MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ IIET-ECBCCITE-TB-TTMPTMC-A-AGCAIANTROASI-ALFOITD-B-CAYOHW ~ It Is Easier To – Enhance Creativity By Changing Conditions In The Environment – Than By – Trying To Make People Think More Creatively – And – A Genuinely Creative Accomplishment Is Almost Never The Result Of A Sudden Insight – A Lightbulb Flashing On In The Dark – But – Comes After Years Of Hard Work

~ MOTTTA-I-I-A-H-ATROC ~ Most Of The Things That Are – Interesting – Important – And – Human – Are The Results Of Creativity

~ C-WWAIII-WFTWALMFTDTROL ~ Creativity – When We Are Involved In It – We Feel That We Are Living More Fully Than During The Rest Of Life

~ AIALR-TIJSMIWCPAAGT-TACIAED-TMBSAA ~ Attention Is A Limited Resource – There Is Just So Much Information We Can Process At Any Given Time – To Achieve Creativity In An Existing Domain – There Must Be Surplus Attention Available

~ CGICTBOD ~ Creativity Generally Involves Crossing The Boundaries Of Domains

~ ITFOFCAA-ITMOAPITWORAE-TMTEICBIEE ~ If Too Few Opportunities For Curiosity Are Available – If Too Many Obstacles Are Placed In The Way Of Risk And Exploration – The Motivation To Engage In Creative Behavior Is Easily Extinguished

~ ITNGITFTFWZAS-C-WMETTB-O-AWA-C ~ If The Next Generation Is To Face The Future With Zest And Self-Confidence – We Must Educate Them To Be – Original – As Well As – Competent

~ TMIMWCLFCP:HTFPAEITCOE ~ The Most Important Message We Can Learn From Creative People: How To Find Purpose And Enjoyment In The Chaos Of Existence

~ CDNHIPH-B-ITIBAPTAASCC-IIA-S-RTA-I-P ~ Creativity Does Not Happen Inside People’s Heads – But – In The Interaction Between A Person’s Thoughts And A SocioCultural Context – It Is A – Systemic – Rather Than An – Individual – Phenomenon

~ A-L-C-A-POSRTOI ~ Accidents – Like – Creativity – Are – Properties Of Systems Rather Than Of Individuals

~ BITRPATRT-ICI-B-MPNRTTASIAPS-TC-A-EFKWTDWTRHT ~ Being In The Right Place At The Right Time – Is Clearly Important – But – Many People Never Realize That They Are Standing In A Propitious Space-Time Convergence – And – Even Fewer Know What To Do When The Realization Hits Them

~ WAGDO-C-W-A-I-I-WTALAIHTW-IIDTRAIP ~ Without A Good Dose Of – Curiosity – Wonder – And – Interest – In – What Things Are Like And In How They Work – It Is Difficult To Recognize An Interesting Problem

~ OTE-AFATCPEITE-IAGAF-RPN-ECPIMTAEWTT ~ Openness To Experience – A Fluid Attention That Constantly Processes Events In The Environment – Is A Great Advantage For – Recognizing Potential Novelty – Every Creative Person Is More Than Amply Endowed With These Traits

~ YCATMOCJBAACPS ~ You Cannot Assume The Mantle Of Creativity Just By Assuming A Certain Personality Style

~ CI-TTBS-YANATST ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Be Smart – Yet Also Naive At The Same Time

~ APLAITOCI ~ A Playfully Light Attitude Is Typical Of Creative Individuals

~ CI-ABIAFAOE-A-ARSORATO ~ Creative Individuals – Alternate Between Imagination And Fantasy At One End – And – A Rooted Sense Of Reality At The Other

~ CI-AARHAPATST ~ Creative Individuals – Are Also Remarkably Humble And Proud At The Same Time

~ CI-TACE-E-RGRS ~ Creative Individuals – To A Certain Extent – Escape – Rigid Gender Role Stereotyping

~ G-CP-ATTB-RAI-YIIITBCWHFIADOC-A-APMBITIOSADIOTLIR;H-HOSMBTACEA-T-SIIDTSHAPCBCWBBTACAATST-RAI-BOTLTDU;CTCWRTWHBVITPRLTNTIAAAI ~ Generally – Creative People – Are Thought To Be – Rebellious And Independent – Yet Is Is Impossible To Be Creative Without Having First Internalized A Domain Of Culture – And – A Person Must Believe In The Importance Of Such A Domain In Order To Learn Its Rules; Hence – He Or She Must Be To A Certain Extent A – Traditionalist – So It Is Difficult To See How A Person Can Be Creative Without Being Both Traditional And Conservative And At The Same Time – Rebellious And Iconoclastic – Being Only Traditional Leaves The Domain Unchanged; Constantly Taking Chances Without Regard To What Has Been Valued In The Past Rarely Leads To Novelty That Is Accepted As An Improvement

