DAVID BOHM ~ ON DIALOGUE

~IPATC-TWT-THTBATCSIC-STTSITMDAA-RTS-CFAATTO ~ If People Are To Cooperate – To Work Together – They Have To Be Able To Create Something In Common – Something That Takes Shape In Their Mutual Discussions And Actions – Rather Than Something Conveyed From An Authority To The Others

~ IWKOTTTWITSFOC-TWAGTEIISOW-AWAGTMAPS ~ If We Keep On Thinking That The World Is There Solely For Our Convenience – Then We Are Going To Exploit It In Some Other Way – And We Are Going To Make Another Problem Somewhere

~ TDIBAAETTMBW-TITP ~ Thought Defends Its Basic Assumptions Against Evidence That They May Be Wrong – Thought Is The Problem

~ ABNFADWBFPTSIAC-SAGADFA-IAFDC ~ A Basic Notion For A Dialogue Would Be For People To Sit In A Circle – Such A Geometric Arrangement Doesn’t Favor Anybody – It Allows For Direct Communication

~ IP-TDSW-WAL-A-WAA ~ In Principle – The Dialogue Should Work – Without Any Leader – And – Without Any Agenda

~ IMBUTHAFTGTGG-WKAWOIFAW-PWBTLRTDLALOTD ~ It May Be Useful To Have A Facilitator To Get The Group Going – Who Keeps A Watch On It For A While – People Would Begin To Learn Really To Depend Less And Less On The Facilitator

~ TWOSHBOTBTWCFWL-B-MWC ~ The Whole Of Society Has Been Organized To Believe That We Can’t Function Without Leaders – But – Maybe We Can

~ IIITUTADGINATGOSK-WANTTCAH-TIMHAAB ~ It Is Important To Understand That A Dialogue Group Is Not A Therapy Group Of Some Kind – We Are Not Trying To Cure Anybody Here – Though It May Happen As A Byproduct

~ ITDGWANGTDWTDAA-TIC-OWANF-WMHAESWWANOTDA-NCTAC-OPIRRCCIT-IYWTCTAP ~ In The Dialogue Group We Are Not Going To Decide What To Do About Anything – This Is Crucial – Otherwise We Are Not Free – We Must Have An Empty Space Where We Are Not Obliged To Do Anything – Nor Come To Any Conclusions – Our Purpose Is Really To Communicate Coherently In Truth – If You Want To Call That A Purpose

~ PWCTAGWDIAA-NIFACWOP ~ People Will Come To A Group With Different Interests And Assumptions – Negotiating Involves Finding A Common Way Of Proceeding

~ AGDOWNITCTBDTTFON-PAGNRTGITDIWTFHWTCTBAD ~ A Great Deal Of What Nowadays Is Typically Considered To Be Dialogue Tends To Focus On Negotiation – People Are Generally Not Ready To Go Into The Deeper Issues When They First Have What They Consider To Be A Dialogue

~ TPINTEAFDGF-BR-OTLLETMAC ~ The Point Is Not To Establish A Fixed Dialogue Group Forever – But Rather – One That Lasts Long Enough To Make A Change

~ ACIALORAPAI-STWCLT-BIOWIWHAC-WITWS-MSPAV-OIFA -~ A Society Is A Link Of Relationships Among People And Institutions – So That We Can Live Together – But It Only Works If We Have A Culture – Which Implies That We Share – Meaning, Significance, Purpose, And Value – Otherwise It Falls Apart

~ D-FPTRWIOEOMWCTACOJ ~ Dialogue – For People To Realize What Is On Each Other’s Minds Without Coming To Any Conclusions Or Judgments

~ ITCITL-EWOWTCC-YAITGWTS ~ If You Can Influence The Leaders – Either With Or Without Their Conscious Cooperation – You Automatically Influence The Group Which They Sway

~ BPUAOC-O-MANO-TPCSSAWMOGE ~ By Playing Upon An Old Cliche – Or – Manipulating A New One – The Propagandist Can Sometimes Swing A Whole Mass Of Group Emotions

~ TL-WLTATAPC-WDSOIICBMTTTOI ~ The Leaders – Who Lend Their Authority To Any Propaganda Campaign – Will Do So Only If It Can Be Made To Touch Their Own Interests

~ EAAMBCIOTPIIC ~ Events And Activities Must Be Created In Order To Put Ideas Into Circulation

~ TLISTBAUEABTSC ~ The Law Isn’t Supposed To Be About Unspoken Excuses And Behind-The-Scenes Calculations

~ DWYLISF-BWYLIDBWYT-ATIOAPWIF ~ Doing What You Like Is Seldom Freedom – Because What You Like Is Determined By What You Think – And That Is Often A Pattern Which Is Fixed

~ T-‘P’-IIALAYKOPIATTBYT-THTBISSAOIC ~ The – “Problem” – Is Insoluble As Long As You Keep On Producing It All The Time By Your Thought – Thought Has To Be In Some Sense Aware Of Its Consequences

~ TOSITHM-P-P-TCAMSTYCSTROYT-YHTSYI ~ The Point Of Suspension Is To Help Make – Proprioception – Possible – To Create A Mirror So That You Can See The Results Of Your Thought – You Have To See Your Intention

~ ITB-PWTEO-ITSTIOTD-TWWWI-A-ATSTKEO-TBTTEO ~ In The Beginning – People Won’t Trust Each Other – If They See The Importance Of The Dialogue – They Will Work With It – And – As They Start To Know Each Other – They Begin To Trust Each Other

~ TOOADINTAT-O-TWAA-OTEO-R-IITS-O ~ The Object Of A Dialogue Is Not To Analyze Things – Or – To Win An Argument – Or To Exchange Opinions – Rather – It Is To Suspend – Opinions

