CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

MITCH JOEL ~ SIX PIXELS OF SEPARATION ~ 2009

~ MAYNIAH? ~ Maybe All You Need Is A Hug?

~ ITDAAYEROI ~ In This Day And Age You’re Either Remarkable Or Invisible

~ YAHAC-AYAPOI? ~ You Already Have A Community – Are You A Part Of It?

~ CWYRA ~ Communicate Who You Really Are

~ AVTTC ~ Add Value To The Conversation

~ WTDPCUTHNBMAFTOW? ~ What Tools Do People Commonly Use That Have Not Been Made Available For The Online World?

~ T-R-N-S ~ Think – Ripples – Not – Splashes

~ TBAITPYOT ~ The Best Advice Is To Put Yourself Out There

~ TBWTBAPBITGYKA ~ The Best Way To Build A Personal Brand Is To Give Your Knowledge Away

~ BCAE-B-RIWYGIW ~ Be Curious About Everything – But – Ruthless In What You Get Involved With

~ FAOYOSN ~ Finding And Owning Your Own Specific Niche

~ WIYN? ~ What Is Your Niche?

~ DOTG ~ Do One Thing Great

~ BOS ~ Blue Ocean Strategy

~ ABE ~ Always Be Experimenting

~ LPSYI ~ Let People Steal Your Ideas

~ CIE-EIC ~ Content Is Everything – Everything Is Content

~ SIASTMP ~ Simple Ideas Are Sometimes The Most Powerful

~ ANBMLWAAWBTAW ~ All New Business Models Look Weird And Act Weird Because They Are Weird

~ NA-‘F’-ACE ~ Not All – “Friends” – Are Created Equal

TOM PHILLIPS ~ TRUTH ~ 2020

~ AT-BAOTVOU-TJPO-BW ~ And Then – Beyond All Of These Varieties Of Untruth – There’s Just Plain Old – Being Wrong

~ TH-WWBFWTCBWTAWAGS-WTTGFTGS ~ Throughout History – When We’ve Been Faced With The Choice Between What’s True And What’s A Good Story – We Tend To Go For The Good Story

~ IWAJ-THJ-GABOOH ~ It Was A Joke – That Had Just – Got A Bit Out Of Hand

~ ITOTHKHTDW-IPFNGR ~ If There’s One Thing Humans Know How To Do Well – Its Panic For No Good Reason

~ SF-A-AJSGTWCATTNBT ~ Some Facts – Apparently – Are Just So Good That We Can’t Allow Them To Not Be True

~ HILWPWCTHUVOTTTND ~ History Is Littered With People Who Claimed To Have Undertaken Voyages Or Treks That They Never Did

~ TDDTBTFAHSP ~ This Desperate Desire To Believe The Fantasy Also Had Staying Power

~ APBFL ~ A Perfect Bullshit Feedback Loop

~ IYLWYICOAC-IRFM ~ If You Lie When You’re In Charge Of A Country – It Really Fucking Matters

~ A-WOLL-S-R-R-R-LNOPD ~ Also – When Our Leaders Lie – Sometimes – Really – Really – Really – Large Numbers Of People Die

~ ITATWTDOOLTCIIO-IWSWTGTW ~ If There’s A Time When The Dishonesty Of Our Leaders Truly Comes Into Its Own – It’s When Somebody Wants To Go To War

~ FG ~ Full Gatsby

~ OOOMCMAHIHMWOTROE-A-OBT-‘ME’-E-‘MRE-W’-I-TPIM-NNTC ~ One Of Our Most Consistent Mistakes As Humans Is How Much We Overrate The Reliability Of Eyewitnesses – And – Our Belief That – “More Eyewitnesses” – Equals – “More Reliable Eye-Witnesses” – Is – To Put It Mildly – Not Necessarily The Case

~ I-ME-TFOWSP(AOPTIT)WC ~ In – Medieval Europe – The Fear Of Witches Stealing Penises (And Occasionally Putting Them In Trees) Was Common

~ U-IMWCDTAFFPTHH:WPWTM-BCOTWAATFOLII-WQLTBAT-POFAAGOP-WANU-AS-‘TF’-A-IWDDIO-TNBSEWSTBFTUWTB ~ Ultimately – It Might Well Come Down To A Fairly Fundamental Problem That Humans Have: When Presented With The Mind-Bogging Complexity Of The World And All The Frustrations Of Living In It – We Quite Like To Be Able To – Point Our Fingers At A Group Of People – Who Are Not Us – And Say – “Their Fault!” – And – If We Don’t Do It Ourselves – There’ll Normally Be Somebody Else Who Stands To Benefit From Telling Us Who To Blame

~ WDLOMITP-TBWUESOTW ~ We Didn’t Leave Our Monsters In The Past – They’ve Been With Us Every Step Of The Way

