DAVID HOROWITZ ~ THE ART OF POLITICAL WAR AND OTHER RADICAL PURSUITS

~ PIWCBOM ~ Politics Is War Conducted By Other Means

~ IPWYDNFJTPIAA-BTDTEFA ~ In Political Warfare You Do Not Fight Just To Prevail In An Argument – But To Destroy The Enemy’s Fighting Ability

~ YHOTSTMYP ~ You Have Only Thirty Seconds To Make Your Point

~ PIAWOP-YTITDYATFOALACAPCWYP-WDYOATEWYC-CTTTMTFAEFYAP ~ Politics Is A War Of Position – Your Task Is To Define Yourself As The Friend Of As Large A Constituency As Possible Compatible With Your Principles – While Defining Your Opponent As The Enemy Whenever You Can – Choose The Terrain That Makes The Fight As Easy For You As Possible

~ IPW-TAUP-AIABPIAWOP-WIDBITS ~ In Political Warfare – The Aggressor Usually Prevails – Aggression Is Advantageous Because Politics Is A War Of Position – Which Is Defined By Images That Stick

~ BSF-YCDTIAWAYA-DTOITDMIAPW ~ By Striking First – You Can Define The Issues As Well As Your Adversary – Defining The Opposition Is The Decisive Move In All Political War

~ TWPPWHBTF-TWIFBE-OTT-HITBC ~ Position Is Defined By Fear And Hope – Those Who Provide People With Hope Become Their Friends – Those Who Inspire Fear Become Enemies – Of The Two – Hope Is The Better Choice

~ TWOPASEFAH-TMISITC ~ The Weapons Of Politics Are Symbols Evoking Fear And Hope – The Most Important Symbol Is The Candidate

~ PWNCAWYHTS-UTBYCAT-TAOPIPP-WDNKY-AWWNKY ~ People Will Not Care About What You Have To Say – Unless They Believe You Care About Them

~ TAOPIPP-WWNKYETSASB-TYCAT ~ The Art Of Politics Is Persuading People – Who Will Never Know You Except Through Symbols And Sound Bites – That You Care About Them

~ VLOTSOTP-YMDYIWTPU-YMGPHIYV-AMTFTVOYO ~ Victory Lies On The Side Of The People – You Must Define Yourself In Ways That People Understand – You Must Give People Hope In Your Victory – And Make Them Fear The Victory Of Your Opponent

~ OOTPSOHMIATTEIAOUTTFGWWAGATFTAWWH ~ One Of The Principal Sources Of Human Misery Is A Tendency That Exists In All Of Us To Take For Granted What We Are Given And To Fail To Appreciate What We Have

~ ALGIHDITPFRTK ~ A Lie Grounded In Human Desire Is Too Powerful For Reason To Kill

JAMES KWAK ~ ECONOMISM

~ BEATROI ~ Bad Economics And The Rise Of Inequality

~ E-ROTPT-PCAM-BAT-TA-TDIOAE101T-ETTABTDVNHTITRW ~ Economism – Rests On The Premise That – People, Companies, And Markets – Behave According To – The Abstract – Two-Dimensional Illustrations Of An Economics 101 Textbook – Even Though The Assumptions Behind Those Diagrams Virtually Never Hold True In The Real World

~ EIAILTWPMSOR-BICTAO-‘E’-ECBAPRT ~ Economism Is An Interpretive Lens Through Which People Make Sense Of Reality – Because It Claims The Authority Of – “Economics” – Economism Can Be A Powerful Rhetorical Tool

~ WSEACSMP-ITWTMOJTESO-ATITIG-WETFOAATCI ~ While Superficial Economic Arguments Can Serve Multiple Purposes – In Today’s World They Most Often Justify The Existing Social Order – And The Inequality That It Generates – While Explaining The Futility Of Any Attempt To Change It

~ RARWQTSMAATITST-ITS-EILAI ~ Reducing All Real-World Questions To Simple Models And Answering Them In The Same Terms – In This Sense – Economism Is Like An Ideology

~ TCJFGDOW-INLTTSHWDBG-OTTSOTFIRFTPOTS-I-IIN-EC-BIITNOOAESTPTGGTTGN ~ The Common Justification For Great Disparities Of Wealth – Is No Longer That The Social Hierarchy Was Dictated By God – Or That The Survival Of The Fittest Is Required For The Progress Of The Species – Instead – Inequality Is Necessary – Even Celebrated – Because It Is The Natural Outcome Of An Economic System That Provides The Greatest Good To The Greatest Number

~ TAOETPAASRTRDIOSOIS ~ The Ability Of Economism To Pass As Abstract Science Rather Than Rhetorical Device Is One Source Of Its Strength

~ EIAIBOISEAEP-ACUPOTW-WCBCQAE-DWMAUF ~ Economism Is Also Influential Because Of Its Sedative Elegance And Explanatory Power – A Clean, Uncluttered Picture Of The World – Which Can Be Communicated Quickly And Easily – Dispensing With Messy And Uncooperative Facts

~ ASSOAC-BOAUA-HBSWICS ~ A Small Set Of Abstract Concepts – Based On Admittedly Unrealistic Assumptions – Has Become So Widespread In Contemporary Society

~ IALETMACITAWOSADC-TIIITRWOPAI ~ It’s A Lost Easier To Make A Case In The Abstract World Of Supply And Demand Curves – Than It Is In The Real World Of People And Institutions

