TONY JUDT ~ ILL FARES THE LAND ~ 2010

~ SIPWWTWWLT-WKWTCBHNIWTAW-WNLAOAJROALA:IIG?-IIF?-IIR?-WIHBAABSOABW?-TYTB-T-PQ-EITINEA-WMLOATPT-WCGOLLT-AYWSUTCOA-TTISN ~ Something Is Profoundly Wrong With The Way We Live Today – We Know What Things Cost But Have No Idea What They Are Worth – We No Longer Ask Of A Judicial Ruling Or A Legislative Act: Is It Good? – Is If Fair? – Is It Right? – Will It Help Bring About A Better Society Or A Better World? – Those Used To Be – The – Political Questions – Even If They Invited No Easy Answers – We Must Learn Once Again To Pose Them – We Cannot Go On Living Like This – And Yet We Seem Unable To Conceive Of Alternatives – This Too Is Something New

~ TRGIAWATWIITI-B-ATFTIAGSOF-‘BWCWBI?’-‘WSWD?’ ~ The Rising Generation Is Acutely Worried About The World It Is To Inherit – But – Accompanying These Fears There Is A General Sentiment Of Frustration – “But What Can We Believe In?” – “What Should We Do”

~ S-TS-IGTBWUFTFF-WWDWTTAWSOASWW ~ Since – The State – Is Going To Be With Us For The Foreseeable Future – We Would Do Well To Think About What Sort Of A State We Want

~ IBF-A-F-FOC-FOD-FOSAAUW ~ Insecurity Breed Fear – And – Fear – Fear Of Change / Fear Of Decline / Fear Of Strangers And An Unfamiliar World

~ TCAC-THBACIIM-TPSP ~ The Consequences Are Clear – There Has Been A Collapse In Intergenerational Mobility – The Poor Stay Poor

TWTSBTWFATIM-TWTSP-TFRAPCA ~ The Wider The Spread Between The Wealthy Few And The Impoverished Many – The Worse The Social Problems – True For Rich And Poor Countries Alike

~ TY-O-GI-H-C-TTIA-NCOL-AWWCDL ~ Thirty Years – Of – Growing Inequality – Have – Convinced – That This Is A – Natural Condition Of Life – About Which We Can Do Little

~ IIOTTDAIAIP;IIQATRIT ~ It Is One Thing To Dwell Amongst Inequality And Its Pathologies; It Is Quite Another To Revel In Them

~ R-PAS-R-T-SL-WACPITSRTM20CP-TWHOATOBOT ~ Restoring – Pride And Self-Respect – To – Society’s Losers – Was A Central Platform In The Social Reforms That Marked 20th Century Progress – Today We Have Once Again Turned Our Back On Them

~ AWDITLB-AD-‘FM’~ Are We Doomed Indefinitely To Lurch Between – A Dysfunctional – “Free Market” – And – The Much-Advertised Horrors Of – “Socialism”?

~ TD-WTPIBTETIPOO ~ These Days – We Take Pride In Being Tough Enough To Inflict Pain On Others

~ WCCTEOWATCWMIAMV ~ We Cannot Continue To Evaluate Our World And The Choices We Make In A Moral Vacuum

~ MDNAG-T-C-O-CAFTCG-SB-TR-A-TCAOSAEE-C-‘IH’-BFTFITIUCFTMSOIP ~ Markets Do Not Automatically Generate – Trust – Cooperation – Or – Collective Action For The Common Good – Sustained By – Traditional Restraints – And – The Continuing Authority Of Secular And Ecclesiastical Elites – Capitalism’s – “Invisible Hand” – Benefited From The Flattering Illusion That It Unerringly Corrected For The Moral Shortcomings Of Its Practitioners

~ HSWBTMAFRAGOWTPOMWAITSME?-PWMSBROAOCTIWAT-T-‘E’-AWHDNFTY-INITH ~ How Should We Begin To Make Amends For Raising A Generation Obsessed With The Pursuit Of Material Wealth And Indifferent To So Much Else? – Perhaps We Might Start By Reminding Ourselves And Our Children That It Wasn’t Always Thus – Thinking – “Economistically” – As We Have Done Now For Thirty Years – Is Not Intrinsic To Humans

~ NCNLWSVLWOA ~ Neither Capitalism Nor Liberalism Would Survive Very Long Without One Another

~ IWT-FAD-O-T-MC-WHGRTF ~ It Was The – Fear And Disaffection – Of – The – Middle Class – Which Had Given Rise To Fascism

~ ACURT ~ All Collective Undertakings Require Trust

~ TMETS-TGTT ~ The More Equal The Society – The Greater The Trust

~ N-OC-IEQAGAWR ~ Nothing – Of Course – Is Ever Quite As Good As We Remember

~ WWHBWITSSOPROTPSTNDCA-CTETAPM-PII ~ What We Have Been Watching Is The Steady Shift Of Public Responsibility Onto The Private Sector To No Discernible Collective Advantage – Contrary To Economic Theory And Popular Myth – Privatization Is Inefficient

~ ITSR-DCSTIOTC ~ In The Short Run – Democracies Can Survive The Indifference Of Their Citizens

~ PITWYAG-NOHACSORFTTGD-IAKORHAHAEAB ~ Participation In The Way You Are Governed – Not Only Heightens A Collective Sense Of Responsibility For The Things Government Does – It Also Keeps Our Rulers Honest And Holds Authoritarian Excess At Bay

~ IWFEFTMOOCA-WSNBTSUAT-ITC-WSNBSTDTNOILTUU ~ If We Feel Excluded From The Management Of Our Collective Affairs – We Shall Not Bother To Speak Up About Them – In That Case – We Should Not Be Surprised To Discover That No One Is Listening To Us

~ CT-TILTCD-TDL ~ Convinced That – There Is Little They Can Do – They Do Little

~ TOTWTTMGITL;IFS-PSALAMVAIAUAR ~ The Only Thing Worse Than Too Much Government Is Too Little; In Failed States – People Suffer At Least As Much Violence And Injustice As Under Authoritarian Rule

~ A-CCOOOI-IWDOOINA-O-AOWCASL-LICTREOITNC ~ A – Closed Circle Of Opinion Or Ideas – Into Which Discontent Or Opposition Is Never Allowed – Or – Allowed Only Within Circumscribed And Stylized Limits – Loses Its Capacity To Respond Energetically Or Imaginatively To New Challenges

~ WNTR-LHT-CTWGU ~ We Need To Re-Learn How To – Criticize Those Who Govern Us

~ DAD-AO-TWOTY ~ Dissent And Dissidence – Are Overwhelmingly – The Work Of The Young

~ DMRWTLASIGTPC ~ Dissent Must Remain Within The Law And Seek Its Goals Through Political Channels

~ CADAYP:WITBOTIWDNTSTIOGW? ~ Cynicism And Despair Among Young People: What Is To Become Of Them If We Do Not Take Seriously The Implications Of Global Warming?

