NIKIL SAVAL ~ CUBED ~ 2014

~ A-SOT-E-ITPOH-E-SAP;WSMATP-B-OPSTBP ~ A – Sort Of Tank – Entered – In The Prime Of Health – Exited – Shrunken And Phthisic; Where So Much Activity Took Place – But – Only Paper Seemed To Be Produced

~ ‘W-CS’ ~ “White-Collar Sweatshops”

~ TTWWBJARA-FL-TIAOTJ-P-HS-RTIT-TITTBTAPCWPI-TPWUFG ~ Though Their Work Was Becoming Just As Routinized As – Factory Labor – The Intangible Aspects Of Their Job – Prestige – High Status – Rendered Them Immune To – The Idea That They Belonged To A Particular Class With Particular Interests – Their Politics Were Up For Grabs

~ TCC ~ The Clerking Class

~ I-WPMAMAW-A-P ~ Industrialization – Was Producing More And More Administrative Work – And – Paperwork

~ U-FOFW-OW-DPA-AB-ISTRT ~ Unlike – Farming Or Factory Work – Office Work – Didn’t Produce Anything – At Best – It Seemed To Reproduce Things

~ TCW-C’-BTGWTTW-‘O’ ~ The Customary Word – “Countinghouse” – Began To Give Way To The Word – “Office”

~ U- ‘S’ -TKWOT-ILM-TETBTTHACWTO-‘S-I’ ~ Unlike – “Solidarity” – The Key Word Of The – Industrial Labor Movement – The Ethic That Began To Take Hold Among Clerks Was That Of – “Self-Improvement”

~ CWWUF-TC-KWO-FAF-WKWPD-OCWMTC;THNOTROBT ~ Clerical Workers Were Uprooted From – The Close-Knit World Of – Families And Farms – Where Knowledge Was Passed Down – Other Clerks Were Merely Their Competition; They Had No One To Rely On But Themselves

~ S-EBAKCS-TOW-F-TROTWOW ~ Self-Education Became A Key Component Separating – The Office World – From – The Rest Of The World Of Work

~ TO-ATFOPDIE-MIFHGBTOMIO-TG ~ The Office – And The Fears Of Physical Degradation It Engendered – Might In Fact Have Given Birth To Our Modern Idea Of – The Gym

~ WCPO-TGIWC-RTAASFOTO-WE?-O-WTMSPOTWTBPO-T-‘RC’?~ Were Clerks Part Of – The Growing Industrial Working Class – Replacing The Artisans And Small Farmers Of The Old-World Economy? – Or – Were They Merely Stopping Points On The Way To Becoming Part Of – The – “Ruling Class”?

~ F-T-T-L-D-OF-C-GTT-F-LLOTO ~ Farewell – The – Tranquil – Languorous – Days – Of The – Countinghouse – Greetings – To The Factory-Like Labor Of The Office

~ MWS ~ Men With Stopwatches

~ TTWHA- ‘L’-GRTAWNI-ATM-L ~ Things That Were Heralded As – “Laborsaving” – Gave Rise To A Whole New Industry – And To More – Labor

~ LHT-TTATT-TNLC-WTIO-TVFC ~ Less Heralded Than – The Typewriter And The Telegraph – Though No Less Consequential – Was The Invention Of – The Vertical File Cabinet

~ CW-NLETERWTTOTFW-ATB-WNMTIHRR-TM-FLOAP-TFF ~ Clerical Workers – No Longer Enjoying The Easy Rapport With Their Two Or Three Fellow Workers – And Their Bosses – Were Now Massed Together In Highly Regimented Rows – To Mimic – For Lack Of Another Precedent – The Factory Floor

~ MDKNTM ~ Managers Didn’t Know How To Manage

~ WWMHITPFTWWNRT-ATPW-‘CIAM’ ~ Workers Who Might Have Initially Taken Pride From Their Work Were Now Reduced To – As The Phrase Went – “Cogs In A Machine”

~ OGE-STHATN-WS-WTSAC ~ Offices Grew Enormously – Simply To House All The New – White Shirts – With Their Stopwatches And Cameras

~ T-DOPM-HBOO-SM-MLA-HCDTUUADBFN:HR ~ The – Department Of Personnel Management – Has Been One Of – Scientific Management’s – Most Lasting Achievements – Having Come Down To Us Under A Different But Familiar Name: Human Resources

~ W-H-FMP-GMSALI-BBD ~ Work – Had – For Most People – Gotten More Specialized And Less Interesting – Blessed By Drudgery!

