MARCEL MAUSS ~ THE GIFT ~ 1925

~ ATHNE-EIAEFCITTOO-OISTWLTSAA-POI-ATMRWICA’N’-E ~ Apparently There Has Never Existed – Either In An Era Fairly Close In Time To Our Own – Or In Societies That We Lump Together Somewhat Awkwardly As – Primitive Or Inferior – Anything That Might Resemble What Is Called A – “Natural” – Economy

~ TEOGATOTR ~ The Exchange Of Gifts And The Obligation To Reciprocate

~ TOTG ~ The Obligation To Give – The Obligation To Receive

~ TPMTH-A-TPMTTG ~ The Present Made To Humans – And – The Present Made To The Gods

~ E-T-G ~ Exchange-Through-Gift

~ L/H/M ~ Liberality / Honour / Money

~ ROG ~ Rules Of Generosity

~ MOO ~ Mechanisms Of Obligation

~ H&C ~ Honour And Credit

~ TTO:TG/TR/TR ~ The Three Obligations: To Give / To Receive / To Reciprocate

~ T-‘MOF’ ~ The – “Money Of Fame”

~ TAFOE-GPAR-SBAVLPOH-DAVLTP-M-SS ~ The Archaic Form Of Exchange – Gifts Presented And Reciprocated – Shared By A Very Large Part Of Humanity – During A Very Long Transitional Phase – Moreover – Still Subsists

~ F-E-ISNW-CITO-BAS ~ Fortunately – Everything – Is Still Not Wholly – Categorized In Terms Of – Buying And Selling

~ S-W-MUOSOTHC-TRMCBTCT-F-A-AB-O-A-TFGOTFC

~ Societies – Whether – Made Up Of Savages Or The Highly Civilized – The Rich Must Come Back To Considering Themselves – Freely – And – Also By – Obligation – As – The Financial Guardians Of Their Fellow Citizens

~ ‘TS’-CTC-TSW-IAG-EEWOA-CT-MA-SOEAL-TWCFOOWWCC ~ “Total Services” – Clan To Clan – The System In Which – Individuals And Groups – Exchange Everything With One Another – Constitutes The – Most Ancient – System Of Economy And Law – That We Can Find Or Of Which We Can Conceive

~ TV-EA-FE-TM-ASW-RAM ~ The Various – Economic Activities – For Example – The Market – Are Suffused With – Rituals And Myths

~ IIB-ORTF-B-PTWTPASOOI-TPSI-S-A/G/T-F-W/I/S ~ It Is By – Opposing Reason To Feeling – By – Pitting The Will To Peace Against Sudden Outburst Of Insanity – That People Succeed In – Substituting – Alliance / Gifts / Trade – For – War / Isolation / Stagnation

~ SHPISFATT-TS-AL-T-I-IT-HSI-SR-G-R-AF-GIR ~ Societies Have Progressed In So Far As They Themselves – Their Subgroups – And Lastly – The – Individuals – In Them – Have Succeeded In – Stabilizing Relationships – Giving – Receiving – And Finally – Giving In Return

JONATHAN CRARY ~ 24/7 ~ 2013

~ TSS-AQFSWPCWMCATFON-HAAN-AHHS-W-RI-A-IAIA-BSS-A-T-SS-WBTFOT-S-WOC ~ The Sleepless Soldier – A Quest For Soldiers Whose Physical Capabilities Will More Closely Approximate The Functionalities Of Non-Human Apparatuses And Networks – As History Has Shown – War-Related Innovations – Are – Inevitably Assimilated Into A – Broader Social Sphere – And – The – Sleepless Solider – Would Be The Forerunner Of The – Sleepless – Worker Or Consumer

~ N-SP-F-ALO-A-E-FM-AN ~ Non-Sleep Products – First – A Lifestyle Option – And – Eventually – For Many – A Necessity

~ OOTFOT-SD ~ One Of The Forms Of Torture – Sleep Deprivation

~ CF-ATTNLP-BCT ~ Continuous Functioning – A Time That No Longer Passes – Beyond – Clock Time

~ 24/7-IATO-I-AWTFOHLIIIAWWSHNNOI ~ 24/7 – Is A Time Of – Indifference – Against Which The Fragility Of Human Life Is Increasingly Inadequate And Within Which Sleep Has No Necessity Or Inevitability

~ TPB-R-AA-N-S-WS-O-A-AO-SM-O-I-C/T/S/D ~ The Planet Becomes – Reimagined – As A – Non-Stop – Work Site – Or – An – Always Open – Shopping Mall – Of – Infinite – Choices / Tasks / Selections / Digressions

~ S-ITSIW-P/C/D-O-WP-HTEOLATDOR ~ Sleeplessness – Is The State In Which – Producing / Consuming / Discarding – Occur – Without Pause – Hastening The Exhaustion Of Life And The Depletion Of Resources

~ T-IOS-IIFTODOSPIOS ~ The – Injuring Of Sleep – Is Inseparable From The Ongoing Dismantling Of Social Protections In Other Spheres

~ AT-CDW-HBPDATG-B-PAP-WTAMO-BW ~ Access To – Clean Drinking Water – Has Been Programmatically Devastated Around The Globe – By – Pollution And Privatization – With The Accompanying Monetization Of – Bottled Water

~ SICDOSIOTBS ~ Sleep Is Crucially Dependent On Society In Order To Be Sustained

~ PS-AN-CPTDS ~ Public Spaces – Are Now – Comprehensively Planned To Deter Sleeping

~ TPBSDPO-UH-EMD-YFAMAT-THAIO-US ~ The Pervasive But Socially Disregarded Phenomenon Of – Urban Homelessness – Entails Many Deprivations – Yet Few Are More Acute Than – The Hazards And Insecurities Of – Unsheltered Sleep

~ SN-M-P-S-NE-IWOCN-S/C/ENR-TIARIOT-N-TO24/7-IEAOSOPL ~ Since No – Moment – Place – Situation – Now Exists – In Which One Can Not – Shop / Consume / Exploit Networked Resources – There Is A Relentless Incursion Of The – Non-Time Of 24/7 – Into Every Aspect Of Social Or Personal Life

~ ISOT-OP-OT-C-E-H-B-HT-A-TTONS-T-LR-OTRA-D/F/CD ~ In Spite Of The – Omnipresent Proclamations – Of The – Compatibility – Even – Harmonization – Between – Human Time – And – The Temporalities Of Networked Systems – The – Lived Realities – Of This Relationship Are – Disjunctions / Fractures / Continual Disequilibrium

