Reading Groups Or Online – Are Women – And – The Books They’re Reading – Overwhelmingly – Are – Fiction

~ EST-CBU-B-STMTTTW ~ Electronic Search Tools – Can Be Useful – But – Sometimes Take More Time Than They’re Worth

~ SHUA-PIUTL ~ Screens Hastens Us Along – Print Invites Us To Linger

~ HR ~ Hyper Reading

~ SMFAOHC-EC-BL-T-T-A-BC-AMFIVOSN ~ So Many Fundamental Aspects Of Human Communication – Eye Contact – Body Language – Tone – Timbre – And – Bodily Contact – Are Missing From Interactions Via Online Social Networking

~ TIATIO-WHYCDD-RTTWT-HDOTCS ~ There Is Also The Issue Of – Whether Handing Young Children Digital Devices – Rather Than Talking With Them – Hampers Development Of Their Communication Skills

~ CW-RO-P-TTLD-AAR-IEMF ~ Compared With – Reading Onscreen – Print – Tends To Limit Distraction – As A Result – It Encourages Mental Focus

~ MCTBUTDWWAD-EM-AGS ~ Modern Communication Technologies Beckon Us To Drop What We Are Doing – Even Momentarily – And Get Sidetracked

~ Y-WCSHACWSPOC-B-TLOVOIR ~ Yes – We Can Successfully Hold A Conversation While Shelling Peas Or Crocheting – But – The List Of Viable Options Is Restricted

~ ETU-EWU-T-SM-IEAM ~ Experts Tell Us – Even Warn Us – That – Successful Multitasking – Is Essentially A Myth

~ YA-23TML-TCWD-IYAT-TIYN ~ You Are – 23 Times More Likely – To Crash While Driving – If You Are Texting – Than If You’re Not

~ NWSMYPAI-OK-TUTPWD-GTBTSMBA ~ No Wonder So Many Young People Assume It’s – OK – To Use Their Phones While Driving – Given The Behavior They See Modeled By Adults

~ YBOM ~ Your Brain On Multitasking

~ T-DSMMD-‘IUD’-DNMTFC-T-‘IGD-D ~ The – Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders – “Internet Use Disorder” – Did Not Make The Final Cut – Though – “Internet Gaming Disorder” – Did

~ OTR-6,000-LIUT-HAETDO-BTEOTT-FC ~ Of The Roughly – 6,000 – Languages In Use Today – Half Are Expected To Die Out – By The End Of The Twenty-First Century

~ WATTMCDTRO?-DF-DS-DT ~ What Are The Three Most Critical Drawbacks To Reading Onscreen? – Distraction First – Distraction Second – Distraction Third

~ SASAYTD-AI;MD-IAIHS ~ Short Attention Span And Yielding To Distraction – Are In; Mental Discipline – Is An Increasingly Hard Sell

RUTH SOUKUP ~ LIVING WELL SPENDING LESS ~ 2014

~ TGLINWWTII-MINE-DYGL ~ The Good Life Is Not What We Think It Is – More Is Never Enough – Define Your Good Life

~ CIAC ~ Contentment Is A Choice

~ KWMM-IIWTDT-WWPRMF? ~ Knowing What Matters Most – If I Were To Die Tomorrow – What Would People Remember Me For?

~ AAOG ~ An Attitude Of Gratitude

~ ET-SFCIASACTSCOTTTCUTS-IMSAFATTTMUFUOLWJDHE ~ Eliminating Temptation – Sometimes Finding Contentment Is As Simple As Choosing To Steer Clear Of The Things That Cause Us To Stumble – It Means Staying Away From All Those Things That Make Us Feel Unworthy Or Like We Just Don’t Have Enough

~ WAHASS-FYSS-WIYP? ~ We All Have A Sweet Spot – Finding Your Sweet Spot – Where Is Your Passion?

