MATT TAIBBI ~ HATE INC. ~ 2019

~ TW-T-N-N ~ This Was – Theater – Not – News

~ TTUTMNBISAWATAT-SP-F-ICCTRYP-EO-A-AAOYCH-SITY ~ The Technology Underpinning The Modern News Business Is Sophisticated And Works According To A Two-Step Process – First – It Creates Content That Reinforces Your Pre-Existing Opinions – And – After Analysis Of Your Consumer Habits – Sends It To You

~ PNTS-UTN-AS-‘TN’-B-A-AICE-ICMOMCWBTTSIOOD ~ People Need To Start – Understanding The News – Not As – “The News” – But – As – An Individualized Consumer Experience – It Creates Masses Of Media Consumers Who’ve Been Trained To See In Only One Direction

~ AITO-TIAUIKUD-AA–TMSWA-TMPIWB ~ As It Turns Out – There Is A Utility In Keeping Us Divided – As A People – The More Separate We Are – The More Politically Impotent We Become

~ OSC-WTTCTNTWSFD-WRFOT-A-HATR ~ Once Safely Captured – We’re Trained To Consume The News The Way Sports Fans Do – We Root For Our Team – And – Hate All The Rest

~ H-ITPO-I-A-M-HB-EISB ~ Hatred – Is The Partner Of – Ignorance – And – Media – Have Become – Expert In Selling Both

~ IH-TO-L-MDT-FCOIA-DOAOTK-A-FSLP-MFD-TPRD ~ Intramural Hatreds – To Obscure – Larger – More Damning Truths – Fake Controversies Of Increasing Absurdity – Deployed Over And Over To Keep – Audiences – From Seeing Larger Problems – Manufactured Fake Dissent – To Prevent Real Dissent

~ N-TPPTNMS-I-D-B-TEMPTMIC-TBTJHISEF-IHVLM ~ Now – The Primary Product The News Media Sells – Is – Division – But – The Easiest Media Product To Make Is Called – This Bad Thing Just Happened Is Someone Else’s Fault – It Has Virtually Limitless Market

~ TMM-TATCNIACW-A-PP-ATC-TBA-SOA-ET-Y-OAP-O-TOY-P-TV-O-CR-WT-M’-‘N’-WSIAO ~ To Make Money – Train Audiences To Consume News In A Certain Way – Anxious – Pre-Pissed – Addicted To Conflict – To Bring A – Series Of Assumptions – Every Time – You – Open A Paper – Or – Turn On Your – Phone – TV – Or – Car Radio – Without Them – Most – “News” – Will Seem Illogical And Offensive

~ DASBTPPWATDITBBOTV? ~ Does Anyone Seriously Believe That Powerful People Would Allow Truly Dangerous Ideas To Be Broadcast On Tv?

~ TMOOPAS-MOOPDAROP-M-AVUOSIII ~ Though Most Of Our Problems Are Systemic – Most Of Our Public Debates Are Referendums On Personality – Meanwhile – A Vast Universe Of Systemic Issues Is Ignored

~ TNPID-BEA-L-L-C-NOWTS-B-TACTPAAP ~ There’s No Percentage In Doing – Big Exposes Against – Large – Litigious – Companies – Not Only Will They Sue – But – They Are Certain To Pull Ads As Punishment

~ WLES ~ We Like Easy Stories

~ TBNSTIAFAWTMRTHAT-EITTCHTTCTTP-MPA-S-B-A-B-A-MOU-BVONV-PTON-OALBOMD ~ The Best News Stories Take Issues And Find A Way To Make Readers Think Hard About Them – Especially Inviting Them To Consider How They Themselves Contribute To The Problem – Most Problems Are – Systemic – Bipartisan – And – Bureaucratic – And – Most Of Us – By Voting Or Not Voting – Paying Taxes Or Not – Own A Little Bit Of Most Disasters

~ BTE-2000-TV-HTTC-P-EATC-S-APPF-AGOVWHNCOPAAATMOSIC-YTEWOL-A-YFDOVA ~ By The Early – 2000s – TV – Had Learned To Cover – Politics – Exactly As They Covered – Sports – A Proven Profitable Format – A Generation Of Viewers Who Had No Conception Of Politics As An Activity That Might Or Should Involve Compromise – Your Team Either Won Or Lost – And – You Felt Devastated Or Vindicated Accordingly

~ T-EIEOO-EW ~ Today – Everyone Is Effectively An Op-Ed Writer

~ TAP-WNLES-E-DRAHOHO-‘S’-BOOTWWTOSITINNLSAAF-IAR ~ The Average Person – Will No Longer Even See – Ever – Derogatory Reporting About His Or Her Own – “Side” – Being Out Of Touch With What The Other Side Is Thinking Is Now No Longer Seen As A Fault – It’s A Requirement

~ MTCWTCOEUIJO ~ Making The Culture War The Center Of Everyone’s Universe Is Job One

~ TORITJMSU ~ The Other Route Is To Just Make Shit Up

~ RTNILS-TPCHAPNIOYH ~ Reading The News Is Like Smoking – This Product Can Have A Profound Negative Impact On Your Health

~ TN-IA-CP-PTTRT ~ The News – Is A – Consumer Product – Please Try To Remember This

~ TNTYA-RTT-AN-CAP-IT-FDOCM-TISOYPMABPOTCP ~ The Notion That You Are – Reading The Truth – And Not – Consuming A Product – Is The – First Deception Of Commercial Media – The Involuntary Surrender Of Your Personal Data May Also Be Part Of The Consumer Price

~ ATCAMMMTMYROW-TB-T-IGTKYGTTS ~ All The Commercial Actors Make More Money The More You Read Or Watch – The Business – Therefore – Is Geared Toward Keeping You Glued To The Screen

