ANNE APPLEBAUM ~ TWILIGHT OF DEMOCRACY ~ 2020

~ ‘OA-IITAOT-IOOPH-IWBOOICCTNITMHOH’ ~ “Our Age – Is Indeed The Age Of The – Intellectual Organization Of Political Hatreds – It Will Be One Of Its Chief Claims To Notice In The Moral History Of Humanity” ~ Julien Benda ~ The Betrayal Of The Intellectuals ~ [La Trahson Des Clercs] ~ 1927

~ A-FT-IT-FPAWRO-CT ~ A – Full-Time – Internet Troll – Fanatically Promoting A Whole Range Of – Conspiracy Theories

~ TRIM-MIETE ~ They Repeat Its Mantras – Make Its Enemies Their Enemies

~ GTRCASCTAD-I-IHIATGB-AOOSEW ~ Given The Right Conditions Any Society Can Turn Against Democracy – Indeed – If History Is Anything To Go By – All Of Our Societies Eventually Will

~ APSBOLAR-AARFAOOTI ~ Any Political System Built On Logic And Rationality – Always At Risk From An Outburst Of The Irrational

~ IIH-T-FOLD-IOOT-WNLAIDIT1920SO1930S-B-IWSRA-NE-A-NGOC-TBIA ~ If It Happens – The – Fall Of Liberal Democracy – In Our Own Time – Will Not Look As It Did In The 1920s Or 1930s – But – It Will Still Require A – New Elite – A – New Generation Of Clercs – To Bring It About

~ TATRODSTTNLP ~ To Alter The Rules Of Democracy So That They Never Lose Power

~ HDW ~ How Demagogues Win

~ SD-DNRMVTSIP-IIRUA-COE-TR-TB-TSM-TC-A-ISP-SC ~ Soft Dictatorship – Does Not Require Mass Violence To Stay In Power – Instead – It Relies Upon A – Cadre Of Elites – To Run – The Bureaucracy – The State Media – The Courts – And – In Some Places – State Companies

~ T-M-DC-UTR-WIT-DTL-HDTS-HGTC-A-HDTIOOPAI-IC-TKTTWB-RAA ~ These – Modern-Day Clercs – Understand Their Role – Which Is To – Defend The Leaders – However Dishonest Their Statements – However Great Their Corruption – And – However Disastrous Their Impact On Ordinary People And Institutions – In Change – They Know That They Will Be – Rewarded And Advanced

~ ATW-TAMVOT-IO-PS ~ Around The World – There Are Many Versions Of The – Illiberal One-Party State

~ NATTCDOHMIAA ~ No Acknowledgement That The Constant Drumbeat Of Hatred Might Inspire Another Assassination

~ B-NE-CBF ~ But – New Enemies – Can Be Found

~ TEAOACTIIIS-I-EACP-AFCAA-OTBTSSOHSPATTT ~ The Emotional Appeal Of A Conspiracy Theory Is In Its Simplicity – It – Explains Away Complex Phenomena – Accounts For Chance And Accidents – Offers The Believer The Satisfying Sense Of Having Special Privileged Access To The Truth

~ FTWB-TO-PS-G-TROTCTABAR:P ~ For Those Who Become – The One-Party State’s – Gatekeepers – The Repetition Of These Conspiracy Theories Also Brings Another Reward: Power

~ TFON ~ The Future Of Nostalgia

~ WPHR-A-NLBTLIIAB-NLATTRCIEBG-TAAWGTR-WITE0INO ~ When People Have Rejected – Aristocracy – No Longer Believe That Leadership Is Inherited At Birth – No Longer Assume That The Ruling Class Is Endorsed By God – The Argument About Who Gets To Rule – Who Is The Elite – Is Never Over

~ DAFM-CPUO-EWBROWNTTROWPAETCFVDSP-TLOTCWA-SOL-GTCTVOTCI ~ Democracy And Free Markets – Can Produce Unsatisfying Outcomes – Especially When Badly Regulated Or When Nobody Trusts The Regulators Or When People Are Entering The Contest From Very Different Starting Points – The Losers Of These Competitions Were Always – Sooner Or Later – Going To Challenge The Value Of The Competition Itself

~ TDOST-BTASC-AUC-ASC-CHI-TOAMSDITW ~ The Desire Of Some To – Belong To A Special Community – A Unique Community – A Superior Community – Can Happen In – The Oldest And Most Secure Democracies In The World

~ TIB-NRTR-IWV-515,000-T ~ Though It Bore – No Relation To Reality – It Was Viewed – 515,000 – Times

~ OWBH-EEWSHTA ~ Oligarchs Would Be Happy – Everyone Else Would Simply Have To Adjust

~ COF ~ Cascades Of Falsehood

~ WALTARSITWPTARPI-ETSOCRTHHPPCITP ~ We Now Are Living Through A Rapid Shift In The Way People Transmit And Receive Politic Information – Exactly The Sort Of Communication Revolution That Has Had Profound Political Consequences In The Past

~ TRSIAMTICH-WAD-SDTAOBNABTCAPI ~ The Rapid Shift In Advertising Money To Internet Companies Has – Within A Decade – Severely Damaged The Ability Of Both Newspapers And Broadcasters To Collect And Present Information

~ PHA-HDO-N-THDF ~ People Have Always – Had Different Opinions – Now – They Have Different Facts

~ TSMATEFPOTW-PCOTNTWTH-TARTWUTT-BTHBDTKYO-TAAFE-E-AAF-A-BTSAA-TAPIWTDE-ABAH-DBN-PHMFTOWIR ~ The Social Media Algorithms Themselves Encourage False Perceptions Of The World – People Click On The News They Want To Hear – The Algorithms Radicalize Those Who Use Them Too – Because They Have Been Designed To Keep You Online – The Algorithms Also Favor Emotions – Especially – Anger And Fear – And – Because The Sites Are Addictive – They Affect People In Ways They Don’t Expect – Anger Becomes A Habit – Divisiveness Become Normal – Polarization Has Moved From The Online World Into Reality

~ W-PTB-LNS ~ Websites – Purporting To Be – Local News Sites

~ HIAND?-WGTDI?-AAW?-FALT-WHITSQWS-B-WSTEB? ~ How Is A Nation Defined? – Who Gets To Define It? – Who Are We? – For A Long Time – We Have Imagined That Such Questions Were Settled – But – Why Should They Ever Be?

