LEWIS WOLPERT ~ SIX IMPOSSIBLE THINGS BEFORE BREAKFAST ~ 2006

~ WHHABNTHBTAFIEIOL ~ We Humans Have A Basic Need To Have Beliefs That Account For Important Events In Our Lives

~ COOBCFLACOO ~ Criticism Of Our Beliefs Can Feel Like A Criticism Of Ourselves

~ PPATPU-IG-MF ~ People’s Perceptions About Themselves Are Peculiarly Unreliable – In General – More Flattering

~ TIAW-ETTAFOOBIARDWFTWWUTETBOOP-WBOOB-TBHIBECAS-BC-TBOOIMMOBTBTROTPOT-UPTAD ~ There Is A Well-Established Tendency To Account For Our Own Behaviour In A Rather Different Way From That Which We Use To Explain The Behaviour Of Other People –We Believe Our Own Behaviour – To Be Heavily Influenced By External Causes And Situations – By Contrast – The Behaviour Of Others – Is Much More Often Believed To Be The Result Of The Product Of The – Underlying Personal Traits And Dispositions

~ OPORIC-A-MBLRTTOP ~ Our Perception Of Risk Is Complex – And – May Bear Little Relation To The Objective Probabilities

~ IIVHTASB-WALF-CRTF-OBAF-TTTP ~ It Is Very Hard To Alter Someone’s Beliefs – We All Look For – Confirmation Rather Than Falsification – Once Beliefs Are Formed – They Tend To Persevere

~ AITFCF-IEAS-LT-MD-E-A-S-TIASTTMUACSTPAE-IAICII ~ An Inability To Find Causes For – Important Events And Situations – Leads To – Mental Discomfort – Even – Anxiety – So – There Is A Strong Tendency To Make Up A Causal Story To Provide An Explanation – Ignorance About Important Causes Is Intolerable

~ B-HN-BTSOM-N-SR ~ Belief – Has Not – Been The Subject Of Much – Neuro-Scientific Research

~ B-IAPO-T-B ~ Belief – Is A Property Of – The – Brain

~ TPFO-T-B-T-CBM ~ The Primary Function Of – The – Brain – To – Control Bodily Movements

~ HWAABIFFC;IIAMO-E-C-I-A-E ~ How We Arrive At Beliefs Is Far From Clear; It Is A Mixture Of – Experience – Cognition – Intuition – And – Emotion

~ CC-IACIITPOB-ASICAOB-TSWTO-I-AFPOHN ~ Cognitive Consistency – Is Another Central Idea In The Psychology Of Belief – A Satisfying Internal Consistency About Our Beliefs – The Stories We Tell Ourselves – Is – A Fundamental Part Of Human Nature

~ W-HTCF-S-D-WI-TATHTCBATST ~ We – Have The Capacity For – Self-Deception – Which Includes – The Ability To Hold Two Contradictory Beliefs At The Same Time

~ MROASCSOBTIIT ~ Mere Repetition Of A Statement Can Strengthen One’s Belief That It Is True

~ H-TTT-UFT-SR-HUF-MFD-I-D-T-DL:TAE-B ~ Heuristics – The Technical Term – Used For The – Simple Rules – Humans Use For – Making Fast Decisions – In – Day-To-Day Lives: They Are Essentially – Beliefs

~ NEITON ~ Negative Evidence Is Too Often Neglected

~ EL-JOE-CEG-FB ~ Emotions Like – Jealousy Or Envy – Can Even Generate – False Beliefs

~ WHW-ACSAEOIL-APE-A-ATO-IOTFWOB ~ We Humans Want – A Consistent Story About Events In Our Lives – A Plausible Explanation – And – All Too Often – Invent One To Fit With Other Beliefs

~ TANSDLBNBADB ~ There Are No Sharp Dividing Lines Between Normal Beliefs And Delusional Beliefs

~ D-CBSAAA-AAFO-TMSOTW ~ Delusions – Could Be Seen As An Attempt – Alas A False One – To Make Sense Of The World

~ AFO-D-ITTCLT-B-TPT-F ~ A Feature Of – Delusions – Is That They Can Lead To – Behaviour – That Prevents Their – Falsification

~ S-C-U-M-B-A-WMBLICOWWBTWWLTB ~ Suggestibility – Can – Underlie – Many – Beliefs – And – We May Be Less In Control Of What We Believe Than We Would Like To Believe

~ MIE:ITMOSIC-IIETB ~ Meaning Is Essential: If The Meaning Of Suffering Is Clear – It Is Easier To Bear

