TIM WU ~ THE MASTER SWITCH ~ 2010

~ TKE-TEUBADCTCIPSITI ~ The Kronos Effect ~ The Efforts Undertaken By A Dominant Company To Consume Its Potential Successors In Their Infancy

~ ATYWB-TFOTCS-WBTCT-AN-TA-F-TCOAR ~ As The Years Went By – The Founders Of The Commercial System – Would Begin To Credit Themselves – And Not – The Amateurs – For – The Creation Of American Radio

~ MWSTTAOW-GRICAPITI-B-TSR-WS-CCT-TPOI-T-CE-O-SI ~ Most Who Study These Topics Are Obsessed With – Government’s Role In Censorship And Providing Incentives To Innovate – But – The State’s Role – While Significant – Cannot Compare To – The Power Of Industry – To – Censor Expression – Or – Squelch Invention

~ TEMCOPADP ~ The Enlightened Monopolist Can Occasionally Prove A Delusional Paranoid

~ SOFTM:FO/MT/DSL/FM/SP-TLGOAO ~ Suppress Or Fail To Market: Fiber Optics / Mobile Telephones / Digital Subscriber Lines / Facsimile Machines / SpeakerPhones – The List Goes On And On

~ T-PP-ITITFSOANI-AST-‘EA’-PTTACOI ~ The – Primitive Prototype – Is Typical In The Founding Stage Of A New Industry – As Are The – “Early Adopters” – Prepared To Take A Chance On It

~ W-TV-RCATW-IW-AP-ARORIAR-TPWSBA-MOTSSAOERP ~ When – TV – Reached Consumers After The War – It Was – As Prophesied – A Replica Of Radio In All Respects – The Programming Was Sponsored By Advertisers – Most Of The Shows Simply Adaptations Of Existing Radio Programs

~ TBOTS-IOE-HBCTET-C-IE ~ The Blessing Of The State – Implicit Or Explicit – Has Been Crucial To Every Twentieth-Century Information Empire

~ YAWHSTATA-OGRIITNGUD ~ Yet As We Have Seen Time And Time Again – One Generation’s Radical Innovation Is The Next Generation’s Unyielding Dinosaur

~ AW-TBRIT1910-TOOCTAO-BIWTWOA-AW-TFTITFYOTTC-CWAD-I-T-BFAWWAW~ As With – The Broadcast Radio In The 1910s – The Origins Of Cable Television Are Obscure – Because It Was The Work Of Amateurs – As With – The Farmer’s Telephone In The First Years Of The Twentieth Century – Cable Was A Do-It-Yourself Business For Anyone With Will And Wires

~ TIAUETAAMDWIHBPTD-WSW-OMDNDSW-H-IITSO-CD-TRIAUMPAV ~ There Is An Undeniable Efficiency That Attends A Monopoly’s Doing What It Has Been Perfected To Do – What Such Well-Oiled Machines Do Not Do So Well – However – Is Initiate The Sort Of – Creative Destruction – That Revolutionizes Industries And Ultimately Multiplies Productivity And Value

~ TSATOOCEWALOTTIORMIAWWFHBCE ~ The Shape And Tenor Of Our Current Entertainment World Are Largely Owing To The Imperatives Of Risk Management In A World Where Failure Had Become Catastrophically Expensive

~ WLTCWCWYCEI? ~ Why Learn To Cope With Competition When You Can Eliminate It?

~ IAAMRTEOTM-TMCTPOIAC-TEIIFGTIITTP-BB ~ In An Age More Reliant Than Ever On Telecommunications Media – The More Concentrated The Power Over Information And Communications – The Easier It Is For Government To Indulge Its Temptation To Play – Big Brother

~ ITIRD?-EOIOIKHHIPOO-OTBTBOYAIE-WIG:TROTIOTIOTC? ~ Is The Internet Really Different? – Every Other Invention Of Its Kind Has Had Its Period Of Openness – Only To Become The Basis Of Yet Another Information Empire – Which Is Mightier: The Radicalism Of The Internet Or The Inevitability Of The Cycle?

