FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last

WILL STORR ~ THE UNPERSUADABLES ~ 2015

~ WAWWD-NMHDWMTTIO ~ We Are What We Do – No Matter How Desperately We Might Try To Insist Otherwise

~ WFFTLOOOB-WWD-IRU-ISILMWANK-DUIFGAWWHD ~ We Fall For The Lies Of Our Own Brain – When We Do – It Rewards Us – It Seals Its Little Mischief With A Neurochemical Kiss – Drugging Us Into Feeling Good About What We Have Done

~ OPAMAITU-TFICAEA-WOBIIIHSOL-WIIBIM-ATTDFV-TAITTCPOOM ~ Our Prejudices And Misbeliefs Are Invisible To Us – They Form In Childhood And Early Adolescence – When Our Brain Is In Its Heightened State Of Learning – When It Is Building Its Models – And Then They Disappear From View – They Are Inaccessible To The Conscious Part Of Our Minds

~ TPOOMCBKOV-WAUI ~ The Power Of Our Many Cognitive Biases Skews Our View – We Attack Unwelcome Information

~ WAN-BSWHAPTBOOT ~ We Are Natural-Born Storytellers Who Have A Propensity To Believe Our Own Tales

~ OOAABCHNBIT-AYWBTU-WAS ~ Our Own Actions And Beliefs Can Have No Basis In Truth – And Yet We Believe Them Utterly – We Are Storytellers

~ TATBALOCOEHMOOCRIC ~ There Appears To Be A Lack Of Consensus On Exactly How Much Of Our Conscious Reasoning Is Confabulation

~ WTTGSTETMO-WWDAB-WCUTJOBWAB-C-IL-DUDTWWNEAOM ~ We Tend To Generate Stories To Explain The Mysteries Of – What We Do And Believe – When Called Upon To Justify Our Beliefs We Automatically Become – Confabulators – Innocent Liars – Defending Unconscious Decisions That We Were Not Even Aware Of Making

~ WDBTBIDTMAMOTWWIIF ~ We Dream Because The Brain Is Designed To Make A Model Of The World Whenever It Is Functioning

~ OBCTWIWWE-TACU-PTGMTTBCITOY-T-‘I’ ~ Our Brains Create The World In Which We Exist – They Also Create Us – Perhaps The Greatest Model That The Brain Creates Is That Of You – The – ‘I’

~ OLSMTWAUOMOTSASAU ~ Our Limited Senses Mean That We Are Unaware Of Most Of The Sounds And Sights Around Us

~ WCSBTMUH-TAHWLATW-TAHWPTF-TPC-TASOPAM-TTUWGTHABTHAWWABTM-TAAOM-TMBWWNOLTADACW ~ We Create Stories Because They Make Us Happy – They Are How We Learn About The World – They Are How We Predict The Future – They Provide Certainty – They’re A Source Of Power And Motivation – They Tell Us Why Good Things Happen And Bad Things Happen And Why We Are Better Than Most – They Are Arks Of Meaning – The Method By Which We Navigate Our Lives Through A Dangerous And Confusing World

~ NODOBMAWFOSTPOI-TACIH-U ~ Not Only Do Our Brains Make A World For Our Story To Play Out In – They Also Create Its Hero – Us

~ UDLEI-WHATTBWWA ~ Unless Dramatic Life Events Intercede – We Have A Tendency To Become What We Are

~ IINIAB ~ Intelligence Is No Inoculation Against Bias

~ WBTWANP-TWHAAOCTARPOOT-OBDTAT-WCST-BTTTPBOE-HMIG-HMIR-HMICSWRODHMOTW? ~ We Believe That We Are Not Prejudiced – That We Have Arrived At Our Conclusions Through A Rational Process Of Objective Thought – Our Biases Disguise Themselves As Truth – We Cannot See Them – Because The Trick Takes Place Behind Our Eyes – How Much Is Genetic – How Much Is Rational – How Much Is Concerned Solely With Reinforcing Our Dearly Held Models Of The World?

