FRANKLIN FOER ~ WORLD WITHOUT MIND ~ 2017

~ WWM ~ World Without Mind

~ TETOBT ~ The Existential Threat Of Big Tech

~ TBTC-A-AOT-TMPGTWHEK ~ The Biggest Tech Companies – Are – Among Other Things – The Most Powerful Gatekeepers The World Has Ever Known

~ TS-MC-LTOTV-IPOC-IPON-HES-THPDS-THHAOPAC-ODBFAFHE-WMSV ~ To Survive – Media Companies – Lost Track Of Their Values – In Pursuit Of Clicks – Important Purveyors Of News – Have Embraced Sensationalism – They Have Published Dubious Stories – They Have Heaped Attention On Propagandists And Conspiracists – Old Boundaries Between Fact And Falsehood Have Eroded – Where Misinformation Spreads Virally

~ WHO-OS-TBSOSAMBC-WWNTARITWNJ-MWM-B-WTCTRTM ~ We’ve Handed Over – Our Secrets – To Be Stored On Servers And Mined By Computers – What We Need To Always Remember Is That We’re Not Just – Merging With Machines – But – With The Companies That Run The Machines

~ IIAIFOTHTTOOSFWTNEOB-P-A-C ~ It Is An Important Fact Of Technological History That The Outskirts Of San Francisco Were The National Epicenter Of Both – Psychedelics – And – Computing

~ AEC-TOFTABQATHI ~ An Engineering Challenge – That Often Fails To Ask Basic Questions About The Human Implications

~ TS-WAIBA-P-WCACODABOC-SI ~ The Singularity – When Artificial Intelligence Becomes All-Powerful – When Computers Are Capable Of Designing And Building Other Computers – SuperIntelligence

~ A-SU-AT-UTALRIIBE ~ Always – Surveilling Users – Auditing Them – Using Them As Lab Rats In Its Behavioral Experiments

~ TTLORIADIITSOC ~ Taken The Language Of Radical Individualism And Deployed It In The Service Of Conformism

~ ‘RT’ ~ “Radical Transparency”

~ ‘UT’ ~ “Ultimate Transparency”

~ TPTEMTCTHAN-A-TTCTTR-ASOPSTCBFM ~ Those Procedures That Enable Mechanical Thinking Came To Have A Name – Algorithms – The Textbooks Compare Them To Recipes – A Series Of Precise Steps That Can Be Followed Mindlessly

~ TAISTBDO:B/I/E/F ~ The Algorithm Is Supposed To Be Devoid Of: Bias / Intuition / Emotion / Forgiveness

~ TTATTDUIC-YTMCUI-D-LVOT-TIIWIWTH ~ They Talk About Torturing The Data Until It Confesses – Yet This Metaphor Contains Unexamined Implicitness – Data – Like Victims Of Torture – Tells Its Interrogator What It Wants To Hear

~ TPITWWOTTM-WAROTTTOTRTM ~ The Problem Is That When We Outsource Thinking To Machines – We Are Really Outsourcing Thinking To The Organizations That Run The Machines

~ TCGWIWAD ~ The Crowd Gets What It Wants And Deserves

~ TWEITMHBP-TATB-WMTETM-AAMTEFW-TRHOTBOC-TNTITRD ~ The Whole Effort Is To Make Human Beings – Predictable – To Anticipate Their Behavior – Which Makes Them Easier To Manipulate – Algorithms Are Meant To Erode Free Will – To Relive Humans Of The Burden Of Choosing – To Nudge Them In The Right Direction

~ AFASOO-TCBTOBCBA-WOEBAOTHGU-IASD-TABADOTEMS-AIMBIRIBISABTDAMPSW-WATSARITGD ~ Algorithms Fuel A Sense Of Omnipotence – The Condescending Belief That Our Behavior Can Be Altered – Without Our Even Being Aware Of The Hand Guiding Us – In A Superior Direction – That’s Always Been A Danger Of The Engineering Mind-Set – As It Moves Beyond Its Roots In Building Inanimate Stuff And Begins To Design A More Perfect Social World – We Are The Screws And Rivets In The Grand Design

~ TITSEOTNKM-TDAPK;TJSAOI ~ This Is The Strange Essence Of The New Knowledge Monopolies – They Don’t Actually Produce Knowledge; They Just Sift And Organize It

