DEVRA DAVIS ~ DISCONNECT ~ 2010

~ CCPBU? ~ Could Cell Phones Be Unsafe?

~ S-WEWTB-TOTB-IW ~ Sometimes – What Everyone Wants To Believe – Turns Out To Be – Inconveniently Wrong

~ CAGUIASORFRTDNEEFYA ~ Children Are Growing Up In A Sea Of Radio Frequency Radiation That Did Not Exist Even Five Years Ago

~ WW-OTPB-O-ITL-DNATOSEI-RL ~ What Works – On The Planning Board – Or – In The Lab – Does Not Always Turn Out So Well In – Real Life

~ A-RFSAI-A-TCPUIANEIMADEIATCW-ITHB ~ All – Radio Frequency Signals Are Invisible – And – They Can Pass Unobserved Into Anything Not Encased In Metal And Deposit Energy Into Anything That Contains Water – Including The Human Body

~ WLITAOTM ~ We Live In The Age Of The Microwave

~ TIGETEOMRAUOT ~ There Is Growing Evidence That Effects Of Microwave Radiation Add Up Over Time

~ WHTOB-AHAYOUACP-TWALTOWOP-B-ATSFAAO? ~ What Happens To Our Brains – After Hours And Years Of Using A Cell Phone – That Works At Less Than One Watt Of Power – But – At The Same Frequency As An Oven?

~ SLAWANUOCPWSICMB-TEAT-MEFMPANC-BFTRIAD ~ So Long As We Are Not Using Our Cell Phones While Standing In Closed Metal Boxes – Think Elevators And Trains – Microwave Exposures From Mobile Phones Are Not Confined – But Free To Radiate In All Directions

~ BCPPNH-IWATTIWDNH ~ Because Cell Phones Produced No Heat – It Was Assumed That Their Invisible Waves Did Nothing Harmful

~ TAS:”IPONPC”-IOW-WHMSHB-BWDTIII ~ The Added Sentence: “Is Probably Of No Physiologic Consequence” – In Other Words – We Have Made Something Happen Biologically – But We Don’t Think It Is Important

~ TNFMRITFIOFUWAPHUA-TAORHBPOTRFMNCITM ~ The Need For More Research In This Field Is One Fact Upon Which All Parties Have Usually Agreed – The Absence Of Research Has Become Part Of The Rationale For Making No Changes In The Meantime

~ B-IIPTTPUOCPICAHO-S-C-HP-T-DOATHHCACL-TRTOBAB?-TFTWDNHCATTQATPITHOETINAA ~ But – Is It Possible That The Pervasive Use Of Cell Phones Is Causing A Host Of – Subtle – Chronic – Health Problems – Today – Damaging Our Ability To Have Healthy Children And Creating Long-Term Risks To Our Brains And Bodies? – The Fact That We Do Not Have Clear Answers To This Question At This Point In The History Of Electronic Technology Is Not An Accident

~ OC-SILBMT-BIIEMLB-PAEC-TDWQAA-WGTAT-WFR-A-WAWTWBP ~ Of Course – Science Is Limited By Measurement Techniques – But It Is Even More Limited By – Political And Economic Circumstances – That Determine What Questions Are Asked – Who Gets To Answer Them – Who Funds Research – And – Where And When That Work Becomes Public

~ CBABMATAMMATTOA-AFTEWCHCADOMTRFEOAH ~ Children’s Brains And Bone Marrow Are Thinner And Much More Absorptive Than Those Of Adults – A Fact That Explains Why Children’s Heads Can Absorb Double Or More The Radio Frequency Energy Of Adult’s Heads

~ TFOALATATPASHPINEU ~ The Filing Of A Lawsuit Alleging That Any Technology Produces A Serious Health Problem Is Not Easily Undertaken

~ DL-RISUW-NOCBOTR-AA ~ Decades Later – Research Is Still Under Way – No One Can Be Opposed To Research – After All

~ AAA-CBASAALTAMRFRATOA-TAIOUOTYBHNHAIOTWTCPATOR-Y ~ All Are Agreed – Children’s Brains And Skulls Absorb At Least Twice As Much Radio Frequency Radiation As Those Of Adults – These Advances In Our Understanding Of The Young Brain Have Not Had Any Impact On The Way That Cell Phones Are Tested Or Rated – Yet

~ OC-TBINOSE-BACOP ~ Of Course – The Brain Is Not One Simple Entity – But A Complex Of Parts

~ ‘DNHOTBD’ ~ “Do Not Hold Directly On The Body”

~ SAR ~ Specific Absorption Rate

~ SHN-FMTFY-TMRDNUMTOHAT-TWTFMOB-BSP-LOPU-TS-TTKRTF ~ Scientists Have Known – For More Than Forty Years – That Microwave Radiation Does Not Uniformly Move Through Or Heat Any Thing – That’s Why The First Microwave Ovens Bombed – Burning Some Parts – Leaving Other Parts Uncooked – The Solution – Turntables To Keep Rotating The Food

~ TBFNSD-TBICFHOP ~ The Brain Feels No Sensation Directly – The Brain Itself Cannot Feel Heat Or Pain

~ OC-N-TINMFIRAA ~ Of Course – Now – There Is No Money For Independent Research At All

~ HM-D-IG-A-HMIMMBTSTPD-CEBDATP ~ How Much – Debate – Is Genuine – And – How Much Is Mostly Manufactured By Those Seeking To Prolong Doubt – Cannot Easily Be Determined At This Point

~ GHBCPSNPOWO-TCS-A-ASDAOMC-WDWFATUGTCRA? ~ Given How Broadly Cell Phone Signals Now Penetrate Our Worlds Of – The Coffee Shop – Airports – And Some Downtown Areas Of Major Cities – Where Do We Find Any Truly Unexposed Groups To Compare Results Against?

