WILLIAM WHYTE ~ HOW TO CHEAT ON PERSONALITY TESTS ~ THE ORGANIZATION MAN ~ 1956

~ AIASO-S-IISVTAE-TT-E-A-LT-OR-TOPL ~ As In All Aspects Of – Scientism – It Is Society’s Values That Are Enshrined – The Tests – Essentially – Are – Loyalty Tests – Or Rather – Tests Of Potential Loyalty

~ NITQNITEOT-AT-T-N;TALW-V-OV-A-TRI-ASOY-TR-TC-TP-A-TU-ATEOTEI-W-WN-S-O-O-O-CF ~ Neither In The Questions Nor In The Evaluation Of Them – Are The – Tests – Neutral; They Are Loaded With – Values– Organization Values – And – The Result Is – A Set Of Yardsticks – That Reward – The Conformist – The Pedestrian – And – The Unimaginative – At The Expense Of The Exceptional Individual – Without – Who – No – Society – Organization – Or – Otherwise – Can Flourish

~ TITTRIT-YDWAGS-YAABO ~ The Important Thing To Recognize Is That – You Don’t Win A Good Score – You Avoid A Bad One

~ YSUYRUTITOR0TI-HYATQIRTHOPHAT-YS-LIGASBT-40-A-60-P-WITS-YSTTAAIYWLEEISTB ~ Your Score Is Usually Rendered In Terms Of Your Percentile Rating – That Is – How You Answer The Question In Relation To How Other People Have Answers Them – Your Safety – Lies In Getting A Score Between The – 40th – And – 60th – Percentiles – Which Is To Say – You Should Try To Answer As If You Were Like Everybody Else Is Supposed To Be

YUVAL NOAH HARARI ~ 21 LESSONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ~ 2018

~ H-TI-S-RT-I-F-N-O-E-A-TSTS-TB ~ Humans – Think – In – Stories – Rather Than – In – Facts – Numbers – Or – Equations – And – The Simpler The Story – The Better

~ H-WAFBA-IT-T-UTW ~ Humans – Were Always Far Better At – Inventing Tools – Than – Using Them Wisely

~ T-TR-MS-PBOHOOTJM-A-CAMN-‘UC’-LTSAPU ~ The – Technological Revolution – Might Soon – Push Billions Of Humans Out Of The Job Market – And – Create A Massive New – “Useless Class” – Leading To – Social And Political Upheavals

~ IIGAT-MLAR-WCAELOW-IIFFCT-TFEWNU-EAC ~ It Is Generally Agreed That – Machine Learning And Robotics – Will Change Almost Every Line Of Work – It Is Far From Certain That – The Future Economy Will Need Us – Even As Consumers

~ IIDWIIBT-PPW-UBI-TCP-O-UBS-TCP-BOHAAD-B-NMWPYC-TRPIIDW-‘U’-A-‘B’-AM ~ It Is Debatable Whether It Is Better To – Provided People With – Universal Basic Income – The Capitalist Paradise – Or – Universal Basic Services – The Communist Paradise – Both Options Have Advantages And Drawbacks – But – No Matter Which Paradise You Choose – The Real Problem Is In Defining What – “Universal” – And – “Basic” – Actually Mean

~ TQF-MAC-ME-TQFAJ ~ The Quest For – Meaning And Community – Might Eclipse – The Quest For A – Job

~ TBS-C-BPIEI ~ The Biometric Sensor – Converts – Biological Processes Into Electronic Information

~ PGM ~ Precision-Guided Manipulation

~ DD ~ Digital Dictators

~ TRPWR-INTOAI-B-RTNSACOTHM ~ The Real Problem With Robots – Is Not Their Own Artificial Intelligence – But – Rather – The Natural Stupidity And Cruelty Of Their Human Masters

~ VRATW ~ Veteran Robots Against The War

~ D-IIPF-CS-TMOBAI-EDWSRIIARNF-O-HWCTLI-‘DD’ ~ Democracy – In Its Present Form – Cannot Survive – The Merger Of Biotech And Infotech – Either Democracy Will Successfully Reinvent Itself In A Radically New Form – Or – Humans Will Come To Live In – “Digital Dictatorships”

~ HF-WGUTITTAAOAATUAISIHH ~ Human Figureheads – Will Give Us The Illusion That The Algorithms Are Only Advisers And That Ultimate Authority Is Still In Human Hands

