CHARLES WRIGHT MILLS ~ THE POWER ELITE ~ 1956

~ TPE-AIP-TMDHMC ~ The Power Elite – Are In Positions – To Make Decision Having Major Consequences

~ TE-OAGSOSPUIAB-HBDB-TOTHGC-AAPI-WT-HTKTED ~ The Economy – Once A Great Scatter Of Small Productive Units In Autonomous Balance – Has Become Dominated By – Two Or Three Hundred Giant Corporations – Administratively And Politically Interrelated – Which Together – Hold The Keys To Economic Decisions

~ TPO-O-D-HBA-C-E-E-WHTUIIMPPS-A-NEIEAECOTSS ~ The Political Order – Once – Decentralized – Has Become A – Centralized – Executive – Establishment – Which Has Taken Up Into Itself Many Powers Previously Scattered – And – Now Enters Into Each And Every Crany Of The Social Structure

~ TINL-OTOH-AE-A-OTOH-APOCAME-TIA-PE-L-IATW-W-MIAD-A-PWE-B-A-PIE-IAPV ~ There Is No Longer – On The One Hand – An Economy – And – On The Other Hand – A Political Order Containing A Military Establishment – There Is A – Political Economy – Linked – In A Thousand Ways – With – Military Institutions And Decisions – A – Permanent War Establishment – By – A – Privately Incorporated Economy – Inside A Political Vacuum

~ T-TFOPAEEADC-MT-TDOSGANMC ~ That – The Facilities Of Power Are Enormously Enlarged And Decisively Centralized – Means That – The Decisions Of Small Groups Are Now More Consequential

~ T-PC-ITCRO-TSSO-ASTMAFOC ~ The – Professional Celebrity – Is The Crowning Result Of – The Star System Of – A Society That Makes A Fetish Of Competition

~ VITFSOPATFROTWWCI ~ Violence Is The Final Support Of Power And The Final Resort Of Those Who Would Contest It

~ AECAPWP;ICRPWR ~ An Elite Cannot Acquire Prestige Without Power; It Cannot Retain Prestige Without Reputation

~ ATW-TUWCBD-A-TAHKC ~ Along The Way – The Unstraightforward Ways Can Be Delegated – And – The Appropriator’s Hands Kept Clean

~ WNOTTPI-B-TAT-MNOFG-‘GW’ ~ Wealth Not Only Tends To Perpetuate Itself – But – Tends Also To – Monopolize New Opportunities For Getting “Great Wealth”

~ TAOAATVT-PTVCOPATVB-FTCOAIPRAWAOO:JATLOLCASPPALOIAALOS-C ~ The Accumulation Of Advantages At The Very Top – Parallels The Vicious Cycle Of Poverty At The Very Bottom – For The Cycle Of Advantages Includes Psychological Readiness As Well As Objective Opportunities: Just As The Limitations Of Lower Class And Status Position Produce A Lack Of Interest And A Lack Of Self-Confidence

~ TCF TOCOCGWODTTAOOATFBITOOTDS-EALOASOF-A-C-P-F-CTNOTWTS ~ The Confident Feeling That One Can Of Course Get What One Desires Tends To Arise Out Of And To Feed Back Into The Objective Opportunities To Do So – Energetic Aspiration Lives Off A Series Of Successes – And – Continual – Petty – Failure – Cuts The Nerve Of The Will To Succeed

~ TWHRI-TVR-HB-EPAMOIC-WHBIP-PTTAFPU-OOTAOA ~ Those Who Have Risen Into – The Very Rich – Have Been – Economic Politicians And Members Of Important Cliques – Who Have Been In Positions – Permitting Them To Appropriate For Personal Uses – Out Of The Accumulation Of Advantages

~ T-BT-O-F-OWOA-AIOTMDTAR-ITTNBN-EX-A-CNTIP ~ The – Big Three – Or – Four – One Way Or Another – Are In On The Major Decisions That Are Rendered – In This There Need Be No – Explicit Conspiracy – And – Certainly None That Is Provable

~ TGAIOTC-A-ENOID-A-SAOTCOI-TUOOAP ~ The Growth And Interconnections Of The Corporations – An – Elaborate Network Of Interlocking Directorships – A – Sociological Anchor Of The Community Of Interest – The Unification Of Outlook And Policy

~ THI-TGWOOVATOOI-HNIAPC-OTC-THBMOACIAASHO ~ The Higher Immorality – The General Weakening Of Older Values And The Organization Of Irresponsibility – Have Not Involved Any Public Crises – On The Contrary – They Have Been Matters Of A Creeping Indifference And A Silent Hollowing Out

~ AMD-IIS-CAMOS ~ A Million Dollars – It Is Said – Covers A Multitude Of Sins

~ IASIWTM-MHHNSRFRAH-TW-‘P’-CTM-UFPG-A-‘CS’-TSTGAF ~ In A Society In Which The Money-Maker Has Had No Serious Rival For Repute And Honor – The Word – “Practical” – Comes To Mean – Useful For Private Gain – And – “Common Sense” – The Sense To Get Ahead Financially

~ IITPCOTHC-TTMAE-S-M-TITS-IATW-PM-PPOTIBOA ~ It Is The Proud Claim Of The Higher Circles – That Their Members Are Entirely – Self-Made – That Is Their Self-Image And Their Well-Publicized Myth – Popular Proof Of This Is Based On Anecdotes

~ KINLWFAAI-IISAAI-IA-SOPAW-KIVA-AIOPAW-AA-OC-A-AOIC ~ Knowledge Is No Longer Widely Felt As An Ideal – It Is Seen As An Instrument – In A – Society Of Power And Wealth – Knowledge Is Valued As – An Instrument Of Power And Wealth – And Also – Of Course – As – An Ornament In Conversation