~ SWAT-TOWTMOPAD-TSMITTTHHDTBTDOTN ~ Stories Work Against Truth – They Operate With The Machinery Of Prejudice And Distortion – The Scientific Method Is The Tool That Humans Have Developed To Break The Dominion Of The Narrative

~ EIOGTOA-IITROOS ~ Eccentricity Is Our Gift To One Another – It Is The Riches Of Our Species

~ TBMINAS-WIAHR ~ To Be Mistaken Is Not A Sin – Wrongness Is A Human Right

~ MDSC-PFFATLI-MBS-PCTF ~ Minds Do Sometimes Change – People Find Faith And They Lose It – Mystics Become Skeptics – Politicians Cross The Floor

~ IWTTR-T-TARAICSF-TIATCTIAW ~ I Will Try To Remember – Though – That As Right As I Can Sometimes Feel – There Is Always The Chance That I Am Wrong

~ HLIH:IFO-AIFM ~ Happiness Lies In Humility: In Forgiving Others – And In Forgiving Myself

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans –They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

DAVID GRAEBER ~ THE FIVE MAJOR VARIETIES OF BULLSHIT JOBS ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ WFD-OOPTMSELOFI-YCBMWAE ~ What Flunkies Do – Only Or Primarily To Make Someone Else Look Or Feel Important – You Cannot Be Magnificent Without An Entourage

~ WGD-PW-J-A-EMAA ~ What Goons Do – People Whose – Jobs – Are – Essentially Manipulative And Aggressive

~ WDTD-WJEOBOAGOFITO-TSAPTONTE ~ What Duct Tapers Do – Whose Jobs Exist Only Because Of A Glitch Or Fault In The Organization – To Solve A Problem That Ought Not To Exist

~ WBTD-EWEOOPTAAOTBATCIIDST-IF-IIND ~ What Box Tickers Do – Employees Who Exist Only Or Primarily To Allow An Organization To Be Able To Claim It Is Doing Something That – In Fact – It Is Not Doing

~ WTD-TWRCEOAWTO ~ What Taskmasters Do – Those Whose Role Consists Entirely Of Assigning Work To Others

~ AM-DTDPWOTFCIBT-OTMSTCEOS ~ Ambiguous Multiform – Difficult To Determine Precisely Which Of The Five Categories It Belongs To – Often It May Seem To Contain Elements Of Several

~ SOBJ-INSPAAOT-B-WAUP-B-TAPISOAPE ~ Second Order Bullshit Jobs – In No Sense Pointless In And Of Themselves – But – Which Are Ultimately Pointless – Because – They Are Performed In Support Of A Pointless Enterprise

THOMAS MOORE ~ A LIFE AT WORK ~ 2008

~ A-LW-IAMAEAAACA ~ A – Life Work – Is As Much An Emotional Accomplishment As A Concrete Achievement

~ MPSIWTFTTDANIOTAETFAWTD ~ Many People So Identify With Their Failures That They Develop A Negative Image Of Themselves And Expect To Fail At Whatever They Do

~ SPCRAPWTFOFITAKTSATCL ~ Successful People Can Reach A Plateau Where The Fear Of Failure Inhibits Them And Keeps Them Stuck At Their Current Level

~ A-LW-IMASTAF-ARTYWHBMANTIHFBCAF ~ A Life Work Is More A Sensation Than A Fact – A Realization That Your Work Has Been Meaningful And Not That It Has Finally Become Complete And Flawless

~ SBCPITPFTFTFTWTW-BIADM-IHYTAFYAYC ~ Some Blame Certain People In Their Past For Their Failure To Find The Work They Want – Blaming Is A Defensive Maneuver – It Helps You To Avoid Facing Yourself And Your Choices

~ TPINAPTBS-IYM-TCTOWYAAHYCTTPIYL ~ The Past Is Not A Problem To Be Solved – It’s Your Mystery – The Complicated Tale Of Who You Are And How You Came To This Point In Your Life

