TIMOTHY SNYDER ~ ON TYRANNY ~ 2017

~T:TUOPBASIOG-O-TCOLBRFTOB ~ Tyranny: The Usurpation Of Power By A Single Individual Or Group – Or – The Circumvention Of Law By Rulers For Their Own Benefit

~ DNOIA-MOTPOAIFG ~ Do Not Obey In Advance – Most Of The Power Of Authoritarianism Is Freely Given

~ DI-IIITHUTPD-IDNPT ~ Defend Institutions – It Is Institutions That Help Us To Preserve Decency – Institutions Do Not Protect Themselves

~ TMITATRWCTPTICCODTVI-EWTIEWTHATTWD ~ The Mistake Is To Assume That Rulers Who Came To Power Through Institutions Cannot Change Or Destroy Those Very Institutions – Even When That Is Exactly What They Have Announced That They Will Do

~ BOTO-PS-STM-PSADTRODE-VILASEWYC-CRFO ~ Beware The One-Party State – Support The Multi-Party System And Defend The Rules Of Democratic Elections – Vote In Local And State Elections While You Can – Consider Running For Office

~PB-CBTWR-A-CABR ~ Paper Ballots – Cannot Be Tampered With Remotely – And – Can Always Be Recounted

~ TRFTFOTW-TSOTETROT ~ Take Responsibility For The Face Of The World – The Symbols Of Today Enable The Reality Of Tomorrow

~ RPE-WPLSANE-PCT-JP-BMI ~ Remember Professional Ethics – When Political Leaders Set A Negative Example – Professional Commitments To – Just Practice – Become More Important

~ ANOCS-A-CCDSBIICL ~ Authoritarians Need Obedient Civil Servants – And – Concentration Camp Directors Seek Businessmen Interested In Cheap Labor

~ PE-MGUPWWATT-TSIE-TTINSTA-‘JFO’~ Professional Ethics – Must Guide Us Precisely When We Are Told That – The Situation Is Exceptional – Then There Is No Such Thing As – “Just Following Orders”

~ BWOP ~ Be Wary Of Paramilitaries

~ I-OTGCLUF-ATUICBL-T-TFOPTWTFGBP ~ If – Only The Government Can Legitimately Use Force – And – This Use Is Constrained By Law – Then – The Forms Of Politics That We Take For Granted Become Possible

~ BRIYMBA ~ Be Reflective If You Must Be Armed

~ SO-SHT ~ Stand Out – Someone Has To

~BKTOL-APTPEED-TUYOWOS ~ Be Kind To Our Language – Avoid Pronouncing The Phrases Everyone Else Does – Think Up Your Own Way Of Speaking

~ MAETSYFTI ~ Make An Effort To Separate Yourself From The Internet

~ RB ~ Read Books

~ PIOTFTCTT-WETWWTDRT ~ Politicians In Our Times Feed Their Cliches To Television – Where Even Those Who Wish To Disagree Repeat Them

~ BIT-TAFITAF-INIT-TNOCCP-BTINBUWTDS-INIT-TAIS-TBWPFTBBL ~ Believe In Truth – To Abandon Facts Is To Abandon Freedom – If Nothing Is True – Then No One Can Criticize Power – Because There Is No Basis Upon Which To Do So – If Nothing Is True – Then All Is Spectacle – The Biggest Wallet Pays For The Most Blinding Lights

~ PT-P-F ~ Post-Truth Is Pre-Fascism

~ I-RTSOWIOTIITTHY-TRFWYCWO ~ Investigate – Realize That Some Of What Is On The Internet Is There To Harm You – Take Responsibility For What You Communicate With Others

~ IIYATDFTMYAI-A-OCTICKTMUAS ~ It Is Your Ability To Discern Facts That Makes You An Individual – And – Our Collective Trust In Common Knowledge That Makes Us A Society

~ WTT-DW-NCHA-IBTLOD-TWDW-BTM ~ Within The Two-Dimensional Internet World – New Collectivities Have Arisen – Invisible By The Light Of Day – Tribes With Distinct Worldviews – Beholden To Manipulations

