MICHAEL SHERMER ~ AN EXGESIS OF WHY AND HOW WE ARE MORAL ~ THE SCIENCE OF GOOD & EVIL ~ 2004

~ MN ~ MORAL NATURALISM

~ WTIAGONIITTT-BISOAANO-AEH-NC-STSA ~ Whether There Is A God Or Not – Is Irrelevant To The Theory – Because – In Science Our Approach Is A Naturalistic One – All Effects Have – Natural Causes – Subject To Scientific Analysis

~ AN EVOLVED MORAL SENSE

~ MSIH-AMPIHG-E-PTTFONSOOI-A-S-TTFO-GSOOP ~ Moral Sentiments In Humans – And – Moral Principles In Human Groups – Evolved – Primarily – Through The Force Of Natural Selection Operating On Individuals – And – Secondarily – Through The Force Of – Group Selection Operating On Populations

~ AEMS ~ AN EVOLVED MORAL SOCIETY

~ HEAASPSWAAHON-F-S-SOTI-T-TEOTITTF-T-ASOBWTEF-T-TRAOTC-T-IAOS-T-SA-A-B-AAOOMOTSABCTD ~ Humans Evolved As A Social Primate Species With An Ascending Hierarchy Of Needs – From – Self-Survival Of The Individual – To – The Extension Of The Individual Through The Family – To – A Sense Of Bonding With The Extended Family – To – The Reciprocal Altruism Of The Community – To – Indirect Altruism Of Society – To – Species Altruism And Bioaltruism – As Awareness Of Our Membership Of The Species – And – Biosphere Continues To Develop

~ T-BB-HN-A-MF-ALU-BC-W-TM-SAC-HN-A-MF-ALU-CC ~ The – Most Basic – Human Needs – And – Moral Feelings – Are Largely Under – Biological Control – Whereas – The More – Social And Cultural – Human Needs – And – Moral Feelings – Are Largely Under – Cultural Control

~ TNOMN ~ THE NATURE OF MORAL NATURE

~ H-A-BN-MAI-GAE/AAS/CAC/PAB/VAN-SMTVWI-AWA-WAB-G ~ Humans – Are – By Nature – Moral And Immoral / Good And Evil / Altruistic And Selfish / Cooperative And Competitive / Peaceful And Bellicose / Virtuous And Nonvirtuous – Such Moral Traits Vary Within Individuals – As Well As – Within And Between – Groups

~ PM ~ PROVISIONAL MORALITY

~ MP-A-PT-TI-TAT-MP-I-MC-I-MC-MOTT ~ Moral Principles – Are – Provisionally True – That Is – They Apply To – Most People – In – Most Cultures – In – Most Circumstances – Most Of The Time

~ PRAW ~ PROVISIONAL RIGHT AND WRONG

~ A-FP:TFOWAAI-ROW-AF ~ Ask-First Principle: To Find Out Whether An Action Is – Right Or Wrong – Ask First

~ HP:IIAHMPTASHWSEHIM-A-NSHWILTSEU ~ Happiness Principle: It Is A Higher Moral Principle To Always Seek Happiness With Someone Else’s Happiness In Mind – And – Never Seek Happiness When It Leads To Someone Else’s Unhappiness

~ LP:IIAHMPTASLWSELIM-A-NSLWILTSELOL ~ Liberty Principle: It Is A Higher Moral Principle To Always Seek Liberty With Someone Else’s Liberty In Mind – And – Never Seek Liberty When It Leads To Someone Else’s Loss Of Liberty

~ MP:WIPD-EITDOAINV-A-MITPOEINV ~ Moderation Principle: When Innocent People Die – Extremism In The Defense Of Anything Is No Virtue – And – Moderation In The Protection Of Everything Is No Vice

~PJ ~ PROVISIONAL JUSTICE

~AWAAST-LON-A-FO-C-A-H-TSO-TAB-WA-FMA-RFOA-TI-C-A-SJ-WHCTPFO-RAG-A-A-RAP-SATTIAL-PJ-IN-HAN ~ Although We Are All Subject To – Laws Of Nature – And – Forces Of – Culture – And – History – That Shape Our – Thoughts And Behaviors – We Are– Free Moral Agents – Responsible For Our Actions – There Is – Individual Culpability – And – Social Justice – Within Human Communities That Produce Feelings Of – Righteousness And Guilt – And – Administer – Rewards And Punishments – Such That There Is At Least – Provisional Justice – In The – Here And Now

~ EEE ~ ENNOBLING EVOLUTIONARY ETHICS

~ AA-EMOHP-T-MS-T-IAG-A-BTTS-POTIFO-E/H/C ~ As An – Evolved Mechanism Of Human Psychology – The – Moral Sense – Transcends – Individuals And Groups – And – Belongs To The Species – Products Of The Impersonal Forces Of – Evolution / History / Culture