~ M-CP-A-VPATW-Y-TCBEOAIAW ~ Most – Creative Persons – Are – Very Passionate About Their Work – Yet – They Can Be Extremely Objective About It As Well

~ B-U-I-TTCT-PM-TI-TTWHTLAHAAGSOPI ~ But – Usually – Insights – Tend To Come To – Prepared Minds – That Is – To Those Who Have Thought Long And Hard About A Given Set Of Problematic Issues

~ W-ABC-ALI-WAUTPLTMA-SNC-TKOIIROIIN-IIURIDF-IMETNSSOR ~ Without – A Burning Curiosity – A Lively Interest – We Are Unlikely To Persevere Long To Make A – Significant New Contribution – This Kind Of Interest Is Rarely Only Intellectual In Nature – It Is Usually Rooted In Deep Feelings – In Memorable Experiences That Need Some Sort Of Resolution

~ B-TAASIWNHATQY-NEKTTIAP ~ But – There Are Also Situations In Which Nobody Had Asked The Question Yet – Nobody Even Knows That There Is A Problem

~ WITKOTD-TCOTF-A-TBPOTWOMAO ~ We Internalize The Knowledge Of The Domain – The Concerns Of The Field – And – They Become Part Of The Way Our Minds Are Organized

~ WWSAIOSASTAIWW-WWMBSITNOTPWOMWAI ~ When We Sit Alone In Our Study And Say That An Idea Won’t Work – What We May Be Saying Is That None Of The People Whose Opinions Matter Will Accept It

~ CT-EITGFWT-HOTWIKAAWTTAS-I-DTTIBGOTOSOTC ~ Creative Thoughts – Evolve In This Gap Filled With Tension – Holding On To What Is Known And Accepted While Tending Toward A Still Ill-Defined Truth That Is Barely Glimpsed On The Other Side Of The Chasm

~ TCOG ~ The Clarity Of Goals

~ B-CAS-TMO-AAA ~ Balancing – Challenges And Skills – The Merging Of – Action And Awareness

~ CI-TTGTCOVA-WTWHTCOS ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Gravitate Toward Centers Of Vital Activity – Where Their Work Has The Chance Of Succeeding

~ IE-U-TINE-A-PTNWB-TPTADSIC-Y-HAHTROICBHITCTOWAOOU ~ Inspiring Environments – Unfortunately – There Is No Evidence – And – Probably There Never Will Be – To Prove That A Delightful Setting Induces Creativity – Yet – Having A Home That Reinforces One’s Individuality Cannot But Help Increase The Chances That One Will Act Out One’s Uniqueness

~ WHT-PADI-A-HEC-IAETWHBTRO-WIIETFTOWACCOTTAH ~ What Helps To – Preserve And Develop Individuality – And – Hence Enhance Creativity – Is An Environment That We Have Built To Reflect Ourselves – Where It Is Easy To Forget The Outside World And Concentrate Completely On The Task At Hand

~ M-CI-FOEWTBRAF-S/E/W-A-ABT-EWIITTDO-A-WMINWOKTASOTAFS;WCITBMOOOT ~ Most – Creative Individuals – Find Out Early What Their Best Rhythms Are For – Sleeping / Eating / Working – And – Abide By Them – Even When It Is Tempting To Do Otherwise – Again – What Matters Is Not Whether One Keeps To A Strict Or To A Flexible Schedule; What Counts Is To Be Master Of One’s Own Time

~ BAP-INARF-LC-AMTUK-CAOS-ATB ~ Being A Prodigy – Is Not A Requirement For – Later Creativity – A More Than Usually Keen – Curiosity About One’s Surroundings – Appears To Be

~ TDT-B-IAD-TISCOECP ~ The – Dialectical Tension – Between – Involvement And Detachment – That Is So Characteristic Of Every Creative Process

~ P-IIT-AR-WIT-LAFOA-TG-TEO-UF ~ Paradoxically – It Is The – Abstract Rules – We Invent To – Limit And Focus Our Attention – That Give Us – The Experience Of – Untrammelled Freedom

~ CP-A-CS-TDATTUWIHAT-A-TDATAEDE ~ Creative People – Are – Constantly Surprised – They Don’t Assume That They Understand What Is Happening Around Them – And – They Don’t Assume That Anybody Else Does Either

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ THE FLOW EXPERIENCE ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ TACGESOTW ~ There Are Clear Goals Every Step Of The Way

~ TIIFTOA ~ There Is Immediate Feedback To One’s Actions

~ TIABBCAS-WFTOAAWMTTOFA ~ There Is A Balance Between Challenges And Skills – We Feel That Our Abilities Are Well Matched To The Opportunities For Action

~ AAAAM-OCIFOWWD ~ Action And Awareness Are Merged – Our Concentration Is Focused On What We Do

~ DAEFC-WAAOOWIRHAN ~ Distractions Are Excluded From Consciousness – We Are Aware Only Of What Is Relevant Here And Now