~ MAM-TAO-TOS-E-AWATAO-TSLIOTWMDIP-WTP-NBCOE-INTK ~ More And More – The Area Of – The Official Secret – Expands – As Well As The Area Of – The Secret Listening In On Those Who Might Divulge In Public – What The Public – Not Being Composed Of Experts – Is Not To Know

~ TESODC-TPATUOAW-HBM-WAGPD-A-TFNTEITDIHBO-H/D/ELA ~ The Entire Sequence Of Decisions Concerning – The Production And The Use Of Atomic Weaponry – Has Been Made – Without Any Genuine Public Debate – And – The Facts Needed To Engage In That Debate Intelligently Have Been Officially – Hidden / Distorted / Even Lied About

~ PC-‘OS’ ~ Politically Convenient – “Official Secrets”

~ PC-F-TWMPD-O-WWHUVTISD-MP-MAM-TOTQO-MAM-W-CPAA-HCTE ~ Public Communications – From – Those Who Make Powerful Decisions – Or – Who Would Have Us Vote Them Into Such Decision-Making Places – More And More – Take On Those Qualities Of – Mindlessness And Myth – Which – Commercial Propaganda And Advertising – Have Come To Exemplify

JAMES RINEHART ~ THE TYRANNY OF WORK ~ 2005 ~ 171

~ WAASP ~ Work As A Social Problem

~ WHABACHAAOTDHBFAOFOL ~ Work Has Always Been A Central Human Activity And One That Differentiates Human Beings From All Other Forms Of Life

~ T-EAOSALO-TOTWHOTJ-WPDDTHOPTTVCOTP ~ Today – Employed Adults Ordinarily Spend At Least One-Third Of Their Waking Hours On The Job – What People Do During These Hours Often Penetrates To The Very Core Of Their Personalities

~ WCOASO-AOM-ICBASO-POS-AATCSALPOTCHBSOINSOL ~ Work Can Offer A Sense Of – Accomplishment Or Meaninglessness – It Can Be A Source Of – Pride Or Shame – An Activity That Consumes Such A Large Portion Of Time Cannot Help But Spill Over Into Nonwork Spheres Of Life

~ RFTD-T-DOOTLF-GPF-O-WWBMDAI-T-ACO-MP ~ Responsibility For The Day-To-Day Operations Of The Large Firm – Gradually Passed From – Owners – Who Were Becoming More Distant And Imperious – To – A Cadre Of – Management Personnel

~ NFO-HR-OWINMCC-HRM(HRM)-CA-A-MC-‘D’-A-P-TLP-B-RAR-OIAP ~ New Forms Of – Human Relations – Or What Is Now More Commonly Called – Human Resources Management (HRM) – Constantly Appear – As – Management Consultants – “Discover” – And – Promote – The Latest Panaceas – By – Repackaging And Renaming – Old Ideas And Practices

~ OT-CA-C-WP-ETRSMOEASJ ~ Only Through – Collective Action – Can – Working People – Expect To Receive Some Measure Of Economic And Social Justice

ROBERT FRANK ~ THE ECONOMIC NATURALIST’S FIELD GUIDE ~ 2010

~ PTWOCT-SJMTACWTAV-B-TINSC-GTR-OBOITHAICA-WSWWFGTP-A-WSBTTPFT ~ Perhaps Those Who Oppose Compulsory Taxation – Should Just Move To A Country Where Taxes Are Voluntary – But – There Is No Such Country – Given That Reality – Our Best Option Is To Have An Intelligent Conversation About – What Services We Want For Government To Provide – And – Who Should Be Taxed To Pay For Them

~ C-RS-TN-PSAHM-ETTMSTTFTAMORITLR-ITSR-BRCTOAEY-MOTF ~ Citing – Revenue Shortfalls – The Nation – Postpones Street And Highway Maintenance – Even Though That Means Spending Two To Five Times As Much On Repairs In The Long Run – In The Short Run – Bad Roads Cause Thousands Of Accidents Each Year – Many Of Them Fatal

~ TNS-IM-WEUTETWIO-OBOTWIUAW ~ The Narrow Self-Interest Model – Which Encourages Us To Expect The Worst In Others – Often Brings Out The Worst In Us As Well

~ S-I-IAIHM-PETMIMMOTT-B-IINTOIM ~ Self-Interest – Is An Important Human Motive – Perhaps Even The Most Important Motive Much Of The Time – But – It Is Never The Only Important Motive

~ AC-WAGNBTCI-CE-CEHAT-TAR-RSTTTRM ~ Any Country – With A Government Not Beholden To Corporate Interests – Could Easily – Curb Environmentally Harmful Activities Through – Taxation And Regulation – Redirecting Spending Toward Things That Really Matter

~ WWM-I-WWD ~ What We Measure – Influences – What We Do

~ WDWN:BCOBS? ~ Which Do We Need: Bigger Cars Or Better Schools?