~ ‘WC’ ~ “White-Collar”

~ OIBATWWPCOW-AOABTM-TBTETOWEM-CUTME ~ Once It Became Apparent That Women Were Perfectly Capable Office Workers – And Often Accounted Better Than Men – They Began To Enter The Office World En Mass – Completely Upending The Male Enclaves

~ DWTNTDHFM-WWJC-‘T’ ~ Dispensing With The Need To Distinguish Humans From Machines – Women Were Just Called – “Typewriters”

~ TLPIAOWLTBOBW-ETT-‘OB’-MTL-PAMMJITW-CTDSOES ~ The Lowest Position In Any Office Were Likely To Be Occupied By Women – Even The Term – “Office Boy” – Meaning The Lowest-Paid And Most Menial Job In The Workplace – Came To Designate Someone Of Either Sex

~ BN-MOTFO-WPOM-WEBM-TRTGAOOWE-WWETRTC-OWPSOCU

~ But Naturally – Much Of The Fear Of – Women’s Power Over Men – Was Expressed By Men – The Response That Guidebooks And Organizations Offered Were Equivocal – Women Were Expected To Respond To Come-Ons With Patient Silence Or Cheerful Unawareness

~ ITWWRTOBASOPC ~ Insinuating That Women Were Ruining The Office Became A Sport Of Popular Culture

~ TT-‘OW’ -BTETVTDTSWWCTHBTHWTHOW ~ The Term – “Office Wife” – Began To Enter The Vernacular To Describe The Secretary Who Was Closer To Her Boss Than He Was To His Own Wife

~ S-WTBAGOTOMV ~ Skyscrapers – Were The Birth And Growth Of The Office Made Visible

~ TP-‘W-CS’-BAPOITP ~ The Phrase – “White-Collar Slave” – Became A Popular One In The Press

~ UOLTITMIITROOW-TTCT-W-CS-FTFC ~ Union Organizers Lamented Their Inability To Make Inroads Into The Ranks Of Office Workers – Tending To Chide The – White-Collar Slaves – For Their False Consciousness

~ TCUOTOW-WWO-TWC-BRTBIOPIAOIA-P-OO-AAABBCAL ~ The Contradictory Understanding Of The Office Worker – Who Was Of – The Working Class – But Refused To Believe It Or Participate In Any Of Its Activities – Political – Or Otherwise – Acting As A Buffer Between Capital And Labor

~ TGPOBS-S/A/P-LMTTTDHW-AB-RR-HTSB-WCTBCT-‘HR’M ~ The Growing Popularity Of Behavioral Sciences – Sociology / Anthropology / Psychology – Led Managers To Try To Discover How Workers – Actually Behaved – Rather Than – How They Should Behave – What Came To Be Called The – “Human Relations” Movement

~ ‘M-MW’-‘A-C’ ~ “Man-Made Weather” – “Air-Conditioning”

~ TFL ~ The Fluorescent Lightbulb

~ IT-TTR-MHHTSCTIPDAWG-IP-IMCCMUATB-ATTQBAGIGWTCW ~ In Theory – The Testing Regime – Might Have Helped To Slot Congenial Types Into Proper Departments And Work Groups – In Practice – It Made Corporate Culture More Uniform Across The Board – Answering The Test Questions Became A Game In Guessing What The Company Wanted

~ TOWTITF-A-TFBTBTIOTO ~ The Office Worked To Incorporate The Family – And – The Family Began To Bear The Imprint Of The Office

~ ABW-IWAFOETNMIITS ~ A Boss’s Wife – It Was A Form Of Employment That Never Made It Into The Statistics

~ X&Y ~ Theory X & Theory Y

~ X=C/M/S ~ Theory X = Coercion / Manipulation / Supervision

~ Y=S-D&S-C ~ Theory Y = Self-Direction & Self-Control

~ ‘KW’-M-CEWWNITW-T-‘P’-N-IF-W-M ~ “Knowledge Workers” – Middle-Class Employees Who Would Never Identify Themselves With – The – “Proletariat” – Nor – In Fact – With – Management

~ KW-D-TD-S-TTSAMTLAE-ST-KWWLP:YKIWYSI ~ Knowledge Work – Difficult – To Define – Still – The Term Spread Among Management Theorists Like An Epidemic – Suggesting That – Knowledge Work Was Like Pornography: You Knew It When You Saw It

~ KWWBTHOACNS-A-‘IS’-IWTWTC-‘SA’ – ATWRTUCAA-‘CC’ ~ Knowledge Workers Would Be The Heroes Of A Coming New Society – An – “Information Society” – In Which They Were The Chief – “Symbolic Analysts” – All The While Rehabbing The Urban Core As A – “Creative Class”

~ IAC-WCOAN-IAC-WS-ITRT-OPTW-SCVFTPOWWL ~ Interaction And Communication – Were Conceived Of As Norms – Introspection And Concentration – Were Sidelined – In The Rush To – Open-Plan The World – Some Crucial Values For The Performance Of Work Were Lost

