JONATHAN CRARY ~ 24/7 ~ 2013

~ TSS-AQFSWPCWMCATFON-HAAN-AHHS-W-RI-A-IAIA-BSS-A-T-SS-WBTFOT-S-WOC ~ The Sleepless Soldier – A Quest For Soldiers Whose Physical Capabilities Will More Closely Approximate The Functionalities Of Non-Human Apparatuses And Networks – As History Has Shown – War-Related Innovations – Are – Inevitably Assimilated Into A – Broader Social Sphere – And – The – Sleepless Solider – Would Be The Forerunner Of The – Sleepless – Worker Or Consumer

~ N-SP-F-ALO-A-E-FM-AN ~ Non-Sleep Products – First – A Lifestyle Option – And – Eventually – For Many – A Necessity

~ OOTFOT-SD ~ One Of The Forms Of Torture – Sleep Deprivation

~ CF-ATTNLP-BCT ~ Continuous Functioning – A Time That No Longer Passes – Beyond – Clock Time

~ 24/7-IATO-I-AWTFOHLIIIAWWSHNNOI ~ 24/7 – Is A Time Of – Indifference – Against Which The Fragility Of Human Life Is Increasingly Inadequate And Within Which Sleep Has No Necessity Or Inevitability

~ TPB-R-AA-N-S-WS-O-A-AO-SM-O-I-C/T/S/D ~ The Planet Becomes – Reimagined – As A – Non-Stop – Work Site – Or – An – Always Open – Shopping Mall – Of – Infinite – Choices / Tasks / Selections / Digressions

~ S-ITSIW-P/C/D-O-WP-HTEOLATDOR ~ Sleeplessness – Is The State In Which – Producing / Consuming / Discarding – Occur – Without Pause – Hastening The Exhaustion Of Life And The Depletion Of Resources

~ T-IOS-IIFTODOSPIOS ~ The – Injuring Of Sleep – Is Inseparable From The Ongoing Dismantling Of Social Protections In Other Spheres

~ AT-CDW-HBPDATG-B-PAP-WTAMO-BW ~ Access To – Clean Drinking Water – Has Been Programmatically Devastated Around The Globe – By – Pollution And Privatization – With The Accompanying Monetization Of – Bottled Water

~ SICDOSIOTBS ~ Sleep Is Crucially Dependent On Society In Order To Be Sustained

~ PS-AN-CPTDS ~ Public Spaces – Are Now – Comprehensively Planned To Deter Sleeping

~ TPBSDPO-UH-EMD-YFAMAT-THAIO-US ~ The Pervasive But Socially Disregarded Phenomenon Of – Urban Homelessness – Entails Many Deprivations – Yet Few Are More Acute Than – The Hazards And Insecurities Of – Unsheltered Sleep

~ SN-M-P-S-NE-IWOCN-S/C/ENR-TIARIOT-N-TO24/7-IEAOSOPL ~ Since No – Moment – Place – Situation – Now Exists – In Which One Can Not – Shop / Consume / Exploit Networked Resources – There Is A Relentless Incursion Of The – Non-Time Of 24/7 – Into Every Aspect Of Social Or Personal Life

~ ISOT-OP-OT-C-E-H-B-HT-A-TTONS-T-LR-OTRA-D/F/CD ~ In Spite Of The – Omnipresent Proclamations – Of The – Compatibility – Even – Harmonization – Between – Human Time – And – The Temporalities Of Networked Systems – The – Lived Realities – Of This Relationship Are – Disjunctions / Fractures / Continual Disequilibrium

~ CTMC-TIAO-DOMAPC-RTTEOM ~ Contrary To Many Claims – There Is An Ongoing – Diminution Of Mental And Perceptual Capabilities – Rather Than Their Expansion Or Modulation

~ TIO-TC-A-Q-A-DBSPOAO-S-O-AMAO-CSR-TBAA-N-U-C-AT-FON ~ The Idea Of – Technological Change – As – Quasi-Autonomous – Driven By Some Process Of Autopoesis Of – Self-Organization – Allows Many Aspects Of – Contemporary Social Reality – To Be Accepted As – Necessary – Unalterable – Circumstances – Akin To – Facts Of Nature

~ FTVM-O-PAC-RT-IT-WCTB-EAD-BOTVAW-NPE-A-AW-AR-OESTP ~ For The Vast Majority – Our – Perceptual And Cognitive – Relationship To – Information Technology – Will Continue To Be – Estranged And Disempowered – Because Of The Velocity At Which – New Products Emerge – And – At Which – Arbitrary Reconfigurations – Of Entire Systems Take Place

~ A-ATN-IAAQDOOATADO24/7R;IIAPOAEITNOPAWAIIMIA-A-O-N-WCSAE ~ Any – Apparent Technological Novelty – Is Also A Qualitative Dilation Of One’s Accommodation To And Dependence On 24/7 Routines; It Is Also Part Of An Expansion In The Number Of Points At Which An Individual Is Made Into An – Application – Of – New – Control Systems And Enterprises

~ ENPOS-PIA-EFT-BOOOL-AE-GNORAN ~ Every New Product Or Service – Presents Itself As – Essential For The – Bureaucratic Organization Of One’s Life – An Ever-Growing Number Of Routines And Needs

~ IA-TIA-IAIU-TO-CLOS-M-T-IOCAA-IOOTFOT-GSO-A-R ~ In Actuality – There Is An – Imposed And Inescapable Uniformity – To Our – Compulsory Labor Of Self-Management – The – Illusion Of Choice And Autonomy – Is One Of The Foundations Of This – Global System Of – Auto-Regulation

~ TMAFO-SADA-UB-IA-ANEITTMSOLB ~ The Most Advanced Forms Of – Surveillance And Data Analysis – Used By – Intelligence Agencies – Are Now Equally Indispensable To The Marketing Strategies Of – Large Businesses

~ E-WAT-NA-‘OP’-T-ASIOPF-B-TPOT-AB-IACF-TTOMSRIMAQF-IIEA-SOIL-TCIW-PII-A-W-OBAPSO-DHAS ~ Everyone – We Are Told – Needs An – “Online Presence” – To – Avoid Social Irrelevance Or Professional Failure – But – The Promotion Of These – Alleged Benefits – Is A Cover For – The Transfer Of Most Social Relations Into Monetized And Quantifiable Forms – It Is Equally A – Shift Of Individual Life – To Conditions In Which – Privacy Is Impossible – And – Which – One Becomes A Permanent Site Of – Data Harvesting And Surveillance