~ TINWOF ~ There Is No Worry Of Failure

~ S-CD-WATIIWWADTCAPTE ~ Self-Consciousness Disappears – We Are Too Involved In What We Are Doing To Care About Protecting The Ego

~ TSOTBD ~ The Sense Of Time Becomes Distorted

~ TABA-AEII-NRFDTETFTETP ~ The Activity Becomes Autotelic – An End In Itself – No Reason For Doing – Except To Feel The Experience They Provide

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ THE CREATIVE PROCESS ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ TCPHTBDATFS: ~ The Creative Process Has Traditionally Been Described As Taking Five Steps:

~ APOP:BI-IASOPITAIAAC ~ A Period Of Preparation: Becoming Immersed – In A Set Of Problematic Issues That Are Interesting And Arouse Curiosity

~ APOI:DWICABTTOC-IIDTTT-UC-ALTBM ~ A Period Of Incubation: During Which Ideas Churn Around Below The Threshold Of Consciousness – It Is During This Time That – Unusual Connections – Are Likely To Be Made

~ I(SCT-‘A!’-M):WPOTPFT ~ Insight (Sometimes Called The – “Aha!” – Moment): When Pieces Of The Puzzle Fall Together

~ E:DWTIIVAWP-OTMETPOTP-WOFMUAI ~ Evaluation: Decide Whether The Insight Is Valuable And Worth Pursuing – Often The Most Emotionally Trying Part Of The Process – When One Feels Most Uncertain And Insecure

~ E:PTUTMT-A-ITHW ~ Elaboration: Probably Takes Up The Most Time – And – Involves The Hardest Work

DANIEL PINK ~ THE THREE LAWS OF MASTERY ~ DRIVE ~ 2009

~ MIAM-WPBSWPA-OBAOATNOOA-DHWIOEACSTBOWWA ~ Mastery Is A Mindset – What People Believe Shapes What People Achieve – Our Beliefs About Ourselves And The Nature Of Our Abilities – Determine How We Interpret Our Experiences And Can Set The Boundaries On What We Accomplish

~ MIAP-D/P/E/A-C-E ~ Mastery Is A Pain – Difficult / Painful / Excruciating / All-Consuming – Effort

~ MIAA-UCAI-YCHIOI-YCG-R/R/R-CTI-B-YCNTI-MIITRF ~ Mastery Is An Asymptote – You Can Approach It – You Can Home In On It – You Can Get – Really / Really / Really – Close To It – But – You Can Never Touch It – Mastery Is Impossible To Realize Fully

DANIEL PINK ~ DRIVE ~ 2009

~ BD-BM-FW ~ Biological Drive – Biological Motivations – From Within

~ TSD-C-FW-T-RAP-TEDFBICW ~ The Second Drive – Came – From Without – The – Rewards And Punishments – The Environment Delivered For Behaving In Certain Ways

~ ATD-IM ~ A Third Drive – Intrinsic Motivation

~ HAMTTSOOBU ~ Humans Are More Than The Sum Of Our Biological Urges

~ IWW-EW-UID ~ It Worked Well – Extremely Well – Until It Didn’t

~ T-HRC-BP-WR-ACF ~ That – Hyperrational Calculator-Brained Person – Wasn’t Real – A Convenient Fiction

~ EAFRTWF-FHB-N-S-MER ~ Economists Are Finally Realizing That We’re Full-Fledged Human Beings – Not – Single-Minded Economic Robots

~ R-CPAWSOBA:TCTAITIAD-TC-TPIW-A-BD-IM-TCS-P-C-A-E-UB-TLD ~ Rewards – Can Perform A Weird Sort Of Behavioral Alchemy: They Can Transform An Interesting Task Into A Drudge – They Can – Turn Play Into Work – And – By Diminishing – Intrinsic Motivation – They Can Send – Performance – Creativity – And – Even – Upstanding Behavior – Toppling Like Dominoes

~ LA-EM-G-NOF-TORTCBE-TCTM-B-ANFEAC-F-COC-T-OAR-CBT-W-RT-NTCUWA-IS ~ Like All – Extrinsic Motivators – Goals – Narrow Our Focus – That’s One Reason They Can Be Effective – They Concentrate The Mind – But – A Narrowed Focus Exacts A Cost – For – Complex Or Conceptual – Tasks – Offering A Reward – Can Blinker The – Wide-Ranging Thinking – Necessary To Come Up With An – Innovative Solution

~ TPWA-ER-TODTM-ITSPWCTQRT-EIIMTTLR-I-MOT-SAM-THSETML-IS-WTRITAI-TANS ~ The Problem With Making An – Extrinsic Reward – The Only Destination That Matters – Is That Some People Will Choose The Quickest Route There – Even If It Means Taking The Low Road – Indeed – Most Of The – Scandals And Misbehavior – That Have Seemed Endemic To Modern Life – Involve Shortcuts – When The Reward Is The Activity Itself – There Are No Shortcuts

