MARIA KONNIKOVA ~ MASTERMIND – HOW TO THINK LIKE SHERLOCK HOLMES ~ 2013

~ NMMFM-APAWAAI-WWO-WAFTPA ~ Never Mistake Mindlessness For Mindfulness – A Passive Approach With An Active Involvement – When We Observe – We Are Forced To Pay Attention

~ WHTMFPATAA-WHTE-ES-EI-ET ~ We Have To Move From Passive Absorption To Active Awareness – We Have To Engage – Each Sense – Each Input – Each Thought

~ TC-CC-TOKMABU-WMNFTRAROH ~ Times Change – Circumstances Change – That Original Knowledge Base Must Always Be Updated – We Must Never Forget To Revise And Retest Out Hypotheses

~ UAFTP-O-H(I)-T-D-R ~ Understand And Frame The Problem – Observe – Hypothesize (Imagine) – Test – Deduce – Repeat

~ OT-T-CATB-JALTE-AO-HVRCBFOAFO ~ Our Tendency – To – Confirm And To Believe – Just A Little Too Easily – And Often – Has Very Real Consequences Both For Ourselves And For Others

~ BWAHDOS-DJAAITWII ~ Begin With A Healthy Dose Of Skepticism – Don’t Just Assume Anything Is The Way It Is

~ M-CPOM-AAH-EF-R-A-OOTW ~ Mindfulness – Constant Presence Of Mind –Attentiveness And Hereness – Essential For – Real – Active – Observation Of The World

~ M-AEAD-WHTBM-THIA-M-P-F-TEEOWGTOH-IOGWTF ~ Motivation – Active Engagement And Desire – We Have To Be Motivated – To Think In A – Mindful – Present – Fashion – To Exert Effort On What Goes Through Our Heads – Instead Of Going With The Flow

~ OBAWFQJ ~ Our Brains Are Wired For Quick Judgments

~ OWOLAATATWITTC-AOBARS-B-WCR-HOBJTCINHWADTA ~ Our Way Of Looking At And Thinking About The World Is Tough To Change – And Our Biases Are Remarkably Sticky – But – We Can Rewire – How Our Brains Jump To Conclusions Is Not How We Are Destined To Act

~ WIATTM-A-TEIITR-TMCWAIIAAT ~ What Is Available To The Mind – And – The Easier It Is To Recall – The More Confident We Are In Its Applicability And Truth

~ IOE-SYAP-YALTSTOEAPAW-ETDF-W-E-AS-BRA ~ If One Element – Strikes You As Positive – You Are Likely To See The Other Elements As Positive As Well – Everything That Doesn’t Fit – Will – Easily – And Subconsciously – Be Reasoned Away

~ NJ-NMHPON-BWAABS-I-IHABFTBTIOOB-A-E ~ No Judgment – No Matter How Positive Or Negative – Begins With An Altogether Blank Slate – Instead – It Has Already Been Filtered Thoroughly By The Interaction Of Our Brain – And – The Environment

~ AES-TEPU ~ At Every Step – The Environment Primes Us

~ ISSTTMAHIMJAAGP?-IS-HDIAMPA? ~ Is Something Superfluous To The Matter At Hand Influencing My Judgment At Any Given Point? – if So – How Do I Adjust My Perception Accordingly?

~ IOW-BSOYAOYOM ~ In Other Words – Be Skeptical Of Yourself And Of Your Own Mind

~ AI-IRNMT-PO-LSRLH ~ Accurate Intuition – Is Really Nothing More Than – Practice Of – Letting Skill Replace Learned Heuristics

~ PAIABE-OMAWTW-WITD ~ Paying Attention Is Anything But Elementary – Our Minds Are Wired To Wander – Wandering Is Their Default

~ WCAOATMTAOAEITFATSLAIWWWTFOJOA ~ We Cannot Allocate Our Attention To Multiple Things At Once And Expect It To Function At The Same Level As It Would Were We To Focus On Just One Activity

~ SI-AAPL-AIWAAOTA-ASOH-TCTTTOTCCGAOTWBWO ~ Sensory Influences – Are A Powerful Lot – And If We Aren’t Aware Of Them Altogether – As So Often Happens – They Can Threaten To Take Over The Carefully Cultivate Goals And Objectivity That We’ve Been Working On

~ WWTS-WOC-WMBL-WOC-IOD ~ When We Touch Something – Warm Or Cold – We May Become Likewise – Warm Or Cold – In Our Disposition

~ IWATBSIARW-WMSFOTMR-OBMC-TWOW ~ If We Are Touched By Someone In A Reassuring Way – We May Suddenly Find Ourselves Taking More Risk – Or Being More Confident – Than We Otherwise Would

~ WWHSH-WAMLTJ-SOS-TBWAMS ~ When We Hold Something Heavy – We Are More Likely To Judge – Something Or Someone – To Be Weightier And More Serious

~ WFTNWWDNPUF-A-WFTIF-O-TTTMPIA ~ We Fail To Note What We Do Not Perceive Up Front – And – We Fail To Inquire Further – Or – To Take The Missing Pieces Into Account

~ WTTSOTWTAP ~ We Tend To See Objects The Way They Are Presented

~ B-O&D-L-T-C-I-SO-I ~ Between – Observation And Deduction – Lies – The – Crucial – Irreplaceable – Step Of – Imagination

~ YNTBFAPOOMP ~ You Need To Begin From A Place Of Open-Minded Possibility

~ IOTMOSIS-TCOMNBF ~ If Only The Most Obvious Solution Is Sought – The Correct One May Never Be Found

~ YCPAASTWP-I-YD-TASBT-LIHIS ~ You Cannot Possibly Assess And See The Whole Picture – If – You Don’t – Take A Step Back To – Let Imagination Have Its Say

~ TPOLAIU ~ The Power Of Learned Associations Is Ubiquitous

~ AEL-P&N-LGLTM-PTTGAWTTOATOT ~ At Every Level – Physical And Neural – Locations Get Linked To Memories – Places Tend To Get Associated With The Type Of Activity That Occurs There