~ SI-A-T-ROP-T-HAER ~ Sensory Impoverishment – And – The – Reduction Of Perception – To – Habit And Engineered Response

~ OOTM-FOC-OTLTY-HBTETA-NVA-T-PPOL ~ One Of The Main – Forms Of Control – Over The Last Thirty Years – Has Been To Ensure There Are – No Visible Alternatives – To – Privatized Patterns Of Living

~ INANITSO-AER-FOOSEAP-TW-A-RAR-TS-TO-TD-A-TS-I-IITU-A-ST-WPSAITUOSM-WIB-H-EAI ~ If Networks Are Not In The Service Of – Already Existing Relationships – Forged Out Of Shared Experience And Proximity – They Will – Always – Reproduce And Reinforce – The Separations – The Opacity – The Dissimulations – And – The Self-Interestedness – Inherent In Their Use – Any – Social Turbulence – Whose Primary Sources Are In The Use Of Social Media – Will Inevitably Be – Historically – Ephemeral And Inconsequential

~ 24/7-HPA-AOTIPAD-TAETAFODD:TP-TLTO-TWOTTS ~ 24/7 – Has Produced An – Atrophy Of The Individual Patience And Deference – That Are Essential To Any Form Of Direct Democracy: The Patience – To Listen To Others – To Wait One’s Turn To Speak

~ S-IOOTFREW-KON-WAOTTCOO ~ Sleep – Is One Of The Few Remaining Experiences Where – Knowingly Or Not – We Abandon Ourselves To The Care Of Others

~ S-RPDF-NAD-IOTEASO-IAU-IIAFOTTLUETTTTWOOATWN-I-ORASORTBIAESWAN-MD ~ Sleep – Requires Periodic Disengagement From – Networks And Devices – In Order To Enter A State Of – Inactivity And Uselessness – It Is A Form Of Time That Leads Us Elsewhere Than To The Things We Own Or Are Told We Need – Involuntarily – One Reclaims A Sensitivity Or Responsiveness To Both Internal And External Sensations Within A Non-Metric Duration

~ S-OOTUROTE ~ Sleep – One Of The Unvanquishable Remnants Of The Everyday

CARLO CIPOLLA ~ THE BASIC LAWS OF HUMAN STUPIDITY ~ 2021

~ OIRARSBTFT:PWOHOJRAITOTBUS=OIHIOABSIWASAUITMIPAATMIM ~ One Is Repeatedly And Recurrently Startled By The Fact That: People Whom One Had Once Judged Rational And Intelligent Turn Out To Be Unashamedly Stupid + One Is Harassed In One’s Activities By Stupid Individuals Who Appear Suddenly And Unexpectedly In The Most Inconvenient Places And At The Most Improbable Moments

~ SIAIPOAHGAIUDATACP-TOFTSPOSPWOICVLGODWVSO-YAHTFTSPOSP-WP(IAWTFL)WASYE ~ Stupidity Is An Indiscriminate Privilege Of All Human Groups And Is Uniformly Distributed According To A Constant Proportion – Thus One Finds The Same Percentage Of Stupid People Whether One Is Considering Very Large Groups Or Dealing With Very Small Ones – You Always Have To Face The Same Percentage Of Stupid People – Which Percentage (In Accordance With The First Law) Will Always Surpass Your Expectations

~ WTBTDHW-AGOAL-T-D-IUTDTDANT ~ Whether The Blow To Dick’s Head Was – A Gain Or A Loss – To – Dick – Is Up To Dick To Decide And Not Tom

~ TFITRPHDCAUUB ~ The Fact Is That Reasonable People Have Difficulty Conceiving And Understanding Unreasonable Behavior

~ NTG-F-C-E/D/H-TINE-OB-TIOOE:TPIQIS ~ Nothing To Gain – From – Causing – Embarrassment / Difficulties / Harm – There Is No Explanation – Or Better – There Is Only One Explanation: The Person In Question Is Stupid

~ S-S ~ Super-Stupid

~ SAP-TDPOASPIRTTPOPAC ~ Stupidity And Power – The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person Is Related To The Position Of Power And Consequence

~ TPOS ~ The Power Of Stupidity

~ S/P/I-P-ETDPOASP ~ Social / Political / Institutional – Power – Enhances The Damaging Potential Of A Stupid Person

~ E-SPADAD-B-RPFIDTIAUUB-B-TSPADNCTTROR-OIGCBS-OCOARD-B-TAILARS ~ Essentially – Stupid People Are Dangerous And Damaging – Because – Reasonable People Find It Difficult To Imagine And Understand Unreasonable Behavior – Because – The Stupid Person’s Actions Do Not Conform To The Rules Of Rationality – One Is Generally Caught By Surprise – One Cannot Organize A Rational Defense – Because – The Attack Itself Lacks Any Rational Structure

~ OOOITTAOWASI-FOOS-SAMCOHDE-B-IIBOACMOTENOS-IGTSPAS-BOT-EBOTS-OCNFATS-AAR-A-BLOWBPBTUMOTS ~ On Occasion One Is Tempted To Associate Oneself With A Stupid Individual – For One’s Own Schemes – Such A Maneuver Can Only Have Disastrous Effects – Because – It Is Based On A Complete Misunderstanding Of The Essential Nature Of Stupidity – It Gives The Stupid Person Added Scope – Because Of The – Erratic Behavior Of The Stupid – One Can Not Foresee All The Stupid’s – Actions And Reactions – And – Before Long One Will Be Pulverized By The Unpredictable Moves Of The Stupid

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ TOWARDS A THEORY OF LARGE-SCALE ORGANISATION ~ PRINCIPLES ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ S:THLMNATFOTLO-OTAT-BH-IWABWAFTME ~ Subsidiarity: The Higher Level Must Not Absorb The Functions Of The Lower One – On The Assumption That – Being Higher – It Will Automatically Be Wiser And Fulfill Them More Efficiently

~ V:EFEC-TSUMBDARAU ~ Vindication: Except For Exceptional Cases – The Subsidiary Unit Must Be Defended Against Reproach And Upheld

