JARON LANIER ~ YOU ARE NOT A GADGET ~ 2010

~ LOFCC ~ Lords Of The Computing Clouds

~ FANP ~ Fragments Are Not People

~ TMITAATIHICP ~ The Most Important Thing About A Technology Is How It Changes People

~ PIIT ~ Politics Influences Information Technology

~ ESP-B-ITU ~ Entrenched Software Philosophies – Become – Invisible Through Ubiquity

~ TCSBLTTL ~ Technology Criticism Should Be Left To The Luddites

~ NE ~ Network Effect

~ CT ~ Cybernetic Totalists

~ DM ~ Digital Maoists

~ MOMFDWM ~ Many Of My Friends Disagree With Me

~ WDYDWTTACTTL? ~ What Do You Do When The Techies Are Crazier Than The Luddites?

~ LOD ~ Levels Of Description

~ OI ~ Oracle Illusion

~ RTBTMM ~ Race To Be The Most Meta

~ ATPLOA ~ Aggregate The Previous Layers Of Aggregation

~ TIOHLM ~ The Illusion Of High-Level Metaness

~ IDDTBF ~ Information Doesn’t Deserve To Be Free

~ WIOHARAIIN? ~ What If Only Humans Are Real And Information Is Not?

~ IIAE ~ Information Is Alienated Experience

~ EITOPTCDI ~ Experience Is The Only Process That Can De-Alienate Information

~ IOTKTP-WTBF-INBASOOOM-A-WNOIO-IWNSIIDGWIW ~ Information Of The Kind That Purportedly – Wants To Be Free – Is Nothing But A Shadow Of Our Own Minds – And – Wants Nothing On Its Own – It Will Not Suffer If It Doesn’t Get What It Wants

~ MICOBKIARS-ITEOAHB ~ Machine Intelligence Can Only Be Known In A Relative Sense – In The Eyes Of A Human Beholder

~ PDTIOTMMSS-ATT ~ People Degrade Themselves In Order To Make Machines Seem Smart – All The Time

~ COE-WYCTCOYC-YCYCOY ~ Circle Of Empathy – When You Change The Contents Of Your Circle – You Change Your Conception Of Yourself

~ ITD ~ Infelicitous Technological Designs

~ OMRTTCOSNANTMOTN-TRCITAOTF-B-TCHYTAIASW ~ One Must Remember That The Customers Of Social Networks Are Not The Members Of Those Networks – The Real Customer Is The Advertiser Of The Future – But – This Creature Has Yet To Appear In Any Significant Way

~ TNDDI ~ The Net Doesn’t Design Itself

~ AFPP ~ Anonymous Fragmentary Pseudo-People

T-INASO-II-B-TSQOTOW ~ Trolling – Is Not A String Of – Isolated Incidents – But – The Status Quo In The Online World

~ IOV ~ Ideology Of Violation

~ TROTCAPTR ~ The Rules Of The Cloud Apply Poorly To Reality

~ MEPITC ~ Meta Equals Power In The Cloud

~ MNTIITDAG ~ Morality Needs Technology If It’s To Do Any Good

~ PWFOAOTFAKOAOSLATCTCUWWTILSFEAO ~ People Will Focus On Activities Other Than Fighting And Killing One Another Only So Long As Technologists Continue To Come Up With Ways To Improve Living Standards For Everyone At Once

~ TDOE ~ The Devaluation Of Everything

~ U&U ~ Unobtrusive And Useful

~ IYWTK-WRGO-IA-SOI-FTM ~ If You Want To Know – What’s Really Going On – In A – Society Or Ideology – Follow The Money

~ RTTFOS-P ~ Reciprocity Takes The Form Of Self-Promotion

~ CITBPNBA ~ Culture Is To Become Precisely Nothing But Advertising

~ IMIFT-A-IO-M-J-A-A-TASIMCWMTTOB ~ If Money Is Flowing To – Advertising – Instead Of – Musicians – Journalists – And – Artists – Then A Society Is More Concerned With Manipulation Than Truth Or Beauty

~ ICIW-TPWSTB-EAC ~ If Content Is Worthless – Then People Will Start To Become – Emptyheaded And Contentless

~ PALOTC ~ Peasants And Lords Of The Clouds

~ AWBTDUFPOM-IIFP-WHAP ~ Are We Building The Digital Utopia For People Or Machines – If It’s For People – We Have A Problem

~ MAAGOTWPM-SNHWETWBTB ~ Maybe After A Generation Or Two Without Professional Musicians – Some New Habitat Will Emerge That Will Bring Them Back

~ TF-ACRTBBHA-EC-B-T-F-A-ER-AAR-TIOEIT-AOI-HB-THD ~ Thus Far – All Computer-Related Technologies Built By Humans Are – Endlessly Confusing – Buggy – Tangled – Fussy – And – Error-Ridden – As A Result – The Icon Of Employment In The – Age Of Information – Has Been – The Help Desk

~ POTHD ~ Planet Of The Help Desks

~ CEC ~ Computationally Enhanced Corruption

~ CHMIEFCTPETTTTANAOTOS ~ Computers Have Made It Easier For Criminals To Pretend Even To Themselves That They Are Not Aware Of Their Own Schemes

~ TWOFCTTPI2008WSCB ~ The Wave Of Financial Calamities That Took Place In 2008 Were Significantly Cloud Based

~ NOITP-DEHTMVCTLTHOHITWWRAATN ~ No One In The Pre-Digital Era Had The Mental Capacity To Lie To Him- Or Herself In The Way We Routinely Are Able To Now

~ WOTCTCTC?-ALF ~ Who Owns The Cloud That Connects The Crowd? – A Lucky Few

~ EHAISABI-UTAAIP ~ Entitlement Has Achieved Its – Singularity – And – Become Infinite – Unless The Algorithm Actually Isn’t Perfect

~ TGUSOTNI ~ The Grand Unified Scam Of The New Ideology

~ ASCIWBHVIOBF-AEWGPFTB ~ A Social Contract In Which Bits Have Value Instead Of Being Free – And Everyone Would Get Paid For Their Bits

~ WADOIS-MWB ~ Without A Degree Of Imposed Scarcity – Money Would Be Valueless

~ AVITAOTLT ~ A Volunteer In The Army Of The Long Tail

~ TWPOTOWARHS ~ The Wrong People Often Take Over When A Revolution Happens Suddenly

~ ETMELMATFCHT-FTCTATG ~ Even The Most Extreme Libertarian Must Admit That – Fluid Commerce Has To Flow Through Channels That Amount To Government

~ WMSOH-A-EOR-IOTBB ~ We Must See Ourselves Honestly – And – Engage Ourselves Realistically In Order To Become Better

~ E-IA-HTB-M-ASORWCC-W-RTWCC ~ Economics – Is About – How To Best – Mix – A Set Of Rules We Cannot Change – With – Rules That We Can Change

~ TUTOF ~ The Unbearable Thinness Of Flatness

~ OCIFOTWAIWBTWWB ~ Online Culture Is Fixated On The World As It Was Before The Web Was Born

~ TOAHBATC-L-PC-IHBSGAC-NO ~ The Open Approach Has Been Able To Create – Lovely – Polished Copies – It Hasn’t Been So Good At Creating – Notable Originals

~ WITNM?-EI-R/R/R ~ Where Is The New Music? – Everything Is – Retro / Retro / Retro

~ WMS-R-IS-IIITRITC ~ What Makes Something – Real – Is That – It Is Impossible To Represent It To Completion

~ ESAP ~ Encapsulation Serves A Purpose

~ BFSL-FLS ~ Been Fast So Long – Feels Like Slow

~ SJ ~ Silicon Juvenilia

~ DC:WAWOJ ~ Digital Culture: Wave After Wave Of Juvenilia

~ PC ~ Postsymbolic Communication

WILLIAM MARSDEN ~ FOOLS RULE ~ 2011

~ TGB-WTSIAUTD-A-WMPAWTA-WTCI-‘P’-GUV ~ The Gap Between – What The Science Is Asking Us To Do – And – What Most People Are Willing To Accept – What They Claim Is – “Possible” – Gives You Vertigo

~ D-KRDM-A-BLSWIC ~ Deniers – Keep Repackaging Debunked Material – And – Badgering Legitimate Scientists With Irrelevant Concerns

~ WLIA-PC-WT-SO-O-AOCE-AP-O-ATC-CAMWFTGPA-TSKOAG ~ We Live In A – Public Cyberspace – Where The – Scientific Opinions – Of – An Oil Company Executive – A Politician – Or – A Television Commentator – Carry As Much Weight For The General Public As – The Scientific Knowledge Of A Geophysicist

~ WDPBTTAPF? ~ Why Do People Believe Things That Are Patently False?

