CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

OZZIE ZEHNER ~ GREEN ILLUSIONS ~ 2012

~ ATAI ~ Addiction To An Ideal

~ BDWH ~ Buying… Debting… Working… Hoarding

~ CHCRW ~ Commercially Honed Celebrity Repli-Ware

~ CRC ~ Cosmopolitan Radical Chic

~ DHS ~ Deferred Happiness Syndrome

~ CS ~ Cornucopian Superstars

~ EATK ~ Eliminate Advertising To Kids

~ WWHIAAWTSD? ~ What Would Happen If All Advertising Were To Suddenly Disappear?

~ F-TBC-WR-ABP-A-WHO ~ Filling – The Bottomless Cornucopia – Will Require – A Bottomless Planet – And – We Haven’t One

~ EBE ~ Energy Boomerang Effect

~ FW(TWNKWN) ~ Fantastico-Widgets (That We Never Knew We Needed)

~ V-IA-L-CON-CA-TCR-C-RA-A-IDSPR ~ Volunteering – Is A – Low-Cost Or No-Cost Activity – That Can Replace – Consumption-Related Activities – And – It Delivers Superior Personal Rewards

~ RES ~ Real Energy Security

~ STFITC ~ Shift Taxes From Income To Consumption

~ SP ~ Smart Packaging

~ IEISAVCTOS-WISSFLOODAE? ~ If Energy Is Such A Vital Component To Our Society – Why Is Society So Frequently Left Out Of Debates About Energy?

~ IDTP-HR-C-WC-HMC-L-B-BR-R-FP-WS-A-C-IA-MM ~ It’s Difficult To Price – Human Rights – Cancer – Working Conditions – Heavy Metal Contamination – Leaks – Bribery – Biodiversity Risks – Radiation – Food Patronages – Water Security – And – Conflict – Into A – Market Mechanism

~ WDAG-WWE-B-WWI-TTSASAFR ~ We Don’t Always Get – What We Expect – But – What We Inspect – That’s The Short And Sweet Argument For Regulation

~ NUTVOAS ~ Never Underestimate The Value Of A Sticker

~ CADOE ~ Create A Department Of Efficiency

~ UEU-IASO-SSC-EUWCDWWITC ~ Unsustainable Energy Use – Is A Symptom Of – Suboptimal Social Conditions – Energy Use Will Come Down When We Improve These Conditions

~ U-CE-ILE ~ Ultimately – Clean Energy Is Less Energy

~ STFT ~ Silver-Tongued Fairy Tales

~ TEP ~ The Energy Pornographers

~ AET-D-CTA/W-PW-SHR-IN-SD-RT-LACD-RC-T-PP ~ Alternative-Energy Technologies – Don’t – Clean The Air/Water – Protect Wildlife – Support Human Rights – Improve Neighborhoods – Strengthen Democracy – Regulate Themselves – Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide – Reduce Consumption – They – Produce Power

DANIEL LEVITIN ~ A FIELD GUIDE TO LIES ~ 2016

~ U-MPHTTCANBTIBT ~ Unfortunately – Many People Have Trouble Thinking Clearly About Numbers Because They’re Intimidated By Them

~ TCROA-PC-IT-TPHTAUT100 ~ The Cardinal Rule Of A – Pie Chart – Is That – The Percentages Have To Add Up To 100

~ TMFWTLWASGITNLTA ~ The Most Fundamental Way To Lie With A Statistical Graph Is To Not Label The Axes

~ I-AOUB-LW-T-SPO-A-TROTFTMPWSWTDTC ~ Infographics – Are Often Used By – Lying Weasels – To – Shape Public Opinion – And – They Rely On The Fact That Most People Won’t Study What They’ve Done Too Carefully

~ STSBRITRO ~ Sometimes The Statistic Being Reported Isn’t The Relevant One

~ CATO-OWTLWSITCT-D/P/TOP-TADFOA-A-PTTN ~ Comparing Apples To Oranges – One Way To Lie With Statistics Is To Compare Things – Datasets / Populations / Types Of Products – That Are Different From One Another – And – Pretend That They’re Not

~ JBTANOI-DMTTNWAAP-R-P-GS-P-CWTC-HTGAC-TAAHOEABTCEITCP-A-CL-T-TWC ~ Just Because There’s A Number On It – Doesn’t Mean That The Number Was Arrived At Properly – Remember – People – Gather Statistics – People – Choose What To Count – How To Go About Counting – There Are A Host Of Errors And Biases That Can Enter Into The Collection Process – And – Can Lead – To – The Wrong Conclusions

~ TBAG-AS-HTBR ~ To Be Any Good – A Sample – Has To Be Representative

~ R-HTATTT-CVTAETIOCDO-STTTMANOOADTM ~ Researchers – Have To Avoid The Tendency To – Capture Variables That Are Easy To Identify Or Collect Data On – Sometimes The Things That Matter Are Not Obvious Or Are Difficult To Measure

~ PSLWATO ~ People Sometimes Lie When Asked Their Opinions

~ MMBS-TMB-C-R-A-P-P-F-CD-STEPWCIDIITSW-EPWICHTCITSW ~ Measurements Must Be Standardized – There Must Be – Clear – Replacable – And – Precise – Procedures – For – Collecting Data – So That Each Person Who Collects It Does It In The Same Way – Each Person Who Is Counting Has To Count In The Same Way

~ ME-OIEM ~ Measurement Error – Occurs In Every Measurement

~ HSIDOCCMABDITSYEUW ~ How Something Is Defined Or Categorized Can Make A Big Difference In The Statistic You End Up With

~ ADCBWATTAAIP-OPBAAQUS ~ A Definition Can Be Wrangled And Twisted To Anyone’s Advantage In Public-Opinion Polling By Asking A Question Just-So

~ IASICO-ASOPDM-G-M-O-M-O-FE-TRCWBF ~ If A Statistic Is Composed Of – A Series Of Poorly Defined Measures – Guesses – Misunderstandings – Oversimplifications – Mismeasurement – Or – Flawed Estimates – The Resulting Conclusion Will Be Flawed

~ W-HATTACTOTTWDW ~ We – Have A Tendency To Apply Critical Thinking Only To Things We Disagree With

~ WAAST-S-A-ASS-ESBTOOO ~ We Are A Story-Telling Species – And – A Social Species – Easily Swayed By The Opinions Of Others

~ THBOMUIMBO-EC-AT-STJT-A-TBIAVOS-JM ~ The Human Brain Often Makes Up Its Mind Based On – Emotional Considerations – And Then – Seeks To Justify Them – And – The Brain Is A Very Powerful Self-Justifying Machine

~ ETSOUCBF ~ Even The Smartest Of Us Can Be Fooled

~ MAIAE-BCAWIT ~ Make An Informed And Evidence-Based Choice About What Is True

~ WUDWTSEO-HDWIT? ~ We Usually Do Well To Seek Expert Opinions – How Do We Identify Them?

~ IE ~ Identifying Expertise

! SH-S-INTEANW-IJT-S-TMLTBR ~ Stuff Happens – So – It’s Not That Experts Are Never Wrong – It’s Just That – Statically – They’re More Likely To Be Right

~ EITN ~ Expertise Is Typically Narrow

~ B-IAE-TTB-DS-CTTPBTIIA-S-UQ ~ But – Intelligence And Experience – Tend To Be – Domain-Specific – Contrary To The Popular Belief That Intelligence Is A – Single – Unified Quantity

~ WIBI? ~ Who Is Behind It?

~ CTWBOUANMTDY? ~ Could The Website Be Operating Under A Name Meant To Deceive You?

~ WLTTWP? ~ Who Links To The Web Page?

