DAVID BOHM ~ ON DIALOGUE

~IPATC-TWT-THTBATCSIC-STTSITMDAA-RTS-CFAATTO ~ If People Are To Cooperate – To Work Together – They Have To Be Able To Create Something In Common – Something That Takes Shape In Their Mutual Discussions And Actions – Rather Than Something Conveyed From An Authority To The Others

~ IWKOTTTWITSFOC-TWAGTEIISOW-AWAGTMAPS ~ If We Keep On Thinking That The World Is There Solely For Our Convenience – Then We Are Going To Exploit It In Some Other Way – And We Are Going To Make Another Problem Somewhere

~ TDIBAAETTMBW-TITP ~ Thought Defends Its Basic Assumptions Against Evidence That They May Be Wrong – Thought Is The Problem

~ ABNFADWBFPTSIAC-SAGADFA-IAFDC ~ A Basic Notion For A Dialogue Would Be For People To Sit In A Circle – Such A Geometric Arrangement Doesn’t Favor Anybody – It Allows For Direct Communication

~ IP-TDSW-WAL-A-WAA ~ In Principle – The Dialogue Should Work – Without Any Leader – And – Without Any Agenda

~ IMBUTHAFTGTGG-WKAWOIFAW-PWBTLRTDLALOTD ~ It May Be Useful To Have A Facilitator To Get The Group Going – Who Keeps A Watch On It For A While – People Would Begin To Learn Really To Depend Less And Less On The Facilitator

~ TWOSHBOTBTWCFWL-B-MWC ~ The Whole Of Society Has Been Organized To Believe That We Can’t Function Without Leaders – But – Maybe We Can

~ IIITUTADGINATGOSK-WANTTCAH-TIMHAAB ~ It Is Important To Understand That A Dialogue Group Is Not A Therapy Group Of Some Kind – We Are Not Trying To Cure Anybody Here – Though It May Happen As A Byproduct

~ ITDGWANGTDWTDAA-TIC-OWANF-WMHAESWWANOTDA-NCTAC-OPIRRCCIT-IYWTCTAP ~ In The Dialogue Group We Are Not Going To Decide What To Do About Anything – This Is Crucial – Otherwise We Are Not Free – We Must Have An Empty Space Where We Are Not Obliged To Do Anything – Nor Come To Any Conclusions – Our Purpose Is Really To Communicate Coherently In Truth – If You Want To Call That A Purpose

~ PWCTAGWDIAA-NIFACWOP ~ People Will Come To A Group With Different Interests And Assumptions – Negotiating Involves Finding A Common Way Of Proceeding

~ AGDOWNITCTBDTTFON-PAGNRTGITDIWTFHWTCTBAD ~ A Great Deal Of What Nowadays Is Typically Considered To Be Dialogue Tends To Focus On Negotiation – People Are Generally Not Ready To Go Into The Deeper Issues When They First Have What They Consider To Be A Dialogue

~ TPINTEAFDGF-BR-OTLLETMAC ~ The Point Is Not To Establish A Fixed Dialogue Group Forever – But Rather – One That Lasts Long Enough To Make A Change

~ ACIALORAPAI-STWCLT-BIOWIWHAC-WITWS-MSPAV-OIFA -~ A Society Is A Link Of Relationships Among People And Institutions – So That We Can Live Together – But It Only Works If We Have A Culture – Which Implies That We Share – Meaning, Significance, Purpose, And Value – Otherwise It Falls Apart

~ D-FPTRWIOEOMWCTACOJ ~ Dialogue – For People To Realize What Is On Each Other’s Minds Without Coming To Any Conclusions Or Judgments

~ ITCITL-EWOWTCC-YAITGWTS ~ If You Can Influence The Leaders – Either With Or Without Their Conscious Cooperation – You Automatically Influence The Group Which They Sway

~ BPUAOC-O-MANO-TPCSSAWMOGE ~ By Playing Upon An Old Cliche – Or – Manipulating A New One – The Propagandist Can Sometimes Swing A Whole Mass Of Group Emotions

~ TL-WLTATAPC-WDSOIICBMTTTOI ~ The Leaders – Who Lend Their Authority To Any Propaganda Campaign – Will Do So Only If It Can Be Made To Touch Their Own Interests

~ EAAMBCIOTPIIC ~ Events And Activities Must Be Created In Order To Put Ideas Into Circulation

~ TLISTBAUEABTSC ~ The Law Isn’t Supposed To Be About Unspoken Excuses And Behind-The-Scenes Calculations

~ DWYLISF-BWYLIDBWYT-ATIOAPWIF ~ Doing What You Like Is Seldom Freedom – Because What You Like Is Determined By What You Think – And That Is Often A Pattern Which Is Fixed