~ TDOD-IIIDTRODTFN-TTS-EITMNBAC-OCAA ~ The Difficulty Of Proper Deduction – It Is Incredibly Difficult To Resist Our Desire To Form Narratives – To Tell Stories – Even If They May Not Be Altogether Correct – Or Correct At All

~ WL-S-CR-C-TTMIS-EITSHTBW-OMFCNOODEATT ~ We Like – Simplicity – Concrete Reasons – Causes – Things That Make Intuitive Sense – Even If That Sense Happens To Be Wrong – Our Minds Form Cohesive Narratives Out Of Disparate Elements All The Time

~ WNCISDHAC-ASOBDACOWOTO-WAOPTDS ~ We’re Not Comfortable If Something Doesn’t Have A Cause – And So Our Brains Determine A Cause One Way Or The Other – Without Asking Our Permission To Do So

~ WID-OBTTER-A-TDSAESOTRP-FFITG ~ When In Doubt – Our Brains Take The Easiest Route – And – They Do So At Every Stage Of The Reasoning Process – From Forming Inferences To Generalizations

~ LIB-WTWAFIO-IPPTPLTC ~ Logic Is Boring – We Think We’ve Already Figured It Out – In Pushing Past This Preconception Lies The Challenge

~ IWATAS-WAMLTFICATIWAAGMD-EITDAI ~ If We Are Told A Story – We Are More Likely To Find It Compelling And True If We Are Also Given More Details – Even If Those Details Are Irrelevant

~ SST-OL-FPAR-IMM-TCEPOILM ~ Stating Something Through – Out Loud – Forces Pauses And Reflection – It Mandates Mindfulness – To Consider Each Premise On Its Logical Merits

~ WE-O-IIOD ~ With Experience – Overconfidence – Increases Instead Of Decreases

~ SBOLNE ~ Success Breeds Overconfidence Like Nothing Else

~ THEE-WTTB-UOEP-A-OODO ~ The Hard-Easy Effect – We Tend To Be – Underconfident On Easy Problems – And – Overconfident On Difficult Ones

~ OIWF ~ Overconfidence Increases With Familiarity

~ OIWI-EITAIDAA-K-IASW ~ Overconfidence Increases With Information – Even If The Additional Information Doesn’t Actually Add – Knowledge – In A Significant Way

~ KY-AYE ~ Know Yourself – And Your Environment

~ O-CAT ~ Observe – Carefully And Thoughtfully

~ I-RTCTSYMNTYN ~ Imagine – Remembering To Claim The Space You May Not Think You Need

~ D-OFWYO-ANM ~ Deduce – Only From What You’ve Observed – And Nothing More

~ L-FYFJAYDFYS ~ Learn – From Your Failures Just As You Do From Your Successes

~ EIAWAG-BIN-P-OAOAO-LIBTGD ~ Education Is All Well And Good – But It Needs – Practice – Over And Over And Over – Lest It Begin To Gather Dust

~ WTD-KTOSTYTNNT-AIUH-EFTMEOE ~ Writing Things Down – Keeping Track Of Steps That You Think Need No Tracking – An Incredibly Useful Habit – Even For The Most Expert Of Experts

~ TC-NMHE-WCFTSOE-IWGTTM-M-ATPAMOMR-CHPIOATM-E&S ~ The Checklist – No Matter How Expert – We Can Forget The Simplest Of Elements – If We Go Through The Motions – Mindlessly – Anything That Prompts A Moment Of Mindful Reflection – Can Have Profound Influence On Our Ability To Maintain – Expertise And Success

~ P-UOHASTETMSSWBOTVTPTWWSHTM ~ Practice – Until Our Habits Are Such That Even The Most Severe Stressors Will Bring Out The Very Thought Patterns That We’ve Worked So Hard To Master

~ TWOBAIISTTW-W-TO-T ~ The Way Our Brains Act Is Infinitely Sensitive To The Way – We – Their Owners – Think

STEVEN SLOMAN + PHILIP FERNBACH ~ THE KNOWLEDGE ILLUSION ~ 2017

~ IOU-TWUHTWWIFOUIM ~ Illusion Of Understanding – That We Understand How Things Work When In Fact Our Understanding Is Meager

~ OMS-WCOABOI-A-WWKILMTAFOUWCRU ~ On Most Subjects – We Connect Only Abstract Bits Of Information – And – What We Know Is Little More Than A Feeling Of Understanding We Can’t Really Unpack

~ WLIACOK ~ We Live In A Community Of Knowledge

~ TMSBTBTI-TB-TE-APOTO-STSOTMCBRTTSOTB ~ The Mind Stretches Beyond The Brain To Include – The Body – The Environment – And People Other Than Oneself – So The Study Of The Mind Cannot Be Reduce To The Study Of The Brain

~ WFDKWWDK ~ We Frequently Don’t Know What We Don’t Know

~ BPAVDRHLTU ~ Both Politicians And Voters Don’t Realize How Little They Understand

~ IOAC-PTTAWOOASD ~ Instead Of Appreciating Complexity – People Tend To Affiliate With One Or Another Social Dogma

~ BOKIEWTOO-TCSOBAA ~ Because Our Knowledge Is Enmeshed With That Of Others – The Community Shapes Our Beliefs And Attitudes

~ IISHTRAOSBOPTTOWDETTECBOTM-WLOGDOTFU ~ It Is So Hard To Reject An Opinion Shared By Our Peers That Too Often We Don’t Even Try To Evaluate Claims Based On Their Merits – We Let Our Group Do Our Thinking For Us

~ ATCNOKSMUMRAWDOBAV ~ Appreciating The Communal Nature Of Knowledge Should Make Us More Realistic About What’s Determining Our Beliefs And Values

~ BWTC-WTTOIT-IIIO-WLBWWTWO ~ Because We Think Communally – We Tend To Operate In Teams – Individual Intelligence Is Overrated – We Learn Best When We’re Thinking With Others