~ CTMC-TIAO-DOMAPC-RTTEOM ~ Contrary To Many Claims – There Is An Ongoing – Diminution Of Mental And Perceptual Capabilities – Rather Than Their Expansion Or Modulation

~ TIO-TC-A-Q-A-DBSPOAO-S-O-AMAO-CSR-TBAA-N-U-C-AT-FON ~ The Idea Of – Technological Change – As – Quasi-Autonomous – Driven By Some Process Of Autopoesis Of – Self-Organization – Allows Many Aspects Of – Contemporary Social Reality – To Be Accepted As – Necessary – Unalterable – Circumstances – Akin To – Facts Of Nature

~ FTVM-O-PAC-RT-IT-WCTB-EAD-BOTVAW-NPE-A-AW-AR-OESTP ~ For The Vast Majority – Our – Perceptual And Cognitive – Relationship To – Information Technology – Will Continue To Be – Estranged And Disempowered – Because Of The Velocity At Which – New Products Emerge – And – At Which – Arbitrary Reconfigurations – Of Entire Systems Take Place

~ A-ATN-IAAQDOOATADO24/7R;IIAPOAEITNOPAWAIIMIA-A-O-N-WCSAE ~ Any – Apparent Technological Novelty – Is Also A Qualitative Dilation Of One’s Accommodation To And Dependence On 24/7 Routines; It Is Also Part Of An Expansion In The Number Of Points At Which An Individual Is Made Into An – Application – Of – New – Control Systems And Enterprises

~ ENPOS-PIA-EFT-BOOOL-AE-GNORAN ~ Every New Product Or Service – Presents Itself As – Essential For The – Bureaucratic Organization Of One’s Life – An Ever-Growing Number Of Routines And Needs

~ IA-TIA-IAIU-TO-CLOS-M-T-IOCAA-IOOTFOT-GSO-A-R ~ In Actuality – There Is An – Imposed And Inescapable Uniformity – To Our – Compulsory Labor Of Self-Management – The – Illusion Of Choice And Autonomy – Is One Of The Foundations Of This – Global System Of – Auto-Regulation

~ TMAFO-SADA-UB-IA-ANEITTMSOLB ~ The Most Advanced Forms Of – Surveillance And Data Analysis – Used By – Intelligence Agencies – Are Now Equally Indispensable To The Marketing Strategies Of – Large Businesses

~ E-WAT-NA-‘OP’-T-ASIOPF-B-TPOT-AB-IACF-TTOMSRIMAQF-IIEA-SOIL-TCIW-PII-A-W-OBAPSO-DHAS ~ Everyone – We Are Told – Needs An – “Online Presence” – To – Avoid Social Irrelevance Or Professional Failure – But – The Promotion Of These – Alleged Benefits – Is A Cover For – The Transfer Of Most Social Relations Into Monetized And Quantifiable Forms – It Is Equally A – Shift Of Individual Life – To Conditions In Which – Privacy Is Impossible – And – Which – One Becomes A Permanent Site Of – Data Harvesting And Surveillance

~ SI-A-T-ROP-T-HAER ~ Sensory Impoverishment – And – The – Reduction Of Perception – To – Habit And Engineered Response

~ OOTM-FOC-OTLTY-HBTETA-NVA-T-PPOL ~ One Of The Main – Forms Of Control – Over The Last Thirty Years – Has Been To Ensure There Are – No Visible Alternatives – To – Privatized Patterns Of Living

~ INANITSO-AER-FOOSEAP-TW-A-RAR-TS-TO-TD-A-TS-I-IITU-A-ST-WPSAITUOSM-WIB-H-EAI ~ If Networks Are Not In The Service Of – Already Existing Relationships – Forged Out Of Shared Experience And Proximity – They Will – Always – Reproduce And Reinforce – The Separations – The Opacity – The Dissimulations – And – The Self-Interestedness – Inherent In Their Use – Any – Social Turbulence – Whose Primary Sources Are In The Use Of Social Media – Will Inevitably Be – Historically – Ephemeral And Inconsequential

~ 24/7-HPA-AOTIPAD-TAETAFODD:TP-TLTO-TWOTTS ~ 24/7 – Has Produced An – Atrophy Of The Individual Patience And Deference – That Are Essential To Any Form Of Direct Democracy: The Patience – To Listen To Others – To Wait One’s Turn To Speak

~ S-IOOTFREW-KON-WAOTTCOO ~ Sleep – Is One Of The Few Remaining Experiences Where – Knowingly Or Not – We Abandon Ourselves To The Care Of Others

~ S-RPDF-NAD-IOTEASO-IAU-IIAFOTTLUETTTTWOOATWN-I-ORASORTBIAESWAN-MD ~ Sleep – Requires Periodic Disengagement From – Networks And Devices – In Order To Enter A State Of – Inactivity And Uselessness – It Is A Form Of Time That Leads Us Elsewhere Than To The Things We Own Or Are Told We Need – Involuntarily – One Reclaims A Sensitivity Or Responsiveness To Both Internal And External Sensations Within A Non-Metric Duration

~ S-OOTUROTE ~ Sleep – One Of The Unvanquishable Remnants Of The Everyday

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ TOWARDS A THEORY OF LARGE-SCALE ORGANISATION ~ PRINCIPLES ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ S:THLMNATFOTLO-OTAT-BH-IWABWAFTME ~ Subsidiarity: The Higher Level Must Not Absorb The Functions Of The Lower One – On The Assumption That – Being Higher – It Will Automatically Be Wiser And Fulfill Them More Efficiently

~ V:EFEC-TSUMBDARAU ~ Vindication: Except For Exceptional Cases – The Subsidiary Unit Must Be Defended Against Reproach And Upheld

~ I:ESU-MH-A-BS ~ Identification – Each Subsidiary Unit – Must Have – A – Balance Sheet

~ M:PAIAWTM ~ Motivation: People Act In Accordance With Their Motives

ERNST SCHUMACHER ~ SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL ~ 1973

~ SIB ~ Small Is Beautiful

~ EAIPM ~ Economics As If People Mattered

~ TCEOH ~ The Continued Existence Of Humanity

~ SE ~ Spaceship Earth

~ FF-CBR-OTAG-TAGFE ~ Fossil Fuels – Cannot Be Recycled – Once They Are Gone – They Are Gone For Ever