~ ITOTCHNIICAEFT-‘HP’-I-TWT-SAMPIASASFACAPAWAP ~ It Turned Out That Companies Had No Interest In Creating Autonomous Environments For The – “Human Performers” – Instead – They Wanted To – Stuff As Many People In As Small A Space For As Cheaply As Possible As Quickly As Possible

~ OWFUW-OW-WEWGRUATAPFA-AT – ‘HR’ – P-WLIATST ~ Offices Were Filling Up With – Overeducated Workers – Whose Expectations Were Gradually Running Up Against Their Actual Possibilities For Advancement – And The – “Human Relations” – Paradigm – Was Losing Its Ability To Soothe Them

~ TC-HTEOPPCETEOTCSSA-BDTSTTDAFTTWWT-ATHOPASBTBON ~ The Cubicle – Had The Effect Of Putting People Close Enough To Each Other To Create Serious Social Annoyances – But Dividing Them So That They Didn’t Actually Feel That They Were Working Together – All The Hazards Of Privacy And Sociability But The Benefits Of Neither

~ FDHTBOMTITMGFKWDAC ~ Flexibility Doesn’t Have To Be One More Trick In The Managerial Guidebook For Keeping Workers Docile And Consenting

B.J. MENDELSON ~ EVERYTHING YOU WILL EVER NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MARKETING ~ SOCIAL MEDIA IS BULLSHIT ~ 2012

~ IYWYDMYH-TATM-EIYF-YCBDT-YMAWEWYD ~ If What You Do Makes You Happy – That’s All That Matters – Even If You Fail – You Could Be Dead Tomorrow – You Might As Well Enjoy What You’re Doing

~ EIRC-YWBATGAIMAWTP-AYHTDITWYDAMIIASPWBII ~ Except In Rare Cases – You Won’t Be Able To Get Anywhere In Marketing Anything Without The Press – All You Have To Do Is Take What You Do And Make It Into A Story People Will Be Interested In

~ YSTYP[T]:R/AP/SP/P ~ You Should Target Your Pitch [To]: Researchers / Bookers / Associate Producers / Segment Producers / Producers

~ T-‘G’-TMATA-IAYFTS-IR-IVITW ~ The–”Game” – The Marketers Always Talk About – Is Against You From The Start – It’s Rigged – It’s Virtually Impossible To Win

~ IYGYCW-NYDIGTM ~ If You’ve Got Your Customers Wrong – Nothing You Do Is Going To Matter

~ AFALATG-TBTYCDIBP-IYA-AAOPI-YBRFI ~ As Far As Luck And Timing Go – The Best Thing You Can Do Is Be Prepared – If You Are – And An Opportunity Presents Itself – You’ll Be Ready For It

~ TGNITYC-MACL-AT-TAL-AMTAFAYWTG-YGTHWMFTPWYWOTLTYWAT-M ~ The Good News Is That You Can – Make A Comfortable Living – At The – Triple-A Level – And Maybe That’s As Far As You Want To Go – You’re Going To Have Way More Freedom To Produce What You Want On This Level Than You Will At The – Majors

~ TGROTI:DBAD ~ The Golden Rule Of The Internet: Don’t Be A Dick

~ TRGROTI:SN-I-YHTTTIIRWWT-A-YCTYECPMR-T-Y-US-BR:NUTWHYIAW-TITY-‘LMOTT’-BNUTI-PF ~ The Real Golden Rule Of The Internet: Social Networks – If – You Have The Time To Invest In Really Working With Them – And – You’re Confident That Your Efforts Can Produce Measurable Results – Then – Yes – Use Them – But Remember: Not Using Them Won’t Harm You In Any Way – The Idea That You’re – “Leaving Money On The Table” – By Not Using Them Is – Patently False

~ A-‘SMC’-TRNMYCDB-RIO-A-NFIAF-AF-AAAACTTP-IYWAF ~ A – “Social Media Crisis” – There’s Really Not Much You Can Do But – Ride It Out – And – Not Feed It Any Further – Apart From – An Apology And A Correction To The Problem – If You Were At Fault

~ YSAB-T-LFOTTAIETYD-YJDKWTFH-A-TOWTBPIT-CTIWYD ~ You Should Always Be – Tweaking – Look For Opportunities To Tweak And Improve Everything That You Do – You Just Don’t Know What The Future Holds – And – The Only Way To Be Prepared Is To – Continue To Improve What You’re Doing