~ AI&NS ~ Artificial Intelligence And Natural Stupidity

~ TINRTATAIWGC-B-IAC-AVDT-I-ITATSP-C-ITATF ~ There Is No Reason To Assume That Artificial Intelligence Will Gain Consciousness – Because – Intelligence And Consciousness – Are Very Different Things – Intelligence – Is The Ability To Solve Problems – Consciousness – Is The Ability To Feel

~ FTLFD-PAOTW-WTTHIOTPT-E-AT-G-A-NT-WHUGTS-IR-TT-FC-MC-TMUSIH ~ For The Last Few Decades – People All Over The World – Were Told That Humankind Is On The Path To – Equality – And That – Globalization – And – New Technologies – Will Help Us Get There Sooner – In Reality – The Twenty-First Century – Might Create – The Most Unequal Societies In History

~ B-2100-TR-1%-MONMMOTWW-BA-MOTW-B-C-H ~ By – 2100 – The Richest – 1 Percent – Might Own Not Merely Most Of The World’s Wealth – But Also – Most Of The World’s – Beauty – Creativity – Health

~ IWWTPTCOAWAPITHOASE-TKIT-RTOOD ~ If We Want To Prevent The Concentration Of All Wealth And Power In The Hands Of A Small Elite – The Key Is To – Regulate The Ownership Of Data

~ OACABTFU-TTAIWGB ~ Once Algorithms Choose And Buy Things For Us – The Traditional Advertising Industry Will Go Bust

~ APA-MLABM-A-MELMITST-B-ALAISD-ICBWB ~ A Popular App – May Lack A Business Model – And – May Even Lose Money In The Short Term – But – As Long As It Sucks Data – It Could Be Worth Billions

~ WOTD?-TMWBTMIPQOOE ~ Who Owns The Data? – This May Well Be The Most Important Political Question Of Our Era

~ HHB-IYTTPLMOATYPTWATNTOTOE-YCVYAA-BSS-EAYAPTTOG-B-OYRTHBHB-A-TTSN-R-H-A-SS-IBFMDTJTE-HCYETVOCWRTFSTMICS? ~ Human Have Bodies – If You Think That People Live Mainly Online And That You Provide Them With All The Necessary Tools Of Their Online Existence – You Can View Yourself As A – Beneficial Social Service – Even As You Avoid Paying Taxes To Offline Governments – But – Once You Remember That Human Beings Have Bodies – And – That They Still Need – Roads – Hospitals – And – Sewage Systems – It Becomes Far More Difficult To Justify Tax Evasion – How Can You Extol The Virtues Of Community While Refusing To Financially Support The Most Important Community Services?

~ WMCTMTGODWOWSFO ~ We May Come To Miss The Good Old Days When Online Was Separated From Offline

~ WITOVAAPLF-AA-Y-TOTTAUTSTITOAALDACSFT ~ We Insist That Our Values Are A Precious Legacy From – Ancient Ancestors – Yet – The Only Thing That Allows Us To Say This Is That Our Ancestors Are Long Dead And Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ W-S-I-T-A-P-FMQTCD-W-AMPFMIIOA ~ War – Spreads – Ideas – Technologies – And – People – Far More Quickly Than Commerce Does – War – Also Makes People Far More Interested In One Another

~ ACEITBCFFACI-A-HNHALTSE-NW-CC-A-TD ~ A Common Enemy Is The Best Catalyst For Forging A Common Identity – And – Humankind Now Has At Least Three Such Enemies – Nuclear War – Climate Change – And – Technological Disruption

~ S-TGFCO-2008-TISIRD-WIBIV-A-MEAB ~ Since – The Global Financial Crisis Of – 2008 – The International Situation Is Rapidly Deteriorating – Warmongering Is Back In Vogue – And – Military Expenditures Are Ballooning

~ HS-I-OOTMIFIH-Y-WOTTDI ~ Human Stupidity – Is – One Of The Most Important Forces In History – Yet – We Often Tend To Discount It

~ OPRF-HS-IADO-H ~ One Potential Remedy For – Human Stupidity – Is A Dose Of – Humility

~ DT-TNOG-IV-PTDM-WSNU-TNOG-TJ-OPI-OEA-O-OPH ~ Don’t Take – The Name Of God – In Vain – Perhaps The Deeper Meaning – We Should Never Use – The Name Of God – To Justify – Our Political Interests – Our Economic Ambitions – Or – Our Personal Hatreds