~ TATF ~ Toward A Truthier Future

~ WANT-CO-AOU-NMHCWTWATTT-CEFI-TET-A-FOLTL-AYIIPTYPB-A-WYAIASAYM ~ We Also Need To – Check Ourselves – Any Of Us – No Matter How Committed We Think We Are To The Truth – Can Easily Fall Into – The Ego Trap – And – Find Ourselves Liking The Lie – Ask Yourself If It’s Playing To Your Personal Biases – And – Whether You’re Approaching It As Skeptically As You Might

~ EMM-A-WNTGBACTOUWAOTAT ~ Everybody Makes Mistakes – And – We Need To Get Better At Celebrating Those Of Us Who Are Open To Admitting Them

~ TGWATIO-‘FN’-IAT-PBFN-IT-TSBRN ~ The Greatest Worry About The Idea Of – “Fake News” – Isn’t Actually That – People Believe False News – It’s That – They Stop Believing Real News

TOM PHILLIPS ~ THE SEVEN MAIN WAYS THAT UNTRUTHS SPREAD AND TAKE HOLD ~ TRUTH ~ 2020

~ TEB-WRDOCTTOSOIAI ~ The Effort Barrier – When Relative Difficulty Of Checking The Truth Of Something Outweighs Its Apparent Importance

~ IV-WTIGIOS-CIWAFITFTV-A-ALOTT-IRTB-EWBIFSU ~ Information Vacuums ~ When There Isn’t Good Information On Something – Crappy Information Will Always Flood In To Fill The Void – And – A Lot Of The Time – It Refuses To Budge – Even When Better Information Finally Shows Up

~ TBSFL-TCGR-PSAWTSTATDF ~ The BullShit Feedback Loop – The Claim Gets Repeated – People Start Adjusting What They Say To Accommodate The Dodgy Facts

~ WITBT-TAAWHOTOBDTMUPBASOTDBTAN-T-WWWTBS-WOWONIATCPFDOBLOP ~ Wanting It To Be True – There Are A Whole Host Of Things Our Brains Do That Make Us Particularly Bad At Sniffing Out The Difference Between Truth And Not-Truth – When We Want To Believe Something – Working Out Whether Or Not It’s Actually True Comes Pretty Far Down Our Brain’s List Of Priorities

~ TET-WRDNLTATWW-OBDLDI-A-TAAWHOCGTPUAFEATWMHFU ~ The Ego Trap – We Really Do Not Like To Admit That We’re Wrong – Our Brains Don’t Like Doing It – And – There Are A Whole Host Of Cognitive Biases That Push Us Away From Even Acknowledging That We Might Have Fucked Up

~ JNC-WMTIJNIWSTOF(EIWLTL) ~ Just Not Caring – We Might Think It’s Just Not Important Whether Something’s True Or False (Especially If We Like The Lie)

~ LOI-OOTSATUHI-QS-WDUATMASWTICM ~ Lack Of Imagination – One Of The Strongest Advantages That Untruth Has Is – Quite Simply – We Don’t Understand All The Myriad And Surprising Ways That It Can Manifest

RUTH SOUKUP ~ HOW TO BLOG FOR PROFIT WITHOUT SELLING YOUR SOUL ~ 2014

~ OYOJ ~ Own Your Own Journey

~ DCYBTSEM ~ Don’t Compare Your Beginning To Someone Else’s Middle

~ IOOGISABI-TMM-YWF ~ If Our Only Goal In Starting A Blog Is – To Make Money – You Will Fail

~ FYAAWABAT ~ Find Your Awesome And Write A Blog About That

~ WDYLMTA? ~ What Do You Love More Than Anything?

~ WAYMPA? ~ What Are You Most Passionate About?

~ WMYWTJOOBITM-O-GYFUTAPTYJCSTAI? ~ What Makes You Want To Jump Out Of Bed In The Morning – Or – Gets You Fired Up To A Point That You Just Can’t Stop Talking About It?

~ WIITYARGA? ~ What Is It That You Are Really Good At?

~ WDOAYA? ~ What Do Others Ask You About?

~ WSDYLTRA? ~ What Subject Do You Love To Read About?