~ BWYA-MTMOWYARN ~ Bloom Where You Are – Make The Most Of Where You Are Right Now

~ IOG ~ Identifying Our Gifts

~ WG-CCYL-WTDMTR-A-OTAR-YCIT ~ Written Goals – Can Change Your Life – Writing Them Down Makes Them Real – And – Once They Are Real – You Can’t Ignore Them

~ PYR-BCAYO-GYADD-BDLG-TYP-CA-CYS ~ Planning Your Route – Be Clear About Your Objective – Give Yourself A Due Date – Break Down Large Goals – Track Your Progress – Create Accountability – Celebrate Your Success

~ S-TS-F-L-TG ~ Short-Term Sacrifices – For – Long-Term Gain

~ WAGTS24H ~ We All Get The Same Twenty-Four Hours

~ ETU ~ Eliminating The Unessential

~ LSEMJ ~ Less Stuff Equals More Joy

~ STF-IYTWTLCF-YMSBMS ~ Stop The Flow – If You Truly Want To Live Clutter Free – You Must Stop Buying More Stuff

~ VQOQ ~ Value Quality Over Quantity

~ PYES ~ Purge Your Excess Stuff

~ WNTSLTWTWD ~ We Need To Spend Less Than We Think We Do

~ RTAOL ~ Retail Therapy And Other Lies

~ SIASOM ~ Saving Is A State Of Mind

~ CAB-AST-ARB ~ Creating A Budget – And Sticking To – A Realistic Budget

~ SMOOS-HOA-TIIQSTRHMPEFCB-EOTTWN ~ So Much Of Our Spending – Happens On Autopilot – That It Is Quite Shocking To Realize How Many Possibilities Exist For Cutting Back – Even On Those Things We Need

~ SFTF-SAMFTFINAL;IIAN ~ Saving For The Future – Setting Aside Money For The Future Is Not A Luxury; It Is A Necessity

~STS-S-S-S- ~ Shop The Sales – Stockpile – Stockpile – Stockpile

~ GYO ~ Grow Your Own

~ ACHIAHH ~ A Clean House Is A Happy House

~ TBTILAF ~ The Best Things In Life Are Free

~ NYF ~ Nurturing Your Friendships

~ CC ~ Cultivating Creativity

~ WGMWWG ~ We Get More When We Give

ADAM ALTER ~ IRRESISTIBLE ~ 2017

~ NGHOYOS ~ Never Get High On Your Own Supply

~ TIABLBAATROU-WAOPORAFDOOA ~ There Isn’t A Bright Line Between Addicts And The Rest Of Us – We’re All One Product Or Experience Away From Developing Our Own Addictions

~ TOT-WMOU-TLWTW-AWOD ~ Thousands Of Tests – With Millions Of Users – To Learn Which Tweaks Work – And Which Ones Don’t

~ IMR-SAABA-AVS-TATSBR-A-TFBSOTSBHN:SE/SS/MS/ASOE ~ In Many Respects – Substance Addictions And Behavioral Addictions – Are Very Similar – They Activate The Same Brain Regions – And – They’re Fueled By Some Of The Same Basic Human Needs: Social Engagement / Social Support / Mental Stimulation / A Sense Of Effectiveness

~ BA-COSI:CGTAJBR/IAUPF/ASOIPAI/TTBSMDOT/UTTDR/SSC ~ Behavioral Addiction – Consists Of Six Ingredients: Compelling Goals That Are Just Beyond Reach / Irresistible And Unpredictable Positive Feedback / A Sense Of Incremental Progress And Improvement / Tasks That Become Slowly More Difficult Over Time / Unresolved Tensions That Demand Resolution / Strong Social Connections

~ T-AOBA-ISY-BESPTAC ~ The – Age Of Behavioral Addiction – Is Still Young – But Early Signs Point To A Crisis

~ A-ADBTCOOEP-FWAP-T-BHASI ~ Addictions – Are Damaging Because They Crowd Out Other Essential Pursuits – From Work And Play – To – Basic Hygiene And Social Interaction

~ DTATHU-A-HTOTHU ~ Defeat The Addictions That Hurt Us – And – Harness The Ones That Help Us

