HANNAH ARENDT ~ THE ORIGINS OF TOTALITARIANISM ~ 1950

~ AFTE-I-AIACT-TUOTM-ATMO-CWTM

~ Attraction For The Elite – Is – As Important A Clue To – The Understanding Of Totalitarian Movements – As The More Obvious – Connection With The Mob

~ NPETE-T-T-PAPM-O-PWTONBSTPL ~ Nothing Proved Easier To Destroy – Than – The – Privacy And Private Morality – Of – People Who Thought Of Nothing But Safeguarding Their Private Lives

~ TIP-I-RAF-RT-ROTS-W-TCAFWLO-IAC-ISTBGOT-L ~ Totalitarianism In Power – Invariably – Replaces All First-Rate Talents – Regardless Of Their Sympathies – With – Those Crackpots And Fools Whose Lack Of – Intelligence And Creativity – Is Still The Best Guarantee Of Their – Loyalty

~ OTMATECBABTMOTI-TMHTBWBP ~ Only The Mob And The Elite Can Be Attracted By The Momentum Of Totalitarianism Itself – The Masses Have To Be Won By Propaganda

~ TCQOAMLHB-UI-NAAE ~ The Chief Qualification Of A Mass Leader Has Become – Unending Infallibility – Never Admit An Error

~ TPEOI-TSSOPAAMIAO-PF-THOA-PIITFOP ~ The Propaganda Effect Of Infallibility – The Striking Success Of Posing As A Mere Interpreting Agent Of – Predictable Forces – The Habit Of Announcing – Political Intentions In The Form Of Prophecy

~ WCMAN-F-A-NE-IF-B-O-TCOTSOWTAPP ~ What Convinces Masses Are Not – Facts – And – Not Even – Invented Facts – But – Only – The Consistency Of The System Of Which They Are Presumably Part

~ FTO-STTM-WAMO-NAR-T-FTMATTCOTOW-AMSI-DTOWATTCOTM ~ Fellow-Traveller Organizations – Surround The Totalitarian Movements – With A Mist Of – Normality And Respectability – That – Fools The Membership About The True Character Of The Outside World – As Much As It – Does The Outside World About The True Character Of The Movement

~ IIBOT-EA-BTFO-A-SS-OC-AO-T-SP-OTCI-T-TR-BOAFO-GC-A-AA-GR-ECAPITHOTP ~ It Is Because Of The – Essential Affinity – Between The Functioning Of – A – Secret Society – Of Conspirators – And Of – The – Secret Police – Organized To Combat It – That – Totalitarian Regimes – Based On A Fiction Of – Global Conspiracy – And – Aiming At – Global Rule – Eventually Concentrate All Power In The Hands Of The Police

~ IITFFTCOTOIWCTHROTTH ~ It Is This Freedom From The Content Of Their Own Ideologies Which Characterizes The Highest Rank Of The Totalitarian Hierarchy

~ MOTEOTNWIIDDWTG-CCBTT-AEAACSWSPTHLIGOR ~ Many Of The Errors Of The Nontotalitarian World In Its Diplomatic Dealings With Totalitarian Government – Can Clearly Be Traced To – An Experience And A Common Sense Which Suddenly Proved To Have Lost Its Grasp On Reality

~ T-CAEC-O-TR-SA-TLIWTFBOTTEIPIBV ~ The – Concentration And Extermination Camps – Of – Totalitarian Regimes – Serve As – The Laboratories In Which The Fundamental Belief Of Totalitarianism That Everything Is Possible Is Being Verified

~ ‘PC’ ~ “Proctective Custody”

~’EIP’-‘EIP ‘~ “Everything Is Permitted” – “Everything Is Possible”

~ WMHTCO-M-WWACWT-MPOC?

~ What Meaning Has The Concept Of – Murder – When We Are Confronted With The – Mass Production Of Corpses?

~ TPCBDEWTDOTP ~ The Psyche Can Be Destroyed Even Without The Destruction Of The Physical

~ TANPT-LITCC-IHCNBFEBTIFTVRTISOO-LAD-ICNBFR-FTVRT-TSRTTWOTL-WMII-T-BF-IH[/H]OE-IIAT-ASTTOAP-FTSOTIITWOTL-WNISTKITAAOD-IST-IIATTHNBB ~ There Are No Parallels To – Life In The Concentration Camps – Its Horror Can Never Be Fully Embraced By The Imagination For The Very Reason That It Stands Outside Of – Life And Death – It Can Never Be Fully Reported – For The Very Reason That – The Survivor Returns To The World Of The Living – Which Makes It Impossible – To – Believe Fully – In His[/Her] Own Experiences – It Is As Though – A Story To Tell Of Another Planet – For The Status Of The Inmates In The World Of The Living – Where Nobody Is Supposed To Know If They Are Alive Or Dead – Is Such That – It Is As Though They Had Never Been Born

~ TCCAAI-WNEFTSOAPLY-TOPEFOTCHBTFOTOSA-CCEMFTOS-AWTHBPCHBD-MBAMC-UDC-T-IOTH-ICBUWT-EU-TAO-MAU-CBAALOP-IT-RIC-WHAFO-CC-F-TEOTW ~ The Concentration Camp As An Institution – Was Not Established For The Sake Of Any Possible Labor Yield – The Only Permanent Economic Function Of The Camps Has Been The Financing Of Their Own Supervisory Apparatus – Concentration Camps Exist Mostly For Their Own Sake – Any Work That Has Been Performed Could Have Been Done – Much Better And More Cheaply – Under Different Conditions – The – Incredibility Of The Horrors – Is Closely Bound Up With Their – Economic Uselessness – This Atmosphere Of – Madness And Unreality – Created By An Apparent Lack Of Purpose – Is The – Real Iron Curtain – Which Hides All Forms Of – Concentration Camps – From – The Eyes Of The World

~ T-GITC-EAATT-AOU-STTOTPT ~ The – Guards In The Camps – Embraced An Attitude Toward The – Atmosphere Of Unreality – Similar To That Of The Prisoners Themselves

~ L-IA-CC-S-A-D-O-P-O-D ~ Life – In A – Concentration Camp – Simply – A – Dragged-Out – Process – Of – Dying

~ WCMTPHC-IOT-SSI?-TAIOTV:NMEDT-T-GH-WW-C-CV-WC-ITPTS:’P’-C-W-E-JAI-B-IOA ~ What Crime Must These People Have Committed – In Order To – Suffer So Inhumanely? – The Absolute Innocence Of The Victims: No Man Ever Deserved This – The – Grotesque Haphazardness – With Which – Concentration-Camp Victims – Were Chosen – In The Perfected Terror State: “Punishment” – Can – With – Equal – Justice And Injustice – Be – Inflicted On Anyone

~ T-I-MMOC-IPBT-HAPI-POLC ~ The – Insane – Mass Manufacture Of Corpses – Is Preceded By The – Historically And Politically Intelligible – Preparation Of Living Corpses

~ CWTCHWWTIAS-A-TC-MIT-B-UFTSOO-IWTAUDOTA ~ Contrasting With The Complete Haphazardness With Which The Inmates Are Selected – Are – The Categories – Meaningless In Themselves – But – Useful From The Standpoint Of Organization – Into Which They Are Usually Divided On Their Arrival

~ MCOI ~ Meaningless Categories Of Inmates

~ WCC-WT-UF-TI-A-T-VW-DT-TOITD-ATSCNI-N-M

~ Without Concentration Camps – Without The – Undefined Fear – They Inspire – And – The – Very Well-Defined Training – They Offer In Totalitarian Domination – A Totalitarian State Can Neither – Inspire – Nor – Maintain

~ UN-T-TB-T-EIP-STHPOT-ECBD ~ Until Now The – Totalitarian Belief – That – Everything Is Possible – Seems To Have Proved Only That – Everything Can Be Destroyed

~ TDOT-CF-A-HOO-IT-TPACRS-TS-WWCUWISITA-P-S-O-E-M ~ The Danger Of The – Corpse Factories – And – Holes Of Oblivion – Is That – Today – People Are Continuously Rendered Superfluous – Totalitarian Solutions – Which Will Come Up Whenever It Seems Impossible To Alleviate – Political – Social – Or – Economic – Misery

! TL-DL-A-PTETDRO-JOE-E-TLO-H-O-ON-WTIISO-RAW–F-IB ~ Totalitarian Lawfulness – Defying Legality – And – Pretending To Establish The Direct Reign Of – Justice On Earth – Executes – The Law Of – History – Or – Of Nature – Without Translating It Into Standards Of – Right And Wrong – For – Individual Behavior

~ TAO-TE-HNBT-IC-B-T-DTCTFA ~ The Aim Of – Totalitarian Education – Has Never Been To – Install Convictions – But – To – Destroy The Capacity To Form Any

~ E/V-TPMDTTW-T-E-T-MBS-WTRNTGTBOIS-IAPTF-EWFTROEATROV ~ Executioners / Victims – The Process May Decide That Those Who – Today – Eliminate – Tomorrow – Must Be Sacrificed – What Totalitarian Rule Needs To Guide The Behavior Of Its Subjects – Is A Preparation To Fit – Equally Well For The Role Of Executioner And The Role Of Victim