~ WHBFTRIBOSIAPC ~ We Have Been Freed To Retreat Into Bubbles Of Selective Information And Parochial Concern

~ WAOM-OHDOFOC-AWI-DAGAIAARTEOR ~ With An Open Medium – One Has Diversity Or Fragmentation Of Content – And With It – Differences Among Groups And Individuals Are Accentuated Rather Than Elided Or Repressed

~ C-FIB-TMWAARCATBV ~ Cable – From Its Birth – The Medium Was Always As Relentlessly Commercial As The Broadcast Variant

~ NHAOTMCR-CFTCTROPPM(IV)~ No Honest Account Of The Media Conglomerate’s Rise – Could Fail To Concede The Role Of Purely Personal Motivations (Indeed Vanities)

~ IPD ~ Intellectual Property Development

~ MF ~ Mine Festivals

~ TM-TA:LALS-TA:DACC-ADWAETUFWLR ~ The Monopolist’s – Tools Are: Lawyers And Local Statues – Tactics Are: Delays And Court Challenges – All Deployed With An Eye Toward Unraveling Firms With Lesser Resources

~ BTTOCWSEAAC ~ Blow The Trumpet Of Competition While Simultaneously Eliminating All Actual Competitors

~ TCCOTMS ~ The Current Custodian Of The Master Switch

~ HMGTTIHTO-S/IR/RO-IHMIYCGTT ~ However Many Good Things The Internet Has To Offer – Service / Information Resources / Retail Outlets – It Hardly Matters If You Can’t Get To Them

~ NNITT-FCVOCC ~ Net Neutrality Is The Twenty-First Century’s Version Of Common Carriage

~ WLTBTOSACPPWUPUFTCOAEP-BTHABS ~ We Like To Believe That Our Safeguards Against Concentrated Political Power Will Ultimately Protect Us From The Consequences Of Accumulated Economic Power – But This Hasn’t Always Been So

~ GOPRIAACOPP-NAAATI ~ Government’s Only Proper Role Is As A Check On Private Power – Never As An Aid To It

~ MABF-YNSATBTSW-BEIFC ~ Markets Are Born Free – Yet No Sooner Are They Born Than Some Would-Be Emperor Is Forging Chains

~ TIISN-TIEP-TIIPITB-BR-AAPE-T-CBWOB ~ The Internet Is Simply Not – The Infinitely Elastic Phantasm – That It Is Popularly Imagined To Be – But Rather – An Actual Physical Entity – That – Can Be Warped Or Broken

~ IWDNTTMT-SO-S-OTCTOIAHAUTE-WCRB-I-LOTWAFTETBTIFUIAMHHF ~ If We Do Not Take This Moment To – Secure Our – Sovereignty – Over The Choices That Our Information Age Has Allowed Us To Enjoy – We Cannot Reasonably Blame – Its – Loss – On Those Who Are Free To Enrich Themselves By Taking It From Us In A Manner History Has Foretold

FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last

ANDREW KEEN ~ HOW TO FIX THE FUTURE ~ 2018

~ NE-IS-IPPA:DC/BDM/TIOTOC/JSVB/FN/ASN/MTU/DA/TEROSA ~ Now Everyone – It Seems – Is Penning Polemics Against: Surveillance Capitalism / Big Data Monopolists / The Ignorance Of The Online Crowd / Juvenile Silicon Valley Billionaires / Fake News / Antisocial Social Networks / Mass Technological Unemployment / Digital Addiction / The Existential Risk Of Smart Algorithms

~ IOST-I-SHB-AATADTH-A:I/R/E/C-A-AA-A-EC-WAFTTFCF ~ Instead Of Smart Technology – It’s – Smart Human Begins – Acting As They’ve Always Done Throughout History – As: Innovators / Regulators / Educators / Consumers – And – Above All – As – Engaged Citizens – Who Are Fixing The Twenty-First-Century Future

~ ACIBAC(AC)TD ~ A Culture Infected By A Creeping (And Creepy) Technological Determinism

~ OOHA-OTRTSOOS-IEIWATBAHDF ~ Our Own Human Agency – Our Timeless Responsibility To Shape Our Own Societies – Is Essential If We Are To Build A Habitable Digital Future

~ EIGPUE-U-WH-FTMAL-ANS-NS-A-R-NMS-A-TWWBI-1965 ~ Everything Is Getting Perpetually Upgraded Except Us – We Humans – For The Moment At Least – Are No Speedier – No Smarter – And – Really – No More Self-Aware – Than We Were Back In – 1965