~ KITITRTEPOACOI-WK-TFAMBOPO-TM-OTLR-DTCFAE ~ Knowledge Is Too Important To Remain The Eternal Possession Of Any Company Or Individual – We Know – That Future Achievement Must Build On Past Ones – That Monopolies – Over The Long Run – Drain The Creativity From An Economy

~ OAUAP-TBOIPBAABP ~ Once An Underground, Amateur Pastime – The Bootlegging Of Intellectual Property Became An Accepted Business Practice

~ SVRTCAEG-WIOCARMIGIHH ~ Silicon Valley Routinely Trashes Cultural And Economic Gatekeepers – While Its Own Companies Are The Most Imposing Gatekeepers In Human History

~ TPOIOSALMED ~ The Population Of Informational Oligarchs Shrinks A Little More Every Day

~ DASVSABAMTW-TISATTOTO ~ Despite All Silicon Valley’s Sloganeering About Building A More Transparent World – Their Ideals Stop At The Threshold Of Their Offices

~ EF-MC-WWACOP-ACTCTFOWAI-B-TPHBSBAITP-BTDPATN-S-D-P ~ Even Free-Market Conservatives – Will Worry About Concentrations Of Power – Among Companies That Control The Flow Of Words And Ideas – Because – That Power Has Been So Blatantly Abused In The Past – Both The Distant Past And The Not-So-Distant Past

~ IAFOMI-TWROTITTCEST ~ It’s A Failure Of Moral Imagination – That Writers Respond Only To Injustices That They Can Envision Suffering Themselves

~ BVOTS-TFTTDMOTMFDI-CTOSLASG ~ By Virtue Of Their Size – The Fact That They Dominate Much Of The Market For Disseminating Ideas – Criticizing Them Often Seems Like A Suicidal Gesture

~ TITATCWFACIHN-WDNTATWATTCTFTCTSV ~ The Idea That A Tech Company Would Favor A Candidate Is Hardly Novel – We Don’t Need To Assume The Worst About The Tech Companies To Fear Their Capacity To Swing Votes

~ TTTCPLV-TCATMIAC-WCWURITCODB-CTAITDHAAURII ~ Though The Tech Companies Preach Liberal Values – They Crave Access To Markets In Authoritarian Countries – Where Compromise With Ugly Regimes Is The Cost Of Doing Business – Companies That Are Indifferent To Democracy Have Acquired An Outsized Role In It

~ DOTBTCIITPOTWATE ~ Dependence On The Big Tech Companies Is Increasingly The Plight Of The Worker And The Entrepreneur

~ AATMROOT-WLIAWOUBTPTBFEGEAP-IOWLFTN ~ Analytics Are The Managerial Revolution Of Our Time – We Live In A World Of Ubiquitous Data That Provide The Basis For Ever Greater Efficiency And Productivity – If Only We Learn From The Numbers

~ TETOTMEI:‘T’~ The Essential Term Of This Media Era Is: “Trending”

~ OEIDBP-WIGTHNG ~ Our Era Is Defined By Polarization – Warring Ideological Gangs That Yield No Ground

~ TBTM ~ Take Back The Mind

~ DITNO ~ Data Is The New Oil

~ TDFATOTHATMCPOU-TABE-AICOT ~ The Dominant Firms Are The Ones That Have Amassed The Most Complete Portraits Of Us – This Advantage Becomes Everything – And It Compounds Over Time

~ TTTPATCMANOATS ~ The Threats To Privacy And The Competitive Marketplace Are Now One And The Same

~ R-SWLRFTIPWGTS ~ Rent-Seekers With Little Regard For The Independent Producers Whose Goods They Sell

~ TOTDTI-BAT-TA ~ They Owe Their Dominance To Innovation – But Also To – Tax Avoidance

~ TASU-TF-TPHTTI-BTWLFE ~ They Aggressively Surveil Users – Thus Far – The Pubic Has Tolerated These Invasions – But That Won’t Last For Ever

~ H-ACTSC-ACBTT-EHTTAAFODL-AMPTPFIW ~ Hackers – Are Constantly Testing Security Cordons – And Constantly Bursting Through Them – Everybody Has Tolerated This As A Fact Of Digital Life – A Minor Price To Pay For Its Wonders