MICHEAL SHERMER ~ BIASES ~ THE BELIEVING BRAIN ~ 2011

~ CG~SAFCEISO-A-EBAIORDE ~ Confirmation Bias ~ Seeking And Finding Confirmatory Evidence In Support Of Already Existing Beliefs – And – Ignoring Or Reinterpreting Disconfirming Evidence

~ A~RTHOAPROOOPOIWMD ~ Anchoring ~ Relying Too Heavily On A Past Reference Or On One Piece Of Information When Making Decisions

~ A~ADCFOOBAATTOO ~ Attribution ~ Attributing Different Causes For Our Own Beliefs And Actions Than That Of Others

~ A~VTOOAA-EITEOSWKLA ~ Authority ~ Valuing The Opinions Of An Authority – Especially In The Evaluation Of Something We Know Little About

~ A~APOPOBOETAIATU-ETTA-V/U/EC-WATGICUWCAB ~ Availability ~ Assigning Probabilities Of Potential Outcomes Based On Examples That Are Immediately Available To Us – Especially Those That Are – Vivid / Unusual / Emotionally Charged – Which Are Then Generalized Into Conclusions Upon Which Choices Are Based

~ BE~HBTOPIYSGHBOTSRP ~ Bandwagon Effect ~ Holding Beliefs That Other People In Your Social Group Hold Because Of The Social Reinforcement Provided

~ BE~TVAGDOPAHAAS ~ Barnum Effect ~ Treating Vague And General Descriptions Of Personality As Highly Accurate And Specific

~ B~ETSOAABOTBOIC ~ Believability ~ Evaluating The Strength Of An Argument Based On The Believability Of Its Conclusion

~ BB~RTPOCBIOP-B-TBBTTIUYOB ~ Bias Blindness ~ Recognizing The Power Of Cognitive Biases In Other People – But – To Be Blind To Their Influence Upon Your Own Beliefs

~ CI~SCOPT-IF-CBTROR ~ Clustering Illusion ~ Seeing Clusters Of Patterns That – In Fact – Can Be The Result Of Randomness

~ C~CMWIAOPAAOO ~ Confabulation ~ Conflating Memories With Imagination And Other People’s Accounts As One’s Own

~ C~RO-P-B-A-A-B-AR-P-B-A-A-B-MTTAD ~ Consistency ~ Recalling One’s – Past – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Behaviors – As Resembling – Present – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Behaviors – More Than They Actually Do

~ EE~VWWOMTWWDNO ~ Endowment Effect ~ Valuing What We Own More Than What We Do Not Own

~ E~NDTAWEFTO-A-T-NN-D-O-D-D-TATCWE ~ Expectation ~ Noticing Data That Agree With Expectations For The Outcome – And – To – Not Notice – Discard – Or – Disbelieve – Data – That Appear To Conflict With Expectations

~ F-CE~OTDTWOAWTBOTWGAWTIAB ~ False-Consensus Effect ~ Overestimating The Degree To Which Others Agree With Their Beliefs Or That Will Go Along With Them In A Behaviour

~ FE~DDCBOHDAP ~ Framing Effects ~ Drawing Different Conclusions Based On How Data Are Presented

~ HE~GOPTOAPTATOTOTP ~ Halo Effect ~ Generalizing One Positive Trait Of A Person To All The Other Traits Of That Person

~ H~ATBAFTBOTMOMIAGIOTAC ~ Herd ~ Adopting The Beliefs And Following The Behaviours Of The Majority Of Members In A Group In Order To Avoid Conflict

~ H~RTPTFWPK ~ Hindsight ~ Reconstructing The Past To Fit With Present Knowledge

~ IOC~BTOCC-O-AL-OTMPCCOI ~ Illusion Of Control ~ Believing That One Can Control – Or – At Least – Influence Outcomes That Most People Cannot Control Or Influence

~ IC~ATACC(C)EBTV ~ Illusory Correlation ~ Assuming That A Causal Connection (correlation) Exists Between Two Variables

~ IB~MSOAGWATSSAS ~ Inattentional Blindness ~ Missing Something Obvious And General While Attending To Something Special And Specific

~ I-G~VTBAAOTWTPTBFMOTG-A-TDTBAAOTWTPTBMOADG ~ In-Group ~ Valuing The Beliefs And Attitudes Of Those Whom They Perceive To Be Fellow Members Of Their Group – And – To Discount The Beliefs And Attitudes Of Those Whom They Perceive To Be Members Of A Different Group

~ JW~SFTTTVOAUEMHDTDI ~ Just World ~ Searching For Things That The Victim Of An Unfortunate Event Might Have Done To Deserve It

~ N~PCAAGMWT-N-E-B-A-I-TT-P ~ Negativity ~ Paying Closer Attention And Giving More Weight To – Negative – Events – Beliefs – And – Information – That To – Positive

~ N~DTPOAETHNHB ~ Normalcy ~ Discounting The Possibility Of An Event That Has Never Happened Before

~ N-I-H~DTVOABOITDNCFW ~ Not-Invented-Here ~ Discounting The Value Of A Belief Or Source Of Information That Does Not Come From Within

~ PE~N-R-A-A-AMV-IEMTSE ~ Primacy Effect ~ Noticing – Remembering – And – Assessing – As More Valuable – Initial Events More Than Subsequent Events

~ P~ATOS-TSOS-B-A-A-V-A-TOTPOOBBOOOB ~ Projection ~ Assuming That Others Share – The Same Or Similar – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Values – And – To Overestimate The Probability Of Others’ Behaviours Based On Our Own Behaviours

~ RE~N-R-A-A-AMV-REMTEE ~ Recency Effect ~ Noticing – Remembering – And – Assessing – As More Valuable – Recent Events More Than Earlier Events

~ R~AEIJPTTETIRTEFOIPPOGP ~ Representative ~ An Event Is Judged Probable To The Extent That It Represents The Essential Features Of Its Parent Population Or Generating Process

~ RI~RPEABMPTTAW ~ Rosy Retrospection ~ Remembering Past Events As Being More Positive Than They Actually Were

~ S-FP~BIIABIWTCTEFBAA ~ Self-Fulfilling Prophecy ~ Believing In Ideas And Behaving In Ways That Conform To Expectations For Beliefs And Actions

~ S-J~RDATFTCOTWWDWTBTWCHD ~ Self-Justification ~ Rationalizing Decisions After The Fact To Convince Ourselves That What We Did Was The Best Thing We Could Have Done