~ TWBFW-HDOTTWAAW ~ Those Who Benefit From War – Have Different Objectives Than Those Who Are Against War

~ SACACCI-TDDOCOWOI-IJAWTPOSOIAA ~ Societies Are Complex And Contain Conflicting Interests – To Deny Distinctions Of Class Or Wealth Or Influence – Is Just A Way To Promote One Set Of Interests Above Another

~ TPDLTBROTP ~ The Privileged Don’t Like To Be Reminded Of Their Privileges

~ ICFCTEDPR ~ International Capital Flows Continue To Elude Domestic Political Regulation

~ TS-MNBTP-II’-SB-P-I-C-A-U-U-C-O-IA-A-TS-OALT-DS-RAULITEOIC-IAATTATTI ~ The State – May Now Be The Primary – “Intermediate Institution” – Standing Between – Powerless – Insecure – Citizens – And – Unresponsive – Unaccountable – Corporations – Or – International Agencies – And – The State – Or At Least The – Democratic State – Retains A Unique Legitimacy In The Eyes Of Its Citizens – It Alone Answers To Them And They To It

~ F-R-CIR-O-RTDWTSPAEOOOAG-WFOR ~ Freedom – Rather – Consists In Retaining – Our – Right To Disagree With The State’s Purposes And Express Our Own Objections And Goals – Without Fear Of Retribution

~ PG-ITATRP-NTBPAPE ~ Public Goods – If They Are To Remain Public – Need To Be Provided At Public Expense

~ TFT-TROO-TAOT20C-AWTLCOAHRTDT-WTFGT-I/L/S/R-TWHIFTGAO20CR-IITTROTAOTWUIARA-1929-WATFBOATWSAIWU-TIMTD ~ The First Task – To Remind Ourselves Of – The Achievements Of The 20th Century – Along With The Likely Consequences Of A Heedless Rush To Dismantle Them – We Take For Granted The – Institutions / Legislation / Services / Rights – That We Have Inherited From The Great Age Of 20th Century Reform – It Is Time To Remind Ourselves That All Of These Were Utterly Inconceivable As Recently As – 1929 – We Are The Fortunate Beneficiaries Of A Transformation Whose Scale And Impact Was Unprecedented – There Is Much To Defend

~ WAIFWIO-I/U/I/I-WHJFHTTAT ~ We Are Intuitively Familiar With Issues Of – Injustice / Unfairness / Inequality / Immorality – We Have Just Forgotten How To Talk About Them

THOMAS HOMER DIXON ~ COMMANDING HOPE ~ 2020

~ TPWHTRAWIP ~ The Power We Have To Renew A World In Peril

~ A-‘S’-G-OT-CAS-T-ES-T-OAO-AT-CBAWC ~ A – “Superordinate” – Goal – One That’s – Clear And Specific – That – Everyone Shares – That – Overrides All Others – And That – Can’t Be Achieved Without Cooperation

~ WBT-1.5D-T-IN-I-IWBOOT-S-P-SF-PSHFP ~ Warming Beyond The – 1.5 Degree – Threshold – Is Now – Inevitable – It Will Be One Of The – Slow-Process – Structural Factors – Profoundly Shaping Humanity’s Future Possibilities

~ OC-CAFMDFSTO-B-ITDCWUCU-AOU-TWI-WEFO-BNC ~ Of Course – Conditions Are Far More Dire For Some Than Others – But – If The Dangerous Changes We’ve Unleashed Continue Unabated – All Of Us – The Wealthiest Included – Will Eventually Find Our – Basic Needs Compromised

~ IWGTPT-WN-PAG-TCTFA-IAC-VOTF-T-PE-CTTH-AICWEO-A-RA-AT-WWETTR ~ If We’re Going To Pull Together – We Need – Principles And Goals – That Combine To Form An – Inspiring And Coherent – Vision Of The Future – That – People Everywhere – Can Take To Heart – Affirm In Conversation With Each Other – And – Rally Around – And Then – Work With Excitement Together To Reach

~ RPTH ~ ~ The Path To Hope

~ HB-CCNAOT-SR-SB-BTTR-CTBAT-A-TACTOT ~ Human Beings – Can Create New Aspects Of Their – Social Reality – Simply By – Believing That They’re Real – Communicating Those Beliefs Among Themselves – And – Then Acting Concretely Together On Them

~ IOCADETDUTAMUS-TCATCOTSMR-HUT-VAOD-THAO-PAB-TC-A-EE-TTTPUAAMUD ~ Instead Of Creating A Digital Environment That Draws Us Together And Makes Us Smarter – The Companies At The Core Of The Social Media Revolution – Have Used The – Vast Amounts Of Data – They Harvest About Our – Preferences And Behaviors – To Create – An – Emotional Environment – That Tends To Pull Us Apart And Make Us Dumber

~ M-E-O-S-A-C-O-L-GMR-B-CA-AIE-O-C-CAE-S-A-ATETWBA-O-A-(S)A-SEMUFCI-EUTCIGOL-MFPP-A-DTTBDPTEFACOW-TAU-TA-S-EOFITF ~ More – Eyeballs – On – Sites – And – Clicks – On – Links – Generate More Revenue – By – Creating An – Addictive Information Environment – Of – Constant – Cognitive And Emotional – Stimulus – And – Among The Emotions That Work Best Are – Outrage – And – (Social) Anxiety – Such Emotions Make Us Feel Chronically Insecure – Encourage Us To Coalesce Into Groups Of The Like-Minded For Psychological Protection – And – Dissolve The Trust Between Divers Peoples That’s Essential For A Consensus On What’s – True And Untrue – They Also – Subtly – Erode Our Faith In The Future