~ AY-TIACTYCFO-IITOTKYO-LFC ~ And Yes – There Is A Conspiracy That You Can Find Online – It Is The One To Keep You Online – Looking For Conspiracies

~ BYDT-‘MM’-NTIINL-TM-IIDTIMAE-A-AJTIEAD ~ Before You Deride The – “Mainstream Media” – Note That It Is No Longer – The Mainstream – It Is Derision That Is Mainstream And Easy – And – Actual Journalism That Is Edgy And Difficult

~ MECAST-AWTSITWOS-BDSB-A-UWYSASNT ~ Make Eye Contact And Small Talk – A Way To Stay In Touch With Our Surroundings – Break Down Social Barriers – And – Understand Whom You Should And Should Not Trust

~ ITMDOT-TWEAS-GKPWTCT ~ In The Most Dangerous Of Times – Those Who Escape And Survive – Generally Know People Whom They Can Trust

~ PCP-ITFNCFTAITT-DW-NWC ~ Practice Corporeal Politics – If Tyrants Feel No Consequences For Their Actions In The Three-Dimensional World – Nothing Will Change

~ EAPL-TS-TH-OWTHY-TNTHH ~ Establish A Private Life – Tyrants Seek – The Hook – On Which To Hang You – Try Not To Have Hooks

~ WWTAAIIMODRAMTACBTAS-WPITDOOOPO ~ When We Take An Active Interest In Matters Of Doubtful Relevance At Moments That Are Chosen By Tyrants And Spooks – We Participate In The Demolition Of Our Own Political Order

~ CTGC-TYWHMAFCTSCSAHOTDG ~ Contribute To Good Causes – Then You Will Have Made A Free Choice That Supports Civil Society And Helps Others To Do Good

~ LFPIOC ~ Learn From Peers In Other Countries

~ LFDW-BATTUOTW-E-A-T-BATFNO-EAE-BAA-TTUOPV ~ Listen For Dangerous Words – Be Alert To The Use Of The Words – Extremism – And – Terrorism – Be Alive To Fatal Notions Of – Emergency And Exception – Be Angry About – The Treacherous Use Of Patriotic Vocabulary

~ BCWTUA-TSTR-TEOCAB-TRTAFT-ASO-ITOT-DNFFI ~ Be Calm When The Unthinkable Arrives – The Sudden Disaster That Requires – The End Of Checks And Balances – The Right To A Fair Trial – And So On – Is The Oldest Trick – Do Not Fall For It

~ BAP-SAGE-FGTC-TWNI ~ Be A Patriot – Set A Good Example – For Generations To Come – They Will Need It

~ BACAYC-INOUIPT-DFF-T-AOUW-DUT ~ Be As Courageous As You Can – If None Of Us Is Prepared To – Die For Freedom – Then – All Of Us Will – Die Under Tyranny

~ T-POI-IA-S-IIC ~ The – Politics Of Inevitability – Is A – Self-Induced Intellectual Coma

STEVEN JOHNSON ~ EIGHT PRIMARY FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE CHALLENGE OF FARSIGHTED DECISION-MAKING ~ FARSIGHTED ~ 2018

~ CD-IMV-A-IMCD-KVANEATO;THTBD ~ Complex Decisions – Involve Multiple Variables – And – In Many Complex Decisions – Key Variables Are Not Evident At The Outset; They Have To Be Discovered

~ CD-RF-SA-INJTTCMV;IATTVDOCDFOR-TMTDW-YNTFYMOOINP-YHTTAAPFMP ~ Complex Decisions – Require Full-Spectrum Analysis – It’s Not Just That They Contain Multiple Variables; It’s Also That Those Variables Draw On Completely Different Frames Of Reference – To Make Those Decisions Well – You Need To Force Your Mind Out Of Its Narrowband Priorities – You Have To Think About A Problem From Multiple Perspectives

