HANNAH ARENDT ~ THE ORIGINS OF TOTALITARIANISM ~ 1950

~ AFTE-I-AIACT-TUOTM-ATMO-CWTM

~ Attraction For The Elite – Is – As Important A Clue To – The Understanding Of Totalitarian Movements – As The More Obvious – Connection With The Mob

~ NPETE-T-T-PAPM-O-PWTONBSTPL ~ Nothing Proved Easier To Destroy – Than – The – Privacy And Private Morality – Of – People Who Thought Of Nothing But Safeguarding Their Private Lives

~ TIP-I-RAF-RT-ROTS-W-TCAFWLO-IAC-ISTBGOT-L ~ Totalitarianism In Power – Invariably – Replaces All First-Rate Talents – Regardless Of Their Sympathies – With – Those Crackpots And Fools Whose Lack Of – Intelligence And Creativity – Is Still The Best Guarantee Of Their – Loyalty

~ OTMATECBABTMOTI-TMHTBWBP ~ Only The Mob And The Elite Can Be Attracted By The Momentum Of Totalitarianism Itself – The Masses Have To Be Won By Propaganda

~ TCQOAMLHB-UI-NAAE ~ The Chief Qualification Of A Mass Leader Has Become – Unending Infallibility – Never Admit An Error

~ TPEOI-TSSOPAAMIAO-PF-THOA-PIITFOP ~ The Propaganda Effect Of Infallibility – The Striking Success Of Posing As A Mere Interpreting Agent Of – Predictable Forces – The Habit Of Announcing – Political Intentions In The Form Of Prophecy

~ WCMAN-F-A-NE-IF-B-O-TCOTSOWTAPP ~ What Convinces Masses Are Not – Facts – And – Not Even – Invented Facts – But – Only – The Consistency Of The System Of Which They Are Presumably Part

~ FTO-STTM-WAMO-NAR-T-FTMATTCOTOW-AMSI-DTOWATTCOTM ~ Fellow-Traveller Organizations – Surround The Totalitarian Movements – With A Mist Of – Normality And Respectability – That – Fools The Membership About The True Character Of The Outside World – As Much As It – Does The Outside World About The True Character Of The Movement

~ IIBOT-EA-BTFO-A-SS-OC-AO-T-SP-OTCI-T-TR-BOAFO-GC-A-AA-GR-ECAPITHOTP ~ It Is Because Of The – Essential Affinity – Between The Functioning Of – A – Secret Society – Of Conspirators – And Of – The – Secret Police – Organized To Combat It – That – Totalitarian Regimes – Based On A Fiction Of – Global Conspiracy – And – Aiming At – Global Rule – Eventually Concentrate All Power In The Hands Of The Police

~ IITFFTCOTOIWCTHROTTH ~ It Is This Freedom From The Content Of Their Own Ideologies Which Characterizes The Highest Rank Of The Totalitarian Hierarchy

~ MOTEOTNWIIDDWTG-CCBTT-AEAACSWSPTHLIGOR ~ Many Of The Errors Of The Nontotalitarian World In Its Diplomatic Dealings With Totalitarian Government – Can Clearly Be Traced To – An Experience And A Common Sense Which Suddenly Proved To Have Lost Its Grasp On Reality

~ T-CAEC-O-TR-SA-TLIWTFBOTTEIPIBV ~ The – Concentration And Extermination Camps – Of – Totalitarian Regimes – Serve As – The Laboratories In Which The Fundamental Belief Of Totalitarianism That Everything Is Possible Is Being Verified

~ ‘PC’ ~ “Proctective Custody”

~’EIP’-‘EIP ‘~ “Everything Is Permitted” – “Everything Is Possible”

~ WMHTCO-M-WWACWT-MPOC?

~ What Meaning Has The Concept Of – Murder – When We Are Confronted With The – Mass Production Of Corpses?

~ TPCBDEWTDOTP ~ The Psyche Can Be Destroyed Even Without The Destruction Of The Physical

~ TANPT-LITCC-IHCNBFEBTIFTVRTISOO-LAD-ICNBFR-FTVRT-TSRTTWOTL-WMII-T-BF-IH[/H]OE-IIAT-ASTTOAP-FTSOTIITWOTL-WNISTKITAAOD-IST-IIATTHNBB ~ There Are No Parallels To – Life In The Concentration Camps – Its Horror Can Never Be Fully Embraced By The Imagination For The Very Reason That It Stands Outside Of – Life And Death – It Can Never Be Fully Reported – For The Very Reason That – The Survivor Returns To The World Of The Living – Which Makes It Impossible – To – Believe Fully – In His[/Her] Own Experiences – It Is As Though – A Story To Tell Of Another Planet – For The Status Of The Inmates In The World Of The Living – Where Nobody Is Supposed To Know If They Are Alive Or Dead – Is Such That – It Is As Though They Had Never Been Born

~ TCCAAI-WNEFTSOAPLY-TOPEFOTCHBTFOTOSA-CCEMFTOS-AWTHBPCHBD-MBAMC-UDC-T-IOTH-ICBUWT-EU-TAO-MAU-CBAALOP-IT-RIC-WHAFO-CC-F-TEOTW ~ The Concentration Camp As An Institution – Was Not Established For The Sake Of Any Possible Labor Yield – The Only Permanent Economic Function Of The Camps Has Been The Financing Of Their Own Supervisory Apparatus – Concentration Camps Exist Mostly For Their Own Sake – Any Work That Has Been Performed Could Have Been Done – Much Better And More Cheaply – Under Different Conditions – The – Incredibility Of The Horrors – Is Closely Bound Up With Their – Economic Uselessness – This Atmosphere Of – Madness And Unreality – Created By An Apparent Lack Of Purpose – Is The – Real Iron Curtain – Which Hides All Forms Of – Concentration Camps – From – The Eyes Of The World

~ T-GITC-EAATT-AOU-STTOTPT ~ The – Guards In The Camps – Embraced An Attitude Toward The – Atmosphere Of Unreality – Similar To That Of The Prisoners Themselves

~ L-IA-CC-S-A-D-O-P-O-D ~ Life – In A – Concentration Camp – Simply – A – Dragged-Out – Process – Of – Dying

~ WCMTPHC-IOT-SSI?-TAIOTV:NMEDT-T-GH-WW-C-CV-WC-ITPTS:’P’-C-W-E-JAI-B-IOA ~ What Crime Must These People Have Committed – In Order To – Suffer So Inhumanely? – The Absolute Innocence Of The Victims: No Man Ever Deserved This – The – Grotesque Haphazardness – With Which – Concentration-Camp Victims – Were Chosen – In The Perfected Terror State: “Punishment” – Can – With – Equal – Justice And Injustice – Be – Inflicted On Anyone

~ T-I-MMOC-IPBT-HAPI-POLC ~ The – Insane – Mass Manufacture Of Corpses – Is Preceded By The – Historically And Politically Intelligible – Preparation Of Living Corpses

~ CWTCHWWTIAS-A-TC-MIT-B-UFTSOO-IWTAUDOTA ~ Contrasting With The Complete Haphazardness With Which The Inmates Are Selected – Are – The Categories – Meaningless In Themselves – But – Useful From The Standpoint Of Organization – Into Which They Are Usually Divided On Their Arrival

~ MCOI ~ Meaningless Categories Of Inmates

~ WCC-WT-UF-TI-A-T-VW-DT-TOITD-ATSCNI-N-M

~ Without Concentration Camps – Without The – Undefined Fear – They Inspire – And – The – Very Well-Defined Training – They Offer In Totalitarian Domination – A Totalitarian State Can Neither – Inspire – Nor – Maintain

~ UN-T-TB-T-EIP-STHPOT-ECBD ~ Until Now The – Totalitarian Belief – That – Everything Is Possible – Seems To Have Proved Only That – Everything Can Be Destroyed

~ TDOT-CF-A-HOO-IT-TPACRS-TS-WWCUWISITA-P-S-O-E-M ~ The Danger Of The – Corpse Factories – And – Holes Of Oblivion – Is That – Today – People Are Continuously Rendered Superfluous – Totalitarian Solutions – Which Will Come Up Whenever It Seems Impossible To Alleviate – Political – Social – Or – Economic – Misery

! TL-DL-A-PTETDRO-JOE-E-TLO-H-O-ON-WTIISO-RAW–F-IB ~ Totalitarian Lawfulness – Defying Legality – And – Pretending To Establish The Direct Reign Of – Justice On Earth – Executes – The Law Of – History – Or – Of Nature – Without Translating It Into Standards Of – Right And Wrong – For – Individual Behavior

~ TAO-TE-HNBT-IC-B-T-DTCTFA ~ The Aim Of – Totalitarian Education – Has Never Been To – Install Convictions – But – To – Destroy The Capacity To Form Any