~ TKTASBI-V-V-S-GC ~ The Key To A Successful Blog Is – Very – Very – Simple – Great Content

~ IPLWYHTS-TWSIWO ~ If People Like What You Have To Say – They Will Share It With Others

~ YCWNGVIIIA ~ Your Content Will Not Go Viral If It Isn’t Awesome

~ ACWTAWPAWD ~ Awesome Comes With Time And With Practice And With Diligence

~ AWABBCDITTFTNFHQC ~ All We As Bloggers Can Do Is Try To Fill That Need For High-Quality Content

~ SBTYMHAAPOESSMO-I-FPOTSMTYSDTTYB ~ Stop Believing That You Must Have An Active Presence On Every Single Social Media Outlet – Instead – Focus Primarily On The Social Media That You See Driving Traffic To Your Blog

~ DBSFOTDSTYFTBI ~ Don’t Be So Focused On The Dollar Signs That You Forget To Be Incredible

~ IRTIIWGTMMAAB-IWNAWTBDOJOSOI ~ I Realized That If I Was Going To Make Money As A Blogger – I Would Never Again Want To Become Dependent On Just One Stream Of Income

~ EBSHAEB ~ Every Blogger Should Have An E-Book

~ BT-‘OTB’-ITOHTMMOYB ~ Begin Thinking – “Outside The Box” – In Terms Of How To Make Money On Your Blog

~ DWYAIAF-A-CCAPTFTN ~ Determine What Your Audience Is Asking For – And – Create A Product To Fill That Need

~ CWYCOSMLIT-CAEB-TAEC-O-DSSOCW ~ Consider Whether Your Content Or Subject Matter Lends Itself To – Creating An E-Book – Teaching An E-Course – Or Doing Some Sort Of Consulting Work

~ TM:DITF ~ Time Management: Do Important Things First

~ CAP-TPOYPINTIA-BRT-CCIYOM-NJOWYBIN-B-WIIH ~ Creating A Plan – The Purpose Of Your Plan Is Not To Impress Anyone – But Rather To – Create Clarity In Your Own Mind – Not Just Of Where Your Business Is Now – But – Where It Is Headed

JULIET SCHOR ~ BORN TO BUY ~ 2004

~ TCC ~ The Commercialized Child

~ TCO-W-A-S ~ The Cycle Of – Work-And-Spend

~ YPAROCKAA-TATFAAAUOMOTNT-TATHMWTMPCD-A-AMCTTP-B-A-TLT ~ Young People Are Repositories Of Consumer Knowledge And Awareness – They Are The First Adopters And Avid Users Of Many Of The New Technologies – They Are The Household Members With The Most Passionate Consumer Desires – And – Are Most Closely Tethered To Products – Brands – And – The Latest Trends

~ CSWAICA-C-APAPHCTDWI-‘I’O’O’-WI-HON-WDTHFOSS-ISAW-HMPOTDOS?-IARSMCDW ~ Children’s Social Worlds Are Increasingly Constructed Around Consuming – As Brands And Products Have Come To Determine Who Is – “In” Or “Out” – Who Is – Hot Or Not – Who Deserves To Have Friends Or Social Status – In Such A World – How Many Parents Opt To Downshift Or Simplify? – It’s A Radical Step Many Children Don’t Welcome

~ TCOC ~ The Commercialization Of Childhood

~ AWCHCIC-IITAOO-N-WT-O-CSE-TSEOCIICCTIU ~ As We Consider How Childhood Is Changing – It’s Important To Avoid Our Own – Nostalgia – Wishful Thinking – Or – Culturally Specific Experiences – The Sheer Extent Of Children’s Immersion In Consumer Culture Today Is Unprecedented

~ TNNIT-KAMJF-TCATSP ~ The New Norm Is That – Kids And Marketeers Join Forces – To Convince Adults To Spend Money

~ IICCCD-ITFO-D-A-LSE-A-PC ~ Involvement In Consumer Culture – Causes Dysfunction – In The Forms Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints

~ ‘K’ ~ “Kid-fluence”

~ FAGAOE-C-NP-AMC-MPNBTTCKMAPABTTD-A-TROTK ~ For A Growing Array Of Expenditures – Children – Not Parents – Are Making Choices – Many Parents Now Believe That Their Children Know More About Products And Brands Than They Do – And – They Rely On That Knowledge

~ TDCT-‘KADTT’-B-THBAHTT ~ The Designers Claim That – “Kids Are Driving The Trend” – But – They Have Been Advertising Heavily To Them

~ TTWOCP-TMADB-AFPC ~ Throughout The World Of Children’s Products – The Markets Are Dominated By – A Few Powerful Companies

~ TDOCMHETRLAJE-MIFHTPC ~ Two Decades Of Corporate Monies Have Eroded The Regulatory Legislative And Judicial Environment – Making It Far Harder To Protect Children

~ CE-EQO-AFP-ANE-F-V-A-F-ROYOAS ~ Children Eat – Excessive Quantities Of – Advertised Food Products – And Not Enough – Fruits – Vegetables – And – Fiber – Rates Of Youth Obesity Are Skyrocketing

~ TMOC ~ The Marketing Of Cool

~ MCTVT-WAATWAC-ME-HLOM-CA-A-ALTGWIAAHVITMWDOWHAWN-LMMLLAL ~ Marketers Convey The View That – Wealth And Aspiration To Wealth Are Cool – Material Excess – Having Lots Of Money – Career Achievement – And – A Lifestyle To Go With It Are All Highly Valued In The Marketing World’s Definition Of What’s Hot And What’s Not – Living Modestly Means Living Like A Loser

