AMANDA LANG ~ THE POWER OF WHY ~ 2012

~ TPOW ~ The Power Of Why

~ IISTYT ~ Innovation Is Simpler Than You Think

~ O-I-SMMIITSTAE-A-FTABBAAAIOAOTFAFA-OPOD-S-EN ~ Often – Innovation – Simply Means Making Incremental Improvements To Something That Already Exists – And – Frequently That’s Accomplished By Borrowing And Adapting An Idea Or Approach Or Technology From Another Field Altogether – Old Plus Old Does – Sometimes – Equal New

~ SITF-UQ-O-TOAT-TIGTYTG-CR-JSATFPRIHALOUGSAFOUTSP ~ Sometimes It’s The Follow-Up Question – Or – The One After That – That Is Going To Yield The Game-Changing Revelation – Just Stopping At The First Plausible Response Is How A Lot Of Us Get Struck And Find Ourselves Unable To Solve Problems

~ TRTGTQOWALOAAIAWWCWUODARTWTI-TWLOW-TWR-TWL-E ~ The Rush To Get The Questions Over With And Land On An Answer Is Also Why We Can Wake Up One Day And Realize That We’re Trapped In – The Wrong Line Of Work – The Wrong Relationships – The Wrong Lives – Even

~ INTWCS-ITWFH ~ It’s Not That We Can’t – It’s That We’ve Forgotten How

~ CIDLTS-HYMI ~ Curiosity Is Directly Linked To Success – However You Measure It

~ O-IHNPE-TSHALOQ ~ Oftentimes – Innovators Have No Particular Expertise – They Simply Have A Lot Of Questions

~ WONSR-‘W?’-TWCD ~ Whether Or Not Schools Reward – “Why?” – The World Certainly Does

~ QTU ~ Question The Unquestionable

~ YHTATKOQAT-YOWA ~ You Have To Ask The Kinds Of Questions A Three-Year-Old Would Ask

~ C-I-IMW-IOR ~ Curiosity – Is – In Many Ways – Its Own Reward

~ SQB ~ Status Quo Bias

~ TKAO-M-FOQ-A-TAAWAM ~ The Keys Are Open-Mindedness – Focusing On Questions – And – Tolerating Ambiguity As Well As Mistakes

~ DCTTPAIFP-O-AYFPI-IITAP-IYD-A-YGIW-TSYP-MABW ~ Don’t Conclude That The Problem As It’s First Presented – Or – As You First Perceive It – Is Indeed The Actual Problem – If You Do – And – You’ve Got It Wrong – The Solution You Produce – May Also Be Wrong

~ ATRQIOTFTRP-A-TNE-B-‘WATTFS’-HIFTRP-‘IVPFP’ ~ Ask The Right Questions In Order To Find The Real Problems – And – That’s Not Easy – Because – “We Are Trained To Find Solutions” – Hunting Instead For The Right Problems – “Is Very Painful For People”

~ CITCOABS ~ Curiosity Is The Cornerstone Of All Business Strategy

~ IYDKWYGA-IHTKHOWTBTTMYEV-O-HTTAONO ~ If You Don’t Know What You’re Good At – It’s Hard To Know How Or Where To Begin Trying To Make Yourself Even Better – Or – How To Take Advantage Of New Opportunities

~ YKYHITRD-I-YFCAEEWFDPAC ~ You Know You’re Headed In The Right Direction – If – You Feel Curious And Engage Even When Facing Difficult Problems And Challenges

~ FOF-IOOTBITONDTMTBATI ~ Fear Of Failing – Is One Of The Biggest Impediments To Our Natural Desire To Make Things Better And To Innovate

~ OWTCPHBIIAISP ~ Only When The Correct Problem Has Been Identified Is An Innovative Solution Possible

~YHTCOTSETFOHTDSN-B-FABAYLTWUISKOT ~ You Have To Copy Others To Some Extent To Figure Out How To Do Something New – But – Follow Along Blindly And You’re Likely To Wind Up In Some Kind Of Trouble

~ BPTCC-F ~ Be Prepared To Change Course – Frequently

~ ALOPJ-D-OP-W-DTHWOTDASP-U-TKSWL ~ A Lot Of People Just – Don’t – Or Perhaps – Won’t – Do The Hard Work Of Thinking Deeply About Solving Problems – Until – They Know Someone Will Listen

~ PSTTBRWMAMIP ~ Problem Solvers Tend To Be Rewarded With More And More Interesting Projects

~ TSTG-TMPIWB-EIIIPWQDAOE ~ The Smaller The Group – The More Productive It Will Be – Especially If It Includes People With Quite Different Areas Of Expertise

~ ATIE-IYRWBTW-YHTIEMS-NL ~ According To Innovation Experts – If You Really Want Brainstorming To Work – You Have To Introduce Even More Structure – Not Less

~ TTCUW-TWPA-TTFTOTTP ~ Try To Come Up With – The Worst Possible Answers – Try To Flip Them Over To The Positive

~ BSBDPAIIDETIM-E ~ Being Surrounded By Different Perspectives And Immersed In Different Experiences Truly Is Mind-Expanding

~ DAOTTWYO ~ Don’t Assume Others Think The Way You Do

~ IMMIRTOINTOWOT ~ Intellectual Maturity Might Involve Realizing That Ours Is Not The Only Way Of Thinking

~ ISH ~ Insert Stereotype Here

~ IILABTACC ~ Innovation Is Like A Bug That Anyone Can Catch – But – You Have To Want To Catch It

JOHN HORGAN ~ THE END OF WAR ~ 2012

~ WANHFW ~ We Are Not Hardwired For War

~ WCEWIWWACTEI ~ We Can End War If We Want And Choose To End It

~ WWSBTWCEW-WAWOOW ~ When We Start Believing That We Can End War – We’re Already Well On Our Way

~ WHNSC-NEC-NDIHASS ~ War Has No Single Cause – Not Even Close – Nor Does It Have A Single Solution