~ IWCSWAOOOM-TWASACC-EIWDAE ~ If We Can See What All Of Our Opinions Mean – Then We Are Sharing A Common Content – Even If We Don’t Agree Entirely

~ IMTOTTOANRVI-TAAA-WCJSSTAOTM-TEU-NTWHCI ~ It May Turn Out That The Opinions Are Not Really Very Important – They Are All Assumptions – We Can Just Simply Share The Appreciation Of The Meanings –– Truth Emerges Unannounced – Not That We Have Chosen It

~ IWAHDAADT-EPITGTHADC-BWWRTITOPA ~ If We All Have Different Assumptions And Defend Them – Each Person Is Then Going To Have A Different Content – Because We Won’t Really Take In The Other Person’s Assumptions

~ TINPIBPOC-TNRCOR-ISIR-YDNTBP-ISHTPY-TTIPSDAI ~ There Is No Point In Being Persuaded Or Convinced – That’s Not Really Coherent Or Rational – If Something Is Right – You Don’t Need To Be Persuaded – If Somebody Has To Persuade You – Then There Is Probably Some Doubt About It

~ TINRTHTAAITIETIINR-TPSOAAOOAOITIIOTETIMNBR ~ There Is No Reason To Hold To An Assumption If There Is Evidence That It Is Not Right – The Proper Structure Of An Assumption Or Of An Opinion Is That It Is Open To Evidence That It May Not Be Right

~ TDNEFO-IMEFSE-PFAMFMOTTM ~ Truth Does Not Emerge From Opinions – It Must Emerge From Something Else – Perhaps From A More Free Movement Of The Tacit Mind

~ EIOFWP-WWAW-CPIADB-OTATT ~ Even If One Faction Won’t Participate – We Who Are Willing – Can Participate In A Dialogue Between – Our Thought And Their Thought

~ GPHTTA-ATANTT ~ Generally People Hold To Their Assumptions – So They Are Not Thinking Together

~ TINPITDFTPOAAH-WWTBFOHAAAWM-WWCLABTA ~ There Is No Place In The Dialogue For The Principle Of Authority And Hierarchy – We Want To Be Free Of Hierarchy And Authority As We Move – Where We Can Let Anything Be Talked About

~ TPITGPTCTKEOA-AKWTA ~ The Principle Is To Get People To Come To Know Each Other’s Assumptions – And Know What They Are

~ MOOT-IIGF-INI-IOITWC-AIPU-WPIU-ACFP-FF-FS-FN-FB-ASO-WSCPOIWWL-AWMROP-BS-IACFTP ~ Most Of Our Thought – In Its General Form – Is Not Individual – It Originates In The Whole Culture – And It Pervades Us – We Pick It Up – As Children From Parents – From Friends – From School – From Newspapers – From Books – And So On – We Select Certain Parts Of It Which We Like – And We May Reject Other Parts – But Still – It All Comes From That Pool

TWYES-DOHYRI-O-MI ~ The Way You Experience Something – Depends On How You Represent It – Or Misrepresent It

~ NWDSTOAAATNOOO-B-TAA-TWWST-TWWET-A-C-TTTWWTD ~ Normally We Don’t See That Our Assumptions Are Affecting The Nature Of Our Observations – But – The Assumptions Affect – The Way We See Things – The Way We Experience Them – And – Consequently – The Things That We Want To Do

~ WHGTL-S-TOT-TSWIID-WCABATTRIOWO-WCABATTRIPWO ~ We Have Got To Learn – Somehow – To Observe Thought – To See What It Is Doing – Be Attentive To The Results It Produces Within Ourselves – Even – Of How It Affects Perception

WILLIAM BONNER + LILA RAJIVA ~ MOBS, MESSIAHS AND MARKETS ~ 2007

~ BBIBS ~ Blue Bloods In Black Shirts

~ WTWIWIAGAFATOD-IOPHOTAOI-W-TMBU-OE ~ What The World Improvers Want Is A Globe As Familiar As Their Own Boudoirs – If Other People Have Other Tastes And Other Ideas – Well – They Must Be Uneducated – Or Evil

~ WRMTWIIV-AWMTOITTGITISR ~ What Really Moves The World Improvers Is Vanity – And What Makes Them Odious Is That They Give In To It So Readily

~ TTI-PPAB-AAAFTFOSOV ~ The Truth Is – Popular Politics And Bubbles – Are Almost Always Frauds That Flatter Our Sense Of Vanity

~ DWB-WTPDTDIFETBDT ~ Deception Works Best – When The Person Doing The Deceiving Is Fool Enough To Be Deceived Too

~ MTIAHIAE-IOATBAPOCRBOP-ATFR-OTP ~ Moral Thinking Is Actually Highly Intuitive And Emotional – It Only Appears To Be A Product Of Careful Reasoning Because Of People’s – After-The-Fact Rationalizations – Of Their Preferences

~ ITRATA-F-CTM-TMTTCUWOR-O-WMTTTAI-B-TAUTSTO ~ If The Reasons Are Taken Away – Few – Change Their Minds – They May Try To Come Up With Other Reasons – Or – Want More Time To Think About It – But – They Are Unlikely To Switch Their Opinions

~ TMIHWAWB-B-UHWIE ~ The Mob Is Happy When A War Begins – But – Usually Happier When It Ends

~ AWEBTOPD-WTTTHAGR ~ And What Extraordinarily Bad Things Ordinary People Do – When They Think They Have A Good Reason

~ TWOTWHTPNITDA-B-ITCDOTE-IWNIFWDTPOTW-IWT-SLF ~ The Worst Of The Witch-Hunting Took Place Not In The Dark Ages – But – In The Clear Dawn Of The Enlightenment – It Was Not Illiterate Fools Who Drove The Persecution Of The Witches – It Was The – Semi-Literate Fools

~ FNINN ~ Fake News Is Not New

~ WDTBTAGT-TTTITDTMOT-CBTWDFTFWDWI? ~ Why Do They Believe That A Government That – They Think Too Incompetent To Deliver The Mail On Time – Can Be Trusted With Delivering Freedom To Foreigners Who Don’t Want It?