~ BCPUHGSFATCEY-IIAIWATTSTCIWWAD ~ Because Cell Phone Use Has Grown So Fast And Technologies Change Every Year – It Is As If We Are Trying To Study The Car In Which We Are Driving

~ B-WYLATFSTIPWHUPFADOM-TRSTHCPUCBT ~ But – When You Look At Those Few Studies That Included People Who Had Used Phones For A Decade Or More – The Results Show That Heavy Cell Phone Use Causes Brain Tumors

~ TNOP-UAF-WCTYJHH-BC-I-HBGITUSFTPTD ~ The Number Of People – Under Age Forty – Who Can Tell You Just How Horrible – Brain Cancer – Is – Has Been Growing In The United States For The Past Three Decades

~ THOOCAGBINAMTSBPOHWWCTDTM ~ The Health Of Our Children’s And Grandchildren’s Brains Is Not A Matter That Should Be Put On Hold While We Continue To Debate Technical Matters

~ TEOSCOTSIILPAROTSEOSTMSD ~ The Existence Of Scientific Conflict On This Subject Is In Large Part A Reflection Of The Successful Efforts Of Some To Manufacture Scientific Doubt

~ TINVIWUIITL ~ There Is No Virtue In Waiting Until It Is Too Late

~ OBPOTPIT-MSHBDFTSAPOT-TFAIROBT ~ One Big Part Of The Problem Is That – Most Studies Have Been Done For Too Short A Period Of Time – To Find Any Increased Risk Of Brain Tumors

~ TSFCP-WSI-1993-BOAMTU-AVLHM-WAE-PH-TFSM ~ Today’s Standards For Cell Phones – Were Set In – 1993 – Based On A Model That Used – A Very Large Heavy Man – With An Eleven-Pound Head – Taking For Six Minutes

~ TSOLRTT ~ Texting Sends Out Less Radiation Than Talking

~ C-TDIOCMOG ~ Coltan – The Devastating Impact Of Coltan Mining On Gorillas

~ Y-WDNH-AEOBTICTHUCPHFALMTAD-B-TYACGTBHS-WADNHAEOLC ~ Yes – We Do Not Have – An Epidemic Of Brain Tumors – In Countries That Have Used Cell Phones Heavily For Little More Than A Decade – But – Ten Years After Cigarettes Began To Be Heavily Smoked – We Also Did Not Have An – Epidemic Of Lung Cancer

MURRAY CARPENTER ~ CAFFEINATED ~ 2014

~ MX ~ Methylated Xanthine

~ B-IIA-D-ASOAT-ATAITOOC-IAGSDFAHU-AQTWLTBU-RH/S/AA-ATW-K ~ But It Is A – Drug – A Sixteenth Of A Teaspoon – About The Amount In Twelve Ounces Of Coffee – Is A Good Solid Dose For A Habituated User – A Quarter Teaspoon Will Lead To Bodily Unpleasantness – Racing Heart / Sweating / Acute Anxiety – A Tablespoon Will – Kill

~ CSTM-EFPWA-S/T/S-WTUIRON-IWAN-ELBTTCIV ~ Caffeine Sharpens The Mind – Especially For People Who Are – Stressed / Tired / Sick – Whether They Use It Regularly Or Not – It Was A Neuro-Enchancer Long Before The Term Came Into Vogue

~ CW-I-RAU-OI-H/MP/W/A/D ~ Caffeine Withdrawal – Is – Real And Unpleasant – Often Including – Headaches / Muscle Pain / Weariness / Apathy / Depression

~ ATEOTD-TACDM ~ At The End Of The Day – They Are Caffeine Delivery Mechanisms

~ ASM-IEHT-B-BB-TM-BTUOANC-A-ATTBWAD-B-C-DNLTBGTM

~ A Small Molecule – It Easily Hurdles The – Blood-Brain Barrier – The Molecule – Blocks The Uptake Of A Neurotransmitter Called – Adenosine – Adenosine Tells The Brain We Are Drowsy – But – Caffeine – Does Not Let The Brain Get The Message

~ INF-C-C-WSB-JAS-GITHONA ~ If Not For – Caffeine – Coffee – Would Still Be – Just A Shrub – Growing In The Hills Of North Africa

~ TIWP-TBTP-DTPA-TC/BKA-TGDT ~ The Insurgents Who Planned – The Boston Tea Party – Drafted Their Plans At – The Coffeehouse/Bar Known As – The Green Dragon Tavern

~ HTCDS ~ High Technology Caffeine Delivery Systems

~ SOT-SD-M-QA-HTCDS ~ Some Of Today’s – Soft Drinks – May – Qualify As – High Technology Caffeine Delivery Systems

~ AC-SON-MHI-TICBHOH-OTCSBS-SC-SG ~ Any Caffeine – Synthetic Or Natural – Might Have Impurities – Those Impurities Could Be Healthful Or Harmful – Or They Could Simply Be Strange – Synthetic Caffeine – Sometimes Glows

~ I-WGO-SCF-F-C ~ Increasingly – We Get Our – Synthetic Caffeine Fix – From – China

~ RSTCMPARISO-P-A-A ~ Research Suggests That Caffeine Might Play A Role In Staving Off – Parkinson’s – And – Alzheimer’s

~ TL-LOA-‘PEB’-TIC-NWOKHM ~ The Label – Listed Only A “Proprietary Energy Blend” – That Included Caffeine – No Way Of Knowing How Much

~ CWS ~ Caffeine Withdrawal Syndrome

~ CISOOTS ~ Caffeine Is Stepping Out Of The Shadows

VIRGINIA EUBANKS ~ AUTOMATING INEQUALITY ~ 2017

~ P-P-A-P-T-P ~ Profile – Police – And – Punish – The – Poor

~ YA-NAOTMDTSOL-WMBHB-T-WHCMOTD-MPT-SM-AES-RA-A-PRM-C-WNGP-WFANR-WIS-LFE-AWIIFF ~ Years Ago – Nearly All Of The Major Decisions That Shape Our Lives – Were Made By Human Beings – Today – We Have Ceded Much Of That Decision-Making Power To – Sophisticated Machines – Automated Eligibility Systems – Ranking Algorithms – And – Predictive Risk Models – Control – Which Neighborhoods Get Policed – Which Families Attain Needed Resources – Who Is Short-Listed For Employment – And – Who Is Investigated For Fraud

~ H-CFIARP-TTGMOIICB-P-N-C ~ Health-Care Fraud Is A Real Problem – Though The Great Majority Of It Is Committed By – Providers – Not – Consumers