~ E/V-TPMDTTW-T-E-T-MBS-WTRNTGTBOIS-IAPTF-EWFTROEATROV ~ Executioners / Victims – The Process May Decide That Those Who – Today – Eliminate – Tomorrow – Must Be Sacrificed – What Totalitarian Rule Needs To Guide The Behavior Of Its Subjects – Is A Preparation To Fit – Equally Well For The Role Of Executioner And The Role Of Victim

~ I-I-W-TTSOTA-CE-EAEO-B-DIFASP-A-AVRP ~ Ideologies – Isms – Which – To The Satisfaction Of Their Adherents – Can Explain – Everything And Every Occurrence – By – Deducing It From A Single Premise – Are – A Very Recent Phenomenon

~ T-ISOTR-IN-TC-B-P-FW-TDB-FAF-(TROE)-A-TDB-TAF-(TSOT)-NLE ~ The – Ideal Subject Of Totalitarian Rule – Is Not – The Convinced – But – People – For Whom – The Distinction Between – Fact And Fiction – (The Reality Of Experience) – And – The Distinction Between – True And False – (The Standards Of Thought) – No Longer Exist

~ EEIHNCANB ~ Every End In History Necessarily Contains A New Beginning

CHIP HEATH + DAN HEATH ~ THE POWER OF MOMENTS ~ 2017

~ DM-ME-TSOIOM-MOTOAGDTC-MOODMJHTU-DM-SOL-B-WDHTWFTTH-WCBTAOT ~ Defining Moments – Meaningful Experiences – That Stand Out In Our Memory – Many Of Them Owe A Great Deal To Chance – Most Of Our Defining Moments Just Happen To Us – Defining Moments – Shape Our Lives – But – We Don’t Have To Wait For Them To Happen – We Can Be The Authors Of Them

~ OLAMIM ~ Our Lives Are Measured In Moments

~ IRAE-WIMOWHAFIO-AFPM-TKM-TBOWM-KAT-‘P’-A-T-E-BM-T-TWIPTTA-T-WEB-EAB ~ In Recalling An Experience – We Ignore Most Of What Happened And Focus Instead On – A Few Particular Moments – Two Key Moments – The Best Or Worst Moment – Known As The – “Peak” – And – The – Ending – Beginnings Matter – Too – That’s Why It’s Preferable To Talk About – Transitions – Which Encompass Both – Endings And Beginnings

~ WWAOE-WD-AOM-B-MS-R-WTTRFM:TP/TP/TT ~ When We Assess Our Experiences – We Don’t – Average Our Minute-By-Minute Sensations – Rather – We Tend To Remember Flagship Moments: The Peaks / The Pits / The Transitions

~ DM-ACF-OOM-OTFFE:E-ATE;I-ROUOOOTW;RS-TMIOL;P-CUAOB;C-WSTWO ~ Defining Moments – Are Created From – One Or More – Of The Following Four Elements: Elevation – Above The Everyday; Insight – Rewire Our Understanding Of Ourselves Or The World – Realize Something – That Might Influence Our Lives; Pride – Capture Us At Our Best; Connection – We Share Them With Others

~ MM-A-WAOWMWWLTTC! ~ Moments Matter – And – What An Opportunity We Miss When We Leave Them To Chance!

~ TLOAPTA-EFD-I-M-B-WA-WO-T-MANTMFIAA ~ The Lack Of Attention Paid To An – Employee’s First Day – Is – Mind-Boggling – What A – Wasted Opportunity – To – Make A New Team Member Feel Included And Appreciated

~ WMUWSMAN-WMLT-TIM-TSTOTAWOI-‘M-S’ ~ We Must Understand When Special Moments Are Needed – We Must Learn To – Think In Moments – To Spot The Occasions That Are Worthy Of Investment – “Moment-Spotting”

~ MAWWRAWWC ~ Moments Are What We Remember And What We Cherish

~ T-L-M-A-P-A-NDM ~ Transitions – Like – Milestones – And – Pits – Are – Natural Defining Moments

~ P-CSBFI-P ~ Pits – Can Sometimes Be Flipped Into – Peaks

~ B-AYMOT-O-S/C-O-C-ACT?-AY-TIM? ~ But – Are You Missing Opportunities To – Offer – Support / Congratulations – Or – Counsel – At Critical Times? – Are You – Thinking In Moments?

~ ‘FDE’ ~ “First Day Experience”

~ T-AONOP-IPGIO-W-RR-TTGTDFPTB ~ The – Absence Or Neglect Of Peaks – Is Particularly Glaring In Organizations – Where – Relentless Routines – Tend To Grind Them Down From Peaks To Bumps

~ T-CF-YN-T-R-A-TRW ~ To – Create Fans – You Need – The – Remarkable – And – That Requires Peaks

~ A-P-M-SSIH-ISLD ~ A – Peak – Means – Something Special Is Happening – It Should Look Different

~ OSD-TGWY-TTO-I-IPFTNTPOTC ~ One Simple Diagnostic – To Gauge Whether You’ve – Transcended The Ordinary – Is – If People Feel The Need To Pull Out Their Cameras

~ BTS-DPEOHAEWU-SS ~ Breaking The Script – Defying People’s Expectations Of How An Experience Will Unfold – Strategic Surprise

~ SIASBM ~ Some Insights Are Small But Meaningful

~ T-‘A’-M-SAHITMOT-A ~ The – “Aha!” – Moment – Should Always Happen In The Minds Of The – Audience

~ YCATSUYATP ~ You Can’t Appreciate The Solution Until You Appreciate The Problem

~ TPO-S-IN-S-I-L-I-S-I-TPMO-S-I-WNT-S-POINSTEUTTROF ~ The Promise Of – Stretching – Is Not – Success – It’s – Learning – It’s – Self-Insight – To Produce Moments Of – Self-Insight – We Need To – Stretch – Placing Ourselves In New Situations That Expose Us To The Risk Of Failure

~ M-CHUSFTWTWC ~ Mentors – Can Help Us Stretch Further Than We Thought We Could

~ W-RIAUE-INA-UP ~ While – Recognition Is A Universal Expectation – It’s Not A – Universal Practice

~ TSINI-WII-A:BPNP ~ The Style Is Not Important – What’s Important Is – Authenticity: Being Personal Not Programmatic

~ EG-PTROTP-OC-B-ICAHABE-ETSOTGP ~ Expressing Gratitude – Pleases The Recipient Of The Praise – Of Course – But – It Can Also Have A Boomerang Effect – Elevating The Spirits Of The Grateful Person

~ ASITYALR-TDFO-R ~ A Small Investment That Yields A Large Reward – The Defining Feature Of – Recognition

~ TDTHMEACFPOE-B-WNSWJO-FL-B-MM-WTA-L-A-R-IOW-MI-‘FL’-AWPTEO-WEABOPAWAAJOETCTTNO ~ The Desire To Hit Milestones Elicits A Concerted Final Push Of Effort – But – We’re Not Stuck With Just One – Finish Line – By – Multiplying Milestones – We Transform A – Long – Amorphous – Race – Into One With – Many Intermediate – “Finish Lines” – As We Push Through Each One – We Experience A Burst Of Pride As Well As A Jolt Of Energy To Charge Toward The Next One

~ ‘GAGP’-ET ~ “Gradual And Graduated Practice” – Exposure Therapy

~ MF-IACPO-C ~ Managing Fear – Is A Critical Part Of – Courage

~ WPM-AMC:I-X-H-T-I-WD-Y-II-TIPIPAR ~ When People Make – Advance Mental Commitments: If – X – Happens – Then – I – Will Do – Y – Implementation Intentions – There Is Power In Preloading A Response

~ B-POKWTRTTDI-THPIAOTJ ~ But – People Often Know What The Right Thing To Do Is – The Hard Part Is Acting On That Judgment

~ B-TS-TLT-UB-A-P ~ Because – The Situations – That Lead To – Unethical Behavior – Are – Predictable

~ BLOA-P-G-T-DU-WLTA ~ Blurry Lines Of Accountability – Plus – Get-Things-Done Urgency – Will Lead To Accidents

~ AL-B/B/S-TRIA-PE-WILTA-TANA-TAP-TCBFAF ~ A Leader’s – Bias / Bigotry / Sexism – Taking Root In A – Permissive Environment – Will Inevitably Lead To Abuse – These Are Not Anomalies – They Are Probabilities – They Can Be Foreseen And Fought

~ ACFO-PC-T-I-MSTPRC! ~ A Crucial Feature Of – Practicing Courage – Then – Is – Making Sure The Practice Requires Courage!

