CAROL TAVRIS + ELLIOT ARONSON ~ MISTAKES WERE MADE (BUT NOT BY ME) ~ 2007

~ TETD-S-J-TETPTNTJOAAD-ETWO-ITUF-‘CD’-ASOT-TOWAPHT-C(I/A/B/O)-TA-PI-WEO ~ The Engine That Drives – Self-Justification – The Energy That Produces The Need To Justify Our Actions And Decisions – Especially The Wrong Ones – Is The Unpleasant Feeling – “Cognitive Dissonance” – A State Of Tension – That Occurs When A Person Holds Two – Cognitions (Ideas / Attitudes / Beliefs / Opinions) – That Are – Psychologically Inconsistent – With Each Other

~ DID-B-THTITCEO-ITFW-A-A-WACWSOLTTCOTOEINA ~ Dissonance Is Disquieting – Because – To Hold Two Ideas That Contradict Each Other – Is To Flirt With – Absurdity – And – We Are Creatures Who Spend Our Lives Trying To Convince Ourselves That Our Existence Is Not Absurd

~ IAPVGTADOPE-IOTAS-GOO-T-GOO-B-MA ~ If A Person Voluntarily Goes Through A Difficult Or Painful Experience – In Order To Attain Some – Goal Or Object – That – Goal Or Object – Becomes – More Attractive

~ OWAIIABAHJIW-COMILHW-IMET-S-NE-IAEFADTMJTKIT-TIITCTF ~ Once We Are Invested In A Belief And Have Justified Its Wisdom – Changing Our Minds Is Literally Hard Work – It’s Much Easier To – Slot – New Evidence – Into An Existing Framework And Do The Mental Justification To Keep It There – Than It Is To – Change The Framework

~ OWMAD-WHAKOTAODTBI ~ Once We Make A Decision – We Have All Kinds Of Tools At Our Disposal To Bolster It

~ CLTJTAAE-TSMUTBO-GWBWC-EWMW-LWAEO-POWCBAS-TWIAO-SWCAAC-IATC-A-VC-IS:ABS-J-WBMA ~ Children Learn To Justify Their Aggressive Actions Early – The Same Mechanism Underlies The Behavior Of – Gangs Who Bully Weaker Children – Employers Who Mistreat Workers – Lovers Who Abuse Each Other – Police Officers Who Continue Beating A Suspect – Tyrants Who Imprison And Oppress – Soldiers Who Commit Atrocities Against Civilians – In All These Cases – A – Vicious Circle – Is Created: Aggression Begets Self-Justification – Which Begets More Aggression

~ F-APGACCASOBAC-A-‘VC’-WPDAGD-PWTDIOAWOBC-TWCTSTBOTGIAWL-TDAF-IDWANFTMHH ~ Fortunately – A Person’s Generous Actions Can Create A Spiral Of Benevolence And Compassion – A – “Virtuous Circle” – When People Do A Good Deed – Particularly When They Do It On A Whim Or By Chance – They Will Come To See The Beneficiary Of Their Generosity In A Warmer Light – To Do A Favor – Is Dissonant With Any Negative Feelings They Might Have Had

~ HOSHST-CT-PBOAD-PBOAEYOT-APEARBTC ~ Hundred Of Studies Have Shown That – Compared To – Predictions Based On Actuarial Data – Predictions Based On An Expert’s Years Of Training And Personal Experience – Are Rarely Better Than Chance

~ E-RTD-CBTFF-B-CUWEOWTWHBR-‘IO’-IOTICHNI-IOB-B-B ~ Experts – Reduced The Dissonance – Caused By Their Failed Forecasts – By – Coming Up With Explanations Of Why They Would Have Been Right – “If Only” – If Only That Improbable Calamity Had Not Intervened – If Only Blah-Blah-Blah

~ PWHBST-BT-A-AGITI-B-RATEH-CTD-ED-TWDNSITSE-ITPW-A-DTLIGH-WTTFS ~ People Who Have Been Sorely Tempted – Battled Temptation – And – Almost Given In To It – But – Resisted At The Eleventh Hour – Come To Dislike – Even Despise – Those Who Did Not Succeed In The Same Effort – It’s The People Who – Almost – Decide To Live In Glass Houses – Who Throw The First Stones

~ MEV-I-APFO-S-J ~ Minimizing Ethical Violations – Is – A Popular Form Of – Self-Justification

~ OPCEUDIAHT-TACROBASS-J ~ Ordinary People Can End Up Doing Immoral And Harmful Things – Through A Chain Reaction Of Behavior And Subsequent Self-Justification

~ WAPSOTU-TRTTLSTTAP-LACTTMBO-PITBS ~ When Affluent People Speak Of The Underprivileged – They Rarely Thank Their Lucky Stars That They Are Privileged – Let Alone Consider That They Might Be Overprivileged – Privilege Is Their Blind Spot

~ WCAO-PBS-B-IWAUOT-WMBUR-CELAMFD-IAWNHOV-BIWSCOSJB-BS-EOPAAOP ~ We Cannot Avoid Our – Psychological Blind Spots – But – If We Are Unaware Of Them – We May Become Unwittingly Reckless – Crossing Ethical Lines And Making Foolish Decisions – Introspection Alone Will Not Help Our Visions – Because It Will Simply Confirm Our Self-Justifying Beliefs – Blind Spots – Enhance Our Pride And Activate Our Prejudices

~ OYTTG-NMHS-YWFTUTGSB-EIIO-AF-YA ~ Once You Take The Gift – No Matter How Small – You Will Feel The Urge To Give Something Back – Even If It’s Only – At First – Your Attention

~ JAWCIHIEBO-SWCSPIEBO-TTO-E-P-BS ~ Just As We Can Identify Hypocrisy In Everyone But Ourselves – So We Can See Prejudices In Everyone But Ourselves – Thanks To Our – Ego-Preserving – Blind Spots

~ P-EFTDOTHM-TPAPIIC-S-THUQPNI-TDITS-FODWTCWALA-A-EDBC ~ Prejudices – Emerge From The Disposition Of The Human Mind – To Perceive And Process Information In Categories – Stereotypes – They Help Us Quickly Process New Information – The Downside Is That Stereotypes – Flatten Out Differences Within The Category We Are Looking At – And – Exaggerate Differences Between Categories

~ ASAPHCACC-U-H-TIPEWIIIA-N-U ~ As Soon As People Have Created A Category Called – Us – However – They Invariably Perceive Everybody Who Isn’t In It As – Not-Us

~ BPOT-TA-U/U/I/IM-C/I/S/S/ES/-WAFGOUAHWTT ~ By Persuading Ourselves That – They Are – Unworthy / Unteachable / Incompetent / Inherently Math-Challenged / Immoral / Sinful / Stupid / Even Subhuman – We Avoid Feeling Guilty Or Unethical About How We Treat Them

~ WASIROE-IBSFTICAAA-IS ~ When A Story Is Repeated Often Enough – It Becomes So Familiar That It Chips Away At A Person’s Initial Skepticism

~ FM-APTFTAJTM-B-SAAHP:AITTRFTL ~ False Memories – Allow People To Forgive Themselves And Justify Their Mistakes – But – Sometimes At A High Price: An Inability To Take Responsibility For Their Lives

~ TGATBOOODO-SIT-CG:TGT-I-G-TNTM-TND ~ To Guard Against The Bias Of Our Own Direct Observations – Scientist Invented The – Control Group: The Group That – Isn’t – Getting – The New Therapeutic Method – The New Drug

~ W-BPAAAC-I-AWAICOBAAP-TGMO-AC-N-70%-DNRTPC ~ While – Being Physically Abused As A Child – Is – Associated With An Increased Chance Of Becoming An Abusive Parent – The Great Majority Of – Abused Children – Nearly – 70 Percent – Do Not Repeat Their Parents’ Cruelties

~ C-CLW-S/NC/M-IOOT-SS-T-ARIIFF ~ Contempt – Criticism Laced With – Sarcasm / Name Calling / Mockery – Is One Of The – Strongest Signs – That – A Relationship Is In Free Fall

~ OPCTTAOA-‘WST?-TBLATAITIDWTP ~ Once People Commit Themselves To An Opinion About – “Who Started This?” – They Became Less Able To Accept Information That Is Dissonant With Their Positions

~ BINCTB-SOR-IC-A-UI-CB-O-P-TIOOTMTDFISP ~ Brutality Is Not Confined To Brutes – Sadists Or Psychopaths – It Can – And – Usually Is – Committed By – Ordinary – People – This Is One Of The Most Thoroughly Documented Findings In Social Psychology

~ TIO-SMNA-PF-TB-DOJ-BA-IAOL-THU-IOW-MBD-G-A-GU ~ The Importance Of – Seeing Mistakes Not As – Personal Failings – To Be – Denied Or Justified – But As – Inevitable Aspect Of Life – That Help Us – Improve Our Work – Make Better Decisions – Grow – And – Grow Up