~ MPLATATLAP-TAALFACTWEEAFMLB-SAD-TAMNITSTTCBRIDW-ITYMADTSYAGTLI-YSSYTYCINJAUM-CPAC-CEAMSTO-CFC ~ Many People Look At Themselves And Their Lives As Problems – They Are Always Looking For A Clue That Will Explain Everything And Finally Make Life Better – Stories Are Different – They Are More Neutral In The Sense That They Can Be Read In Different Ways – In The Telling You May Add Details That Surprise You And Give The Listener Insights – Your Stories Show You That Your Chaos Is Not Just An Unidentifiable Mass – Certain People Are Central – Certain Events More Significant Than Others – Certain Feelings Consistent

~ BTAGSABS-EWORYH-A-C-BUP-WOATBS ~ But There Are Good Stories And Bad Stories – Effective Ways Of Recounting Your History – And – Clever – But Ultimately Pointless – Ways Of Avoiding The Bad Stuff

~ PAONITHOSTTDLITSTTOH-TTITD-AT-WTCSA-B-TFTOASMBJAS-YHTTI-AAA-BIG-R-D-AP-D-WET ~ People Are Often Not In The Habit Of Seeing Through To Deeper Layers In The Stories They Tell Or Hear – They Take In The Details – And Then – Want To Consider Some Action – But – The First Telling Of A Story May Be Just A Sketch – You Have To Tell It – Again And Again – Because It Gets – Richer – Deeper – And Perhaps – Darker – With Each Telling

~ TFTASOTPITT-USSEATP ~ The Fascinating Thing About Stories Of The Past Is That They – Usually Say Something Enlightening About The Present

~ AYTYS-ETYHKHFALT-IAYPAYCCO-YGTKYB-AAT-BETMD ~ As You Tell Your Stories – Especially Those You Have Kept Hidden For A Long Time – Insights About Your Past And Your Character Come Out – You Get To Know Yourself Better – And Are Then – Better Equipped To Make Decisions

~ TPCIARR ~ The Present Chaos Is A Rich Resource

~ POATTAAEAOR-WIT-TAASTTLOTFSBWTL ~ People Often Assume That They Are Always Experiencing An Objective Reality – When In Truth – They Are Always Seeing Through The Lens Of The Familiar Stories By Which They Live

~ WDW-TTOC-BIAKOOI-ATOIU-H/I/D-IPAPFDWTNATU ~ We Deal With – The Threat Of Chaos – By Imposing A Known Order On It – And That Order Is Usually – Habitual / Ingrained / Defensive – It Protects A Person From Dealing With The New And The Unexpected

~ OHOIALB ~ Our Habits Of Interpretation Are Like Blinders

~ SAJOCRITBIIABF-BOWFBOICGTROTP ~ Sometimes A Job Or Career Runs Into Trouble Because It Is A Bad Fit – But Often We Fail Because Our Imaginations Can’t Grasp The Richness Of The Possibilities

~ OUOTWLWIL-UWMEMTKB ~ Our Understanding Of The Way Life Works Is Limited – Until We Make Enough Mistakes To Know Better

~ APOIINUBTOWOFAF ~ A Person Of Imagination Is Not Undone By The Overwhelming Weight Of Facts And Feelings

~ TIISTAMITB:IWME-EATO-WIHB-P/E/H ~ The Imagination Is Similar To A Muscle In The Body: It Works More Effectively – Especially Against The Odds – When It Has Been – Practiced / Exercised / Honed

~ TTOCBAPP-BWWCWAAI-ICARUPWTBD ~ The Time Of Chaos Can Be A Painful Period – But When Worked Closely With An Active Imagination – It Can Also Reveal Underlying Possibilities Waiting To Be Developed

~ PSSYHTUWT-TDKHTETD-OTDFETC ~ People Sometimes Spend Years Holding Their Unhappiness Within Them – They Don’t Know How To Express Their Dissatisfaction – Or They Don’t Feel Entitled To Complain

~ THYG-TMYRLTWTGOYBADF-YCBDFYPAYFR-AYSTDAAFOEOL ~ The Higher You Go – The More You Risk Losing Touch With The Ground Of Your Background And Deepest Feelings – You Can Be Disconnected From Your Past And Your Family Roots – And You Sense The Disconnection As A Feeling Of Emptiness Or Lack