~ CD-FUTPTF ~ Complex Decisions – Force Us To Predict The Future

~ CD-IVLOU ~ Complex Decisions – Involve Varied Levels Of Uncertainty

~ CD-OICO ~ Complex Decisions – Often Involve Conflicting Objectives

~ CD-HUO ~ Complex Decisions – Harbor Undiscovered Options

~ CD-APT-S1-F-ATS-TMIETGTTSPOL-CTOTBLWWFATC ~ Complex Decisions – Are Prone To – System 1 – Failings – All The Shortcuts – That Make It Easy To Get Through The Simple Problems Of Life – Can Turn Out To Be Liabilities When We Face A True Crossroads

~ CD-AVTFO-CI-GAVT-CBTAFTSDOHI-‘GT’~ Complex Decisions – Are Vulnerable To Failures Of – Collective Intelligence – Groups Are Vulnerable To – Collective Biases That Arise From The Social Dynamics Of Human Interaction – “GroupThink”

JESSE WRIGHT + MONICA RAMIREZ BASCO ~ GETTING YOUR LIFE BACK ~ 2001

~ T-T-K:W-Y-TP-B-L-N-A-M-AOR-YMB~ The – Thinking – Key : When – Your – Thought Patterns – Become – Less – Negative – And – More – Accurate Or Rational – Your Mood Brightens

~ T-A-K:WY-BT-AIPW-YWFBAY ~ The – Action – Key : When You – Begin To – Act In Positive Ways – You Will Feel Better About Yourself

~ T-B-K:MYL-TSHCPIYB ~ The – Biology – Key : Modifying Your Lifestyle – To Stimulate Healthy Chemical Processes In Your Body

~ T-R-K:PACR-CANLASCWO ~ The – Relationship – Key : Positive And Caring Relationships – Create And Nurture Loving And Supportive Connections With Others

~ T-S-K:LOASOMIYL-O-FSE-CB-ABGFD-DSFHAPABCTYCAB ~ The – Spirituality – Key : Lack Of A Sense Of Meaning In Your Life – Or – Feeling Spiritually Empty – Can Be – A Breeding Ground For Despair – Drawing Strength From Having A Purpose And Being Committed To Your Core Values And Beliefs

AJIT VARKI + DANNY BROWER ~ DENIAL ~ 2013

~ EAOTWIDOTINOFHWTDATP ~ Events And Outcomes That We Initially Dread Often Turn Into New Opportunities For Happiness When They Do Actually Take Place

~ CP-IANP-A-LH-AMRITDOTM-AWMFAFAFOOWOGU-A-AWBFO-TV&C-IIHTIT-CMD-HNBUSC ~ Childhood Play – Is A Natural Phenomenon – And – Likely Has – A Major Role In The Development Of The Mind – As We Move Further And Further Away From Our Original Ways Of Growing Up – And – As We Become Fixated On – TV And Computers – It Is Hard To Imagine That – Children’s Mental Development – Has Not Been Undergoing Significant Changes

~ W-TPAP-MCT-I-CC-TII-CATDS ~ While – The Public And Politicians – May Choose To – Ignore – Climate Change – The Insurance Industry – Cannot Afford To Do So

~ PECDE-TFITWHAC-AVDE-WOC-OTOAOPTWH ~ Planet Earth Climate Destabilization Experiment – The Fact Is That We Humans Are Conducting – A Very Dangerous Experiment – With Our Climate – On The One And Only Planet That We Have

~ TPO-O-HGFBWRTBADISC-TCANSOOR-BA-AOGCD ~ The Problem Of – Overpopulation – Has Gone From Being Well Recognized To Being Almost Denied In Some Countries – The Consequences Are Not Simply Overconsumption Of Resources – But Also – Acceleration Of Global Climate Disruption

~ B-A-FL-I-PGSAED-S-I-FLAI-CS-PGMCUC ~ But – As – Female Literacy – Increases – Population Growth Stops And Even Declines – So – If – Female Literacy And Independence – Can Spread – Population Growth May Come Under Control