~ TD-AEDCB-HASM-A-AB-TCATROH ~ The Duality – An Ever-Deepening Chasm Between – Humans And Smart Machines – And – Also Between – Tech Companies And The Rest Of Humanity

~ THCODRAQBTCIOODS ~ The Human Costs Of The Digital Revolution Are Quickly Becoming The Central Issue Of Our Digital Society

~ ‘MGI’-AIDTPAMAOESAATOT-DU ~ “Minimum Guaranteed Income” – An Idea Designed To Provide A Minimal Amount Of Economic Security At A Time Of Technology-Driven Unemployment

~ TFPMFFTF:R/CI/SR/WACC/E ~ The Five Perennial Methods For Fixing The Future: Regulation / Competitive Innovation / Social Responsibility / Worker And Consumer Choice / Education

~ TFAITUOP ~ The Future Appears In The Unlikeliest Of Places

~ WABIAWO:RA-E-LOA-I-A-I ~ We Are Back In A World Of: Rampant Addiction – Exploitation – Lack Of Accountability – Irresponsibility – And – Inequality

~ TWAALUTBDSOASEIWWAIW ~ Today We Are All Living Under The Big Data Spotlight Of A Surveillance Economy In Which We Are Incessantly Watched

~ TWHSAIOVCIODM-TISANFOAOMTW-RP-LB-A-S ~ Today We Have Such An Infestation Of Violent Content In Our Digital Media – That It Seems Almost Normal For Online Audiences Of Millions To Watch – Revenge Porn – Live Beheadings – And – Suicides

~ TIR-WWSTEU-IIEU ~ The Internet Revolution – Which Was Supposed To Empower Us – Is Increasingly Enslaving Us

~ TWDAHBIC ~ The Web’s Decentralized Architecture Has Become Intensely Centralized

~ WWDTBA-D-E-A-E-R-AKODC-ITOTB-D-C-U-A-C ~ What Was Designed To Be A – Decentralized – Egalitarian – And – Enlightened – Revolution – A Kind Of Digital Commonwealth – Is Turning Out To Be – Disturbingly – Centralized – Unequal – And – Creepy

~ WWSAROSM-IWWWTSAR-NWENSSITSMP-T-ECE-TSC-FB-HCA-HOM-A-‘PT’-ML-DBFNAOFOOP ~ What We See And Read On Social Media – Is What We Want To See And Read – No Wonder Everything Now Seems So Inevitable To So Many People – This – Echo Chamber Effect – The So-Called – Filter Bubble – Has Created A – Hall Of Mirrors – A – “Post-Truth” – Media Landscape – Dominated By Fake News And Other Forms Of Online Propaganda

~ POTPITTEGOSTATDTTROU ~ Part Of The Problem Is That The Economic Gains Of Smart Technology Aren’t Trickling Down To The Rest Of Us

~ T-I-WIAOCA-A-TAOMOIU-HBTIMFOTNTOWAT ~ The – Internet – With Its Absence Of Curatorial Authority – And – The Anonymity Of Many Of Its Users – Has Become The Ideal Medium For Orchestrating This New Type Of War Against Truth

~ DC ~ Digital Communitarianism

~ TIODPSHBCITCIO-‘NN’-TNTGOPCSBR-UL-TTADOTIE ~ The Inviolability Of Digital Public Space Has Become Captured In The Controversial Idea Of – “Network Neutrality” – The Notion That Governments Or Private Companies Should Be Required – Under Law – To Treat All Data On The Internet Equally

~ T-S-TFOTIIASODMWODERACA ~ The – Splinternet – The Fragmentation Of The Internet Into A Series Of Different Markets Working On Different Economic Rules And Cultural Assumptions

~ GDPR ~ General Data Protection Regulation

~ SWSASPWAPTMPTNN ~ Somebody Will Succeed At Some Point With A Product That Makes Privacy The New Norm

~ DAO ~ Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

~ TDE-WITPO-W-T-A-C-IAABFVCAIIFEE ~ Today’s Digital Economy – With Its Tiny Pool Of – Winner-Take-All – Companies – Is Actually As Bad For Venture Capitalists As It Is For Everyone Else

~ AVPOTH ~ A Valuable Player On Team Human

~ DLD ~ Digital Life Design

~ SUIAGBM-AITIOTHTU-ITBBMED ~ Surveillance Ultimately Isn’t A Good Business Model – And If There Is One Thing History Teaches Us – It’s That Bad Business Models Eventually Die