~ YAMBAVOD-VFGATM-BIUANAMBD-AIHTBRBOII ~ Your Anger May Be A Venting Of Dissatisfaction – Venting Feels Good At The Moment – But It Usually Accomplishes Nothing And May Be Destructive – And It Has To Be Repeated Because Of Its Ineffectiveness

~ IYALFYLW-AC-D-H-A-WY-IWOWAYUYSITAABWICPAR ~ If You Are Looking For Your Life Work – And Carry – Deep – Hidden – Anger – With You – It Will Only Work Against You Unless You Submit It To An Alchemy By Which Its Constructive Powers Are Released

~ MPWB-ITPOTLW-FTCOTRAIEPQO-F/D/J ~ Most People Would Benefit – In The Pursuit Of Their Life Work – From The Conversion Of Their Raw Anger – Into – Effective Personal Qualities Of – Firmness / Direction / Judgement

~ ALWITEOYUSWTAMITTTYD ~ A Life Work Is The Emergence Of Your Unique Self Worked Through And Manifested In The Things That You Do

~ ALWSAOAAGIADMOT-YHT-FOI-TI-A-LITYIYF ~ A Life Work Sometimes Appears Only As A Glimmer In A Dark Mist Of Trouble – You Have To – Focus On It – Trust It – And – Let It Take You Into Your Future

~ POLFLAWSTTP-WTAMTTFOASBOL ~ People Often Look For Large And Weighty Solutions To Their Problems – When The Answer Might Take The Form Of A Small Beam Of Light

~ TTWITSTTYTBOITTADTDFFASH ~ The Trouble With Intuitions That Seem To Tell You To Back Off Is That They Are Difficult To Distinguish From Fear And Simple Hesitation

~ WYATTSYLC-PATASOBITWP-EIBAECYSTBS ~ When You Are Trying To See Your Life Calling – Pay Attention To Any Sensations Of Being In The Wrong Place – Even If By All External Criteria You Seem To Be Successful

~ AOPSIIIW-BSITPOTP ~ Accomplishing Or Producing Something Is Important In Work – But So Is The Pleasure Of The Process

~ CINAGOPOAO-CIAOTL-IWYDYIRTTWAY-RTOICWY ~ Community Is Not A Group Of People Or An Organization – Community Is An Outlook Toward Life – In Which You Define Yourself In Relation To The World Around You – Rather Than Only In Connection With Yourself

~ BMIICHRMPEP-WAODTAATS ~ Becoming More Involved In Community Helps Resolve Many Personal Emotional Problems – Which Are Often Due To Anxiety About The Self

~ CINAAOP-IIAFOL ~ Community Is Not An Arrangement Of People – It Is A Form Of Love

~ IYWAAJTCYE-YAD-YPVMIODAYWIA-SEHDRIYEAV-YWFDAY ~ If You Work At A Job That Contradicts Your Ethics – You Are Divided – Your Personal Values Moving In One Direction And Your Work In Another – Since Ethics Has Deep Roots In Your Emotions And Your Vision – You Will Feel Divided Against Yourself

~ BTTYE-AYHABCOKWTDIL ~ Be True To Your Ethics – And You Have A Better Chance Of Knowing What To Do In Life

~ YWITP ~ To Work Is To Pray

DAN ARIELY ~ IRRATIONALLY YOURS ~ 2015

~ LA-IOOTMBAW-UPISS-TBFITLSHASEITGSOTSV ~ Loss Aversion – Is One Of The Most Basic And Well-Understood Principles In Social Science – The Basic Finding Is That Losing Something Has A Stronger Emotional Impact Than Gaining Something Of The Same Value

~ WWFDWOSTWFAEV-WATWOOP-OOSM-AOME-OWTPALATSIA-C/MR/MO-W-ITSOPACWAWWGTOBFITWITSES ~ When We Face Decisions We Often See The World From An Egocentric Viewpoint – We Are Trapped Within Our Own Perspective – Our Own Special Motivations – And Our Momentary Emotions – One Way To Overcome This Perspective And Look At The Situation In A – Cooler / More Rational / More Objective – Way – Is To Switch Our Perspective And Consider What Advice We Would Give To Our Best Friend If They Were In The Same Exact Situation