~ YF-YC-AYC-AGPTSCFAMA-TMFYWO-TLRYPOIL-T-TPMTDITM ~ Your Friends – Your Community – And Your City – Are Great Places To Start Collecting Feedback And Making Adjustments – The More Flaws You Work Out – The Less Risky Your Product Or Idea Looks – To – The People Making The Decisions In The Majors

B.J. MENDELSON ~ SOCIAL MEDIA IS BULLSHIT ~ 2012

~ TPWGRDT-GR-ARTPDFG-ITPSTS ~ The People Who Get Rich During – The Gold Rush – Are Rarely The People Digging For Gold – It’s The People Selling The Shovels

~ MOTN-PGTWTATB-TPTK-KSWCHT ~ More Often Than Not – People Get To Where They Are Today Because – The People They Know – Know Someone Who Could Help Them

~ TA-BE ~ The Asshole-Based Economy

~ CAGROOWACTMDTKCO-ATWIRBBAC-IOTROU-ETWWTTWWLTPF ~ Corporations Are Getting Rich Off Our Work And Consolidating Their Market Dominance To Keep Competitors Out – And The Web Is Rewarding Big Brands And Celebrities – Instead Of The Rest Of Us – Even Though We Were Told The Web Would Level The Playing Field

~ IOTTPASI-B-IAWOTTPAS-M-U– A– PHI-TFYOI ~ It’s One Thing To Package And Sell Information – But – It’s A Whole Other Thing To Package And Sell – Made-Up And – Potentially Harmful Information – To Further Your Own Interests – The Asshole-Based Economy – Selling Harmful Bullshit To Further Their Own Interests

~ CH ~ Cyber Hipsters

~ CH-TRTSIUTTETPTHTPTDA-W-R/F/C/T/E/ASF-AAALEAOWL-TTCIOTTITFO-A-SF-A-BD-TFGITEAC-TSG-ATWTTI-IGTCTWBLUBTM ~ Cyber Hipsters – The Rhetoric They Spew Is Usually To The Effect That People Today Have The Power To Do Anything – Without – Resources / Funding / Connections / Training / Education / And So Forth – After Amassing A Large Enough Audience Of Willing Listeners – They Then Cash In On The Traffic Generated From The Talk In The Form Of – Advertisements – Speaking Fees – And – Book Deals – The First Group Is The Early Adopter Crowd – The Second Group – Are Those Who Think The Internet – Is Going To Change The World By Letting Us Be The Media

~ INC-TALOTICHTMCT-CFEMOOC-BRTA-CH-CFTKOBPSCHWBATIP-AIAFTTOWCHOT ~ It’s No Coincidence – That A Lot Of The Important Cyber Hipsters That Marketers Cater To – Came From Established Media Outlets Or Corporations – Before Reinventing Themselves As – Cyber Hipsters – Coming From This Kind Of Background Provides Some Cyber Hipsters With Better Access To Important Parties – And Increased Attention From The Thousands Of Wannabe Cyber Hipsters Out There

~ MMTY-BAD-BTNTMTYT ~ Marketers May Tell You – Books Are Dead – But They Need Them More Than You Think

~ DES-TNODWWFTLCNWFY-B-TAMIWTDEWFT-E-DT-EY-MTOABC-‘SMSS’-SHIPT-‘SM’-CWFY-AEYITOTWTPTTPIQTWS-TH-M-C-A-OR-ATDTTCTI-IF-ALOTSALA-‘SM’- AA-RG-BA-LL ~ Despite Evidence Showing – That Not Only Does What Work For The Large Corporation Not Work For You – But – There Are Many Instances Where This Doesn’t Even Work For Them – Either – Despite This – Every Year – Marketers Trot Out A Big Corporate – “Social Media Success Story” – Saying How Its Proof That – “Social Media” – Can Work For You – And Every Year It Turns Out That What They Present To The Public Isn’t Quite The Whole Story – They Have – Money – Connections – And – Other Resources – At Their Disposal That They Can Tap Into – In Fact – A Lot Of Them Simply Aren’t Looking At – “Social Media” – As A – Revenue Generator – But A – Loss Leader

~ ‘PI’-90%L-9%MCO-1%WDMOTCAP ~ “Participation Inequality” – 90 Percent Lurk – 9 Percent Might Contribute Occasionally – 1 Percent Will Do Most Of The Commenting And Participating

~ TCWRTPHJAMTGBSBATMD ~ The Companies Who Run These Platforms Have Just As Much To Gain By Spreading Bullshit As The Marketers Do

~ IYAGTSSMTIMH-YBSPR ~ If You Are Going To Spend So Much Time In My Head – You Better Start Paying Rent

~ ATAASABFOOWS-OTYO ~ All Traffic And Attention Should Always Be Focused On One Web Site – One That You Own