~ M-NIT-WCT-UC-DPF-A-IP ~ Maybe – New Information Technology – Will Continue To – Undermine Consensus – Divide People Further – And – Increase Polarization

~ B-A-A-D/P/SP-I-WC-TFATR-NC-TWCFBALAL ~ Because – All – Authoritarianisms – Divide / Polarize / Separate People – Into – Warring Camps – The Fight Against Them Requires – New Coalitions – Together We Can Fight Back Against Lies And Liars

HA-JOON CHANG ~ SCHOOLS OF ECONOMICS ~ ECONOMICS — THE USER’S GUIDE ~ 2014

~ C:TMKAPATC-SLIA ~ Classical: The Market Keeps All Producers Alert Through Competition – So Leave It Alone

~ N-C:IKWTAD~ Neo-Classical: Individuals Know What They Are Doing – So Leave Them Alone – Except When Markets Malfunction

~ M: CIAPVFEP-B-IWC-APPOBAOTFP ~ Marxist: Capitalism Is A Powerful Vehicle For Economic Progress – But – It Will Collapse – As Private Property Ownership Becomes An Obstacle To Further Progress

~ DT:BECDITLTETTM ~ Developmentalist Tradition: Backward Economies Can’t Develop If They Leave Things Entirely To The Market

~ A:NOKE-SLEA ~ Austrian: No One Knows Enough – So Leave Everyone Alone

~ (N)-S:CIAPVOEP-B-IWA-AFBLAMB ~ (Neo)-Schumpeterian: Capitalism Is A Powerful Vehicle Of Economic Progress – But – It Will Atrophy – As Firms Become Larger And More Bureaucratic

~ K:WIGFIMNBGFTWE ~ Keynesian: What Is Good For Individuals May Not Be Good For The Whole Economy

~ I:OAN?:IAPOTS-ETTMCIR ~ Institutionalist – Old And New?: Individuals Are Products Of Their Society – Even Though They May Change Its Rules

~ B:WANSE-SWNTDCOOFOCT-R ~ Behaviouralist: We Are Not Smart Enough – So We Need To Deliberately Constrain Our Own Freedom Of Choice Through – Rules

CHARLES MACKAY ~ WITCH MANIA ~ EXTRAORDINARY POPULAR DELUSIONS AND THE MADNESS OF CROWDS ~ 1841

~ E-FAPO-TCAAH-BUTI-NOT-PSWTETMITAOM-B-TMH-PTSESTTATWWUTF-AETSUTN-ECTB-ATAW-NVO-P-B-TWOSNH-W-WOI-CTITRTFAPAHAAW-TWWOET-TUTOUPFVTTCAAD ~ Europe – For A Period Of – Two Centuries And A Half – Brooded Upon The Idea – Not Only That – Parted Spirits Walked The Earth To Meddle In The Affairs Of Men – But – That Men Had – Power To Summon Evil Spirits To Their Aid To Work Woe Upon Their Fellows – An Epidemic Terror Seized Upon The Nations – Every Calamity That Befell – Attributed To A Witch – Not Visitations Of – Providence – But – The Works Of Some Neighbouring Hag – Whose – Wretchedness Or Insanity – Caused The Ignorant To Raise Their Finger And Point At Her As A Witch – The Word Was One Everybody’s Tongue – Thousands Upon Thousands Of Unhappy Persons Fell Victims To This Cruel And Absurd Delusion

~ PFW-IWACIWSME-A-RWSMD-T-TP-WTWT-RTW-A-CFNOIUT-HOTATOWTETD-TCWMTPFTMVP-BOIAOC-WROWP-POR ~ Prosecutions For Witchcraft – It Was A Crime Imputed With So Much Ease – And – Repelled With So Much Difficulty – That – The Powerful – Whenever They Wanted To – Ruin The Weak – And – Could Fix No Other Imputation Upon Them – Had Only To Accuse Them Of Witchcraft To Ensure Their Destruction – This Crime Was Made The Pretext For The Most Violent Persecution – Both Of Individuals And Of Communities – Whose Real Offences Were Purely – Political Or Religious

~ TTCOTFABOTFC-MWWB-IDPO-E ~ Towards The Close Of The Fourteenth And Beginning Of The Fifteenth Century – Many Witches Were Burned – In Different Parts Of – Europe

~ AANCOTSP-TCOTPTI-I-TWFTAATWTP-ITHTBPOABAMD-WTHTPITT-TTMBRUTP ~ As A Natural Consequence Of The Severe Persecution – The Crime Or The Pretenders To It – Increased – Those Who Found Themselves Accused And Threatened With The Penalties – If They Happened To Be Persons Of A Bad And Malicious Disposition – Wished They Had The Power Imputed To Them – That They Might Be Revenged Upon Their Persecutors

~ W-RAL-A-RTC-IINWT-TWIRATSII-EWTWOANT-FTEWT-TP-OWATWWS ~ When – Religion And Law – Alike – Recognized The Crime – It Is No Wonder That – The Weak In Reason And The Strong In Imagination – Especially When They Were Of A Nervous Temperament – Fancied Themselves Endued With The – Terrible Powers – Of Which All The World Was Speaking

~ TR-TCIF-MTA-CA ~ The Rack – That Convenient Instrument For – Making The Accused – Confess Anything

~ UT-C-JWP:T-POW-AUISC-W-HABITM-P;TM-WD-WATE-UPOLS ~ Upon These – Confessions – Judgment Was Pronounced: The – Poor Old Women – As Usual In Such Cases – Were – Hanged And Burned In The Market-Place; The More – Wealthy Delinquents – Were Allowed To Escape – Upon Payment Of Large Sums

~ TMTB-TMTFTB-UIBA-CP-W-WITHWOL-TTMNLTGO-IWSTB-A-P-A-I-T-TE-DATSOTS ~ The More They Burned – The More They Found To Burn – Until It Became A – Common Prayer – With – Women In The Humbler Walks Of Life – That They Might Never Live To Grow Old – It Was Sufficient To Be – Aged – Poor – And – Ill-Tempered – To Ensure – Death At The Stake Or The Scaffold

~ ‘CEC’ ~ “Convicta Et Combusta”

~ I-ACOM-SUIE-WMITSBOTL-T-DABW ~ Immediately – A Class Of Men – Sprang Up In Europe – Who Made It The Sole Business Of Their Lives – To – Discover And Burn The Witches

~ T-NF-TETARBTI ~ Torture – Never Failed – To Educe The Answer Require By The Inquisitor

~ TTI-T-PWD-FIWTNOCHCOTSOAWWWNAADITA:THWFATWHITS ~ The Truth Is – That – Pity Was Dangerous – For It Was Thought No One Could Have Compassion On The Sufferings Of A Witch Who Was Not A Dabbler In The Art: To Have Wept For A Witch Would Have Insured The Stake

~ ITMOTE-RWTGOM;FIAUR-OA-A-TP-WTCWW ~ In The Midst Of These Executions – Rare Were The Gleams Of Mercy; Few Instances Are Upon Record – Of Any – Acquittal – Taking Place – When The Charge Was Witchcraft