~ MME-A-PC-A-T-C-WPITRD-CB-AEFFG ~ Modern Market Economies – Are – Prodigiously Creative – And – That – Creativity – When Pointed In The Right Direction – Can Be – An Extraordinary Force For Good

~ ‘MI’ ~ “Motivated Inference”

~ HIDEIN-A-S-IDOI ~ Humanity Is Deeply Enmeshed In Nature – And – So – Intimately Dependent On It

~ B-MOUSWOCW-EWAESINBU-B-IOOR-A-GOLM ~ But – Most Of Us Stick With Our Current Worldview – Even When Abundant Evidence Shows It’s Not Benefiting Us – Because – It Orders Our Reality – And – Gives Our Lives Meaning

~ IISITHOCBTCMAD ~ It’s So Important To Help Our Children Believe They Can Make A Difference

~ H-IIF-D-O-I-W-C-CTBD ~ Humanity – If In Fact – Doomed – Only – If – We – Collectively – Choose To Be Doomed

~ H-CAW-AIUP-UEOU-FABROC-TOOAFTPT-AMOAC-‘W’ ~ Humanity – Can’t And Won’t – Address Its Urgent Problems – Until Enough Of Us – From A Broad Range Of Cultures – Think Of Ourselves As Facing These Problems Together – As Members Of A Common – “We”

~ BO-CP-AN-GIBTCAS-WN-BCA-ATWS-TATS ~ Because Our – Critical Problems – Are Now – Global – In Both Their Causes And Scope – We Need – Broad Collective Action – Across The World’s Societies – To Address Them Successfully

~ ‘POC’-MB-OOO-B-LI ~ “Protect Our Children” – Must Be – One Of Our – Bottom-Line Injunctions

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ IIET-ECBCCITE-TB-TTMPTMC-A-AGCAIANTROASI-ALFOITD-B-CAYOHW ~ It Is Easier To – Enhance Creativity By Changing Conditions In The Environment – Than By – Trying To Make People Think More Creatively – And – A Genuinely Creative Accomplishment Is Almost Never The Result Of A Sudden Insight – A Lightbulb Flashing On In The Dark – But – Comes After Years Of Hard Work

~ MOTTTA-I-I-A-H-ATROC ~ Most Of The Things That Are – Interesting – Important – And – Human – Are The Results Of Creativity

~ C-WWAIII-WFTWALMFTDTROL ~ Creativity – When We Are Involved In It – We Feel That We Are Living More Fully Than During The Rest Of Life

~ AIALR-TIJSMIWCPAAGT-TACIAED-TMBSAA ~ Attention Is A Limited Resource – There Is Just So Much Information We Can Process At Any Given Time – To Achieve Creativity In An Existing Domain – There Must Be Surplus Attention Available

~ CGICTBOD ~ Creativity Generally Involves Crossing The Boundaries Of Domains

~ ITFOFCAA-ITMOAPITWORAE-TMTEICBIEE ~ If Too Few Opportunities For Curiosity Are Available – If Too Many Obstacles Are Placed In The Way Of Risk And Exploration – The Motivation To Engage In Creative Behavior Is Easily Extinguished

~ ITNGITFTFWZAS-C-WMETTB-O-AWA-C ~ If The Next Generation Is To Face The Future With Zest And Self-Confidence – We Must Educate Them To Be – Original – As Well As – Competent

~ TMIMWCLFCP:HTFPAEITCOE ~ The Most Important Message We Can Learn From Creative People: How To Find Purpose And Enjoyment In The Chaos Of Existence

~ CDNHIPH-B-ITIBAPTAASCC-IIA-S-RTA-I-P ~ Creativity Does Not Happen Inside People’s Heads – But – In The Interaction Between A Person’s Thoughts And A SocioCultural Context – It Is A – Systemic – Rather Than An – Individual – Phenomenon

~ A-L-C-A-POSRTOI ~ Accidents – Like – Creativity – Are – Properties Of Systems Rather Than Of Individuals

~ BITRPATRT-ICI-B-MPNRTTASIAPS-TC-A-EFKWTDWTRHT ~ Being In The Right Place At The Right Time – Is Clearly Important – But – Many People Never Realize That They Are Standing In A Propitious Space-Time Convergence – And – Even Fewer Know What To Do When The Realization Hits Them

~ WAGDO-C-W-A-I-I-WTALAIHTW-IIDTRAIP ~ Without A Good Dose Of – Curiosity – Wonder – And – Interest – In – What Things Are Like And In How They Work – It Is Difficult To Recognize An Interesting Problem

~ OTE-AFATCPEITE-IAGAF-RPN-ECPIMTAEWTT ~ Openness To Experience – A Fluid Attention That Constantly Processes Events In The Environment – Is A Great Advantage For – Recognizing Potential Novelty – Every Creative Person Is More Than Amply Endowed With These Traits

~ YCATMOCJBAACPS ~ You Cannot Assume The Mantle Of Creativity Just By Assuming A Certain Personality Style

~ CI-TTBS-YANATST ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Be Smart – Yet Also Naive At The Same Time

~ APLAITOCI ~ A Playfully Light Attitude Is Typical Of Creative Individuals

~ CI-ABIAFAOE-A-ARSORATO ~ Creative Individuals – Alternate Between Imagination And Fantasy At One End – And – A Rooted Sense Of Reality At The Other

~ CI-AARHAPATST ~ Creative Individuals – Are Also Remarkably Humble And Proud At The Same Time

~ CI-TACE-E-RGRS ~ Creative Individuals – To A Certain Extent – Escape – Rigid Gender Role Stereotyping