~ TUWYF-TAS-TU-I-I-BAFPF-TTC ~ Trust Us With You Future – They Are Saying – Trust Us – Is – Indeed – Becoming A Familiar Promise From – The Tech Community

~ CABCA ~ Civic Algorithm By Civic Algorithm

~ WTF ~ Win The Future

~ DMCA-‘NPOUOAICSSBTATPOSOAIPBACP’-TCC ~ Digital Millennium Copyright Act – “No Provider Or User Of An Interactive Computer Service Shall Be Treated As The Publisher Or Speaker Of Any Information Provided By Another Information Content Provider” – The Controversial Clause

~ HPAWCRTBAFTCPOTN-E-MMF-ORAVVAODIC ~ Hugely Powerful And Wealthy Companies Refusing To Be Accountable For The Content Posted On Their Networks – Essentially – Making Money From – Overtly Racist And Violent Videos And Other Disgustingly Inappropriate Content

~ WTWALOR-TM-DBWAAMTMA-O-TW ~ When Threatened With A Loss Of Revenue – These Multibillion-Dollar Businesses Will Act And Make Themselves More Accountable – Otherwise – They Won’t

~ T-‘P’-AGCOIEF-WSOAL ~ The – “Precariat” – A Growing Class Of Impermanently Employed Folks – Who Scrape Out A Living

~ TINAUTTIO-TU ~ There Is Now An Urgency To The Issue Of – Technological Unemployment

~ UBI-‘AOIWMA’ ~ Universal Basic Income – “An Old Idea With Modern Appeal”

~ WAHGF? ~ What Are Humans Good For?

~ TINIWR ~ There Is No Innovation Without Regulation

~ DACMOTF-RACKOTP-TWTHOTN-CIRISIIHUMSOTEDT-FC ~ Designing A Coherent Map Of The Future – Requires A Coherent Knowledge Of The Past – That’s Why The History Of The Nineteenth-Century Industrial Revolution Is So Investiture In Helping Us Make Sense Of The Early Digital Twentieth-First Century

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans –They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

DAVID GRAEBER ~ THE FIVE MAJOR VARIETIES OF BULLSHIT JOBS ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ WFD-OOPTMSELOFI-YCBMWAE ~ What Flunkies Do – Only Or Primarily To Make Someone Else Look Or Feel Important – You Cannot Be Magnificent Without An Entourage

~ WGD-PW-J-A-EMAA ~ What Goons Do – People Whose – Jobs – Are – Essentially Manipulative And Aggressive

~ WDTD-WJEOBOAGOFITO-TSAPTONTE ~ What Duct Tapers Do – Whose Jobs Exist Only Because Of A Glitch Or Fault In The Organization – To Solve A Problem That Ought Not To Exist

~ WBTD-EWEOOPTAAOTBATCIIDST-IF-IIND ~ What Box Tickers Do – Employees Who Exist Only Or Primarily To Allow An Organization To Be Able To Claim It Is Doing Something That – In Fact – It Is Not Doing

~ WTD-TWRCEOAWTO ~ What Taskmasters Do – Those Whose Role Consists Entirely Of Assigning Work To Others

~ AM-DTDPWOTFCIBT-OTMSTCEOS ~ Ambiguous Multiform – Difficult To Determine Precisely Which Of The Five Categories It Belongs To – Often It May Seem To Contain Elements Of Several

~ SOBJ-INSPAAOT-B-WAUP-B-TAPISOAPE ~ Second Order Bullshit Jobs – In No Sense Pointless In And Of Themselves – But – Which Are Ultimately Pointless – Because – They Are Performed In Support Of A Pointless Enterprise

PAUL STREET ~ THEY RULE ~ THE 1% VS. DEMOCRACY

~ T-HG-‘G’-‘ARTLAB’-SRIPAOTFT-AOMSILY-WMSORDALR ~ The – Holy Grail – “Growth” – “A Rising Tide Lifts All Boats” – Supposedly Rendering Irrelevant Popular Anger Over The Fact That – An Opulent Minority Sails In Luxurious Yachts – While Millions Struggle On Rickety Dinghies And Leaking Rowboats

~ GLG-BIETFDWI ~ Governments Love Growth – Because It Excuses Them From Dealing With Inequality