~ I-I-W-TTSOTA-CE-EAEO-B-DIFASP-A-AVRP ~ Ideologies – Isms – Which – To The Satisfaction Of Their Adherents – Can Explain – Everything And Every Occurrence – By – Deducing It From A Single Premise – Are – A Very Recent Phenomenon

~ T-ISOTR-IN-TC-B-P-FW-TDB-FAF-(TROE)-A-TDB-TAF-(TSOT)-NLE ~ The – Ideal Subject Of Totalitarian Rule – Is Not – The Convinced – But – People – For Whom – The Distinction Between – Fact And Fiction – (The Reality Of Experience) – And – The Distinction Between – True And False – (The Standards Of Thought) – No Longer Exist

~ EEIHNCANB ~ Every End In History Necessarily Contains A New Beginning

CHIP HEATH + DAN HEATH ~ THE POWER OF MOMENTS ~ 2017

~ DM-ME-TSOIOM-MOTOAGDTC-MOODMJHTU-DM-SOL-B-WDHTWFTTH-WCBTAOT ~ Defining Moments – Meaningful Experiences – That Stand Out In Our Memory – Many Of Them Owe A Great Deal To Chance – Most Of Our Defining Moments Just Happen To Us – Defining Moments – Shape Our Lives – But – We Don’t Have To Wait For Them To Happen – We Can Be The Authors Of Them

~ OLAMIM ~ Our Lives Are Measured In Moments

~ IRAE-WIMOWHAFIO-AFPM-TKM-TBOWM-KAT-‘P’-A-T-E-BM-T-TWIPTTA-T-WEB-EAB ~ In Recalling An Experience – We Ignore Most Of What Happened And Focus Instead On – A Few Particular Moments – Two Key Moments – The Best Or Worst Moment – Known As The – “Peak” – And – The – Ending – Beginnings Matter – Too – That’s Why It’s Preferable To Talk About – Transitions – Which Encompass Both – Endings And Beginnings

~ WWAOE-WD-AOM-B-MS-R-WTTRFM:TP/TP/TT ~ When We Assess Our Experiences – We Don’t – Average Our Minute-By-Minute Sensations – Rather – We Tend To Remember Flagship Moments: The Peaks / The Pits / The Transitions

~ DM-ACF-OOM-OTFFE:E-ATE;I-ROUOOOTW;RS-TMIOL;P-CUAOB;C-WSTWO ~ Defining Moments – Are Created From – One Or More – Of The Following Four Elements: Elevation – Above The Everyday; Insight – Rewire Our Understanding Of Ourselves Or The World – Realize Something – That Might Influence Our Lives; Pride – Capture Us At Our Best; Connection – We Share Them With Others

~ MM-A-WAOWMWWLTTC! ~ Moments Matter – And – What An Opportunity We Miss When We Leave Them To Chance!

~ TLOAPTA-EFD-I-M-B-WA-WO-T-MANTMFIAA ~ The Lack Of Attention Paid To An – Employee’s First Day – Is – Mind-Boggling – What A – Wasted Opportunity – To – Make A New Team Member Feel Included And Appreciated

~ WMUWSMAN-WMLT-TIM-TSTOTAWOI-‘M-S’ ~ We Must Understand When Special Moments Are Needed – We Must Learn To – Think In Moments – To Spot The Occasions That Are Worthy Of Investment – “Moment-Spotting”

~ MAWWRAWWC ~ Moments Are What We Remember And What We Cherish

~ T-L-M-A-P-A-NDM ~ Transitions – Like – Milestones – And – Pits – Are – Natural Defining Moments

~ P-CSBFI-P ~ Pits – Can Sometimes Be Flipped Into – Peaks

~ B-AYMOT-O-S/C-O-C-ACT?-AY-TIM? ~ But – Are You Missing Opportunities To – Offer – Support / Congratulations – Or – Counsel – At Critical Times? – Are You – Thinking In Moments?

~ ‘FDE’ ~ “First Day Experience”

~ T-AONOP-IPGIO-W-RR-TTGTDFPTB ~ The – Absence Or Neglect Of Peaks – Is Particularly Glaring In Organizations – Where – Relentless Routines – Tend To Grind Them Down From Peaks To Bumps

~ T-CF-YN-T-R-A-TRW ~ To – Create Fans – You Need – The – Remarkable – And – That Requires Peaks

~ A-P-M-SSIH-ISLD ~ A – Peak – Means – Something Special Is Happening – It Should Look Different

~ OSD-TGWY-TTO-I-IPFTNTPOTC ~ One Simple Diagnostic – To Gauge Whether You’ve – Transcended The Ordinary – Is – If People Feel The Need To Pull Out Their Cameras

~ BTS-DPEOHAEWU-SS ~ Breaking The Script – Defying People’s Expectations Of How An Experience Will Unfold – Strategic Surprise

~ SIASBM ~ Some Insights Are Small But Meaningful

~ T-‘A’-M-SAHITMOT-A ~ The – “Aha!” – Moment – Should Always Happen In The Minds Of The – Audience

~ YCATSUYATP ~ You Can’t Appreciate The Solution Until You Appreciate The Problem

~ TPO-S-IN-S-I-L-I-S-I-TPMO-S-I-WNT-S-POINSTEUTTROF ~ The Promise Of – Stretching – Is Not – Success – It’s – Learning – It’s – Self-Insight – To Produce Moments Of – Self-Insight – We Need To – Stretch – Placing Ourselves In New Situations That Expose Us To The Risk Of Failure

~ M-CHUSFTWTWC ~ Mentors – Can Help Us Stretch Further Than We Thought We Could

~ W-RIAUE-INA-UP ~ While – Recognition Is A Universal Expectation – It’s Not A – Universal Practice

~ TSINI-WII-A:BPNP ~ The Style Is Not Important – What’s Important Is – Authenticity: Being Personal Not Programmatic

~ EG-PTROTP-OC-B-ICAHABE-ETSOTGP ~ Expressing Gratitude – Pleases The Recipient Of The Praise – Of Course – But – It Can Also Have A Boomerang Effect – Elevating The Spirits Of The Grateful Person

~ ASITYALR-TDFO-R ~ A Small Investment That Yields A Large Reward – The Defining Feature Of – Recognition

~ TDTHMEACFPOE-B-WNSWJO-FL-B-MM-WTA-L-A-R-IOW-MI-‘FL’-AWPTEO-WEABOPAWAAJOETCTTNO ~ The Desire To Hit Milestones Elicits A Concerted Final Push Of Effort – But – We’re Not Stuck With Just One – Finish Line – By – Multiplying Milestones – We Transform A – Long – Amorphous – Race – Into One With – Many Intermediate – “Finish Lines” – As We Push Through Each One – We Experience A Burst Of Pride As Well As A Jolt Of Energy To Charge Toward The Next One

~ ‘GAGP’-ET ~ “Gradual And Graduated Practice” – Exposure Therapy

~ MF-IACPO-C ~ Managing Fear – Is A Critical Part Of – Courage

~ WPM-AMC:I-X-H-T-I-WD-Y-II-TIPIPAR ~ When People Make – Advance Mental Commitments: If – X – Happens – Then – I – Will Do – Y – Implementation Intentions – There Is Power In Preloading A Response

~ B-POKWTRTTDI-THPIAOTJ ~ But – People Often Know What The Right Thing To Do Is – The Hard Part Is Acting On That Judgment

~ B-TS-TLT-UB-A-P ~ Because – The Situations – That Lead To – Unethical Behavior – Are – Predictable

~ BLOA-P-G-T-DU-WLTA ~ Blurry Lines Of Accountability – Plus – Get-Things-Done Urgency – Will Lead To Accidents

~ AL-B/B/S-TRIA-PE-WILTA-TANA-TAP-TCBFAF ~ A Leader’s – Bias / Bigotry / Sexism – Taking Root In A – Permissive Environment – Will Inevitably Lead To Abuse – These Are Not Anomalies – They Are Probabilities – They Can Be Foreseen And Fought

~ ACFO-PC-T-I-MSTPRC! ~ A Crucial Feature Of – Practicing Courage – Then – Is – Making Sure The Practice Requires Courage!