~ WGP-AALOI-PMCTTS-A-MWWBOFQ ~ Without Government Propaganda – And A Lot Of It – People Might Come To Their Senses – And – Most Wars Would Blow Over Fairly Quickly

~ TNCATEOAEAWI-A-REAOTTPAATB ~ The Negative Consequences At The End Of An Effort At World Improvement – Are – Roughly Equal And Opposite To The Positive Aspirations At The Beginning

~ T-U-ITTWRAE-IEURY-BYKI-YADSTFNORTTIWED ~ That – Ultimately – Is The Trouble With Running An Empire – It Ends Up Running You – Before You Know It – You Are Doing Suicidal Things For No Other Reason Than That Is What Empires Do

~ PDSTNTMOWTTFG-FGWSAA-WATTPUIITB-EIIKT ~ People Don’t Seem To Notice That Much Of What They Take For Granted – Future Generations Will See As Absurd – Whatever Allows Them To Puff Up In Importance They Believe – Even If It Kills Them

~ AWAPS-DAD-AQFB-F ~ As With Any Public Spectacle – Deceit And Deception – Are Quickly Followed By – Farce

~ ITIOTWKATSOC-IITTC-TIIG-TIIF-BRIID ~ If There Is One Thing We Know About The Sentiments Of Crowds – It Is That They Change – Today It Is Greed – Tomorrow It Is Fear – But Rarely Is It Doubt

~ TPWH-WI-I-FAR-OWCNK-WMWTR-WI-W-WSB(IOO)-B-AT-WOTTTAI ~ The Perfect World Hypothesis – What Is – Is – For A Reason – One We Cannot Necessarily Know – We Might Want To Replace – What Is – With – What Should Be (In Our Opinion) – But – At Least – We Ought To Think Twice About It

~ TPWWTFTIOYAATPWIATMI ~ The People Who Want To Force Their Ideas On You Are Always The People Whose Ideas Are The Most Idiotic

~ HBAAMCTTTATAF ~ Human Beings Are Always More Complicated Than The Theories About Them Allow For

~ Y-SPAMTETVBIT ~ Yet – So Powerful Are Myths That Even The Victims Buy Into Them

~ TTOJ ~ The Tao Of Jones

~ WRSTO-BEED ~ We Repeat Slogans To Ourselves – Because Everyone Else Does

~ BSAFT ~ Black Swans And Fat Tails

~ FT-ETLSFOTNCOETWTTPTEFAIOC ~ Fat Tails – Events That Lie So Far Outside The Normal Course Of Events That We Tend To Push Them Equally Far Away In Our Consciousness

~ BSOMMCTWT-TANTROTAOLOSE-BTROTMOE-AEIOSE ~ Black Swans Occur Much More Commonly That We Think – They Are Not The Result Of The Addition Of Lots Of Small Effects – But The Result Of The Multiplication Of Effects – An Exponential Increase Of Small Effects

~ COTB-FITRT-HIOI ~ Complexity Overwhelms The Brain – Forcing It To Revert To – Habit, Instinct, Or Intuition

~ WPTTW-WTACITHOTM-A-HTATTC-AQDT-ANOTIEM ~ What People Think They Want – What They Actually Choose In The Heat Of The Moment – And – How They Afterward Think They Chose – Are Quite Different Things – And None Of Them Is Easily Measured

~ WAFNJBTROTU-BE-BTUOOOEM ~ We Are Fooled Not Just By The Randomness Of The Universe – But Equally – By The Unpredictability Of Our Own Emotional Makeup

~ NOIGNEGNEB-IINEOST-IIS ~ Not Only Is Globalization Neither Entirely Good Nor Entirely Bad – It Is Not Even One Single Thing – It Is Several

~ FDB ~ Fin De Bubble

~ TBSH ~ The Buck Starts Here

~ TMDT ~ The Million Dollar Trailer

~ T-MLNTFMSTBTBATMWS-OTWPTLM-BTNMLRMTB-ATHAJTMF~ Traditionally – Mortgage Lenders Needed To First Make Sure That Both The Borrower And The Market Were Solid – Or They Weren’t Prepared To Lend Money – But The New Mortgage Lenders Rarely Met The Borrower – And They Had Already Judged The Market Foolproof

~ SN ~ Speculation Nation

~ NTBIO-TBBWMLBNS-B-TWNTM ~ Now That The Boom Is Over – The Baby Boomers Will Most Likely Be Net Sellers – Because – They Will Need The Money

~ TMOTMOAB-D-TI-TEEPBWOAWU ~ The Mother Of The Mother Of All Bubbles – Debt – That Is – Traded, Extended, Extruded, Pressed, Bottled, Wrung Out, And Wadded Up

~ OGITWTHOTETFCIFW-DWGAS-‘TP’-P-TDRDRAA-TAI ~ Our Guess Is That When The History Of The Early Twenty-First-Century Is Finally Written – Derivatives Will Get A Special “Tipping Point” Place – They Don’t Really Disperse Risk At All – They Aggregate It

~ WTBFP-YCBSIWBTMMWLTH ~ When The Bubble Finally Pops – You Can Be Sure It Won’t Be These Money Men Who Lose Their Homes

~ F-LBR-DNCW-TMRI-WTMMIHMIGT-ITBTILT ~ Financiers – Like Bank Robbers – Do Not Create Wealth – They Merely Redistribute It – While The Mob May Idolize Holdup Men In Good Times – In The Bad Times It Lynches Them