MICHAEL SHERMER ~ THE SCIENCE OF GOOD & EVIL ~ 2004 ~ 999

~ TBA-FFMA-OCPAMPHDBF-MP-R-MR ~ To Be A – Fully Functioning Moral Agent – One Cannot Passively Accept Moral Principles Handed Down By Fiat – Moral Principles – Require – Moral Reasoning
~ M:RAW-TAB-ITCOTROASG ~ Morality: Right And Wrong – Thoughts And Behaviors – In The Context Of The Rules Of A Social Group
~ E:T-SS-O-A-TA-M-TAB-ITCOTROASG ~ Ethics: The – Scientific Study – Of – And – Theories About – Moral – Thoughts And Behaviors – In The Context Of The Rules Of A Social Group
~ LBTW-S-ECR-FT-POBF-HDVMO-BC-T-FG-A-T-A-EX-A-A-OV ~ Long Before There Were – State-Enforced Constitutional Rights – For The – Protection Of Basic Freedoms – Humans Devised Various Mechanisms Of – Behavioral Control – To – Facilitate Goodwill – And – To – Attenuate – Excessive Greed – Avarice – And – Other Vices
~ T-RF-O-H-VAV-SAS-IF-IA-COAIP-O-MAI-B ~ The – Religious Foundation – Of – Human – Virtues And Vices – Saints And Sinners – In Fact – Is A – Codification Of An Informal Psychology – Of – Moral And Immoral – Behavior
~ HAA-HS-PS-AAS-RAM-AA-SS-T-ET ~ Humans Are A – Hierarchical Social – Primate Species – And As Such – We Need – Rules And Morals – And A – Social Structure – To – Enforce Them
~ RMS-SATEI-J/C/I-A-MO-EMS-SATEBIP(TMROOPS)A-TOMO~ Religious Moral Systems – Such As Those Expressed In – Judaism / Christianity / Islam – Are – Millennia Old – Evolutionary Moral Systems – Such As Those Expressed By Indigenous Peoples (The Modern Remnants Of Paleolithic Societies) Are – Tens Of Millennia Old
~ W-Q-ADF-H-Q ~ Why – Questions – Are Different From – How – Questions
~ AHSACH ~ All Humans Share A Common Humanity
~ WCCA-MS-TIN-DA-N-IR-A-PM-FAAOS-TP-EE-A-A-RBFB-SASOM-SAM-UAY-E-AETW-ET-W-BAS-O-MOTS-A-O-AS ~ We Can Construct A – Moral System – That Is Neither –Dogmatically Absolute – Nor – Irrationally Relative – A – Provisional Morality – For An Age Of Science – That Provides – Empirical Evidence – And – A – Rational Basis For Belief – Such A System Of Morality – Suggests A More – Universal And Tolerant – Ethic – An Ethic That Will – Ensure The – Well-Being And Survival – Of – All Members Of The Species – And – Of – All Species
~ M-ITEDO-HS ~ Morality – Is The Exclusive Domain Of – Homo Sapiens
~ AA-I-HA-A-JTTS-A-ITOT-CIAGS ~ All Animals – Including – Human Animals – Are – Just Trying To Survive – And – It Turns Out That – Cooperation Is A Good Strategy
~ IATTSOPP-R-HASAAIO-SO-A-BC-TROPMS-A-TPONO-BACRO-R-L-O;T-C-S-SAM-N-A-WT-IOW-L-C-T-I-S-SAT ~ In Addition To The Sanction Of Political Power – Religion – Has Also Served As An Institution Of – Social Order – And – Behavior Control – The Reinforcement Of Positive Moral Sentiments – And – The Punishment Of Negative Ones – Became A Central Role Of – Religious – Leaders – And – Organizations; They – Codified – Subjective – Social And Moral – Norms – And – With The – Invention Of Writing – Literally – Canonized – Them – In – Sacred – Scrolls And Texts
~ TWO-GAM ~ The Wedding Of – God And Mammon
~ B-SS-‘LTN’-M-O-IF/EF/C-‘O-G’-WTBDWC-TWT-CWF-DBWWC ~ Before State – Societies – “Love The Neighbor” – Meant – One’s – Immediate Family / Extended Family / Community – “Out-Groupers” – Were To Be Dealt With Cautiously – Trust Was Tentative – Conflict Was Frequent – Death By War Was Common
~ M-A-T-MN-150 ~ Morality – And – The – Magic Number – 150
~ LO-SGS-A-RTTCCO-HM-AT-HADEB-ITOT-150-IRTNOLD-C/G/GC-A-PC-WPIFG-AT-B-O-H-G-P ~ ~ Limits On – Social Group Size – Are – Related To The Carrying Capacity Of – Human Memory – And Thus – Have A Deep Evolutionary Basis – It Turns Out That – 150 – Is Roughly The Number Of Living Descendants – Children / Grandchildren / Great-Grandchildren – A – Paleolithic Couple – Would Produce In Four Generations – At The – Birthrate – Of – Hunter-Gather – Peoples
~ WGGL-TSISG-W?-TAI-MD-A-BC-OGE-200P-A-HS-INT-ETROC-A-TDWO-WITSGCBDWT-IPC-A-SP ~ When Groups Get Large – They Split Into Smaller Groups – Why? – The Answer Is – Moral Discipline – And – Behavior Control – Once Groups Exceed – 200 People – A – Hierarchical Structure – Is Needed To – Enforce The Rules Of Cooperation – And – To Deal With Offenders – Who In The Smaller Group Could Be Dealt With Through – Informal Personal Contracts – And – Social Pressure
~ IOTPTGO-R-YNTK-WBNS-A-WYWTTSY-TIIGTTSAOP-MCKA-G-ATO-SC-TC-CN ~ In Order To Play The Game Of – Reciprocation – You Need To Know – Whose Back Needs Scratching – And – Who You Will Trust To Scratch Yours – This Information Is Gathered Through Telling Stories About Other People – More Commonly Known As – Gossip – A Tool Of – Social Control – Through Communicating – Cultural Norms
~ M-S-A-B-WI-CI-ES-B-R-REAT-SS-T-ETROHI ~ Moral – Sentiments – And – Behaviors – Were Initially – Codified Into – Ethical Systems – By – Religion – Religion Emerged As The – Social Structure – To – Enforce The Rules Of Human Interactions
~ W-BAT-GWT-CAS-RDATP-SI-TF-CAG-ITSB-EAAS-D-EGAS-P-COC-A-RTLOCTTGT-SE-S-RR ~ ~ When – Bands And Tribes – Gave Way To – Chiefdoms And States – Religion Developed As The Principal – Social Institution – To Facilitate – Cooperation And Goodwill – It Di So By – Encouraging – Altruism And Selflessness – Discouraging – Excessive Greed And Selfishness – Promoting – Cooperation Over Competition – And – Revealing The Level Of Commitment To The Group Through – Social Events – And – Religious Rituals
~ PC-WPMB-NS-NC-A-MS-WAA-PSB-CS ~ Paleolithic Communities – Were Primarily Molded By – Natural Selection – Neolithic Communities – And – Modern Societies – Were And Are – Primarily Shaped By – Cultural Selection
~ IIAMAPO-HN-TBMAIITB-H/H/J/IL ~ It Is As Much A Part Of – Human Nature – To Be Moral As It Is To Be – Hungry / Horny / Jealous / In Love
~ TNCWGOWWAATDO-ALLTBEIYABTDY-LANLITBTL ~ The Normal Cues We Give Off When We Are Attempting To Deceive Others – Are Less Likely To Be Expressed If You Actually Believe The Deception Yourself – Liars Are Not Liars If They Believe The Lie
~ T-COMP-EAAFO-SC-TE-TSOIWG-A-TSOHGT ~ The – Codification Of Moral Principles – Evolved As A Form Of – Social Control – To Ensure – The Survival Of Individuals Within Groups – And – The Survival Of Human Groups Themselves
~ TM-O-PE ~ The Myth – Of – Pure Evil
~ TIN-SF-OOTRO-T-KL-O-N-A-HB-TWCC-E ~ There Is No – Supernatural Force – Operating Outside The Realm Of – The – Known Laws – Of – Nature – And – Human Behavior – That We Can Call – Evil
~ TCS-‘E’-DNLUTADUOTCOEB ~ To Call Something – “Evil” – Does Not Lead Us To A Deeper Understanding Of The Cause Of Evil Behavior
~ ITWNH-TWBNE ~ If There Were No Humans – There Would Be No Evil
~ WETB-M-B-HTCTB-I-SOTT-ISC-WSP-WDAOOUTIAGS-WDOA-CAOV ~ We Evolved To Be – Moral – But – Have The Capacity To Be – Immoral – Some Of The Time – In Some Circumstances – With Some People – Which Direction Any One Of Us Takes In Any Given Situation – Will Depend On A – Complex Array Of Variables
~ FW-HUA-A-FW-IFO-D-A-MC-FOTCW ~ Free Will – Holds Us Accountable – Abandon – Free Will – In Favor Of – Determinism – And – Moral Culpability – Flies Out The Courtroom Window
~ FW-AA-UF-WNAAIYDH-FW-GT-EG-A-SB-TGAWI? ~ Free Will – As A – Useful Fiction – Why Not Act As If You Do Have – Free Will – Gaining The – Emotional Gratification – And – Social Benefits – That Go Along With It?
~ CWCAESWR? ~ Can We Construct An Ethical System Without Religion?
~ IIAHLOM-TB-GFIOS-T-FTCIMB ~ It Is A Higher Level Of Morality – To Be – Good For Its Own Sake – Than – For The Consequences It May Bring
~ PMP:AFMPIMCMOTT-Y-FETAFTWDOH-B/C/C ~ Provisional Moral Principles: Applicable For Most People In Most Circumstances Most Of The Time – Yet – Flexible Enough To Account For The Wide Diversity Of Human – Behavior / Culture / Circumstances
~ B-CMBAS? ~ But – Can Morality Become A Science?
~ EUSCSAU ~ Even Unattended Stimuli Can Subtly Affect Us
~MJ-IN-CR-II-IE ~ Moral Judgment – Is Not – Calculatingly Rational – It Is – Intuitively Emotional
~ CB-PAPRIO-MI ~ Cognitive Biases – Play A Powerful Role In Our – Moral Intuitions
~ PE-A-PJ-ATBWCD-ALAHC-STWM-PTIMB ~ Provisional Ethics – And – Provisional Justice – Are The Best We Can Do – As Long As Humanity Continues – So Too Will Morality – Provisional Though It May Be
~ WCAPBM ~ We Can Also Practice Being Moral

NICHOLAS CARR ~ AUTOMATION COMPLACENCY / AUTOMATION BIAS ~ THE GLASS CAGE ~ 2014

~AC-PBSTOTTTTAOWGOATF-TTO-IAPSCU-TMAB-A-WPMTTRT ~ Automation Complacency – People Become So Trusting Of The Technology That Their Awareness Of What’s Going On Around Them Fades – They Tune Out – If A Problem Suddenly Crops Up – They May Act Bewildered – And – Waste Precious Moments Trying To Reorient Themselves

~ AB-WPGUWTTICTTM-EW-TIIWOM-T-IOD-OSOI ~ Automation Bias – When People Give Undue Weight To The Information Coming Through Their Monitors – Even When – The Information Is Wrong Or Misleading – They – Ignore Or Discount – Other Sources Of Information

NICHOLAS CARR ~ THE GLASS CAGE ~ 2014

~ AHC-ACTATOO-W/T/L-IC-NOP-A-LOC-ICOUT-SAM ~ Automation’s Human Consequences – Automation Can Take A Toll On Our – Work / Talents / Lives – It Can – Narrow Our Perspectives – And – Limit Our Choices – It Can Open Us To – Surveillance And Manipulation

~ ACB-O-CC-O-FOH-ISWTTACLAEHT-C-WWDAWWA ~ As Computers Become – Our – Constant Companions – Our – Familiar Obliging Helpmates – It Seems Wise To Take A Closer Look At Exactly How They’re – Changing – What We Do And Who We Are

~ HDYT-TI-I-TLOC-IT-R-S-B-S-I-O-AA? ~ How Do You Translate – The Ineffable – Into – Lines Of Code – Into The – Rigid – Step-By-Step – Instructions – Of – An Algorithm?