~ PADBTME-EWTAIAU-TDBTRUOTWBTIC ~ Phones Are Disruptive By Their Mere Existence – Even When They Aren’t In Active Use – They’re Distracting Because They Remind Us Of The World Beyond The Immediate Conversation

~ MIAADSA ~ Many Internet Addicts Also Develop Sex Addictions

~ ABI-A-OITRIB-N-AEOB-DC ~ A Behavior Is – Addictive – Only If The Rewards It Brings – Now – Are Eventually Outweighed By – Damaging Consequences

~ FD-EHATDA-WPTTC-SWI-P-UTRC-WCABA ~ For Decades – Experts Had Assumed That Drug Addicts – Were Predisposed To The Condition – Somehow Wired Incorrectly – Perhaps – Under The Right Circumstances – We Could All Become Addicts

~ R#34-WAABN-JAURTHTBITWPATWT-SRAARWHDWAPDSTHPC ~ Rat No. 34 – Wasn’t An Addict By Nature – Just An Unfortunate Rat That Happened To Be In The Wrong Place At The Wrong Time – Simply Responding As Any Rat Would Have Done When A Probe Delivered Shocks To His Pleasure Center

~ AEIIM ~ Addiction Embeds Itself In Memory

~ AIAMOET-ETSOOR-APTWWTFTITWS-A-ETMDA-I-RWRWTRTPAPTRTOTD ~ Addiction Is A Matter Of Environment Too – Even The Sturdiest Of Our Ranks – Are Prone To Weakness When They Find Themselves In The Wrong Setting – And – Even The Most Determined Addicts-In-Recovery Will Relapse When They Revisit The People And Places That Remind Them Of The Drug

~ CSD-IRITWO-S-E-R-AOL-ED-SDIBAP-TCOPO ~ Chronic Sleep Deprivation – Is Rising In The Wake Of – Smartphones – E-Readers – And Other Light-Emitting Devices – Sleep Deprivation Is Behavioural Addiction’s Partner – The Consequence Of Persistent Overengagement

~ FM-BL-EODTD-CAWFP-R-YL-W-BL-HTBOYE-T-PG-SP-M-A-YBPFTD ~ For Millennia – Blue Light – Existed Only During The Daytime – Candles And Wood Fires Produced – Reddish-Yellow Light – When – Blue Light –– Hits The Back Of Your Eyes – The – Pineal Gland – Stops Producing – Melatonin – And – Your Body Prepares For The Day

~ ABPTSBRTFDA-SRDITBRACC-D-WAITPTTB-TITPAIFOP ~ Addictive Behaviors Produce The Same Brain Responses That Follow Drug Abuse – Several Regions Deep Inside The Brain Release A Chemical Called – Dopamine – Which Attaches Itself To Preceptors Throughout The Brain – That In Turn Produce An Intense Flush Of Pleasure

~ TSOBIIAUWLTUIAASFOPT ~ The Substance Or Behavior Itself Isn’t Addictive Until We Learn To Use It As A Salve For Our Psychological Troubles

~ IIETPSWADOAB-TPAHTLTTEIAVTFWATP ~ It Isn’t Enough To Ply Someone With A Drug Or A Behavior – That Person Also Has To Learn That The Experience Is A Viable Treatment For Whatever Ails Them Psychologically

~ THRPFAIEA-VFPDALILITHBAIA ~ The Highest Risk Period For Addiction Is Early Adulthood – Very Few People Develop Addictions Later In Life If They Haven’t Been Addicted In Adolescence

~ EAYCTHADFRYL-YBCTWTD-IRTTDSAPNITP-ASTCR-TSITO-B ~ Even After You Come To Hate A Drug For Ruining Your Life – Your Brain Continues To Want The Drug – It Remembers That The Drug Soothed A Psychological Need In The Past – And So The Craving Remains – The Same Is True Of – Behaviors

~ TIHEPTGTBKE-AWTDHMGTEAA-NPTRTO ~ The Internet Has Exposed People To Goals They Barely Knew Existed – And Wearable Tech Devices Have Made Goal Tracking Effortless And Automatic – Numbers Pave The Road To Obsession