~ I:ESU-MH-A-BS ~ Identification – Each Subsidiary Unit – Must Have – A – Balance Sheet

~ M:PAIAWTM ~ Motivation: People Act In Accordance With Their Motives

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ SIB ~ Small Is Beautiful

~ EAIPM ~ Economics As If People Mattered

~ TCEOH ~ The Continued Existence Of Humanity

~ SE ~ Spaceship Earth

~ FF-CBR-OTAG-TAGFE ~ Fossil Fuels – Cannot Be Recycled – Once They Are Gone – They Are Gone For Ever

~ IW-SO-FF-WTC-B-IW-STC-RB-LNAU-W-TLI ~ If We – Squander Our – Fossil Fuels – We Threaten Civilization – But – If We – Squander The Capital – Represented By – Living Nature Around Us – We – Threaten Life Itself

~ WHIBLOTCO-LN-FST-B-AAFMR-IIOSTEO-WWII0TWHSIITRTAP-R-SRTMOUHHYBCOI-THBAU-QJIIP ~ We Have Indeed Been Living On The Capital Of – Living Nature – For Some Time – But – At A Fairly Modest Rate – It Is Only Since Then End Of – World War II – That We Have Succeeded In Increasing This Rate To Alarming Proportions – Recently – So Recently That Most Of Us Have Hardly Yet Become Conscious Of It – There Has Been A Unique – Quantitative Jump In Industrial Production

~ TTAT-F-IUOIILTA-N-A-WCWDN-?-TSTL-WIAVM-WMTUTP-A-BTSTPOEANL-S-W-NMOPANPOC:AL-SDFP ~ To Talk About The – Future – Is Useful Only If It Leads To Action – Now – And – What Can We Do Now – ? – To Say The Least – Which Is Already Very Much – We Must Thoroughly Understand The Problem – And – Begin To See The Possibility Of Evolving A New Life-Style – With – New Methods Of Production And New Patterns Of Consumption: A Life-Style Designed For Permanence

~ IHVSA-GAE-A-SC-TIRINLTA-COI ~ If Human Vices Such As – Greed And Envy – Are – Systematically Cultivated – The Inevitable Result Is Nothing Less Than A – Collapse Of Intelligence

~ T-CAEON-IT-AOW-IIAT-AOFAP-E-ION-TTIO-DOOF-OWOCHC-A-TI-EF ~ The – Cultivation And Expansion Of Needs – Is The – Antithesis Of Wisdom – It Is Also The – Antithesis Of Freedom And Peace – Every – Increase Of Needs – Tends To Increase One’s – Dependence On Outside Forces – Over Which One Cannot Have Control – And – Therefore Increase – Existential Fear

~ E-B-M-E-E-B-COEP-A-E-E-G-VATE-DNR-P:TAA-DOW ~ Ever-Bigger – Machines – Entailing – Ever-Bigger – Concentrations Of Economic Power – And – Exerting – Ever-Greater – Violence Against The Environment – Do Not Represent – Progress: They Are A – Denial Of Wisdom

~ TIWIS-IOOAOT-SAP-O-HK-WRO-E-FMTO-U ~ There Is Wisdom In Smallness – If Only On Account Of The – Smallness And Patchiness – Of – Human Knowledge – Which Relies On – Experiment – Far More Than On – Understanding

~ II-O-SU-WTBCOTBOLOONR-T-AC-O-MG-WPTTTTWUITLQ ~ It Is – Obvious – Small Units – Will Take Better Care Of Their Bit Of Land Or Other Natural Resources – Than – Anonymous Companies – Or – Megalomanic Governments – Which Pretend To Themselves That The Whole Universe Is Their Legitimate Quarry

~ BWIW?-WCIBF?-TBATFI-OHFT-LO-FS-M-A-GAE-T-SFL-EIOM-PT-IOWWAOINOW ~ But What Is Wisdom? – Where Can It Be Found? – To Be Able To Find It – One Has First To – Liberate Oneself – From Such – Masters – As – Greed And Envy – The – Stillness Following Liberation – Even If Only Momentary – Produces The – Insights Of Wisdom Which Are Obtainable In No Other Way

~ T-HAFU-OA-L-DPTTPO-M-E-TTNOT-S ~ The – Hollowness And Fundamental Unsatisfactoriness – Of A – Life – Devoted Primarily To The Pursuit Of – Material – Ends – To The Neglect Of The – Spiritual

~ N-T-ME-HBBUTC-‘L’-O-W-ALMTA-NE-A-IOC-TBRTAM-IICB-EA-S-B-A ~ Now – The – Modern Economist – Has Been Brought Up To Consider – “Labour” – Or – Work – As Little More Than A – Necessary Evil – An – Item Of Cost – To Be Reduced To A Minimum – If It Cannot Be – Eliminated Altogether –Say – By – Automation

~ A-W-PCICO-HDAF-BTWDIAETP ~ And – Work – Properly Conducted In Conditions Of – Human Dignity And Freedom – Blesses Those Who Do It And Equally Their Products

~ TSHWFFS-RTFSN-S-F-RT-S ~ To Satisfy Human Wants From Faraway Sources – Rather Than From Sources Nearby – Signifies – Failure – Rather Than – Success

~ APBIELON-RFI-LP-O-C-IO-I ~ A Population Basing Its Economic Life On Non-Renewable Fuels Is – Living Parasitically – On – Capital – Instead Of – Income

~ AQOS ~ A Question Of Size

~ LU-TTBUI-SU ~ Large Units – Tend To Break Up Into – Smaller Units

~ WNTFO-LALO-S-AU-A-ATST-TOOL-S-P-G-UAC ~ We Need The Freedom Of – Lots And Lots Of – Small – Autonomous Units – And – At The Same Time – The Orderliness Of Large-Scale – Possibly – Global – Unity And Coordination

~ FEATIACAS ~ For Every Activity There Is A Certain Appropriate Scale

~ FTAIC-OU-ANDOF-TAATTDF-B-MEEVAEI ~ Fast Transport And Instantaneous Communications – Open Up – A New Dimension Of Freedom – These Achievements Also Tend To Destroy Freedom – By – Making Everything Extremely Vulnerable And Extremely Insecure

~ B-TRRSTP-MOTET ~ But – The Rich Rarely Subsidize The Poor – More Often They Exploit Them