~ MOTCTWCUH-ITO-AAB-OCGQE-TCBTMOAT-SP-MJ-A-LFE ~ Many Of The Cognitive Talents We’ve Considered Uniquely Human – It Turns Out – Are Anything But – Once Computers Get Quick Enough – They Can Begin To Mimic Our Ability To – Spot Patterns – Make Judgments – And – Learn From Experience

~ ALOTVSTTPD-DARAB ~ A Lot Of The Very Smart Things That People Do – Don’t Actually Require A Brain

~ CAA-W-OAS-IBMBS ~ Creative And Analytical – Work – Of All Sorts – Is Being Mediated By Software

~ TTWAIT-IOGUWWDN-ATCOWWD ~ The Trouble With Automation Is That – It Often Gives Us What We Don’t Need – At The Cost Of What We Do

~ E-HTA-A-O-S-C-KW-ASTWCB-D-SS-TTTMOJIA-D-PR ~ Even – Highly Trained Analysts – And – Other – So-Called – Knowledge Workers – Are Seeing Their Work Circumscribed By – Decision-Support Systems – That Turn The Making Of Judments Into A – Data-Processing Routine

~ BTODOT-CT-O-SRTTLO-TSMIELLTW-EIE-T-TOS-A-GUASO-AAS-ATO-AFUFTWMUFF ~ By Taking Over Difficult Or Time-Consuming Tasks – Or – Simply Rendering Those Task Less Onerous – The Software Makes It Even Less Likely That We’ll – Engage In Efforts – That – Test Our Skills – And – Give Us A Sense Of – Accomplishment And Satisfaction – All Too Often – Automation Frees Us From That Which Makes Us Feel Free

~ DW-A-CROU-DW-A-SUOTMCAFE-TCAHTPD-TPCAEH-HDYMTEO-AEOEAE-O-AWOAAA-O-ASDOS? ~ Deployed Wisely – Automation – Can Relieve Of Us – Drudge Work – And – Spur Us On To More Challenging And Fulfilling Endeavors – The Costs Are Harder To Pin Down – The Personal Costs Are Even Hazier – How Do You Measure The Expense Of – An Erosion Of Effort And Engagement – Or – A Waning Of Agency And Autonomy – Or – A Subtle Deterioration Of Skill?

~ TCWM-O-FTM-AWTWHOTC-A-WTKFO-ANJ-POEC-T-EC-TS-TSOOL-A-TPWMFOITW ~ The Choices We Make – Or – Fail To Make – About Which Tasks We Hand Off To Computers – And – Which To Keep For Ourselves – Are Not Just – Practical Or Economic Choices – They’re – Ethical Choices – They Shape – The Substance Of Our Lives – And – The Place We Make For Ourselves In The World

~WD-HB-M? ~ WD-HB-M? ~ What Does – Human Being – Mean?

~ TRATG ~ The Robot At The Gate

~ TEBSLTGOFTTLF-IAAS-PCWTWCTP ~ The Economy’s Bounties Seem Likely To Go On Flowing To The Lucky Few – In An Automated System – Power Concentrates With Those Who Control The Programming

~ E-TMPS-ENMCT-AH ~ Even – The Most Powerful Supercomputer – Evidence No More Consciousness Than – A Hammer

~ TMEO-AEOS/ADOP/ASOR-SGUAP-A-GC-CABA-CG ~ The Mounting Evidence Of – An Erosion Of Skills / A Dulling Of Perception / A Slowing Of Reactions – Should Give Us All Pause – *A – Glass Cockpit – Can Also Be A – Glass Cage

~ TDE-A-LSD-DJPASFSICOAJ-IATCOTET-IT-R/A/S-O-TPWTPII-ARBWAW ~ The Degeneration Effect – A – Labor-Saving Device – Doesn’t Just Provide A Substitute For Some Isolated Component Of A Job – It Alters The Character Of The Entire Task – Including The – Roles / Attitudes / Skill – Of – The People Who Take Part In It – Automation Remakes Both Work And Worker

~ IBATPI-TER-TC-ABITP-C/L-I ~ In Bringing A Third Party Into – The Exam Room – The Computer – Also Brings In That Party’s – Commercial / Legal – Interests

~ PASBDAP-A-YPDBT ~ Put A Screen Between Doctor And Patient – And – You Put Distance Between Them

~ TGINL-TRTPOHT-TSBOK-B-R-TRIR ~ The Goal Is No Longer – To Replicate The Process Of Human Thought – That’s Still Beyond Our Ken – But – Rather – To Replicate Its Results

~ TSAAEOCC-CM-LAD-IT-UD-NTM-IITDMAT ~ The Speed And Apparent Exactitude Of Computer Calculations – Can Mask – Limitations And Distortions – In The – Underlying Data – Not To Mention – Imperfections In The Data-Mining Algorithms Themselves

~ ALDSHAAOSCAWTRO-INHTBMBMC ~ Any Large Data Set Holds An Abundance Of Spurious Correlations Along With The Reliable Ones – It’s Not Hard To Be Misled By Mere Coincidence

~ TL-O-ODD-WHUSA-MD-MTTBVTO-F/H/W-B ~ TL-O-ODD-WHUSA-MD-MTTBVTO-F/H/W-B ~ The Labors – Our – Obliging Digital Deities – Would Have Us See As – Mere Drudgery – May Turnout To Be Vital To Our – Fitness / Happiness / Well-Being

~ OB-IBE-T-OIOISFOB-LUTDTIOIOWTWOT ~ Our Belief – Intuitive But Erroneous – That – Our Intellect Operates In Isolation From Our Body – Leads Us To Discount The Importance Of Involving Ourselves With The World Of Things

~ TAWT-BTGC-WL-TMBCGU ~ There Are Ways To – Break The Glass Cage – Without Losing – The Many Benefits Computers Grant Us

~ AFTP ~ Automation For The People

~ MSTFOTM-SOL0ETM-AT-W-BD/M/EACOCNA ~ Machines Share The Fallibility Of Their Makers – Sooner Or Later – Even The Most – Advanced Technology – Will – Break Down / Misfire – Encounter A – Cluster Of Circumstances – Never Anticipated

~ DA-MWGYTRDAT-MOTT-B-IYP-SOS-DFT-PP-YGTBGT-DH-W-TITER-T-RAO-T-CC ~ Doctor Algorithm – May Well Give You The Right Diagnosis And Treatment – Most Of The Time – But – If Your Particular – Set Of Symptoms – Doesn’t Fit The – Probability Profile – You’re Going To Be Glad That – Doctor Human – Was – There In The Examination Room – To – Review And Overrule – The – Computer’s Calculations

~ A-AT-B-MC-A-MI-TPSOFM-VBHTDT-TE ~ As – Automation Technologies – Become – More Complicated – And – More Interconnected – The Potential Sources Of Failure Multiply – Vulnerabilities Become Harder To Discern Too – Tested Exhaustively

~ A-S-E/O-I-SD-A-G-BI-HOTO-LOSC-CSCA-MA ~ A – Small – Error / Oversight – In – System Design – A – Glitch – Buried In – Hundreds Of Thousands Of – Lines Of Software Code – Can Still Cause A – Major Accident

~ P-A-M-M-PWOS-AJT-H-WON-WM-A-PBA ~ People – As – Mere – Monitors – Passive Watchers Of Screens – A Job That – Humans – With Our Notoriously – Wandering Minds – Are – Particularly Bad At

~ YHTDTMTSTW ~ You Have To Design The Machine To Suit The Worker

~ ASBEMC-TP-BI-UL ~ As Society Becomes Ever More Computerized – The Programmer – Becomes Its – Unacknowledged Legislator

~ ITHF-DNRTHF ~ Ignoring The Human Factor – Does Not Remove The Human Factor

~ H-CA ~ Human-Centred Automation

~ WGTPTRC? ~ Who Gets To Program The Robot’s Conscience?