~ AOM ~ Axis Of Melt

~ ML-IWWTOA-TPA-ABF-THITW-TMFITAMTFSIC-V-AAOC ~ Mercury Levels – In What We Think Of As – The Pristine Arctic – Are By Far – The Highest In The World – The Mercury Found In The Arctic Migrated There From Southern Industrial Centers – Via – Atmospheric And Ocean Currents

~ MGH-BOMLIWC-‘FH’-LEIBTOSATDP-CATAMOCAAOFFROE ~ Methane Gas Hydrates – Bits Of Methane Locked Inside Water Crystals – “Frozen Heat” – Literally Everywhere In Both The Ocean Sediment And The Deep Permafrost – Contains About Twice As Much Organic Carbon As All Other Fossil Fuel Reserves On Earth

~ TDTARAEI ~ They Describe Themselves As Research And Educational Institutions

~ WCTPOFI-APS-HBC-A-RB-LAPOASOTS ~ We Continue To Place Our Faith In – A Political System – Hijacked By Corporations – And – Run By – Liars And Propagandists On All Sides Of The Spectrum

~ OBMIFUT-SSITREOTWWHCTKAT-Y-OBAHAAATCNC ~ Our Brains May Instinctively Force Us To – Seek Shelter In The Reassuring Equilibrium Of The World We Have Come To Know And Trust – Yet – Our Brains Also Have An Amazing Ability To Chart New Courses

HENRY GIROUX ~ TWILIGHT OF THE SOCIAL ~ 2012

~ UI-APIIDF-C/PV/TPG ~ Unbridled Individualism – Almost Pathological In Its Disdain For – Community / Public Values / The Public Good

~ TGP-ANPTFA-PC-O-TER-WSIFTS-SA-A-CANATGUA-IOTB ~ The General Public – Almost Never Points The Finger At – Powerful Corporations – Or – The Elite Rich – Who Seem Immune From The Shared-Sacrifice Argument – And – Consequently Are Not Asked To Give Up Anything – Including Obscene Tax Breaks

~ UTRO-MF-MITWMTLHSAMHBEWOA ~ Under The Regime Of – Market Fundamentalism – Many Institutions That Were Meant To Limit Human Suffering And Misfortune Have Been Either Weakened Or Abolished

~ AVO-TGS-HBRWVO-IH-CB-AESFIG ~ A Vision Of – The Good Society – Has Been Replaced With Visions Of – Individual Happiness – Characterized By – An Endless Search For Instant Gratification

~ OOTMDOFTLOPVITDSOOTCFAOTOOPI ~ One Of The Most Devastating Outcomes From This Loss Of Public Values Is The Diminished Sense Of Obligation To Care For Anything Other Than Our Own Personal Interests

~ IO-PS-TP-D-D-A-AWSE-WH-ES-T-IAETT-WOOT-UD-R-T-A-C ~ Instead Of – Public Spheres – That Promote – Dialogue – Debate – And – Arguments With Supporting Evidence – We Have – Entertainment Spheres – That – Infantilize Almost Everything They Touch – While Offering Opinions That – Utterly Disregard – Reason – Truth – And – Civility

~ PBD-WASCTPTCFPTB-S-C-R-A-SR ~ Politics Becomes Dysfunctional – Without A Supportive Culture To Provide The Conditions For People To Become – Self-Critical – Reflexive – And – Socially Responsible

~ MDC-RTAT-FIASEIWS-IISTTAOPV ~ Market-Driven Culture – Rejects The Assumption That – Freedom Is A Shared Experience In Which Self-Interest Is Subordinated To The Affirmation Of Public Values

~ DTOD-B-DACC-CTPIASMBAWGBPDASC ~ Democracy Thrives On Dissent – But – Dissent And Critical Citizenship – Cannot Take Place In A Society Marked By A Widening Gap Between Political Democracy And Socioeconomic Capacities

~ W-TIH-T-A-TDR-WPGTNAMDPS-RTBS ~ Whether – The Information Highway – Technoculture – And – The Digital Revolution – Will Provide Gateways To New And More Democratic Public Spheres – Remains To Be Seen

~ VEMOTNUACCAMA ~ Virtual Encounters More Often Than Not Undermine Authentic Communication And Minimize Accountability

~ PVM ~ Public Values Matter

~ N-AIAE ~ Nowadays – All Ideas Are Equal

~ T-WS-IBD;IIBRBTHROT-PS ~ The – Welfare State – Is Being Dismantled; It Is Being Replaced By The Harsh Realities Of The – Punishing State

~ WPIRTPA ~ Widespread Poverty Is Relegated To Private Anecdotes

~ D-IA-‘WOL’ ~ Democracy – Is A – “Way Of Life”

~ ED-SMTE;IAP-I-V-P-M-A-ROT ~ Economic Darwinism – Shapes More Than Economics; It Also Produces – Ideas – Values – Power – Morality – And – Regimes Of Truth

~ MO-J-E-A-E-HOABETTMOP ~ Matters Of – Justice – Ethics – And – Equality – Have Once Again Been Exiled To The Margins Of Politics

~ SA-GC-TI-GIS-YP-HSAMTTWTTRTLALURPRSBAMBNW ~ Signalling A – Generational Crisis – That Is – Global In Scope – Young People – Have Sent A Message To The World That They Refuse To Live Any Longer Under Repressive Political Regimes Sustained By A Morally Bankrupt Neoliberal World

~ ‘ZOSA’ ~ “Zones Of Social Abandonment”

~ TMYPATGNLI-‘ASOPE’ ~ Too Many Young People Around The Globe Now Live In – “A State Of Perpetual Emergency”

~ OTOH-AMATRAAN ~ On The Other Hand – Austerity Measures Against The Rich Are Almost Nonexistent

~ T-DC ~ Trickle-Down Cruelty

~ A-UAC-EM-BS-SALN-HTTC-N-HTCPTWLPI ~ As – Universities And Colleges – Emphasize Market-Based Skills – Student Are Learning Neither – How To Think Critically – Nor – How To Connect Private Troubles With Larger Public Issues

~ AKHBSOIVAASG ~ Academic Knowledge Has Been Stripped Of Its Value As A Social Good

~ ASIWPIVAI ~ A Society In Which Politics Is Viewed As Irrelevant

~ IOT-OTIOTWAPC-T-FC-SF-A-I-NFAVD-AU-AIAW-RA ~ In Order To – Protect The Interests Of The Wealthy And Powerful Corporations – The – Formative Culture – Social Formations – And – Institutions – Necessary For A Viable Democracy – Are Under – An Intense And Wide-Ranging Assault

~ D-HBAR-CB-ASNOEWIACPM ~ Democracy – Has Become A Ritual – Controllable By – A Small Number Of Extremely Wealthy Individuals And Corporate Power Mongers

~ S-HB-H-I-TBTLOMSASOAOTTO ~ Society – Has Become – Hyper-Individualized – Trapped By The Lure Of Material Success And Stripped Of Any Obligation To The Other

PHILIP COGGAN ~ PAPER PROMISES ~ 2011

~ CATMBWGBTTPDW ~ Criminals Are The Main Beneficiaries When Governments Ban Things That People Desperately Want

~ WDATMG?-TMHGA;IWNRT ~ Where Did All The Money Go? – The Money Hasn’t Gone Anywhere; It Was Never Really There

~ TKT-AB-IT-TLBHDLAHPIS-R ~ The Key To – Asset Bubbles – Is That – The Link Between Higher Debt Levels And Higher Prices Is Self-Reinforcing