~ IoED ~ Illusion Of Explanatory Depth

~ Deliberation Is Only A Tiny Part Of What Goes On When We Think – Most Of Cognition Consists Of Intuitive Thought That Occurs Below The Surface Of Consciousness

~ MOTFOTHBISATM ~ Much Of The Functionality Of The Human Brain Is Still A Total Mystery

~ PA-DOBAPOS-THOWTAHSPOMCS ~ Pavlovian Associations – Don’t Occur Between Arbitrary Pairs Of Stimuli – They Happen Only When The Association Has Some Possibility Of Making Causal Sense

~ WKJETGB ~ We Know Just Enough To Get By

~ IAOS-TRKLE ~ Intuitions Are Only Superficial – The Real Knowledge Lies Elsewhere

~ TWOBATW ~ Thinking With Our Bodies And The World

~ EI ~ Embodied Intelligence

~ WDCATWBOSG ~ We Draw Conclusions About The World Based On Small Glimpses

~ OBPFTMUAAWU ~ Our Bodies Produce Feelings To Make Us Aware And Warn Us

~ TDNTPOASITB-TUK-I-TB-TB-A-TWMG-TSIA ~ Thought Does Not Take Place On A Stage Inside The Brain – Thought Uses Knowledge – In – The Brain – The Body – And – The World More Generally – To Support Intelligent Action

~ TWOP-SI-ABHTITSIWOSTWATC ~ Thinking With Other People – Shared Intentionality – A Basic Human Talent Is To Share Intentions With Others So That We Accomplish Things Collaboratively

~ TMIASE ~ The Mind Is A Social Entity

~ PABTC ~ People Are Built To Collaborate

~ TSAU-ITSOBMS-MWBTWABATUO ~ The Smartest Among Us – In The Sense Of Being Most Successful – May Well Be Those Who Are Best Able To Understand Others

~ IACOK-WMMTHK-IHATK ~ In A Community Of Knowledge – What Matters More Than Having Knowledge – Is Having Access To Knowledge

~ BWCTKIOHWTKWHAT-WALUOHLWU ~ Because We Confuse The Knowledge In Our Heads With The Knowledge We Have Access To – We Are Largely Unaware Of How Little We Understand

~ TDN(Y)SI ~ Technology Does Not (Yet) Share Intentionality

~ CTTC ~ Committing To The Community

~ TFTASMOPHSP-DNMTTOII-AAR-SFAIDNEFDU-TOEITAOU ~ The Fact That A Strong Majority Of People Has Some Preference – Does Not Mean That Their Opinion Is Informed – As A Rule – Strong Feelings About Issues Do Not Emerge From Deep Understanding – They Often Emerge In The Absence Of Understanding

~ WDPHSPAITKSLA? ~ Why Do People Have Such Passion About Issues They Know So Little About?

~ ACOKCBD-WGMDKM-BSAP-ESEEAJTV-AHOM ~ A Community Of Knowledge Can Become Dangerous – When Group Members Don’t Know Much – But Share A Position – Everyone Sees Everyone Else As Justifying Their View – A House Of Mirrors

~ WITTYODUTPIAISAC-NDY ~ While It’s True That Your Opponents Don’t Understand The Problem In All Its Subtlety And Complexity – Neither Do You

~ SI ~ Shattering Illusions

~ YCCTIOAPBROHYFAI ~ You Can’t Consider The Implications Of A Policy By Ruminating On How You Feel About It

~ People Often Have Strong Positions On Issues – Positions That Are Generally Based On Very Little – Certainly Very Little That They Can Articulate – Asking Them To Generate A Detailed Causal Explanation – Makes Them Less Extreme

~ DTCOAE-ICAMMPT-AETBAE ~ Discovering The Credibility Of An Expert – Is Certainly A More Manageable Problem Than – Asking Everyone To Become An Expert

~ EPICUT-PALITSNIAFOTTWW-CEIAEWTSTI-BPDLHTIS-PLTFS-NI ~ Exposing People’s Illusions Can Upset Them – People Are Less Inclined To Seek New Information After Finding Out That They Were Wrong – Causal Explanation Is An Effective Way To Shatter The Illusion – But People Don’t Like Having Their Illusions Shattered – People Like To Feel Successful – Not Incompetent

~ TNDOS ~ The New Definition Of Smart

~ FI-IWWTWWSSI-‘S’-TPHTATCTCQWTTAIATFNTO ~ Fluid Intelligence – Is What We’re Thinking When We Say Someone Is “Smart” – The Person Has The Ability To Come To Conclusions Quickly Whatever The Topic And Is Able To Figure New Things Out

~ CI-RTHMIOHAODSIM ~ Crystallized Intelligence – Refers To How Much Information One Has At One’s Disposal Stored In Memory

~ CI ~ Collective Intelligence

~ INITMTM-FMITTQOAII-TQOTT ~ It’s Not Ideas That Matter The Most – Far More Important Than The Quality Of An Idea Is – The Quality Of The Team

~ HABTBMOAS;HABTPIAC ~ Humans Aren’t Built To Become Masters Of All Subjects; Humans Are Built To Participate In A Community

~ SIDBAC ~ Science Is Done By A Community

~ WPFDBS? ~ Who Profits From Doing Bad Science?