HANNAH ARENDT ~ THE ORIGINS OF TOTALITARIANISM ~ 1950

~ AFTE-I-AIACT-TUOTM-ATMO-CWTM ~ Attraction For The Elite – Is – As Important A Clue To – The Understanding Of Totalitarian Movements – As The More Obvious – Connection With The Mob

~ NPETE-T-T-PAPM-O-PWTONBSTPL ~ Nothing Proved Easier To Destroy – Than – The – Privacy And Private Morality – Of – People Who Thought Of Nothing But Safeguarding Their Private Lives

~ TIP-I-RAF-RT-ROTS-W-TCAFWLO-IAC-ISTBGOT-L ~ Totalitarianism In Power – Invariably – Replaces All First-Rate Talents – Regardless Of Their Sympathies – With – Those Crackpots And Fools Whose Lack Of – Intelligence And Creativity – Is Still The Best Guarantee Of Their – Loyalty

~ OTMATECBABTMOTI-TMHTBWBP ~ Only The Mob And The Elite Can Be Attracted By The Momentum Of Totalitarianism Itself – The Masses Have To Be Won By Propaganda

~ TCQOAMLHB-UI-NAAE ~ The Chief Qualification Of A Mass Leader Has Become – Unending Infallibility – Never Admit An Error

~ TPEOI-TSSOPAAMIAO-PF-THOA-PIITFOP ~ The Propaganda Effect Of Infallibility – The Striking Success Of Posing As A Mere Interpreting Agent Of – Predictable Forces – The Habit Of Announcing – Political Intentions In The Form Of Prophecy

~ WCMAN-F-A-NE-IF-B-O-TCOTSOWTAPP ~ What Convinces Masses Are Not – Facts – And – Not Even – Invented Facts – But – Only – The Consistency Of The System Of Which They Are Presumably Part

~ FTO-STTM-WAMO-NAR-T-FTMATTCOTOW-AMSI-DTOWATTCOTM ~ Fellow-Traveller Organizations – Surround The Totalitarian Movements – With A Mist Of – Normality And Respectability – That – Fools The Membership About The True Character Of The Outside World – As Much As It – Does The Outside World About The True Character Of The Movement

~ IIBOT-EA-BTFO-A-SS-OC-AO-T-SP-OTCI-T-TR-BOAFO-GC-A-AA-GR-ECAPITHOTP ~ It Is Because Of The – Essential Affinity – Between The Functioning Of – A – Secret Society – Of Conspirators – And Of – The – Secret Police – Organized To Combat It – That – Totalitarian Regimes – Based On A Fiction Of – Global Conspiracy – And – Aiming At – Global Rule – Eventually Concentrate All Power In The Hands Of The Police

~ IITFFTCOTOIWCTHROTTH ~ It Is This Freedom From The Content Of Their Own Ideologies Which Characterizes The Highest Rank Of The Totalitarian Hierarchy

~ MOTEOTNWIIDDWTG-CCBTT-AEAACSWSPTHLIGOR ~ Many Of The Errors Of The Nontotalitarian World In Its Diplomatic Dealings With Totalitarian Government – Can Clearly Be Traced To – An Experience And A Common Sense Which Suddenly Proved To Have Lost Its Grasp On Reality

~ T-CAEC-O-TR-SA-TLIWTFBOTTEIPIBV ~ The – Concentration And Extermination Camps – Of – Totalitarian Regimes – Serve As – The Laboratories In Which The Fundamental Belief Of Totalitarianism That Everything Is Possible Is Being Verified

~ ‘PC’ ~ “Proctective Custody”

~’EIP’-‘EIP ‘~ “Everything Is Permitted” – “Everything Is Possible”

~ WMHTCO-M-WWACWT-MPOC?

~ What Meaning Has The Concept Of – Murder – When We Are Confronted With The – Mass Production Of Corpses?

~ TPCBDEWTDOTP ~ The Psyche Can Be Destroyed Even Without The Destruction Of The Physical

~ TANPT-LITCC-IHCNBFEBTIFTVRTISOO-LAD-ICNBFR-FTVRT-TSRTTWOTL-WMII-T-BF-IH[/H]OE-IIAT-ASTTOAP-FTSOTIITWOTL-WNISTKITAAOD-IST-IIATTHNBB ~ There Are No Parallels To – Life In The Concentration Camps – Its Horror Can Never Be Fully Embraced By The Imagination For The Very Reason That It Stands Outside Of – Life And Death – It Can Never Be Fully Reported – For The Very Reason That – The Survivor Returns To The World Of The Living – Which Makes It Impossible – To – Believe Fully – In His[/Her] Own Experiences – It Is As Though – A Story To Tell Of Another Planet – For The Status Of The Inmates In The World Of The Living – Where Nobody Is Supposed To Know If They Are Alive Or Dead – Is Such That – It Is As Though They Had Never Been Born

~ TCCAAI-WNEFTSOAPLY-TOPEFOTCHBTFOTOSA-CCEMFTOS-AWTHBPCHBD-MBAMC-UDC-T-IOTH-ICBUWT-EU-TAO-MAU-CBAALOP-IT-RIC-WHAFO-CC-F-TEOTW ~ The Concentration Camp As An Institution – Was Not Established For The Sake Of Any Possible Labor Yield – The Only Permanent Economic Function Of The Camps Has Been The Financing Of Their Own Supervisory Apparatus – Concentration Camps Exist Mostly For Their Own Sake – Any Work That Has Been Performed Could Have Been Done – Much Better And More Cheaply – Under Different Conditions – The – Incredibility Of The Horrors – Is Closely Bound Up With Their – Economic Uselessness – This Atmosphere Of – Madness And Unreality – Created By An Apparent Lack Of Purpose – Is The – Real Iron Curtain – Which Hides All Forms Of – Concentration Camps – From – The Eyes Of The World

~ T-GITC-EAATT-AOU-STTOTPT ~ The – Guards In The Camps – Embraced An Attitude Toward The – Atmosphere Of Unreality – Similar To That Of The Prisoners Themselves

~ L-IA-CC-S-A-D-O-P-O-D ~ Life – In A – Concentration Camp – Simply – A – Dragged-Out – Process – Of – Dying

~ WCMTPHC-IOT-SSI?-TAIOTV:NMEDT-T-GH-WW-C-CV-WC-ITPTS:’P’-C-W-E-JAI-B-IOA ~ What Crime Must These People Have Committed – In Order To – Suffer So Inhumanely? – The Absolute Innocence Of The Victims: No Man Ever Deserved This – The – Grotesque Haphazardness – With Which – Concentration-Camp Victims – Were Chosen – In The Perfected Terror State: “Punishment” – Can – With – Equal – Justice And Injustice – Be – Inflicted On Anyone

~ T-I-MMOC-IPBT-HAPI-POLC ~ The – Insane – Mass Manufacture Of Corpses – Is Preceded By The – Historically And Politically Intelligible – Preparation Of Living Corpses

~ CWTCHWWTIAS-A-TC-MIT-B-UFTSOO-IWTAUDOTA ~ Contrasting With The Complete Haphazardness With Which The Inmates Are Selected – Are – The Categories – Meaningless In Themselves – But – Useful From The Standpoint Of Organization – Into Which They Are Usually Divided On Their Arrival

~ MCOI ~ Meaningless Categories Of Inmates

~ WCC-WT-UF-TI-A-T-VW-DT-TOITD-ATSCNI-N-M

~ Without Concentration Camps – Without The – Undefined Fear – They Inspire – And – The – Very Well-Defined Training – They Offer In Totalitarian Domination – A Totalitarian State Can Neither – Inspire – Nor – Maintain

~ UN-T-TB-T-EIP-STHPOT-ECBD ~ Until Now The – Totalitarian Belief – That – Everything Is Possible – Seems To Have Proved Only That – Everything Can Be Destroyed

~ TDOT-CF-A-HOO-IT-TPACRS-TS-WWCUWISITA-P-S-O-E-M ~ The Danger Of The – Corpse Factories – And – Holes Of Oblivion – Is That – Today – People Are Continuously Rendered Superfluous – Totalitarian Solutions – Which Will Come Up Whenever It Seems Impossible To Alleviate – Political – Social – Or – Economic – Misery

! TL-DL-A-PTETDRO-JOE-E-TLO-H-O-ON-WTIISO-RAW–F-IB ~ Totalitarian Lawfulness – Defying Legality – And – Pretending To Establish The Direct Reign Of – Justice On Earth – Executes – The Law Of – History – Or – Of Nature – Without Translating It Into Standards Of – Right And Wrong – For – Individual Behavior