~ G-CP-ATTB-RAI-YIIITBCWHFIADOC-A-APMBITIOSADIOTLIR;H-HOSMBTACEA-T-SIIDTSHAPCBCWBBTACAATST-RAI-BOTLTDU;CTCWRTWHBVITPRLTNTIAAAI ~ Generally – Creative People – Are Thought To Be – Rebellious And Independent – Yet Is Is Impossible To Be Creative Without Having First Internalized A Domain Of Culture – And – A Person Must Believe In The Importance Of Such A Domain In Order To Learn Its Rules; Hence – He Or She Must Be To A Certain Extent A – Traditionalist – So It Is Difficult To See How A Person Can Be Creative Without Being Both Traditional And Conservative And At The Same Time – Rebellious And Iconoclastic – Being Only Traditional Leaves The Domain Unchanged; Constantly Taking Chances Without Regard To What Has Been Valued In The Past Rarely Leads To Novelty That Is Accepted As An Improvement

~ M-CP-A-VPATW-Y-TCBEOAIAW ~ Most – Creative Persons – Are – Very Passionate About Their Work – Yet – They Can Be Extremely Objective About It As Well

~ B-U-I-TTCT-PM-TI-TTWHTLAHAAGSOPI ~ But – Usually – Insights – Tend To Come To – Prepared Minds – That Is – To Those Who Have Thought Long And Hard About A Given Set Of Problematic Issues

~ W-ABC-ALI-WAUTPLTMA-SNC-TKOIIROIIN-IIURIDF-IMETNSSOR ~ Without – A Burning Curiosity – A Lively Interest – We Are Unlikely To Persevere Long To Make A – Significant New Contribution – This Kind Of Interest Is Rarely Only Intellectual In Nature – It Is Usually Rooted In Deep Feelings – In Memorable Experiences That Need Some Sort Of Resolution

~ B-TAASIWNHATQY-NEKTTIAP ~ But – There Are Also Situations In Which Nobody Had Asked The Question Yet – Nobody Even Knows That There Is A Problem

~ WITKOTD-TCOTF-A-TBPOTWOMAO ~ We Internalize The Knowledge Of The Domain – The Concerns Of The Field – And – They Become Part Of The Way Our Minds Are Organized

~ WWSAIOSASTAIWW-WWMBSITNOTPWOMWAI ~ When We Sit Alone In Our Study And Say That An Idea Won’t Work – What We May Be Saying Is That None Of The People Whose Opinions Matter Will Accept It

~ CT-EITGFWT-HOTWIKAAWTTAS-I-DTTIBGOTOSOTC ~ Creative Thoughts – Evolve In This Gap Filled With Tension – Holding On To What Is Known And Accepted While Tending Toward A Still Ill-Defined Truth That Is Barely Glimpsed On The Other Side Of The Chasm

~ TCOG ~ The Clarity Of Goals

~ B-CAS-TMO-AAA ~ Balancing – Challenges And Skills – The Merging Of – Action And Awareness

~ CI-TTGTCOVA-WTWHTCOS ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Gravitate Toward Centers Of Vital Activity – Where Their Work Has The Chance Of Succeeding

~ IE-U-TINE-A-PTNWB-TPTADSIC-Y-HAHTROICBHITCTOWAOOU ~ Inspiring Environments – Unfortunately – There Is No Evidence – And – Probably There Never Will Be – To Prove That A Delightful Setting Induces Creativity – Yet – Having A Home That Reinforces One’s Individuality Cannot But Help Increase The Chances That One Will Act Out One’s Uniqueness

~ WHT-PADI-A-HEC-IAETWHBTRO-WIIETFTOWACCOTTAH ~ What Helps To – Preserve And Develop Individuality – And – Hence Enhance Creativity – Is An Environment That We Have Built To Reflect Ourselves – Where It Is Easy To Forget The Outside World And Concentrate Completely On The Task At Hand

~ M-CI-FOEWTBRAF-S/E/W-A-ABT-EWIITTDO-A-WMINWOKTASOTAFS;WCITBMOOOT ~ Most – Creative Individuals – Find Out Early What Their Best Rhythms Are For – Sleeping / Eating / Working – And – Abide By Them – Even When It Is Tempting To Do Otherwise – Again – What Matters Is Not Whether One Keeps To A Strict Or To A Flexible Schedule; What Counts Is To Be Master Of One’s Own Time

~ BAP-INARF-LC-AMTUK-CAOS-ATB ~ Being A Prodigy – Is Not A Requirement For – Later Creativity – A More Than Usually Keen – Curiosity About One’s Surroundings – Appears To Be

~ TDT-B-IAD-TISCOECP ~ The – Dialectical Tension – Between – Involvement And Detachment – That Is So Characteristic Of Every Creative Process

~ P-IIT-AR-WIT-LAFOA-TG-TEO-UF ~ Paradoxically – It Is The – Abstract Rules – We Invent To – Limit And Focus Our Attention – That Give Us – The Experience Of – Untrammelled Freedom

~ CP-A-CS-TDATTUWIHAT-A-TDATAEDE ~ Creative People – Are – Constantly Surprised – They Don’t Assume That They Understand What Is Happening Around Them – And – They Don’t Assume That Anybody Else Does Either

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ THE FLOW EXPERIENCE ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ TACGESOTW ~ There Are Clear Goals Every Step Of The Way

~ TIIFTOA ~ There Is Immediate Feedback To One’s Actions

~ TIABBCAS-WFTOAAWMTTOFA ~ There Is A Balance Between Challenges And Skills – We Feel That Our Abilities Are Well Matched To The Opportunities For Action

~ AAAAM-OCIFOWWD ~ Action And Awareness Are Merged – Our Concentration Is Focused On What We Do

~ DAEFC-WAAOOWIRHAN ~ Distractions Are Excluded From Consciousness – We Are Aware Only Of What Is Relevant Here And Now

~ TINWOF ~ There Is No Worry Of Failure

~ S-CD-WATIIWWADTCAPTE ~ Self-Consciousness Disappears – We Are Too Involved In What We Are Doing To Care About Protecting The Ego

~ TSOTBD ~ The Sense Of Time Becomes Distorted

~ TABA-AEII-NRFDTETFTETP ~ The Activity Becomes Autotelic – An End In Itself – No Reason For Doing – Except To Feel The Experience They Provide