~ IGPPWTBUTAISOS-WTSTIOTG-OPIWAFIOTW ~ Ideas Gain Power Precisely When They Become Useful To An Important Segment Of Society – When They Support The Interests Of That Group – Or Provide It With A Favorable Interpretation Of The World

~ EEBPAOSHTCUBEPTTA ~ Economism Exists Because People And Organizations Saw How They Could Use Basic Economic Principles To Their Advantage

~ AWFFBMEIP-MDCRTEI ~ As Wealthy Family Foundations Became More Engaged In Politics – Many Devoted Considerable Resources To Economic Ideas

~ BBTPO-PT-SI-AWP-TECTAJDUE-ASOTET-T-CCTBUWEFTPOPTO ~ Befuddled By The Popularity Of – Progressive Taxes – Social Insurance – And Welfare Programs – These Entrepreneurs Concluded That Americans Just Didn’t Understand Economics – And Set Out To Educate Them – Today – Commentators Continue To Blame Unfamiliarity With Economics For The Popularity Of Policies They Oppose

~ MICWDNSIEIARATVOE ~ Many Influential Commentators Who Do Not Specialize In Economic Issues Also Routinely Adopt The Vocabulary Of Economism

~ TMNEBMIASWOPADSAEI ~ The Media Normalize Economism By Making It A Standard Way Of Presenting And Discussing Social And Economic Issues

~ TFTCCWOUSBFE101-DTPVOE-IOTATSR ~ The Fact That Candidates Can Win Office Using Sound Bites From Economics 101 – Demonstrates The Political Viability Of Economism – Inspiring Others To Adopt The Same Rhetoric

~ EFBAAEDTAAAWODAFTRI ~ Economism Functions Both As An Effective Debating Tool And As A Way Of Distracting Attention From The Real Issues

~ ATPOE-TPRITBBAWEP-R-LIBASIAM-YMWYD-EPTPJFT-W-T-A-RS-ALFTWPOV-H-WHRMMSTP-TDHTPTPLADBNP-NPP ~ According To The Principles Of Economism – The People Raking In The Big Bucks Are Worth Every Penny – Remember – Labor Is Bought And Sold In A Market – You Make What You Deserve – Economism Provides The Perfect Justification For The – Winner-Take-All – Reward Scale – At Least From The Winner’s Point Of View – However – Wages Have Risen Much More Slowly Than Productivity – This Divergence Highlights The Possibility That Pay Levels Are Determined By Negotiating Power – Not Pure Productivity

~ ECRPFS-AGTINJTWBAOPWRFAIITSM ~ Excessive Compensation Reduces Profits For Shareholders – A Group That Includes Not Just The Wealthy But Also Ordinary People Whose Retirement Funds Are Invested In The Stock Market

~ ALTSTT-TCBMBI-CCETMDTMTBBHTCITLR ~ Awards Linked To Short-Term Targets – That Can Be Manipulated By Insiders – Can Cause Executives To Make Decisions That Maximize Their Bonuses But Harm The Company In The Long Run

~ FC-WSGWHBACPQ-ERTQFTPSTTAROT-IWTCLMPTPIS ~ For Centuries – Who Should Get What Has Been A Central Political Question – Economism Removes The Question From The Political Sphere To The Abstract Realm Of Theory – In Which The Competitive Labor Market Provides The Perfect, Indisputable Solution

~ OOTCPOEITTA-VVB-AU-YCMTAEUAS-A-DD-TITHTDPFWATMSWOIPTSMDETOE ~ One Of The Core Principles Of Economism Is That Taxes Are – Very, Very Bad – As Usual – You Can Make The Argument Easily Using A Supply-And-Demand Diagram – The Idea That Higher Taxes Discourage People From Working And Therefore Make Society Worse Off Is Probably The Single Most Deeply Entrenched Tenet Of Economism

~ TOIIHFPITUSOTPSY-WNOIIESOG-TEEMRIT1950A1960-APWTTROMIIW70%OH ~ Taxes On Investment Income Have Fallen Precipitously In The United States Over The Past Seventy Years – With No Obvious Increase In Either Savings Or Growth – The Economy Expanded Most Rapidly In The 1950s and 1960s – A Period When The Tax Rates On Most Investment Income Were 70 Percent Or Higher

~ TROCGHHLIEOSOOEG ~ Tax Rates On Capital Gains Have Had Little Impact Either On Savings Or On Economic Growth

~ MPABUOTTR-MHBFDABNOSCIROR-BOPR-SA-‘SWILOAE’ ~ Many People Are Blissfully Unaware Of Their Tax Rates – Most Human Beings’ Financial Decisions Are Based Not On Sophisticated Calculations Involving Rates Of Return – But On Primitive Rules – Such As – “Save Whatever Is Left Over After Expenses”

~ LTRITAOMTTGHTB-RTCATTPS ~ Lower Tax Revenues Increase The Amount Of Money That The Government Has To Borrow – Reducing The Capital Available To The Private Sector

~ TSMSTLITWISAGDHUTS-LPKMOTSDNAMTTWM ~ The Simple Model Saying That Lower Investment Taxes Will Increase Savings And Growth Doesn’t Hold Up To Scrutiny – Letting People Keep More Of Their Salaries Does Not Always Motivate Them To Work More