~ TVSR-T-IHABISP-ILACIO ~ The Very Same Religions – That – Inspire Hate And Bigotry In Some People – Inspire Love And Compassion In Others

~ IOT-AM-YDNTBIAMOS-YJNT-D-ADAOS ~ In Order To – Act Morally – You Don’t Need To Believe In Any Myth Or Story – You Just Need To – Develop – A Deep Appreciation Of Suffering

~ QYCA-AUFBFY-T-AYCQ ~ Questions You Cannot Answer – Are Usually Far Better For You – Than – Answers You Cannot Question

~ TOP-R-E-IITSHIATOA-TIITT-HHANRTLOL-BITS-CTPO-AR-PMFH-A-SBFTWCOPAV ~ The Only Place – Rights – Exist – Is In The Stories Humans Invent And Tell One Another – Though It Isn’t True That – Humans Have A Natural Right To Life Or Liberty – Belief In This Story – Curbed The Power Of – Authoritarian Regimes – Protected Minorities From Harm – And – Safeguarded Billions From The Worst Consequences Of Poverty And Violence

~ PRATI-B-TLTI-A-EC-O-L-MF-A-S-CNF-WTBACRASC ~ People Rarely Appreciate Their Ignorance – Because – They Lock Themselves Inside – An – Echo Chamber – Of – Like-Minded Friends – And – Self-Confirming News Feeds – Where Their Beliefs Are Constantly Reinforced And Seldom Challenged

~ MOO-V-ASB-CG-RT-IR-A-WHOTTV-DT-GL ~ Most Of Our – Views – Are Shaped By – Communal Groupthink – Rather Than – Individual Rationality – And – We Hold On To These Views – Due To – Group Loyalty

~ T-GCIMH-RNJF-HAG-BEMS-F-IAI ~ The – Greatest Crimes In Modern History – Resulted Not Just From – Hatred And Greed – But Even More So – From – Ignorance And Indifference

~ IYWT-GGL-RPT-BAA-IAFBTTATT-BTT ~ If You Want To – Gauge Group Loyalty – Requiring People To – Believe An Absurdity – Is A Far Better Test Than Asking Them To – Believe The Truth

~ OOTGFOAI-TDTCOTW-A-TIAT ~ One Of The Greatest Fictions Of All Is – To Deny The Complexity Of The World – And – Think In Absolute Terms

~ F-IYWRI-PGMFI ~ First – If You Want Reliable Information – Pay Good Money For It

~ S-SSTT-TFC:CT/C/C/C ~ Schools – Should Switch To Teaching – The Four C’s: Critical Thinking / Communication / Collaboration / Creativity

~ T-BQFH-I-‘WITMOL?’-B-R-“HDWSS?’-TRTITWIS ~ The – Big Question Facing Humans – Isn’t – “What Is The Meaning Of Life?” – But – Rather – “How Do We Stop Suffering?” – The Realest Thing In The World Is Suffering

TIMOTHY SNYDER ~ ON TYRANNY ~ 2017

~T:TUOPBASIOG-O-TCOLBRFTOB ~ Tyranny: The Usurpation Of Power By A Single Individual Or Group – Or – The Circumvention Of Law By Rulers For Their Own Benefit

~ DNOIA-MOTPOAIFG ~ Do Not Obey In Advance – Most Of The Power Of Authoritarianism Is Freely Given

~ DI-IIITHUTPD-IDNPT ~ Defend Institutions – It Is Institutions That Help Us To Preserve Decency – Institutions Do Not Protect Themselves

~ TMITATRWCTPTICCODTVI-EWTIEWTHATTWD ~ The Mistake Is To Assume That Rulers Who Came To Power Through Institutions Cannot Change Or Destroy Those Very Institutions – Even When That Is Exactly What They Have Announced That They Will Do

~ BOTO-PS-STM-PSADTRODE-VILASEWYC-CRFO ~ Beware The One-Party State – Support The Multi-Party System And Defend The Rules Of Democratic Elections – Vote In Local And State Elections While You Can – Consider Running For Office

~PB-CBTWR-A-CABR ~ Paper Ballots – Cannot Be Tampered With Remotely – And – Can Always Be Recounted

~ TRFTFOTW-TSOTETROT ~ Take Responsibility For The Face Of The World – The Symbols Of Today Enable The Reality Of Tomorrow