~ TTTABTBAA:YGASOAPITDN-AEETTY-BYCPYFOEWA ~ That’s The Thing About Being Targeted By An Algorithm: You Get A Sense Of A Pattern In The Digital Noise – An Electronic Eye Turned Toward You – But You Can’t Put Your Finger On Exactly What’s Amiss

~ TIN-SL-TCCTRT-ID-OT-DFDS ~ There Is No – Sunshine Law – That Compels Companies To Release The – Inner Details – Of Their – Digital Fraud Detection Systems

~ WTNEO-CR-WHRLAT-T-E-A-A-M-TSO-LC ~ With The Notable Exception Of – Credit Reporting – We Have Remarkably Limited Access To – The – Equations – Algorithms – And – Models – That Shape Our – Life Chances

~ DSG-CIAU-MIAOB-A-CATR-TASDWITFOSLT-MOTTWDENWABWAA ~ Digital Security Guards – Collect Information About Us – Make Inferences About Our Behavior – And – Control Access To Resources – They Are So Deeply Woven Into The Fabric Of Social Life That – Most Of The Time We Don’t Even Notice We Are Being Watched And Analyzed

~ PP-L-NITW-IWIT-HSOSP-A-RTCNTTWAPAA-C/L/S-A ~ Performative Politics – Legislation – Not Intended To Work – It Was Intended To – Heap Stigma On Social Programs – And – Reinforce The Cultural Narrative That Those Who Access Public Assistance Are – Criminal / Lazy / Spendthrift – Addicts

~ DTAD-MHBRI-P-PF-M-CR-CS-BM-F-A-TAOPP ~ Digital Tracking And Decision-Making Systems Have Become Routine In – Policing – Political Forecasting – Marketing – Credit Reporting – Criminal Sentencing – Business Management – Finance – And – The Administration Of Public Programs

~ TNROD-CPAW-CP-O-DTPO-LTM-A-UTHR-TDRBANFSM? ~ The New Regime Of Data – Constricts Poor And Working-Class People’s – Opportunities – Demobilizes Their Political Organizing– Limits Their Movement – And – Undercuts Their Human Rights – How Has The Digital Revolution Become A Nightmare For So Many?

~ PAW-CP-ATB-NTODPM-A-FL-TCAAR-AES-DTFCPRTTNTSAT ~ Poor And Working-Class People – Are Targeted By – New Tools Of Digital Poverty Management – And – Face Life-Threatening Consequences As A Result – Automated Eligibility Systems – Discourage Them From Claiming Public Resources That They Need To Survive And Thrive

~ AD-M-STSSN-CTP-ID-A-CODNV-IR-SSDAWWAAWWWTB-A-SEP ~ Automated Decision-Making – Shatters The Social Safety Net – Criminalizes The Poor – Intensifies Discrimination – And – Compromises Our Deepest National Values – It Reframes – Shared Social Decisions About Who We Are And Who We Want To Be – As – Systems Engineering Problems

~ AWTMSDD-MTATIWCBC-‘LRE’ -WTAFEO-PAAT-SFDF-TP-WE-BUOE ~ And While The Most Sweeping Digital Decision-Making Tools Are Tested In What Could Be Called – “Low Rights Environments” – Where There Are Few Expectations Of – Political Accountability And Transparency – Systems – First Designed For – The Poor – Will Eventually – Be Used On Everyone

~ WHF-A-DP-F-D-A-A-RM-IPTETRAROETCB ~ We Have Forged – A Digital Poorhouse – From – Databases – Algorithms – And – Risk Models – It Promises To Eclipse The Reach And Repercussions Of Everything That Came Before

~ WM-TIP-IOTEO-SR-F-EP ~ We Mange – The Individual Poor – In Order To Escape Our – Shared Responsibility – For – Eradicating Poverty

~ O-NDT-SF-P-M-VOP-A-CASOH-TCAI ~ Our – New Digital Tools – Spring From – Punitive – Moralistic – Views Of Poverty – And – Create A System Of High-Tech Containment And Investigation

~ TDP-DTPFAPR-PTL/S/S/P-TTPTFB-A-PACTWDNCWID ~ The Digital Poorhouse – Deters The Poor From Accessing Public Resources – Polices Their Labor / Spending / Sexuality / Parenting – Tries To Predict Their Future Behavior – And – Punishes And Criminalizes Those Who Do Not Comply With Its Dictates

~ WMS ~ Welfare Management System

~ WMS ~ Workflow Management System

~ HMIS ~ Homeless Management Information System

~ CAWH ~ Crimes Associated With Homelessness

~ OASOS-R-IA-TTHTBIBTWCS-IC-I-ND-BS-TTOEFTD-TTCATDC-NB ~ Older Analog Systems Of Surveillance – Required – Individualized Attention – The Target Had To Be Identified Before The Watcher Could Surveil – In Contrast – In – New Data-Based Surveillance – The Target Often Emerges From The Data – The Targeting Comes After The Data Collection – Not Before

~ MAOIAC-OAWVOIAG-T-TDIM-A-A-S-IOTIPTFMTS ~ Massive Amounts Of Information Are Collected – On A Wide Variety Of Individuals And Groups – Then – The Data Is Mined – Analyzed – And – Searched – In Order To Identify Possible Targets For More Thorough Scrutiny

~ WPTPIAPATHOTATMOPP-DIEAE ~ We Pretend That Poverty Is A Puzzling Aberration That Happens Only To A Tiny Minority Of Pathological People – Denial Is Exhausting And Expensive

~ T-OPL-ARATCBEAB-BD/IB/CP-IF-PIAO-TS-EC-BAHNOP-FWDBDANIROB ~ The – Official Poverty Line – A Regrettable Anomaly That Can Be Explained Away By – Poor Decisions / Individual Behavior / Cultural Pathology – In Fact – Poverty Is An Often-Temporary State – Experienced Cyclically – By A Huge Number Of People – From Wildly Different Backgrounds Displaying A Nearly Infinite Range Of Behaviors

~ WPPOAFFTRAS-TW ~ When Poor People Organize And Fight For Their Rights And Survival – They Win

~ TDPIHTU-T-S/A/M-TPI-ACAOS ~ The Digital Poorhouse Is Hard To Understand – The – Software / Algorithms / Models – That Power It – Are Complex And Often Secret