~ AGISAMBWWOCAOSTWDNTTPSTLAE-ASTQOWTAWDOWFWEFOGAHWIFT ~ A Government Is Simply A Mechanism By Which We Organize Certain Aspects Of Society That We Do Not Trust The Private Sector To Look After Effectively – And So The Question Of Whether Taxes Are Worthwhile Depends On What Functions We Expect From Our Government And How Well It Fulfills Them

~ TGPOAWITSTBOWPBIEP ~ The Greatest Power Of A Worldview Is To Set The Boundaries Of What People Believe Is Even Possible

~ ERMFTPHBIACWBIAWOE-IFC ~ Economism’s Rosy Model Failed To Predict How Both Individuals And Companies Would Behave In A World Of Ever-Increasing Financial Complexity

~ I2008-WRTLTACMDNMETCFTIMPU-I-P-SBLBPACTMTIGIWTDLDAWR-SOATMS ~ In 2008 – We Relearned The Lesson That A Competitive Market Does Not Magically Ensure That Capital Flows To Its Most Productive Uses – Instead – Profit-Seeking Behavior Leads Both People And Companies To Maximize Their Individual Gains In Ways That Distort Lending Decisions And Waste Resources – Sometimes On A Truly Monumental Scale

~ TMTNCALAMCTE-A-CRASTLTETTBWSTNCI ~ The Megabanks That Nearly Collapsed Are Larger And More Complex Than Ever – And – Capital Requirements Are Still Too Low To Ensure That Those Banks Will Survive The Next Crisis Intact

~ IARWLM-TADCCL ~ In A Real-World Labor Market – Trade Agreements Do Create Clear Losers

~ TGAOEHBT-RAPI-AAL-E-T-U-SN-FFSTW ~ The Great Achievement Of Economism Has Been To – Repackage A Political Ideology – As A Lightweight – Easy-To-Use – Seemingly Neutral – Framework For Seeing The World

~ BCTSOAT-EDTTIADAA-TWSITWII-IYDA-YMNUE101 ~ By Claiming The Status Of Absolute Truth – Economism Denies That There Is Any Debate At All – The World Simply Is The Way It Is – If You Don’t Agree – You Must Not Understand Economics 101

~ EPAIRIOCPI-PCTOAAA-WPOTTM ~ Economism Plays An Important Role In Our Contemporary Political Institutions – Prioritizing Certain Types Of Analyses And Arguments – While Pushing Others To The Margins

~ FASTBR-CMANE-TMAB-PDPI-TPEF-MP-SC-A-SAESOR ~ For A Society To Become Rich – Competitive Markets Are Not Enough – There Must Also Be – Pluralistic Democratic Political Institutions – That Prevent Elites From – Monopolizing Power – Suppressing Competitors – And – Seizing An Excessive Share Of Resources

~ U-IWTANWTDBWTO ~ Ultimately – It Will Take A New Worldview To Do Battle With The Old

ROBERT PAXTON ~ “MOBILIZING PASSIONS” ~ THE ANATOMY OF FASCISM

~ ASOOCBTROATS ~ A Sense Of Overwhelming Crisis Beyond The Reach Of Any Traditional Solutions

~ TPOTG-TWOHDSTER-WIOU-ATSOTITI ~ The Primacy Of The Group – Toward Which One Has Duties Superior To Every Right – Whether Individual Or Universal – And The Subordination Of The Individual To It

~ TBTOGIAV-ASTJAA-WLOML-AIE-BIAE ~ The Belief That One’s Group Is A Victim – A Sentiment That Justifies Any Action – Without Legal Or Moral Limits – Against Its Enemies – Both Internal And External

~ DOTGDUTCEO-IL-CC-AI ~ Dread Of The Group’s Decline Under The Corrosive Effects Of – Individualistic Liberalism – Class Conflict – Alien Influences

~ TNFCIOAPC-BCIP-O-BEVIN ~ The Need For Closer Integration Of A Purer Community – By Consent If Possible – Or – By Exclusionary Violence If Necessary

~ TNFABNC-AM-CIANCWICOITGHD ~ The Need For Authority By Natural Chiefs – Always Male – Culminating In A National Chieftain Who Alone Is Capable Of Incarnating The Group’s Historical Destiny

~ TSOTLIOAAUR ~ The Superiority Of The Leader’s Instincts Over Abstract And Universal Reason

~ TBOVATEOW-WTADTTGS ~ The Beauty Of Violence And The Efficacy Of Will – When They Are Devoted To The Group’s Success

~ TROTCPTDOWRFAKOHODL-RBDBTSCOTGPWADS ~ The Right Of The Chosen People To Dominate Others Without Restraint From Any Kind Of Human Or Divine Law – Right Being Decided By The Sole Criterion Of The Group’s Prowess Within A Darwinian Struggle

DAVID GRAEBER ~ DEBT – THE FIRST 5,000 YEARS ~ 2011 + 2012

~ IOTORCHTFSOFMEPDIWOZ-TTCHNAT-ANW ~ In Order To Obtain Refinancing Countries Have To Follow Some Orthodox Free-Market Economic Policy Designed In Washington Or Zurich – That Their Citizens Had Never Agreed To – And Never Would

~ IWABDTITCADC-ATAIT-WGE-THNCOTCPA ~ It Was A Bit Dishonest To Insist That Countries Adopt Democratic Constitutions – And Then Also Insists That – Whoever Gets Elected – They Have No Control Over Their Country Policies Anyway