~ P-RJ ~ Peer-Reviewed Journals

~ RA ~ Regulated Authority

~ SI ~ Supporting Information

~ B-IYLOF-SE-Y-NDPR-BY-ITCE-TMB-AL-OT-O-AL-B-YDK-B-YHL-‘C-P’-TDTSYH ~ But – If You’re Looking Only For – Supporting Evidence – You’re – Not Doing Proper Research – Because Your – Ignoring The Contradictory Evidence – There Might Be – A Little – Of This – Or – A Lot – But – You Don’t Know – Because – You Haven’t Looked – “Cherry-Picking” – The Data That Suit Your Hypothesis

~ SS-AUNR-LS-MARTSOTW-S-CT-TLOLN ~ Small Samples – Are Usually Not Representative – Larger Samples – More Accurately Reflect The State Of The World – Statisticians – Call This – The Law Of Large Numbers

~ B-WIEAYIAWSTI-W-W-TENCTEIW-P? ~ But – What If Everyone Around You Is Agreeing With Something That Is – Well – Wrong – The Exquisite New Clothes The Emperor Is Wearing – Perhaps?

~ C-MPTLLF-A-T-SCMOPHBTB ~ Counterknowledge – Misinformation Packaged To Look Like Fact – And – That – Some Critical Mass Of People Have Begun To Believe

~ IITAT-ICE-NEIE-B-NEWOOR ~ It’s Important To Accept That – In Complex Events – Not Everything Is Explainable – Because – Not Everything Was Observed Or Reported

~ AHOUADNDOUAW-ETTIBOTOPOE-Y-TAATATHOACT ~ A Handful Of Unexplained Anomalies Does Not Discredit Or Undermine A Well-Established Theory That Is Based On Thousands Of Pieces Of Evidence – Yet – These Anomalies Are Typically At The Heart Of All Conspiratorial Thinking

~ TPO-A-IN-D;TI-ABOSOCODNMS ~ The Plural Of – Anecdote – Is Not – Data; That Is – A Bunch Of Stories Or Casual Observations Do Not Make Science

~ MORCLUTIODEWCUTPO ~ Misunderstandings Of Risk Can Lead Us To Ignore Or Discount Evidence We Could Use To Protect Ourselves

~ PBA ~ Persuasion By Association

~ OIHB-TOETMRT-CFT ~ Our Imperfect Human Brains – Those Of Even The Most Rigorous Thinkers – Can Fool Themselves

~ IC-TBIAGPD-A-ISTEOASFWOATBRC ~ Illusory Correlation – The Brain Is A Giant Pattern Detector – And – It Seeks To Extract Order And Structure From What Often Appear To Be Random Configurations

~ FOP ~ Framing Of Probabilities

~ FR ~ Framing Risk

~ SWAPC ~ Start With A Plausibility Check

~ AOFOHCIT-OWFABOAAC-IVHFUTLG-EITFOO-WEASPTTC ~ An Odd Feature Of Human Cognition Is That – Once We Form A Belief Or Accept A Claim – It’s Very Hard For Us To Let Go – Even In The Face Of Over-Whelming Evidence And Scientific Proof To The Contrary

~ PH-EPH-‘B-THAT-TMHCT’ ~ Post Hoc – Ergo Propter Hoc – “Because – This Happened After That – That Must Have Caused This”

~ KWYDK ~ Knowing What You Don’t Know

~ WWRHY-A-CUAODAI-ATTYTYKBD ~ What Will Really Hurt You – And – Cause Untold Amounts Of Damage And Inconvenience – Are The Things You Think You Know But Don’t

~ ECLAT ~ Every Contact Leaves A Trace

~ AECOCTIKWWDK ~ An Essential Component Of Critical Thinking Is Knowing What We Don’t Know

~ A-A-SB-HEPDATW ~ An – Anti-Science Bias – Has Entered Public Discourse And The Web

~ W-NCA-CWTROMARWAOMFO-TRFVCFOEOU ~ With – No Central Authority – Charged With The Responsibility Of Monitoring And Regulating Websites And Other Material Found Online – The Responsibility For Verifying Claims Falls On Each Of Us

~ CT-INSYDOWAIATDI-IAAAOP ~ Critical Thinking – Is Not Something You Do Once With An Issue And Then Drop It – It’s An Active And Ongoing Process

~ WFBOKAMNOTWCTALNOTTMNBS ~ We’re Far Better Off Knowing A Moderate Number Of Things With Certainty Than A Large Number Of Things That Might Not Be So

~ TKSOL-HUTMCTIOHAST ~ True Knowledge Simplifies Our Lives – Helping Us To Make Choices That Increase Our Happiness And Save Time

PRIYA PARKER ~ THE ART OF GATHERING ~ 2018

~ TWWGM ~ The Way We Gather Matters

~ ID-TFTAIOOTFRGTEI-ICDIA-OOTFTTGITRTA ~ In Democracies – The Freedom To Assemble Is One Of The Foundational Rights Granted To Every Individual – In Countries Descending Into Authoritarianism – One Of The First Things To Go Is The Right To Assemble

~ WSPLG ~ We Spend Our Lives Gathering

~ II-TW-AGIG-TDWHIIAHSII ~ It Is – The Way – A Group Is Gathered – That Determines What Happens In It And How Successful It Is

~ DWYRG ~ Decide Why You’re Really Gathering

~ ACINAP ~ A Category Is Not A Purpose

~ R-TGEO-MG ~ Routine – That Great Enemy Of – Meaningful Gathering

~ CT-AGAS-S-TMFAPAGI-TMNIFIATMPIA-U-IAI-HITM-U-? ~ Commit To – A Gathering About Something – Specificity – The More Focused And Particular A Gathering Is – The More Narrowly It Frames Itself And The More Passion It Arouses – Uniqueness – Is Another Ingredient – How Is This Meeting – Unique – ?

~ Y-P-MF-T-W-T-T-W ~ Your – Purpose – Move From – The – What – To – The – Why

~ A-W-YDI-ETYGT-A-D-R-AWA-KAWUYH-A-BOV ~ Ask – Why – You’re Doing It – Every Time You Get To – Another – Deeper – Reason – Ask Why Again – Keep Asking Why Until You Hit – A – Belief Or Value

~ FOYDOBFTAM-A-IAPTMBCAWTNTBT-E-WAMIN ~ Figuring Out Your Desired Outcome Brings Focus To A Meeting – And – It Allows People To Make Better Choices About Whether They Need To Be There – Even – Whether A Meeting Is Necessary

~ YAPTCPMPR:T-MTETCHYW-YG-A-Y-TBABTE-IWYOPAAGSOTR ~ You Are Proposing To Consume People’s Most Precious Resource: Time – Making The Effort To Consider How You Want – Your Guests – And – Yourself – To Be Altered By The Experience – Is What You Owe People As A Good Steward Of That Resource

~ HAP-YW-FIETMATDTAGR ~ Having A Purpose – You Will – Find It Easier To Make All The Decisions That A Gathering Requires

~ PIYB ~ Purpose Is Your Bouncer

~ VECWBETMW-YKWYG ~ Virtually Every Choice Will Be Easier To Make When – You Know Why You’re Gathering

~ TP-DL ~ The Purpose-Driven List

~ IPIE-EPCBH ~ Inviting People Is Easy – Excluding People Can Be Hard

~ S-W-O-I-B-WDWTDWTCOECP-ETGAMAS ~ Sometimes – We – Over-Include – Because – We Don’t Want To Deal With The Consequences Of Excluding Certain People – Especially Those Gifted At Making A Stink

~ AVOAN ~ A Venue Is A Nudge

~ TCOPIOMAT-ECBP-TC-D-TV-O-C-O-T ~ The Choice Of Place Is Often Made According To – Every Consideration But Purpose – The Cost – Determines – The Venue – Or – Convenience – Or – Traffic

~ WYCAVF-LR-YALTLO-YP-WIFTSBWFI ~ When You Choose A Venue For – Logistical Reasons – You Are Letting Those Logistics Override – Your Purpose – When In Fact They Should Be Working For It