~ TMOTDM ~ The Myth Of The Demonic Male

~ WRO ~ War’s Recent Origin

~ WMABSL-IIACTIIAT-SMSTTFJIENB ~ What Makes A Belief System Lethal – Is Its Adherents’ Conviction That It Is Absolutely True – So Much So That They Feel Justified In Eliminating Non-Believers

~ YCBIAOAFBA ~ You Can’t Blame It All On A Few Bad Apples

~ TEMOW ~ The Essential Mystery Of War

~ WHBBOADAOF-B-WASDTYCFETSOCAAT ~ War Has Been Blamed On A Dizzying Array Of Factors – But – Wars Are So Diverse That You Can Find Evidence To Support Or Contradict Almost Any Theory

~ IWACC?-Y ~ Is War A Cultural Contagion? – Yes

~ OB-WOP-AESSVFPA ~ Once Begun – War Often Persists – As Each Side Seeks Vengeance For Past Attacks

~ WCBAEII-PWPASB-F-S/L/C ~ War Can Become An End In Itself – Pursued Well Past Any Sensible Benefits – For – States / Leaders / Citizens

~ WA-IEI-HDI-NW-WTNOTCBAALOE ~ War’s Absurdity – Is Embodied In – Humanity’s Deadliest Invention – Nuclear Weapons – Which Threaten Not Only Their Creators But Also All Life On Earth

~ OAFMOO-I-G-W-F/T/V/N/R/R-STI-HT-‘O’ ~ Our Affection For Members Of Our – In-Group – Whether – Family / Troop / Village / Nation / Race / Religion – Sometimes Translates Into – Hostility Toward – “Others”

~ LOAHS-CETSD-B-UOCTTDTTDBTSBDBTL ~ Leaders Of A Hierarchical Society – Can Exploit Their Subject’s Docility – By – Urging Or Coercing Them To Do Things That Don’t Benefit The Subjects But Do Benefit The Leaders

~ HR-A-A-WSPI-‘U’A’T’-TWAPOOGAHDOOE-V-TWAN ~ How Readily – And – Arbitrarily – We Separate People Into – “Us” And “Them” – Those Who Are Part Of Our Group And Hence Deserving Of Our Empathy – Versus – Those Who Are Not

~ UW ~ Uninventing War

~ UTSOPCN ~ Under The Spell Of Pathological Cultural Norms

~ WHTWTEW-WNOTW ~ We Have The Ways To End War – We Need Only The Will

~ FMPATW-W-P-NJ-M-E-A-PP-BA-EP ~ For Many People Around The World – War – Provides – Not Just – Meaning – Excitement – And – Political Power – But Also – Enormous Profits

~ WDNTRWWA ~ We Don’t Need To Replace War With Anything

~ IWWPBE-WCHI-NMWKOSWLI ~ If We Want Peace Badly Enough – We Can Have It – No Matter What Kind Of Society We Live In

~ TINSWTP-B-PITWTSMOP ~ There Is No Single Way To Peace – But – Peace Is The Way To Solve Many Other Problems

~ IS-WDNTI-BN-I-FKTP-WNJTITOWH ~ In Short – We Don’t Need To Invent – Brand New – Institutions For Keeping The Peace – We Just Need To Improve The Ones We Have

~ TKTAPIASVW-I-RFAF ~ The Key To Achieving Peace In A Still Violent World – Is – Resisting Fear And Fatalism

~ EWAETTOWBNWTTWICW ~ Ending War And Even The Threat Of War Between Nations Will Transform The World In Countless Ways

ANNIE LEONARD ~ THE STORY OF STUFF ~ 2010

~ IEW-HF-WMDT-TPOG-WW-TTOTP-B-TMOUANHF;I-WARHLO-S-D-A-A-U ~ If Everyone Were – Having Fun – We Might Decide That – The Pursuit Of Growth – Was Worth – The Trashing Of The Planet – But – The Majority Of Us Are Not Having Fun; Instead – We Are Reporting High Levels Of – Stress – Depression – Anxiety – And – Unhappiness

~ PASPAITTCBEMFT ~ Paradigms Are So Pervasive And Invisible That They Can Be Easily Mistaken For Truth

~ TEVF ~ Total Economic Value Framework

~ L-O-W-IAETS-A-TNSWITW ~ Like – Oxygen – Water – Is Absolutely Essential To Survival – And – There’s No Substitute Waiting In The Wings

~ ATLTAMOMUTFLOWGSO ~ And The Living Things Atop A Mine Only Make Up The First Layer Of What Gets Scraped Off

~ MOTO-A-A-E-IA-AH-GSD-EUAW ~ Most Of The Ore – And – An Ever-Increasing Amount – As High-Grade Sources Disappear – Ends Up As Waste

~ CEUPA-PU ~ Current Energy Use Patterns Are – Patently Unsustainable

~ D-MC-AFF-TIC-TO-TMHICH-TLS-ITP-A-GTL-FTDBOTRU ~ Decision-Making Centers – Are Far From – The Impacted Communities – Too Often – The Most Heavily Impacted Communities Have – The Least Say – In The Projects – And – Gain The Least – From The Downstream Benefits Of The Resource Use

~ ICTTRANIOEPANSE-TSHTFTB ~ It’s Clear That The Risks And Negative Impacts Of Extractive Projects Are Not Shared Equitably – The Same Holds True For The Benefits

~ WCASABA-TQ-ATNWTMON? ~ We Can And Should Always Be Asking – The Question – Are There Nonmaterial Ways To Meet Our Needs?

~ AWCGBTTESAKA-S ~ And We Can Get Back To That Essential Social Activity Known As – Sharing

~ PVC ~ Pernicious Vile Compound

~ CIBOFAF? ~ Can I Borrow One From A Friend?