~ OCBALAT-OIRD-CWORTA-VGT-WWBF-GCOASNBS-HST-WWNLAL-TLFTFFOTD-ILPBOON-RD ~ One Can Build A Logical Argument That – Our Innate Reality Denial – Coupled With Our Runaway Technological Achievements – Virtually Guarantees That – We Will Be Facing – Global Calamities On A Scale Never Before Seen – History Suggests That – We Will Not Learn Any Long-Term Lessons From The First Few Of These Disasters – In Large Part Because Of Our Nemesis – Reality Denial

~ B-DAROR-CHPPEO-P-S-C-N-A-G-M-IOW-TAMVATTUHC-EWCW-OATIWTMOO ~ Both – Denial And Recognition Of Reality – Can Have Powerful Positive Effects On – Personal – Social – Communal – National – And – Global – Matters – In Other Words – There Are Many Valuable Aspects To This Unusual Human Capacity – Especially When Combined With – Our Ability To Identify With The Minds Of Others

~ IAW-WC-BVT-LEDAIIWYL-A-REM ~ It’s A Well-Worn Cliche – But Very True – Live Each Day As If It Were Your Last – And – Relish Every Moment

~ WHACO-D-D-M-AE-C-SR-FE-GOE-P ~ We Humans Are Capable Of – Deliberately – Distorting – Modifying – And Even – Changing – Some Realities – For Either – Good Or Evil – Purposes

JARON LANIER ~ TEN ARGUMENTS FOR DELETING YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA ACCOUNTS RIGHT NOW ~ HENRY HOLT ~ 2018

~ YAL-Y-FW ~ You Are Losing – Your – Free Will

~ Q-SM-ITMFTWTRTIOOT ~ Quitting – Social Media – Is The Most Finely Targeted Way To Resist The Insanity Of Our Times

~ SM-I-MYI-AA ~ Social Media – Is – Making You Into – An Asshole

~ SM-I-UT ~ Social Media – Is – Undermining Truth

~ SM-I-MWYS-M ~ Social Media – Is – Making What You Say – Meaningless

~ SM-I-D-Y-CFM ~ Social Media – Is – Destroying – Your – Capacity For Empathy

~ SM-I-MY-U ~ Social Media – Is – Making You – Unhappy

~ SM-DWYTH-ED ~ Social Media – Doesn’t Want You To Have – Economic Dignity

~ SM-I-M-P-I ~ Social Media – Is – Making – Politics – Impossible

~ SM-H-Y-S ~ Social Media – Hates – Your – Soul

JARON LANIER ~ TEN ARGUMENTS FOR DELETING YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA ACCOUNTS RIGHT NOW ~ 2018

~ HC-Y-RA-IAWW-YA-UCS-A-ACPBA-RBSOTRCIH-WHNWOMMEB-BPTMYB? ~ How Can – You – Remain Autonomous – In A World Where – You Are – Under Constant Surveillance – And – Are Constantly Prodded By Algorithms – Run By Some Of The Riches Corporations In History – Which Have No Way Of Making Money Except By – Being Paid To Manipulate Your Behavior?

~ Y-Y-Y-H-TAR-T-IADWTL-WTCTIDS ~ You – You – You – Have – The Affirmative Responsibility – To – Invent And Demonstrate Ways To Live – Without The Crap That Is Destroying Society

~ WTTCTGEWY ~ Welcome To The Cage That Goes Everywhere With You

~ IJNRTC-DMOP-A-WMOHBC-A-MNBUA-CBMOATS ~ It’s Just Not Right To Call – Direct Manipulation Of People – Advertising – What Might Once Have Been Called – Advertising – Must Now Be Understood As – Continuous Behavior Modification Of A Titanic Scale

~ WHB-SN-PS-A-CSM-U-C-D-A-I ~ What Has Become – Suddenly Normal – Pervasive Surveillance – And – Constant Subtle Manipulation – Is – Unthical – Cruel – Dangerous – And – Inhumane

~ AITFSTF ~ Awareness Is The First Step To Freedom

~ T-CP-T-ASMTMM-A-TADTDTS-I-BM-MTTCBP-TDTSCBAMPC ~ The – Core Process – That – Allows Social Media To Make Money – And – That Also Does The Damage To Society – Is – Behavior Modification – Methodical Techniques That Change Behavioral Patterns – The Damage To Society Comes Because Addiction Makes People Crazy