~ YDNTWTMN ~ You Don’t Need To Watch That Much News

~ STCOOP-A-MCGR-W-SAGMAMLFACOT-‘FD’-OTM-APP-TOCWBMAMAS-ITSMA-WCSYANB ~ Scare The Crap Out Of People – And – Media Companies Get Richer – While – State Agencies Get More And More License For Authoritarian Crackdowns On The – “Folk Devil” – Of The Moment – A Perfect Partnership – The Only Constant Will Be More And More Authoritarian Solutions – In The Social Media Age – We Can Scare You As Never Before

~ TP-TCHOC-TESOAPAE-TASASOSM-A-Z-ZBBTS ~ The Phoniness – The Constant Hyping Of Conflict – The Endless Stroking Of Audience Prejudices And Expectations – These All Started As Staples Of Sports Media – A – Zero-Sum Battle Between Two Sides

~ OA-S ~ Overrated Anchor-Schtick

~ C-DNJTB-LAS-B-IDFAPS-YMTSSITFFTUY-TTPONTHIALU-MBIR ~ Content – Designed Not Just To Be – Lurid And Sensational – But – Immediately Disquieting From A Psychological Standpoint – You’re Meant To See Something In The First Flash That Upsets You – To The Point Of Needing To Hang In At Least Until – Mental Balance Is Restored

~ ARBACWIDATTOIP ~ A Religion Becomes A Cult When It Doesn’t Allow The Testing Of Its Premises

~ NIWSP! ~ No Interacting With Suppressive Persons!

~ AATTB-O-L-A-TAASPVOTW ~ Audiences Are Trained To Be – Obedient – Loyal – And – To Accept A Simplified Partisan View Of The World

~ A-NC-CBAVFAPP-A-BABABT ~ A – News Channel – Can’t Be A Vehicle For – A – Political Party – And – Be Anything But – A – Bad Thing

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ INFOTOPIA ~ 2006

~ BTRATPCFTFT-WTI-IIETOTVAETCO-H-T-ACE-M-O-P ~ Both The Risk And The Promise Come From The Fact That – With The Internet – It Is Easy To Obtain The Views And Even The Collaboration Of – Hundreds – Thousands – And Conceivably Even – Millions – Of – People

~ E-L-MPCADSTIECOTOD-LTWE-UC-A-UE-B-ED-TI-AOEVEIIA-APLAGDFTDBOITOPH ~ Everyday – Like-Minded People Can And Do Sort Themselves Into Echo Chambers Of Their Own Design – Leading To Wild Errors – Undue Confidence – And – Unjustified Extremism – But – Every Day – The Internet – Also Offers Exceedingly Valuable Exercises In Information Aggregation – As People Learn A Great Deal From The Dispersed Bits Of Information That Other People Have

~ IC-CUIWWHOWWCAOWCAPU ~ Information Cocoons – Communications Universes In Which We Hear Only What We Choose And Only What Comforts And Pleases Us

~ ICBCFLAOTLI-IC-W-F-P-WESOV-B-MEATPOOC-FPAPI-CCTITN ~ It Can Be Comforting For Leaders And Others To Live In – Information Cocoons – Warm – Friendly – Places – Where Everyone Shares Our Views – But – Major Errors Are The Price Of Our Comfort – For Private And Public Institutions – Cocoons Can Turn Into Terrible Nightmares

~ DDALTBD?-OIDN-GMMIPOOA-LTEOTACOFRTT-‘G’-MWPUUADS-C-TFTCIAETROA ~ Does Deliberation Actually Lead To Better Decisions? – Often It Does Not – Group Members May Impose Pressures On One Another – Leading To Extremism Or To A Consensus On Falsehood Rather Than Truth – “Groupthink” – May Well Promote Unthinking Uniformity And Dangerous Self-Censorships – Thus Failing To Combine Information And Enlarge The Range Of Arguments

~ CGDBNISODBBOI-TPITDGODNOTKTTMAH ~ Countless Groups Do Badly Not In Spite Of Deliberation But Because Of It – The Problem Is That Deliberating Groups Often Do Not Obtain The Knowledge That Their Members Actually Have

~ TGLIT-PL-EATHL-OLIC-A-DPFLHTIS ~ The General Lesson Is That – Political Leaders – Even At The Highest Levels – Often Live In Cocoons – And – Deliberation Provides Far Less Help Than It Should

~ GOFPTASOP-TDNCBIAIE-TEIHBAOMATEOIHBAFOO-TFVTBOCE-I-DOFTAAGM ~ Groups Often Fall Prey To A Series Of Problems – They Do Not Correct But Instead Amplify Individual Errors – They Emphasize Information Held By All Or Most At The Expense Of Information Held By A Few Or One – They Fall Victim To Bandwagon Or Cascade Effects – Indeed – Deliberation Often Fails To Aggregate Among Group Members

~ AIH-TPPB-IPASI-AIAD-TIOMFJAMAP-NMJAF ~ As It Happens – The Problems Posed By – Informational Pressure And Social Influences – Apply In All Domains – They Infect Our Most Fundamental Judgments About Morality And Policy – Not Merely Judgments About Facts

~ TKP-IS-GWDBTI-A-BGBTLO-SLATCAM:MRIU-A-EPIMLTNTBC ~ The Key Point – Is That – Groups Will Do Better Than Individuals – And – Big Groups Better Than Little Ones – So Long As Two Conditions Are Met: Majority Rule Is Used – And – Each Person Is More Likely Than Not To Be Correct

~ FAOCW ~ Falsehoods Are Often Conventional Wisdom

~ ASBIOOADWCSPFTGA ~ A Systematic Bias In One Or Another Direction Will Create Serious Problems For The Group’s Answers

~ GMTTBALMCATJASWOA-AKEOGIIAGST-TPCIC-WONIAI ~ Group Members Tend To Become A Lot More Confident About Their Judgments After Speaking With One Another – A Key Effect Of Group Interaction Is A Greater Sense That – The Postdeliberation Conclusion Is Correct – Whether Or Not It Actually Is