~ PQTATCCOMIATM ~ Practice Quiets The Anxiety That Can Cloud Our Mind In A Tough Moment

~ OAOCSA ~ One Act Of Courage Supports Another

~ ONIIT-CTTMO-TGNIT-IEOPIBETDTM-WAE-WNAA ~ Our Natural Instinct Is To – Cave To The Majority Opinion – The Good News Is That – If Even One Person Is Brave Enough To Defy The Majority – We Are Emboldened – We’re Not Alone Anymore

~ CIC ~ Courage Is Contagious

~ IIHTBC-B-IEWYP-A-WYSU-OWJY ~ It Is Hard To Be Courageous – But – It’s Easier When You’ve Practiced – And – When You Stand Up – Others Will Join You

~ YMOC-MB-ADMFSE ~ Your Moment Of Courage – Might Be – A Defining Moment For Someone Else

~ TPOO-TAIISR ~ The Presence Of Others – Turns Abstract Ideas Into Social Reality

~ PW-CTS-I-TWMSTT-THSAICIO-A-ITCTPON ~ People Will – Choose To Struggle – If – The Work Means Something To Them – They Have Some Autonomy In Carrying It Out – And – It’s Their Choice To Participate Or Not

~ IYWTBPOAGTBLC-TOARDTTDM-AOYWRIFTROYL ~ If You Want To Be Part Of A Group That Bonds Like Cement – Take On A Really Demanding Task That’s Deeply Meaningful – All Of You Will Remember It For The Rest Of Your Lives

~ PII-PISPCS ~ Passion Is Individualistic – Purpose Is Something People Can Share

~ P-I-D-I-C ~ Purpose – Isn’t – Discovered – It’s – Cultivated

~ WTRKO-M-R-CCIAI ~ With The Right Kind Of – Moment – Relationships – Can Change In An Instant

~ IWWM-MOC-WNTB-MRTO ~ If We Want More – Moments Of Connection – We Need To Be – More Responsive To Others

~ IA ~ Interpersonal Alchemy

~ GBWTST-PWWASW-ITC-TGA-TMIM ~ Groups Bond When They Struggle Together – People Will Welcome A Struggle When – It’s Their Choice / They’re Given Autonomy / The Mission Is Meaningful

~ TPOSG ~ The Power Of Simple Gestures

~ TMPMAOTOTCTL ~ The Most Precious Moments Are Often The Ones That Cost The Least

~ WCBT-DOM-TD-E/I/P/C ~ We Can Be The – Designers Of Moments – That Deliver – Elevation / Insight / Pride / Connection

THOMAS FRANK ~ THE PEOPLE, NO ~ 2020

~ FTVB-P-HTM-TWPAIPUI-MAMIW-OC-D-DER-A-TWPAIECI-ADMO-GR-IW-DLTD ~ From The Very Beginning – Populism – Had Two Meanings – There Was Populism As Its Proponents Understood It – Meaning A Movement In Which – Ordinary Citizens – Demanded – Democratic Economic Reforms – And – There Was Populism As Its Enemies Characterized It – A Dangerous Movement Of – Groundless Resentment – In Which – Demagogues Led The Disreputable

~ TIO – WP-CTA-EP-LO;YMSICOOTMSO-DT ~ The Idea Of – Working People – Coming Together Against – Economic Privilege – Lives On; You Might Say It Constitutes One Of The Main Streams Of – Democratic Tradition

~ A-P-‘ETOD’-HT-PP-SBMBA-‘COE’-RTBT-EAD-P-IR-MPM-A-OOI-MP-IA-AMFAR ~ Anti-Populism – “Elitist Theory Of Democracy” – Holds That – Public Policy – Should Be Made By A – “Consensus Of Elites” – Rather Than By The – Emotional And Deluded – People – It Regards – Mass Protest Movements – As – Outbreaks Of Irrationality – Marginalized People – It Assumes – Are Marginalized For A Reason

~ T-O-O-F-TT-PPC-FQFIRITPA-UINI-W-A-PHOTMTEFORY-D/FC/OE-TAADTA-IOU-ENOCHPHFOMMS ~ The – Obvious – Objective – Fact – That The – Professional Political Class – Fails Quite Frequently Is Regarded In This Philosophy As – Uninteresting If Not Impossible – When Anti-Populists Have Occasion To Mention The Elite Failures Of Recent Years – Deindustrialization / Financial Crisis / Opioid Epidemic – They Almost Always Dismiss Them As – Inevitable Or Unpredictable – Episodes No One Could Have Possibly Have Foreseen Or Managed More Successfully

~ OTSO-EF-TINIPOIATIWP-NIAATDWEKB-ITCIB-ATPOF-O-DTPDMBRI-A-PWCTLET ~ On The Subject Of – Elite Failure – There Is No International Program Of Inquiry As There Is With Populism – No Incentives At All To Discover Why Experts Keep Blundering – If The Choice Is Between – Admitting That Professionals Often Fail – Or – Determining That Popular Democracy Must Be Reined In – Anti-Populists Will Choose The Latter Every Time

~ SPHTP-TF-MAWOSCR-HFOTBEWNTNOOT ~ Something Profound Had Taken Place – The Farmers – Men And Women Of Society’s Commonest Rank – Had Figured Out That Being Exploited Was Not The Natural Order Of Things

~ A-P-ASA-ATFJ-UP ~ Anti-Populism – Always Serves As – A Tool For Justifying – Unaccountable Power

~ TRPWP-WAGP-W-T-OPHCTUTIATWAWNAUTK ~ The Real Problem With Populism – With All Genuine Populisms – Was – That – Ordinary People Had Come To Understand Their Interests All Too Well And Were Now Acting Upon That Knowledge

~ TATC-TPP:YMEBRB-G/E-E-OB-R/A-D-BTTINMGANPA ~ Those Are The Choices – The Punditburo Proclaims: You Must Either Be Ruled By – Gracious / Enlightened – Experts – Or By – Racist / Authoritarian – Dunces – Between Them There Is No Middle Ground And No Possible Alternative

~ ‘P’-WAWUTE-THOSHCATLCTPWTDNB ~ “Populism” – Was A Word Used To Express – The Horror Of Seeing Hierarchies Collapse And The Lowly Clamber To Places Where They Do Not Belong

~ A-P-IAA-TPLIOTW;TCATH-BRTWTTDO-GAJAT-AWTD ~ Anti-Populism – Is Always About – The Powerful Lording It Over The Weak; The Credentialed And The High-Born Reminding The World That The Definitions Of – Goodness And Justice And Truth – Are Whatever They Determine

~ P-INAAW-M-A-PT-HITB ~ Populism – Is Not At All What – Modern – Anti-Populist Theory – Holds It To Be

~ TP-TA-PM-W-ED ~ The Problem – The Anti-Populists Maintained – Was – Excessive Democracy

~ BTSCOI-ATU-SOE-LTTSI:YMNCOOSE-TWMLTPABSWTL ~ Both The – Sunny Credo Of Individualism – And The Ugly – Science Of Eugenics – Led To The Same Imperative: You Must Not Challenge Or Overthrow Society’s Elites – The Weak Must Learn Their Place And Be Satisfied With Their Lot

~ TSTHPFTLFD-TPIITCB-TCOROBOTOS-A-TCOEPEBOTO ~ The System That Has Prevailed For The Last Few Decades – The Public Is Invited To Choose Between – The Candidate Of Resentful Oil Billionaires On The One Side – And – The Candidate Of Enlightened Private-Equity Billionaires On The Other

~ OE-HLTWIT-GD-OE-WNHPTMTGUOOI ~ Orthodox Economics – Had Led The World Into The – Great Depression – Orthodox Economics – Would Never Have Permitted The Measures That Got Us Out Of It

~ A-PWTUBANE-LBAHOTA-PU-TGTA-PI-TLOT-A-BIIAF-BSO-B-I-I-ICTSTSFAA-RTPOTP-BN-A-PDIWBMO-PAST-‘P’-BTPTFTOOT-IWTSBOHA-THBLAR-PRTEOTE ~ Anti-Populism Was Taken Up By A New Elite – Led By A Handful Of Thinkers At – Prestigious Universities – This Group Translated Anti-Populism Into – The Language Of Theory – And – Built It Into A Full-Blown System Of – Big – Intimidating – Ideas – It Continued To Serve The Same Function As Always – Rationalizing The Power Of The Powerful – But Now – Anti-Populism Did Its Work By Means Of – Psychology And Social Theory – “Populism” – Became Their – Pet Term – For – The Opposite Of Themselves – It Was The Same – Bill Of Hysterical Accusations – That Had Been Leveled At Reformers – Populism Represented The Denial Of Their Expertise

