JOSEPH STIGLITZ ~ THE PRICE OF INEQUALITY ~ HOW TODAY’S DIVIDED SOCIETY ENDANGERS OUR FUTURE ~ NORTON ~ 2012

~ SGVFCTC-TWSST-TWACUT-IMW-T-EAPS-HF-A-T-BWFU ~ Specific Grievances Varied From Country To Country – There Were Some Shared Themes – There Was A Common Understanding That – In Many Ways – The – Economic And Political System – Had Failed – And – That – Both Were Fundamentally Unfair

~ TGBWOEAPSASTD-WWWTTDD-AWTAC-BTLTBI ~ The Gap Between What Our Economic And Political Systems Are Supposed To Do – What We Were Told They Did Do – And What They Actually Do – Became Too Large To Be Ignored

~ TBHTB-T-WGA-WHBTATEED-ACLATSSTTWNAA-TBHITBTW ~ The Bankers Had Taken Bets – That – Without Government Assistance – Would Have Brought Them And The Entire Economy Down – A Closer Look At The System Showed That This Was Not An Accident – The Bankers Had Incentives To Behave This Way

~ TMOINE ~ The Market Obviously Is Not Efficient

~ U-TIOTMTGJFSMC-ITWFOTM-TGSOI-AAMCOI ~ Unemployment – The Inability Of The Market To Generate Jobs For So Many Citizens – Is The Worst Failure Of The Market – The Greatest Source Of Inefficiency – And A Major Cause Of Inequality

~ WHEHAHP ~ We Have Empty Homes And Homeless People

~ WAPAHPFO-I-AESTISSALE-WLG-A-ADTHBPIP ~ We Are Paying A High Price For Our – Inequality – An Economic System That Is Less Stable And Less Efficient – With Less Growth – And – A Democracy That Has Been Put Into Peril

~ TPOMIE-BTHNIMC ~ The Power Of Markets Is Enormous – But They Have No Inherent Moral Character

~ ATB-MHPACRITSIIPASOLITPTHY-BGHAPAMRITA-AFTF-MATFTA ~ At Their Best – Markets Have Played A Central Role In The Stunning Increases In Productivity And Standards Of Living In The Past Two Hundred Years – But Government Has Also Played A Major Role In These Advances – A Fact That Free-Market Advocates Typically Fail To Acknowledge

~ OTOH-MCACW-PECOTS-A-AWAC ~ On The Other Hand – Markets Can Also Concentrate Wealth – Pass Environmental Costs On To Society – And – Abuse Workers And Consumers

~ TFIPAEAR-ATREO-PHSTM-ASIIWT-ATT-ATEOTR ~ The Failures In Politics And Economics Are Related – And They Reinforce Each Other – Politics Have Shaped The Market – And Shaped It In Ways That – Advantage The Top – At The Expense Of The Rest

~ UMDNWW-AWHS ~ Unfettered Markets Do Not Work Well – As We Have Seen

~ TLOI-A-TAOO-INI-NIIRRSTPOIMF ~ The Level Of Inequality – And – The Absence Of Opportunity – Is Not Inevitable – Nor Is Its Recent Rise Simply The Product Of Inexorable Market Forces

~ IA-ATAM-ATTCTGMMTTTWBE-PBIWLTMG-TIAIC-T-DE-IHALP-AHLBD-HIHNLTMG ~ Inequality’s Apologists – And They Are Many – Argue To The Contrary That Giving More Money To The Top Will Benefit Everyone – Partly Because It Would Led To More Growth – This Is An Idea Called – Trickle-Down Economics – It Has A Long Pedigree – And Has Long Been Discredited – Higher Inequality Has Not Led To More Growth

~ SDIIFTBIP-TETERTTSAA-‘PT’ ~ So Difficult Is It For Those Born Into Poverty To Escape – That Economists Refer To The Situation As A – “Poverty Trap”

~ MOIIDFCCAOI ~ Measures Of Income Inequality Don’t Fully Capture Critical Aspects Of Inequality

~ MOTITETIARO-GP-BWTGDAWIDND-IITROPFAMAOEO ~ Much Of The Inequality That Exists Today Is A Result Of – Government Policy – Both What The Government Does And What It Does Not Do – Inequality Is The Result Of Political Forces As Much As Of Economic Ones

~ TMTMA-TMCTALTB-WGI-CMCEAD ~ The More Transparent Markets Are – The More Competitive They Are Likely To Be – Without Good Information – Capital Markets Can’t Exercise Any Discipline

~ T-WAS-CWI;IC-T-T-‘R’-O-L/NR-WMTD ~ Taxing – Work And Savings – Can Weaken Incentives; In Contrast – Taxing – The – “Rents” – On – Land / Natural Resources – Won’t Make Them Disappear

~ INHTBWITGSY-F-$500M-AM-TW-$1B~ It’s Not Hard To Become Wealthy If The Government Sells You – For – $500 Million – A Mine – That’s Worth – $1 Billion

~ TSWTASMIGTGTGYO ~ The Simplest Way To A Sustainable Monopoly Is Getting The Government To Give You One