~ W-F-O-W-P-BAT-A-ASOMVRATCPW-LP-T-RITFOSC-SS-DOF-NUT-I-AP-WDNB-WPUI-WDTTD ~ Witch-Finding – Or – Witch-Pricking – Became A Trade – And – A Set Of Mercenary Vagabonds Roamed About The Country Provided With – Long Pins – To – Run Into The Flesh Of Supposed Criminals – Some Spot – Devoid Of Feeling – No Unusual Thing – In – Aged Persons – Who Did Not Bleed – When Pricked Upon It – Was Doomed To The Death

~ TPWWIGAOTC-W-P-I-MAW-WDNUTNOTA-A-WMTOSFFW ~ The Persons Who Were In General Accused Of This Crime – Were – Poor – Ignorant – Men And Women – Who Did Not Understand The Nature Of The Accusation – And – Who Mistook Their Own Superstitious Fears For Witchcraft

~ SDRASETACRT-S-IICTT-T-TDHPA-T-TRMHGPTAMF-AT-WMNCBUTVOAS-WIFA-NIVBTTAIVBM ~ So Deeply Rooted Are Some Errors That Ages Cannot Remove Them – Still – It Is Consoling To Think – That – The Delirium Has Passed Away – That – The Raging Madness Has Given Place To A Milder Folly – And That – We May Now Count By Units The Votaries Of A Superstition – Which In Former Ages – Numbered Its Victims By The Thousands And Its Votaries By Millions

STEPHANIE KELTON ~ THE DEFICIT MYTHS THAT HAVE HOBBLED US ~ THE DEFICIT MYTH ~ 2020

MYTH #1:

~ TFGSBLAH ~ The Federal Government Should Budget Like A Household

REALITY:

~ DTOAH ~ Don’t Think Of A Household

~ UAH-TFGITCIS-ASPTMBEWGC-TSCROOP-TGITC-A-EE-H.PB/SALG/F-MUI ~ Unlike A Household – The Federal Government Issues The Currency It Spends – A Special Power That Must Be Exercised With Great Care – The Scorekeeper Can’t Run Out Of Points – The Government Issues The Currency – And – Everyone Else – Household / Private Business / State And Local Governments / Foreigners – Merely Uses It

MYTH #2

~ DAEOO ~ Deficits Are Evidence Of Overspending

REALITY

~ TOI ~ Think Of Inflation

~ FEOO-LT-I-ADIOEOOIISI ~ For Evidence Of Overspending – Look To – Inflation – A Deficit Is Only Evidence Of Overspending If It Sparks Inflation

MYTH #3

~ OWOA-WAOTH ~ One Way Or Another – We’re All On The Hook

REALITY

~ TND(TI) ~ The National Debt (That Isn’t)

~ TNDPNFBW ~ The National Debt Poses No Financial Burden Whatsoever

MYTH #4

~ GDCOPI-MUP ~ Government Deficits Crowd Out Private Investment – Making Us Poorer

REALITY

~ TRIIOBI ~ Their Red Ink Is Our Black Ink

~ FDIOWACS-GD=NS-TTITPTDFGTBOTS ~ Fiscal Deficits Increase Our Wealth And Collective Savings – Government Deficit = Nongovernment Surplus – The Trick Is To Prevent The Deficit From Getting Too Big Or Too Small

MYTH #5

~ TD-M-L ~ Trade Deficit – Means – Losing

REALITY

~ TS-I-‘S’-S ~ Trade Surplus – Is – “Stuff” – Surplus

~ TPISSWCA;ISWCANTA ~ Trade Peace Isn’t Simply Something We Can Achieve; It’s Something We Can’t Afford Not To Achieve

REALITY

MYTH #6

~ ‘E’-P-L-SSAM-A-FU-WCATAM ~ “Entitlement” – Programs – Like – Social Security And Medicare – Are – Financially Unsustainable – We Can’t Afford Them Any More

REALITY

~ YE! ~ You’re Entitled!

~ ALATFGCTMTP-ICAATSTP-EPWHMOUAOTOA-OSSNSOSBWOAAHTSTEAAW ~ As Long As The Federal Government Commits To Making The Payments – It Can Always Afford To Support These Programs – Entitlement Programs Will Help Most Of Us At One Time Or Another – Our Social Safety Nets Strengthen Our Social Bonds With One Another And Help To Support The Economy As A Whole

STEPHANIE KELTON ~ THE DEFICIT MYTH ~ 2020

~ HC-I-E-CC-B-HAYGTPFI? ~ Health Care – Infrastructure – Education – Climate Change – But – How Are You Going To Pay For It?

~ B-WIT-FB-W-FD-TY-HB? ~ But – What If The – Federal Budget – Was – Fundamentally Different – Than Your – Household Budget?

~ WICT-IOPW-B-WHFMOTWR-B-WDNTSTTMTHBHUB ~ When It Come To – Increasing Our Public Well-Being – We Have Far More Options Than We Realize – But – We Desperately Need To See Through The Myths That Have Been Holding Us Back

~ MMT ~ Modern Monetary Theory

~ B-TITTPFWTGSIPF ~ But – The Idea That Taxes Pay For What The Government Spends Is Pure Fantasy

~ JBTANFCOTFB-DMTARLTWTGC(AS)D-RB-TAOORPR-TSOT-A-TQAQO-L/W/F/M/OM-ITGTTSTMIAETARAFS-IWA ~ ~ Just Because There Are Not Financial Constraints On The Federal Budget – Doesn’t Mean There Aren’t Real Limits To What The Government Can (And Should) Do – Regulated By – The Availability Of Our Real Productive Resources – The State Of Technology – And – The Quantity And Quality Of – Land/Workers/Factories/Machines/Other Materials – If The Government Tries To Spend Too Much Into An Economy That’s Already Running At Full Speed – Inflation Will Accelerate

~ MMT-DTRLFDAUS-IC ~ MMT – Distinguishes The Real Limits From Delusional And Unnecessary Self-Imposed Constraints

~ SONSIAPD-O-TEROABSBTC-B-SSNBCB-ABT-O-ABATS-CSF ~ Spending Or Not Spending Is A Political Decision – Obviously – The Economic Ramifications Of Any Bill Should Be Thoroughly Considered – But – Spending Should Never Be Constrained By – Arbitrary Budget Targets – Or – A Blind Allegiance To So-Called Sound Finance

~ TMICOGSII ~ The Most Important Constraint On Government Spending Is Inflation

~ IOAOTMC-LSBFAWPSTBCOMTNOOEP-TMCABT-TQI-WWTMB? ~ Instead Of Arguing Over The Monetary Cost – Lawmakers Should Be Fighting About Whose Policies Stand The Best Chance Of Meeting The Needs Of Our Entire Population – The Money Can Always Be There – The Question Is – What Will That Money Buy?