~ TAO-TE-HNBT-IC-B-T-DTCTFA ~ The Aim Of – Totalitarian Education – Has Never Been To – Install Convictions – But – To – Destroy The Capacity To Form Any

~ E/V-TPMDTTW-T-E-T-MBS-WTRNTGTBOIS-IAPTF-EWFTROEATROV ~ Executioners / Victims – The Process May Decide That Those Who – Today – Eliminate – Tomorrow – Must Be Sacrificed – What Totalitarian Rule Needs To Guide The Behavior Of Its Subjects – Is A Preparation To Fit – Equally Well For The Role Of Executioner And The Role Of Victim

~ I-I-W-TTSOTA-CE-EAEO-B-DIFASP-A-AVRP ~ Ideologies – Isms – Which – To The Satisfaction Of Their Adherents – Can Explain – Everything And Every Occurrence – By – Deducing It From A Single Premise – Are – A Very Recent Phenomenon

~ T-ISOTR-IN-TC-B-P-FW-TDB-FAF-(TROE)-A-TDB-TAF-(TSOT)-NLE ~ The – Ideal Subject Of Totalitarian Rule – Is Not – The Convinced – But – People – For Whom – The Distinction Between – Fact And Fiction – (The Reality Of Experience) – And – The Distinction Between – True And False – (The Standards Of Thought) – No Longer Exist

~ EEIHNCANB ~ Every End In History Necessarily Contains A New Beginning

CHIP HEATH + DAN HEATH ~ THE POWER OF MOMENTS ~ 2017

~ DM-ME-TSOIOM-MOTOAGDTC-MOODMJHTU-DM-SOL-B-WDHTWFTTH-WCBTAOT ~ Defining Moments – Meaningful Experiences – That Stand Out In Our Memory – Many Of Them Owe A Great Deal To Chance – Most Of Our Defining Moments Just Happen To Us – Defining Moments – Shape Our Lives – But – We Don’t Have To Wait For Them To Happen – We Can Be The Authors Of Them

~ OLAMIM ~ Our Lives Are Measured In Moments

~ IRAE-WIMOWHAFIO-AFPM-TKM-TBOWM-KAT-‘P’-A-T-E-BM-T-TWIPTTA-T-WEB-EAB ~ In Recalling An Experience – We Ignore Most Of What Happened And Focus Instead On – A Few Particular Moments – Two Key Moments – The Best Or Worst Moment – Known As The – “Peak” – And – The – Ending – Beginnings Matter – Too – That’s Why It’s Preferable To Talk About – Transitions – Which Encompass Both – Endings And Beginnings

~ WWAOE-WD-AOM-B-MS-R-WTTRFM:TP/TP/TT ~ When We Assess Our Experiences – We Don’t – Average Our Minute-By-Minute Sensations – Rather – We Tend To Remember Flagship Moments: The Peaks / The Pits / The Transitions

~ DM-ACF-OOM-OTFFE:E-ATE;I-ROUOOOTW;RS-TMIOL;P-CUAOB;C-WSTWO ~ Defining Moments – Are Created From – One Or More – Of The Following Four Elements: Elevation – Above The Everyday; Insight – Rewire Our Understanding Of Ourselves Or The World – Realize Something – That Might Influence Our Lives; Pride – Capture Us At Our Best; Connection – We Share Them With Others

~ MM-A-WAOWMWWLTTC! ~ Moments Matter – And – What An Opportunity We Miss When We Leave Them To Chance!

~ TLOAPTA-EFD-I-M-B-WA-WO-T-MANTMFIAA ~ The Lack Of Attention Paid To An – Employee’s First Day – Is – Mind-Boggling – What A – Wasted Opportunity – To – Make A New Team Member Feel Included And Appreciated

~ WMUWSMAN-WMLT-TIM-TSTOTAWOI-‘M-S’ ~ We Must Understand When Special Moments Are Needed – We Must Learn To – Think In Moments – To Spot The Occasions That Are Worthy Of Investment – “Moment-Spotting”

~ MAWWRAWWC ~ Moments Are What We Remember And What We Cherish

~ T-L-M-A-P-A-NDM ~ Transitions – Like – Milestones – And – Pits – Are – Natural Defining Moments

~ P-CSBFI-P ~ Pits – Can Sometimes Be Flipped Into – Peaks

~ B-AYMOT-O-S/C-O-C-ACT?-AY-TIM? ~ But – Are You Missing Opportunities To – Offer – Support / Congratulations – Or – Counsel – At Critical Times? – Are You – Thinking In Moments?

~ ‘FDE’ ~ “First Day Experience”

~ T-AONOP-IPGIO-W-RR-TTGTDFPTB ~ The – Absence Or Neglect Of Peaks – Is Particularly Glaring In Organizations – Where – Relentless Routines – Tend To Grind Them Down From Peaks To Bumps

~ T-CF-YN-T-R-A-TRW ~ To – Create Fans – You Need – The – Remarkable – And – That Requires Peaks

~ A-P-M-SSIH-ISLD ~ A – Peak – Means – Something Special Is Happening – It Should Look Different

~ OSD-TGWY-TTO-I-IPFTNTPOTC ~ One Simple Diagnostic – To Gauge Whether You’ve – Transcended The Ordinary – Is – If People Feel The Need To Pull Out Their Cameras

~ BTS-DPEOHAEWU-SS ~ Breaking The Script – Defying People’s Expectations Of How An Experience Will Unfold – Strategic Surprise

~ SIASBM ~ Some Insights Are Small But Meaningful

~ T-‘A’-M-SAHITMOT-A ~ The – “Aha!” – Moment – Should Always Happen In The Minds Of The – Audience

~ YCATSUYATP ~ You Can’t Appreciate The Solution Until You Appreciate The Problem

~ TPO-S-IN-S-I-L-I-S-I-TPMO-S-I-WNT-S-POINSTEUTTROF ~ The Promise Of – Stretching – Is Not – Success – It’s – Learning – It’s – Self-Insight – To Produce Moments Of – Self-Insight – We Need To – Stretch – Placing Ourselves In New Situations That Expose Us To The Risk Of Failure

~ M-CHUSFTWTWC ~ Mentors – Can Help Us Stretch Further Than We Thought We Could

~ W-RIAUE-INA-UP ~ While – Recognition Is A Universal Expectation – It’s Not A – Universal Practice

~ TSINI-WII-A:BPNP ~ The Style Is Not Important – What’s Important Is – Authenticity: Being Personal Not Programmatic

~ EG-PTROTP-OC-B-ICAHABE-ETSOTGP ~ Expressing Gratitude – Pleases The Recipient Of The Praise – Of Course – But – It Can Also Have A Boomerang Effect – Elevating The Spirits Of The Grateful Person

~ ASITYALR-TDFO-R ~ A Small Investment That Yields A Large Reward – The Defining Feature Of – Recognition

~ TDTHMEACFPOE-B-WNSWJO-FL-B-MM-WTA-L-A-R-IOW-MI-‘FL’-AWPTEO-WEABOPAWAAJOETCTTNO ~ The Desire To Hit Milestones Elicits A Concerted Final Push Of Effort – But – We’re Not Stuck With Just One – Finish Line – By – Multiplying Milestones – We Transform A – Long – Amorphous – Race – Into One With – Many Intermediate – “Finish Lines” – As We Push Through Each One – We Experience A Burst Of Pride As Well As A Jolt Of Energy To Charge Toward The Next One

~ ‘GAGP’-ET ~ “Gradual And Graduated Practice” – Exposure Therapy

~ MF-IACPO-C ~ Managing Fear – Is A Critical Part Of – Courage

~ WPM-AMC:I-X-H-T-I-WD-Y-II-TIPIPAR ~ When People Make – Advance Mental Commitments: If – X – Happens – Then – I – Will Do – Y – Implementation Intentions – There Is Power In Preloading A Response

~ B-POKWTRTTDI-THPIAOTJ ~ But – People Often Know What The Right Thing To Do Is – The Hard Part Is Acting On That Judgment

~ B-TS-TLT-UB-A-P ~ Because – The Situations – That Lead To – Unethical Behavior – Are – Predictable

~ BLOA-P-G-T-DU-WLTA ~ Blurry Lines Of Accountability – Plus – Get-Things-Done Urgency – Will Lead To Accidents

~ AL-B/B/S-TRIA-PE-WILTA-TANA-TAP-TCBFAF ~ A Leader’s – Bias / Bigotry / Sexism – Taking Root In A – Permissive Environment – Will Inevitably Lead To Abuse – These Are Not Anomalies – They Are Probabilities – They Can Be Foreseen And Fought

~ ACFO-PC-T-I-MSTPRC! ~ A Crucial Feature Of – Practicing Courage – Then – Is – Making Sure The Practice Requires Courage!