~ TARO-D-STOBCUGETHNAO ~ The Apparent Reality Of – Dreams – Shows That Our Brains Can Unconsciously Generate Experiences That Have Not Actually Occurred

~ PMBWT-B-TWT-PB-IMTFG ~ People May Believe Weird Things – Because – They Want To – Perhaps Because – It Makes Them Fell Good

~ WAQCA-E-ETGAGWHS ~ We Are Quite Casual About – Evaluating – Evidence That Goes Against Beliefs We Hold Strongly

~ TBOTWP-EOOWDNSTB ~ The Beliefs Of Those With Power – Exerted On Others Who Do Not Share Those Beliefs

~ A-S-N-ATD-ITPV-F-W?~ Are – Scientists – Now – All That Different – In The Public View – From – Witches?

NASSIM TALEB ~ NO ~ VIA NEGATIVA ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ M-W-S ~ Muscles – Without – Strength

~ F-W-T ~ Friendship – Without – Trust

~ O-W-C ~ Opinion – Without – Consequence

~ C-W-A ~ Change – Without – Aesthetics

~ A-W-V ~ Age – Without – Values

~ L-W-E ~ Life – Without – Effort

~ W-W-T ~ Water – Without – Thirst

~ F-W-N ~ Food – Without – Nourishment

~ L-W-S ~ Love – Without – Sacrifice

~ P-W-F ~ Power – Without – Fairness

~ F-W-R ~ Facts – Without – Rigor

~ S-W-L ~ Statistics – Without – Logic

~ M-W-P ~ Mathematics – Without – Proof

~ T-W-E ~ Teaching – Without – Experience

~ P-W-W ~ Politeness – Without – Warmth

~ V-W-E ~ Values – Without – Embodiment

~ D-W-E ~ Degrees – Without – Erudition

~ M-W-F ~ Militarism – Without – Fortitude

~ P-W-C ~ Progress – Without – Civilization

~ F-W-I ~ Friendship – Without – Investment

~ V-W-R ~ Virtue – Without – Risk

~ P-W-E ~ Probability – Without – Ergodicity

~ W-W-E ~ Wealth – Without – Exposure

~ C-W-D ~ Complication – Without – Depth

~ F-W-C ~ Fluency – Without – Content

~ D-W-S ~ Decision – Without – Symmetry

~ S-W-S ~ Science – Without – Skepticism

~ R-W-T ~ Religion – Without – Tolerance

NASSIM TALEB ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ HAIDL ~ Hidden Asymmetries In Daily Life

~ IATINDBAATRW;ITRW-TI ~ In Academia There Is Not Difference Between Academia And The Real World; In The Real World – There Is

~ IYHTR-YMAGSOTR-NLOPTPOYM ~ If You Have The Rewards – You Must Also Get Some Of The Risks – Not Let Others Pay The Price Of Your Mistakes

~ IYIROO-ATAH-YNTPSPFI ~ If You Inflict Risk On Others – And – They Are Harmed – You Need To Pay Some Price For It

~ IDLRBTIMOTO ~ I Don’t Like Reading Books That Inform Me Of The Obvious

~ ODAPBEJI ~ One Debases A Principle By Endlessly Justifying It

~ YCS-K-F-CWTG-A-YCS-A-F-CWTG ~ You Cannot Separate – Knowledge – From – Contact With The Ground – Actually – You Cannot Separate – Anything – From – Contact With The Ground

~ TKWGB-T-V-TAE-E-A-TWOT-IOW-CWTE-IVSTT-OT-R ~ The Knowledge We Get By – Tinkering – Via – Trial And Error – Experience – And – The Workings Of Time – In Other Words – Contact With The Earth – Is Vastly Superior To That – Obtained Through – Reasoning

~ ESB-LD ~ Elaborate Semiabstract Buzzword-Laden Discourse

~ I-NLFH-TF:TTISND/TTIL-N-H-D/TTITOA-NI ~ Interventionistas – Never Learn From History – Three Flaws: They Think In Statics Not Dynamics / They Think In Low – Not – High – Dimensions / They Think In Terms Of Actions – Never Interactions

~ RL-HTH-S/T/F/N-S ~ Real Life – Happens To Have – Second / Third / Fourth / Nth – Steps

~ WWCT-I-D-LMD-SBTNHTPFTCOTA ~ What We Call The – Intelligensia – Delusional – Literally Mentally Deranged – Simply Because They Never Have To Pay For The Consequences Of Their Actions

~ I-FDNH ~ Intervention – First Do No Harm

~ WHABC-B-WSET-DTW-NWC ~ We Have Always Been Crazy – But – Weren’t Skilled Enough To – Destroy The World – Now We Can