~ COL ~ Communities Of Learning

~ BDOOFWWKMUVTTWWETFIOTSF ~ Being Dependent On Others For What We Know Makes Us Vulnerable To Those Who Would Exploit This Fact In Order To Spread Falsehoods

~ TAOEITFOPJ ~ The Appearance Of Evidence In The Form Of Pseudoscientific Jargon

~ AWIHSUAP ~ A Whole Industry Has Sprung Up Around Pseudoscience

~ TSINMI ~ The Solution Is Not More Information

~ TCOK-TFTSWIIOOHFWIITHOO ~ The Curse Of Knowledge – The Failure To Separate What Is In One’s Own Head From What Is In The Heads Of Others

~ THE ~ The Hive Economy

~ NBD ~ Nudging Better Decisions

~ RC ~ Reduce Complexity

~ SDR ~ Simple Decision Rules

~ CYU-KWYDKAYTGHAFITGWTNA-IBYDTEAPYFAIATDID-DTYMRL ~ Check Your Understanding – Knowing What You Don’t Know Allows You To Get Help And Fill In The Gaps When The Need Arises – It Brings You Down To Earth And Prevents You From Allowing Intellectual Arrogance To Drive Important Decisions – Decisions That You Might Regret Later

~ IPDKHITA ~ Ignorant People Don’t Know How Ignorant They Are

~ TD-KE-TWPTWOTOSTM-SPOUTP-TUJDKWTDK ~ The Dunning-Krugger Effect – Those Who Perform The Worst Overrate Their Own Skills The Most – Strong Performers Often Underestimate Their Performance – The Unskilled Just Don’t Know What They Don’t Know

~ ASC ~ A Saner Community

~ ASLIOW-KHTIACATAOTKWI-A-WCDRTTWTME ~ A Strong Leader Is One Who – Knows How To Inspire A Community And Take Advantage Of The Knowledge Within It – And – Who Can Delegate Responsibility To Those With The Most Expertise

~ BDLWAC-WMRTRFOD ~ But Despite Living Within A Community – We Must Retain The Responsibility For Our Decisions

TOM HODGKINSON ~ HOW TO BE IDLE

~ NOIERTU-B-LIBHA-IPBTHAH ~ Not Only Is Early Rising Totally Unnatural – But – Lying In Bed Half-Awake – Is Positively Beneficial To Health And Happiness

~ GALRANB-LRIFTIOM-TIWRTBAST-WMA ~ Greatness And Late Rising Are Natural Bedfellows – Late Rising Is For The Independent Of Mind – The Individual Who Refuses To Become A Slave To – Work, Money, Ambition

~ IOTHIATTPHTRTI-CPNTT-AMSIOOTBTTDT ~ In Order To Have Ideas And Then To Plan How To Realize Those Ideas – Creative People Need Thinking Time – And Morning Snoozing Is One Of The Best Times To Do This

~ TIOT‘J’ATATAW-IAS-IOOTMPMOMS ~ The Idea Of The ‘Job’ As The Answer To All Woes – Individual And Social – Is One Of The Most Pernicious Myths Of Modern Society

~ WWETIWOWWASSATHWET ~ When We Enter The Ignoble World Of Work We Are Soon Shocked At The Humiliations We Encounter There

~ TJWIIOTMTEFTATT-WIHW-FOP ~ The Job Was Invented In Order To Make Things Easier For Those At The Top – Who Believed In Hard Work – For Other People

~ WKTMPPY-YISN‘WOW’BD ~ Work Kills Two Million People Per Year – Yet I See No ‘War On Work’ Being Declared

~ IIPTPUFTTMTSPUATGOOB-ICLT-TTT-AVOTT-ACIOTHOOFDW ~ It Is Precisely To Prevent Us From Thinking Too Much That Society Pressurizes Us All To Get Out Of Bed – Introspection Could Led To – That Terrible Thing – A Vision Of The Truth – A Clear Image Of The Horror Of Our Fractured, Dissonant World

~ GDNLTI-TIWT ~ Governments Do Not Like The Idle – The Idle Worry Them

~ HMBLWBIWBTDWAPRTTEPON-WTDOFHEAJ ~ How Much Better Life Would Be If We Began The Day With A Poem Rather Than The Empty Prattle Of Newspapers – With Their Diet Of Fear, Hate, Envy And Jealousy

~ I-V-THRTBVBTCOO-TEAO-THCT ~ Idlers – Visionaries – They Have Refused To Be Victimized By The Customs Of Others – Their Eyes Are Open – They Have Created Time

~ TDOPISOAIFOSIABM ~ The Deferral Of Pleasure In Service Of An Imaginary Future Of Stability Is A Bourgeois Myth

~ KN ~ Keeping Nix

~ SM-ATOIS-ABUI-TBTW-OATWOTE ~ Saint Monday – A Tradition Of Institutionalized Skiving – A Bottom-Up Initiative – Taken By The Worker – Often Against The Will Of The Employers

~ WNTCLB-IIONR-IHBSFUBOR-LIATTFABSPE ~ We Need To Claim Lunch Back – It Is Our Natural Right – It Has Been Stolen From Us By Our Rulers – Lunch Is A Time To Forget About Being Sensible, Practical, Efficient

~ TBICBADWTRLITIAFWKTAYC ~ That Being Ill Can Be A Delightful Way To Recapture Lost Idling Time Is A Fact Well Known To All Young Children

~ TIOCWTETPOBIBTTOTAIOT-AATTGOSBUA ~ The Idea Of Convalescence Was To Extend The Period Of Being Ill Beyond The Time Of The Actual Illness Or Trauma – And Allow Time To Get One’s Strength Back Up Again

~ TN ~ The Nap

~ IPEN ~ In Paradise Everyone Naps

~ ANIAPPAIU-ISTDITH-MEHMMAE ~ A Nap Is A Perfect Pleasure And It’s Useful – It Splits The Day Into Two Halves – Making Each Half More Manageable And Enjoyable

~ HMEIITWITM-IWKWHANTLFTAL ~ How Much Easier It Is To Work In The Morning – If We Know We Have A Nap To Look Forward To After Lunch

~ TFT ~ Time For Tea

~ POD-FB-LRP ~ Paroxysms Of Diligence – Followed By – Long Rest Periods

~ TR-TPITHAMMOB-WFP-OBDNI-INIAH-WDWAMG-F ~ The Ramble – The Pedestrian Is The Highest And Most Mighty Of Beings – Walks For Pleasure – Observes But Does Not Interfere – Is Not In A Hurry – Wanders Detached, Wise And Merry, Godlike – Free

~ B-TWTMSH-BTDRCWII-TITBOO-WIWITTB-NCWDTT-ACTTFUPITDTAW ~ Botherers – They Want To Make Something Happen – But They Don’t Really Care What It Is – They Impose Their Beliefs On Others – What Is Worse Is That The Botherers – Not Content With Doing Things Themselves – Are Constantly Trying To Force Us Poor Idlers To Do Things As Well

~ AIIATAADAIFI ~ An Idler Is A Thinker And A Dreamer And Is Fiercely Independent

~ WCUWTIOTSWAIOG-WCBMITORTTSS? ~ Whoever Came Up With The Idea Of The Strike Was An Idler Of Genius – What Could Be More Irritating To Our Rulers Than To Simply Stop?