~ E-SAST-E-TRFYC-WALI ~ Embodiment – Seek A Setting That – Embodies – The Reason For Your Convening – When A Location Inspires

~ WMHDRIT-TCOVIOOYMPLOYGB ~ What Many Hosts Don’t Realize Is That – The Choice Of Venue Is One Of Your Most Powerful Levers Over Your Guests’ Behavior

~ PAABTE-A-YSHYGIAPACTSYP ~ People Are Affected By Their Environment – And – You Should Host Your Gathering In A Place And Context That Serves Your Purpose

~ A-CS-FAGAPTR-A-IHCT-AW-TAGC-AIB-A ~ A – Contained Space – For A Gathering Allows People To Relax – And – It Helps Create The – Alternative World – That A Gathering Can – At Its Best – Achieve

~ DBACH-‘C’-ISDAK ~ Don’t Be A Chill Host – “Chill” – Is Selfishness Disguised As Kindness

~ AIAOC-IIE-JT-SAP-D-A-GR-ATTRE-A-IYDEF-OWSIAETO-P-D-A-GR ~ Authority Is An Ongoing Commitment – It Isn’t Enough – Just To – Set A Purpose – Direction – And – Ground Rules – All These Things Require Enforcement – And – If You Don’t Enforce Them – Others Will Step In And Enforce Their Own – Purposes – Directions – And – Ground Rules

~ GA-INAP-INTAOP-IIUPTAOTAG-TAFO-TAIJBTG

~ Generous Authenticity – Is Not A Pose – It’s Not The Appearance Of Power – It Is Using Power To Achieve Outcomes That Are Generous – That Are For Others – The Authority Is Justified By The Generosity

~ PYG ~ Protect Your Guests

~ TF-A-P-MIUOYA-I-TPOYG-FOA-FB-O-FTATTLIOP-VA ~ The First – And – Perhaps – Most Important Use Of Your Authority – Is – The Protection Of Your Guests – From One Another – From Boredom – Or – From The Additive Technologies That Lurk In Our Pockets – Vibrating Away

~ BBH-IYJAH-K-G-B-F-TWIO ~ Bad Behavior Happens – It’s Your Job As A Host – Kindly – Graciously – But – Firmly – To Ward It Off

~ PYG-I-IS-AETRTAGCEAARTRTE-A-IG-B-YDIFYG-ST-TDHT ~ Protecting Your Guests – Is – In Short – About Elevating The Right To A Great Collective Experience Above Anyone’s Right To Ruin That Experience – And – It’s Generous – Because – You’re Doing It For Your Guests – So That – They Don’t Have To

~ EYG ~ Equalize Your Guests

~ THMLTSTUAITOWFLC-IIITOWKHEWPOTWOMTGP ~ The Host Most Likely To Succumb To Ungenerous Authority Is The One Who Fears Losing Control – It Is In The Obsession With Knowing How Events Will Play Out That We Often Make Them Go Poorly

~ R-CCA-I-T-W-TIAMPTYEG-B-ERT-TRAT-AIT-WTOT ~ Rules – Can Create An – Imaginary – Transient – World – That Is Actually More Playful Than Your Everyday Gathering – Because – Everyone Realizes That – The Rules Are Temporary – And Is Therefore – Willing To Obey Them

~ S-AR-IUWAGWPTCIAWTNSNWD ~ Sometimes – A Rule – Is Useful When A Gatherer Wants People To Connect In A Way That Normal Social Norms Would Discourage

~ NSAFWL ~ Never Start A Funeral With Logistics

~ P-BYES-IHB-T-P-SSIGASBYWTBRATO ~ Priming – Before Your Event Starts – It Has Begun – The – Pregame – Should Sow In Guests Any Special Behaviors You Want To Blossom Right At The Outset

~ AGTCTAGAOTCTPOI ~ Asking Guest To Contribute To A Gathering Ahead Of Time Changes Their Perception Of It

~ AW-P-IIOT-CAD-T-UAAAGSCRT ~ As With – Purpose – It Is Often Through – Conflict And Disgruntlement – That – Underlying Assumptions About A Gathering’s Social Contract Reveal Themselves

~ NAP-T-NAG-ATWPPI-TNSWTPOTEI-A-IAPPFTRALOEP

~ Naming As Priming – To – Name A Gathering – Affects The Way People Perceive It – The Name Signals What The Purpose Of The Event Is – And – It Also Prepares People For Their Role And Level Of Expected Participation

~ TIIJTB-TAMCATWTROTYGACTP ~ The Invitation Is Just The Beginning – There Are Many Chances Along The Way To Reach Out To Your Guests And Continue The Priming

~ TAMTWYC-CAT-AP-B-YAYGCTSLT-APTTOTPRACPAAI-TFTBTGAATO ~ There Are Many Tiny Ways You Can – Create A Threshold – A Pause – Before – You And Your Guests Cross The Starting Line Together – A Passageway That Tunes Out The Prior Reality And Captures Peoples’ Attention And Imagination – The Final Transition Between The Guests’ Arrival And The Opening

~ HAAYG ~ Honor And Awe Your Guests

~ Y-O-NTBAKO-PST-IS-GP-IMPITTPFOBTWADGTBT-TTE-WTO-TVRTYFMTBAGOHBT-TTMYGPFITFM ~ Your – Opening – Needs To Be A Kind Of – Pleasant Shock Therapy – It Should – Grab People – It Must Plant In Them The Paradoxical Feeling Of Being Totally Welcomed And Deeply Grateful To Be There – Try To Embody – With That Opening – The Very Reason That You Felt Moved To Bring A Group Of Human Beings Together – Try To Make Your Gathering’s Purpose Felt In Those First Moments

~ CGC ~ Cause Good Controversy

~ LO-C-AA-MOPAMF-EW-IACWTCTFAIYWYGTTWT-RYP-RPOWWINEWIITFP ~ Like Openings – Closings – Are A – Moment Of Power And Memory Formation – Ending Well – Is A Crucial Way To Cement The Feelings And Ideas You Want Your Guests To Take With Them – Recall Your Purpose – Remind People Of Why What Is Now Ending Was Initiated In The First Place

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ NICKEL AND DIMED ~ 2001

~ AATOASJI-‘SW’-ITC-S/S/S/R/R ~ About A Third Of A Server’s Job Is – “Side Work” – Invisible To Customers – Sweeping / Scrubbing / Slicing / Refilling / Restocking

~ MCS-FHAATITW-B-ITJTSTNOEED-EWTNTD-A-TIW-FS-STCBAEAR ~ Managers Can Sit – For Hours At A Time If They Want – But – It’s Their Job To See That No One Else Ever Does – Even When There’s Nothing To Do – And – This Is Why – For Servers – Slow Times Can Be As Exhausting As Rushes

~ INHTGMCTAT-LS-B-H-IAEC-I-TPSO-D-ITL-TFTTFYIOWTARTS ~ It’s Not Hard To Get My Coworkers Talking About Their – Living Situations – Because – Housing – In Almost Every Case – Is – The Principal Source Of – Disruption – In Their Lives – The First Thing They Fill You In On When They Arrive For Their Shifts

~ I-P-AICPIP-SCAE ~ In – Poverty – As In Certain Propositions In Physics – Starting Conditions Are Everything

~ TANSETNTP;OTC-TAAHOSC ~ There Are No Secret Economies That Nourish The Poor; On The Contrary – There Are A Host Of Special Costs

~ IYCPUTTMRYNTSAA-YEUPTTNFARBTW ~ If You Can’t Put Up The Two Months’ Rent You Need To Secure An Apartment – You End Up Paying Through The Nose For A Room By The Week

~ IYHNMF-HI-YGW-RC-O-PD-A-EUPTP ~ If You Have No Money For – Health Insurance – You Go Without – Routine Care – Or – Prescription Drugs – And – End Up Paying The Price

~ T-RP-ITSURR-AUTWOHT-A-EOIFDS-B-TIASVSM-S/PT/TP ~ The – Regulation Poster – In The Single Unisex Rest Room – Admonishes Us To Wash Our Hands Thoroughly – And – Even Offers Instructions For Doing So – But – There Is Always Some Vital Substance Missing – Soap / Paper Towels / Toilet Paper

~ CL ~ Canned Labor

~ ITHFTHP?-Y-B-IT-ADANTTPP-TFI ~ Is There Help For The Hardworking Poor? – Yes – But – It Takes – A Determined And Not Too Terribly Poor Person – To Find It

~ ‘F’-M ~ “Furthermores” – Multiply

~ IYHAAMJ-360+DAY-DSKO-RIOTS-SI? ~ If You Hump Away At Menial Jobs – 360-Plus Days A Year – Does Some Kind Of – Repetitive Injury Of The Spirit – Set In?