~ SQ~OFWWAUT ~ Status Quo ~ Opting For What We Are Used To

~ S(G)~ATAMOAGWHCCBTRTGWHAIATPM ~ Stereotyping (Generalization) ~ Assuming That A Member Of A Group Will Have Certain Characteristics Believed To Represent The Group Without Having Actual Information About That Particular Member

~ SC~BISBOTCSITB ~ Sunk Cost ~ Believing In Something Because Of The Cost Sunk Into That Belief

~ T-A~APBABAMVALDTTOO ~ Trait-Ascription ~ Assessing Personal Behaviour And Beliefs As More Variable And Less Dogmatic Than Those Of Others

JOHN GRANT ~ DENYING SCIENCE ~ 2011

~ UWT-WA ~ Unless We Think – We Aren’t

~ TPO-TTBOUT-ICTAFO-SD ~ This Pattern Of – Threatening The Bearers Of Unwelcome Truths – Is Common Throughout All Fields Of – Science Denialism

~ SPGPAVGDOMTDBS ~ Some People Get Paid A Very Great Deal Of Money To Deny Basic Science

~ AAGR-ITMO-MJ-SOTATMO-SWITRF-SA-BTS-U-SOTPSITOWA ~ As A General Rule – If The Mass Of – Mainstream Journalists – Says One Thing And The Mass Of – Scientists Working In The Relevant Field – Says Another – Believe The Scientists – Unfortunately – Swaths Of The Public See It The Other Way Round

~ OCEO-DR-I-TAHA-A-TTOFODAPTPTWS ~ Other Common Elements Of – Denialist Rhetoric – Include – The Ad Hominem Attack – And – The Trick Of Focusing On Details And Pretending They Present The Whole Story

~ OOTDBSAP-IT-SATRIDL ~ One Of The Differences Between Science And Pseudoscience – Is That – Science Accepts The Results It Doesn’t Like

~ IIAVUTIMDC-B-TFTSC-I-DAMIW ~ Intuition Is A Very Useful Tool In Many Different Circumstances – But – The Fact That Something’s Counter-Intuitional – Doesn’t Automatically Mean It’s Wrong

~ FMCI-TUB-TIP-O-TLS-IAT-SSITCWTI ~ Far More Concerning Is – The Use By – Those In Power – Of – The Legal System – In Attempts To – Silenced Scientific Information That Conflicts With Their Ideology

~ ISASAR-NMHV-NMHFDFTDEOTIRI-OANO-DRD-BTAP-RSC ~ It Seems A Single Anecdotal Report – No Matter How Vague – No Matter How Far Distanced From The Direct Experience Of The Individual Repeating It – Outweighs Any Number Of – Deeply Researched Double-Blind Trials And Peer-Reviewed Scientific Conclusions

~ DTPO-TPE-WRDUI ~ Despite The Power Of – The Placebo Effect – We Really Don’t Understand It

~ TNT-FASTEOL-DAEE-ICTSC ~ The Notion That – Finding A Single Tangential Error Or Lacuna – Demolishes An Entire Edifice – Is Common Throughout Science Denialism

MICHAEL ELLSBERG ~ THE EDUCATION OF MILLIONAIRES ~ 2011

~ TMVTFIAOOOL-TMWAOB-A-TMAIG ~ The More Value That Flows In And Out Of Our Lives – The More We And Others Benefit – And – The More Affluence Is Generated

~ SIIOS ~ Success Is Its Own Skill

~ TT-SOTC-TT-TSOS-F-YCLTSOSWYALYC-B-DGFITYONTGGAYC ~ There’s The – Skill Of The Craft – Then There’s – The Skill Of Success – Fortunately – You Can Learn This Skill Of Success While You Also Learn Your Craft – But – Don’t Get Fooled Into Thinking You Only Need To Get Good At Your Craft

~ IYCGPW-DKAY-O-YSOYC-TBAO-Y-TY-SIM ~ If You Can Get People Who – Don’t Know About You – Or – Your Service Or Your Company – To Become Aware Of – You – Then You’re – Successful In Marketing

~ TDKAY-SH-AN-TKAY-T-SM ~ They Didn’t Know About You – Something Happened – And Now – They Know About You – That’s – Successful Marketing

~ LHTS-BC-TR-A-EEFIP ~ Learn How To Sell – By Creating – Trusting Relationships – And – Everything Else Falls Into Place

~ TEO-B-I-KEL-GIRA(EIIJALB)-A-CRAMOTIAEAPIEOFI ~ The Essence Of – Bootstrapping – Is – Keeping Expenses Low – Generating Income Right Away (Even If It’s Just A Little Bit) – And – Continually Reinvesting As Much Of That Income As Effectively As Possible Into Expanding Our Future Income

~ OC-IOTEYO-YHTBO ~ Of Course – In Order To Express Your Originality – You Have To Be Original

~ BTAOYOL ~ Become The Author Of Your Own Life

~ F-100%-O-YE-OWIYC-WCYDN?-HCYLABFTE?-HCYMF? ~ Focus – 100 Percent – Of – Your Energy – On What’s In Our Control – What Can You Do Now? – How Can You Learn And Benefit From The Experience? – How Can You Move Forward?