~ T-‘P’-IIALAYKOPIATTBYT-THTBISSAOIC ~ The – “Problem” – Is Insoluble As Long As You Keep On Producing It All The Time By Your Thought – Thought Has To Be In Some Sense Aware Of Its Consequences

~ TOSITHM-P-P-TCAMSTYCSTROYT-YHTSYI ~ The Point Of Suspension Is To Help Make – Proprioception – Possible – To Create A Mirror So That You Can See The Results Of Your Thought – You Have To See Your Intention

~ ITB-PWTEO-ITSTIOTD-TWWWI-A-ATSTKEO-TBTTEO ~ In The Beginning – People Won’t Trust Each Other – If They See The Importance Of The Dialogue – They Will Work With It – And – As They Start To Know Each Other – They Begin To Trust Each Other

~ TOOADINTAT-O-TWAA-OTEO-R-IITS-O ~ The Object Of A Dialogue Is Not To Analyze Things – Or – To Win An Argument – Or To Exchange Opinions – Rather – It Is To Suspend – Opinions

~ IWCSWAOOOM-TWASACC-EIWDAE ~ If We Can See What All Of Our Opinions Mean – Then We Are Sharing A Common Content – Even If We Don’t Agree Entirely

~ IMTOTTOANRVI-TAAA-WCJSSTAOTM-TEU-NTWHCI ~ It May Turn Out That The Opinions Are Not Really Very Important – They Are All Assumptions – We Can Just Simply Share The Appreciation Of The Meanings –– Truth Emerges Unannounced – Not That We Have Chosen It

~ IWAHDAADT-EPITGTHADC-BWWRTITOPA ~ If We All Have Different Assumptions And Defend Them – Each Person Is Then Going To Have A Different Content – Because We Won’t Really Take In The Other Person’s Assumptions

~ TINPIBPOC-TNRCOR-ISIR-YDNTBP-ISHTPY-TTIPSDAI ~ There Is No Point In Being Persuaded Or Convinced – That’s Not Really Coherent Or Rational – If Something Is Right – You Don’t Need To Be Persuaded – If Somebody Has To Persuade You – Then There Is Probably Some Doubt About It

~ TINRTHTAAITIETIINR-TPSOAAOOAOITIIOTETIMNBR ~ There Is No Reason To Hold To An Assumption If There Is Evidence That It Is Not Right – The Proper Structure Of An Assumption Or Of An Opinion Is That It Is Open To Evidence That It May Not Be Right

~ TDNEFO-IMEFSE-PFAMFMOTTM ~ Truth Does Not Emerge From Opinions – It Must Emerge From Something Else – Perhaps From A More Free Movement Of The Tacit Mind

~ EIOFWP-WWAW-CPIADB-OTATT ~ Even If One Faction Won’t Participate – We Who Are Willing – Can Participate In A Dialogue Between – Our Thought And Their Thought

~ GPHTTA-ATANTT ~ Generally People Hold To Their Assumptions – So They Are Not Thinking Together

~ TINPITDFTPOAAH-WWTBFOHAAAWM-WWCLABTA ~ There Is No Place In The Dialogue For The Principle Of Authority And Hierarchy – We Want To Be Free Of Hierarchy And Authority As We Move – Where We Can Let Anything Be Talked About

~ TPITGPTCTKEOA-AKWTA ~ The Principle Is To Get People To Come To Know Each Other’s Assumptions – And Know What They Are

~ MOOT-IIGF-INI-IOITWC-AIPU-WPIU-ACFP-FF-FS-FN-FB-ASO-WSCPOIWWL-AWMROP-BS-IACFTP ~ Most Of Our Thought – In Its General Form – Is Not Individual – It Originates In The Whole Culture – And It Pervades Us – We Pick It Up – As Children From Parents – From Friends – From School – From Newspapers – From Books – And So On – We Select Certain Parts Of It Which We Like – And We May Reject Other Parts – But Still – It All Comes From That Pool

TWYES-DOHYRI-O-MI ~ The Way You Experience Something – Depends On How You Represent It – Or Misrepresent It

~ NWDSTOAAATNOOO-B-TAA-TWWST-TWWET-A-C-TTTWWTD ~ Normally We Don’t See That Our Assumptions Are Affecting The Nature Of Our Observations – But – The Assumptions Affect – The Way We See Things – The Way We Experience Them – And – Consequently – The Things That We Want To Do

~ WHGTL-S-TOT-TSWIID-WCABATTRIOWO-WCABATTRIPWO ~ We Have Got To Learn – Somehow – To Observe Thought – To See What It Is Doing – Be Attentive To The Results It Produces Within Ourselves – Even – Of How It Affects Perception

SAUL ALINSKY ~ RULES FOR RADICALS

~ TATAPRCS-WTSBOAPR-ITAFTIIP ~ To Assume That A Political Revolution Can Survive – Without The Supporting Base Of A Popular Reformation – Is To Ask For The Impossible In Politics