~ AAHBC-OYRFY ~ Advertising Agencies Have Been Co-Opting Youth Rebellion For Years

~ AC-TPOTPAMMODFOKATTTYO ~ Age Compression – The Practice Of Taking Products And Marketing Messages Originally Designed For Older Kids And Targeting Them To Younger Ones

~ KAGOY ~ Kids Are Getting Older Younger

~ PP ~ Pester Power

~ CAPS ~ Child And Parent Studies

~ T-T-ASFRK-TEIATTIP ~ Trans-Toying – Another Strategy For Reaching Kids – Take Everyday Items And Turn Them Into Playthings

~ ASTTMOTBOWTTWT-CIPNAS-HTMATPSIAQ

~ Advertisers Select Their Thematic Messages On The Basis Of What They Think Will Trigger – Children’s Innermost Psychological Needs And States – How These Messages Affect Those Psychological States Is Another Question

~ AK-TC-MSD-T-K-ITC ~ Alpha Kids – The Coolest – Most Socially Dominant – Trendsettingest – Kids – In The Community

~ CEHBCITWOES ~ Child Endorsers Have Become Common In The World Of Extreme Sports

~ OOTMTAO-VM-ITIAKTUTFFTPOGIOSP ~ One Of The Most Troubling Aspect Of – Viral Marketing – Is That It Asks Kids To Use Their Friends For The Purpose Of Gaining Information Or Selling Products

~ 101WTDAA ~ 101 Ways To Disguise An Ad

~ ‘R-L’PP-P-P-IELT-PU ~ “Real-Life” – Product Placement – Puts – Products – Into Everyday Life Through – Paid Users

~ ‘A’-ABPIBDITG ~ “Advergaming” – A Branded Product Is Built Directly Into The Game

~ TCOPI ~ The Corruption Of Public Information

~ ETO ~ Enlisting Trusted Organizations

~ CA-TCOPS-TJITMC-SAACTACAAAAELTG ~ Captive Audiences – The Commercialization Of Public Schools – The Jewel In The Marketer’s Crown – Students Are As Close To A Captive Audience As Advertisers Are Ever Likely To Get

~ TWH ~ The Wholesome Halo

~ TNIR-P-F-T-F-S-O-CDL-FKDWTDATTTUTITFOHTSTMS ~ The New Intrusive Research – Painstaking – Face-To-Face – Scrutiny – Of – Children’s Daily Lives – Film Kids Doing What They Do And Then Try To Use That Information To Figure Out How To Sell Them More Stuff

~ TNCL:KAE-HCTPIAFATCOR-A-TCMSACFAROPTCFTI-AMAOCAAAESTDTT ~ The New Child Labor: Kid As Expert – Hiring Children To Provide Insight And Feedback And To Carry Out Research – And – The Children Must Sign A Contract Forgoing Any Royalties On Products That Come From Their Ideas – A Moderate Amount Of Cash And An Attentive Ear Seem To Do The Trick

~ N-BS-TDHTSTC ~ Neuromarketing – Brain Science – To Determine How To Sell To Consumers

~ EIGFBPS ~ Ethical Issues Go Far Beyond Permission Slips

~ PS-SA-AC-C-A-CW-HBDICRE-A-TOWPABP

~ Parental Surrogates – Such As – Athletic Coaches – Clergy – And – Community Workers – Have Been Drawn Into Commercial Research Efforts – And – Typicality Operate Without Prior Approval By Parents

~ HF ~ Habit Formation

~ PF-IATCO-CCC ~ Processed Food – Is At The Center Of – Children’s Consumer Culture

~ FA-P-CIS ~ Food Advertising – Pervades – Children’s Internet Sites

~ MTV-IRT-PNH ~ More Television Viewing – Is Related To – Poor Nutritional Habits

~ TILITRFCEHLSWPATSOIDTPA-B-TA-F-TFLNFICC ~ The Industry Line Is That Responsibility For Children’s Eating Habits Lies Squarely With Parents And That Skyrocketing Obesity Is Due To – Parental Abdication – But – They Are – Fighting – The Food Labeling Necessary For Informed Consumer Choices

~ FHADSAFP-A-MAFOHTCOT ~ Food Has Deep Subconscious Associations For People – And – Marketers Are Figuring Out How To Capitalize On Those

~ ACBOEST-CAA-AMLT-S-D-A-UD-WTETAOPDTP ~ A Considerable Body Of Evidence Shows That – Children And – Adolescents Are More Likely To – Smoke – Drink – And – Use Drugs – When They’re Exposed To Ads Or Programming Depicting These Products