~ PQTATCCOMIATM ~ Practice Quiets The Anxiety That Can Cloud Our Mind In A Tough Moment

~ OAOCSA ~ One Act Of Courage Supports Another

~ ONIIT-CTTMO-TGNIT-IEOPIBETDTM-WAE-WNAA ~ Our Natural Instinct Is To – Cave To The Majority Opinion – The Good News Is That – If Even One Person Is Brave Enough To Defy The Majority – We Are Emboldened – We’re Not Alone Anymore

~ CIC ~ Courage Is Contagious

~ IIHTBC-B-IEWYP-A-WYSU-OWJY ~ It Is Hard To Be Courageous – But – It’s Easier When You’ve Practiced – And – When You Stand Up – Others Will Join You

~ YMOC-MB-ADMFSE ~ Your Moment Of Courage – Might Be – A Defining Moment For Someone Else

~ TPOO-TAIISR ~ The Presence Of Others – Turns Abstract Ideas Into Social Reality

~ PW-CTS-I-TWMSTT-THSAICIO-A-ITCTPON ~ People Will – Choose To Struggle – If – The Work Means Something To Them – They Have Some Autonomy In Carrying It Out – And – It’s Their Choice To Participate Or Not

~ IYWTBPOAGTBLC-TOARDTTDM-AOYWRIFTROYL ~ If You Want To Be Part Of A Group That Bonds Like Cement – Take On A Really Demanding Task That’s Deeply Meaningful – All Of You Will Remember It For The Rest Of Your Lives

~ PII-PISPCS ~ Passion Is Individualistic – Purpose Is Something People Can Share

~ P-I-D-I-C ~ Purpose – Isn’t – Discovered – It’s – Cultivated

~ WTRKO-M-R-CCIAI ~ With The Right Kind Of – Moment – Relationships – Can Change In An Instant

~ IWWM-MOC-WNTB-MRTO ~ If We Want More – Moments Of Connection – We Need To Be – More Responsive To Others

~ IA ~ Interpersonal Alchemy

~ GBWTST-PWWASW-ITC-TGA-TMIM ~ Groups Bond When They Struggle Together – People Will Welcome A Struggle When – It’s Their Choice / They’re Given Autonomy / The Mission Is Meaningful

~ TPOSG ~ The Power Of Simple Gestures

~ TMPMAOTOTCTL ~ The Most Precious Moments Are Often The Ones That Cost The Least

~ WCBT-DOM-TD-E/I/P/C ~ We Can Be The – Designers Of Moments – That Deliver – Elevation / Insight / Pride / Connection

THOMAS FRANK ~ THE PEOPLE, NO ~ 2020

~ FTVB-P-HTM-TWPAIPUI-MAMIW-OC-D-DER-A-TWPAIECI-ADMO-GR-IW-DLTD ~ From The Very Beginning – Populism – Had Two Meanings – There Was Populism As Its Proponents Understood It – Meaning A Movement In Which – Ordinary Citizens – Demanded – Democratic Economic Reforms – And – There Was Populism As Its Enemies Characterized It – A Dangerous Movement Of – Groundless Resentment – In Which – Demagogues Led The Disreputable

~ TIO – WP-CTA-EP-LO;YMSICOOTMSO-DT ~ The Idea Of – Working People – Coming Together Against – Economic Privilege – Lives On; You Might Say It Constitutes One Of The Main Streams Of – Democratic Tradition

~ A-P-‘ETOD’-HT-PP-SBMBA-‘COE’-RTBT-EAD-P-IR-MPM-A-OOI-MP-IA-AMFAR ~ Anti-Populism – “Elitist Theory Of Democracy” – Holds That – Public Policy – Should Be Made By A – “Consensus Of Elites” – Rather Than By The – Emotional And Deluded – People – It Regards – Mass Protest Movements – As – Outbreaks Of Irrationality – Marginalized People – It Assumes – Are Marginalized For A Reason

~ T-O-O-F-TT-PPC-FQFIRITPA-UINI-W-A-PHOTMTEFORY-D/FC/OE-TAADTA-IOU-ENOCHPHFOMMS ~ The – Obvious – Objective – Fact – That The – Professional Political Class – Fails Quite Frequently Is Regarded In This Philosophy As – Uninteresting If Not Impossible – When Anti-Populists Have Occasion To Mention The Elite Failures Of Recent Years – Deindustrialization / Financial Crisis / Opioid Epidemic – They Almost Always Dismiss Them As – Inevitable Or Unpredictable – Episodes No One Could Have Possibly Have Foreseen Or Managed More Successfully

~ OTSO-EF-TINIPOIATIWP-NIAATDWEKB-ITCIB-ATPOF-O-DTPDMBRI-A-PWCTLET ~ On The Subject Of – Elite Failure – There Is No International Program Of Inquiry As There Is With Populism – No Incentives At All To Discover Why Experts Keep Blundering – If The Choice Is Between – Admitting That Professionals Often Fail – Or – Determining That Popular Democracy Must Be Reined In – Anti-Populists Will Choose The Latter Every Time

~ SPHTP-TF-MAWOSCR-HFOTBEWNTNOOT ~ Something Profound Had Taken Place – The Farmers – Men And Women Of Society’s Commonest Rank – Had Figured Out That Being Exploited Was Not The Natural Order Of Things

~ A-P-ASA-ATFJ-UP ~ Anti-Populism – Always Serves As – A Tool For Justifying – Unaccountable Power

~ TRPWP-WAGP-W-T-OPHCTUTIATWAWNAUTK ~ The Real Problem With Populism – With All Genuine Populisms – Was – That – Ordinary People Had Come To Understand Their Interests All Too Well And Were Now Acting Upon That Knowledge

~ TATC-TPP:YMEBRB-G/E-E-OB-R/A-D-BTTINMGANPA ~ Those Are The Choices – The Punditburo Proclaims: You Must Either Be Ruled By – Gracious / Enlightened – Experts – Or By – Racist / Authoritarian – Dunces – Between Them There Is No Middle Ground And No Possible Alternative

~ ‘P’-WAWUTE-THOSHCATLCTPWTDNB ~ “Populism” – Was A Word Used To Express – The Horror Of Seeing Hierarchies Collapse And The Lowly Clamber To Places Where They Do Not Belong

~ A-P-IAA-TPLIOTW;TCATH-BRTWTTDO-GAJAT-AWTD ~ Anti-Populism – Is Always About – The Powerful Lording It Over The Weak; The Credentialed And The High-Born Reminding The World That The Definitions Of – Goodness And Justice And Truth – Are Whatever They Determine

~ P-INAAW-M-A-PT-HITB ~ Populism – Is Not At All What – Modern – Anti-Populist Theory – Holds It To Be

~ TP-TA-PM-W-ED ~ The Problem – The Anti-Populists Maintained – Was – Excessive Democracy

~ BTSCOI-ATU-SOE-LTTSI:YMNCOOSE-TWMLTPABSWTL ~ Both The – Sunny Credo Of Individualism – And The Ugly – Science Of Eugenics – Led To The Same Imperative: You Must Not Challenge Or Overthrow Society’s Elites – The Weak Must Learn Their Place And Be Satisfied With Their Lot

~ TSTHPFTLFD-TPIITCB-TCOROBOTOS-A-TCOEPEBOTO ~ The System That Has Prevailed For The Last Few Decades – The Public Is Invited To Choose Between – The Candidate Of Resentful Oil Billionaires On The One Side – And – The Candidate Of Enlightened Private-Equity Billionaires On The Other

~ OE-HLTWIT-GD-OE-WNHPTMTGUOOI ~ Orthodox Economics – Had Led The World Into The – Great Depression – Orthodox Economics – Would Never Have Permitted The Measures That Got Us Out Of It

~ A-PWTUBANE-LBAHOTA-PU-TGTA-PI-TLOT-A-BIIAF-BSO-B-I-I-ICTSTSFAA-RTPOTP-BN-A-PDIWBMO-PAST-‘P’-BTPTFTOOT-IWTSBOHA-THBLAR-PRTEOTE ~ Anti-Populism Was Taken Up By A New Elite – Led By A Handful Of Thinkers At – Prestigious Universities – This Group Translated Anti-Populism Into – The Language Of Theory – And – Built It Into A Full-Blown System Of – Big – Intimidating – Ideas – It Continued To Serve The Same Function As Always – Rationalizing The Power Of The Powerful – But Now – Anti-Populism Did Its Work By Means Of – Psychology And Social Theory – “Populism” – Became Their – Pet Term – For – The Opposite Of Themselves – It Was The Same – Bill Of Hysterical Accusations – That Had Been Leveled At Reformers – Populism Represented The Denial Of Their Expertise

~ EWITBT-EAOI-MMOWPWD ~ Everyone Wanted It To Be True – Everyone Agreed On It – Mass Movements Of Working People Were Dangerous