~ IOTTWIAFG-IQATBATWTROTG-A-IEW-IYCCYOR ~ It’s One Thing To Win In A Fair Game – It’s Quite Another To Be Able To Write The Rules Of The Game – And – It’s Even Worse – If You Can Choose Your Own Referees

~ ‘RC’-TOTRC-CFARTTSTTASTR-STSW-GWRITP-GC ~ “Regulatory Capture” – Those On The Regulatory Commissions – Come From And Return To The Sector That They Are Supposed To Regulate – Serve The Sector Well – Get Well Rewarded In Their Post-Government Career

~ ITGGYTRT-E-R-F-F-IDTAGTMAF ~ If The Government Grants You The Right To – Extract – Resources – For – Free – It Doesn’t Take A Genius To Make A Fortune

~ OESRP-NMHTM-AIA-M-CE-INSTSMSPTTS ~ Our Economic System Rewards Profits – No Matter How They’re Made – And In A – Money-Centric Economy – It’s Not Surprising To See Moral Scruples Put To The Side

~ TMDOAIS-IC ~ The Major Determinant Of An Individual’s Success – Initial Conditions

~ LIR-LR-A-ADADFS-CTTROTE-FAM ~ Low Interest Rates – Lax Regulations – And – A Distorted And Dysfunctional Financial Sector – Came To The Rescue Of The Economy – For A Moment

~ R-ATROTG-TEC-TPA-TPTTCPT ~ Regulations – Are The Rules Of The Game – To Ensure Competition – To Prevent Abuses – To Protect Those That Cannot Protect Themselves

~ MOTIIOE:TROR-S ~ Much Of The Inequality In Our Economy: The Result Of Rent-Seeking

~ TFSIST-STROTE-NTOWA ~ The Financial Sector Is Supposed To – Serve The Rest Of The Economy – Not The Other Way Around

~ MOT-‘FI’-WDT-CR-AALL-REP ~ Many Of These – “Financial Innovations” – Were Designed To – Circumvent Regulations – And Actually Lowered Long-Run Economic Performance

~ TCBDAWACC ~ There Can Be Destructive As Well As Constructive Competition

~ IF-ATPOF-IP ~ Increasing Fairness – And The Perception Of Fairness – Increases Productivity

~ TSTOEAPSIU-UT-WIEFTFOOS ~ The Sense That Our Economic And Political System Is Unfair – Undermines Trust – Which Is Essential For The Functioning Of Our Society

~ G-ITFITWWAT-C-TSTNP ~ Government – Is The Formal Institution Through Which We Act Together – Collectively – To Solve The Nation’s Problems

~ CATAIIESOS ~ Cooperation And Trust Are Important In Every Sphere Of Society

~ WOU-TROT-IMOEW-O-TIOTSC-TBUT ~ We Often Underestimate – The Role Of Trust – In Making Our Economy Work – Or – The Importance Of The Social Contract – That Binds Us Together

~ SC-ITGTHST ~ Social Capital – Is The Glue That Holds Societies Together

~ OCSH-D-NS-D-A-FAUG ~ One Cannot Simultaneously Have – Democracy – National Self-Determination – And – Full And Unfettered Globalization

~ N-ITHOTP-HSM-GSM-TSF-WWSR-WAAIR ~ Never – In The History Of The Planet – Had So Many – Given So Much – To So Few – Who Were So Rich – Without Asking Anything In Return

~ MH-BBHRAPLTERTBB ~ Moral Hazard – Bank Bailouts Had Repeatedly And Predictably Led To Excessive Risk Taking By Banks

~ RBBHIHCOT ~ Repeated Bank Bailouts Have Imposed High Costs On Taxpayers

~ ATW-TEO-FP-AL ~ Around The World – The Examples Of – Failed Privatizations – Are Legion

~ MOCWIHWTTC ~ Much Of Corporate Welfare Is Hidden Within The Tax Code

~ MCWITISD-ICGOTUOTR-WTBTL ~ Markets Can’t Work If There Isn’t Some Discipline – If Companies Get Only The Upside Of The Risks – With Taxpayer Bearing The Losses

~ WTWIO-DHTBTFCOTA-TWHII-NTIT-A-TTPTAROI ~ When Those Who Injure Others – Don’t Have To Bear The Full Consequences Of Their Actions – They Will Have Inadequate Incentives – Not To Injure Them – And – To Take Precautions To Avoid Risks Of Injury

~ IEPIACBTUD-PCWF ~ If Economic Power In A Country Becomes Too Unevenly Distributed – Political Consequences Will Follow

~ IAD-API-APAIM-ACBIAPI-MHSDOA-OTMSTTINM-ABDAEP ~ In Any Democracy – A Public Institution – And Pretend As It Might – A Central Bank Is A Public Institution – Must Have Some Degree Of Accountability – Oversight To Make Sure That There Is No Malfeasance – A Central Bank’s Decisions Are Essentially Political

~ AWIP ~ Another World Is Possible

~ N-TPOE-TPOEAF ~ Not – The Politics Of Envy – The Politics Of Efficiency And Fairness

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans – They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

THOMAS MOORE ~ A LIFE AT WORK ~ 2008

~ A-LW-IAMAEAAACA ~ A – Life Work – Is As Much An Emotional Accomplishment As A Concrete Achievement