~ MOTT-DGDQPAATITTMH-WMMGT-TOFTLNAMATM-RKIOIOD-AABIKIABAOMGMHAFGRTITIKBOOOAFGM ~ Much Of The Time – Deliberating Groups Do Quite Poorly At Aggregating The Information That Their Members Have – When Many Minds Get Together – They Often Fail To Learn Nearly As Much As They Might – Relevant Knowledge Is Often Ignored Or Downplayed – Above All Because Information Known In Advance By All Or Most Group Members Has A Far Greater Role Than Information That Is Known By Only One Of A Few Group Members

~ WSGDW-IIBPSWTT-B-WDG-TMNH-ETTVOOMLPTST-MPRDLBTSD-TDNWTLSORCT ~ When Statistical Groups Do Well – It Is Because People Say What They Think – But – With Deliberating Groups – This Might Not Happen – Exposure To The Views Of Others Might Lead People To Silence Themselves – Most People Really Don’t Like Being The Sole Dissenter – They Do Not Want To Look Stupid Or To Create Trouble

~ HP-TAUTGCOBDN-ACFOIA-A-TAATC ~ Hidden Profiles – The Accurate Understandings That Groups Could Obtain But Do Not – A Clear Failure Of Information Aggregation – And – They Are All Too Common

~ CKE-IHBAGMHFMIOGJTIHBOAFM ~ Common Knowledge Effect – Information Held By All Group Members Has Far More Influence On Group Judgments Than Information Held By Only A Few Members

~ GMTTBSMCATJAD-AEAF-B-CAEAABC ~ Group Members Tend To Be Significantly More Confident About Their Judgments After Discussion – An Especially Alarming Finding – Because – Confidence And Error Are A Bad Combination

~ TITGWAIOATTBLOTHAPLTETPHIADP-CPMHLIOTG ~ Those In The Group Who Are Inexperienced Or Are Thought To Be Low On The Hierarchy Are Particularly Loath To Emphasize Their Privately Held Information As Discussion Proceeds – Cognitively Peripheral Members Have Little Influence On The Group

~ IMDG-PWEUHITAOSR-ATKI ~ In Many Deliberating Groups – People Who Emphasize Uniquely Held Information Take An Obvious Social Risk – And They Know It

~ TDM-APCU-IWYCOTTAOTYL-PIATMP-IOGIA-BPITO ~ The Daily Me – A Personalized Communications Universe – In Which You Consult Only Those Topics And Opinions That You Like – Polarization Is All The More Probable – Instead Of Good Information Aggregation – Bad Polarization Is The Outcome

~ TFT-DIBCAU-WL-TSBPMI-TDHPSRTN ~ The Fact That – Deliberation Increase Both Confidence And Uniformity – Will Leave – The Strong But Potentially Misleading Impression – That Deliberation Has Produced Sense Rather Than Nonsense

~ MHTOFAF-A-PCBWO-B-AMCSIFROWIPAH-APMRHIADG-B-IAM-TWHI-UH-AIAPTMALOM-A-TALTETO ~ Markets Have Their Own Fads And Fashions – And – Prices Can Be Way Off – But – A Market Creates Strong Incentives For Revelation Of Whatever Information People Actually Hold – A Profile May Remain Hidden In A Deliberating Group – But – In A Market – Those With Hidden Information – Uniquely Held – Are In A Position To Make A Lot Of Money – And – They Are Likely To Exploit The Opportunity

~ TPA-O-TCPOEIORC-IOUPDBEGAF-IMC-TLNBTAE-BB-IPAATC-ABO-TSBOTTABS ~ Traditional Practices Are – Often – The Congealed Product Of Earlier Information Or Reputational Cascades – Inefficient Or Unjust Practices Defended By Entrenched Groups And Factions – In Many Cases – Traditions Last Not Because They Are Excellent – But Because – Influential People Are Averse To Change – And Because Of – The Sheer Burdens Of Transition To A Better State

NASSIM TALEB ~ THE TEN PRINCIPLES FOR A BLACK-SWAN-ROBUST SOCIETY ~ THE BLACK SWAN ~ 2017

~ WIFSBE-WISS-NSEB-TBTF ~ What Is Fragile Should Break Early – While It’s Still Small – Nothing Should Ever Become – Too Big To Fail

~ NSOLAPOG-TWOCAS ~ No Socialization Of Losses And Privatization Of Gains – The Worst Of Capitalism And Socialism

~ DLSMA-‘I’-B-MANP-O-YFR-NIWD-CIARAP-NJR ~ Don’t Let Someone Making An – “Incentive” – Bonus – Manage A Nuclear Plant – Or – Your Financial Risks – No Incentives Without Disincentives – Capitalism Is About Rewards And Punishments – Not Just Rewards

~ CCWS ~ Compensate Complexity With Simplicity

~ DNGCDS-EITCWAWL-CFPNTBBBNUT-A-FARETKI ~ Do Not Give Children Dynamite Sticks – Even If They Come With A Warning Label – Complex Financial Products Need To Be Banned Because Nobody Understands Them – And – Few Are Rational Enough To Know It

~ OPSSDOC-GSNNT-‘RC’ ~ Only Ponzi Schemes Should Depend On Confidence – Governments Should Never Need To – “Restore Confidence”

~ DNGAAMDIH[/S]HWP-TDCINATP-IASO-WNR ~ Do Not Give An Addict More Drugs If He[/She] Has Withdrawal Pains – The Debt Crisis Is Not A Temporary Problem – It’s A Structural One – We Need Rehab

~ CSNDOFAAAROV-A-SNROF-‘E’-AFTR-ELSBD ~ Citizens Should Not Depend On Financial Assets As A Repository Of Value – And – Should Not Rely On Fallible – “Expert” – Advice For Their Retirement – Economic Life Should Be Definancialized

~ MAOWBE-LUMVIAREBHWNTBBBOIO-PBWTB ~ Make An Omelet With Broken Eggs – Let Us Move Voluntarily Into A Robust Economy By Helping What Needs To Be Broken Break On Its Own – Putting Bankers Where They Belong