~ GAER-AIC-B-G-AMTT-M2.0-R ~ Goals And Extrinsic Rewards – Aren’t Inherently Corrupting – But – Goals – Are More Toxic Than – Motivation 2.0 – Recognizes

~ G-MC-SP-FO-DT-NF/UB/IRT/DC/DIM-UCWAGIYO ~ Goals – May Cause – Systemic Problems – For Organizations – Due To – Narrowed Focus / Unethical Behavior / Increased Risk Taking / Decreased Cooperation / Decreased Intrinsic Motivation – Use Care When Applying Goals In Your Organization

~ OAR-S-TTTIU-WM-OTIMBTOYLHTITPTCC ~ Offering A Reward – Signals – That The Task Is Undesirable – What’s More – Once The Initial Money Buzz Tapers Off You’ll Likely Have To Increase The Payment To Continue Compliance

~ GAN-SAI-MA-DOLOSAPTTH ~ Greatness And Near-Sightedness Are Incompatible – Meaningful Achievement – Depends On Lifting One’s Sights And Pushing Toward The Horizon

~ OARWTTIN ~ Offer A Rational Why The Task Is Necessary

~ ATTTIB ~ Acknowledge That The Task Is Boring

~ APTCTTTOW-T-A-N-C ~ Allow People To Complete The Task Their Own Way – Think – Autonomy – Not – Control

~ EPWD-G/C/R-B-W-WTGP ~ Even People Who Do – Groovy / Creative / Right-Brain – Work – Want To Get Paid

~ TM-F-FO-S-A-TM-P-IA-EAS-RTA-AAPO-TMEICB ~ The More – Feedback – Focuses On – Specifics – And – The More – Praise – Is About – Effort And Strategy – Rather Than About – Achieving A Particular Outcome – The More Effective It Can Be

~ HBHAIIDTB-A-S-D-A-CTOA-A-WTDIL-PAMALRL ~ Human Beings Have An Innate Inner Drive To Be – Autonomous – Self-Determined – And – Connected To One Another – And – When That Drive Is Liberated – People Achieve More And Live Richer Lives

~ AOT-IOOTEAOT-M3.0-ATW ~ Autonomy Over Task – Is One Of The Essential Aspects Of The – Motivation 3.0 – Approach To Work

~ WSOOT-INITHAOOL ~ Without Sovereignty Over Our Time – It’s Nearly Impossible To Have Autonomy Over Our Lives

~ E-A-DM-D-A ~ Encouraging – Autonomy – Doesn’t Mean – Discouraging – Accountability

~ M3.0-PT-PWTBA-A-TMSTH-CO-TT-TT-TTA-TT-IAPTTD ~ Motivation 3.0 – Presumes That – People Want To Be Accountable – And – That Making Sure They Have – Control Over – Their Task – Their Time – Their Technique – And – Their Team – Is A Pathway To That Destination

~ WBTB-P-N-P-WMTB-AI-N-IA ~ We’re Born To Be – Players – Not – Pawns – We’re Meant To Be – Autonomous Individuals – Not – Individual Automatons

~ CLTC;ALTE ~ Control Leads To Compliance; Autonomy Leads To Engagement

~ GT-CTANTHANTC-NODNOS-WTMIR-TRCBG ~ Goldilocks Tasks – Challenges That Are Not Too Hot And Not Too Cold – Neither Overly Difficult Nor Overly Simple – When The Match Is Right – The Results Can Be Glorious

~ F-TDSOE-T-M3.0-CF-IAN-IAN-WNITS-IITOOTS ~ Flow – The Deep Sense Of Engagement – That – Motivation 3.0 – Calls For – Isn’t A Nicety – It’s A Necessity – We Need It To Survive – It Is The Oxygen Of The Soul

~ AP-WTM-PAVHL-B-TWDSITSOSGOCAEM ~ Autonomous People – Working Toward Mastery – Perform At Very High Levels – But – Those Who Do So In The Service Of Some Greater Objective Can Achieve Even More

~ FTUTC-T-SDNMOHG-B-OHTRG-CLSPDS-DP ~ Failing To Understand This Conundrum – That – Satisfaction Depends Not Merely On Having Goals – But – On Having The Right Goals – Can Lead Sensible People Down Self-Destructive Paths

~ IIONTSP ~ It’s In Our Nature To Seek Purpose

~ TSS-TSTHP-O-D-SDTDOL-TEAEOA-A-TLALOP ~ The Science Shows – The Secret To High Performance – Our – Deep-Seated Desire To Direct Our Own Lives – To Extend And Expand Our Abilities – And – To Live A Life Of Purpose

~ UOIID-UOHEH ~ Unlearning Old Ideas Is Difficult – Undoing Old Habits Even Harder

DEIRDE MCCLOSKEY ~ BOURGEOIS DIGNITY ~ 2010

~ ECETMW ~ Economics Can’t Explain The Modern World

~ E(AU)TRTW ~ Ethical (And Unethical) Talk Runs The World

~ BR ~ Bourgeois Revaluation

~ LEH ~ Liberty Encourages Hope

~ DWYMT-EEDNETIC ~ Despite What You May Think – European Empires Did Not Enrich The Imperial Countries

