ELIZABETH ANDERSON ~ PRIVATE GOVERNMENT ~ 2017

~ WATTOCIB-FM-A-SC-WMALTWLUUATTE:PG ~ We Are Told That Our Choice Is Between – Free Markets – And – State Control – When Most Adults Live Their Working Lives Under A Third Thing Entirely: Private Government

~ MMWAPG ~ Most Modern Workplaces Are Private Governments

~ YAST-PG-W:YASTAWCOYASYFNCOSDOYL-A-TATIANOYB-AAWROC-WOIIOWISY ~ You Are Subject To – Private Government – Wherever: You Are Subordinate To Authorities Who Can Order You Around And Sanction You For Not Complying Over Some Domain Of Your Life – And – The Authorities Treat It As None Of Your Business – Across A Wide Range Of Cases – What Orders It Issues Or Why It Sanctions You

~ WAISWU ~ Workplace Authoritarianism Is Still With Us

~ MWAHWANOCOTEA-A-WAWOOCSALTI ~ Most Workers Are Hired Without Any Negotiation Over The Content Of The Employer’s Authority – And – Without A Written Or Oral Contracts Specifying Any Limits To It

~ AG ~ Arbitrary Government

~ II-TS-TE-TDCOWG-WC-A-TRTTE-ETSRFTBL ~ It Is – The State – That Establishes – The Default Constitution Of Workplace Governance – Workers Cede – All – Their Rights To Their Employers – Except Those Specifically Reserved For Them By Law

~ PGICOWTAUFDSTIOCWANCOITM ~ Private Governments Impose Controls On Workers That Are Unconstitutional For Democratic States To Impose On Citizens Who Are Not Convicts Or In The Military

~ MP-SN-LOI-A-SD-KMEFETFSOTA ~ Market Pressures – Social Norms – Lack Of Interest – And – Simple Decency – Keeps Most Employers From Exercising The Full Scope Of Their Authority

~ TAFGSFAAPTLAIKOTGUATOG:E;TROL;SCR;V ~ There Are Four General Strategies For Advancing And Protecting The Liberties And Interests Of The Governed Under Any Type Of Government: Exit; The Rule Of Law; Substantive Constitutional Rights; Voice

~ TINASF-RW-V-ITG-JBWGRAHOODNMTHOMBUTTG-O-TTGSNPARIMD-M ~ There Is No Adequate Substitute For – Recognizing Worker’s – Voice – In Their Government – Just Because Workplace Governance Requires A Hierarchy Of Offices Does Not Mean That Higher Officeholders Must Be Unaccountable To The Governed – Or – That The Governed Should Not Play Any Role In Managerial Decision-Making

~ WD-ITFO-W-OA-MF-HSAAIFME ~ Workplace Democracy – In The Form Of – Worker-Owned And -managed Firms – Has Long Stood As An Ideal For Many Egalitarians

~ GIE-NJITFO-TS-B-EMPITW-Y-PDAMOPTPTTINS-IPTTCOWGISTOOVNBWAE-TITOFATPOPW ~ Government Is Everywhere – Not Just In The Form Of – The State – But – Even More Pervasively In The Workplace – Yet – Public Discourse And Much Of Political Theory Pretends That This Is Not So – It Pretends That The Constitution Of Workplace Government Is Somehow The Object Of Voluntary Negotiation Between Workers And Employers – This Is True Only For A Tiny Proportion Of Privileged Workers

~ S-TL-ESM-HITIGIN-IMBMA-PT-T-ATG-ATT-RTTI-A-OTTP ~ Since – The Levellers – Egalitarian Social Movements – Have Insisted That If Government Is Necessary – It Must Be Made A – Public Thing – To – All The Governed – Accountable To Them – Responsive To Their Interests – And – Open To Their Participation

~ EA-DOIT-NMHEARTA-INOG-IIABHN ~ Exercising Autonomy – Directing Oneself In Tasks – No Matter How Exacting And Relentless They Are – Is No Ordinary Good – It Is A Basic Human Need

~ TCTTSO-WWFL-HNRWO:WTCQAGE-OAGCAR-TCOOOTWLSTSDADT ~ Those Consigned To The Status Of – Wage Worker For Life – Have No Real Way Out: While They Can Quit Any Given Employer – Often At Great Cost And Risk – They Cannot Opt Out Of The Wage Labor System That Structurally Degrades And Demeans Them

~ A-TPOTROLITCTG-N-TG ~ And – The Point Of The Rule Of Law Is To Constrain The Governors – Not – The Governed

~ WT ~ Wage Theft

~ TSO-WT-STCTPGHAITTOILB ~ The Scale Of – Wage Theft – Supports The Claim That Private Government Has An Inherent Tendency To Overstep Its Legal Bounds

~ ANC-WFWFTTHCWTWTQ ~ Abolish Noncompete Clauses – Which Forbid Workers From Taking Their Human Capital With Them When They Quit

~ NOTSHSBWIP-IASAOP ~ None Of The Sexual Harassment Suffered By Workers Improves Productivity – It’s A Sheer Abuse Of Power

~ LWSFTITCOASOWGIWTHAV-WNSKOIVATTETTIAH-TTAR-A-TTHSSOAIWD ~ Let Workers Speak For Themselves In The Context Of A System Of Workplace Governance In Which They Have A Voice – Workers Need Some Kind Of Institutionalized Voice At Work To Ensure That Their Interest Are Heard – That They Are Respected – And – That They Have Some Share Of Autonomy In Workplace Decisions

NOMI PRINS ~ COLLUSION ~ 2018

~ T-2007-2008-C-WTCO-ALRBS-IWPWCITHOTLACOS-STC-CB-HPMI-PB-TA-UMPPC-QE(QE) ~ The – 2007-2008 – Crisis – Was The Consequence Of – A Loosely Regulated Banking System – In Which Power Was Concentrated In The Hands Of Too Limited A Cast Of Speculators – Since The Crisis – Central Banks – Have Pumped Money Into – Private Banks – Through An– Unconventional Monetary Policy Process Called – Quantitative Easing (QE)

~ QE-IAOCTTEA-CB-MEM-AT-IIBAFM-IRFPBOS(OS)-A’CM’S ~ QE – Is An Overtly Complex Term That Entails A – Central Bank – Manufacturing Electronic Money – And Then Injecting It Into Banks And Financial Markets – In Return For Purchasing Bonds Or Securities (Or Stocks) – A “Conjured-Money” Scheme

~ B-TLOGUTSO-ATW-TS-A-LR-GTTCAITEIRP-U-TBSBACTTC-CTA-A-PFTTCTBT-AAO ~ Banks – The Larger Ones Gobbled Up The Smaller Ones – Along The Way – Their Size – And – Loose Regulations – Gave Them The Confidence And Impetus To Engage In Riskier Practices – Ultimately – They Became So Big And Complex That They Could – Create Toxic Assets – And – Provide Financing To Their Customers To Buy Them – All At Once