~ TI-‘SA’-ATSO-MPM-AAATRTDTAI-SESS-B-ITOTBCA-ALTC(OH)CA-TAAG-IOTDI-DTDA-‘SA’-CCTDTRO-EH-A ~ To Identify – “Status Anxiety” – As The Source Of – Mass Protest Movements – And Also As The Reason To Dismiss Them As Irrational – Sounded Ever So Scientific – But – It Turned Out To Be Completely Arbitrary – A Label The Critic (Or Historian) Could Affix – To Almost Any Group – In Order To Disparage It – Dismissing Their Discontent As –”Status Anxiety” – Comes Close To Denying The Reality Of – Economic Hardship – Altogether

~ T-P-ITNWGT-MM-TA-BAI-TCSOREE-TSEA:TBOOP/TFOPM/TWOE ~ Today – Populism – Is The Name We Give To – Mass Movements – That Are – Bigoted And Irrational – The Common Sense Of Ruling Elites Everywhere – The Same Eternal Archetype: The Bigotry Of Ordinary People / The Folly Of Protest Movements / The Wisdom Of Elites

~ PAS-BAR-#1SH;PAMEDFSITS-‘P’-NW-A-S/U-P ~ Populism As Style – Became A Runaway #1 Smash Hit; Populism As Multiracial Economic Democracy Faded Slowly Into The Sunset – “Populism” – Now Meaning – A – Sunny / Upbeat – Peopleism

~ TPR-ITAKOHBTCYAPWCDOWAIA-TL-ITIP-TWHCTMN ~ The Pseudopopulist Revolution – It Takes A Kind Of Hallucinatory Bravado To Call Yourself A Populist While Cracking Down On Workers And Ignoring Anti-Trust Laws – If This Is Populism – The Word Has Truly Come To Mean Nothing

~ WTRCMCTR-IAT-GT-O-DS-VBEEEANEA ~ Why The Ruling Class Must Continue To Rule – Is Always The – Great Theme – Of – Democracy Scares – Voiced By Eminent Economist And Newspaper Editor Alike

~ AGPM-HAT-BWPT-ABO-R/R/E-IOT-RC ~ All Genuine Populist Movements – Have Aimed To – Bring Working People Together – Across Barriers Of – Race / Religion / Ethnicity – In Order To – Reform Capitalism

~ WA-HOP-ISBA-LFC-TRA-~ When A – History Of Protest – Is Sponsored By A – Luxury Fashion Company – The Results Are – – Overdetermined

~ TMOA-PITSAE:TLO-II-ADB-I/B/A/H-DIAPBIGSPAV ~ The Message Of Anti-Populism Is The Same As Ever: The Lower Orders – It Insists – Are Driven By – Irrationality / Bigotry / Authoritarianism / Hate – Democracy Is A Problem Because It Gives Such People A Voice

~ P-WAI-RO-A-P-IAAD-IHFHRIN-IVOTCGIB ~ Populism – Was And Is – Relentlessly Optimistic – Anti-Populism – Is All About Despair – Its Hope For Human Redemption Is Nil – It’s Vision Of The Common Good Is Bleak

~ TDF-ED-IHYBAMMO-OP-AAMMO-OP-IT-IHYA-ED ~ The Demand For – Economic Democracy – Is How You Build A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – And A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – In Turn – Is How You Achieve – Economic Democracy

JONATHAN CRARY ~ 24/7 ~ 2013

~ TSS-AQFSWPCWMCATFON-HAAN-AHHS-W-RI-A-IAIA-BSS-A-T-SS-WBTFOT-S-WOC ~ The Sleepless Soldier – A Quest For Soldiers Whose Physical Capabilities Will More Closely Approximate The Functionalities Of Non-Human Apparatuses And Networks – As History Has Shown – War-Related Innovations – Are – Inevitably Assimilated Into A – Broader Social Sphere – And – The – Sleepless Solider – Would Be The Forerunner Of The – Sleepless – Worker Or Consumer

~ N-SP-F-ALO-A-E-FM-AN ~ Non-Sleep Products – First – A Lifestyle Option – And – Eventually – For Many – A Necessity

~ OOTFOT-SD ~ One Of The Forms Of Torture – Sleep Deprivation

~ CF-ATTNLP-BCT ~ Continuous Functioning – A Time That No Longer Passes – Beyond – Clock Time

~ 24/7-IATO-I-AWTFOHLIIIAWWSHNNOI ~ 24/7 – Is A Time Of – Indifference – Against Which The Fragility Of Human Life Is Increasingly Inadequate And Within Which Sleep Has No Necessity Or Inevitability

~ TPB-R-AA-N-S-WS-O-A-AO-SM-O-I-C/T/S/D ~ The Planet Becomes – Reimagined – As A – Non-Stop – Work Site – Or – An – Always Open – Shopping Mall – Of – Infinite – Choices / Tasks / Selections / Digressions

~ S-ITSIW-P/C/D-O-WP-HTEOLATDOR ~ Sleeplessness – Is The State In Which – Producing / Consuming / Discarding – Occur – Without Pause – Hastening The Exhaustion Of Life And The Depletion Of Resources

~ T-IOS-IIFTODOSPIOS ~ The – Injuring Of Sleep – Is Inseparable From The Ongoing Dismantling Of Social Protections In Other Spheres

~ AT-CDW-HBPDATG-B-PAP-WTAMO-BW ~ Access To – Clean Drinking Water – Has Been Programmatically Devastated Around The Globe – By – Pollution And Privatization – With The Accompanying Monetization Of – Bottled Water

~ SICDOSIOTBS ~ Sleep Is Crucially Dependent On Society In Order To Be Sustained

~ PS-AN-CPTDS ~ Public Spaces – Are Now – Comprehensively Planned To Deter Sleeping

~ TPBSDPO-UH-EMD-YFAMAT-THAIO-US ~ The Pervasive But Socially Disregarded Phenomenon Of – Urban Homelessness – Entails Many Deprivations – Yet Few Are More Acute Than – The Hazards And Insecurities Of – Unsheltered Sleep

~ SN-M-P-S-NE-IWOCN-S/C/ENR-TIARIOT-N-TO24/7-IEAOSOPL ~ Since No – Moment – Place – Situation – Now Exists – In Which One Can Not – Shop / Consume / Exploit Networked Resources – There Is A Relentless Incursion Of The – Non-Time Of 24/7 – Into Every Aspect Of Social Or Personal Life

~ ISOT-OP-OT-C-E-H-B-HT-A-TTONS-T-LR-OTRA-D/F/CD ~ In Spite Of The – Omnipresent Proclamations – Of The – Compatibility – Even – Harmonization – Between – Human Time – And – The Temporalities Of Networked Systems – The – Lived Realities – Of This Relationship Are – Disjunctions / Fractures / Continual Disequilibrium

~ CTMC-TIAO-DOMAPC-RTTEOM ~ Contrary To Many Claims – There Is An Ongoing – Diminution Of Mental And Perceptual Capabilities – Rather Than Their Expansion Or Modulation

~ TIO-TC-A-Q-A-DBSPOAO-S-O-AMAO-CSR-TBAA-N-U-C-AT-FON ~ The Idea Of – Technological Change – As – Quasi-Autonomous – Driven By Some Process Of Autopoesis Of – Self-Organization – Allows Many Aspects Of – Contemporary Social Reality – To Be Accepted As – Necessary – Unalterable – Circumstances – Akin To – Facts Of Nature

~ FTVM-O-PAC-RT-IT-WCTB-EAD-BOTVAW-NPE-A-AW-AR-OESTP ~ For The Vast Majority – Our – Perceptual And Cognitive – Relationship To – Information Technology – Will Continue To Be – Estranged And Disempowered – Because Of The Velocity At Which – New Products Emerge – And – At Which – Arbitrary Reconfigurations – Of Entire Systems Take Place

~ A-ATN-IAAQDOOATADO24/7R;IIAPOAEITNOPAWAIIMIA-A-O-N-WCSAE ~ Any – Apparent Technological Novelty – Is Also A Qualitative Dilation Of One’s Accommodation To And Dependence On 24/7 Routines; It Is Also Part Of An Expansion In The Number Of Points At Which An Individual Is Made Into An – Application – Of – New – Control Systems And Enterprises

~ ENPOS-PIA-EFT-BOOOL-AE-GNORAN ~ Every New Product Or Service – Presents Itself As – Essential For The – Bureaucratic Organization Of One’s Life – An Ever-Growing Number Of Routines And Needs

~ IA-TIA-IAIU-TO-CLOS-M-T-IOCAA-IOOTFOT-GSO-A-R ~ In Actuality – There Is An – Imposed And Inescapable Uniformity – To Our – Compulsory Labor Of Self-Management – The – Illusion Of Choice And Autonomy – Is One Of The Foundations Of This – Global System Of – Auto-Regulation