~ TTTOTPWEBUOE ~ Technological Tools Tested On The Poor Will Eventually Be Used On Everyone

~ A-NC-OA-PRC-MJ-TDOTDPFSC-ATCS ~ A – National Catastrophe – Or A – Political Regime Change – Might Justify – The Deployment Of The Digital Poorhouse’s Full Surveillance Capability – Across The Class Spectrum

~ AIHUA ~ Automated Inequality Hurts Us All

~ H-TT-HAB-IAAPOO-TOLUTBTTDALDTTMBH-B-BII-T-PC-DS-A-PM ~ High-Tech Tools – Have A Built-In Authority And Patina Of Objectivity – That Often Lead Us To Believe That Their Decisions Are Less Discriminatory Than Those Made By Humans – But – Bias Is Introduced – Through – Programming Choices – Data Selection – And – Performance Metrics

~ TDPHPP ~ The Digital Poorhouse Preempts Politics

~ WCDTDP ~ We Can Dismantle The Digital Poorhouse

~ TMISI-DTDP-ICHW-T/T/F-AP-ACAIMS-TBCFTMOBDITBS ~ The Most Important Step In – Dismantling The Digital Poorhouse – Is Changing How We – Think / Talk / Feel – About Poverty – As Counterintuitive As It May Sound – The Best Cure For The Misuse Of Big Data Is Telling Better Stories

~ TBSPOAP-IIYWBP-BPITQOY-E-TRIYN-YETVAT-A-YH ~ The Best Single Predictor Of Adult Poverty – Is If You Were Born Poor – Because Poverty Impacts The Quality Of Your – Education – The Resources In Your Neighborhood – Your Exposure To Violence And Trauma – And – Your Health

~ TGNITTMIAWUW-BIMTEP-LBTP-HBOTR ~ The Good News Is That This Mission Is Already Well Under Way – Broadbased Inclusive Movements To End Poverty – Led By The Poor – Have Been On The Rise

~ T-RA-TWUWWROCS-IA-E-ST-V-F ~ The – Righteous Anger – That Wells Up When We Recognize Our Common Suffering – Is An – Earthshaking – Structure-Tumbling – Visionary – Force

~ WTTBTIIWTAN-PP? ~ Would The Tool Be Tolerated If It Was Targeted At Non-Poor People?

~ DND-BSTOAELROTP ~ Design No Data-Based System That Overturns An Established Legal Right Of The Poor

~ ETVOTDPWRAGDOC ~ Exposing The Violence Of The Digital Poorhouse Will Require A Great Deal Of Courage

GUY HARRISON ~ HOW TO THINK LIKE A SCIENTIST ~ THINK BEFORE YOU LIKE ~ 2017

~ RLAS-PATBMADIM-AGIATATATM-AASSWSYWOSM ~ React Like A Scientist – Pause And Think Before Making Any Decisive Intellectual Moves – Avoid Granting Immediate And Total Acceptance To Anything That Matters – Adopting A Scientific Stance Will Serve You Well On Social Media

~ DYR-THTITHBCBTUWICTSI-PL;PBC;AETMSAHAUOGFW ~ Do Your Research – The Hard Truth Is That Human Beings Cannot Be Trusted Unconditionally When It Comes To Sharing Information – People Lie; People Become Confused; And Even The Most Sensible And Honest Among Us Often Get Facts Wrong

~ CUWYOHOT-TTEHACMBTOF-S-IPEFAIOC-TNTDTDWOTIMLTBT ~ Come Up With Your Own Hypothesis Or Theory – Try To Explain How A Claim Might Be True Or False – Speculate – Image Possible Explanations For An Idea Or Claim – Then Narrow Them Down To Determine Which Of Them Is More Likely To Be True

~ CYOEOT-FOHTTACCBD-BIIDMOTN-FOIOHATOITT ~ Conduct Your Own Experiment Or Test – Figuring Out How To Test A Claim Can Be Difficult – But It Is Doable More Often Than Not – Find Out If Others Have Already Tested Or Investigated The Topic

~ SYC-NITTAOPTLFEIYR-SYCW-TS-MS-PYK ~ Share Your Conclusion – Now It’s Time To Ask Other People To Look For Errors In Your Reasoning – Share Your Conclusion With – The Smartest – Most Sensible – People You Know

~ LO-C-C-APA-YCOD~ Let Others – Consider – Challenge – And Pick Apart Your Conclusion Or Decision

~ F-IIVTYCWIYRFOABWTCYMIN ~ Finally – It Is Vital That You Consider Whatever Input You Receive From Others And Be Willing To Change Your Mind If Necessary

~ IS-POAMOAF-IYR-DBTIOO-BGTYHBGTCTMALCT-TAR ~ If Someone – Points Out A Mistake Or A Flaw – In Your Reasoning – Don’t Be Too Irritated Or Offended – Be Grateful That You Have Been Given The Chance To Move A Little Closer To – Truth And Reality

GUY HARRISON ~ THINK BEFORE YOU LIKE ~ 2017

~ AWB’ESOO’?~ Are We Becoming – “Efficient Shadows Of Ourselves”?

~ FAS-FM-DOD ~ Fleeting And Soon-Forgotten Micro-Doses Of Dopamine

~ WWMP? ~ Will We Miss Privacy?

~ YOASNDYAAP-B-I-TD ~ Your Online Activities Should Not Define You As A Person – But – Increasingly – They Do

~ WD-‘F’-C? ~ What Does – “Free” – Cost?