~ NGTFFTF ~ Never Get Too Far From The Facts

~ NBWEEIRTB ~ Never Buy What Everyone Else Is Rushing To Buy

~ DAAG-TA-IOU-IBTWBD ~ Dollars Are A Gamble – They Are – IOUs – Issued By The World’s Biggest Debtor

~ RHIOR ~ Rot Has Its Own Rationale

~ RISTOW-OMWFOD-NTOWA ~ Reason Is Slave To Our Wishes – Our Minds Work For Our Desires – Not The Other Way Around

DEAN BURNETT ~ THE IDIOT BRAIN

~ TBATLIAPRTBUOS ~ The Brain Apparently Thinks Logic Is A Precious Resource To Be Used Only Sparingly

~ WSDKTPOS-WTTRFI-SIEFNBF ~ We Still Don’t Know The Purpose Of Sleep – Whatever The True Reason For It – Sleep Is Essential For Normal Brain Functioning

~ TMRBTBASCTAHCUBAC-TPOALOAIM ~ The Memories Retrieved By The Brain Are Sometimes Comparable To A Hairball Coughed Up By A Cat – The Product Of A Lot Of Alarming Internal Mangling

~ MOWOBDIDTMYLAFAGAP-A-OOTWICDTIBMYMTMYFBAY- MUFAIWWBIAIC ~ Much Of What Our Brain Does Is Dedicated To Making You Look And Feel As Good As Possible – And One Of The Ways It Can Do This Is By Modifying Your Memories To Make You Feel Better About Yourself – Making Us Feel As If We Were Better Informed And In Control

~ ASOSWAASTBITNFFH ~ A Sense Of Self-Worth And Achievement Seems To Be Integral To Normal Functioning For Humans

~ WBMOOWVOWOPTOATU ~ We Base Much Of Our World View On What Other People Think Of And Tell Us

~ IYPHS-IHLTYPTU-WHTWATWST ~ If Your Parents Have Superstitions – It’s Highly Likely That You’ll Pick Them Up – Without Having To Witness Anything That Would Support Them

~ TBSTSWTITSCHFNDROTC-TRORHNKOC-OOWITRATETHDSFAR-ORTA-‘F’ ~ The Brain Seems To Struggle With The Idea That Something Can Happen For No Discernible Reason Other Than Chance – The Rejection Of Randomness Has Numerous Knock-On Consequences – One Of Which Is The Reflex Assumption That Everything That Happens Does So For A Reason – Often Referred To As – ‘Fate’

~ FTBTEATA-ISTHTBSARI-B-ASATITO-STRCBA ~ For The Brain To Enjoy A Thrilling Activity – It Seems There Has To Be Some Actual Risk Involved – But – Also Some Ability To Influence The Outcome – So The Risks Can Be Avoided

~ FI-I-TAT-UI-WWI-AI-ASO ~ Fluid Intelligence – Is –The Ability To – Use Information – Work With It – Apply It – And So On

~ CI-I-TIYHSIM-A-CUTHYGTBOS ~ Crystallised Intelligence – Is – The Information You Have Stored In Memory – And – Can Utilise To Help You Get The Better Of Situations

~ FIDAWA-C-CIRSOAL ~ Fluid Intelligence Declines As We Age – Contrastingly – Crystallised Intelligence Remains Stable Over A Lifetime

~ LNTAPNSCBASCITB-TBIAPO-ICAWPATTDMOI ~ Learning New Things And Practising New Skills Can Bring About Structural Changes In The Brain – The Brain Is A Plastic Organ – It Can And Will Physically Adapt To The Demands Made Of It

~ ‘BT’GAE-TI-AP-NAETAOTPCAIIGI-TJCYTBGASG-ATBIECENTHTEEETATTH ~ ‘Brain-Training’ Games And Exercises – There Is – At Present – No Accepted Evidence That Any Of These Products Cause An Increase In General Intelligence – They Just Cause You To Become Good At Specific Games – And The Brain Is Easily Complex Enough Not To Have To Enhance Everything Else To Allow This To Happen

~ DMTIOEMF-N-‘SD’-MOTARNAAOSPSAMOA-TLTEOGIACAG ~ Drugs Meant To Improve Or Enhance Mental Function – Nootropics – ‘Smart Drugs’ – Most Of These Are Relatively New And Affect Only Specific Processes Such As Memory Or Attention –Their Long-Term Effects On General Intelligence Are Currently Anyone’s Guess

~ WSATTIIF-TTTPWOT-ITTIV-TPB ~ When Students Are Told That Intelligence Is Fixed – They Tend To Perform Worse On Tests – If Told That It’s Variable – They Perform Better

~ TBHTPACWGN ~ The Brain Has To Pick And Choose What Gets Noticed

~ TMWAWSUOPTIITCW-ILRASP-BIBOUDOA ~ The Most Worrying And Wide-Spread Use Of Personality Tests Is In The Corporate World – It Looks Rigorous And Sounds Proper – But It’s Based On Untested Decades-Old Assumptions

~ FLAPVOECBD-ICRTBTASOLH ~ Feeling Like A Passive Victim Of Events Can Be Damaging – It Can Reduce The Brain To A State Of Learned Helplessness

~ DTAIOAPTICAH-WCPTIIHIBTPAROO ~ Despite The Apparent Individuality Of A Person’s Tastes In Comedy And Humour – We Can Prove That It Is Heavily Influenced By The Presence And Reactions Of Others

~ TBHASEVOPDTCWO ~ The Brain Has A Surprisingly Extensive Variety Of Processes Dedicated To Communicating With Others