~ TMAFO-SADA-UB-IA-ANEITTMSOLB ~ The Most Advanced Forms Of – Surveillance And Data Analysis – Used By – Intelligence Agencies – Are Now Equally Indispensable To The Marketing Strategies Of – Large Businesses

~ E-WAT-NA-‘OP’-T-ASIOPF-B-TPOT-AB-IACF-TTOMSRIMAQF-IIEA-SOIL-TCIW-PII-A-W-OBAPSO-DHAS ~ Everyone – We Are Told – Needs An – “Online Presence” – To – Avoid Social Irrelevance Or Professional Failure – But – The Promotion Of These – Alleged Benefits – Is A Cover For – The Transfer Of Most Social Relations Into Monetized And Quantifiable Forms – It Is Equally A – Shift Of Individual Life – To Conditions In Which – Privacy Is Impossible – And – Which – One Becomes A Permanent Site Of – Data Harvesting And Surveillance

~ SI-A-T-ROP-T-HAER ~ Sensory Impoverishment – And – The – Reduction Of Perception – To – Habit And Engineered Response

~ OOTM-FOC-OTLTY-HBTETA-NVA-T-PPOL ~ One Of The Main – Forms Of Control – Over The Last Thirty Years – Has Been To Ensure There Are – No Visible Alternatives – To – Privatized Patterns Of Living

~ INANITSO-AER-FOOSEAP-TW-A-RAR-TS-TO-TD-A-TS-I-IITU-A-ST-WPSAITUOSM-WIB-H-EAI ~ If Networks Are Not In The Service Of – Already Existing Relationships – Forged Out Of Shared Experience And Proximity – They Will – Always – Reproduce And Reinforce – The Separations – The Opacity – The Dissimulations – And – The Self-Interestedness – Inherent In Their Use – Any – Social Turbulence – Whose Primary Sources Are In The Use Of Social Media – Will Inevitably Be – Historically – Ephemeral And Inconsequential

~ 24/7-HPA-AOTIPAD-TAETAFODD:TP-TLTO-TWOTTS ~ 24/7 – Has Produced An – Atrophy Of The Individual Patience And Deference – That Are Essential To Any Form Of Direct Democracy: The Patience – To Listen To Others – To Wait One’s Turn To Speak

~ S-IOOTFREW-KON-WAOTTCOO ~ Sleep – Is One Of The Few Remaining Experiences Where – Knowingly Or Not – We Abandon Ourselves To The Care Of Others

~ S-RPDF-NAD-IOTEASO-IAU-IIAFOTTLUETTTTWOOATWN-I-ORASORTBIAESWAN-MD ~ Sleep – Requires Periodic Disengagement From – Networks And Devices – In Order To Enter A State Of – Inactivity And Uselessness – It Is A Form Of Time That Leads Us Elsewhere Than To The Things We Own Or Are Told We Need – Involuntarily – One Reclaims A Sensitivity Or Responsiveness To Both Internal And External Sensations Within A Non-Metric Duration

~ S-OOTUROTE ~ Sleep – One Of The Unvanquishable Remnants Of The Everyday

CARLO CIPOLLA ~ THE BASIC LAWS OF HUMAN STUPIDITY ~ 2021

~ OIRARSBTFT:PWOHOJRAITOTBUS=OIHIOABSIWASAUITMIPAATMIM ~ One Is Repeatedly And Recurrently Startled By The Fact That: People Whom One Had Once Judged Rational And Intelligent Turn Out To Be Unashamedly Stupid + One Is Harassed In One’s Activities By Stupid Individuals Who Appear Suddenly And Unexpectedly In The Most Inconvenient Places And At The Most Improbable Moments

~ SIAIPOAHGAIUDATACP-TOFTSPOSPWOICVLGODWVSO-YAHTFTSPOSP-WP(IAWTFL)WASYE ~ Stupidity Is An Indiscriminate Privilege Of All Human Groups And Is Uniformly Distributed According To A Constant Proportion – Thus One Finds The Same Percentage Of Stupid People Whether One Is Considering Very Large Groups Or Dealing With Very Small Ones – You Always Have To Face The Same Percentage Of Stupid People – Which Percentage (In Accordance With The First Law) Will Always Surpass Your Expectations

~ WTBTDHW-AGOAL-T-D-IUTDTDANT ~ Whether The Blow To Dick’s Head Was – A Gain Or A Loss – To – Dick – Is Up To Dick To Decide And Not Tom

~ TFITRPHDCAUUB ~ The Fact Is That Reasonable People Have Difficulty Conceiving And Understanding Unreasonable Behavior

~ NTG-F-C-E/D/H-TINE-OB-TIOOE:TPIQIS ~ Nothing To Gain – From – Causing – Embarrassment / Difficulties / Harm – There Is No Explanation – Or Better – There Is Only One Explanation: The Person In Question Is Stupid

~ S-S ~ Super-Stupid

~ SAP-TDPOASPIRTTPOPAC ~ Stupidity And Power – The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person Is Related To The Position Of Power And Consequence

~ TPOS ~ The Power Of Stupidity

~ S/P/I-P-ETDPOASP ~ Social / Political / Institutional – Power – Enhances The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person

~ E-SPADAD-B-RPFIDTIAUUB-B-TSPADNCTTROR-OIGCBS-OCOARD-B-TAILARS ~ Essentially – Stupid People Are Dangerous And Damaging – Because – Reasonable People Find It Difficult To Imagine And Understand Unreasonable Behavior – Because – The Stupid Person’s Actions Do Not Conform To The Rules Of Rationality – One Is Generally Caught By Surprise – One Cannot Organize A Rational Defense – Because – The Attack Itself Lacks Any Rational Structure

~ OOOITTAOWASI-FOOS-SAMCOHDE-B-IIBOACMOTENOS-IGTSPAS-BOT-EBOTS-OCNFATS-AAR-A-BLOWBPBTUMOTS ~ On Occasion One Is Tempted To Associate Oneself With A Stupid Individual – For One’s Own Schemes – Such A Maneuver Can Only Have Disastrous Effects – Because – It Is Based On A Complete Misunderstanding Of The Essential Nature Of Stupidity – It Gives The Stupid Person Added Scope – Because Of The – Erratic Behavior Of The Stupid – One Can Not Foresee All The Stupid’s – Actions And Reactions – And – Before Long One Will Be Pulverized By The Unpredictable Moves Of The Stupid

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ TOWARDS A THEORY OF LARGE-SCALE ORGANISATION ~ PRINCIPLES ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ S:THLMNATFOTLO-OTAT-BH-IWABWAFTME ~ Subsidiarity: The Higher Level Must Not Absorb The Functions Of The Lower One – On The Assumption That – Being Higher – It Will Automatically Be Wiser And Fulfill Them More Efficiently

~ V:EFEC-TSUMBDARAU ~ Vindication: Except For Exceptional Cases – The Subsidiary Unit Must Be Defended Against Reproach And Upheld

~ I:ESU-MH-A-BS ~ Identification – Each Subsidiary Unit – Must Have – A – Balance Sheet

~ M:PAIAWTM ~ Motivation: People Act In Accordance With Their Motives

CHRISTOPHER CLUGSTON ~ BLIP ~ 2019

~ T-N-C-E-P-I-TLTWWMV-HE-IOTCU-HIAIC ~ The – Nature-Centered – Ecological – Perspective – Is – The Lens Through Which We Must View – Human Existence – In Order To Correctly Understand – Human Industrialism And Its Consequences

~ R-TLTWTVMOHCV-HE-IT-H-C-A-P-WRUIOAUO-P/P/F-C ~ Regrettably – The Lens Through Which The Vast Majority Of Humankind Currently Views – Human Existence – Is The – Human-Centered – Anthropocentric – Perspective – Which Renders Us Incapable Of Accurately Understanding Our – Past / Present / Future – Circumstances

~ HE-IGBO-NE-PB-ER:RNR+NNR=NH-WEALOE ~ Human Existence – Is Governed By Our – Natural Environment – Particularly By – Earth Resources: Renewable Natural Resources + Nonrenewable Natural Resources + Natural Habitats – Which Enable All Life On Earth

~ OS-HS-I-E-B-N-E-A-I-STTS-NL-TAT-AOES ~ Our Species – Homo Sapiens – Is – Exceptional – But – Not – Exemptional – And – Is – Subject To The Same – Natural Laws – That Apply To – All Other Earth Species

~ ERD-DANR-AARTETRAWIIR-O-DANH-AARTETRAWIIR-I-U ~ Earth Resource Overexploitation – Depleting A Natural Resource – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Replenished – Or – Degrading A Natural Habitat – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Regenerated – Is – Unsustainable