~ CJ-M-AWAPM-WAP ~ Changing Jobs – Means – A Week And Possibly More – Without A Paycheck

~ OMI-L-WWIG-THTEOMYFLAP ~ Or Maybe It’s – Low-Wage Work In General – That Has The Effect Of Making You Feel Like A Pariah

~ T-SAD-AA-FDOSOL-TPHDFTCAL-FIPRAIEAWAFIDE ~ The Sitcoms And Dramas – Are About – Fashion Designers Or Schoolteachers Or Lawyers – The Poor Have Disappeared From The Culture At Large – From Its Political Rhetoric And Intellectual Endeavors As Well As From Its Daily Entertainment

~ PWDOTGOOFTLAHSUTPUW ~ People Who Depend On The Generosity Of Others For Their Lodging Always Have Something Untoward To Put Up With

~ ‘TT’-DAOTWDCT-AAA-TOOTI-N-H-AI ~ “Time Theft” – Doing Anything Other Than Working During Company Time – Anything At All – Theft Of Our Time Is – Not – However – An Issue

~ ALO-ST-HB-GW-A-ATLOF-N-W-IE-QSE ~ A Lot Of – Small Things – Have Been – Going Wrong – And – At This Level Of Finances – Nothing – Wrong – Is Ever – Quite Small Enough

~ BNJIAEAILTTU ~ But No Job Is As Easy As It Looks To The Uninitiated

~ NJ-NMHL-IT-‘U’ ~ No Job – No Matter How Lowly – Is Truly – “Unskilled”

~ TPORIEFAN-EASEL-WW-ITM-S-WTRATPCFHOTOM-TPDSAC-TRCAOT-TPHNBFIHTI-ME-MD-O-MDFTPOW ~ The Problem Of Rents Is Easy For A Noneconomist – Even A Sparsely Educated Low-Wage Worker – To Grasp: It’s The Market – Stupid – When The Rich And The Poor Compete For Housing On The Open Market – The Poor Don’t Stand A Chance – The Rich Can Always Outbid Them – The Poor Have Necessarily Been Forced Into Housing That Is – More Expensive – More Dilapidated – Or – More Distant From Their Places Of Work

~ L-WPWDHCAODOARWIWTDTOAPTUA-ED ~ Low-Wage People Who Don’t Have Cars Are Often Dependent On A Relative Who Is Willing To Drop Them Off And Pick Them Up Again – Each Day

~ FTLOETW-T-‘P’-NTBWIATO-B-IAWEWAWHTTBWOM-A-FICR-TIAVSAUR-T-‘MT’-AMFPWFOTE ~ For The Laws Of Economics To Work – The – “Players” – Need To Be Well Informed About Their Options – But – Information About Who Earns What And Where Has To Travel By Word Of Mouth – And – For Inexplicable Cultural Reasons – This Is A Very Slow And Unreliable Route – The – “Money Taboo” – A Major Factor Preventing Workers From Optimizing Their Earnings

~ ITPIOTBP-TBHTRTEIC ~ If The Purse Is On The Boss’s Property – The Boss Has The Right To Examine Its Contents

~ DT-I-ARI-‘US’ ~ Drug Testing – Is – Another Routine Indignity – “Unreasonable Search”

~ A-P-EPT-T-TLODI-IIU-ATVL-TGASATT-LYS-DAYU-TAOSOIMOTS ~ Add – Pre-Employment Personality Tests – To – The List Of Demeaning Intrusions – It Is Unsettling – At The Very Least – To Give A Stranger Access To Things – Like Your Self-Doubts And Your Urine – That Are Otherwise Shared Only In Medical Or Therapeutic Situations

~ RA-‘G’-OE-‘T’-MIHTAOGTP-O-SYBSD-TEOWIAGETBAC-TWDSOOLOFLUP-SAHTSOTWAUC-O-YMBF ~ Rules Against – “Gossip” – Or Even – “Talking” – Make It Hard To Air Our Grievances To Peers – Or – Should You Be So Daring – To Enlist Other Workers In A Group Effort To Bring About Change – Those Who Do Step Out Of Line Often Face Little Unexplained Punishments – Such As Having Their Schedules Or Their Work Assignments Unilaterally Changed – Or – You May Be Fired

~ S-IL-WWDNABIAERW-TIA-FA-WA-CD-IIB-TDIAPTIN-F-NIAW-D ~ So – If Low-Wage Workers Do Not Always Behave In An Economically Rational Way – That Is As – Free Agents – Within A – Capitalist Democracy – It Is Because – They Dwell In A Place That Is Neither – Free – Nor In Any Way – Democratic

~ ADTAPTOIS-IYATAA-UP-PS-DA-O-T-YMBTFLTY-IYACROY-LPITSH-WB-IM-OB-APOIR-YBTATUS ~ Any Dictatorship Takes A Psychological Toll On Its Subjects – It You Are Treated As An – Untrustworthy Person – Potential Slacker – Drug Addict – Or – Thief – You May Begin To Feel Less Trustworthy Yourself – If You Are Constantly Reminded Of Your – Lowly Position In The Social Hierarchy – Whether By – Individual Managers – Or By – A Plethora Of Impersonal Rules – You Begin To Accept That Unfortunate Status

~ IYMTFUE-YMCTTTWYPIWYAAW ~ If You’re Made To Feel Unworthy Enough – You May Come To Think That What You’re Paid Is What You Are Actually Worth

~ S-C-UPI-A:CPSFTP-WASRTCAT-‘SW’-WIEMHI-PAC ~ Society – Caught – Up In A – Cycle: Cutting Public Services For The Poor – Which Are Sometimes Referred To Collectively As The – “Social Wage” – While Investing Ever More Heavily In – Prisons And Cops

~ TPOSMM-A-SOE ~ The Poverty Of So Many Millions – A – State Of Emergency

~ TPCSTAEE-OT-OTCOM-B-TARSTP-TALALLTSSASWTP ~ The Poor Can See The Affluent Easily Enough – On Television – On The Covers Of Magazines – But – The Affluent Rarely See The Poor – They Are Less And Less Likely To Share Spaces And Services With The Poor

~ TATL-WWDLPOOPWBTATIMHB-IHT-ACM-MA-P-B-S-TS-HTOSSADTAIIH ~ To Acknowledge That Low-Wage Work Doesn’t Lift People Out Of Poverty Would Be To Admit That It May Have Been – In Human Terms – A Catastrophic Mistake – Media Accounts – Persistently – Bright-Side – The Situation – Highlighting The Occasional Success Stories And Downplaying The Acknowledged Increase In Hunger

~ NOESTYCWH-HETYETP-A-SFYSEDIPAD ~ No One Ever Said That You Could Work Hard – Harder Even Than You Ever Thought Possible – And – Still Find Yourself Sinking Ever Deeper Into Poverty And Debt