~ IT-IUACW-TWCFTAFITFYEOC-S-H-A-WOB-TWWFYUAWROMCAER-AWW-AYTBBAAT-C-S-S-C-A-NO-ATA-TIC-CR ~ In This – Increasingly Unpredictable And Chaotic World – The Wisest Choice For Thriving And Flourishing Is To Focus Your Efforts On Cultivating – Skills – Habits – And – Ways Of Being – That Will Work For You Under A Wide Range Of Market Circumstances And Economic Realities – And Which Will – Allow You To Bounce Back And Adapt To – Changes – Shifts – Shocks – Crashes – And – New Opportunities – As They Arise – This Is Called – Cultivating Resilience

~ IOTIS-ITWAGTNALO-R/F/A-IWWT-SAT-ATWOC ~ If One Thing Is Sure – It’s That We’re All Going To Need A Lot Of – Resilience / Flexibility / Adaptability – If We Want To – Survive And Thrive – Amid The Waves Of Change

DAN ARIELY ~ THE (HONEST) TRUTH ABOUT DISHONESTY ~ 2012

~ WLTE-EO ~ We Lie To Everyone – Especially Ourselves

~ WD-CAS-AMAWWIWWPRAAOIOOS-I ~ We Don’t – Cheat And Steal – As Much As We Would If We Were Perfectly Rational And Acted Only In Our Own Self-Interest

~ TPOGCDHASIOTAOC ~ The Probability Of Getting Caught Doesn’t Have A Substantial Influence On The Amount Of Cheating

~ Rather – Our Sense Of Our Own Morality Is Connected To The Amount Of Cheating We Feel Comfortable With – Essentially – We Cheat Up To The Level That Allows Us To Retain Our Self-Image – As A Reasonably Honest Individual

~ EOUHALT-HMWCC-BIBA-‘S’ ~ Each Of Us Has A Limit To – How Much We Can Cheat – Before It Becomes Absolutely – “Sinful”

~ TFF-TDBBTCDTMAPS-IATBFC ~ The Fudge Factor – The Delicate Balance Between The Contradictory Desires To Maintain A Positive Self-Image And To Benefit From Cheating

~ AITO-PAMATBDITPONO-SAPAT-TAM ~ As It Turns Out – People Are More Apt To Be Dishonest In The Presence Of Nonmonetary Objects – Such As Pencils And Tokens – Than Actual Money

~ IST-WWASRO-ES-WBMH ~ It Seems That – When We Are Simply Reminded Of – Ethical Standards – We Behave More Honorably

~ WPSTNTSKOP-IPTIAMHD(ALT)-IPSBTEADOTF-TCL ~ When People Sign Their Names To Some Kind Of Pledge – It Puts Them Into A More Honest Disposition (At Least Temporarily) – If People Sign Before They Enter Any Data Onto The Form – They Cheat Less

~ AAFW-IDTIRQATVOTWWPM ~ After A Few Weeks – I Discovered That I Rather Quickly Adopted The Viewpoint Of Those Who Were Paying Me

~ GS-IYWDY-WP-YWHCMTRYD-A-TDCWDYHAW ~ Generally Speaking – If You Wear Down Your – Will Power – You Will Have Considerably More Trouble Regulating Your Desires – And – That Difficulty Can Wear Down Your Honesty As Well

JULIA ANGWIN ~ DRAGNET NATION ~ 2014

~ DN ~ Dragnet Nation

~ AQF-P-S-A-F-IAWORS ~ A Quest For – Privacy – Security – And – Freedom – In A World Of Relentless Surveillance

~ WALIADN ~ We Are Living In A Dragnet Nation

~ AWOIT ~ A World Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ CARPFLCD ~ Companies Are Rarely Penalized For Losing Customer Data

~ PL-DTATPTTEAAS ~ Police Lineup – Dragnets That Allow The Police To Treat Everyone As A Suspect

~ IUPQ ~ Innocent Until Proven Guilty

~ IWTTBRI-TDW-FLSWHW ~ I Want There To Be Room In – The Digital World For – Letters Sealed With Hot Wax

~ DWWTLIAWWWAAAROBH? ~ Do We Want To Live In A World Where We Are Always At Risk Of Being Hacked?

~ PS ~ Public Space

~ TPD ~ Third-Party Doctrine

~ MD ~ MetaData

~ ATT-ISLA-UEM ~ At The Time – It Seemed Like An – Understandable Emergency Measure

~ SD-HB-TNN ~ Suspicionless Dragnets – Had Become – The New Normal

~ F-SVHABM:T ~ Finally – Silicon Valley Had A Business Model: Tracking

~ ‘DDC’ ~ “Dark Data Circle”

~ TGRCTCD-AT-SITCE-WLTDASIBTTG ~ The Government Requires Citizens To Create Data – And Then – Sells It To Commercial Entities – Which Launder The Data And Sell It Back To The Government

~ TRITCAGDAIL;NCEWTO ~ The Reality Is That Corporate And Government Dragnets Are Inextricably Linked; Neither Can Exist Without The Other

~ PCWSAMBCTBATIA ~ People Cope With Surveillance As Much By Changing Their Behavior As Through Increased Anxiety

~ FOA ~ Freedom Of Association

~ CPBTAIAFTORR ~ Categorizing People By Their Associations Is A Favorite Tactic Of Repressive Regimes

~ PSNB-PFJG-O-A-CIJG ~ People Should Not Be – Prevented From Joining Groups – Or – Alternatively – Coerced Into Joining Groups

~ ITW-ECWMAUW-AP-AP-O-AI ~ In Today’s World – Every Choice We Make Associates Us With – A Person – A Place – Or – An Idea

~ DTAIQLPIDD? ~ Does The Activity In Question Limit Participation In Democratic Debate?