~ W-M-AO-CH-ACO-IATCYAD-TUFLTJTA-WTTF-TWRWAA-OA-O-Y-YF-EYD-ITHTIDPATTHOOT ~ Whenever – Marketers – And Other – Cyber Hipsters – Are Called Out – In Addition To Calling You A Dinosaur – They’ll Use Faulty Logic To Justify Their Actions – When Those Tactics Fail – They Will React With An All-Out Assault – On – You – Your Family – Everything You Do – In The Hopes That It’ll Distract People And Take The Heat Off Of Them

~ EIYFOTIUYSSTDL ~ Everyone Is Your Friend On The Internet Until You Say Something They Don’t Like

~ IW-A-H-SOPSPANT-WMLTBS-EIWDKTPSTNTIBPTDS ~ If – We – As – Humans – See Other People Saying Positive And Nice Things – We’re More Likely To Be Swayed – Especially If We Don’t Know That Person Saying Those Nice Things Is Being Paid To Do So

~ RN-T- ‘SM’-W-IDU-STASTMO-T-‘G’-‘BD’-‘TMW’-BIAE ~ Right Now – The – “Social Media” – Well – Is Drying Up – So They Are Starting To Move On – To – “Gamification” – “Big Data” – “The Mobile Web” – Bullshit Is Always Evolving

~ AS-TCRTCOOAMPAD-ROTV-A-TEBOTT-TMWKOC ~ A System – That Currently Rewards The Churning Out Of A Million Posts A Day – Regardless Of Their Value – And – The Easy Burial Of The Truth – The Myths Will Keep On Coming

~ FWPOTIIALLBIACA;NCOLG ~ Fighting With People On The Internet Is A Lot Like Being In A Car Accident; Nobody Comes Out Looking Good

~ RTEW ~ Roswell That Ends Well

~ TA-SMM ~ The Anti-Social Media Manifesto

~ WTPOHAMF-W-NOT-A-COYL-FYCTA-A-NCOTMY? ~ What’s The Point Of Having A Million Followers – When – None Of Them – Are – Clicking On Your Links – Following Your Calls To Action – And – Not Coming Out To Meet You?

~ TANMPWHSFTST-‘SM’-IB-INANCABTM ~ There Are Not Many People Who Have Stepped Forward To Say That – “Social Media” Is Bullshit – It’s Not A Narrative Currently Accepted By The Media

~ TEOBAAHT-‘MI’-OTW-MCTAE-ATSNJBCO-T-‘SM’E-BBCOTTI ~ The Era Of Bad Advice About How To – “Make It” – On The Web – Must Come To An End – And That Starts Not Just By Calling Out – The “Social Media” Experts – But By Calling Out The Term Itself

~ GRSL-‘SM’-CAG ~ Get Rich Quick Schemes Like – “Social Media” – Come And Go

~ TEST-‘SM’-I-PPITHOTP-A-TNEPAGTCE-NOTIT-WHLP-NM-A-NILTWWHTS-U-C-TM-O-SF-GI ~ The Experts Say That – “Social Media” – Is – Putting Power Into The Hands Of The People – And – These Newly Empowered People Are Going To Change Everything – None Of This Is True – We Have Less Power – Not More – And – Nobody Is Listening To What We Have To Say – Unless – Companies – The Media – Or – Someone Famous – Gets Involved

~ WCLIAWWYCMFMMTPAHTGROTI-TYCBATTGR-TNTC ~ We Live In A World Where You Can Make Far More Money Telling People About How To Get Rich On The Internet – Than You Can By Actually Trying To Get Rich – That Needs To Change

JOSEPH STIGLITZ ~ THE PRICE OF INEQUALITY ~ HOW TODAY’S DIVIDED SOCIETY ENDANGERS OUR FUTURE ~ NORTON ~ 2012

~ SGVFCTC-TWSST-TWACUT-IMW-T-EAPS-HF-A-T-BWFU ~ Specific Grievances Varied From Country To Country – There Were Some Shared Themes – There Was A Common Understanding That – In Many Ways – The – Economic And Political System – Had Failed – And – That – Both Were Fundamentally Unfair

~ TGBWOEAPSASTD-WWWTTDD-AWTAC-BTLTBI ~ The Gap Between What Our Economic And Political Systems Are Supposed To Do – What We Were Told They Did Do – And What They Actually Do – Became Too Large To Be Ignored

~ TBHTB-T-WGA-WHBTATEED-ACLATSSTTWNAA-TBHITBTW ~ The Bankers Had Taken Bets – That – Without Government Assistance – Would Have Brought Them And The Entire Economy Down – A Closer Look At The System Showed That This Was Not An Accident – The Bankers Had Incentives To Behave This Way