~ TBTBALAJE-T-S-AW ~ The Benefits To Borrowing And Lending Aren’t Just Environmental – They’re – Social – As Well

~ ISRTS? ~ Isn’t Someone Regulating This Stuff?

~ ER ~ Environmental Racism

~ IFI-ASOTOIMHBG-TEOTPHCHHDR-F-TGMOPOTP-A-FTPI ~ International Financial Institutions – Although Some Of The Original Intentions May Have Been Good – Their Evolution Over The Past Half Century Has Had Disastrous Results – For – The Great Majority Of People On The Planet – And – For The Planet Itself

~ ATHOATSIS ~ At The Heart Of A True Solution Is Solidarity

~ BAIAECINASFBAIAEC ~ Being An Informed And Engaged Consumer Is Not A Substitute For Being An Informed And Engaged Citizen

~ TLOET-TSBCTOH-I-TQOOSR-PWSSTTTLLABH ~ There’s Lots Of Evidence That – The Single Biggest Contribution To Our Happiness – Is – The Quality Of Our Social Relationships – People With Strong Social Ties Tend To Live Longer And Be Healthier

~ HSLC-M-W-BLS-ULE-CFR-B-WCSTAHOA ~ Having Stronger Local Communities – Means – We – Buy Less Stuff – Use Less Energy – Consume Fewer Resources – Because – We Can Share Things And Help One Another

~ PCGP ~ Per Capita Garbage Production

~ T-A-M ~ The – Away – Myth

~ TIN-“A” ~ There Is No – “Away”

~ ALL ~ All Landfills Leak

~ R-CLUIBWHDOP-W-N-R-H-C ~ Recycling – Can Lull Us Into Believing We Have Done Our Part – While – Nothing – Really – Has – Changed

~ ZW ~ Zero Waste

~ CD ~ Collaboratively Developed

~ WPATWWM ~ We Pay Attention To What We Measure

~ IE ~ Internalize Externalities

JEAN TWENGE + KEITH CAMPBELL ~ THE NARCISSISM EPIDEMIC ~ 2010

~ N-INS-ACA-O-AHFOS-W ~ Narcissism – Is Not Simply – A Confident Attitude – Or – A Healthy Feeling Of Self-Worth

~ U-TNE-II-B-IL-TCADTS ~ Understanding – The Narcissism Epidemic – Is Important – Because – Its Long-Term Consequences Are Destructive To Society

~ AT-F-MFG-B-U-RAW ~ All This – Fantasy – Might Feel Good – But – Unfortunately – Reality Always Wins

~ TMWOAY ~ The Many Wonders Of Admiring Yourself

~ OCHBTDB-S-E-A-N-IA-E-S-D-W-ITRTC-S-W-OCMHOTDTSDAMS ~ Our Culture Has Blurred The Distinction Between – Self-Esteem – And – Narcissism– In An – Extreme – Self-Destructive – Way – In The Rush To Create Self-Worth – Our Culture May Have Opened The Door To Something Darker And More Sinister

~ NOUTP ~ Narcissists’ Overconfidence Undermines Their Performance

~ NRTLIS-L ~ Narcissists’ Rise To Leadership Is Short-Lived

~ S-P-SB-JOTIYT-NADFO-P ~ Self-Promotion – Should Be – Just One Tool In Your Toolbox – Not A Defining Feature Of – Personality

~ DB-UH-S-TBAL-TC ~ Destructive Behaviors – Usually Have – Short-Term Benefits And Long-Term Costs

~ NIA-‘T-DT’-ITYWSGOUFATHITE ~ Narcissism Is A – “Time-Delay Trap” – It Tempts You With Some Good Outcomes Up Front And Then Hurts You In The End

~ VASCEDOPA ~ Vanity And Self-Centeredness Eventually Drive Other People Away

~ AFOIATLO-F-L-A-C-IARFN ~ A Focus On Individual Achievement That Leaves Out – Feelings – Love – And – Caring – Is A Recipe For Narcissism

~ PTTRBTAR ~ People Tend To Repeat Behaviors That Are Rewarded

~ IMMAIMSL ~ I’m Much More Attractive In My Second Life

~ DBIAVWACBITRW?-IST ~ Does Behavior In A Virtual World Actually Change Behavior In The Real World? – It Seems To

~ ECATROTRP ~ Easy Credit And The Repeal Of The Reality Principle

~ Many Times – The Goals We Imagine Become Those We Actually Achieve – Though Usually After A Lot Of Hard Work

~ NIADTCOTS ~ Narcissism Is A Disease That Cause Others To Suffer

~ SINLC ~ Saving Is No Longer Cool

~ PHTD-B-NTP ~ People Hide Their Debt – But – Not Their Possessions

~ TOSON:COTHYAATO ~ The Other Side Of Narcissism: Complete Obliviousness To How You Actually Appear To Others

~ OOTDSO-TCEOPA-I-TIIED ~ One Of The Dark Sides Of – The Cultural Emphasis On Physical Appearance – Is – The Increase In Eating Disorders

~ IAT-EC-INTGPTPATTN ~ It’s Assumed That – Eye Candy – Is Necessary To Get People To Pay Attention To The News

~ IINNJABDTLLAPS ~ It Is Now Not Just Acceptable But Desirable To Look Like A Porn Star

~ NIAABAUPTCSAI-NLTTATH-SS ~ Narcissism Is All About Buying And Using Products That Confer Status And Importance – Narcissists Love To Talk About Their High-Status Stuff

~ ASSPMEAAV ~ Advertising Slogans Shamelessly Promote Materialistic Entitlement As A Virtue

~ WTEOOAAT ~ Warming The Earth One Overconsumption At A Time

~ U-MHRC-OOTLCITIOTE ~ Unfortunately – Materialism Has Real Consequences – One Of The Largest Consequences Is The Impact On The Environment

~ AANME-TAPOASTTCVTI ~ Advertisements Are Not Mere Entertainment – They Are Part Of A System That Transmits Cultural Values To Individuals