~ ETDAHBAPOCEL-IATTIDTAI-F/TS/PC-AOPDHS-TT-TPOCMEDUHCTACNOD ~ Exposure To Drug Advertising Has Become A Part Of Children’s Everyday Lives – In Addition To The Illegal Drugs That Appear In – Films /Television Shows / Popular Culture – Advertising Of Prescription Drugs Has Soared – Taken Together – The Proliferation Of Commercial Messages Encouraging Drug Use Has Contributed To A Cultural Normalization Of Drugs

~ AOBDY-A-SRSTCIBCOTMEDVDTB ~ Addictions Often Begin During Youth – And – Some Researchers Suspect That Changes In Brain Chemistry Occur That Make Early Dependency Very Difficult To Break

~ MAMOATPUTIOEED-TFM ~ Manufacturers And Marketers Of All These Products Understand The Importance Of Establishing Early Demand – The Future Market

~ TMTOCMTCI-TIOTMBTPAC ~ The Major Thrust Of Contemporary Marketing To Children Is – The Interposition Of The Marketer Between The Parent And Child

~ HCI-IASCO-D-A-LS-E-A-PC-LIICCLTHK-A-MILKPW-BTD ~ High Consumer Involvement – Is A Significant Cause Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints – Less Involvement In Consumer Culture Leads To Healthier Kids – And – More Involvement Leads Kids’ Psychological Well-Being To Deteriorate

~ DC ~ Decommercializing Childhood

~ VC-HF ~ Voluntary Codes – Have Failed

~ R-FDICM ~ Require – Full Disclosure In Children’s Marketing

~ MAETAFTWPT-ITIIRT-AA-I-V-A-E-F-W-THNTF ~ Make Advertising Easier To Avoid For Those Who Prefer To – If The Industry Is Right That – Ads Are – Informative – Valuable – And – Enjoyable – For – Viewers – They Have Nothing To Fear

~ A-FS ~ Ad-Free Schools

~ ROSFC ~ Reclaim Outdoor Space For Children

~ OC-CC-TPO-HAAP-TITKU-A-TGOMA-A-HK ~ Oppose Corporate-Constructed Childhood – The Prevalence Of – Harmful And Addictive Products – The Imperative To Keep Up – And – The Growth Of Materialist Attitudes – Are – Harming Kids

MATT TAIBBI ~ THE TEN RULES OF HATE ~ HATE INC. ~ 2019

~ TAOTI-TSOIIN ~ There Are Only Two Ideas – The Spectrum Of Ideas Is Narrow

~ TTIAIPC ~ The Two Ideas Are In Permanent Conflict

~ H-P-N-I ~ Hate – People – Not – Institutions

~ EISEF ~ Everything Is Someone Else’s Fault

~ NIEF ~ Nothing Is Everyone’s Fault

~ R-D-T ~ Root – Don’t – Think

~ NST ~ No Switching Teams

~ TOSILH ~ The Other Side Is Literally Hitler

~ IT-FAH-EIP ~ In The – Fight Against Hitler – Everything Is Permitted

~ FS ~ Feel Superior

MATT TAIBBI ~ HATE INC. ~ 2019

~ TW-T-N-N ~ This Was – Theater – Not – News

~ TTUTMNBISAWATAT-SP-F-ICCTRYP-EO-A-AAOYCH-SITY ~ The Technology Underpinning The Modern News Business Is Sophisticated And Works According To A Two-Step Process – First – It Creates Content That Reinforces Your Pre-Existing Opinions – And – After Analysis Of Your Consumer Habits – Sends It To You

~ PNTS-UTN-AS-‘TN’-B-A-AICE-ICMOMCWBTTSIOOD ~ People Need To Start – Understanding The News – Not As – “The News” – But – As – An Individualized Consumer Experience – It Creates Masses Of Media Consumers Who’ve Been Trained To See In Only One Direction

~ AITO-TIAUIKUD-AA-TMSWA-TMPIWB ~ As It Turns Out – There Is A Utility In Keeping Us Divided – As A People – The More Separate We Are – The More Politically Impotent We Become

~ OSC-WTTCTNTWSFD-WRFOT-A-HATR ~ Once Safely Captured – We’re Trained To Consume The News The Way Sports Fans Do – We Root For Our Team – And – Hate All The Rest

~ H-ITPO-I-A-M-HB-EISB ~ Hatred – Is The Partner Of – Ignorance – And – Media – Have Become – Expert In Selling Both

~ IH-TO-L-MDT-FCOIA-DOAOTK-A-FSLP-MFD-TPRD ~ Intramural Hatreds – To Obscure – Larger – More Damning Truths – Fake Controversies Of Increasing Absurdity – Deployed Over And Over To Keep – Audiences – From Seeing Larger Problems – Manufactured Fake Dissent – To Prevent Real Dissent