~ RPE-WPLSANE-PCT-JP-BMI ~ Remember Professional Ethics – When Political Leaders Set A Negative Example – Professional Commitments To – Just Practice – Become More Important

~ ANOCS-A-CCDSBIICL ~ Authoritarians Need Obedient Civil Servants – And – Concentration Camp Directors Seek Businessmen Interested In Cheap Labor

~ PE-MGUPWWATT-TSIE-TTINSTA-‘JFO’~ Professional Ethics – Must Guide Us Precisely When We Are Told That – The Situation Is Exceptional – Then There Is No Such Thing As – “Just Following Orders”

~ BWOP ~ Be Wary Of Paramilitaries

~ I-OTGCLUF-ATUICBL-T-TFOPTWTFGBP ~ If – Only The Government Can Legitimately Use Force – And – This Use Is Constrained By Law – Then – The Forms Of Politics That We Take For Granted Become Possible

~ BRIYMBA ~ Be Reflective If You Must Be Armed

~ SO-SHT ~ Stand Out – Someone Has To

~BKTOL-APTPEED-TUYOWOS ~ Be Kind To Our Language – Avoid Pronouncing The Phrases Everyone Else Does – Think Up Your Own Way Of Speaking

~ MAETSYFTI ~ Make An Effort To Separate Yourself From The Internet

~ RB ~ Read Books

~ PIOTFTCTT-WETWWTDRT ~ Politicians In Our Times Feed Their Cliches To Television – Where Even Those Who Wish To Disagree Repeat Them

~ BIT-TAFITAF-INIT-TNOCCP-BTINBUWTDS-INIT-TAIS-TBWPFTBBL ~ Believe In Truth – To Abandon Facts Is To Abandon Freedom – If Nothing Is True – Then No One Can Criticize Power – Because There Is No Basis Upon Which To Do So – If Nothing Is True – Then All Is Spectacle – The Biggest Wallet Pays For The Most Blinding Lights

~ PT-P-F ~ Post-Truth Is Pre-Fascism

~ I-RTSOWIOTIITTHY-TRFWYCWO ~ Investigate – Realize That Some Of What Is On The Internet Is There To Harm You – Take Responsibility For What You Communicate With Others

~ IIYATDFTMYAI-A-OCTICKTMUAS ~ It Is Your Ability To Discern Facts That Makes You An Individual – And – Our Collective Trust In Common Knowledge That Makes Us A Society

~ WTT-DW-NCHA-IBTLOD-TWDW-BTM ~ Within The Two-Dimensional Internet World – New Collectivities Have Arisen – Invisible By The Light Of Day – Tribes With Distinct Worldviews – Beholden To Manipulations

~ AY-TIACTYCFO-IITOTKYO-LFC ~ And Yes – There Is A Conspiracy That You Can Find Online – It Is The One To Keep You Online – Looking For Conspiracies

~ BYDT-‘MM’-NTIINL-TM-IIDTIMAE-A-AJTIEAD ~ Before You Deride The – “Mainstream Media” – Note That It Is No Longer – The Mainstream – It Is Derision That Is Mainstream And Easy – And – Actual Journalism That Is Edgy And Difficult

~ MECAST-AWTSITWOS-BDSB-A-UWYSASNT ~ Make Eye Contact And Small Talk – A Way To Stay In Touch With Our Surroundings – Break Down Social Barriers – And – Understand Whom You Should And Should Not Trust

~ ITMDOT-TWEAS-GKPWTCT ~ In The Most Dangerous Of Times – Those Who Escape And Survive – Generally Know People Whom They Can Trust

~ PCP-ITFNCFTAITT-DW-NWC ~ Practice Corporeal Politics – If Tyrants Feel No Consequences For Their Actions In The Three-Dimensional World – Nothing Will Change

~ EAPL-TS-TH-OWTHY-TNTHH ~ Establish A Private Life – Tyrants Seek – The Hook – On Which To Hang You – Try Not To Have Hooks

~ WWTAAIIMODRAMTACBTAS-WPITDOOOPO ~ When We Take An Active Interest In Matters Of Doubtful Relevance At Moments That Are Chosen By Tyrants And Spooks – We Participate In The Demolition Of Our Own Political Order

~ CTGC-TYWHMAFCTSCSAHOTDG ~ Contribute To Good Causes – Then You Will Have Made A Free Choice That Supports Civil Society And Helps Others To Do Good