~ IW-SO-FF-WTC-B-IW-STC-RB-LNAU-W-TLI ~ If We – Squander Our – Fossil Fuels – We Threaten Civilization – But – If We – Squander The Capital – Represented By – Living Nature Around Us – We – Threaten Life Itself

~ WHIBLOTCO-LN-FST-B-AAFMR-IIOSTEO-WWII0TWHSIITRTAP-R-SRTMOUHHYBCOI-THBAU-QJIIP ~ We Have Indeed Been Living On The Capital Of – Living Nature – For Some Time – But – At A Fairly Modest Rate – It Is Only Since Then End Of – World War II – That We Have Succeeded In Increasing This Rate To Alarming Proportions – Recently – So Recently That Most Of Us Have Hardly Yet Become Conscious Of It – There Has Been A Unique – Quantitative Jump In Industrial Production

~ TTAT-F-IUOIILTA-N-A-WCWDN-?-TSTL-WIAVM-WMTUTP-A-BTSTPOEANL-S-W-NMOPANPOC:AL-SDFP ~ To Talk About The – Future – Is Useful Only If It Leads To Action – Now – And – What Can We Do Now – ? – To Say The Least – Which Is Already Very Much – We Must Thoroughly Understand The Problem – And – Begin To See The Possibility Of Evolving A New Life-Style – With – New Methods Of Production And New Patterns Of Consumption: A Life-Style Designed For Permanence

~ IHVSA-GAE-A-SC-TIRINLTA-COI ~ If Human Vices Such As – Greed And Envy – Are – Systematically Cultivated – The Inevitable Result Is Nothing Less Than A – Collapse Of Intelligence

~ T-CAEON-IT-AOW-IIAT-AOFAP-E-ION-TTIO-DOOF-OWOCHC-A-TI-EF ~ The – Cultivation And Expansion Of Needs – Is The – Antithesis Of Wisdom – It Is Also The – Antithesis Of Freedom And Peace – Every – Increase Of Needs – Tends To Increase One’s – Dependence On Outside Forces – Over Which One Cannot Have Control – And – Therefore Increase – Existential Fear

~ E-B-M-E-E-B-COEP-A-E-E-G-VATE-DNR-P:TAA-DOW ~ Ever-Bigger – Machines – Entailing – Ever-Bigger – Concentrations Of Economic Power – And – Exerting – Ever-Greater – Violence Against The Environment – Do Not Represent – Progress: They Are A – Denial Of Wisdom

~ TIWIS-IOOAOT-SAP-O-HK-WRO-E-FMTO-U ~ There Is Wisdom In Smallness – If Only On Account Of The – Smallness And Patchiness – Of – Human Knowledge – Which Relies On – Experiment – Far More Than On – Understanding

~ II-O-SU-WTBCOTBOLOONR-T-AC-O-MG-WPTTTTWUITLQ ~ It Is – Obvious – Small Units – Will Take Better Care Of Their Bit Of Land Or Other Natural Resources – Than – Anonymous Companies – Or – Megalomanic Governments – Which Pretend To Themselves That The Whole Universe Is Their Legitimate Quarry

~ BWIW?-WCIBF?-TBATFI-OHFT-LO-FS-M-A-GAE-T-SFL-EIOM-PT-IOWWAOINOW ~ But What Is Wisdom? – Where Can It Be Found? – To Be Able To Find It – One Has First To – Liberate Oneself – From Such – Masters – As – Greed And Envy – The – Stillness Following Liberation – Even If Only Momentary – Produces The – Insights Of Wisdom Which Are Obtainable In No Other Way

~ T-HAFU-OA-L-DPTTPO-M-E-TTNOT-S ~ The – Hollowness And Fundamental Unsatisfactoriness – Of A – Life – Devoted Primarily To The Pursuit Of – Material – Ends – To The Neglect Of The – Spiritual

~ N-T-ME-HBBUTC-‘L’-O-W-ALMTA-NE-A-IOC-TBRTAM-IICB-EA-S-B-A ~ Now – The – Modern Economist – Has Been Brought Up To Consider – “Labour” – Or – Work – As Little More Than A – Necessary Evil – An – Item Of Cost – To Be Reduced To A Minimum – If It Cannot Be – Eliminated Altogether –Say – By – Automation

~ A-W-PCICO-HDAF-BTWDIAETP ~ And – Work – Properly Conducted In Conditions Of – Human Dignity And Freedom – Blesses Those Who Do It And Equally Their Products

~ TSHWFFS-RTFSN-S-F-RT-S ~ To Satisfy Human Wants From Faraway Sources – Rather Than From Sources Nearby – Signifies – Failure – Rather Than – Success

~ APBIELON-RFI-LP-O-C-IO-I ~ A Population Basing Its Economic Life On Non-Renewable Fuels Is – Living Parasitically – On – Capital – Instead Of – Income

~ AQOS ~ A Question Of Size

~ LU-TTBUI-SU ~ Large Units – Tend To Break Up Into – Smaller Units

~ WNTFO-LALO-S-AU-A-ATST-TOOL-S-P-G-UAC ~ We Need The Freedom Of – Lots And Lots Of – Small – Autonomous Units – And – At The Same Time – The Orderliness Of Large-Scale – Possibly – Global – Unity And Coordination

~ FEATIACAS ~ For Every Activity There Is A Certain Appropriate Scale

~ FTAIC-OU-ANDOF-TAATTDF-B-MEEVAEI ~ Fast Transport And Instantaneous Communications – Open Up – A New Dimension Of Freedom – These Achievements Also Tend To Destroy Freedom – By – Making Everything Extremely Vulnerable And Extremely Insecure

~ B-TRRSTP-MOTET ~ But – The Rich Rarely Subsidize The Poor – More Often They Exploit Them

~ NSLS-A-NSLS ~ Nothing Succeeds Like Success – And – Nothing Stagnates Like Stagnation

~ IIASPI-T-TCWOP-DECDNTHTP-IIPTOSPAVAHIFTRO-MTA-RAP-RAMP ~ It Is A Strange Phenomenon Indeed – That – The Conventional Wisdom Of Present-Day Economics Can Do Nothing To Help The Poor – Invariably It Proves That Only Such Policies Are Viable As Have In Fact The Result Of – Making Those Already – Rich And Powerful – Richer And More Powerful