~ MPSIWTFTTDANIOTAETFAWTD ~ Many People So Identify With Their Failures That They Develop A Negative Image Of Themselves And Expect To Fail At Whatever They Do

~ SPCRAPWTFOFITAKTSATCL ~ Successful People Can Reach A Plateau Where The Fear Of Failure Inhibits Them And Keeps Them Stuck At Their Current Level

~ A-LW-IMASTAF-ARTYWHBMANTIHFBCAF ~ A Life Work Is More A Sensation Than A Fact – A Realization That Your Work Has Been Meaningful And Not That It Has Finally Become Complete And Flawless

~ SBCPITPFTFTFTWTW-BIADM-IHYTAFYAYC ~ Some Blame Certain People In Their Past For Their Failure To Find The Work They Want – Blaming Is A Defensive Maneuver – It Helps You To Avoid Facing Yourself And Your Choices

~ TPINAPTBS-IYM-TCTOWYAAHYCTTPIYL ~ The Past Is Not A Problem To Be Solved – It’s Your Mystery – The Complicated Tale Of Who You Are And How You Came To This Point In Your Life

~ MPLATATLAP-TAALFACTWEEAFMLB-SAD-TAMNITSTTCBRIDW-ITYMADTSYAGTLI-YSSYTYCINJAUM-CPAC-CEAMSTO-CFC ~ Many People Look At Themselves And Their Lives As Problems – They Are Always Looking For A Clue That Will Explain Everything And Finally Make Life Better – Stories Are Different – They Are More Neutral In The Sense That They Can Be Read In Different Ways – In The Telling You May Add Details That Surprise You And Give The Listener Insights – Your Stories Show You That Your Chaos Is Not Just An Unidentifiable Mass – Certain People Are Central – Certain Events More Significant Than Others – Certain Feelings Consistent

~ BTAGSABS-EWORYH-A-C-BUP-WOATBS ~ But There Are Good Stories And Bad Stories – Effective Ways Of Recounting Your History – And – Clever – But Ultimately Pointless – Ways Of Avoiding The Bad Stuff

~ PAONITHOSTTDLITSTTOH-TTITD-AT-WTCSA-B-TFTOASMBJAS-YHTTI-AAA-BIG-R-D-AP-D-WET ~ People Are Often Not In The Habit Of Seeing Through To Deeper Layers In The Stories They Tell Or Hear – They Take In The Details – And Then – Want To Consider Some Action – But – The First Telling Of A Story May Be Just A Sketch – You Have To Tell It – Again And Again – Because It Gets – Richer – Deeper – And Perhaps – Darker – With Each Telling

~ TFTASOTPITT-USSEATP ~ The Fascinating Thing About Stories Of The Past Is That They – Usually Say Something Enlightening About The Present

~ AYTYS-ETYHKHFALT-IAYPAYCCO-YGTKYB-AAT-BETMD ~ As You Tell Your Stories – Especially Those You Have Kept Hidden For A Long Time – Insights About Your Past And Your Character Come Out – You Get To Know Yourself Better – And Are Then – Better Equipped To Make Decisions

~ TPCIARR ~ The Present Chaos Is A Rich Resource

~ POATTAAEAOR-WIT-TAASTTLOTFSBWTL ~ People Often Assume That They Are Always Experiencing An Objective Reality – When In Truth – They Are Always Seeing Through The Lens Of The Familiar Stories By Which They Live

~ WDW-TTOC-BIAKOOI-ATOIU-H/I/D-IPAPFDWTNATU ~ We Deal With – The Threat Of Chaos – By Imposing A Known Order On It – And That Order Is Usually – Habitual / Ingrained / Defensive – It Protects A Person From Dealing With The New And The Unexpected

~ OHOIALB ~ Our Habits Of Interpretation Are Like Blinders

~ SAJOCRITBIIABF-BOWFBOICGTROTP ~ Sometimes A Job Or Career Runs Into Trouble Because It Is A Bad Fit – But Often We Fail Because Our Imaginations Can’t Grasp The Richness Of The Possibilities

~ OUOTWLWIL-UWMEMTKB ~ Our Understanding Of The Way Life Works Is Limited – Until We Make Enough Mistakes To Know Better

~ APOIINUBTOWOFAF ~ A Person Of Imagination Is Not Undone By The Overwhelming Weight Of Facts And Feelings

~ TIISTAMITB:IWME-EATO-WIHB-P/E/H ~ The Imagination Is Similar To A Muscle In The Body: It Works More Effectively – Especially Against The Odds – When It Has Been – Practiced / Exercised / Honed

~ TTOCBAPP-BWWCWAAI-ICARUPWTBD ~ The Time Of Chaos Can Be A Painful Period – But When Worked Closely With An Active Imagination – It Can Also Reveal Underlying Possibilities Waiting To Be Developed

~ PSSYHTUWT-TDKHTETD-OTDFETC ~ People Sometimes Spend Years Holding Their Unhappiness Within Them – They Don’t Know How To Express Their Dissatisfaction – Or They Don’t Feel Entitled To Complain