~ EWITBT-EAOI-MMOWPWD ~ Everyone Wanted It To Be True – Everyone Agreed On It – Mass Movements Of Working People Were Dangerous

~ TI-‘SA’-ATSO-MPM-AAATRTDTAI-SESS-B-ITOTBCA-ALTC(OH)CA-TAAG-IOTDI-DTDA-‘SA’-CCTDTRO-EH-A ~ To Identify – “Status Anxiety” – As The Source Of – Mass Protest Movements – And Also As The Reason To Dismiss Them As Irrational – Sounded Ever So Scientific – But – It Turned Out To Be Completely Arbitrary – A Label The Critic (Or Historian) Could Affix – To Almost Any Group – In Order To Disparage It – Dismissing Their Discontent As –”Status Anxiety” – Comes Close To Denying The Reality Of – Economic Hardship – Altogether

~ T-P-ITNWGT-MM-TA-BAI-TCSOREE-TSEA:TBOOP/TFOPM/TWOE ~ Today – Populism – Is The Name We Give To – Mass Movements – That Are – Bigoted And Irrational – The Common Sense Of Ruling Elites Everywhere – The Same Eternal Archetype: The Bigotry Of Ordinary People / The Folly Of Protest Movements / The Wisdom Of Elites

~ PAS-BAR-#1SH;PAMEDFSITS-‘P’-NW-A-S/U-P ~ Populism As Style – Became A Runaway #1 Smash Hit; Populism As Multiracial Economic Democracy Faded Slowly Into The Sunset – “Populism” – Now Meaning – A – Sunny / Upbeat – Peopleism

~ TPR-ITAKOHBTCYAPWCDOWAIA-TL-ITIP-TWHCTMN ~ The Pseudopopulist Revolution – It Takes A Kind Of Hallucinatory Bravado To Call Yourself A Populist While Cracking Down On Workers And Ignoring Anti-Trust Laws – If This Is Populism – The Word Has Truly Come To Mean Nothing

~ WTRCMCTR-IAT-GT-O-DS-VBEEEANEA ~ Why The Ruling Class Must Continue To Rule – Is Always The – Great Theme – Of – Democracy Scares – Voiced By Eminent Economist And Newspaper Editor Alike

~ AGPM-HAT-BWPT-ABO-R/R/E-IOT-RC ~ All Genuine Populist Movements – Have Aimed To – Bring Working People Together – Across Barriers Of – Race / Religion / Ethnicity – In Order To – Reform Capitalism

~ WA-HOP-ISBA-LFC-TRA-~ When A – History Of Protest – Is Sponsored By A – Luxury Fashion Company – The Results Are – – Overdetermined

~ TMOA-PITSAE:TLO-II-ADB-I/B/A/H-DIAPBIGSPAV ~ The Message Of Anti-Populism Is The Same As Ever: The Lower Orders – It Insists – Are Driven By – Irrationality / Bigotry / Authoritarianism / Hate – Democracy Is A Problem Because It Gives Such People A Voice

~ P-WAI-RO-A-P-IAAD-IHFHRIN-IVOTCGIB ~ Populism – Was And Is – Relentlessly Optimistic – Anti-Populism – Is All About Despair – Its Hope For Human Redemption Is Nil – It’s Vision Of The Common Good Is Bleak

~ TDF-ED-IHYBAMMO-OP-AAMMO-OP-IT-IHYA-ED ~ The Demand For – Economic Democracy – Is How You Build A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – And A Mass Movement Of – Ordinary People – In Turn – Is How You Achieve – Economic Democracy

ROBERT PUTNAM ~ BOWLING ALONE ~ 2000

~ PC-RT-PO ~ Physical Capital – Refers To – Physical Objects

~ HC-RT-POI ~ Human Capital – Refers To – Properties Of Individuals

~ SC-RT-CAI-SN-A-TNO-RAT-TAFT ~ Social Capital – Refers To – Connections Among Individuals – Social Networks – And – The Norms Of – Reciprocity And Trustworthiness – That Arise From Them

~ ASCBGRIMETADS-FTSRTMIMETB-IWDHTBEEI-WCGALMA ~ A Society Characterized By Generalized Reciprocity Is More Efficient Than A Distrustful Society – For The Same Reason That Money Is More Efficient Than Barter – If We Don’t Have To Balance Every Exchange Instantly – We Can Get A Lot More Accomplished

~ TLSL ~ Trustworthiness Lubricates Social Life

~ CE-A-SC-E-MO-A-RFA ~ Civic Engagement – And – Social Capital – Entail – Mutual Obligation – And – Responsibility For Action

~ S-‘SC’-LICC-‘C’-S-WAC-H-NATANOR-AGGFTITN-B-TEEOSCABNMAP ~ Sometimes – “Social Capital” – Like Its Conceptual Cousin – “Community” – Sounds – Warm And Cuddly – However – Networks And The Associated Norms Of Reciprocity – Are Generally Good For Those Inside The Network – But – The External Effects Of Social Capital Are By No Means Always Positive

~ DEP-ISTMVSOABDFCL ~ Declining Electoral Participation – Is Simply The Most Visible Symptoms Of A Broader Disengagement From Community Life

~ TMDTFOI-TGTD ~ The More Demanding The Form Of Involvement – The Greater The Decline

~ TW-INTSFOFCS ~ The Workplace – Is Not The Salvation For Our Fraying Civil Society

~ PWHRHATMLTHO-ST-SAOKHARE ~ People Who Have Received Help Are Themselves More Likely To Help Others – So That – Simple Acts Of Kindness Have A Ripple Effect

~ TTOSCITPO-GR-IDTFYN-WEAIIR-APWEKY-CF-DTR-YOSE-W-RTF ~ The Touchstone Of Social Capital Is The Principle Of – Generalized Reciprocity – I’ll Do This For You Now – Without Expecting Anything Immediate In Return – And Perhaps Without Even Knowing You – Confident That – Down The Road – You Or Someone Else – Will – Return The Favor

~ TNO-GR-ISFTCLTAPMCCSE ~ The Norm Of – Generalized Reciprocity – Is So Fundamental To Civilized Life That All Prominent Moral Codes Contain Some Equivalent

~ TAIBSO-D-‘TC’-MAHEW-LE-I-IEIMTC-HAT-LTIFOSL ~ The Almost Imperceptible Background Stress Of – Daily – “Transaction Costs” – May Also Help Explain Why – Life Expectancy – Itself – Is Enhanced In More Trustful Communities – Honesty And Trust – Lubricate The Inevitable Frictions Of Social Life

~ FBOW-WRI-WAFTRI-O-FI-AAAL-TL-TA-WWUTATINRBGR-TI-T-SC ~ For Better Or Worse – We Rely Increasingly – We Are Forced To Rely Increasingly – On – Formal Institutions – And Above All On – The Law – To Accomplish – What We Used To Accomplish Through Informal Networks Reinforced By Generalized Reciprocity – That Is – Through – Social Capital

~ N-D-D ~ Not – Deliberation – Din

~ F-T-F-E-PADASOF-TIII-C-MC ~ Face-To-Face – Encounters – Provide A Depth And Speed Of Feedback – That Is Impossible In – Computer-Mediated Communication

~ TRTMOC-T-M-S-P-T-A-F-TE ~ The Richer The Medium Of Communication – The – More – Sociable – Personal – Trusting – And – Friendly – The Encounter

~ BOTPOSCASC-PIC-BGFIHTRCAFLSWOA ~ Because Of The Paucity Of Social Cues And Social Communication – Participants In Computer-Based Groups Find It Harder To Reach Consensus And Feel Less Solidarity With One Another

~ HCWUTEPO-C-MC-TMOIISCMP?-HCWHTPT-FTCT? ~ How Can We Use The Enormous Potential Of – Computer-Mediated Communication – To Make Our Investments In Social Capital More Productive? – How Can We Harness This Promising Technology – For Thickening Community Ties?