~ TGSFTM-T-DQES-CBL-PTNTTW-HTGE-TCHBFFTT-TW-NDC-NL-NR-TD-T-CM-I-HRP-PBWUNOTDAWTCMTDWTD ~ To Garner Support For Their Multi-Trillion-Dollar Qe Strategies – Central Bank Leaders – Peddled The Notion That They Were – Helping The General Economy – That Couldn’t Have Been Further From The Truth – There Was – No Direct Channel – No Law – No Requirement – To Divert – The – Cheap Money – Into – Helping Real People – Private Banks Were Under No Obligation To Do Anything With This Cheap Money They Didn’t Want To Do

~ TDW-HASROSMCC-ITWCBSMI-ICGIS-A-ANCE ~ The Danger With – Having A System Rely On So Much Conjured Capital – Is That When Central Bankers Stop Manifesting It – It Could Go Into Shock – And – A New Crisis Emerge

~ T-GFSE-MUISL-TTEOCATTAMM ~ The – Global Financial System Elites – Meet Up In Swanky Locations – They Take Each Other’s Calls And Tend To Avoid Mere Mortals

~ CBANEBV-YTPAG-TPPUTAO-SP-AFE-A-M(ASALO)I ~ Central Bankers Are Not Elected By Voters – Yet They Play At Government – They Promote PolicIes Under The Auspices Of – Stabilizing Prices – Achieving Full Employment – And – Maintaining (A Somewhat Arbitrary Level Of) Inflation

~ POTU ~ Power Of The Unelected

~ TINEALGOT-QMA ~ There Is Nothing Easy About Letting Go Of The – Quantitative Money Addiction

~ EOADOAMADIABNRAEOFS-EIIBMTHH-ITF-OETP-O-CMWTS-MROIWT ~ Existing On A Diet Of Artificial Money And Demand Is Anything But Normal For An Economic Or Financial System – Even If It Boosts Markets To Historic Highs – If The Flow – Or Even The Possibility – Of – Conjured Money Was To Stop – Markets Relying On It Would Tank

~ ABPOTFCACBCWTRIEATSASTN ~ Another By-Product Of The Financial Crisis And Central Bank Collusion Was The Rise In Economic Anxiety That Spawned A Swing Toward Nationalism

~ BCBOBPSAGO-TAOOCOTETA-TVBTCFWTDAPRITWEARSITWOCFTRFTP ~ Because Central Banks Operate Beyond Public Scrutiny And Government Oversight – They Are Only Occasionally Called On To Explain Their Actions – They Vacillate Between Taking Credit For What They Deem Are Positive Results In The World Economy And Remaining Silent In The Wake Of Catastrophic Failures That Result From Their Policies

~ WNADR-WADOORP-WAHFAECC ~ We Need A Debt Reset – Without A Debt Overhaul Or Relief Program – We Are Headed For Another Epic Credit Crisis

~ IO-FSBATHOTBPB-CB-SFLIARP ~ Instead Of – Financing Speculative Bubbles At The Hands Of The Big Private Banks – Central Banks – Should Finance Large Investment And Recovery Programs

~ WS-BUTB-STTCHPDHDTNC-IOTODTFTWTAO ~ We Should – Break Up The Banks – So That They Can’t Hold People’s Deposits Hostage During The Next Crisis – It Only Takes One Domino To Fall To Wipe Them All Out

~ I-TIFC-TCWNBB ~ In – The Inevitable Financial Crash – These Conjurers Will Not Be Blamed

~ T-WE-R-I-AOGTTCB-AFDFS-AHFP ~ The – World Economy – Remains – Imperilled – An Opportunistic Game To The Central Banks – A Field Day For Speculators – A Hazard For Populations

YOCHAI BENKLER ~ THE PENGUIN AND THE LEVIATHAN ~ 2011

~ C-TO-SI ~ Cooperation – Triumphs Over – Self-Interest

~ WNNB-RSTTGL-AGBTIHOTM-O-POTCHOF-TSTCW-IHOT-TSOL-ICTA-TP ~ We Need Not Be – Robotic Slaves To The Government’s Leviathan – Automations Guided By The Invisible Hand Of The Market – Or – Parts Of The Collectivist Hive Of Fascism – To Serve The Common Weal – In Honor Of Tux – The Symbol Of Linux – I’ll Call This Alternative – The Penguin

~ INTCCSDBTL-N-TIHOTFMCEGS-WSWT? ~ If Neither The Command-Control Systems Dictated By The Leviathan – Nor – The Invisible Hand Of The Free Market Can Effectively Govern Society – Where Shall We Turn?

~ EWBNTUQOTSS-A-WBTTOHBITO-AM-P-R-T-PAE ~ Economics Was By Now The Unquestioned Queen Of The Social Sciences – And – We Began To Think Of Human Behavior In Terms Of – Almost Mechanical – Predictable – Responses – To – Punishments And Incentives

~ PAIFMC-TMEAOPA-TIJT-DOFSHICS-OMSAETEIBO ~ People Are In Fact More Cooperative – Than Most Economists And Others Previously Assumed – This Isn’t Just Theory – Dozens Of Field Studies Have Identified Cooperative Systems – Often More Stable And Effective Than Equivalent Incentive-Based Ones

~ UCOCASTMUIE ~ Using Control Of Carrots And Sticks To Motivate Us Isn’t Effective

~ ORTTMOUSPITIINWW-OMS ~ One Reason That The Myth Of Universal Selfishness Persists Is That It Is Not Wholly Wrong – Only Mostly So

~ Y-SBAS-B-FASAOTT-ASOUDNAOOSI ~ Yes – Some People Are Selfish – But – Few Are Selfish All Of The Time – And Some Of Us Do Not Act Out Of Self-Interest

~ HBTTSO-N-S-E-THUMSOOCACW ~ Human Beings Tend To Seek Out – Neat – Simple – Explanations – To Help Us Make Sense Of Our Confusing And Complex World

~ ATGHNBEASTTITOUS-OWGITHOTOOAOBIAGW-WTTIATEWEACSIFWOPAA-BDSB-AEO ~ Almost Two Generations Have Now Been Educated And Socialized To Think In Terms Of Universal Selfishness – Once We Get In The Habit Of Thinking Of Ourselves And Our Behavior In A Given Way – We Tend To Interpret All The Evidence We Encounter And Collect So It Fits With Our Preconceptions And Assumptions – By Discarding Some Bits – And Emphasizing Others

~ WASB-WPSAB-WAEBJAM-INM-TWARB ~ We Are Social Beings – We Perform Selfless Acts Because – We Are Emotional Beings Just As Much – If Not More – Than We Are Rational Beings

~ ONADAFMCAVTTSDTMPAG-UR-TFHBLIOOP ~ Our Needs And Desires Are Far More Complex And Varied Than The Simple Desire To Maximize Pleasure And Gain – Until Recently – These Findings Have Been Largely Ignored Outside Of Psychology

~ F-OCFWI-RAF-ODTBSFBOPASBTASG-AFBTGTRD ~ Finally – Our Concern For What Is – Right And Fair – Our Desire To Be Seen Favorably By Our Peers And So Belong To A Social Group – Are Finally Beginning To Get Their Rightful Due