~ ICT-G-S-BASSOL-GH-TGTAFL-DBD-RTEPOSGEGWIFHTGT ~ In Contrast To – Goals – Systems – Bring A Steadier Stream Of Low-Grade Highs – They’re Guides To A Fulfilling Life – Day By Day – Rather Than Enticing Pictures Of Some Grand End Goal Without Instructions For How To Get There

~ IM-PG-SMIS-BITYHTSOLTAE ~ In Moderation – Personal Goal-Setting Makes Intuitive Sense – Because It Tells You How To Spend Our Limited Time And Energy

~ B-BTBP ~ Buttons – Beg To Be Pushed

~ AIFAPF:LIOM ~ An Important Fact About Positive Feedback: Less Is Often More

~ LDAW-PDCTA-L-TCTA-W-LFABDJTS-WTSRA-TW-O-ALDAAW ~ Losses Disguised As Wins – Players Don’t Classify Them As – Losses – They Classify Them As – Wins – Lights Flash And Bells Ding Just The Same – Whether The Spin Represents A – True Win – Or – A Loss Disguised As A Win

~ IOBCUTWW-EWWAL-HAWSTMTS-CTSP? ~ If Our Brains Convince Us That We’re Winning – Even When Were Actually Losing – How Are We Supposed To Muster The Self-Control To Stop Playing?

~ TSOSMIMB-‘TOD’ ~ The Success Of Slot Machines Is Measured By – “Time On Device”

~ J-RTTLO-SF-TSATGR-IIETTG-B-IETTGS-WJ-TSGLIC ~ Juice – Refers To The Layer Of – Surface Feedback – That Sits Above The Game’s Rules – It Isn’t Essential To The Game – But – It’s Essential To The Game’s Success – Without Juice – The Same Game Loses Its Charm

~ MIAAHOG ~ Most Internet Addicts Are Hooked On Games

~ TTITWWKHCWRTTOFSYS ~ The Truth Is That We Won’t Know How Children Will Respond To The Overuse For Some Years Still

~ TIGEETSTITSDOMHAGRU ~ There Is Good Early Evidence To Support The Idea That Small Doses Of Mental Hardship Are Good For Us

~ P-SETC-TCWTSI-TSW-TTEO-TRW-AEIBTPV-STSAFOTC-RTTTI ~ Parents – Should Encourage Their Children – To Connect What They See In – The Screen World – To Their Experience Of – The Real World – Active Engagement Is Better Than Passive Viewing – Screen Time Should Always Focus On The Content – Rather Than The Technology Itself

~ BANHID-AHDBRFWOEM-TIAMN ~ Building A New Habit Is Difficult – A Habit Doesn’t Become Routine For Weeks Or Even Months – There Isn’t A Magic Number

~ TG-ITLR-ITBFOBHA-NTROBHWA ~ The Goal – In The Long Run – Is To Be Free Of Bad Habits Altogether – Not To Replace One Bad Habit With Another

~ TMPITTP-ITRYE-STAACTAAP-WNWHABIOYMLTWIFA ~ The Missing Piece In The Treatment Puzzle – Is To Redesign Your Environment – So Temptations Are As Close To Absent As Possible – Whatever’s Nearby Will Have A Bigger Impact On Your Mental Life Than Whatever Is Farther Away

~ SYWT-A-YBT ~ Surround Yourself With Temptation – And – You’ll Be Tempted

~ C-RAP-TAASEYCAIAVEWOFTRH ~ Choosing – Rewards And Punishments – That Also Affect Someone Else You Care About Is A Very Effective Way Of Forming The Right Habits

~ PAMLTDTTT-ITRTHTBF ~ People Are More Likely To Do The Right Thing – If The Right Thing Happens To Be Fun

ADAM ALTER ~ DRUNK TANK PINK ~ 2013

~ DTP-‘N-DA’ ~ Drunk Tank Pink – “Non-Drug Anesthetic”

~ EOU-IAOPO-TWWU-TWBU-A-TWAU-ATHCTHOE-T-F-A-B ~ Each Of Us – Is An Ongoing Product Of – The World Within Us – The World Between Us – And – The World Around Us – And Their Hidden Capacity To Shape Our Every – Thought – Feeling – And – Behavior