~ LFPIOC ~ Learn From Peers In Other Countries

~ LFDW-BATTUOTW-E-A-T-BATFNO-EAE-BAA-TTUOPV ~ Listen For Dangerous Words – Be Alert To The Use Of The Words – Extremism – And – Terrorism – Be Alive To Fatal Notions Of – Emergency And Exception – Be Angry About – The Treacherous Use Of Patriotic Vocabulary

~ BCWTUA-TSTR-TEOCAB-TRTAFT-ASO-ITOT-DNFFI ~ Be Calm When The Unthinkable Arrives – The Sudden Disaster That Requires – The End Of Checks And Balances – The Right To A Fair Trial – And So On – Is The Oldest Trick – Do Not Fall For It

~ BAP-SAGE-FGTC-TWNI ~ Be A Patriot – Set A Good Example – For Generations To Come – They Will Need It

~ BACAYC-INOUIPT-DFF-T-AOUW-DUT ~ Be As Courageous As You Can – If None Of Us Is Prepared To – Die For Freedom – Then – All Of Us Will – Die Under Tyranny

~ T-POI-IA-S-IIC ~ The – Politics Of Inevitability – Is A – Self-Induced Intellectual Coma

TIMOTHY SNYDER ~ TWENTY LESSONS FROM THE TWENTIETH CENTURY ~ ON TYRANNY ~ 2017

~ DNOIA ~ Do Not Obey In Advance

~ DI ~ Defend Institutions

~ BTO-PS ~ Beware The One-Party State

~ TRFTFOTW ~ Take Responsibility For The Face Of The World

~ RPE ~ Remember Professional Ethics

~ BWOP ~ Be Wary Of Paramilitaries

~ BRIYMBA ~ Be Reflective If You Must Be Armed

~ SO ~ Stand Out

~ BKTOL ~ Be Kind To Our Language

~ BIT ~ Believe In Truth

~ I ~ Investigate

~ MECAST ~ Make Eye Contact And Small Talk

~ PCP ~ Practice Corporeal Politics

~ EAPL ~ Establish A Private Life

~ CTGC ~ Contribute To Good Causes

~ LFPIOC ~ Learn From Peers In Other Countries

~ LFDW ~ Listen For Dangerous Words

~ BCWTUA ~ Be Calm When The Unthinkable Arrives

~ BAP ~ Be A Patriot

~ BACAYC ~ Be As Courageous As You Can

MARIA KONNIKOVA ~ THE CONFIDENCE GAME ~ 2016

~ TCG-TC-IAEI-SS-T/S/P ~ The Confidence Game – The Con – Is An Exercise In – Soft Skills – Trust / Sympathy / Persuasion

~ GTRC-WWTGAWJAA-A-POCISAA ~ Given The Right Cues – We’re Willing To Go Along With Just About Anything – And – Put Our Confidence In Just About Anyone

~ TRCGFO-TDFM-EOETFAETIM-EASMM-ALA-TDFM-FARTISGTOEE-R-TCFWT ~ The Real Confidence Game Feeds On – The Desire For Magic – Exploiting Our Endless Taste For An Existence That Is More – Extraordinary And Somehow More Meaningful – As Long As – The Desire For Magic – For A Reality That Is Somehow Greater Than Our Everyday Existence – Remains – The Confidence Game Will Thrive

~ TWAOTHANAOTG-CTITOTAFC-WNTAHAOWOLATWNLS-TWTTD-R-W-A-PU ~ The Whirlwind Advance Of Technology Heralds A New Age Of The Grift – Cons Thrive In Times Of Transition And Fast Change – When New Things Are Happening And Old Ways Of Looking At The World No Longer Suffice – That’s Why They Thrive During – Revolutions – Wars – And – Political Upheavals

~ T-ITCGGA-B-TBU-WTSTNWODBITWOTF? ~ Transition – Is The Confidence Game’s Great Ally – Because – Transition Breeds Uncertainty – Who’s To Say This New Way Of Doing Business Isn’t The Wave Of The Future?