~ SIAW-B-IINATSAW-A-ALLIADT ~ Science Is A Wonder – But – It Is Not Always The Same As Wisdom – And – A Little Learning Is A Dangerous Thing

~ MEG-HB-A/U/U-TGSIEH ~ Modern Economic Growth – Has Been – Astounding / Unprecedented / Unexpected – The Greatest Surprise In Economic History

~ N-TE-HFTNO-P-UCATMOM-BIEC-AWTAE-A-B-IIETDSAM ~ Nonetheless – The Economists – Have Favored The Notion Of – Piled-Up Capital As The Maker Of Modernity – Because It Emphasizes Cost – About Which They Are Expert – And – Because – It Is Easy To Describe Statistically And Mathematically

~ LOB ~ Lottery Of Birth

~ PP ~ Profitable Peregrinations

~ ST-IOP-GA-SOL-IA-IINE-A-TDCBD ~ Superior Technologies – In One Place – Get Adopted – Sooner Or Later – In Another – It Is Not Easy – And – The Delay Can Be Decades

~ TIN-AIITS-TETMW-TS-INPTT-AOI-TOP-DNITCOM ~ There Is No – Aggregate Increase In Thrifty Savings – To Explain The Modern World – Thrifty Saving – Is Not Peculiar To The – Age Of Innovation – Thrift Or Prudence – Did Not Increase In The Childhood Of Modernity

~ CINTC-NITLR-TCTMAICBEFOGBOITS-ITIOCOCANC ~ Capital Is Not The Constraint – Not In The Long Run – The Capital To Make An Innovation Can Be Extracted From Or Given By Others In The Society – If The Institutions Of Coercion Or Credit Are Not Clogged

~ ND-MI-HAU-‘G’-AI ~ Nor Does – Modern Innovation – Have Anything Unusually – “Greedy” – About It

~ S-ORNO-PAS-BA-R ~ Success – Ordinarily Requires Not Only – Pugnacity And Shrewdness – But Also – Restraint

~ LIL ~ Legally Infinite Lives

~ MEG-DN-A-DN-A-C-DOTSTBGB-SFPP-IINAGBP-INHB ~ Modern Economic Growth – Did Not – And – Does Not – And – Cannot – Depend On The Scraps To Be Gained By – Stealing From Poor People – It Is Not A Good Business Plan – It Never Has Been

~ I-WNBIA-SOE ~ Innovation – Was Not Born In A – Sin Of Expropriation

~ CDNAP ~ Crime Does Not Always Pay

~ WCAFTRORCBRTEOPP ~ We Cannot Account For The Riches Of Rich Countries By Reference To Exploitation Of Poor People

~ VT-W-FRP-AA-EOEPP-TOTBTBP ~ Voluntary Trading – With – Free Rich People – As Against – Exploitation Of Enslaved Poor People – Turns Out To Be The Better Plan

~ TF-O-T-WN-HYON ~ The Fall – Of – Tyrants – With Nine-Hundred Year Old Names

~ AGDOLAPAE-TPIT-DOI-A-TAOM ~ A Good Deal Of Life And Politics And Exchange – Takes Place In The – Damning Of Incentives – And – The Assertion Of Meaning

~ Y-MMIB-AMA-LIAM-O-CIAA-O-JIACOL ~ Yet – Meaning Matters In Business – As Much As – Love In A Marriage – Or – Courage In An Army – Or – Justice In A Court Of Law

~ SPOP-I-N-B-IHLTDW-FI-O-PL-BIHBECB ~ Secure Possession Of Property – Is – Necessary – But – It Had Little To Do With – Financial Innovations – Or – Political Liberty – Because It Had Been Established Centuries Before

~ WETMW-IN-I-B-I ~ What Explains The Modern World – Is Not – Investment – But – Innovation

~ PC-T-TDNADF-TCG ~ People Cooperate – Too – They Do Not Always Defect From – The Common Good

~ PWCUBMI ~ Patents Were Considered Undignified By Many Inventors

~ NANIAGO ~ Not All New Ideas Are Good Ones

~ HOTHAMAL-MTE ~ Habits Of The Heart And Mind And Lip – Matter To Economies

~ I-VA-IAC-ANCWM-BR-CAC ~ Institutions – Viewed As – Incentives And Constraints – Are Not Chiefly What Mattered – But Rather – Community And Conversation

~ L-IAT-S-W-MA-R-O-EG-TA-C ~ Like – Imperialism And Trade – Science – Was – More A – Result – Of – Economic Growth – Than A – Cause

~ TANSTAAFL (TANSTAAFL) ~ There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch (TANSTAAFL)