~ S&I ~ Sex And Idleness

~ TAOC-TSIAS-WFOAN-TITLOTL-IEICAEICOTABTAC ~ The Art Of Conversation – Talking, Sharing Ideas And Stories – With Friends Old And New – This Is The Lifeblood Of The Loafer – Ideas Emerge In Conversation And Are Embellished, Improved, Contradicted Or Torn Apart By The Assembled Company

~ DDI-TAI-ITTTAIWD-TIWGDOIOT ~ Don’t Do It – Talk About It – If The Thing Talked About Is Worth Doing – Then It Will Get Done On Its Own Time

~ TAOTTCDOORTP ~ The Authorities Occasionally Try To Crack Down On Our Right To Party

~ YHPOOTBML-SWNEYN-WAEWAP0SMTNTBE ~ You Have Plenty Of Opportunity To Be Miserable Later – So Why Not Enjoy Yourself Now – We Are Equipped With A Pleasure-Seeking Muscle That Needs To Be Exercised

~ TTIWTLAGLATT-NJOSN ~ The True Idler Wants To Live A Good Life All The Time – Not Just On Saturday Nights

~ HSPIOHTL-ISNBAMOLII-AIIU ~ Hedonism Should Provide Ideas On How To Live – It Should Not Become A Mode Of Living In Itself – As It Is Unsustainable

~ TINPFOITM ~ There Is No Purer Form Of Idleness Than Meditation

~ SIADP-APO-AGU-ABQ ~ Sleep Is A Delicious Procrastination – A Putting-Off – A Giving Up – A Big Quit

~ SINFW-SIFTSB-TGO-THOTKTH-TI ~ Sleep Is Not For Wimps – Sleep Is For The Stronger Breed – The Great Ones – The Holders Of The Key To Happiness – The Idle

~ IWCBHWLS-DINTFTWWHTWL-AWWNLM? ~ If We Could Be Happier With Less Stuff – Does It Not Then Follow That We Would Have To Work Less – As We Would Need Less Money?

~ AOT-WAPWMI-TIOAHAAEFTHOWIARRI ~ At One Time – Work And Play Were More Intermingled – The Idea Of A Holiday As An Escape From The Hell Of Work Is A Relatively Recent Idea

~ LIACCFGCPTETSTTPOEICPAOAAO ~ Living In A Constant Chase For Gain Compels People To Expend Their Spirit To The Point Of Exhaustion In Continual Pretence And Overreaching And Anticipating Others

~ OSMBFITNOOPL ~ One Solution May Be Found In The Notion Of Off-Peak Living

~ IWITMAHAHEA ~ I Work In The Morning And Have A Holiday Every Afternoon

~ WYALAIL-YHNTTEF ~ When You Are Living An Idle Life – You Have No Toil To Escape From

~ IINWTTTIMRFTWNOTH-FIAHANMTTBOW? ~ It Is No Wonder That The True Idler Might Recoil From The Whole Notion Of The Holiday – For Isn’t A Holiday Actually No More Than The Brother Of Work?

~ HTIAHSFTD-HCTBTAU-WTUOVAFAAWOT ~ How The Idle At Heart Suffer For Their Dreaming – How Cruel The Bureaucrats, Teachers And Usurers – Who Tell Us Our Visions And Fancies Are A Waste Of Time

~ TRT-ITDOESI-ITBTTWT-THDAD ~ The Real Trick – Indeed The Duty Of Every Serious Idler – Is To Bring These Two Worlds Together – To Harmonize Dreamworld And Dayworld

~ WABOOD-TAAOC-LTT-PIIPBDAFTWPSLAVOT ~ We Are Based On Dreams – They Are At Our Centre – Listen To Them – Perhaps It Is Precisely Because Dreams Are Free That We Put So Low A Value On Them

~ IHAD-ICLAF ~ I Have A Dream – It Is Called Love, Anarchy, Freedom – It Is Called Being Idle

BRUCE SCHNEIER ~ LIARS AND OUTLIERS ~ 2012

~ SOUAMCMHMAAF-ASOUALS-TIODSS-WHTFTSBDS ~ Some Of Us Are More Cooperative, More Honest, More Altruistic, And Fairer – And Some Of Us Are Less So – There Isn’t One Dominant Survival Strategy – We Have The Flexibility To Switch Between Different Strategies

~ TWABAGOPWWTTTWGB-TBWCHFITDWOBD-AWENED-KTPDTATL ~ There Will Always Be A Group Of People Who Will Try To Take Without Giving Back – The Best We Can Hope For Is To Do What Our Bodies Do – And What Every Natural Ecosystem Does – Keep Those Parasites Down To A Tolerable Level

~ WDKTAIATDBOIAM-KPAMLTR ~ We Do Know That Agreeableness Is A Trait Desired By Others In A Mate – Kind People Are More Likely To Reproduce

~ O-AHRDSB-NIIAPWPTHITBO-S-AISOLMHMT ~ Oxytocin – A Hormone Released During Social Bonding – Naturally Increases In A Person Who Perceives That He/Her Is Trusted By Others – Similarly – Artificially Increasing Someone’s Oxytocin Level Makes Her/Him More Trusting