~ S-YS-A-SIR-SSWRW-EWPDMI-MI-EITPFWYAAFFKTYDRMI ~ Say – You’re Sorry – And – Say It Repeatedly – Saying Sorry Works Rather Well – Even When People Don’t Mean It – Most Interestingly – Even If The Person From Whom You Are Asking For Forgiveness Knows That You Don’t Really Mean It

~ HMSADPUT?-AOS(SL) ~ How Many Steps Ahead Do People Usually Think? – About One Step (Sometimes Less)

~ CIBTTPTMSPIOM?-ACIBTWWALTJFS-OMIW? ~ Could It Be That The Potential To Make Something Perfect Increases OUr Motivation? – And Could It Be That When We Are Limited To Just Fixing Something – Our Motivation Is Weakened?

~ OWPPISS-WATOTBIMOLTSW ~ Once We Put People In Similar Situations – We All Turn Out To Behave In More Or Less The Same Ways

~ IYWYFTESABBTITI-GAAE-B-NTM ~ If You Want Your Friends To Experience Something As Being Better Than It Truly Is – Go Ahead And Exaggerate – But – Not Too Much

~ LPTTTDTMF-A-BTMOTASM ~ Luckier People Tend To Try Different Things More Frequently – And – By Trying More Often They Also Succeed More

~ LTSD-IANG-STMTMF ~ Life To Some Degree – Is A Numbers Game – So Try More Things More Frequently

~ KOEATOYH-A-QCTLPOIOTFMTFEOTMBBFY ~ Keep On Examining All The Options You Have – And Quickly Cut The Less Promising Ones In Order To Free More Time For Exploring Options That Might Be Better For You

~ AGDORSTWWDILOAFOW-LAN-AMILWWWF-SA ~ A Great Deal Of Research Shows That What We Do Is Less Of A Function Of What’s – Legal And Not – And More In Line With What We Find – Socially Acceptable

~ OAMDSNIS-TBCMI ~ Once A More Desirable Social Norm Is Set – The Behavior Can Maintain Itself

~ BOATRUILAM-TMWUI-TMTWB-UASP-WIVLTBAN-OWSBTWTSUFGI ~ But Our Ability To Resist Urges Is Like A Muscle – The More We Use It – The More Tired We Become – Until At Some Point – Which Is Very Likely To Be A Night – Our Willpower Simply Becomes Too Weak To Stop Us From Giving In

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ GOING TO EXTREMES ~ 2009

~ WPFTIGOL-MT-TAELTMT-E-TITPKA-GP ~ When People Find Themselves In Groups Of Like-Minded Types – They Are Especially Likely To Move To – Extremes – This Is The Phenomenon Known As – Group Polarization

~ ITBL-GP-HBSIARWROC ~ In The Behavioural Laboratory – Group Polarization – Has Been Shown In A Remarkably Wide Range Of Contexts

~ SNCOAPMBTHTCATAPAV ~ Social Networks Can Operate As Polarization Machines Because They Help To Confirm And Thus Amplify People’s Antecedent Views

~ MOTT-PDNSTHALAASO-TPASOTGIWTFT ~ Much Of The Time – People Do Not Seem To Have Anything Like An Adequate Sense Of – The Partiality And Skew Of The Groups In Which They Find Themselves

~ OPIG-PSASSTGG ~ Once Placed In Groups – People Show A Significant Shift Toward Greater Generosity

~ POIPCE ~ People Often Ignore Powerful Contrary Evidence

~ CB-TIIMIPFPTDAKO-DM-OTTAOTTL-MALVOTOV ~ Cyberbalkanization – The Internet Is Making It Possible For People To Design A Kind Of – Daily Me – Only The Topics And Opinions That They Like – More And Louder Versions Of Their Own Views

~ FMOWTBTK-HB-LPODI-TMROWOPT ~ For Most Of What They Believe They Know – Human Beings – Lack Personal Or Direct Information – They Must Rely On What Other People Think

~ PAMTAATFTWPC ~ People Are Motivate To Accept Accounts That Fit With Their Preexisting Convictions