~ OBAVAARARF ~ Our Brains Are Very Adept At Recognising And Reading Faces

~ FITD-T-AWASRWMYMATALR ~ Foot-In-The-Door – Technique – Agreeing With A Small Request Will Make You More Amenable To A Larger Request

~ DITF-T-BITPBMWI-‘STD’-MOL-YFB-TADT-‘MIU’-TT ~ Door-In-The-Face – Technique – But It’s The Person Being Manipulated Who Is – ‘Slamming The Door’ – Metaphorically Or Literally – You Feel Bad – There’s A Desire To – ‘Make It Up’ – To Them

~ RBU-ATSBRTP-PP ~ Relationship Break-Up – Activates The Same Brain Regions That Process – Physical Pain

~ BPOAGCOOJ-EOS-WO-OBP-‘BL’-O-‘BR’ ~ Being Part Of A Group Can Override Our Judgement – Even Our Senses – Worryingly Often – Our Brains Prioritise – ‘Being Liked’ – Over – ‘Being Right’

~ FADB-TMSOIIOP-MAIAFPWCL ~ For A Developing Brain – The Main Source Of Information Is Other People – Mimicry And Imitation Are Fundamental Processes Whereby Children Learn

~ ‘MN’-NTA-B-WWPASA-A-WWOTAFSE-STBRAPTBOOAAFL ~ ‘Mirror Neurons’ – Neurons That Activate – Both – When We Perform A Specific Action – And – When We Observe That Action From Someone Else – Suggesting The Brain Recognizes And Processes The Behaviour Of Others At A Fundamental Level

~ OBPTUOPAAGTRFIIUS ~ Our Brains Prefer To Use Other People As A Go-To Reference For Information In Uncertain Scenarios

~ GWOAAMEXTIMWIA-GP-IVCAWGDMICC-ICBLOPBAC-A/O-OOTBA ~ Groups Will Often Adopt A More Extreme Conclusion Than Individual Members Would If Alone – Group Polarisation – It’s Very Common And Warps Group Decision-Making In Countless Circumstances – It Can Be Limited Or Prevented By Allowing Criticism – And/Or – Outside Opinions To Be Aired

~ CD-TAMOL-AMBLMG-WDAOI ~ Countless Decisions – That Affect Millions Of Lives – Are Made By Like-Minded Groups – Who Don’t Allow Outside Input

~ PAWTBR-JNTFR ~ People Are Willing To Be Rebels – Just Not The First Rebel

~ OBCUTFG-ATOTWTT ~ Our Brains Compel Us To From Groups – And Turn On Those Who Threaten Them

~ HDJWTBPOAG-TWAHRRII ~ Humans Don’t Just Want To Be Part Of A Group – They Want A High-Ranking Role In It

~ TMPACSLI-THIIFTTATNAIOTWO-B-ALAWDDSSLPTMPPICORC ~ The More Privileged And Comfortable Someone’s Life Is – The Harder It Is For Them To Appreciate The Needs And Issues Of Those Worse Off – But – As Long As We Don’t Do Something Stupid Like Put The Most Pampered People In Charge Of Running Countries – We Should Be OK

~ TBIATWIFAJ-WGBGR-ABBIP-U-TIT-B-TBISIIOBTWSTIA-SWBVFTM ~ The Brain Inherently Assumes The World Is Fair And Just – Where Good Behavior Gets Rewarded – And Bad Behaviour Is Punished – Unfortunately – This Isn’t True – But – The Bias Is So Ingrained In Our Brains That We Stick To It Anyway – So We Blame Victims For Their Misfortune

~ PALCOV-ITTCITATS-O-ITWTTVWCL ~ People Are Less Critical Of Victims – If They Themselves Can Intervene To Alleviate Their Suffering – Or – If They Were Told The Victims Were Compensated Later

~ DIAGASPTDEAR-NDAS ~ Depression Is A Genuine And Serious Problem That Deserves Empathy And Respect – Not Dismissal And Scorn

~ DINL-EWPAEIPAFTOB-AIOBHDTEIAA-TIOEEIOL ~ Depression Is Not Logical – Everything We Perceive And Experience Is Processed And Filtered Through Our Brain – And If Our Brain Has Determined That Everything Is Absolutely Awful – That’ll Impact On Everything Else In Our Lives

~ AOSAOIPWDASCTS-EHOWTDTIRE ~ Accusations Of Selfishness Also Often Imply People With Depression Are Somehow Choosing Their Situation – Exactly How Or Why They’d Do This Is Rarely Explained

~ ITMW-TBTTTWBOOBI-GOS-IITIOTF-TWGP ~ In The Modern World – The Biggest Threat To The Well-Being Of Our Brains Is – Good Old Stress – If It’s Too Intense Or Too Frequent – Then We Get Problems

EDWARD BERNAYS ~ PROPAGANDA ~ 1928

~ IWNU-1915-TGFSDTEROMMTRTPTFA-MEATPOAGB-TOWMTVM-ATSMOTWATPII ~ It Was Not Until 1915 That Governments First Systematically Deployed The Entire Range Of Modern Media To Rouse Their Populations To Fanatical Assent – Mass Enthusiasm At The Prospect Of A Global Brawl – That Otherwise Would Mystify Those Very Masses – And That Shattered Most Of Those Who Actually Took Part In It

~ N’PO’SOAAFTMBM-ANTCG-BBETTDTAIJ ~ Now “Public Opinion” Stood Out As A Force That Must Be Managed – And Not Through Clever Guesswork – But By Experts Trained To Do That All-Important Job

~ TGAC-SLSP-TBGOAAP-NLCHBP-STTTBB ~ The Great Allied Campaign – Suddenly Legitimized Such Propagandists – The Reborn Generation Of Admen And Publicists – No Longer Common Hucksters But Professionals – Sold Their Talents To Big Business