~ TBO-TIM-H-TWRSTIC-IMBAECOII-IMDOFS-OIMTAAE ~ The Big One – The Inevitable Mega-Hack – That Will Rumble Society To Its Core – It Might Be An Exposed Cache Of Intimate Information – It Might Disrupt Our Financial System – Or It Might Trigger And Actual Explosion

~ DPA ~ Data Protection Authority

~ TPITPTCOEOD-WAN-H-AC-AWCBCAWCBE-CSHTRTPDTSOS ~ The Point Isn’t To Prevent The Collection Or Exploitation Of Data – What Are Needed – However – Are Constraints – About What Can Be Collected And What Can Be Exploited – Citizens Should Have The Right To Purge Data That Sits On Servers

~ IA-B-I-R-WOE:C-NTCTSTT-SOTOD-TLSDTTCTTDWTGC-BIDBTT-PODIAHRTMCWEO ~ It’s A – Basic – Intuitive – Right – Worthy Of Enshrinement: Citizens – Not The Corporations That Stealthily Track Them – Should Own Their Own Data – The Law Should Demand That These Companies Treat This Data With The Greatest Care – Because It Doesn’t Belong To Them – Possessing Our Data Is A Heavy Responsibility That Must Come With Ethical Obligations

~ TIIA-BWSTI-AIIEOH-O-IEFOMS-EWTSANLTTFOIATFOD ~ The Internet Is Amazing – But We Shouldn’t Treat It – As If It Exists Outside History – Or – Is Exempt From Our Moral Structures – Especially When The Stakes Are Nothing Less Than The Fate Of Individuality And The Fitness Of Democracy

~ CATMAQOFHBASOSS-WRTQ-WCCF-B/E/J-ATSC? ~ Caring About The Morality And Quality Of Food Has Become A Symbol Of Social Status – Which Raises The Question – Why Can’t Concern For – Books / Essays /Journalism – Acquire The Same Cachet?

~ WMCAFA-TCNTDR ~ While Media Chase A Fake Audience – They Consciously Neglect Their Devoted Readers

~ STPEACVOABE-ETTRRSOR ~ Subscribers To Print Editions Are Considered Vestiges Of A Bygone Era – Even Though They Remain Reliable Sources Of Revenue

~ TTHATLMFTROA ~ The Time Has Arrived To Liberate Media From Their Reliance On Advertising

~ MNTSBTA-TRTTN-TRTLOCA-AMTWY-SE-A-SB ~ Media Need To Scale Back Their Ambitions – To Return To Their Niches – To Reclaim The Loyalty Of Core Audiences – A Move That Will Yield – Superior Editorial – And – Sustainable Businesses

~ TRT-MWNTCR-ARWNTP-CHNIPPFW-SLAPPAPTOT ~ To Rescue Themselves – Media Will Need To Charge Readers – And Readers Will Need To Pay – Consumers Have No Inherent Problem Paying For Words – So Long As Publishers Place A Price Tag On Them

~ TRRITSOP-WWRWOP-WRFT-N/P/AOU-SUAFOT-TPPU-FATIOD-TDFTMTTTOHC ~ Take Regular Refuge In The Sanctuary Of Paper – When We Read Words On Paper – We’re Removed From The – Notifications / Pings / And Other Urgencies – Summoning Us Away From Our Thoughts – The Page Permits Us – For A Time In Our Day – To Decouple From The Machine To Tend To Our Human Core

~ WHDOICMDA-CAE-TA-TTTL ~ We Have Deluded Ourselves Into Caring More Deeply About – Convenience And Efficiency – Than About – The Things That Last

WILL STORR ~ THE UNPERSUADABLES ~ 2015

~ WAWWD-NMHDWMTTIO ~ We Are What We Do – No Matter How Desperately We Might Try To Insist Otherwise

~ WFFTLOOOB-WWD-IRU-ISILMWANK-DUIFGAWWHD ~ We Fall For The Lies Of Our Own Brain – When We Do – It Rewards Us – It Seals Its Little Mischief With A Neurochemical Kiss – Drugging Us Into Feeling Good About What We Have Done