~ MARCOPTOSP-TAIAOABCASLIOB-DTPO-WVAGD-THH-ATEAODWBD-TAMARSHWAW ~ Morals And Reputation Comprise Our Prehistoric Toolbox Of Societal Pressures – They Are Informal And Operate At Both Conscious And Subconscious Levels In Our Brains – Despite The Prevalence Of – War, Violence And General Deceptiveness – Throughout Human History – And The Enormous Amount Of Damage Wrought By Defectors – These Ancient Moral And Reputational Systems Have Worked Amazingly Well

~ MPWBISG ~ Moral Pressure Works Best In Small Groups

~ RPWWISAMSG ~ Reputational Pressure Works Well In Small- And Medium-Sized Groups

~ IPWBILSG ~ Institutional Pressure Works Best In Larger-Sized Groups

~ ‘DUOWYWHTDUY’-DGHTOUS-IBADTCWO-IRITCTTAUMPOSH ~ “Do Unto Others What You Would Have Them Do Unto You” – Different Groups Have Their Own Unique Spin – It’s Basically An Admonition To Cooperate With Others – It Really Is The Closest Thing To A Universal Moral Principle Our Species Has

~ WDNOAOMCADORAWFTG:TGATCACADAWIMTAIATM ~ We Not Only Absorb Our Moral Codes And Definitions Of Right And Wrong From The Group: The Group Also Transmits Cues About Cooperation And Defection And What It Means To Act In A Trustworthy Manner

~ PAMLTSTSIIFOTGI-ITFTOADSAW-ATLLTDSITFTOATAOT-OISOF ~ People Are More Likely To Suppress Their Self-Interest In Favor Of The Group Interest – If They Feel That Others Are Doing So As Well – And They’re Less Likely To Do So If They Feel That Others Are Taking Advantage Of Them – Our Innate Sense Of Fairness

~ WGDMSFTG-ALAWASF ~ We Generally Don’t Mind Sacrificing For The Group – As Long As We’re All Sacrificing Fairly

~ MSB-TFASBLATMTTBTMW ~ Morals Scale Badly – They Fail As Societies Become Larger And The Moral Ties That Bind Their Members Weaken

~ TALORODD-HSNTBVGAI-TAEAPCLTBBAI-BIG-WCTLFTT ~ There’s A Lot Of Research On Detecting Deception – Humans Seem Not To Be Very Good At It – There Are Exceptions And People Can Learn To Be Better At It – But In General – We Can’t Tell Liars From Truth-Tellers

~ WRNIAPMV-WMD-AFALTPI-ISTKWWDIMITKWTT ~ We Remember Negative Information About People More Vividly – With More Detail – And For A Longer Time – Than Positive Information – It Seems That Knowing Who Will Defect Is More Important Than Knowing Whom To Trust

~ NODWGORAB-WATPTAOGR ~ Not Only Do We Guard Our Reputation Against Blemishes – We Also Take Pains To Advertise Our Good Reputation

~ TMOH-CWALP-RMIW-ARWL ~ Throughout Most Of History – Commerce Was A Local Phenomenon – Reputation Made It Work – And Reputation Was Local

~ OOTWTSRITGBOGM ~ One Of The Ways To Scale Reputation Is To Generalize Based On Group Membership

~ NEITWAMLTTPWLLU-AWNCOPOSABLTMTAU-UTTFITG ~ Numerous Experiments Indicate That We Are More Likely To Trust People Who Look Like Us – And We Naturally Change Our Patterns Of Speech And Body Language To Mimic Those Around Us – Unconsciously Trying To Fit Into The Group

~ TAASORWSIABSFJIP-AFTRSHSTGBOMBI ~ There Are All Sorts Of Reasons Why Stereotyping Is A Bad System For Judging Individual People – And For Those Reasons We Should Strive To Get Beyond Our More Base Instincts

~ RIAESPSUIHC-RCAPD ~ Reputation Isn’t An Effective Societal Pressure System Unless It Has Consequences – Reward Cooperators And Punish Defectors

~ HAASS-WR-BAOTPITG-WAPD-EITCP ~ Humans Are A Social Species – We Reward – By Allowing Others To Participate In The Group – We Also Punish Defectors – Exclusion Is The Corresponding Punishment

~ SIACRP-A-AAR-AISE ~ Shame Is A Common Reputational Punishment – And – As A Result – An Important Social Emotion

~ IPASCWCMTIWNPA ~ Informal Punishments Are So Common We Can Miss Them If We’re Not Paying Attention

~ CTSALOTMRS-TEASO-PFAOA-S-TCTVTTHAGRB-AA-BC-A-ET ~ Confidence Tricksters Spend A Lot Of Time Manipulating Reputation Signals – They Employ All Sorts Of – Props, Facades, And Other Actors – Shills – To Convince Their Victims That They Have A Good Reputation By – Appearing Authentic – Building Confidence – And – Encouraging Trust

~ SPSDCAR ~ Some People Simply Don’t Care About Reputation

~ SPEUWTWR ~ Some People End Up With The Wrong Reputation

~ TMIRRPSTFIT-GGTL ~ The Most Important Reason Reputational Pressure Starts To Fail Is That – Groups Get Too Large

~ WWKA-CCAPIFP-DAMR ~ What We Know About – Celebrities, Corporations And People In Faraway Places – Doesn’t Always Match Reality

~ LCBAI-ILA-OCAUA-TASAU ~ Laws Can Be Applied Inconsistently – If Laws Aren’t – Objective, Common, And Universally Applied – They Are Seen As Unfair

~ OLATRTSACBOBT ~ Our Learned Abilities To Read Trust Signals Are Continually Being Overtaken By Technology

~ UIDS-CMIFMP-BASSIDCBUIMMP-S-A-HTF-IDIER-BIITMMPTF ~ Universal ID Systems – Can Make Impersonation Fraud More Profitable – Because A Single Stolen ID Can Be Used In Many More Places – Sometimes – A – Harder-To-Forge ID Is Even Riskier – Because It Is That Much More Profitable To Forge

~ WMALOOIWOP-FESS-IDCSTS ~ We’re Moving A Lot Of Our Interactions With Other People – From Evolved Social Systems – Into Deliberately Created Socio-Technical Systems