~ W-MPAATMS-TWGDAC ~ When – Many People Are Addicted To Manipulative Schemes – The World Gets Dark And Crazy

~ ISGAR-WIPSR-OAPOC-WTDAPT-T-TTTDMOTT ~ If Someone Gets A Reward – Whether It’s Positive Social Regard – Or A Piece Of Candy – Whenever They Do A Particular Thing – Then – They’ll Tend To Do More Of That Thing

~ SC-AN-OF-OT-HB-TA-P ~ Social Concerns – Are Not – Optional Features – Of The – Human Brain – They Are – Primal

~ NE-SA-FAA-WUMEADIUL-TPO-ITLTBTTTLT-F-O-FROIS-WICTHTR ~ Negative Emotions – Such As – Fear And Anger – Well Up More Easily And Dwell In Us Longer – Than Positive Ones – It Takes Longer To Build Trust Than To Lose Trust – Fight-Or-Flight Responses Occur In Seconds – While It Can Take Hours To Relax

~ TPD-T-BE-RI-ANOENT-NE-ABAMT-PO ~ The Prime Directive – To – Be Engaging – Reinforces Itself – And No One Even Notices That – Negative Emotions – Are Being Amplified More Than – Positive Ones – The Result Is An – Unnatural – Global Amplification – Of The – “Easy” – Emotions – Which Happen To Be – The Negative Ones

~ TREO-UNEFTPOAAM-MIRETAR-IWUSE-HGR-A-NGABFTBWTTTBSD ~ The Relative Ease Of – Using Negative Emotions For The Purposes Of Addiction And Manipulation – Makes It Relatively Easier To Achieve – Undignified Results – Information Warfare Units Sway Elections – Hate Groups Recruit – And – Nihilists Get Amazing Bang For The Buck When They Try To Bring Society Down

~ O-E-LI-RI-G-GDM ~ Our – Early – Libertarian Idealism – Resulted In – Gargantuan – Global Data Monopsonies

~ WAA-CAD-TASF-MBM ~ We Are All – Carrying Around Devices – That Are Suitable For – Mass Behavior Modification

~ TP-ABM-IWTIITF-CRTPTMSEB ~ The Problem – A Business Model – In Which The Incentive Is To Find – Customers Ready To Pay To Modify Someone Else’s Behavior

~ BUMMER ~ Behaviours Of Users Modified And Made Into An Empire For Rent

~ N-LCOFSM-B-IFNBF ~ Nastiness – Like Crude Oil For Social Media – Because – It Fueled Negative Behavioral Feedback

~ WNETSB-A-OPTTB-A-B-TBABTMA ~ With Nothing Else To Seek But – Attention – Ordinary People Tend To Become – Assholes – Because – The Biggest Assholes Get The Most Attention

~ PDRHTABM ~ People Don’t Realize How They Are Being Manipulated

~ TDPO-M-I-TGPMAM-GI-A-TGTTSMAMT-ITS-B-OPFMAAT ~ The Default Purpose Of – Manipulation – Is – To Get People More And More – Glued In – And – To Get Them To Spend More And More Time – In The System – But – Other Purposes For Manipulation Are Also Tested

~ TAARI-LOABEOIS ~ The Algorithms Are Rarely Interrogated – Least Of All By External Or Independent Scientists

~ TMBMMIROTMM ~ The Mass Behavior Modification Machine Is Rented Out To Make Money

~ FP-APIUBVNAETA-ISVE-SP-WISIIHPAB-I-S ~ Fake People – Are Present In Unknown But Vast Numbers And Establish The Ambience – Invisible Social Vandalism Ensues – Social Pressure – Which Is So Influential In Human Psychology And Behavior – Is – Synthesized

~ EOUHA-IT-DLYITTC!-IIHWYAPS-ATS ~ Each Of Us Has An – Inner Troll – Don’t Let Your Inner Troll Take Control! – If It Happens When You’re In A Particular Situation – Avoid That Situation