~ FTOY-TSBRAPHLTTFOCBCAD-OAB-IP-DP-A-R-R-TSOS-TSOV-TSODCIS ~ For Thousands Of Years – The Struggle Between Rich And Poor Has Largely Taken The Form Of Conflicts Between Creditors And Debtors – Of Arguments About – Interest Payment – Debt Peonage – Amnesty – Repossession – Restitution – The Sequestering Of Sheep – The Seizing Of Vineyards – The Selling Of Debtors’ Children Into Slavery

~ FTLFTY-WRR-PIHB-WTRDOTDR-CTDARTL ~ For The Last Five Thousand Years – With Remarkable Regularity – Popular Insurrections Have Begun – With The Ritual Destruction Of The Debt Records – Cancel The Debts And Redistribute The Land

~ AAWROWTWHPACRISOBVORAW ~ Arguments About Who Really Owes What To Whom Have Played A Central Role In Shaping Our Basic Vocabulary Of Right And Wrong

~ TNNAVM-A-TWTOFOM ~ There’s Nothing New About Virtual Money – Actually – This Was The Original Form Of Money

~ ITCSV-TSATM-TAAEADOP-HRR-H-TWBTAHABI ~ In That Common Sense View – The State And The Market – Tower Above All Else As Diametrically Opposed Principles – Historical Reality Reveals – However – They Were Born Together And Have Always Been Intertwined

~ NOIIMTMDP-MADAOTSAETST ~ Not Only Is It Money That Makes Debt Possible – Money And Debt Appear On The Scene At Exactly The Same Time

~ SOTVFWDTHCDTUAMTRCAD ~ Some Of The Very First Written Documents That Have Come Down To Us Are Mesopotamian Tablets Recording Credits And Debits

~ TSOMFEABWAFWOB-TPIWTLTFITAS-WWNCVMCF ~ The Story Of Money For Economists Always Begins With A Fantasy World Of Barter – The Problem Is Where To Locate This Fantasy In Time And Space – What We Now Call Virtual Money Came First

~ B-ATBLAKOABOTUOCOPM-IHMBWPWAUTCTDWFOROATHNATC ~ Barter – Appears To Be Largely A Kind Of Accidental Byproduct Of The Use Of Coinage Or Paper Money – It Has Mainly Been What People Who Are Used To Cash Transactions Do When For One Reason Or Another They Have No Access To Currency

~ A-TFRWF-’F’-IAKHL-LM-’RTM’ ~ Amargi – The First Recorded Word For – “Freedom” – In Any Known Human Language – Literally Means – “Return To Mother”

~ SCM-MRS-NCCWTO-AL-IALTFWWRT ~ States Created Markets – Markets Require States – Neither Could Continue Without The Other – At Least – In Anything Like The Forms We Would Recognize Today

~ C-MWNITOTIOBBN-SNWHNRTEIBITFP ~ Clearly – Money Was Not Invented To Overcome The Inconveniences Of Barter Between Neighbors – Since Neighbors Would Have No Reason To Engage In Barter In The First Place

~ TSASA-CTTS-AT-DTEFITK-OTPOOTCB-NEF-IOTGTHOTC-MFSWT-PSWTTW-MABIEAASE ~ To Support A Standing Army – Coins To The Soldiers – And Then – Demands That Every Family In The Kingdom – Obliged To Pay One Of Those Coins Back – Now Every Family – In Order To Get Their Hands On The Coins – Must Find Some Way To – Provide Soldiers With Things They Want – Markets Are Brought Into Existence As A Side Effect

~ DTDLA-TTEOSAMASO-THRITETOITC-SSTATBWM ~ Despite The Dogged Liberal Assumption – That The Existence Of States And Markets Are Somehow Opposed – The Historical Record Implies That Exactly The Opposite Is The Case – Stateless Societies Tend Also To Be Without Markets

~ WIEO-OTLFTY-MHBE-ACOTS ~ Whatever Its Earliest Origins – Of The Last Four Thousand Years – Money Has Been Effectively – A Creature Of The State

~ MIC-ICBBIBBPCA-TSMETAADTLT ~ Money Is Credit – It Can Be Brought Into Being By Private Contractual Agreements – The State Merely Enforces The Agreement And Dictates The Legal Terms

~ AOTISTGBTSSOO-’SC’-TESAO-TNORKEWOBW-OWWSBBBTDODAOTOM-WWDFPBBTDOODAOAE ~ All Of This Is Said To Go Back To Some Sort Of Original – “Social Contract” – That Everyone Somehow Agreed On – Though No One Really Knows Exactly When Or By Whom – Or Why We Should Be Bound By The Decisions Of Distant Ancestors On This One Matter – When We Don’t Feel Particularly Bound By The Decisions Of Our Distant Ancestors On Anything Else

~ TBBSAM-BGAM-INITTHC ~ The Battle Between State And Market – Between Governments And Merchants – Is Not Inherent To The Human Condition

~ ‘F’-CTRAATRFTEOD ~“Freedom” – Came To Refer Above All To Release From The Effects Of Debt

~ AHRABOSVOR-IS-TDRIATROAM-BDIWHWSBHNYBR ~ All Human Relations Are Based On Some Variation On Reciprocity – If So – Then Debt Really Is At The Root Of All Morality – Because Debt Is What Happens When Some Balance Has Not Yet Been Restored