~ ATMAMOTTCBBFU?-WCK-BTCTBITSWOPTAADHTTUWTK-O-WTTTK-AU-WDHTLRTCT ~ Are There Misinformation And Misinterpretations Out There That Could Be Bad For Us? – We Can’t Know – Because The Companies That Barter In The Shadows With Our Private Thoughts And Activities Don’t Have To Tell Us What They Know – Or – What They Think They Know – About Us – We Don’t Have The Legal Right To Check Them

~ WCPTH-HEAMC-WWDEKTTE ~ We Can’t Petition To Have – Harmful Errors And Misjudgments Corrected – When We Don’t Even Know That They Exist

~ TRONWBD ~ The Renaissance Of Nonsense Will Be Digitized

~ TPV-BPN-WUB-CA-C-A-TSD ~ The Positive Features – Become Powerful Negatives – When Used By – Con Artists – Crackpots – And – The Sincerely Deluded

~ TLSM ~ Terrorists Love Social Media

~ SPB-SMWDNLTSTWBUIANAOC-O-H-WTSMMHTFDUAIASCO-F/H/S ~ Some People Believe – Social Media Will Do Nothing Less Than Save The World By Ushering In A New Age Of Connectivity – Others – However – Warn That Social Media Might Help To Finally Drown Us All In A Sad Cesspool Of – Fear / Hate / Stupidity

~ SOTWMVADGCUSMTOAGTRIPODG ~ Some Of The World’s Most Violent And Destructive Groups Currently Uses Social Media To Organize And Grow Their Ranks In Pursuit Of Dark Goals

~ WT-YVO-C-B-B-O-PR-M-AL ~ Welcome To – Your Very Own – Customized – Biased – Bubble – Of – Psychological Reinforcement – Manipulation – And Lies

~ ROTA ~ Rise Of The Algorithms

~ OTA-CB-TCBSEIT-EHI-A-EUI-C-BHIAHAIEOMYMVTTPO-CB-RTLV ~ One Thing About – Confirmation Bias – That Cannot Be Stressed Enough Is That – EVERYONE HAS IT – And – EVERYONE USES IT – Counterintutively – Being Highly Intelligent And Having An Impressive Education Often Makes You More Vulnerable To The Problem Of – Confirmation Bias – Rather Than Less Vulnerable

~ TRB ~ The Reality Bubble

~ IYWTAALDITVOT-TYMBHETBH ~ If You Want To Always At Least Dwell In The Vicinity Of Truth – Then You Must Be Honest Enough To Be Humble

~ WWDKITLDUARNHFSMTBAFEIWTT ~ What We Do Know Is That Lies Dressed Up As Respectable News Have Found Social Media To Be A Fertile Environment In Which To Thrive

~ HCSWBAKN? ~ How Concerned Should We Be About Fake News?

~ FN-I-DN-THBCAPFTSPOM-R/L/V-WKFI-TGCIA-F-GCFP-T-MPG ~ Fake News – Is – Dishonest News – That Has Been Crafted And Published For The Specific Purpose Of Misleading – Readers / Listeners / Viewers – With Knowingly False Information – That Goal Can Include Anything – From – Garnering Clicks For Profit – To – Making Political Gains

~ HNNBACIAWAFN ~ Humour Need Not Be A Casualty In Anyone’s War Against Fake News

~ CFOF’ ~ Contradictory “Fountains Of Facts”

~ WBTS? ~ Who Believes This Stuff?

~ ACCASIINSAAAOF-TFTBF ~ Accepting Crazy Claims And Stupid Ideas Is Now Seen As An Aspect Of Freedom – The Freedom To Be Fooled

~ BSOE ~ Be Skeptical Of Everything

~ CTS ~ Consider The Source

~ DSG ~ Don’t Spread Garbage

~ O-B-FATGP-ASFAGS-AEI-CL-OJPOG ~ Our – Brains – For All Their Glorious Powers – Are Suckers For A Good Story – An Exciting Image – Convenient Lie – Or Just Plain Old Gossip

~ FNM ~ Fake News Matters

~ DLTD ~ Delusions Lead To Danger

~ SOCTIHGUC ~ Scarcity Of Critical Thinking Is Humankind’s Great Unrecognized Crisis

~ WHWYDKWYDK? ~ What Happens When You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know?

~ CINTSTAK ~ Confidence Is Not The Same Thing As Knowledge

~ WCYDTAG?-BDSN ~ What Can You Do To Avoid Groupthink? – Build Diverse Social Networks

~ BTB-CCBW-PINARMOTAR ~ Beware The Bandwagon – Crowds Can Be Wrong – Popularity Is Not A Reliable Measure Of Truth And Reality

~ A:TFITHYSMAATYANRFWSTSFYCTADAI ~ Anchoring: The First Input That Hits Your Subconscious Mind About A Topic You Are Not Reasonably Familiar With Sets The Stage For Your Conscious Thoughts And Decisions About It

~ OAMEFTIA ~ Others Are More Easily Fooled Than I Am

~ WASC-WTTSNOOPBWTAUBEODTAFAW ~ We Are Social Creatures – We Tend To Synchronize Not Only Our Physical Behavior With Those Around Us But Even Our Deepest Thoughts And Feelings As Well

~ AB-TT-TTIABIBSPTBAAF ~ Authority Bias – The Tendency – To Trust In And Be Influenced By Someone Perceived To Be An Authority Figure

~ ABIAATTB ~ Authority Bias Is An Amazing Thing To Behold

~ AEIOTINAEIE ~ An Expert In One Thing Is Not An Expert In Everything

~ SIAT-AHI-ATAOU-TUDITTOODL ~ Science Is A Tool – A Human Invention – Available To All Of Us – To Use Down In The Trenches Of Our Daily Lives –

~ NOWBATDTNFGTITWIDIL ~ No One Will Be Able To Deny The Need For Good Thinking If The World Is Drowning In Lies

~ NMWYAOWYD-TAAALAFTYWRKOOTROARSOSWDLYAMECYG ~ No Matter Who You Are Or What You Do – There Likely Are At Lest A Few Things You Would Rather Keep Out Of The Reach Of A Random Stranger Or Someone Who Doesn’t Like You And Might Enjoy Causing You Grief

~ HI-TET-FC-A-I-PAI-E-THETD-S-A-AS-IOT-MAJT ~ Humans In – The Early Twenty-First Century – Are – Ill-Prepared And Ill-Equipped – To Have Everything They Do – Surveilled – Analyzed – And Stored – In Order To – Manipulate And Judge Them

~ AT-A-TMODW-T-I-C-H-S-JIT-DR-DR-DE ~ A Tried-And-True Method Of Dealing With – Trolls – Is – Cold – Hard – Silence – Just Ignore Them – Don’t React – Don’t Reply – Don’t Engage