AMANDA LANG ~ THE POWER OF WHY ~ 2012

~ TPOW ~ The Power Of Why

~ IISTYT ~ Innovation Is Simpler Than You Think

~ O-I-SMMIITSTAE-A-FTABBAAAIOAOTFAFA-OPOD-S-EN ~ Often – Innovation – Simply Means Making Incremental Improvements To Something That Already Exists – And – Frequently That’s Accomplished By Borrowing And Adapting An Idea Or Approach Or Technology From Another Field Altogether – Old Plus Old Does – Sometimes – Equal New

~ SITF-UQ-O-TOAT-TIGTYTG-CR-JSATFPRIHALOUGSAFOUTSP ~ Sometimes It’s The Follow-Up Question – Or – The One After That – That Is Going To Yield The Game-Changing Revelation – Just Stopping At The First Plausible Response Is How A Lot Of Us Get Struck And Find Ourselves Unable To Solve Problems

~ TRTGTQOWALOAAIAWWCWUODARTWTI-TWLOW-TWR-TWL-E ~ The Rush To Get The Questions Over With And Land On An Answer Is Also Why We Can Wake Up One Day And Realize That We’re Trapped In – The Wrong Line Of Work – The Wrong Relationships – The Wrong Lives – Even

~ INTWCS-ITWFH ~ It’s Not That We Can’t – It’s That We’ve Forgotten How

~ CIDLTS-HYMI ~ Curiosity Is Directly Linked To Success – However You Measure It

~ O-IHNPE-TSHALOQ ~ Oftentimes – Innovators Have No Particular Expertise – They Simply Have A Lot Of Questions

~ WONSR-‘W?’-TWCD ~ Whether Or Not Schools Reward – “Why?” – The World Certainly Does

~ QTU ~ Question The Unquestionable

~ YHTATKOQAT-YOWA ~ You Have To Ask The Kinds Of Questions A Three-Year-Old Would Ask

~ C-I-IMW-IOR ~ Curiosity – Is – In Many Ways – Its Own Reward

~ SQB ~ Status Quo Bias

~ TKAO-M-FOQ-A-TAAWAM ~ The Keys Are Open-Mindedness – Focusing On Questions – And – Tolerating Ambiguity As Well As Mistakes

~ DCTTPAIFP-O-AYFPI-IITAP-IYD-A-YGIW-TSYP-MABW ~ Don’t Conclude That The Problem As It’s First Presented – Or – As You First Perceive It – Is Indeed The Actual Problem – If You Do – And – You’ve Got It Wrong – The Solution You Produce – May Also Be Wrong

~ ATRQIOTFTRP-A-TNE-B-‘WATTFS’-HIFTRP-‘IVPFP’ ~ Ask The Right Questions In Order To Find The Real Problems – And – That’s Not Easy – Because – “We Are Trained To Find Solutions” – Hunting Instead For The Right Problems – “Is Very Painful For People”

~ CITCOABS ~ Curiosity Is The Cornerstone Of All Business Strategy

~ IYDKWYGA-IHTKHOWTBTTMYEV-O-HTTAONO ~ If You Don’t Know What You’re Good At – It’s Hard To Know How Or Where To Begin Trying To Make Yourself Even Better – Or – How To Take Advantage Of New Opportunities

~ YKYHITRD-I-YFCAEEWFDPAC ~ You Know You’re Headed In The Right Direction – If – You Feel Curious And Engage Even When Facing Difficult Problems And Challenges

~ FOF-IOOTBITONDTMTBATI ~ Fear Of Failing – Is One Of The Biggest Impediments To Our Natural Desire To Make Things Better And To Innovate

~ OWTCPHBIIAISP ~ Only When The Correct Problem Has Been Identified Is An Innovative Solution Possible

~ YHTCOTSETFOHTDSN-B-FABAYLTWUISKOT ~ You Have To Copy Others To Some Extent To Figure Out How To Do Something New – But – Follow Along Blindly And You’re Likely To Wind Up In Some Kind Of Trouble

~ BPTCC-F ~ Be Prepared To Change Course – Frequently

~ ALOPJ-D-OP-W-DTHWOTDASP-U-TKSWL ~ A Lot Of People Just – Don’t – Or Perhaps – Won’t – Do The Hard Work Of Thinking Deeply About Solving Problems – Until – They Know Someone Will Listen

~ PSTTBRWMAMIP ~ Problem Solvers Tend To Be Rewarded With More And More Interesting Projects

~ TSTG-TMPIWB-EIIIPWQDAOE ~ The Smaller The Group – The More Productive It Will Be – Especially If It Includes People With Quite Different Areas Of Expertise

~ ATIE-IYRWBTW-YHTIEMS-NL ~ According To Innovation Experts – If You Really Want Brainstorming To Work – You Have To Introduce Even More Structure – Not Less

~ TTCUW-TWPA-TTFTOTTP ~ Try To Come Up With – The Worst Possible Answers – Try To Flip Them Over To The Positive

~ BSBDPAIIDETIM-E ~ Being Surrounded By Different Perspectives And Immersed In Different Experiences Truly Is Mind-Expanding

~ DAOTTWYO ~ Don’t Assume Others Think The Way You Do

~ IMMIRTOINTOWOT ~ Intellectual Maturity Might Involve Realizing That Ours Is Not The Only Way Of Thinking

~ ISH ~ Insert Stereotype Here

~ IILABTACC ~ Innovation Is Like A Bug That Anyone Can Catch – But – You Have To Want To Catch It

JOHN HORGAN ~ THE END OF WAR ~ 2012

~ WANHFW ~ We Are Not Hardwired For War

~ WCEWIWWACTEI ~ We Can End War If We Want And Choose To End It

~ WWSBTWCEW-WAWOOW ~ When We Start Believing That We Can End War – We’re Already Well On Our Way

~ WHNSC-NEC-NDIHASS ~ War Has No Single Cause – Not Even Close – Nor Does It Have A Single Solution

~ TMOTDM ~ The Myth Of The Demonic Male

~ WRO ~ War’s Recent Origin

~ WMABSL-IIACTIIAT-SMSTTFJIENB ~ What Makes A Belief System Lethal – Is Its Adherents’ Conviction That It Is Absolutely True – So Much So That They Feel Justified In Eliminating Non-Believers

~ YCBIAOAFBA ~ You Can’t Blame It All On A Few Bad Apples

~ TEMOW ~ The Essential Mystery Of War

~ WHBBOADAOF-B-WASDTYCFETSOCAAT ~ War Has Been Blamed On A Dizzying Array Of Factors – But – Wars Are So Diverse That You Can Find Evidence To Support Or Contradict Almost Any Theory

~ IWACC?-Y ~ Is War A Cultural Contagion? – Yes

~ OB-WOP-AESSVFPA ~ Once Begun – War Often Persists – As Each Side Seeks Vengeance For Past Attacks

~ WCBAEII-PWPASB-F-S/L/C ~ War Can Become An End In Itself – Pursued Well Past Any Sensible Benefits – For – States / Leaders / Citizens

~ WA-IEI-HDI-NW-WTNOTCBAALOE ~ War’s Absurdity – Is Embodied In – Humanity’s Deadliest Invention – Nuclear Weapons – Which Threaten Not Only Their Creators But Also All Life On Earth

~ OAFMOO-I-G-W-F/T/V/N/R/R-STI-HT-‘O’ ~ Our Affection For Members Of Our – In-Group – Whether – Family / Troop / Village / Nation / Race / Religion – Sometimes Translates Into – Hostility Toward – “Others”

~ LOAHS-CETSD-B-UOCTTDTTDBTSBDBTL ~ Leaders Of A Hierarchical Society – Can Exploit Their Subject’s Docility – By – Urging Or Coercing Them To Do Things That Don’t Benefit The Subjects But Do Benefit The Leaders