~ PBTM-RT-MP ~ Production By The Masses – Rather Than – Mass Production

~ PCOBTI-SCG ~ People Can Only Be Themselves In – Small Comprehensible Groups

~ IINAQOWWCABOWWCTSOMO ~ It Is Not A Question Of What We Can Afford But Of What We Choose To Spend Our Money On

~ TQNTBAWTERALTBAFTFDOAISTCSMAASL ~ The Question Needs To Be Asked Whether The Earth’s Resources Are Likely To Be Adequate For The Further Development Of An Industrial System That Consumes So Much And Accomplishes So Little

~ IDNRMTASAOITRT-IGOMCIAFWIAI ~ It Does Not Require More Than A Simple Act Of Insight To Realize That – Infinite Growth Of Materiel Consumption In A Finite World Is An Impossibility

~ ABBONOTWT ~ Assurances Being Based On Nothing Other Than Wishful Thinking

~ TTOE ~ The Thralldom Of Economism

~ A-WOL-TBIO-M-O-PLE-IA-FE-CLL-A-ILEITSTMSIPIEO ~ A – Way Of Life – That Bases Itself On – Materialism – On – Permanent Limitless Expansionism – In A – Finite Environment – Cannot Last Long – And – Its Life Expectation Is The Shorter The More Successfully It Pursues It Expansionist Objectives

~ WMCOW-J-A-SRP ~ We Must Concern Ourselves With Justice – And – See Right Prevail

~ T-L-W-A-H-OAS-DOC-‘PS’-WA-IPAHV-SC/C/MR-A-AA-TATBH-ATAME-DAD-WT-‘PS’-AGD ~ The – Life – Work – And – Happiness – Of All Societies – Depend On Certain – “Psychological Structures” – Which Are – Infinitely Precious And Highly Vulnerable – Social Cohesion / Cooperation / Mutual Respect – And – Above All – The Ability To Bear Hardship – All This And Much Else – Disintegrates And Disappears – When These – “Psychological Structures” – Are Gravely Damaged

~ MWWRNIN-E-O-B-T-O-A-T-O-A-T-S-T ~ Maybe What We Really Need Is Not – Either-Or – But – The-One-And-The-Other-At-The-Same-Time

~ AOHTSCFTOOOATDOCF ~ Any Organization Has To Strive Continuously For The Orderliness Of Order And The Disorderliness Of Creative Freedom

~ C-IMAIOO;D-OOF ~ Centralization – Is Mainly An Idea Of Order; Decentralisation – One Of Freedom

~ L-CGO-FTSUTTL(AH)O-NTOWR-A-L-IAEEITHOAO ~ Loyalty – Can Grow Only – From The Smaller Units To The Larger (And Higher) Ones – Not The Other Way Round – And – Loyalty – Is An Essential Element In The Health Of Any Organisation

~ I-CRBAITRW-B-TANTLM-TITADFTIHTBSAAJ ~ Ideals – Can Rarely Be Attained In The Real World – But – They Are None The Less Meaningful – They Imply That Any Departure From The Ideal Has To Be Specially Argued And Justified

~ F-IIDTMBAP-SAMNP-IBACP ~ First – It Is Dangerous To Mix Business And Politics – Such A Mixing Normally Produces – Inefficient Business And Corrupt Politics

~ LAOPF-SO-‘I’-T-B-GLT-PE-FOC ~ Large Amounts Of – Public Funds – Spent On – “Infrastructure” – The – Benefits – Go Largely To – Private Enterprise – Free Of Charge

~ T-‘LOP’-IN-TLO-L-NTO-S ~ The – “Logic Of Production” – Is Neither – The Logic Of – Life – Nor That Of – Society

CHRISTOPHER CLUGSTON ~ BLIP ~ 2019

~ T-N-C-E-P-I-TLTWWMV-HE-IOTCU-HIAIC ~ The – Nature-Centered – Ecological – Perspective – Is – The Lens Through Which We Must View – Human Existence – In Order To Correctly Understand – Human Industrialism And Its Consequences

~ R-TLTWTVMOHCV-HE-IT-H-C-A-P-WRUIOAUO-P/P/F-C ~ Regrettably – The Lens Through Which The Vast Majority Of Humankind Currently Views – Human Existence – Is The – Human-Centered – Anthropocentric – Perspective – Which Renders Us Incapable Of Accurately Understanding Our – Past / Present / Future – Circumstances

~ HE-IGBO-NE-PB-ER:RNR+NNR=NH-WEALOE ~ Human Existence – Is Governed By Our – Natural Environment – Particularly By – Earth Resources: Renewable Natural Resources + Nonrenewable Natural Resources + Natural Habitats – Which Enable All Life On Earth

~ OS-HS-I-E-B-N-E-A-I-STTS-NL-TAT-AOES ~ Our Species – Homo Sapiens – Is – Exceptional – But – Not – Exemptional – And – Is – Subject To The Same – Natural Laws – That Apply To – All Other Earth Species

~ ERD-DANR-AARTETRAWIIR-O-DANH-AARTETRAWIIR-I-U ~ Earth Resource Overexploitation – Depleting A Natural Resource – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Replenished – Or – Degrading A Natural Habitat – At A Rate That Exceeds The Rate At Which It Is Regenerated – Is – Unsustainable

~ WAN-E-WAMT-EFB-OA-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUAUVOOOI ~ We Are Not – Exemptional – We Are Merely The – Extraordinarily Fortunate Beneficiaries – Of A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting And Unfortunate Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity

~ BL ~ Biodiversity Loss

~ SWB ~ Societal Wellbeing Improvement

~ GNNRSI ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Indicators

~ GNNRSC ~ Global Nonrenewable Natural Resources Scarcity Consequences

~ TPIBHTF-H-G-T-A-WTISABHCOFS ~ The Primary Impetus Behind Humanity’s Transition From – Hunter-Gather – To – Agriculturalists – Was The Increased Security Afforded By Human Control Over Food Supplies

~ SW-CDH-AE-WUTS-ASLHB-RTT-IHMLS ~ Surplus Wealth – Created During Humanity’s – Agrarian Era – Was Used To Support – Additional Subsistence Level Human Beings – Rather Than To – Improve Human Material Living Standards