~ TTU-CGOBOOV ~ The Timeworn Upper-Class Game Of Blaming One’s Own Victims

~ T-SGA-HMLTDW-TSILO-M-A-TF(ARPSG)-TIDW-TMHAMRO-GAP-VMA-TAFOWANAA ~ The – Second Gilded Age – Has Much Less To Do With – The Supposedly Inexorable Logic Of Market – And – Technological Forces (And Related Purported Skills Gaps) – Than It Does With – The More Human And Malleable Realms Of – Greed And Politics – Very Much About – Taking Away From Others While Adding Nothing At All

~ TRIINWG-COS-‘W’-IIRTQO-WGPSWF-TPATCG-O-TNLCOWAP ~ The Real Issue Is Not Whether Government – Can Or Should – “Work” – It Is Rather The Question Of – Whom Government Policy Should Work For – The Public And The Common Good – Or – The Nation’s Leading Centers Of Wealth And Power

~ TPOO-NW-C-A-OB-AC-CU-T-S/D/L-OMRP ~ The Passing On Of – Net Worth – Connections – And – Other Benefits – Across Generations – Covers Up – The – Stupidity / Decrepitude / Laziness – Of Many Rich People

~ TNN-A-EE-ER-S-P-OTUBTROTSTITFEATCAOGP-ALTNA-MJ-EP-WEI ~ There’s Nothing New – About – Economic Exploitation – Elite Rent-Seeking – Plutocracy – Or The Use By The Rich Of The State To Increase Their Fortunes Even As They Complain About Overreaching Government Power – Also Less Than Novel Are – Mass Joblessness – Endemic Poverty – Widespread Economic Insecurity

~ M-T-‘MH’-O-‘TBTF’-TGGOGFI-WETI-TPIUER-HOI ~ Meanwhile – The – “Moral Hazard” – Of – “Too Big To Fail” – The Guaranteed Government Bailout Of Giant Financial Institutions – Will Encourage Those Institutions – To Persist In Undertaking Excessive Risks – Has Only Increased

~ TTFOCMNAC ~ The Tragic Farce Of Corporate Media News And Commentary

~ MMI ~ Manufacturing Mass Ignorance

~ TITCMP-MNLBE-TAGI-TFAEC ~ The Inequality That Creates Mass Poverty – Must No Longer Be Evaded – Through A Growth Ideology – That Fuels An Environmental Collapse

MICHAEL HUDSON ~ J IS FOR JUNK ECONOMICS ~ 2017

~ TEOJEIANCO-‘TE’-ITOO-‘TM’- WMM-TSQ-TREME-T-P/E/L-R-O-D-ITRE ~ The Essence Of Junk Economics Is A Narrow Conceptualization Of – “The Economy” – In Terms Only Of – “The Market” – Which Merely Means – The Status Quo – The Resulting Economic Models Exclude – The Political / Environmental / Legal – Ramifications – Of – Debt – In Today’s Rentier Economies

~ FME-HTTA-AS-ATM-SAHCOGAM-TDHAAPSODALPT ~ Free Market Economist – Have Tried To Appropriate – Adam Smith – As Their Mascot – Stripping Away His Critique Of Groundrent And Monopolies – To Depict Him As A Patron Saint Of Deregulation And Lower Property Taxes

~ A-NANP-TGCI-P-WA-TGCTOMAMW-A-S-WBTO ~ Affluenza – Not A New Phenomenon – The Greeks Called It – Pleonexia – Wealth Addiction – The Greedy Compulsion To Obtain More And More Wealth – And – Specifically – What Belongs To Others

~ A-TAITSQAHTSFL-W- ‘F’-MOTBE-ECTPFDS-APLTESAEDDD ~ Austerity – The Assumption Is That Squeezing Out A High Tax Surplus From Labor – Will “Free” More Output To Be Exported – Enabling Countries To Pay Foreign Debt Service – Austerity Programs Lead To Economic Shrinkage And Even Deeper Debt Dependency

~ B-ATOWTC-BUSCAPE-R-B/UC/S-TSTFL-PECITHOTFS ~ Bailout A Transfer Of Wealth To Creditors – Bailouts Usually Save Creditors At Public Expense – Reimbursing Bankers / Uninsured Creditors / Speculators To Save Them From Loss Preserves Economic Control In The Hands Of The Financial Sector