~ TPOCINSSUD-IIGISOTBWAMRRIBS ~ The Promise Of Cooperation Is Not Some Silly Utopian Dream – It Is Grounded In Some Of The Best Work And Most Rigorous Research In Behavioural Science

~ SORAP-S-TIASRFSITGABBSATEOTWC ~ Systems Of Reciprocity Aren’t Perfect – So – There Is Always Some Room For Some Individuals To Get Ahead By Being Selfish At The Expense Of Those Who Cooperate

~ AWMADTA-WHTFITSWI-EEHGAT-TFE-PWMDDDOHASIP ~ Anytime We Make A Decision To Act – We Have To First Interpret The Situation We’re In – Even Economists Have Grudgingly Admitted This – The Framing Effect – People Will Make Different Decision Depending On How A Situation Is Presented

~ SC-R-A-SC ~ Social Capital – Reputation – And – Social Contagion

~ SRHTOC ~ Social Relations Have Their Own Currency

~ MESTOBIASIGIBTBWOIPAU-EIWCUOTI ~ Much Evidence Suggests That Our Behavior In Any Situation Is Greatly Influenced By The Behavior We’ve Observed In People Around Us – Even If We’re Completely Unaware Of That Influence

~ WSTBWTNO-FPAADAPASI ~ We Seem To Be Wired To Need Others – Few Punishments Are As Debilitating And Painful As Social Isolation

~ WASBNLTWAI-STLUBBWBTSTSUAJOOTO ~ We Are Social Beings No Less Than We Are Individuals – Systems That Let Us Be – Work Better Than Systems That See Us As Just One Or The Other

~ E-NM-WWOOPDS-TNIOBFIATESPAWWADTSAO-OBMNOPOMM-BPEAW ~ Empathy – Neuron Mirroring – When We Observe Other People Doing Something – The Neurons In Our Brains Fire In Almost The Exact Same Patterns As When We Are Doing Those Same Acts Ourselves – Our Brains Mirror Not Only Pain Or Motor Movements – But Pure Emotions As Well

~ WVQAS-SPIG-‘LU’&‘NLU’~ We Very Quickly And Subconsciously Sort People Into Groups – “Like Us” And “Not Like Us”

~ IMC-TSATCACWO-IE-TGPTATFACG-WTGMB ~ In Many Cases – The Simple Ability To Communicate And Coordinate With Others – Is Enough – To – Get People To Act Together For A Common Goal – Whatever That Goal Might Be

~ TIETSTWCEMATPTTAOOAS ~ There Is Evidence To Suggest That We Care Even More About The Process Than The Actual Outcome Of A Situation

~ ODFF-AIIUIACC-IACCOHMAB-IIIO-S-I-E-O-S-WHABNODTBTF-A-TBPISTTUF ~ Our Desire For Fairness – As It Is Understood In A Cultural Context – Is A Critical Component Of Human Motivation And Behavior – It Is Independent Of – Self-Interest – Empathy – Or – Solidarity – We Have A Basic Need Or Desire To Be Treated Fairly – And – To Be Participants In Systems That Treat Us Fairly

~ IWWTBASTMPTWW-OCE-INETOTSRAI-WANTTAHFTSI ~ If We Want To Build A System That Motivates People To Work Well – Or Cooperate Effectively – It’s Not Enough To Offer Them Simple Rewards And Incentives – We Also Need To Think About How Fair The System Is

~ FI-A-P-I-P-O-MSWW-A-FMPFWACWT ~ Fairness Is – A – Practical – Integral – Part – Of – Making Systems Work Well – And – Of Making People Function Well And Cooperatively Within Them

~ PAAQGA-SU-E-A-SR-FA-TASOMAUAECN ~ People Are Actually Quite Good At – Setting Up – Enforcing – And – Self-Regulating – Fair Arrangements – Through A Set Of Mutually Agreed Upon And Enforced Community Norms

~ NPOV ~ Neutral Point Of View

~ TIEETST-WICTC-PMP-TBBAECS-WITBLOCTS ~ There Is Enough Evidence To Suspect That – When It Comes To Cooperation – Practice Makes Perfect – That By Building And Engaging Cooperative Systems – We Increase The Baseline Level Of Cooperation Throughout Society

~ TSOFAOSSBENE ~ The Success Of Free And Open-Source Software Baffles Economist No End

~ COE-OW-TOOMR-E-CWAPEAAI-O-IWAPSOAAC ~ Crowding-Out Effects – Occur When – The Offer Of Material Rewards – Either – Clash With A Person’s Expectation About An Interaction – Or – Interferes With A Person’s Sense Of Autonomy And Control

~ AM-AROAP-CARTTPOOM-A-SUOTPOC ~ Adding Money – As Reward Or As Punishment – Can Actually Redirect The Total Pull Of Our Motivations – And – Steer Us Off The Path Of Cooperation

~ NIMIIACSTCATP-WPAATC-TA-ME-MT-A-CRSMRTWTCTTOA ~ Nothing Is More Important In A Cooperative System Than Communication Among The Participants – When People Are Able To Communicate – They Are – More Empathetic – More Trusting – And – Can Reach Solutions More Readily Than When They Cannot Talk To One Another

~ VANAA-FINSYATATPDAHTIEOIOPHBM-FIITEHC-FSAPS ~ Values Are Not An Afterthought – Fairness Is Not Something You Attend To After The Practical Decisions About How To Improve Efficiency Or Innovation Or Productivity Have Been Made – Fairness Is Integral To Effective Human Cooperation – Fair Systems Are Productive Systems

~ CHU-LTR-BDAI ~ Cooperation Hinges Upon – Long-Term Reciprocity – Both Direct And Indirect

~ STHODMANJMPBAMCWHE ~ Systems That Harness Our Diverse Motivations Are Not Just More Productive But Also More Consistent With Human Experience

DON ASLETT ~ LOSS 200 LBS THIS WEEKEND ~ 2000

~ WD?-FS-TSTAM-TCAMPEFO-TCW-HCFOPB-TI-A-H-A-S-TBTB-A-FT-‘C’-IATOAOOL ~ Why Dejunk? – For Space – To Save Time And Money – To Create A More Pleasant Environment For Ourselves – To Cut Waste – Help Care For Our Planet Better – To Improve – Appearance – Health – And – Safety – To Be Treated Better – And – For The – “Carryover” – Into All The Other Areas Of Our Lives

~ WD?-BNO-YD-YP-A-Y-TFB ~ Why Dejunk? – Big Number One – You Dejunk – Your Place – And – Yourself – To Feel Better!

~ WA-F-A-F-TPF-T-‘TM’-WNHPE-INAHSOL ~ Worrying About – Fighting – And – Finagling – To Pay For – The – “Too Much” – We Now Have Piled Everywhere – Is Not A High Standard Of Living

~ WANSMOOTAMTTRFORT-‘TM’-I-O-A-A-U ~ We Are Now Spending Much Of Our Time And Money Trying To Recover From Or Remove The – “Too Much” – In – On – And – Around – Us

~ DES-I-T-S-Q-W-T-DS ~ Dumping Excess Stuff – Is – The – Surest – Quickest – Way – To – Dump Stress

~ TMMTB ~ Too Much Means Too Busy

~ EWD ~ Excess Will Depress

~ TMOTUWR-TMOTBWF ~ The More Of The Unnecessary We Release – The More Of The Beautiful We Find

~ TMPTOC ~ The Many Price Tags Of Clutter

~ TVCOC:GI;II;OI;ATCI;DI;GI;E ~ The Vicious Circle Of Clutter: Getting It; Inventorying It; Organizing It; Attempting To Control It; Dumping It; Getting It; Etc.