~ DTYKTTAS-TTTYLT ~ Don’t Tell Your Kids That They Are Special – Tell Them That You Love Them

~ M-RWN-F-ABS-A-ADF ~ Many – Relationships With Narcissists – Feature – A Big Start – And – A Disastrous Finish

~ ACOTNCPAHR ~ Any Criticism Of The Narcissist Can Provoke A Hostile Reaction

~ OCNTFOTSRTTS ~ Our Culture Needs To Focus On The Substance Rather Than The Sizzle

~ E-TPBTOD-ST-S-A-MMT-EIOOTKCON ~ Entitlement – The Pervasive Belief That One Deserves – Special Treatment – Success – And – More Material Things – Entitlement Is One Of The Key Components Of Narcissism

~ EPOCWHWAPSG ~ Entitled People Often Confuse Working Hard With Actually Producing Something Good

~ GITOOE ~ Gratitude Is The Opposite Of Entitlement

~ OC-OOTBWTGYKTEGITEIY ~ Of Course – One Of The Best Ways To Get Your Kids To Express Gratitude Is To Express It Yourself

~ NALLTFO-TSOTATAADAWTR ~ Narcissists Are Less Likely To Forgive Others – They See Others’ Transgressions Against Them As A Debt And Want Them Repaid

~ NIACTSR ~ Narcissism Is Absolutely Corrosive To Social Relationships

~ PCTW ~ Personal Change Takes Work

~ FOTYCEAC-ABAGRMY ~ Focus On Teaching Your Children Empathy And Compassion – And – Be A Good Role Model Yourself

BARRY SCHWARTZ + KENNETH SHARPE ~ PRACTICAL WISDOM ~ 2010

~ TNFW ~ The Need For Wisdom

~ RAI-SAC-WEIT? ~ Rules And Incentives – Sticks And Carrots – What Else Is There?

~ TINDT-BRASI-HAIRTPIITWOIP-B-RAIANE-TLO-SE-PW-WTMI-N-R(NMHDAWM)-N-I(NMHC)-WBETSTPWF ~ There Is Not Doubt That – Better Rules And Smarter Incentives – Have An Important Role To Play In Improving The Way Our Institutions Perform – But – Rules And Incentives Are Not Enough – They Leave Out – Something Essential – Practical Wisdom – Without This Missing Ingredient – Neither – Rules (No Matter How Detailed And Well Monitored) – Nor – Incentives (No Matter How Clever) – Will Be Enough To Solve The Problems We Face

~ AW-DT-WBGB-TPAOGOAPA ~ Acting Wisely – Demands That – We Be Guided By – The Proper Aims Or Goals Of A Particular Activity

~ RAI-WT-M-SAW-EW-RCKS-A-ICKW ~ Rule And Incentives – Won’t Teach – Moral – Skill And Will – Even Worse – Rules Can Kill Skill – And – Incentives Can Kill Will

~ E-TCTIWSEITAF-ICFTPTPWD ~ Empathy – The Capacity To Imagine What Someone Else Is Thinking And Feeling – Is Critical For The Perception That Practical Wisdom Demands

~ EIB-CS-TATPTSAIIPBA-A-ES-TCTUWAPIF-TMSO-B-ATO-TRAITGOLAAAREFODM-ANTTSWSO ~ Empathy Involves Both – Cognitive Skill – The Ability To Perceive The Situation As It Is Perceived By Another – And – Emotional Skill – The Capacity To Understand What Another Person Is Feeling – This May Sound Obvious – But – All Too Often – The Rules And Incentives That Govern Our Lives Are All About Removing Emotion From Our Decision Making – About Not Trusting The Signals We’re Sending Ourselves

~ PWDMTTSTBPAO-IADTCTPO-TAWOOMA-TAOF-TFOWHWONAW ~ Practical Wisdom Demands More Than The Skill To Be Perceptive About Others – It Also Demands The Capacity To Perceive Oneself – To Assess What Our Own Motives Are – To Admit Our Failures – To Figure Out What Has Worked Or Not And Why

~ AWPKHTI-BCA-A-IRAP-ILOTPOEC ~ A Wise Person Knows How To Improvise – Balancing Conflicting Aims – And – Interpreting Rules And Principles – In Light Of The Particularities Of Each Context

~ AWPKHT-MEAAOR-TROETSWASCF-A-TIJWDI ~ A Wise Person Knows How To – Make Emotion An Ally Of Reason – To Rely On Emotion To Signal What A Situation Calls For – And – To Inform Judgment Without Distorting It

~ AWPIAEP-TBHTRE ~ A Wise Person Is An Experienced Person – Trained By Having The Right Experiences

~ SRFWDNW ~ Substituting Rules For Wisdom Does Not Work

~ HILARAFTUWTAA-TANIWTAA ~ However Important Laws And Rules Are For Telling Us What To Aim At – They Always Need Interpretation When They Are Applied

~ BHWCAK ~ Balancing Honesty With Care And Kindness

~ PW-R-NT-F-C-A-EEWO ~ Practical Wisdom – Requires – Nuanced Thinking – Flexibility – Creativity – And – Empathetic Engagement With Others

~ HBABWTCTBW-TRMAT-WTBD-B-TCMBCBTRKOE ~ Human Beings Are Born With The Capacity To Be Wise – The Raw Materials Are There – Waiting To Be Developed – But – This Capacity Must Be Cultivated By The Right Kind Of Experience

~ TCOMS-P-NT-AOC-TATIIWE-A-TEE ~ The Components Of Moral Skill – Perceptiveness – Nuanced Thinking – Appreciation Of Context – Their Ability To Integrate Intellect With Emotion – And – To Experience Empathy

~ IOAL? ~ Is Oversimplification A Lie?