NASSIM TALEB ~ THE BLACK SWAN ~ 2017

~ IIOTTB-CDOA-B-WUC-‘CS’-AAT-PWT-TBIA ~ It Is One Thing To Be – Cosmetically Defiant Of Authority – By – Wearing Unconventional Clothes – “Cheap Signalling” – And Another To – Prove Willingness To – Translate Belief Into Action

~ THMSFTAAICICWH:TIOU-IAWTIMC(OR)TTR;TRD-HWCAMOATF;TOOFI-A-THOAALP ~ The Human Mind Suffers From Three Ailments As It Comes Into Contact With History: The Illusion Of Understanding – In A World That Is More Complicated (Or Random) Than They Realize; The Retrospective Distortion – How We Can Assess Matters Only After The Fact; The Overvaluation Of Factual Information – And – The Handicap Of Authoritative And Learned People

~ P-TDTCRICS ~ Platonicty – The Desire To Cut Reality Into Crisp Shapes

~ TPF-IWORORCTA-B-WDNKI ~ The Platonic Fold – Is Where Our Representation Of Reality Ceases To Apply – But – We Do Not Know It

~ IS-W-DRB ~ People In Suits – Who – Don’t Read Books

~ T:AF-TAE;TR-NTN ~ Today: A Few – Take Almost Everything; The Rest – Next To Nothing

TBSP:HCWKTF-GKOTP-O-MG-HCWFOPOT(I)UBOT(F)K-SHWITP-U-W-IUNLD-A-WWHLFTPTOTBAB-IOF-AW-VM ~ The Black Swan Problem: How Can We Know The Future – Given Knowledge Of The Past – Or – More Generally – How Can We Figure Out Properties Of The (Infinite) Unknown Based On The (Finite) Known – Something Has Worked In The Past – Until – Well – It Unexpectedly No Longer Does – And – What We Have Learned From The Past Turns Out To Be At Best – Irrelevant Or False – At Worse – Viciously Misleading

~ M-ANOOTP-AS-DOROTF-ITOAOC-OO-ITUTBS ~ Mistaking – A Naive Observation Of The Past – As Something – Definitive Or Representative Of The Future – Is The One And Only Cause – Of Our – Inability To Understand The Black Swan

~ WBMP-TGTB;WTAH-WPTC ~ When Bankers Make Profits – They Get The Benefits; When They Are Hurt – We Pay The Costs

~ ACTSB ~ Avoid Crossing The Street Blindfolded

~ CS! ~ Confirmation Shmonfirmation!

~ T-ITATKAS-FOSTA-O-FTTP-IAQDAOHN-T-D-S-OOR-OMOT-OI-DOTCIWTMIP-T-‘D’-OT-OOTE ~ The – Inability To Automatically Transfer Knowledge And Sophistication – From One Situation To Another – Or – From Theory To Practice – Is A Quite Disturbing Attribute Of Human Nature – The – Domain-Specificity – Of Our Reactions – Our Mode Of Thinking – Our Intuitions – Depend On The Context In Which The Matter Is Presented – The – “Domain” – Of The – Object Or The Event

~ AMM-NE-WHANTTLFITCOSAOVOTW-TIAAETF ~ A Mental Mechanism – Naive Empiricism – We Have A Natural Tendency To Look For Instance That Confirm Our Story And Our Vision Of The World – These Instances Are Always Easy To Find

~ MWTTCYTTSIUTS-BPOIWIPH-NTWIWAWOT-O-W-TNMATIASCOSOTTHUNOEMT ~ Mathematicians Will Try To Convince You That Their Science Is Useful To Society – By Pointing Out Instances Where It Proved Helpful – Not Those Where It Was A Waste Of Time – Or – Worse – Those Numerous Mathematical Applications That Inflicted A Severe Cost On Society Owing To The Highly Unempirical Nature Of Elegant Mathematical Theories

~ OYMIIW-ACVOTW-YWTTOCIPYTBR-P-TMIYH-TMJYWFIYV ~ Once Your Mind Is Inhabited With – A Certain View Of The World – You Will Tend To Only Consider Instances Proving You To Be Right – Paradoxically – The More Information You Have – The More Justified You Will Feel In Your Views

~ IWTBR ~ Information Wants To Be Reduced

~ U-A-TSPO-S-ITGTTT-NT-GYAFOOOMYFB ~ Unlike – Art – The Stated Purpose Of – Science – Is To Get To The Truth – Not To – Give You A Feeling Of Organization Or Make You Feel Better

~ WTTUKAT ~ We Tend To Use Knowledge As Therapy

~ WWTBTS-A-TINWWT-ETWSCMTWTSPCDOR ~ We Want To Be Told Stories – And – There Is Nothing Wrong With That – Except That We Should Check More Thoroughly Whether The Story Provides Consequential Distortions Of Reality

~ WDWA-BS-J-TWO ~ We Do Worry About – Black Swans – Just – The Wrong Ones

~ TWTA-TIO-TNF-ITF-EOS-EOH-A-CKOT ~ The Way To Avoid – The Ills Of – The Narrative Fallacy – Is To Favor – Experimentation Over Storytelling – Experience Over History – And – Clinical Knowledge Over Theories

~ LITAOH ~ Living In The Antechamber Of Hope

~ WASA-HIOP ~ We Are Social Animals – Hell Is Other People

~ LP-API-INTN ~ Linear Progression – A Platonic Idea – Is Not The Norm

~ BSDMOHH ~ Black Swans Dominate Much Of Human History

~ OOTAOABSIAAIC-EPON ~ One Of The Attributes Of A Black Swan Is An Asymmetry In Consequences – Either Positive Or Negative

~ BOBU ~ Bleed Or Blow Up

~ SE-PECTTNO-H ~ Silent Evidence – Pervades Everything Connected To The Notion Of – History

~ TUSAAWCT-WNTSTTPIF ~ To Understand Successes And Analyze What Caused Them – We Need To Study The Traits Present In Failures