~ YCILYH-MVTAYCB-DTIA ~ Your Character Is Like Your Health – More Valuable Than Anything You Can Buy – Don’t Throw It Away

~ WYIAP-SSAI-BMITTLR-YBL-AO-AP-O-AS -~ When You’re In A Pack – Social Status And Intrigues – Become More Immediate Than The Larger Reality – You Become More Like – An Operator – A Politician – Or – A Slave

~ ITM-TISYCDP-I-WYPIOP-YNANTIY-AI-ASOLSE-AYTLO-TSSD-TLTP-S ~ In The Meantime – There Is Something You Can Do Personally – If – When You Participate In Online Platforms – You Notice A Nasty Thing Inside Yourself – An Insecurity – A Sense Of Low Self-Esteem – A Yearning To Lash Out – To Swat Someone Down – Then Leave That Platform – Simple

~ WPAF-EBF ~ When People Are Fake – Everything Becomes Fake

~ P-AEWOCA ~ Paranoia – An Efficient Way Of Corralling Attention

~ T-A-A-TTC-S-THAV ~ The – Advertisers – Are – The True Customers – So – They Have A Voice

~ A-DWYS-TMYDKWOPAS-B-WWASDPW-TOCTOABM-OPOAR-S-WRGO-ITWSLTEBOWOAS-SWHLOTUEO ~ Algorithms – Determine What You See – That Means You Don’t Know What Other People Are Seeing – But – When We’re All Seeing Different Private Words – Then Our Cues To One Another Become Meaningless – Our Perception Of Actual Reality – Suffers – What’s Really Going On – Is That We See Less Than Ever Before Of What Others Are Seeing – So We Have Less Opportunity To Understand Each Other

~ T-B-A ~ Tagged – By – Association

~ HCY-FH-W-ASE?-HCY-BA-WEY-R-S-O-D-IBFIA-JM? ~ How Can You – Find Happiness – Without – Authentic Self-Esteem? – How Can You – Be Authentic – When Everything You – Read – Say – Or – Do – Is Being Fed Into A – Judgment Machine?

~ GEW-RAFS-EAYOW ~ Gig Economy Workers – Rarely Achieve Financial Security – Even After Years Of Work

~ YCMASWBMIC ~ You Can’t Make A Society Wealthy By Making It Crazy

~ BISLORSBCMGCIDIOR ~ Bringing In Some Level Of Reward System Beyond Clannish Mind Games Can Inspire Dignity In Online Relations

~ W-SMCAPDBU-IOB-HTP-T-TWSTU-ISS-SWBATPTSPP-B-TWBATPTHTPDASE-TIFPTWWBU ~ When – Social Media Companies Are Paid Directly By Users – Instead Of By – Hidden Third Parties – Then – They Will Serve Those Users – It’s So Simple – Someone Will Be Able To Pay To See Poisonous Propaganda – But – They Won’t Be Able To Pay To Have That Poison Directed At Someone Else – The Incentive For Poisoning The World Will Be Undone

~ SIDYPAFD ~ Something Is Drawing Young People Away From Democracy

~ YCTWI-O-A-WW-E ~ You Can’t Tell What Is – Organic – And – What Was – Engineered

~ TACCADC ~ The Algorithms Can’t Care And Don’t Care

~ M-R-BO-TADIHNBIG ~ Meanwhile – Racism – Became Organized – To A Degree It Had Not Been In Generations

~ AITWEVSTOTA-AI-G-IPS-A-BRRWE ~ As If There Weren’t Enough Voter Suppression Tools Out There Already – As If – Gerrymandering – Inaccessible Polling Stations – And – Biased Registration Rules Weren’t Enough

~ TBWYCH-I-NTATWWMYFA-B-STFY ~ The Best Way You Can Help – Is – Not To Attack Those Who Would Manipulate You From Afar – But – Simply To Free Yourself

~ TIIINTP ~ The Internet Itself Is Not The Problem