ANDREAS WEIGEND ~ DATA FOR THE PEOPLE ~ 2017

~ TARL-TRTSPI-B-DCBUAU ~ There Are Real Life-Threatening Risks To Sharing Personal Information – Because – Data Can Be Used Against Us

~ TRIA-HTETTDCAATTUAWATT-A-TWHSSIHODAU ~ The Real Issues Are – How To Ensure That The Data Companies Are As Transparent To Us As We Are To Them – And – That We Have Some Say In How Our Data Are Used

~ TSDR ~ The Social Data Revolution

~ HCWETDAFTP? ~ How Can We Ensure That Data Are For The People?

~ SD-I-IAY-SA-Y-M-B-A-I-AWAIA-YRW-OP-P-P-E-I ~ Social Data – Is – Information About You – Such As – Your – Movements – Behavior – And – Interests – As Well As Information About – Your Relationships With – Other People – Places – Products – Even – Ideologies

~ OLSNB-D-B-D-TSB-E-B-D ~ Our Lives Should Not Be – Driven – By – Data – They Should Be – Empowered – By – Data

~ PFTP-PA ~ Principles For The Post-Privacy Age

~ B-T-IE-YAN-A ~ But – Transparency – Isn’t Enough – You Also Need – Agency

~ A-E-TROITAUTD-OAFL-A-I-GPTATCDTAUTT ~ Agency – Encompasses – The Right Of Individuals To Act Upon Their Data – On A Fundamental Level – Agency – Involves – Giving People The Ability To Create Data That Are Useful To Them

~ T-AWDCALADIE-ST-I-YATHSCODPAS-O-HCYPJ-WYGAWYG? ~ Transparency – About What Data Companies Are Learning And Doing Is Essential – So Too – Is – Your Ability To Have Some Control Over Data Products And Services – Otherwise – How Could You Possibly Judge – What You Give Against What You Get?

~ IIATCOP ~ Information Is At The Center Of Power

~ TWHMITOAASTB ~ Those Who Have More Information Than Others Almost Always Stand To Benefit

~ BDL ~ Becoming Data Literate

~ TBFPIT-SDR-WMSTOMO-P-‘C’-WTIWIPBU-A-EA-NM-TO-AC-COSD ~ To Be Full Participants In The – Social Data Revolution – We Must Shed The Old Mindset Of – Passive – “Consumers” – Who Take In Whatever Is Placed Before Us – And – Embrace A – New Mindset – That Of – Active Co-Creators Of Social Data

~ WCT-SDR-A-M-‘BB’-O-WCBDLADMWTITRSTTVWGFTIWWWGTT

~ We Can Treat – Social Data Refineries – As – Mysterious – “Black Boxes” – Or – We Can Become Data Literate And Demand Meaningful Ways To Influence The Refineries So That The Value We Get From Them Is Worth What We Give To Them

~ WYDW? ~ What’s Your Data Worth?

~ ASDACIMAOOL-WWIDODRTHUMSOTBDIL ~ As Social Data Are Created In More Areas Of Our Lives – We Will Increasingly Depend On Data Refineries To Help Us Make Some Of The Biggest Decisions In Life

~ IMC-TTMOTDWCEOWWCODTTDCBO ~ In Many Cases – The True Meaning Of The Data We Create Emerges Only When We’re Comparing Our Data To The Data Created By Others

~ OOTBSOBDLILWDA-P-I-O-I ~ One Of The Basic Skills Of Being Data Literate Is Learning What Data Are – Plausible – Implausible – Or – Impossible

~ ADAPTE ~ All Data Are Prone To Error

~ WAASWHTCWSDEWWTHR-A-WRWCT ~ We As A Society Will Have To Consider Which Social Data Experiments We Want To Have Run – And – Which Results We Can Trust

~ A-IN-TDSOD-TPDTWFTP-WN-TAA ~ Anonymity – Is Not – The Default Setting Of Democracy – To Put Data To Work For The People – We Need – Transparency And Agency

~ TEIAOSDCPUO-IWCDTHTAIOTABTTM?-WNTDMSTFETT-O ~ The Exponentially Increasing Amount Of Social Data Clearly Presents Unprecedented Opportunities – In Which Cases Does The Harm To An Individual Outweigh The Aggregate Benefit To The Masses? – We Need To Develop More Sophisticated Tools For Evaluating These Trade-Offs

~ TNSC ~ The New Social Capital

~ TMOSDE ~ The Ministry Of Social Data Engineering

~ AAFS-DR-OTGUASSTT-P-OAO ~ As A First Step – Data Refineries – Ought To Give Users A Simple Switch To Turn – Personalization – On And Off

~ MSOTSOS-WDIMTLIAWWEIR? ~ Making Sense Of The Sensorization Of Society – What Does It Mean To Live In A World Where Everything Is Recorded?

~ PH-TMF-A-LWUS–F-TIT-FOII-O-BR-IAW-TWATOOTI-S-TIT-FOD-O-OSD-WP-T-TITFOP-O-ORDASTD-AUAHTDMBAOUITF ~ People Have – Three Main Fears – About – Living With Ubiquitous Sensors – First – There Is The – Fear Of Information Imbalance – Of – Being Retrievable – In A Way – That Will Alter The Outcome Of The Interaction – Second – There Is The – Fear Of Dissemination – Of – Others Sharing Data – Without Permission – Third – There Is The Fear Of Permanence – Of – Others Recording Data And Saving The Data – An Uncertainty About How The Data Might Be Analyzed Or Used In The Future

~ CAD-TVOAE-I-WADO-SD-TGUR ~ Companies Are Discovering – The Value Of Analyzing Everything – Increasingly – We’ll All Depend On – Sensor Data – To Give Us Recommendations

~ C-ATO-S-TCPU-TUCOA-P/P/T ~ Cameras – Aren’t The Only – Sensor – That Can Pick Up – The Unique Characteristics Of A – Person / Place / Thing

~ RTASD-WINTBTBTTMOUATPHTPWMNEBATTMABI ~ Refineries That Analyze Sensor Data – Will Increasingly Need To Balance The Benefits To The Majority Of Users Against The Potential Harm To People Who May Not Even Be Aware That Their Movements Are Being Inferred

~ IRS-WIAFSITBB-PAS-AWAB-PAFS ~ Image Recognition Software – Will Involve A Fundamental Shift In The Balance Between – Privacy And Security – As Well As Between – Privacy And Free Speech

~ A-C-GVTTWCSFT ~ Algorithms – Can – Give Voice To Those Who Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ B-WCDA-SOR-WRTO-SD-TETFPO-TAA

~ But – We Can Demand A – Set Of Rights – With Respect To Our – Social Data – That Ensures The Fullest Potential Of – Transparency And Agency

~ STC-TFTP ~ Seeing The Controls – Transparency For The People

~ WHTDOTRTHUIAUTIOOD-TRTAYDSITATSYDIC-TOTMPCA-YP-A-YP ~ We Have To Depend On The Refineries To Help Us Interpret And Understand The Implications Of Our Data – The Right To Access Your Data Should Include The Ability To See Your Data In Context – Two Of The Most Powerful Contexts Are – Your Past – And – Your Peers

~ AT-RD-A-WATF-AC-A-I-I-M ~ Access To – Raw Data – Alone – Without Any Tools For – Analysis Comparison – And – Interpretation – Is – Meaningless

~ TRTIDR ~ The Right To Inspect Data Refineries

~ I-CO-AP-C-W-SRS ~ Increasingly – Cyber Operations – Are Providing – Criminals – With – Significant Revenue Streams

~ HCYDWARI-‘SE’-TSYDW? ~ How Can You Determine Whether A Refinery Is – “Secure Enough” – To Share Your Data With?