~ TRCTWFHNTDWT-FD-O-E-P/I/I/VNRWGST1970/CC-TA-RC ~ The Real Crises That We’re Facing Have Nothing To Do With The – Federal Deficit – Or – Entitlements – Poverty / Infrastructure / Inequality / Virtually No Real Wage Growth Since The 1970s / Climate Change – These Are – Real Crises

~ WNTSTTMAROATWHTPAA ~ We Need To See Through The Myths And Remember Once Again That We’ve Had The Power All Along

~ UAH-TFGITCIS-ASPTMBEWGC ~ Unlike A Household – The Federal Government Issues The Currency It Spends – A Special Power That Must Be Exercised With Great Care

~ W-C-WLON-MS-FTPBD-T-CFUDJLAH ~ When – Countries – With Little Or No – Monetary Sovereignty – Fail To Prioritize Budget Discipline – They – Can Face Unsustainable Debts Just Like A Household

~ ATTDSBLUAT-TACI-B-TNRTATGMRTWIWTIIOE ~ Adding To The Deficit Shouldn’t Be Looked Upon As Taboo – Taxes Are Critically Important – But – There’s No Reason To Assume The Government Must Raise Taxes Whenever It Wants To Invest In Our Economy

~ DSITN ~ Deficit Spending Is The Norm

~ BTGC-S(D)-ADAFU-IMF-A(C)-T-SMCF-O-WWAHGTDTNTPTT? ~ Before The Government Could – Subtract (Debit) – Any Dollars Away From Us – It Must First – Add (Credit) – Them – Spending Must Come First – Otherwise – Where Would Anyone Have Gotten The Dollars They Needed To Pay The Tax?

~ T-ITT-CADFTGC-BACPTT-SHTDTWTETC-INO-TM-TGW-IO-T-T-PTFTS-TGATSDRATTD ~ Tax – Is There To – Create A Demand For The Government’s Currency – Before Anyone Can Pay The Tax – Someone Has To Do The Work To Earn The Currency – It’s Not Our – Tax Money – The Government Wants – It’s Our – Time – To – Produce Things For The State – The Government’s Ability To Spend Doesn’t Revolve Around The Taxpayer Dollar

~ ITCHB-T-DM-WEWTUTJWS? ~ If They Couldn’t Hide Behind – The – Deficit Myth – What Excuse Would They Use To Justify Withholding Support?

~ WTILONI-IUCAROWITBE ~ When There Is Little Or No Inflation – It’s Usually Considered A Reflection Of Weakness In The Broader Economy

~ MP-INAP-IINTIT-HLP-IWMBDCABID ~ Monetary Policy – Is Not A Panacea – It Is Not The Ideal Tool – Has Limited Potency – It Works Mainly By Driving Consumers And Businesses Into Debt

~ WMINWTGBIISOD-B-WTGIUIBTAGOFTROTE ~ What Matters Is Not Whether The Governments Budget Is In Surplus Or Deficit – But –Whether The Government Is Using Its Budget To Achieve Good Outcomes For The Rest Of The Economy

~ TTTOCW-B-I-T-BD-I-EI ~ The Threat To Our Common Well-Being – Isn’t – The – Budget Deficit – It’s – Excessive Inflation

~ AIC-MMT-IARA-A(R)C-WA-R(I)C ~ At It’s Core – MMT – Is About Replacing An – Artificial (Revenue) Constraint – With A – Real (Inflation) Constraint

~ OIAAOP-B-SIRTAWMCBDTETHCWRI ~ Overspending Is An Abuse Of Power – But – So Is Refusing To Act When More Can Be Done To Elevate The Human Condition Without Risking Inflation

~ WDNTFTD-WNTFOT-NJTPSCTPTSTOM-B-ATHAMEDATFROTWCAIWWSA-TDITRWCHNT-OBTI ~ We Don’t Need To Fix The Debt – We Need To Fix Our Thinking – Not Just To Prevent Senseless Cuts To Programs That Support Tens Of Millions – But – Also To Have A More Enlightened Debate About The Full Range Of Things We Could Accomplish If We Weren’t So Afraid – The Debt Isn’t The Reason We Can’t Have Nice Things – Our Broken Thinking Is

~ FEDTEIOPOTE-TIAEAOSISOP-TJNWAI-GD=NS-EDTGSHTGS-A-TIOOPTDG-TN-TTITPTDFGTBOTS ~ For Every Deficit That Exists In One Part Of The Economy – There Is An Equal And Opposite Surplus In Some Other Part – There’s Just No Way Around It – Government Deficit = Nongovernment Surplus – Ever Dollar The Government Spends Has To Go Somewhere – And – There Is Only One Place Those Dollars Can Go – The Nongovernment – The Trick Is To Prevent The Deficit From Getting Too Big Or Too Small

~ STM-O-TTL-CLTP ~ Spending Too Much – Or – Taxing Too Little – Can Lead To Problems

~ DCBTB-B-TCABTS ~ Deficits Can Be Too Big – But – They Can Also Be Too Small

~ ITGI-BSP-WNFDTCRME-FE-II-HC/E/P-B-W-BPS-A-WFDHL-AM-IF-TDAHIO-SBA-TGSBITE ~ If The Goal Is – Broadly Shared Prosperity – We Need Fiscal Deficits That Channel Resources More Equitably – For Example – Investing In – Health Care / Education / Public Infrastructure – Benefit – Workers – Better Public Services – And – When Fiscal Deficits Help Low- And Middle-Income Families – Those Dollars Aren’t Hoarded In Off-Shore Bank Accounts – They Get Spent Back Into The Economy

~ CWMSANATMOFM ~ Countries With Monetary Sovereignty Are Not At The Mercy Of Financial Markets

~ TSNPRBFDAIR ~ There’s Simply No Preordained Relationship Between Fiscal Deficits And Interest Rates

~ J-AAOP ~ Joblessness – Is An Official Policy

~ AFJG-N-P-B-IBTTTPOUD(AOTSTEOU)WA-JG-FT-INLATTFE-A-TWANLNTPU ~ A – Federal Job Guarantee – No – Panacea – But – It Begins To Tackle The Problem Of Unemployment Directly (As Opposed To Subsidizing The Effects Of Unemployment) – With A – Job Grantee – Free Trade – Is No Longer A Threat To Full Employment – And – Trade Wars Are No Longer Necessary To Prevent Unemployment

~ MCATWASIASWTCROTOC-IPTBAGEFAOTP ~ Many Countries Around The World Are Stuck In A Situation Where They Can’t Rely On Their Own Currency-Issuing Powers To Build A Good Economy For All Of Their People

~ F-WMDWOPA ~ First – We Must Decide What Our Priorities Are

~ WSSATQ-HWWPFI?-A-SA-HWWRI? ~ We Should Stop Asking The Question – How Will We Pay For It? – And – Start Asking – How Will We Resource It?