~ ‘TMOC’-ANTTPS ~ “The Manufacture Of Consent” – A Necessity Throughout The Public Sphere

~ WAG-AMM-OTF-OIS-TISAVACEFOTCOMITIOSPOCOI ~ We Are Governed – Our Minds Molded – Our Tastes Formed – Our Ideas Suggested – There Is Consequently A Vast And Continuous Effort Going On To Capture Our Minds In The Interest Of Some Policy Or Commodity Or Idea

~ YW-IAI-PIGOBDUTMOTCU-ATCOTIP ~ Yet Whether – In Any Instance – Propaganda Is Good Or Bad Depends Upon The Merit Of The Cause Urged – And The Correctness Of The Information Published

~ TETWPSTPOAAUMSEWIP ~ The Extent To Which Propaganda Shapes The Progress Of Affairs About Us May Surprise Even Well Informed Persons

~ MPIAYFFBAESATMOHMABNMAR ~ Mass Psychology Is As Yet Far From Being An Exact Science And The Mysteries Of Human Motivation Are By No Means All Revealed

~ IYCITL-EWOWTCC-YAITGWTW ~ If You Can Influence The Leaders – Either With Or Without Their Conscious Cooperation – You Automatically Influence The Group Which They Sway

~ GM-IFIIUTFTEOATL ~ Group Mind – Its First Impulse Is Usually To Follow The Example Of A Trusted Leader

~ BWTEOTLINAH-ATHMTFI-IDSBMO-C-PW-I-WSFAWGOIOE ~ But When The Example Of The Leader Is Not At Hand – And The Herd Must Think For Itself – It Does So By Means Of – Cliches – Pat Words – Images – Which Stand For A Whole Group Of Ideas Or Experiences

~ BPUAOC-OMANO-TPCSSAWMOGE ~ By Playing Upon A Old Cliche – Or Manipulating A New One – The Propagandist Can Sometimes Swing A Whole Mass Of Group Emotions

~ HDATSWMTSMW-OBUTCTPCTVLJMWIMS ~ Human Desires Are The Steam Which Makes The Social Machine Work – Only By Understanding Them Can The Propagandist Control That Vast, Loose-Jointed Mechanism Which Is Modern Society

~ TL-WLTATAPC-WDSOITCBMTTTOI ~ The Leaders – Who Lend Their Authority To Any Propaganda Campaign – Will Do So Only If It Can Be Made To Touch Their Own Interests

~ AMECBMTAEIBEITPMAAMOS ~ A Minor Element Can Be Made To Assume Economic Importance By Being Established In The Public Mind As A Matter Of Style

~ EAAMBCIOTPIIC ~ Events And Activities Must Be Created In Order To Put Ideas Into Circulation

~ EOWPPOWTTPCS-ETPIS-CBUIOWOA ~ Every Object Which Presents Pictures Or Words That The Public Can See – Everything That Presents Intelligible Sounds – Can Be Utilized In One Way Or Another

~IWBO-OC-TWTTDIAIMBOTTP-IWN-TOPWWETTWIATWBMSAI-IPTIUOU ~ It Will Be Objected – Of Course – That Propaganda Will Tend To Defeat Itself As Its Mechanism Becomes Obvious To The Public – It Will Not – The Only Propaganda Which Will Ever Tend To Weaken Itself As The World Becomes More Sophisticated And Intelligent – Is Propaganda That Is Untrue Or Unsocial

~ KTGIATPATPIATG ~ Keep The Government Informed About The Public And The Public Informed About The Government

~ TAMPITGUCOPITWT-IIAGDFIAO ~ The American Motion Picture Is The Greatest Unconscious Carrier Of Propaganda In The World Today – It Is A Great Distributor For Ideas And Opinions

~ ITPIBIATPOIL-IWBSMTMRTRATIOI ~ If The Public Is Better Informed About The Processes Of Its Life – It Will Be So Much The More Receptive To Reasonable Appeals To Its Own Interests

~ ITPBMIIICD-CFWMTNS ~ If The Public Becomes More Intelligent In Its Commercial Demands – Commercial Firms Will Meet The New Standards

GARY HAUGEN + VICTOR BOUTROS ~ THE LOCUST EFFECT

~ TEOPRTEOV ~ The End Of Poverty Requires The End Of Violence

~ TVSWOV ~ The Vast Subterranean World Of Violence

~ TRIVHFOTS-B-MAOVATPAIH ~ This Reality Is Very Hard For Outsiders To See – Because – Most Acts Of Violence Against The Poor Are Intentionally Hidden

~ AESEOAFLAT-EM ~ An Entire Subterranean Economy Of Abduction, Forced Labor, And Torture – Engulfing Millions

~ VIAMAPOWIMTBPA-B-HSHOJ-IF-VIFTPTPPAMCA-IIOOTCRTAPITFP-AOOTPRTSP ~ Violence Is As Much A Part Of What It Means To Be Poor As – Being – Hungry, Sick, Homeless, Or Jobless – In Fact – Violence Is Frequently The Problem That Poor People Are Most Concerned About – It Is One Of The Core Reasons They Are Poor In The First Place – And One Of The Primary Reasons They Stay Poor

~ SV-OOTMPADSOVATP ~ Sexual Violence – One Of The Most Pervasive And Devastating Sources Of Violence Against The Poor

~ LSDP-SVHSIENACOTDW-THSAWOAPOWCAC-IIOWAGWARV ~ Like Some Dread Plague – Sexual Violence Has Seeped Into Every Nook And Cranny Of The Developing World – The Homes, Schools, Alleys, Workplaces, Orphanages And Places Of Worship, Commerce, And Care – It Is Overwhelmingly Women And Girls Who Are The Victims