~ MSBS-NWA-SW-B-WA-HW-IAC-AE-WI-D-D-IT-O-STBTDATJ ~ Many Security Breaches Start – Not With A – Software Weakness – But – With A – Human Weakness – Inside A Company – An Employee – Who Is – Disgruntled – Disaffected – Inadequately Trained – Or – Simply Too Busy To Do A Thorough Job

~ AW-LAR-WMMAT-GP;TDWEAWLHBTURDAEOTR ~ As With – Laws And Regulations – What Matters Most Are The – Guiding Principles; The Details Will Evolve As We Learn How Best To Use Refined Data And Exercise Our Transparency Rights

~ TTC-AFTP ~ Taking The Control(S) – Agency For The People

~ IRCEWU-WSBATEWT ~ If Refineries Can Experiment With Us – We Should Be Able To Experiment With Them

~ ITM ~ Influencing The Machines

~ IAWAGT-TAR-B-TMITEHNEOODL ~ It’s All Well And Good To – Talk About Rights – But – They’re Meaningless If Their Existence Has No Effect On Our Daily Lives

~ WFBQATPAAUOD ~ We Face Big Questions About The Possible And Acceptable Uses Of Data

~ T-HIP-B-SD-ALOT ~ Transparency – Has Its Price – But – So Does – A Lack Of Transparency

~ SD-CGU-F-MT-W-T-MWWW-MCTP-A-OTW-ALAWCETDR ~ Social Data – Can Give Us – Fairer – More Transparent – Ways – To – Match Work With Workers – Match Compensation To Performance – And – Optimize The Workforce – As Long As Workers Can Exercise Their Data Rights

~ AWGTAT-REUTS-EO-TAAR-AWDS-DOTPABTP-WB-DFTP ~ As We Gain The Ability To – Refine Everything Under The Sun – Exercising Our – Transparency And Agency Rights – As We Do So – Data Of The People And By The People – Will Become – Data For The People

CLAY SHIRKY ~ TOO MUCH MAGIC ~ 2010

~ BG-TABWAM ~ Before Gutenberg – The Average Book Was A Masterpiece

~ TSOI ~ The Shock Of Inclusion

~ TPFKATA ~ The People Formerly Known As The Audience

~ CS ~ Collaborative Spirals

~ BFO ~ Behavior Follows Opportunity

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

~ CAGIACA ~ Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age

~ WCNTFTA-AGSATCBHF-L-CC-P-RT-AASOIMTBWAOPAAT ~ We Can Now Treat Free Time As – A General Social Asset That Can Be Harnessed For – Large – Communally Created – Projects – Rather Than – As A Set Of Individual Minutes To Be Whiled Away One Person At A Time

~ PWTDSTMTWABP-TWHWTAIT ~ People Want To Do Something To Make The World A Better Place – They Will Help When They Are Invited To

~ OYFOHTTTSIAWTPCA-OCRYT-OAO-ATW ~ Once You’ve Figured Out How To Tap The Surplus In A Way That People Care About – Others Can Replicate Your Technique – Over And Over – Around The World

~ PTRFTATTCT ~ Projects That Range From The Amusing To The Culturally Transformative

~ DSBIIYMIADKOATDIBYARAER ~ Doing Something Because It Interests You Makes It A Different Kind Of Activity Than Doing It Because You Are Reaping An External Reward

~ IEMCADIO ~ Increasing Extrinsic Motivations Can Actually Decrease Intrinsic Ones

~ PIMASETTGTETRT-IYGPAWTAOTDFAACOGAS-TMTYUOI ~ People’s Intrinsic Motivations Are Strong Enough That They Gravitate Toward Experiences That Reward Them – If You Give People A Way To Act On Their Desire For Autonomy And Competence Or Generosity And Sharing – They Might Take You Up On It

~ MOTUUOCTASBOOBAHNWSL ~ Many Of The Unexpected Uses Of Communications Tools Are Surprising Because Our Old Beliefs About Human Nature Were So Lousy

~ ‘C-BPP’-WTIJOOABIP-A-CBPOAP-WAMH ~ “Commons-Based Peer Production” – Work That Is Jointly Owned Or Accessed By Its Participants – And – Created By People Operating As Peers – Without A Managerial Hierarchy

~ TIIOATCTT-TPOFTAPTISU-IOOTGNOOTA-OTCTBOPWTAOI ~ This Increase In Our Ability To Create Things Together – To Pool Our Free Time And Particular Talents Into Something Useful – Is One Of The Great New Opportunities Of The Age – One That Changes The Behaviors Of People Who Take Advantage Of It

~ SPINAP-IIJAA ~ Social Production Is Not A Panacea – It Is Just An Alternative

~ OWTHAGOPITATFTITCAMOSC ~ One Way To Help A Group Of Participants Improve Their Ability To Function Together Is The Creation And Maintenance Of Shared Culture

~ CAPCWWBFSIHTSAP ~ Creating A Participatory Culture With Wider Benefits For Society Is Harder Than Sharing Amusing Photos

~ TESOVRNICLFMSTFBE-BNOHACG-OEAVGO-AWTNGIWLL ~ The Essential Source Of Value Right Now Is Coming Less From Master Strategy Than From Broad Experimentation – Because No One Has A Complete Grasp – Or Even A Very Good One – About What The Next Great Idea Will Look Like

~ SS ~ Start Small

~ PTWWOITGLGWGL ~ Projects That Will Work Only If They Grow Large Generally Won’t Grow Large

~ WMMNIOI ~ What Matters Most Now Is Our Imaginations

OZZIE ZEHNER ~ GREEN ILLUSIONS ~ 2012

~ ATAI ~ Addiction To An Ideal

~ BDWH ~ Buying… Debting… Working… Hoarding

~ CHCRW ~ Commercially Honed Celebrity Repli-Ware

~ CRC ~ Cosmopolitan Radical Chic

~ DHS ~ Deferred Happiness Syndrome

~ CS ~ Cornucopian Superstars

~ EATK ~ Eliminate Advertising To Kids

~ WWHIAAWTSD? ~ What Would Happen If All Advertising Were To Suddenly Disappear?