~ HB-AC-A-PHTS-TIBSBHALOSWTAI-B-EA-L ~ Housing Bubbles – Are Common – And – Particularly Hard To Stop – That Is Because Such Bubbles Have A Lot Of Supporters While They Are Inflating – Banks – Estate Agents – Lawyers

~ ALSHTBRITBWTBKG ~ And Lending Standards Had To Be Relaxed If The Boom Was To Be Kept Going

~ W-CE-IIHTGB-TATBM-CTTFITS ~ Without – Credit Expansion – It Is Hard To Generate Bubbles – The Ability To Borrow Money – Creates The Temptation For Investors To Speculate

~ B-DOD-TGS-H-TEO-BW-RTRBOTS-TWNLTTAOMACTCBC ~ Bubbles – Did Occur During – The Gold Standard – However – The End Of – Bretton Woods – Released The Remaining Brake On The System – There Was No Limit To The Amount Of Money And Credit That Could Be Created

~ FER-A-LTD-A-GICM-TA-TFS-TGAA-F-F-SM-A-CAVIFHA(ASO)E-RR ~ Floating Exchange Rates – Allowed – Larger Trade Deficits – And – Greater International Capital Movements – This Allowed – The Financial Sector – To Grow As A – Facilitator – For – Such Movements – And – Created A Vast Industry For Hedging Against (And Speculating On) Exchange-Rate Risk

~ LFM-AA-CGTA-CBDNRIATDTPTRB-I-B-IWMF-B-NWTR-TES ~ Liberalizing Financial Markets – Also Allowed – Credit Growth To Accelerate – Central Banks Did Not Regard It As Their Duty To Pop The Resulting Bubbles – Instead – By – Intervening When Markets Fell – But – Not When They Rose – They Encouraged Speculation

~ TP-BWEHNJPB-IHABAB-TPGOTFS ~ The Post-Bretton Woods Era Has Not Just Produced Bubbles – It Has Also Been Accompanied By – The Phenomenal Growth Of The Financial Sector

~ TBWLCIAC-TTACETMFRTS-ATMFFAF-TTGBAB-SAPWRR-IBN(ODM)TFCUOTP ~ The Bankers Were Like Croupiers In A Casino – They Took A Cut Every Time Money Flowed Round The System – As The Money Flowed Faster And Faster – Their Take Got Bigger And Bigger – Since Asset Prices Were Rising Rapidly – Investors Barely Noticed (Or Didn’t Mind) The Finance Sector’s Cut Of Their Profits

~ TSMCTBDBTFS-THEOALTAGWOTBTTOR-BHLCATA-TUM-L ~ The Stock Market Came To Be Dominated By The Finance Sector – This Huge Expansion Owed A Lot To A Greater Willingness Of The Banks To Take On Risk – Banks Held Less Capital Against Their Assets – They Used More – Leverage

~ ‘MH’-DHNITMTHOTBSGSBTAWGTD ~ “Moral Hazard” – Depositors Have No Incentive To Monitor The Health Of Their Banks Since Governments Stand Behind Them And Will Guarantee Their Deposits

~ BFWTGRTR-MROTBS-A-TRDNSATKUWTB-PCITPS ~ Banks Found Ways To Get Round The Rules – Moving Risk Off Their Balance Sheets – And – The Regulators Did Not Seem Able To Keep Up With Their Better-Paid Counterparts In The Private Sector

~ T-FS-HBWECA-‘R-S’-CEPFIS ~ The – Finance Sector – Has Become What Economists Call A – “Rent-Seeker” – Charging Excessive Prices For Its Services

~ FPAOCWTRTTEPIO;CMBPOTOWRI ~ Financial Products Are Often Complex With The Result That The Effective Price Is Obscure; Clients May Be Paying Over The Odds Without Realizing It

~ TROCBTIIAB-OSTTFOEIBHAP-H-TMMW-I ~ The Reluctance Of Central Banks To Intervene In Asset Bubbles – Owed Something To The Feeling Of Euphoria Induced By Higher Asset Prices – However – The Main Motivation Was – Ideology

~ FA-HD-‘E-MT’-WSTCPWALTBABROTFSOTMTTVOAGOOCB-B-RA-HBCAATE-MHESIWD-ICBSTHANOB ~ Finance Academics – Had Developed – “Efficient-Market Theory” – Which Suggested That Current Prices Were Always Likely To Be A Better Reflection Of The Fundamental State Of The Market Than The View Of A Government Official Or Central Banker – But – Rival Academics – Have Been Chipping Away At The Efficient-Market Hypothesis Ever Since It Was Developed – Investors Can Be Shown To Have A Number Of Biases

~ ATBB-A-S-A-D-C-A-ATCILG-SRI-R-H-CTATTMCHTRI ~ As The Banks Became – All-Singing – All-Dancing – Conglomerates – And – As They Consolidated Into Larger Groups – Systemic Risk Increased – Regulators – However – Continued To Assume That The Market Could Handle The Risks Itself

~ STDFTPTTPS-SLTSWAALODOIB ~ Shifting The Debts From The Private To The Public Sector – Still Leaves The System With An Awful Lot Of Debt On Its Books

~ ‘C’-W-PP-GIO-TNTRTS-W-J-TB-A-S-OATBARA-WADPGO-GAHOTDC ~ “Clientelism” – When – Political Parties – Get Into Office – They Need To Reward Their Supporters – With – Jobs – Tax Breaks – And – Subsidies – Once Added These Boondoggles Are Rarely Abolished – When A Different Party Gains Office – Goodies Are Handed Out To Different Clients

~ J-FODF ~ Jubilee – Festival Of Debt Forgiveness

~ ‘OD’-TPO-DIBTAK ~ “Odious Debt” – The Problem Of – Deficits Incurred By Tyrants And Kleptocrats

~ ESGTOD-YGHHTPTDOTO-B-EGHBBTTL-TAOTDWMTINLTC-TPSIROOS ~ Ever Since Governments Took On Debt – Younger Generations Have Had To Pay The Debts Of The Old – But – Each Generation Has Been Bigger Than The Last – The Aging Of The Developed World Means This Is No Longer The Case – The Ponzi Scheme Is Running Out Of Suckers

~ TWHSCACIWMADHE ~ The World Has Seen Cycle After Cycle In Which Money And Debts Have Expanded

~ E-AHWBJAPTLANTBFAIS ~ Eventually – A House Will Be Just A Place To Live And Not The Basis For An Investment Strategy

~ SMOBAIATOOTO-IAD ~ Stagnation May Only Be An Interim Alternative To Our Other Two Options – Inflation And Default

~ TURIT-OCE-CTTASPOTITF-YIAYO-UTAUO ~ The Underlying Reality Is That – One Cannot Expect – Countries To Transfer A Significant Proportion Of Their Income To Foreigners – Year In And Year Out – Unless They Are Under Occupation

~ WDIOIOEII-TFILOAP ~ Whether Debt Is Owed Internally Or Externally Is Important – The Former Is Less Of A Problem

~ FRHBMMVTTSE ~ Floating Rates Have Been Much More Volatile Than Their Supporters Expected

~ TTISITDO-CC ~ The Tide Is Shifting In The Direction Of – Capital Controls

~ TDWHMIF-WAFBOAP-A-AEROTFS ~ The Developed World Has Mortgaged Its Future – With A Foolish Bet On Asset Prices – And – An Excessive Reliance On The Finance Sector

~ TDMBRIIM-O-DC-;TMBPOTOGWAGCTR;TMRIOD ~ The Debts May Be Repaid In Inflated Money – Or – Devalued Currency; They May Be Passed On To Other Governments With A Greater Capacity To Repay; They May Result In Outright Default

~ TGEIC;FMITW-IWNBFTB ~ The Global Economy Is Changing; For Many In The West – It Will Not Be For The Better

ANDREAS WEIGEND ~ DATA FOR THE PEOPLE ~ 2017

~ TARL-TRTSPI-B-DCBUAU ~ There Are Real Life-Threatening Risks To Sharing Personal Information – Because – Data Can Be Used Against Us

~ TRIA-HTETTDCAATTUAWATT-A-TWHSSIHODAU ~ The Real Issues Are – How To Ensure That The Data Companies Are As Transparent To Us As We Are To Them – And – That We Have Some Say In How Our Data Are Used

~ TSDR ~ The Social Data Revolution

~ HCWETDAFTP? ~ How Can We Ensure That Data Are For The People?