~ IAMATBSLITW-MC-WHTBT-HI-I-SC ~ If Autonomous Machines Are To Be Set Loose In The World – Moral Codes – Will Have To Be Translated – However Imperfectly – Into – Software Codes

~ TFSFTBARWBASHRTW-IWC-W-A-M-S-F ~ The First Shot Freely Taken By A Robot Will Be A Shot Heard Round The World – It Will Change – War – And – Maybe – Society – Forever

~ THBIIOCOTTAO-EGOSAAT-DUAFO-IS ~ The Human Brain Is Incapable Of Concentrating On Two Things At Once – Every Glance Or Swipe At A Touchscreen – Draws Us Away From Our – Immediate Surroundings

~ WCBAWS-A-WIATC-A-HRA-BTSD ~ What Can’t Be Accomplished With Software – And – What Isn’t Amenable To Computation – And – Hence Resists Automation – Begins To Seem Dispensable

~ WWETGC-WRTSMOOB-TDFU-IEU ~ When We Enter The Glass Cage – We’re Required To Shed Much Of Our Body – That Doesn’t Free Us – It Emaciates Us

~ GPPOM ~ Giving People Precedence Over Machines

~ T-CC-ATTOODL-T-AGAC-P-I-F ~ To – Cede Choices – About The Texture Of Our Daily Lives – To – A Grand Abstraction Called – Progress – Is – Folly

JAY LIFTON ~ EIGHT CRITERIA FOR THOUGHT REFORM ~ THOUGHT REFORM AND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF TOTALISM ~ 1961

~ M(E)C ~ MILIEU (ENVIRONMENTAL) CONTROL

~ COTM-FOI-A-SI ~ Control Over The Members’ – Flow Of Information – And – Social Interaction

~ MAITKAEOTO ~ Members Are Instructed To Keep An Eye On The Others

~ MM ~ MYSTICAL MANIPULATION

~ TGASIWNAP ~ The Group Attributes Supernatural Influences Where None Are Present

~ MATHA-C-LT-IWTAT ~ Members Are To Have A – Child-Like Trust – In Whatever They Are Taught

~ MF-‘C’-A-T-TAAPOSVIAU ~ Members Feel – “Chosen” – And – That ­– They Are A Part Of Something Very Important And Urgent

~ DFP ~ DEMAND FOR PURITY

~ UR-A-US-AIUTM ~ Unreasonable Rules – And – Unreachable Standards – Are Imposed Upon The Members

~ C ~ CONFESSION

~ TIGAY-CBUAY ~ The Information Gained About You – Can Be Used Against You

~ SS ~ SACRED SCIENCE

~ T-TOTG-AVA-T-U/U-T ~ The – Teachings Of The Group – Are Viewed As – The – Ultimate / Unquestionable – Truth

~ TLOTG-I-LAC ~ The Leader Of The Group – Is – Likewise – Above Criticism

~ LTL ~ LOADING THE LANGUAGE

~ TGL-STPO-CTT-A-SDCA ~ The Group’s Language – Serves The Purpose Of – Constructing Their Thinking – And – Shutting Down Critical Thinking Abilities

~ ‘GS’-FMTCEASDSBOCOOI ~ “Groupspeak” Forces Members To Censor, Edit And Slow Down Spontaneous Bursts Of Criticism Or Opposite Ideas

~ DOP ~ DOCTRINE OVER PERSON

~ AMRTOPHOII-TASTTIRTTGCAITOEAFATC ~ As Members Rewrite Their Own Personal History Or Ignore It – They Are Simultaneously Taught To Interpret Reality Through The Group Concepts And Ignore Their Own Experiences And Feelings As They Occur

~ DOE ~ DISPENSING OF EXISTENCE

~ TG-TE-ETTMAPOA-E-O-SG-OACUOU ~ The Group’s – Totalistic Environment – Emphasizes That The Members Are Part Of An – Elite – Or – Special Group – Outsiders Are Considered Unworthy Or Unenlightened

JOHN TIERNEY + ROY BAUMEISTER ~ THE POWER OF BAD ~ 2019

~ NE ~ Negativity Effect
~ NB/ND/NE:TUTF-N-EAE-TAUMST-P-O ~ Negativity Bias / Negativity Dominance / Negativity Effect: The Universal Tendency For – Negative – Events And Emotions – To Affect Us More Strongly Than – Positive – Ones
~ DBAWOC-B-UBASOP-STHFITC-A-MATFS-BIS-B-GCP-IWKWWUA ~ Devastated By A Word Of Criticism – But – Unmoved By A Shower Of Praise – See The Hostile Face In The Crowd – And – Miss All The Friendly Smiles – Bad Is Stronger – But – Good Can Prevail – If We Know What We’re Up Against
~ B-RT-NE-A-OOIR-WC-BDP-TMEATF-A-ETRBOTB-BL/BN/BF-C-PI-TMP-IF-TMU-S/S/K ~ By – Recognizing The – Negativity Effect – And – Overriding Our Innate Responses – We Can – Break Destructive Patterns – Think More Effectively About The Future – And – Exploit The Remarkable Benefits Of This Bias – Bad Luck / Bad News / Bad Feelings – Create – Powerful Incentives – The Most Powerful – In Fact – To Make Us – Stronger / Smarter / Kinder
~ T-NE-DR-BC-PTAE-SBS-IMP-PP-ED ~ The – Negativity Effect – Destroys Reputations / Bankrupts Companies / Promotes Tribalism And Xenophobia / Spreads Bogus Scares / Ignites Moral Panics / Poisons Politics / Elects Demagogues
~ TASMM-SP-O-FAV-T-MOB-WH-PFAP-B-FTP-A-FH ~ There Are So Many More – Skilled Purveyors – Of – Fear And Vitriol – The – Merchants Of Bad – Who Have – Prospered Financially And Politically – By – Frightening The Public – And – Fomenting Hatred
~ T-UOB-IIPT-STM-A-ETW ~ The – Upside Of Bad – Is Its Power To – Sharpen The Mind – And – Energize The Will
~ BM-C-UF-TDGA ~ Bad Moments – Create – Unconscious Feelings – That Don’t Go Away
~ PEATT-SMES-B-OF-TSOB-CBD-A-WWFH-G-DAWFU ~ Paying Extra Attention To Threats – Still Makes Evolutionary Sense – But – Our Fine-Tuned Sense Of Bad – Can Be Debilitating – And – What Worked For Hunger-Gathers Doesn’t Always Work For Us
~ BT-AHIM-A-TUTMJASA-J-FM ~ Bad Today – Also Has Its Merchants – And – They Use The Media Just As Skilfully As – Junk-Food Marketers
~ WAPT-OOA-AWA-OPTCOD ~ We’re All Prone To – Overestimate Our Abilities – As Well As – Our Power To Control Our Destiny
~ CC-TN-ESO-HT-LTATLEWO ~ Crisis Crisis – The Never-Ending Series Of – Hyped Threats – Leading To Actions That Leave Everyone Worse Off
~ HBIB? ~ How Bad Is Bad?
~ TPW-BAG-YNT-EYRM ~ To – Properly Weigh – Bad Against Good – You Need To – Engage Your Rational Mind
~ PR-TNOGEFEBE ~ Positivity Ratio – The Number Of Good Events For Every Bad Event
~ T-ROF-IT-FGT-T-O-OBT-IDATEPIES-NTEKO-GAB-E-SFOBAIP ~ The – Rule Of Four – It Takes – Four Good Things – To – Overcome – One Bad Thing – It Doesn’t Apply To Every Person In Every Situation – Nor To Every Kind Of – Good And Bad – Event – Some Forms Of Bad Are Incomparably Powerful
~ T-W-T-H-E-NTIBTDWTBOIC-IMAWFOTC ~ The – What-The-Hell – Effect – Now That I’ve Broken The Diet With The Bowl Of Ice Cream – I May As Well Finish Off The Carton
~ TTDOOYH-IOTYFITM-MARB-H-ASR-III-X-S-IWD-Y-ARTTRBCDAII ~ Take The Decision Out Of Your Hands – Instead Of Trusting Your Feelings In The Moment – Make A Rule Before-Hand – A Simple Rule – If I’m In – X – Situation – I Will Do – Y – A Rule That The Rational Brain Can Deploy Against Irrational Impulses
~ WTOSB-A-CS-TG-RTA-NL-TB ~ We’re Too Often Swayed By – A – Clear Short-Term Gain – Rather Than A – Nebulous Long-Term Benefit
~ NIATDTS-A-IHC ~ Negativity Is A Tough Disease To Shake – And – It’s Highly Contagious
~BAT-HYT-RTSSNOS-WDMMFYRT-AGWOD ~ Being Able To – Hold Your Tongue – Rather Than Say Something Nasty Or Spiteful – Will Do Much More For Your Relationship Than – A Good Word Or Deed
~ DO ~ Don’t Overpromise
~ DECFGTEM ~ Don’t Expect Credit For Going The Extra Mile
~ RT-BIITEOTB-AOTSTTTROTW-CDARIILLTOP ~ Remember That – Bad Is In The Eye Of The Beholder – An Offense That Seems Trifling To The Rest Of The World – Can Destroy A Relationship If It Looms Large To One Person
~ PTBMTGU ~ Put The Bad Moments To Good Use
~TBYB ~ Think Before You Blame
~ WYF-BIAIR ~ When You’re Fighting – Bring In An Imaginary Referee
~ GASO ~ Get A Second Opinion
~ SJ ~ Suspend Judgment
~ DTTB ~ Don’t Take The Bait
~ IYMR-DE ~ If You Must Respond – Don’t Escalate
~ FT-NGR-INSMWYDOO-IWYDO ~ Follow The – Negative Golden Rule – It’s Not So Much What You Do Onto Others – It’s What You Don’t Do
~ TFB-B-R-TTBATNS-AIADTT-TBFLOAITEFOD ~ The Fearful Brain – Bad – Rules – Throughout The Brain And The Nervous System – Attention Is Automatically Drawn To Threats – The Brain Focuses Longer On An Image That Evokes Fear Or Disgust
~ WMAACOTOATBFOOMAF ~ We’re Marvellously Adept At Convincing Ourselves That Others Are To Blame For Our Own Mistakes And Failures
~ ACISC ~ A Carrot In Stick’s Clothing
~ C/A/N/O/E ~ Conscientiousness / Agreeableness / Neuroticism / Openness / Extraversion
~ O-L/D/EU-P-WETSTWT-IDMITWOPWMOTG-TSCCFTDD ~ One – Lazy / Disagreeable / Emotionally Unstable – Person – Was Enough To Sabotage The Whole Team – It Didn’t Matter If There Was One Particularly Wonderful Member Of The Group – The Star Couldn’t Compensate For The Dud’s Damage
~ SR-IJOOMVOBN-IAYMSAPTOT ~ Social Rejection – Isn’t Just One Of Many Varieties Of Bad News – It Affects You More Strongly And Profoundly Than Other Types
~ SR-IMST-SA ~ Social Rejection – Is Much Stronger Than – Social Acceptance
~ TFSIDWBAITIT ~ The First Step In Dealing With Bad Apples Is To Identify Them
~ OP-TI-HA-TNE ~ Online Perils – The Internet – Has Amplified – The Negativity Effect
~ CE ~ Counternegativity Experts
~ IYFI-SLTLA-ES-A-R-P-O-CAM-A-SMTLA-SOY-FAF ~ If You’re Feeling Insecure – Spend Less Time Looking At – Elaborately Staged – And – Retouched – Photos – Of – Celebrities And Models – And – Spend More Time Looking At – Snapshots Of Your – Friends And Family
~ T-CC-TEOPNBBC ~ The – Crisis Crisis – The Exploitation Of People’s Negativity Bias By Crisismongers
~ TMOB ~ The Merchants Of Bad
~ T-NB-MUPT-QGAIOIAATWG-AT-GLFMO-T-W-H-I-IETA ~ The – Negativity Bias – Makes Us Prone To – Quickly Generalize Any Individual’s Offence Into Animus Against The Whole Group – And Then – Go Looking For More Offenders – The – Witch-Hunting – Instinct – Is Easy To Arouse
~ RLAGPTW-TSWDAG-OW-HSIWMTEW ~ Remarkably Little Attention Gets Paid To Whether – The Solution Will Do Any Good – Or Whether – History Suggests It Will Make Things Even Worse
~ WA-THDT-IOA-LRDT ~ Worrying About – Tiny Hypothetical Dangers Tomorrow – Instead Of A – Large Real Danger Today
~ S-GPFTP-TP-IOS ~ Stop – Giving Prizes For Terror Pornography – The Publicity – Inspires Other Sociopaths
~ WRONG ~ Page 228 ~ “vaping – safer” ~ vaping (“pens”) mixtures just like tobacco (cigarette) mixtures (you mention this) it’s the additives (details) that make the poison (evil)
~ WRONG ~ Page 243 ~ “fake news” ~ very real polarizing effect on society ~ weaponized by authoritarian states (Russia / China / Iran / Saudi Arabia / North Korea for specific domestic political objectives and generally as destabilizing (polarizing) propaganda directed at their perceived enemies
~ IDEA ~ Climate Change ~ an excellent example of a serious problem (which has sometimes been treated as if it were “tiny hypothetical dangers tomorrow”)