~ NSLS-A-NSLS ~ Nothing Succeeds Like Success – And – Nothing Stagnates Like Stagnation

~ IIASPI-T-TCWOP-DECDNTHTP-IIPTOSPAVAHIFTRO-MTA-RAP-RAMP ~ It Is A Strange Phenomenon Indeed – That – The Conventional Wisdom Of Present-Day Economics Can Do Nothing To Help The Poor – Invariably It Proves That Only Such Policies Are Viable As Have In Fact The Result Of – Making Those Already – Rich And Powerful – Richer And More Powerful

~ PBTM-RT-MP ~ Production By The Masses – Rather Than – Mass Production

~ PCOBTI-SCG ~ People Can Only Be Themselves In – Small Comprehensible Groups

~ IINAQOWWCABOWWCTSOMO ~ It Is Not A Question Of What We Can Afford But Of What We Choose To Spend Our Money On

~ TQNTBAWTERALTBAFTFDOAISTCSMAASL ~ The Question Needs To Be Asked Whether The Earth’s Resources Are Likely To Be Adequate For The Further Development Of An Industrial System That Consumes So Much And Accomplishes So Little

~ IDNRMTASAOITRT-IGOMCIAFWIAI ~ It Does Not Require More Than A Simple Act Of Insight To Realize That – Infinite Growth Of Materiel Consumption In A Finite World Is An Impossibility

~ ABBONOTWT ~ Assurances Being Based On Nothing Other Than Wishful Thinking

~ TTOE ~ The Thralldom Of Economism

~ A-WOL-TBIO-M-O-PLE-IA-FE-CLL-A-ILEITSTMSIPIEO ~ A – Way Of Life – That Bases Itself On – Materialism – On – Permanent Limitless Expansionism – In A – Finite Environment – Cannot Last Long – And – Its Life Expectation Is The Shorter The More Successfully It Pursues It Expansionist Objectives

~ WMCOW-J-A-SRP ~ We Must Concern Ourselves With Justice – And – See Right Prevail

~ T-L-W-A-H-OAS-DOC-‘PS’-WA-IPAHV-SC/C/MR-A-AA-TATBH-ATAME-DAD-WT-‘PS’-AGD ~ The – Life – Work – And – Happiness – Of All Societies – Depend On Certain – “Psychological Structures” – Which Are – Infinitely Precious And Highly Vulnerable – Social Cohesion / Cooperation / Mutual Respect – And – Above All – The Ability To Bear Hardship – All This And Much Else – Disintegrates And Disappears – When These – “Psychological Structures” – Are Gravely Damaged

~ MWWRNIN-E-O-B-T-O-A-T-O-A-T-S-T ~ Maybe What We Really Need Is Not – Either-Or – But – The-One-And-The-Other-At-The-Same-Time

~ AOHTSCFTOOOATDOCF ~ Any Organization Has To Strive Continuously For The Orderliness Of Order And The Disorderliness Of Creative Freedom

~ C-IMAIOO;D-OOF ~ Centralization – Is Mainly An Idea Of Order; Decentralisation – One Of Freedom

~ L-CGO-FTSUTTL(AH)O-NTOWR-A-L-IAEEITHOAO ~ Loyalty – Can Grow Only – From The Smaller Units To The Larger (And Higher) Ones – Not The Other Way Round – And – Loyalty – Is An Essential Element In The Health Of Any Organisation

~ I-CRBAITRW-B-TANTLM-TITADFTIHTBSAAJ ~ Ideals – Can Rarely Be Attained In The Real World – But – They Are None The Less Meaningful – They Imply That Any Departure From The Ideal Has To Be Specially Argued And Justified

~ F-IIDTMBAP-SAMNP-IBACP ~ First – It Is Dangerous To Mix Business And Politics – Such A Mixing Normally Produces – Inefficient Business And Corrupt Politics

~ LAOPF-SO-‘I’-T-B-GLT-PE-FOC ~ Large Amounts Of – Public Funds – Spent On – “Infrastructure” – The – Benefits – Go Largely To – Private Enterprise – Free Of Charge

~ T-‘LOP’-IN-TLO-L-NTO-S ~ The – “Logic Of Production” – Is Neither – The Logic Of – Life – Nor That Of – Society

CHRISTOPHER CLUGSTON ~ BLIP ~ 2019

~ T-N-C-E-P-I-TLTWWMV-HE-IOTCU-HIAIC ~ The – Nature-Centered – Ecological – Perspective – Is – The Lens Through Which We Must View – Human Existence – In Order To Correctly Understand – Human Industrialism And Its Consequences

~ R-TLTWTVMOHCV-HE-IT-H-C-A-P-WRUIOAUO-P/P/F-C ~ Regrettably – The Lens Through Which The Vast Majority Of Humankind Currently Views – Human Existence – Is The – Human-Centered – Anthropocentric – Perspective – Which Renders Us Incapable Of Accurately Understanding Our – Past / Present / Future – Circumstances

~ HE-IGBO-NE-PB-ER:RNR+NNR=NH-WEALOE ~ Human Existence – Is Governed By Our – Natural Environment – Particularly By – Earth Resources: Renewable Natural Resources + Nonrenewable Natural Resources + Natural Habitats – Which Enable All Life On Earth

~ OS-HS-I-E-B-N-E-A-I-STTS-NL-TAT-AOES ~ Our Species – Homo Sapiens – Is – Exceptional – But – Not – Exemptional – And – Is – Subject To The Same – Natural Laws – That Apply To – All Other Earth Species

~ ERD-DANR-AARTETRAWIIR-O-DANH-AARTETRAWIIR-I-U ~ Earth Resource Overexploitation – Depleting A Natural Resource – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Replenished – Or – Degrading A Natural Habitat – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Regenerated – Is – Unsustainable

~ WAN-E-WAMT-EFB-OA-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUAUVOOOI ~ We Are Not – Exemptional – We Are Merely The – Extraordinarily Fortunate Beneficiaries – Of A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting And Unfortunate Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity

~ BL ~ Biodiversity Loss

~ SWB ~ Societal Wellbeing Improvement

~ GNNRSI ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Indicators

~ GNNRSC ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Consequences

~ TPIBHTF-H-G-T-A-WTISABHCOFS ~ The Primary Impetus Behind Humanity’s Transition From – Hunter-Gather – To – Agriculturalists – Was The Increased Security Afforded By Human Control Over Food Supplies