~ IYEWWAWYAFATT-IIGE-O-SCBE ~ If You’ve Ever Wondered What And Why You Are Fighting All The Time – It Is Generally Excess – Or – Something Caused By Excess

~ TM-HBTCOMOTPOM-P ~ Too Much – Has Been The Cause Of Most Of The Problems Of Mankind – Period!

~ PTDT-‘GIT’-OSATWEBSOAAEMTTL-AMEAMLAISEWYDN ~ People Trying Desperately To – “Get It Together” – Often Start At The Wrong End By Searching Out And Adding Ever More To Their Lives – A Much Easier And More Logical Approach Is Simply Eliminating What You Don’t Need

~ HMTDYLTC? ~ How Much Time Do You Lose To Clutter?

~ GS-BU-BS-BWA ~ Good Stuff – Buried Under – Bad Stuff – Becomes Worthless Also

~ D-S=DJ ~ De-Stress = DeJunk

~ CMUI ~ Clutter Makes Us Inefficient

~ CCUM ~ Clutter Costs Us Money

~ JEU ~ Junk Embarrasses Us

~ OCSOU ~ Our Clutter Shows On Us

~ C-FPGTB ~ Clutter-Free People Get Treated Better

~ C-ASOR ~ Clutter – A Severer Of Relationships

~ LY-TM-IOO-ATSTSAT ~ Letting Your – Too Much – Infringe On Others – Amounts To Stealing Their Space And Time

~ EMPLAYCIU! ~ Even Making People Look At Your Clutter Is Unfair!

~ CCAULOI-LACTCRUITOUOWGOAU ~ Clutter Creates An Unnoticed Layer Of Insulation – Like A Callous That Can Render Us Insensitive To Or Unaware Of What’s Going On Around Us

~ C-CAS-K-R-C-O-F-AE ~ Clutter – Crowds And Smothers – Kindness – Romance – Commitment – Organization – Freedom – Almost Everything

~ OEPSTER ~ Our Excess Possessions Squander The Earth’s Resources

~ IBSMETOAYD-TYIBATGALMDED ~ It’ll Be So Much Easier To Operate After You Dejunk – That You’ll Immediately Be Able To Get A Lot More Done Every Day

~ JACNCAGI ~ Junk And Clutter Never Create A Good Impression

~ TBQ:W? ~ The Big Question: When?

~ ITEICDT-HFDYWRAF? ~ In The End It Comes Down To – How Fast Do You Want Relief And Freedom?

~ TAOJYHNIJAHOT-M-YAGTA ~ The Amount Of Junk You Have Now Is Just A Hint Of The – More – You Are Going To Accumulate

~ AMOT-S-F-‘TM’-JTUTAM? ~ Aren’t Many Of The – Solutions – For – “Too Much” – Just Tempting Us To Add More?

~ R-APTPT-C! ~ Ready – A Place To Place Things – Critical!

~ YNTDSTDYDIIDTYDL ~ You Need To Dump Something The Day You Determine It Is Detrimental To Your Daily Living

~ MAOO-T-WOTGRO-EUJB-AL-TGOMC(OD) ~ Moving Around Or Organizing – Things – We Ought To Get Rid Of – Ends Up Just Being – A Long-Term Game Of Musical Chests (Or Drawers)

~ OC-P/A/C-AITM ~ Others’ Clutter – Praise/Admore/Compliment – Any Improvements They Make

~ ACSAPITFP ~ Avoid Cluttered Situations And People In The First Place

~ PFC:TMISOA! ~ Preventing Future Clutter: The Most Important Step Of All!

~ ADAAC-CIRTROOBEOOBM-ICIALAAT ~ Actively Dodge And Avoid Clutter – Clutter Is Rarely The Result Of One Big Event Or One Big Mistake – It Comes In A Little At A Time

~ R-TDBWAN ~ Remember The Difference Between Wants And Needs

~ NMBB-B-IIN? ~ New May Be Better – But – Is It Necessary?

~ TUT-O-TNAB-TLT-C-ALOCACCD ~ The Urge To – Own – The Newest And Best – The Latest Technology – Creates – A Lot Of Clutter And Credit Card Debt

~ BOG-GST-N-G ~ Beware Of Gadgets – Get Solid Tools – Not – Gadgets

~ DBTYCU ~ Don’t Buy Things You Can’t Use

URSULA FRANKLIN ~ A CHECKLIST TO HELP IN THE DISCOURSE ON PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING ~ THE REAL WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY ~ 1990

~ PJ ~ Promotes Justice

~ RR ~ Restores Reciprocity

~ CDOIB ~ Confers Divisible Or Indivisible Benefits

~ FPOM ~ Favours People Over Machines

~ MGOMD ~ Maximizes Gain Or Minimizes Disaster

~ CIFOW ~ Conservation Is Favoured Over Waste

~ TRIFOTI ~ The Reversible Is Favoured Over The Irreversible

URSULA FRANKLIN ~ THE REAL WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY ~ 1990

~ T-L-D-I-IAP-MAVMOR-A-LD-TCTSAIRBU ~ Technology – Like – Democracy – Includes – Ideas And Practices – Myths And Various Models Of Reality – And – Like Democracy – Technology Changes The Social And Individual Relationships Between Us

~ TIAS-I-I-O-P-S-NW-E-A-MOA-AM ~ Technology Is A System – It – Involves – Organization – Procedures – Symbols – New Words – Equations – And – Most Of All – A Mindset

~ WNT-E-TNSCOE-AWA-TCNOCACTHBBABTS-TANTBEAAAOPAC ~ We Need To – Examine – The New Social Class Of Experts – As Well As – The Changing Nature Of Community And Constituency That Has Been Brought About By Technological Systems – Technology Also Needs To Be Examined As An Agent Of Power And Control

~ TVO-T-L-D-DITEOTPOJAOTEOLTP ~ The Viability Of – Technology – Like – Democracy – Depends In The End On The Practice Of Justice And On The Enforcement Of Limits To Power

~ PTACITMAOWAHITLC-A-PM-MIQETCCFAI ~ Processes That Are Cheap In The Marketplace Are Often Wasteful And Harmful In The Larger Context – And – Production Models – Make It Quite Easy To Consider Contextual Factors As Irrelevant

~ TRWOTSTI-AITIMAD-A-ABAOP ~ The Real World Of Technology Seems To Involve – An Inherent Trust In Machines And Devices – And – A Basic Apprehension Of People

~ TPO-R-CC-O-EO-AEATTP-SINA ~ The Presence Of – Reporters – Camera Crews – Or – External Observers – Affects Events As They Take Place – Sometimes Initiating New Actions