~ WASTLWGACWWT-ATWACBMAM-PMUTGMAAFOR ~ We Are Starting To Learn Which Genes Are Correlated With Which Traits – And This Will Almost Certainly Be Misreported And Misunderstood – People May Use These Genetic Markers As A Form Of Reputation

~ CSDRTNSOA-RITRWSTATIASSDFEE-GIAOIC-ACIONDIA ~ Competing Societal Dilemmas Represent The Normal State Of Affairs – Rarely Is The Real World So Tidy As To Isolate A Single Societal Dilemma From Everything Else – Group Interests Are Often In Conflict – And Cooperating In One Necessitates Defecting In Another

GEORGE AKERLOF + ROBERT SHILLER ~ PHISHING FOR PHOOLS ~ 2015

~ P-GPTDTTAITIOTP-B-NITIOTT ~ Phish – Getting People To Do Things That Are In The Interests Of The Phisher – But – Not In The Interest Of The Target

~ P-SW-FWR-ISP ~ Phool – Someone Who – For Whatever Reasons – Is Successfully Phished

~ PFS-AFFOELHNMIITET-NOWTGTBANWATB-YMPD ~ Personal Financial Insecurity – A Fundamental Fact Of Economic Life Has Never Made It Into The Economics Textbooks – No One Wants To Go To Bed At Night Worried About The Bills – Yet Most People Do

~ BP-CSLTC-‘BP’-TMTCF-SSAF-YNOWTBO ~ Big Phood – Commissions Scientific Laboratories To Calculate – “Bliss Points’ – That Maximize The Craving For – Sugar, Salt, And Fat – Yet No One Wants To Be Obese

~ TPHTUOTCOMTAC-TPFMDTANITBI-TDNDWIRGFT-TDNCWTRW ~ The Psychologists Have Taught Us Over The Course Of More Than A Century – That People Frequently Make Decisions That Are Not In Their Best Interest – They Do Not Do What Is Really Good For Them – They Do Not Choose What They Really Want

~ WTACFM-TINOFTC-TIAFTP ~ When There Are Completely Free Markets – There Is Not Only Freedom To Choose – There Is Also Freedom To Phish

~ WAPB-WWTRGAF-WWTBNTPWL-WDNWTDA-WTTFOIDHTB-WWODTBIC-A-WAATTL ~ We Are Phisable Because – We Want To Reciprocate Gifts And Favors – We Want To Be Nice To People We Like – We Do Not Want To Disobey Authority – We Tend To Follow Others In Deciding How To Behave – We Want Our Decisions To Be Internally Consistent – And – We Are Averse To Taking Losses

~ NTDB-OITOORT-A-OITOOMOTST-MAGDTOL-IAMRWJLPB-FTC-LTSEP ~ Noticing The Difference Between – Optimality In Terms Of Our Real Tastes – And – Optimality In Terms Of Our Monkey-On-The-Shoulder Tastes – Makes A Great Difference To Our Lives – It’s A Major Reason Why Just Letting People Be – Free To Choose – Leads To Serious Economic Problems

~ TMG-TBWTPFMITLTPT-B-JBWCSTMDNMIT ~ The Mantra Goes – The Best Way To Police Financial Markets Is To Let Them Police Themselves – But – Just Because We Can Say The Mantra Does Not Make It True

~ RM-TM-O-LDDDFP-OW-WRFI ~ Reputation Mining – The More-Or-Less Deliberate Drawing Down For Profit – Of Hard-Won Reputation For Integrity

~ TEO-‘RB’-WTWE ~ The Era Of – “Relational Banking” – Where Trust Was Essential

~ HDIATIBC-STTWNLTFOTB? ~ How Did Incentives At The Investment Banks Change – So That Trust Was No Longer The Foundation Of Their Business?

~ TEO-‘PTCIF’-CNLBTFG ~ The Ethic Of – “Placing The Client’s Interest First” – Can No Longer Be Taken For Granted

~ TCOIFRPFBIOSR ~ The Conflict Of Interest From Ratings Paid For By Issuers Of Securities Remains

~ RSOTLFPCBHRITFS ~ Relatively Small Opportunities To Loot For Profit Can Bring Huge Risks Into The Financial System

~ ORTPIR ~ One Response To Phishing Is Regulation

~ NIATIDNIYEP-SOT-I-GNWTPFP ~ New Ideas And Technical Innovation Do No Invariably Yield Economic Progress – Some Of Them – Instead – Give New Ways To Phish For Phools

~ TAI-WDATP-SSM-A-SIMCF ~ There Are Idealists – Who Draw Attention To Phishing – Start Social Movements – And – Set In Motion Corrective Forces

~ THMNTITON-MOOTFAPSTAC-MACBVAGSOIOOTMNIOM ~ The Human Mind Naturally Thinks In Terms Of Narratives – Much Of Our Thought Follows A Pattern Similar To A Conversation – Most Advertising Can Be Viewed As Grafting Stories Of Its Own Onto The Mental Narratives In Our Minds

~ MSTNTMAA-BPAP-WAHTP ~ Modern Statistical Techniques Now Tell Marketers And Advertisers – Both Private And Political – Where And How To Phish

~ TWOAAMISAGTRMACTRS ~ The World Of Advertising And Marketing Is Still About Getting The Right Message And Creating The Right Story

~ BAOTBOFMSNABUTTD ~ Being Aware Of The Benefits Of Free Markets Should Not Also Blind Us To Their Defects

~ RE-PAAATR ~ Rankings Everywhere – People Are Addictively Attracted To Rankings

~ CTCR-AEAARAB ~ Compared To Cancer Research – Alcohol Epidemiology And Alcohol Research Are Backwaters

~ BFP ~ Bankruptcy For Profit

~ TCWKDTR ~ The Can Was Kicked Down The Road

~ TROMFR ~ The Role Of Misleading Financial Ratings

~ SE-PNCS-B-IF-WLIACOP ~ Standard Economics – Presumes No Civil Society – But – In Fact – We Live In A Community Of People