~ TMOINE ~ The Market Obviously Is Not Efficient

~ U-TIOTMTGJFSMC-ITWFOTM-TGSOI-AAMCOI ~ Unemployment – The Inability Of The Market To Generate Jobs For So Many Citizens – Is The Worst Failure Of The Market – The Greatest Source Of Inefficiency – And A Major Cause Of Inequality

~ WHEHAHP ~ We Have Empty Homes And Homeless People

~ WAPAHPFO-I-AESTISSALE-WLG-A-ADTHBPIP ~ We Are Paying A High Price For Our – Inequality – An Economic System That Is Less Stable And Less Efficient – With Less Growth – And – A Democracy That Has Been Put Into Peril

~ TPOMIE-BTHNIMC ~ The Power Of Markets Is Enormous – But They Have No Inherent Moral Character

~ ATB-MHPACRITSIIPASOLITPTHY-BGHAPAMRITA-AFTF-MATFTA ~ At Their Best – Markets Have Played A Central Role In The Stunning Increases In Productivity And Standards Of Living In The Past Two Hundred Years – But Government Has Also Played A Major Role In These Advances – A Fact That Free-Market Advocates Typically Fail To Acknowledge

~ OTOH-MCACW-PECOTS-A-AWAC ~ On The Other Hand – Markets Can Also Concentrate Wealth – Pass Environmental Costs On To Society – And – Abuse Workers And Consumers

~ TFIPAEAR-ATREO-PHSTM-ASIIWT-ATT-ATEOTR ~ The Failures In Politics And Economics Are Related – And They Reinforce Each Other – Politics Have Shaped The Market – And Shaped It In Ways That – Advantage The Top – At The Expense Of The Rest

~ UMDNWW-AWHS ~ Unfettered Markets Do Not Work Well – As We Have Seen

~ TLOI-A-TAOO-INI-NIIRRSTPOIMF ~ The Level Of Inequality – And – The Absence Of Opportunity – Is Not Inevitable – Nor Is Its Recent Rise Simply The Product Of Inexorable Market Forces

~ IA-ATAM-ATTCTGMMTTTWBE-PBIWLTMG-TIAIC-T-DE-IHALP-AHLBD-HIHNLTMG ~ Inequality’s Apologists – And They Are Many – Argue To The Contrary That Giving More Money To The Top Will Benefit Everyone – Partly Because It Would Led To More Growth – This Is An Idea Called – Trickle-Down Economics – It Has A Long Pedigree – And Has Long Been Discredited – Higher Inequality Has Not Led To More Growth

~ SDIIFTBIP-TETERTTSAA-‘PT’ ~ So Difficult Is It For Those Born Into Poverty To Escape – That Economists Refer To The Situation As A – “Poverty Trap”

~ MOIIDFCCAOI ~ Measures Of Income Inequality Don’t Fully Capture Critical Aspects Of Inequality

~ MOTITETIARO-GP-BWTGDAWIDND-IITROPFAMAOEO ~ Much Of The Inequality That Exists Today Is A Result Of – Government Policy – Both What The Government Does And What It Does Not Do – Inequality Is The Result Of Political Forces As Much As Of Economic Ones

~ TMTMA-TMCTALTB-WGI-CMCEAD ~ The More Transparent Markets Are – The More Competitive They Are Likely To Be – Without Good Information – Capital Markets Can’t Exercise Any Discipline

~ T-WAS-CWI;IC-T-T-‘R’-O-L/NR-WMTD ~ Taxing – Work And Savings – Can Weaken Incentives; In Contrast – Taxing – The – “Rents” – On – Land / Natural Resources – Won’t Make Them Disappear

~ INHTBWITGSY-F-$500M-AM-TW-$1B~ It’s Not Hard To Become Wealthy If The Government Sells You – For – $500 Million – A Mine – That’s Worth – $1 Billion

~ TSWTASMIGTGTGYO ~ The Simplest Way To A Sustainable Monopoly Is Getting The Government To Give You One

~ IOTTWIAFG-IQATBATWTROTG-A-IEW-IYCCYOR ~ It’s One Thing To Win In A Fair Game – It’s Quite Another To Be Able To Write The Rules Of The Game – And – It’s Even Worse – If You Can Choose Your Own Referees

~ ‘RC’-TOTRC-CFARTTSTTASTR-STSW-GWRITP-GC ~ “Regulatory Capture” – Those On The Regulatory Commissions – Come From And Return To The Sector That They Are Supposed To Regulate – Serve The Sector Well – Get Well Rewarded In Their Post-Government Career

~ ITGGYTRT-E-R-F-F-IDTAGTMAF ~ If The Government Grants You The Right To – Extract – Resources – For – Free – It Doesn’t Take A Genius To Make A Fortune