~ ND- ‘N-DO’-RHSTONTRDWOMW-BUMTTCTE-ENIAWDB-PTTLWBTT ~ Nominative Determinism – “Name-Driven Outcome” – Researchers Have Shown That Our Names Take Root Deep Within Our Mental Worlds – Drawing Us Magnetically Toward The Concepts They Embody – Every Name Is Associated With Demographic Baggage – People Tend To Like What Belongs To Them

~ EADLHTPTTTBPIMSOTPS ~ Even Arbitrary Damaging Labels Have The Power To Turn The Brightest People Into Meek Shadows Of Their Potential Selves

~ L-DJRA-TCO ~ Labels – Don’t Just Resolve Ambiguity – They Change Outcomes

~ FFMFA-P-L-CTITPOT ~ Far From Merely Functioning As – Placeholders – Labels – Craft The Images That Populate Our Thoughts

~ LSCMTAEF ~ Labels Sometime Create Memories That Are Entirely False

~ Eyewitnesses – To A Crime Or An Accident – Are Open To Forming False Or Exaggerated Memories – Depending On How Others Label The Events

~ LAIP-SNOWWSBAETHATP ~ Labels Are Immensely Powerful – Shaping Not Only What We See But Also Events That Haven’t Actually Taken Place

~ SAMFM-SIUWOC-ILPBOBCPISAA ~ Symbols Are Magnets For Meaning – Symbols Influence Us Without Our Consent – In Large Part Because Our Brains Constantly Process Images Subconsciously And Automatically

~ MEPTASTIC-FLTATOAS-CCTTTMC-EWTHNITTSTS ~ Merely Exposing People To A Symbol That Implies Creativity – For Less Than A Tenth Of A Second – Can Cause Them To Think More Creatively – Even When They Have No Idea That They’ve Seen The Symbol

~ MISAPS-AMTSMCE-TOBRATPTIMBM ~ Money Is Such A Powerful Symbol – A Means To So Many Coveted Ends – That Our Brains Revolt Against The Prospect That It Might Be Misused

~ MCBLC-WPAO-TMWASTDC ~ More Competitors Breed Less Competition – When People Are Overwhelmed – Their Motivation Wanes And Sometimes They Disengage Completely

~ OOTMPBPI-TTFACOP-TIAE-T-AII-TWAWU-PITIOOAASTTNEAA ~ One Of The Most Puzzling Behavioral Patterns Is – The Tendency For A Crowd Of People – To Ignore An Emergency – That – As Isolated Individuals – They Would Address With Urgency – People Interpret The Inaction Of Others As A Sign That There’s No Emergency At All

~ WAAGS-COGAOKAS-BWAAFSPTAOPAD ~ We’re A Generous Species – Capable Of Great Acts Of Kindness And Sensitivity – But We’re Also A Fearful Species Prone To Acts Of Prejudice And Discrimination

~ SP-HREOHPT-EWTUTITCOTI-TIRQJBTLOCA-STS-T/B/F ~ Subliminal Priming – Has Remarkable Effects On How People Think – Even When They’re Unable To Identify The Content Of The Images – Those Images Rest Quietly Just Below The Level Of Conscious Awareness – Shaping Their Subsequent – Thoughts – Behaviors / Feelings

~ PAIMHWTFTSATOMI ~ People Are Indeed More Honest When They’re Forced To Stare At Their Own Mirror Images

~ OE ~ Oppressive Environments

~ TDBNAULIHTCOA-WM-MLBUWS-TNCGUTCTHAMOALAWLATOTREMR ~ The Difference Between Natural And Urban Landscapes Is How They Command Our Attention – While Man-Made Landscapes Bombard Us With Stimulation – Their Natural Counterparts Give Us The Chance To Think As Much Or As Little As We’d Like And The Opportunity To Replenish Exhausted Mental Resources