~ WSTOAVC-N-TIALOO-YTUCCB-N-GA-MM ~ We See The Obvious And Visible Consequences – Not – The Invisible And Less Obvious Ones – Yet These Unseen Consequences Can Be – Nay – Generally Are – More Meaningful

~ TGOAMOSE:TIOS ~ The Gravest Of All Manifestations Of Silent Evidence: The Illusion Of Stability

~ TRPA:DNCO-FTVPOTWG-BF-ATWSITC ~ The Reference Point Argument: Do Not Compute Odds – From The Vantage Point Of The Winning Gambler – But From – All Those Who Started In The Cohort

~ OOS-OOM-WH-AN-EP-SOTA ~ Out Of Sight – Out Of Mind – We Harbor – A Natural – Even Physical – Scorn Of The Abstract

~ TLF:TAOTUWFIRLHLCTTSOWEIEAG ~ The Ludic Fallacy: The Attributes Of The Uncertainty We Face In Real Life Have Little Connection To The Sterilized Ones We Encounter In Exams And Games

~ TCOS-IP ~ The Club Of Single-Idea People

~ WN-C-RAUAA-WRWHH-IWCHH ~ We Need – Context – Randomness And Uncertainty Are Abstractions – We Respect What Has Happened – Ignoring What Could Have Happened

~ TYTSTDB-TSATE-P-N-N-ITRTOOUOTW ~ Train Yourself To Spot The Difference Between – The Sensational And The Empirical – Prediction – Not – Narration – Is The Real Test Of Our Understanding Of The World

~ TLTROTBS-THIWBFUTP-S ~ The Larger The Role Of The Black Swan – The Harder It Will Be For Us To Predict – Sorry

~ TES ~ The Empty Suit

~ YCIS-D-LOKADATQOYKCT-TSPTMYKLAMYSWYK ~ You Cannot Ignore Self-Delusion – Lack Of Knowledge And Delusion About The Quality Of Your Knowledge Come Together – The Same Process That Makes You Know Less Also Makes You Satisfied With Your Knowledge

~ T-‘AR’-D ~ The – “Almost Right” – Defense

~ T-TNOSOUOTPI ~ Tunnelling – The Neglect Of Sources Of Uncertainty Outside The Plan Itself

~ DCARIII(OA)FFD ~ Don’t Cross A River If It Is (On Average) Four Feet Deep

~ TOKEMTBBI ~ They Only Knew Enough Math To Be Blinded By It

~ TPCI ~ The Personal Crisis Industry

~ TWIOAAFU ~ The World Is Opaque And Appearances Fool Us

~ TM-WTTHIAOTAEOATBEWMT-TMWGIT ~ The More – We Try To Turn History Into Anything Other Than An Enumeration Of Accounts To Be Enjoyed With Minimal Theorizing – The More We Get Into Trouble

~ BAOTNEOMN ~ Be Aware Of The Numbing Effect Of Magic Numbers

~ IYHA-‘P’E-UTW-E-O-ND-DNAWH;JIH-O-TTPARDHS ~ If You Hear A – “Prominent” Economist – Using The World – Equilibrium – Or – Normal Distribution – Do Not Argue With Him; Just Ignore Him – Or – Try To Put A Rat Down His Shirt

~ WCTT-BS-I-GS-STS-RTSE ~ We Can Turn These – Black Swans – Into – Gray Swans – So To Speak – Reducing Their Surprise Effect

~ IPM-NTTT-EIDOS ~ I Promised Myself – Never To Teach Trash – Even If Dying Of Starvation

~ ASO ~ Academically Stamped Obscurantism

~ PWWAPIODCBDTS ~ People Who Worry About Pennies Instead Of Dollars Can Be Dangerous To Society

~ IIMDTBALIAGUSUY ~ It Is More Difficult To Be A Loser In A Game You Set Up Yourself

~ RTYAABS ~ Remember That You Are A Black Swan

~ A-TYFRMB ~ And – Thank You For Reading My Book

URSULA FRANKLIN ~ A CHECKLIST TO HELP IN THE DISCOURSE ON PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING ~ THE REAL WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY ~ 1990

~ PJ ~ Promotes Justice

~ RR ~ Restores Reciprocity

~ CDOIB ~ Confers Divisible Or Indivisible Benefits

~ FPOM ~ Favours People Over Machines

~ MGOMD ~ Maximizes Gain Or Minimizes Disaster

~ CIFOW ~ Conservation Is Favoured Over Waste

~ TRIFOTI ~ The Reversible Is Favoured Over The Irreversible

URSULA FRANKLIN ~ THE REAL WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY ~ 1990

~ T-L-D-I-IAP-MAVMOR-A-LD-TCTSAIRBU ~ Technology – Like – Democracy – Includes – Ideas And Practices – Myths And Various Models Of Reality – And – Like Democracy – Technology Changes The Social And Individual Relationships Between Us

~ TIAS-I-I-O-P-S-NW-E-A-MOA-AM ~ Technology Is A System – It – Involves – Organization – Procedures – Symbols – New Words – Equations – And – Most Of All – A Mindset

~ WNT-E-TNSCOE-AWA-TCNOCACTHBBABTS-TANTBEAAAOPAC ~ We Need To – Examine – The New Social Class Of Experts – As Well As – The Changing Nature Of Community And Constituency That Has Been Brought About By Technological Systems – Technology Also Needs To Be Examined As An Agent Of Power And Control

~ TVO-T-L-D-DITEOTPOJAOTEOLTP ~ The Viability Of – Technology – Like – Democracy – Depends In The End On The Practice Of Justice And On The Enforcement Of Limits To Power

~ PTACITMAOWAHITLC-A-PM-MIQETCCFAI ~ Processes That Are Cheap In The Marketplace Are Often Wasteful And Harmful In The Larger Context – And – Production Models – Make It Quite Easy To Consider Contextual Factors As Irrelevant