~ GH-O-BP-AATNC-YBTD ~ Go Home – Organize – Build Power – And At The Next Convention – You Be The Delegates

~ YMKTPO ~ You Must Keep The Pressure On

~ GDAAGO ~ Great Dangers Always Accompany Great Opportunities

~ TPODITOPOTCGBAOTP ~ The Price Of Democracy Is The Ongoing Pursuit Of The Common Good By All Of The People

~ DITEOHF ~ Dogma Is The Enemy Of Human Freedom

~ DMBWFAAAETAT ~ Dogma Must Be Watched For And Apprehended At Every Turn And Twist

~ NISBMST-‘FTGW’ ~ No Ideology Should Be More Specific Than – “For The General Welfare”

~ TFSO-I-L-R-F-FFTSOD ~ The Free-Society Organizer – Is – Loose – Resilient – Fluid – Free From The Shackles Of Dogma

~ TBRFTUOTPOCITRTWAII-OMBFOTWOIOS-MOUVTWNAIIBAWWLITB ~ The Basic Requirement For The Understanding Of The Politics Of Change Is To Recognize The World As It Is – One Must Break Free Of The Web Of Illusions One Spins – Most Of Us View The World Not As It Is But As We Would Like It To Be

~ ITWAII-TSOEPICANO-TANPHOSE ~ In The World As It Is – The Solution Of Each Problem Inevitably Creates A New One – There Are No Permanent Happy Or Sad Endings

~ TDOAPA ‘P’O‘N’ITMOAPI ~ The Description Of Any Procedure As “Positive” Or “Negative” Is The Mark Of A Political Illiterate

~ CMM-MMF ~ Change Means Movement – Movement Means Friction

~ OCWTEOMAEVIODFTSOC ~ One’s Concern With The Ethics Of Means And Ends Varies Inversely With One’s Distance From The Scene Of Conflict

~ IOLTLOACAIPOOOM-TTEQWNA-ATLMBEWAMS ~ If One Lacks The Luxury Of A Choice And Is Possessed Of Only One Means – Then The Ethical Question Will Never Arise – Automatically The Lone Means Becomes Endowed With A Moral Spirit

~ TLITETBD-TMOCATEIEEOM ~ The Less Important The End To Be Desired – The More One Can Afford To Engage In Ethical Evaluations Of Means

~ AEMIAJBTOABU ~ Any Effective Means Is Automatically Judged By The Opposition As Being Unethical

~ IO-TMNITS-HTBCI-TLP ~ In Organizing – The Major Negative In The Situation – Has To Be Converted Into – The Leading Positive

~ TMOPOSSAFNLTAFW ~ The Masterpieces Of Philosophic Or Scientific Statement Are Frequently No Longer Than A Few Words

~ TTO-C-IAKABW-IIAPITPOO ~ To The Organizer – Compromise – Is A Key And Beautiful Word – It Is Always Present In The Pragmatics Of Operations

~ ASDOCIT ~ A Society Devoid Of Compromise Is Totalitarian

~ CITECOAFAOS ~ Conflict Is The Essential Core Of A Free And Open Society

~ TFOAOITRQ-TA-TBTTAP ~ The Function Of An Organizer Is To Raise Questions – That Agitate – That Break Through The Accepted Pattern

~ CAIGT ~ Curiosity And Irreverence Go Together

~ HIETAST-FTMPWKTMASAR ~ Humor Is Essential To A Successful Tactician – For The Most Potent Weapons Known To Mankind Are Satire And Ridicule

~ AOMA-WFOW-TTAAAA ~ An Organizer Must Accept – Without Fear Or Worry – That The Odds Are Always Against

~ TOICCTNOOTO ~ The Organizer Is Constantly Creating The New Out Of The Old

~ OCLAOTQOAO-WOE-TAOC ~ One Can Lack Any Of The Qualities Of An Organizer – With One Exception – The Art Of Communication

~ IDNMWYKAAIYCCTYP-ITDU-TYANC ~ It Does Not Matter What You Know About Anything If You Cannot Communicate To Your People – If They Don’t Understand – Then You Are Not Communicating

~ POUTITOTE-WMTYMGWTE ~ People Only Understand Things In Terms Of Their Experience – Which Means That You Must Get Within Their Experience

~ CIATWP-IYTTGYIATOWPATWTHTSTY-YCFATWT ~ Communication Is A Two-Way Process – If You Try To Get Your Ideas Across To Others Without Paying Attention To What They Have To Say To You – You Can Forget About The Whole Thing

~ YDCWAPOTRFOEOAI ~ You Don’t Communicate With Anyone Purely On The Rational Facts Or Ethics Of An Issue