~ SW-CDH-AE-WUTS-ASLHB-RTT-IHMLS ~ Surplus Wealth – Created During Humanity’s – Agrarian Era – Was Used To Support – Additional Subsistence Level Human Beings – Rather Than To – Improve Human Material Living Standards

~ A-GBT-HC-WE-L/N/TSM-HC-AE-HUIO-W/O/F/D-WRT-CDAOHQOL-AW(AB)AQS ~ Agrarianism – Gave Birth To – Human Civilization – Which Engendered – Literacy / Numeracy / The Scientific Method – Human Civilization – Also Engendered – Historically Unprecedented Instances Of – War / Oppression / Famine / Disease – With Respect To – Cultural Development And Overall Human Quality Of Life – Agrarianism Was (At Best) At Qualified Success

~ IIITOTEO-I-O-HSW-TSTWITIWC-‘N’-AABNFHHP ~ It Is Impossible To Overstate The Effect Of – Industrialism – On – Human Societal Wellbeing – The Lifestyles That We In The Industrialized World Consider – “Normal” – Are Anything But Normal From Humanity’s Historical Perspective

~ Y-OTHUOAP-WHCTB-WTOQ-T-GA-EV-NNR-WRSTPTIWOLTWWHBA ~ Yet – Owing To Humanity’s Unfailingly Optimistic Anthropocentric Perspective – We Have Continued To Believe – Without Thought Or Question – That – Globally Available – Economically Viable – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – Will Remain Sufficient To Perpetuate The Industrial Way Of Life To Which We Have Become Accustomed

~ F-M-WFA-IGD-LOG-LA ~ Future – Mining – Will Face An – Increasing Geological Distance – Lower Ore Grade – Less Accessible

~ HS-A-ES-N-A-ES ~ Homo Sapiens – An – Exceptional Species – Not – An – Exemptional Species

~ IW-A-GE-TST-C-EUF-TPO-E ~ It Was – A – Gross Exaggeration – To Suppose That – Culture – Exempted Us From – The Principles Of – Ecology

~ PPP ~ Pseudo Purchasing Power

~ RGAB-A-A-Y-U-LOM ~ Reinflated Global Asset Bubbles – And – As-Yet-Unknown – Levels Of Malinvestment

~ S-N-B-T-FAM-S-RPEBAINB ~ Sweeping – Never-Before-Tried – Fiscal And Monetary – Stimulus – Reinflated Previously Existing Bubbles And Inflated New Bubbles

~ HCD ~ Human Cultural Deterioration

~ HIPBAAOIS-P/E/S-P-WACB-ID-P/E/S-B ~ Humanity Is Plagued By An Array Of Increasingly Severe – Political / Economic / Societal – Problems – Which Are Caused By – Increasingly Dysfunctional – Political / Economic / Societal – Behavior

~ DCC-T-IC-OO-UEREB ~ Deteriorating Cultural Circumstances – The – Inevitable Consequence – Of Our – Unsustainable Earth Resource Exploitation Behavior

~ HPI-B-B-N-E-B ~ Humanity’s Predicament Is – Geologically-Based – Not – Economically-Based

~ IH-IET-IS-AW-TUOOILP-NS-NIT-T-S-UAV ~ Industrial Humanity – Is Experiencing The – Increasing Stress – Associated With – The Unravelling Of Our Industrial Lifestyle Paradigm – Nature’s Squeeze – Manifesting Itself Through – Increasing – Societal – Unrest And Violence

~ IHS-IP:D-PAI-T-F-N-R-A-IS-NNR-TEOIWOL-A-OVE ~ Industrial Humanity’s Self-Inflicted Predicament: Depleting – Persistently And Increasingly – The – Finite – Non-Replenishing – And – Increasingly Scarce – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – That Enable Our Industrial Way Of Life – And – Our Very Existence

~ H-HEIA-TDWN-STIOO-IR-N300YA-WHBTUFB-A-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUVOOOI-A-WWSDTHIRAM300Y-‘B’ ~ Humankind – Has Existed In A – Terminal Disequilibrium With Nature – Since The Inception Of Our – Industrial Revolution – Nearly 300 Years Ago – We Have Been The Uniquely Fortunate Beneficiaries – A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity – And – We Will Soon Discover That Human Industrialism Represents A Mere 300 Year – “Blip”

~ FHP ~ Faltering Human Prosperity

~ A-C/T/CD-BOA-GWT-A/I/A-BOS-T-GP-WBI-F-A-A-V ~ As – Compassion / Tolerance / Common Decency – Born Of Abundance – Give Way To – Assertiveness / Intolerance / Aggression – Borne Of Scarcity – The – General Populace – Will Become Increasingly – Frustrated / Angry / Violent

~ AO-OPAIIC-WI-AW-TRTO-ON-O-CMAM-HBDBO-NN-O-CLAL ~ Awareness Of – Our Predicament And Its Inevitable Consequences – Will Increase – As Will – The Realization That Our – Old Normal – Of – Continuously More And More – Has Been Displaced By Our – New Normal – Of – Continuously Less And Less

~ O-GSC-W-C-W-S/I/N-C-GOHB-FTIW-S-RNR-ETSTS-O-W-HBE ~ Our – Global Societal Collapse – Will – Culminate – When – Small / Isolated / Non-Competing – Groups Of Human Beings – Find Themselves In Areas Where – Sufficient – Renewable Natural Resources – Exist To Support Them Sustainably – Or – When – Humankind Becomes Extinct

~ IBAGR ~ It’s Been A Great Ride

NASSIM TALEB ~ NO ~ VIA NEGATIVA ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ M-W-S ~ Muscles – Without – Strength