~ MIHSPEFOLTTANLPAEIOAP ~ Media Images Have So Permeated Every Facet Of Life That They Are No Longer Perceived As External Intrusions Or As Pseudorealities

~ T-TR-HVMTFAAORD-ITNTTLIUTQDCAP ~ Today – Technological Rationales – Have Very Much The Force And Authority Of Religious Doctrine – Including The Notion That The Laity Is Unfit To Question Doctrinal Content And Practice

~ SECOIP ~ Shared Experience Carried Out In Private

~ IG-TA-ROE-R-RISMOIGAT-AGCAIP ~ In General – Technical Arrangements – Reduce Or Eliminate – Reciprocity – Reciprocity Is Some Manner Of Interactive Give And Take – A Genuine Communication Among Interacting Parties

~ WWIS-TIOC-L-TN-A-ALMTANLIU ~ When Work Isn’t Shared – The Instruments Of Cooperation – Listening – Taking Note – Adjusting – Atrophy Like Muscles That Are No Longer In Use

~ HWOSCWIP-WMAMPLI-TIHI? ~ How Will Our Society Cope With Its Problems – When More And More People Live In – Technologically Induced Human Isolation?

~ OC-Q-A-IH-M-TEOP ~ One Can – Question – And – I Hope – Mitigate – The Encroachments Of Pseudorealities

~ TFTCAMAMSCAM-IOCANAFBQ-AANFOTS ~ The Fact That Citizens Are More And More Stringently Controlled And Managed – Is Often Considered As Normal And Fundamentally Beyond Questioning – As A Necessary Feature Of Technological Societies

~ TORAP ~ Tools Often Redefine A Problem

~ TEIC-PLDITPOTBPOASL ~ Technology Exists In Context – Patterns Laid Down In The Practice Of Technology Become Part Of A Society’s Life

~ PACPOS-IIODTSWOEATOB-STIACOE-EACFPWMWEBGATTE-TAET-TAUOTSSC-A-RATATREOTPTD-ATST-PDAAATQITAIPTAITOC ~ Public And Corporate Planning Overlap Significantly – It Is Often Difficult To See Where One Ends And The Other Begins – Since There Is A Communality Of Expertise – Expert Advice Comes From Professionals Who Move With Ease Between Governments And Technological Enterprises – They Are Educated Together – They Are Usually Of The Same Social Class – And – Rarely Are They At The Receiving End Of The Plans They Devise – At The Same Time – Political Decisions Are Addressed As Technical Questions In Terms And In Places That Are Inaccessible To Ordinary Citizens

~ STTOT-IR-PPAPR-HP-TINFTEONT-A-FTDAUOTPOTNI ~ Since The Time Of The – Industrial Revolution – Public Planning And Public Resources – Have Provided – The Infrastructures Necessary For The Expansion Of New Technologies – And – For The Diffusion And Use Of The Products Of The New Industries

~ MTS-WEFCAOD-ABA-P-PASASOPWTISAASOS ~ Many Technological Systems – When Examined For Context And Overall Design – Are Basically Anti-People – People Are Seen As Sources Of Problems While Technology Is Seen As A Source Of Solutions

~ TNTMTCASOPAG-A-PMBLUAASOSHVREPPOEPC ~ The Notion That Maybe Technology Constitutes A Source Of Problems And Grievances – And – People Might Be Looked Upon As A Source Of Solutions Has Very Rarely Entered Public Policy Or Even Public Consciousness

~ JAIIETGGATIITAI-IIMMFTPTIITBSTPMBO ~ Just As It Is Easier To Give Good Advice Than It Is To Accept It – It Is Much More Fun To Plan Than It Is To Be Subjected To Plans Made By Others

~ TDOEOPBTPIL-TPO-ATMODITRWOT ~ The Degree Of Effectiveness Of Participation By The Plannees In Long-Term Planning Operations – A True Measure Of Democracy In The Real World Of Technology

~ PISFCOWTPKOC ~ Planning Is So Frequently Carried Out Without The Plannees’ Knowledge Or Consent

~ IAPOP-N-SBCAASAIP ~ In All Processes Of Planning – Nature – Should Be Considered As A Strong And Independent Power

~ APATFTIOTMFOCAITEAVOTPAWATPWDTT ~ Any Plausible Approach To Forecasting The Impact Of Technology Must Focus On Context And Involve The Experience And Views Of The Plannees A Well As The Planners Who Design The Technology

~ AMAMODLITRWOTICV-PT-TLOTBTOADOTOSL-SA-TLOC-O-TLOO-TLOES-O-TLOLIN ~ As More And More Of Daily Life In The Real World Of Technology Is Conducted Via – Prescriptive Technologies – The Logic Of Technology Begins To Overpower And Displace Other Types Of Social Logic – Such As – The Logic Of Compassion – Or – The Logic Of Obligation – The Logic Of Ecological Survival – Or – The Logic Of Linkages Into Nature

~ IODWTIONTAPWTITE-POLTTCBATTE ~ If One Doesn’t Watch The Introduction Of New Technologies And Particularly Watch The Infrastructures That Emerge – Promise Of Liberation Through Technology Can Become A Ticket To Enslavement

~ TOPOTSSHBABANBGOTTMTS-‘TC’-AASOIB ~ The Ongoing Provision Of Technological Support Structures Has Been Accompanied By A Neglect By Governments Of Their Traditional Mandate To Safeguard – “The Commons” – As A Source Of Indivisible Benefits

~ WHLTIOGITO-RAATTP-WNHNBABOM-WRTCTMISFT-WIN-T-ITCORTIOGITORAATTPAP ~ We Have Lost The Institution Of Government In Terms Of – Responsibility And Accountability To The People – We Now Have Nothing But A Bunch Of Managers – Who Run The Country To Make It Safe For Technology – What Is Needed – Then – Is To Change Or Reform The Institution Of Government In Terms Of Responsibility And Accountability To The People As People

~ FOA-IINTTTBTTPUARAHC-MOTITNTBAABAAIOJ-WBNAECOJAFTTMTFIA ~ First Of All – It Is Necessary To Transcend The Barriers That Technology Puts Up Against Reciprocity And Human Contact – Many Of The Issues That Need To Be Addressed Are Best Addressed As Issues Of Justice – We Badly Need An Expanded Concept Of Justice And Fairness That Takes Mortgaging The Future Into Account

~ TVOTPANUHITD ~ The Voices Of The Powerless Are Not Usually Heard In Technological Deliberations

~ A:’WBAWC’?~ Ask: “Whose Benefits And Whose Costs”?