~ THATA-AT-TBOTVMALTADAP ~ The Haves Are The Authorities – And Thus – The Beneficiaries Of The Various Myths And Legends That Always Develop Around Power

~ IPFTDHTPTCABS-TDNTAI ~ If People Feel They Don’t Have The Power To Change A Bad Situation – They Do Not Think About It

~ IIJAIFPTFU-MLAT-ATNI ~ It Is Just About Impossible For People To Fully Understand – Much Less Adhere To – A Totally New Idea

~ TFOC-I-OOODF-ANIMBATLCITLOPI ~ The Fear Of Change – Is – One Of Our Deepest Fears – A New Idea Must Be At The Least Couched In The Language Of Past Ideas

~ SOCAI-RTAT-FUTIC-PANCETA ~ Search Out Controversy And Issues – Rather Than Avoid Them – For Unless There Is Controversy – People Are Not Concerned Enough To Act

~ NOCNWTPTCN-TATOOAGW-RTOAPB-WBTASTTWHNYE ~ No One Can Negotiate Without The Power To Compel Negotiation – To Attempt To Operate On A Good-Will – Rather Than On A Power Basis – Would Be To Attempt Something That The World Has Not Yet Experienced

~ TOIBOTIATIABOOTO-OMBBOMI-ONAAAINO ~ The Organization Is Born Of The Issues And The Issues Are Born Out Of The Organization – Organizations Must Be Based On Many Issues – Organizations Need Action As An Individual Needs Oxygen

~ AEOEIAMAEPFTOAIIFTP ~ An Effective Organizational Experience Is As Much An Educational Process For The Organizer As It Is For The People

~ WL-WERTDOTP-TTCBDTERTPFITSTTOP ~ We Learn – When We Respect The Dignity Of The People – That They Cannot Be Denied The Elementary Right To Participate Fully In The Solutions To Their Own Problems

~ DOTOFPITDOHDAD ~ Denial Of The Opportunity For Participation Is The Denial Of Human Dignity And Democracy

~ EINP-WTLP-TBOAOB-STSOOPGFA ~ Education Is Not Propaganda – Without The Learning Process – The Building Of An Organization Becomes – Simply The Substitution Of One Power Group For Another

~ TCBNPFPS-B-TSSRR-IITPTAOMC ~ There Can Be No Prescriptions For Particular Situations – Because – The Same Situation Rarely Recurs – It Is The Principles That An Organizer Must Carry

~ UTPOTLBMTEOIOR ~ Use The Power Of The Law By Making The Establishment Obey Its Own Rules

~ TTIUMPTTTI ~ The Threat Is Usually More Powerful Than The Tactic Itself

~ EOMHTOTSPWATBTE-IA‘T’LOCTTE ~ Every Organization Must Have Two Or Three Stool Pigeons Who Are Trusted By The Establishment – Invaluable As “Trustworthy” Lines Of Communication To The Establishment

~ MJ-UTPOOPOTPSAAP ~ Mass Jujitsu – Utilizing The Power Of One Part Of The Power Structure Against Another Part

~ THPAITAPBP-OWTFOLP-TEMIDBTIOKI ~ The Haves Possess And In Turn Are Possessed By Power – Obsessed With The Fear Of Losing Power – Their Every Move Is Dictated By The Idea Of Keeping It

~ TEWITTBA-IO-S ~ The Error Was In Trying To Boycott All – Instead Of – Some

~ CMO-TPOOPOTH-AIOP-ICTS ~ Calculated Maneuvering Of – The Power Of One Part Of The Haves – Against Its Other Parts – Is Central To Strategy

~ TITTWIITEIL-TDBSAF ~ Timing Is To Tactics What It Is To Everything In Life – The Difference Between Success And Failure

~ AMJOTOITIDTRFAWHTPBAOIA-PARGAAMAP ~ A Major Job Of The Organizer Is To Instantly Develop The Rationale For Actions Which Have Taken Place By Accident Or Impulsive Anger – Possessing A Rationale Gives Action A Meaning And Purpose

~ TTICOOTFFOAAR-AR-AEAOAD ~ The Tactic Itself Comes Out Of The Free Flow Of Action And Reaction – And Requires – An Easy Acceptance Of Apparent Disorganization

GARY HAUGEN + VICTOR BOUTROS ~ THE 15-70-15 RULE ~ THE LOCUST EFFECT

~ 15%-IOUTCPAAFPPP ~ 15 Percent – Intent On Using Their Coercive Power And Authority For Purely Predatory Purposes

~ 15%-ITDGATSTP ~ 15 Percent – Intent To Do Good And To Serve The Pubic

~ 70%-SWTSWOTTFIGTPIDTOCAISOR ~ 70 Percent – Simply Waiting To See Which Of These Two Factions Is Going To Prevail In Dominating The Organizational Culture And Its System Of Rewards