~ TDTM:GJ/S/H-C/E-I/C/D ~ The Deficits That Matter: Good Jobs / Savings / Health-Care / Education / Infrastructure / Climate / Democracy

~ AEFTP-IOE-IOMS-WCMIWFU ~ An Economy For The People – It’s Our Economy – It’s Our Monetary System – We Can Make It Work For Us

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI ~ CREATIVITY ~ 1996

~ IIET-ECBCCITE-TB-TTMPTMC-A-AGCAIANTROASI-ALFOITD-B-CAYOHW ~ It Is Easier To – Enhance Creativity By Changing Conditions In The Environment – Than By – Trying To Make People Think More Creatively – And – A Genuinely Creative Accomplishment Is Almost Never The Result Of A Sudden Insight – A Lightbulb Flashing On In The Dark – But – Comes After Years Of Hard Work

~ MOTTTA-I-I-A-H-ATROC ~ Most Of The Things That Are – Interesting – Important – And – Human – Are The Results Of Creativity

~ C-WWAIII-WFTWALMFTDTROL ~ Creativity – When We Are Involved In It – We Feel That We Are Living More Fully Than During The Rest Of Life

~ AIALR-TIJSMIWCPAAGT-TACIAED-TMBSAA ~ Attention Is A Limited Resource – There Is Just So Much Information We Can Process At Any Given Time – To Achieve Creativity In An Existing Domain – There Must Be Surplus Attention Available

~ CGICTBOD ~ Creativity Generally Involves Crossing The Boundaries Of Domains

~ ITFOFCAA-ITMOAPITWORAE-TMTEICBIEE ~ If Too Few Opportunities For Curiosity Are Available – If Too Many Obstacles Are Placed In The Way Of Risk And Exploration – The Motivation To Engage In Creative Behavior Is Easily Extinguished

~ ITNGITFTFWZAS-C-WMETTB-O-AWA-C ~ If The Next Generation Is To Face The Future With Zest And Self-Confidence – We Must Educate Them To Be – Original – As Well As – Competent

~ TMIMWCLFCP:HTFPAEITCOE ~ The Most Important Message We Can Learn From Creative People: How To Find Purpose And Enjoyment In The Chaos Of Existence

~ CDNHIPH-B-ITIBAPTAASCC-IIA-S-RTA-I-P ~ Creativity Does Not Happen Inside People’s Heads – But – In The Interaction Between A Person’s Thoughts And A SocioCultural Context – It Is A – Systemic – Rather Than An – Individual – Phenomenon

~ A-L-C-A-POSRTOI ~ Accidents – Like – Creativity – Are – Properties Of Systems Rather Than Of Individuals

~ BITRPATRT-ICI-B-MPNRTTASIAPS-TC-A-EFKWTDWTRHT ~ Being In The Right Place At The Right Time – Is Clearly Important – But – Many People Never Realize That They Are Standing In A Propitious Space-Time Convergence – And – Even Fewer Know What To Do When The Realization Hits Them

~ WAGDO-C-W-A-I-I-WTALAIHTW-IIDTRAIP ~ Without A Good Dose Of – Curiosity – Wonder – And – Interest – In – What Things Are Like And In How They Work – It Is Difficult To Recognize An Interesting Problem

~ OTE-AFATCPEITE-IAGAF-RPN-ECPIMTAEWTT ~ Openness To Experience – A Fluid Attention That Constantly Processes Events In The Environment – Is A Great Advantage For – Recognizing Potential Novelty – Every Creative Person Is More Than Amply Endowed With These Traits

~ YCATMOCJBAACPS ~ You Cannot Assume The Mantle Of Creativity Just By Assuming A Certain Personality Style

~ CI-TTBS-YANATST ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Be Smart – Yet Also Naive At The Same Time

~ APLAITOCI ~ A Playfully Light Attitude Is Typical Of Creative Individuals

~ CI-ABIAFAOE-A-ARSORATO ~ Creative Individuals – Alternate Between Imagination And Fantasy At One End – And – A Rooted Sense Of Reality At The Other

~ CI-AARHAPATST ~ Creative Individuals – Are Also Remarkably Humble And Proud At The Same Time

~ CI-TACE-E-RGRS ~ Creative Individuals – To A Certain Extent – Escape – Rigid Gender Role Stereotyping

~ G-CP-ATTB-RAI-YIIITBCWHFIADOC-A-APMBITIOSADIOTLIR;H-HOSMBTACEA-T-SIIDTSHAPCBCWBBTACAATST-RAI-BOTLTDU;CTCWRTWHBVITPRLTNTIAAAI ~ Generally – Creative People – Are Thought To Be – Rebellious And Independent – Yet Is Is Impossible To Be Creative Without Having First Internalized A Domain Of Culture – And – A Person Must Believe In The Importance Of Such A Domain In Order To Learn Its Rules; Hence – He Or She Must Be To A Certain Extent A – Traditionalist – So It Is Difficult To See How A Person Can Be Creative Without Being Both Traditional And Conservative And At The Same Time – Rebellious And Iconoclastic – Being Only Traditional Leaves The Domain Unchanged; Constantly Taking Chances Without Regard To What Has Been Valued In The Past Rarely Leads To Novelty That Is Accepted As An Improvement

~ M-CP-A-VPATW-Y-TCBEOAIAW ~ Most – Creative Persons – Are – Very Passionate About Their Work – Yet – They Can Be Extremely Objective About It As Well

~ B-U-I-TTCT-PM-TI-TTWHTLAHAAGSOPI ~ But – Usually – Insights – Tend To Come To – Prepared Minds – That Is – To Those Who Have Thought Long And Hard About A Given Set Of Problematic Issues

~ W-ABC-ALI-WAUTPLTMA-SNC-TKOIIROIIN-IIURIDF-IMETNSSOR ~ Without – A Burning Curiosity – A Lively Interest – We Are Unlikely To Persevere Long To Make A – Significant New Contribution – This Kind Of Interest Is Rarely Only Intellectual In Nature – It Is Usually Rooted In Deep Feelings – In Memorable Experiences That Need Some Sort Of Resolution

~ B-TAASIWNHATQY-NEKTTIAP ~ But – There Are Also Situations In Which Nobody Had Asked The Question Yet – Nobody Even Knows That There Is A Problem