~ SD-I-IAY-SA-Y-M-B-A-I-AWAIA-YRW-OP-P-P-E-I ~ Social Data – Is – Information About You – Such As – Your – Movements – Behavior – And – Interests – As Well As Information About – Your Relationships With – Other People – Places – Products – Even – Ideologies

~ OLSNB-D-B-D-TSB-E-B-D ~ Our Lives Should Not Be – Driven – By – Data – They Should Be – Empowered – By – Data

~ PFTP-PA ~ Principles For The Post-Privacy Age

~ B-T-IE-YAN-A ~ But – Transparency – Isn’t Enough – You Also Need – Agency

~ A-E-TROITAUTD-OAFL-A-I-GPTATCDTAUTT ~ Agency – Encompasses – The Right Of Individuals To Act Upon Their Data – On A Fundamental Level – Agency – Involves – Giving People The Ability To Create Data That Are Useful To Them

~ T-AWDCALADIE-ST-I-YATHSCODPAS-O-HCYPJ-WYGAWYG? ~ Transparency – About What Data Companies Are Learning And Doing Is Essential – So Too – Is – Your Ability To Have Some Control Over Data Products And Services – Otherwise – How Could You Possibly Judge – What You Give Against What You Get?

~ IIATCOP ~ Information Is At The Center Of Power

~ TWHMITOAASTB ~ Those Who Have More Information Than Others Almost Always Stand To Benefit

~ BDL ~ Becoming Data Literate

~ TBFPIT-SDR-WMSTOMO-P-‘C’-WTIWIPBU-A-EA-NM-TO-AC-COSD ~ To Be Full Participants In The – Social Data Revolution – We Must Shed The Old Mindset Of – Passive – “Consumers” – Who Take In Whatever Is Placed Before Us – And – Embrace A – New Mindset – That Of – Active Co-Creators Of Social Data

~ WCT-SDR-A-M-‘BB’-O-WCBDLADMWTITRSTTVWGFTIWWWGTT ~ We Can Treat – Social Data Refineries – As – Mysterious – “Black Boxes” – Or – We Can Become Data Literate And Demand Meaningful Ways To Influence The Refineries So That The Value We Get From Them Is Worth What We Give To Them

~ WYDW? ~ What’s Your Data Worth?

~ ASDACIMAOOL-WWIDODRTHUMSOTBDIL ~ As Social Data Are Created In More Areas Of Our Lives – We Will Increasingly Depend On Data Refineries To Help Us Make Some Of The Biggest Decisions In Life

~ IMC-TTMOTDWCEOWWCODTTDCBO ~ In Many Cases – The True Meaning Of The Data We Create Emerges Only When We’re Comparing Our Data To The Data Created By Others

~ OOTBSOBDLILWDA-P-I-O-I ~ One Of The Basic Skills Of Being Data Literate Is Learning What Data Are – Plausible – Implausible – Or – Impossible

~ ADAPTE ~ All Data Are Prone To Error

~ WAASWHTCWSDEWWTHR-A-WRWCT ~ We As A Society Will Have To Consider Which Social Data Experiments We Want To Have Run – And – Which Results We Can Trust

~ A-IN-TDSOD-TPDTWFTP-WN-TAA ~ Anonymity – Is Not – The Default Setting Of Democracy – To Put Data To Work For The People – We Need – Transparency And Agency

~ TEIAOSDCPUO-IWCDTHTAIOTABTTM?-WNTDMSTFETT-O ~ The Exponentially Increasing Amount Of Social Data Clearly Presents Unprecedented Opportunities – In Which Cases Does The Harm To An Individual Outweigh The Aggregate Benefit To The Masses? – We Need To Develop More Sophisticated Tools For Evaluating These Trade-Offs

~ TNSC ~ The New Social Capital

~ TMOSDE ~ The Ministry Of Social Data Engineering

~ AAFS-DR-OTGUASSTT-P-OAO ~ As A First Step – Data Refineries – Ought To Give Users A Simple Switch To Turn – Personalization – On And Off

~ MSOTSOS-WDIMTLIAWWEIR? ~ Making Sense Of The Sensorization Of Society – What Does It Mean To Live In A World Where Everything Is Recorded?

~ PH-TMF-A-LWUS-F-TIT-FOII-O-BR-IAW-TWATOOTI-S-TIT-FOD-O-OSD-WP-T-TITFOP-O-ORDASTD-AUAHTDMBAOUITF ~ People Have – Three Main Fears – About – Living With Ubiquitous Sensors – First – There Is The – Fear Of Information Imbalance – Of – Being Retrievable – In A Way – That Will Alter The Outcome Of The Interaction – Second – There Is The – Fear Of Dissemination – Of – Others Sharing Data – Without Permission – Third – There Is The Fear Of Permanence – Of – Others Recording Data And Saving The Data – An Uncertainty About How The Data Might Be Analyzed Or Used In The Future

~ CAD-TVOAE-I-WADO-SD-TGUR ~ Companies Are Discovering – The Value Of Analyzing Everything – Increasingly – We’ll All Depend On – Sensor Data – To Give Us Recommendations

~ C-ATO-S-TCPU-TUCOA-P/P/T ~ Cameras – Aren’t The Only – Sensor – That Can Pick Up – The Unique Characteristics Of A – Person / Place / Thing

~ RTASD-WINTBTBTTMOUATPHTPWMNEBATTMABI ~ Refineries That Analyze Sensor Data – Will Increasingly Need To Balance The Benefits To The Majority Of Users Against The Potential Harm To People Who May Not Even Be Aware That Their Movements Are Being Inferred

~ IRS-WIAFSITBB-PAS-AWAB-PAFS ~ Image Recognition Software – Will Involve A Fundamental Shift In The Balance Between – Privacy And Security – As Well As Between – Privacy And Free Speech

~ A-C-GVTTWCSFT ~ Algorithms – Can – Give Voice To Those Who Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ B-WCDA-SOR-WRTO-SD-TETFPO-TAA

~ But – We Can Demand A – Set Of Rights – With Respect To Our – Social Data – That Ensures The Fullest Potential Of – Transparency And Agency

~ STC-TFTP ~ Seeing The Controls – Transparency For The People

~ WHTDOTRTHUIAUTIOOD-TRTAYDSITATSYDIC-TOTMPCA-YP-A-YP ~ We Have To Depend On The Refineries To Help Us Interpret And Understand The Implications Of Our Data – The Right To Access Your Data Should Include The Ability To See Your Data In Context – Two Of The Most Powerful Contexts Are – Your Past – And – Your Peers

~ AT-RD-A-WATF-AC-A-I-I-M ~ Access To – Raw Data – Alone – Without Any Tools For – Analysis Comparison – And – Interpretation – Is – Meaningless

~ TRTIDR ~ The Right To Inspect Data Refineries

~ I-CO-AP-C-W-SRS ~ Increasingly – Cyber Operations – Are Providing – Criminals – With – Significant Revenue Streams

~ HCYDWARI-‘SE’-TSYDW? ~ How Can You Determine Whether A Refinery Is – “Secure Enough” – To Share Your Data With?