DAN ARIELY ~ PAYOFF ~ 2016

~ WAA-P-TM ~ We Are All – Part-Time Motivators

~ WDFUTTAROITMU-ML-HTDTOIIWOAOAUTOBTC-‘M’-WAC-M ~ We Don’t Fully Understand The Types And Range Of Incentives That Motivate Us – Much Less – How These Different Types Of Incentives Interact With One Another Or Add Up To One Big Thing Called – “Motivation” – With A Capital – M

~ OMSFTTCASOH-A-REATMO-COOL ~ Our Motivations Spring From Trying To Conquer A Sense Of Helplessness – And – Reclaim Even A Tiny Modicum Of – Control Over Our Lives

~ D-WADTTIA-SOM-EWDSI-CAP ~ Deeply – We Are Driven To Tap Into A – Sense Of Meaning – Even When Doing So Is – Challenging And Painful

~ KWDUAO-IAEST-ETIJ-A-MTC-IOL ~ Knowing What Drives Us And Others – Is An Essential Step Toward – Enhancing The Inherent Joy – And – Minimizing The Confusion – In Our Lives

~ IYRWT-DP-‘S’-TW-ITWTG-B-YCGAATWTSB-ITE ~ If You Really Want To – Demotivate People – “Shredding” – Their Work – Is The Way To Go – But – You Can Get Almost All The Way There Simply By – Ignoring Their Efforts

~ WCIM-SBATEOTWWU ~ We Can Increase Motivation – Simply By Acknowledging The Efforts Of Those Working With Us

~ SIE-EW-IOTTA-NLR ~ Some Ideas Endure – Even When – It’s Obvious That They Are – No Longer Relevant

~ PDUTEADTWAFOAIP ~ People Dramatically Underappreciate The Extent And Depth To Which A Feeling Of Accomplishment Influences People

~ TJO(ETTWA)MS-ODATOOIAC ~ The Joy Of (Even Thinking That We Are) Making Something – Our Deep Attachment To Our Own Ideas And Creations

~ DYRTOPDSYLCITSWTYD? ~ Do You Recognize That Other People Don’t See Your Lovely Creation In The Same Way That You Do?

~ LFOHIIB ~ Love For One’s Handiwork Is Indeed Blind

~ WASMB-I-TNFR-ASOA-A-AFOC ~ We Are Strongly Motivated By – Identity – The Need For Recognition – A Sense Of Accomplishment – And – A Feeling Of Creation

~ WAA-LB-B-OO-EB ~ We Are All – Largely Blinded – By – Our Own – Egocentric Bias

~ AL-SE-PUBI-M-A-TIA-HR ~ A Little – Sweat Equity – Pays Us Back In – Meaning – And – That Is A – High Return

~ WRMU? ~ What Really Motivates Us?

~ M-CHANEO-SN ~ Money – Can Have A Negative Effect On – Social Norms

~ TPOR ~ The Power Of Relationships

~ APF-C/C/E;ATFM-T/A;ATGMRFTE-TTAO-M/J/O-FE-GML ~ As People Feel – Connected / Challenged / Engaged; As They Feel More – Trusted / Autonomous; As They Get More Recognition For Their Efforts – The Total Amount Of – Motivation / Joy / Output – For Everyone – Grows Much Larger

~ WCHO-F/C/E/O-WWRT-LACM ~ We Can Help Our – Friends / Coworkers / Employees / Ourselves – When We Remember That – Love And Caring Matter

~ TJOL-TR ~ The Joy Of Long-Term Relationships

~ GR-A-T-ONF-C-ATOALTS ~ Good Relationships – Aren’t – Transactional – Our Need For – Connectedness – Anchors Them On A Longer Time Scale

~ AWB-MEWOW-WBBHAMP ~ As We Become – Meaningfully Engaged With Our Work – We Become Both Happier And More Productive

~ TVOG ~ The Value Of Goodwill

~ GIF-SIIE-B-DIIEE ~ Goodwill Is Fragile – Supporting It Is Easy – But – Destroying It Is Even Easier

~ SI-A-TNFM ~ Symbolic Immortality – And – The Need For Meaning

~ TMPM-I-OCTO ~ The Most Powerful Motivator In The World – Is – Our Connection To Others

~ I-AKW-CDWTIPTDB-WO-HT-O-E/D/C-MWFIWOLFT? ~ If – A Kind Word – Can Do Wonders To Impel People To Do Better – What Other – Hidden Treasures – Of – Energy / Dedication / Commitment – Might We Find If We Only Looked For Them?

EMILY ESFAHANI SMITH ~ THE POWER OF MEANING ~ 2017

~ WLHM-ITO-L-O-DQ-T-P-HEAAATA-II-TMIQOA ~ Whether Life Has Meaning – Is The Only – Life-Or-Death Question – That – Philosophy – Has Ever Asked And Attempted To Answer – It Is – The Most Important Question Of All

~ WLFREOTW-A-SOAU-B-TWI-C/D/S ~ We Long For Rational Explanations Of The World – And – Seek Order And Unity – But – The World Is – Chaotic / Disordered / Senseless

~ TFPOM:B/P/S/T ~ The Four Pillars Of Meaning: Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence

~ ASOB-CIA-TMIDOM ~ A Sense Of Belonging – Clocks In As – The Most Important Driver Of Meaning

~ P-NMT-FAS-T-LFAHL-TNN-LAC-TN-TBTS ~ People – Need More That – Food And Shelter – To – Live Full And Healthy Lives – They Need – Love And Care – They Need – To Belong To Someone

~ AS-PASLTWFAN-A-MTIFO-T/P/C ~ Across Society – People Are Spending Less Time With Friends And Neighbors – And – More Time In Front Of – Television / Phone / Computer

~ SE-I-ATTM ~ Social Exclusion – Is – A Threat To Meaning

~ TSMOR-CKTMOOAC-AEA-TSMOBCBIU ~ The Smallest Moment Of Rejection – Can Knock The Meaning Out Of A Connection – As Easily As – The Smallest Moment Of Belonging Can Build It Up