~ ANRE-E-E ~ A New Rhetorical Environment – Encouraged – Entrepreneurs

~ IWW ~ It Was Words

~ S-TP-A-PCTHH-UF-T-EINEORE-TRTTAEHAAIP ~ Science – Though Proud – And – Persistently Claiming To Help Humankind – Usually Followed – Technology – Explaining In Neat Equations Or Rigorous Experiments – The Results That Tinkerers And Engineers Had Already Achieved In Practice

~ DAL-S-W ~ Dignity And Liberty – Still – Work

~ DAL-TGE ~ Dignity And Liberty – The Greatest Externalites

DAN ARIELY ~ PAYOFF ~ 2016

~ WAA-P-TM ~ We Are All – Part-Time Motivators

~ WDFUTTAROITMU-ML-HTDTOIIWOAOAUTOBTC-‘M’-WAC-M ~ We Don’t Fully Understand The Types And Range Of Incentives That Motivate Us – Much Less – How These Different Types Of Incentives Interact With One Another Or Add Up To One Big Thing Called – “Motivation” – With A Capital – M

~ OMSFTTCASOH-A-REATMO-COOL ~ Our Motivations Spring From Trying To Conquer A Sense Of Helplessness – And – Reclaim Even A Tiny Modicum Of – Control Over Our Lives

~ D-WADTTIA-SOM-EWDSI-CAP ~ Deeply – We Are Driven To Tap Into A – Sense Of Meaning – Even When Doing So Is – Challenging And Painful

~ KWDUAO-IAEST-ETIJ-A-MTC-IOL ~ Knowing What Drives Us And Others – Is An Essential Step Toward – Enhancing The Inherent Joy – And – Minimizing The Confusion – In Our Lives

~ IYRWT-DP-‘S’-TW-ITWTG-B-YCGAATWTSB-ITE ~ If You Really Want To – Demotivate People – “Shredding” – Their Work – Is The Way To Go – But – You Can Get Almost All The Way There Simply By – Ignoring Their Efforts

~ WCIM-SBATEOTWWU ~ We Can Increase Motivation – Simply By Acknowledging The Efforts Of Those Working With Us

~ SIE-EW-IOTTA-NLR ~ Some Ideas Endure – Even When – It’s Obvious That They Are – No Longer Relevant

~ PDUTEADTWAFOAIP ~ People Dramatically Underappreciate The Extent And Depth To Which A Feeling Of Accomplishment Influences People

~ TJO(ETTWA)MS-ODATOOIAC ~ The Joy Of (Even Thinking That We Are) Making Something – Our Deep Attachment To Our Own Ideas And Creations

~ DYRTOPDSYLCITSWTYD? ~ Do You Recognize That Other People Don’t See Your Lovely Creation In The Same Way That You Do?

~ LFOHIIB ~ Love For One’s Handiwork Is Indeed Blind

~ WASMB-I-TNFR-ASOA-A-AFOC ~ We Are Strongly Motivated By – Identity – The Need For Recognition – A Sense Of Accomplishment – And – A Feeling Of Creation

~ WAA-LB-B-OO-EB ~ We Are All – Largely Blinded – By – Our Own – Egocentric Bias

~ AL-SE-PUBI-M-A-TIA-HR ~ A Little – Sweat Equity – Pays Us Back In – Meaning – And – That Is A – High Return

~ WRMU? ~ What Really Motivates Us?

~ M-CHANEO-SN ~ Money – Can Have A Negative Effect On – Social Norms

~ TPOR ~ The Power Of Relationships

~ APF-C/C/E;ATFM-T/A;ATGMRFTE-TTAO-M/J/O-FE-GML ~ As People Feel – Connected / Challenged / Engaged; As They Feel More – Trusted / Autonomous; As They Get More Recognition For Their Efforts – The Total Amount Of – Motivation / Joy / Output – For Everyone – Grows Much Larger

~ WCHO-F/C/E/O-WWRT-LACM ~ We Can Help Our – Friends / Coworkers / Employees / Ourselves – When We Remember That – Love And Caring Matter

~ TJOL-TR ~ The Joy Of Long-Term Relationships

~ GR-A-T-ONF-C-ATOALTS ~ Good Relationships – Aren’t – Transactional – Our Need For – Connectedness – Anchors Them On A Longer Time Scale

~ AWB-MEWOW-WBBHAMP ~ As We Become – Meaningfully Engaged With Our Work – We Become Both Happier And More Productive

~ TVOG ~ The Value Of Goodwill

~ GIF-SIIE-B-DIIEE ~ Goodwill Is Fragile – Supporting It Is Easy – But – Destroying It Is Even Easier

~ SI-A-TNFM ~ Symbolic Immortality – And – The Need For Meaning

~ TMPM-I-OCTO ~ The Most Powerful Motivator In The World – Is – Our Connection To Others

~ I-AKW-CDWTIPTDB-WO-HT-O-E/D/C-MWFIWOLFT? ~ If – A Kind Word – Can Do Wonders To Impel People To Do Better – What Other – Hidden Treasures – Of – Energy / Dedication / Commitment – Might We Find If We Only Looked For Them?