~ MSBS-NWA-SW-B-WA-HW-IAC-AE-WI-D-D-IT-O-STBTDATJ ~ Many Security Breaches Start – Not With A – Software Weakness – But – With A – Human Weakness – Inside A Company – An Employee – Who Is – Disgruntled – Disaffected – Inadequately Trained – Or – Simply Too Busy To Do A Thorough Job

~ AW-LAR-WMMAT-GP;TDWEAWLHBTURDAEOTR ~ As With – Laws And Regulations – What Matters Most Are The – Guiding Principles; The Details Will Evolve As We Learn How Best To Use Refined Data And Exercise Our Transparency Rights

~ TTC-AFTP ~ Taking The Control(S) – Agency For The People

~ IRCEWU-WSBATEWT ~ If Refineries Can Experiment With Us – We Should Be Able To Experiment With Them

~ ITM ~ Influencing The Machines

~ IAWAGT-TAR-B-TMITEHNEOODL ~ It’s All Well And Good To – Talk About Rights – But – They’re Meaningless If Their Existence Has No Effect On Our Daily Lives

~ WFBQATPAAUOD ~ We Face Big Questions About The Possible And Acceptable Uses Of Data

~ T-HIP-B-SD-ALOT ~ Transparency – Has Its Price – But – So Does – A Lack Of Transparency

~ SD-CGU-F-MT-W-T-MWWW-MCTP-A-OTW-ALAWCETDR ~ Social Data – Can Give Us – Fairer – More Transparent – Ways – To – Match Work With Workers – Match Compensation To Performance – And – Optimize The Workforce – As Long As Workers Can Exercise Their Data Rights

~ AWGTAT-REUTS-EO-TAAR-AWDS-DOTPABTP-WB-DFTP ~ As We Gain The Ability To – Refine Everything Under The Sun – Exercising Our – Transparency And Agency Rights – As We Do So – Data Of The People And By The People – Will Become – Data For The People

CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

OZZIE ZEHNER ~ GREEN ILLUSIONS ~ 2012

~ ATAI ~ Addiction To An Ideal

~ BDWH ~ Buying… Debting… Working… Hoarding

~ CHCRW ~ Commercially Honed Celebrity Repli-Ware

~ CRC ~ Cosmopolitan Radical Chic

~ DHS ~ Deferred Happiness Syndrome

~ CS ~ Cornucopian Superstars

~ EATK ~ Eliminate Advertising To Kids

~ WWHIAAWTSD? ~ What Would Happen If All Advertising Were To Suddenly Disappear?

~ F-TBC-WR-ABP-A-WHO ~ Filling – The Bottomless Cornucopia – Will Require – A Bottomless Planet – And – We Haven’t One

~ EBE ~ Energy Boomerang Effect

~ FW(TWNKWN) ~ Fantastico-Widgets (That We Never Knew We Needed)

~ V-IA-L-CON-CA-TCR-C-RA-A-IDSPR ~ Volunteering – Is A – Low-Cost Or No-Cost Activity – That Can Replace – Consumption-Related Activities – And – It Delivers Superior Personal Rewards

~ RES ~ Real Energy Security

~ STFITC ~ Shift Taxes From Income To Consumption

~ SP ~ Smart Packaging

~ IEISAVCTOS-WISSFLOODAE? ~ If Energy Is Such A Vital Component To Our Society – Why Is Society So Frequently Left Out Of Debates About Energy?

~ IDTP-HR-C-WC-HMC-L-B-BR-R-FP-WS-A-C-IA-MM ~ It’s Difficult To Price – Human Rights – Cancer – Working Conditions – Heavy Metal Contamination – Leaks – Bribery – Biodiversity Risks – Radiation – Food Patronages – Water Security – And – Conflict – Into A – Market Mechanism

~ WDAG-WWE-B-WWI-TTSASAFR ~ We Don’t Always Get – What We Expect – But – What We Inspect – That’s The Short And Sweet Argument For Regulation

~ NUTVOAS ~ Never Underestimate The Value Of A Sticker

~ CADOE ~ Create A Department Of Efficiency

~ UEU-IASO-SSC-EUWCDWWITC ~ Unsustainable Energy Use – Is A Symptom Of – Suboptimal Social Conditions – Energy Use Will Come Down When We Improve These Conditions

~ U-CE-ILE ~ Ultimately – Clean Energy Is Less Energy

~ STFT ~ Silver-Tongued Fairy Tales

~ TEP ~ The Energy Pornographers

~ AET-D-CTA/W-PW-SHR-IN-SD-RT-LACD-RC-T-PP ~ Alternative-Energy Technologies – Don’t – Clean The Air/Water – Protect Wildlife – Support Human Rights – Improve Neighborhoods – Strengthen Democracy – Regulate Themselves – Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide – Reduce Consumption – They – Produce Power

DANIEL LEVITIN ~ A FIELD GUIDE TO LIES ~ 2016

~ U-MPHTTCANBTIBT ~ Unfortunately – Many People Have Trouble Thinking Clearly About Numbers Because They’re Intimidated By Them

~ TCROA-PC-IT-TPHTAUT100 ~ The Cardinal Rule Of A – Pie Chart – Is That – The Percentages Have To Add Up To 100

~ TMFWTLWASGITNLTA ~ The Most Fundamental Way To Lie With A Statistical Graph Is To Not Label The Axes

~ I-AOUB-LW-T-SPO-A-TROTFTMPWSWTDTC ~ Infographics – Are Often Used By – Lying Weasels – To – Shape Public Opinion – And – They Rely On The Fact That Most People Won’t Study What They’ve Done Too Carefully

~ STSBRITRO ~ Sometimes The Statistic Being Reported Isn’t The Relevant One

~ CATO-OWTLWSITCT-D/P/TOP-TADFOA-A-PTTN ~ Comparing Apples To Oranges – One Way To Lie With Statistics Is To Compare Things – Datasets / Populations / Types Of Products – That Are Different From One Another – And – Pretend That They’re Not

~ JBTANOI-DMTTNWAAP-R-P-GS-P-CWTC-HTGAC-TAAHOEABTCEITCP-A-CL-T-TWC ~ Just Because There’s A Number On It – Doesn’t Mean That The Number Was Arrived At Properly – Remember – People – Gather Statistics – People – Choose What To Count – How To Go About Counting – There Are A Host Of Errors And Biases That Can Enter Into The Collection Process – And – Can Lead – To – The Wrong Conclusions

~ TBAG-AS-HTBR ~ To Be Any Good – A Sample – Has To Be Representative

~ R-HTATTT-CVTAETIOCDO-STTTMANOOADTM ~ Researchers – Have To Avoid The Tendency To – Capture Variables That Are Easy To Identify Or Collect Data On – Sometimes The Things That Matter Are Not Obvious Or Are Difficult To Measure

~ PSLWATO ~ People Sometimes Lie When Asked Their Opinions

~ MMBS-TMB-C-R-A-P-P-F-CD-STEPWCIDIITSW-EPWICHTCITSW ~ Measurements Must Be Standardized – There Must Be – Clear – Replacable – And – Precise – Procedures – For – Collecting Data – So That Each Person Who Collects It Does It In The Same Way – Each Person Who Is Counting Has To Count In The Same Way

~ ME-OIEM ~ Measurement Error – Occurs In Every Measurement

~ HSIDOCCMABDITSYEUW ~ How Something Is Defined Or Categorized Can Make A Big Difference In The Statistic You End Up With

~ ADCBWATTAAIP-OPBAAQUS ~ A Definition Can Be Wrangled And Twisted To Anyone’s Advantage In Public-Opinion Polling By Asking A Question Just-So

~ IASICO-ASOPDM-G-M-O-M-O-FE-TRCWBF ~ If A Statistic Is Composed Of – A Series Of Poorly Defined Measures – Guesses – Misunderstandings – Oversimplifications – Mismeasurement – Or – Flawed Estimates – The Resulting Conclusion Will Be Flawed

~ W-HATTACTOTTWDW ~ We – Have A Tendency To Apply Critical Thinking Only To Things We Disagree With

~ WAAST-S-A-ASS-ESBTOOO ~ We Are A Story-Telling Species – And – A Social Species – Easily Swayed By The Opinions Of Others

~ THBOMUIMBO-EC-AT-STJT-A-TBIAVOS-JM ~ The Human Brain Often Makes Up Its Mind Based On – Emotional Considerations – And Then – Seeks To Justify Them – And – The Brain Is A Very Powerful Self-Justifying Machine

~ ETSOUCBF ~ Even The Smartest Of Us Can Be Fooled

~ MAIAE-BCAWIT ~ Make An Informed And Evidence-Based Choice About What Is True

~ WUDWTSEO-HDWIT? ~ We Usually Do Well To Seek Expert Opinions – How Do We Identify Them?