~ WAN-E-WAMT-EFB-OA-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUAUVOOOI ~ We Are Not – Exemptional – We Are Merely The – Extraordinarily Fortunate Beneficiaries – Of A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting And Unfortunate Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity

~ BL ~ Biodiversity Loss

~ SWB ~ Societal Wellbeing Improvement

~ GNNRSI ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Indicators

~ GNNRSC ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Consequences

~ TPIBHTF-H-G-T-A-WTISABHCOFS ~ The Primary Impetus Behind Humanity’s Transition From – Hunter-Gather – To – Agriculturalists – Was The Increased Security Afforded By Human Control Over Food Supplies

~ SW-CDH-AE-WUTS-ASLHB-RTT-IHMLS ~ Surplus Wealth – Created During Humanity’s – Agrarian Era – Was Used To Support – Additional Subsistence Level Human Beings – Rather Than To – Improve Human Material Living Standards

~ A-GBT-HC-WE-L/N/TSM-HC-AE-HUIO-W/O/F/D-WRT-CDAOHQOL-AW(AB)AQS ~ Agrarianism – Gave Birth To – Human Civilization – Which Engendered – Literacy / Numeracy / The Scientific Method – Human Civilization – Also Engendered – Historically Unprecedented Instances Of – War / Oppression / Famine / Disease – With Respect To – Cultural Development And Overall Human Quality Of Life – Agrarianism Was (At Best) At Qualified Success

~ IIITOTEO-I-O-HSW-TSTWITIWC-‘N’-AABNFHHP ~ It Is Impossible To Overstate The Effect Of – Industrialism – On – Human Societal Wellbeing – The Lifestyles That We In The Industrialized World Consider – “Normal” – Are Anything But Normal From Humanity’s Historical Perspective

~ Y-OTHUOAP-WHCTB-WTOQ-T-GA-EV-NNR-WRSTPTIWOLTWWHBA ~ Yet – Owing To Humanity’s Unfailingly Optimistic Anthropocentric Perspective – We Have Continued To Believe – Without Thought Or Question – That – Globally Available – Economically Viable – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – Will Remain Sufficient To Perpetuate The Industrial Way Of Life To Which We Have Become Accustomed

~ F-M-WFA-IGD-LOG-LA ~ Future – Mining – Will Face An – Increasing Geological Distance – Lower Ore Grade – Less Accessible

~ HS-A-ES-N-A-ES ~ Homo Sapiens – An – Exceptional Species – Not – An – Exemptional Species

~ IW-A-GE-TST-C-EUF-TPO-E ~ It Was – A – Gross Exaggeration – To Suppose That – Culture – Exempted Us From – The Principles Of – Ecology

~ PPP ~ Pseudo Purchasing Power

~ RGAB-A-A-Y-U-LOM ~ Reinflated Global Asset Bubbles – And – As-Yet-Unknown – Levels Of Malinvestment

~ S-N-B-T-FAM-S-RPEBAINB ~ Sweeping – Never-Before-Tried – Fiscal And Monetary – Stimulus – Reinflated Previously Existing Bubbles And Inflated New Bubbles

~ HCD ~ Human Cultural Deterioration

~ HIPBAAOIS-P/E/S-P-WACB-ID-P/E/S-B ~ Humanity Is Plagued By An Array Of Increasingly Severe – Political / Economic / Societal – Problems – Which Are Caused By – Increasingly Dysfunctional – Political / Economic / Societal – Behavior

~ DCC-T-IC-OO-UEREB ~ Deteriorating Cultural Circumstances – The – Inevitable Consequence – Of Our – Unsustainable Earth Resource Exploitation Behavior

~ HPI-B-B-N-E-B ~ Humanity’s Predicament Is – Geologically-Based – Not – Economically-Based

~ IH-IET-IS-AW-TUOOILP-NS-NIT-T-S-UAV ~ Industrial Humanity – Is Experiencing The – Increasing Stress – Associated With – The Unravelling Of Our Industrial Lifestyle Paradigm – Nature’s Squeeze – Manifesting Itself Through – Increasing – Societal – Unrest And Violence

~ IHS-IP:D-PAI-T-F-N-R-A-IS-NNR-TEOIWOL-A-OVE ~ Industrial Humanity’s Self-Inflicted Predicament: Depleting – Persistently And Increasingly – The – Finite – Non-Replenishing – And – Increasingly Scarce – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – That Enable Our Industrial Way Of Life – And – Our Very Existence

~ H-HEIA-TDWN-STIOO-IR-N300YA-WHBTUFB-A-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUVOOOI-A-WWSDTHIRAM300Y-‘B’ ~ Humankind – Has Existed In A – Terminal Disequilibrium With Nature – Since The Inception Of Our – Industrial Revolution – Nearly 300 Years Ago – We Have Been The Uniquely Fortunate Beneficiaries – A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity – And – We Will Soon Discover That Human Industrialism Represents A Mere 300 Year – “Blip”

~ FHP ~ Faltering Human Prosperity

~ A-C/T/CD-BOA-GWT-A/I/A-BOS-T-GP-WBI-F-A-A-V ~ As – Compassion / Tolerance / Common Decency – Born Of Abundance – Give Way To – Assertiveness / Intolerance / Aggression – Borne Of Scarcity – The – General Populace – Will Become Increasingly – Frustrated / Angry / Violent

~ AO-OPAIIC-WI-AW-TRTO-ON-O-CMAM-HBDBO-NN-O-CLAL ~ Awareness Of – Our Predicament And Its Inevitable Consequences – Will Increase – As Will – The Realization That Our – Old Normal – Of – Continuously More And More – Has Been Displaced By Our – New Normal – Of – Continuously Less And Less

~ O-GSC-W-C-W-S/I/N-C-GOHB-FTIW-S-RNR-ETSTS-O-W-HBE ~ Our – Global Societal Collapse – Will – Culminate – When – Small / Isolated / Non-Competing – Groups Of Human Beings – Find Themselves In Areas Where – Sufficient – Renewable Natural Resources – Exist To Support Them Sustainably – Or – When – Humankind Becomes Extinct

~ IBAGR ~ It’s Been A Great Ride

NASSIM TALEB ~ NO ~ VIA NEGATIVA ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ M-W-S ~ Muscles – Without – Strength

~ F-W-T ~ Friendship – Without – Trust

~ O-W-C ~ Opinion – Without – Consequence

~ C-W-A ~ Change – Without – Aesthetics

~ A-W-V ~ Age – Without – Values

~ L-W-E ~ Life – Without – Effort

~ W-W-T ~ Water – Without – Thirst

~ F-W-N ~ Food – Without – Nourishment

~ L-W-S ~ Love – Without – Sacrifice

~ P-W-F ~ Power – Without – Fairness

~ F-W-R ~ Facts – Without – Rigor

~ S-W-L ~ Statistics – Without – Logic

~ M-W-P ~ Mathematics – Without – Proof

~ T-W-E ~ Teaching – Without – Experience

~ P-W-W ~ Politeness – Without – Warmth

~ V-W-E ~ Values – Without – Embodiment

~ D-W-E ~ Degrees – Without – Erudition

~ M-W-F ~ Militarism – Without – Fortitude

~ P-W-C ~ Progress – Without – Civilization

~ F-W-I ~ Friendship – Without – Investment

~ V-W-R ~ Virtue – Without – Risk

~ P-W-E ~ Probability – Without – Ergodicity

~ W-W-E ~ Wealth – Without – Exposure

~ C-W-D ~ Complication – Without – Depth

~ F-W-C ~ Fluency – Without – Content

~ D-W-S ~ Decision – Without – Symmetry

~ S-W-S ~ Science – Without – Skepticism

~ R-W-T ~ Religion – Without – Tolerance

NASSIM TALEB ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ HAIDL ~ Hidden Asymmetries In Daily Life

~ IATINDBAATRW;ITRW-TI ~ In Academia There Is Not Difference Between Academia And The Real World; In The Real World – There Is

~ IYHTR-YMAGSOTR-NLOPTPOYM ~ If You Have The Rewards – You Must Also Get Some Of The Risks – Not Let Others Pay The Price Of Your Mistakes

~ IYIROO-ATAH-YNTPSPFI ~ If You Inflict Risk On Others – And – They Are Harmed – You Need To Pay Some Price For It

~ IDLRBTIMOTO ~ I Don’t Like Reading Books That Inform Me Of The Obvious

~ ODAPBEJI ~ One Debases A Principle By Endlessly Justifying It

~ YCS-K-F-CWTG-A-YCS-A-F-CWTG ~ You Cannot Separate – Knowledge – From – Contact With The Ground – Actually – You Cannot Separate – Anything – From – Contact With The Ground