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ CHARLES ELTON ~ THREE QUESTIONS ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ HWTCATAAPTLHN? ~ How Will This Change Affect The Animals And Plants That Live Here Now?

~ WBASMBL? ~ What Beauty And Security May Be Lost?

~ HWTCA-‘TAIOC’ ~ How Will This Change Affect – “The Accumulating Instability Of Communities?”

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ W-OBP-OTMEY-WSBSTMTHAPU ~ With – One Billion People – On The Move Every Year – We Shouldn’t Be Surprised That Microbial Traffic Has Also Picked Up

~ ED-G-T-FOB-DEANOGIITWWL ~ Every Day – Globe-Trotting – Fungi Or Bacteria – Determinedly Expose A Number Of Glaring Insecurities In The Way We Live

~ T-TPO-600-LD-PIQTWOTT-LR-A-T-B-I-B-FIA ~ The Troubling Proliferation Of – 600 – Livestock Diseases – Puts Into Question The Wisdom Of The – “Livestock Revolution” – And – The – Bigger-Is-Better – Fad In Agriculture

~ WHBGTIP ~ We Have Become Grand Traders In Pandemonium

~ F-MI ~ Factory-Made Infections

~ BF-INPTSTHLA-VT ~ Bird Flu – Is Now Poised To Sweep Through Humans Like A – Viral Tsunami

~ VAALFOTETD ~ Viruses Are Always Looking For Opportunities To Expand Their Domain

~ WAVOBGIAFATFSOWG-T-‘U’-A-RRUARO ~ Whenever A Virus Or Bacterium Gets Into A Factory And Threatens Feed Schedules Or Weight Gain – The – “Units” – Are – Routinely Rounded Up And Rubbed Out

~ YC-C-P-P-A-P-T-WBABMFVC ~ You Can’t – Crowd – People – Pigs – And – Poultry – Together – Without Building A Better Market For Viral Commerce

~ OLFS ~ Officials Looking For Scapegoats

~ N-OC-WTTA-C-M-IGAGC

~ Nobody – Of Course – Wants To Talk About – Crowding – More – In Greater And Greater Concentrations

~ VANBOOTNRIWAUR-TTP-HE ~ Viruses Are Now Breaking Out Of Their Natural Reservoirs In Wildlife At Unprecedented Rates – Thanks To Persistent – Human Encroachment

~ T-SGE ~ The – Sixth Great Extinction

~ HH-RMAMLASO-BE-TGEMLAGATPASOOTI ~ Human History – Reads More And More Like A String Of – Biological Explosions – That Grow Ever More Loud And Grotesque As The Pace And Scale Of Our Trading Increases

~ CC/SC/BW-TAT-NHTPTCPBAEGO ~ Cargo Containers / Shipping Crates / Ballast Water – Trade And Transport – Now Have The Power To Collapse Political Borders And Erase Geographical Ones

~ BI-OER-RLEWDOAIO-I/A/WH ~ Biological Invaders – Outrageous Economic Robberies – Ruining Local Economies With Deliberate Or Accidental Invasions Of – Influenza / Ants / Water Hyacinth

~ FS-IAE-DH-BD ~ For Starters – Importers And Exporters – Don’t Hold – Biology Degrees

~ B-TRPACDT-A-TCOI-ABB-C/T ~ But – The Real Problem Always Comes Down To – Accountability – The Costs Of Invasions – Are Borne By – Consumers / Taxpayers

~ TUE:HE ~ The Ultimate Invader: Homo Economicus

~ ML-LDR-PIFOGC-SBO-NRTVABIHBS-GD-HAHBC ~ Modern Livestock – Little Disease Resistance – Packed In Feedlots Or Gestation Crates – Stressed By Overcrowding – Natural Resistance To Viral And Bacterial Infections Has Been Shattered – Growing Densities – Hidden And Huge Biological Costs

~ TM-TP-ATEO-AH-W-TL-HCTACGO-P-AH-S ~ To Maximize – Trade Profit – At The Expense Of – Animal Health – With – Trade Liberalization – Has Come A Corresponding Gutting Of – Public – Animal Health – Services

~ H-OATLBTEDOIT19C-AG-A-OTR-MT-40%-AE ~ Half – Of All The Livestock Breeds That Europe Depended On In The 19th Century – Are Gone – And – Of Those Remaining – More Than – 40 Percent – Are Endangered

~ GD-MTBIA-F/D/E ~ Genetic Diversity – Makes The Best Insurance Against – Famine / Drought / Epidemics

~ ‘GCP’ ~ “Great Cattle Plague”

~ MCD-BSE-TSE-‘SGA’-IOTWR-4,500-M-S-BTI-EEWTHO-BC-A-IF ~ Mad Cow Disease – Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy – Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy – “Spectacular Geographic Amplification” – Invasion Of The World’s Remaining – 4,500 – Mammal – Species – By These Illnesses – Expands Exponentially With The Help Of – Barnyard Cannibalism – And – Industrial Farming