~ PQTATCCOMIATM ~ Practice Quiets The Anxiety That Can Cloud Our Mind In A Tough Moment

~ OAOCSA ~ One Act Of Courage Supports Another

~ ONIIT-CTTMO-TGNIT-IEOPIBETDTM-WAE-WNAA ~ Our Natural Instinct Is To – Cave To The Majority Opinion – The Good News Is That – If Even One Person Is Brave Enough To Defy The Majority – We Are Emboldened – We’re Not Alone Anymore

~ CIC ~ Courage Is Contagious

~ IIHTBC-B-IEWYP-A-WYSU-OWJY ~ It Is Hard To Be Courageous – But – It’s Easier When You’ve Practiced – And – When You Stand Up – Others Will Join You

~ YMOC-MB-ADMFSE ~ Your Moment Of Courage – Might Be – A Defining Moment For Someone Else

~ TPOO-TAIISR ~ The Presence Of Others – Turns Abstract Ideas Into Social Reality

~ PW-CTS-I-TWMSTT-THSAICIO-A-ITCTPON ~ People Will – Choose To Struggle – If – The Work Means Something To Them – They Have Some Autonomy In Carrying It Out – And – It’s Their Choice To Participate Or Not

~ IYWTBPOAGTBLC-TOARDTTDM-AOYWRIFTROYL ~ If You Want To Be Part Of A Group That Bonds Like Cement – Take On A Really Demanding Task That’s Deeply Meaningful – All Of You Will Remember It For The Rest Of Your Lives

~ PII-PISPCS ~ Passion Is Individualistic – Purpose Is Something People Can Share

~ P-I-D-I-C ~ Purpose – Isn’t – Discovered – It’s – Cultivated

~ WTRKO-M-R-CCIAI ~ With The Right Kind Of – Moment – Relationships – Can Change In An Instant

~ IWWM-MOC-WNTB-MRTO ~ If We Want More – Moments Of Connection – We Need To Be – More Responsive To Others

~ IA ~ Interpersonal Alchemy

~ GBWTST-PWWASW-ITC-TGA-TMIM ~ Groups Bond When They Struggle Together – People Will Welcome A Struggle When – It’s Their Choice / They’re Given Autonomy / The Mission Is Meaningful

~ TPOSG ~ The Power Of Simple Gestures

~ TMPMAOTOTCTL ~ The Most Precious Moments Are Often The Ones That Cost The Least

~ WCBT-DOM-TD-E/I/P/C ~ We Can Be The – Designers Of Moments – That Deliver – Elevation / Insight / Pride / Connection

THOMAS FRANK ~ THE PEOPLE, NO ~ 2020

~ FTVB-P-HTM-TWPAIPUI-MAMIW-OC-D-DER-A-TWPAIECI-ADMO-GR-IW-DLTD ~ From The Very Beginning – Populism – Had Two Meanings – There Was Populism As Its Proponents Understood It – Meaning A Movement In Which – Ordinary Citizens – Demanded – Democratic Economic Reforms – And – There Was Populism As Its Enemies Characterized It – A Dangerous Movement Of – Groundless Resentment – In Which – Demagogues Led The Disreputable

~ TIO – WP-CTA-EP-LO;YMSICOOTMSO-DT ~ The Idea Of – Working People – Coming Together Against – Economic Privilege – Lives On; You Might Say It Constitutes One Of The Main Streams Of – Democratic Tradition

~ A-P-‘ETOD’-HT-PP-SBMBA-‘COE’-RTBT-EAD-P-IR-MPM-A-OOI-MP-IA-AMFAR ~ Anti-Populism – “Elitist Theory Of Democracy” – Holds That – Public Policy – Should Be Made By A – “Consensus Of Elites” – Rather Than By The – Emotional And Deluded – People – It Regards – Mass Protest Movements – As – Outbreaks Of Irrationality – Marginalized People – It Assumes – Are Marginalized For A Reason

~ T-O-O-F-TT-PPC-FQFIRITPA-UINI-W-A-PHOTMTEFORY-D/FC/OE-TAADTA-IOU-ENOCHPHFOMMS ~ The – Obvious – Objective – Fact – That The – Professional Political Class – Fails Quite Frequently Is Regarded In This Philosophy As – Uninteresting If Not Impossible – When Anti-Populists Have Occasion To Mention The Elite Failures Of Recent Years – Deindustrialization / Financial Crisis / Opioid Epidemic – They Almost Always Dismiss Them As – Inevitable Or Unpredictable – Episodes No One Could Have Possibly Have Foreseen Or Managed More Successfully

~ OTSO-EF-TINIPOIATIWP-NIAATDWEKB-ITCIB-ATPOF-O-DTPDMBRI-A-PWCTLET ~ On The Subject Of – Elite Failure – There Is No International Program Of Inquiry As There Is With Populism – No Incentives At All To Discover Why Experts Keep Blundering – If The Choice Is Between – Admitting That Professionals Often Fail – Or – Determining That Popular Democracy Must Be Reined In – Anti-Populists Will Choose The Latter Every Time

~ SPHTP-TF-MAWOSCR-HFOTBEWNTNOOT ~ Something Profound Had Taken Place – The Farmers – Men And Women Of Society’s Commonest Rank – Had Figured Out That Being Exploited Was Not The Natural Order Of Things

~ A-P-ASA-ATFJ-UP ~ Anti-Populism – Always Serves As – A Tool For Justifying – Unaccountable Power

~ TRPWP-WAGP-W-T-OPHCTUTIATWAWNAUTK ~ The Real Problem With Populism – With All Genuine Populisms – Was – That – Ordinary People Had Come To Understand Their Interests All Too Well And Were Now Acting Upon That Knowledge

~ TATC-TPP:YMEBRB-G/E-E-OB-R/A-D-BTTINMGANPA ~ Those Are The Choices – The Punditburo Proclaims: You Must Either Be Ruled By – Gracious / Enlightened – Experts – Or By – Racist / Authoritarian – Dunces – Between Them There Is No Middle Ground And No Possible Alternative

~ ‘P’-WAWUTE-THOSHCATLCTPWTDNB ~ “Populism” – Was A Word Used To Express – The Horror Of Seeing Hierarchies Collapse And The Lowly Clamber To Places Where They Do Not Belong

~ A-P-IAA-TPLIOTW;TCATH-BRTWTTDO-GAJAT-AWTD ~ Anti-Populism – Is Always About – The Powerful Lording It Over The Weak; The Credentialed And The High-Born Reminding The World That The Definitions Of – Goodness And Justice And Truth – Are Whatever They Determine

~ P-INAAW-M-A-PT-HITB ~ Populism – Is Not At All What – Modern – Anti-Populist Theory – Holds It To Be

~ TP-TA-PM-W-ED ~ The Problem – The Anti-Populists Maintained – Was – Excessive Democracy

~ BTSCOI-ATU-SOE-LTTSI:YMNCOOSE-TWMLTPABSWTL ~ Both The – Sunny Credo Of Individualism – And The Ugly – Science Of Eugenics – Led To The Same Imperative: You Must Not Challenge Or Overthrow Society’s Elites – The Weak Must Learn Their Place And Be Satisfied With Their Lot

~ TSTHPFTLFD-TPIITCB-TCOROBOTOS-A-TCOEPEBOTO ~ The System That Has Prevailed For The Last Few Decades – The Public Is Invited To Choose Between – The Candidate Of Resentful Oil Billionaires On The One Side – And – The Candidate Of Enlightened Private-Equity Billionaires On The Other

~ OE-HLTWIT-GD-OE-WNHPTMTGUOOI ~ Orthodox Economics – Had Led The World Into The – Great Depression – Orthodox Economics – Would Never Have Permitted The Measures That Got Us Out Of It

~ A-PWTUBANE-LBAHOTA-PU-TGTA-PI-TLOT-A-BIIAF-BSO-B-I-I-ICTSTSFAA-RTPOTP-BN-A-PDIWBMO-PAST-‘P’-BTPTFTOOT-IWTSBOHA-THBLAR-PRTEOTE ~ Anti-Populism Was Taken Up By A New Elite – Led By A Handful Of Thinkers At – Prestigious Universities – This Group Translated Anti-Populism Into – The Language Of Theory – And – Built It Into A Full-Blown System Of – Big – Intimidating – Ideas – It Continued To Serve The Same Function As Always – Rationalizing The Power Of The Powerful – But Now – Anti-Populism Did Its Work By Means Of – Psychology And Social Theory – “Populism” – Became Their – Pet Term – For – The Opposite Of Themselves – It Was The Same – Bill Of Hysterical Accusations – That Had Been Leveled At Reformers – Populism Represented The Denial Of Their Expertise

~ EWITBT-EAOI-MMOWPWD ~ Everyone Wanted It To Be True – Everyone Agreed On It – Mass Movements Of Working People Were Dangerous

~ TI-‘SA’-ATSO-MPM-AAATRTDTAI-SESS-B-ITOTBCA-ALTC(OH)CA-TAAG-IOTDI-DTDA-‘SA’-CCTDTRO-EH-A ~ To Identify – “Status Anxiety” – As The Source Of – Mass Protest Movements – And Also As The Reason To Dismiss Them As Irrational – Sounded Ever So Scientific – But – It Turned Out To Be Completely Arbitrary – A Label The Critic (Or Historian) Could Affix – To Almost Any Group – In Order To Disparage It – Dismissing Their Discontent As –”Status Anxiety” – Comes Close To Denying The Reality Of – Economic Hardship – Altogether

~ T-P-ITNWGT-MM-TA-BAI-TCSOREE-TSEA:TBOOP/TFOPM/TWOE ~ Today – Populism – Is The Name We Give To – Mass Movements – That Are – Bigoted And Irrational – The Common Sense Of Ruling Elites Everywhere – The Same Eternal Archetype: The Bigotry Of Ordinary People / The Folly Of Protest Movements / The Wisdom Of Elites

~ PAS-BAR-#1SH;PAMEDFSITS-‘P’-NW-A-S/U-P ~ Populism As Style – Became A Runaway #1 Smash Hit; Populism As Multiracial Economic Democracy Faded Slowly Into The Sunset – “Populism” – Now Meaning – A – Sunny / Upbeat – Peopleism