GEORGE LAKOFF + MARK JOHNSON ~ TRUTH ~ METAPHORS WE LIVE BY ~ 1980

~ TITTI-AOT-INO-M-B-SAP-D-TIARTACSTIDILPBM-MOOMHEIOCOALP-B-M-AIUUB-PIP-PL/RL/BL/A/M/E ~ The Idea That There Is – Absolute Objective Truth – Is Not Only – Mistaken– But – Socially And Politically – Dangerous – Truth Is Always Relative To A Conceptual System That Is Defined In Large Part By Metaphor – Most Of Our Metaphors Have Evolved In Our Culture Over A Long Period – But – Many – Are Imposed Upon Us By – People In Power – Political Leaders / Religious Leaders / Business Leaders / Advertisers / Media / Etc

~ IACWT-MOO-IVMA-A-TIAAT-TPWGT-ITMOTC-GTDWWCTBT-AAO-T ~ In A Culture Where The – Myth Of Objectivism – Is Very Much Alive – And – Truth Is Always Absolute Truth – The People Who Get To – Impose Their Metaphors On The Culture – Get To Define What We Consider To Be True – Absolutely And Objectively – True

~ TIOTIODL-WBOA-B-PAS-O-WWTTBT ~ The Importance Of Truth In Our Daily Lives – We Base Our Actions – Both – Physical And Social – On – What We Take To Be True

~ OTW-TMTU-B-IHSV-A-AUTFIOW ~ On The Whole – Truth Matters To Us – Because – It Has Survival Value – And – Allows Us To Function In Our World

~ TIBOU ~ Truth Is Based On Understanding

GERARD DUMENIL + DOMINIQUE LEVY ~ THE CRISIS OF NEOLIBERALISM ~ 2011

~ N-NCO-TWTTBO-T-HIB/CO/UFOM-TGCOIIFOAPMWACAOTNSO ~ Neoliberalism – New Class Objectives – That Worked To The Benefit Of – The – Highest Income Brackets / Capitals Owners / Upper Fractions Of Management – The Greater Concentration Of Income In Favor Of A Privileged Minority Was A Crucial Achievement Of The New Social Order

~ TDSTRDN-WHBII-AAHNBMB-CAMC-IPTUF ~ The Dramatic Social Transformation Realized During Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible If – An Alliance Had Not Been Made Between – Capitalist And Managerial Classes – In Particular Their Upper Fractions

~ N-IA-SO-AATGOIFTUIB-N-IIP-NEL-SP ~ Neoliberalism – Is A – Social Order – Aimed At The Generation Of Income For The Upper Income Brackets – Not – Investment In Production – Nor Even Less – Social Progress

~ TOBWTT-COTC-WGTTI-SE-SCANOAW-K/E/R-AC ~ The Original Bet Was That The – Countries Of The Center – Would Gradually Transform Themselves Into – Services Economies – Still Concentrating A Number Of Activities Where – Knowledge / Education / Research – Are Crucial

~ NSTCOA-FAU-FS-BO-QP-A-‘PTTPOFS’ ~ Neoliberalism Saw The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure – Based On – Questionable Practices – A – “Propensity To The Production Of Fictitious Surplus”

~ T-FMOCI-IOP-MPIAGC ~ The – Free Mobility Of Capital Internationally – Impairs Or Prohibits – Macro Policies In A Given Country

~ TOST-FAG-GTI-PATNPFTDGO-HD-WTCO-FI-A-G-TTBOAPM ~ The Overall Shift Toward – Fictionalization And Globalization – Given Their Interconnectedness – Provided All The Necessary Prerequisites For The Dramatic Growth Of – Households’ Debt – With The Collaboration Of – Financial Institutions – And – Governments – To The Benefit Of A Privileged Minority

~ TWISR-ITCOTC-FE-TMADOWP ~ There Were Important Social Resistances – In The Countries Of The Center – For Example – To Maintain A Degree Of Welfare Protection

~ RTTDCBN ~ Reaction To The Devastation Caused By Neoliberalism

~ N:’FC’~ Neoliberalism: “Financialized Capitalism”

~ ‘FC’ ~ “Finance Capital”

~ O-FAG-MTCOA-FAU-FS ~ Overall – Financialization And Globalization – Meant The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure

~ IAWO-FT-A-FCM-IIDTC-IR/L/ER ~ In A World Of – Free Trade – And – Free Capital Mobility – It Is Difficult To Control – Interest Rates / Loans / Exchange Rates

~ TRFT-2001R-WOOATCO-TRORI-ABOTHS-W-PIRL ~ The Recovery From The – 2001 Recession – Was Obtained Only At The Cost Of – The Rise Of Residential Investment – A Boom Of The Hosing Sector – While – Productive Investment Remained Low