~ N-TPPTNMS-I-D-B-TEMPTMIC-TBTJHISEF-IHVLM ~ Now – The Primary Product The News Media Sells – Is – Division – But – The Easiest Media Product To Make Is Called – This Bad Thing Just Happened Is Someone Else’s Fault – It Has Virtually Limitless Market

~ TMM-TATCNIACW-A-PP-ATC-TBA-SOA-ET-Y-OAP-O-TOY-P-TV-O-CR-WT-M-‘N’-WSIAO ~ To Make Money – Train Audiences To Consume News In A Certain Way – Anxious – Pre-Pissed – Addicted To Conflict – To Bring A – Series Of Assumptions – Every Time – You – Open A Paper – Or – Turn On Your – Phone – TV – Or – Car Radio – Without Them – Most – “News” – Will Seem Illogical And Offensive

~ DASBTPPWATDITBBOTV? ~ Does Anyone Seriously Believe That Powerful People Would Allow Truly Dangerous Ideas To Be Broadcast On Tv?

~ TMOOPAS-MOOPDAROP-M-AVUOSIII ~ Though Most Of Our Problems Are Systemic – Most Of Our Public Debates Are Referendums On Personality – Meanwhile – A Vast Universe Of Systemic Issues Is Ignored

~ TNPID-BEA-L-L-C-NOWTS-B-TACTPAAP ~ There’s No Percentage In Doing – Big Exposes Against – Large – Litigious – Companies – Not Only Will They Sue – But – They Are Certain To Pull Ads As Punishment

~ WLES ~ We Like Easy Stories

~ TBNSTIAFAWTMRTHAT-EITTCHTTCTTP-MPA-S-B-A-B-A-MOU-BVONV-PTON-OALBOMD ~ The Best News Stories Take Issues And Find A Way To Make Readers Think Hard About Them – Especially Inviting Them To Consider How They Themselves Contribute To The Problem – Most Problems Are – Systemic – Bipartisan – And – Bureaucratic – And – Most Of Us – By Voting Or Not Voting – Paying Taxes Or Not – Own A Little Bit Of Most Disasters

~ BTE-2000-TV-HTTC-P-EATC-S-APPF-AGOVWHNCOPAAATMOSIC-YTEWOL-A-YFDOVA ~ By The Early – 2000s – TV – Had Learned To Cover – Politics – Exactly As They Covered – Sports – A Proven Profitable Format – A Generation Of Viewers Who Had No Conception Of Politics As An Activity That Might Or Should Involve Compromise – Your Team Either Won Or Lost – And – You Felt Devastated Or Vindicated Accordingly

~ T-EIEOO-EW ~ Today – Everyone Is Effectively An Op-Ed Writer

~ TAP-WNLES-E-DRAHOHO-‘S’-BOOTWWTOSITINNLSAAF-IAR ~ The Average Person – Will No Longer Even See – Ever – Derogatory Reporting About His Or Her Own – “Side” – Being Out Of Touch With What The Other Side Is Thinking Is Now No Longer Seen As A Fault – It’s A Requirement

~ MTCWTCOEUIJO ~ Making The Culture War The Center Of Everyone’s Universe Is Job One

~ TORITJMSU ~ The Other Route Is To Just Make Shit Up

~ RTNILS-TPCHAPNIOYH ~ Reading The News Is Like Smoking – This Product Can Have A Profound Negative Impact On Your Health

~ TN-IA-CP-PTTRT ~ The News – Is A – Consumer Product – Please Try To Remember This

~ TNTYA-RTT-AN-CAP-IT-FDOCM-TISOYPMABPOTCP ~ The Notion That You Are – Reading The Truth – And Not – Consuming A Product – Is The – First Deception Of Commercial Media – The Involuntary Surrender Of Your Personal Data May Also Be Part Of The Consumer Price

~ ATCAMMMTMYROW-TB-T-IGTKYGTTS ~ All The Commercial Actors Make More Money The More You Read Or Watch – The Business – Therefore – Is Geared Toward Keeping You Glued To The Screen

~ YDNTWTMN ~ You Don’t Need To Watch That Much News

~ STCOOP-A-MCGR-W-SAGMAMLFACOT-‘FD’-OTM-APP-TOCWBMAMAS-ITSMA-WCSYANB ~ Scare The Crap Out Of People – And – Media Companies Get Richer – While – State Agencies Get More And More License For Authoritarian Crackdowns On The – “Folk Devil” – Of The Moment – A Perfect Partnership – The Only Constant Will Be More And More Authoritarian Solutions – In The Social Media Age – We Can Scare You As Never Before

~ TP-TCHOC-TESOAPAE-TASASOSM-A-Z-ZBBTS ~ The Phoniness – The Constant Hyping Of Conflict – The Endless Stroking Of Audience Prejudices And Expectations – These All Started As Staples Of Sports Media – A – Zero-Sum Battle Between Two Sides

~ OA-S ~ Overrated Anchor-Schtick

~ C-DNJTB-LAS-B-IDFAPS-YMTSSITFFTUY-TTPONTHIALU-MBIR ~ Content – Designed Not Just To Be – Lurid And Sensational – But – Immediately Disquieting From A Psychological Standpoint – You’re Meant To See Something In The First Flash That Upsets You – To The Point Of Needing To Hang In At Least Until – Mental Balance Is Restored

~ ARBACWIDATTOIP ~ A Religion Becomes A Cult When It Doesn’t Allow The Testing Of Its Premises

~ NIWSP! ~ No Interacting With Suppressive Persons!