~ WITKOTD-TCOTF-A-TBPOTWOMAO ~ We Internalize The Knowledge Of The Domain – The Concerns Of The Field – And – They Become Part Of The Way Our Minds Are Organized

~ WWSAIOSASTAIWW-WWMBSITNOTPWOMWAI ~ When We Sit Alone In Our Study And Say That An Idea Won’t Work – What We May Be Saying Is That None Of The People Whose Opinions Matter Will Accept It

~ CT-EITGFWT-HOTWIKAAWTTAS-I-DTTIBGOTOSOTC ~ Creative Thoughts – Evolve In This Gap Filled With Tension – Holding On To What Is Known And Accepted While Tending Toward A Still Ill-Defined Truth That Is Barely Glimpsed On The Other Side Of The Chasm

~ TCOG ~ The Clarity Of Goals

~ B-CAS-TMO-AAA ~ Balancing – Challenges And Skills – The Merging Of – Action And Awareness

~ CI-TTGTCOVA-WTWHTCOS ~ Creative Individuals – Tend To Gravitate Toward Centers Of Vital Activity – Where Their Work Has The Chance Of Succeeding

~ IE-U-TINE-A-PTNWB-TPTADSIC-Y-HAHTROICBHITCTOWAOOU ~ Inspiring Environments – Unfortunately – There Is No Evidence – And – Probably There Never Will Be – To Prove That A Delightful Setting Induces Creativity – Yet – Having A Home That Reinforces One’s Individuality Cannot But Help Increase The Chances That One Will Act Out One’s Uniqueness

~ WHT-PADI-A-HEC-IAETWHBTRO-WIIETFTOWACCOTTAH ~ What Helps To – Preserve And Develop Individuality – And – Hence Enhance Creativity – Is An Environment That We Have Built To Reflect Ourselves – Where It Is Easy To Forget The Outside World And Concentrate Completely On The Task At Hand

~ M-CI-FOEWTBRAF-S/E/W-A-ABT-EWIITTDO-A-WMINWOKTASOTAFS;WCITBMOOOT ~ Most – Creative Individuals – Find Out Early What Their Best Rhythms Are For – Sleeping / Eating / Working – And – Abide By Them – Even When It Is Tempting To Do Otherwise – Again – What Matters Is Not Whether One Keeps To A Strict Or To A Flexible Schedule; What Counts Is To Be Master Of One’s Own Time

~ BAP-INARF-LC-AMTUK-CAOS-ATB ~ Being A Prodigy – Is Not A Requirement For – Later Creativity – A More Than Usually Keen – Curiosity About One’s Surroundings – Appears To Be

~ TDT-B-IAD-TISCOECP ~ The – Dialectical Tension – Between – Involvement And Detachment – That Is So Characteristic Of Every Creative Process

~ P-IIT-AR-WIT-LAFOA-TG-TEO-UF ~ Paradoxically – It Is The – Abstract Rules – We Invent To – Limit And Focus Our Attention – That Give Us – The Experience Of – Untrammelled Freedom

~ CP-A-CS-TDATTUWIHAT-A-TDATAEDE ~ Creative People – Are – Constantly Surprised – They Don’t Assume That They Understand What Is Happening Around Them – And – They Don’t Assume That Anybody Else Does Either

SUN TZU ~ USING SPIES ~ THE ART OF WAR ~ 4??BCE ~ MICHEAL NYLAN [TRANSLATION]

~ L-TECIOE ~ Locals – The Enemy’s Compatriots In Our Employ

~ I-EOIOE ~ Insiders – Enemy Officials In Our Employ

~ DA-ESWRTOSAW ~ Double Agents – Enemy Spies Who Report To Our Side As Well

~ ‘D’-S-PIOEWWID-STTRFITTE ~ “Dead” – Spies – Pawns In Our Employ Whom We Intentionally Deceive – So That They Relay False Information To The Enemy

~ LA-BC-RBTU ~ Live Agents – By Contrast – Report Back To Us

DEIRDE MCCLOSKEY ~ BOURGEOIS DIGNITY ~ 2010

~ ECETMW ~ Economics Can’t Explain The Modern World

~ E(AU)TRTW ~ Ethical (And Unethical) Talk Runs The World

~ BR ~ Bourgeois Revaluation

~ LEH ~ Liberty Encourages Hope

~ DWYMT-EEDNETIC ~ Despite What You May Think – European Empires Did Not Enrich The Imperial Countries

~ SIAW-B-IINATSAW-A-ALLIADT ~ Science Is A Wonder – But – It Is Not Always The Same As Wisdom – And – A Little Learning Is A Dangerous Thing

~ MEG-HB-A/U/U-TGSIEH ~ Modern Economic Growth – Has Been – Astounding / Unprecedented / Unexpected – The Greatest Surprise In Economic History

~ N-TE-HFTNO-P-UCATMOM-BIEC-AWTAE-A-B-IIETDSAM ~ Nonetheless – The Economists – Have Favored The Notion Of – Piled-Up Capital As The Maker Of Modernity – Because It Emphasizes Cost – About Which They Are Expert – And – Because – It Is Easy To Describe Statistically And Mathematically

~ LOB ~ Lottery Of Birth

~ PP ~ Profitable Peregrinations

~ ST-IOP-GA-SOL-IA-IINE-A-TDCBD ~ Superior Technologies – In One Place – Get Adopted – Sooner Or Later – In Another – It Is Not Easy – And – The Delay Can Be Decades

~ TIN-AIITS-TETMW-TS-INPTT-AOI-TOP-DNITCOM ~ There Is No – Aggregate Increase In Thrifty Savings – To Explain The Modern World – Thrifty Saving – Is Not Peculiar To The – Age Of Innovation – Thrift Or Prudence – Did Not Increase In The Childhood Of Modernity

~ CINTC-NITLR-TCTMAICBEFOGBOITS-ITIOCOCANC ~ Capital Is Not The Constraint – Not In The Long Run – The Capital To Make An Innovation Can Be Extracted From Or Given By Others In The Society – If The Institutions Of Coercion Or Credit Are Not Clogged

~ ND-MI-HAU-‘G’-AI ~ Nor Does – Modern Innovation – Have Anything Unusually – “Greedy” – About It

~ S-ORNO-PAS-BA-R ~ Success – Ordinarily Requires Not Only – Pugnacity And Shrewdness – But Also – Restraint

~ LIL ~ Legally Infinite Lives

~ MEG-DN-A-DN-A-C-DOTSTBGB-SFPP-IINAGBP-INHB ~ Modern Economic Growth – Did Not – And – Does Not – And – Cannot – Depend On The Scraps To Be Gained By – Stealing From Poor People – It Is Not A Good Business Plan – It Never Has Been