~ TPR-ITAKOHBTCYAPWCDOWAIA-TL-ITIP-TWHCTMN ~ The Pseudopopulist Revolution – It Takes A Kind Of Hallucinatory Bravado To Call Yourself A Populist While Cracking Down On Workers And Ignoring Anti-Trust Laws – If This Is Populism – The Word Has Truly Come To Mean Nothing

~ WTRCMCTR-IAT-GT-O-DS-VBEEEANEA ~ Why The Ruling Class Must Continue To Rule – Is Always The – Great Theme – Of – Democracy Scares – Voiced By Eminent Economist And Newspaper Editor Alike

~ AGPM-HAT-BWPT-ABO-R/R/E-IOT-RC ~ All Genuine Populist Movements – Have Aimed To – Bring Working People Together – Across Barriers Of – Race / Religion / Ethnicity – In Order To – Reform Capitalism

~ WA-HOP-ISBA-LFC-TRA-~ When A – History Of Protest – Is Sponsored By A – Luxury Fashion Company – The Results Are – – Overdetermined

~ TMOA-PITSAE:TLO-II-ADB-I/B/A/H-DIAPBIGSPAV ~ The Message Of Anti-Populism Is The Same As Ever: The Lower Orders – It Insists – Are Driven By – Irrationality / Bigotry / Authoritarianism / Hate – Democracy Is A Problem Because It Gives Such People A Voice

~ P-WAI-RO-A-P-IAAD-IHFHRIN-IVOTCGIB ~ Populism – Was And Is – Relentlessly Optimistic – Anti-Populism – Is All About Despair – Its Hope For Human Redemption Is Nil – It’s Vision Of The Common Good Is Bleak

~ TDF-ED-IHYBAMMO-OP-AAMMO-OP-IT-IHYA-ED ~ The Demand For – Economic Democracy – Is How You Build A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – And A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – In Turn – Is How You Achieve – Economic Democracy

ROBERT PUTNAM ~ BOWLING ALONE ~ 2000

~ PC-RT-PO ~ Physical Capital – Refers To – Physical Objects

~ HC-RT-POI ~ Human Capital – Refers To – Properties Of Individuals

~ SC-RT-CAI-SN-A-TNO-RAT-TAFT ~ Social Capital – Refers To – Connections Among Individuals – Social Networks – And – The Norms Of – Reciprocity And Trustworthiness – That Arise From Them

~ ASCBGRIMETADS-FTSRTMIMETB-IWDHTBEEI-WCGALMA ~ A Society Characterized By Generalized Reciprocity Is More Efficient Than A Distrustful Society – For The Same Reason That Money Is More Efficient Than Barter – If We Don’t Have To Balance Every Exchange Instantly – We Can Get A Lot More Accomplished

~ TLSL ~ Trustworthiness Lubricates Social Life

~ CE-A-SC-E-MO-A-RFA ~ Civic Engagement – And – Social Capital – Entail – Mutual Obligation – And – Responsibility For Action

~ S-‘SC’-LICC-‘C’-S-WAC-H-NATANOR-AGGFTITN-B-TEEOSCABNMAP ~ Sometimes – “Social Capital” – Like Its Conceptual Cousin – “Community” – Sounds – Warm And Cuddly – However – Networks And The Associated Norms Of Reciprocity – Are Generally Good For Those Inside The Network – But – The External Effects Of Social Capital Are By No Means Always Positive

~ DEP-ISTMVSOABDFCL ~ Declining Electoral Participation – Is Simply The Most Visible Symptoms Of A Broader Disengagement From Community Life

~ TMDTFOI-TGTD ~ The More Demanding The Form Of Involvement – The Greater The Decline

~ TW-INTSFOFCS ~ The Workplace – Is Not The Salvation For Our Fraying Civil Society

~ PWHRHATMLTHO-ST-SAOKHARE ~ People Who Have Received Help Are Themselves More Likely To Help Others – So That – Simple Acts Of Kindness Have A Ripple Effect

~ TTOSCITPO-GR-IDTFYN-WEAIIR-APWEKY-CF-DTR-YOSE-W-RTF ~ The Touchstone Of Social Capital Is The Principle Of – Generalized Reciprocity – I’ll Do This For You Now – Without Expecting Anything Immediate In Return – And Perhaps Without Even Knowing You – Confident That – Down The Road – You Or Someone Else – Will – Return The Favor

~ TNO-GR-ISFTCLTAPMCCSE ~ The Norm Of – Generalized Reciprocity – Is So Fundamental To Civilized Life That All Prominent Moral Codes Contain Some Equivalent

~ TAIBSO-D-‘TC’-MAHEW-LE-I-IEIMTC-HAT-LTIFOSL ~ The Almost Imperceptible Background Stress Of – Daily – “Transaction Costs” – May Also Help Explain Why – Life Expectancy – Itself – Is Enhanced In More Trustful Communities – Honesty And Trust – Lubricate The Inevitable Frictions Of Social Life

~ FBOW-WRI-WAFTRI-O-FI-AAAL-TL-TA-WWUTATINRBGR-TI-T-SC ~ For Better Or Worse – We Rely Increasingly – We Are Forced To Rely Increasingly – On – Formal Institutions – And Above All On – The Law – To Accomplish – What We Used To Accomplish Through Informal Networks Reinforced By Generalized Reciprocity – That Is – Through – Social Capital

~ N-D-D ~ Not – Deliberation – Din

~ F-T-F-E-PADASOF-TIII-C-MC ~ Face-To-Face – Encounters – Provide A Depth And Speed Of Feedback – That Is Impossible In – Computer-Mediated Communication

~ TRTMOC-T-M-S-P-T-A-F-TE ~ The Richer The Medium Of Communication – The – More – Sociable – Personal – Trusting – And – Friendly – The Encounter

~ BOTPOSCASC-PIC-BGFIHTRCAFLSWOA ~ Because Of The Paucity Of Social Cues And Social Communication – Participants In Computer-Based Groups Find It Harder To Reach Consensus And Feel Less Solidarity With One Another

~ HCWUTEPO-C-MC-TMOIISCMP?-HCWHTPT-FTCT? ~ How Can We Use The Enormous Potential Of – Computer-Mediated Communication – To Make Our Investments In Social Capital More Productive? – How Can We Harness This Promising Technology – For Thickening Community Ties?

~ ETBSCOSWBTPOIC ~ Effects Triggered By Social Change Often Spread Well Beyond The Point Of Initial Contact

~ CD-ATBAEOA ~ Civic Disengagement – Appears To Be An Equal Opportunity Affliction

~ POTAM ~ Pressures Of Time And Money

~ PB ~ Pervasive Busyness

~ ‘TB’-BFTMCEWOFNV ~ “Too Busy” – By Far The Most Common Explanation We Offer For Not Volunteering

~ M-FH-ANN-TSAY-CFOCEHDMRTIF ~ My – Free Hours – Are Not Necessarily – The Same As Yours – Collective Forms Of Civic Engagement Have Declined More Rapidly Than Individual Forms

~ FWAET-HAPDEO-SI-B-FAI ~ Financial Worries And Economic Troubles – Have A Profoundly Depressing Effect On – Social Involvement – Both – Formal And Informal

~ E-SAWLONFC-AIB-FD-TOLAPCWFAI-TV ~ Even – Social Activities With Little Or No Financial Cost – Are Inhibited By – Financial Distress – The Only Leisure Activity Positively Correlated With Financial Anxiety Is – TV

~ EA-T-W-T-D-ASOFV-D-CI ~ Even Among – The – Well-To-Do – A Sense Of Financial Vulnerability – Dampens – Community Involvement

~ CEASC-HDAEF-BWAM-WON-MOS-FSOFC ~ Civic Engagement And Social Connectedness – Have Diminished Almost Equally For – Both Women And Men – Working Or Not – Married Or Single – Financially Stressed Or Financially Comfortable

~ RS-I-SA-W-CE ~ Residential Stability – Is – Strongly Associated – With – Civic Engagement

~ STT-MT-AITC-LTF-FAN-M-CP-A-SO ~ Sprawl Takes Time – More Time – Alone In The Car – Less Time For – Friends And Neighbors – Meetings – Community Projects – And – So On

~ CL-R-T-EF-T-MIEC-A-T-NF-CCNBS ~ Canned Laughter – Reflected – The – Enduring Fact – That – Mirth Is Enhanced Companionship – And – The – Novel Fact – Companionship Could Now Be Simulated

~ T-V-SB-MH-LI ~ Television – Viewing – Steadily Became – More Habitual – Less Intentional

~ ITDRCE-HDIDS?-TP:CFST;HPETISP;SPC-UCM ~ If Television Does Reduce Civic Engagement – How Does It Do So? – Three Possibilities: Competes For Scarce Time; Has Psychological Effects That Inhibit Social Participation; Specific Programmatic Content – Undermines Civic Motivations

~ APEOT-NJ-P-BA-TAA-I-I-EOMV ~ Another Probable Effect Of Television – Not Just – Programming – But Also – The Associated Advertising – Is – Its – Encouragement Of Materialist Values

