MATT TAIBBI ~ HATE INC. ~ 2019

~ TW-T-N-N ~ This Was – Theater – Not – News

~ TTUTMNBISAWATAT-SP-F-ICCTRYP-EO-A-AAOYCH-SITY ~ The Technology Underpinning The Modern News Business Is Sophisticated And Works According To A Two-Step Process – First – It Creates Content That Reinforces Your Pre-Existing Opinions – And – After Analysis Of Your Consumer Habits – Sends It To You

~ PNTS-UTN-AS-‘TN’-B-A-AICE-ICMOMCWBTTSIOOD ~ People Need To Start – Understanding The News – Not As – “The News” – But – As – An Individualized Consumer Experience – It Creates Masses Of Media Consumers Who’ve Been Trained To See In Only One Direction

~ AITO-TIAUIKUD-AA–TMSWA-TMPIWB ~ As It Turns Out – There Is A Utility In Keeping Us Divided – As A People – The More Separate We Are – The More Politically Impotent We Become

~ OSC-WTTCTNTWSFD-WRFOT-A-HATR ~ Once Safely Captured – We’re Trained To Consume The News The Way Sports Fans Do – We Root For Our Team – And – Hate All The Rest

~ H-ITPO-I-A-M-HB-EISB ~ Hatred – Is The Partner Of – Ignorance – And – Media – Have Become – Expert In Selling Both

~ IH-TO-L-MDT-FCOIA-DOAOTK-A-FSLP-MFD-TPRD ~ Intramural Hatreds – To Obscure – Larger – More Damning Truths – Fake Controversies Of Increasing Absurdity – Deployed Over And Over To Keep – Audiences – From Seeing Larger Problems – Manufactured Fake Dissent – To Prevent Real Dissent

~ N-TPPTNMS-I-D-B-TEMPTMIC-TBTJHISEF-IHVLM ~ Now – The Primary Product The News Media Sells – Is – Division – But – The Easiest Media Product To Make Is Called – This Bad Thing Just Happened Is Someone Else’s Fault – It Has Virtually Limitless Market

~ TMM-TATCNIACW-A-PP-ATC-TBA-SOA-ET-Y-OAP-O-TOY-P-TV-O-CR-WT-M’-‘N’-WSIAO ~ To Make Money – Train Audiences To Consume News In A Certain Way – Anxious – Pre-Pissed – Addicted To Conflict – To Bring A – Series Of Assumptions – Every Time – You – Open A Paper – Or – Turn On Your – Phone – TV – Or – Car Radio – Without Them – Most – “News” – Will Seem Illogical And Offensive

~ DASBTPPWATDITBBOTV? ~ Does Anyone Seriously Believe That Powerful People Would Allow Truly Dangerous Ideas To Be Broadcast On Tv?

~ TMOOPAS-MOOPDAROP-M-AVUOSIII ~ Though Most Of Our Problems Are Systemic – Most Of Our Public Debates Are Referendums On Personality – Meanwhile – A Vast Universe Of Systemic Issues Is Ignored

~ TNPID-BEA-L-L-C-NOWTS-B-TACTPAAP ~ There’s No Percentage In Doing – Big Exposes Against – Large – Litigious – Companies – Not Only Will They Sue – But – They Are Certain To Pull Ads As Punishment

~ WLES ~ We Like Easy Stories

~ TBNSTIAFAWTMRTHAT-EITTCHTTCTTP-MPA-S-B-A-B-A-MOU-BVONV-PTON-OALBOMD ~ The Best News Stories Take Issues And Find A Way To Make Readers Think Hard About Them – Especially Inviting Them To Consider How They Themselves Contribute To The Problem – Most Problems Are – Systemic – Bipartisan – And – Bureaucratic – And – Most Of Us – By Voting Or Not Voting – Paying Taxes Or Not – Own A Little Bit Of Most Disasters

~ BTE-2000-TV-HTTC-P-EATC-S-APPF-AGOVWHNCOPAAATMOSIC-YTEWOL-A-YFDOVA ~ By The Early – 2000s – TV – Had Learned To Cover – Politics – Exactly As They Covered – Sports – A Proven Profitable Format – A Generation Of Viewers Who Had No Conception Of Politics As An Activity That Might Or Should Involve Compromise – Your Team Either Won Or Lost – And – You Felt Devastated Or Vindicated Accordingly

~ T-EIEOO-EW ~ Today – Everyone Is Effectively An Op-Ed Writer

~ TAP-WNLES-E-DRAHOHO-‘S’-BOOTWWTOSITINNLSAAF-IAR ~ The Average Person – Will No Longer Even See – Ever – Derogatory Reporting About His Or Her Own – “Side” – Being Out Of Touch With What The Other Side Is Thinking Is Now No Longer Seen As A Fault – It’s A Requirement