~ TRWOTSTI-AITIMAD-A-ABAOP ~ The Real World Of Technology Seems To Involve – An Inherent Trust In Machines And Devices – And – A Basic Apprehension Of People

~ TPO-R-CC-O-EO-AEATTP-SINA ~ The Presence Of – Reporters – Camera Crews – Or – External Observers – Affects Events As They Take Place – Sometimes Initiating New Actions

~ MIHSPEFOLTTANLPAEIOAP ~ Media Images Have So Permeated Every Facet Of Life That They Are No Longer Perceived As External Intrusions Or As Pseudorealities

~ T-TR-HVMTFAAORD-ITNTTLIUTQDCAP ~ Today – Technological Rationales – Have Very Much The Force And Authority Of Religious Doctrine – Including The Notion That The Laity Is Unfit To Question Doctrinal Content And Practice

~ SECOIP ~ Shared Experience Carried Out In Private

~ IG-TA-ROE-R-RISMOIGAT-AGCAIP ~ In General – Technical Arrangements – Reduce Or Eliminate – Reciprocity – Reciprocity Is Some Manner Of Interactive Give And Take – A Genuine Communication Among Interacting Parties

~ WWIS-TIOC-L-TN-A-ALMTANLIU ~ When Work Isn’t Shared – The Instruments Of Cooperation – Listening – Taking Note – Adjusting – Atrophy Like Muscles That Are No Longer In Use

~ HWOSCWIP-WMAMPLI-TIHI? ~ How Will Our Society Cope With Its Problems – When More And More People Live In – Technologically Induced Human Isolation?

~ OC-Q-A-IH-M-TEOP ~ One Can – Question – And – I Hope – Mitigate – The Encroachments Of Pseudorealities

~ TFTCAMAMSCAM-IOCANAFBQ-AANFOTS ~ The Fact That Citizens Are More And More Stringently Controlled And Managed – Is Often Considered As Normal And Fundamentally Beyond Questioning – As A Necessary Feature Of Technological Societies

~ TORAP ~ Tools Often Redefine A Problem

~ TEIC-PLDITPOTBPOASL ~ Technology Exists In Context – Patterns Laid Down In The Practice Of Technology Become Part Of A Society’s Life

~ PACPOS-IIODTSWOEATOB-STIACOE-EACFPWMWEBGATTE-TAET-TAUOTSSC-A-RATATREOTPTD-ATST-PDAAATQITAIPTAITOC ~ Public And Corporate Planning Overlap Significantly – It Is Often Difficult To See Where One Ends And The Other Begins – Since There Is A Communality Of Expertise – Expert Advice Comes From Professionals Who Move With Ease Between Governments And Technological Enterprises – They Are Educated Together – They Are Usually Of The Same Social Class – And – Rarely Are They At The Receiving End Of The Plans They Devise – At The Same Time – Political Decisions Are Addressed As Technical Questions In Terms And In Places That Are Inaccessible To Ordinary Citizens

~ STTOT-IR-PPAPR-HP-TINFTEONT-A-FTDAUOTPOTNI ~ Since The Time Of The – Industrial Revolution – Public Planning And Public Resources – Have Provided – The Infrastructures Necessary For The Expansion Of New Technologies – And – For The Diffusion And Use Of The Products Of The New Industries

~ MTS-WEFCAOD-ABA-P-PASASOPWTISAASOS ~ Many Technological Systems – When Examined For Context And Overall Design – Are Basically Anti-People – People Are Seen As Sources Of Problems While Technology Is Seen As A Source Of Solutions

~ TNTMTCASOPAG-A-PMBLUAASOSHVREPPOEPC ~ The Notion That Maybe Technology Constitutes A Source Of Problems And Grievances – And – People Might Be Looked Upon As A Source Of Solutions Has Very Rarely Entered Public Policy Or Even Public Consciousness

~ JAIIETGGATIITAI-IIMMFTPTIITBSTPMBO ~ Just As It Is Easier To Give Good Advice Than It Is To Accept It – It Is Much More Fun To Plan Than It Is To Be Subjected To Plans Made By Others

~ TDOEOPBTPIL-TPO-ATMODITRWOT ~ The Degree Of Effectiveness Of Participation By The Plannees In Long-Term Planning Operations – A True Measure Of Democracy In The Real World Of Technology

~ PISFCOWTPKOC ~ Planning Is So Frequently Carried Out Without The Plannees’ Knowledge Or Consent

~ IAPOP-N-SBCAASAIP ~ In All Processes Of Planning – Nature – Should Be Considered As A Strong And Independent Power

~ APATFTIOTMFOCAITEAVOTPAWATPWDTT ~ Any Plausible Approach To Forecasting The Impact Of Technology Must Focus On Context And Involve The Experience And Views Of The Plannees A Well As The Planners Who Design The Technology

~ AMAMODLITRWOTICV-PT-TLOTBTOADOTOSL-SA-TLOC-O-TLOO-TLOES-O-TLOLIN ~ As More And More Of Daily Life In The Real World Of Technology Is Conducted Via – Prescriptive Technologies – The Logic Of Technology Begins To Overpower And Displace Other Types Of Social Logic – Such As – The Logic Of Compassion – Or – The Logic Of Obligation – The Logic Of Ecological Survival – Or – The Logic Of Linkages Into Nature

~ IODWTIONTAPWTITE-POLTTCBATTE ~ If One Doesn’t Watch The Introduction Of New Technologies And Particularly Watch The Infrastructures That Emerge – Promise Of Liberation Through Technology Can Become A Ticket To Enslavement

~ TOPOTSSHBABANBGOTTMTS-‘TC’-AASOIB ~ The Ongoing Provision Of Technological Support Structures Has Been Accompanied By A Neglect By Governments Of Their Traditional Mandate To Safeguard – “The Commons” – As A Source Of Indivisible Benefits