~ OPAMAITU-TFICAEA-WOBIIIHSOL-WIIBIM-ATTDFV-TAITTCPOOM ~ Our Prejudices And Misbeliefs Are Invisible To Us – They Form In Childhood And Early Adolescence – When Our Brain Is In Its Heightened State Of Learning – When It Is Building Its Models – And Then They Disappear From View – They Are Inaccessible To The Conscious Part Of Our Minds

~ TPOOMCBKOV-WAUI ~ The Power Of Our Many Cognitive Biases Skews Our View – We Attack Unwelcome Information

~ WAN-BSWHAPTBOOT ~ We Are Natural-Born Storytellers Who Have A Propensity To Believe Our Own Tales

~ OOAABCHNBIT-AYWBTU-WAS ~ Our Own Actions And Beliefs Can Have No Basis In Truth – And Yet We Believe Them Utterly – We Are Storytellers

~ TATBALOCOEHMOOCRIC ~ There Appears To Be A Lack Of Consensus On Exactly How Much Of Our Conscious Reasoning Is Confabulation

~ WTTGSTETMO-WWDAB-WCUTJOBWAB-C-IL-DUDTWWNEAOM ~ We Tend To Generate Stories To Explain The Mysteries Of – What We Do And Believe – When Called Upon To Justify Our Beliefs We Automatically Become – Confabulators – Innocent Liars – Defending Unconscious Decisions That We Were Not Even Aware Of Making

~ WDBTBIDTMAMOTWWIIF ~ We Dream Because The Brain Is Designed To Make A Model Of The World Whenever It Is Functioning

~ OBCTWIWWE-TACU-PTGMTTBCITOY-T-‘I’ ~ Our Brains Create The World In Which We Exist – They Also Create Us – Perhaps The Greatest Model That The Brain Creates Is That Of You – The – ‘I’

~ OLSMTWAUOMOTSASAU ~ Our Limited Senses Mean That We Are Unaware Of Most Of The Sounds And Sights Around Us

~ WCSBTMUH-TAHWLATW-TAHWPTF-TPC-TASOPAM-TTUWGTHABTHAWWABTM-TAAOM-TMBWWNOLTADACW ~ We Create Stories Because They Make Us Happy – They Are How We Learn About The World – They Are How We Predict The Future – They Provide Certainty – They’re A Source Of Power And Motivation – They Tell Us Why Good Things Happen And Bad Things Happen And Why We Are Better Than Most – They Are Arks Of Meaning – The Method By Which We Navigate Our Lives Through A Dangerous And Confusing World

~ NODOBMAWFOSTPOI-TACIH-U ~ Not Only Do Our Brains Make A World For Our Story To Play Out In – They Also Create Its Hero – Us

~ UDLEI-WHATTBWWA ~ Unless Dramatic Life Events Intercede – We Have A Tendency To Become What We Are

~ IINIAB ~ Intelligence Is No Inoculation Against Bias

~ WBTWANP-TWHAAOCTARPOOT-OBDTAT-WCST-BTTTPBOE-HMIG-HMIR-HMICSWRODHMOTW? ~ We Believe That We Are Not Prejudiced – That We Have Arrived At Our Conclusions Through A Rational Process Of Objective Thought – Our Biases Disguise Themselves As Truth – We Cannot See Them – Because The Trick Takes Place Behind Our Eyes – How Much Is Genetic – How Much Is Rational – How Much Is Concerned Solely With Reinforcing Our Dearly Held Models Of The World?

~ SWAT-TOWTMOPAD-TSMITTTHHDTBTDOTN ~ Stories Work Against Truth – They Operate With The Machinery Of Prejudice And Distortion – The Scientific Method Is The Tool That Humans Have Developed To Break The Dominion Of The Narrative

~ EIOGTOA-IITROOS ~ Eccentricity Is Our Gift To One Another – It Is The Riches Of Our Species

~ TBMINAS-WIAHR ~ To Be Mistaken Is Not A Sin – Wrongness Is A Human Right

~ MDSC-PFFATLI-MBS-PCTF ~ Minds Do Sometimes Change – People Find Faith And They Lose It – Mystics Become Skeptics – Politicians Cross The Floor

~ IWTTR-T-TARAICSF-TIATCTIAW ~ I Will Try To Remember – Though – That As Right As I Can Sometimes Feel – There Is Always The Chance That I Am Wrong