~ MTCWTCOEUIJO ~ Making The Culture War The Center Of Everyone’s Universe Is Job One

~ TORITJMSU ~ The Other Route Is To Just Make Shit Up

~ RTNILS-TPCHAPNIOYH ~ Reading The News Is Like Smoking – This Product Can Have A Profound Negative Impact On Your Health

~ TN-IA-CP-PTTRT ~ The News – Is A – Consumer Product – Please Try To Remember This

~ TNTYA-RTT-AN-CAP-IT-FDOCM-TISOYPMABPOTCP ~ The Notion That You Are – Reading The Truth – And Not – Consuming A Product – Is The – First Deception Of Commercial Media – The Involuntary Surrender Of Your Personal Data May Also Be Part Of The Consumer Price

~ ATCAMMMTMYROW-TB-T-IGTKYGTTS ~ All The Commercial Actors Make More Money The More You Read Or Watch – The Business – Therefore – Is Geared Toward Keeping You Glued To The Screen

~ YDNTWTMN ~ You Don’t Need To Watch That Much News

~ STCOOP-A-MCGR-W-SAGMAMLFACOT-‘FD’-OTM-APP-TOCWBMAMAS-ITSMA-WCSYANB ~ Scare The Crap Out Of People – And – Media Companies Get Richer – While – State Agencies Get More And More License For Authoritarian Crackdowns On The – “Folk Devil” – Of The Moment – A Perfect Partnership – The Only Constant Will Be More And More Authoritarian Solutions – In The Social Media Age – We Can Scare You As Never Before

~ TP-TCHOC-TESOAPAE-TASASOSM-A-Z-ZBBTS ~ The Phoniness – The Constant Hyping Of Conflict – The Endless Stroking Of Audience Prejudices And Expectations – These All Started As Staples Of Sports Media – A – Zero-Sum Battle Between Two Sides

~ OA-S ~ Overrated Anchor-Schtick

~ C-DNJTB-LAS-B-IDFAPS-YMTSSITFFTUY-TTPONTHIALU-MBIR ~ Content – Designed Not Just To Be – Lurid And Sensational – But – Immediately Disquieting From A Psychological Standpoint – You’re Meant To See Something In The First Flash That Upsets You – To The Point Of Needing To Hang In At Least Until – Mental Balance Is Restored

~ ARBACWIDATTOIP ~ A Religion Becomes A Cult When It Doesn’t Allow The Testing Of Its Premises

~ NIWSP! ~ No Interacting With Suppressive Persons!

~ AATTB-O-L-A-TAASPVOTW ~ Audiences Are Trained To Be – Obedient – Loyal – And – To Accept A Simplified Partisan View Of The World

~ A-NC-CBAVFAPP-A-BABABT ~ A – News Channel – Can’t Be A Vehicle For – A – Political Party – And – Be Anything But – A – Bad Thing

CASS SUNSTEIN ~ INFOTOPIA ~ 2006

~ BTRATPCFTFT-WTI-IIETOTVAETCO-H-T-ACE-M-O-P ~ Both The Risk And The Promise Come From The Fact That – With The Internet – It Is Easy To Obtain The Views And Even The Collaboration Of – Hundreds – Thousands – And Conceivably Even – Millions – Of – People

~ E-L-MPCADSTIECOTOD-LTWE-UC-A-UE-B-ED-TI-AOEVEIIA-APLAGDFTDBOITOPH ~ Everyday – Like-Minded People Can And Do Sort Themselves Into Echo Chambers Of Their Own Design – Leading To Wild Errors – Undue Confidence – And – Unjustified Extremism – But – Every Day – The Internet – Also Offers Exceedingly Valuable Exercises In Information Aggregation – As People Learn A Great Deal From The Dispersed Bits Of Information That Other People Have

~ IC-CUIWWHOWWCAOWCAPU ~ Information Cocoons – Communications Universes In Which We Hear Only What We Choose And Only What Comforts And Pleases Us

~ ICBCFLAOTLI-IC-W-F-P-WESOV-B-MEATPOOC-FPAPI-CCTITN ~ It Can Be Comforting For Leaders And Others To Live In – Information Cocoons – Warm – Friendly – Places – Where Everyone Shares Our Views – But – Major Errors Are The Price Of Our Comfort – For Private And Public Institutions – Cocoons Can Turn Into Terrible Nightmares