~ R-‘SFOA’-ICFR-DGE-BATCID-SI-A-ATOKOR-B-TEO-RDR-CW-CSDTTWW-K-MAB-MBM-P-OTLM-MFA-IF-DC-FIDTTM-CCAE-MHNPICOTSB ~ Rendering – “Scientific Feeding Of Animals” – Industrial Cannibalism For Ruminants – Devoted Grass Eaters – Balked At The Change In Diet – Suffered Indigestion – And – Ate Their Own Kind Only Reluctantly – But – The Efficiency Of – Recycling Dead Ruminants – Combined With – Cereal Shortages During The Two World Wars – Kept – Meat And Bonemeal – MBM – Powder – On The Livestock Menu – Material From An – Infected Few – Diligently Concentrated – For Industrial Delivery To The Many – Could Cause An Epidemic – Mammals Had Never Partaken In Cannibalism On That Scale Before

~ SW ~ Slaughterhouse Waste

~ ISP ~ Inadequate Surveillance Program

~ ATCOAF-IB-DAE ~ Analyzing The Content Of Animal Feeds – Is Both – Difficult And Expensive

~ F-MT-1M-S-TMOTWMDCDAFIO-SCOOC-OAWA-OHOAWTBD-ASFCCAHOAR ~ Fungi – More Than – 1 Million – Species – The Majority Of The World’s Most Devastating Crop Diseases Are Fungal In Origin – Specialized Cultivation Of One Crop – Over A Wide Area – One Hell Of A Way To Brew Disease – A Simple Fungus Can Create A Hell Of A Rumpus

~ AECOANOESINUSOHHABWD-TGEOAP-I-RAG ~ Almost Every Crop Of Any Nutritional Or Economic Significance Is Now Under Siege Or Has Had A Brush With Death – The Global Exchange Of Agricultural Pathogens – Is – Real And Growing

~ ‘GCA’ ~ “Global Change Agents”

~ FAP-HDAETS ~ Famine And Pestilence – Have Dogged Agriculture’s Every Tortured Step

~ M-TPOOCVOAWA ~ Monoculture – The Planting Of One Crop Variety Over A Wide Area

~ W-WOB-30,000-V-NCIO-TOF-SV-TMBETW-135K-O-PPPA ~ Wheat – Which Once Boasted – 30,000 – Varieties – Now Comes In Only – Three Of Four – Specialized Varieties – That Must Be Engineered To Withstand – 135 Kilograms – Of – Pesticide Poison Per Acre

~ TEB-AM-FF-D-W-UMW ~ The Epidemic Began – As Most – Fungal Fiestas – Do – With – Unusually Moist Weather

~ TF ~ Toxic Fungicides

~ M-I-D-A-GT-GTIPUL-AMFGCD-HABOE-DP-M ~ Monocultures – Invite – Disease – And – Global Trade – Gives The Invading Pathogens Unlimited Mileage – Abandoning Monoculture For Greater Crop Diversity – Has Always Been On Every – Disaster Prevention – Menu

~ WHEATPO-E-PAP-RA-L4(TS)L-DOAL ~ We Have Even Added The Possibility Of – Engineered – Pests And Plants – Running Amok – Level 4 (Top Security) Labs – Deliberate Or Accidental Leaks

~ TWABM-WR-TID-WR ~ The World Already Boasts More – Water Refugees – Than It Does – War Refugees

~ RT ~ Red Tides

~ CS-‘FBI’ ~ Cargo Ships – “Floating Biological Islands”

~ LO-UAM-P-LOT-D ~ Loads Of – Untreated Animal Manure – Produce – Loads Of Trouble – Downstream

~ CW:OOTPMEDFAPK ~ Cold Winters: One Of The Planet’s Most Effective Disease Filters And Pest Killers

~ ITL-10Y-JAE-E-BD-HZEIT ~ In The Last – 10 Years – Just About Every – Insect-Borne Disease – Has Zealously Expanded Its Territory

~ A-SP-WST-GE-WTSFAA-MED ~ A – Severe Pandemic – Will Shock The – Global Economy – With The Same Force As A – Major Economic Depression

~ MWWLT-WC-LT-W-LBIUW ~ Maybe We Will Learn That – We Can’t – Liberalize Trade – Without – Liberating Biology In Unpredictable Ways

~ IIM-EAC-T-IABHACDIP-TIIT-SARP ~ It Is Much – Easier And Cheaper – To – Identify A Biological Hitchhiker And Close Down Its Pathways – Than It Is To – Stop A Runaway Pandemic

~ B-WFGTDTRT-CBAHE-AA-TOP ~ But – Waiting For Government To Do The Right Thing – Can Be A – Hazardous Enterprise – And A – Test Of Patience

~ ATWTPTR ~ Ask Them Where They Plan To Retire

~ BL-A-LM ~ Buy Less – And – Live More