~ AATTB-O-L-A-TAASPVOTW ~ Audiences Are Trained To Be – Obedient – Loyal – And – To Accept A Simplified Partisan View Of The World

~ A-NC-CBAVFAPP-A-BABABT ~ A – News Channel – Can’t Be A Vehicle For – A – Political Party – And – Be Anything But – A – Bad Thing

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ INFOTOPIA ~ 2006

~ BTRATPCFTFT-WTI-IIETOTVAETCO-H-T-ACE-M-O-P ~ Both The Risk And The Promise Come From The Fact That – With The Internet – It Is Easy To Obtain The Views And Even The Collaboration Of – Hundreds – Thousands – And Conceivably Even – Millions – Of – People

~ E-L-MPCADSTIECOTOD-LTWE-UC-A-UE-B-ED-TI-AOEVEIIA-APLAGDFTDBOITOPH ~ Everyday – Like-Minded People Can And Do Sort Themselves Into Echo Chambers Of Their Own Design – Leading To Wild Errors – Undue Confidence – And – Unjustified Extremism – But – Every Day – The Internet – Also Offers Exceedingly Valuable Exercises In Information Aggregation – As People Learn A Great Deal From The Dispersed Bits Of Information That Other People Have

~ IC-CUIWWHOWWCAOWCAPU ~ Information Cocoons – Communications Universes In Which We Hear Only What We Choose And Only What Comforts And Pleases Us

~ ICBCFLAOTLI-IC-W-F-P-WESOV-B-MEATPOOC-FPAPI-CCTITN ~ It Can Be Comforting For Leaders And Others To Live In – Information Cocoons – Warm – Friendly – Places – Where Everyone Shares Our Views – But – Major Errors Are The Price Of Our Comfort – For Private And Public Institutions – Cocoons Can Turn Into Terrible Nightmares

~ DDALTBD?-OIDN-GMMIPOOA-LTEOTACOFRTT-‘G’-MWPUUADS-C-TFTCIAETROA ~ Does Deliberation Actually Lead To Better Decisions? – Often It Does Not – Group Members May Impose Pressures On One Another – Leading To Extremism Or To A Consensus On Falsehood Rather Than Truth – “Groupthink” – May Well Promote Unthinking Uniformity And Dangerous Self-Censorships – Thus Failing To Combine Information And Enlarge The Range Of Arguments

~ CGDBNISODBBOI-TPITDGODNOTKTTMAH ~ Countless Groups Do Badly Not In Spite Of Deliberation But Because Of It – The Problem Is That Deliberating Groups Often Do Not Obtain The Knowledge That Their Members Actually Have

~ TGLIT-PL-EATHL-OLIC-A-DPFLHTIS ~ The General Lesson Is That – Political Leaders – Even At The Highest Levels – Often Live In Cocoons – And – Deliberation Provides Far Less Help Than It Should

~ GOFPTASOP-TDNCBIAIE-TEIHBAOMATEOIHBAFOO-TFVTBOCE-I-DOFTAAGM ~ Groups Often Fall Prey To A Series Of Problems – They Do Not Correct But Instead Amplify Individual Errors – They Emphasize Information Held By All Or Most At The Expense Of Information Held By A Few Or One – They Fall Victim To Bandwagon Or Cascade Effects – Indeed – Deliberation Often Fails To Aggregate Among Group Members

~ AIH-TPPB-IPASI-AIAD-TIOMFJAMAP-NMJAF ~ As It Happens – The Problems Posed By – Informational Pressure And Social Influences – Apply In All Domains – They Infect Our Most Fundamental Judgments About Morality And Policy – Not Merely Judgments About Facts

~ TKP-IS-GWDBTI-A-BGBTLO-SLATCAM:MRIU-A-EPIMLTNTBC ~ The Key Point – Is That – Groups Will Do Better Than Individuals – And – Big Groups Better Than Little Ones – So Long As Two Conditions Are Met: Majority Rule Is Used – And – Each Person Is More Likely Than Not To Be Correct

~ FAOCW ~ Falsehoods Are Often Conventional Wisdom

~ ASBIOOADWCSPFTGA ~ A Systematic Bias In One Or Another Direction Will Create Serious Problems For The Group’s Answers