~ RTWWHAMIOPLTESOTIIRNTMTA ~ Requiring Those Whose Work Has A Major Impact On People’s Lives To Experience Some Of The Impact Is Really Not Too Much To Ask

~ GHTTATTBSOTAIGATEOOO ~ Governments Have Turned Their Attention To The Blind Support Of Technology And Its Growth At The Expense Of Other Obligations

~ ATO-SAEA-DNYE-TNTBDAI ~ Adequate Technologies Of – Social And Environmental Accounting – Do Not Yet Exist – They Need To Be Developed And Implemented

~ NETITP-IEDONFTW-BOAC ~ Not Everything That Is Technologically Possible – Is Either Desirable Or Necessary For The Well-Being Of A Country

~ WHTPINAMFTAER-B-SBTCFFAOGAC ~ What Happens To People Is Not A Mere Footnote To An Economic Report – But – Should Be The Central Focus For Action Of Governments And Communities

SIVA VAIDHYANATHAN ~ ANTISOCIAL MEDIA ~ 2018

~ TA-TD-TTO-TIG-TP-A-TIT-SARTTT:TSIABTP-ITCGTROUSTFOB-THATG ~ The Autocrat – The De-Territorialzied Terrorist Organization – The Insurgent Group – The Prankster – And – The Internet Troll – Share A Relationship To The Truth: They See It As Beside The Point – If They Can Get The Rest Of Us Scrambling To Find Our Balance – They Have Achieved Their Goals

~ ‘ML’-ATWCEAOWTTM ~ “Media Literacy” – Assume That We Could Even Agree On What That Term Means

~ U-TOUWWFA-HPC-WHT-SOI-SA-L-S-U-A-CSO-TMOREWKAC ~ Ultimately – Those Of Us Who Wish For A – Healthier Public Culture – Will Have To – Strengthen Other Institutions – Such As – Libraries – Schools – Universities – And – Civil Society Organizations – That Might Offer Richer Engagement With Knowledge And Community

~ WMSOCT-WMSAT ~ We Must Sharpen Our Critical Tools – We Must Stop And Think

~ I-COA-METTTTPUTBHAMETTTCUAOU-MOWWE-IMOORAI-LUTB-S-F-A-A-E-YWKCB-A-WCSTQ ~ It – Captures Our Attention – Maximize Exposure To The Things That Push Us To Be Happier And Minimize Exposure To Things That Cause Us Anxiety Or Unhappiness – Much Of What We Encounter – Including Many Of Our Responses And Interactions – Leads Us To Be – Sad – Frustrated – Angry – And – Exhausted – Yet We Keep Coming Back – And – We Can’t Seem To Quit

~ DTB-H-F-LA-SB-ICUBIR-T-I-C-L-L-F

~ Designed To Be – Habit-Forming – Like A – Skinner Box – It Conditions Us By Intermittent Reinforcement – Through – Instant – Constant – Low-Level – Feedback

~ WHSAPOCATWAWVAADGM-ATVMT-OADMHCTO-OH-OM-OW-OFO-A-OM ~ We Have Seen A Proliferation Of Casinos Across The World Along With Video And Algorithmically Driven Gambling Machines – At The Very Movement That – Other Algorithmically Driven Machines Have Come To Occupy – Our Hands – Our Minds – Our Time – Our Work – Our Family Obligations – And – Our Money

~ WFCIDO-TM-WPTBWWWPAS ~ We Find Comfort In Declaring Our – Tribal Membership – We Perform Tribal Membership With What We Post And Share

~ AFFT ~ A Forum For Tribalism

~ APM-BA-AAM-AAM-A-A-RM ~ A Pleasure Machine – But Also – An Anxiety Machine – An Anger Machine – And – A – Resentment Machine

~ SS-PO-IPS-TCBS ~ Surveillance System – Part Of – Its Pleasure System – They Cannot Be Severed

~ TMPSSITHOTW ~ The Most Pervasive Surveillance System In The History Of The World

~ CSOIUOBOIAC ~ Commercial Surveillance Of Its Users On Behalf Of Its Advertising Clients

~ S-AL-M-A-A-TSDAJ-T-GCOHAPEAC-SCU-BPT-I-GDTROCTG ~ States – Authoritarian Leaders – Monitor – Activity – And – Track Suspected Dissidents And Journalists – They – Generate Campaigns Of Harassment Against Perceived Enemies And Critics – States Can Use – Bogus Profiles To – Infiltrate – Groups Devoted To Reforming Or Challenging The Government

~ DCISCAETIUTJAPWATDMGI-FAS-CFAAQL ~ Data Collection Is So Cheap And Easy That It’s Unnecessary To Judge A Priori What Among The Data Might Be Important – Firms And States – Collect First And Ask Questions Later

~ TC:AIIEOMCASS ~ The Cryptopticon: An Inscrutable Information Ecosystem Of Massive Corporate And State Surveillance

~ TWOTCA-C-H-S-AM-OCNBSWIWWAFWP ~ The Workings Of The Cryptopticon Are – Cryptic – Hidden – Scrambled – And – Mysterious – One Can Never Be Sure Who Is Watching Whom And For What Purpose

~ TLBSACSHMA-ASSSRRSDSOPMAHJBAFOBLTDOTOM ~ The Line Between State And Commercial Surveillance Hardly Matters Anymore – A State Security Services Regularly Receive Significant Data Sets On People’s Movement And Habits Just By Asking For Or By Licensing The Data On The Open Market

~ WSPETAO(P)N-T-ACMS-TWFTWOICDAPPATNFCNTUTCG ~ We So Precipitously Entered The Age Of (Potentially) Near-Total And Continuous Mutual Surveillance – That We Failed To Weigh Our Individual Consumer Desires And Personnel Predilections Against The Need For Certain Norms To Uphold The Common Good

~ OPADUDNMITAE-TAIAD ~ Our Privacy And Dignity Ultimately Do Not Matter In The Attention Economy – They Are Inconvenient And Disposable

~ TAE ~ The Attention Economy

~ TVONBFRHACOAFTBT ~ The Virtues Of Not Being Famous Rarely Have A Champion Or A Fairy Tale Behind Them

~ TMWS-GOS-PADOTA-TMWGATTH ~ The More Time We Spend – Grooming Our Self-Presentation And Declaring Our Tribal Affiliations – The More We Grow Acculturated To This Habit

~ WMHR-‘PA’ ~ We May Have Reached – “Peak Advertising”

~ PDIP ~ Personal Data Into Propaganda

~ TGS ~ The Great Scramble

~ ‘R’-HNRT-TH-TE-TM-TE-O-TT ~ “Relevance” – Has No Relationship To – The Helpful – The Enlightening – The Moral – The Educational – Or – The True

~ SIESPC ~ Specializing In Ethically Suspect Paid Content

~ JIFTBTSI-A-TINJCDAI ~ Journalism Is Feeding The Beast That Starves It – And – There Is Nothing Journalists Can Do About It

~ FAGAQLTHOC-T-R-C-A-W-TAFON-TNAIATHEITAU-MPM-C-HS-O-P-CHOBDADSODF ~ Firms And Governments Are Quickly Learning The Hazards Of – Connecting – Thermostats – Robots – Cars – And – Watches – To A Fairly Open Network – These Networks Are Insecure And The Humans Embedded In Them Are Undependable – Malevolent Political Movements – Criminals – Hostiles States – Or – Pranksters – Can Hijack Or Bring Down A Delicate System Of Data Flows

~ LWATS-WSTTAMA-INMT-TSU ~ Like With Any Technological System – We Shape These Technologies As Much As – If Not More Than – They Shape Us