~ ATVL-TAIEC-AWAIT-CM-WHBU-AMLTN-TAR ~ At The Very Least – Television And Its Electronic Cousins – Are Willing Accomplices In The – Civic Mystery – We Have Been Unravelling – And More Likely Than Not – They Are Ringleaders

~ TRO-L-B/S/OLBF-B-F-F-ME-OMADICCOTPOBL ~ The Replacement Of – Local – Banks / Shops / Other Locally Based Firms – By – Far-Flung – Multinational Empires – Often Means A Decline In Civic Commitment On The Part Of Business Leaders

~ SC-SE-O-I/C/EN ~ Social Capital – Salutary Effects – On – Individuals / Communities / Entire Nations

~ Y-CC-HMU-H/W/W ~ Yes – Civic Connections – Help Make Us – Healthy / Wealthy / Wise

~ LWSCINE ~ Living Without Social Capital Is Not Easy

~ ‘C-AP’-ABSBA-IM-WTPTECWTCDB ~ “Collective-Action Problems” – Are Best Solved By An – Institutional Mechanism – With The Power To Ensure Compliance With The Collectively Desirable Behavior

~ AS-SI-IFMITAWHP-IE-THDOY-ICARHPPVTSCD ~ A State’s – Social Infrastructure – Is Far More Important Than Anyone Would Have Predicted – In Ensuring – The Healthy Development Of Youth – Individual Children At Risk Have Proven Particularly Vulnerable To Social Capital Deficits

~ NWHLOSCTTBGPTRC ~ Neighborhoods With High Levels Of Social Capital Tend To Be Good Places To Raise Children

~ NSC:M/S/M/O ~ Neighborhood Social Capital: Monitoring / Socializing / Mentoring / Organizing

~ SCIS-RABMTWAHASOWTT ~ Social Capital Is Self-Reinforcing And Benefits Most Those Who Already Have A Stock On Which To Trade

~ VGANAPFWAOD-A-TAOSC-N/T/NOA-DNEP ~ Voluntary Groups Are Not A Panacea For What Ails Our Democracy – And – The Absence Of Social Capital – Norms / Trust / Networks Of Association – Does Not Eliminate Politics

~ DDNRTCBSS-B-IMMWIDAT-MOU-MOTT-WRTTTC-TPOODIDIMWUSC ~ Democracy Does Not Require That Citizens Be Selfless Saints – But – In Many Modest Ways It Does Assume That – Most Of Us – Much Of The Time – Will Resist The Temptation To Cheat – The Performance Of Our Democratic Institutions Depends In Measurable Ways Upon Social Capital

~ EOSC-CWDSAI? ~ Erosion Of Social Capital – Can We Do Something About It?

~ C(ORC)SC-INST ~ Creating (Or Re-Creating) Social Capital – Is No Simple Task

~ TI-PF-FH-EGO-FE/L/D-OTOH-I-DD-MRE-S/E/C-I ~ The Internet – Potential For – Flattening Hierarchy – Encouraging Grassroots Organizing – Fostering Equality / Liberty / Democracy – On The Other Hand – Incipient – Digital Divide – Might Reinforce Existing – Social / Educational / Cultural – Inequalities

MARCEL MAUSS ~ THE GIFT ~ 1925

~ ATHNE-EIAEFCITTOO-OISTWLTSAA-POI-ATMRWICA’N’-E ~ Apparently There Has Never Existed – Either In An Era Fairly Close In Time To Our Own – Or In Societies That We Lump Together Somewhat Awkwardly As – Primitive Or Inferior – Anything That Might Resemble What Is Called A – “Natural” – Economy

~ TEOGATOTR ~ The Exchange Of Gifts And The Obligation To Reciprocate

~ TOTG ~ The Obligation To Give – The Obligation To Receive

~ TPMTH-A-TPMTTG ~ The Present Made To Humans – And – The Present Made To The Gods

~ E-T-G ~ Exchange-Through-Gift

~ L/H/M ~ Liberality / Honour / Money

~ ROG ~ Rules Of Generosity

~ MOO ~ Mechanisms Of Obligation

~ H&C ~ Honour And Credit

~ TTO:TG/TR/TR ~ The Three Obligations: To Give / To Receive / To Reciprocate

~ T-‘MOF’ ~ The – “Money Of Fame”

~ TAFOE-GPAR-SBAVLPOH-DAVLTP-M-SS ~ The Archaic Form Of Exchange – Gifts Presented And Reciprocated – Shared By A Very Large Part Of Humanity – During A Very Long Transitional Phase – Moreover – Still Subsists

~ F-E-ISNW-CITO-BAS ~ Fortunately – Everything – Is Still Not Wholly – Categorized In Terms Of – Buying And Selling

~ S-W-MUOSOTHC-TRMCBTCT-F-A-AB-O-A-TFGOTFC

~ Societies – Whether – Made Up Of Savages Or The Highly Civilized – The Rich Must Come Back To Considering Themselves – Freely – And – Also By – Obligation – As – The Financial Guardians Of Their Fellow Citizens

~ ‘TS’-CTC-TSW-IAG-EEWOA-CT-MA-SOEAL-TWCFOOWWCC ~ “Total Services” – Clan To Clan – The System In Which – Individuals And Groups – Exchange Everything With One Another – Constitutes The – Most Ancient – System Of Economy And Law – That We Can Find Or Of Which We Can Conceive

~ TV-EA-FE-TM-ASW-RAM ~ The Various – Economic Activities – For Example – The Market – Are Suffused With – Rituals And Myths

~ IIB-ORTF-B-PTWTPASOOI-TPSI-S-A/G/T-F-W/I/S ~ It Is By – Opposing Reason To Feeling – By – Pitting The Will To Peace Against Sudden Outburst Of Insanity – That People Succeed In – Substituting – Alliance / Gifts / Trade – For – War / Isolation / Stagnation

~ SHPISFATT-TS-AL-T-I-IT-HSI-SR-G-R-AF-GIR ~ Societies Have Progressed In So Far As They Themselves – Their Subgroups – And Lastly – The – Individuals – In Them – Have Succeeded In – Stabilizing Relationships – Giving – Receiving – And Finally – Giving In Return

JONATHAN CRARY ~ 24/7 ~ 2013

~ TSS-AQFSWPCWMCATFON-HAAN-AHHS-W-RI-A-IAIA-BSS-A-T-SS-WBTFOT-S-WOC ~ The Sleepless Soldier – A Quest For Soldiers Whose Physical Capabilities Will More Closely Approximate The Functionalities Of Non-Human Apparatuses And Networks – As History Has Shown – War-Related Innovations – Are – Inevitably Assimilated Into A – Broader Social Sphere – And – The – Sleepless Solider – Would Be The Forerunner Of The – Sleepless – Worker Or Consumer

~ N-SP-F-ALO-A-E-FM-AN ~ Non-Sleep Products – First – A Lifestyle Option – And – Eventually – For Many – A Necessity

~ OOTFOT-SD ~ One Of The Forms Of Torture – Sleep Deprivation

~ CF-ATTNLP-BCT ~ Continuous Functioning – A Time That No Longer Passes – Beyond – Clock Time

~ 24/7-IATO-I-AWTFOHLIIIAWWSHNNOI ~ 24/7 – Is A Time Of – Indifference – Against Which The Fragility Of Human Life Is Increasingly Inadequate And Within Which Sleep Has No Necessity Or Inevitability

~ TPB-R-AA-N-S-WS-O-A-AO-SM-O-I-C/T/S/D ~ The Planet Becomes – Reimagined – As A – Non-Stop – Work Site – Or – An – Always Open – Shopping Mall – Of – Infinite – Choices / Tasks / Selections / Digressions

~ S-ITSIW-P/C/D-O-WP-HTEOLATDOR ~ Sleeplessness – Is The State In Which – Producing / Consuming / Discarding – Occur – Without Pause – Hastening The Exhaustion Of Life And The Depletion Of Resources

~ T-IOS-IIFTODOSPIOS ~ The – Injuring Of Sleep – Is Inseparable From The Ongoing Dismantling Of Social Protections In Other Spheres

~ AT-CDW-HBPDATG-B-PAP-WTAMO-BW ~ Access To – Clean Drinking Water – Has Been Programmatically Devastated Around The Globe – By – Pollution And Privatization – With The Accompanying Monetization Of – Bottled Water

~ SICDOSIOTBS ~ Sleep Is Crucially Dependent On Society In Order To Be Sustained

~ PS-AN-CPTDS ~ Public Spaces – Are Now – Comprehensively Planned To Deter Sleeping

~ TPBSDPO-UH-EMD-YFAMAT-THAIO-US ~ The Pervasive But Socially Disregarded Phenomenon Of – Urban Homelessness – Entails Many Deprivations – Yet Few Are More Acute Than – The Hazards And Insecurities Of – Unsheltered Sleep

~ SN-M-P-S-NE-IWOCN-S/C/ENR-TIARIOT-N-TO24/7-IEAOSOPL ~ Since No – Moment – Place – Situation – Now Exists – In Which One Can Not – Shop / Consume / Exploit Networked Resources – There Is A Relentless Incursion Of The – Non-Time Of 24/7 – Into Every Aspect Of Social Or Personal Life