~ HLIH:IFO-AIFM ~ Happiness Lies In Humility: In Forgiving Others – And In Forgiving Myself

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans –They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

DAVID GRAEBER ~ THE FIVE MAJOR VARIETIES OF BULLSHIT JOBS ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ WFD-OOPTMSELOFI-YCBMWAE ~ What Flunkies Do – Only Or Primarily To Make Someone Else Look Or Feel Important – You Cannot Be Magnificent Without An Entourage

~ WGD-PW-J-A-EMAA ~ What Goons Do – People Whose – Jobs – Are – Essentially Manipulative And Aggressive

~ WDTD-WJEOBOAGOFITO-TSAPTONTE ~ What Duct Tapers Do – Whose Jobs Exist Only Because Of A Glitch Or Fault In The Organization – To Solve A Problem That Ought Not To Exist

~ WBTD-EWEOOPTAAOTBATCIIDST-IF-IIND ~ What Box Tickers Do – Employees Who Exist Only Or Primarily To Allow An Organization To Be Able To Claim It Is Doing Something That – In Fact – It Is Not Doing

~ WTD-TWRCEOAWTO ~ What Taskmasters Do – Those Whose Role Consists Entirely Of Assigning Work To Others

~ AM-DTDPWOTFCIBT-OTMSTCEOS ~ Ambiguous Multiform – Difficult To Determine Precisely Which Of The Five Categories It Belongs To – Often It May Seem To Contain Elements Of Several

~ SOBJ-INSPAAOT-B-WAUP-B-TAPISOAPE ~ Second Order Bullshit Jobs – In No Sense Pointless In And Of Themselves – But – Which Are Ultimately Pointless – Because – They Are Performed In Support Of A Pointless Enterprise

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ GOING TO EXTREMES ~ 2009

~ WPFTIGOL-MT-TAELTMT-E-TITPKA-GP ~ When People Find Themselves In Groups Of Like-Minded Types – They Are Especially Likely To Move To – Extremes – This Is The Phenomenon Known As – Group Polarization

~ ITBL-GP-HBSIARWROC ~ In The Behavioural Laboratory – Group Polarization – Has Been Shown In A Remarkably Wide Range Of Contexts

~ SNCOAPMBTHTCATAPAV ~ Social Networks Can Operate As Polarization Machines Because They Help To Confirm And Thus Amplify People’s Antecedent Views

~ MOTT-PDNSTHALAASO-TPASOTGIWTFT ~ Much Of The Time – People Do Not Seem To Have Anything Like An Adequate Sense Of – The Partiality And Skew Of The Groups In Which They Find Themselves

~ OPIG-PSASSTGG ~ Once Placed In Groups – People Show A Significant Shift Toward Greater Generosity

~ POIPCE ~ People Often Ignore Powerful Contrary Evidence

~ CB-TIIMIPFPTDAKO-DM-OTTAOTTL-MALVOTOV ~ Cyberbalkanization – The Internet Is Making It Possible For People To Design A Kind Of – Daily Me – Only The Topics And Opinions That They Like – More And Louder Versions Of Their Own Views

~ FMOWTBTK-HB-LPODI-TMROWOPT ~ For Most Of What They Believe They Know – Human Beings – Lack Personal Or Direct Information – They Must Rely On What Other People Think

~ PAMTAATFTWPC ~ People Are Motivate To Accept Accounts That Fit With Their Preexisting Convictions

DAVID FREEDMAN ~ WRONG ~ 2010

~ AE-R-C-A-S-CAPARITRWGTA ~ An Expert’s – Reputation – Credentials – And – Style – Can All Play A Role In The Reception We Give The Advice

~ WLATSS-WLFT-ABC-E-ES-GFIAD ~ We Love Advice That Seems Simple – We Look For The – ABCs – Essentials – Executive Summaries – Guides For Idiots And Dummies

~ CWSTLFIEA:CC/DF/U/U/P/DC/S/N/RF ~ Characteristics We Seem To Look For In Expert Advice: Clear-Cut / Doubt-Free / Universal / Upbeat / Actionable / Palatable / Dramatic Claims / Stories / Numbers / Retroactive Fixes

~ WHTBCCLIACW-SWWWEATAIQTBS? ~ We Happen To Be Complex Creatures Living In A Complex World – So Why Would We Expect Answers To Any Interesting Questions To Be Simple?