~ B-IA CBWAPI-CSFTCOHOHA ~ Bureaucracy – Is A Construction By Which A Person Is – Conveniently Separated From The Consequences Of His Or Her Actions

~ W-WHNCBT-D-O-MP-T-L ~ Well – We Have No Choice But To – Decentralize – Or – More Politely – To – Localize

~ D-R-LSA ~ Decentralization – Reduces Large Structural Asymmetries

~ S-ITTOPO-AR-TAC-SITG ~ Somehow – In The Thousands Of Pages Of – Additional Regulations – They Avoided Considering – Skin In The Game

~ S-LB-RP-VN ~ Systems – Learn By – Removing Parts – Via Negativa

~ SITG-KHHIC ~ Skin In The Game – Keeps Human Hubris In Check

~ WKWMMCWIBTWIG ~ We Know With Much More Clarity What Is Bad Than What Is Good

~ VN-ABR-I-MPALE-P-T-VP-ABA ~ Via Negativa – Acting By Removing – Is – More Powerful And Less Error-Prone – Than – Via Positiva – Acting By Addition

~ ATAFSWGAFAL-U-TIAPFTA ~ Avoid Taking Advice From Someone Who Gives Advice For A Living – Unless – There Is A Penalty For Their Advice

~ WABA-D-T-U ~ We Are Better At – Doing – Than – Understanding

~ TLE-TRTFAKTR-A-TLEOTNLWT ~ The Lindy Effect: Time Removes The Fragile And Keeps The Robust – And – The Life Expectancy Of The Nonfragile Lengthens With Time

~ OAN(BP) ~ Overeducated And Naive (But Punctual)

~ TINKRDO-R-TMRO-T-‘N’-R ~ There Is No Known Rigorous Definition Of – Rationality – That Makes Rejection Of The – “Natural” – Rational

~ WI-R-ITWA-TCE-MTLFALT-T-S- ~ What Is – Rational – Is That What Allows – The Collective Entities – Meant To Live For A Long Time – To – Survive

~ CH-WBAFI ~ Causing Harm – Without Being Accountable For It

~ TWTSD-A-OTWDST ~ Those Who Talk Should Do – And – Only Those Who Do Should Talk

~ ATGMT-TI-AGSBTMATU ~ As Things Get More Technical – There Is – A Growing Separation Between The Maker And The User

~ TDB-PWSITG-TTGI-C-BT-FC ~ Things Designed By – People Without Skin In The Game – Tend To Grow In – Complication – Before Their – Final Collapse

~ IYC-ES-R ~ If You Can’t – Effectively Sue – Regulate

~ AYDT-OYW-CSC-SM-‘E’-OOI(AOOYL)-WEMYDI ~ Anything You Do To – Optimize Your Work – Cut Some Corners – Squeeze More – “Efficiency” – Out Of It (And Out Of Your Life) – Will Eventually Make You Dislike It

~ AHTSITG ~ Artisans Have Their Soul In The Game

~ PWTHTSITG ~ People Want To Have Their Soul In The Game

~ TSNBAATEOO ~ Thou Shalt Not Become Antifragile At The Expense Of Others

~ YNTEWYFO ~ You Need To Eat What You Feed Others

~ TEIAMRTTL-OT-IITLTSCTTE-NTR ~ The Ethical Is Always More Robust Than The Legal – Over Time – It Is The Legal That Should Converge To The Ethical – Never The Reverse

~ L-CAG;E-S ~ Laws – Come And Go; Ethics – Stay

~ SM ~ Scaling Matters

~ TEACCSBWPAAC-PTC-AITEUBR-SCCBTL-GBDAADS ~ There Exists A Certain Community Size Below Which People Act As Collectivists – Protecting The Commons – As If The Entire Unit Became Rational – Such Commons Cannot Be Too Large – Groups Behave Differently At A Different Scale

~ ROM-EMIG ~ Reliance On Metrics – Every Metric Is Gameable

~ Y-TMM-R ~ Yes – The Most Motivated – Rules

~ TMILALMTWASD-A-TBWTDASITSIH[H]FIOTSOTTRTTOTD ~ The Market Is Like A Large Movie Theater With A Small Door – And – The Best Way To Detect A Sucker Is To See If His[Her] Focus Is On The Size Of The Theater Rather Than That Of The Door

~ T-S-C-M-UTP-T-SG-AW-NAM ~ The – So-Called – Mathematics – Used To Prove – The – Selfish Gene – Are Woefully – Naive And Misplaced