~ A-GBT-HC-WE-L/N/TSM-HC-AE-HUIO-W/O/F/D-WRT-CDAOHQOL-AW(AB)AQS ~ Agrarianism – Gave Birth To – Human Civilization – Which Engendered – Literacy / Numeracy / The Scientific Method – Human Civilization – Also Engendered – Historically Unprecedented Instances Of – War / Oppression / Famine / Disease – With Respect To – Cultural Development And Overall Human Quality Of Life – Agrarianism Was (At Best) At Qualified Success

~ IIITOTEO-I-O-HSW-TSTWITIWC-‘N’-AABNFHHP ~ It Is Impossible To Overstate The Effect Of – Industrialism – On – Human Societal Wellbeing – The Lifestyles That We In The Industrialized World Consider – “Normal” – Are Anything But Normal From Humanity’s Historical Perspective

~ Y-OTHUOAP-WHCTB-WTOQ-T-GA-EV-NNR-WRSTPTIWOLTWWHBA ~ Yet – Owing To Humanity’s Unfailingly Optimistic Anthropocentric Perspective – We Have Continued To Believe – Without Thought Or Question – That – Globally Available – Economically Viable – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – Will Remain Sufficient To Perpetuate The Industrial Way Of Life To Which We Have Become Accustomed

~ F-M-WFA-IGD-LOG-LA ~ Future – Mining – Will Face An – Increasing Geological Distance – Lower Ore Grade – Less Accessible

~ HS-A-ES-N-A-ES ~ Homo Sapiens – An – Exceptional Species – Not – An – Exemptional Species

~ IW-A-GE-TST-C-EUF-TPO-E ~ It Was – A – Gross Exaggeration – To Suppose That – Culture – Exempted Us From – The Principles Of – Ecology

~ PPP ~ Pseudo Purchasing Power

~ RGAB-A-A-Y-U-LOM ~ Reinflated Global Asset Bubbles – And – As-Yet-Unknown – Levels Of Malinvestment

~ S-N-B-T-FAM-S-RPEBAINB ~ Sweeping – Never-Before-Tried – Fiscal And Monetary – Stimulus – Reinflated Previously Existing Bubbles And Inflated New Bubbles

~ HCD ~ Human Cultural Deterioration

~ HIPBAAOIS-P/E/S-P-WACB-ID-P/E/S-B ~ Humanity Is Plagued By An Array Of Increasingly Severe – Political / Economic / Societal – Problems – Which Are Caused By – Increasingly Dysfunctional – Political / Economic / Societal – Behavior

~ DCC-T-IC-OO-UEREB ~ Deteriorating Cultural Circumstances – The – Inevitable Consequence – Of Our – Unsustainable Earth Resource Exploitation Behavior

~ HPI-B-B-N-E-B ~ Humanity’s Predicament Is – Geologically-Based – Not – Economically-Based

~ IH-IET-IS-AW-TUOOILP-NS-NIT-T-S-UAV ~ Industrial Humanity – Is Experiencing The – Increasing Stress – Associated With – The Unravelling Of Our Industrial Lifestyle Paradigm – Nature’s Squeeze – Manifesting Itself Through – Increasing – Societal – Unrest And Violence

~ IHS-IP:D-PAI-T-F-N-R-A-IS-NNR-TEOIWOL-A-OVE ~ Industrial Humanity’s Self-Inflicted Predicament: Depleting – Persistently And Increasingly – The – Finite – Non-Replenishing – And – Increasingly Scarce – Nonrenewable Natural Resources – That Enable Our Industrial Way Of Life – And – Our Very Existence

~ H-HEIA-TDWN-STIOO-IR-N300YA-WHBTUFB-A-O-T-RD-NL-A-WATUVOOOI-A-WWSDTHIRAM300Y-‘B’ ~ Humankind – Has Existed In A – Terminal Disequilibrium With Nature – Since The Inception Of Our – Industrial Revolution – Nearly 300 Years Ago – We Have Been The Uniquely Fortunate Beneficiaries – A – One-Time – Rapidly Depleting – Natural Legacy – And – We Are The Unwitting Victims Of Our Own Ingenuity – And – We Will Soon Discover That Human Industrialism Represents A Mere 300 Year – “Blip”

~ FHP ~ Faltering Human Prosperity

~ A-C/T/CD-BOA-GWT-A/I/A-BOS-T-GP-WBI-F-A-A-V ~ As – Compassion / Tolerance / Common Decency – Born Of Abundance – Give Way To – Assertiveness / Intolerance / Aggression – Borne Of Scarcity – The – General Populace – Will Become Increasingly – Frustrated / Angry / Violent

~ AO-OPAIIC-WI-AW-TRTO-ON-O-CMAM-HBDBO-NN-O-CLAL ~ Awareness Of – Our Predicament And Its Inevitable Consequences – Will Increase – As Will – The Realization That Our – Old Normal – Of – Continuously More And More – Has Been Displaced By Our – New Normal – Of – Continuously Less And Less

~ O-GSC-W-C-W-S/I/N-C-GOHB-FTIW-S-RNR-ETSTS-O-W-HBE ~ Our – Global Societal Collapse – Will – Culminate – When – Small / Isolated / Non-Competing – Groups Of Human Beings – Find Themselves In Areas Where – Sufficient – Renewable Natural Resources – Exist To Support Them Sustainably – Or – When – Humankind Becomes Extinct

~ IBAGR ~ It’s Been A Great Ride

NASSIM TALEB ~ NO ~ VIA NEGATIVA ~ SKIN IN THE GAME ~ 2018

~ M-W-S ~ Muscles – Without – Strength

~ F-W-T ~ Friendship – Without – Trust

~ O-W-C ~ Opinion – Without – Consequence

~ C-W-A ~ Change – Without – Aesthetics

~ A-W-V ~ Age – Without – Values

~ L-W-E ~ Life – Without – Effort

~ W-W-T ~ Water – Without – Thirst

~ F-W-N ~ Food – Without – Nourishment

~ L-W-S ~ Love – Without – Sacrifice

~ P-W-F ~ Power – Without – Fairness

~ F-W-R ~ Facts – Without – Rigor

~ S-W-L ~ Statistics – Without – Logic

~ M-W-P ~ Mathematics – Without – Proof

~ T-W-E ~ Teaching – Without – Experience

~ P-W-W ~ Politeness – Without – Warmth

~ V-W-E ~ Values – Without – Embodiment

~ D-W-E ~ Degrees – Without – Erudition

~ M-W-F ~ Militarism – Without – Fortitude

~ P-W-C ~ Progress – Without – Civilization

~ F-W-I ~ Friendship – Without – Investment

~ V-W-R ~ Virtue – Without – Risk

~ P-W-E ~ Probability – Without – Ergodicity

~ W-W-E ~ Wealth – Without – Exposure

~ C-W-D ~ Complication – Without – Depth

~ F-W-C ~ Fluency – Without – Content

~ D-W-S ~ Decision – Without – Symmetry

~ S-W-S ~ Science – Without – Skepticism

~ R-W-T ~ Religion – Without – Tolerance

THOMAS FRANK ~ PITY THE BILLIONAIRE ~ 2011

~ SDA-B-BOTFOTP-NMBTD ~ Society’s Deterioration Accelerates – But – Blinking Out The Facts Of The Past – Nothing Matters But The Dream