~ IE ~ Identifying Expertise

! SH-S-INTEANW-IJT-S-TMLTBR ~ Stuff Happens – So – It’s Not That Experts Are Never Wrong – It’s Just That – Statically – They’re More Likely To Be Right

~ EITN ~ Expertise Is Typically Narrow

~ B-IAE-TTB-DS-CTTPBTIIA-S-UQ ~ But – Intelligence And Experience – Tend To Be – Domain-Specific – Contrary To The Popular Belief That Intelligence Is A – Single – Unified Quantity

~ WIBI? ~ Who Is Behind It?

~ CTWBOUANMTDY? ~ Could The Website Be Operating Under A Name Meant To Deceive You?

~ WLTTWP? ~ Who Links To The Web Page?

~ P-RJ ~ Peer-Reviewed Journals

~ RA ~ Regulated Authority

~ SI ~ Supporting Information

~ B-IYLOF-SE-Y-NDPR-BY-ITCE-TMB-AL-OT-O-AL-B-YDK-B-YHL-‘C-P’-TDTSYH ~ But – If You’re Looking Only For – Supporting Evidence – You’re – Not Doing Proper Research – Because Your – Ignoring The Contradictory Evidence – There Might Be – A Little – Of This – Or – A Lot – But – You Don’t Know – Because – You Haven’t Looked – “Cherry-Picking” – The Data That Suit Your Hypothesis

~ SS-AUNR-LS-MARTSOTW-S-CT-TLOLN ~ Small Samples – Are Usually Not Representative – Larger Samples – More Accurately Reflect The State Of The World – Statisticians – Call This – The Law Of Large Numbers

~ B-WIEAYIAWSTI-W-W-TENCTEIW-P? ~ But – What If Everyone Around You Is Agreeing With Something That Is – Well – Wrong – The Exquisite New Clothes The Emperor Is Wearing – Perhaps?

~ C-MPTLLF-A-T-SCMOPHBTB ~ Counterknowledge – Misinformation Packaged To Look Like Fact – And – That – Some Critical Mass Of People Have Begun To Believe

~ IITAT-ICE-NEIE-B-NEWOOR ~ It’s Important To Accept That – In Complex Events – Not Everything Is Explainable – Because – Not Everything Was Observed Or Reported

~ AHOUADNDOUAW-ETTIBOTOPOE-Y-TAATATHOACT ~ A Handful Of Unexplained Anomalies Does Not Discredit Or Undermine A Well-Established Theory That Is Based On Thousands Of Pieces Of Evidence – Yet – These Anomalies Are Typically At The Heart Of All Conspiratorial Thinking

~ TPO-A-IN-D;TI-ABOSOCODNMS ~ The Plural Of – Anecdote – Is Not – Data; That Is – A Bunch Of Stories Or Casual Observations Do Not Make Science

~ MORCLUTIODEWCUTPO ~ Misunderstandings Of Risk Can Lead Us To Ignore Or Discount Evidence We Could Use To Protect Ourselves

~ PBA ~ Persuasion By Association

~ OIHB-TOETMRT-CFT ~ Our Imperfect Human Brains – Those Of Even The Most Rigorous Thinkers – Can Fool Themselves

~ IC-TBIAGPD-A-ISTEOASFWOATBRC ~ Illusory Correlation – The Brain Is A Giant Pattern Detector – And – It Seeks To Extract Order And Structure From What Often Appear To Be Random Configurations

~ FOP ~ Framing Of Probabilities

~ FR ~ Framing Risk

~ SWAPC ~ Start With A Plausibility Check

~ AOFOHCIT-OWFABOAAC-IVHFUTLG-EITFOO-WEASPTTC ~ An Odd Feature Of Human Cognition Is That – Once We Form A Belief Or Accept A Claim – It’s Very Hard For Us To Let Go – Even In The Face Of Over-Whelming Evidence And Scientific Proof To The Contrary

~ PH-EPH-‘B-THAT-TMHCT’ ~ Post Hoc – Ergo Propter Hoc – “Because – This Happened After That – That Must Have Caused This”

~ KWYDK ~ Knowing What You Don’t Know

~ WWRHY-A-CUAODAI-ATTYTYKBD ~ What Will Really Hurt You – And – Cause Untold Amounts Of Damage And Inconvenience – Are The Things You Think You Know But Don’t

~ ECLAT ~ Every Contact Leaves A Trace

~ AECOCTIKWWDK ~ An Essential Component Of Critical Thinking Is Knowing What We Don’t Know

~ A-A-SB-HEPDATW ~ An – Anti-Science Bias – Has Entered Public Discourse And The Web

~ W-NCA-CWTROMARWAOMFO-TRFVCFOEOU ~ With – No Central Authority – Charged With The Responsibility Of Monitoring And Regulating Websites And Other Material Found Online – The Responsibility For Verifying Claims Falls On Each Of Us

~ CT-INSYDOWAIATDI-IAAAOP ~ Critical Thinking – Is Not Something You Do Once With An Issue And Then Drop It – It’s An Active And Ongoing Process

~ WFBOKAMNOTWCTALNOTTMNBS ~ We’re Far Better Off Knowing A Moderate Number Of Things With Certainty Than A Large Number Of Things That Might Not Be So

~ TKSOL-HUTMCTIOHAST ~ True Knowledge Simplifies Our Lives – Helping Us To Make Choices That Increase Our Happiness And Save Time

PRIYA PARKER ~ THE ART OF GATHERING ~ 2018

~ TWWGM ~ The Way We Gather Matters

~ ID-TFTAIOOTFRGTEI-ICDIA-OOTFTTGITRTA ~ In Democracies – The Freedom To Assemble Is One Of The Foundational Rights Granted To Every Individual – In Countries Descending Into Authoritarianism – One Of The First Things To Go Is The Right To Assemble

~ WSPLG ~ We Spend Our Lives Gathering

~ II-TW-AGIG-TDWHIIAHSII ~ It Is – The Way – A Group Is Gathered – That Determines What Happens In It And How Successful It Is

~ DWYRG ~ Decide Why You’re Really Gathering

~ ACINAP ~ A Category Is Not A Purpose

~ R-TGEO-MG ~ Routine – That Great Enemy Of – Meaningful Gathering

~ CT-AGAS-S-TMFAPAGI-TMNIFIATMPIA-U-IAI-HITM-U-? ~ Commit To – A Gathering About Something – Specificity – The More Focused And Particular A Gathering Is – The More Narrowly It Frames Itself And The More Passion It Arouses – Uniqueness – Is Another Ingredient – How Is This Meeting – Unique – ?

~ Y-P-MF-T-W-T-T-W ~ Your – Purpose – Move From – The – What – To – The – Why

~ A-W-YDI-ETYGT-A-D-R-AWA-KAWUYH-A-BOV ~ Ask – Why – You’re Doing It – Every Time You Get To – Another – Deeper – Reason – Ask Why Again – Keep Asking Why Until You Hit – A – Belief Or Value

~ FOYDOBFTAM-A-IAPTMBCAWTNTBT-E-WAMIN ~ Figuring Out Your Desired Outcome Brings Focus To A Meeting – And – It Allows People To Make Better Choices About Whether They Need To Be There – Even – Whether A Meeting Is Necessary

~ YAPTCPMPR:T-MTETCHYW-YG-A-Y-TBABTE-IWYOPAAGSOTR ~ You Are Proposing To Consume People’s Most Precious Resource: Time – Making The Effort To Consider How You Want – Your Guests – And – Yourself – To Be Altered By The Experience – Is What You Owe People As A Good Steward Of That Resource

~ HAP-YW-FIETMATDTAGR ~ Having A Purpose – You Will – Find It Easier To Make All The Decisions That A Gathering Requires

~ PIYB ~ Purpose Is Your Bouncer

~ VECWBETMW-YKWYG ~ Virtually Every Choice Will Be Easier To Make When – You Know Why You’re Gathering

~ TP-DL ~ The Purpose-Driven List

~ IPIE-EPCBH ~ Inviting People Is Easy – Excluding People Can Be Hard

~ S-W-O-I-B-WDWTDWTCOECP-ETGAMAS ~ Sometimes – We – Over-Include – Because – We Don’t Want To Deal With The Consequences Of Excluding Certain People – Especially Those Gifted At Making A Stink