~ B-TB-SIOAF-FM-FFR ~ Banksterism The Bankster-Subsidized Ideology Of A Financial – Free Market – Free From Regulation

~ AAHHNFA-‘BS’-I-BAITBSOF ~ Anthropologists And Historians Have Not Found Any – “Barter Stage” – Instead – Barter Appears In The Breakdown Stage Of Financialization

~ RHFBBWTITROI ~ Rentiers Have Fought Back By Wrapping Themselves In The Rhetoric Of Individualism

~ TRQI:WGWB-DOO ~ The Real Question Is: Whether Government Will Be Democratic Or Oligarchic

~ BE-AETTGRAPPSBFE-ABEPCAD ~ Bubble Economy An Economy Trying To Get Rich And Pay Pensions Simply By Financial Engineering A Bubble Economy Polarizes Creditors And Debtors

~ C-UTDTSSBOPICA-N-RMT-FC-A-WCVREASS ~ Capitalism Used To Describe The Social System Based On Promoting Industrial Capital Accumulation Now – Referring Mainly To – Finance Capitalism – And – Wealth Creation Via Rent Extraction And Asset-Stripping

~ CC-F-BO-FE-RT-IE-NTIIIIBTSFSWROFRTO ~ Casino Capitalism Finance – Based On Financial Engineering Rather Than Industrial Engineering – No Tangible Investment Is Involved In Betting That Some Financial Securities Will Rise Or Fall Relative To Others

~ CB-ASIABTLCBTOOTB ~ Central Bank A Semipublic Institution Administered By The Largest Commercial Banks To Operate On Their Behalf

~ C-TITEIFTCTEF-AEF-BTVFNBSA ~ Choice The Idea That Everyone Is Free To Choose Their Economic Fate A Euphemism For Blaming The Victim For Not Being Sufficiently Affluent

~ CS-DF-OARPIBASAB-TADSATSSFBTABTLAPLTC ~ Clean Slate Debt Forgiveness Originally A Royal Practice In Bronze Age Sumer And Babylonia To Annul Debts So As To Save Society From Being Torn Apart By Transferring Land And Personal Liberty To Creditors

~ C-PA-L/W/MR/A/OPI-ANP-TABAISL-TI-V-G-OA-C-NMBRATUTOOFC ~ Commons Public Assets Land / Water / Mineral Rights / Airwaves / Other Public Infrastructure – As Natural Monopolies They Are Best Administered In Society’s Long-Term Interest Via Government Or A Community Not Monopolized By Rentiers As The Ultimate Takeover Objective Of Finance Capital

~ ADCIIBOTIMOCI-AIIWDBBLOTBTBEWMUO-OBWDBLA-CS ~ A Debt Crisis Is Inevitable Because Of The Inherent Mathematics Of Compound Interest – At Issue Is Whether Debts Will Be Left On The Books To Burden Economies With Mathematically Untenable Overhead – Or Be Written Down By Legislating A – Clean Slate

~ ADAINATPWTEBSO-ITNIAEDU ~ A Debt Amnesty Is Necessary At The Point Where The Economy Becomes So Over-Indebted That New Investment And Employment Dry Up

~ MCAOTBDMTS ~ Most Consumers Are Obliged To Be Debtors Merely To Survive

~ ACBLAMS-IBFAD-VARWPAP ~ As Crime Becomes Larger And More Successful It Becomes Financialized And Decriminalized – Victims And Reformers Who Protest Are Prosecuted

~ DD-P-DS-DSAF-CG-A-NBI ~ Debt Deflation Paying Debt Service Diverts Spending Away From Consumer Goods And New Business Investment

~ DP-TOODTPTOL-A/O-TOFM-TC-TCTDAIIC ~ Debt Peonage The Obligation Of Debtors To Provide Their Own Labor And/Or That Of Family Members To Creditors To Carry The Debt And Its Interest Charges

~ DP-TBUODSEG-ESMCUTDAWD ~ Debt Pollution The Build Up Of Debt Stifles Economic Growth Economic Shrinkage Must Continue Until The Debts Are Written Down

~ D-TP-DROP-ITDTCTTCC-HBOALRI ~ Demagogy The Post-Democratic Role Of Politicians Is To Deliver Their Constituencies To Their Campaign Contributors Headed By Oligarchs And Local Rentier Interests