~ WITPO-HW-O-SFAFDMASLHW-W-DFL-IS-P? ~ What Is The Point Of – Hard Work – Of – Scrapping For A Few Dollars More At Some Lousy Hourly Wage – When – Dishonest Financial Legerdemain – Is So –Profitable?

~ T-GOD-M-HBS-A-IMJ-TNAO-R-WF-C-CIIQ ~ The – Gospel Of Deregulation – Meanwhile – Had Become Such – An – Irresistible Methodological Juggernaut – That No Amount Of – Real-World Failure – Could – Call It Into Question

~ B-TB-A-B-A-J-RVCC-T-HPTTB-T-HDEW-TBCNBPTF-THTB-R-PU-DO-A-SBOITW-T-SABAFTHMF-AOA ~ But – Banks – And – Brokerages – And – Jerry-Rigged Venture Capital Concerns – That – Had Propelled The Tainted Boom — That – Had Done Everything Wrong — These Businesses Could Not Be Permitted To Fail – They Had To Be – Recapitalized – Propped Up – Dusted Off – And – Sent Back Out Into The World – To – Swagger And Bully And Fly That Huge Middle Finger – All Over Again

~ WHSU-ANPE-O-WTSC-’CH’ ~ We Have Stumbled Upon – A Nearly Perfect Example – Of – What The Sociologists Call – “Complete Horseshit”

CHRIS HEDGES ~ DAYS OF DESTRUCTION, DAYS OF REVOLT ~ 2012

~ TBT-HBAHS-SBRB-TDOTM-I-UF ~ The Belief That – Human Beings And Human Societies – Should Be Ruled By – The Demands Of The Marketplace – Is – Utopian Folly

~ TINI-HHOHN-TSTIT-SEBTFMLTASG-AY-WHPT-UBS-TDHWSO-E/L/E/C-AWA-HWT-TEOWWDFL ~ There Is Nothing In – Human History Or Human Nature – That Supports The Idea That – Sacrificing Everything Before The Free Market Leads To A Social Good – And Yet – We Have Permitted This – Utopian Belief System – To Determine How We Structure Our – Economy / Labor / Education / Culture – As Well As – How We Treat – The Ecosystem On Which We Depend For Life

~ EO-CO-NLBTWTU-TRIO-TSASS-F-C ~ Even Our – Corporate Overlords – No Longer Believe The Words They Utter – They Rely Instead On – The Security And Surveillance State – For – Control

~ TROD ~ The Rumble Of Dissent

DAVID WALLACE-WELLS ~ THE UNINHABITABLE EARTH ~ 2019

~ LAW ~ Life After Warming

~ IIW-MW-TYT ~ It Is Worse – Much Worse – Than You Think

~ TSOCCIAFT ~ The Slowness Of Climate Change Is A Fairy Tale

~ TEHE-FME-BTOWALTN ~ The Earth Has Experienced – Five Mass Extinctions – Before The One We Are Living Through Now

~ NJTBTT-HL-HEF-B-ATOAEDCAS-TSOHLI ~ Not Just The Biggest Threat – Human Life – Has Ever Faced – But – A Threat Of An Entirely Different Category And Scale – The Scale Of Human Life Itself

~ CR ~ Climate Refugees

~ TO-HN-ITHCOCAWAE-BR ~ The Optimists – Have Never – In The Half Century Of Climate Anxiety We’ve Already Endured – Been Right

~ TBLAONP ~ Too Busy Looking At Our New Phones

~ B-T-IPTMM-BF-TWOASLFNTWRDTR ~ But – Time – Is Perhaps The Most Mind-Bending Feature – The Worst Outcomes Arriving So Long From Now That We Reflexively Discount Their Reality

~ TEDWHU-SFAACAVRFOAFD-WPOOMM ~ The Ecological Dramas We Have Unleashed – Slowly For About A Century And Very Rapidly For Only A Few Decades – Will Play Out Over Many Millennia

~ TAFTM-UIOM-TT-PAG ~ There Are Far Too Many – Uncertainties In Our Models – To Take – Predictions As Gospel

~ SAOFWIA-BI-PP-B-A-P-PFTP-WBCOBWWCTD-N ~ Some Amount Of Further Warming Is Already – Baked In – Protracted Processes – But – All – Paths – Projected From The Present – Will Be Carved Overwhelmingly By What We Choose To Do – Now

~ B-IW-DN-A-CE-I-TNTY-L-TLTY-WRWBUBASWHTASATEOTC ~ But – If We – Do Nothing – About – Carbon Emissions – If – The Next Thirty Years – Like – The Last Thirty Years – Whole Regions Will Become Unlivable By Any Standard We Have Today As Soon As The End Of This Century

~ IIAHTBJHMHHAHQ ~ It Is Almost Hard To Believe Just How Much Has Happened And How Quickly

~ ‘FT’ ~ “Fire Tsunami”

~ CCIH ~ Climate Change Is Here

~ ‘ANN’-TTIAMS-TI-TEON;NNA ~ “A New Normal” – The Truth Is Actually Much Scarier – That Is – The End Of Normal; Never Normal Again

~ WHN-AA-AAANE ~ We Have Not – At All – Arrived At A New Equilibrium

~ ITCD-MOTMPCHWIHTLATRAR-TPO-EJ-‘CCS’ ~ In The Coming Decades – Many Of The Most Punishing Climate Horrors Will Indeed Hit Those Least Able To Respond And Recover – The Problem Of – Environmental Justice – “Climate Caste System”

~ T-COT-IA-C-T ~ The – Collapse Of Trust – Is A – Cascade – Too

~ HWTPG-IWABTCT-TDTFCC-MSOL ~ However Warm The Planet Gets – It Will Always Be The Case That – The Decade That Follows Could Contain – More Suffering Or Less

~ EOC ~ Elements Of Chaos

~ YDNNTC-W-CS-TB-A ~ You Do Not Need To Consider – Worst-Case Scenarios – To Become – Alarmed

~ TM-A-G-B-TKIIAM:WWWD? ~ The Models – Are – Good – But –- The Key Input Is A Mystery: What Will We Do?