~ WEA-C-WOCF ~ We Are All – Communists – With Our Closest Friends

~ NRMOWWWTLIAPWNDLAOA ~ No Reasonable Man Or Woman Would Want To Live In A Place Where Neighbors Don’t Look After One Another

~ GASCADFCABOSF:TCBS ~ Gold And Silver Coins Are Distinguished From Credit Arrangements By One Spectacular Feature: They Can Be Stolen

~ MCSC ~ Military-Coinage-Slavery Complex

~ MATHFE-ITNEAL-AASEOGAS ~ Markets Appear To Have First Emerge – In The Near East At Least – As A Side Effect Of Government Administrative Systems

~ WUTATCAMATST-B-IMWTCREWBCAO-WMAWOEGTTMOM-CIFAFTAOUMTGMM-TEWTDTIBESKOFODFRM ~ We’re Use To Assuming That Capitalism And Markets Are The Same Thing – But – In Many Ways They Could Equally Well Be Conceived As Opposites – While Markets Are Ways Of Exchanging Goods Through The Medium Of Money – Capitalism Is First And Foremost The Art Of Using Money To Get More Money – The Easiest Way To Do This Is By Establishing Some Kind Of Formal Or De Facto Monopoly

~ B-1520A1650-UTOGASFMAPWTATAAPISTS-VLOTGASLVLIE-MOTGEUITII-ATOMOTSBWUSOTC-EHNPMOATAWTB-SIWFTPISFSSSAOI ~ Between – 1520 and 1640 – Untold Tons Of Gold And Silver From Mexico And Peru Were Transported Across The Atlantic And Pacific In Spanish Treasure Ships – Very Little Of That Gold And Silver Lingered Very Long In Europe – Most Of The Gold Ended Up In Temples In India – And The Overwhelming Majority Of The Silver Bullion Was Ultimately Shipped Off To China – Europe Had Never Produced Much Of Anything That Asians Wanted To Buy – So It Was Forced To Pay In Specie For Silks, Spices, Steel, And Other Imports

~ TEYOEEWLATGAET-EL-O-TNSOGASWWTPFT ~ The Early Years Of European Expansion Were Largely Attempts To Gain Access Either To – Eastern Luxuries – Or – To New Sources Of Gold And Silver With Which To Pay For Them

~ THTBPIM-EB-IC-CTBTMAIHITMA-BMOVFOVCM-T-PN-O-STKTOWOWTW ~ Taxes Had To Be Paid In Metal – Everyday Business – In Contrast – Continued To Be Transacted Much As It Had In The Middle Ages – By Means Of Various Forms Of Virtual Credit Money – Tallies – Promissory Notes – Or – Simply The Keeping Track Of Who Owed What To Whom

~ CC-WELBS-O-WPRTAT-TLBPAOS-AA-GASWUBTGTPAAPS ~ Cold Cash – Was Employed Largely Between Strangers – Or – When Paying Rents, Tithes, And Taxes – To Landlords, Bailiffs, Priest, And Other Superiors – Above All – Gold And Silver Were Used By The Government To Purchase Arms And Pay Soldiers

~ TGCTMWENTP ~ The Great Conversation That Many Were Expecting Never Took Place

~ WCTWEBWCNLIAATWBEW ~ We Cling To What Exists Because We Can No Longer Imagine An Alternative That Wouldn’t Be Even Worse

~ ASTRTWTNCOBHIPBW ~ Any System That Reduces The World To Numbers Can Only Be Held In Place By Weapons

~ ITLSOT-JANOHTRTTUOTV-NOHTRTTUWWTO ~ In The Largest Scheme Of Things – Just As No One Has The Right To Tell Us Our True Value – No One Has The Right To Tell Us What We Truly Owe

MARI SWINGLE ~ I-MINDS ~ 2016

~ DTOOO-WAIA ~ Due To Our Own Overarousal – We Are Increasingly Annoyed

~ TLAOL ~ The Lost Art Of Leisure

~ WHMFBGOIATGI-TA ~ We Have Moved Far Beyond Gaming Or Internet Addiction To Generalize I-Tech Addiction

~ AAC-MEOADA-W-I-A-D-ADHD-SI ~ Across All Cultures – Mounting Evidence Of A Definite Association – With – I-Addiction – Depression – ADHD – Suicidal Ideation

~ AD ~ Alpha Deregulation

~ TDED:AITAHULES-A-EUDUNH ~ The Double-Edged Delusion: All I-Tech Are Helping Us Learn Exquisite Skills – And – Excessive Usage Does Us No Harm

~ EGCBAMITSWASA ~ Excessive Gaming Changes Brain Activity Much In The Same Way As Substance Abuse

~ AGMWBT-NEIAI-ATLYOYC-E-SI-B-O-

~ FLC-TPDPATH ~ For Little Children – The Potential Developmental Perils Are Too High

~ I-TSNRHIOHP-IWCT-ISBIAT-NARF-

~ KDOWALTGS-EAAANSWPOI-

~ O-G-O-S-HTBALBB-O-TBDNLTL-

~ B-AAWS-LANFP ~ Babies – Although Attentively Watching Screens – Learn Absolutely Nothing From Programs