~ DBD ~ Defined By Data

~ E-BPT ~ Emotion-Based Precision Targeting

~ ASMUABUAGP ~ All Social Media Users Are Being Used As Guinea Pigs

~ TDYSMI-VIS ~ Trim Down Your Social Media Identity – Vague Is Safer

~ AQ-NBYOICATN-B-BWNTBTATN ~ Ask Questions – Not Because You Or I Can Answer Them Now – But – Because We Need To Be Thinking About Them Now

~ WCLTI-GTW-O-W-DACTBTAU ~ We Can’t Let – The Internet – Go To Waste – Or – Worse – Degrade And Corrupt The Best Things About Us

STEVEN POOLE ~ RETHINK ~ SCRIBNER ~ 2016

~ GI-CBF-BTRORFDOCOMBTAFD-Y-TPIRWEAF-IOW-IIMLTP-BIACSGTLWTBU ~ Good Ideas – Can Be Found – But Then Rejected Or Ridiculed For Decades Or Centuries Or Millennia Before They Are Finally Discovered – Yes – The Past Is Riddled With Error And Fraud – In Other Words – It Is Much Like The Present – But It Also Contains Surprising Gems That Lie Waiting To Be Unforgotten

~ TAOR-AR-LIQOIO:A/K/J/R&R/ATPOTI ~ The Art Of Rethinking – And Rediscovery – Lies In Questioning Our Ideas Of: Authority / Knowledge / Judgment / Right And Wrong / And The Processes Of Thinking Itself

~ IWANCRI-WANRT ~ If We Are Not Constantly Rethinking Ideas – We Are Not Really Thinking

~ TBNIAOOO ~ The Best New Ideas Are Often Old Ones

~ AOICBRAWTDOANPOTP ~ An Old Idea Can Become Relevant Again With The Discovery Of A New Piece Of The Puzzle

~ JBWDKHSWDMTIDW ~ Just Because We Don’t Know How Something Works Doesn’t Mean That It Doesn’t Work

~ AOIIADC-UOPIANG ~ An Old Idea In A Different Context – Using Old Pieces In A New Game

~ ITCHWAEPIPTADU-ATSITOI-AOIIANCCBPI ~ Impressive Things Can Happen When An Existing Product Is Put To A Different Use – And The Same Is True Of IdeaS – An Old Idea In A New Context Can Become Powerful Indeed

~ DWTBF ~ Disinformation Wants To Be Free

~ WTTTTEWCRTMAMCTTA-TAH ~ We Tend To Think That Events Which Come Readily To Mind Are More Common Than They Are – The Availability Heuristic

~ WATTNOTETCWWAT-CB ~ We Also Tend To Notice Only The Evidence That Confirms What We Already Think – Confirmation Bias

~ SIASAOTT-WTAFP-TP-C-S-O-E-O-IIOET-TPACTPI-ODSNY-OSRTSACC-OIMJCFTWKOP ~ Some Ideas Are Simply Ahead Of Their Time – When They Are First Proposed – The Prevailing – Cultural – Social – Or – Economic – Order – Is Incapable Of Embracing Them – They Pose A Challenge To Powerful Interests – Or Don’t Seem Necessary Yet – Or Simply Represent Too Startling A Conceptual Change – Or It Might Just Come From The Wrong Kind Of Person

~ NEIHBTOB-Y-ETANUHMOTPIITIOC ~ Not Every Idea Has Been Thought Of Before – Yet – Even The Apparently Novel Usually Has More Of The Past In It Than Is Often Credited

~ ITT-TUATB-H(SSO)-A-I(FNPD) ~ In Technical Terms – The Universe Appears To Be – Homogeneous (Smoothly Spread Out) – And – Isotropic (Favoring No Particular Direction)

~ UF ~ UnFalse

~ TMN-STATOTPMHUA ~ The Most Novel-Seeming Theories And Technologies Of The Present May Have Unexpected Ancestors

~ ICRAGSTA-EITJISOOTUT-TAHGRFWTISSVOENAACON ~ Ideas Can Return And Gain Significant Traction Again – Even If The Jury Is Still Out On Their Ultimate Truth – Their Advocates Have Good Reasons For Why The Ideas Suddenly Seem Viable Or Even Necessary Again After Centuries Of Neglect

~ S-I-R-WTSDHS-D ~ Sometimes – Ideas – Return – When They Should Definitely Have Stayed – Dead

~ AIWHAGCO-HAAAZ-IIBSIGOP ~ An Idea Will Have A Good Chance Of – Hanging Around As A Zombie – If It Benefits Some Influential Group Of People

~ CM ~ Conspiracy Markets

~ BWCBU-IRUOWWDK ~ Being Wrong Can Be Useful – In Reminding Us Of What We Don’t Know

~ SOSRITPOTOTBSAWTFCTTRTG ~ Stories Of Scientific Revolutions In The Past Often Turn Out To Be Stories About Wrong Theories Forcing Correct Theories To Raise Their Game

~ TPWTOTBWCBJAIATWTOTBR ~ The People Who Turn Out To Be Wrong Can Be Just As Important As Those Who Turn Out To Be Right

~ THOHT-INALSO-FTBRBTO-IMLADATWIWFOICBSAOFC-USFTAABGOTSF ~ The History Of Human Thought – Is Not A Linear Sequence Of – False Theories Being Replaced By True Ones – It’s More Like A Dark And Tangled Web – In Which Flashes Of Inspiration Can Be Smothered And Obscured For Centuries – Until Someone Finds Them Again And Blows Gently On The Sputtering Flames

~ WNTKWWDK ~ We Need To Know What We Don’t Know

~ SOIASP-IDEMWTAT-PI-HETTNNT ~ Some Old Ideas Are So Powerful – It Doesn’t Even Matter Whether They Are True – Placebo Ideas – Helpful Even Though They’re Not Necessarily True

~ MRNTITOA-PS-OW-E-HAP-RTABDB-P-A-‘N’P ~ Many Researchers Now Think In Terms Of A – Psychosis Spectrum – On Which – Everyone – Has A Place – Rather Than A Binary Distinction Between – Psychotics – And – “Normal” – People

~ D-AWA-H-STBCBTBWJAIND-OMS ~ Delusions – As Well As Hallucinations – Seem To Be Caused By The Brain Working Just As It Normally Does – Only More So

~ DWKTWDHFW? ~ Do We Know That We Don’t Have Free Will?