~ LPA-UAGS-A-TWTCOT ~ Leave People Alone – Under A Good Structure – And – They Will Take Care Of Things

~ FINF ~ Freedom Is Never Free

~ WM-IWAPHODH;IIWHOSIAOL ~ What Matters – Isn’t What A Person Has Or Doesn’t Have; It Is What He Or She Is Afraid Of Losing

~ TMYHTL-TMFYA ~ The More You Have To Lose – The More Fragile You Are

~ TSOOIYG ~ The Skin Of Others In Your Game

~ THO-W-EIYEUV-IMTTFTTTE-OTNCB-CS-MYWPTP-ASCAY ~ The History Of – Whistleblowers – Even If You End Up Vindicated – It May Take Time For The Truth To Emerge – Over The Noise Created By – Corporate Shills – Meanwhile You Will Pay The Price – A Smear Campaign Against You

~ TWEI-SC-AAP-AN-IAEE-HATBT-STIA-R-WAPT-ES ~ Those Who Engage In – Smear Campaigning – As A Profession – Are Necessarily – Incompetent At Everything Else – Hence At That Business Too – So The Industry Accumulates – Rejects – Who Are Prone To – Ethical Stretches

~ PTWA-FIWARTAWTSTWA ~ Precede Talk With Action – For It Will Always Remain That Action Without Talk Supersedes Talk Without Action

~ IYI ~ Intellectual Yet Idiot

~ WPR-O-SR-I-TPATTWHNSITG-ITTPOF ~ What People Resent – Or – Should Resent – Is – The Person At The Top Who Has No Skin In The Game – Immune To The Possibility Of Falling

~ TE-I-EIP ~ True Equality – Is – Equality In Probability

~ TPINTP-IIHPHI ~ The Problem Is Never The Problem – It Is How People Handle It

~ IY-PL-CWY-IO-ICY-II-NY-PL ~ If Your – Private Life – Conflicts With Your – Intellectual Opinion – It – Cancels Your – Intellectual Ideas – Not Your – Private Life

~ TVM ~ The Virtue Merchants

~ V-INSY-A ~ Virtue – Is Not Something You – Advertise

~ C-ITOVYCF ~ Courage – Is The Only Virtue You Cannot Fake

~ P-B-F-U-L ~ Pronouncements – By – Fools – Using – Labels

~ OO-P-BT-V-T-AOK ~ Outside Of – Poetry – Beware The – Verbalistic – That – Archenemy Of Knowledge

~ IPS ~ Intolerant Political System

~ R-RIWY-D-NIWY-T-O-IWY-‘B’~ Rationality – Resides In What You – Do – Not In What You – Think – Or – In What You – “Believe”

~ SCF-T/U/S-L ~ Survival Comes First – Truth / Understanding / Science – Later

~ WIRITWAFS-ATH-S-I-I ~ What Is Rational Is That Which Allows For Survival – Anything That Hinders – Survival – Is – Irrational

~ IOTS-YMFS ~ In Order To Succeed – You Must First Survive

~ NCAR-I-IIOAFFD ~ Never Cross A River – If – It Is On Average Four Feet Deep

~ CAP-AO ~ Courage And Precaution – Aren’t Opposites

~ SC-INC ~ Selfish Courage – Is Not Courage

CHRIS HEDGES ~ LOSING MOSES ON THE FREEWAY ~ 2005

~ WCSTIOW-IIHTSOO~ We Can See The Idols Others Worship – It Is Hard To See Our Own

~ IAA-SW ~ Idols – Are Always About – Self-Worship

~ TP-STD-RACAAOP-B-TITRPAC-TMO-TP-O-WAO-IS-THADSB-TO-TA-FAD ~ The Prophets – Spent Their Days – Raging Against Corruption And Abuse Of Power – By – Those In The Royal Palaces And Courts – The Mistreatment Of – The Poor – Of – Widows And Orphans – In Short – The Hard And Difficult Struggle By – The Oppressed – To Achieve – Freedom And Dignity

~ W-GAPI-A-NLT-WTB-ESFPPAW-ATEOTIAWOTP-ISTMTHDNP-TIALOFITSDTHCT-TE-PBT-BN-OR-TBWTWTB ~ When – Government And Public Institutions – Are – No Longer Trusted – When They Become – Engines Solely For Personal Power And Wealth – At The Expense Of The Interests And Welfare Of The Public – It Sends The Message That Honesty Does Not Pay – There Is A Loss Of Faith In The Structures Designed To Hold Community Together – Trust Evaporates – People Begin To – Believe Nothing – Or Rather – They Believe What They Want To Believe