~ MP-ISWOO-COGNBOTO-‘S’-PATT-S-TAISTOSWANO ~ Most Phishing – In Some Way Or Other – Consists Of Grafting New Branches Onto The Old – “Stories” – People Are Telling Themselves – Sometimes – It Also Involves Supplanting The Old Story With A New One

~ MEIFTGWDAT-PNASTDHBSUTR ~ Modern Economics Inherently Fails To Grapple With Deception And Trickery – Peoples Naiveté And Susceptibility To Deception Have Been Swept Under The Rug

~ TPHTLOTDM ~ The Psychologists Have Their Lists Of These Dysfunctional Motivations

~ SODAUBOTSWATOAOS-TGUATCOM-TAUTUHMPFPH-TSAQM-JCPFAOCCTDTM ~ Since Our Decisions Are Usually Based On The Stories We Are Telling Ourselves About Our Situation – This Give Us A Transparent Characterization Of Motivation – That Allows Us To Understand How Most Phishing For Phools Happens – These Stories Are Quite Manipulable – Just Change People’s Focus And One Can Change The Decisions They Make

MARI SWINGLE ~ I-MINDS ~ 2016

~ DTOOO-WAIA ~ Due To Our Own Overarousal – We Are Increasingly Annoyed

~ TLAOL ~ The Lost Art Of Leisure

~ WHMFBGOIATGI-TA ~ We Have Moved Far Beyond Gaming Or Internet Addiction To Generalize I-Tech Addiction

~ AAC-MEOADA-W-I-A-D-ADHD-SI ~ Across All Cultures – Mounting Evidence Of A Definite Association – With – I-Addiction – Depression – ADHD – Suicidal Ideation

~ AD ~ Alpha Deregulation

~ TDED:AITAHULES-A-EUDUNH ~ The Double-Edged Delusion: All I-Tech Are Helping Us Learn Exquisite Skills – And – Excessive Usage Does Us No Harm

~ EGCBAMITSWASA ~ Excessive Gaming Changes Brain Activity Much In The Same Way As Substance Abuse

~ AGMWBT-NEIAI-ATLYOYC-E-SI-B-O-

~ FLC-TPDPATH ~ For Little Children – The Potential Developmental Perils Are Too High

~ I-TSNRHIOHP-IWCT-ISBIAT-NARF-

~ KDOWALTGS-EAAANSWPOI-

~ O-G-O-S-HTBALBB-O-TBDNLTL-

~ B-AAWS-LANFP ~ Babies – Although Attentively Watching Screens – Learn Absolutely Nothing From Programs

~ UFRSO-DBITEHAPI-GTICF-PTIYET-

~ TIMETTEIODMIICTBOIIMCPOD-

~ SOPHFACBETVATDOAD-

~ THSIFOVD-AOTCWCATGE-

~ LKDCI-MBNAMTAOTGOD ~ Little Kids Don’t Crave I-Media By Nature Any More Than Any Other Toy, Game, Or Device

~ TDE ~ The Disinhibition Effect

~ ITP-TBCUFR-TTC ~ In The Past – The Bullied Could Usually Find Refuge – Today They Cannot

~ SATN:D-D-A-TDOI ~ Sex And The Net: Desensitization – Disinhibition – And – The Death Of Intimacy

~ MPNBTNTCWOATRSDOSV ~ Many People Now Believe They Need To Compete With Online Activity To Remain Sexually Desirable Or Sexually Valid

~ WCBIAOTIAI-T-TIHMMAATP ~ We Can’t Blame It All On The Internet And I-Tech – The Internet Has Merely Magnified And Accelerated The Process

~ SFMIISOAEO-TTEORL ~ Sexuality For Males Is Increasingly Sought Out And Expressed Online – To The Exclusion Of Real Life

~ ATPOCHBFTBSRTDAA ~ Addiction To Pornography Or Cybersex Has Been Found To Be Specifically Related To Depression And Anxiety

~ FOMO ~ Fear Of Missing Out

~ IMBTMAOTTCOTMTITTA ~ It May Be The Medium As Opposed To The Content Of The Medium That Is The True Addiction

~ GIA ~ Generalized Internet Addiction

~ FIA ~ Fantasy Internet Addiction

~ TIA ~ Technological Internet Addiction

~ WWHFTAIWIHTOBITGEOLOI-T ~ What We Have Forgotten To Ask Is What Is Happening To Our Brains In This Great Experiment Of Life On I-Tech

~ C ~ Cyberchondria

~ BLNLTT-TS-RU-DU ~ But Let’s Not Let This Tool – This System – Rule Us – Deregulate Us

~ SOB ~ Setting Of Boundaries

~ TBP! ~ Take Back Play!

VIKTOR FRANKL ~ MAN’S SEARCH FOR MEANING

~ TLITS-TSITFMITS ~ To Live Is To Suffer – To Survive Is To Find Meaning In The Suffering

~ [S]HWHA-‘W’TLCBWAA-’H’ ~ [S]He Who Has A – “Why” – To Live Can Bear With Almost Any – “How”

~ SWFYPBYHFTTAI ~ Success Will Follow You Precisely Because You Had Forgotten To Think About It

~ NSRIAESCFADR ~ No Situation Repeats Itself And Each Situation Calls For A Different Response

~ NPOECTFYWYHE ~ No Power On Earth Can Take From You What You Have Experienced

~ AOTSIPOAAROTOTS ~ Actualization Of The Self Is Possible Only As A Result Of Transcendence Of The Self

~ TMOLACBINCTB ~ The Meaning Of Life Always Changes But It Never Ceases To Be

~ ACTLTIOMPTOP ~ A Challenge To Live Thoughts Instead Of Merely Putting Them On Paper

~ LAI-YWLFTST-AHAAWTFTAYAATAN ~ Live As If – You Were Living For The Second Time – And Had Acted As Wrongly The First Time As You Are About To Act Now