~ S-Y-F-B ~ Shinrin-Yokju – Forest Bathing

~ BWT-WYWPBWBW-YMLTDTPTSY ~ Broken Windows Theory – When You’re Walking Past Buildings With Broken Windows – You’re More Likely To Disrespect The Property That Surrounds You

~ F-AU-E-AW-AP-WWA-WWIWOP-A-WWMDTRFTTTTL-C-OWKTTE-WBPT-COTWTH-A-RTWTH ~ Forces – Affect Us – Everyday – At Work – At Play – When We’re Alone – When We’re Interacting With Other People – And – When We’re Making Decisions That Range From The Trivial To The Life-Changing – Once We Know That They Exist – We’re Better Placed To – Capitalize On Them When They Help – And – Resist Them When They Hurt

ELIZABETH KOLBERT ~ THE SIXTH EXTINCTION ~ 2014

~ TSE ~ The Sixth Extinction

~ IEIAMT-MEI-W-MS ~ If Extinction Is A Morbid Topic – Mass Extinction Is – Well – Massively So

~ YAPEF-WODMP-ITHAVO ~ Yet Another Possible Explanation For – Why Observations Don’t Match Predictions – Is That Humans Aren’t Very Observant

~ TNP ~ The New Pangea

~ M-BKD ~ Meanwhile – Bats Keep Dying

~ DAGT-F-HP-IIET-TTDS-ABMATWJIBW ~ During Any Given Twenty-Four-Hour Period – It Is Estimated That – Ten Thousand Different Species – Are Being Move Around The World Just In Ballast Water

~ RHPOC ~ Rhinos Have Plenty Of Company

~ CHCBDAS;TCABF-TAA ~ Certainly Humans Can Be Destructive And Shortsighted; They Can Also Be Forward-Thinking And Altruistic

~ IDMMWPCODC-WMITPCTW ~ It Doesn’t Much Matter Whether People Care Or Don’t Care – What Matters Is That People Change The World

~ IAEEOOOM-WHTU ~ In An Extinction Event Of Our Own Making – What Happens To Us?

JOSEPH STIGLITZ ~ THE PRICE OF INEQUALITY ~ HOW TODAY’S DIVIDED SOCIETY ENDANGERS OUR FUTURE ~ NORTON ~ 2012

~ SGVFCTC-TWSST-TWACUT-IMW-T-EAPS-HF-A-T-BWFU ~ Specific Grievances Varied From Country To Country – There Were Some Shared Themes – There Was A Common Understanding That – In Many Ways – The – Economic And Political System – Had Failed – And – That – Both Were Fundamentally Unfair

~ TGBWOEAPSASTD-WWWTTDD-AWTAC-BTLTBI ~ The Gap Between What Our Economic And Political Systems Are Supposed To Do – What We Were Told They Did Do – And What They Actually Do – Became Too Large To Be Ignored

~ TBHTB-T-WGA-WHBTATEED-ACLATSSTTWNAA-TBHITBTW ~ The Bankers Had Taken Bets – That – Without Government Assistance – Would Have Brought Them And The Entire Economy Down – A Closer Look At The System Showed That This Was Not An Accident – The Bankers Had Incentives To Behave This Way

~ TMOINE ~ The Market Obviously Is Not Efficient

~ U-TIOTMTGJFSMC-ITWFOTM-TGSOI-AAMCOI ~ Unemployment – The Inability Of The Market To Generate Jobs For So Many Citizens – Is The Worst Failure Of The Market – The Greatest Source Of Inefficiency – And A Major Cause Of Inequality

~ WHEHAHP ~ We Have Empty Homes And Homeless People

~ WAPAHPFO-I-AESTISSALE-WLG-A-ADTHBPIP ~ We Are Paying A High Price For Our – Inequality – An Economic System That Is Less Stable And Less Efficient – With Less Growth – And – A Democracy That Has Been Put Into Peril

~ TPOMIE-BTHNIMC ~ The Power Of Markets Is Enormous – But They Have No Inherent Moral Character