~ EMO-RTLOTP-WLONS-STFOTT ~ Established Media Organs – Relay The Lies Of The Powerful – With Little Or No Scrutiny –– Serving To Further Obscure The Truth

~ ASWTMTDLAT-S-S-I-LAF ~ A Society Without The Means To Detect Lies And Theft – Soon – Squanders – Its – Liberty And Freedom

MICHEAL SHERMER ~ BIASES ~ THE BELIEVING BRAIN ~ 2011

~ CG~SAFCEISO-A-EBAIORDE ~ Confirmation Bias ~ Seeking And Finding Confirmatory Evidence In Support Of Already Existing Beliefs – And – Ignoring Or Reinterpreting Disconfirming Evidence

~ A~RTHOAPROOOPOIWMD ~ Anchoring ~ Relying Too Heavily On A Past Reference Or On One Piece Of Information When Making Decisions

~ A~ADCFOOBAATTOO ~ Attribution ~ Attributing Different Causes For Our Own Beliefs And Actions Than That Of Others

~ A~VTOOAA-EITEOSWKLA ~ Authority ~ Valuing The Opinions Of An Authority – Especially In The Evaluation Of Something We Know Little About

~ A~APOPOBOETAIATU-ETTA-V/U/EC-WATGICUWCAB ~ Availability ~ Assigning Probabilities Of Potential Outcomes Based On Examples That Are Immediately Available To Us – Especially Those That Are – Vivid / Unusual / Emotionally Charged – Which Are Then Generalized Into Conclusions Upon Which Choices Are Based

~ BE~HBTOPIYSGHBOTSRP ~ Bandwagon Effect ~ Holding Beliefs That Other People In Your Social Group Hold Because Of The Social Reinforcement Provided

~ BE~TVAGDOPAHAAS ~ Barnum Effect ~ Treating Vague And General Descriptions Of Personality As Highly Accurate And Specific

~ B~ETSOAABOTBOIC ~ Believability ~ Evaluating The Strength Of An Argument Based On The Believability Of Its Conclusion

~ BB~RTPOCBIOP-B-TBBTTIUYOB ~ Bias Blindness ~ Recognizing The Power Of Cognitive Biases In Other People – But – To Be Blind To Their Influence Upon Your Own Beliefs

~ CI~SCOPT-IF-CBTROR ~ Clustering Illusion ~ Seeing Clusters Of Patterns That – In Fact – Can Be The Result Of Randomness

~ C~CMWIAOPAAOO ~ Confabulation ~ Conflating Memories With Imagination And Other People’s Accounts As One’s Own

~ C~RO-P-B-A-A-B-AR-P-B-A-A-B-MTTAD ~ Consistency ~ Recalling One’s – Past – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Behaviors – As Resembling – Present – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Behaviors – More Than They Actually Do

~ EE~VWWOMTWWDNO ~ Endowment Effect ~ Valuing What We Own More Than What We Do Not Own

~ E~NDTAWEFTO-A-T-NN-D-O-D-D-TATCWE ~ Expectation ~ Noticing Data That Agree With Expectations For The Outcome – And – To – Not Notice – Discard – Or – Disbelieve – Data – That Appear To Conflict With Expectations

~ F-CE~OTDTWOAWTBOTWGAWTIAB ~ False-Consensus Effect ~ Overestimating The Degree To Which Others Agree With Their Beliefs Or That Will Go Along With Them In A Behaviour

~ FE~DDCBOHDAP ~ Framing Effects ~ Drawing Different Conclusions Based On How Data Are Presented

~ HE~GOPTOAPTATOTOTP ~ Halo Effect ~ Generalizing One Positive Trait Of A Person To All The Other Traits Of That Person

~ H~ATBAFTBOTMOMIAGIOTAC ~ Herd ~ Adopting The Beliefs And Following The Behaviours Of The Majority Of Members In A Group In Order To Avoid Conflict

~ H~RTPTFWPK ~ Hindsight ~ Reconstructing The Past To Fit With Present Knowledge

~ IOC~BTOCC-O-AL-OTMPCCOI ~ Illusion Of Control ~ Believing That One Can Control – Or – At Least – Influence Outcomes That Most People Cannot Control Or Influence

~ IC~ATACC(C)EBTV ~ Illusory Correlation ~ Assuming That A Causal Connection (correlation) Exists Between Two Variables

~ IB~MSOAGWATSSAS ~ Inattentional Blindness ~ Missing Something Obvious And General While Attending To Something Special And Specific