~ HR-A-A-WSPI-‘U’A’T’-TWAPOOGAHDOOE-V-TWAN ~ How Readily – And – Arbitrarily – We Separate People Into – “Us” And “Them” – Those Who Are Part Of Our Group And Hence Deserving Of Our Empathy – Versus – Those Who Are Not

~ UW ~ Uninventing War

~ UTSOPCN ~ Under The Spell Of Pathological Cultural Norms

~ WHTWTEW-WNOTW ~ We Have The Ways To End War – We Need Only The Will

~ FMPATW-W-P-NJ-M-E-A-PP-BA-EP ~ For Many People Around The World – War – Provides – Not Just – Meaning – Excitement – And – Political Power – But Also – Enormous Profits

~ WDNTRWWA ~ We Don’t Need To Replace War With Anything

~ IWWPBE-WCHI-NMWKOSWLI ~ If We Want Peace Badly Enough – We Can Have It – No Matter What Kind Of Society We Live In

~ TINSWTP-B-PITWTSMOP ~ There Is No Single Way To Peace – But – Peace Is The Way To Solve Many Other Problems

~ IS-WDNTI-BN-I-FKTP-WNJTITOWH ~ In Short – We Don’t Need To Invent – Brand New – Institutions For Keeping The Peace – We Just Need To Improve The Ones We Have

~ TKTAPIASVW-I-RFAF ~ The Key To Achieving Peace In A Still Violent World – Is – Resisting Fear And Fatalism

~ EWAETTOWBNWTTWICW ~ Ending War And Even The Threat Of War Between Nations Will Transform The World In Countless Ways

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ NATURAL CAUSES ~ 2018

~ OIRIW-OETD-IDTIWAOENTIAM-S-A-O-B-ITPOALL ~ Once I Realized I Was – Old Enough To Die – I Decided That I Was Also Old Enough Not To Incur Any More – Suffering – Annoyance – Or – Boredom – In The Pursuit Of A Longer Life

~ ACMCT-PMETTPIRMFAP-HM-IC ~ A Cynic Might Conclude That – Preventive Medicine Exists To Transform People Into Raw Material For A Profit-Hungry Medical-Industrial Complex

~ O-IBTBRAAPHP-A-ISRTAA-‘E’ ~ Overdiagnosis Is Beginning To Be Recognized As A Public Health Problem – And – Is Sometimes Referred To As An – “Epidemic”

~ INOAP-HMSTDOAO-IC-TI-FAPP-MDTTAETAMSITFIIBW ~ It’s Not Only A Profit-Hungry Medical System That Drives Overtesting And Overdiagnosis – Individual Consumers – That Is – Former And Potential Patients – May Demand The Testing And Even Threaten A Malpractice Suit If They Feel It Its Being Withheld

~ ‘PA’-G-HSUT-‘B’-DODAPTNFS-TGOATIG-‘A’-MAWTUTAS ~ “Patient Advocacy” – Groups – Have Sprung Up To – “Brand” – Dozens Of Diseases And Publicize The Need For Screening – The Goal Of All This Is Generally – “Awareness” – Meaning A Willingness To Undergo The Appropriate Screening

~ MPJTODVBT-‘POM’-TSC-EOCOTWRFPR ~ Many Physicians Justify Tests Of Dubious Value By The – “Peace Of Mind” – They Supposedly Confer – Except Of Course On Those Who Receive False Positive Results

~ ‘MOD’-TBCAT ~ “Medicalization Of Dying” – Tethered By Cables And Tubes

~ B-OETD-I-AA-N-AD-A-TFIBIWC ~ Being – Old Enough To Die – Is – An Achievement – Not – A Defeat – And – The Freedom It Brings Is Worth Celebrating

~ ROH ~ Rituals Of Humiliation

~ TEIOR ~ The Emotional Impact Of Ritual

~ TMOM ~ The Madness Of Mindfulness

~ TSSSTHSTW ~ The Small Screens Seemed To Have Swallowed The World

~ TDTWSTMUSAMCTOHWAMWOM-C-‘NB’-A-‘MM’ ~ The Devices That Were Supposed To Make Us Smarter And More Connected To Other Humans Were Actually Messing With Our Minds – Causing – “Net Brain” – And – “Monkey Mind”

~ M-MM-BTRO-LAB-NA-B-SU-C-A-DOARTTT-M-IISASF-HSF-BJANUFOTVL-A-‘PT’-OW ~ Mass-Market Mindfulness – Began To Roll Out – Like A Brand-New App – Buddhism – Sliced Up – Commodified – And – Drained Of All Reference To The Transcendent – Mindfulness – In Its Sleek And Secular Form – Has Spread Far – Becoming Just Another Numbingly Ubiquitous Feature Of The Verbal Landscape – As – “Positive Thinking” – Once Was

~ WBTH-WSAE-A-POTFACA-ADOS-AEOEA-ETVHOH ~ When Bad Things Happen – We Seek An Explanation – And – Preferably One That Features A Conscious Agency – A Deity Or Spirit – An Evildoer Or Envious Acquaintance – Even The Victim Him- Or Herself

~ WHRTTHODTDFTMFTUT-HTNIRRAP-O-ITCV-HTSCAIFM?-CWLA-TWHUATSF? ~ We Have Returned To The Habit Of Dissecting The Dead For The Moral Failings That Undid Them – Had They Neglected Important Religious Rituals And Prohibitions – Or – In The Contemporary Version – Had They Smoked Cigarettes And Ingested Fatty Meats? – Can We Learn Anything – That Will Help Us Avoid The Same Fate?

~ LONWS-EBTMBCAG-APECOCMRLHRT ~ Little Or Nothing Was Said – Even By The Major Breast Cancer Advocacy Groups – About Possible Environmental Carcinogens Or Carcinogenic Medical Regimes Like Hormone Replacement Therapy

~ CFTPUC-TWC-A-C ~ Concern For The Poor Usually Comes – Tinged With Criticism – And – Contempt

~ TCOCBUCFE-TWF-B-WA-T’W’F? ~ There Can Of Course Be Unfortunate Consequences From Eating – The Wrong Foods – But – What Are – The “Wrong” Foods?

~ TCO-E-‘F’-CBJADA-APORESATCLA ~ The Consequences Of – Employee – “Flexibility” – Can Be Just As Damaging As – A Program Of Random Electric Shocks Applied To Caged Laboratory Animals

~ THNBGWFW-CP ~ Things Have Not Been Going Well For Working-Class People

~ P-IEAT-B-CWC-A-FPMIPFWPDTT-K-B-O-RC ~ Pain – Is Endemic Among The – Blue-Collar Working Class – And – Few People Make It Past Fifty Without Palpable Damage To Their – Knees – Back – Or – Rotator Cuffs

~ NODW-TAF-B-WRTTWIMW-TANVTOMANEATOWOC ~ Not Only Do We – Think And Feel – But – We React To The World In Microscopic Ways – That Are Not Visible To Our Minds And Not Easily Accessible To Our Willpower Or Control

~ ‘HADD’-WSFIC-HDIT-A-SCBAAUEWTINT ~ “Hyperactive Agency Detection Devices” – We See Faces In Clouds – Hear Denunciations In Thunder – And – Sense Conscious Beings All Around Us Even When There Is Nothing There

~ IWTNONAA-P-UI-M-TWTM-A-PTBOTHEM-T-‘DON’-TTNWFA-C-TOTP-I-ARTBE ~ It Was The Notion Of Nature As A – Passive – Ultimately Inert – Mechanism – That Was The Mistake – And – Perhaps The Biggest One That Humans Ever Made – The – “Death Of Nature” – Turned The Natural World From A – Companionable – Though Often Threatening Place – Into – A Resource To Be Exploited