~ OESRP-NMHTM-AIA-M-CE-INSTSMSPTTS ~ Our Economic System Rewards Profits – No Matter How They’re Made – And In A – Money-Centric Economy – It’s Not Surprising To See Moral Scruples Put To The Side

~ TMDOAIS-IC ~ The Major Determinant Of An Individual’s Success – Initial Conditions

~ LIR-LR-A-ADADFS-CTTROTE-FAM ~ Low Interest Rates – Lax Regulations – And – A Distorted And Dysfunctional Financial Sector – Came To The Rescue Of The Economy – For A Moment

~ R-ATROTG-TEC-TPA-TPTTCPT ~ Regulations – Are The Rules Of The Game – To Ensure Competition – To Prevent Abuses – To Protect Those That Cannot Protect Themselves

~ MOTIIOE:TROR-S ~ Much Of The Inequality In Our Economy: The Result Of Rent-Seeking

~ TFSIST-STROTE-NTOWA ~ The Financial Sector Is Supposed To – Serve The Rest Of The Economy – Not The Other Way Around

~ MOT-‘FI’-WDT-CR-AALL-REP ~ Many Of These – “Financial Innovations” – Were Designed To – Circumvent Regulations – And Actually Lowered Long-Run Economic Performance

~ TCBDAWACC ~ There Can Be Destructive As Well As Constructive Competition

~ IF-ATPOF-IP ~ Increasing Fairness – And The Perception Of Fairness – Increases Productivity

~ TSTOEAPSIU-UT-WIEFTFOOS ~ The Sense That Our Economic And Political System Is Unfair – Undermines Trust – Which Is Essential For The Functioning Of Our Society

~ G-ITFITWWAT-C-TSTNP ~ Government – Is The Formal Institution Through Which We Act Together – Collectively – To Solve The Nation’s Problems

~ CATAIIESOS ~ Cooperation And Trust Are Important In Every Sphere Of Society

~ WOU-TROT-IMOEW-O-TIOTSC-TBUT ~ We Often Underestimate – The Role Of Trust – In Making Our Economy Work – Or – The Importance Of The Social Contract – That Binds Us Together

~ SC-ITGTHST ~ Social Capital – Is The Glue That Holds Societies Together

~ OCSH-D-NS-D-A-FAUG ~ One Cannot Simultaneously Have – Democracy – National Self-Determination – And – Full And Unfettered Globalization

~ N-ITHOTP-HSM-GSM-TSF-WWSR-WAAIR ~ Never – In The History Of The Planet – Had So Many – Given So Much – To So Few – Who Were So Rich – Without Asking Anything In Return

~ MH-BBHRAPLTERTBB ~ Moral Hazard – Bank Bailouts Had Repeatedly And Predictably Led To Excessive Risk Taking By Banks

~ RBBHIHCOT ~ Repeated Bank Bailouts Have Imposed High Costs On Taxpayers

~ ATW-TEO-FP-AL ~ Around The World – The Examples Of – Failed Privatizations – Are Legion

~ MOCWIHWTTC ~ Much Of Corporate Welfare Is Hidden Within The Tax Code

~ MCWITISD-ICGOTUOTR-WTBTL ~ Markets Can’t Work If There Isn’t Some Discipline – If Companies Get Only The Upside Of The Risks – With Taxpayer Bearing The Losses

~ WTWIO-DHTBTFCOTA-TWHII-NTIT-A-TTPTAROI ~ When Those Who Injure Others – Don’t Have To Bear The Full Consequences Of Their Actions – They Will Have Inadequate Incentives – Not To Injure Them – And – To Take Precautions To Avoid Risks Of Injury

~ IEPIACBTUD-PCWF ~ If Economic Power In A Country Becomes Too Unevenly Distributed – Political Consequences Will Follow

~ IAD-API-APAIM-ACBIAPI-MHSDOA-OTMSTTINM-ABDAEP ~ In Any Democracy – A Public Institution – And Pretend As It Might – A Central Bank Is A Public Institution – Must Have Some Degree Of Accountability – Oversight To Make Sure That There Is No Malfeasance – A Central Bank’s Decisions Are Essentially Political

~ AWIP ~ Another World Is Possible

~ N-TPOE-TPOEAF ~ Not – The Politics Of Envy – The Politics Of Efficiency And Fairness

PETER KROPOTKIN ~ MUTUAL AID ~ 1902

~ WATF:TWACAWWEO-O-TWSOA? ~ Who Are The Fittest: Those Who Are Continually At War With Each Other – Or – Those Who Support One Another?