~ UFRSO-DBITEHAPI-GTICF-PTIYET-

~ TIMETTEIODMIICTBOIIMCPOD-

~ SOPHFACBETVATDOAD-

~ THSIFOVD-AOTCWCATGE-

~ LKDCI-MBNAMTAOTGOD ~ Little Kids Don’t Crave I-Media By Nature Any More Than Any Other Toy, Game, Or Device

~ TDE ~ The Disinhibition Effect

~ ITP-TBCUFR-TTC ~ In The Past – The Bullied Could Usually Find Refuge – Today They Cannot

~ SATN:D-D-A-TDOI ~ Sex And The Net: Desensitization – Disinhibition – And – The Death Of Intimacy

~ MPNBTNTCWOATRSDOSV ~ Many People Now Believe They Need To Compete With Online Activity To Remain Sexually Desirable Or Sexually Valid

~ WCBIAOTIAI-T-TIHMMAATP ~ We Can’t Blame It All On The Internet And I-Tech – The Internet Has Merely Magnified And Accelerated The Process

~ SFMIISOAEO-TTEORL ~ Sexuality For Males Is Increasingly Sought Out And Expressed Online – To The Exclusion Of Real Life

~ ATPOCHBFTBSRTDAA ~ Addiction To Pornography Or Cybersex Has Been Found To Be Specifically Related To Depression And Anxiety

~ FOMO ~ Fear Of Missing Out

~ IMBTMAOTTCOTMTITTA ~ It May Be The Medium As Opposed To The Content Of The Medium That Is The True Addiction

~ GIA ~ Generalized Internet Addiction

~ FIA ~ Fantasy Internet Addiction

~ TIA ~ Technological Internet Addiction

~ WWHFTAIWIHTOBITGEOLOI-T ~ What We Have Forgotten To Ask Is What Is Happening To Our Brains In This Great Experiment Of Life On I-Tech

~ C ~ Cyberchondria

~ BLNLTT-TS-RU-DU ~ But Let’s Not Let This Tool – This System – Rule Us – Deregulate Us

~ SOB ~ Setting Of Boundaries

~ TBP! ~ Take Back Play!

CARNE ROSS ~ THE LEADERLESS REVOLUTION ~ 2011

~ ACIAPSC ~ Anyone Can Initiate A Profound Social Change

~ TVCIW-NA-FMOU-PIASS-WO-TD ~ The Vast Crowd Is Watching – Not Acting – For Most Of Us – Politics Is A Spectator Sport – We Observe – They Do

~ TDCBVATR ~ The Deepening Chasm Between Voters And Their Representatives

~ TPSIOMAMNBC-BBBBATW ~ The Political Space Is Occupied More And More Not By Citizens – But By Big Business And The Wealthy

~ WPUTF-AFP-TPTPP ~ Wealthy Philanthropists Use Their Foundations – And Financial Pull – To Promote Their Political Preferences

~ IGCPF-TSSAJAOOCA-WC? ~ If Government Cannot Provide For – The Stability, Safety And Just Arbitration Of Our Common Affairs – Who Can?

~ SOG-IOT-A-RMLT-I-A ~ Self-Organized Government – Is One Term – Another – Rather More Loaded Term – Is – Anarchism

~ TMAOVILLALAAAS ~ The Minimalist Act Of Voting Is Looking Less And Less Adequate As A Solution

~ SUFPDP-AATWSU-PATNT-S ~ Setting Up Fake Pro-Democracy Pages – Arresting All Those Who Showed Up – Power Adapts To New Technology – Swiftly

~ IOED-TW-OMLTFTOAW-ATATOD-‘TDM’ ~ Instead Of Encouraging Debate – The Web – Offers Multiple Locations To Find Those One Agrees With – And To Avoid Those One Doesn’t – “The Daily Me”

~ ‘DD’-MP ~ “Deliberative Democracy” – Meeting People

~ IPATTDSABSWICIA-ATOTDI ~ If People Are Told To Do Something Awful By Someone Who Is Clearly In Authority – All Too Often They Do It

~ WPFNAANRFTA-TCCHC ~ When People Feel No Agency And No Responsibility For Their Actions – They Can Commit Horrific Crimes

~ AIAIUFO-THO-‘G’-WAFOUOLGOPM ~ As In All Institutions Unscrutinized From Outside – The Hold Of – “Groupthink” – Was A Firm One Upon Our Little Group Of Policy Makers

~ TAIO-CIWTCOTA-RTMUT-

~ HCATGOPPKWIBFTCOM? ~ How Can A Tiny Group Of People Possibly Know What Is Best For Their Country Of Millions?

~ TMEOA-‘P’-CTEITSIBD-WIIN ~ The Mere Existence Of A – “Process” – Created The Erroneous Impression That Something Is Being Done – When It Is Not

~ TMDEOTSINTIDW-IITW-IWNIISTF-

~ CTCA-IACHAFGPTCTC-AITOTWW-TGP ~ Contrary To Common Assumptions – Individuals Acting Collectively Have A Far Greater Power To Control Their Circumstances – And Indeed Those Of The Whole World – Than Governments Pretend

~ TMATE ~ The Means Are The Ends

~ PCMRTW-WRIBTA-IFEOT-EWC-CRMWA-

~ LYC-AIDOWYCMA-DNLOTYWTCA-MUYOM ~ Locate Your Convictions – An Individual Discovery Of What You Care Most About – Do Not Let Others Tell You What To Care About – Make Up Your Own Mind