~ THYG-TMYRLTWTGOYBADF-YCBDFYPAYFR-AYSTDAAFOEOL ~ The Higher You Go – The More You Risk Losing Touch With The Ground Of Your Background And Deepest Feelings – You Can Be Disconnected From Your Past And Your Family Roots – And You Sense The Disconnection As A Feeling Of Emptiness Or Lack

~ YAMBAVOD-VFGATM-BIUANAMBD-AIHTBRBOII ~ Your Anger May Be A Venting Of Dissatisfaction – Venting Feels Good At The Moment – But It Usually Accomplishes Nothing And May Be Destructive – And It Has To Be Repeated Because Of Its Ineffectiveness

~ IYALFYLW-AC-D-H-A-WY-IWOWAYUYSITAABWICPAR ~ If You Are Looking For Your Life Work – And Carry – Deep – Hidden – Anger – With You – It Will Only Work Against You Unless You Submit It To An Alchemy By Which Its Constructive Powers Are Released

~ MPWB-ITPOTLW-FTCOTRAIEPQO-F/D/J ~ Most People Would Benefit – In The Pursuit Of Their Life Work – From The Conversion Of Their Raw Anger – Into – Effective Personal Qualities Of – Firmness / Direction / Judgement

~ ALWITEOYUSWTAMITTTYD ~ A Life Work Is The Emergence Of Your Unique Self Worked Through And Manifested In The Things That You Do

~ ALWSAOAAGIADMOT-YHT-FOI-TI-A-LITYIYF ~ A Life Work Sometimes Appears Only As A Glimmer In A Dark Mist Of Trouble – You Have To – Focus On It – Trust It – And – Let It Take You Into Your Future

~ POLFLAWSTTP-WTAMTTFOASBOL ~ People Often Look For Large And Weighty Solutions To Their Problems – When The Answer Might Take The Form Of A Small Beam Of Light

~ TTWITSTTYTBOITTADTDFFASH ~ The Trouble With Intuitions That Seem To Tell You To Back Off Is That They Are Difficult To Distinguish From Fear And Simple Hesitation

~ WYATTSYLC-PATASOBITWP-EIBAECYSTBS ~ When You Are Trying To See Your Life Calling – Pay Attention To Any Sensations Of Being In The Wrong Place – Even If By All External Criteria You Seem To Be Successful

~ AOPSIIIW-BSITPOTP ~ Accomplishing Or Producing Something Is Important In Work – But So Is The Pleasure Of The Process

~ CINAGOPOAO-CIAOTL-IWYDYIRTTWAY-RTOICWY ~ Community Is Not A Group Of People Or An Organization – Community Is An Outlook Toward Life – In Which You Define Yourself In Relation To The World Around You – Rather Than Only In Connection With Yourself

~ BMIICHRMPEP-WAODTAATS ~ Becoming More Involved In Community Helps Resolve Many Personal Emotional Problems – Which Are Often Due To Anxiety About The Self

~ CINAAOP-IIAFOL ~ Community Is Not An Arrangement Of People – It Is A Form Of Love

~ IYWAAJTCYE-YAD-YPVMIODAYWIA-SEHDRIYEAV-YWFDAY ~ If You Work At A Job That Contradicts Your Ethics – You Are Divided – Your Personal Values Moving In One Direction And Your Work In Another – Since Ethics Has Deep Roots In Your Emotions And Your Vision – You Will Feel Divided Against Yourself

~ BTTYE-AYHABCOKWTDIL ~ Be True To Your Ethics – And You Have A Better Chance Of Knowing What To Do In Life

~ YWITP ~ To Work Is To Pray

NEIL COLE ~ ORGANIC LEADERSHIP ~ 2009

~ TFOLI-TP-ML-N-MF ~ The Function Of Leadership Is – To Produce – More Leaders – Not – More Followers

~ ECOWOVT-YMHRBAAS-B-YANAEUYHTI ~ Experience Changes Our Way Of Viewing Things – You May Have Read Books About A Subject – But – You Are Not An Expert Until You Have Tasted It

~ ICL-WMLF-C-N-DI-PS-O-MS ~ In Choosing Leaders – We Must Look For – Character – Not – Doctrinal Integrity – Preaching Style – Or – Managerial Skills

~ MAIHTGBETL-YCSALGI-ALIIAFMOW ~ Moral Authority Is Hard To Gain But Easy To Lose – You Can Spend A Lifetime Getting It – And Lose It In A Few Moments Of Weakness

~ OFSTHLATIIAHNMTL-LDIALP ~ Only Fools Say They Have Learned All That Is Important And Have Nothing More To Learn – Leadership Development Is A Lifelong Process

~ TOUWAL-HATTOOWAUTVOSLTOW ~ Those Of Us Who Are Leaders – Have A Tendency To Overestimate Our Words And Underestimate The Value Of Simply Listening To Others’ Words

~ It Is Not Uncommon – Someone – Who Listens Very Little – And – Talks Way Too Much ~ IINU-S-WLVL-A-TWTM

~ TL:PWLM-TSM:NORL ~ Talk Less: People Would Listen More – Talk So Much: No One Really Listens