~ DI ~ Digital Imperialism

~ DBV-C-RT-P-BTF-A-M-RT-EAL-BTAOP ~ Dollars Became Votes – Commerce – Rather Than – Politics – Became The Forum – And – Markets – Rather Than – Elections And Legislatures – Became The Aggregators Of Preferences

~ IA-GAC-LIVAODOI-TBU-T-LC-A-I-AF-TIICW-D-DS-SMTBU-A-TLWCCLAUAC ~ If A – Global Advertising Company – Leverages Its Vast Array Of Dossiers On Its – Two Billion Users – To – Limit Competition – And – Invite – Antidemocratic Forces – To Infest Its Channels With – Disinformation – Democratic States – Should Move To Break It Up – And – To Limit What Companies Can Learn And Use About Citizens

~ BE ~ Be Evil

~ BTEO-2010-TITSMW-RR-SABAT-A-UDP-W-ATISOE ~ By The End Of – 2010 – The Idea That Social Media Would – Revolutionize Revolutions – Strike A Blow Against Tyranny – And – Unleash Democratic Participation – Was – A Theory In Search Of Evidence

~ T-N-A-IOPHOT-T-A-T-TLWIAI ~ Techno-Narcissism – Assumes – If Only People Had Our Tools – Toys – And – Techniques – Their Lives Would Improve Almost Instantly

~ D-CG ~ Democracy-Colored Glasses

~ ITHO-PM-NMWAI-YSCODTTO ~ In The History Of – Protest Movements – New Media Were Always Important – Yet Seldom Crucial Or Determinative To Their Outcomes

~ P-Q-CQC? ~ Psychographics – Qu’est-Ce Que C’est?

~ TDAOP ~ The Dark Arts Of Psychometrics

~ PE-TPOHDAC-A-GATTEFROTMLTBMBTM ~ Political Engineering – The Process Of Harvesting Data About Citizens – And – Generating Algorithmic Tools That Efficiently Focus Resources On Those Most Likely To Be Moved By Tailored Messages

~ M-HCFSL-P-TSL-E-SH-P ~ Marketing – Has Changed From Something Like – Poetry – To Something Like – Engineering – So Has – Politics

~ TCOPHBC:EOUIAWACOPIGFUAOIGRTGFO-C-N-O-W ~ The Culture Of Politics Has Become Customized: Each Of Us Is Asked Whether A Candidate Or Platform Is Good For Us And Our Immediate Gratification Rather Than Good For Our – Community – Nation – Or – World

~ C-G-‘T’-ATMILWCR-BI-C-C-A-C ~ Citizenship – Grows – “Thin” – As Too Much Information Lies Within Convenient Reach – But Is – Cacophonous – Confusing – And – Contradictory

~ NO-TR-WDIH-OU-O-HIUTD ~ No Obligation – To Reveal – What Data It Has – On Us – Or – How It Uses Those Data

~ WW-MACOT-A-WIIRACIOLWCOTL-TC-WMFOO ~ When We – Make A Cult Of Technology – And – Welcome Its Immediate Rewards And Conveniences Into Our Lives Without Consideration Of The Long-Term Costs – We Make Fools Of Ourselves

~ WHB-D-PFA-D-A-D ~ We Have Become – Data-Producing Farm Animals – Domesticated – And – Dependent

~ ‘TI’-A-ID ~ “The Internet” – And – Its Discontents

~ IWAGT-R-TRIO-A-ROIE-WMDIS-TGD-Q ~ If We Are Going To – Resist – The Rising Illiberal Oliopoly – And – Reform Our Information Ecosystem – We Must Do It Soon – It’s Getting Dark – Quickly

MAUDE BARLOW ~ FOUR PRINCIPLES ~ BLUE FUTURE ~ 2013

~ WIAHR-AI-AIO-J-N-C ~ Water Is A Human Right – And Is – An Issue Of – Justice – Not – Charity

~ WIACHAPT-A-T-ATWMNBATBDB-P-F-P-I ~ Water Is A Common Heritage And Public Trust – And – Therefore – Access To Water Must Not Be Allowed To Be Decided By – Private – For-Profit – Interests

~ WHRBISTH-A-MBRAPFTE ~ Water Has Rights Beyond Its Service To Humans – And – Must Be Respected And Protected For The Ecosystem

~ RTBASOCAD-W-CB-NGTTUHWMLTLMLOTPAIHWOA ~ Rather Than Being A Source Of Conflicts And Division – Water – Can Be – Nature’s Gift To Teach Us How We Might Learn To Live More Lightly On The Planet And In Harmony With One Another

MARG DE VILLIERS ~ WATER ~ 1999

~ W-ITBOCI-DNJL?-THQINHMCPSWTS-B-WKOEIPFTWDS ~ Where – In The Balance Of Competing Interests – Does Natural Justice Lie? – The Human Question Is Not How Many Can Possibly Survive Within The System – But – What Kind Of Existence Is Possible For Those Who Do Survive

~ THPIB-B-WDIITAF ~ The Human Population Is Burgeoning – But – Water Demand Is Increasing Twice As Fast

~ ‘TWOTT-FCWBFOW’ ~ “The Wars Of The Twenty-First Century Will Be Fought Over Water”

~ EYL-TASTTWSIIP ~ Everywhere You Look – There Are Signs That The Water Supply Is In Peril

~ ANWLT-1000CMPPPY-I-WS ~ Any Nation With Less Than – 1000 Cubic Metres Per Person Per Year – Is – Water Scarce

~ PCAO-G-P-W-IGDIADADC ~ Per Capita Availability Of – Good – Potable – Water – Is Going Down In All Developed And Developing Countries

~ MOT-‘E’-SFWHABE-A-MOTWIIPIIN ~ Most Of The – “Easy” – Sources For Water Have Already Been Exploited – And – Much Of The Water Is In Places It Isn’t Needed

~ TBEATMEG-IT-TAS-1.4BCKOWOEILAFF-IT-O/L/S/G/G-FS-AO-2.5%-OTT ~ The Best Estimate Among The Many Educated Guesses – Is That – There Are Some – 1.4 Billion Cubic Kilometres Of Water On Earth In Liquid And Frozen Form – In The – Oceans / Lakes / Streams / Glaciers / Groundwater – Freshwater Stocks – Are Only – 2.5 Percent – Of The Total

~ WD-WITWTCF? ~ Water Demand – Where Is This Water To Come From?