~ THCBAPOSLBFTPWAG ~ The Home Can Be A Place Of Silent, Lawless Brutality For The Poorest Women And Girls

~ OOTPRGDGTSITDWISV ~ One Of The Primary Reasons Girls Don’t Go To School In The Developing World Is Sexual Violence

~ SVIAB-EDTAMOPWAROSMAPOACT ~ Sexual Violence Is A Business – Every Day There Are Millions Of People Who Are Raped Or Sexually Molested As Part Of A Commercial Transaction

~ ‘PG’ ~ “Property Grabbing”

~ MOTWPPLICIWTCBSTOOTHAOTLBTINRRKSFADWOTLATP ~ Most Of The World’s Poorest People Live In Circumstances In Which They Can Be Summarily Thrown Out Of Their Homes And Off Their Land Because There Is No Reliable Record Keeping System For Accurately Demonstrating Who Owns The Land And The Property

~ TBEOTSPATACBSAIAITVLS ~ The Best Efforts Of The Struggling Poor And Their Allies Can Be Swept Away In An Instance Through Violent Land Seizures

~ APAAD ~ Abusive Police And Arbitrary Detention

~ TIOLEITDWAAATTV-TIPWTPHBTTTTW-TMPCAPPFTGPIFTOPF ~ The Institutions Of Law Enforcement In The Developing World Are Actually Adding To The Violence – This Is Precisely What The Poor Have Been Trying To Tell The World – The Most Pervasive Criminal And Predatory Presence For The Global Poor Is Frequently Their Own Police Force

~ AD ~ Abusive Detention

~ AGFAPPAATDW-BPUATIJBTPOFC-AAWOEMSAPAOGAS ~ A Great Fear Among Poor People All Around The Developing World – Begin Picked Up And Thrown In Jail By The Police On False Charges – As A Way Of Extorting Money, Sex Acts, Property And Other Goods And Services

~ FFFIAIAFFW-IIITTEOOTRWTO ~ Freedom From Fear Is As Important As Freedom From Want – It Is Impossible To Truly Enjoy One Of These Rights Without The Other

~ ERSLOPTVTOECBDTPH-EIIIOOTFPA-TDHE ~ Even Relatively Small Losses Of Property Through Violent Theft Or Extortion Can Be Debilitating To Poor Households – Especially If It Is One Of Their Few Productive Assets – They Don’t Have Extras

~ IABIVBV-LU-E-A-ACW-TREIDAW-ATP-MPALTBDUTB ~ If A Breadwinner Is Victimized By Violence – Locked Up – Enslaved – Assaulted – And Can’t Work – The Ripple Effect Is Deep And Wide – Among The Poor – More People Are Likely To Be Dependent Upon That Breadwinner

~ THCOT ~ The Hidden Cost Of Trauma

~ TGDOVII-IITDOTPI ~ The Greatest Devastation Of Violence Is Invisible – It Is The Destruction Of The Person Inside

~ IWCOTLE-NEGPDTHTPWBTS ~ If We Can’t Overcome The Locust Effect – Nothing Else Good People Do To Help The Poor Will Be Truly Sustainable

~ BEPJSITDWICDD-AU ~ Building Effective Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Is Costly, Difficult, Dangerous – And Unlikely

~ IICTTCNAATLVMBA ~ It Is Certainly True That Cultural Norms And Attitudes That Legitimate Violence Must Be Addressed

~ IDN-E&B-A-‘TEN’-FIWP-CPTPIABWAPWAMCOTTPTNETL-TPACOBTPAPTWOABTMV ~ In Developing Nations – Extortion And Bribery – Are – “The Expected Norm” – For Interactions With The Police – Corruption Places The Poor In A Bidding War Against Perpetrators Who Are Making Counter Offers To The Police To Not Enforce The Law – The Police Are Co-Opted By The Powerful And Put To Work Oppressing And Bullying The Most Vulnerable

~ TSRIT:TPDHPP ~ The Stark Reality Is This: The Poor Don’t Have Police Protection

~ ADD ~ A Dream Devastated

~ CNOTJDS ~ Catastrophic Neglect Of The Justice Delivery System

~ OCTLSICIAFL-TTLOTCP-ANOTPAEE ~ Of Course The Legal System Is Conducted In A Foreign Language – That’s The Language Of The Colonial Power – And Now Of The Political And Economic Elite

~ PJAPL ~ Private Justice And Public Lawlessness

~ EDNNAEPJSTPTFBVBO-B-TMNABPJSTPTFBHAFVO ~ Elites Do Not Need An Effective Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Victimized By Others – But – They May Need A Broken Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Held Accountable For Victimizing Others

~ BJSAITTHB-ECJSTIOTM ~ Broken Public Justice Systems Auction Impunity To The Highest Bidder – Effective Criminal Justice Systems Take Impunity Off The Market

~ SV ~ Security Vacuums

~ IC ~ International Crime

~ TTHSCFTIACTRIIPTATLTIUSMOETATP ~ The Time Has Surely Come For The International Aid Community To Revise Its Investment Priorities To Address The Lawlessness That Is Undermining So Many Other Efforts To Assist The Poor

~ STBFJSITDWALTSOWTALLACFWTCTFOAVCCSASB-TPTISEASOLLACF ~ Struggles To Build Functioning Justice Systems In The Developing World Are Likely To Succeed Only Where There Are Local Leaders And Community Forces Willing To Carry The Fight On A Very Committed, Costly, Sustained, And Sacrificial Basis – This Priorities The Identification, Support, Encouragement, And Strengthening Of Local Leaders And Community Forces