~ TCOIATT ~ The Concentration Of Income At The Top

~ TDB-WAM-I-TIT-S-A-C-M-WAOTSS-A-UMOTCS-A-M-IPI-UL-IGICT-SA-AIFOTSGWETTB ~ The Difference Between – Workers And Managers – Is – That In The – Stick-And-Carrot – Metaphor – Workers Are On The Stick Side – And – Upper Management On The Carrot Side – Actually – Management – In Particular Its – Upper Layers – Increased Gradually Its Capability To – Set Apart – An Increasing Fraction Of The Surplus Generated Within Enterprises To Their Benefit

~ N-I-T-UA-TEO-TROT-PAI-O-CC ~ Neoliberalism – Is – Thus – Understood As – The Expression Of – The Restoration Of The – Power And Income – Of – Capitalist Classes

~ TRPLOTFS ~ The Record Profitability Levels Of The Financial Sector

~ MSNBSA-MPA-ITDOT-COH-IN-T-MC-IPT-UF-AP-ITFOT-NST-EHR-A-WTGOEITRO-AO-IF-TION-WHBI-HNTNABSWTULOTSP-B-OAM ~ Mangers Should Not Be Seen As – Merely Passive Agents – In The Determination Of The – Course Of History – In Neoliberalism – The – Managerial Classes – In Particular Their – Upper Fractions – Actively Participated – In The Formation Of The – New Social Trends – Expecting High Remunerations – And – With The Goal Of Entering Into The Realm Of – Active Ownership – In Fact – The Imposition Of Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible – Had Not The New Alliance Been Struck Within The Upper Layers Of The Social Pyramid – Between – Ownership And Management

~ WT-PP-OTBO-WE-W-S-UWIS-DTND ~ While The – Purchasing Power – Of The Bulk Of – Wage Earners – Was – Stagnating – Upper Wages – Increased Sharply – During The Neoliberal Decades

~ B-CM-SO-AAA-IC-OT-MG ~ Besides – Corporate Managers – State Officials – Are Also An – Important Component – Of The – Managerial Classes

~ T-TON-O-ESI-WG-PLOTFOB-PTROW-ITOHI-A-SO ~ The – Tenants Of Neoliberalism – Oppose – Excessive State Intervention – Whenever Governments – Place Limits On The Freedom Of Business – Protect The Rights Of Workers – Imposes Taxes On High Incomes – And – So On

~ NRTSOT-SDC-NTSIG ~ Neoliberalism Rejected The State Of The – Social Democratic Compromise – Not The State In General

~ PH ~ Prevailing Hegemonies

~ TSWSFAMC ~ The Stage Was Set For A Major Collapse

~ ACBE-N-A-NG-DA-TSAFOT-FS ~ As Could Be Expected – Neoliberalism – And – Neoliberal Globalization – Deeply Altered – The Structure And Function Of The – Financial Sector

~ TIOTFS-IA-NASP ~ The – Indebtedness Of The Financial Sector – Is A – New And Spectacular Phenomenon

~ TMAEO-TH-CBCIAA-NA ~ The Multiplication And Expansion Of – Tax Havens – Can Be Clearly Interpreted As A – Neoliberal Accomplishment

~ AM ~ Asset Management

~ CT ~ Carry Trade

~ EC ~ Exchanging Currencies

~ AFAUS ~ A Fragile And Unwieldy Structure

~ TIOT-UIB-IDDT-ND-TROPASVOFCFSG ~ The Income Of The – Upper Income Brackets – Increased Dramatically During The – Neoliberal Decades – The Rise Of Profits And Stock Values Of Financial Corporations Fed Skyrocketing Gains

~ THONAICIOOSTBRATL-WCBDAT-‘DOPAF’-WTPOTFSRP?-OWGWTTGOTUWBITSB?-BADTD ~ The History Of Neoliberalism At Its Climax Is One Of Subtle Transition Between Reaching And Trespassing Limits – What Could Be Denoted As The – “Dialectics Of Performance And Fictitiousness” – Were The Profits Of The Financial Sector Real Profits? – On What Grounds Were The Tremendous Gains Of The Upper Wage Brackets In The Sector Based? – Boundaries Are Difficult To Draw

~ OSFOT-FS-I-TCOVHW ~ One Specific Feature Of The – Financial Sector – Is – The Concentration Of Very High Wages

~ P-IW-A-RFE ~ Practices – Impossible Within – A – Regulated Financial Economy

~ TFWOD-WAIFI-TCO-BAT-I-1980/1990

ITL190SAE1990S ~ The First Wave Of Deregulation – Was An Important Factor In – The Crisis Of – Banking And Thrift – Institutions – In – 1980/1990

~ SL-BEAAROTEO-UC-AOTC-HIR-O-B-W-HCR ~ Subprime Loans – Became Easier As A Result Of The Elimination Of – Usury Controls – Allowing Originators To Charge – Higher Interest Rates – On – Borrowers – With – Higher Credit Risks

~ NG-LTLPBTAOT-IMOC-WHBC-BR ~ Neoliberal Globalization – Lifted The Limits Placed By The Agreements On The – International Movements Of Capital – Which Had Been Considered – Basic Requirements

~ F-IT-F-GS ~ Fundamentals – In The – Financial-Global Storm

~ DA-A-GD ~ Declining Accumulation – And – Growing Disequilibria

~ TMTDW-T-RDI-A-T-ROFF ~ The Most Threatening Developments Were – The – Rising Domestic Indebtedness – And – The – Reliance On Foreign Financing

~ TSOQMBP:WIB?-A-FWP?-A-WIL-A-TWI? ~ Two Sets Of Questions Must Be Posed: Who Is Borrowing? – And – For What Purpose? – And – Who Is Lending – And – Through Which Instruments?

~ MW ~ Mortgage Wave

~ F-T-MW ~ Feeding – The – Mortgage Wave

~ T-LO-O-CDO-AP-SI ~ The – Late Outburst – Of – Collateralized Debt Obligations – A Prominent – Speculative Instrument

~ RI-V-FS ~ Real Incomes – Versus – Fictitious Surplus

~ NINAPOI-B-ASOAATPAIOTUC ~ Neoliberalism Is Not About Principles Or Ideology – But – A Social Order Aiming At The Power And Income Of The Upper Classes

~ IN-TS-AWIFOTUC ~ In Neoliberalism – The State – Always Worked In Favor Of The Upper Classes

~ TGC ~ The Great Contraction

~ GFT ~ Global Financial Turmoil

~ COFH ~ Crises Of Financial Hegemony

~ A-DD-T-RAC ~ A – Deficient Determination – To – Regulate And Control

~ TLF-TD-WF ~ The Lessons From – The Depression – Were Forgotten

~ A-FS-ITSO-TRE ~ A – Financial Sector – In The Service Of – The Real Economy

~ BN ~ Beyond Neoliberalism

~ IWBNT-PSL-O-TTOLFOITTUFOIB ~ It Will Be Necessary To – Place Severe Limitations – On – The Transfer Of Large Flows Of Income Toward The Upper Fractions Of Income Brackets

~ NC-AA-TMLOOTCON-FTCD ~ Neomanagerial Capitalism – Appears As – The Most Likely Outcome Of The Crisis Of Neoliberalism – For The Coming Decades

NICHOLAS CARR ~ UTOPIA IS CREEPY ~ 2016

~ TPFGOTH ~ Technological Paradise Forever Glittering On The Horizon

~ TIOTCNAAEOLIAIF ~ The Idea Of The Computer Network As An Engine Of Liberation Is An Innocent Fraud

~ TDOADAWU-TIHTMT-B-IHNTU ~ The Dreams Of A Digital Awakening Went Unfulfilled – The Internet Had Transformed Many Things – But – It Had Not Transformed Us

~ TCOTA ~ The Cult Of The Amateur

~ TPO-W2.0-VTA-A-DTP ~ The Promoters Of – Web 2.0 – Venerate The Amateur – And – Distrust The Professional

~ TPOF ~ The Price Of Free

~ LION-W2.0-L-W1.0-BI-I-A-IA-SOE-O-OAC-IDCWICAGOB-S-LDT-UR-A-STTAII-NAWWIWB ~ Like It Or Not – Web 2.0 – Like – Web 1.0 – Before It – Is – Amoral – It’s A – Set Of Economics – Of – Production And Consumption – It Doesn’t Care Whether Its Consequences Are Good Or Bad – So – Lets Ditch The – Utopian Rhetoric – And – See The Thing As It Is – Not As We Wish It Would Be