~ TSILTL ~ The Sky Is Literally The Limit

~ ‘HI’E ~ “Heat Island” Effect

~ ACCIGB-U-TUO-HA ~ All Climate Change Is Governed By – Uncertainty – The Uncertainty Of – Human Action

~ CE ~ Cascading Effects

~ WNCOD ~ Whole New Categories Of Disaster

~ HOTWP-DO-SMFH-ESAI ~ Half Of The World’s Population – Depends On – Seasonal Melt From High-Elevation Snow And Ice

~ DO ~ Dying Oceans

~ ‘OA’ ~ “Ocean Acidification”

~ DIOO ~ Declines In Ocean Oxygen

~ DPA ~ Dangerously Polluted Air

~ M-P-ITO-T-F ~ More – Plastic – In The Ocean – Than – Fish

~ POW ~ Plagues Of Warming

~ TPI-NBFCC-VAEYL ~ The Planet’s Infrastructure – Not Built For Climate Change – Vulnerabilities Are Everywhere You Look

~ TW-S-WBDAUAI-P ~ The World’s – Suffering – Will Be Distributed As Unequally As Its – Profits

~ WNKT-IWB-M-M-M-E-T-NA ~ We Now Know That – It Will Be – Much – Much – More – Expensive – To – Not Act

~ M-W-TH-HBCOR-O-SR ~ Most – Wars – Throughout History – Have Been Conflicts Over Resources – Often – Resource Scarcity

~ T-EWE-AOMS-T-MH ~ Trauma – Extreme Weather Events – An Ongoing Mental Shock – To – Mental Health

~ TCK ~ The Climate Kaleidoscope

~ UD-YAY-NWD ~ Unambiguous Data – Year After Year – Nothing Was Done

~ T-CCDE-A-FII-APTMWPCIEIC-IAOIHI ~ That – Climate Change Demands Expertise – And – Faith In It – At Precisely The Moment When Public Confidence In Expertise Is Collapsing – Is Another Of Its Historical Ironies

~ FFS ~ Fossil Fuel Subsidies

~ FP-WAMIBTMWCTTWI ~ Frankenstein Problem – We Are More Intimidated By The Monsters We Create Than Those We Inherit

~ NE ~ Negative Emissions

~ MCT-AP-CITA-TIIT-TIO ~ Much Cheaper To – Avoid Putting – Carbon Into The Atmosphere – Than It Is To – Take It Out

~ TCOT ~ The Church Of Technology

~ POC ~ Politics Of Consumption

~ WKOPALTEATPOGR? ~ What Kind Of Politics Are Likely To Evolve After The Promise Of Growth Recedes?

~ MM ~ Mass Migrations

~ OGAOCT ~ Our Golden Age Of Conspiracy Theory

~ DD ~ DoomsDayism

~ A-TD-T-CD-B-TDCH-B ~ About – Three Decades – To – Completely Decarbonize – Before – Truly Devastating Climate Horrors – Begin

~ TAP:HMWWD-A-HQ? ~ The Anthropic Principle: How Much Will We Do – And – How Quickly?

JOHN MCMURTRY ~ VALUE WARS ~ 2002

~ TGM-V-TLE ~ The Global Market – Versus – The Life Economy

~ WGATGOC-IEA-NC-O-A-AHA ~ What Goes Against The Grain Of Conditioning – Is Experienced As – Not Credible – Or – As – A Hostile Act

~ WB? ~ Who Benefits?

~ ASO-MA-IEDIFCGWWDNB ~ A Structure Of – Mindless Absolutism – Is Easily Detectable In Fanatical Cults To Which We Do Not Belong

~ ED ~ Economic Determinism

~ TCOFIRBTEROCASAFVOWTCT ~ The Closure Of Fanaticism Is Revealed By – Repetition Of Certitudes – And – Simultaneous Abolition From View Of Whatever Truth Contradicts Them

~ S-SFF-W-TIROT ~ Slogans – Substitute For Fact – Without – The Inhibiting Reflection Of Thought

~ UIIPAF ~ Universal Insecurity Is Proclaimed As Freedom

~ FINCOS-R ~ Fanaticism Is Not Capable Of Self-Recognition

~ WO-URBF-PCATFI-I-MAPFE-AAMOCDF ~ Whatever Obstructs – Universal Rule By For-Profit Corporations And Transnational Financial Institutions – Is – Marked And Pursued For Extinction – As A Matter Of Consistent Documentable Fact

~ ITE-TETOTM-I-TSOIAWO ~ In The End – The Economic Theology Of The Market – Is – The Soul Of Its Absolutist World Order

~ WOTPHBPLAO-WVG ~ War On The Poor Has Been Packaged Like A One-Way Video Game

~ SO-SD-F-SLD-I-TOMOTGCS ~ Severance Of – Strategic Decision – From – Systematic Life Devastation – Is – The Organising Meaning Of The Global Corporate System

~ F-T-OI-FO ~ Free Trade – Oligopolist Intra-Firm Operations

~ G-TC ~ Globalisation – Transnational Corporatisation

~ D-SOELS ~ Development – Stripping Of Evolved Life Systems

~ SMRTTCAN-OE ~ Still More Rights To Transnational Corporations And No-One Else

~ TRTKAMPPTPRPP ~ The Right To Kill And Maim Poor People To Protect Rich People’s Property

~ TPW-MF-TDTOOT-IT-IIDFSLC ~ The Problem With – Market Fundamentalism – The Dominant Theology Of Our Time – Is That – It Is Decoupled From Society’s Life Conditions

~ FOPBF ~ Fear Of People Being Free

~ US-CRATMM-CMUPBA ~ Upbeat Slogans – Ceaselessly Repeated Across The Mass Media – Can Make Unthinking People Believe Anything