~ WAUCI?-TCAWFTT-WYBIU-A-WBOTFTSCTWAY-B-YWBSCITSPTYWENWH ~ What Are You Confident In? – The Con Artist Will Find Those Things – Where Your Belief Is Unshakable – And – Will Build On That Foundation To Subtly Change The World Around You – But – You Will Be So Confident In The Starting Point That You Won’t Even Notice What’s Happened

~ TGATM ~ The Grifter And The Mark

~ TPO-M-O-P-O-N-NMMSAA-G-T-TPO-CON-GAMWPAOM ~ The Presence Of – Machiavellianism – Or – Psychopathy – Or – Narcissism – No More Marks Someone As A – Grifter – Than – The Presence Of – Charisma Or Nonchalance – Grifters Are Made When Predisposition And Opportunity Meet

~ TBN-OA-C-O-S-HIIAIATA-MB-CCAU-WTA-IBTEFTOTCOFTTTNS ~ The Behavioral Norms – Of A – Company – Culture – Or – Setting – How It Is And Isn’t Acceptable To Act – Must Be – Communicated Clearly And Unequivocally – When They Aren’t – It Becomes Too Easy For Those On The Cusp Of Fraud To Take The Next Step

~ WCHWP-A-IWTTMPWFUOA-WBLLTCTN ~ We Care How We’re Perceived – And – If We Think That Most People Will Frown Upon Our Actions – We Become Less Likely To Contravene The Norm

~ TNSTAA-ICOTEC-A-OYDIO-A-SAT-TTTDIA-DIM-DID-G-RTA-CC-IB-ATIYA ~ There’s No Such Thing As An – Innocent Cutting Of The Ethical Corner – And – Once You Do It Once – And – Successfully At That – The Temptation To Do It Again – Do It More – Do It Differently – Grows – Rather Than A – Cut Corner – It Becomes – Another Tool In Your Arsenal

~ TN-‘PN’-OATTALFTTIHDFC-IBT-TFACFAKOUETS-B-TBLAADMFETBT-S ~ There’s No – “Pinocchio’s Nose” – Our Ability To Tell A Lie From The Truth Is Hardly Different From Chance – Instantaneous Behavioral Tells – Too Fleeting And Complex For Any Kind Of Untrained Expert To Spot – But – The Best Liars Are A Difficult Match For Even The Best Truth-Seers

~ TSTITMPAOTGY-WASBASD-B-IBFUTBMT ~ The Simple Truth Is That Most People Aren’t Out To Get You – We Are So Bad At Spotting Deception – Because – It’s Better For Us To Be More Trusting

~ TGMING-NMTAE-TA-S-H ~ The Grifter’s Mark Is Not Greedy – No More Than Anyone Else – They Are – Simply – Human

~ A-S-POT-MG-PTTLPI ~ A – Shill – Part Of The – Monte Gang – Planted There To Lure People In

~ IYF-IOL-ITOYPV-LIYGT-JL-D-SI-O-OMLC-DIPF-D ~ If You’re Feeling – Isolate Or Lonely – It Turns Out You’re Particularly Vulnerable – Likewise If You’re Going Through – Job Loss – Divorce – Serious Injury – Or – Other Major Life Change – Downturn In Personal Finances – Debt

~ A-V-IN-FOG-AVI-SMEVATEMTCAA ~ A – Victim – Isn’t Necessarily – Foolish Or Greedy – A Victim Is – Simply More Emotionally Vulnerable At The Exact Moment The Confidence Artist Approaches

~CATTBSC-A-TCIOTU-CAAOTBM-BTTTI ~ Con Artists Tend To Be Supremely Confident – And – That Confidence Is Often Their Undoing – Con Artists Are Often The Best Marks – Because They Think Themselves Immune

~ SS-CAEOGL-B-B-SAF-CBF ~ Surface Similarities – Create An Effect Of Greater Liking – But – Both – Similarity And Familiarity – Can Be Faked

~ TSTUSUR-CEBM-EITST-AAGCAN ~ The Signs That Usually Serve Us Reliably – Can Easily Be Massaged – Especially In The Short Term – All A Good Con Artist Needs

~ SASA-RON-CIT-ACA-F-PNG-T-SWL-AE-A-CSWWTH ~ Something As Simple As – Remembering Our Name – Can Instantly Turn – A Confidence Artist – From – Persona Non Grata – To – Someone We Like – Admire Even – And – Certainly Someone We’re Willing To Help

~ RSVW-A-TCIYFTT ~ Read Someone’s Vulnerabilities Well – And – Their Confidence Is Yours For The Taking

~ SITOFOETI-SBUT-TPWTAS-APTOD-WWIIAS-WLDOG ~ Storytelling Is The Oldest Form Of Entertainment There Is – Stories Bring Us Together – That’s Precisely Why They Are Such – A Powerful Tool Of Deception – When We’re Immersed In A Story – We Let Down Our Guard