~ TM ~ Threat Model

~ TROIT ~ The Rise Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ IT-CETCOA-TSS ~ Indiscriminate Tracking – Could Enable The Creation Of A – Totalitarian Surveillance State

~ SV ~ Surveillance Vegan

~ LB ~ Lookup Business

~ TOIWTOOTNTTSQWETC ~ Turns Out I Wasn’t The Only One To Notice That The Security Questions Were Easy To Circumvent

~ PNR ~ Passenger Name Records

~ N-VIP ~ NOT – VIP

~ BIHACTLM-PP-IWH ~ Before I Had A Chance To Launch My – Privacy Project – I Was Hacked

~ ‘PUITW’ ~ “Password Use In The Wild”

~ ATGGO ~ Appealing The Government’s Gag Order

~ U-TQITSAFAD-WTDBAE? ~ Ultimately – The Question Is The Same As For All Dragnets – Will The Data Be Abused Eventually?

~ IWCTTAJFM ~ It Was Clearly Too Technical A Job For Me

~ UAU-CIMA ~ Unloved And Untrendy – Cash It Mostly Anonymous

~ WWHIEOIYSL? ~ What Would Happen If Every One In Your Situation Lied?

~ TA ~ “Traffic Analysis”

~ PIKTOOP ~ “Pseudonymity Is Key To Our Online Privacy”

~ THOM ~ The Hall Of Mirrors

~ TICBATCIED ~ The Information Collected By Ad-Tracking Companies Is Extremely Detailed

~’PC’~ “Perceived Control”

~ DARBAC ~ Data About Readers Became A Commodity

~ IAAKEAYEYN-DTNRM? ~ If An Advertiser Knows Everything About You Except Your Name – Does The Name Really Matter?

~ ‘THYD-HT-W-LT’ ~ “That’s How You Defeat – High-Tech – With – Low-Tech”

~ AUD ~ An Unfairness Doctrine

~ “SousVeillance”

~ OWT-ETPF-WBFETBI-TSB-‘SV’-CMTGFB-AAA-TGMTFA ~ One Way To – Even The Playing Field – Would Be For Everyone To Be In – The Surveillance Business – “SousVeillance” – Citizens Monitor The Government From Below – As Aggressively As – The Government Monitors Them From Above

~ NAC ~ New Asset Class

~ PLTGPTRTSTDTIUAT-SLAGI ~ Privacy Laws That Give People The Right To See The Data That Is Used Against Them – Seem Like A Good Idea

~ GDMNBC-TMBSBEALBOAC ~ Government Dragnets Must Not Be Covert – They Must Be Scrutinized By Either A Legislative Body Or A Court

~ O-SLIU-TQ-HUIA? ~ Okay – So Life Is Unfair – The Question – How Unfair Is Acceptable?

~ D-TD-PIWLRT-A-C-A-D-TD? ~ Does – The Dragnet – Provide Individuals With Legal Right To – Access – Correct – And – Dispute The Data?

~ ATDOHAFTWTDAU? ~ Are The Dragnet Operators Held Accountable For The Way The Data Are Used?

~ I-TD-TIFIP?-DIBS?-CIWPS? ~ Is – The Dragnet – Too Intrusive For Its Purpose? – Does It Benefit Society? – Can It Withstand Public Scrutiny?

LI PARISER ~ THE FILTER BUBBLE ~ 2011

~ D-RCTSTFOAPOV-B-I-WMAMEI-OOB ~ Democracy – Requires Citizens To See Things From One Another’s Point Of View – But – Instead – We’re More And More Enclosed In – Our Own Bubbles

~ T-NI-DJKYAD;IKYBAWTSYABOPK ~ The – New Internet – Doesn’t Just Know You’re A Dog; It Knows Your Breed And Wants To Sell You A Bowl Of Premium Kibble

~ I-P-ITA-ICPUFCICW-T-M-B-P-S-E-A-I-TCHWTATWAO ~ If – Personalization – Is Too Acute – It Could Prevent Us From Coming Into Contact With – The – Mind-Blowing – Preconception-Shattering – Experiences – And – Ideas – That Change How We Think About The World And Ourselves

~ T-U-I-T-C ~ The – User – Is – The – Content

~ WHATTB-T-TWIAIATB ~ We Have A Tendency To Believe – That – The World Is As It Appears To Be

~ LAL-T-FB-ITTWWE-BC-WWSADS ~ Like A Lens – The – Filter Bubble – Invisibly Transforms The World We Experience – By Controlling – What We See And Don’t See

~ IWWTKWTWRLL-WHTUHFSASOVOI ~ If We Want To Know What The World Really Looks Like – We Have To Understand How Filters Shape And Skew Our View Of It

~ PF-CU-CB-B-SOEIAANO-F-TFB-SUWIWWWAF(AAA)-MUOIOMF-S-IRFOESOTKPTMUWTL ~ Personalized Filters – Can Upset – Cognitive Balance – Between – Strengthening Our Existing Ideas And Acquiring New Ones – First – The Filter Bubble – Surrounds Us With Ideas With Which We’re Already Familiar (And Already Agree) – Making Us Overconfident In Our Mental Frameworks – Second – It Removes From Our Environment Some Of The Key Prompts That Make Us Want To Learn

~ E-HALIITTTDTETW-A-AAFYOWOT-TTTSTE ~ Experts – Have A Lot Invested In The Theories They’ve Developed To Explain The World – And – After A Few Years Of Working On Them – They Tend To See Them Everywhere

~ TFB-TT-DA-CB-CITCTOIOTWIEAP;CITCUTTINWOQOAIFAD ~ The Filter Bubble – Tends To – Dramatically Amplify – Confirmation Bias – Consuming Information That Conforms To Our Ideas Of The World Is Easy And Pleasurable; Consuming Information That Challenges Us To Think In New Ways Or Question Our Assumptions Is Frustrating And Difficult

~ ITB-TPOCTVWYKGWU ~ In The Bubble – The Proportion Of Content That Validates What You Know Goes Way Up

~ SOTMICB-ASB-TIOTERITFADTRO ~ Some Of The Most Important Creative Breakthroughs – Are Spurred By – The Introduction Of The Entirely Random Ideas That Filters Are Designed To Rule Out

~ ITFB-TLD-YDSTTTDIYAA-YNELATTAMEAIYM ~ In The Filter Bubble – Things Look Different – You Don’t See The Things That Don’t Interest You At All – You’re Not Even Latently Aware That There Are Major Events And Ideas You’re Missing

~ ABTOY ~ A Bad Theory of You

~ HWB-IABAB-OFAPS ~ How We Behave – Is A Balancing Act Between – Our Future And Present Selves

~ WIAWF-WAWWC ~ With Information As With Food – We Are What We Consume

~ TIAYL ~ Trapped In A You Loop

~ SWHWTITYD? ~ So What Happens When The Internet Thinks Your Dumb?