~ C-LATCO-B ~ Compassion – Lies At The Center Of – Belonging

~ MGT-HAT-IOFIT-LML-TMCT-S/T/C-TLWT-A-UTFTBOO ~ Many Great Thinkers – Have Argued That – In Order For Individuals To – Live Meaningful Lives – They Must Cultivate The – Strengths / Talents / Capacities – That Lie Within Them – And – Use Them For The Benefit Of Others

~ ETMTTCBMPWTBTPYL ~ Even The Most Tedious Tasks Can Be Made Purposeful When They Benefit The People You Love

~ NAOUW-FOC-B-TDMWC-FP ~ Not All Of Us Will – Find Our Calling – But – That Doesn’t Mean We Can’t – Find Purpose

~ EOUHA-COP-F/C/W-WLWCI-TALECLB ~ Each Of Us Has A – Circle Of People – Families / Communities / Work – Whose Lives We Can Improve – That’s A Legacy Everyone Can Leave Behind

~ OSIEFAD-SNAHS:TNTMSOTW-SAPEWICTDOI-UWWAAHWGTW ~ Our Storytelling Impulse Emerges From A Deep-Seated Need All Humans Share: The Need To Make Sense Of The World – Stories Are Particularly Essential When It Comes To Defining Our Identity – Understanding Who We Are And How We Got That Way

~ O-S-TTFOTM-EE-OOL-GAB-B-TATETWNTMSO-TATETSU ~ Our – Stories – Tend To Focus On The Most – Extraordinary Events – Of Our Lives – Good And Bad – Because – Those Are The Experiences That We Need To Make Sense Of – Those Are The Experiences That Shape Us

~ T-O-OA-RS-I-A-‘CS’ ~ The – Opposite – Of A – Redemptive Story – Is – A – “Contamination Story”

~ WAATAOOOSACCTCTWWTT ~ We Are All The Authors Of Our Own Stories And Can Choose To Change The Way We’re Telling Them

~ BWAFMISTBO ~ But We Also Find Meaning In Stories Told By Others

~ A-BWM-WUTS-BAGWOA-DARR-O-ITHDR-CTU ~ A – Brush With Mystery – Whether Underneath The Stars – Before A Gorgeous Work Of Art – During A Religious Ritual – Or – In The Hospital Delivery Room – Can Transform Us

~ TE-CL-D-SP-W-Y-STTCAPUTGIWTUMUWAOLMF-WDSBROTPO-B/P/S/T-ITPAS-WBATLOTWAS-B-I-TPCOFAAROAST-WCRTTBESAMR ~ Traumatic Experiences – Can Leave – Deep – Sometimes Permanent – Wounds – Yet – Struggling Through Them Can Also Push Us To Grow In Ways That Ultimately Make Us Wiser And Our Lives More Fulfilling – We Do So By Relying On The Pillars Of – Belonging / Purpose / Storytelling / Transcendence – If Those Pillars Are Strong – We’ll Be Able To Lean On Them When Adversity Strikes – But – If – The Pillars Crumble Or Fall As A Result Of A Shattering Trauma – We Can Rebuild Them To Be Even Stronger And More Resilient

~ VRE-A-FBOP-DNLT-HB-B-SAT-W-D-IHUMBO-IER-T-SD-EWIUH ~ Venting Raw Emotions – And – Falling Back On Platitudes – Does Not Lead To – Health Benefits – But – Sustained And Thoughtful – Writing – Does – It Helps Us Move Beyond Our – Initial Emotional Reactions – To – Something Deeper – Expressive Writing Is Uniquely Healing

~ COM ~ Cultures Of Meaning

~ HMIL-HBAW-L-BIF-A-MGMITB ~ Having Meaning In Life – Has Been Associated With – Longevity – Better Immune Functioning – And – More Gray Matter In The Brain

~ WT-SOD-OLPTCTT-L-A-M-ICABA-C-FTTWO-ATHNDB-TMOTL ~ While The – Specter Of Death – Often Leads People To Conclude That Their – Lives – Are – Meaningless – It Can Also Be A – Catalyst – For Them To Work Out – As They Have Never Done Before – The Meaning Of Their Lives

CHIP HEATH + DAN HEATH ~ THE POWER OF MOMENTS ~ 2017

~ DM-ME-TSOIOM-MOTOAGDTC-MOODMJHTU-DM-SOL-B-WDHTWFTTH-WCBTAOT ~ Defining Moments – Meaningful Experiences – That Stand Out In Our Memory – Many Of Them Owe A Great Deal To Chance – Most Of Our Defining Moments Just Happen To Us – Defining Moments – Shape Our Lives – But – We Don’t Have To Wait For Them To Happen – We Can Be The Authors Of Them

~ OLAMIM ~ Our Lives Are Measured In Moments

~ IRAE-WIMOWHAFIO-AFPM-TKM-TBOWM-KAT-‘P’-A-T-E-BM-T-TWIPTTA-T-WEB-EAB ~ In Recalling An Experience – We Ignore Most Of What Happened And Focus Instead On – A Few Particular Moments – Two Key Moments – The Best Or Worst Moment – Known As The – “Peak” – And – The – Ending – Beginnings Matter – Too – That’s Why It’s Preferable To Talk About – Transitions – Which Encompass Both – Endings And Beginnings

~ WWAOE-WD-AOM-B-MS-R-WTTRFM:TP/TP/TT ~ When We Assess Our Experiences – We Don’t – Average Our Minute-By-Minute Sensations – Rather – We Tend To Remember Flagship Moments: The Peaks / The Pits / The Transitions

~ DM-ACF-OOM-OTFFE:E-ATE;I-ROUOOOTW;RS-TMIOL;P-CUAOB;C-WSTWO ~ Defining Moments – Are Created From – One Or More – Of The Following Four Elements: Elevation – Above The Everyday; Insight – Rewire Our Understanding Of Ourselves Or The World – Realize Something – That Might Influence Our Lives; Pride – Capture Us At Our Best; Connection – We Share Them With Others

~ MM-A-WAOWMWWLTTC! ~ Moments Matter – And – What An Opportunity We Miss When We Leave Them To Chance!