~ TMSTCITSATU-TMLWATRTT ~ The More Similar The Characters In The Story Are To Us – The More Likely We Are To Relate To Them

~ OOTBSOTC:TATTAGS ~ One Of The Basic Skills Of The Con: The Ability To Tell A Good Story

~ C-LAS-B-TO-I-T-MA-WHNTTR ~ Cons – Long And Short – Both – Thrive On – In-The-Moment Arousal – We Have No Time To Repent

~ OSDYATCBPAAF-TPBMLTKDEMOYB ~ Once Someone Does You Anything That Can Be Perceived As A Favor – That Person Becomes More Likely To Keep Doing Even More On Your Behalf

~ LE-ARFATA-IYWAS-YAFAL ~ Legitimization Effect – A Request For A Tiny Amount – If You Were A Swindler – You’d Ask For A Lot

~ TLE-TFF-TOOGTM-TM-OS-PSAUOR-A-TWLUWTUTBN ~ The Limited Edition – The Forbidden Fruit – The Offer Only Good Till Midnight – The Members-Only Sale – Pose Something As Unique Or Rare – And – Takers Will Line Up Where There Used To Be None

~ O-SOSA-FITN ~ One – Seal Of Seeming Approval – Feeds Into The Next

~ WAMLTGAWSIIH-TSOAO-AGWT-O-PUEIAGWLTBT ~ We Are More Likely To Go Along With Something If It Has – The Stamp Of Approval Of – A Group We Trust – Or – Promises Us Entry In A Group We’d Like To Belong To

~ IMC-OCABOS-IP-I-TACAAGMBACOSF ~ In Many Cases – Our Choices Aren’t Based On Some – Innate Preference – Instead – They Are Constructed At Any Given Moment By A Combination Of Situational Factors

~ IP-MSIP-AT-WYEOIL-EIIAFDL-ISTMMC ~ Information Priming – Mention Something In Passing – And Then – When You Elaborate On It Later – Especially If It’s A Few Days Later – It Seems That Much More Convincing

~ CWSW-B-IAS-WWTT-WWTBTT-A-WWTBTTA-TGTBT-MTA ~ Cons Work So Widely – Because – In A Sense – We Want Them To – We Want To Believe The Tale – And – We Want To Believe Things That Are – Too Good To Be True – More Than Anything

~ A-PS-OC-W-UTD ~ All – Ponzi Schemes – Of Course – Work – Until They Don’t

~ IWESTW-WSEFIW-EIAC ~ If We’re Expecting Something To Work – We Will See Evidence For Its Working – Even In Ambiguous Circumstances

~ OODNAPM ~ One Opinion Does Not A Provenance Make

~ OWHIHIS-WNLSIC-NMTC ~ Once We Have Invested Heavily In Something – We No Longer See It Clearly – No Matter The Costs

~ OW-ITG-IETFTPOLR ~ Once We’re – In The Game – It’s Easiest – To Follow The Path Of Least Resistance

~ NJAC-PJSTWGTM ~ Nobody Joins A Cult – People Join Something That Will Give Them Meaning

~ U-WACASIH ~ Ultimately – What A Confidence Artist Sells Is Hope

MARIA KONNIKOVA ~ THE PLAY ~ CONFIDENCE GAME ~ 2016

~ TP-U~ The Put-Up – Picked – Out Of The Crowd With Care

~ TP-E-AB-EWAES ~ The Play – Established – A Bond – Emotional Wrangling And Expert Storytelling

~ TR-PP ~ The Rope – Persuasive Pitch

~ TT-HWWPB-ROOBIOE ~ The Tale – How We Will Personally Benefit – Relying On Our Belief In Our Exceptionalism

~ TC-LUW ~ The Convincer – Lets Us Win

~ TB-WSTL-DWN-O-WDWD-?~ The Breakdown – We Start To Lose – Do We Notice – Or – Do We Double Down – ?