~ FABF-TIOCTTCWUATJWM-FTUWIIAHUEWSBCWW-TCWHTFEUTDOOTMITTPWD-DWIRAAPCOEIRTTDWF ~ Framing And Being Framed – The Importance Of Context To The Categories We Use And The Judgments We Make – Frames Tell Us What Is Important And Help Us Establish What Should Be Compared With What – The Capacity We Have To Frame Enables Us To Do One Of The Most Important Things That Practical Wisdom Demands – Discern What Is Relevant About A Particular Context Or Event In Regard To The Decision We Face

~ LTFWHMUW-IWGFAOM-A-AATI-OFWGMP ~ Learning To Frame Well Helps Make Us Wise – If We Get Feedback About Our Mistakes – And – Are Attentive To It – Our Framing Will Grow More Perspicacious

~ NC/F/N:TATTWUTOAITW-WDIN-WDIE-TEUTPTPOCTPWD ~ Natural Categories / Frames / Narratives: These Are The Tools We Use To Organize And Interpret The World – We Do It Naturally – We Do It Effortlessly – They Enable Us To Perceive The Particularities Or Context That Practical Wisdom Demands

~ TWIG-NCEUTSG-JAAAR-FHUSR-A-IEOEOITCOOLBL-NEUTALALAMSOTEBU ~ The World Is Gray – Natural Categories Enable Us To See Gray – Judgments Are Almost Always Relative – Frames Help Us See Relations – And – Isolated Events Or Episodes Occur In The Context Of Ongoing Lives Being Lived – Narratives Enable Us To Appreciate Lives As Lived And Make Sense Of The Episode Before Us

~ WLHT-CAF-A-RAR-TOOE-A-BBAMWPMACOM ~ We Learn How To – Categorize And Frame – And – Recategorize And Reframe – Through Our Own Experiences – And – By Being Around Mentors Who Provide Models And Correct Our Mistakes

~ TWF:TVOE ~ Thinking With Feeling: The Value Of Empathy

~ IOTBATFWAPIF-YNTBATSTWATOPSI-TATTTPOA-D-PAI-E-TRTIO-TAF ~ In Order To Be Able To Feel What Another Person Is Feeling – You Need To Be Able To See The World As That Other Person Sees It – This Ability To Take The Perspective Of Another – Demands – Perception And Imagination – Empathy – Thus Reflects The Integration Of – Thinking And Feeling

~ TFTPSTH-MI-A-M-F-A-J-DNMTAJW-IMBS-S-TMBD-B-WT-IC-TEHE-TPWWNFDJWSBI ~ The Fact That People Seem To Have – Moral Intuitions – And – Make – Fast – Automatic – Judgments – Does Not Mean They Always Judge Wisely – Intuitions May Be Self-Serving – They May Be Distorting – But – Without The – Intuitive Capacity – That Emotions Help Enable – The Practical Wisdom We Need For Daily Judgments Would Simply Be Impossible

~ A-EISI-W-AF-AN-A-ALS-EFMEACT-AN-NMHBTN-A-IIO-EAC-OE-TCUTA ~ An – Explicitly Identified Single Individual – With – A Face – A Name – And – A Life Story – Elicits Far More Empathy And Compassion Than – A Number – No Matter How Big The Number – And – It Is Our – Empathy And Compassion – Our Emotions – That Compels Us To Act

~ A-S-PWIAAAWAJ-WCBPWWTETIUTA ~ And – Since – Practical Wisdom Is About Action As Well As Judgment – We Couldn’t Be Practically Wise Without The Emotion That Impels Us To Act

~ HTECFEEDMWUI-PCBPIIS-TCDEL-E-A-EOEL-F-E-A-AAPS-TIADTOCFPWWBU-PWDTDOTMSTPTTAFOO-TWPTFDWNTBDADTOTMTDI ~ Having The Emotional Capacity For Experiencing Empathy Doesn’t Mean We’ll Use It – People Can Be Put In Institutional Settings – That Can Discourage Emotions Like – Empathy – And – Encourage Other Emotions Like – Fear – Embarrassment – And Anxiety About Pleasing Superiors – There Is A Danger That Our Capacity For Practical Wisdom Will Be Undermined – People Won’t Develop The Disposition Or The Moral Skill To Perceive The Thoughts And Feelings Of Others – This Will Prevent Them From Discerning What Needs To Be Done And Drain Them Of The Motivation To Do It

~ PCLTB-EI-TCLTBP:TDTEO-O-O-T-I-AW-ATOV-AG ~ People Can Learn To Be – Emotionally Intelligent – They Can Learn To Be Perceptive: To Detect The Emotions Of – Others – Or – Themselves – In – A Word – A Tone Of Voice – A Glance

~ PR:UAO-WMOOOTCBCTRP ~ Pattern Recognition: Unseen And Omnipresent – We Make Order Out Of The Chaos By Coming To Recognize Patterns

~ HWAMMOO-EMD:Q-A-WACROROD-MP ~ How We Actually Make Most Of Our – Everyday Moral Decisions: Quickly – And – Without A Conscious Reliance On Rules Or Decision-Making Procedures

~ AIIF-A-NFIN ~ All Information Is Framed – And – No Frame Is Neutral

~ PAOICWOAANTBB-I-RRADP-MTPWWNTIAB-WAPFCW ~ Principles Are Often In Conflict With One Another And Need To Be Balance – If – Rigid Rules And Dogmatic Principles – Marginalize The Practical Wisdom We Need To Interpret And Balance – We Are Prevented From Choosing Well

JARON LANIER ~ YOU ARE NOT A GADGET ~ 2010

~ LOFCC ~ Lords Of The Computing Clouds

~ FANP ~ Fragments Are Not People

~ TMITAATIHICP ~ The Most Important Thing About A Technology Is How It Changes People

~ PIIT ~ Politics Influences Information Technology

~ ESPBITU ~ Entrenched Software Philosophies Become Invisible Through Ubiquity

~ TCSBLTTL ~ Technology Criticism Should Be Left To The Luddites

~ NE ~ Network Effect

~ CT ~ Cybernetic Totalists

~ DM ~ Digital Maoists

~ MOMFDWM ~ Many Of My Friends Disagree With Me

~ WDYDWTTACTTL? ~ What Do You Do When The Techies Are Crazier Than The Luddites?