~ AVOAN ~ A Venue Is A Nudge

~ TCOPIOMAT-ECBP-TC-D-TV-O-C-O-T ~ The Choice Of Place Is Often Made According To – Every Consideration But Purpose – The Cost – Determines – The Venue – Or – Convenience – Or – Traffic

~ WYCAVF-LR-YALTLO-YP-WIFTSBWFI ~ When You Choose A Venue For – Logistical Reasons – You Are Letting Those Logistics Override – Your Purpose – When In Fact They Should Be Working For It

~ E-SAST-E-TRFYC-WALI ~ Embodiment – Seek A Setting That – Embodies – The Reason For Your Convening – When A Location Inspires

~ WMHDRIT-TCOVIOOYMPLOYGB ~ What Many Hosts Don’t Realize Is That – The Choice Of Venue Is One Of Your Most Powerful Levers Over Your Guests’ Behavior

~ PAABTE-A-YSHYGIAPACTSYP ~ People Are Affected By Their Environment – And – You Should Host Your Gathering In A Place And Context That Serves Your Purpose

~ A-CS-FAGAPTR-A-IHCT-AW-TAGC-AIB-A ~ A – Contained Space – For A Gathering Allows People To Relax – And – It Helps Create The – Alternative World – That A Gathering Can – At Its Best – Achieve

~ DBACH-‘C’-ISDAK ~ Don’t Be A Chill Host – “Chill” – Is Selfishness Disguised As Kindness

~ AIAOC-IIE-JT-SAP-D-A-GR-ATTRE-A-IYDEF-OWSIAETO-P-D-A-GR ~ Authority Is An Ongoing Commitment – It Isn’t Enough – Just To – Set A Purpose – Direction – And – Ground Rules – All These Things Require Enforcement – And – If You Don’t Enforce Them – Others Will Step In And Enforce Their Own – Purposes – Directions – And – Ground Rules

~ GA-INAP-INTAOP-IIUPTAOTAG-TAFO-TAIJBTG

~ Generous Authenticity – Is Not A Pose – It’s Not The Appearance Of Power – It Is Using Power To Achieve Outcomes That Are Generous – That Are For Others – The Authority Is Justified By The Generosity

~ PYG ~ Protect Your Guests

~ TF-A-P-MIUOYA-I-TPOYG-FOA-FB-O-FTATTLIOP-VA ~ The First – And – Perhaps – Most Important Use Of Your Authority – Is – The Protection Of Your Guests – From One Another – From Boredom – Or – From The Additive Technologies That Lurk In Our Pockets – Vibrating Away

~ BBH-IYJAH-K-G-B-F-TWIO ~ Bad Behavior Happens – It’s Your Job As A Host – Kindly – Graciously – But – Firmly – To Ward It Off

~ PYG-I-IS-AETRTAGCEAARTRTE-A-IG-B-YDIFYG-ST-TDHT ~ Protecting Your Guests – Is – In Short – About Elevating The Right To A Great Collective Experience Above Anyone’s Right To Ruin That Experience – And – It’s Generous – Because – You’re Doing It For Your Guests – So That – They Don’t Have To

~ EYG ~ Equalize Your Guests

~ THMLTSTUAITOWFLC-IIITOWKHEWPOTWOMTGP ~ The Host Most Likely To Succumb To Ungenerous Authority Is The One Who Fears Losing Control – It Is In The Obsession With Knowing How Events Will Play Out That We Often Make Them Go Poorly

~ R-CCA-I-T-W-TIAMPTYEG-B-ERT-TRAT-AIT-WTOT ~ Rules – Can Create An – Imaginary – Transient – World – That Is Actually More Playful Than Your Everyday Gathering – Because – Everyone Realizes That – The Rules Are Temporary – And Is Therefore – Willing To Obey Them

~ S-AR-IUWAGWPTCIAWTNSNWD ~ Sometimes – A Rule – Is Useful When A Gatherer Wants People To Connect In A Way That Normal Social Norms Would Discourage

~ NSAFWL ~ Never Start A Funeral With Logistics

~ P-BYES-IHB-T-P-SSIGASBYWTBRATO ~ Priming – Before Your Event Starts – It Has Begun – The – Pregame – Should Sow In Guests Any Special Behaviors You Want To Blossom Right At The Outset

~ AGTCTAGAOTCTPOI ~ Asking Guest To Contribute To A Gathering Ahead Of Time Changes Their Perception Of It

~ AW-P-IIOT-CAD-T-UAAAGSCRT ~ As With – Purpose – It Is Often Through – Conflict And Disgruntlement – That – Underlying Assumptions About A Gathering’s Social Contract Reveal Themselves

~ NAP-T-NAG-ATWPPI-TNSWTPOTEI-A-IAPPFTRALOEP

~ Naming As Priming – To – Name A Gathering – Affects The Way People Perceive It – The Name Signals What The Purpose Of The Event Is – And – It Also Prepares People For Their Role And Level Of Expected Participation

~ TIIJTB-TAMCATWTROTYGACTP ~ The Invitation Is Just The Beginning – There Are Many Chances Along The Way To Reach Out To Your Guests And Continue The Priming

~ TAMTWYC-CAT-AP-B-YAYGCTSLT-APTTOTPRACPAAI-TFTBTGAATO ~ There Are Many Tiny Ways You Can – Create A Threshold – A Pause – Before – You And Your Guests Cross The Starting Line Together – A Passageway That Tunes Out The Prior Reality And Captures Peoples’ Attention And Imagination – The Final Transition Between The Guests’ Arrival And The Opening

~ HAAYG ~ Honor And Awe Your Guests

~ Y-O-NTBAKO-PST-IS-GP-IMPITTPFOBTWADGTBT-TTE-WTO-TVRTYFMTBAGOHBT-TTMYGPFITFM ~ Your – Opening – Needs To Be A Kind Of – Pleasant Shock Therapy – It Should – Grab People – It Must Plant In Them The Paradoxical Feeling Of Being Totally Welcomed And Deeply Grateful To Be There – Try To Embody – With That Opening – The Very Reason That You Felt Moved To Bring A Group Of Human Beings Together – Try To Make Your Gathering’s Purpose Felt In Those First Moments

~ CGC ~ Cause Good Controversy

~ LO-C-AA-MOPAMF-EW-IACWTCTFAIYWYGTTWT-RYP-RPOWWINEWIITFP ~ Like Openings – Closings – Are A – Moment Of Power And Memory Formation – Ending Well – Is A Crucial Way To Cement The Feelings And Ideas You Want Your Guests To Take With Them – Recall Your Purpose – Remind People Of Why What Is Now Ending Was Initiated In The First Place

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ NICKEL AND DIMED ~ 2001

~ AATOASJI-‘SW’-ITC-S/S/S/R/R ~ About A Third Of A Server’s Job Is – “Side Work” – Invisible To Customers – Sweeping / Scrubbing / Slicing / Refilling / Restocking

~ MCS-FHAATITW-B-ITJTSTNOEED-EWTNTD-A-TIW-FS-STCBAEAR ~ Managers Can Sit – For Hours At A Time If They Want – But – It’s Their Job To See That No One Else Ever Does – Even When There’s Nothing To Do – And – This Is Why – For Servers – Slow Times Can Be As Exhausting As Rushes

~ INHTGMCTAT-LS-B-H-IAEC-I-TPSO-D-ITL-TFTTFYIOWTARTS ~ It’s Not Hard To Get My Coworkers Talking About Their – Living Situations – Because – Housing – In Almost Every Case – Is – The Principal Source Of – Disruption – In Their Lives – The First Thing They Fill You In On When They Arrive For Their Shifts

~ I-P-AICPIP-SCAE ~ In – Poverty – As In Certain Propositions In Physics – Starting Conditions Are Everything

~ TANSETNTP;OTC-TAAHOSC ~ There Are No Secret Economies That Nourish The Poor; On The Contrary – There Are A Host Of Special Costs