~ ISOT-OP-OT-C-E-H-B-HT-A-TTONS-T-LR-OTRA-D/F/CD ~ In Spite Of The – Omnipresent Proclamations – Of The – Compatibility – Even – Harmonization – Between – Human Time – And – The Temporalities Of Networked Systems – The – Lived Realities – Of This Relationship Are – Disjunctions / Fractures / Continual Disequilibrium

~ CTMC-TIAO-DOMAPC-RTTEOM ~ Contrary To Many Claims – There Is An Ongoing – Diminution Of Mental And Perceptual Capabilities – Rather Than Their Expansion Or Modulation

~ TIO-TC-A-Q-A-DBSPOAO-S-O-AMAO-CSR-TBAA-N-U-C-AT-FON ~ The Idea Of – Technological Change – As – Quasi-Autonomous – Driven By Some Process Of Autopoesis Of – Self-Organization – Allows Many Aspects Of – Contemporary Social Reality – To Be Accepted As – Necessary – Unalterable – Circumstances – Akin To – Facts Of Nature

~ FTVM-O-PAC-RT-IT-WCTB-EAD-BOTVAW-NPE-A-AW-AR-OESTP ~ For The Vast Majority – Our – Perceptual And Cognitive – Relationship To – Information Technology – Will Continue To Be – Estranged And Disempowered – Because Of The Velocity At Which – New Products Emerge – And – At Which – Arbitrary Reconfigurations – Of Entire Systems Take Place

~ A-ATN-IAAQDOOATADO24/7R;IIAPOAEITNOPAWAIIMIA-A-O-N-WCSAE ~ Any – Apparent Technological Novelty – Is Also A Qualitative Dilation Of One’s Accommodation To And Dependence On 24/7 Routines; It Is Also Part Of An Expansion In The Number Of Points At Which An Individual Is Made Into An – Application – Of – New – Control Systems And Enterprises

~ ENPOS-PIA-EFT-BOOOL-AE-GNORAN ~ Every New Product Or Service – Presents Itself As – Essential For The – Bureaucratic Organization Of One’s Life – An Ever-Growing Number Of Routines And Needs

~ IA-TIA-IAIU-TO-CLOS-M-T-IOCAA-IOOTFOT-GSO-A-R ~ In Actuality – There Is An – Imposed And Inescapable Uniformity – To Our – Compulsory Labor Of Self-Management – The – Illusion Of Choice And Autonomy – Is One Of The Foundations Of This – Global System Of – Auto-Regulation

~ TMAFO-SADA-UB-IA-ANEITTMSOLB ~ The Most Advanced Forms Of – Surveillance And Data Analysis – Used By – Intelligence Agencies – Are Now Equally Indispensable To The Marketing Strategies Of – Large Businesses

~ E-WAT-NA-‘OP’-T-ASIOPF-B-TPOT-AB-IACF-TTOMSRIMAQF-IIEA-SOIL-TCIW-PII-A-W-OBAPSO-DHAS ~ Everyone – We Are Told – Needs An – “Online Presence” – To – Avoid Social Irrelevance Or Professional Failure – But – The Promotion Of These – Alleged Benefits – Is A Cover For – The Transfer Of Most Social Relations Into Monetized And Quantifiable Forms – It Is Equally A – Shift Of Individual Life – To Conditions In Which – Privacy Is Impossible – And – Which – One Becomes A Permanent Site Of – Data Harvesting And Surveillance

~ SI-A-T-ROP-T-HAER ~ Sensory Impoverishment – And – The – Reduction Of Perception – To – Habit And Engineered Response

~ OOTM-FOC-OTLTY-HBTETA-NVA-T-PPOL ~ One Of The Main – Forms Of Control – Over The Last Thirty Years – Has Been To Ensure There Are – No Visible Alternatives – To – Privatized Patterns Of Living

~ INANITSO-AER-FOOSEAP-TW-A-RAR-TS-TO-TD-A-TS-I-IITU-A-ST-WPSAITUOSM-WIB-H-EAI ~ If Networks Are Not In The Service Of – Already Existing Relationships – Forged Out Of Shared Experience And Proximity – They Will – Always – Reproduce And Reinforce – The Separations – The Opacity – The Dissimulations – And – The Self-Interestedness – Inherent In Their Use – Any – Social Turbulence – Whose Primary Sources Are In The Use Of Social Media – Will Inevitably Be – Historically – Ephemeral And Inconsequential

~ 24/7-HPA-AOTIPAD-TAETAFODD:TP-TLTO-TWOTTS ~ 24/7 – Has Produced An – Atrophy Of The Individual Patience And Deference – That Are Essential To Any Form Of Direct Democracy: The Patience – To Listen To Others – To Wait One’s Turn To Speak

~ S-IOOTFREW-KON-WAOTTCOO ~ Sleep – Is One Of The Few Remaining Experiences Where – Knowingly Or Not – We Abandon Ourselves To The Care Of Others

~ S-RPDF-NAD-IOTEASO-IAU-IIAFOTTLUETTTTWOOATWN-I-ORASORTBIAESWAN-MD ~ Sleep – Requires Periodic Disengagement From – Networks And Devices – In Order To Enter A State Of – Inactivity And Uselessness – It Is A Form Of Time That Leads Us Elsewhere Than To The Things We Own Or Are Told We Need – Involuntarily – One Reclaims A Sensitivity Or Responsiveness To Both Internal And External Sensations Within A Non-Metric Duration

~ S-OOTUROTE ~ Sleep – One Of The Unvanquishable Remnants Of The Everyday

CARLO CIPOLLA ~ THE BASIC LAWS OF HUMAN STUPIDITY ~ 2021

~ OIRARSBTFT:PWOHOJRAITOTBUS=OIHIOABSIWASAUITMIPAATMIM ~ One Is Repeatedly And Recurrently Startled By The Fact That: People Whom One Had Once Judged Rational And Intelligent Turn Out To Be Unashamedly Stupid + One Is Harassed In One’s Activities By Stupid Individuals Who Appear Suddenly And Unexpectedly In The Most Inconvenient Places And At The Most Improbable Moments

~ SIAIPOAHGAIUDATACP-TOFTSPOSPWOICVLGODWVSO-YAHTFTSPOSP-WP(IAWTFL)WASYE ~ Stupidity Is An Indiscriminate Privilege Of All Human Groups And Is Uniformly Distributed According To A Constant Proportion – Thus One Finds The Same Percentage Of Stupid People Whether One Is Considering Very Large Groups Or Dealing With Very Small Ones – You Always Have To Face The Same Percentage Of Stupid People – Which Percentage (In Accordance With The First Law) Will Always Surpass Your Expectations

~ WTBTDHW-AGOAL-T-D-IUTDTDANT ~ Whether The Blow To Dick’s Head Was – A Gain Or A Loss – To – Dick – Is Up To Dick To Decide And Not Tom

~ TFITRPHDCAUUB ~ The Fact Is That Reasonable People Have Difficulty Conceiving And Understanding Unreasonable Behavior

~ NTG-F-C-E/D/H-TINE-OB-TIOOE:TPIQIS ~ Nothing To Gain – From – Causing – Embarrassment / Difficulties / Harm – There Is No Explanation – Or Better – There Is Only One Explanation: The Person In Question Is Stupid

~ S-S ~ Super-Stupid

~ SAP-TDPOASPIRTTPOPAC ~ Stupidity And Power – The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person Is Related To The Position Of Power And Consequence

~ TPOS ~ The Power Of Stupidity

~ S/P/I-P-ETDPOASP ~ Social / Political / Institutional – Power – Enhances The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person

~ E-SPADAD-B-RPFIDTIAUUB-B-TSPADNCTTROR-OIGCBS-OCOARD-B-TAILARS ~ Essentially – Stupid People Are Dangerous And Damaging – Because – Reasonable People Find It Difficult To Imagine And Understand Unreasonable Behavior – Because – The Stupid Person’s Actions Do Not Conform To The Rules Of Rationality – One Is Generally Caught By Surprise – One Cannot Organize A Rational Defense – Because – The Attack Itself Lacks Any Rational Structure

~ OOOITTAOWASI-FOOS-SAMCOHDE-B-IIBOACMOTENOS-IGTSPAS-BOT-EBOTS-OCNFATS-AAR-A-BLOWBPBTUMOTS ~ On Occasion One Is Tempted To Associate Oneself With A Stupid Individual – For One’s Own Schemes – Such A Maneuver Can Only Have Disastrous Effects – Because – It Is Based On A Complete Misunderstanding Of The Essential Nature Of Stupidity – It Gives The Stupid Person Added Scope – Because Of The – Erratic Behavior Of The Stupid – One Can Not Foresee All The Stupid’s – Actions And Reactions – And – Before Long One Will Be Pulverized By The Unpredictable Moves Of The Stupid

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ TOWARDS A THEORY OF LARGE-SCALE ORGANISATION ~ PRINCIPLES ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ S:THLMNATFOTLO-OTAT-BH-IWABWAFTME ~ Subsidiarity: The Higher Level Must Not Absorb The Functions Of The Lower One – On The Assumption That – Being Higher – It Will Automatically Be Wiser And Fulfill Them More Efficiently