~ ETBSCOSWBTPOIC ~ Effects Triggered By Social Change Often Spread Well Beyond The Point Of Initial Contact

~ CD-ATBAEOA ~ Civic Disengagement – Appears To Be An Equal Opportunity Affliction

~ POTAM ~ Pressures Of Time And Money

~ PB ~ Pervasive Busyness

~ ‘TB’-BFTMCEWOFNV ~ “Too Busy” – By Far The Most Common Explanation We Offer For Not Volunteering

~ M-FH-ANN-TSAY-CFOCEHDMRTIF ~ My – Free Hours – Are Not Necessarily – The Same As Yours – Collective Forms Of Civic Engagement Have Declined More Rapidly Than Individual Forms

~ FWAET-HAPDEO-SI-B-FAI ~ Financial Worries And Economic Troubles – Have A Profoundly Depressing Effect On – Social Involvement – Both – Formal And Informal

~ E-SAWLONFC-AIB-FD-TOLAPCWFAI-TV ~ Even – Social Activities With Little Or No Financial Cost – Are Inhibited By – Financial Distress – The Only Leisure Activity Positively Correlated With Financial Anxiety Is – TV

~ EA-T-W-T-D-ASOFV-D-CI ~ Even Among – The – Well-To-Do – A Sense Of Financial Vulnerability – Dampens – Community Involvement

~ CEASC-HDAEF-BWAM-WON-MOS-FSOFC ~ Civic Engagement And Social Connectedness – Have Diminished Almost Equally For – Both Women And Men – Working Or Not – Married Or Single – Financially Stressed Or Financially Comfortable

~ RS-I-SA-W-CE ~ Residential Stability – Is – Strongly Associated – With – Civic Engagement

~ STT-MT-AITC-LTF-FAN-M-CP-A-SO ~ Sprawl Takes Time – More Time – Alone In The Car – Less Time For – Friends And Neighbors – Meetings – Community Projects – And – So On

~ CL-R-T-EF-T-MIEC-A-T-NF-CCNBS ~ Canned Laughter – Reflected – The – Enduring Fact – That – Mirth Is Enhanced Companionship – And – The – Novel Fact – Companionship Could Now Be Simulated

~ T-V-SB-MH-LI ~ Television – Viewing – Steadily Became – More Habitual – Less Intentional

~ ITDRCE-HDIDS?-TP:CFST;HPETISP;SPC-UCM ~ If Television Does Reduce Civic Engagement – How Does It Do So? – Three Possibilities: Competes For Scarce Time; Has Psychological Effects That Inhibit Social Participation; Specific Programmatic Content – Undermines Civic Motivations

~ APEOT-NJ-P-BA-TAA-I-I-EOMV ~ Another Probable Effect Of Television – Not Just – Programming – But Also – The Associated Advertising – Is – Its – Encouragement Of Materialist Values

~ ATVL-TAIEC-AWAIT-CM-WHBU-AMLTN-TAR ~ At The Very Least – Television And Its Electronic Cousins – Are Willing Accomplices In The – Civic Mystery – We Have Been Unravelling – And More Likely Than Not – They Are Ringleaders

~ TRO-L-B/S/OLBF-B-F-F-ME-OMADICCOTPOBL ~ The Replacement Of – Local – Banks / Shops / Other Locally Based Firms – By – Far-Flung – Multinational Empires – Often Means A Decline In Civic Commitment On The Part Of Business Leaders

~ SC-SE-O-I/C/EN ~ Social Capital – Salutary Effects – On – Individuals / Communities / Entire Nations

~ Y-CC-HMU-H/W/W ~ Yes – Civic Connections – Help Make Us – Healthy / Wealthy / Wise

~ LWSCINE ~ Living Without Social Capital Is Not Easy

~ ‘C-AP’-ABSBA-IM-WTPTECWTCDB ~ “Collective-Action Problems” – Are Best Solved By An – Institutional Mechanism – With The Power To Ensure Compliance With The Collectively Desirable Behavior

~ AS-SI-IFMITAWHP-IE-THDOY-ICARHPPVTSCD ~ A State’s – Social Infrastructure – Is Far More Important Than Anyone Would Have Predicted – In Ensuring – The Healthy Development Of Youth – Individual Children At Risk Have Proven Particularly Vulnerable To Social Capital Deficits

~ NWHLOSCTTBGPTRC ~ Neighborhoods With High Levels Of Social Capital Tend To Be Good Places To Raise Children

~ NSC:M/S/M/O ~ Neighborhood Social Capital: Monitoring / Socializing / Mentoring / Organizing

~ SCIS-RABMTWAHASOWTT ~ Social Capital Is Self-Reinforcing And Benefits Most Those Who Already Have A Stock On Which To Trade

~ VGANAPFWAOD-A-TAOSC-N/T/NOA-DNEP ~ Voluntary Groups Are Not A Panacea For What Ails Our Democracy – And – The Absence Of Social Capital – Norms / Trust / Networks Of Association – Does Not Eliminate Politics

~ DDNRTCBSS-B-IMMWIDAT-MOU-MOTT-WRTTTC-TPOODIDIMWUSC ~ Democracy Does Not Require That Citizens Be Selfless Saints – But – In Many Modest Ways It Does Assume That – Most Of Us – Much Of The Time – Will Resist The Temptation To Cheat – The Performance Of Our Democratic Institutions Depends In Measurable Ways Upon Social Capital

~ EOSC-CWDSAI? ~ Erosion Of Social Capital – Can We Do Something About It?

~ C(ORC)SC-INST ~ Creating (Or Re-Creating) Social Capital – Is No Simple Task

~ TI-PF-FH-EGO-FE/L/D-OTOH-I-DD-MRE-S/E/C-I ~ The Internet – Potential For – Flattening Hierarchy – Encouraging Grassroots Organizing – Fostering Equality / Liberty / Democracy – On The Other Hand – Incipient – Digital Divide – Might Reinforce Existing – Social / Educational / Cultural – Inequalities

HELEN WILKES ~ THE AGING OF AQUARIUS ~ 2018

~ I-P&P-AA-E ~ Igniting – Passion & Purpose – As An – Elder

~ IINSTFTIO-‘TGL’-HBSBSPAEA ~ It Is Natural Sometimes To Forget That Images Of – “The Good Life” – Have Been Shaped By Skillful Promoters And Effective Advertising

~ WATSTOOE-GAB-UWAHAWWAAHWGH-WALTSSITP ~ We Are All The Sum Total Of Our Experiences – Good And Bad – Unless We Are Honest About Who We Are And How We Got Here – We Are Likely To Stay Stuck In The Past

~ WWFTA-THWU-WEUTTFIWATWT-TI-EP-ACB-A-DOAS-NOTSTP-T-IE-RAAD-SHNTM-O-O-P-L-M ~ When We Fail To Acknowledge – The Hole Within Us – We End Up Trying To Fill It With All The Wrong Things – These Include – Excess Possessions – A Constant Busyness – And – Distractions Of All Sorts – None Of These Solve The Problem – That – Inner Emptiness – Revolves Around A Deep-Seated Human Need To Make – Our – One – Precious – Life – Meaningful

~ HYBHAFS? ~ Have You Been Hiding A False Self?

~ T-GOD-WNSGFAWROP ~ The – Good Old Days – Were Not So Good For A Wide Range Of People

~ AA-E-ICSS-IAW-B-ICRFLTOW ~ As An – Elder – I Cannot Singlehandedly Stop – Injustice And Wrongdoing – But – I Can Refrain From Looking The Other Way

~ A-FAF-TTY-WSYC ~ Ask – Family And Friends – To Tell You – Which Sayings You Cite

~ FWB ~ Fostering Well-Being

~ WAUTFPUWSI ~ We Are Unlikely To Find Purpose Unless We Seek It

~ TPYOTBALAOAYBUOY ~ Try Patting Yourself On The Back At Least As Often As You Beat Up On Yourself

~ STWOP ~ Strong Ties With Other People

~ RIC-SI-AAM-HR ~ Researchers Increasingly Cite – Social Isolation – As A Major – Health Risk

~ PIL ~ Purpose In Life

~ C-MT-EE-EBAMAICT-VY ~ Curiosity – Marks The – Energetic Elder – Every Bit As Much As It Characterizes The – Very Young

~ CAEIUTFOC ~ Childhood And Elderhood Invite Us To Feed Our Curiosity

~ CCOC ~ Creating Circles Of Connectivity

~ FAP-WWWFTSOCAAGMPTJ ~ Friends And People – With Whom We Feel That Spark Of Connection Are A Gift More Precious Than Jewels

~ S-I-WBTAADOOOL ~ Sometimes – Inadvertently – We Become The Authors And Designers Of Our Own Loneliness

~ FOOTCCIA ~ Focus On Opportunities To Convert Compassion Into Action

~ EOUHASPOHTII-DLIPAV-WRTTSP ~ Each Of Us Has A Set Point Of Happiness That Is Inborn – Despite Life’s Inevitable Peaks And Valleys – We Revert To That Set Point

~ PGOADBAARTAP ~ Practice Gratitude On A Daily Basis At A Regular Time And Place

~ RYTGTWHABTWH-B-TLOOHIYTC ~ Remind Yourself That Good Things Will Happen And Bad Things Will Happen – But – The Level Of Overall Happiness Is Yours To Choose

~ TOHYLTBRATLYLTL ~ Think Of How You’d Like To Be Remembered And The Legacy You’d Like To Leave