~ TFSNTBAGLOLITATALTP-TINAEFL-BTTTBPWA ~ The First Skill Needed To Be A Good Leader Of Leaders Is The Ability To Actually Listen To People – This Is Not As Easy For Leaders – Because They Tend To Be People With Answers

~ LAAGQ-ATISFL-BTCDOTELLIL ~ Listening And Asking Good Questions – Are Two Important Skills For Leaders – Because They Can Draw Out The Emerging Leader’s Learning In Life

~ WWHSTUS-TGOSFIOUACEBF-DSOIAMDLOL-A-INEF ~ When We Hear Someone Tell Us Something – It Goes Only So Far In Our Understanding And Can Easily Be Forgotten – Discovering Something Ourselves Is A Much Deeper Level Of Learning – And – Is Not Easily Forgotten

TOM HODGKINSON ~ HOW TO BE IDLE

~ NOIERTU-B-LIBHA-IPBTHAH ~ Not Only Is Early Rising Totally Unnatural – But – Lying In Bed Half-Awake – Is Positively Beneficial To Health And Happiness

~ GALRANB-LRIFTIOM-TIWRTBAST-WMA ~ Greatness And Late Rising Are Natural Bedfellows – Late Rising Is For The Independent Of Mind – The Individual Who Refuses To Become A Slave To – Work, Money, Ambition

~ IOTHIATTPHTRTI-CPNTT-AMSIOOTBTTDT ~ In Order To Have Ideas And Then To Plan How To Realize Those Ideas – Creative People Need Thinking Time – And Morning Snoozing Is One Of The Best Times To Do This

~ TIOT‘J’ATATAW-IAS-IOOTMPMOMS ~ The Idea Of The ‘Job’ As The Answer To All Woes – Individual And Social – Is One Of The Most Pernicious Myths Of Modern Society

~ WWETIWOWWASSATHWET ~ When We Enter The Ignoble World Of Work We Are Soon Shocked At The Humiliations We Encounter There

~ TJWIIOTMTEFTATT-WIHW-FOP ~ The Job Was Invented In Order To Make Things Easier For Those At The Top – Who Believed In Hard Work – For Other People

~ WKTMPPY-YISN‘WOW’BD ~ Work Kills Two Million People Per Year – Yet I See No ‘War On Work’ Being Declared

~ IIPTPUFTTMTSPUATGOOB-ICLT-TTT-AVOTT-ACIOTHOOFDW ~ It Is Precisely To Prevent Us From Thinking Too Much That Society Pressurizes Us All To Get Out Of Bed – Introspection Could Led To – That Terrible Thing – A Vision Of The Truth – A Clear Image Of The Horror Of Our Fractured, Dissonant World

~ GDNLTI-TIWT ~ Governments Do Not Like The Idle – The Idle Worry Them

~ HMBLWBIWBTDWAPRTTEPON-WTDOFHEAJ ~ How Much Better Life Would Be If We Began The Day With A Poem Rather Than The Empty Prattle Of Newspapers – With Their Diet Of Fear, Hate, Envy And Jealousy

~ I-V-THRTBVBTCOO-TEAO-THCT ~ Idlers – Visionaries – They Have Refused To Be Victimized By The Customs Of Others – Their Eyes Are Open – They Have Created Time

~ TDOPISOAIFOSIABM ~ The Deferral Of Pleasure In Service Of An Imaginary Future Of Stability Is A Bourgeois Myth

~ KN ~ Keeping Nix

~ SM-ATOIS-ABUI-TBTW-OATWOTE ~ Saint Monday – A Tradition Of Institutionalized Skiving – A Bottom-Up Initiative – Taken By The Worker – Often Against The Will Of The Employers

~ WNTCLB-IIONR-IHBSFUBOR-LIATTFABSPE ~ We Need To Claim Lunch Back – It Is Our Natural Right – It Has Been Stolen From Us By Our Rulers – Lunch Is A Time To Forget About Being Sensible, Practical, Efficient

~ TBICBADWTRLITIAFWKTAYC ~ That Being Ill Can Be A Delightful Way To Recapture Lost Idling Time Is A Fact Well Known To All Young Children

~ TIOCWTETPOBIBTTOTAIOT-AATTGOSBUA ~ The Idea Of Convalescence Was To Extend The Period Of Being Ill Beyond The Time Of The Actual Illness Or Trauma – And Allow Time To Get One’s Strength Back Up Again

~ TN ~ The Nap

~ IPEN ~ In Paradise Everyone Naps

~ ANIAPPAIU-ISTDITH-MEHMMAE ~ A Nap Is A Perfect Pleasure And It’s Useful – It Splits The Day Into Two Halves – Making Each Half More Manageable And Enjoyable

~ HMEIITWITM-IWKWHANTLFTAL ~ How Much Easier It Is To Work In The Morning – If We Know We Have A Nap To Look Forward To After Lunch

~ TFT ~ Time For Tea

~ POD-FB-LRP ~ Paroxysms Of Diligence – Followed By – Long Rest Periods

~ TR-TPITHAMMOB-WFP-OBDNI-INIAH-WDWAMG-F ~ The Ramble – The Pedestrian Is The Highest And Most Mighty Of Beings – Walks For Pleasure – Observes But Does Not Interfere – Is Not In A Hurry – Wanders Detached, Wise And Merry, Godlike – Free