~ F-TBC-WR-ABP-A-WHO ~ Filling – The Bottomless Cornucopia – Will Require – A Bottomless Planet – And – We Haven’t One

~ EBE ~ Energy Boomerang Effect

~ FW(TWNKWN) ~ Fantastico-Widgets (That We Never Knew We Needed)

~ V-IA-L-CON-CA-TCR-C-RA-A-IDSPR ~ Volunteering – Is A – Low-Cost Or No-Cost Activity – That Can Replace – Consumption-Related Activities – And – It Delivers Superior Personal Rewards

~ RES ~ Real Energy Security

~ STFITC ~ Shift Taxes From Income To Consumption

~ SP ~ Smart Packaging

~ IEISAVCTOS-WISSFLOODAE? ~ If Energy Is Such A Vital Component To Our Society, Why Is Society So Frequently Left Out Of Debates About Energy?

~ IDTP-HR-C-WC-HMC-L-B-BR-R-FP-WS-A-C-IA-MM ~ It’s Difficult To Price – Human Rights – Cancer – Working Conditions – Heavy Metal Contamination – Leaks – Bribery – Biodiversity Risks – Radiation – Food Patronages – Water Security – And – Conflict – Into A – Market Mechanism

~ WDAG-WWE-B-WWI-TTSASAFR ~ We Don’t Always Get – What We Expect – But – What We Inspect – That’s The Short And Sweet Argument For Regulation

~NUTVOAS ~ Never Underestimate The Value Of A Sticker

~ CADOE ~ Create A Department Of Efficiency

~ UEU-IASO-SSC-EUWCDWWITC ~ Unsustainable Energy Use – Is A Symptom Of – Suboptimal Social Conditions – Energy Use Will Come Down When We Improve These Conditions

~ U-CE-ILE ~ Ultimately – Clean Energy Is Less Energy

~ STFT ~ Silver-Tongued Fairy Tales

~ TEP ~ The Energy Pornographers

~ AET-D-CTA/W-PW-SHR-IN-SD-RT-LACD-RC-T-PP ~ Alternative-Energy Technologies – Don’t – Clean The Air/Water – Protect Wildlife – Support Human Rights – Improve Neighborhoods – Strengthen Democracy – Regulate Themselves – Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide – Reduce Consumption – They – Produce Power

TOM PHILLIPS ~ TRUTH ~ 2020

~ AT-BAOTVOU-TJPO-BW ~ And Then – Beyond All Of These Varieties Of Untruth – There’s Just Plain Old – Being Wrong

~ TH-WWBFWTCBWTAWAGS-WTTGFTGS ~ Throughout History – When We’ve Been Faced With The Choice Between What’s True And What’s A Good Story – We Tend To Go For The Good Story

~ IWAJ-THJ-GABOOH ~ It Was A Joke – That Had Just – Got A Bit Out Of Hand

~ ITOTHKHTDW-IPFNGR ~ If There’s One Thing Humans Know How To Do Well – Its Panic For No Good Reason

~ SF-A-AJSGTWCATTNBT ~ Some Facts – Apparently – Are Just So Good That We Can’t Allow Them To Not Be True

~ HILWPWCTHUVOTTTND ~ History Is Littered With People Who Claimed To Have Undertaken Voyages Or Treks That They Never Did

~ TDDTBTFAHSP ~ This Desperate Desire To Believe The Fantasy Also Had Staying Power

~ APBFL ~ A Perfect Bullshit Feedback Loop

~ IYLWYICOAC-IRFM ~ If You Lie When You’re In Charge Of A Country – It Really Fucking Matters

~ A-WOLL-S-R-R-R-LNOPD ~ Also – When Our Leaders Lie – Sometimes – Really – Really – Really – Large Numbers Of People Die

~ ITATWTDOOLTCIIO-IWSWTGTW ~ If There’s A Time When The Dishonesty Of Our Leaders Truly Comes Into Its Own – It’s When Somebody Wants To Go To War

~ FG ~ Full Gatsby

~ OOOMCMAHIHMWOTROE-A-OBT-‘ME’-E-‘MRE-W’-I-TPIM-NNTC ~ One Of Our Most Consistent Mistakes As Humans Is How Much We Overrate The Reliability Of Eyewitnesses – And – Our Belief That – “More Eyewitnesses” – Equals – “More Reliable Eye-Witnesses” – Is – To Put It Mildly – Not Necessarily The Case

~ I-ME-TFOWSP(AOPTIT)WC ~ In – Medieval Europe – The Fear Of Witches Stealing Penises (And Occasionally Putting Them In Trees) Was Common

~ U-IMWCDTAFFPTHH:WPWTM-BCOTWAATFOLII-WQLTBAT-POFAAGOP=WANU-AS-‘TF’-A-IWDDIO-TNBSEWSTBFTUWTB ~ Ultimately – It Might Well Come Down To A Fairly Fundamental Problem That Humans Have: When Presented With The Mind-Bogging Complexity Of The World And All The Frustrations Of Living In It – We Quite Like To Be Able To – Point Our Fingers At A Group Of People – Who Are Not Us – And Say – “Their Fault!” – And – If We Don’t Do It Ourselves – There’ll Normally Be Somebody Else Who Stands To Benefit From Telling Us Who To Blame

~ WDLOMITP-TBWUESOTW ~ We Didn’t Leave Our Monsters In The Past – They’ve Been With Us Every Step Of The Way

~ TATF ~ Toward A Truthier Future

~ WANT-CO-AOU-NMHCWTWATTT-CEFI-TET-A-FOLTL-AYIIPTYPB-A-WYAIASAYM ~ We Also Need To – Check Ourselves – Any Of Us – No Matter How Committed We Think We Are To The Truth – Can Easily Fall Into – The Ego Trap – And – Find Ourselves Liking The Lie – Ask Yourself If It’s Playing To Your Personal Biases – And – Whether You’re Approaching It As Skeptically As You Might

~ EMM-A-WNTGBACTOUWAOTAT ~ Everybody Makes Mistakes – And – We Need To Get Better At Celebrating Those Of Us Who Are Open To Admitting Them

~ TGWATIO-‘FN’-IAT-PBFN-IT-TSBRN ~ The Greatest Worry About The Idea Of – “Fake News” – Isn’t Actually That – People Believe False News – It’s That – They Stop Believing Real News

TOM PHILLIPS ~ THE SEVEN MAIN WAYS THAT UNTRUTHS SPREAD AND TAKE HOLD ~ TRUTH ~ 2020

~ TEB-WRDOCTTOSOIAI ~ The Effort Barrier – When Relative Difficulty Of Checking The Truth Of Something Outweighs Its Apparent Importance

~ IV-WTIGIOS-CIWAFITFTV-A-ALOTT-IRTB-EWBIFSU ~ Information Vacuums ~ When There Isn’t Good Information On Something – Crappy Information Will Always Flood In To Fill The Void – And – A Lot Of The Time – It Refuses To Budge – Even When Better Information Finally Shows Up

~ TBSFL-TCGR-PSAWTSTATDF ~ The BullShit Feedback Loop – The Claim Gets Repeated – People Start Adjusting What They Say To Accommodate The Dodgy Facts

~ WITBT-TAAWHOTOBDTMUPBASOTDBTAN-T-WWWTBS-WOWONIATCPFDOBLOP ~ Wanting It To Be True – There Are A Whole Host Of Things Our Brains Do That Make Us Particularly Bad At Sniffing Out The Difference Between Truth And Not-Truth – When We Want To Believe Something – Working Out Whether Or Not It’s Actually True Comes Pretty Far Down Our Brain’s List Of Priorities