~ IYCPUTTMRYNTSAA-YEUPTTNFARBTW ~ If You Can’t Put Up The Two Months’ Rent You Need To Secure An Apartment – You End Up Paying Through The Nose For A Room By The Week

~ IYHNMF-HI-YGW-RC-O-PD-A-EUPTP ~ If You Have No Money For – Health Insurance – You Go Without – Routine Care – Or – Prescription Drugs – And – End Up Paying The Price

~ T-RP-ITSURR-AUTWOHT-A-EOIFDS-B-TIASVSM-S/PT/TP ~ The – Regulation Poster – In The Single Unisex Rest Room – Admonishes Us To Wash Our Hands Thoroughly – And – Even Offers Instructions For Doing So – But – There Is Always Some Vital Substance Missing – Soap / Paper Towels / Toilet Paper

~ CL ~ Canned Labor

~ ITHFTHP?-Y-B-IT-ADANTTPP-TFI ~ Is There Help For The Hardworking Poor? – Yes – But – It Takes – A Determined And Not Too Terribly Poor Person – To Find It

~ ‘F’-M ~ “Furthermores” – Multiply

~ IYHAAMJ-360+DAY-DSKO-RIOTS-SI? ~ If You Hump Away At Menial Jobs – 360-Plus Days A Year – Does Some Kind Of – Repetitive Injury Of The Spirit – Set In?

~ CJ-M-AWAPM-WAP ~ Changing Jobs – Means – A Week And Possibly More – Without A Paycheck

~ OMI-L-WWIG-THTEOMYFLAP ~ Or Maybe It’s – Low-Wage Work In General – That Has The Effect Of Making You Feel Like A Pariah

~ T-SAD-AA-FDOSOL-TPHDFTCAL-FIPRAIEAWAFIDE ~ The Sitcoms And Dramas – Are About – Fashion Designers Or Schoolteachers Or Lawyers – The Poor Have Disappeared From The Culture At Large – From Its Political Rhetoric And Intellectual Endeavors As Well As From Its Daily Entertainment

~ PWDOTGOOFTLAHSUTPUW ~ People Who Depend On The Generosity Of Others For Their Lodging Always Have Something Untoward To Put Up With

~ ‘TT’-DAOTWDCT-AAA-TOOTI-N-H-AI ~ “Time Theft” – Doing Anything Other Than Working During Company Time – Anything At All – Theft Of Our Time Is – Not – However – An Issue

~ ALO-ST-HB-GW-A-ATLOF-N-W-IE-QSE ~ A Lot Of – Small Things – Have Been – Going Wrong – And – At This Level Of Finances – Nothing – Wrong – Is Ever – Quite Small Enough

~ BNJIAEAILTTU ~ But No Job Is As Easy As It Looks To The Uninitiated

~ NJ-NMHL-IT-‘U’ ~ No Job – No Matter How Lowly – Is Truly – “Unskilled”

~ TPORIEFAN-EASEL-WW-ITM-S-WTRATPCFHOTOM-TPDSAC-TRCAOT-TPHNBFIHTI-ME-MD-O-MDFTPOW ~ The Problem Of Rents Is Easy For A Noneconomist – Even A Sparsely Educated Low-Wage Worker – To Grasp: It’s The Market – Stupid – When The Rich And The Poor Compete For Housing On The Open Market – The Poor Don’t Stand A Chance – The Rich Can Always Outbid Them – The Poor Have Necessarily Been Forced Into Housing That Is – More Expensive – More Dilapidated – Or – More Distant From Their Places Of Work

~ L-WPWDHCAODOARWIWTDTOAPTUA-ED ~ Low-Wage People Who Don’t Have Cars Are Often Dependent On A Relative Who Is Willing To Drop Them Off And Pick Them Up Again – Each Day

~ FTLOETW-T-‘P’-NTBWIATO-B-IAWEWAWHTTBWOM-A-FICR-TIAVSAUR-T-‘MT’-AMFPWFOTE ~ For The Laws Of Economics To Work – The – “Players” – Need To Be Well Informed About Their Options – But – Information About Who Earns What And Where Has To Travel By Word Of Mouth – And – For Inexplicable Cultural Reasons – This Is A Very Slow And Unreliable Route – The – “Money Taboo” – A Major Factor Preventing Workers From Optimizing Their Earnings

~ ITPIOTBP-TBHTRTEIC ~ If The Purse Is On The Boss’s Property – The Boss Has The Right To Examine Its Contents

~ DT-I-ARI-‘US’ ~ Drug Testing – Is – Another Routine Indignity – “Unreasonable Search”

~ A-P-EPT-T-TLODI-IIU-ATVL-TGASATT-LYS-DAYU-TAOSOIMOTS ~ Add – Pre-Employment Personality Tests – To – The List Of Demeaning Intrusions – It Is Unsettling – At The Very Least – To Give A Stranger Access To Things – Like Your Self-Doubts And Your Urine – That Are Otherwise Shared Only In Medical Or Therapeutic Situations

~ RA-‘G’-OE-‘T’-MIHTAOGTP-O-SYBSD-TEOWIAGETBAC-TWDSOOLOFLUP-SAHTSOTWAUC-O-YMBF ~ Rules Against – “Gossip” – Or Even – “Talking” – Make It Hard To Air Our Grievances To Peers – Or – Should You Be So Daring – To Enlist Other Workers In A Group Effort To Bring About Change – Those Who Do Step Out Of Line Often Face Little Unexplained Punishments – Such As Having Their Schedules Or Their Work Assignments Unilaterally Changed – Or – You May Be Fired

~ S-IL-WWDNABIAERW-TIA-FA-WA-CD-IIB-TDIAPTIN-F-NIAW-D ~ So – If Low-Wage Workers Do Not Always Behave In An Economically Rational Way – That Is As – Free Agents – Within A – Capitalist Democracy – It Is Because – They Dwell In A Place That Is Neither – Free – Nor In Any Way – Democratic

~ ADTAPTOIS-IYATAA-UP-PS-DA-O-T-YMBTFLTY-IYACROY-LPITSH-WB-IM-OB-APOIR-YBTATUS ~ Any Dictatorship Takes A Psychological Toll On Its Subjects – It You Are Treated As An – Untrustworthy Person – Potential Slacker – Drug Addict – Or – Thief – You May Begin To Feel Less Trustworthy Yourself – If You Are Constantly Reminded Of Your – Lowly Position In The Social Hierarchy – Whether By – Individual Managers – Or By – A Plethora Of Impersonal Rules – You Begin To Accept That Unfortunate Status

~ IYMTFUE-YMCTTTWYPIWYAAW ~ If You’re Made To Feel Unworthy Enough – You May Come To Think That What You’re Paid Is What You Are Actually Worth

~ S-C-UPI-A:CPSFTP-WASRTCAT-‘SW’-WIEMHI-PAC ~ Society – Caught – Up In A – Cycle: Cutting Public Services For The Poor – Which Are Sometimes Referred To Collectively As The – “Social Wage” – While Investing Ever More Heavily In – Prisons And Cops

~ TPOSMM-A-SOE ~ The Poverty Of So Many Millions – A – State Of Emergency

~ TPCSTAEE-OT-OTCOM-B-TARSTP-TALALLTSSASWTP ~ The Poor Can See The Affluent Easily Enough – On Television – On The Covers Of Magazines – But – The Affluent Rarely See The Poor – They Are Less And Less Likely To Share Spaces And Services With The Poor

~ TATL-WWDLPOOPWBTATIMHB-IHT-ACM-MA-P-B-S-TS-HTOSSADTAIIH ~ To Acknowledge That Low-Wage Work Doesn’t Lift People Out Of Poverty Would Be To Admit That It May Have Been – In Human Terms – A Catastrophic Mistake – Media Accounts – Persistently – Bright-Side – The Situation – Highlighting The Occasional Success Stories And Downplaying The Acknowledged Increase In Hunger

~ NOESTYCWH-HETYETP-A-SFYSEDIPAD ~ No One Ever Said That You Could Work Hard – Harder Even Than You Ever Thought Possible – And – Still Find Yourself Sinking Ever Deeper Into Poverty And Debt