~ B-TWTMSH-BTDRCWII-TITBOO-WIWITTB-NCWDTT-ACTTFUPITDTAW ~ Botherers – They Want To Make Something Happen – But They Don’t Really Care What It Is – They Impose Their Beliefs On Others – What Is Worse Is That The Botherers – Not Content With Doing Things Themselves – Are Constantly Trying To Force Us Poor Idlers To Do Things As Well

~ AIIATAADAIFI ~ An Idler Is A Thinker And A Dreamer And Is Fiercely Independent

~ WCUWTIOTSWAIOG-WCBMITORTTSS? ~ Whoever Came Up With The Idea Of The Strike Was An Idler Of Genius – What Could Be More Irritating To Our Rulers Than To Simply Stop?

~ S&I ~ Sex And Idleness

~ TAOC-TSIAS-WFOAN-TITLOTL-IEICAEICOTABTAC ~ The Art Of Conversation – Talking, Sharing Ideas And Stories – With Friends Old And New – This Is The Lifeblood Of The Loafer – Ideas Emerge In Conversation And Are Embellished, Improved, Contradicted Or Torn Apart By The Assembled Company

~ DDI-TAI-ITTTAIWD-TIWGDOIOT ~ Don’t Do It – Talk About It – If The Thing Talked About Is Worth Doing – Then It Will Get Done On Its Own Time

~ TAOTTCDOORTP ~ The Authorities Occasionally Try To Crack Down On Our Right To Party

~ YHPOOTBML-SWNEYN-WAEWAP0SMTNTBE ~ You Have Plenty Of Opportunity To Be Miserable Later – So Why Not Enjoy Yourself Now – We Are Equipped With A Pleasure-Seeking Muscle That Needs To Be Exercised

~ TTIWTLAGLATT-NJOSN ~ The True Idler Wants To Live A Good Life All The Time – Not Just On Saturday Nights

~ HSPIOHTL-ISNBAMOLII-AIIU ~ Hedonism Should Provide Ideas On How To Live – It Should Not Become A Mode Of Living In Itself – As It Is Unsustainable

~ TINPFOITM ~ There Is No Purer Form Of Idleness Than Meditation

~ SIADP-APO-AGU-ABQ ~ Sleep Is A Delicious Procrastination – A Putting-Off – A Giving Up – A Big Quit

~ SINFW-SIFTSB-TGO-THOTKTH-TI ~ Sleep Is Not For Wimps – Sleep Is For The Stronger Breed – The Great Ones – The Holders Of The Key To Happiness – The Idle

~ IWCBHWLS-DINTFTWWHTWL-AWWNLM? ~ If We Could Be Happier With Less Stuff – Does It Not Then Follow That We Would Have To Work Less – As We Would Need Less Money?

~ AOT-WAPWMI-TIOAHAAEFTHOWIARRI ~ At One Time – Work And Play Were More Intermingled – The Idea Of A Holiday As An Escape From The Hell Of Work Is A Relatively Recent Idea

~ LIACCFGCPTETSTTPOEICPAOAAO ~ Living In A Constant Chase For Gain Compels People To Expend Their Spirit To The Point Of Exhaustion In Continual Pretence And Overreaching And Anticipating Others

~ OSMBFITNOOPL ~ One Solution May Be Found In The Notion Of Off-Peak Living

~ IWITMAHAHEA ~ I Work In The Morning And Have A Holiday Every Afternoon

~ WYALAIL-YHNTTEF ~ When You Are Living An Idle Life – You Have No Toil To Escape From

~ IINWTTTIMRFTWNOTH-FIAHANMTTBOW? ~ It Is No Wonder That The True Idler Might Recoil From The Whole Notion Of The Holiday – For Isn’t A Holiday Actually No More Than The Brother Of Work?

~ HTIAHSFTD-HCTBTAU-WTUOVAFAAWOT ~ How The Idle At Heart Suffer For Their Dreaming – How Cruel The Bureaucrats, Teachers And Usurers – Who Tell Us Our Visions And Fancies Are A Waste Of Time

~ TRT-ITDOESI-ITBTTWT-THDAD ~ The Real Trick – Indeed The Duty Of Every Serious Idler – Is To Bring These Two Worlds Together – To Harmonize Dreamworld And Dayworld

~ WABOOD-TAAOC-LTT-PIIPBDAFTWPSLAVOT ~ We Are Based On Dreams – They Are At Our Centre – Listen To Them – Perhaps It Is Precisely Because Dreams Are Free That We Put So Low A Value On Them

~ IHAD-ICLAF ~ I Have A Dream – It Is Called Love, Anarchy, Freedom – It Is Called Being Idle

BRUCE SCHNEIER ~ RULES FOR SUCCESSFULLY MANAGING COMMONS ~ BASED ON WORK BY ELINOR OSTROM ~ LIARS AND OUTLIERS ~ 2012

~ EMUTGIAKWTGNI ~ Everyone Must Understand The Group Interest And Know What The Group Norm Is