~ TET-WRDNLTATWW-OBDLDI-A-TAAWHOCGTPUAFEATWMHFU ~ The Ego Trap – We Really Do Not Like To Admit That We’re Wrong – Our Brains Don’t Like Doing It – And – There Are A Whole Host Of Cognitive Biases That Push Us Away From Even Acknowledging That We Might Have Fucked Up

~ JNC-WMTIJNIWSTOF(EIWLTL) ~ Just Not Caring – We Might Think It’s Just Not Important Whether Something’s True Or False (Especially If We Like The Lie)

~ LOI-OOTSATUHI-QS-WDUATMASWTICM ~ Lack Of Imagination – One Of The Strongest Advantages That Untruth Has Is – Quite Simply – We Don’t Understand All The Myriad And Surprising Ways That It Can Manifest

ANNIE LEONARD ~ THE STORY OF STUFF ~ 2010

~ IEW-HF-WMDT-TPOG-WW-TTOTP-B-TMOUANHF;I-WARHLO-S-D-A-A-U ~ If Everyone Were – Having Fun – We Might Decide That – The Pursuit Of Growth – Was Worth – The Trashing Of The Planet – But – The Majority Of Us Are Not Having Fun; Instead – We Are Reporting High Levels Of – Stress – Depression – Anxiety – And – Unhappiness

~ PASPAITTCBEMFT ~ Paradigms Are So Pervasive And Invisible That They Can Be Easily Mistaken For Truth

~ TEVF ~ Total Economic Value Framework

~ L-O-W-IAETS-A-TNSWITW ~ Like – Oxygen – Water – Is Absolutely Essential To Survival – And – There’s No Substitute Waiting In The Wings

~ ATLTAMOMUTFLOWGSO ~ And The Living Things Atop A Mine Only Make Up The First Layer Of What Gets Scraped Off

~ MOTO-A-A-E-IA-AH-GSD-EUAW ~ Most Of The Ore – And – An Ever-Increasing Amount – As High-Grade Sources Disappear – Ends Up As Waste

~ CEUPA-PU ~ Current Energy Use Patterns Are – Patently Unsustainable

~ D-MC-AFF-TIC-TO-TMHICH-TLS-ITP-A-GTL-FTDBOTRU ~ Decision-Making Centers – Are Far From – The Impacted Communities – Too Often – The Most Heavily Impacted Communities Have – The Least Say – In The Projects – And – Gain The Least – From The Downstream Benefits Of The Resource Use

~ ICTTRANIOEPANSE-TSHTFTB ~ It’s Clear That The Risks And Negative Impacts Of Extractive Projects Are Not Shared Equitably – The Same Holds True For The Benefits

~ WCASABA-TQ-ATNWTMON? ~ We Can And Should Always Be Asking – The Question – Are There Nonmaterial Ways To Meet Our Needs?

~ AWCGBTTESAKA-S ~ And We Can Get Back To That Essential Social Activity Known As – Sharing

~ PVC ~ Pernicious Vile Compound

~ CIBOFAF? ~ Can I Borrow One From A Friend?

~ TBTBALAJE-T-S-AW ~ The Benefits To Borrowing And Lending Aren’t Just Environmental – They’re – Social – As Well

~ ISRTS? ~ Isn’t Someone Regulating This Stuff?

~ ER ~ Environmental Racism

~ IFI-ASOTOIMHBG-TEOTPHCHHDR-F-TGMOPOTP-A-FTPI ~ International Financial Institutions – Although Some Of The Original Intentions May Have Been Good – Their Evolution Over The Past Half Century Has Had Disastrous Results – For – The Great Majority Of People On The Planet – And – For The Planet Itself

~ ATHOATSIS ~ At The Heart Of A True Solution Is Solidarity

~ BAIAECINASFBAIAEC ~ Being An Informed And Engaged Consumer Is Not A Substitute For Being An Informed And Engaged Citizen

~ TLOET-TSBCTOH-I-TQOOSR-PWSSTTTLLABH ~ There’s Lots Of Evidence That – The Single Biggest Contribution To Our Happiness – Is – The Quality Of Our Social Relationships – People With Strong Social Ties Tend To Live Longer And Be Healthier

~ HSLC-M-W-BLS-ULE-CFR-B-WCSTAHOA ~ Having Stronger Local Communities – Means – We – Buy Less Stuff – Use Less Energy – Consume Fewer Resources – Because – We Can Share Things And Help One Another

~ PCGP ~ Per Capita Garbage Production

~ T-A-M ~ The – Away – Myth

~ TIN-“A” ~ There Is No – “Away”

~ ALL ~ All Landfills Leak

~ R-CLUIBWHDOP-W-N-R-H-C ~ Recycling – Can Lull Us Into Believing We Have Done Our Part – While – Nothing – Really – Has – Changed

~ ZW ~ Zero Waste

~ CD ~ Collaboratively Developed

~ WPATWWM ~ We Pay Attention To What We Measure

~ IE ~ Internalize Externalities

JULIET SCHOR ~ BORN TO BUY ~ 2004

~ TCC ~ The Commercialized Child

~ TCO-W-A-S ~ The Cycle Of – Work-And-Spend

~ YPAROCKAA-TATFAAAUOMOTNT-TATHMWTMPCD-A-AMCTTP-B-A-TLT ~ Young People Are Repositories Of Consumer Knowledge And Awareness – They Are The First Adopters And Avid Users Of Many Of The New Technologies – They Are The Household Members With The Most Passionate Consumer Desires – And – Are Most Closely Tethered To Products – Brands – And – The Latest Trends

~ CSWAICA-C-APAPHCTDWI-‘I’O’O’-WI-HON-WDTHFOSS-ISAW-HMPOTDOS?-IARSMCDW ~ Children’s Social Worlds Are Increasingly Constructed Around Consuming – As Brands And Products Have Come To Determine Who Is – “In” Or “Out” – Who Is – Hot Or Not – Who Deserves To Have Friends Or Social Status – In Such A World – How Many Parents Opt To Downshift Or Simplify? – It’s A Radical Step Many Children Don’t Welcome

~ TCOC ~ The Commercialization Of Childhood

~ AWCHCIC-IITAOO-N-WT-O-CSE-TSEOCIICCTIU ~ As We Consider How Childhood Is Changing – It’s Important To Avoid Our Own – Nostalgia – Wishful Thinking – Or – Culturally Specific Experiences – The Sheer Extent Of Children’s Immersion In Consumer Culture Today Is Unprecedented

~ TNNIT-KAMJF-TCATSP ~ The New Norm Is That – Kids And Marketeers Join Forces –To Convince Adults To Spend Money

~ IICCCD-ITFO-D-A-LSE-A-PC ~ Involvement In Consumer Culture – Causes Dysfunction – In The Forms Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints

~ ‘K’ ~ “Kid-fluence”