~ RT-DP-AIEPP-ISW-TI-I-CI ~ Rather Than – Decentralizing Power – As Its Early Proponents Predicted – In Some Ways – The Internet – Is – Concentrating It

~ LOTC ~ Lords Of The Cloud

~ PD-S-ITC-I-MEFTGTS-T-IOAHC ~ Personal Data – Stored – In The Cloud – Is – Much Easier For The Government To Search – Than – Information On A Home Computer

~ I-KIP-T-AIKAAIP ~ If – Knowledge Is Power – Then – Asymmetries In Knowledge Are Asymmetries In Power

~ FWS-TFBWOBOTTIOSTAIBCOU ~ Friendly World Syndrome – The Filter Bubble Will Often Block Out The Things In Our Society That Are Important But Complex Or Unpleasant

~ IIBTH-SBFT-TNAA ~ It Is Better To Have – Some Bar For Truthfulness – Than None At All

~ WWCLSOOSP-TDLSOU ~ While We Can Lose Sight Of Our Shared Problems – They Don’t Lose Sight Of Us

~ U-DW-OI-WCACOTBONS-I ~ Ultimately – Democracy Works – Only If – We Citizens Are Capable Of Thinking Beyond Our Narrow Self-Interest

~ ‘CIL’ ~ “Code Is Law”

~ MOTT-E-RTITTWH-MOPC-AA ~ Much Of The Time – Engineers – Resist The Idea That Their Work Has – Moral Or Political Consequences – At All

~ $50BSC ~ $50 Billion Sand Castle

~ I-P-ROI-CT-TNFCB-SAMP-TMOUWI ~ If – Personalization – Remains On Its – Current Trajectory – The Near Future Could Be – Stranger And More Problematic – Than Many Of Us Would Imagine

~ A-A-VB-WA-CP ~ Advertar – A – Virtual Being – With A – Commercial Purpose

~ NSTA-AFVL ~ No Such Thing As – A Free Virtual Lunch

~ ‘AFM’ ~ “Advertiser-Funded Media”

~ A-T-GBABADOA-WNTWC-WIIDOAT ~ As – Technology – Gets Better And Better At Directing Our Attention – We Need To Watch Closely – What It Is Directing Our Attention Toward

~ SIASTJ ~ Serendipity Is A Shortcut To Joy

~ TNF-CSB-MT-FS-M-T-TTP-STIPTHADAHTETRITFP ~ The New Filterers – Can Start By – Making Their – Filtering Systems – More – Transparent – To The Public – So That It’s Possible To Have A Discussion About How They’re Exercising Their Responsibilities In The First Place

~ YSKWHYPD-WDTH-A-HIU ~ You Should Know Who Has Your Personal Data – What Data They Have – And – How It’s Used

~ YSBATPICAYFOPFBUFO ~ You Should Be Able To Prevent Information Collected About You For One Purpose From Being Used For Others

~ YSBATCIIAY ~ You Should Be Able To Correct Inaccurate Information About You

~ YDSBS ~ Your Data Should Be Secure

MARK BLYTH ~ AUSTERITY ~ 2013

~ A-IAFO-VD-IWTEATT-R-O-W-P-A-PS-TR-C-WI(S)BAB-CTS-B-D-A-D-DS-IAB-WI-‘BC’ ~ Austerity – Is A Form Of – Voluntary Deflation – In Which The Economy Adjusts Through The – Reduction – Of – Wages – Prices – And – Public Spending – To Restore – Competitiveness – Which Is (Supposedly) Best Achieved By – Cutting The State’s – Budget – Debts – And – Deficits – Doing So – Its Advocates Believe – Will Inspire – “Business Confidence”

~ TPOA-IMOTN-ETWTTD-PBIPTVOYATTA ~ The Policy Of Austerity – Is More Often Than Not – Exactly The Wrong Thing To Do – Precisely Because It Produces The Very Outcomes You Are Trying To Avoid

~ IWITTP-WSIPTB? ~ I Wasn’t Invited To The Party – Why Should I Pay The Bill?

~ T-ADW-I-TFRIADI ~ That – Austerity Doesn’t Work – Is – The First Reason It’s A Dangerous Idea

~ TWCIA-‘SDC’-SAVIPO-‘BAS’-AP ~ That We Call It A – “Sovereign Debt Crisis” – Suggests A Very Interesting Politics Of – “Bait And Switch” – At Play

~ TCO-STGBS-HEUO-TBSOG-ATATCO-TB-WIWWMCT-A-SDC-WIFIIQ-TAWC-BC ~ The Cost Of – Saving The Global Banking System – Has Ended Up On – The Balance Sheets Of Governments – As They Absorb The Costs Of – The Bust – Which Is Why We Mistakenly Call This – A – Sovereign Debt Crisis – When In Fact It Is A – Transmuted And Well Camouflaged – Banking Crisis

~ ‘TBTF’-‘TBTB’ ~ “Too Big To Fail” – “Too Big To Bail”