~ DDALTBD?-OIDN-GMMIPOOA-LTEOTACOFRTT-‘G’-MWPUUADS-C-TFTCIAETROA ~ Does Deliberation Actually Lead To Better Decisions? – Often It Does Not – Group Members May Impose Pressures On One Another – Leading To Extremism Or To A Consensus On Falsehood Rather Than Truth – “Groupthink” – May Well Promote Unthinking Uniformity And Dangerous Self-Censorships – Thus Failing To Combine Information And Enlarge The Range Of Arguments

~ CGDBNISODBBOI-TPITDGODNOTKTTMAH ~ Countless Groups Do Badly Not In Spite Of Deliberation But Because Of It – The Problem Is That Deliberating Groups Often Do Not Obtain The Knowledge That Their Members Actually Have

~ TGLIT-PL-EATHL-OLIC-A-DPFLHTIS ~ The General Lesson Is That – Political Leaders – Even At The Highest Levels – Often Live In Cocoons – And – Deliberation Provides Far Less Help Than It Should

~ GOFPTASOP-TDNCBIAIE-TEIHBAOMATEOIHBAFOO-TFVTBOCE-I-DOFTAAGM ~ Groups Often Fall Prey To A Series Of Problems – They Do Not Correct But Instead Amplify Individual Errors – They Emphasize Information Held By All Or Most At The Expense Of Information Held By A Few Or One – They Fall Victim To Bandwagon Or Cascade Effects – Indeed – Deliberation Often Fails To Aggregate Among Group Members

~ AIH-TPPB-IPASI-AIAD-TIOMFJAMAP-NMJAF ~ As It Happens – The Problems Posed By – Informational Pressure And Social Influences – Apply In All Domains – They Infect Our Most Fundamental Judgments About Morality And Policy – Not Merely Judgments About Facts

~ TKP-IS-GWDBTI-A-BGBTLO-SLATCAM:MRIU-A-EPIMLTNTBC ~ The Key Point – Is That – Groups Will Do Better Than Individuals – And – Big Groups Better Than Little Ones – So Long As Two Conditions Are Met: Majority Rule Is Used – And – Each Person Is More Likely Than Not To Be Correct

~ FAOCW ~ Falsehoods Are Often Conventional Wisdom

~ ASBIOOADWCSPFTGA ~ A Systematic Bias In One Or Another Direction Will Create Serious Problems For The Group’s Answers

~ GMTTBALMCATJASWOA-AKEOGIIAGST-TPCIC-WONIAI ~ Group Members Tend To Become A Lot More Confident About Their Judgments After Speaking With One Another – A Key Effect Of Group Interaction Is A Greater Sense That – The Postdeliberation Conclusion Is Correct – Whether Or Not It Actually Is

~ MOTT-DGDQPAATITTMH-WMMGT-TOFTLNAMATM-RKIOIOD-AABIKIABAOMGMHAFGRTITIKBOOOAFGM ~ Much Of The Time – Deliberating Groups Do Quite Poorly At Aggregating The Information That Their Members Have – When Many Minds Get Together – They Often Fail To Learn Nearly As Much As They Might – Relevant Knowledge Is Often Ignored Or Downplayed – Above All Because Information Known In Advance By All Or Most Group Members Has A Far Greater Role Than Information That Is Known By Only One Of A Few Group Members

~ WSGDW-IIBPSWTT-B-WDG-TMNH-ETTVOOMLPTST-MPRDLBTSD-TDNWTLSORCT ~ When Statistical Groups Do Well – It Is Because People Say What They Think – But – With Deliberating Groups – This Might Not Happen – Exposure To The Views Of Others Might Lead People To Silence Themselves – Most People Really Don’t Like Being The Sole Dissenter – They Do Not Want To Look Stupid Or To Create Trouble

~ HP-TAUTGCOBDN-ACFOIA-A-TAATC ~ Hidden Profiles – The Accurate Understandings That Groups Could Obtain But Do Not – A Clear Failure Of Information Aggregation – And – They Are All Too Common

~ CKE-IHBAGMHFMIOGJTIHBOAFM ~ Common Knowledge Effect – Information Held By All Group Members Has Far More Influence On Group Judgments Than Information Held By Only A Few Members

~ GMTTBSMCATJAD-AEAF-B-CAEAABC ~ Group Members Tend To Be Significantly More Confident About Their Judgments After Discussion – An Especially Alarming Finding – Because – Confidence And Error Are A Bad Combination

~ TITGWAIOATTBLOTHAPLTETPHIADP-CPMHLIOTG ~ Those In The Group Who Are Inexperienced Or Are Thought To Be Low On The Hierarchy Are Particularly Loath To Emphasize Their Privately Held Information As Discussion Proceeds – Cognitively Peripheral Members Have Little Influence On The Group

~ IMDG-PWEUHITAOSR-ATKI ~ In Many Deliberating Groups – People Who Emphasize Uniquely Held Information Take An Obvious Social Risk – And They Know It