~ V:EFEC-TSUMBDARAU ~ Vindication: Except For Exceptional Cases – The Subsidiary Unit Must Be Defended Against Reproach And Upheld

~ I:ESU-MH-A-BS ~ Identification – Each Subsidiary Unit – Must Have – A – Balance Sheet

~ M:PAIAWTM ~ Motivation: People Act In Accordance With Their Motives

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ SIB ~ Small Is Beautiful

~ EAIPM ~ Economics As If People Mattered

~ TCEOH ~ The Continued Existence Of Humanity

~ SE ~ Spaceship Earth

~ FF-CBR-OTAG-TAGFE ~ Fossil Fuels – Cannot Be Recycled – Once They Are Gone – They Are Gone For Ever

~ IW-SO-FF-WTC-B-IW-STC-RB-LNAU-W-TLI ~ If We – Squander Our – Fossil Fuels – We Threaten Civilization – But – If We – Squander The Capital – Represented By – Living Nature Around Us – We – Threaten Life Itself

~ WHIBLOTCO-LN-FST-B-AAFMR-IIOSTEO-WWII0TWHSIITRTAP-R-SRTMOUHHYBCOI-THBAU-QJIIP ~ We Have Indeed Been Living On The Capital Of – Living Nature – For Some Time – But – At A Fairly Modest Rate – It Is Only Since Then End Of – World War II – That We Have Succeeded In Increasing This Rate To Alarming Proportions – Recently – So Recently That Most Of Us Have Hardly Yet Become Conscious Of It – There Has Been A Unique – Quantitative Jump In Industrial Production

~ TTAT-F-IUOIILTA-N-A-WCWDN-?-TSTL-WIAVM-WMTUTP-A-BTSTPOEANL-S-W-NMOPANPOC:AL-SDFP ~ To Talk About The – Future – Is Useful Only If It Leads To Action – Now – And – What Can We Do Now – ? – To Say The Least – Which Is Already Very Much – We Must Thoroughly Understand The Problem – And – Begin To See The Possibility Of Evolving A New Life-Style – With – New Methods Of Production And New Patterns Of Consumption: A Life-Style Designed For Permanence

~ IHVSA-GAE-A-SC-TIRINLTA-COI ~ If Human Vices Such As – Greed And Envy – Are – Systematically Cultivated – The Inevitable Result Is Nothing Less Than A – Collapse Of Intelligence

~ T-CAEON-IT-AOW-IIAT-AOFAP-E-ION-TTIO-DOOF-OWOCHC-A-TI-EF ~ The – Cultivation And Expansion Of Needs – Is The – Antithesis Of Wisdom – It Is Also The – Antithesis Of Freedom And Peace – Every – Increase Of Needs – Tends To Increase One’s – Dependence On Outside Forces – Over Which One Cannot Have Control – And – Therefore Increase – Existential Fear

~ E-B-M-E-E-B-COEP-A-E-E-G-VATE-DNR-P:TAA-DOW ~ Ever-Bigger – Machines – Entailing – Ever-Bigger – Concentrations Of Economic Power – And – Exerting – Ever-Greater – Violence Against The Environment – Do Not Represent – Progress: They Are A – Denial Of Wisdom

~ TIWIS-IOOAOT-SAP-O-HK-WRO-E-FMTO-U ~ There Is Wisdom In Smallness – If Only On Account Of The – Smallness And Patchiness – Of – Human Knowledge – Which Relies On – Experiment – Far More Than On – Understanding

~ II-O-SU-WTBCOTBOLOONR-T-AC-O-MG-WPTTTTWUITLQ ~ It Is – Obvious – Small Units – Will Take Better Care Of Their Bit Of Land Or Other Natural Resources – Than – Anonymous Companies – Or – Megalomanic Governments – Which Pretend To Themselves That The Whole Universe Is Their Legitimate Quarry

~ BWIW?-WCIBF?-TBATFI-OHFT-LO-FS-M-A-GAE-T-SFL-EIOM-PT-IOWWAOINOW ~ But What Is Wisdom? – Where Can It Be Found? – To Be Able To Find It – One Has First To – Liberate Oneself – From Such – Masters – As – Greed And Envy – The – Stillness Following Liberation – Even If Only Momentary – Produces The – Insights Of Wisdom Which Are Obtainable In No Other Way

~ T-HAFU-OA-L-DPTTPO-M-E-TTNOT-S ~ The – Hollowness And Fundamental Unsatisfactoriness – Of A – Life – Devoted Primarily To The Pursuit Of – Material – Ends – To The Neglect Of The – Spiritual

~ N-T-ME-HBBUTC-‘L’-O-W-ALMTA-NE-A-IOC-TBRTAM-IICB-EA-S-B-A ~ Now – The – Modern Economist – Has Been Brought Up To Consider – “Labour” – Or – Work – As Little More Than A – Necessary Evil – An – Item Of Cost – To Be Reduced To A Minimum – If It Cannot Be – Eliminated Altogether –Say – By – Automation

~ A-W-PCICO-HDAF-BTWDIAETP ~ And – Work – Properly Conducted In Conditions Of – Human Dignity And Freedom – Blesses Those Who Do It And Equally Their Products

~ TSHWFFS-RTFSN-S-F-RT-S ~ To Satisfy Human Wants From Faraway Sources – Rather Than From Sources Nearby – Signifies – Failure – Rather Than – Success

~ APBIELON-RFI-LP-O-C-IO-I ~ A Population Basing Its Economic Life On Non-Renewable Fuels Is – Living Parasitically – On – Capital – Instead Of – Income

~ AQOS ~ A Question Of Size

~ LU-TTBUI-SU ~ Large Units – Tend To Break Up Into – Smaller Units

~ WNTFO-LALO-S-AU-A-ATST-TOOL-S-P-G-UAC ~ We Need The Freedom Of – Lots And Lots Of – Small – Autonomous Units – And – At The Same Time – The Orderliness Of Large-Scale – Possibly – Global – Unity And Coordination

~ FEATIACAS ~ For Every Activity There Is A Certain Appropriate Scale

~ FTAIC-OU-ANDOF-TAATTDF-B-MEEVAEI ~ Fast Transport And Instantaneous Communications – Open Up – A New Dimension Of Freedom – These Achievements Also Tend To Destroy Freedom – By – Making Everything Extremely Vulnerable And Extremely Insecure

~ B-TRRSTP-MOTET ~ But – The Rich Rarely Subsidize The Poor – More Often They Exploit Them

~ NSLS-A-NSLS ~ Nothing Succeeds Like Success – And – Nothing Stagnates Like Stagnation

~ IIASPI-T-TCWOP-DECDNTHTP-IIPTOSPAVAHIFTRO-MTA-RAP-RAMP ~ It Is A Strange Phenomenon Indeed – That – The Conventional Wisdom Of Present-Day Economics Can Do Nothing To Help The Poor – Invariably It Proves That Only Such Policies Are Viable As Have In Fact The Result Of – Making Those Already – Rich And Powerful – Richer And More Powerful

~ PBTM-RT-MP ~ Production By The Masses – Rather Than – Mass Production

~ PCOBTI-SCG ~ People Can Only Be Themselves In – Small Comprehensible Groups

~ IINAQOWWCABOWWCTSOMO ~ It Is Not A Question Of What We Can Afford But Of What We Choose To Spend Our Money On

~ TQNTBAWTERALTBAFTFDOAISTCSMAASL ~ The Question Needs To Be Asked Whether The Earth’s Resources Are Likely To Be Adequate For The Further Development Of An Industrial System That Consumes So Much And Accomplishes So Little

~ IDNRMTASAOITRT-IGOMCIAFWIAI ~ It Does Not Require More Than A Simple Act Of Insight To Realize That – Infinite Growth Of Materiel Consumption In A Finite World Is An Impossibility

~ ABBONOTWT ~ Assurances Being Based On Nothing Other Than Wishful Thinking

~ TTOE ~ The Thralldom Of Economism

~ A-WOL-TBIO-M-O-PLE-IA-FE-CLL-A-ILEITSTMSIPIEO ~ A – Way Of Life – That Bases Itself On – Materialism – On – Permanent Limitless Expansionism – In A – Finite Environment – Cannot Last Long – And – Its Life Expectation Is The Shorter The More Successfully It Pursues It Expansionist Objectives

~ WMCOW-J-A-SRP ~ We Must Concern Ourselves With Justice – And – See Right Prevail

~ T-L-W-A-H-OAS-DOC-‘PS’-WA-IPAHV-SC/C/MR-A-AA-TATBH-ATAME-DAD-WT-‘PS’-AGD ~ The – Life – Work – And – Happiness – Of All Societies – Depend On Certain – “Psychological Structures” – Which Are – Infinitely Precious And Highly Vulnerable – Social Cohesion / Cooperation / Mutual Respect – And – Above All – The Ability To Bear Hardship – All This And Much Else – Disintegrates And Disappears – When These – “Psychological Structures” – Are Gravely Damaged

~ MWWRNIN-E-O-B-T-O-A-T-O-A-T-S-T ~ Maybe What We Really Need Is Not – Either-Or – But – The-One-And-The-Other-At-The-Same-Time