~ TGEO-G/TW/C/C-ILAM ~ The General Effectiveness Of – Groups / Team-Work / Collaboration / Consensus – Is Largely A Myth

~ C-FFBRW-TOTBALAGADASTPADOEWAHI-ATTBSOTWWTTT ~ Crowds – Far From Being Reliably Wise – Turn Out To Be At Least As Good At Discouraging And Suppressing The Production And Dissemination Of Excellent Work As Highlighting It – And Tend To Bring Some Of The Worst Work To The Top

~ TEOTGIET-A/LI-WPTROWEOAITI ~ The Effect Of The Group Is Essentially To – Amplify / Lock In – Whatever Proclivity Toward Rightness Or Wrongness Exists On Average In The Individuals

~ PIGTSNTTAHAIWOTO ~ People In Groups Tend Simply Not To Try As Hard As Individuals Working On Their Own

~ PIGSMOTTLTO-RTTOTO-NARITGADP-B-IG-TNTITT-OT-OD-OP-G-ISWETIIESMA ~ People In Groups Spend Most Of Their Time Listening To Others – Rather Than Thinking On Their Own – Not All Research Indicates That Groups Always Degrade Performance – But – In General – The Notion That Individuals Tend To – OutThink – OutDecide – OutPerform – Groups – Is So Well Established That It Isn’t Even Studied Much Anymore

~ OAMOIF-EHCCP-ARTVOTGAI ~ Once A Majority Opinion Is Formed – Even Highly Competent, Confident People – Are Reluctant To Voice Opinions That Go Against It

~ MF:S/P/FE/O-S-F-A/ITWTZ/NBNR ~ Management Fads: Simple / Prescriptive / Falsely Encouraging / One-Size-Fits-All / In Tune With The Zeitgeist / Novel But Not Radical

~ ANOCHUACIHIRBIRMAB-TLOOTHGF-BEHTG-IALO ~ Any Number Of Companies Held Up As Corporate Idols – Have In Retrospect Been Iffy Role Models At Best – The List Of Organizations That Have Gone From – Business-Expert Hero To Goat – Is A Long One

~ TCOLTEA:S/U/D/SBOASS(OMSOLCO)/IG/PBPOOTSTBFIA/GTPAFOOAPRFOC ~ Typical Characteristics Of Less Trustworthy Expert Advice: Simplistic / Universal / Definitive / Supported By Only A Single Study (Or Many Small Or Less Careful Ones) / It’s Groundbreaking / Pushed By People Or Organizations That Stand To Benefit From Its Acceptance / Geared Toward Preventing A Future Occurrence Of A Prominent Recent Failure Or Crisis

~ SCOMTEA:DTTOA/IANF/HOQS/CARE/PSCFTR/PP/I-C-B-C ~ Some Characteristics Of More Trustworthy Expert Advice: Doesn’t Trip The Other Alarms / It’ A Negative Finding / Heavy On Qualifying Statements / Candid About Refutational Evidence / Provides Some Context For The Research / Provides Perspective / Includes – Candid – Blunt – Comments

DAVID EDWARD + DAVID CROMWELL ~ NEWSPEAK IN THE 21ST CENTURY ~ 2009

~ AAU-U-OM-ABCC-PD-OIRRAC-FTS-CR-TTTP ~ All Around Us – Unseen – Our Media – Are Being Continuously Cleansed – Pore-Deep – Of Important Rational Reporting And Commentary – For The Simple – Crude Reason – That They Threaten Profits

~ NIAPOTP-MATOOVATLOCV ~ News Is A Procession Of The Powerful – Marvel At The Orthodoxy Of Views And The Lack Of Critical Voices

~ WTCCH-WWGASOBSAEHFM-TEASWSBD-B-TWTPWHCTP ~ When The Credit Crunch Hit – We Were Given A Succession Of Bankers, Stockbrokers And Even Hedge-Fund Managers – To Explain And Say What Should Be Done – But – These Were The People Who Had Caused The Problem