~ TDM-APCU-IWYCOTTAOTYL-PIATMP-IOGIA-BPITO ~ The Daily Me – A Personalized Communications Universe – In Which You Consult Only Those Topics And Opinions That You Like – Polarization Is All The More Probable – Instead Of Good Information Aggregation – Bad Polarization Is The Outcome

~ TFT-DIBCAU-WL-TSBPMI-TDHPSRTN ~ The Fact That – Deliberation Increase Both Confidence And Uniformity – Will Leave – The Strong But Potentially Misleading Impression – That Deliberation Has Produced Sense Rather Than Nonsense

~ MHTOFAF-A-PCBWO-B-AMCSIFROWIPAH-APMRHIADG-B-IAM-TWHI-UH-AIAPTMALOM-A-TALTETO ~ Markets Have Their Own Fads And Fashions – And – Prices Can Be Way Off – But – A Market Creates Strong Incentives For Revelation Of Whatever Information People Actually Hold – A Profile May Remain Hidden In A Deliberating Group – But – In A Market – Those With Hidden Information – Uniquely Held – Are In A Position To Make A Lot Of Money – And – They Are Likely To Exploit The Opportunity

~ TPA-O-TCPOEIORC-IOUPDBEGAF-IMC-TLNBTAE-BB-IPAATC-ABO-TSBOTTABS ~ Traditional Practices Are – Often – The Congealed Product Of Earlier Information Or Reputational Cascades – Inefficient Or Unjust Practices Defended By Entrenched Groups And Factions – In Many Cases – Traditions Last Not Because They Are Excellent – But Because – Influential People Are Averse To Change – And Because Of – The Sheer Burdens Of Transition To A Better State

MAUDE BARLOW ~ FOUR PRINCIPLES ~ BLUE FUTURE ~ 2013

~ WIAHR-AI-AIO-J-N-C ~ Water Is A Human Right – And Is – An Issue Of – Justice – Not – Charity

~ WIACHAPT-A-T-ATWMNBATBDB-P-F-P-I ~ Water Is A Common Heritage And Public Trust – And – Therefore – Access To Water Must Not Be Allowed To Be Decided By – Private – For-Profit – Interests

~ WHRBISTH-A-MBRAPFTE ~ Water Has Rights Beyond Its Service To Humans – And – Must Be Respected And Protected For The Ecosystem

~ RTBASOCAD-W-CB-NGTTUHWMLTLMLOTPAIHWOA ~ Rather Than Being A Source Of Conflicts And Division – Water – Can Be – Nature’s Gift To Teach Us How We Might Learn To Live More Lightly On The Planet And In Harmony With One Another

MARG DE VILLIERS ~ WATER ~ 1999

~ W-ITBOCI-DNJL?-THQINHMCPSWTS-B-WKOEIPFTWDS ~ Where – In The Balance Of Competing Interests – Does Natural Justice Lie? – The Human Question Is Not How Many Can Possibly Survive Within The System – But – What Kind Of Existence Is Possible For Those Who Do Survive

~ THPIB-B-WDIITAF ~ The Human Population Is Burgeoning – But – Water Demand Is Increasing Twice As Fast

~ ‘TWOTT-FCWBFOW’ ~ “The Wars Of The Twenty-First Century Will Be Fought Over Water”

~ EYL-TASTTWSIIP ~ Everywhere You Look – There Are Signs That The Water Supply Is In Peril

~ ANWLT-1000CMPPPY-I-WS ~ Any Nation With Less Than – 1,000 Cubic Metres Per Person Per Year – Is – Water Scarce

~ PCAO-G-P-W-IGDIADADC ~ Per Capita Availability Of – Good – Potable – Water – Is Going Down In All Developed And Developing Countries

~ MOT-‘E’-SFWHABE-A-MOTWIIPIIN ~ Most Of The – “Easy” – Sources For Water Have Already Been Exploited – And – Much Of The Water Is In Places It Isn’t Needed

~ TBEATMEG-IT-TAS-1.4BCKOWOEILAFF-IT-O/L/S/G/G-FS-AO-2.5%-OTT ~ The Best Estimate Among The Many Educated Guesses – Is That – There Are Some – 1.4 Billion Cubic Kilometres Of Water On Earth In Liquid And Frozen Form – In The – Oceans / Lakes / Streams / Glaciers / Groundwater – Freshwater Stocks – Are Only – 2.5 Percent – Of The Total

~ WD-WITWTCF? ~ Water Demand – Where Is This Water To Come From?