~ FAGAOE-C-NP-AMC-MPNBTTCKMAPABTTD-A-TROTK ~ For A Growing Array Of Expenditures – Children – Not Parents – Are Making Choices – Many Parents Now Believe That Their Children Know More About Products And Brands Than They Do – And – They Rely On That Knowledge

~ TDCT-‘KADTT’-B-THBAHTT ~ The Designers Claim That – “Kids Are Driving The Trend” – But – They Have Been Advertising Heavily To Them

~ TTWOCP-TMADB-AFPC ~ Throughout The World Of Children’s Products – The Markets Are Dominated By – A Few Powerful Companies

~ TDOCMHETRLAJE-MIFHTPC ~ Two Decades Of Corporate Monies Have Eroded The Regulatory Legislative And Judicial Environment – Making It Far Harder To Protect Children

~ CE-EQO-AFP-ANE-F-V-A-F-ROYOAS ~ Children Eat – Excessive Quantities Of – Advertised Food Products – And Not Enough – Fruits – Vegetables – And – Fiber – Rates Of Youth Obesity Are Skyrocketing

~ TMOC ~ The Marketing Of Cool

~ MCTVT-WAATWAC-ME-HLOM-CA-A-ALTGWIAAHVITMWDOWHAWN-LMMLLAL ~ Marketers Convey The View That – Wealth And Aspiration To Wealth Are Cool – Material Excess – Having Lots Of Money – Career Achievement – And – A Lifestyle To Go With It Are All Highly Valued In The Marketing World’s Definition Of What’s Hot And What’s Not – Living Modestly Means Living Like A Loser

~ AAHBC-OYRFY ~ Advertising Agencies Have Been Co-Opting Youth Rebellion For Years

~ AC-TPOTPAMMODFOKATTTYO ~ Age Compression – The Practice Of Taking Products And Marketing Messages Originally Designed For Older Kids And Targeting Them To Younger Ones

~ KAGOY ~ Kids Are Getting Older Younger

~ PP ~ Pester Power

~ CAPS ~ Child And Parent Studies

~ T-T-ASFRK-TEIATTIP ~ Trans-Toying – Another Strategy For Reaching Kids – Take Everyday Items And Turn Them Into Playthings

~ ASTTMOTBOWTTWT-CIPNAS-HTMATPSIAQ

~ Advertisers Select Their Thematic Messages On The Basis Of What They Think Will Trigger – Children’s Innermost Psychological Needs And States – How These Messages Affect Those Psychological States Is Another Question

~ AK-TC-MSD-T-K-ITC ~ Alpha Kids – The Coolest – Most Socially Dominant – Trendsettingest – Kids – In The Community

~ CEHBCITWOES ~ Child Endorsers Have Become Common In The World Of Extreme Sports

~ OOTMTAO-VM-ITIAKTUTFFTPOGIOSP ~ One Of The Most Troubling Aspect Of – Viral Marketing – Is That It Asks Kids To Use Their Friends For The Purpose Of Gaining Information Or Selling Products

~ 101WTDAA ~ 101 Ways To Disguise An Ad

~ ‘R-L’PP-P-P-IELT-PU ~ “Real-Life” Product Placement – Puts – Products – Into Everyday Life Through – Paid Users

~ ‘A’-ABPIBDITG ~ “Advergaming” – A Branded Product Is Built Directly Into The Game

~ TCOPI ~ The Corruption Of Public Information

~ ETO ~ Enlisting Trusted Organizations

~ CA-TCOPS-TJITMC-SAACTACAAAAELTG ~ Captive Audiences – The Commercialization Of Public Schools – The Jewel In The Marketer’s Crown – Students Are As Close To A Captive Audience As Advertisers Are Ever Likely To Get

~ TWH ~ The Wholesome Halo

~ TNIR-P-F-T-F-S-O-CDL-FKDWTDATTTUTITFOHTSTMS ~ The New Intrusive Research – Painstaking – Face-To-Face – Scrutiny – Of – Children’s Daily Lives – Film Kids Doing What They Do And Then Try To Use That Information To Figure Out How To Sell Them More Stuff

~ TNCL:KAE-HCTPIAFATCOR-A-TCMSACFAROPTCFTI-AMAOCAAAESTDTT ~ The New Child Labor: Kid As Expert – Hiring Children To Provide Insight And Feedback And To Carry Out Research – And – The Children Must Sign A Contract Forgoing Any Royalties On Products That Come From Their Ideas – A Moderate Amount Of Cash And An Attentive Ear Seem To Do The Trick

~ N-BS-TDHTSTC ~ Neuromarketing – Brain Science –To Determine How To Sell To Consumers

~ EIGFBPS ~ Ethical Issues Go Far Beyond Permission Slips

~ PS-SA-AC-C-A-CW-HBDICRE-A-TOWPABP

~ Parental Surrogates – Such As – Athletic Coaches – Clergy – And –community Workers – Have Been Drawn Into Commercial Research Efforts – And – Typicality Operate Without Prior Approval By Parents

~ HF ~ Habit Formation

~ PF-IATCO-CCC ~ Processed Food – Is At The Center Of – Children’s Consumer Culture

~ FA-P-CIS ~ Food Advertising – Pervades – Children’s Internet Sites

~ MTV-IRT-PNH ~ More Television Viewing – Is Related To – Poor Nutritional Habits

~ TILITRFCEHLSWPATSOIDTPA-B-TA-F-TFLNFICC ~ The Industry Line Is That Responsibility For Children’s Eating Habits Lies Squarely With Parents And That Skyrocketing Obesity Is Due To – Parental Abdication – But – They Are – Fighting – The Food Labeling Necessary For Informed Consumer Choices

~ FHADSAFP-A-MAFOHTCOT ~ Food Has Deep Subconscious Associations For People – And – Marketers Are Figuring Out How To Capitalize On Those

~ ACBOEST-CAA-AMLT-S-D-A-UD-WTETAOPDTP ~ A Considerable Body Of Evidence Shows That – Children And – Adolescents Are More Likely To – Smoke – Drink – And – Use Drugs – When They’re Exposed To Ads Or Programming Depicting These Products

~ ETDAHBAPOCEL-IATTIDTAI-F/TS/PC-AOPDHS-TT-TPOCMEDUHCTACNOD ~ Exposure To Drug Advertising Has Become A Part Of Children’s Everyday Lives – In Addition To The Illegal Drugs That Appear In – Films /Television Shows / Popular Culture – Advertising Of Prescription Drugs Has Soared – Taken Together – The Proliferation Of Commercial Messages Encouraging Drug Use Has Contributed To A Cultural Normalization Of Drugs

~ AOBDY-A-SRSTCIBCOTMEDVDTB ~ Addictions Often Begin During Youth – And – Some Researchers Suspect That Changes In Brain Chemistry Occur That Make Early Dependency Very Difficult To Break

~ MAMOATPUTIOEED-TFM ~ Manufacturers And Marketers Of All These Products Understand The Importance Of Establishing Early Demand – The Future Market

~ TMTOCMTCI-TIOTMBTPAC ~ The Major Thrust Of Contemporary Marketing To Children Is – The Interposition Of The Marketer Between The Parent And Child