~ ‘SA’-‘AA’-‘HA’-‘PA’-‘VA’-‘A-A’-‘AW’-U-TGIAFFUOETF ~ “Successful Aging” – “Active Aging” – “Healthy Aging” – “Productive Aging” – “Vital Aging” – “Anti-Aging” – “Aging Well” – Unfortunately – The Gurus’ Instructions Are Far From Unanimous Or Easy To Follow

JEAN TWENGE + KEITH CAMPBELL ~ THE NARCISSISM EPIDEMIC ~ 2010

~ N-INS-ACA-O-AHFOS-W ~ Narcissism – Is Not Simply – A Confident Attitude – Or – A Healthy Feeling Of Self-Worth

~ U-TNE-II-B-IL-TCADTS ~ Understanding – The Narcissism Epidemic – Is Important – Because – Its Long-Term Consequences Are Destructive To Society

~ AT-F-MFG-B-U-RAW ~ All This – Fantasy – Might Feel Good – But – Unfortunately – Reality Always Wins

~ TMWOAY ~ The Many Wonders Of Admiring Yourself

~ OCHBTDB-S-E-A-N-IA-E-S-D-W-ITRTC-S-W-OCMHOTDTSDAMS ~ Our Culture Has Blurred The Distinction Between – Self-Esteem – And – Narcissism – In An – Extreme – Self-Destructive – Way – In The Rush To Create Self-Worth – Our Culture May Have Opened The Door To Something Darker And More Sinister

~ NOUTP ~ Narcissists’ Overconfidence Undermines Their Performance

~ NRTLIS-L ~ Narcissists’ Rise To Leadership Is Short-Lived

~ S-P-SB-JOTIYT-NADFO-P ~ Self-Promotion – Should Be – Just One Tool In Your Toolbox – Not A Defining Feature Of – Personality

~ DB-UH-S-TBAL-TC ~ Destructive Behaviors – Usually Have – Short-Term Benefits And Long-Term Costs

~ NIA-‘T-DT’-ITYWSGOUFATHITE ~ Narcissism Is A – “Time-Delay Trap” – It Tempts You With Some Good Outcomes Up Front And Then Hurts You In The End

~ VASCEDOPA ~ Vanity And Self-Centeredness Eventually Drive Other People Away

~ AFOIATLO-F-L-A-C-IARFN ~ A Focus On Individual Achievement That Leaves Out – Feelings – Love – And – Caring – Is A Recipe For Narcissism

~ PTTRBTAR ~ People Tend To Repeat Behaviors That Are Rewarded

~ IMMAIMSL ~ I’m Much More Attractive In My Second Life

~ DBIAVWACBITRW?-IST ~ Does Behavior In A Virtual World Actually Change Behavior In The Real World? – It Seems To

~ ECATROTRP ~ Easy Credit And The Repeal Of The Reality Principle

~ Many Times – The Goals We Imagine Become Those We Actually Achieve – Though Usually After A Lot Of Hard Work

~ NIADTCOTS ~ Narcissism Is A Disease That Cause Others To Suffer

~ SINLC ~ Saving Is No Longer Cool

~ PHTD-B-NTP ~ People Hide Their Debt – But – Not Their Possessions

~ TOSON:COTHYAATO ~ The Other Side Of Narcissism: Complete Obliviousness To How You Actually Appear To Others

~ OOTDSO-TCEOPA-I-TIIED ~ One Of The Dark Sides Of – The Cultural Emphasis On Physical Appearance – Is – The Increase In Eating Disorders

~ IAT-EC-INTGPTPATTN ~ It’s Assumed That – Eye Candy – Is Necessary To Get People To Pay Attention To The News

~ IINNJABDTLLAPS ~ It Is Now Not Just Acceptable But Desirable To Look Like A Porn Star

~ NIAABAUPTCSAI-NLTTATH-SS ~ Narcissism Is All About Buying And Using Products That Confer Status And Importance – Narcissists Love To Talk About Their High-Status Stuff

~ ASSPMEAAV ~ Advertising Slogans Shamelessly Promote Materialistic Entitlement As A Virtue

~ WTEOOAAT ~ Warming The Earth One Overconsumption At A Time

~ U-MHRC-OOTLCITIOTE ~ Unfortunately – Materialism Has Real Consequences – One Of The Largest Consequences Is The Impact On The Environment

~ AANME-TAPOASTTCVTI ~ Advertisements Are Not Mere Entertainment – They Are Part Of A System That Transmits Cultural Values To Individuals

~ DTYKTTAS-TTTYLT ~ Don’t Tell Your Kids That They Are Special – Tell Them That You Love Them

~ M-RWN-F-ABS-A-ADF ~ Many – Relationships With Narcissists – Feature – A Big Start – And – A Disastrous Finish

~ ACOTNCPAHR ~ Any Criticism Of The Narcissist Can Provoke A Hostile Reaction

~ OCNTFOTSRTTS ~ Our Culture Needs To Focus On The Substance Rather Than The Sizzle

~ E-TPBTOD-ST-S-A-MMT-EIOOTKCON ~ Entitlement – The Pervasive Belief That One Deserves – Special Treatment – Success – And – More Material Things – Entitlement Is One Of The Key Components Of Narcissism

~ EPOCWHWAPSG ~ Entitled People Often Confuse Working Hard With Actually Producing Something Good

~ GITOOE ~ Gratitude Is The Opposite Of Entitlement

~ OC-OOTBWTGYKTEGITEIY ~ Of Course – One Of The Best Ways To Get Your Kids To Express Gratitude Is To Express It Yourself

~ NALLTFO-TSOTATAADAWTR ~ Narcissists Are Less Likely To Forgive Others – They See Others’ Transgressions Against Them As A Debt And Want Them Repaid

~ NIACTSR ~ Narcissism Is Absolutely Corrosive To Social Relationships

~ PCTW ~ Personal Change Takes Work

~ FOTYCEAC-ABAGRMY ~ Focus On Teaching Your Children Empathy And Compassion – And – Be A Good Role Model Yourself

BARRY SCHWARTZ + KENNETH SHARPE ~ PRACTICAL WISDOM ~ 2010

~ TNFW ~ The Need For Wisdom

~ RAI-SAC-WEIT? ~ Rules And Incentives – Sticks And Carrots – What Else Is There?

~ TINDT-BRASI-HAIRTPIITWOIP-B-RAIANE-TLO-SE-PW-WTMI-N-R(NMHDAWM)-N-I(NMHC)-WBETSTPWF ~ There Is Not Doubt That – Better Rules And Smarter Incentives – Have An Important Role To Play In Improving The Way Our Institutions Perform – But – Rules And Incentives Are Not Enough – They Leave Out – Something Essential – Practical Wisdom – Without This Missing Ingredient – Neither – Rules (No Matter How Detailed And Well Monitored) – Nor – Incentives (No Matter How Clever) – Will Be Enough To Solve The Problems We Face

~ AW-DT-WBGB-TPAOGOAPA ~ Acting Wisely – Demands That – We Be Guided By – The Proper Aims Or Goals Of A Particular Activity

~ RAI-WT-M-SAW-EW-RCKS-A-ICKW ~ Rule And Incentives – Won’t Teach – Moral – Skill And Will – Even Worse – Rules Can Kill Skill – And – Incentives Can Kill Will

~ E-TCTIWSEITAF-ICFTPTPWD ~ Empathy – The Capacity To Imagine What Someone Else Is Thinking And Feeling – Is Critical For The Perception That Practical Wisdom Demands

~ EIB-CS-TATPTSAIIPBA-A-ES-TCTUWAPIF-TMSO-B-ATO-TRAITGOLAAAREFODM-ANTTSWSO ~ Empathy Involves Both – Cognitive Skill – The Ability To Perceive The Situation As It Is Perceived By Another – And – Emotional Skill – The Capacity To Understand What Another Person Is Feeling – This May Sound Obvious – But – All Too Often – The Rules And Incentives That Govern Our Lives Are All About Removing Emotion From Our Decision Making – About Not Trusting The Signals We’re Sending Ourselves