~ Q-T-SMO ~ Questioning – The – Social Media Orthodoxy

~ DS ~ Digital Sharecropping

~ DTEOWCORY-WTATBGEMC-WR-BC-IN-OC-B-T-EV-OTC ~ Despite The Explosion Of Web Content Over Recent Years – Web Traffic Appears To Be Growing Ever More Concentrated – What’s Really – Being Concentrated – Is Not – Online Content – But – The – Economic Value – Of That Content

~ T-S-OHIA-AE-WT-OOHIACE-T-AE-IJAMOC-CI-FT-CE-MSITW-FITP ~ The – Sharecroppers – Operate Happily In An – Attention Economy – While Their – Overseers Operate Happily In A Cash Economy – The – Attention Economy – Is Just A Means Of Creating – Cheap Inputs – For The – Cash Economy – Many Share In The Work – Few In The Profit

~ TGPO-SN-IT-IUNATGFTC ~ The Great Paradox Of – Social Networking – Is That – It Uses Narcissism As The Glue For The Community

~ ATPWTOMOTCOAS-WSRITSW-ALTWCBFFTAONKWTEBRAUL-ALTWCFSTHOT-EIIN ~ As The Physical World Takes On More Of The Characteristics Of A Simulation – We Seek Reality In The Simulated World – At Least There We Can Be Freed From The Anxiety Of Not Knowing Where The Edge Between Real And Unreal Lies – At Least There We Can Find Something To Hold On To – Even If It’s Nothing

~ GITC ~ Ghosts In The Code

~ GAAA ~ Go Ask Alice’s Avatar

~ IB-I-YW-R-H-TMAMS ~ I Bet – If – You Were – Really – Really – High – That Might Actually Make Sense

~ STNF? ~ Should The Net Forget?

~ TSOTIGMBBCV-TOGIT-KU-TTITDO-IL-B-TTIU-TS-TMSIEMIDOOLAD ~ The Strategy Of Today’s Internet Giants Might Best Be Called Vampiric – Their Overriding Goal Is To – Know Us – To Transfer Into Their Databases Our – Informational Life-Blood –Their Thirst Is Unquenchable – To Survive – They Must Suck In Ever More Intimate Details Of Our Lives And Desires

~ IANS:FYGYCTETPDTY-A-TY-NOSTDTA-B-YGTCTBTVFTA ~ It’s A Nifty System: First You Get Your Customers To Entrust Their Personal Data To You – And – Then You – Not Only Sell That Data To Advertisers – But – You Get The Customers To Be The Vector For The Ads

~ IYWTPAIBHI-YHTO:MMS-O-MPD ~ If You Want To Push Artificial Intelligence Beyond Human Intelligence – You Have Two Options: Make Machines Smarter – Or – Make People Dumber

~ RTVC ~ Raising The Virtual Child

~ GFOP-WCTT-ASA-PDSTCDA ~ Great Fans Of Progress – Will Change Their Tune – As Soon As – Progress Destroys Something They Care Deeply About

~ YNLNAC-TBA-CP ~ You No Longer Need A Couch – To Be A – Couch Potato

~ GTA ~ Grand Theft Attention

~ WSBSOAWDO-VGS-TATSALOTIFOACS-SO-A/M/ATM-TE-SIHTOF ~ We Should Be Skeptical Of Anyone Who Draws On – Video Game Studies – To Argue That Spending A Lot Of Time In Front Of A Computer Screen – Strengthens Our – Attentiveness / Memory / Ability To Multitask – The Evidence – Suggest It Has — The Opposite Effect

~ TDFPIS;VIS ~ The Desire For Privacy Is Strong; Vanity Is Stronger

~ I-AT-D ~ Innovation – Arcs Toward – Decadence

~ WKTCARS-WCSGB ~ We’ll Know That Computers Are Really Smart – When Computers Start Getting Bored

~ IIT-VON-MT-VON-T-TMI ~ It Is The – Vanity Of Neuroticism – More Than – The – Vanity Of Narcissism – That – The Mirror Incites

~ HIACSTHAIC-W-S-IICUTW-‘BS’-? ~ How Is A Computer Supposed To Have An Intelligent Conversation – With – Singularitarians – If It Can'[T Use The Word – “BullShit” – ?

~ UW ~ UnderWearables

~ J-HAB-A-B-P-OT-MIH-NIA ~ Jobs – Have Always Been – A By-Product – Of The – Market’s Invisible Hand – Not Its Aim

~ TLITSOAS-I-TBLTTW ~ To Look Into The Screen Of A Smartphone – Is – To Be Lost To The World

~ TIOICIA ~ The Illusion Of Involvement Conceals Its Absence

~ TGS-WWSLTCTP-NAO-A-B-AO-R-TWHN-A-Q ~ Things Get Sticky – When We Start Looking To Computers To Perform – Not As Our – Aides – But – As Our – Replacements – That’s What’s Happening Now – And – Quickly

~ T-ROAI-DLISDF-TAHN ~ The – Risks Of Artificial Intelligence – Don’t Lie In Some Dystopian Future – They Are Here Now

~ T-PD-HLAYWTWFTNNTTA?-HMESCYE ~ The – Patience Deficit – How Long Are You Willing To Wait For The Next New Thing To Arrive? – How Many Empty Seconds Can You Endure

~ WL-M-ETMCOU ~ We Live – Mythically – Even The Most Calculating Of Us

~ ITIOANTTDTIOTCTI ~ Increasing The Intelligence Of A Network Tends To Decrease The Intelligence Of Those Connected To It

~ SHST-R-TTMUALALME-ALMATTILOO ~ Studies Have Shown That – Reading – Tends To Make Us At Least A Little More Empathetic – A Little More Alert To The Inner Lives Of Others

~ T-GD-PBT-EOPP-ITIMLU-A-I-AAA-S-T-D-TCOP-TSIA-OAU ~ The – Greatest Danger – Posed By The – Erosion Of Personal Privacy – Is That It May Lead Us – As – Individuals – And As A – Society – To – Devalue – The Concept Of Privacy – To See It As – Outdated And Unimportant

~ W-CWIS-A-WI-A-WVA-D ~ We – Cherish What Is Scarce – And – What Is – Abundant – We View As – Disposable

~ T-V-OA-W-MAW-U-T-L-NOI-WIPFU-B-WIPU ~ The – Value – Of A – Well-Made And Well-Used – Tool – Lies – Not Only In – What It Produces For Us – But – What It Produces In Us

~ WWET-VW-WRTSMOOB-TDFU;IEU ~ When We Enter The – Virtual World – We’re Required To Shed Much Of Our Body – That Doesn’t Free Us; It Emaciates Us

~ T-BIT-AA-B-S-H-A-F-I-S-IAUT-FO-ATF-W-RUOR-FTF ~ The – Belief In Technology – As A – Benevolent – Self-Healing – Autonomous – Force – Is – Seductive – It Allows Us To – Feel Optimistic – About The Future – While – Relieving Us Of Responsibility – For That Future

~ GF ~ Grandiose Futurism

~ U-IAFO-S-D ~ Utopianism – Is A Form Of – Self-Delusion

~ WWRS-I-WRTCOII-DW-AT-FOI-A-I-TSUAFM ~ What We Risk Sacrificing – If – We Rush To Curtail Our Involvement In – Difficult Work – Are The – Flashes Of Insight – And – Inspiration – That Set Us Apart From Machines

~ LITC ~ Lost In The Cloud

~ A-WNTET-COO-CH-DEUITHOA-SGOCE-T-FOPNP ~ And – We’ll Need To Ensure That – Control Over Our – Cultural Heritage – Doesn’t End Up In The Hands Of A – Small Group Of Commercial Enterprises – That – Focus On Profit Not Posterity

EVGENY MOROZOV ~ THE NET DELUSION ~ 2011

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ CU:ANBITENOOCTROASRTAID ~ Cyber-Utopianism: A Naive Belief In The Emancipatory Nature Of Online Communication That Rests On A Stubborn Refusal To Acknowledge Its Downside

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ EL-‘FR’-HBTBOOT-TTC-A-ET-PC ~ Expressions Like – “Freedom Recession” – Have Begun To Break Out Of The – Think-Tank Circuit – And – Enter The – Public Conversation

~ FTA-H-AG-WRTTI-C-U-DNPHUIWPFPP-HMDWLTUIFS-A-HS-MSOIC-WB ~ Failing To Anticipate How – Authoritarian Governments – Would Respond To The Internet – Cyber-Utopians – Did Not Predict How Useful It Would Prove For Propaganda Purposes – How Masterfully Dictators Would Learn To Use It For Surveillance – And – How Sophisticated – Modern Systems Of Internet Censorship – Would Become