~ WMMTNI-HB-NLI-S-H-OE-Y ~ We Must Measure Time Now In – Human Beings – No Longer In – Seconds – Hours – Or Even – Years

~ GD-I-OOTGUBLCFOP-WATIF-FFS-HM-F-C-W ~ Groundwater Depletion – Is – One Of The Great Unseen But Looming Crises Facing Our Planet – With All The Implications For – Falling Food Supplies – Human Misery – Famine – Conflict – War

~ TPOTMWOFAATNRTIIC-‘GO’-IIAMP-DO-RPACE ~ The Process Of Taking More Water Out From An Aquifer Than Naturally Returns To It Is Called – “Groundwater Overdrafting” – It Is A Modern Phenomenon – Depending On – Reliable Pumps And Cheap Energy

~ TWOTMWICACSWTI-RTAPFHU ~ The Withdrawal Of Too Much Water In Coastal Aquifers Causes Sea Water To Intrude – Ruining The Aquifer Permanently For Human Use

~ EASUTRACS-A-TIHAMOECWSLOP ~ Europeans Are Still Using Their Rivers As Convenient Sewers – And – There Is Hardly A Metre Of European Coastline Without Some Level Of Pollution

~ DAG ~ Deserts Are Growing

~ HHA-D-D-A-R-H-A-M-W ~ Humans Have Always – Discovered – Diverted – Accumulated – Regulated – Hoarded – And – Misused – Water

~ M-IC-PTTVS-EUTETROWTSWB ~ Many – Irrigating Cultures – Perished Through Their Very Success – Expanding Until They Exhausted The Resources On Which Their Success Was Based

~ ADOTE ~ Anthropogenic Degradation Of The Environment

~ PG-TEOAIRD ~ Population Growth – The Engine Of All Increased Resource Demands

~ DI-ANP-F-IC-I-APC-TOHAACOD ~ Drought Is – A Natural Phenomenon – Famine – In Contrast – Is – A Political Catastrophe – That Occasionally Happens As A Consequence Of Drought

~ WWHWBTIITW ~ Who Was Hiding What By Throwing It Into The Water

~ B-A-A=B-M-MEW-CBMCATPUTFC ~ Bio-Accumulation – And – Bio-Magnification – Make Everything Worse – Chemicals Become More Concentrated As They Pass Up The Food Chain

~ ESHCLBCOBDACG ~ Epidemiological Studies Have Confirmed Links Between Cancer Or Birth Defects And Contaminated Groundwater

~ TP-HBAT-EWW-SN ~ The Public – Having Been Assured That – Everything Was Well – Stopped Noticing

~ OABPHNATCDW-A-MT2.9BHNATSS ~ Over A Billion People Have No Access To Clean Drinking Water – And – More Than 2.9 Billion Have No Access To Sanitation Services

~ PLTD ~ Pollution Leads To Disease

~ WIBASAAS:ICDVLOTEIWIIF-TMGSVTP ~ Water Is Both A Solvent And A Sponge: Its Composition Depends Very Largely On The Environment In Which It Is Found – That Makes Groundwater So Vulnerable To Pollution

~ TCTHHWANT-TCOGIBMOAGS ~ The Changes That Humans Have Wrought Are Not Trivial – The Chemistry Of Groundwater Is Being Modified On A Global Scale

~ TNCOFWIRSBMAMFAUN-BFATAHLOIAUW ~ The Nitrate Content Of Fresh Water Is Rising Steadily Because More And More Farmers Are Using Nitrogen-Based Fertilizers And There Are Higher Levels Of Industrial And Urban Wastes

~ ‘D’-W-ILTWMSPP ~ “Dirty” – Water – Is Likely The World’s Most Serious Pollution Problem

~ DAHBFTPMPHTIA ~ Diversified Agriculture – Has Been Found To Produce More Per Hectare Than – Irrigated Agriculture

~ ATCAF-D-AAS-TBLIR ~ A True Cost Accounting For – Dams – Almost Always Shows – The Bottom Line In Red

~ NOINMLBBUIBAGDOILIBTOOP ~ Not Only Is No More Land Being Brought Under Irrigation But A Good Deal Of Irrigated Land Is Being Taken Out Of Production

~ SOTS-TADTIH-ISATRO-MT1MHAY ~ Salination Of The Soil – To A Degree That Inhibits Farming – Is Spreading At The Rate Of – More Than 1 Million Hectares A Year

~ TPISTS-TDDTF:WGCASM-IAIC-W-L-D-A-POTWS-A-RSITS-LU-TPCEKTSA ~ The Problem Is Simple To State – Though Devastatingly Difficult To Fix: Without Great Care And Skilful Management – Irrigation Almost Inevitably Causes – Water-Logging – Depletion – And – Pollution Of The Water Supply – And – Rising Salinity In The Soil – Left Unchecked – These Problems Can Eventually Kill The Soil Altogether

~ AAWA-A-60%-OTWIFINGTTC ~ As A Working Average – Almost – 60 Percent – Of The Water Intended For Irrigation Never Gets To The Croplands

~ ‘W-S-M’ ~ “Water-Stress-Management”

~ SA ~ Shrinking Aquifers

~ WW-T-D-W-T-W-RO? ~ What Will – They – Do – When – Their – Water – Runs Out?