~ F-W-T ~ Friendship – Without – Trust

~ O-W-C ~ Opinion – Without – Consequence

~ C-W-A ~ Change – Without – Aesthetics

~ A-W-V ~ Age – Without – Values

~ L-W-E ~ Life – Without – Effort

~ W-W-T ~ Water – Without – Thirst

~ F-W-N ~ Food – Without – Nourishment

~ L-W-S ~ Love – Without – Sacrifice

~ P-W-F ~ Power – Without – Fairness

~ F-W-R ~ Facts – Without – Rigor

~ S-W-L ~ Statistics – Without – Logic

~ M-W-P ~ Mathematics – Without – Proof

~ T-W-E ~ Teaching – Without – Experience

~ P-W-W ~ Politeness – Without – Warmth

~ V-W-E ~ Values – Without – Embodiment

~ D-W-E ~ Degrees – Without – Erudition

~ M-W-F ~ Militarism – Without – Fortitude

~ P-W-C ~ Progress – Without – Civilization

~ F-W-I ~ Friendship – Without – Investment

~ V-W-R ~ Virtue – Without – Risk

~ P-W-E ~ Probability – Without – Ergodicity

~ W-W-E ~ Wealth – Without – Exposure

~ C-W-D ~ Complication – Without – Depth

~ F-W-C ~ Fluency – Without – Content

~ D-W-S ~ Decision – Without – Symmetry

~ S-W-S ~ Science – Without – Skepticism

~ R-W-T ~ Religion – Without – Tolerance

JOHN GRANT ~ DENYING SCIENCE ~ 2011

~ UWT-WA ~ Unless We Think – We Aren’t

~ TPO-TTBOUT-ICTAFO-SD ~ This Pattern Of – Threatening The Bearers Of Unwelcome Truths – Is Common Throughout All Fields Of – Science Denialism

~ SPGPAVGDOMTDBS ~ Some People Get Paid A Very Great Deal Of Money To Deny Basic Science

~ AAGR-ITMO-MJ-SOTATMO-SWITRF-SA-BTS-U-SOTPSITOWA ~ As A General Rule – If The Mass Of – Mainstream Journalists – Says One Thing And The Mass Of – Scientists Working In The Relevant Field – Says Another – Believe The Scientists – Unfortunately – Swaths Of The Public See It The Other Way Round

~ OCEO-DR-I-TAHA-A-TTOFODAPTPTWS ~ Other Common Elements Of – Denialist Rhetoric – Include – The Ad Hominem Attack – And – The Trick Of Focusing On Details And Pretending They Present The Whole Story

~ OOTDBSAP-IT-SATRIDL ~ One Of The Differences Between Science And Pseudoscience – Is That – Science Accepts The Results It Doesn’t Like

~ IIAVUTIMDC-B-TFTSC-I-DAMIW ~ Intuition Is A Very Useful Tool In Many Different Circumstances – But – The Fact That Something’s Counter-Intuitional – Doesn’t Automatically Mean It’s Wrong

~ FMCI-TUB-TIP-O-TLS-IAT-SSITCWTI ~ Far More Concerning Is – The Use By – Those In Power – Of – The Legal System – In Attempts To – Silenced Scientific Information That Conflicts With Their Ideology

~ ISASAR-NMHV-NMHFDFTDEOTIRI-OANO-DRD-BTAP-RSC ~ It Seems A Single Anecdotal Report – No Matter How Vague – No Matter How Far Distanced From The Direct Experience Of The Individual Repeating It – Outweighs Any Number Of – Deeply Researched Double-Blind Trials And Peer-Reviewed Scientific Conclusions

~ DTPO-TPE-WRDUI ~ Despite The Power Of – The Placebo Effect – We Really Don’t Understand It

~ TNT-FASTEOL-DAEE-ICTSC ~ The Notion That – Finding A Single Tangential Error Or Lacuna – Demolishes An Entire Edifice – Is Common Throughout Science Denialism

DAN ARIELY ~ THE (HONEST) TRUTH ABOUT DISHONESTY ~ 2012

~ WLTE-EO ~ We Lie To Everyone – Especially Ourselves

~ WD-CAS-AMAWWIWWPRAAOIOOS-I ~ We Don’t – Cheat And Steal – As Much As We Would If We Were Perfectly Rational And Acted Only In Our Own Self-Interest

~ TPOGCDHASIOTAOC ~ The Probability Of Getting Caught Doesn’t Have A Substantial Influence On The Amount Of Cheating

~ Rather – Our Sense Of Our Own Morality Is Connected To The Amount Of Cheating We Feel Comfortable With – Essentially – We Cheat Up To The Level That Allows Us To Retain Our Self-Image – As A Reasonably Honest Individual

~ EOUHALT-HMWCC-BIBA-‘S’ ~ Each Of Us Has A Limit To – How Much We Can Cheat – Before It Becomes Absolutely – “Sinful”

~ TFF-TDBBTCDTMAPS-IATBFC ~ The Fudge Factor – The Delicate Balance Between The Contradictory Desires To Maintain A Positive Self-Image And To Benefit From Cheating

~ AITO-PAMATBDITPONO-SAPAT-TAM ~ As It Turns Out – People Are More Apt To Be Dishonest In The Presence Of Nonmonetary Objects – Such As Pencils And Tokens – Than Actual Money

~ IST-WWASRO-ES-WBMH ~ It Seems That – When We Are Simply Reminded Of – Ethical Standards – We Behave More Honorably

~ WPSTNTSKOP-IPTIAMHD(ALT)-IPSBTEADOTF-TCL ~ When People Sign Their Names To Some Kind Of Pledge – It Puts Them Into A More Honest Disposition (At Least Temporarily) – If People Sign Before They Enter Any Data Onto The Form – They Cheat Less

~ AAFW-IDTIRQATVOTWWPM ~ After A Few Weeks – I Discovered That I Rather Quickly Adopted The Viewpoint Of Those Who Were Paying Me

~ GS-IYWDY-WP-YWHCMTRYD-A-TDCWDYHAW ~ Generally Speaking – If You Wear Down Your – Will Power – You Will Have Considerably More Trouble Regulating Your Desires – And – That Difficulty Can Wear Down Your Honesty As Well

HAL NIEDZVIECKI ~ THE PEEP DIARIES ~ 2009

~ PC ~ Peep Culture

~ WAPOPC-WALTLWOAON ~ We’re All Part Of Peep Culture – We’re All Learning To Love Watching Ourselves And Our Neighbors

~ IP-LILOCR-B-YNKWYGTWTBATRS ~ In Peep – Life Is Lived On Constant Record – Because – You Never Know When You’re Going To Want To Be Able To Rewind Something

~ TIUNC ~ The Increasingly Ubiquitous Nanny Cam

~ P-E-ALIP-FOIAODTA-TMOC-A-TOLLIFOAFAA ~ Peep – Emerges – At Least In Part – From Our Increasing And Ongoing Desire To Adopt The Mantel Of Celebrity – And – Try Out Life Lived In Front Of And For An Audience

~ TMWETRO-TMWBUTBOCAP-ITITWOP ~ The More We’re Encouraged To Reveal Ourselves – The More We’re Becoming Used To Being Observed Constantly And Perpetually

~ AWTSOTP?~ Increasingly Tangled In The Web Of Peep – Are We The Spiders Or Their Prey?