GARY HAUGEN + VICTOR BOUTROS ~ THE LOCUST EFFECT

~ TEOPRTEOV ~ The End Of Poverty Requires The End Of Violence

~ TVSWOV ~ The Vast Subterranean World Of Violence

~ TRIVHFOTS-B-MAOVATPAIH ~ This Reality Is Very Hard For Outsiders To See – Because – Most Acts Of Violence Against The Poor Are Intentionally Hidden

~ AESEOAFLAT-EM ~ An Entire Subterranean Economy Of Abduction, Forced Labor, And Torture – Engulfing Millions

~ VIAMAPOWIMTBPA-B-HSHOJ-IF-VIFTPTPPAMCA-IIOOTCRTAPITFP-AOOTPRTSP ~ Violence Is As Much A Part Of What It Means To Be Poor As – Being – Hungry, Sick, Homeless, Or Jobless – In Fact – Violence Is Frequently The Problem That Poor People Are Most Concerned About – It Is One Of The Core Reasons They Are Poor In The First Place – And One Of The Primary Reasons They Stay Poor

~ SV-OOTMPADSOVATP ~ Sexual Violence – One Of The Most Pervasive And Devastating Sources Of Violence Against The Poor

~ LSDP-SVHSIENACOTDW-THSAWOAPOWCAC-IIOWAGWARV ~ Like Some Dread Plague – Sexual Violence Has Seeped Into Every Nook And Cranny Of The Developing World – The Homes, Schools, Alleys, Workplaces, Orphanages And Places Of Worship, Commerce, And Care – It Is Overwhelmingly Women And Girls Who Are The Victims

~ THCBAPOSLBFTPWAG ~ The Home Can Be A Place Of Silent, Lawless Brutality For The Poorest Women And Girls

~ OOTPRGDGTSITDWISV ~ One Of The Primary Reasons Girls Don’t Go To School In The Developing World Is Sexual Violence

~ SVIAB-EDTAMOPWAROSMAPOACT ~ Sexual Violence Is A Business – Every Day There Are Millions Of People Who Are Raped Or Sexually Molested As Part Of A Commercial Transaction

~ ‘PG’ ~ “Property Grabbing”

~ MOTWPPLICIWTCBSTOOTHAOTLBTINRRKSFADWOTLATP ~ Most Of The World’s Poorest People Live In Circumstances In Which They Can Be Summarily Thrown Out Of Their Homes And Off Their Land Because There Is No Reliable Record Keeping System For Accurately Demonstrating Who Owns The Land And The Property

~ TBEOTSPATACBSAIAITVLS ~ The Best Efforts Of The Struggling Poor And Their Allies Can Be Swept Away In An Instance Through Violent Land Seizures

~ APAAD ~ Abusive Police And Arbitrary Detention

~ TIOLEITDWAAATTV-TIPWTPHBTTTTW-TMPCAPPFTGPIFTOPF ~ The Institutions Of Law Enforcement In The Developing World Are Actually Adding To The Violence – This Is Precisely What The Poor Have Been Trying To Tell The World – The Most Pervasive Criminal And Predatory Presence For The Global Poor Is Frequently Their Own Police Force

~ AD ~ Abusive Detention

~ AGFAPPAATDW-BPUATIJBTPOFC-AAWOEMSAPAOGAS ~ A Great Fear Among Poor People All Around The Developing World – Begin Picked Up And Thrown In Jail By The Police On False Charges – As A Way Of Extorting Money, Sex Acts, Property And Other Goods And Services

~ FFFIAIAFFW-IIITTEOOTRWTO ~ Freedom From Fear Is As Important As Freedom From Want – It Is Impossible To Truly Enjoy One Of These Rights Without The Other

~ ERSLOPTVTOECBDTPH-EIIIOOTFPA-TDHE ~ Even Relatively Small Losses Of Property Through Violent Theft Or Extortion Can Be Debilitating To Poor Households – Especially If It Is One Of Their Few Productive Assets – They Don’t Have Extras

~ IABIVBV-LU-E-A-ACW-TREIDAW-ATP-MPALTBDUTB ~ If A Breadwinner Is Victimized By Violence – Locked Up – Enslaved – Assaulted – And Can’t Work – The Ripple Effect Is Deep And Wide – Among The Poor – More People Are Likely To Be Dependent Upon That Breadwinner

~ THCOT ~ The Hidden Cost Of Trauma

~ TGDOVII-IITDOTPI ~ The Greatest Devastation Of Violence Is Invisible – It Is The Destruction Of The Person Inside

~ IWCOTLE-NEGPDTHTPWBTS ~ If We Can’t Overcome The Locust Effect – Nothing Else Good People Do To Help The Poor Will Be Truly Sustainable