~ TLOAPTA-EFD-I-M-B-WA-WO-T-MANTMFIAA ~ The Lack Of Attention Paid To An – Employee’s First Day – Is – Mind-Boggling – What A – Wasted Opportunity – To – Make A New Team Member Feel Included And Appreciated

~ WMUWSMAN-WMLT-TIM-TSTOTAWOI-‘M-S’ ~ We Must Understand When Special Moments Are Needed – We Must Learn To – Think In Moments – To Spot The Occasions That Are Worthy Of Investment – “Moment-Spotting”

~ MAWWRAWWC ~ Moments Are What We Remember And What We Cherish

~ T-L-M-A-P-A-NDM ~ Transitions – Like – Milestones – And – Pits – Are – Natural Defining Moments

~ P-CSBFI-P ~ Pits – Can Sometimes Be Flipped Into – Peaks

~ B-AYMOT-O-S/C-O-C-ACT?-AY-TIM? ~ But – Are You Missing Opportunities To – Offer – Support / Congratulations – Or – Counsel – At Critical Times? – Are You – Thinking In Moments?

~ ‘FDE’ ~ “First Day Experience”

~ T-AONOP-IPGIO-W-RR-TTGTDFPTB ~ The – Absence Or Neglect Of Peaks – Is Particularly Glaring In Organizations – Where – Relentless Routines – Tend To Grind Them Down From Peaks To Bumps

~ T-CF-YN-T-R-A-TRW ~ To – Create Fans – You Need – The – Remarkable – And – That Requires Peaks

~ A-P-M-SSIH-ISLD ~ A – Peak – Means – Something Special Is Happening – It Should Look Different

~ OSD-TGWY-TTO-I-IPFTNTPOTC ~ One Simple Diagnostic – To Gauge Whether You’ve – Transcended The Ordinary – Is – If People Feel The Need To Pull Out Their Cameras

~ BTS-DPEOHAEWU-SS ~ Breaking The Script – Defying People’s Expectations Of How An Experience Will Unfold – Strategic Surprise

~ SIASBM ~ Some Insights Are Small But Meaningful

~ T-‘A’-M-SAHITMOT-A ~ The – “Aha!” – Moment – Should Always Happen In The Minds Of The – Audience

~ YCATSUYATP ~ You Can’t Appreciate The Solution Until You Appreciate The Problem

~ TPO-S-IN-S-I-L-I-S-I-TPMO-S-I-WNT-S-POINSTEUTTROF ~ The Promise Of – Stretching – Is Not – Success – It’s – Learning – It’s – Self-Insight – To Produce Moments Of – Self-Insight – We Need To – Stretch – Placing Ourselves In New Situations That Expose Us To The Risk Of Failure

~ M-CHUSFTWTWC ~ Mentors – Can Help Us Stretch Further Than We Thought We Could

~ W-RIAUE-INA-UP ~ While – Recognition Is A Universal Expectation – It’s Not A – Universal Practice

~ TSINI-WII-A:BPNP ~ The Style Is Not Important – What’s Important Is – Authenticity: Being Personal Not Programmatic

~ EG-PTROTP-OC-B-ICAHABE-ETSOTGP ~ Expressing Gratitude – Pleases The Recipient Of The Praise – Of Course – But – It Can Also Have A Boomerang Effect – Elevating The Spirits Of The Grateful Person

~ ASITYALR-TDFO-R ~ A Small Investment That Yields A Large Reward – The Defining Feature Of – Recognition

~ TDTHMEACFPOE-B-WNSWJO-FL-B-MM-WTA-L-A-R-IOW-MI-‘FL’-AWPTEO-WEABOPAWAAJOETCTTNO ~ The Desire To Hit Milestones Elicits A Concerted Final Push Of Effort – But – We’re Not Stuck With Just One – Finish Line – By – Multiplying Milestones – We Transform A – Long – Amorphous – Race – Into One With – Many Intermediate – “Finish Lines” – As We Push Through Each One – We Experience A Burst Of Pride As Well As A Jolt Of Energy To Charge Toward The Next One

~ ‘GAGP’-ET ~ “Gradual And Graduated Practice” – Exposure Therapy

~ MF-IACPO-C ~ Managing Fear – Is A Critical Part Of – Courage

~ WPM-AMC:I-X-H-T-I-WD-Y-II-TIPIPAR ~ When People Make – Advance Mental Commitments: If – X – Happens – Then – I – Will Do – Y – Implementation Intentions – There Is Power In Preloading A Response

~ B-POKWTRTTDI-THPIAOTJ ~ But – People Often Know What The Right Thing To Do Is – The Hard Part Is Acting On That Judgment

~ B-TS-TLT-UB-A-P ~ Because – The Situations – That Lead To – Unethical Behavior – Are – Predictable

~ BLOA-P-G-T-DU-WLTA ~ Blurry Lines Of Accountability – Plus – Get-Things-Done Urgency – Will Lead To Accidents

~ AL-B/B/S-TRIA-PE-WILTA-TANA-TAP-TCBFAF ~ A Leader’s – Bias / Bigotry / Sexism – Taking Root In A – Permissive Environment – Will Inevitably Lead To Abuse – These Are Not Anomalies – They Are Probabilities – They Can Be Foreseen And Fought

~ ACFO-PC-T-I-MSTPRC! ~ A Crucial Feature Of – Practicing Courage – Then – Is – Making Sure The Practice Requires Courage!