~ PCII ~ Peep Culture Is Infectious

~ S-ATOSAP-F-RCTAOC-TTLMOLI-ATB-OAC ~ Suddenly – All Things Once Sacred And Private – From – Religious Ceremonies To Acts Of Copulation – To The Last Moments Of Life Itself – Are To Be – Observed And Consumed

~ PACOS-IAA-HS-A-INLWIOW ~ Put A Camera On Something – Introduce An Audience – However Small – And – It’s No Longer What It Once Was

~ TAPDATWPOTTFTSPOHITRHOP ~ There’s A Profound Discomfort About The Whole Process Of Trying To Fit The Square Peg Of Humanity Into The Round Hole Of Product

~ T-MTE-WWTBTS-A-WTT-Y-WCASAPWB-S ~ Today – More Than Ever – We Want To Be The Stars – And – We’re Told That – Yes – We Can And Should And Probably Will Be Stars

~ M-WALTBTOPIISW-‘ATS’-WHPOAR-EAWASTJ-TS-I-E-MC-L-S ~ Meanwhile – We Are Led To Believe That Our Participation Is In Some Way – “Against The System” – We Happily Perceive Ourselves As Rebels – Even As We Actively Seek To Join – The System – In – Ever-More Cyborg-Like – Symbiosis

~ TYLIAEP-GYTPT-IANP-TPYTYSB-AOT-TPYAA ~ Turning Your Life Into An Entertainment Product – Gives You The Power To – Invent A New Person – The Person You Think You Should Be – As Opposed To – The Person You Actually Are

~ PWCTEHAC-EWIFOGIF ~ Peep Will Continue To Engender Horror And Confusion – Even While It Fixes Our Gaze In Fascination

~ ISHBBA-MF-A-MI-HIFAT-I-ICOMA-CAOS ~ I Should Have Been Blogging About – My Failures – And – Most Importantly – How I Felt About Them – Instead – I Concentrated On Maintaining A – Convincing Aura Of Success

~ FTR ~ Faking The Real

~ AMOPCAM ~ All Manifestations Of Peep Culture Are Mediated

~ WWW-NMWWW-WASTSO ~ What We Watch – No Matter What We Watch – We Always Seem To See Ourselves

~ TSMSC-ATVIOHASISTFO-WHASWYCUITG-M/A/F/C? ~ The Secrets Might Stop Coming – Already The Very Idea Of Having A Secret Is Starting To Feel Outmoded – Why Hoard A Secret When You Can Use It To Get Money, Attention, Friendship, Or Community?

~ NAOUWOSR-NAOUWTOUOLTAGMOPG-MAMOUAGCITCPU ~ Not All Of Us Want Our Secrets Revealed – Not All Of Us Want To Offer Up Our Lives To A Global Maelstrom Of Peep Gossip – More And More Of Us Are Getting Caught In The Culture Of Peep Unwillingly

~ WTBMPWSTUOPLASATSFTFPF?-OCTW ~ Will There Be More People Who Seek To Use Other People’s Lives And Secrets As The Source For Their For-Profit Feed? – Of Course There Will

~ SDWVWA-OSACHC ~ Shaming Doesn’t Work Very Well Anymore – Our Societies And Communities Have Changed

~ WASLFRFTT ~ We Are Still Looking For Recognition From The Tribe

~ CG ~ Cyber-Groom

~ ITAOP-WS-R/S/G-L-M-PAT-WAATCOITEAA ~ In The Age Of Peep – We Spread – Rumor / Shame / Gossip – Like – Margarine – Plentiful And Tasteless – We Apply A Thick Coat Of It To Everything And Anything

~ WS-TWBNP-TAOPITGAOS ~ Without Surveillance – There Would Be No Peep – The Age Of Peep Is The Golden Age Of Surveillance

~ NITNTWABWMPTITW ~ Nowhere Is The Need To Watch And Be Watched More Prevalent Than In The Workplace

~ TMWUTBWITW-TMWLTISTIODL ~ The More We’re Used To Being Watched In The Workplace – The More We’re Likely To Incorporate Similar Techniques Into Our Domestic Lives

~ S-INJ-TCBMROWWO-I-AO-TI-THF-TTW/D/H/D/E-O-TPBAIFOTC ~ Surveillance – Is Never Just – The Cold-Blooded Methodical Record Of What Went On – It’s – Always Open – To Interpretation – To Human Foible – To The Weaknesses / Desires /Hopes / Dreams / Egos – Of – The People Behind And In Front Of The Camera

~ PCLAPAMAC ~ People Care Less About Privacy And More About Connection

~ PIBMAMCTMAA-TMYH-TMPYDTH ~ Privacy Is Becoming More And More Connected To Money And Acquisition – The More You Have – The More Privacy You Deserve To Have

~ OEOPIAAHODAA ~ Our Enclaves Of Private Individualism Are Also Havens Of Depression And Anxiety

~ TIGFOLP-ISTANOGC-AEGA ~ The Information Generated From Our Loyalty Programs – Is Sold To Any Number Of Gigantic Companies – And Even Government Agencies

~ ITEOP-YNKWPSIGTSTONF ~ In The Era Of Peep – You Never Know What Past Silliness Is Going To Stick To Our Name Forever

~ M&M-TWHNICOWEBMP-AUAU-ACTTF ~ More And More – Things We Had No Idea Could Or Would Ever Be Made Public – And Used Against Us – Are Coming To The Fore

~ ESD-WETSEAA-B-VCAI-CE-W-ATST-PTSOP ~ Every Single Day – We’re Encouraged To Share Everything And Anything – By – Various Corporations And Information-Collecting Entities – Who – At The Same Time – Promise To Safeguard Our Privacy

~ U-TALOMTBMOOP-BA-ASOSAA-A-A-ACWWTEDTOIDTCABC ~ Ultimately – There’s A Lot Of Money To Be Made Off Of Privacy – Both As – A Symbol Of Status And Attainment – And – As – A Commodity We’re Willing To Exchange Due To Our Inherent Desire To Connect And Be Connected

~ FP ~ Future Peep

~ FTLHOSY-PC-HRPHIATPTFAS ~ For The Last Hundred Or So Years – Pop Culture – Has Relentlessly Peddled Hyper- Individualism As The Path To Fulfilment And Success

~ TAPOT-WAAJUIOO-PP-SU-A-B? ~ There Are People Out There – Who Are Actually Judging Us On Our – Profile Pages – Status Updates – And – Blogs?