~ I-G~VTBAAOTWTPTBFMOTG-A-TDTBAAOTWTPTBMOADG ~ In-Group ~ Valuing The Beliefs And Attitudes Of Those Whom They Perceive To Be Fellow Members Of Their Group – And – To Discount The Beliefs And Attitudes Of Those Whom They Perceive To Be Members Of A Different Group

~ JW~SFTTTVOAUEMHDTDI ~ Just World ~ Searching For Things That The Victim Of An Unfortunate Event Might Have Done To Deserve It

~ N~PCAAGMWT-N-E-B-A-I-TT-P ~ Negativity ~ Paying Closer Attention And Giving More Weight To – Negative – Events – Beliefs – And – Information – That To – Positive

~ N~DTPOAETHNHB ~ Normalcy ~ Discounting The Possibility Of An Event That Has Never Happened Before

~ N-I-H~DTVOABOITDNCFW ~ Not-Invented-Here ~ Discounting The Value Of A Belief Or Source Of Information That Does Not Come From Within

~ PE~N-R-A-A-AMV-IEMTSE ~ Primacy Effect ~ Noticing – Remembering – And – Assessing – As More Valuable – Initial Events More Than Subsequent Events

~ P~ATOS-TSOS-B-A-A-V-A-TOTPOOBBOOOB ~ Projection ~ Assuming That Others Share – The Same Or Similar – Beliefs – Attitudes – And – Values – And – To Overestimate The Probability Of Others’ Behaviours Based On Our Own Behaviours

~ RE~N-R-A-A-AMV-REMTEE ~ Recency Effect ~ Noticing – Remembering – And – Assessing – As More Valuable – Recent Events More Than Earlier Events

~ R~AEIJPTTETIRTEFOIPPOGP ~ Representative ~ An Event Is Judged Probable To The Extent That It Represents The Essential Features Of Its Parent Population Or Generating Process

~ RI~RPEABMPTTAW ~ Rosy Retrospection ~ Remembering Past Events As Being More Positive Than They Actually Were

~ S-FP~BIIABIWTCTEFBAA ~ Self-Fulfilling Prophecy ~ Believing In Ideas And Behaving In Ways That Conform To Expectations For Beliefs And Actions

~ S-J~RDATFTCOTWWDWTBTWCHD ~ Self-Justification ~ Rationalizing Decisions After The Fact To Convince Ourselves That What We Did Was The Best Thing We Could Have Done

~ SQ~OFWWAUT ~ Status Quo ~ Opting For What We Are Used To

~ S(G)~ATAMOAGWHCCBTRTGWHAIATPM ~ Stereotyping (Generalization) ~ Assuming That A Member Of A Group Will Have Certain Characteristics Believed To Represent The Group Without Having Actual Information About That Particular Member

~ SC~BISBOTCSITB ~ Sunk Cost ~ Believing In Something Because Of The Cost Sunk Into That Belief

~ T-A~APBABAMVALDTTOO ~ Trait-Ascription ~ Assessing Personal Behaviour And Beliefs As More Variable And Less Dogmatic Than Those Of Others

JOHN GRANT ~ DENYING SCIENCE ~ 2011

~ UWT-WA ~ Unless We Think – We Aren’t

~ TPO-TTBOUT-ICTAFO-SD ~ This Pattern Of – Threatening The Bearers Of Unwelcome Truths – Is Common Throughout All Fields Of – Science Denialism

~ SPGPAVGDOMTDBS ~ Some People Get Paid A Very Great Deal Of Money To Deny Basic Science

~ AAGR-ITMO-MJ-SOTATMO-SWITRF-SA-BTS-U-SOTPSITOWA ~ As A General Rule – If The Mass Of – Mainstream Journalists – Says One Thing And The Mass Of – Scientists Working In The Relevant Field – Says Another – Believe The Scientists – Unfortunately – Swaths Of The Public See It The Other Way Round

~ OCEO-DR-I-TAHA-A-TTOFODAPTPTWS ~ Other Common Elements Of – Denialist Rhetoric – Include – The Ad Hominem Attack – And – The Trick Of Focusing On Details And Pretending They Present The Whole Story

~ OOTDBSAP-IT-SATRIDL ~ One Of The Differences Between Science And Pseudoscience – Is That – Science Accepts The Results It Doesn’t Like

~ IIAVUTIMDC-B-TFTSC-I-DAMIW ~ Intuition Is A Very Useful Tool In Many Different Circumstances – But – The Fact That Something’s Counter-Intuitional – Doesn’t Automatically Mean It’s Wrong