~ BEPJSITDWICDD-AU ~ Building Effective Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Is Costly, Difficult, Dangerous – And Unlikely

~ IICTTCNAATLVMBA ~ It Is Certainly True That Cultural Norms And Attitudes That Legitimate Violence Must Be Addressed

~ IDN-E&B-A-‘TEN’-FIWP-CPTPIABWAPWAMCOTTPTNETL-TPACOBTPAPTWOABTMV ~ In Developing Nations – Extortion And Bribery – Are – “The Expected Norm” – For Interactions With The Police – Corruption Places The Poor In A Bidding War Against Perpetrators Who Are Making Counter Offers To The Police To Not Enforce The Law – The Police Are Co-Opted By The Powerful And Put To Work Oppressing And Bullying The Most Vulnerable

~ TSRIT:TPDHPP ~ The Stark Reality Is This: The Poor Don’t Have Police Protection

~ ADD ~ A Dream Devastated

~ CNOTJDS ~ Catastrophic Neglect Of The Justice Delivery System

~ OCTLSICIAFL-TTLOTCP-ANOTPAEE ~ Of Course The Legal System Is Conducted In A Foreign Language – That’s The Language Of The Colonial Power – And Now Of The Political And Economic Elite

~ PJAPL ~ Private Justice And Public Lawlessness

~ EDNNAEPJSTPTFBVBO-B-TMNABPJSTPTFBHAFVO ~ Elites Do Not Need An Effective Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Victimized By Others – But – They May Need A Broken Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Held Accountable For Victimizing Others

~ BJSAITTHB-ECJSTIOTM ~ Broken Public Justice Systems Auction Impunity To The Highest Bidder – Effective Criminal Justice Systems Take Impunity Off The Market

~ SV ~ Security Vacuums

~ IC ~ International Crime

~ TTHSCFTIACTRIIPTATLTIUSMOETATP ~ The Time Has Surely Come For The International Aid Community To Revise Its Investment Priorities To Address The Lawlessness That Is Undermining So Many Other Efforts To Assist The Poor

~ STBFJSITDWALTSOWTALLACFWTCTFOAVCCSASB-TPTISEASOLLACF ~ Struggles To Build Functioning Justice Systems In The Developing World Are Likely To Succeed Only Where There Are Local Leaders And Community Forces Willing To Carry The Fight On A Very Committed, Costly, Sustained, And Sacrificial Basis – This Priorities The Identification, Support, Encouragement, And Strengthening Of Local Leaders And Community Forces

~ TPWITPJSITDWA-GVPP-O-IT-PM-UR-FTSTWAADODL-A-TICOAGRVAT ~ The People Working In The Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Are – Generally Very Poorly Paid – Overworked – Ill-Trained – Poorly Managed – Under-Resourced – Forced To Serve The Whims And Arbitrary Demands Of Dysfunctional Leaders – And – Trained In Cultures Of Abuse, Gratuitous Rudeness, Violence, And Theft

~ DPOH ~ Demonstrations Projects Of Hope

~ 15-70-15 ~ The 15-70-15 Rule

~ BSD ~ Build Social Demand

~ LFDCRITS ~ Look For Decisive, Courageous Reformers Inside The System

~ ACITCJSF ~ Attack Corruption In The Criminal Justice System First

~ CHAEIFPC ~ Clean House And End Impunity For Police Corruption

~ TTNPWR ~ Treat The New Police With Respect

~ WPTTECFAPR ~ Win Public Trust Through Effective Crime Fighting And Public Relations

~ IBTJ ~ International Bridges To Justice

~ JSR ~ Justice Sector Roundtables

~ RAC ~ Rights Awareness Campaigns

~ DRC&TPOLS ~ Defender Resource Centers And The Provision Of Legal Services

~ T-DOT-I-IDOPARAP ~ Transformed – Days Of Tragedy – Into – Iconic Days Of Public Awareness, Remembrance And Protest

~ LEOTP ~ Legal Empowerment Of The Poor

~ TTCAGP-WWSOGP-WMSOTVIITP ~ Transform The Conversation About Global Poverty – Whenever We Speak Of Global Poverty – We Must Speak Of The Violence Imbedded In That Poverty

~ TPOVDETW-H-DW-D-I-U-GD-H-S-BFTP-VIEBAD-A-IFTHFUSTTON ~ The Problem Of Violence Deserves Equal Time With – Hunger – Dirty Water – Disease – Illiteracy – Unemployment – Gender Discrimination – Housing – Sanitation – Because For The Poor – Violence Is Every Bit As Devastating – And – Is Frequently The Hidden Force Undermining Solutions To These Other Needs