~ WLIAAO-TPP-WSRBAE-A-TROPOBTMPIDL ~ We Live In An Age Of – The Professionalized Politician – Who Seeks Reelection Before All Else – And The Range Of Policies Offered By The Main Parties Is Dramatically Limited

~ T-PPC-HLTNEONWL-ACOFTPOIOP-TSRIMARB ~ The – Professionalized Political Class – Has Little To No Experience Of Normal Working Life – And Cares Only For The Perpetuation Of Its Own Power – To Secure Reelection It Must Assuage Rich Benefactors

~ WIWWGNB-CP-B-BARCAOOP?-TTIAOI-SISF-B-TIHTAADI-TIODT-CTGBL-IC-S-A-MITTTIA ~ What If We Were Governed Not By Career Politicians – But By A Randomly Chosen Assortment Of Our Peers? – This Too Is An Old Idea – Sure It Sounds Fanciful – But – That Is How The Ancient Athenians Did It – The Inventors Of Democracy Themselves – Chose Their Government By Lottery – It’s Called – Sortition – And – Maybe It’s Time To Try It Again

~ TRITKA:’WN’ ~ To Rethink Is To Keep Asking: “Why Not”

~ WMSHTTTR-HI-SWUI? ~ We Might Soon Have The Technology To Rethink Humanity Itself – Should We Use It?

~ SOTF-TEVP-TNOTN ~ Survival Of The Fittest – The Equally Valid Perspective – The Nonsurvival Of The Nonfittest

~ YSNRTM-JBYDLTM ~ You Shouldn’t Necessarily Reject The Message – Just Because You Don’t Like The Messenger

~ GAFHTPFTPWHBUMIAEDOR ~ Giving A Fair Hearing To People From The Past Who Have Been Unfairly Maligned Is An Ethical Demand Of Rethinking

~ TVFT-POMIAMCF-A-STP-WSBAWCJ-IOTQIGA ~ The – View From Tomorrow – Projecting One’s Mind Into A More Civilized Future – And – Scrutinizing The Present – With Sympathy But Also With Cold Justice – In Order To Question Its Governing Assumptions

~ BADT-PDFT-AMDWFTBOO ~ Beliefs Are Dangerous Things – People Die For Them – And More Die Unwillingly For The Beliefs Of Others

YUVAL NOAH HARARI ~ HOMO DEUS ~ A BRIEF HISTORY OF TOMORROW ~ 2015

~ FTFTIH-MPDT-FETMTFETL ~ For The First Time In History – More People Die Today – From Eating Too Much Than From Eating Too Little

~ IIWOPTMTBATRTIOSEF ~ It Is Within Our Power To Make Things Better And To Reduce The Incidence Of Suffering Even Further

~ SWFTPSAOCWWSTNL ~ Schools Were Founded To Produce Skilful And Obedient Citizens Who Would Serve The Nation Loyally

~ DIIC-AHHEIRD-TIGE-RTGC ~ Dramatic Improvements In Conditions – As Humankind Has Experienced In Recent Decades – Translate Into Greater Expectations – Rather Than Greater Contentment

~ FBOW-AGPOTPITPMOARB-NOTCDMI-BATFMMDATOB ~ For Better Or Worse – A Growing Percentage Of The Population Is Taking Psychiatric Medicines On A Regular Basis – Not Only To Cure Debilitating Mental Illnesses – But Also To Face More Mundane Depression And The Occasional Blues

~ UTN-IHPRMOUOET-ITFIMRMOU-THBAM-O-OMDWOT ~ Up Till Now – Increasing Human Power Relied Mainly On Upgrading Our External Tools – In The Future It May Rely More On Upgrading – The Human Body And Mind – Or – On Merging Directly With Our Tools

~ WWTATR-EOBAMIO-AA-TEOA-D-A-M ~ We Want The Ability To Re-Engineer Our Bodies And Minds In Order – Above All – To Escape Old Age – Death – And – Misery

~ BOH-WCTDW-P-I-W-EATEAARF-EYAGP-TLIPHAHDATTLIS-ATIUTC ~ Billions Of Humans – Will Continue To Deal With – Poverty – Illness – Violence – Even As The Elites Are Already Reaching For – Eternal Youth And Godlike Powers – Those Living In Palaces Have Always Had Different Agendas To Those Living In Shacks – And That Is Unlikely To Change

~ WTPOMPITCCA? ~ What’s The Point Of Making Predictions If They Cannot Change Anything?

~ SH-GUMO ~ Studying History – Gives Us More Options

~ HHWT-RAF-OM-R-E-C ~ History Has Witnessed The – Rise And Fall – Of Many – Regions – Empires – Cultures

~ TA ~ The Anthropocene

~ WRTOA-HHLSBG-WDLTROTTD-BWHNBPJOMG ~ With Regard To Other Animals – Humans Have Long Since Become Gods – We Don’t Like To Reflect On This Too Deeply – Because We Have Not Been Particularly Just Or Merciful Gods

~ TWIPMBHATDA ~ The World Is Populated Mainly By Humans And Their Domesticated Animals

~ 99%OOD-ITMILC-AMBTHRAWC-S-E-D ~ 99 Percent Of Our Decisions – Including The Most Important Life Choices – Are Made By The Highly Refined Algorithms We Call – Sensations – Emotions – Desires

~ TMIAFOSE-SA-P-P-A-L-TMEAMO-I-S-E-T-WFFABM-AID-TOEFAV-TFCOEC-TSOC ~ The Mind Is A Flow Of Subjective Experiences – Such As – Pain – Pleasure – Anger – Love – These Mental Experiences Are Made Of – Interlinked – Sensations – Emotions – Thoughts – Which Flash For A Brief Moment – And Immediately Disappear – Then Other Experiences Flicker And Vanish – This Frenzied Collection Of Experiences Constitutes – The Stream Of Consciousness

~ EAHD-IROACS-MITBTWON-CA ~ Everything A Human Does – Including Reporting On Allegedly Conscious States – Might In Theory Be The Work Of Non-Conscious Algorithms