~ LINMJBIINE ~ Life Is Not Meaningless Just Because It Is Not Endless

MARCEL MAUSS ~ THE GIFT ~ 1925

~ ATHNE-EIAEFCITTOO-OISTWLTSAA-POI-ATMRWICA’N’-E ~ Apparently There Has Never Existed – Either In An Era Fairly Close In Time To Our Own – Or In Societies That We Lump Together Somewhat Awkwardly As – Primitive Or Inferior – Anything That Might Resemble What Is Called A – “Natural” – Economy

~ TEOGATOTR ~ The Exchange Of Gifts And The Obligation To Reciprocate

~ TOTG ~ The Obligation To Give – The Obligation To Receive

~ TPMTH-A-TPMTTG ~ The Present Made To Humans – And – The Present Made To The Gods

~ E-T-G ~ Exchange-Through-Gift

~ L/H/M ~ Liberality / Honour / Money

~ ROG ~ Rules Of Generosity

~ MOO ~ Mechanisms Of Obligation

~ H&C ~ Honour And Credit

~ TTO:TG/TR/TR ~ The Three Obligations: To Give / To Receive / To Reciprocate

~ T-‘MOF’ ~ The – “Money Of Fame”

~ TAFOE-GPAR-SBAVLPOH-DAVLTP-M-SS ~ The Archaic Form Of Exchange – Gifts Presented And Reciprocated – Shared By A Very Large Part Of Humanity – During A Very Long Transitional Phase – Moreover – Still Subsists

~ F-E-ISNW-CITO-BAS ~ Fortunately – Everything – Is Still Not Wholly – Categorized In Terms Of – Buying And Selling

~ S-W-MUOSOTHC-TRMCBTCT-F-A-AB-O-A-TFGOTFC

~ Societies – Whether – Made Up Of Savages Or The Highly Civilized – The Rich Must Come Back To Considering Themselves – Freely – And – Also By – Obligation – As – The Financial Guardians Of Their Fellow Citizens

~ ‘TS’-CTC-TSW-IAG-EEWOA-CT-MA-SOEAL-TWCFOOWWCC ~ “Total Services” – Clan To Clan – The System In Which – Individuals And Groups – Exchange Everything With One Another – Constitutes The – Most Ancient – System Of Economy And Law – That We Can Find Or Of Which We Can Conceive

~ TV-EA-FE-TM-ASW-RAM ~ The Various – Economic Activities – For Example – The Market – Are Suffused With – Rituals And Myths

~ IIB-ORTF-B-PTWTPASOOI-TPSI-S-A/G/T-F-W/I/S ~ It Is By – Opposing Reason To Feeling – By – Pitting The Will To Peace Against Sudden Outburst Of Insanity – That People Succeed In – Substituting – Alliance / Gifts / Trade – For – War / Isolation / Stagnation

~ SHPISFATT-TS-AL-T-I-IT-HSI-SR-G-R-AF-GIR ~ Societies Have Progressed In So Far As They Themselves – Their Subgroups – And Lastly – The – Individuals – In Them – Have Succeeded In – Stabilizing Relationships – Giving – Receiving – And Finally – Giving In Return

CORDELIA FINE ~ A MIND OF ITS OWN ~ 2006

~ T-V-B-FA-S/K-R ~ The – Vain – Brain – For A –Softer / Kinder – Reality

~ TBISVVTIECTLTAIYNTBMATTTD ~ The Brain Is So Very Vain That It Even Considers The Letters That Appear In Your Name To Be More Attractive Than Those That Don’t

~ TBIESAW-PP-CDAS-BTTE ~ The Brain Is Especially Self-Advancing When – Poor Performance – Could Deliver A Substantial – Bruise To The Ego

~ BCO-PB-I-MAR-TBC-SEACTT-BAOATW-MFA-S-K-A-AMPR ~ By Calling On – Powerful Biases – In – Memory And Reasoning – The Brain Can – Selectively Edit And Censor The Truth – Both About Ourselves And The World – Making For A – Softer – Kinder – And – Altogether More Palatable Reality

~ F-IPTGEOTE-A-TWTVBDIBTBTDATUG ~ Failure – Is Perhaps The Greatest Enemy Of The Ego – And – That’s Why The Vain Brain Does It Best To Barricade The Door Against This Unwelcome Guest

~ M-IOOTEGA-GT-AO-TTSAFFITBC-W-BS-HAHO-SA-~ Memory – Is One Of The Ego’s Greatest Allies – Good Things – About Ourselves – Tend To Secure A Firm Foothold In The Brain Cells – While – Bad Stuff – Has A Habit Of – Slipping Away

~ M-BTTFTMTBMTS-CYATTA ~ Memory – Brings To The Fore Those Memories That Best Match The Self-Concept You Are Trying To Achieve

~ OS-STTBAAABOFMIOPCDUTRT ~ Our Self-Serving Tendency To Blame Anything And Anyone But Ourselves For Mistakes In Our Past Can Doom Us To Repeat Them

~ I-O-UE-A-O-WAL-WS-TUU-H-TBDHAHSIPTMSM-WWFWA-CTBM-WA-VOAL-UR-AWQCOF-‘WOR’-IPWKO-AFBTF-O-STA-OO-D-IM-H-T-WOR-ISSMTTEB ~ Inevitably – Our – Unrealistic Expectations – And – Our – Weaknesses And Limits – Will Sometimes – Trip Us Up – However – The Brain Does Have A Helpful Strategy In Place To Minimize Such Mishaps – When We’re Faced With A – Choice To Be Made – We Actually – View Ourselves And Life – Unusually Realistically – As We Quietly Contemplate Our Future – “Window Of Realism” – Is Presumably What Keeps Our – Aspirations From Becoming Too Fanciful – Our – Strivings Too Absurd – Once Our – Decision – Is Made – However – The – Window Of Realism – Is Snapped Shut More Tightly Than Ever Before

~ TEB:SFIATP ~ The Emotional Brain: Sweaty Fingers In All The Pies

~ O-E-FWOPWAEL:FT-SS-TT-RAC ~ Our – Emotions – Fiddle With Our Psychological World At Every Level: From The – Seemingly Straightforward – To The – Rich And Complex

~ SCR:HMSIS ~ Skin Conductance Response: How Much Someone Is Sweating

~ IW-MOETTWS-TISFSOOTTOTIACOSOF-TECBCFTO–JAD ~ If We – Misattribute Our Emotion To The Wrong Source – Thinking It Stems From Some Origin Other Than The One That Is Actually Causing Our Surge Of Feeling – This Error Can Be Carried Forward To Our – Judgments And Decisions

~ E-MEE-IP ~ Even – Mildly Experienced Emotions – Influence Perception

~ O-D/O/M-CABSABOEU-OWOEN ~ Our – Decisions / Opinions / Memory – Can All Be Set Adrift By Our Emotional Undercurrents – Often Without Our Even Noticing

~ IIO-F-NMHT-TLUKWAA ~ It Is Our – Feelings – No Matter How Trivial – That Let Us Know We Are Alive

~ TMIOTWASTMFODP-FWSWPO-F-WSATCT-L-I-S-M-U ~ The Myriad Injustices Of The World Are Simply Too Much For Our – Delicate Psyches – Faced With Some Wretched Prey Of – Fate – We Struggle Against The Conclusion That – Life – Is – Savagely – Mercilessly – Unfair

~ III-I/TD/TMT-T-FFAVWTBW-T-RTFRS-O-T-RTOTB-TW-S-T-A-E-S-WPOTTHBTMOT-SSIONTBIA-JW-(SO-W-T-TNFOOO-ML-J/H/H/S/C)-TWYTTMCDT-BTHTBP ~ If It Is – Impossible / Too Difficult / Too Much Trouble – To – Fight For A Victim’s Wrong To Be Righted – To – Recompense Them For Their Suffering – Or – To – Relieve Them Of Their Burden – Then We – Succumb – To – Another – Easier – Strategy – We Persuade Ourselves That They Have Brought Their Misfortune Onto Themselves – So Strong Is Our Need To Believe In A – Just World – (Since Otherwise – We – Too – Through No Fault Of Our Own – Might Lose – Job / Home / Health / Sanity / Child) – That We Yield To The More Comfortable Delusion That – Bad Things Happen To Bad People

~ B-WASBTH-TSOOPSMAT-OSTT-C-S-ST-WWAITO-B-SAC-WWFOO ~ But – We Are Strangely Blind To How – The Subtleties Of Other People’s Situations Might Affect Them – Our Sensitivity To The – Context – So – Sharply Tuned – When We Apply It To Ourselves – Becomes – Sloppy And Careless – When We Focus On Others

~ TSIOOPIMTATETOWWFOOOTA-WGOLCFTGITWGOFOO ~ The Sheer Invisibility Of Other People’s Intentions Make Them All Too Easy To Overlook When We Form Our Opinions Of Their Actions – We Give Others Less Credit For Their Good Intentions Than We Give Ourselves For Our Own