~ IYTARIAS-YC-TIBIARA ~ If You Turn A River Into A Sewer – You Can – Turn It Back Into A River Again

~ F-TEWS-AOWP ~ Fish – The Early Warning System – A Measure Of Water Purity

~ T-ME-HABTPW-WW-AMP ~ The – Middle East – Has Always Been The Place Where – Water Wars – Are Most Probable

~ WSTIIP-B-AAIIWAC-IIN-S-SWSEHOPOFU ~ We Say That It Is Priceless – But – Act As If It Were Absurdly Cheap – It Is Not – Surely – Something We Should Either Hoard Or Prevent Others From Using

~ T-GR-DNOO-MPSG-B-O-I-AP-BHROTS-MTP-TINMWTBH-IIITAOSS-A-PHPAUAOWLIL-A-TIGOPINNWFGTASTBM ~ The – Green Revolution – Depended Not Only On – More Productive Seed Grains – But – On – Irrigation – And – Pesticides – Both Have Run Out Their String – Maximized Their Potential – There Is No More Water To Be Had – Irrigation Is Increasing The Amount Of Saline Soil – And – Pesticides Have Poisoned An Unsettling Amount Of What Land Is Left – And – The Inexorable Grind Of Population Is Now Negating What Few Gains There Are Still To Be Made

~ BINSYWIYDW ~ Benzene Is Not Something That You Want In Your Drinking Water

~ D-TPE-DW-TMUTEOAD-SR-WCBOD ~ Desalination – To Produce Enough – Desal Water – To Make Up The Equivalent Of A Decent-Sized River – Would Cost Billions Of Dollars

~ IYCGMW-WT-ULOI ~ If You Can’t Get More Water – Well Then – Use Less Of It

~ DC ~ Dew Collectors

~ F-DI ~ Fog-Drip Irrigation

~ W-WRICBIF ~ Waste-Water Reuse Is Coming Back Into Favour

~ LFAATT ~ Learn From And Adapt Traditional Techniques

~ IIITS-WV-A-TPISTWH ~ It Is Important To Signal – Water’s Value – And – To Price It So That Waste Hurts

~ PPAAFSOGP ~ Population Projections Are A Familiar Source Of Gloomy Prognostications

~ WS-MNLTW-B-TMCLT-FS-IP-A-TTSOD-TMPP-TITMOP-FSTMMOTDW-SOLD-SUAVI ~ Water Shortages – May Not Lead To War – But – They Most Certainly Lead To – Food Shortages – Increased Poverty – And – To The Spread Of Disease – They Make People Poorer – They Increase The Migrations Of Peoples – Further Straining The Massive Megaslums Of The Developing World – Standards Of Living Deteriorate – Social Unrest And Violence Increase

LARS OSBERG ~ THE AGE OF INCREASING INEQUALITY ~ 2018

~ EIWIYAYCEHSDAPDPC ~ Economic Inequalities Which Increase Year After Year Can Eventually Have Socially Divisive And Potentially Disastrous Political Consequences

~ EPIATEOD ~ Elite Political Influence And The Erosion Of Democracy

~ IIIGTT1%MRTIITPPATETTOM ~ Increasing Income Inequality Gives The Top 1 Percent More Resources To Intervene In The Political Process And To Ensure That Their Opinions Matter

TICETPASPOTVAAQDFTOTGP-DT-‘TT’-A-PI-A-TOOPMO-GTWTATPTPOV-IAWOPCM ~ There Is Clear Evidence The Political And Social Preferences Of The Very Affluent Are Quite Different From Those Of The General Population – Donations To – “Think Tanks” – And – Policy Institutes – And – The Ownership Of Private Media Outlets – Give The Wealthy The Ability To Push Their Point Of View – In A Way Ordinary People Cannot Match

~ IG-IDNTMMTMABDITLOPWHVL ~ In General – It Does Not Take Much Money To Make A Big Difference In The Lives Of People Who Have Very Little

~ TOCSOTLA-A-TWTPVHIR-CAOFP-TFTS-TCHAMHCFTLAMTGLECFTAI ~ The Occasional Cash Shortfalls Of The Less Affluent – And – Their Willingness To Pay Very High Interest Rates – Create An Opportunity For Profit – The Fact That Short-Term Credit Has A Much Higher Cost For The Less Affluent Means They Get Less Effective Consumption From Their Annual Incomes

~ AWAC? ~ And What About Chance?