~ HSITOSOECOCFILN-IAT-WBVIAW-B-IHHNLTCFILN-OCBADHWSBSFSRTUA ~ Homo Sapiens Is The Only Species On Earth Capable Of Cooperating Flexibly In Large Numbers – Intelligence And Toolmaking – Were Obviously Very Important As Well – But – If Humans Had Not Learned To Cooperate Flexibly In Large Numbers – Our Crafty Brains And Deft Hands Would Still Be Splitting Flint Stones Rather Than Uranium Atoms

~ SDBAT-ACML-BRAT-AWSL-WARBE-TE-AIFSATRTSMOAH-GB ~ Sapiens Don’t Behave According To – A Cold Mathematical Logic – But Rather According To – A Warm Social Logic – We Are Ruled By Emotions – These Emotions – Are In Fact Sophisticated Algorithms That Reflect The Social Mechanism Of Ancient Hunter-Gather Bands

~ TTHMTARPTTCOOIS-HIWWTUOF-CGACNIHE-WMADTFTGMTTW ~ To Think Historically Means To Ascribe Real Power To The Contents Of Our Imaginary Stories – Hence If We Want To Understand Our Future – Cracking Genomes And Crunching Numbers Is Hardly Enough – We Must Also Decipher The Fictions That Give Meaning To The World

~ WLMHBCAAMWODR-BIGBAPWTRR-WORCWOR-IWORTHTGW ~ Written Language May Have Been Conceived As A Modest Way Of Describing Reality – But It Gradually Became A Powerful Way To Reshape Reality – When Official Reports Collided With Objective Reality – It Was Often Reality That Had To Give Way

~ HIASN-BTOAN-WWCTT-O-WAACTSO ~ History Isn’t A Single Narrative – But Thousands Of Alternative Narratives – Whenever We Choose To Tell – One – We Are Also Choosing To Silence Others

~ MCTDH ~ Myths Continue To Dominate Humankind

~ IMHAM-II-SH ~ If Modernity Has A Motto – It Is – Shit Happens

~ I-IMNBWTCTBIEGA-R-BINPTSM-INM-OOED ~ Indeed – It May Not Be Wrong To Call The Belief In Economic Growth A – Religion – Because It Now Purports To Solve Many – If Not Most – Of Our Ethical Dilemmas

~ TGSD-W-TDOI-OHRHLTKATW-TSHAVGRTSNK ~ The Greatest Scientific Discovery – Was – The Discovery Of Ignorance – Once Humans Realised How Little They Know About The World – They Suddenly Had A Very Good Reason To Seek New Knowledge

~ WDS-TPAASFMTTR-EITRCTTITFP ~ When Disaster Strikes – The Poor Almost Always Suffer Far More Than The Rich – Even If The Rich Caused The Tragedy In The First Place

~ IEIFS-I-TCATP-TE ~ If Everything Is For Sale – Including – The Courts And The Police – Trust Evaporates

~ WWHTTJMOAIOHIMCT?WWBTPIOAMNCOEUP? ~ What Will Happen To The Job Market Once Artificial Intelligence Outperforms Humans In Most Cognitive Tasks? – What Will Be The Political Impact Of A Massive New Class Of Economically Useless People?

~ WIWTISTTTCCOLASOOISLACY-EOUHASSTTAMOOE-KOAFCS-MTUWBF-M-N-S-OOD-A-WOOATJASCSAWIA ~ We Identify With The Inner System That Takes The Crazy Chaos Of Life And Spins Out Of It Seemingly Logical And Consistent Yarns – Each Of Us Has A Sophisticated System That Throws Away Most Of Our Experiences – Keeps Only A Few Choice Samples – Mixes Them Up With Bits From – Movies – Novels – Speeches – Our Own Daydreams – And – Weaves Out Of All That Jumble A Seemingly Coherent Story About Who I Am

~ WAATFAFO-EU-D/T/S-TMNAFT-FWOIH-C-D-TFM-A-HR-STF? ~ We Are About To Face A Flood Of – Extremely Useful – Devices / Tools / Structures – That Make No Allowance For The – Free Will Of Individual Humans – Can – Democracy – The Free Market – And – Human Rights – Survive This Flood?

~ TGD-IIDFC-WANDNTON-CI ~ The Great Decoupling – Intelligence Is Decoupling From Consciousness – We Are Now Developing New Types Of Non-Conscious Intelligence

~ TMIQIT-F-CEMWBWTDWATSP ~ The Most Important Question In Twenty-First-Century Economics May Well Be What To Do With All The Superfluous People

~ WWCHD-OWHHIN-CATCDAEB? ~ What Will Conscious Humans Do – Once We Have Highly Intelligent Non-Conscious Algorithms That Can Do Almost Everything Better?

~ AAPHOOTJM-WMBCITHO-TTETOTA-PA ~ As Algorithms Push Humans Out Of The Job Market – Wealth Might Become Concentrated In The Hands Of – The Tiny Elite That Owns The All-Powerful Algorithms

~ TQSM-S-KTN ~ The Quantified Self Movement – Self-Knowledge Through Numbers

~ OPDIPTMVRMHSHTO-AWAGITTTGIEFESAFCV ~ Our Personal Data Is Probably The Most Valuable Resource Most Humans Still Have To Offer – And We Are Giving It To The Tech Giants In Exchange For Email Services And Funny Cat Videos

~ TSOAFHTAIHAAU-NAAROSMGD-BDTAFOMC ~ The Shifting Of Authority From Humans To Algorithms Is Happening All Around Us – Not As A Result Of Some Momentous Governmental Decision – But Due To A Flood Of Mundane Choices

~ WEIRD ~ Western – Educated – Industrialized – Rich – Democratic

~ D-TDR-TUCODF-SAHKAW-TIBDACA-TI-O-A-T ~ Dataism – The Data Religion – The Universe Consists Of Data Flows – Sceptical About Human Knowledge And Wisdom – Trust In Big Data And Computer Algorithms – The Internet-Of-All-Things

~ M-G-LT-W-MP-IARFD ~ Mixing – God-Like Technology – With – Megalomaniac Politics – Is A Recipe For Disaster