~ FMCI-TUB-TIP-O-TLS-IAT-SSITCWTI ~ Far More Concerning Is – The Use By – Those In Power – Of – The Legal System – In Attempts To – Silenced Scientific Information That Conflicts With Their Ideology

~ ISASAR-NMHV-NMHFDFTDEOTIRI-OANO-DRD-BTAP-RSC ~ It Seems A Single Anecdotal Report – No Matter How Vague – No Matter How Far Distanced From The Direct Experience Of The Individual Repeating It – Outweighs Any Number Of – Deeply Researched Double-Blind Trials And Peer-Reviewed Scientific Conclusions

~ DTPO-TPE-WRDUI ~ Despite The Power Of – The Placebo Effect – We Really Don’t Understand It

~ TNT-FASTEOL-DAEE-ICTSC ~ The Notion That – Finding A Single Tangential Error Or Lacuna – Demolishes An Entire Edifice – Is Common Throughout Science Denialism

DAN ARIELY ~ THE (HONEST) TRUTH ABOUT DISHONESTY ~ 2012

~ WLTE-EO ~ We Lie To Everyone – Especially Ourselves

~ WD-CAS-AMAWWIWWPRAAOIOOS-I ~ We Don’t – Cheat And Steal – As Much As We Would If We Were Perfectly Rational And Acted Only In Our Own Self-Interest

~ TPOGCDHASIOTAOC ~ The Probability Of Getting Caught Doesn’t Have A Substantial Influence On The Amount Of Cheating

~ Rather – Our Sense Of Our Own Morality Is Connected To The Amount Of Cheating We Feel Comfortable With – Essentially – We Cheat Up To The Level That Allows Us To Retain Our Self-Image – As A Reasonably Honest Individual

~ EOUHALT-HMWCC-BIBA-‘S’ ~ Each Of Us Has A Limit To – How Much We Can Cheat – Before It Becomes Absolutely – “Sinful”

~ TFF-TDBBTCDTMAPS-IATBFC ~ The Fudge Factor – The Delicate Balance Between The Contradictory Desires To Maintain A Positive Self-Image And To Benefit From Cheating

~ AITO-PAMATBDITPONO-SAPAT-TAM ~ As It Turns Out – People Are More Apt To Be Dishonest In The Presence Of Nonmonetary Objects – Such As Pencils And Tokens – Than Actual Money

~ IST-WWASRO-ES-WBMH ~ It Seems That – When We Are Simply Reminded Of – Ethical Standards – We Behave More Honorably

~ WPSTNTSKOP-IPTIAMHD(ALT)-IPSBTEADOTF-TCL ~ When People Sign Their Names To Some Kind Of Pledge – It Puts Them Into A More Honest Disposition (At Least Temporarily) – If People Sign Before They Enter Any Data Onto The Form – They Cheat Less

~ AAFW-IDTIRQATVOTWWPM ~ After A Few Weeks – I Discovered That I Rather Quickly Adopted The Viewpoint Of Those Who Were Paying Me

~ GS-IYWDY-WP-YWHCMTRYD-A-TDCWDYHAW ~ Generally Speaking – If You Wear Down Your – Will Power – You Will Have Considerably More Trouble Regulating Your Desires – And – That Difficulty Can Wear Down Your Honesty As Well

JULIA ANGWIN ~ DRAGNET NATION ~ 2014

~ DN ~ Dragnet Nation

~ AQF-P-S-A-F-IAWORS ~ A Quest For – Privacy – Security – And – Freedom – In A World Of Relentless Surveillance

~ WALIADN ~ We Are Living In A Dragnet Nation

~ AWOIT ~ A World Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ CARPFLCD ~ Companies Are Rarely Penalized For Losing Customer Data

~ PL-DTATPTTEAAS ~ Police Lineup – Dragnets That Allow The Police To Treat Everyone As A Suspect

~ IUPQ ~ Innocent Until Proven Guilty

~ IWTTBRI-TDW-FLSWHW ~ I Want There To Be Room In – The Digital World For – Letters Sealed With Hot Wax

~ DWWTLIAWWWAAAROBH? ~ Do We Want To Live In A World Where We Are Always At Risk Of Being Hacked?