~ EOTPDIORAMLOE-VW-F-9T47%-OAJ–ETL-EE-WBABHFTLM-TU ~ Estimates Of The Possible Disruptive Impacts Of Robots And Machine Learning On Employment – Vary Widely – From – 9 To 47 Per Cent – Of All Jobs – Even The Low-End Estimate – Would Be A Big Hit For The Labour Market – Technological Unemployment

~ BIMAHTBHRITCATBMF-TAAOBHRFACITPROADG ~ Because Individuals Must Actually Have Their Basic Human Rights If Their Choices Are To Be Meaningfully Free – The Actual Achievement Of Basic Human Rights For All Citizens Is The Primary Responsibility Of A Democratic Government

~ E-VWNANMITPMWTTTEFS ~ Eventually – Voters Whose Needs Are Not Met In The Political Mainstream Will Turn To The Extremes For Solutions

~ IICIEIAGSS-ASME-SDOART-‘GOD’-A-LFSWTDNM ~ Increasing Inequality Causes Increased Economic Instability And Greater Social Stress – Authoritarian Social Movements Emerge – Selling Dreams Of A Return To – “Good Old Days” – And – Looking For Scapegoats When They Do Not Materialize

~ STEPTPI-‘MG’-B-TPCHTDEGFTWNI-TWBARSFNSTB ~ Since The Easiest Policy To Promise Is – “More Growth” – But – That Promise Cannot Hope To Deliver Enough Growth For Those Who Need It – There Will Be A Relentless Search For New Scapegoats To Blame

~ AHRPDNSTESHEI-B-IDSTESHER-A-FTTH-ACMHALAMCOER ~ A Human Rights Perspective Does Not Say That Everyone Should Have Equal Income – But – It Does Say That Everyone Should Have Equal Rights – And – For That To Happen – All Citizens Must Have At Least A Minimum Command Over Economic Resources

~ WAOTA-STWUADISCTWOI-C ~ We All Own The Air – So Those Who Use And Degrade It Should Compensate Those Who Own It – Citizens

~ GAI-B-TIANLOWTIAFIWRCMTRWMTSTWC-PJMBS ~ Guaranteed Annual Income – Because – There Is A New Level Of Worry That In A Future In Which Robots Can Make The Robots Which Make The Stuff That We Consume – Paying Jobs May Be Scarce

~ WWTCDCFTATOFTAFOTF? ~ Where Will The Consumer Demand Come From To Absorb The Output From The Automated Factories Of The Future?

~ AMPWUMWAACOSVITMOTWIWPANCTS-AVOATCOCOTE-ANPJ ~ A Major Problem With Using Market Wages As A Criterion Of Social Value Is That Many Of The Ways In Which People Actually Now Contribute To Society – As Volunteers Or As The Caretakers Of Children Or The Elderly – Are Not Paying Jobs

~ FTATT ~ Fairer Taxes At The Top

~ TAATE-ALITTGP-B-TCOTLPMPDOTAATLPTETA ~ Tax Avoidance And Tax Evasion – Are Largely Invisible To The General Public – Because – The Complexity Of Tax Law Precludes Much Public Discussion Of The Accounting And Tax Law Provisions That Enable Tax Avoidance

BRINK LINDSEY + STEVEN TELES ~ THE CAPTURED ECONOMY ~ 2017

~ WPFEI-TGMD-LOAG-A-MSO-‘TO’-WL-SLAZ-SS-GBOG-AIA-LBOOG ~ When People Feel Economically Insecure – They Grow More Defensive – Less Open And Generous – And – More Suspicious Of – “The Other” – When Life – Seems Like A Zero-Sum Struggle – Gains By Other Groups – Are Interpreted As – Losses By One’s Own Group

~ IAU-TSOOSGASI ~ Inefficient And Unequal – The Simultaneous Occurrence Of Sluggish Growth And Spiralling Inequality

~ I-RACW-TEG-H-BRIFO-PATT ~ In – Real And Consequential Ways – The Economic Game – Has – Been Rigged In Favor Of – People At The Top

~ W-IATWTRCBTPAWO-ED-C-API-G-IA-VC ~ When – Institutions Are Too Weak To Resist Capture By The Powerful And Well Organized – Economic Decline – Corruption – And – Political Instability – Grow – In A – Vicious Circle

~ CAGAIIAC-ETVIAC-DAET-MGME-A-YSNBSIYEUW-WIG ~ Casting All Government As Inherently Incompetent And Corrupt – Enables The Very Incompetence And Corruption – Disdain Any Efforts To – Make Government More Efficient – And – You Should Not Be Surprised If You End Up With – Woefully Inefficient Government