~ AAITMATE-IAH-AIAN ~ Act As If The Means Are The End – It’s All Here – And It’s All Now

~ GCTTNOO-BUWTSATN-NWWTTNA-APWTW ~ Give Consideration To The Needs Of Others – Based Upon What They Say Are Their Needs – Not What We Think Their Needs Are – Ask People What They Want

~ ATSTM-H-YCMTMD ~ Address Those Suffering The Most – Here – You Can Make The Most Difference

~ C&N ~ Consult And Negotiate

~ ‘BP-SD’ ~ “Big Picture – Small Deeds”

~ UN ~ Use Nonviolence

~ DNBSWP-OWR ~ Do Not Be Satisfied With Process – Only With Results

~ IITATBOTPWMH-EITDNKI ~ It Is Those At The Base Of The Pyramid Who Make History – Even If They Do Not Know It

~ EFIBTA ~ Even Failure Is Better Than Acquiescence

TOM SLEE ~ WHAT’S YOURS IS MINE

~ TSE-AWONBTUTITMCWSP-FRWE ~ The Sharing Economy – A Wave Of New Businesses That Use The Internet To Match Customers With Service Providers – For Real-World Exchanges

~ TSEPTHPPITMCOTLBB-‘ME’~ The Sharing Economy Promises To Help Previously Powerless Individuals Take More Control Of Their Lives By Becoming – “Micro-Entrepreneurs”

~ W-TWTP-U-SDAADIH-TSEIEAHADFMIPPAOOL ~ Well – That Was The Promise – Unfortunately – Something Different And Altogether Darker Is Happening – The Sharing Economy Is Extending A Harsh And Deregulated Free Market Into Previously Protected Areas Of Our Lives

~ TLCANCJT ~ The Leading Companies Are Now Corporate Juggernauts Themselves

~ MSEC-AMBM-FTIAE-AGJFTSEAM-BCRAMPFOLPWFTWAWITSE ~ Many Sharing Economy Companies – Are Making Big Money – For Their Investors And Executives – And Good Jobs For Their Software Engineers And Marketers – By Creating Riskier And More Precarious Forms Of Low-Paid Work For Those Who Actually Work In The Sharing Economy

~ CC ~ Collaborative Consumption

~ TME ~ The Mesh Economy

~ PTPP ~ Peer-To-Peer Platform

~ TGE ~ The Gig Economy

~ CS ~ Concierge Services

~ TODE ~ ~ The On-Demand Economy

~ REACAATOUG-THSBTTOVCF ~ Running Errands And Cleaning Are Among The Other Unglamorous Jobs – That Have Suddenly Become The Target Of Venture Capital Funding

~ TIINSCABWTPASWLTB ~ The Internet Is Not So Complete A Break With The Past As Some Would Like To Believe

~ CICOCONCFOS ~ Commercial Incentives Can Often Crowd Out Non-Commercial Forms Of Sharing

~ TSE-WBSBOBAC-B-ABOBAC-A-OBAW ~ The Sharing Economy – Will Be Shaped By Our Behavior As Consumers – But – Also By Our Behavior As Citizens – And – Our Behavior As Workers

~ NTCPAIPIBABF-B-TDNPASTSCSP-O-TRLSOSC ~ New Technologies Can Play An Important Part In Building A Better Future – But – They Do Not Provide A Shortcut To Solving Complex Social Problems – Or – To Resolving Longstanding Sources Of Social Conflict

~ ITSEP-WDBIEAS-WTBSU-TNTDTHOIC-A-LSL-FTIOFWHBEISFY ~ If The Sharing Economy Proponents – Who Do Believe In Equality And Sustainability – Want To Build Something Useful – They Need To Drop The Hubris Of Internet Culture – And – Learn Some Lessons – From Those In Other Fields Who Have Been Engaged In Sharing For Years

~ JATANSTSCSP-STINSBITCTWOTSE-ASPITWRIFWII ~ Just As There Are No Shortcuts To Solving Complex Social Problems – So There Is No Simple Big Idea To Countering The Worst Of The Sharing Economy – A Starting Point Is That We Recognize It For What It Is

~ SPLAPC? ~ Shouldn’t Public Libraries And Parks Count?

~ TSEIAEASNOTFBBLAOVC ~ The Sharing Economy Is Almost Entirely A Small Number Of Technology Firms Backed By Large Amounts Of Venture Capital

~ TSE-IAM-F-D ~ The Sharing Economy – Is A Movement – For – Deregulation

~ MFI-A-IVCF-ASAOTCRMBDCGATW ~ Major Financial Institutions – And – Influential Venture Capital Funds – Are Seizing An Opportunity To Challenge Rules Made By Democratic City Governments Around The World

~ ATLO-CAAPP-FPFG ~ Appropriating The Language Of – Collective Action And Progressive Politics – For Private Financial Gain

~ ITT ~ Inspirational Technology Tales

~ WCT-AAWALOMBI-WOITOTAWIIWABS ~ When Coupled To – An Agenda With A Lot Of Money Behind It – We Owe It To Ourselves To Ask What It Is We Are Being Sold

~ PBND ~ Platitudes But No Data

~ M-LACSI-CTOMATDADA ~ Meanwhile – Less Ambitious Car-Sharing Initiatives – Continue To Operate Much As They Did A Decade Ago