~ TAPFVMTP-TTRWTASMPPIB-TRHTTBOTDW ~ There Are Precious Few Voices Making The Point – That The Reason Why There Are So Many Poor People Is Because – The Rich Have Taken The Bulk Of The Disposable Wealth

~ WDCB-S-P-O-I-LAIAAO ~ Where Dissidents Cannot Be – Sacked – Patronised – Or – Ignored – Legal Action Is Always An Option

~ AKFDTPSITHCFSD ~ A Key Force Driving The Propaganda System Is The Human Capacity For Self-Deception

~ MJCBETASACHNATTACTTNOP ~ Many Journalist Clearly Believe Everything They Are Saying And Clearly Have No Awareness That They Are Conforming To The Needs Of Power

~ TDTI-MPAM-HAACTM-J-‘TI’ -SUAR-WCOITO ~ The Disturbing Truth Is – Mainstream Politics And Media – Have An Astonishing Capacity To Make – Just – ‘This’ – Issue Seem Urgent And Real – While Consigning Other Issues To Oblivion

~ TTFAPJITB-‘R’-TM-TATPODSBPI-ATITHCOHOHA ~ The Temptation For A Professional Journalist Is To Be – ‘relevant’ – To Matter – To Accept The Parameters Of Debate Set By Powerful Interests – And To Ignore The Human Costs Of His Or Her Actions

~ WBOVORAKFOU-‘S’-WWTPFCFAI-TMASIFOSOIAS-TLLWATAECI ~ We Build Our Version Of Reality Around Key Frameworks Of Understanding – ‘Schemas’ – Which We Then Protect From Conflicting Facts And Ideas – The More Important A Schema Is For Our Sense Of Identity And Security – The Less Likely We Are To Accept Evidence Contradicting It

~ CTDEVTTMPUWAMOLHROTW ~ Challenge The Deeply Entrenched View That The Media Present Us With A More Or Less Honest Revision Of The World

~ TPPOTMIAWAWP-AAPOHS ~ The Propaganda Performance Of The Media Is A Weird And Wonderful Phenomenon – An Astonishing Product Of Human Society

~ TTABETOOC-WFOTCOO-ITGMOB ~ To Turn A Blind Eye To Our Own Crimes – While Focusing On The Crimes Of Others – Is To Guarantee More Of Both

~ TTOPITAPFLAMTS ~ The Task Of Propaganda Is To Apply Power-Friendly Labels And Make Them Stick

~ A-‘C’-IRTSCAITTBLC-ASWFNCATIOTPMOFOS-TINCATCDO-CEPPAFP ~ All – ‘Conversation’ – Is Required To Step Carefully Around Issues Threatening The Bottom Line Concern – And So We Find No Conversation About The Impact Of The Profit Motive On Freedom Of Speech – There Is No Conversation About The Corporate Domination Of – Culture, Economics, Party Politics And Foreign Policy

~ WCHTBRSODAAR ~ We Cannot Hope To Base Real Solutions On Dishonest Analysis And Reporting

~ CJRTWFOFTRCODDJ-SSB ~ Compassionate Journalism Requires That We Free Ourselves From The Root Cause Of Dishonest, Destructive Journalism – Self-Serving Bias

~ AROCATOMABATO ~ A Rule Of Conduct Applied To Others Must Also Be Applied To Ourselves

~ WCRTGIOHH-TSCTUAFHICM ~ We Can Realise The Great Irony Of Human Happiness – That Self-Centredness Takes Us Away From Happiness Into Claustrophobic Misery

~ GCDNAOOGOS-IAOOA-S-OOTA-TEIAPP-A-CFOITPTGGAH ~ Greater Compassion Does Not Arise Out Of Guilt Or Shame – It Arises Out Of Awareness – Specifically – Out Of The Awareness – That Egotism Is A Painful Prison – And – Concern For Others Is The Path To Genuine Freedom And Happiness

~ IINETAIWPA-IWATOM-WMAOH ~ It Is Not Enough To Address Ignorance With Political Argument – If We Are To Open Minds – We Must Also Open Hearts

~ GAHMSAC-BTWITTDNDS-TDNLTGH ~ Greed And Hatred May Seem All-Conquering – But Their Weakness Is That They Do Not Deliver Solutions – They Do Not Lead To Genuine Happiness