~ A-TROR-SISGAAI-HBHIPVFSTN-TABTC-ASBGLO-IT-OB-T-L-A-R-HPTBBSAI-RC-AA-SCTOCEP ~ Although – The Role Of Rent-Seeking In Slowing Growth And Accelerating Inequality – Has Been Hidden In Plain View For Some Time Now – Things Are Beginning To Change – A Small But Growing List Of – Influential Thinkers – On Both – The – Left – And – Right – Have Pierced The Bipartisan Blind Spot And Identified – Regulatory Capture – As A – Significant Contributor To Our Current Economic Predicament

~ TRATDH ~ The Rents Are Too Damn High

~ R-S:ATSTIPWCAOV-TDTMP ~ Rent-Seeking: Activity That Seeks To Increase Profits Without Creating Anything Of Value – Through Distortions To Market Processes

~ TTETR-SHS-TIHOCDITGHOCC-A-TLPOTPIDIAFFOSI ~ To The Extent That Rent-Seeking Holds Sway – The Invisible Hand Of Capitalism Degenerates Into The Grasping Hand Of Crony Capitalism – And – The Lofty Pursuit Of The Public Interest Devolves Into A Feeding Frenzy Of Special Interests

~ FM-D-PFS-OTEO-ASSETETROTG-IA-I-P-SF-EP-M-S-BKFBTITPPTGTR ~ Free Markets – Depend – Paradoxically For Some – On The Existence Of – A State Strong Enough To Enforce The Rules Of The Game – In An – Impartial – Public-Spirited Fashion – Economic Power – Must – Somehow – Be Kept From Being Translated Into The Political Power To Game Those Rules

~ TUSOEGII:NPAPM ~ The Ultimate Source Of Economic Growth Is Innovation: New Products And Production Methods

~ EE-IIETGRB-WFTTPP-TEWBDT-N-SRS-A-ARI-R-CP-CLTA-D-OIPE ~ Entrepreneurial Energy – If It’s Easier To Get Rich By – Winning Favors Through The Policymaking Process – That Energy Will Be Diverted To – Negative-Sum Rent Seeking – Accordingly – A Rise In – Rent-Creating Policies – Can Lead To A – Drop-Off In Productive Entrepreneurship

~ RR:R-CPTUGWEI ~ Regressive Regulation: Rent-Creating Polices That Undermine Growth While Exacerbating Inequality

~ AMDHOTPOMVEEPAWAFK-MOWCTLILSBOUOWOTRTT-M-ATTVSOSRIBUBC ~ Although Mass Digitization Holds Out The Possibility Of Making Virtually Everything Ever Published Accessible With A Few Keystrokes – Millions Of Works Continue To Languish In Limbo Simply Because Of Uncertainty Over Who Owns The Rights To Them – Meanwhile – Access To The Vast Storehouses Of Scientific Research Is Bottled Up By Copyright

~ ‘IP’-‘IM’-AMSOES-A-ATFUE ~ “Intellectual Property” – “Intellectual Monopoly” – A Major Source Of Economic Stagnation – And – A Tool For Unjust Enrichment

~ AL-SPPTSOFRAFTTTRWTOWWN-YTIWWG ~ A Large-Scale Political Project To Siphon Off Further Resources And Funnel Them To The Rich Was The Opposite Of What Was Needed – Yet That Is What We Got

~ S-R-S-MBIIAMDWS-IIT-B-TCHLOR-SIN ~ Some – Rent-Seeking – May Be Inevitable In A Modern Democratic Welfare State – It Is True – But – The Current High Level Of Rent-Seeking Is Not

~ WTGDATUUIOE-IFTSPTIWSEA-POOMMI-TPS-TTAOA-G-P-TWABAC-T-IAW-QSTGSAETTAINCBPOABP-SPDTR ~ When The Government Does Attempt To Build Up Its Own Expertise – It Faces The Serious Problem That Individuals With Such Expertise Are – Paid Orders Of Magnitude More In – The Private Sector – Than They Are On A – Government – Payroll – There Will Always Be A Challenge – Therefore – In Attracting Well-Qualified Specialists To Government Service And Ensuring That Their Analysis Is Not Colored By Prospects Of A Big Private-Sector Payday Down The Road

~ TBS-R-S-NTDACJOWTCITMOTPI ~ To Be Successful – Rent-Seekers – Need To Do A Convincing Job Of Wrapping Their Claims In The Mantle Of The Public Interest

~ P-IUUA-AFOR-BIR-C-TANBBTRFT ~ Pollution – Is Usefully Understood As – A Form Of Rent – Because It Represents – Costs – That Are Not Borne By Those Responsible For Them