~ TKWGB-T-V-TAE-E-A-TWOT-IOW-CWTE-IVSTT-OT-R ~ The Knowledge We Get By – Tinkering – Via – Trial And Error – Experience – And – The Workings Of Time – In Other Words – Contact With The Earth – Is Vastly Superior To That – Obtained Through – Reasoning

~ ESB-LD ~ Elaborate Semiabstract Buzzword-Laden Discourse

~ I-NLFH-TF:TTISND/TTIL-N-H-D/TTITOA-NI ~ Interventionistas – Never Learn From History – Three Flaws: They Think In Statics Not Dynamics / They Think In Low – Not – High – Dimensions / They Think In Terms Of Actions – Never Interactions

~ RL-HTH-S/T/F/N-S ~ Real Life – Happens To Have – Second / Third / Fourth / Nth – Steps

~ WWCT-I-D-LMD-SBTNHTPFTCOTA ~ What We Call The – Intelligensia – Delusional – Literally Mentally Deranged – Simply Because They Never Have To Pay For The Consequences Of Their Actions

~ I-FDNH ~ Intervention – First Do No Harm

~ WHABC-B-WSET-DTW-NWC ~ We Have Always Been Crazy – But – Weren’t Skilled Enough To – Destroy The World – Now We Can

~ B-IA CBWAPI-CSFTCOHOHA ~ Bureaucracy – Is A Construction By Which A Person Is – Conveniently Separated From The Consequences Of His Or Her Actions

~ W-WHNCBT-D-O-MP-T-L ~ Well – We Have No Choice But To – Decentralize – Or – More Politely – To – Localize

~ D-R-LSA ~ Decentralization – Reduces Large Structural Asymmetries

~ S-ITTOPO-AR-TAC-SITG ~ Somehow – In The Thousands Of Pages Of – Additional Regulations – They Avoided Considering – Skin In The Game

~ S-LB-RP-VN ~ Systems – Learn By – Removing Parts – Via Negativa

~ SITG-KHHIC ~ Skin In The Game – Keeps Human Hubris In Check

~ WKWMMCWIBTWIG ~ We Know With Much More Clarity What Is Bad Than What Is Good

~ VN-ABR-I-MPALE-P-T-VP-ABA ~ Via Negativa – Acting By Removing – Is – More Powerful And Less Error-Prone – Than – Via Positiva – Acting By Addition

~ ATAFSWGAFAL-U-TIAPFTA ~ Avoid Taking Advice From Someone Who Gives Advice For A Living – Unless – There Is A Penalty For Their Advice

~ WABA-D-T-U ~ We Are Better At – Doing – Than – Understanding

~ TLE-TRTFAKTR-A-TLEOTNLWT ~ The Lindy Effect: Time Removes The Fragile And Keeps The Robust – And – The Life Expectancy Of The Nonfragile Lengthens With Time

~ OAN(BP) ~ Overeducated And Naive (But Punctual)

~ TINKRDO-R-TMRO-T-‘N’-R ~ There Is No Known Rigorous Definition Of – Rationality – That Makes Rejection Of The – “Natural” – Rational

~ WI-R-ITWA-TCE-MTLFALT-T-S- ~ What Is – Rational – Is That What Allows – The Collective Entities – Meant To Live For A Long Time – To – Survive

~ CH-WBAFI ~ Causing Harm – Without Being Accountable For It

~ TWTSD-A-OTWDST ~ Those Who Talk Should Do – And – Only Those Who Do Should Talk

~ ATGMT-TI-AGSBTMATU ~ As Things Get More Technical – There Is – A Growing Separation Between The Maker And The User

~ TDB-PWSITG-TTGI-C-BT-FC ~ Things Designed By – People Without Skin In The Game – Tend To Grow In – Complication – Before Their – Final Collapse

~ IYC-ES-R ~ If You Can’t – Effectively Sue – Regulate

~ AYDT-OYW-CSC-SM-‘E’-OOI(AOOYL)-WEMYDI ~ Anything You Do To – Optimize Your Work – Cut Some Corners – Squeeze More – “Efficiency” – Out Of It (And Out Of Your Life) – Will Eventually Make You Dislike It

~ AHTSITG ~ Artisans Have Their Soul In The Game

~ PWTHTSITG ~ People Want To Have Their Soul In The Game

~ TSNBAATEOO ~ Thou Shalt Not Become Antifragile At The Expense Of Others

~ YNTEWYFO ~ You Need To Eat What You Feed Others

~ TEIAMRTTL-OT-IITLTSCTTE-NTR ~ The Ethical Is Always More Robust Than The Legal – Over Time – It Is The Legal That Should Converge To The Ethical – Never The Reverse

~ L-CAG;E-S ~ Laws – Come And Go; Ethics – Stay

~ SM ~ Scaling Matters

~ TEACCSBWPAAC-PTC-AITEUBR-SCCBTL-GBDAADS ~ There Exists A Certain Community Size Below Which People Act As Collectivists – Protecting The Commons – As If The Entire Unit Became Rational – Such Commons Cannot Be Too Large – Groups Behave Differently At A Different Scale

~ ROM-EMIG ~ Reliance On Metrics – Every Metric Is Gameable

~ Y-TMM-R ~ Yes – The Most Motivated – Rules

~ TMILALMTWASD-A-TBWTDASITSIH[H]FIOTSOTTRTTOTD ~ The Market Is Like A Large Movie Theater With A Small Door – And – The Best Way To Detect A Sucker Is To See If His[Her] Focus Is On The Size Of The Theater Rather Than That Of The Door

~ T-S-C-M-UTP-T-SG-AW-NAM ~ The – So-Called – Mathematics – Used To Prove – The – Selfish Gene – Are Woefully – Naive And Misplaced

~ LPA-UAGS-A-TWTCOT ~ Leave People Alone – Under A Good Structure – And – They Will Take Care Of Things

~ FINF ~ Freedom Is Never Free

~ WM-IWAPHODH;IIWHOSIAOL ~ What Matters – Isn’t What A Person Has Or Doesn’t Have; It Is What He Or She Is Afraid Of Losing

~ TMYHTL-TMFYA ~ The More You Have To Lose – The More Fragile You Are

~ TSOOIYG ~ The Skin Of Others In Your Game

~ THO-W-EIYEUV-IMTTFTTTE-OTNCB-CS-MYWPTP-ASCAY ~ The History Of – Whistleblowers – Even If You End Up Vindicated – It May Take Time For The Truth To Emerge – Over The Noise Created By – Corporate Shills – Meanwhile You Will Pay The Price – A Smear Campaign Against You

~ TWEI-SC-AAP-AN-IAEE-HATBT-STIA-R-WAPT-ES ~ Those Who Engage In – Smear Campaigning – As A Profession – Are Necessarily – Incompetent At Everything Else – Hence At That Business Too – So The Industry Accumulates – Rejects – Who Are Prone To – Ethical Stretches

~ PTWA-FIWARTAWTSTWA ~ Precede Talk With Action – For It Will Always Remain That Action Without Talk Supersedes Talk Without Action

~ IYI ~ Intellectual Yet Idiot

~ WPR-O-SR-I-TPATTWHNSITG-ITTPOF ~ What People Resent – Or – Should Resent – Is – The Person At The Top Who Has No Skin In The Game – Immune To The Possibility Of Falling

~ TE-I-EIP ~ True Equality – Is – Equality In Probability

~ TPINTP-IIHPHI ~ The Problem Is Never The Problem – It Is How People Handle It

~ IY-PL-CWY-IO-ICY-II-NY-PL ~ If Your – Private Life – Conflicts With Your – Intellectual Opinion – It – Cancels Your – Intellectual Ideas – Not Your – Private Life

~ TVM ~ The Virtue Merchants

~ V-INSY-A ~ Virtue – Is Not Something You – Advertise

~ C-ITOVYCF ~ Courage – Is The Only Virtue You Cannot Fake

~ P-B-F-U-L ~ Pronouncements – By – Fools – Using – Labels

~ OO-P-BT-V-T-AOK ~ Outside Of – Poetry – Beware The – Verbalistic – That – Archenemy Of Knowledge

~ IPS ~ Intolerant Political System

~ R-RIWY-D-NIWY-T-O-IWY-‘B’~ Rationality – Resides In What You – Do – Not In What You – Think – Or – In What You – “Believe”

~ SCF-T/U/S-L ~ Survival Comes First – Truth / Understanding / Science – Later

~ WIRITWAFS-ATH-S-I-I ~ What Is Rational Is That Which Allows For Survival – Anything That Hinders – Survival – Is – Irrational

~ IOTS-YMFS ~ In Order To Succeed – You Must First Survive

~ NCAR-I-IIOAFFD ~ Never Cross A River – If – It Is On Average Four Feet Deep

~ CAP-AO ~ Courage And Precaution – Aren’t Opposites

~ SC-INC ~ Selfish Courage – Is Not Courage