~ FFVAF ~ Freedom From Violence And Fear

SONJA LYUBOMIRSKY ~ EIGHT WAYS THAT GRATITUDE BOOSTS HAPPINESS ~ THE HOW OF HAPPINESS

~ GTPTSOPLE-TETMPSAEFYCC ~ Grateful Thinking Promotes The Savoring Of Positive Life Experiences – To Extract The Maximum Possible Satisfaction And Enjoyment From Your Current Circumstances

~ EGBSWASE ~ Expressing Gratitude Bolsters Self-Worth And Self-Esteem

~ GHPCWSAT ~ Gratitude Helps People Cope With Stress And Traumas

~ TEOGEMB ~ The Expression Of Gratitude Encourages Moral Behavior

~ GCHBSBSERANO ~ Gratitude Can Help Build Social Bonds, Strengthening Existing Relationships And Nurturing New Ones

~ EGTTIICWO-IYAGTAAFWYH-YALLTPCATOEWTJH ~ Expressing Gratitude Tends To Inhibit Invidious Comparisons With Others – If You Are Genuinely Thankful And Appreciative For What You Have – You Are Less Likely To Pay Close Attention To Or Envy What The Joneses Have

~ TPOGIIWNEAG ~ The Practice Of Gratitude Is Incompatible With Negative Emotions And Greed

~ GHUTHA ~ Gratitude Helps Us Thwart Hedonic Adaptation

SONJA LYUBOMIRSKY ~ HAPPINESS ACTIVITY ~ THE HOW OF HAPPINESS

~ EG ~ Expressing Gratitude

~ CO ~ Cultivating Optimism

~ AOASC ~ Avoiding Overthinking And Social Comparison

~ PAOK ~ Practicing Acts Of Kindness

~ NSR ~ Nurturing Social Relationships

~ DSFC ~ Developing Strategies For Coping

~ LTF ~ Learning To Forgive

~ IFE ~ Increasing Flow Experiences

~ SLJ ~ Savoring Life’s Joys

~ CTYG ~ Committing To Your Goals

~ PRAS ~ Practicing Religion And Spirituality

~ M ~ Meditation

~ PA ~ Physical Activity

SONJA LYUBOMIRSKY ~ THE HOW OF HAPPINESS

~ DYKWMYH? ~ Do You Know What Makes You Happy?

~ IMBHTBTSTARBAPHHOASTALIOAH-BTEIF ~ It May Be Hard To Believe That Such Things As Riches, Beauty, And Perfect Health Have Only A Short-Term And Limited Influence On Achieving Happiness – But The Evidence Is Formidable

~ NOBYKOSTYHHYTA ~ No One But You Knows Or Should Tell You How Happy You Truly Are

~ HINOTFUTF-IIU ~ Happiness Is Not Out There For Us To Find – It’s Inside Us

~ HBARAABRATSOPC ~ Human Beings Are Remarkably Adept At Becoming Rapidly Accustomed To Sensory Or Physiologic Changes

~ THSP-YGDPFH(OU)AF50%OTDBYAEE ~ The Happiness Set Point – Your Genetically Determined Predisposition For Happiness (Or Unhappiness) Accounts For 50 Percent Of The Differences Between You And Everyone Else

~ TAGDORTIOHBTTWD ~ There’s A Great Deal Of Room To Improve Our Happiness By The Things We Do – Our Intentional Activities

~ TFOHCBF-IHYB-WYT-AWGYSEDOYL ~ The Fountain Of Happiness Can Be Found – In How You Behave – What You Think – And What Goals You Set Every Day Of Your Life

~ HYT-AYYWAOP-IMITYHTTOCOYL ~ How You Think – About Yourself, Your World, And Other People – Is More Important To Your Happiness Than The Objective Circumstances Of Your Life

~ EGDPALLOCI-AHATMB-CHYAMOAPBA ~ Expressing Gratefulness During Personal Adversity Like Loss Or Chronic Illness – As Hard As That Might Be – Can Help You Adjust, Move On, And Perhaps Begin Anew

~ GJ ~ Gratitude Journal

~ TEOGMBPEWDD ~ The Expression Of Gratitude May Be Particularly Effective When Done Directly

~ SWAGL-ANSOODI-ETPSBIH ~ Simply Writing A Gratitude Letter – And Not Sending Or Otherwise Delivering It –Enough To Produce Substantial Boosts In Happiness

~ BOIACAHYSTW-IDMDTNOAAUI-IADMCTTCSTCBC ~ Being Optimistic Involves A Choice About How You See The World – It Doesn’t Mean Denying The Negative Or Avoiding All Unfavorable Information – It Also Doesn’t Mean Constantly Trying To Control Situations That Cannot Be Controlled

~ OA-M-NL-VORAT(TDHTBO)-AOAVMATPOADOTE(TDWAFGTTH) ~ Optimists Are – More – Not Less – Vigilant Of Risks And Threats (They Don’t Have Their Blinders On) – And Optimists Are Very Much Aware That Positive Outcomes Are Dependent On Their Efforts (They Don’t Wait Around For Good Things To Happen)