~ LOD ~ Levels Of Description

~ OI ~ Oracle Illusion

~ RTBTMM ~ Race To Be The Most Meta

~ ATPLOA ~ Aggregate The Previous Layers Of Aggregation

~ TIOHLM ~ The Illusion Of High-Level Metaness

~ IDDTBF ~ Information Doesn’t Deserve To Be Free

~ WIOHARAIIN? ~ What If Only Humans Are Real And Information Is Not?

~ IIAE ~ Information Is Alienated Experience

~ EITOPTCDI ~ Experience Is The Only Process That Can De-Alienate Information

~ IOTKTP-WTBF-INBASOOOM-A-WNOIO-IWNSIIDGWIW ~ Information Of The Kind That Purportedly – Wants To Be Free – Is Nothing But A Shadow Of Our Own Minds – And – Wants Nothing On Its Own – It Will Not Suffer If It Doesn’t Get What It Wants

~ MICOBKIARS-ITEOAHB ~ Machine Intelligence Can Only Be Known In A Relative Sense – In The Eyes Of A Human Beholder

~ PDTIOTMMSS-ATT ~ People Degrade Themselves In Order To Make Machines Seem Smart – All The Time

~ COE-WYCTCOYC-YCYCOY ~ Circle Of Empathy – When You Change The Contents Of Your Circle – You Change Your Conception Of Yourself

~ ITD ~ Infelicitous Technological Designs

~ OMRTTCOSNANTMOTN-TRCITAOTF-B-TCHYTAIASW ~ One Must Remember That The Customers Of Social Networks Are Not The Members Of Those Networks – The Real Customer Is The Advertiser Of The Future – But – This Creature Has Yet To Appear In Any Significant Way

~ TNDDI ~ The Net Doesn’t Design Itself

~ AFPP ~ Anonymous Fragmentary Pseudo-People

T-INASO-II-B-TSQOTOW ~ Trolling – Is Not A String Of – Isolated Incidents – But – The Status Quo In The Online World

~ IOV ~ Ideology Of Violation

~ TROTCAPTR ~ The Rules Of The Cloud Apply Poorly To Reality

~ MEPITC ~ Meta Equals Power In The Cloud

~ MNTIITDAG ~ Morality Needs Technology If It’s To Do Any Good

~ PWFOAOTFAKOAOSLATCTCUWWTILSFEAO ~ People Will Focus On Activities Other Than Fighting And Killing One Another Only So Long As Technologists Continue To Come Up With Ways To Improve Living Standards For Everyone At Once

~ TDOE ~ The Devaluation Of Everything

~ U&U ~ Unobtrusive And Useful

~ IYWTK-WRGO-IA-SOI-FTM ~ If You Want To Know – What’s Really Going On – In A – Society Or Ideology – Follow The Money

~ RTTFOS-P ~ Reciprocity Takes The Form Of Self-Promotion

~ CITBPNBA ~ Culture Is To Become Precisely Nothing But Advertising

~ IMIFT-A-IO-M-J-A-A-TASIMCWMTTOB ~ If Money Is Flowing To – Advertising – Instead Of – Musicians – Journalists – And – Artists – Then A Society Is More Concerned With Manipulation Than Truth Or Beauty

~ ICIW-TPWSTB-EAC ~ If Content Is Worthless – Then People Will Start To Become – Emptyheaded And Contentless

~ PALOTC ~ Peasants And Lords Of The Clouds

~ AWBTDUFPOM-IIFP-WHAP ~ Are We Building The Digital Utopia For People Or Machines – If It’s For People – We Have A Problem

~ MAAGOTWPM-SNHWETWBTB ~ Maybe After A Generation Or Two Without Professional Musicians – Some New Habitat Will Emerge That Will Bring Them Back

~ TF-ACRTBBHA-EC-B-T-F-A-ER-AAR-TIOEIT-AOI-HB-THD ~ Thus Far – All Computer-Related Technologies Built By Humans Are – Endlessly Confusing – Buggy – Tangled – Fussy – And – Error-Ridden – As A Result – The Icon Of Employment In The – Age Of Information – Has Been – The Help Desk

~ POTHD ~ Planet Of The Help Desks

~ CEC ~ Computationally Enhanced Corruption

~ CHMIEFCTPETTTTANAOTOS ~ Computers Have Made It Easier For Criminals To Pretend Even To Themselves That They Are Not Aware Of Their Own Schemes

~ TWOFCTTPI2008WSCB ~ The Wave Of Financial Calamities That Took Place In 2008 Were Significantly Cloud Based

~ NOITP-DEHTMVCTLTHOHITWWRAATN ~ No One In The Pre-Digital Era Had The Mental Capacity To Lie To Him- Or Herself In The Way We Routinely Are Able To Now

~ WOTCTCTC?-ALF ~ Who Owns The Cloud That Connects The Crowd? – A Lucky Few

~ EHAISABI-UTAAIP ~ Entitlement Has Achieved Its – Singularity – And – Become Infinite – Unless The Algorithm Actually Isn’t Perfect

~ TGUSOTNI ~ The Grand Unified Scam Of The New Ideology

~ ASCIWBHVIOBF-AEWGPFTB ~ A Social Contract In Which Bits Have Value Instead Of Being Free – And Everyone Would Get Paid For Their Bits

~ WADOIS-MWB ~ Without A Degree Of Imposed Scarcity – Money Would Be Valueless

~ AVITAOTLT ~ A Volunteer In The Army Of The Long Tail

~ TWPOTOWARHS ~ The Wrong People Often Take Over When A Revolution Happens Suddenly