~ D-RTAASP-EDM ~ Denial Reluctance To Acknowledge A Systemic Problem – Evidence Doesn’t Matter

~ D-TEITEITSPTFM-WRITTLIDA-MRASAFAOPB ~ Deregulation The Effect In Today’s Economies Is To Shift Planning To Financial Managers While Rentier Interests Take The Lead In Dismantling Anti-Monopoly Rules And Safeguards Against Fraud And Other Predatory Behavior

~ D-OOFI-EA-‘RM’ ~ Derivatives – Often Opaque Financial Instruments Euphemized As “Risk Management”

~ ER-TAOMPOIC(V) ~ Economic Rent The Excess Of Market Price Over Intrinsic Cost (Value)

~ EMH-AT-VV-TWIBASIFMRROEC-TPAI-TFTEFGR-TPEI-TLTESB-B/MAOR-ITV-CAAU ~ Efficient Market Hypothesis – A Tunnel-Visioned View – That What Is Bought And Sold In Financial Markets Realistically Reflects Overall Economic Conditions – The Political Aim Is – To Free The Economy From Government Regulation The Practical Effect Is – To Leave The Economy Steered By – Banks / Monopolists / And Other Rentiers In This View – Crashes Are Always Unexpected

~ RIIBO-‘TM’-NO-VI-PEOOB ~ Rising Inequality Is Blamed On “The Market” Not On Vested Interests Pushing Economies Out Of Balance

~ WTES-RL-B-L-FBPTM ~ When The Economy Shrinks Rentier Lobbyists Blame Labor For Being Paid Too Much

~ F-AITRPO-ROWIITON ~ Factoid An Idea That Reflects Popular Opinion Regardless Of Whether It Is True Or Not

~ FC-DCAPP-‘R’-THNRCOP-V-EFPTLAP ~ Fictitious Capital Debt Claims And Property Privileges “Rights” That Have No Real Cost Of Production Value Except For Payments To Lawyers And Politicians

~ FE-RSPBPFM-IONCI ~ Financial Engineering – Raising Stock Prices By Purely Financial Means – Instead Of New Capital Investment

~ FL-APTF-ER-TPOP-THNCITAOSNCOPGOS ~ Free Lunch – A Popular Term For – Economic Rent – Transfer Payments Or Prices – That Have No Counterpart In The Actual Or Socially Necessary Costs Of Producing Goods Or Services

~ FM-TTCE-AE-FO-LR/RBP/M ~ Free Market – To The Classical Economist – An Economy – Free Of – Land Rent / Usurious Banking Practices / Monopolies

~ I-AAGI-TRTROCAOWI-T-D-C/D/R-O-ECAL ~ Individualism – An Anti-Government Ideology That Rationalizes The Right Of Creditors And Other Wealthy Individuals To Deprive Consumers / Debtors / Renters Of Economic Choice And Liberty

~ JE-AP-RE-PBVI-TDTBIAPL-IOAEZ-SRS ~ Junk Economics – A Public-Relations Exercise Promoted By Vested Interests To Depict Their Behavior In A Positive Light – Instead Of As Exploitative Zero-Sum Rent Seeking

~ N-AITA-B/L/M-FAOPB ~ Neoliberalism An Ideology To Absolve Banks / Landlords / Monopolists From Accusation Of Predatory Behavior

~ N-S-IARC-ETAP-TLDWLONDIASL ~ Neo-Serfdom Interest And Rent Charges Expanding To A Point That Leaves Debtors With Little Or No Disposable Income Above Subsistence Levels

~ O-RBTF ~ Oligarchy Rule By The Few

~ P-NPOTME-APMIPUFS ~ Politics Now Part Of The Market Economy As Policy-Making Is Put Up For Sale

~ TL- ‘S’ -IATACO-LPF-SOPITPB-STOCAWE-A-DEFREAF ~ The Label Socialism” Is Applied To Any Critique Of Looting Pension Funds Selling Off Public Infrastructure To Pay Bondholders Shifting Taxes Onto Consumers And Wage Earners And Deregulating Economies For Rent Extractors And Financializers

~ DTCBP-WB ~ Debts That Cannot Be Paid Wont Be

~ TLOHITCEWNAHDTMI ~ The Lesson Of History Is That Creditor Elites Will Not Acknowledge How Destructive Their Mythology Is