~ WMMTNI-HB-NLI-S-H-OE-Y ~ We Must Measure Time Now In – Human Beings – No Longer In – Seconds – Hours – Or Even – Years

~ GD-I-OOTGUBLCFOP-WATIF-FFS-HM-F-C-W ~ Groundwater Depletion – Is – One Of The Great Unseen But Looming Crises Facing Our Planet – With All The Implications For – Falling Food Supplies – Human Misery – Famine – Conflict – War

~ TPOTMWOFAATNRTIIC-‘GO’-IIAMP-DO-RPACE ~ The Process Of Taking More Water Out From An Aquifer Than Naturally Returns To It Is Called – “Groundwater Overdrafting” – It Is A Modern Phenomenon – Depending On – Reliable Pumps And Cheap Energy

~ TWOTMWICACSWTI-RTAPFHU ~ The Withdrawal Of Too Much Water In Coastal Aquifers Causes Sea Water To Intrude – Ruining The Aquifer Permanently For Human Use

~ EASUTRACS-A-TIHAMOECWSLOP ~ Europeans Are Still Using Their Rivers As Convenient Sewers – And – There Is Hardly A Metre Of European Coastline Without Some Level Of Pollution

~ DAG ~ Deserts Are Growing

~ HHA-D-D-A-R-H-A-M-W ~ Humans Have Always – Discovered – Diverted – Accumulated – Regulated – Hoarded – And – Misused – Water

~ M-IC-PTTVS-EUTETROWTSWB ~ Many – Irrigating Cultures – Perished Through Their Very Success – Expanding Until They Exhausted The Resources On Which Their Success Was Based

~ ADOTE ~ Anthropogenic Degradation Of The Environment

~ PG-TEOAIRD ~ Population Growth – The Engine Of All Increased Resource Demands

~ DI-ANP-F-IC-I-APC-TOHAACOD ~ Drought Is – A Natural Phenomenon – Famine – In Contrast – Is – A Political Catastrophe – That Occasionally Happens As A Consequence Of Drought

~ WWHWBTIITW ~ Who Was Hiding What By Throwing It Into The Water

~ B-A-A=B-M-MEW-CBMCATPUTFC ~ Bio-Accumulation – And – Bio-Magnification – Make Everything Worse – Chemicals Become More Concentrated As They Pass Up The Food Chain

~ ESHCLBCOBDACG ~ Epidemiological Studies Have Confirmed Links Between Cancer Or Birth Defects And Contaminated Groundwater

~ TP-HBAT-EWW-SN ~ The Public – Having Been Assured That – Everything Was Well – Stopped Noticing

~ OABPHNATCDW-A-MT2.9BHNATSS ~ Over A Billion People Have No Access To Clean Drinking Water – And – More Than 2.9 Billion Have No Access To Sanitation Services

~ PLTD ~ Pollution Leads To Disease

~ WIBASAAS:ICDVLOTEIWIIF-TMGSVTP ~ Water Is Both A Solvent And A Sponge: Its Composition Depends Very Largely On The Environment In Which It Is Found – That Makes Groundwater So Vulnerable To Pollution

~ TCTHHWANT-TCOGIBMOAGS ~ The Changes That Humans Have Wrought Are Not Trivial – The Chemistry Of Groundwater Is Being Modified On A Global Scale

~ TNCOFWIRSBMAMFAUN-BFATAHLOIAUW ~ The Nitrate Content Of Fresh Water Is Rising Steadily Because More And More Farmers Are Using Nitrogen-Based Fertilizers And There Are Higher Levels Of Industrial And Urban Wastes

~ ‘D’-W-ILTWMSPP ~ “Dirty” – Water – Is Likely The World’s Most Serious Pollution Problem

~ DAHBFTPMPHTIA ~ Diversified Agriculture – Has Been Found To Produce More Per Hectare Than – Irrigated Agriculture

~ ATCAF-D-AAS-TBLIR ~ A True Cost Accounting For – Dams – Almost Always Shows – The Bottom Line In Red

~ NOINMLBBUIBAGDOILIBTOOP ~ Not Only Is No More Land Being Brought Under Irrigation But A Good Deal Of Irrigated Land Is Being Taken Out Of Production

~ SOTS-TADTIH-ISATRO-MT1MHAY ~ Salination Of The Soil – To A Degree That Inhibits Farming – Is Spreading At The Rate Of – More Than 1 Million Hectares A Year

~ TPISTS-TDDTF:WGCASM-IAIC-W-L-D-A-POTWS-A-RSITS-LU-TPCEKTSA ~ The Problem Is Simple To State – Though Devastatingly Difficult To Fix: Without Great Care And Skilful Management – Irrigation Almost Inevitably Causes – Water-Logging – Depletion – And – Pollution Of The Water Supply – And – Rising Salinity In The Soil – Left Unchecked – These Problems Can Eventually Kill The Soil Altogether

~ AAWA-A-60%-OTWIFINGTTC ~ As A Working Average – Almost – 60 Percent – Of The Water Intended For Irrigation Never Gets To The Croplands

~ ‘W-S-M’ ~ “Water-Stress-Management”

~ SA ~ Shrinking Aquifers

~ WW-T-D-W-T-W-RO? ~ What Will – They – Do – When – Their – Water – Runs Out?

~ IYTARIAS-YC-TIBIARA ~ If You Turn A River Into A Sewer – You Can – Turn It Back Into A River Again

~ F-TEWS-AOWP ~ Fish – The Early Warning System – A Measure Of Water Purity

~ T-ME-HABTPW-WW-AMP ~ The – Middle East – Has Always Been The Place Where – Water Wars – Are Most Probable

~ WSTIIP-B-AAIIWAC-IIN-S-SWSEHOPOFU ~ We Say That It Is Priceless – But – Act As If It Were Absurdly Cheap – It Is Not – Surely – Something We Should Either Hoard Or Prevent Others From Using

~ T-GR-DNOO-MPSG-B-O-I-AP-BHROTS-MTP-TINMWTBH-IIITAOSS-A-PHPAUAOWLIL-A-TIGOPINNWFGTASTBM ~ The – Green Revolution – Depended Not Only On – More Productive Seed Grains – But – On – Irrigation – And – Pesticides – Both Have Run Out Their String – Maximized Their Potential – There Is No More Water To Be Had – Irrigation Is Increasing The Amount Of Saline Soil – And – Pesticides Have Poisoned An Unsettling Amount Of What Land Is Left – And – The Inexorable Grind Of Population Is Now Negating What Few Gains There Are Still To Be Made

~ BINSYWIYDW ~ Benzene Is Not Something That You Want In Your Drinking Water

~ D-TPE-DW-TMUTEOAD-SR-WCBOD ~ Desalination – To Produce Enough – Desal Water – To Make Up The Equivalent Of A Decent-Sized River – Would Cost Billions Of Dollars

~ IYCGMW-WT-ULOI ~ If You Can’t Get More Water – Well Then – Use Less Of It

~ DC ~ Dew Collectors

~ F-DI ~ Fog-Drip Irrigation

~ W-WRICBIF ~ Waste-Water Reuse Is Coming Back Into Favour

~ LFAATT ~ Learn From And Adapt Traditional Techniques

~ IIITS-WV-A-TPISTWH ~ It Is Important To Signal – Water’s Value – And – To Price It So That Waste Hurts

~ PPAAFSOGP ~ Population Projections Are A Familiar Source Of Gloomy Prognostications

~ WS-MNLTW-B-TMCLT-FS-IP-A-TTSOD-TMPP-TITMOP-FSTMMOTDW-SOLD-SUAVI ~ Water Shortages – May Not Lead To War – But – They Most Certainly Lead To – Food Shortages – Increased Poverty – And – To The Spread Of Disease – They Make People Poorer – They Increase The Migrations Of Peoples – Further Straining The Massive Megaslums Of The Developing World – Standards Of Living Deteriorate – Social Unrest And Violence Increase