~ PQTATCCOMIATM ~ Practice Quiets The Anxiety That Can Cloud Our Mind In A Tough Moment

~ OAOCSA ~ One Act Of Courage Supports Another

~ ONIIT-CTTMO-TGNIT-IEOPIBETDTM-WAE-WNAA ~ Our Natural Instinct Is To – Cave To The Majority Opinion – The Good News Is That – If Even One Person Is Brave Enough To Defy The Majority – We Are Emboldened – We’re Not Alone Anymore

~ CIC ~ Courage Is Contagious

~ IIHTBC-B-IEWYP-A-WYSU-OWJY ~ It Is Hard To Be Courageous – But – It’s Easier When You’ve Practiced – And – When You Stand Up – Others Will Join You

~ YMOC-MB-ADMFSE ~ Your Moment Of Courage – Might Be – A Defining Moment For Someone Else

~ TPOO-TAIISR ~ The Presence Of Others – Turns Abstract Ideas Into Social Reality

~ PW-CTS-I-TWMSTT-THSAICIO-A-ITCTPON ~ People Will – Choose To Struggle – If – The Work Means Something To Them – They Have Some Autonomy In Carrying It Out – And – It’s Their Choice To Participate Or Not

~ IYWTBPOAGTBLC-TOARDTTDM-AOYWRIFTROYL ~ If You Want To Be Part Of A Group That Bonds Like Cement – Take On A Really Demanding Task That’s Deeply Meaningful – All Of You Will Remember It For The Rest Of Your Lives

~ PII-PISPCS ~ Passion Is Individualistic – Purpose Is Something People Can Share

~ P-I-D-I-C ~ Purpose – Isn’t – Discovered – It’s – Cultivated

~ WTRKO-M-R-CCIAI ~ With The Right Kind Of – Moment – Relationships – Can Change In An Instant

~ IWWM-MOC-WNTB-MRTO ~ If We Want More – Moments Of Connection – We Need To Be – More Responsive To Others

~ IA ~ Interpersonal Alchemy

~ GBWTST-PWWASW-ITC-TGA-TMIM ~ Groups Bond When They Struggle Together – People Will Welcome A Struggle When – It’s Their Choice / They’re Given Autonomy / The Mission Is Meaningful

~ TPOSG ~ The Power Of Simple Gestures

~ TMPMAOTOTCTL ~ The Most Precious Moments Are Often The Ones That Cost The Least

~ WCBT-DOM-TD-E/I/P/C ~ We Can Be The – Designers Of Moments – That Deliver – Elevation / Insight / Pride / Connection

MARCEL MAUSS ~ THE GIFT ~ 1925

~ ATHNE-EIAEFCITTOO-OISTWLTSAA-POI-ATMRWICA-‘N’-E ~ Apparently There Has Never Existed – Either In An Era Fairly Close In Time To Our Own – Or In Societies That We Lump Together Somewhat Awkwardly As – Primitive Or Inferior – Anything That Might Resemble What Is Called A – “Natural” – Economy

~ TEOGATOTR ~ The Exchange Of Gifts And The Obligation To Reciprocate

~ TOTG ~ The Obligation To Give – The Obligation To Receive

~ TPMTH-A-TPMTTG ~ The Present Made To Humans – And – The Present Made To The Gods

~ E-T-G ~ Exchange-Through-Gift

~ L/H/M ~ Liberality / Honour / Money

~ ROG ~ Rules Of Generosity

~ MOO ~ Mechanisms Of Obligation

~ H&C ~ Honour And Credit

~ TTO:TG/TR/TR ~ The Three Obligations: To Give / To Receive / To Reciprocate

~ T-‘MOF’ ~ The – “Money Of Fame”

~ TAFOE-GPAR-SBAVLPOH-DAVLTP-M-SS ~ The Archaic Form Of Exchange – Gifts Presented And Reciprocated – Shared By A Very Large Part Of Humanity – During A Very Long Transitional Phase – Moreover – Still Subsists

~ F-E-ISNW-CITO-BAS ~ Fortunately – Everything – Is Still Not Wholly – Categorized In Terms Of – Buying And Selling

~ S-W-MUOSOTHC-TRMCBTCT-F-A-AB-O-A-TFGOTFC

~ Societies – Whether – Made Up Of Savages Or The Highly Civilized – The Rich Must Come Back To Considering Themselves – Freely – And – Also By – Obligation – As – The Financial Guardians Of Their Fellow Citizens

~ ‘TS’-CTC-TSW-IAG-EEWOA-CT-MA-SOEAL-TWCFOOWWCC ~ “Total Services” – Clan To Clan – The System In Which – Individuals And Groups – Exchange Everything With One Another – Constitutes The – Most Ancient – System Of Economy And Law – That We Can Find Or Of Which We Can Conceive

~ TV-EA-FE-TM-ASW-RAM ~ The Various – Economic Activities – For Example – The Market – Are Suffused With – Rituals And Myths

~ IIB-ORTF-B-PTWTPASOOI-TPSI-S-A/G/T-F-W/I/S ~ It Is By – Opposing Reason To Feeling – By – Pitting The Will To Peace Against Sudden Outburst Of Insanity – That People Succeed In – Substituting – Alliance / Gifts / Trade – For – War / Isolation / Stagnation

~ SHPISFATT-TS-AL-T-I-IT-HSI-SR-G-R-AF-GIR ~ Societies Have Progressed In So Far As They Themselves – Their Subgroups – And Lastly – The – Individuals – In Them – Have Succeeded In – Stabilizing Relationships – Giving – Receiving – And Finally – Giving In Return

BRENE BROWN ~ DEBUNKING THE VULNERABILITY MYTHS ~ DARING GREATLY ~ 2012

VULNERABILITY IS WEAKNESS

~ VITCOAEAF-TFITBV-TBVIWITBTFIW-TFOOELOOAFTTCWBTH-ITWAF-TVTTGPAMTL ~ Vulnerability Is The Core Of All Emotions And Feelings – To Feel Is To Be Vulnerable – To Believe Vulnerability Is Weakness Is To Believe That Feeling Is Weakness – To Foreclose On Our Emotional Life Out Of A Fear That The Costs Will Be Too High – Is To Walk Away From – The Very Thing That Gives Purpose And Meaning To Living

I DON’T DO VULNERABILITY

~ WCOOOT-U/R/EE-TWTODE-LIV ~ We Can’t Opt Out Of The – Uncertainty / Risk / Emotional Exposure – That’s Woven Through Our Daily Experiences – Life Is Vulnerable

VULNERABILITY IS LETTING IT ALL HANG OUT

~ V-WB-LT-D/D/D-WNTFTTBV-A-WNTBVIOTT ~ Vulnerability – Without Boundaries – Leads To – Disconnection / Distrust / Disengagement – We Need To Feel Trust To Be Vulnerable – And – We Need To Be Vulnerable In Order To Trust