~ ATB-MHPACRITSIIPASOLITPTHY-BGHAPAMRITA-AFTF-MATFTA ~ At Their Best – Markets Have Played A Central Role In The Stunning Increases In Productivity And Standards Of Living In The Past Two Hundred Years – But Government Has Also Played A Major Role In These Advances – A Fact That Free-Market Advocates Typically Fail To Acknowledge

~ OTOH-MCACW-PECOTS-A-AWAC ~ On The Other Hand – Markets Can Also Concentrate Wealth – Pass Environmental Costs On To Society – And – Abuse Workers And Consumers

~ TFIPAEAR-ATREO-PHSTM-ASIIWT-ATT-ATEOTR ~ The Failures In Politics And Economics Are Related – And They Reinforce Each Other – Politics Have Shaped The Market – And Shaped It In Ways That – Advantage The Top – At The Expense Of The Rest

~ UMDNWW-AWHS ~ Unfettered Markets Do Not Work Well – As We Have Seen

~ TLOI-A-TAOO-INI-NIIRRSTPOIMF ~ The Level Of Inequality – And – The Absence Of Opportunity – Is Not Inevitable – Nor Is Its Recent Rise Simply The Product Of Inexorable Market Forces

~ IA-ATAM-ATTCTGMMTTTWBE-PBIWLTMG-TIAIC-T-DE-IHALP-AHLBD-HIHNLTMG ~ Inequality’s Apologists – And They Are Many – Argue To The Contrary That Giving More Money To The Top Will Benefit Everyone – Partly Because It Would Led To More Growth – This Is An Idea Called – Trickle-Down Economics – It Has A Long Pedigree – And Has Long Been Discredited – Higher Inequality Has Not Led To More Growth

~ SDIIFTBIP-TETERTTSAA-‘PT’ ~ So Difficult Is It For Those Born Into Poverty To Escape – That Economists Refer To The Situation As A – “Poverty Trap”

~ MOIIDFCCAOI ~ Measures Of Income Inequality Don’t Fully Capture Critical Aspects Of Inequality

~ MOTITETIARO-GP-BWTGDAWIDND-IITROPFAMAOEO ~ Much Of The Inequality That Exists Today Is A Result Of – Government Policy – Both What The Government Does And What It Does Not Do – Inequality Is The Result Of Political Forces As Much As Of Economic Ones

~ TMTMA-TMCTALTB-WGI-CMCEAD ~ The More Transparent Markets Are – The More Competitive They Are Likely To Be – Without Good Information – Capital Markets Can’t Exercise Any Discipline

~ T-WAS-CWI;IC-T-T-‘R’-O-L/NR-WMTD ~ Taxing – Work And Savings – Can Weaken Incentives; In Contrast – Taxing – The – “Rents” – On – Land / Natural Resources – Won’t Make Them Disappear

~ INHTBWITGSY-F-$500M-AM-TW-$1B~ It’s Not Hard To Become Wealthy If The Government Sells You – For – $500 Million – A Mine – That’s Worth – $1 Billion

~ TSWTASMIGTGTGYO ~ The Simplest Way To A Sustainable Monopoly Is Getting The Government To Give You One

~ IOTTWIAFG-IQATBATWTROTG-A-IEW-IYCCYOR ~ It’s One Thing To Win In A Fair Game – It’s Quite Another To Be Able To Write The Rules Of The Game – And – It’s Even Worse – If You Can Choose Your Own Referees

~ ‘RC’-TOTRC-CFARTTSTTASTR-STSW-GWRITP-GC ~ “Regulatory Capture” – Those On The Regulatory Commissions – Come From And Return To The Sector That They Are Supposed To Regulate – Serve The Sector Well – Get Well Rewarded In Their Post-Government Career

~ ITGGYTRT-E-R-F-F-IDTAGTMAF ~ If The Government Grants You The Right To – Extract – Resources – For – Free – It Doesn’t Take A Genius To Make A Fortune

~ OESRP-NMHTM-AIA-M-CE-INSTSMSPTTS ~ Our Economic System Rewards Profits – No Matter How They’re Made – And In A – Money-Centric Economy – It’s Not Surprising To See Moral Scruples Put To The Side