~ HCI-IASCO-D-A-LS-E-A-PC-LIICCLTHK-A-MILKPW-BTD ~ High Consumer Involvement – Is A Significant Cause Of – Depression – Anxiety – Low Self-Esteem – And – Psychosomatic Complaints – Less Involvement In Consumer Culture Leads To Healthier Kids – And – More Involvement Leads Kids’ Psychological Well-Being To Deteriorate

~ DC ~ Decommercializing Childhood

~ VC-HF ~ Voluntary Codes – Have Failed

~ R-FDICM ~ Require – Full Disclosure In Children’s Marketing

~ MAETAFTWPT-ITIIRT-AA-I-V-A-E-F-W-THNTF ~ Make Advertising Easier To Avoid For Those Who Prefer To – If The Industry Is Right That – Ads Are – Informative – Valuable – And – Enjoyable – For – Viewers – They Have Nothing To Fear

~ A-FS ~ Ad-Free Schools

~ ROSFC ~ Reclaim Outdoor Space For Children

~ OC-CC-TPO-HAAP-TITKU-A-TGOMA-A-HK ~ Oppose Corporate-Constructed Childhood – The Prevalence Of – Harmful And Addictive Products – The Imperative To Keep Up – And – The Growth Of Materialist Attitudes – Are – Harming Kids

ELIZABETH ANDERSON ~ PRIVATE GOVERNMENT ~ 2017

~ WATTOCIB-FM-A-SC-WMALTWLUUATTE:PG ~ We Are Told That Our Choice Is Between – Free Markets – And – State Control – When Most Adults Live Their Working Lives Under A Third Thing Entirely: Private Government

~ MMWAPG ~ Most Modern Workplaces Are Private Governments

~ YAST-PG-W:YASTAWCOYASYFNCOSDOYL-A-TATIANOYB-AAWROC-WOIIOWISY ~ You Are Subject To – Private Government – Wherever: You Are Subordinate To Authorities Who Can Order You Around And Sanction You For Not Complying Over Some Domain Of Your Life – And – The Authorities Treat It As None Of Your Business – Across A Wide Range Of Cases – What Orders It Issues Or Why It Sanctions You

~ WAISWU ~ Workplace Authoritarianism Is Still With Us

~ MWAHWANOCOTEA-A-WAWOOCSALTI ~ Most Workers Are Hired Without Any Negotiation Over The Content Of The Employer’s Authority – And – Without A Written Or Oral Contracts Specifying Any Limits To It

~ AG ~ Arbitrary Government

~ II-TS-TE-TDCOWG-WC-A-TRTTE-ETSRFTBL ~ It Is – The State – That Establishes – The Default Constitution Of Workplace Governance – Workers Cede – All – Their Rights To Their Employers – Except Those Specifically Reserved For Them By Law

~ PGICOWTAUFDSTIOCWANCOITM ~ Private Governments Impose Controls On Workers That Are Unconstitutional For Democratic States To Impose On Citizens Who Are Not Convicts Or In The Military

~ MP-SN-LOI-A-SD-KMEFETFSOTA ~ Market Pressures – Social Norms – Lack Of Interest – And – Simple Decency – Keeps Most Employers From Exercising The Full Scope Of Their Authority

~ TAFGSFAAPTLAIKOTGUATOG:E;TROL;SCR;V ~ There Are Four General Strategies For Advancing And Protecting The Liberties And Interests Of The Governed Under Any Type Of Government: Exit; The Rule Of Law; Substantive Constitutional Rights; Voice

~ TINASF-RW-V-ITG-JBWGRAHOODNMTHOMBUTTG-O-TTGSNPARIMD-M ~ There Is No Adequate Substitute For – Recognizing Worker’s – Voice – In Their Government – Just Because Workplace Governance Requires A Hierarchy Of Offices Does Not Mean That Higher Officeholders Must Be Unaccountable To The Governed – Or – That The Governed Should Not Play Any Role In Managerial Decision-Making

~ WD-ITFO-W-OA-MF-HSAAIFME ~ Workplace Democracy – In The Form Of – Worker-Owned And -managed Firms – Has Long Stood As An Ideal For Many Egalitarians

~ GIE-NJITFO-TS-B-EMPITW-Y-PDAMOPTPTTINS-IPTTCOWGISTOOVNBWAE-TITOFATPOPW ~ Government Is Everywhere – Not Just In The Form Of – The State – But – Even More Pervasively In The Workplace – Yet – Public Discourse And Much Of Political Theory Pretends That This Is Not So – It Pretends That The Constitution Of Workplace Government Is Somehow The Object Of Voluntary Negotiation Between Workers And Employers – This Is True Only For A Tiny Proportion Of Privileged Workers

~ S-TL-ESM-HITIGIN-IMBMA-PT-T-ATG-ATT-RTTI-A-OTTP ~ Since – The Levellers – Egalitarian Social Movements – Have Insisted That If Government Is Necessary – It Must Be Made A – Public Thing – To – All The Governed – Accountable To Them – Responsive To Their Interests – And – Open To Their Participation

~ EA-DOIT-NMHEARTA-INOG-IIABHN ~ Exercising Autonomy – Directing Oneself In Tasks – No Matter How Exacting And Relentless They Are – Is No Ordinary Good – It Is A Basic Human Need

~ TCTTSO-WWFL-HNRWO:WTCQAGE-OAGCAR-TCOOOTWLSTSDADT ~ Those Consigned To The Status Of – Wage Worker For Life – Have No Real Way Out: While They Can Quit Any Given Employer – Often At Great Cost And Risk – They Cannot Opt Out Of The Wage Labor System That Structurally Degrades And Demeans Them

~ A-TPOTROLITCTG-N-TG ~ And – The Point Of The Rule Of Law Is To Constrain The Governors – Not – The Governed

~ WT ~ Wage Theft

~ TSO-WT-STCTPGHAITTOILB ~ The Scale Of – Wage Theft – Supports The Claim That Private Government Has An Inherent Tendency To Overstep Its Legal Bounds

~ ANC-WFWFTTHCWTWTQ ~ Abolish Noncompete Clauses – Which Forbid Workers From Taking Their Human Capital With Them When They Quit

~ NOTSHSBWIP-IASAOP ~ None Of The Sexual Harassment Suffered By Workers Improves Productivity – It’s A Sheer Abuse Of Power

~ LWSFTITCOASOWGIWTHAV-WNSKOIVATTETTIAH-TTAR-A-TTHSSOAIWD ~ Let Workers Speak For Themselves In The Context Of A System Of Workplace Governance In Which They Have A Voice – Workers Need Some Kind Of Institutionalized Voice At Work To Ensure That Their Interest Are Heard – That They Are Respected – And – That They Have Some Share Of Autonomy In Workplace Decisions

NOMI PRINS ~ COLLUSION ~ 2018

~ T-2007-2008-C-WTCO-ALRBS-IWPWCITHOTLACOS-STC-CB-HPMI-PB-TA-UMPPC-QE(QE) ~ The – 2007-2008 – Crisis – Was The Consequence Of – A Loosely Regulated Banking System – In Which Power Was Concentrated In The Hands Of Too Limited A Cast Of Speculators – Since The Crisis – Central Banks – Have Pumped Money Into – Private Banks – Through An– Unconventional Monetary Policy Process Called – Quantitative Easing (QE)