~ PWDMTTSTBPAO-IADTCTPO-TAWOOMA-TAOF-TFOWHWONAW ~ Practical Wisdom Demands More Than The Skill To Be Perceptive About Others – It Also Demands The Capacity To Perceive Oneself – To Assess What Our Own Motives Are – To Admit Our Failures – To Figure Out What Has Worked Or Not And Why

~ AWPKHTI-BCA-A-IRAP-ILOTPOEC ~ A Wise Person Knows How To Improvise – Balancing Conflicting Aims – And – Interpreting Rules And Principles – In Light Of The Particularities Of Each Context

~ AWPKHT-MEAAOR-TROETSWASCF-A-TIJWDI ~ A Wise Person Knows How To – Make Emotion An Ally Of Reason – To Rely On Emotion To Signal What A Situation Calls For – And – To Inform Judgment Without Distorting It

~ AWPIAEP-TBHTRE ~ A Wise Person Is An Experienced Person – Trained By Having The Right Experiences

~ SRFWDNW ~ Substituting Rules For Wisdom Does Not Work

~ HILARAFTUWTAA-TANIWTAA ~ However Important Laws And Rules Are For Telling Us What To Aim At – They Always Need Interpretation When They Are Applied

~ BHWCAK ~ Balancing Honesty With Care And Kindness

~ PW-R-NT-F-C-A-EEWO ~ Practical Wisdom – Requires – Nuanced Thinking – Flexibility – Creativity – And – Empathetic Engagement With Others

~ HBABWTCTBW-TRMAT-WTBD-B-TCMBCBTRKOE ~ Human Beings Are Born With The Capacity To Be Wise – The Raw Materials Are There – Waiting To Be Developed – But – This Capacity Must Be Cultivated By The Right Kind Of Experience

~ TCOMS-P-NT-AOC-TATIIWE-A-TEE ~ The Components Of Moral Skill – Perceptiveness – Nuanced Thinking – Appreciation Of Context – Their Ability To Integrate Intellect With Emotion – And – To Experience Empathy

~ IOAL? ~ Is Oversimplification A Lie?

~ FABF-TIOCTTCWUATJWM-FTUWIIAHUEWSBCWW-TCWHTFEUTDOOTMITTPWD-DWIRAAPCOEIRTTDWF ~ Framing And Being Framed – The Importance Of Context To The Categories We Use And The Judgments We Make – Frames Tell Us What Is Important And Help Us Establish What Should Be Compared With What – The Capacity We Have To Frame Enables Us To Do One Of The Most Important Things That Practical Wisdom Demands – Discern What Is Relevant About A Particular Context Or Event In Regard To The Decision We Face

~ LTFWHMUW-IWGFAOM-A-AATI-OFWGMP ~ Learning To Frame Well Helps Make Us Wise – If We Get Feedback About Our Mistakes – And – Are Attentive To It – Our Framing Will Grow More Perspicacious

~ NC/F/N:TATTWUTOAITW-WDIN-WDIE-TEUTPTPOCTPWD ~ Natural Categories / Frames / Narratives: These Are The Tools We Use To Organize And Interpret The World – We Do It Naturally – We Do It Effortlessly – They Enable Us To Perceive The Particularities Or Context That Practical Wisdom Demands

~ TWIG-NCEUTSG-JAAAR-FHUSR-A-IEOEOITCOOLBL-NEUTALALAMSOTEBU ~ The World Is Gray – Natural Categories Enable Us To See Gray – Judgments Are Almost Always Relative – Frames Help Us See Relations – And – Isolated Events Or Episodes Occur In The Context Of Ongoing Lives Being Lived – Narratives Enable Us To Appreciate Lives As Lived And Make Sense Of The Episode Before Us

~ WLHT-CAF-A-RAR-TOOE-A-BBAMWPMACOM ~ We Learn How To – Categorize And Frame – And – Recategorize And Reframe – Through Our Own Experiences – And – By Being Around Mentors Who Provide Models And Correct Our Mistakes

~ TWF:TVOE ~ Thinking With Feeling: The Value Of Empathy

~ IOTBATFWAPIF-YNTBATSTWATOPSI-TATTTPOA-D-PAI-E-TRTIO-TAF ~ In Order To Be Able To Feel What Another Person Is Feeling – You Need To Be Able To See The World As That Other Person Sees It – This Ability To Take The Perspective Of Another – Demands – Perception And Imagination – Empathy – Thus Reflects The Integration Of – Thinking And Feeling

~ TFTPSTH-MI-A-M-F-A-J-DNMTAJW-IMBS-S-TMBD-B-WT-IC-TEHE-TPWWNFDJWSBI ~ The Fact That People Seem To Have – Moral Intuitions – And – Make – Fast – Automatic – Judgments – Does Not Mean They Always Judge Wisely – Intuitions May Be Self-Serving – They May Be Distorting – But – Without The – Intuitive Capacity – That Emotions Help Enable – The Practical Wisdom We Need For Daily Judgments Would Simply Be Impossible

~ A-EISI-W-AF-AN-A-ALS-EFMEACT-AN-NMHBTN-A-IIO-EAC-OE-TCUTA ~ An – Explicitly Identified Single Individual – With – A Face – A Name – And – A Life Story – Elicits Far More Empathy And Compassion Than – A Number – No Matter How Big The Number – And – It Is Our – Empathy And Compassion – Our Emotions – That Compels Us To Act

~ A-S-PWIAAAWAJ-WCBPWWTETIUTA ~ And – Since – Practical Wisdom Is About Action As Well As Judgment – We Couldn’t Be Practically Wise Without The Emotion That Impels Us To Act

~ HTECFEEDMWUI-PCBPIIS-TCDEL-E-A-EOEL-F-E-A-AAPS-TIADTOCFPWWBU-PWDTDOTMSTPTTAFOO-TWPTFDWNTBDADTOTMTDI ~ Having The Emotional Capacity For Experiencing Empathy Doesn’t Mean We’ll Use It – People Can Be Put In Institutional Settings – That Can Discourage Emotions Like – Empathy – And – Encourage Other Emotions Like – Fear – Embarrassment – And Anxiety About Pleasing Superiors – There Is A Danger That Our Capacity For Practical Wisdom Will Be Undermined – People Won’t Develop The Disposition Or The Moral Skill To Perceive The Thoughts And Feelings Of Others – This Will Prevent Them From Discerning What Needs To Be Done And Drain Them Of The Motivation To Do It

~ PCLTB-EI-TCLTBP:TDTEO-O-O-T-I-AW-ATOV-AG ~ People Can Learn To Be – Emotionally Intelligent – They Can Learn To Be Perceptive: To Detect The Emotions Of – Others – Or – Themselves – In – A Word – A Tone Of Voice – A Glance

~ PR:UAO-WMOOOTCBCTRP ~ Pattern Recognition: Unseen And Omnipresent – We Make Order Out Of The Chaos By Coming To Recognize Patterns

~ HWAMMOO-EMD:Q-A-WACROROD-MP ~ How We Actually Make Most Of Our – Everyday Moral Decisions: Quickly – And – Without A Conscious Reliance On Rules Or Decision-Making Procedures

~ AIIF-A-NFIN ~ All Information Is Framed – And – No Frame Is Neutral

~ PAOICWOAANTBB-I-RRADP-MTPWWNTIAB-WAPFCW ~ Principles Are Often In Conflict With One Another And Need To Be Balance – If – Rigid Rules And Dogmatic Principles – Marginalize The Practical Wisdom We Need To Interpret And Balance – We Are Prevented From Choosing Well