~ LIBACC ~ Low Income Became A Consistent Complaint

~ TRFM ~ The Required Founding Myth

~ ARSHBU-TUHBAMOFITWOSD ~ As Rating Systems Have Become Ubiquitous – Their Usefulness Has Become A Matter Of Faith In The World Of Software Development

~ TSE-IATCEOAPF-’AR’-IWRPCAR-B-RASA ~ The Sharing Economy – Is At The Cutting Edge Of A Push For – “Algorithmic Regulation” – In Which – Rules Protecting Consumers Are Replaced – By – Ratings And Software Algorithms

~ TPORSIAM ~ The Promise Of Reputation Systems Is A Mirage

~ MRETSTTTCCSFT-AAPPICOF-KHFP-TBOTCAIGC-RWNSTP ~ Most Regulations Exist To Screen Those Things That Customers Cannot See For Themselves – Accommodations Are Properly Protected In Case Of Fire – Kitchen Handles Food Properly – The Breaks Of The Car Are In Good Condition – Ratings Will Never Solve These Problems

~ RSAATWTTDWEFOT-AFOT-SECHIETDWTF ~ Reputation Systems Are Also The Wrong Tool To Deal With Extreme Failures Of Trust – Assault, Fraud, Or Theft – Sharing Economy Companies Have Proved Ill-Equipped To Deal With These Failures

~ RSAETV-PTPR-TTSEV ~ Reputation Systems Are Eroding The Very – Person-To-Person Relationships – That The Sharing Economy Supposedly Values

~ RIEOITTAIAFFTTOCOR ~ Reputation Is Effective Only If The Testimonies Are Impartial And Free From The Taint Of Collusion Or Retaliation

~ TORAAAIADPTT ~ Thinking Of Reputation As An Asset Is A Dangerous Path To Take

~ IYCBAST-TTLTATDBTAO ~ If You Can Buy And Sell Testimonies – Those Testimonies Lose Their Ability To Discriminate Between Trustworthiness And Opportunism

~ ‘PAC’ ~ “People As Companies”

~ ‘ME’ ~ “Micro-Entrepreneurs”

~ PTTGRTTER-HR-TTSHR ~ People Tend To Grade Relative To The Existing Rating – Highly Rated – Tend To Stay Highly Rated

~ RSANSFR-TAASFACMS-AABOAT ~ Reputation Systems Are Not Substitutes For Regulation – They Are A Substitute For A Company Management Structure – And A Bad One At That

~ PFTRTCC ~ Persistent Failure To Respond To Customer Complaints

~ RSATUIASOS ~ Reputation Systems Are Turning Us Into A Society Of Snitches

~ INOWAWMMITWIMO ~ It’s Not Obvious Where Artists Will Make Money If Their Work Is Made Open

~ OD-M-’ETE’ ~ Open Data – May – “Empower The Empowered”

~ PSI ~ Public Sector Information

~ WRMM ~ Weather Risk Management Market

~ ITGOTM-I-TPE-IWNFMEO-EIS-L-A-SPOD-O-WIAPVPR-WSBP-BTWTDKARTMMUOI ~ If The Goal Of The Movement Is – To Promote Equality – It Will Need Far More Emphasis On – Experimentation In Standards – Licensing – And – Selective Provision Of Data – Otherwise – What Is A Potentially Valuable Public Resource – Will Simply Be Plundered – By Those With The Digital Skills And Resources To Make Most Use Of It

~ SVIDCTTITSACGT ~ Silicon Valley Is Deeply Committed To The Idea That Sharing And Commerce Go Together

~ CO ~ Crowding Out

~ SECITWTMCOSE ~ Sharing Economy Companies Ignore The Ways That Money Crowds Out Social Exchange

~ TINIATWTTSEWE ~ There Is Nothing Inevitable About The Way That The Sharing Economy Will Evolve

~ A-IAWSCGP-WODN-O-WTOOAPOCSIAASOP-O-WTCACOCPAAFTBOO ~ Alienation – It Appears When Some Contributors Get Paid – While Others Do Not – Or – When The Owner Of A Privately Owned Common Sees It As A Source Of Profit – Or – When The Creativity And Commitments Of Cultural Producers Are Appropriated For The Benefit Of Others

~ ECS-WTACFST-TSOFP-AMOTU ~ Early Collaborative Sites – Were Treated As Commons For Some Time – Then Sold Off For Profit – Alienating Many Of Their Users

~ MIWTTCNPTWTATS ~ New Institutions Will Try To Create New Problems To Which They Are The Solution

~ TOTCIACW-TIOTTOTC-AI-WTWTTC ~ Trading On The Commons Is A Contradiction When – The Interests Of Those Trading On The Commons – Are Incompatible – With Those Who Tend The Commons

~ WSAA-ATC-PTPC-S-A-S-HBTPOB ~ What Started As An – Appeal To Community – Person-To-Person Connections – Sustainability – And – Sharing – Has Become The Playground Of Billionaires

~ STOCMD ~ Selective Truths Of Company Marketing Departments

~ HPAWCL ~ High-Profile And Well-Connected Lobbyists

~ WICFIALM-ITWPTATTCPAH-B-SRISM-WMGS ~ What Is Called For Is A Little Modesty – If Technologists Were Prepared To Accept That Technology Can Play A Helpful – But – Secondary Role In Social Movements – We Might Get Somewhere