~ TGMBATMTN ~ The Group Norm Must Be Something That The Group Actually Wants

~ The Group Must Be Able To Modify The Norm

~ AIDWETGNMBATTG-SIESR ~ Any Institution Delegated With Enforcing The Group Norm Must Be Accountable To The Group – So It’s Effectively Self-Regulated

~ TPFDMBCWTSOTD ~ The Penalties For Defecting Must Be Commensurate With The Seriousness Of The Defection

~ TSFAPMB-CFEARC ~ The System For Assessing Penalties Must Be – Consistent, Fair, Efficient, And Relatively Cheap

~ TGMBATDIOIPANHIIFOTG ~ The Group Must Be Able To Develop Its Own Institutional Pressure And Not Have It Imposed From Outside The Group

~ ITALGALGI-TTGNTBSPANIML-EOATSL ~ If There Are Larger Groups And Larger Group Interests – Then The Groups Need To Be Scaled Properly And Nested In Multiple Layers – Each Operating Along These Same Lines

DAVID BOHM ~ ON DIALOGUE

~ IPATC-TWT-THTBATCSIC-STTSITMDAA-RTS-CFAATTO ~ If People Are To Cooperate – To Work Together – They Have To Be Able To Create Something In Common – Something That Takes Shape In Their Mutual Discussions And Actions – Rather Than Something Conveyed From An Authority To The Others

~ IWKOTTTWITSFOC-TWAGTEIISOW-AWAGTMAPS ~ If We Keep On Thinking That The World Is There Solely For Our Convenience – Then We Are Going To Exploit It In Some Other Way – And We Are Going To Make Another Problem Somewhere

~ TDIBAAETTMBW-TITP ~ Thought Defends Its Basic Assumptions Against Evidence That They May Be Wrong – Thought Is The Problem

~ ABNFADWBFPTSIAC-SAGADFA-IAFDC ~ A Basic Notion For A Dialogue Would Be For People To Sit In A Circle – Such A Geometric Arrangement Doesn’t Favor Anybody – It Allows For Direct Communication

~ IP-TDSW-WAL-A-WAA ~ In Principle – The Dialogue Should Work – Without Any Leader – And – Without Any Agenda

~ IMBUTHAFTGTGG-WKAWOIFAW-PWBTLRTDLALOTD ~ It May Be Useful To Have A Facilitator To Get The Group Going – Who Keeps A Watch On It For A While – People Would Begin To Learn Really To Depend Less And Less On The Facilitator

~ TWOSHBOTBTWCFWL-B-MWC ~ The Whole Of Society Has Been Organized To Believe That We Can’t Function Without Leaders – But – Maybe We Can

~ IIITUTADGINATGOSK-WANTTCAH-TIMHAAB ~ It Is Important To Understand That A Dialogue Group Is Not A Therapy Group Of Some Kind – We Are Not Trying To Cure Anybody Here – Though It May Happen As A Byproduct

~ ITDGWANGTDWTDAA-TIC-OWANF-WMHAESWWANOTDA-NCTAC-OPIRRCCIT-IYWTCTAP ~ In The Dialogue Group We Are Not Going To Decide What To Do About Anything – This Is Crucial – Otherwise We Are Not Free – We Must Have An Empty Space Where We Are Not Obliged To Do Anything – Nor Come To Any Conclusions – Our Purpose Is Really To Communicate Coherently In Truth – If You Want To Call That A Purpose

~ PWCTAGWDIAA-NIFACWOP ~ People Will Come To A Group With Different Interests And Assumptions – Negotiating Involves Finding A Common Way Of Proceeding

~ AGDOWNITCTBDTTFON-PAGNRTGITDIWTFHWTCTBAD ~ A Great Deal Of What Nowadays Is Typically Considered To Be Dialogue Tends To Focus On Negotiation – People Are Generally Not Ready To Go Into The Deeper Issues When They First Have What They Consider To Be A Dialogue

~ TPINTEAFDGF-BR-OTLLETMAC ~ The Point Is Not To Establish A Fixed Dialogue Group Forever – But Rather – One That Lasts Long Enough To Make A Change

~ ACIALORAPAI-STWCLT-BIOWIWHAC-WITWS-MSPAV-OIFA -~ A Society Is A Link Of Relationships Among People And Institutions – So That We Can Live Together – But It Only Works If We Have A Culture – Which Implies That We Share – Meaning, Significance, Purpose, And Value – Otherwise It Falls Apart

~ D-FPTRWIOEOMWCTACOJ ~ Dialogue – For People To Realize What Is On Each Other’s Minds Without Coming To Any Conclusions Or Judgments

~ ITCITL-EWOWTCC-YAITGWTS ~ If You Can Influence The Leaders – Either With Or Without Their Conscious Cooperation – You Automatically Influence The Group Which They Sway

~ BPUAOC-O-MANO-TPCSSAWMOGE ~ By Playing Upon An Old Cliche – Or – Manipulating A New One – The Propagandist Can Sometimes Swing A Whole Mass Of Group Emotions

~ TL-WLTATAPC-WDSOIICBMTTTOI ~ The Leaders – Who Lend Their Authority To Any Propaganda Campaign – Will Do So Only If It Can Be Made To Touch Their Own Interests