~ TS-TVIR ~ The Send – The Victim Is Recommitted

~ TT-TCFCTIF-A-TM-I-C-I-F ~ The Touch – The Con Finally Comes To Its Fruition – And – The Mark – Is – Completely – Irrevocably – Fleeced

~ TBO-TGSD ~ The Blow-Off – The Grifter’s Smooth Disappearance

~ TF-WAGPOTIOLETP-M-F-MTCO ~ The Fix – When A Grifter Puts Off The Involvement Of Law Enforcement To Prevent – Marks – From Making Their Complaints Official

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ CONSPIRACY THEORIES AND OTHER DANGEROUS IDEAS ~ 2014

~ A-CT-IAETESEOPBRT-TSMOPPWHAMTCTR ~ A – Conspiracy Theory – Is An Effort To Explain Some Event Or Practice By Referring To – The Secret Machinations Of Powerful People Who Have Also Managed To Conceal Their Role

~ CTGATCAEP:TP-TC-TMS-ASF-TWBTTAPSP-AEUTGRAT-D-W-ITE-M-AA-B-AODOTRFTCITFP ~ Conspiracy Theories Generally Attribute To Certain Agents Extraordinary Power: To Plan – To Control – To Maintain Secrets – And So Forth – Those Who Believe That Those Agents Possess Such Powers – Are Especially Unlikely To Give Respectful Attention To – Debunkers – Who – In Their Eyes – May – After All – Be – Agents Or Dupes Of Those Responsible For The Conspiracy In The First Place

~ CT-TOTCAD-O-OAB-WAATBCODACO-SSP-DAETI-OS-GADNURSFVL ~ Conspiracy Theorists – Typically Overestimate The Competence And Discretion – Of – Officials And Bureaucracies – Which Are Assumed To Be Capable Of Devising And Carrying Out – Sophisticated Secret Plans – Despite Abundant Evidence That In – Open Societies – Government Action Does Not Usually Remain Secret For Very Long

~ IACS-SAFETK-A-DOOAMAGDOS-ISS-CTABMLTBTAHTDILOAI ~ In A Closed Society – Secrets Are Far Easier To Keep – And – Distrust Of Official Accounts Makes A Great Deal Of Sense – In Such Societies – Conspiracy Theories Are Both More Likely To Be True And Harder To Disprove In Light Of Available Information

~ TIAPHTTTTEACBIA-EBTWSTB-‘CB’-A-FTR-CTHCBUA-OTPTTOAFE-SO-O-RF ~ There Is A Pervasive Human Tendency To Think That Effects Are Caused By Intentional Action – Especially By Those Who Stand To Benefit – “Cui Bono?” – And – For This Reason – Conspiracy Theories Have Considerable But Unwarranted Appeal – Overlooking The Possibility That The Outcome Arises From Either – Spontaneous Order – Or – Random Forces

~ MPDNLTBTSEW-CB-B-O-G-L-A-MPNCS ~ Most People Do Not Like To Believe That Significant Events Were – Caused By – Bad – Or – Good – Luck – And – Much Prefer Nonarbitrary Causal Stories

~ POWM(U)CTUITTWBTMAHAKOSDOAK-PI-AAWTMIDFTTBAAA ~ Part Of What Makes (unjustified) Conspiracy Theories Unjustified Is That Those Who Believe Them Must Also Have A Kind Of Spreading Distrust Of All Knowledge-Producing Institutions – In A Way That Makes It Difficult For Them To Believe Anything At All

~ HMOT-M-NBB-IWA-NTB-S-A-B-SMDA? How Many Other Things – Must – Not Be Believed – If We Are – Not To Believe – Something – Accepted – By – So Many Diverse Actors?

~ CE-P-DOI-F-PTPT ~ Conspiracy Entrepreneurs – Profit – Directly Or Indirectly – From – Propagating Their Preferred Theories

~ TEPO-A-WPAO-TAATMLTSCTJTES-A-ATATETIA ~ Terrible Events Produce Outrage – And – When People Are Outraged – They Are All The More Likely To Seek Causes That Justify Their Emotional States – And – Also To Attribute Those Events To Intentional Action

~ SPPBIACT-O-ALSTD-B-TSTCF-O-TAD ~ Sometimes People Profess Belief In A Conspiracy Theory – Or – At Least Suppress Their Doubts – Because – They Seek To Curry Favor – Or – To Avoid Disfavor

~ FCTAGDB-PCAI-FMTB-PO-TF-LRTCTITMAFAOS ~ False Conspiracy Theories Are Generally Debunked By – Private Citizens And Institution – Far More Than By – Public Officials – The First-Line Response To Conspiracy Theories Is To Maintain A Free And Open Society

~ IOR? ~ Ignore Or Rebut?

~ ISNCBABGFCT ~ Isolated Social Networks Can Be A Breeding Ground For Conspiracy Theories