~ TMOIVIEDOBTNDOOC ~The Murmur Of Internal Virtue Is Easily Drowned Out By The Noisy Demands Of Our Circumstances

~ TS-EDOTHB-TK-IAITATO-S-IFDTPTS-I ~ The Self-Enhancing Distortions Of The Human Brain – This Knowledge – Is Almost Impossible To Apply To Oneself – Somehow – It Fails Dismally To Penetrate The Self-Image

~ EWWGSTT-O-C-DCAA-CLUIWEAO ~ Even When We Genuinely Seek The Truth – Our – Careless – Data Collection And Appraisal – Can Leave Us In Woeful Error About Ourselves

~ OB-OA-ETMEB-EAUDOPFRAR-TB-E/T/D/M/EMUE-ASTWCRTSSOBITR ~ Our Beliefs – Once Acquired – Even The Most Erroneous Beliefs – Enjoy An Undeserved Degree Of Protection From Rejection And Revision – The Brain – Evades / Twists / Discounts / Misinterprets / Even Makes Up Evidence – All So That We Can Retain That Satisfying Sense Of Being In The Right

~ ETFWOB-IQWTTMBC-C-OTOH-MSTCIAETWPNBAI-PCWUHTBEMSASC ~ Evidence That Fits With Our Beliefs – Is Quickly Waved Through The Mental Border Control – Counterevidence – On The Other Had – Must Submit To Close Interrogation And Even Then Will Probably Not Be Allowed In – People Can Wind Up Holding Their Beliefs Even More Strongly After Seeing Counterevidence

~ ERASTTEOE ~ Even Rats Are Susceptible To The Expectations Of Experimenters

~ T-IB-RIO-WOSE-DFT-FCE-TWSGAC-(A-ASMFTII)-YCTTTIFA-T-WOE-ISETSTBWI ~ The – Initial Belief – Recruits Its Own – Web Of Supporting Evidence – Derived From The – Facile Causal Explanations – That We’re So Good At Creating – (And – Are So Much Fun To Indulge In) – You Can Then Take The Initial Fact Away – The – Web Of Explanation – Is Strong Enough To Support The Belief Without It

~ IIHNTTTEETHAU-PAAWTMLSLC ~ It’s Human Nature To Try To Explain Everything That Happens Around Us – Perhaps As A Way To Make Life Seem Less Capricious

~ TTIOEMBIOB ~ Trivial Things In Our Environment May Be Influencing Our Behavior

~ S-C-‘MM’-BFWU-EQMFOS-CLYIASWSSFASAOS-RAC-TISNEWTGA-PTMIFACOT ~ Self Control – “Moral Muscle” – Becomes Fatigued With Use – Even Quite Modest Feats Of Self-Control Leave You In A Surprisingly Weakened State So Far As Subsequent Acts Of Self-Restraint Are Concerned – There Is Simply Not Enough Willpower To Go Around – Pick The Most Important Fight And Concentrate On That

~ TUOSPIWOYHASHORTTCEBY ~ The Unconscious Only Starts Pulling Its Weight Once You Have A Solid History Of Resisting Temptation Through Conscious Effort Behind You

~ TSINJTMA-R-YMAWO-E-HAW-YWDI-A-‘II’-WTW-B-HOCTTFU ~ The Secret Is Not Just To Make A – Resolution – You Must Also Work Out – Exactly – How And When – You Will Do It – An – “Implementation Intention” – Work Their Wonders – By – Handing Over Control To The Faithful Unconscious

~ EAWMSOTMIDOOL-WABUSBTBCC ~ Even As We Make Some Of The Most Important Decisions Of Our Lives – We Are Being Unwittingly Swayed By The Brain’s Capricious Concerns

~ ME-TMOB-E/M/S/S/ASO-LSOTE-W-WAAOTPTIU ~ Mental Events – That Manipulate Our Brains – Emotions / Moods / Schemas / Stereotypes / And So On – Lose Some Of Their Effect – When – We Are Aware Of Their Potential To Influence Us

JONATHAN CRARY ~ 24/7 ~ 2013

~ TSS-AQFSWPCWMCATFON-HAAN-AHHS-W-RI-A-IAIA-BSS-A-T-SS-WBTFOT-S-WOC ~ The Sleepless Soldier – A Quest For Soldiers Whose Physical Capabilities Will More Closely Approximate The Functionalities Of Non-Human Apparatuses And Networks – As History Has Shown – War-Related Innovations – Are – Inevitably Assimilated Into A – Broader Social Sphere – And – The – Sleepless Solider – Would Be The Forerunner Of The – Sleepless – Worker Or Consumer

~ N-SP-F-ALO-A-E-FM-AN ~ Non-Sleep Products – First – A Lifestyle Option – And – Eventually – For Many – A Necessity

~ OOTFOT-SD ~ One Of The Forms Of Torture – Sleep Deprivation

~ CF-ATTNLP-BCT ~ Continuous Functioning – A Time That No Longer Passes – Beyond – Clock Time

~ 24/7-IATO-I-AWTFOHLIIIAWWSHNNOI ~ 24/7 – Is A Time Of – Indifference – Against Which The Fragility Of Human Life Is Increasingly Inadequate And Within Which Sleep Has No Necessity Or Inevitability

~ TPB-R-AA-N-S-WS-O-A-AO-SM-O-I-C/T/S/D ~ The Planet Becomes – Reimagined – As A – Non-Stop – Work Site – Or – An – Always Open – Shopping Mall – Of – Infinite – Choices / Tasks / Selections / Digressions

~ S-ITSIW-P/C/D-O-WP-HTEOLATDOR ~ Sleeplessness – Is The State In Which – Producing / Consuming / Discarding – Occur – Without Pause – Hastening The Exhaustion Of Life And The Depletion Of Resources

~ T-IOS-IIFTODOSPIOS ~ The – Injuring Of Sleep – Is Inseparable From The Ongoing Dismantling Of Social Protections In Other Spheres

~ AT-CDW-HBPDATG-B-PAP-WTAMO-BW ~ Access To – Clean Drinking Water – Has Been Programmatically Devastated Around The Globe – By – Pollution And Privatization – With The Accompanying Monetization Of – Bottled Water

~ SICDOSIOTBS ~ Sleep Is Crucially Dependent On Society In Order To Be Sustained

~ PS-AN-CPTDS ~ Public Spaces – Are Now – Comprehensively Planned To Deter Sleeping

~ TPBSDPO-UH-EMD-YFAMAT-THAIO-US ~ The Pervasive But Socially Disregarded Phenomenon Of – Urban Homelessness – Entails Many Deprivations – Yet Few Are More Acute Than – The Hazards And Insecurities Of – Unsheltered Sleep

~ SN-M-P-S-NE-IWOCN-S/C/ENR-TIARIOT-N-TO24/7-IEAOSOPL ~ Since No – Moment – Place – Situation – Now Exists – In Which One Can Not – Shop / Consume / Exploit Networked Resources – There Is A Relentless Incursion Of The – Non-Time Of 24/7 – Into Every Aspect Of Social Or Personal Life

~ ISOT-OP-OT-C-E-H-B-HT-A-TTONS-T-LR-OTRA-D/F/CD ~ In Spite Of The – Omnipresent Proclamations – Of The – Compatibility – Even – Harmonization – Between – Human Time – And – The Temporalities Of Networked Systems – The – Lived Realities – Of This Relationship Are – Disjunctions / Fractures / Continual Disequilibrium

~ CTMC-TIAO-DOMAPC-RTTEOM ~ Contrary To Many Claims – There Is An Ongoing – Diminution Of Mental And Perceptual Capabilities – Rather Than Their Expansion Or Modulation

~ TIO-TC-A-Q-A-DBSPOAO-S-O-AMAO-CSR-TBAA-N-U-C-AT-FON ~ The Idea Of – Technological Change – As – Quasi-Autonomous – Driven By Some Process Of Autopoesis Of – Self-Organization – Allows Many Aspects Of – Contemporary Social Reality – To Be Accepted As – Necessary – Unalterable – Circumstances – Akin To – Facts Of Nature

~ FTVM-O-PAC-RT-IT-WCTB-EAD-BOTVAW-NPE-A-AW-AR-OESTP ~ For The Vast Majority – Our – Perceptual And Cognitive – Relationship To – Information Technology – Will Continue To Be – Estranged And Disempowered – Because Of The Velocity At Which – New Products Emerge – And – At Which – Arbitrary Reconfigurations – Of Entire Systems Take Place