~ TMDOAIS-IC ~ The Major Determinant Of An Individual’s Success – Initial Conditions

~ LIR-LR-A-ADADFS-CTTROTE-FAM ~ Low Interest Rates – Lax Regulations – And – A Distorted And Dysfunctional Financial Sector – Came To The Rescue Of The Economy – For A Moment

~ R-ATROTG-TEC-TPA-TPTTCPT ~ Regulations – Are The Rules Of The Game – To Ensure Competition – To Prevent Abuses – To Protect Those That Cannot Protect Themselves

~ MOTIIOE:TROR-S ~ Much Of The Inequality In Our Economy: The Result Of Rent-Seeking

~ TFSIST-STROTE-NTOWA ~ The Financial Sector Is Supposed To – Serve The Rest Of The Economy – Not The Other Way Around

~ MOT-‘FI’-WDT-CR-AALL-REP ~ Many Of These – “Financial Innovations” – Were Designed To – Circumvent Regulations – And Actually Lowered Long-Run Economic Performance

~ TCBDAWACC ~ There Can Be Destructive As Well As Constructive Competition

~ IF-ATPOF-IP ~ Increasing Fairness – And The Perception Of Fairness – Increases Productivity

~ TSTOEAPSIU-UT-WIEFTFOOS ~ The Sense That Our Economic And Political System Is Unfair – Undermines Trust – Which Is Essential For The Functioning Of Our Society

~ G-ITFITWWAT-C-TSTNP ~ Government – Is The Formal Institution Through Which We Act Together – Collectively – To Solve The Nation’s Problems

~ CATAIIESOS ~ Cooperation And Trust Are Important In Every Sphere Of Society

~ WOU-TROT-IMOEW-O-TIOTSC-TBUT ~ We Often Underestimate – The Role Of Trust – In Making Our Economy Work – Or – The Importance Of The Social Contract – That Binds Us Together

~ SC-ITGTHST ~ Social Capital – Is The Glue That Holds Societies Together

~ OCSH-D-NS-D-A-FAUG ~ One Cannot Simultaneously Have – Democracy – National Self-Determination – And – Full And Unfettered Globalization

~ N-ITHOTP-HSM-GSM-TSF-WWSR-WAAIR ~ Never – In The History Of The Planet – Had So Many – Given So Much – To So Few – Who Were So Rich – Without Asking Anything In Return

~ MH-BBHRAPLTERTBB ~ Moral Hazard – Bank Bailouts Had Repeatedly And Predictably Led To Excessive Risk Taking By Banks

~ RBBHIHCOT ~ Repeated Bank Bailouts Have Imposed High Costs On Taxpayers

~ ATW-TEO-FP-AL ~ Around The World – The Examples Of – Failed Privatizations – Are Legion

~ MOCWIHWTTC ~ Much Of Corporate Welfare Is Hidden Within The Tax Code

~ MCWITISD-ICGOTUOTR-WTBTL ~ Markets Can’t Work If There Isn’t Some Discipline – If Companies Get Only The Upside Of The Risks – With Taxpayer Bearing The Losses

~ WTWIO-DHTBTFCOTA-TWHII-NTIT-A-TTPTAROI ~ When Those Who Injure Others – Don’t Have To Bear The Full Consequences Of Their Actions – They Will Have Inadequate Incentives – Not To Injure Them – And – To Take Precautions To Avoid Risks Of Injury

~ IEPIACBTUD-PCWF ~ If Economic Power In A Country Becomes Too Unevenly Distributed – Political Consequences Will Follow

~ IAD-API-APAIM-ACBIAPI-MHSDOA-OTMSTTINM-ABDAEP ~ In Any Democracy – A Public Institution – And Pretend As It Might – A Central Bank Is A Public Institution – Must Have Some Degree Of Accountability – Oversight To Make Sure That There Is No Malfeasance – A Central Bank’s Decisions Are Essentially Political

~ AWIP ~ Another World Is Possible

~ N-TPOE-TPOEAF ~ Not – The Politics Of Envy – The Politics Of Efficiency And Fairness

FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last