~ ETMELMATFCHT-FTCTATG ~ Even The Most Extreme Libertarian Must Admit That – Fluid Commerce Has To Flow Through Channels That Amount To Government

~ WMSOH-A-EOR-IOTBB ~ We Must See Ourselves Honestly – And – Engage Ourselves Realistically In Order To Become Better

~ E-IA-HTB-M-ASORWCC-W-RTWCC ~ Economics – Is About – How To Best – Mix – A Set Of Rules We Cannot Change – With – Rules That We Can Change

~ TUTOF ~ The Unbearable Thinness Of Flatness

~ OCIFOTWAIWBTWWB ~ Online Culture Is Fixated On The World As It Was Before The Web Was Born

~ TOAHBATC-L-PC-IHBSGAC-NO ~ The Open Approach Has Been Able To Create – Lovely – Polished Copies – It Hasn’t Been So Good At Creating – Notable Originals

~ WITNM?-EI-R/R/R ~ Where Is The New Music? – Everything Is – Retro / Retro / Retro

~ WMS-R-IS-IIITRITC ~ What Makes Something – Real – Is That – It Is Impossible To Represent It To Completion

~ ESAP ~ Encapsulation Serves A Purpose

~ BFSL-FLS ~ Been Fast So Long – Feels Like Slow

~ SJ ~ Silicon Juvenilia

~ DC:WAWOJ ~ Digital Culture: Wave After Wave Of Juvenilia

~ PC ~ Postsymbolic Communication

JULIET SCHOR ~ BORN TO BUY ~ 2004

~ TCC ~ The Commercialized Child

~ TCO-W-A-S ~ The Cycle Of – Work-And-Spend

~ YPAROCKAA-TATFAAAUOMOTNT-TATHMWTMPCD-A-AMCTTP-B-A-TLT ~ Young People Are Repositories Of Consumer Knowledge And Awareness – They Are The First Adopters And Avid Users Of Many Of The New Technologies – They Are The Household Members With The Most Passionate Consumer Desires – And – Are Most Closely Tethered To Products – Brands – And – The Latest Trends

~ CSWAICA-C-APAPHCTDWI-‘I’O’O’-WI-HON-WDTHFOSS-ISAW-HMPOTDOS?-IARSMCDW ~ Children’s Social Worlds Are Increasingly Constructed Around Consuming – As Brands And Products Have Come To Determine Who Is – “In” Or “Out” – Who Is – Hot Or Not – Who Deserves To Have Friends Or Social Status – In Such A World – How Many Parents Opt To Downshift Or Simplify? – It’s A Radical Step Many Children Don’t Welcome

~ TCOC ~ The Commercialization Of Childhood

~ AWCHCIC-IITAOO-N-WT-O-CSE-TSEOCIICCTIU ~ As We Consider How Childhood Is Changing – It’s Important To Avoid Our Own – Nostalgia – Wishful Thinking – Or – Culturally Specific Experiences – The Sheer Extent Of Children’s Immersion In Consumer Culture Today Is Unprecedented

~ TNNIT-KAMJF-TCATSP ~ The New Norm Is That – Kids And Marketeers Join Forces –To Convince Adults To Spend Money

~ IICCCD-ITFO-D-A-LSE-A-PC ~ Involvement In Consumer Culture – Causes Dysfunction – In The Forms Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints

~ ‘K’ ~ “Kid-fluence”

~ FAGAOE-C-NP-AMC-MPNBTTCKMAPABTTD-A-TROTK ~ For A Growing Array Of Expenditures – Children – Not Parents – Are Making Choices – Many Parents Now Believe That Their Children Know More About Products And Brands Than They Do – And – They Rely On That Knowledge

~ TDCT-‘KADTT’-B-THBAHTT ~ The Designers Claim That – “Kids Are Driving The Trend” – But – They Have Been Advertising Heavily To Them

~ TTWOCP-TMADB-AFPC ~ Throughout The World Of Children’s Products – The Markets Are Dominated By – A Few Powerful Companies

~ TDOCMHETRLAJE-MIFHTPC ~ Two Decades Of Corporate Monies Have Eroded The Regulatory Legislative And Judicial Environment – Making It Far Harder To Protect Children

~ CE-EQO-AFP-ANE-F-V-A-F-ROYOAS ~ Children Eat – Excessive Quantities Of – Advertised Food Products – And Not Enough – Fruits – Vegetables – And – Fiber – Rates Of Youth Obesity Are Skyrocketing

~ TMOC ~ The Marketing Of Cool

~ MCTVT-WAATWAC-ME-HLOM-CA-A-ALTGWIAAHVITMWDOWHAWN-LMMLLAL ~ Marketers Convey The View That – Wealth And Aspiration To Wealth Are Cool – Material Excess – Having Lots Of Money – Career Achievement – And – A Lifestyle To Go With It Are All Highly Valued In The Marketing World’s Definition Of What’s Hot And What’s Not – Living Modestly Means Living Like A Loser

~ AAHBC-OYRFY ~ Advertising Agencies Have Been Co-Opting Youth Rebellion For Years

~ AC-TPOTPAMMODFOKATTTYO ~ Age Compression – The Practice Of Taking Products And Marketing Messages Originally Designed For Older Kids And Targeting Them To Younger Ones

~ KAGOY ~ Kids Are Getting Older Younger

~ PP ~ Pester Power

~ CAPS ~ Child And Parent Studies

~ T-T-ASFRK-TEIATTIP ~ Trans-Toying – Another Strategy For Reaching Kids – Take Everyday Items And Turn Them Into Playthings

~ ASTTMOTBOWTTWT-CIPNAS-HTMATPSIAQ

~ Advertisers Select Their Thematic Messages On The Basis Of What They Think Will Trigger – Children’s Innermost Psychological Needs And States – How These Messages Affect Those Psychological States Is Another Question