~ A-ATN-IAAQDOOATADO24/7R;IIAPOAEITNOPAWAIIMIA-A-O-N-WCSAE ~ Any – Apparent Technological Novelty – Is Also A Qualitative Dilation Of One’s Accommodation To And Dependence On 24/7 Routines; It Is Also Part Of An Expansion In The Number Of Points At Which An Individual Is Made Into An – Application – Of – New – Control Systems And Enterprises

~ ENPOS-PIA-EFT-BOOOL-AE-GNORAN ~ Every New Product Or Service – Presents Itself As – Essential For The – Bureaucratic Organization Of One’s Life – An Ever-Growing Number Of Routines And Needs

~ IA-TIA-IAIU-TO-CLOS-M-T-IOCAA-IOOTFOT-GSO-A-R ~ In Actuality – There Is An – Imposed And Inescapable Uniformity – To Our – Compulsory Labor Of Self-Management – The – Illusion Of Choice And Autonomy – Is One Of The Foundations Of This – Global System Of – Auto-Regulation

~ TMAFO-SADA-UB-IA-ANEITTMSOLB ~ The Most Advanced Forms Of – Surveillance And Data Analysis – Used By – Intelligence Agencies – Are Now Equally Indispensable To The Marketing Strategies Of – Large Businesses

~ E-WAT-NA-‘OP’-T-ASIOPF-B-TPOT-AB-IACF-TTOMSRIMAQF-IIEA-SOIL-TCIW-PII-A-W-OBAPSO-DHAS ~ Everyone – We Are Told – Needs An – “Online Presence” – To – Avoid Social Irrelevance Or Professional Failure – But – The Promotion Of These – Alleged Benefits – Is A Cover For – The Transfer Of Most Social Relations Into Monetized And Quantifiable Forms – It Is Equally A – Shift Of Individual Life – To Conditions In Which – Privacy Is Impossible – And – Which – One Becomes A Permanent Site Of – Data Harvesting And Surveillance

~ SI-A-T-ROP-T-HAER ~ Sensory Impoverishment – And – The – Reduction Of Perception – To – Habit And Engineered Response

~ OOTM-FOC-OTLTY-HBTETA-NVA-T-PPOL ~ One Of The Main – Forms Of Control – Over The Last Thirty Years – Has Been To Ensure There Are – No Visible Alternatives – To – Privatized Patterns Of Living

~ INANITSO-AER-FOOSEAP-TW-A-RAR-TS-TO-TD-A-TS-I-IITU-A-ST-WPSAITUOSM-WIB-H-EAI ~ If Networks Are Not In The Service Of – Already Existing Relationships – Forged Out Of Shared Experience And Proximity – They Will – Always – Reproduce And Reinforce – The Separations – The Opacity – The Dissimulations – And – The Self-Interestedness – Inherent In Their Use – Any – Social Turbulence – Whose Primary Sources Are In The Use Of Social Media – Will Inevitably Be – Historically – Ephemeral And Inconsequential

~ 24/7-HPA-AOTIPAD-TAETAFODD:TP-TLTO-TWOTTS ~ 24/7 – Has Produced An – Atrophy Of The Individual Patience And Deference – That Are Essential To Any Form Of Direct Democracy: The Patience – To Listen To Others – To Wait One’s Turn To Speak

~ S-IOOTFREW-KON-WAOTTCOO ~ Sleep – Is One Of The Few Remaining Experiences Where – Knowingly Or Not – We Abandon Ourselves To The Care Of Others

~ S-RPDF-NAD-IOTEASO-IAU-IIAFOTTLUETTTTWOOATWN-I-ORASORTBIAESWAN-MD ~ Sleep – Requires Periodic Disengagement From – Networks And Devices – In Order To Enter A State Of – Inactivity And Uselessness – It Is A Form Of Time That Leads Us Elsewhere Than To The Things We Own Or Are Told We Need – Involuntarily – One Reclaims A Sensitivity Or Responsiveness To Both Internal And External Sensations Within A Non-Metric Duration

~ S-OOTUROTE ~ Sleep – One Of The Unvanquishable Remnants Of The Everyday

CARLO CIPOLLA ~ THE BASIC LAWS OF HUMAN STUPIDITY ~ 2021

~ OIRARSBTFT:PWOHOJRAITOTBUS=OIHIOABSIWASAUITMIPAATMIM ~ One Is Repeatedly And Recurrently Startled By The Fact That: People Whom One Had Once Judged Rational And Intelligent Turn Out To Be Unashamedly Stupid + One Is Harassed In One’s Activities By Stupid Individuals Who Appear Suddenly And Unexpectedly In The Most Inconvenient Places And At The Most Improbable Moments

~ SIAIPOAHGAIUDATACP-TOFTSPOSPWOICVLGODWVSO-YAHTFTSPOSP-WP(IAWTFL)WASYE ~ Stupidity Is An Indiscriminate Privilege Of All Human Groups And Is Uniformly Distributed According To A Constant Proportion – Thus One Finds The Same Percentage Of Stupid People Whether One Is Considering Very Large Groups Or Dealing With Very Small Ones – You Always Have To Face The Same Percentage Of Stupid People – Which Percentage (In Accordance With The First Law) Will Always Surpass Your Expectations

~ WTBTDHW-AGOAL-T-D-IUTDTDANT ~ Whether The Blow To Dick’s Head Was – A Gain Or A Loss – To – Dick – Is Up To Dick To Decide And Not Tom

~ TFITRPHDCAUUB ~ The Fact Is That Reasonable People Have Difficulty Conceiving And Understanding Unreasonable Behavior

~ NTG-F-C-E/D/H-TINE-OB-TIOOE:TPIQIS ~ Nothing To Gain – From – Causing – Embarrassment / Difficulties / Harm – There Is No Explanation – Or Better – There Is Only One Explanation: The Person In Question Is Stupid

~ S-S ~ Super-Stupid

~ SAP-TDPOASPIRTTPOPAC ~ Stupidity And Power – The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person Is Related To The Position Of Power And Consequence

~ TPOS ~ The Power Of Stupidity

~ S/P/I-P-ETDPOASP ~ Social / Political / Institutional – Power – Enhances The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person

~ E-SPADAD-B-RPFIDTIAUUB-B-TSPADNCTTROR-OIGCBS-OCOARD-B-TAILARS ~ Essentially – Stupid People Are Dangerous And Damaging – Because – Reasonable People Find It Difficult To Imagine And Understand Unreasonable Behavior – Because – The Stupid Person’s Actions Do Not Conform To The Rules Of Rationality – One Is Generally Caught By Surprise – One Cannot Organize A Rational Defense – Because – The Attack Itself Lacks Any Rational Structure

~ OOOITTAOWASI-FOOS-SAMCOHDE-B-IIBOACMOTENOS-IGTSPAS-BOT-EBOTS-OCNFATS-AAR-A-BLOWBPBTUMOTS ~ On Occasion One Is Tempted To Associate Oneself With A Stupid Individual – For One’s Own Schemes – Such A Maneuver Can Only Have Disastrous Effects – Because – It Is Based On A Complete Misunderstanding Of The Essential Nature Of Stupidity – It Gives The Stupid Person Added Scope – Because Of The – Erratic Behavior Of The Stupid – One Can Not Foresee All The Stupid’s – Actions And Reactions – And – Before Long One Will Be Pulverized By The Unpredictable Moves Of The Stupid

CHERYL RILLY ~ ILIA-LY SPEAKING ~ GREAT MOMENTS IN SEX ~ 1999

~ A:ABS ~ Acousticphilia: Arousal By Sounds

~ A:ABH ~ Acrophilia: Arousal By Heights

~ A:ABTTOHSWAA ~ Acrotomphilia: Arousal By The Thought Of Having Sex With An Amputee

~ A:ABASOM ~ Agalmatophilia: Arousal By A Statue Or Mannequin

~ A:ABBIPPOO ~ Agoraphilia: Arousal By Being In Public Places Or Outdoors

~ A:AWOCHOL ~ Agrexophilia: Arousal When Others Can Hear One’s Lovemaking

~ C:ABD ~ Choreophilia: Arousal By Dancing

~ C:ABBCTSS ~ Clastrophilia: Arousal By Being Confined To Small Spaces

~ C:ABF ~ Coprophilia: Arousal By Feces

~ G:ATSOP ~ Gerontophilia: Attraction To Significantly Older People

~ R:ABF ~ Rhabdophilia: Arousal By Flagellation

~ S:UOFFSP ~ Sitophilia: Use Of Food For Sexual Purposes

~ S:ABHSWASP ~ Somnophilia: Arousal By Having Sex With A Sleeping Person

~ U:AFSAIU ~ Urophilia: Arousal From Sex Acts Involving Urine

~ X:ABS ~ Xenophilia: Arousal By Strangers