~ P-ITRTSTDOTNDE-C-U-EUBTROTI-RTSTIPARAWOPL-NJTOCTD ~ Paradoxically – In Their Refusal To See The Downside Of The New Digital Environment – Cyber-Utopians – Ended Up Belittling The Role Of The Internet – Refusing To See That It Penetrates And Reshaped All Walks Of Political Life – Not Just The Ones Conducive To Democratization

~ IMWIW-C-U-UR ~ I Myself Was Intoxicated With – Cyber-Utopianism – Until Recently

~ ATITOAEGRITPOBAADS-TPTFTC-A-SWWTIAWOG ~ As The Internet Takes On An Even Greater Role In The Politics Of Both Authoritarian And Democratic States – The Pressure To Forget The Context – And – Start With What The Internet Allows Will Only Grow

~ TSAAITIOABTFWAVIH-EITHAUTPWTLFG ~ The Struggle Agaisnt Authoritarianism Is Too Important Of A Battle To Fight With A Voluntary Intellectual Handicap – Even If That Handicap Allows Us To Play With The Latest Fancy Gadgets

~ TUCOAIR ~ The Unimaginable Consequences Of An Imagined Revolution

~ TBB-C-U-A-C-NIABO ~ The Border Between – Cyber-Utopianism – And – Cyber-Naivete – Is A Blurry One

~ TRWSMPAJBITPOTIIBTHNGTSMT ~ The Reason Why So Many Politicians And Journalists Believe In The Power Of The Internet Is Because They Have Not Given This Subject Much Thought

~ TIHAETSPTSAP-O-AMAR ~ The Internet Has Also Empowered: The Secret Police / The Censors / The Propaganda

~ RTATTWCAS-RTU-AR-I-EI ~ Refusing To Acknowledge That The Web Can Actually Strengthen – Rather Than Undermine – Authoritarian Regimes – Is – Extremely Irresponsible

~ MAR-HLTFIAEMBTAOI ~ Modern Authoritarian Regimes – Have Learned To Function In An Environment Marked By The Abundance Of Information

~ OD-A-T-CI ~ Online Discontents – And – Their – Content Intellectuals

~ CPTEICADIAMB-FMET-24/7P-TIHMTEEOTLUA-A-TLIAD-MA ~ Controlling People Through Entertainment Is Cheaper And Doesn’t Involve As Much Brutality – Far More Effective Than – 24/7 Policing – The Internet Has Made The Entertainment Experiences Of Those Living Under Authoritarianism – And – Those Living In A Democracy – Much Alike

~ ACTUSTAFOUV ~ A Call To Use Strategies That Are Free Of Utopian Visions

~ C-A-S ~ Censors – And – Sensibilities

~ UO-ILT-IAP ~ Unwarranted Optimism – Inevitably Leads To – Inaction And Paralysis

~ CS-AA-DAF-T-TTI-NOTU-A-T-BA-WEED ~ Censorship-Systems – Are As – Detailed And Fine-Tuned – To – The Information-Needs Of Their Users – As – The – Behavioral Advertising – We Encounter Every Day

~ TTU ~ Time To Unfriend

~ TBTTIITBTCIDN ~ The Belief That The Internet Is Too Big To Censor Is Dangerously Naive

~ WDC;WO! ~ We Don’t Censor; We Outsource!

~ WC-UC ~ Wise Crowds – Unwise Causes

~ METI-DNBI-DSFAG ~ Mere Exposure To Information – Does Not By Itself – Decrease Support For Authoritarian Governments

~ TH-THHBAMEWTETPTAS-TT-BDAI ~ Throughout History – There Has Hardly Been A More Effective Way To Ensure That People Talk About Something – Than To – Ban Discussions About It

~ MP-DNDBP-EP-TM/CG/BP-A-MR-RT ~ Modern Propaganda – Does Not Discriminate Between Platforms – Easily Penetrating – Text Messages / Computer Games / Blog Posts – And – Most Recently – Ringback Tones

~ TUO-TM-F-PP-‘RT’ ~ The Use Of – Text Messaging – For – Propaganda Purposes – “Red-Texting”

~ TIINGTUTPFOMA ~ The Internet Is Not Going To Undermine The Propaganda Foundations Of Modern Authoritarianism

~ TIROT-B-IDOTAOUNV ~ The Internet Runs On Trust –But – Its Dependence On Trust Also Opens Up Numerous Vulnerabilities

~ TWIYTMADTCOIC ~ The World Is Yet To Meet A Database That Cried Over Its Contents

~ SS-TC-AAACOWIS ~ Surveillance Software – That Can – Automatically Annotate And Comment On What It Sees

~ BTAO-SM-ITALOEF-RG-T-LATP-DAAW ~ Before The Advent Of – Social Media – It Took A Lot Of Effort For – Repressive Governments – To – Learn About The People – Dissidents Are Associated With

~ TC-DTCIWMOTUO-WSUTCOGTW ~ Technology Companies – Utterly Disregard The Contexts In Which Many Of Their Users Operate – While Significantly Underestimating The Consequences Of Getting Things Wrong

~ T-IV-O-SE-INLO-T-IG-C-AG ~ The – Intelligence Value – Of – Search Engines – Is Not Lost On – The – Internet Gurus – Consulting – Authoritarian Governments

~ FAF-ACSDM-N-WTFIPE ~ First And Foremost – Authorities Can Shut Down Mobile-Networks – Whenever They Find It Politically Expedient

~ NOHY-TAAG-B-ATPOAC-A-CJATG ~ No One Has Yet – Toppled An Authoritarian Government – By – Assuming The Posture Of A Clown – And – Cracking Jokes About The Guillotine

~ P-H-N-ACBTUO-SN-A-N ~ Psychologists – Have – Noticed – A Correlation Between The Use Of – Social Networking – And – Narcissism

~ DWD ~ Dissidents Without Dissent

~ MO-DA-IMB-CI-WOO-KP ~ Much Of – Digital Activism – Is Mediated By – Commercial Intermediaries – Who Operate On – Kafkaesque Principles

~ DI ~ Dangerous Intermediaries

~ ‘IS’TIT-G-H-LC-OT-NAA-O-TWMTIM ~ “Information Sovereignty” – The Idea That – Governments – Have – Legitimate Concerns – Over The – Nationalities And Allegiances – Of – Those Who Mediate Their Information Markets

~ IF-A-TC ~ Internet Freedoms – And – Their Consequences

~ TOTWAAASIAFO ~ The Only Thing Worse Than An Authoritarian State Is A Failed One

~ NMT-PVAACA-FRC ~ Nothing More Than – Poorly Veiled Attempts At Creating A – Favorable Regulatory Climate

~ A-UT-ITHO-OP-I-ARFD ~ An – Unruly Tool – In The Hands Of – Overconfident People – Is – A Recipe For Disaster

~ H-C-W-SOL-P-EP-TWMUPAOHESTRA ~ Hidden-Costs – Will – Sooner Or Later – Produce – Environmental Problems – That Will Make Us Painfully Aware Of How Expensive Such Technologies Really Are

~ TFTWCYCATCOAGT-F/M/E-DNMTICF ~ The Fact That We Cannot Yet Calculate All The Costs Of A Given Technology – Financial / Moral / Environmental – Does Not Mean That It Comes Free

~ J-AOP-B-CT-TIWSIHA-I-ETKOCTSBST-MAP-NJ-T-S ~ Justifying – Assault On Privacy – By – Clamming That – This Is Where Society Is Heading Anyway – Is – Exactly The Kind Of Claim That Should Be Subject To – Moral And Political – Not Just – Technological – Scrutiny

~ WI-MD-A-ST-TD-ITIHOAO-TS-A-TP ~ What Is – Most Dangerous – About – Succumbing To – Technological Determinism – Is That It Hinders Our Awareness Of – The Social – And – The Political

~ TMWLA-T-TLIMSTFOIA-IIFOF ~ The More We Learn About – Technology – The Less It Makes Sense To Focus On It Alone – In Isolation From Other Factors

~ UNC-SWBGT-AFPOE ~ Under No Circumstances – Should We Be Giving Technologies – A Free Pass On Ethics

~ TWF ~ The Wicked Fix

~ E-WP-CBCASO-AH-LP-AT-SBTOTHPL ~ Every – Wicked Problem – Can Be Considered A Symptom Of – Another Higher-Level Problem – And Thus – Should Be Tackled On The Highest Possible Level

~ TUIOTMW-WIMDOTTE-IT-ATBEMII-P-A-S-L-LALAIP-TSAP-DOTI ~ The Ultimate Irony Of The Modern World – Which Is More Dependent On Technology Than Ever – Is That – As Technology Becomes Ever More Integrated Into – Political – And – Social – Life – Less And Less Attention Is Paid – To The – Social And Political – Dimensions Of Technology Itself