~ ISAA-STB-TWN-OOGS-TGUT ~ It’s Still All About – Saving The Banks – There Was No – Orgy Of Government Spending – To Get Us There

~ AINJ-TPOSTB-T-TPTTBWSETP ~ Austerity Is Not Just – The Price Of Saving The Banks – It’s – The Price That The Banks Want Someone Else To Pay

~ S-A-I-ITT-YCCDWMD-I-TBATPTDECATDSOPTPABUAD-T-APSWNW ~ So – Although – If – Its True That – You Cannot Cure Debt With More Debt – If – Those Being Asked To Pay The Debt Either Cannot Afford To Do So Or Perceive Their Payments As Being Unfair And Disproportionate – Then – Austerity Policies Simply Will Not Work

~ EITWND-DHLIAMEF-‘ZE’~ Economic Ideas That Will Not Die – Despite Huge Logical Inconsistencies And Massive Empirical Failures – “Zombie Economics”

~ FOUWITTP-B-WAABATPTB ~ Few Of Us Were Invited To The Party – But – We Are All Being Asked To Pay The Bill

~ A-IFAFA-PPOD-A-NAEPOA ~ Austerity – Is First And Foremost A – Political Problem Of Distribution – And – Not An Economic Problem Of Accountancy

~ F-ND-AGI ~ Facts – Never Disconfirm – A Good Ideology

~ ACFWTCFHWT-NOCHSIC-SCAN ~ A Common Refrain When The Crisis First Hit Was That – No One Could Have Seen It Coming – Such Claims Are Nonsense

~ BS-ALP(GTSAAD)-A-(V)H-I-E ~ Black Swan – A Low Probability (Given The Sample And Assumed Distribution) – And – (Very) High-Impact – Event

~ TTOAGOETWOESMAGATSAB-TMUW-WTI ~ The Theories Of A Generation Of Economic Thinkers Who Only Ever Saw Markets As Good And The State As Bad – The Models Used Were – Worse Than Inaccurate

~ NOAHNOTHATDW-TSSH-O-IM ~ Note Once Again How None Of This Has Anything To Do With – The State’s Spending Habits – Or – Individual Morality

~ TPPOFI ~ The Political Power Of Financial Ideas

~ TWCWTTSTS? ~ The World Changes While The Theory Stays The Same?

~ DET-E-A-D-D-PAEC ~ Different Economic Theories – Empower – And – Disempower – Different – Political And Economic Constituencies

~ TPWPT-TB-DH-SITG ~ The Problem Was Precisely That – The Banks – Didn’t Have – Skin In The Game

~ Systemic Risk – The Risk – That You Cannot – Diversify Away

~ TS-PAGASAFC-IDN-DAFDTPS ~ The State – Plugged A Gap And Stopped A Financial Collapse – It Did Not – Dig A Fiscal Ditch Through Profligate Spending

~ TBMHMTL-B-TCWPFT ~ The Banks May Have Made The Losses – But – The Citizenry Will Pay For Them

~ R-WSTB-C-B-FDAR-MT-B-I-TTST-AAS-RT-RAC-TRITS ~ Risks – Were Supposed To Be – Controlled – By – Financial Derivatives And Risk-Management Tools – But – Instead – These Technologies Seemed To – Amplify And Spread – Rather Than – Reduce And Control – The Risk In The System

~ TINNAM-TPIWL-STPOOL-E-ICAPIMF-AA-DPP-TI-C-R-E-B-A-ATR ~ There Is Nothing Natural About Markets – Turning People Into Wage Laborers – Securing The Private Ownership Of Land – Even – Inventing Capital And Preserving Its Monetary Form – Are All – Deeply Political Projects – That Involve – Courts – Regulation – Enforcement – Bureaucracy – And – All The Rest

~ TS:CLWI/CLWI/DWTPFI ~ The State: Can’t Live With It / Can’t Live Without It / Don’t Want To Pay For It

~ A-R-AI-IT-FABER ~ Austerity – Remains – An Ideology – Immune To – Facts And Basic Empirical Refutation

~ ADW-P-IATFRCAFCOWLL-‘EFC’-TCAEDBFOTWTAPM-O-TPSGTCW-IHIBU-CP-R-PI-MRTLD-A-A-W-IHNO-‘DWISOTT’ ~ Austerity Doesn’t Work – Period – Insofar As The Fossil Record Contains A Few Cases Of What Look Like – “Expansionary Fiscal Consolidations” – These Cases Are Either Driven By Factors Other Than What The Austerity Proponents Maintain – Or – Those Proponents Simply Get The Cases Wrong – It Has Instead Brought Us – Class Politics – Riots – Political Instability – More Rather Than Less Debt – Assassinations – And – War – It Has Never Once – “Done What It Says On The Tin”

~ A-IGIPB-TIOS-TAO-AEDOTTB ~ Austerity – Is Generated In Part By – The Inability Of Societies – To Agree On – An Equitable Distribution Of The Tax Burden

~ H-PAD-EACOTP-F-MHEIOGM ~ Having – Pumped And Dumped – Every Asset Class On The Planet – Finance – May Have Exhausted Its Own Growth Model

~ TIHWAGTDWOD-T-T-AN-A-NBAIU-WII-NBTAMDTC-WTA-A-NBDHAIB-WID-B-B-ASDW ~ This Is How We Are Going To Deal With Our Debts – Through – Taxes – And Not – Austerity – Not Because Austerity Is Unfair – Which It Is – Not Because There Are More Debtors Than Creditors – Which There Are – And – Not Because Democracy Has An Inflationary Bias – Which It Doesn’t – But – Because – Austerity Simply Doesn’t Work