~ GMTTBALMCATJASWOA-AKEOGIIAGST-TPCIC-WONIAI ~ Group Members Tend To Become A Lot More Confident About Their Judgments After Speaking With One Another – A Key Effect Of Group Interaction Is A Greater Sense That – The Postdeliberation Conclusion Is Correct – Whether Or Not It Actually Is

~ MOTT-DGDQPAATITTMH-WMMGT-TOFTLNAMATM-RKIOIOD-AABIKIABAOMGMHAFGRTITIKBOOOAFGM ~ Much Of The Time – Deliberating Groups Do Quite Poorly At Aggregating The Information That Their Members Have – When Many Minds Get Together – They Often Fail To Learn Nearly As Much As They Might – Relevant Knowledge Is Often Ignored Or Downplayed – Above All Because Information Known In Advance By All Or Most Group Members Has A Far Greater Role Than Information That Is Known By Only One Of A Few Group Members

~ WSGDW-IIBPSWTT-B-WDG-TMNH-ETTVOOMLPTST-MPRDLBTSD-TDNWTLSORCT ~ When Statistical Groups Do Well – It Is Because People Say What They Think – But – With Deliberating Groups – This Might Not Happen – Exposure To The Views Of Others Might Lead People To Silence Themselves – Most People Really Don’t Like Being The Sole Dissenter – They Do Not Want To Look Stupid Or To Create Trouble

~ HP-TAUTGCOBDN-ACFOIA-A-TAATC ~ Hidden Profiles – The Accurate Understandings That Groups Could Obtain But Do Not – A Clear Failure Of Information Aggregation – And – They Are All Too Common

~ CKE-IHBAGMHFMIOGJTIHBOAFM ~ Common Knowledge Effect – Information Held By All Group Members Has Far More Influence On Group Judgments Than Information Held By Only A Few Members

~ GMTTBSMCATJAD-AEAF-B-CAEAABC ~ Group Members Tend To Be Significantly More Confident About Their Judgments After Discussion – An Especially Alarming Finding – Because – Confidence And Error Are A Bad Combination

~ TITGWAIOATTBLOTHAPLTETPHIADP-CPMHLIOTG ~ Those In The Group Who Are Inexperienced Or Are Thought To Be Low On The Hierarchy Are Particularly Loath To Emphasize Their Privately Held Information As Discussion Proceeds – Cognitively Peripheral Members Have Little Influence On The Group

~ IMDG-PWEUHITAOSR-ATKI ~ In Many Deliberating Groups – People Who Emphasize Uniquely Held Information Take An Obvious Social Risk – And They Know It

~ TDM-APCU-IWYCOTTAOTYL-PIATMP-IOGIA-BPITO ~ The Daily Me – A Personalized Communications Universe – In Which You Consult Only Those Topics And Opinions That You Like – Polarization Is All The More Probable – Instead Of Good Information Aggregation – Bad Polarization Is The Outcome

~ TFT-DIBCAU-WL-TSBPMI-TDHPSRTN ~ The Fact That – Deliberation Increase Both Confidence And Uniformity – Will Leave – The Strong But Potentially Misleading Impression – That Deliberation Has Produced Sense Rather Than Nonsense

~ MHTOFAF-A-PCBWO-B-AMCSIFROWIPAH-APMRHIADG-B-IAM-TWHI-UH-AIAPTMALOM-A-TALTETO ~ Markets Have Their Own Fads And Fashions – And – Prices Can Be Way Off – But – A Market Creates Strong Incentives For Revelation Of Whatever Information People Actually Hold – A Profile May Remain Hidden In A Deliberating Group – But – In A Market – Those With Hidden Information – Uniquely Held – Are In A Position To Make A Lot Of Money – And – They Are Likely To Exploit The Opportunity

~ TPA-O-TCPOEIORC-IOUPDBEGAF-IMC-TLNBTAE-BB-IPAATC-ABO-TSBOTTABS ~ Traditional Practices Are – Often – The Congealed Product Of Earlier Information Or Reputational Cascades – Inefficient Or Unjust Practices Defended By Entrenched Groups And Factions – In Many Cases – Traditions Last Not Because They Are Excellent – But Because – Influential People Are Averse To Change – And Because Of – The Sheer Burdens Of Transition To A Better State

URSULA FRANKLIN ~ A CHECKLIST TO HELP IN THE DISCOURSE ON PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING ~ THE REAL WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY ~ 1990

~ PJ ~ Promotes Justice

~ RR ~ Restores Reciprocity

~ CDOIB ~ Confers Divisible Or Indivisible Benefits

~ FPOM ~ Favours People Over Machines

~ MGOMD ~ Maximizes Gain Or Minimizes Disaster

~ CIFOW ~ Conservation Is Favoured Over Waste

~ TRIFOTI ~ The Reversible Is Favoured Over The Irreversible