JULIA ANGWIN ~ DRAGNET NATION ~ 2014

~ DN ~ Dragnet Nation

~ AQF-P-S-A-F-IAWORS ~ A Quest For – Privacy – Security – And – Freedom – In A World Of Relentless Surveillance

~ WALIADN ~ We Are Living In A Dragnet Nation

~ AWOIT ~ A World Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ CARPFLCD ~ Companies Are Rarely Penalized For Losing Customer Data

~ PL-DTATPTTEAAS ~ Police Lineup – Dragnets That Allow The Police To Treat Everyone As A Suspect

~ IUPQ ~ Innocent Until Proven Guilty

~ IWTTBRI-TDW-FLSWHW ~ I Want There To Be Room In – The Digital World For – Letters Sealed With Hot Wax

~ DWWTLIAWWWAAAROBH? ~ Do We Want To Live In A World Where We Are Always At Risk Of Being Hacked?

~ PS ~ Public Space

~ TPD ~ Third-Party Doctrine

~ MD ~ MetaData

~ ATT-ISLA-UEM ~ At The Time – It Seemed Like An – Understandable Emergency Measure

~ SD-HB-TNN ~ Suspicionless Dragnets – Had Become – The New Normal

~ F-SVHABM:T ~ Finally – Silicon Valley Had A Business Model: Tracking

~ ‘DDC’ ~ “Dark Data Circle”

~ TGRCTCD-AT-SITCE-WLTDASIBTTG ~ The Government Requires Citizens To Create Data – And Then – Sells It To Commercial Entities – Which Launder The Data And Sell It Back To The Government

~ TRITCAGDAIL;NCEWTO ~ The Reality Is That Corporate And Government Dragnets Are Inextricably Linked; Neither Can Exist Without The Other

~ PCWSAMBCTBATIA ~ People Cope With Surveillance As Much By Changing Their Behavior As Through Increased Anxiety

~ FOA ~ Freedom Of Association

~ CPBTAIAFTORR ~ Categorizing People By Their Associations Is A Favorite Tactic Of Repressive Regimes

~ PSNB-PFJG-O-A-CIJG ~ People Should Not Be – Prevented From Joining Groups – Or – Alternatively – Coerced Into Joining Groups

~ ITW-ECWMAUW-AP-AP-O-AI ~ In Today’s World – Every Choice We Make Associates Us With – A Person – A Place – Or – An Idea

~ DTAIQLPIDD? ~ Does The Activity In Question Limit Participation In Democratic Debate?

~ TM ~ Threat Model

~ TROIT ~ The Rise Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ IT-CETCOA-TSS ~ Indiscriminate Tracking – Could Enable The Creation Of A – Totalitarian Surveillance State

~ SV ~ Surveillance Vegan

~ LB ~ Lookup Business

~ TOIWTOOTNTTSQWETC ~ Turns Out I Wasn’t The Only One To Notice That The Security Questions Were Easy To Circumvent

~ PNR ~ Passenger Name Records

~ N-VIP ~ NOT – VIP

~ BIHACTLM-PP-IWH ~ Before I Had A Chance To Launch My – Privacy Project – I Was Hacked

~ ‘PUITW’ ~ “Password Use In The Wild”

~ ATGGO ~ Appealing The Government’s Gag Order

~ U-TQITSAFAD-WTDBAE? ~ Ultimately – The Question Is The Same As For All Dragnets – Will The Data Be Abused Eventually?

~ IWCTTAJFM ~ It Was Clearly Too Technical A Job For Me

~ UAU-CIMA ~ Unloved And Untrendy – Cash It Mostly Anonymous

~ WWHIEOIYSL? ~ What Would Happen If Every One In Your Situation Lied?

~ TA ~ “Traffic Analysis”

~ PIKTOOP ~ “Pseudonymity Is Key To Our Online Privacy”

~ THOM ~ The Hall Of Mirrors

~ TICBATCIED ~ The Information Collected By Ad-Tracking Companies Is Extremely Detailed

~’PC’~ “Perceived Control”

~ DARBAC ~ Data About Readers Became A Commodity

~ IAAKEAYEYN-DTNRM? ~ If An Advertiser Knows Everything About You Except Your Name – Does The Name Really Matter?

~ ‘THYD-HT-W-LT’ ~ “That’s How You Defeat – High-Tech – With – Low-Tech”

~ AUD ~ An Unfairness Doctrine

~ “SousVeillance”

~ OWT-ETPF-WBFETBI-TSB-‘SV’-CMTGFB-AAA-TGMTFA ~ One Way To – Even The Playing Field – Would Be For Everyone To Be In – The Surveillance Business – “SousVeillance” – Citizens Monitor The Government From Below – As Aggressively As – The Government Monitors Them From Above

~ NAC ~ New Asset Class

~ PLTGPTRTSTDTIUAT-SLAGI ~ Privacy Laws That Give People The Right To See The Data That Is Used Against Them – Seem Like A Good Idea

~ GDMNBC-TMBSBEALBOAC ~ Government Dragnets Must Not Be Covert – They Must Be Scrutinized By Either A Legislative Body Or A Court

~ O-SLIU-TQ-HUIA? ~ Okay – So Life Is Unfair – The Question – How Unfair Is Acceptable?

~ D-TD-PIWLRT-A-C-A-D-TD? ~ Does – The Dragnet – Provide Individuals With Legal Right To – Access – Correct – And – Dispute The Data?

~ ATDOHAFTWTDAU? ~ Are The Dragnet Operators Held Accountable For The Way The Data Are Used?

~ I-TD-TIFIP?-DIBS?-CIWPS? ~ Is – The Dragnet – Too Intrusive For Its Purpose? – Does It Benefit Society? – Can It Withstand Public Scrutiny?