~ I-WNBIA-SOE ~ Innovation – Was Not Born In A – Sin Of Expropriation

~ CDNAP ~ Crime Does Not Always Pay

~ WCAFTRORCBRTEOPP ~ We Cannot Account For The Riches Of Rich Countries By Reference To Exploitation Of Poor People

~ VT-W-FRP-AA-EOEPP-TOTBTBP ~ Voluntary Trading – With – Free Rich People – As Against – Exploitation Of Enslaved Poor People – Turns Out To Be The Better Plan

~ TF-O-T-WN-HYON ~ The Fall – Of – Tyrants – With Nine-Hundred Year Old Names

~ AGDOLAPAE-TPIT-DOI-A-TAOM ~ A Good Deal Of Life And Politics And Exchange – Takes Place In The – Damning Of Incentives – And – The Assertion Of Meaning

~ Y-MMIB-AMA-LIAM-O-CIAA-O-JIACOL ~ Yet – Meaning Matters In Business – As Much As – Love In A Marriage – Or – Courage In An Army – Or – Justice In A Court Of Law

~ SPOP-I-N-B-IHLTDW-FI-O-PL-BIHBECB ~ Secure Possession Of Property – Is – Necessary – But – It Had Little To Do With – Financial Innovations – Or – Political Liberty – Because It Had Been Established Centuries Before

~ WETMW-IN-I-B-I ~ What Explains The Modern World – Is Not – Investment – But – Innovation

~ PC-T-TDNADF-TCG ~ People Cooperate – Too – They Do Not Always Defect From – The Common Good

~ PWCUBMI ~ Patents Were Considered Undignified By Many Inventors

~ NANIAGO ~ Not All New Ideas Are Good Ones

~ HOTHAMAL-MTE ~ Habits Of The Heart And Mind And Lip – Matter To Economies

~ I-VA-IAC-ANCWM-BR-CAC ~ Institutions – Viewed As – Incentives And Constraints – Are Not Chiefly What Mattered – But Rather – Community And Conversation

~ L-IAT-S-W-MA-R-O-EG-TA-C ~ Like – Imperialism And Trade – Science – Was – More A – Result – Of – Economic Growth – Than A – Cause

~ TANSTAAFL (TANSTAAFL) ~ There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch (TANSTAAFL)

~ ANRE-E-E ~ A New Rhetorical Environment – Encouraged – Entrepreneurs

~ IWW ~ It Was Words

~ S-TP-A-PCTHH-UF-T-EINEORE-TRTTAEHAAIP ~ Science – Though Proud – And – Persistently Claiming To Help Humankind – Usually Followed – Technology – Explaining In Neat Equations Or Rigorous Experiments – The Results That Tinkerers And Engineers Had Already Achieved In Practice

~ DAL-S-W ~ Dignity And Liberty – Still – Work

~ DAL-TGE ~ Dignity And Liberty – The Greatest Externalites

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ CHARLES ELTON ~ THREE QUESTIONS ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ HWTCATAAPTLHN? ~ How Will This Change Affect The Animals And Plants That Live Here Now?

~ WBASMBL? ~ What Beauty And Security May Be Lost?

~ HWTCA-‘TAIOC’ ~ How Will This Change Affect – “The Accumulating Instability Of Communities?”

ANTONIO DAMASIO ~ SELF COMES TO MIND ~ 2010

~ TIIA-S-B-IIAP-NAT-A-TPIPAATWWAPTBC ~ There Is Indeed A – Self – But – It Is A Process – Not A Thing – And – The Process Is Present At All Time Whens We Are Presumed To Be Conscious

~ T-M-M-T-S-A-O:ADCO-INP-COTROTLB-TFEIADCO-IMP ~ The – Material – Me – The – Self-As-Object: A Dynamic Collection Of – Integrated Neural Processes – Centered On The Representation Of The Living Body – That Finds Expression In A Dynamic Collection Of – Integrated Mental Processes

~ S-A-K/’I’ ~ Self-As-Knower / “I”

~ CINMA-IITM-II-ITVL-AAOOMCCOTOTPAMTC ~ Consciousness Is Not Merely About – Images In The Mind – It Is – In The Very Least – About An Organization Of Mind Contents Centered On The Organism That Produces And Motivates Those Contents

~ T-SAW-ITSETRTP-IEOU-O-EWCM ~ The – Self As Witness – Is The Something Extra That Reveals The Presence – In Each Of Us – Of – Events We Call Mental

~ IINSTTMATHANN ~ It Is Not Surprising That The Mind Appears To Have A Nonphysical Nature

~ OMMOOTAOSCKA-N-TASTCAT;TAE(AIPTSWMC)-TTAFPKAT-A-A-TTEROTAKAT-S-NCSSTOC-ON-MC ~ Organisms Make Minds Out Of The Activity Of Special Cells Known As – Neurons – They Are Sensitive To Changes Around Them; They Are Excitable (An Interesting Property They Share With Muscle Cells) – Thanks To A Fibrous Prolongation Known As The – Axon – And – To The End Region Of The Axon Known As The – Synapse – Neurons Can Send Signals To Other Cells – Other Neurons – Muscle Cells

~ TB-IAFO-TCM ~ The Body – Is A Foundation Of – The Conscious Mind

~ TFAMEPOT-P-I-PF-WOSACWOIA-TPADEOOOLB-W-U-A-CTNBSE-TPFRTCSOTB-AVD-FE-ATSTRFPTP-A-TOATLOT-BS-RTT-CC-A-FOE-A-C-V-O-PF ~ The First And Most Elementary Product Of The – Protoself – Is – Primordial Feelings – Which Occur Spontaneously And Continuously Whenever One Is Awake – They Provide A Direct Experience Of One’s Own Living Body – Wordless – Unadorned – And – Connected To Nothing But Sheer Existence – These Primordial Feelings Reflect The Current State Of The Body – Along Varied Dimensions – For Example – Along The Scale That Ranges From Pleasure To Pain – And – They Originate At The Level Of The – Brain Stem – Rather Than The – Cerebral Cortex – All – Feelings Of Emotion – Are – Complex – Variations – On – Primordial Feelings

~ CM-BW-SCTM-WBAA-SP-TTMM-MAFBQRL ~ Conscious Minds – Begin When – Self Comes To Mind – When Brains Add A – Self Process – To The Mind Mix – Modestly At First But Quite Robustly Later