~ QE-IAOCTTEA-CB-MEM-AT-IIBAFM-IRFPBOS(OS)-A’CM’S ~ QE – Is An Overtly Complex Term That Entails A – Central Bank – Manufacturing Electronic Money – And Then Injecting It Into Banks And Financial Markets – In Return For Purchasing Bonds Or Securities (Or Stocks) – A “Conjured-Money” Scheme

~ B-TLOGUTSO-ATW-TS-A-LR-GTTCAITEIRP-U-TBSBACTTC-CTA-A-PFTTCTBT-AAO ~ Banks – The Larger Ones Gobbled Up The Smaller Ones – Along The Way – Their Size – And – Loose Regulations – Gave Them The Confidence And Impetus To Engage In Riskier Practices – Ultimately – They Became So Big And Complex That They Could – Create Toxic Assets – And – Provide Financing To Their Customers To Buy Them – All At Once

~ TGSFTM-T-DQES-CBL-PTNTTW-HTGE-TCHBFFTT-TW-NDC-NL-NR-TD-T-CM-I-HRP-PBWUNOTDAWTCMTDWTD ~ To Garner Support For Their Multi-Trillion-Dollar Qe Strategies – Central Bank Leaders – Peddled The Notion That They Were – Helping The General Economy – That Couldn’t Have Been Further From The Truth – There Was – No Direct Channel – No Law – No Requirement – To Divert – The – Cheap Money – Into – Helping Real People – Private Banks Were Under No Obligation To Do Anything With This Cheap Money They Didn’t Want To Do

~ TDW-HASROSMCC-ITWCBSMI-ICGIS-A-ANCE ~ The Danger With – Having A System Rely On So Much Conjured Capital – Is That When Central Bankers Stop Manifesting It – It Could Go Into Shock – And – A New Crisis Emerge

~ T-GFSE-MUISL-TTEOCATTAMM ~ The – Global Financial System Elites – Meet Up In Swanky Locations – They Take Each Other’s Calls And Tend To Avoid Mere Mortals

~ CBANEBV-YTPAG-TPPUTAO-SP-AFE-A-M(ASALO)I ~ Central Bankers Are Not Elected By Voters – Yet They Play At Government – They Promote PolicIes Under The Auspices Of – Stabilizing Prices – Achieving Full Employment – And – Maintaining (A Somewhat Arbitrary Level Of) Inflation

~ POTU ~ Power Of The Unelected

~ TINEALGOT-QMA ~ There Is Nothing Easy About Letting Go Of The – Quantitative Money Addiction

~ EOADOAMADIABNRAEOFS-EIIBMTHH-ITF-OETP-O-CMWTS-MROIWT ~ Existing On A Diet Of Artificial Money And Demand Is Anything But Normal For An Economic Or Financial System – Even If It Boosts Markets To Historic Highs – If The Flow – Or Even The Possibility – Of – Conjured Money Was To Stop – Markets Relying On It Would Tank

~ ABPOTFCACBCWTRIEATSASTN ~ Another By-Product Of The Financial Crisis And Central Bank Collusion Was The Rise In Economic Anxiety That Spawned A Swing Toward Nationalism

~ BCBOBPSAGO-TAOOCOTETA-TVBTCFWTDAPRITWEARSITWOCFTRFTP ~ Because Central Banks Operate Beyond Public Scrutiny And Government Oversight – They Are Only Occasionally Called On To Explain Their Actions – They Vacillate Between Taking Credit For What They Deem Are Positive Results In The World Economy And Remaining Silent In The Wake Of Catastrophic Failures That Result From Their Policies

~ WNADR-WADOORP-WAHFAECC ~ We Need A Debt Reset – Without A Debt Overhaul Or Relief Program – We Are Headed For Another Epic Credit Crisis

~ IO-FSBATHOTBPB-CB-SFLIARP ~ Instead Of – Financing Speculative Bubbles At The Hands Of The Big Private Banks – Central Banks – Should Finance Large Investment And Recovery Programs

~ WS-BUTB-STTCHPDHDTNC-IOTODTFTWTAO ~ We Should – Break Up The Banks – So That They Can’t Hold People’s Deposits Hostage During The Next Crisis – It Only Takes One Domino To Fall To Wipe Them All Out

~ I-TIFC-TCWNBB ~ In – The Inevitable Financial Crash – These Conjurers Will Not Be Blamed

~ T-WE-R-I-AOGTTCB-AFDFS-AHFP ~ The – World Economy – Remains – Imperilled – An Opportunistic Game To The Central Banks – A Field Day For Speculators – A Hazard For Populations

YOCHAI BENKLER ~ THE PENGUIN AND THE LEVIATHAN ~ 2011

~ C-TO-SI ~ Cooperation – Triumphs Over – Self-Interest

~ WNNB-RSTTGL-AGBTIHOTM-O-POTCHOF-TSTCW-IHOT-TSOL-ICTA-TP ~ We Need Not Be – Robotic Slaves To The Government’s Leviathan – Automations Guided By The Invisible Hand Of The Market – Or – Parts Of The Collectivist Hive Of Fascism – To Serve The Common Weal – In Honor Of Tux – The Symbol Of Linux – I’ll Call This Alternative – The Penguin

~ INTCCSDBTL-N-TIHOTFMCEGS-WSWT? ~ If Neither The Command-Control Systems Dictated By The Leviathan – Nor – The Invisible Hand Of The Free Market Can Effectively Govern Society – Where Shall We Turn?

~ EWBNTUQOTSS-A-WBTTOHBITO-AM-P-R-T-PAE ~ Economics Was By Now The Unquestioned Queen Of The Social Sciences – And – We Began To Think Of Human Behavior In Terms Of – Almost Mechanical – Predictable – Responses – To – Punishments And Incentives

~ PAIFMC-TMEAOPA-TIJT-DOFSHICS-OMSAETEIBO ~ People Are In Fact More Cooperative – Than Most Economists And Others Previously Assumed – This Isn’t Just Theory – Dozens Of Field Studies Have Identified Cooperative Systems – Often More Stable And Effective Than Equivalent Incentive-Based Ones

~ UCOCASTMUIE ~ Using Control Of Carrots And Sticks To Motivate Us Isn’t Effective

~ ORTTMOUSPITIINWW-OMS ~ One Reason That The Myth Of Universal Selfishness Persists Is That It Is Not Wholly Wrong – Only Mostly So

~ Y-SBAS-B-FASAOTT-ASOUDNAOOSI ~ Yes – Some People Are Selfish – But – Few Are Selfish All Of The Time – And Some Of Us Do Not Act Out Of Self-Interest

~ HBTTSO-N-S-E-THUMSOOCACW ~ Human Beings Tend To Seek Out – Neat – Simple – Explanations – To Help Us Make Sense Of Our Confusing And Complex World