~ AOHTSCFTOOOATDOCF ~ Any Organization Has To Strive Continuously For The Orderliness Of Order And The Disorderliness Of Creative Freedom

~ C-IMAIOO;D-OOF ~ Centralization – Is Mainly An Idea Of Order; Decentralisation – One Of Freedom

~ L-CGO-FTSUTTL(AH)O-NTOWR-A-L-IAEEITHOAO ~ Loyalty – Can Grow Only – From The Smaller Units To The Larger (And Higher) Ones – Not The Other Way Round – And – Loyalty – Is An Essential Element In The Health Of Any Organisation

~ I-CRBAITRW-B-TANTLM-TITADFTIHTBSAAJ ~ Ideals – Can Rarely Be Attained In The Real World – But – They Are None The Less Meaningful – They Imply That Any Departure From The Ideal Has To Be Specially Argued And Justified

~ F-IIDTMBAP-SAMNP-IBACP ~ First – It Is Dangerous To Mix Business And Politics – Such A Mixing Normally Produces – Inefficient Business And Corrupt Politics

~ LAOPF-SO-‘I’-T-B-GLT-PE-FOC ~ Large Amounts Of – Public Funds – Spent On – “Infrastructure” – The – Benefits – Go Largely To – Private Enterprise – Free Of Charge

~ T-‘LOP’-IN-TLO-L-NTO-S ~ The – “Logic Of Production” – Is Neither – The Logic Of – Life – Nor That Of – Society

CHRISTOPHER CLUGSTON ~ BLIP ~ 2019

~ T-N-C-E-P-I-TLTWWMV-HE-IOTCU-HIAIC ~ The – Nature-Centered – Ecological – Perspective – Is – The Lens Through Which We Must View – Human Existence – In Order To Correctly Understand – Human Industrialism And Its Consequences

~ R-TLTWTVMOHCV-HE-IT-H-C-A-P-WRUIOAUO-P/P/F-C ~ Regrettably – The Lens Through Which The Vast Majority Of Humankind Currently Views – Human Existence – Is The – Human-Centered – Anthropocentric – Perspective – Which Renders Us Incapable Of Accurately Understanding Our – Past / Present / Future – Circumstances

~ HE-IGBO-NE-PB-ER:RNR+NNR=NH-WEALOE ~ Human Existence – Is Governed By Our – Natural Environment – Particularly By – Earth Resources: Renewable Natural Resources + Nonrenewable Natural Resources + Natural Habitats – Which Enable All Life On Earth

~ OS-HS-I-E-B-N-E-A-I-STTS-NL-TAT-AOES ~ Our Species – Homo Sapiens – Is – Exceptional – But – Not – Exemptional – And – Is – Subject To The Same – Natural Laws – That Apply To – All Other Earth Species

~ ERD-DANR-AARTETRAWIIR-O-DANH-AARTETRAWIIR-I-U ~ Earth Resource Overexploitation – Depleting A Natural Resource – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Replenished – Or – Degrading A Natural Habitat – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Regenerated – Is – Unsustainable

~ WAN-E-WAMT-EFB-OA-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUAUVOOOI ~ We Are Not – Exemptional – We Are Merely The – Extraordinarily Fortunate Beneficiaries – Of A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting And Unfortunate Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity

~ BL ~ Biodiversity Loss

~ SWB ~ Societal Wellbeing Improvement

~ GNNRSI ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Indicators

~ GNNRSC ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Consequences

~ TPIBHTF-H-G-T-A-WTISABHCOFS ~ The Primary Impetus Behind Humanity’s Transition From – Hunter-Gather – To – Agriculturalists – Was The Increased Security Afforded By Human Control Over Food Supplies

~ SW-CDH-AE-WUTS-ASLHB-RTT-IHMLS ~ Surplus Wealth – Created During Humanity’s – Agrarian Era – Was Used To Support – Additional Subsistence Level Human Beings – Rather Than To – Improve Human Material Living Standards

~ A-GBT-HC-WE-L/N/TSM-HC-AE-HUIO-W/O/F/D-WRT-CDAOHQOL-AW(AB)AQS ~ Agrarianism – Gave Birth To – Human Civilization – Which Engendered – Literacy / Numeracy / The Scientific Method – Human Civilization – Also Engendered – Historically Unprecedented Instances Of – War / Oppression / Famine / Disease – With Respect To – Cultural Development And Overall Human Quality Of Life – Agrarianism Was (At Best) At Qualified Success

~ IIITOTEO-I-O-HSW-TSTWITIWC-‘N’-AABNFHHP ~ It Is Impossible To Overstate The Effect Of – Industrialism – On – Human Societal Wellbeing – The Lifestyles That We In The Industrialized World Consider – “Normal” – Are Anything But Normal From Humanity’s Historical Perspective

~ Y-OTHUOAP-WHCTB-WTOQ-T-GA-EV-NNR-WRSTPTIWOLTWWHBA ~ Yet – Owing To Humanity’s Unfailingly Optimistic Anthropocentric Perspective – We Have Continued To Believe – Without Thought Or Question – That – Globally Available – Economically Viable – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – Will Remain Sufficient To Perpetuate The Industrial Way Of Life To Which We Have Become Accustomed

~ F-M-WFA-IGD-LOG-LA ~ Future – Mining – Will Face An – Increasing Geological Distance – Lower Ore Grade – Less Accessible

~ HS-A-ES-N-A-ES ~ Homo Sapiens – An – Exceptional Species – Not – An – Exemptional Species

~ IW-A-GE-TST-C-EUF-TPO-E ~ It Was – A – Gross Exaggeration – To Suppose That – Culture – Exempted Us From – The Principles Of – Ecology

~ PPP ~ Pseudo Purchasing Power

~ RGAB-A-A-Y-U-LOM ~ Reinflated Global Asset Bubbles – And – As-Yet-Unknown – Levels Of Malinvestment

~ S-N-B-T-FAM-S-RPEBAINB ~ Sweeping – Never-Before-Tried – Fiscal And Monetary – Stimulus – Reinflated Previously Existing Bubbles And Inflated New Bubbles

~ HCD ~ Human Cultural Deterioration

~ HIPBAAOIS-P/E/S-P-WACB-ID-P/E/S-B ~ Humanity Is Plagued By An Array Of Increasingly Severe – Political / Economic / Societal – Problems – Which Are Caused By – Increasingly Dysfunctional – Political / Economic / Societal – Behavior

~ DCC-T-IC-OO-UEREB ~ Deteriorating Cultural Circumstances – The – Inevitable Consequence – Of Our – Unsustainable Earth Resource Exploitation Behavior

~ HPI-B-B-N-E-B ~ Humanity’s Predicament Is – Geologically-Based – Not – Economically-Based

~ IH-IET-IS-AW-TUOOILP-NS-NIT-T-S-UAV ~ Industrial Humanity – Is Experiencing The – Increasing Stress – Associated With – The Unravelling Of Our Industrial Lifestyle Paradigm – Nature’s Squeeze – Manifesting Itself Through – Increasing – Societal – Unrest And Violence

~ IHS-IP:D-PAI-T-F-N-R-A-IS-NNR-TEOIWOL-A-OVE ~ Industrial Humanity’s Self-Inflicted Predicament: Depleting – Persistently And Increasingly – The – Finite – Non-Replenishing – And – Increasingly Scarce – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – That Enable Our Industrial Way Of Life – And – Our Very Existence

~ H-HEIA-TDWN-STIOO-IR-N300YA-WHBTUFB-A-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUVOOOI-A-WWSDTHIRAM300Y-‘B’ ~ Humankind – Has Existed In A – Terminal Disequilibrium With Nature – Since The Inception Of Our – Industrial Revolution – Nearly 300 Years Ago – We Have Been The Uniquely Fortunate Beneficiaries – A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity – And – We Will Soon Discover That Human Industrialism Represents A Mere 300 Year – “Blip”

~ FHP ~ Faltering Human Prosperity

~ A-C/T/CD-BOA-GWT-A/I/A-BOS-T-GP-WBI-F-A-A-V ~ As – Compassion / Tolerance / Common Decency – Born Of Abundance – Give Way To – Assertiveness / Intolerance / Aggression – Borne Of Scarcity – The – General Populace – Will Become Increasingly – Frustrated / Angry / Violent

~ AO-OPAIIC-WI-AW-TRTO-ON-O-CMAM-HBDBO-NN-O-CLAL ~ Awareness Of – Our Predicament And Its Inevitable Consequences – Will Increase – As Will – The Realization That Our – Old Normal – Of – Continuously More And More – Has Been Displaced By Our – New Normal – Of – Continuously Less And Less

~ O-GSC-W-C-W-S/I/N-C-GOHB-FTIW-S-RNR-ETSTS-O-W-HBE ~ Our – Global Societal Collapse – Will – Culminate – When – Small / Isolated / Non-Competing – Groups Of Human Beings – Find Themselves In Areas Where – Sufficient – Renewable Natural Resources – Exist To Support Them Sustainably – Or – When – Humankind Becomes Extinct

~ IBAGR ~ It’s Been A Great Ride