~ TBL-DNS-SLAIINO ~ The Big Lie – Does Not Stop – So Long As It Is Not Opposed

~ BL-GBATAITT-A-OBL-BOTN-RTCFAATOL ~ Big Lies – Grow Bigger As They Are Instituted Through Time – And – One Big Lie – Builds Onto The Next – Restructuring The Cultural Fabric As A Tissue Of Lies

~ WPE-WWOABFBBRAAAOET ~ Without Public Exposure – What Was Once A Breathtaking Falsehood Becomes By Repetition An Accepted Assumption Of Everyday Thought

~ EIIAS-I-TIAN-AS ~ Every Issue Is Already Settled – In – The Inevitable And No-Alternative System

~ TCOTM ~ The Cult Of Technological Miracles

~ TPVTG-NOPATCO-IAPTCFPBAFI-TAEUPCIDTTPBTPTVC-A-CP-WTBH-IE-SFTSAOGBPN-TSOPPHBS-A-PBTIBDTGCACCAA-‘IITE’-A-HPCO-‘I’ ~ The Public Via Their Governments – Not Only Pay All The Costs Of – Instituting And Protecting The Currency For Private Banks And Financial Institutions – They Also End Up Paying Compounding Interest Debts To These Private Banks To Provide The Very Currency-And-Credit Powers – Which These Banks Have – In Effect – Stolen From The Sovereign Authority Of Governments Beneath Public Notice – The Surrender Of Public Power Has Been Silent – And – Pushed By The Incoherent Banker Dogma That Government Currency And Credit Creation Are An – “interference In The Economy” – And – Have Perilous Consequences Of – “Inflation”

~ LMTYDHTO-A-CCIOWYDHTLIOO-SAWODTSTADOSF-WBAMCCFAOAITM-B-PBCSCCPBPTM ~ Loaning Money That You Don’t Have To Others – And – Collecting Compounded Interest On What You Don’t Have To Lend In Organised Off-Set Arrangements With Others Doing The Same To Avoid Detection Of Short Funds – Would Be A Major Criminal Conspiracy For All Other Agents In The Market – But – Private Banks Control Society’s Currency Creation Powers By Precisely This Method

~ IINCHALT-100%-CR-F-PLMFP-IRFAMS-LTOBSOHOHBEWFIINARTOCDIACOLPR ~ It Is Not Clear How Any Less Than – 100 Per Cent – Cash Reserve – For – Privately Loaned Money For Profit – Is Reasonable From A Market Standpoint – Lending To Others Beyond Savings One Has Or Has Been Entrusted With For Investment Is Not A Right That One Can Discover In Any Constitution Or Legal Property Right

~ TINFIHTRA-TMEBPBOTPPOMCAD ~ There Is No Fraud In History That Remotely Approaches – The Monopoly Expropriation By Private Banks Of The Public Power Of Money Creation And Dissolution

~ T-MP-BW-GTIIR-I-T-MTFWL-A-T-MTFMC ~ The – Master Principle – By Which – Government Taxation Is Increasingly Ruled – Is – To – Maximise Taxation For Working Lives – And – To – Minimise Taxation For Money Capital

~ ROAWPBCAACOTSOTP-ITSMTHT-I-A-AGPWFF-LES-II-IF-AROASC-ICUTW-A-RWM ~ Recycling Of All Waste Produced By Corporations As A Condition Of The Sale Of Their Products – In The Society’s Market That Hosts Them – Is – Again – A Generalisable Principle Which Follows From – Life Economy Standards – It Is – In Fact – A Requirement Of Any Sustainable Civilization – It Cleans Up The Waste – And – Recovers Wasted Materials

~ N-FM-HEEOCEW-CGRASR-T-I/C/P-PR-T-GIMOE-AT-PISIASOA-P/A/P ~ No – Free Market – Has Ever Existed Or Can Exist Without – Continuous Government Regulation And Subsidising Resources – To – Institute / Codify / Protect – Property Relations – To – Guarantee Its Medium Of Exchange – And To – Provide Its Social Infrastructure And Security Of Agents – Police / Armies / Prisons

~ TRWIBH-B-S-OSAMMT-R ~ The Reality Wall Is Being Hit – But – Still – Only Slogans And Magical Market Thinking – Rule

~ ST-TFS-ISRF-OSDAA-WDCEAITATER-ATINA-A-L-A-DPFTW ~ Since The – Transnational Financial System – Is Systematically Responsible For – One Structural Disaster After Another – With Deepening Catastrophic Effects And Incapacity To Adapt To Economic Reality – A Turnaround Is Needed As – A – Life-And-Death Priority For The World

~ ‘OD’-A-TPO-NS-I-JTLRODCUOOATWOTCOTPI ~ “Odious Debt” – And – The Principles Of – National Sovereignty – Itself – Justify The Legitimate Repudiation Of Debt Contracted Under Oppression Or Against The Will Or The Consent Of The People Indebted

~ IFI-WNABT-TDBI-S-TEOMAVTATS-WNCTANPFOAPFAA ~ International Financial Instrument – With No Accountability Beyond Themselves – Their Defining Behaviour Is – Short-Term Exploitation Of Margins And Vulnerable Takeover Assets To Strip – With No Commitment To Any New Productive Function Or Any Productive Function At All

~ FCTR-WDT-L-PR-MBTSMICAOA-‘IR-BE’-W-OWS-ATPO-IT-TCBNDO-CEC ~ Few Still Connected To Reality – Would Disagree That – Life-Protective Regulation – May Be The Single Most Important Constructive Achievement Of Any – “International Rules-Based Economy” – Without – Obligatory World Standards – As The Priority Of – International Trade – There Can Be No Doubt Of – Cumulative Ecological Catastrophe

~ IR-TFC-T-TCM-P-I-NB-TDOATO-A-PLONO-DMS-A-NRC ~ In Reality – The Free Competition – That – The Classical Market – Prescribes – Is – Nullified By – The Dominance Of A Transnational Oligopoly – Against – Prior Laws Of National Ownership – Domestic Market Share – And – Natural Resource Control

~ LS-I-LE ~ Life Standards – In – Life Economy

~ TPO-OTTP-IRF-RFTF-IA-GP ~ The Principle Of – Obligation To The Public – In Return For – Rights From The Public – Is A – Generalisable Principle