~ WHLTIOGITO-RAATTP-WNHNBABOM-WRTCTMISFT-WIN-T-ITCORTIOGITORAATTPAP ~ We Have Lost The Institution Of Government In Terms Of – Responsibility And Accountability To The People – We Now Have Nothing But A Bunch Of Managers – Who Run The Country To Make It Safe For Technology – What Is Needed – Then – Is To Change Or Reform The Institution Of Government In Terms Of Responsibility And Accountability To The People As People

~ FOA-IINTTTBTTPUARAHC-MOTITNTBAABAAIOJ-WBNAECOJAFTTMTFIA ~ First Of All – It Is Necessary To Transcend The Barriers That Technology Puts Up Against Reciprocity And Human Contact – Many Of The Issues That Need To Be Addressed Are Best Addressed As Issues Of Justice – We Badly Need An Expanded Concept Of Justice And Fairness That Takes Mortgaging The Future Into Account

~ TVOTPANUHITD ~ The Voices Of The Powerless Are Not Usually Heard In Technological Deliberations

~ A:’WBAWC’?~ Ask: “Whose Benefits And Whose Costs”?

~ RTWWHAMIOPLTESOTIIRNTMTA ~ Requiring Those Whose Work Has A Major Impact On People’s Lives To Experience Some Of The Impact Is Really Not Too Much To Ask

~ GHTTATTBSOTAIGATEOOO ~ Governments Have Turned Their Attention To The Blind Support Of Technology And Its Growth At The Expense Of Other Obligations

~ ATO-SAEA-DNYE-TNTBDAI ~ Adequate Technologies Of – Social And Environmental Accounting – Do Not Yet Exist – They Need To Be Developed And Implemented

~ NETITP-IEDONFTW-BOAC ~ Not Everything That Is Technologically Possible – Is Either Desirable Or Necessary For The Well-Being Of A Country

~ WHTPINAMFTAER-B-SBTCFFAOGAC ~ What Happens To People Is Not A Mere Footnote To An Economic Report – But – Should Be The Central Focus For Action Of Governments And Communities

TIM WU ~ THE ATTENTION MERCHANTS ~ 2016

~ TWOATW-WBCOTL-MPOL-H/S/SI-AT-WS-SFAAC-WHCTAAVDWOB-WNEBOOLICETTEICB ~ There Was Once A Time When – Whether By Convention Or Technological Limitation – Many Parts Of Life – Home / School / Social Interaction – Among Them – Were Sanctuaries – Sheltered From Advertising And Commerce – We Have Come To Accept A Very Different Way Of Being – Whereby Nearly Every Bit Of Our Lives Is Commercially Exploited To The Extent It Can Be

~ WAAR-WQFRI-O-LLTALOOTWI ~ We Are At Risk – Without Quite Fully Realizing It – Of – Living Lives That Are Less Our Own Than We Imagine

~ ITHOACTUAIIT-TLAOT-A-WR-R-S-I ~ If The History Of Attention Capture Teaches Us Anything It Is That – The Limits Are Often Theoretical – And – When Real – Rarely – Self-Imposed

~ ARA-O-ATSOH-I-O-CTD ~ As Remarkable As – Our – Ability To See Or Hear – Is – Our – Capacity To Disregard

~ BTDAUIBTNC-MPPHNNTITG ~ Before The Democratic Age Ushered In By The Nineteenth Century – Most Political Powers Had No Need To Influence The Governed

~ TTSUTS-PM-ASRUT-EI-TSDODABSIPI ~ The Techniques Successfully Used To Sell – Patent Medicine – Are Still Routinely Used Today – Exotic Ingredients – The Supposed Degree Of Difference Afforded By Some Ingenious Proprietary Innovation

~ FAOSRATA-PF-STTCOMT-REITHP-AOTATAI ~ For All Our Secular Rationalism And Technological Advances – Potential For – Surrender To The Charms Of Magical Thinking – Remains Embedded In The Human Psyche – Awaiting Only The Advertiser To Awaken It

~ TCOAPDOAR ~ The Complicity Of A Press Dependent On Advertising Revenue

~ SA: CTDFPTOMNE-‘DE’+TRNDO-‘B’-CL-BCTI-VON-TSTSIAFOLI=TFDO-‘T’-A-ATTYMBIS-ANCKA-TFC ~ Scientific Advertising: Creating The Desire For Products That Otherwise Might Not Exist – “demand Engineering” + The Relatively New Discipline Of – “Branding” – Creating Loyalty – By Creating The Impression – Valid Or Not – That Something Truly Set It Apart From Others Like It + The First Deployment Of – “Targeted” – Advertisements – Addressed To The Yet Mysterious But Increasingly Sought-After New Creature Known As – The Female Consumer

~ DWEBSNSMTTPWSTPBTTPEAA ~ Demand Was Engineered By Showing Not So Much That The Product Would Solve The Problem But That The Problem Existed At All

~ TMOPFFP ~ The Manipulation Of Public Fears For Profit

~ GFBTQOUOEQAAMOBD-ABTIPWTAATCCIW ~ Going Far Beyond The Question Of Usefulness Or Even Quality As A Matter Of Brand Development – Advertisers Began To Imbue Products With Traits And Associations That Consumers Could Identify With

~ CE ~ Celebrity Endorsements

~ TIV-‘S’-T-TAIHBAIEEFCAIR-IDSBBINFPO-GC-PW-ACRITSA-PSPHADS-BN-NSOACWDSITSOC-AIMIAUFTSC ~ Through Its Variously – “Scientific” – Techniques – The Advertising Industry Had Become An Increasingly Efficient Engine For Converting Attention Into Revenue – It Did So By Beginning Its Now Familiar Practice Of – Giving Consumers – Particularly Women – A Constantly Receding Ideal To Strive After – Perhaps Social Practice Had Always Done So – But Now – New Strategies Of Attention Capture Were Doing So In The Service Of Commerce – An Infinitely More Insatiable And Unyielding Force Than Social Convention