~ TPWITPJSITDWA-GVPP-O-IT-PM-UR-FTSTWAADODL-A-TICOAGRVAT ~ The People Working In The Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Are – Generally Very Poorly Paid – Overworked – Ill-Trained – Poorly Managed – Under-Resourced – Forced To Serve The Whims And Arbitrary Demands Of Dysfunctional Leaders – And – Trained In Cultures Of Abuse, Gratuitous Rudeness, Violence, And Theft

~ DPOH ~ Demonstrations Projects Of Hope

~ 15-70-15 ~ The 15-70-15 Rule

~ BSD ~ Build Social Demand

~ LFDCRITS ~ Look For Decisive, Courageous Reformers Inside The System

~ ACITCJSF ~ Attack Corruption In The Criminal Justice System First

~ CHAEIFPC ~ Clean House And End Impunity For Police Corruption

~ TTNPWR ~ Treat The New Police With Respect

~ WPTTECFAPR ~ Win Public Trust Through Effective Crime Fighting And Public Relations

~ IBTJ ~ International Bridges To Justice

~ JSR ~ Justice Sector Roundtables

~ RAC ~ Rights Awareness Campaigns

~ DRC&TPOLS ~ Defender Resource Centers And The Provision Of Legal Services

~ T-DOT-I-IDOPARAP ~ Transformed – Days Of Tragedy – Into – Iconic Days Of Public Awareness, Remembrance And Protest

~ LEOTP ~ Legal Empowerment Of The Poor

~ TTCAGP-WWSOGP-WMSOTVIITP ~ Transform The Conversation About Global Poverty – Whenever We Speak Of Global Poverty – We Must Speak Of The Violence Imbedded In That Poverty

~ TPOVDETW-H-DW-D-I-U-GD-H-S-BFTP-VIEBAD-A-IFTHFUSTTON ~ The Problem Of Violence Deserves Equal Time With – Hunger – Dirty Water – Disease – Illiteracy – Unemployment – Gender Discrimination – Housing – Sanitation – Because For The Poor – Violence Is Every Bit As Devastating – And – Is Frequently The Hidden Force Undermining Solutions To These Other Needs

~ FFVAF ~ Freedom From Violence And Fear

JAMES RANDI ~ PROPHECY GUIDELINES ~ THE MASK OF NOSTRADAMUS

~ MLOP-AHTSCT-ITD-PTTWP-ITO ~ Make Lots Of Predictions – And Hope That Some Come True – If They Do – Point To Them With Pride – Ignore The Others

~ BVVAA-DSCBWB’P’ICABR ~ Be Very Vague And Ambiguous – Definite Statements Can Be Wrong But “Possible” Items Can Always Be Reinterpreted

~ UALOS-BMUIOANI-TCBFTMSBTB ~ Use A Lot Of Symbols – Be Metaphorical, Using Images Of Animals, Names, Initials – They Can Be Fitted To Many Situations By The Believers

~ CTSBWASTWAT’R’IOYS ~ Cover The Situation Both Ways And Select The Winner As The “Real” Intent Of Your Statement

~ CGWYS-ABYFAII ~ Credit God With Your Success – And Blame Yourself For Any Incorrect Interpretations

~ NMHOYW-PA-TBWNYMAWCTFYEW ~ No Matter How Often You’re Wrong – Plow Ahead – The Believers Won’t Notice Your Mistakes And Will Continue To Follow Your Every Word

~ PC-TMERAMPBF ~ Predict Catastrophes – They’re More Easily Remembered And More Popular By Far

~ WPATF-BRTTPPTE-BWAFT-JETAUATED-TGAPIS ~ When Predicting After The Fact – But Representing That The Prophecy Preceded The Event – Be Wrong A Few Times – Just Enough To Appear Uncertain About The Exact Details – Too Good A Prophecy Is Suspect

THOMAS KIDA ~ DON’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU THINK

~ WOHBNBOTEFTB-BBTMUFG ~ We Often Hold Beliefs Not Because Of The Evidence For Those Beliefs – But Because They Make Us Feel Good

~ ROAIIOOTMCOEB ~ Relying On Anecdotal Information Is One Of The Main Causes Of Erroneous Beliefs

~ MINOOM-WAAAB-CPLRCLE ~ Money Is Not Our Only Motivator – We Are Also Affected By – Conformity, Power, Love, Revenge, Charity, Laziness, Etc.

~ WHANTTC-NITCWOEBIQAAFV-ITCOBIOIOCSAD-AT-TRWGTRCECBQL ~ We Have A Natural Tendency To Confirm – New Information That’s Consistent With Our Existing Beliefs Is Quickly Accepted At Face Value – Information That Contradicts Our Beliefs Is Often Ignored Or Critically Scrutinized And Discounted – At Times – The Reasons We Give To Rationalize Conflicting Evidence Can Be Quite Laughable

~ WEEIABF-WPPATETSOPOV-AEIODTIOETCOB-BACDISLTMDSOP ~ We Evaluate Evidence In A Biased Fashion – We Pay Particular Attention To Evidence That Supports Our Point Of View – And Either Ignore Or Discount The Importance Of Evidence That Contradicts Our Beliefs – By Avoiding Contradictory Data It Seems Like There’s More Data Supporting Our Preconceptions

~ OWKAOHO-TOSI-AWESWTHTWTD ~ Once We Know An Outcome Has Occurred – The Outcome Seems Inevitable – And We Easily See Why Things Happened The Way They Did

~ ATP-NECCTMWHOPE-WOEKI ~ As Time Passes – New Experiences Can Change The Memory We Have Of Past Experiences – Without Our Even Knowing It

~ ACAORITMCBCBTSOO-EWHAOSTAU ~ A Considerable Amount Of Research Indicates That Memories Can Be Created By The Suggestions Of Others – Especially When Hypnosis And Other Suggestive Techniques Are Used