~ AK-TC-MSD-T-K-ITC ~ Alpha Kids – The Coolest – Most Socially Dominant – Trendsettingest – Kids – In The Community

~ CEHBCITWOES ~ Child Endorsers Have Become Common In The World Of Extreme Sports

~ OOTMTAO-VM-ITIAKTUTFFTPOGIOSP ~ One Of The Most Troubling Aspect Of – Viral Marketing – Is That It Asks Kids To Use Their Friends For The Purpose Of Gaining Information Or Selling Products

~ 101WTDAA ~ 101 Ways To Disguise An Ad

~ ‘R-L’PP-P-P-IELT-PU ~ “Real-Life” Product Placement – Puts – Products – Into Everyday Life Through – Paid Users

~ ‘A’-ABPIBDITG ~ “Advergaming” – A Branded Product Is Built Directly Into The Game

~ TCOPI ~ The Corruption Of Public Information

~ ETO ~ Enlisting Trusted Organizations

~ CA-TCOPS-TJITMC-SAACTACAAAAELTG ~ Captive Audiences – The Commercialization Of Public Schools – The Jewel In The Marketer’s Crown – Students Are As Close To A Captive Audience As Advertisers Are Ever Likely To Get

~ TWH ~ The Wholesome Halo

~ TNIR-P-F-T-F-S-O-CDL-FKDWTDATTTUTITFOHTSTMS ~ The New Intrusive Research – Painstaking – Face-To-Face – Scrutiny – Of – Children’s Daily Lives – Film Kids Doing What They Do And Then Try To Use That Information To Figure Out How To Sell Them More Stuff

~ TNCL:KAE-HCTPIAFATCOR-A-TCMSACFAROPTCFTI-AMAOCAAAESTDTT ~ The New Child Labor: Kid As Expert – Hiring Children To Provide Insight And Feedback And To Carry Out Research – And – The Children Must Sign A Contract Forgoing Any Royalties On Products That Come From Their Ideas – A Moderate Amount Of Cash And An Attentive Ear Seem To Do The Trick

~ N-BS-TDHTSTC ~ Neuromarketing – Brain Science –To Determine How To Sell To Consumers

~ EIGFBPS ~ Ethical Issues Go Far Beyond Permission Slips

~ PS-SA-AC-C-A-CW-HBDICRE-A-TOWPABP

~ Parental Surrogates – Such As – Athletic Coaches – Clergy – And –community Workers – Have Been Drawn Into Commercial Research Efforts – And – Typicality Operate Without Prior Approval By Parents

~ HF ~ Habit Formation

~ PF-IATCO-CCC ~ Processed Food – Is At The Center Of – Children’s Consumer Culture

~ FA-P-CIS ~ Food Advertising – Pervades – Children’s Internet Sites

~ MTV-IRT-PNH ~ More Television Viewing – Is Related To – Poor Nutritional Habits

~ TILITRFCEHLSWPATSOIDTPA-B-TA-F-TFLNFICC ~ The Industry Line Is That Responsibility For Children’s Eating Habits Lies Squarely With Parents And That Skyrocketing Obesity Is Due To – Parental Abdication – But – They Are – Fighting – The Food Labeling Necessary For Informed Consumer Choices

~ FHADSAFP-A-MAFOHTCOT ~ Food Has Deep Subconscious Associations For People – And – Marketers Are Figuring Out How To Capitalize On Those

~ ACBOEST-CAA-AMLT-S-D-A-UD-WTETAOPDTP ~ A Considerable Body Of Evidence Shows That – Children And – Adolescents Are More Likely To – Smoke – Drink – And – Use Drugs – When They’re Exposed To Ads Or Programming Depicting These Products

~ ETDAHBAPOCEL-IATTIDTAI-F/TS/PC-AOPDHS-TT-TPOCMEDUHCTACNOD ~ Exposure To Drug Advertising Has Become A Part Of Children’s Everyday Lives – In Addition To The Illegal Drugs That Appear In – Films /Television Shows / Popular Culture – Advertising Of Prescription Drugs Has Soared – Taken Together – The Proliferation Of Commercial Messages Encouraging Drug Use Has Contributed To A Cultural Normalization Of Drugs

~ AOBDY-A-SRSTCIBCOTMEDVDTB ~ Addictions Often Begin During Youth – And – Some Researchers Suspect That Changes In Brain Chemistry Occur That Make Early Dependency Very Difficult To Break

~ MAMOATPUTIOEED-TFM ~ Manufacturers And Marketers Of All These Products Understand The Importance Of Establishing Early Demand – The Future Market

~ TMTOCMTCI-TIOTMBTPAC ~ The Major Thrust Of Contemporary Marketing To Children Is – The Interposition Of The Marketer Between The Parent And Child

~ HCI-IASCO-D-A-LS-E-A-PC-LIICCLTHK-A-MILKPW-BTD ~ High Consumer Involvement – Is A Significant Cause Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints – Less Involvement In Consumer Culture Leads To Healthier Kids – And – More Involvement Leads Kids’ Psychological Well-Being To Deteriorate

~ DC ~ Decommercializing Childhood

~ VC-HF ~ Voluntary Codes – Have Failed

~ R-FDICM ~ Require – Full Disclosure In Children’s Marketing

~ MAETAFTWPT-ITIIRT-AA-I-V-A-E-F-W-THNTF ~ Make Advertising Easier To Avoid For Those Who Prefer To – If The Industry Is Right That – Ads Are – Informative – Valuable – And – Enjoyable – For – Viewers – They Have Nothing To Fear

~ A-FS ~ Ad-Free Schools

~ ROSFC ~ Reclaim Outdoor Space For Children

~ OC-CC-TPO-HAAP-TITKU-A-TGOMA-A-HK ~ Oppose Corporate-Constructed Childhood – The Prevalence Of – Harmful And Addictive Products – The Imperative To Keep Up – And – The Growth Of Materialist Attitudes – Are – Harming Kids