~ TMEBA-DNTTCYTMAC-B-RTCYTTINC-TBA-ITAENSMTPATC-AIMS-ICA-PC-WLCBIB-MI ~ The Most Effective Brand Advertising – Does Not Try To Convince You To Make A Choice – But – Rather To Convince You That There Is No Choice – True Brand Advertising – Is Therefore An Effort Not So Much To Persuade As To Convert – At Its Most Successful – It Creates A – Product Cult – Whose Loyalists Cannot Be Influenced By – Mere Information

~ BMONT-AAIM-C-WEWHBFMOAMS-TH ~ By Means Of New Technologies – Advertising And Its Master – Commerce – Would Enter What Had Been For Millennia Our Attention’s Main Sanctuary – The Home

~ R-‘S’-I-15MS-TAOTS-TPO-AEO-TBIGAWTHAEAUMBTBOEPATOA-BTP-RWHITAAEDNM ~ Radio – “Serial” – In – 15 Minute Instalments – The Ancestor Of The Sitcoms – The Power Of – An Entertainment Offering – To Bring In Giant Audiences Willing To Hear Advertising Effected An Unlikely Merger Between The Business Of Entertainment Producers And That Of Advertisers – Before This Point – Received Wisdom Had It That Advertising And Entertainment Did Not Mix

~ HPTFITEH-BWPTCOPOTDLWAAYU-R-STWFSWDSO-TWAHWLTD-TTATMCTHBS ~ Having Planted The Flag In The Evening Hours – Broadcasters Would Proceed To Colonize Other Parts Of The Day Laden With Attention As Yet Un-Reaped – Soon They Would Find Success With Daytime Soap Operas – Targeting Women At Home With Little To Do – Thanks To All The Modern Conveniences They Had Been Sold

~ TIO-PT-IAWAI-EF-TSD-BWWPAT-TNFOAEPLTTSSATSTEDCNHBC-ANDOSA-ESI-PT-W(ATALDR)AMROCA-AFDPT ~ The Invention Of – Prime Time – Insofar As We Are Influenced – Even Formed – To Some Degree – By Whatever We Pay Attention To – The Novel Fact Of An Entire Population Listening To The Same Show At The Same Time Every Day Could Not Help But Create – A New Degree Of Shared Awareness – Even Shared Identity – Prime Time – Was (And To A Lesser Degree Remains) A Massive Ritual Of Collective Attention – A Force Drawing People Together

~ BR-W-IIED-TOAAMOS-A-SABR-TOTBFOCI-IWTBFT-E-E-A-E-OT-P

~ Broadcast Radio – Was – In Its Early Days – Thought Of As A Miracle Of Science – A – Sacred And Blessed Realm – That Ought Be Free Of Commercial Intrusion – It Was To Be For The – Education – Entertainment – And – Enlightenment – Of The – Public

~ QMOAC-ATBTPAMAVOTA ~ Quantitative Measure Of Attention Capture – Allowed The Broadcaster To Put A More Accurate Value On The Airtime

~ C-MBTCOIF-B-ATHOHS-TUTSTSLATTTSCBJAU-INMS-TPAAHAUT ~ Choice – May Be The Cornerstone Of Individual Freedom – But – As The History Of Humanity Shows – The Urge To Surrender To Something Larger And To Transcend The Self Can Be Just As Urgent – If Not More So – The Greatest Propagandists And Advertisers Have Always Understood This

~ ATIPOTMSWBITH-SCASTIMBAFFGON-JWUWTAGBTBPT? ~ As The Immersive Power Of The Movie Screen Was Brought Into The Home – Some Could Already See That It Might Be A Force For Greatness Or Nothingness – Just What Uses Would The Attention Gathered By Television Be Put To?

~ TTTEOT-PIM-BWFTAWST ~ Thanks To The Erosion Of The – Public Interest Model – Broadcasters Were Free To Air What Suited Them

~ AI-OC-HASO-N ~ All Individualism – Of Course – Harbor A Strain Of – Narcissism

~ TAEI ~ Technology Always Embodies Ideology

~ TDTIOCOOAWSHTVOE ~ Technologies Designed To Increase Our Control Over Our Attention Will Sometimes Have The Very Opposite Effect

~ TTS ~ The Third Screen

~ TMEWOMABINWACPR-B-RWWIT-‘VR’-TI-RTVITFOM-BCRIIFMPT-‘E’-TBIR ~ The Most Effective Way Of Maintaining A Behaviour Is Not With A Consistent Predictable Reward – But – Rather With What Is Termed – “Variable Reinforcement” – That Is – Rewards That Very In Their Frequency Or Magnitude – Behavior Consistently Rewarded Is In Fact More Prone To – “Extinction” – Than Behaviour Inconsistently Rewarded

~ E-A-OOHGFOMSC-TAPO-C-I-TRCHA ~ Email – Arguably – One Of History’s Greatest Feats Of Mass Skinneresque Conditioning – The Almighty Power Of – Check-In – To Regularly Collect Human Attention

~ TPOTAMIR-FICCFCIQAE ~ The Path Of The Attention Merchants Is Risky – For It Can Call For Compromises In Quality And Ethics

~ T-C-I-C ~ The – Celebrity-Industrial – Complex

~ C-A-P-E ~ Celebrity-Attention-Product-Endorsers

~ PV ~ Pathology Voyeurism

~ HCE ~ Here Comes Everyone

~ AVAP ~ A Virtual Attention Plantation

~ TIOBM ~ The Importance Of Being Microfamous

~ TD-L ~ The D-List

~ TFSATMON ~ The Fourth Screen And The Mirror Of Narcissus

~ TAMMD-FNO-WTG-YSG-T-A-OC-TA ~ The Attention Merchant’s Manifest Destiny – From Now On – Whither Thou Goest – Your Smartphone Goes – Too – And – Of Course – The Ads

~ OTCC-TMVHR-INO-CAP-ILTB-OOCAMS ~ Over The Coming Century – The Most Vital Human Resource – In Need Of – Conservation And Protection – Is Likely To Be – Our Own Consciousnesses And Mental Space