~ ATGHNBEASTTITOUS-OWGITHOTOOAOBIAGW-WTTIATEWEACSIFWOPAA-BDSB-AEO ~ Almost Two Generations Have Now Been Educated And Socialized To Think In Terms Of Universal Selfishness – Once We Get In The Habit Of Thinking Of Ourselves And Our Behavior In A Given Way – We Tend To Interpret All The Evidence We Encounter And Collect So It Fits With Our Preconceptions And Assumptions – By Discarding Some Bits – And Emphasizing Others

~ WASB-WPSAB-WAEBJAM-INM-TWARB ~ We Are Social Beings – We Perform Selfless Acts Because – We Are Emotional Beings Just As Much – If Not More – Than We Are Rational Beings

~ ONADAFMCAVTTSDTMPAG-UR-TFHBLIOOP ~ Our Needs And Desires Are Far More Complex And Varied Than The Simple Desire To Maximize Pleasure And Gain – Until Recently – These Findings Have Been Largely Ignored Outside Of Psychology

~ F-OCFWI-RAF-ODTBSFBOPASBTASG-AFBTGTRD ~ Finally – Our Concern For What Is – Right And Fair – Our Desire To Be Seen Favorably By Our Peers And So Belong To A Social Group – Are Finally Beginning To Get Their Rightful Due

~ TPOCINSSUD-IIGISOTBWAMRRIBS ~ The Promise Of Cooperation Is Not Some Silly Utopian Dream – It Is Grounded In Some Of The Best Work And Most Rigorous Research In Behavioural Science

~ SORAP-S-TIASRFSITGABBSATEOTWC ~ Systems Of Reciprocity Aren’t Perfect – So – There Is Always Some Room For Some Individuals To Get Ahead By Being Selfish At The Expense Of Those Who Cooperate

~ AWMADTA-WHTFITSWI-EEHGAT-TFE-PWMDDDOHASIP ~ Anytime We Make A Decision To Act – We Have To First Interpret The Situation We’re In – Even Economists Have Grudgingly Admitted This – The Framing Effect – People Will Make Different Decision Depending On How A Situation Is Presented

~ SC-R-A-SC ~ Social Capital – Reputation – And – Social Contagion

~ SRHTOC ~ Social Relations Have Their Own Currency

~ MESTOBIASIGIBTBWOIPAU-EIWCUOTI ~ Much Evidence Suggests That Our Behavior In Any Situation Is Greatly Influenced By The Behavior We’ve Observed In People Around Us – Even If We’re Completely Unaware Of That Influence

~ WSTBWTNO-FPAADAPASI ~ We Seem To Be Wired To Need Others – Few Punishments Are As Debilitating And Painful As Social Isolation

~ WASBNLTWAI-STLUBBWBTSTSUAJOOTO ~ We Are Social Beings No Less Than We Are Individuals – Systems That Let Us Be – Work Better Than Systems That See Us As Just One Or The Other

~ E-NM-WWOOPDS-TNIOBFIATESPAWWADTSAO-OBMNOPOMM-BPEAW ~ Empathy – Neuron Mirroring – When We Observe Other People Doing Something – The Neurons In Our Brains Fire In Almost The Exact Same Patterns As When We Are Doing Those Same Acts Ourselves – Our Brains Mirror Not Only Pain Or Motor Movements – But Pure Emotions As Well

~ WVQAS-SPIG-‘LU’&‘NLU’~ We Very Quickly And Subconsciously Sort People Into Groups – “Like Us” And “Not Like Us”

~ IMC-TSATCACWO-IE-TGPTATFACG-WTGMB ~ In Many Cases – The Simple Ability To Communicate And Coordinate With Others – Is Enough – To – Get People To Act Together For A Common Goal – Whatever That Goal Might Be

~ TIETSTWCEMATPTTAOOAS ~ There Is Evidence To Suggest That We Care Even More About The Process Than The Actual Outcome Of A Situation

~ ODFF-AIIUIACC-IACCOHMAB-IIIO-S-I-E-O-S-WHABNODTBTF-A-TBPISTTUF ~ Our Desire For Fairness – As It Is Understood In A Cultural Context – Is A Critical Component Of Human Motivation And Behavior – It Is Independent Of – Self-Interest – Empathy – Or – Solidarity – We Have A Basic Need Or Desire To Be Treated Fairly – And – To Be Participants In Systems That Treat Us Fairly

~ IWWTBASTMPTWW-OCE-INETOTSRAI-WANTTAHFTSI ~ If We Want To Build A System That Motivates People To Work Well – Or Cooperate Effectively – It’s Not Enough To Offer Them Simple Rewards And Incentives – We Also Need To Think About How Fair The System Is

~ FI-A-P-I-P-O-MSWW-A-FMPFWACWT ~ Fairness Is – A – Practical – Integral – Part – Of – Making Systems Work Well – And – Of Making People Function Well And Cooperatively Within Them

~ PAAQGA-SU-E-A-SR-FA-TASOMAUAECN ~ People Are Actually Quite Good At – Setting Up – Enforcing – And – Self-Regulating – Fair Arrangements – Through A Set Of Mutually Agreed Upon And Enforced Community Norms

~ NPOV ~ Neutral Point Of View

~ TIEETST-WICTC-PMP-TBBAECS-WITBLOCTS ~ There Is Enough Evidence To Suspect That – When It Comes To Cooperation – Practice Makes Perfect – That By Building And Engaging Cooperative Systems – We Increase The Baseline Level Of Cooperation Throughout Society

~ TSOFAOSSBENE ~ The Success Of Free And Open-Source Software Baffles Economist No End

~ COE-OW-TOOMR-E-CWAPEAAI-O-IWAPSOAAC ~ Crowding-Out Effects – Occur When – The Offer Of Material Rewards – Either – Clash With A Person’s Expectation About An Interaction – Or – Interferes With A Person’s Sense Of Autonomy And Control

~ AM-AROAP-CARTTPOOM-A-SUOTPOC ~ Adding Money – As Reward Or As Punishment – Can Actually Redirect The Total Pull Of Our Motivations – And – Steer Us Off The Path Of Cooperation

~ NIMIIACSTCATP-WPAATC-TA-ME-MT-A-CRSMRTWTCTTOA ~ Nothing Is More Important In A Cooperative System Than Communication Among The Participants – When People Are Able To Communicate – They Are – More Empathetic – More Trusting – And – Can Reach Solutions More Readily Than When They Cannot Talk To One Another

~ VANAA-FINSYATATPDAHTIEOIOPHBM-FIITEHC-FSAPS ~ Values Are Not An Afterthought – Fairness Is Not Something You Attend To After The Practical Decisions About How To Improve Efficiency Or Innovation Or Productivity Have Been Made – Fairness Is Integral To Effective Human Cooperation – Fair Systems Are Productive Systems

~ CHU-LTR-BDAI ~ Cooperation Hinges Upon – Long-Term Reciprocity – Both Direct And Indirect

~ STHODMANJMPBAMCWHE ~ Systems That Harness Our Diverse Motivations Are Not Just More Productive But Also More Consistent With Human Experience