~ T-S-IBIDSGOT-P-TFSITGO-PF-TEFOETSSFTP-NIT-CS-TCSIAA-S-AARBTOATO-TCSUIASOITDAOETPAMTP-IIPF-F-TIT-AS-TSIDITOBKPTTPAWATAF ~ The – Self – Is Built In Distinct Steps Grounded On The – Protoself – The First Step Is The Generation Of – Primordial Feelings – The Elementary Feelings Of Existence That Spring Spontaneously From The Protoself – Next Is The – Core Self – The Core Self Is About Action – Specifically – About A Relationship Between The Organism And The Object – The Core Self Unfolds In A Sequence Of Images That Describe An Object Engaging The Protoself And Modifying That Protoself – Including Its Primordial Feelings – Finally – There Is The – Autobiographical Self – This Self Is Defined In Terms Of Biographical Knowledge Pertaining To The Past As Well As The Anticipate Future

~ NSM ECITB-NS-D/R/F/T-MAN ~ No Single Mechanism Explains Consciousness In The Brain – No Single – Device / Region / Feature / Trick – Many Are Needed

~ BV-NGAC-STS-ETHIO-VM-VC-B-BVHTSOAP ~ Biological Value – Naturally Guides And Colors – So To Speak – Everything That Happens Inside Our – Very Minded – Very Conscious – Brains – Biological Value Has The Status Of A Principle

~ IB-T-CM-EWTHO-LR-H ~ In Brief – The – Conscious Mind – Emerges Within The History Of – Life Regulation – Homeostasis

~ OMG-CD-LTCITG ~ Over Multiple Generations – Cultural Developments – Lead To Changes In The Genome

~ CCIBBO-BV-AACTME-VM ~ Consciousness Came Into Being Because Of – Biological Value – As A Contributor To More Effective – Value Management

~ TNT-HUCMTA-UMP-IHN-NP-TARTML-CEWTCP ~ The Notion That – Hidden Underneath Conscious Minds There Are – Unconscious Mind Processes – Is Hardly News – Nonconscious Processes – That Are Relevant To Maintaining Life – Can Exist Without Their Conscious Partners

~ NLM-CTBFAAIO-CM ~ Nonconscious Life Management – Constitutes The Blueprint For Attitudes And Intentions Of – Conscious Minds

~ N-AU-TEFD-TNATP-ES-COCTSOOC-NDNIES-B-NUTSTIOC-N-ON-EC -AMF-CTSOOC-TVSOTATCARB ~ Neurons – Are Unique – The Essential Functional Difference – The Neuron’s Ability To Produce – Electrochemical Signals – Capable Of Changing The State Of Other Cells – Neurons Did Not Invent Electrical Signals – But – Neurons Use Their Signals To Influence Other Cells – Namely – Other Neurons – Endocrine Cells – And – Muscle Fiber – Changing The State Of Other Cells – The Very Source Of The Activity That Constitutes And Regulates Behavior

~ TDB-ROTB ~ The Deep Body-Relatedness Of The Brain

~ L-RTTBMACOPRAACFLDOCIIDI-TMRIKA-H-A-TPOATBSIC-H-HBU-W-C-M-O-B ~ Life – Requires That The Body Maintain A Collection Of Parameter Ranges At All Costs For Literally Dozens Of Components In Its Dynamic Interior – The Magic Range Is Known As – Homeostatic – And – The Process Of Achieving This Balanced State Is Called – Homeostasis – Homeostasis Began Unknowingly – Without – Consciousness – Mind – Or – Brain

~ THR:OR-ETITCM-A-PF;DR-A-N-S-POEPF ~ The Homeostatic Range: Optimal Ranges – Express Themselves In The Conscious Mind – As – Pleasurable Feelings; Dangerous Ranges – As – Not-So-Pleasant Or Even Painful Feelings

~ C-HIAAATBTCNSTTPOLAS ~ Consciousness – Has Improved Adaptability And Allowed The Beneficiaries To Create Novel Solutions To The Problems Of Life And Survival

~ CEHTRTLOLRBMOACOCI-EE-RB-SC-ER-L-A-S-T ~ Consciousness Enabled Humans To Repeat The Leitmotif Of Life Regulation By Means Of A Collection Of Cultural Instruments – Economic Exchange – Religious Beliefs – Social Conventions – Ethical Rules – Laws – Arts – Science – Technology

~ TDFOBSATOWO-ITUATCM ~ The Distinctive Feature Of Brains Such As The One We Own – Is Their Uncanny Ability To Create Maps

~ T-LB-IT-CL-LR-IT-NATM-BM-IT-E-TE-TTP-LR-I-MR-A-EI-CMR ~ The – Living Body – Is The – Central Locus – Life Regulation – Is The – Need And The Motivation – Brain Mapping – Is The – Enabler – The Engine – That Transforms Plain – Life Regulation – Into – Minded Regulation – And – Eventually Into – Consciously Minded Regulation

~ OMAP-ITFSOTT-B-OPHAB-PFMIAM-AOTTO-WPBE-RTBPR ~ Our Memories Are Prejudiced – In The Full Sense Of The Term – By – Our Past History And Beliefs – Perfectly Faithful Memory Is A Myth – Applicable Only To Trivial Objects – We Perceive By Engagement – Rather Than By Passive Receptivity

~ TSIIAMF ~ The Self Is Indeed A Movable Feast

~ WDCP-OPA-G/O/O-IOTB-A-OTOW-ITOTON-ITLO-ELM-A-CIT-COS ~ Why Did Consciousness Prevail – One Possible Answer – Generating / Orienting / Organizing – Images Of The Body – And – Of The Outside World – In Terms Of The Organism’s Needs – Increased The Likelihood Of – Efficient Life Management – And – Consequently Improved The – Chances Of Survival

~ ECATPOKATOEAAISTSA-OC-KDNJOTCADOEI-B-OTSIIR-KC-TSOE-WA-UIO ~ Eventually Consciousness Added The Possibility Of Knowing About The Organism’s Existence And About Its Struggles To Stay Alive – Of Course – Knowing Depended Not Just On The Creation And Display Of Explicit Images – But – On Their Storage In Implicit Records – Knowing Connected – The Struggles Of Existence – With A – Unified Identifiable Organism

~ TAS ~ The Autobiographical Self

~ TAF-RAFITHOL-DOHMTCTTSOL-C-C-S-A-C-IHF-ISTBHTS ~ Traits And Functions – Rise And Fall In The History Of Life – Depending On How Much They Contribute To The Success Of Living – Consciousness – Came – Saw – And – Conquered – It Has Flourished – It Seems To Be Here To Stay

~ TPO-CD-ASLBALAO-NB-SBS-SCA-WTWAIC-B-OAN ~ The Products Of – Conscious Deliberation – Are Significantly Limited By A Large Array Of – Nonconscious Biases – Some Biologically Set – Some Culturally Acquired – We Think We Are In Control – But – Often Are Not

~ BACATI ~ Biology And Culture Are Thoroughly Interactive