~ EAAMBCIOTPIIC ~ Events And Activities Must Be Created In Order To Put Ideas Into Circulation

~ TLISTBAUEABTSC ~ The Law Isn’t Supposed To Be About Unspoken Excuses And Behind-The-Scenes Calculations

~ DWYLISF-BWYLIDBWYT-ATIOAPWIF ~ Doing What You Like Is Seldom Freedom – Because What You Like Is Determined By What You Think – And That Is Often A Pattern Which Is Fixed

~ T-‘P’-IIALAYKOPIATTBYT-THTBISSAOIC ~ The – “Problem” – Is Insoluble As Long As You Keep On Producing It All The Time By Your Thought – Thought Has To Be In Some Sense Aware Of Its Consequences

~ TOSITHM-P-P-TCAMSTYCSTROYT-YHTSYI ~ The Point Of Suspension Is To Help Make – Proprioception – Possible – To Create A Mirror So That You Can See The Results Of Your Thought – You Have To See Your Intention

~ ITB-PWTEO-ITSTIOTD-TWWWI-A-ATSTKEO-TBTTEO ~ In The Beginning – People Won’t Trust Each Other – If They See The Importance Of The Dialogue – They Will Work With It – And – As They Start To Know Each Other – They Begin To Trust Each Other

~ TOOADINTAT-O-TWAA-OTEO-R-IITS-O ~ The Object Of A Dialogue Is Not To Analyze Things – Or – To Win An Argument – Or To Exchange Opinions – Rather – It Is To Suspend – Opinions

~ IWCSWAOOOM-TWASACC-EIWDAE ~ If We Can See What All Of Our Opinions Mean – Then We Are Sharing A Common Content – Even If We Don’t Agree Entirely

~ IMTOTTOANRVI-TAAA-WCJSSTAOTM-TEU-NTWHCI ~ It May Turn Out That The Opinions Are Not Really Very Important – They Are All Assumptions – We Can Just Simply Share The Appreciation Of The Meanings –– Truth Emerges Unannounced – Not That We Have Chosen It

~ IWAHDAADT-EPITGTHADC-BWWRTITOPA ~ If We All Have Different Assumptions And Defend Them – Each Person Is Then Going To Have A Different Content – Because We Won’t Really Take In The Other Person’s Assumptions

~ TINPIBPOC-TNRCOR-ISIR-YDNTBP-ISHTPY-TTIPSDAI ~ There Is No Point In Being Persuaded Or Convinced – That’s Not Really Coherent Or Rational – If Something Is Right – You Don’t Need To Be Persuaded – If Somebody Has To Persuade You – Then There Is Probably Some Doubt About It

~ TINRTHTAAITIETIINR-TPSOAAOOAOITIIOTETIMNBR ~ There Is No Reason To Hold To An Assumption If There Is Evidence That It Is Not Right – The Proper Structure Of An Assumption Or Of An Opinion Is That It Is Open To Evidence That It May Not Be Right

~ TDNEFO-IMEFSE-PFAMFMOTTM ~ Truth Does Not Emerge From Opinions – It Must Emerge From Something Else – Perhaps From A More Free Movement Of The Tacit Mind

~ EIOFWP-WWAW-CPIADB-OTATT ~ Even If One Faction Won’t Participate – We Who Are Willing – Can Participate In A Dialogue Between – Our Thought And Their Thought

~ GPHTTA-ATANTT ~ Generally People Hold To Their Assumptions – So They Are Not Thinking Together

~ TINPITDFTPOAAH-WWTBFOHAAAWM-WWCLABTA ~ There Is No Place In The Dialogue For The Principle Of Authority And Hierarchy – We Want To Be Free Of Hierarchy And Authority As We Move – Where We Can Let Anything Be Talked About

~ TPITGPTCTKEOA-AKWTA ~ The Principle Is To Get People To Come To Know Each Other’s Assumptions – And Know What They Are

~ MOOT-IIGF-INI-IOITWC-AIPU-WPIU-ACFP-FF-FS-FN-FB-ASO-WSCPOIWWL-AWMROP-BS-IACFTP ~ Most Of Our Thought – In Its General Form – Is Not Individual – It Originates In The Whole Culture – And It Pervades Us – We Pick It Up – As Children From Parents – From Friends – From School – From Newspapers – From Books – And So On – We Select Certain Parts Of It Which We Like – And We May Reject Other Parts – But Still – It All Comes From That Pool

TWYES-DOHYRI-O-MI ~ The Way You Experience Something – Depends On How You Represent It – Or Misrepresent It

~ NWDSTOAAATNOOO-B-TAA-TWWST-TWWET-A-C-TTTWWTD ~ Normally We Don’t See That Our Assumptions Are Affecting The Nature Of Our Observations – But – The Assumptions Affect – The Way We See Things – The Way We Experience Them – And – Consequently – The Things That We Want To Do

~ WHGTL-S-TOT-TSWIID-WCABATTRIOWO-WCABATTRIPWO ~ We Have Got To Learn – Somehow – To Observe Thought – To See What It Is Doing – Be Attentive To The Results It Produces Within Ourselves – Even – Of How It Affects Perception