~ SFR ~ Self-Focused Rumination

~ TETOIBFYINVAO ~ The Evidence That Overthinking Is Bad For You Is Now Vast And Overwhelming

~ TMSCYM-TMLYATEUC-ATMSYATSC-TMLYATSTNC ~ The More Social Comparisons You Make – The More Likely You Are To Encounter Unfavorable Comparisons – And The More Sensitive You Are To Social Comparisons – The More Likely You Are To Suffer Their Negative Consequences

~ YCBEAHATST ~ You Can’t Be Envious And Happy At The Same Time

~ DOT ~ Dodge Overthinking Triggers

~ TITBP ~ Take In The Big Picture

~ IISC ~ Investing In Social Connections

~ PAOKINOGFTRBAGFTD-TIVBBGAWTSMPH ~ Practicing Acts Of Kindness Is Not Only Good For The Recipient But Also Good For The Doer – This Is Because Being Generous And Willing To Share Makes People Happy

~ ASTIKBIAEWTEH ~ A Strategy To Increase Kind Behaviors Is An Effective Way To Elevate Happiness

~ WDDKDMPH?-LUCTW ~ Why Does Doing Kind Deeds Make People Happy? – Let Us Count The Ways

~ ‘HH’ ~ “Helper’s High”

~ PFC ~ Problem-Focused Coping

~ EFC ~ Emotion-Focused Coping

~ SS-OOTMECSTE ~ Social Support – One Of The Most Effective Coping Strategies That Exist

~ TQOSSIJAIAWYHI ~ The Quality Of Social Support Is Just As Important As Whether You Have It

~ FM ~ Finding Meaning

~ TBOEJW-FYTOAI-WAEHSAM-ISMMMAC ~ The Benefits Of Expressive Journal Writing – Forces You To Organize And Integrate – When An Experience Has Structure And Meaning – It Seems Much More Manageable And Controllable

~ TD-DOCYOPT ~ Thought Disputation – Disputing Or Challenging Your Own Pessimistic Thoughts

~ FMBTOFTCDTCOAAVIWWOFO ~ Forgiveness May Be The One Factor That Can Disrupt The Cycle Of Avoidance And Vengeance In Which We Often Find Ourselves

~ FINR-IDNNITROTRWTT ~ Forgiveness Is Not Reconciliation – It Does Not Necessarily Involve The Reestablishment Of The Relationship With The Transgressor

~ FDNM-E-O-DOH-O-UTAWHO ~ Forgiveness Does Not Mean – Excusing – Or – Denial Of Harm – Or Unwillingness To Accept What Had Occurred

~ CTBOHHYMTTOOYHY-ERCTI ~ Clinging To Bitterness Or Hate Harms You More Than The Object Of Your Hatred – Empirical Research Confirms This Insight

~ TITFIAWPRODOR-WFAAPTMO ~The Inability To Forgive Is Associated With Persistent Rumination Or Dwelling On Revenge – While Forgiving Allows A Person To Move On

~ ABF ~ Appreciate Being Forgiven

~ IF ~ Imagine Forgiveness

~ ROE ~ Relish Ordinary Experiences

~ DYNASTPOTD-ODYDTT? ~ Do You Notice And Savor The Pleasures Of The Day – Or Do You Dash Through Them?

~ CGN ~ Celebrate Good News

~ BOTBAE ~ Be Open To Beauty And Excellence

~ SWYC ~ Savor With Your Camera

~ IG-WTGTAPIARTYIMLTBYHTWTGTANFC ~ Intrinsic Goals – Working Toward Goals That Are Personally Involving And Rewarding To You Is More Likely To Bring You Happiness Than Working Toward Goals That Are Not Freely Chosen

~ OYG ~ Own Your Goals

~ C-WP ~ Commit – With Passion

~ CIEPWMIFOOP ~ Commitment Is Especially Potent When Made In Front Of Other People

~ CSFP ~ Create Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

~ BF ~ Be Flexible

~ SMAP ~ Seek Meaning And Purpose

~ FTSIOL ~ Find The Sacred In Ordinary Life

~ AAOSHSTMHMPEOAPHAPE ~ An Avalanche Of Studies Has Shown That Meditation Has Multiple Positive Effects On A Person’s Happiness And Positive Emotions

~ TSAGMBABGIAM ~ That Seriousness And Greatness Must Be Accompanied By Grumpiness Is A Myth

~ TIOVIDBBEAAE ~ The Importance Of Variety Is Demonstrated By Both Empirical And Anecdotal Evidence

~ TWOMACE ~ The Wonders Of Motivated And Committed Effort

~ TCFUIH ~ The Cure For Unhappiness Is Happiness