~ PS ~ Public Space

~ TPD ~ Third-Party Doctrine

~ MD ~ MetaData

~ ATT-ISLA-UEM ~ At The Time – It Seemed Like An – Understandable Emergency Measure

~ SD-HB-TNN ~ Suspicionless Dragnets – Had Become – The New Normal

~ F-SVHABM:T ~ Finally – Silicon Valley Had A Business Model: Tracking

~ ‘DDC’ ~ “Dark Data Circle”

~ TGRCTCD-AT-SITCE-WLTDASIBTTG ~ The Government Requires Citizens To Create Data – And Then – Sells It To Commercial Entities – Which Launder The Data And Sell It Back To The Government

~ TRITCAGDAIL;NCEWTO ~ The Reality Is That Corporate And Government Dragnets Are Inextricably Linked; Neither Can Exist Without The Other

~ PCWSAMBCTBATIA ~ People Cope With Surveillance As Much By Changing Their Behavior As Through Increased Anxiety

~ FOA ~ Freedom Of Association

~ CPBTAIAFTORR ~ Categorizing People By Their Associations Is A Favorite Tactic Of Repressive Regimes

~ PSNB-PFJG-O-A-CIJG ~ People Should Not Be – Prevented From Joining Groups – Or – Alternatively – Coerced Into Joining Groups

~ ITW-ECWMAUW-AP-AP-O-AI ~ In Today’s World – Every Choice We Make Associates Us With – A Person – A Place – Or – An Idea

~ DTAIQLPIDD? ~ Does The Activity In Question Limit Participation In Democratic Debate?

~ TM ~ Threat Model

~ TROIT ~ The Rise Of Indiscriminate Tracking

~ IT-CETCOA-TSS ~ Indiscriminate Tracking – Could Enable The Creation Of A – Totalitarian Surveillance State

~ SV ~ Surveillance Vegan

~ LB ~ Lookup Business

~ TOIWTOOTNTTSQWETC ~ Turns Out I Wasn’t The Only One To Notice That The Security Questions Were Easy To Circumvent

~ PNR ~ Passenger Name Records

~ N-VIP ~ NOT – VIP

~ BIHACTLM-PP-IWH ~ Before I Had A Chance To Launch My – Privacy Project – I Was Hacked

~ ‘PUITW’ ~ “Password Use In The Wild”

~ ATGGO ~ Appealing The Government’s Gag Order

~ U-TQITSAFAD-WTDBAE? ~ Ultimately – The Question Is The Same As For All Dragnets – Will The Data Be Abused Eventually?

~ IWCTTAJFM ~ It Was Clearly Too Technical A Job For Me

~ UAU-CIMA ~ Unloved And Untrendy – Cash It Mostly Anonymous

~ WWHIEOIYSL? ~ What Would Happen If Every One In Your Situation Lied?

~ TA ~ “Traffic Analysis”

~ PIKTOOP ~ “Pseudonymity Is Key To Our Online Privacy”

~ THOM ~ The Hall Of Mirrors

~ TICBATCIED ~ The Information Collected By Ad-Tracking Companies Is Extremely Detailed

~’PC’~ “Perceived Control”

~ DARBAC ~ Data About Readers Became A Commodity

~ IAAKEAYEYN-DTNRM? ~ If An Advertiser Knows Everything About You Except Your Name – Does The Name Really Matter?

~ ‘THYD-HT-W-LT’ ~ “That’s How You Defeat – High-Tech – With – Low-Tech”

~ AUD ~ An Unfairness Doctrine

~ “SousVeillance”

~ OWT-ETPF-WBFETBI-TSB-‘SV’-CMTGFB-AAA-TGMTFA ~ One Way To – Even The Playing Field – Would Be For Everyone To Be In – The Surveillance Business – “SousVeillance” – Citizens Monitor The Government From Below – As Aggressively As – The Government Monitors Them From Above

~ NAC ~ New Asset Class

~ PLTGPTRTSTDTIUAT-SLAGI ~ Privacy Laws That Give People The Right To See The Data That Is Used Against Them – Seem Like A Good Idea

~ GDMNBC-TMBSBEALBOAC ~ Government Dragnets Must Not Be Covert – They Must Be Scrutinized By Either A Legislative Body Or A Court

~ O-SLIU-TQ-HUIA? ~ Okay – So Life Is Unfair – The Question – How Unfair Is Acceptable?

~ D-TD-PIWLRT-A-C-A-D-TD? ~ Does – The Dragnet – Provide Individuals With Legal Right To – Access – Correct – And – Dispute The Data?

~ ATDOHAFTWTDAU? ~ Are The Dragnet Operators Held Accountable For The Way The Data Are Used?

~ I-TD-TIFIP?-DIBS?-CIWPS? ~ Is – The Dragnet – Too Intrusive For Its Purpose? – Does It Benefit Society? – Can It Withstand Public Scrutiny?