~ TWOEAA-INTLON ~ The War Of Each Against All – Is Not The Law Of Nature

~ MA-IAMALONA-MS ~ Mutual Aid – Is As Much A Law Of Nature As – Mutual Struggle

~ LISINEITAW;IITR ~ Life In Societies Is No Exception In The Animal World; It Is The Rule

~ IIETLISWBUIWACDOSF-A-E-OACCSOJGTBAH-IEIWCAIPAWTOIIFOTW-NS-LWBP ~ It Is Evident That Life In Societies Would Be Utterly Impossible Without A Corresponding Development Of Social Feelings – And – Especially – Of A Certain Collective Sense Of Justice Growing To Become A Habit – If Every Individual Were Constantly Abusing Its Personal Advantages Without The Others Interfering In Favour Of The Wronged – No Society-Life Would Be Possible

~ TWEDCREWEAS?-UWITAB? ~ To What Extent Does Competition Really Exist Within Each Animal Species? – Upon What Is The Assumption Based?

~ FTGPFAIOLWTLWOE-NSCSOTWPFACAMAP ~ For The Greatest Possible Fullness And Intensity Of Life With The Least Waste Of Energy – Natural Selection Continually Seeks Out The Ways Precisely For Avoiding Competition As Much As Possible

~ FFBAPFOO-TFIAVLP-S/B/T-N-F-WTPFOOOM ~ Far From Being A Primitive Form Of Organization – The Family Is A Very Late Product – Societies / Bands / Tribes – Not Families – Were – The Primitive Form Of Organization Of Mankind

~ TVPOTCOSHUFIITRPMAADAOI-WOOTIP-A-TAOTPFACAAOROTS ~ The Very Persistence Of The Clan Organization Shows How Utterly False It Is To Represent Primitive Mankind As A Disorderly Agglomeration Of Individuals – Who Only Obey Their Individual Passions – And Take Advantage Of Their Personal Force And Cunningness Against All Other Representatives Of The Species

~ UIIAMG-BIINCOPM ~ Unbridled Individualism Is A Modern Growth – But It Is Not Characteristic Of Primitive Mankind

~ PFSMCEOAAATA-DUTA-TTETTCRFEOA-TWBIRBAISOUROPWATFOTCEATWIGOB-TI-BOH-FTOT ~ Primitive Folk So Much Consider Every One’s Acts As A Tribal Affair – Dependent Upon Tribal Approval – That They Easily Think The Clan Responsible For Every One’s Acts – Their Whole Behaviour Is Regulated By An Infinite Series Of Unwritten Rules Of Propriety Which Are The Fruit Of Their Common Experience As To What Is Good Or Bad – That Is – Beneficial Or Harmful – For Their Own Tribe

~ S-RAS-S-ITIOTC ~ Self-Restriction And Self-Sacrifice – In The Interest Of The Clan

~ WDNKOSHROOSNWHNHIPO-VC-IWAUP-ANOOTCO ~ We Do Not Know One Single Human Race Or One Single Nation Which Has Not Had Its Period Of – Village Communities – It Was A Universal Phase – A Natural Outcome Of The Clan Organization

~ PP-O-P‘FE’-W-I-WTVPATRCO-TVC ~ Private Property – Or – Possession “For Ever” – Was – Incompatible – With The Very Principles And The Religious Conceptions Of – The Village Community

~ TVCWNOAUFG-S-ITCL-BAAU-F-CC-MSIAPF-PFV-A-DO:K/NB/MC ~ The Village Community Was Not Only A Union For Guaranteeing – Share – In The Common Land – But Also A Union – For – Common Culture – Mutual Support In All Possible Forms – Protection From Violence – And – Development Of Knowledge: / National Bonds / Moral Conception

~ EC-IT-J/M/E/EM-HTBDATF-O-TV-TT-O-TC ~ Every Change – In The – Judicial / Military / Educational / Economical Manners – Had To Be Decided At The Folkmotes Of – The Village – The Tribe – Or – The Confederation

~ TRB-WL-OTC-UAWSOI-IWCATWMBUONT-TOC-A-TIWPHDFGTG-IVAS-IPOT-ISAI ~ The Real Barbarian – Was Living – On The Contrary – Under A Wide Series Of Institutions – Imbued With Considerations As To What May Be Useful Or Noxious To – Tribe Or Confederation – And – These Institutions Were Piously Handed Down From Generation To Generation – In Verses And Songs – In Proverbs Or Triads – In Sentences And Instructions

~ TFVRATLC-DIF-AIN-A-FDI-TMS-IETOTSOE-ILTAHY-FC-HBCIE-E-TBTTFG-ATA-ATI-OWOPC-WAIAAPFTF-IOAFD ~ The Fortified Village Rose Against The Lord’s Castle – Defied It First – Attacked It Next – And – Finally Destroyed It – The Movement Spread – Involving Every Town On The Surface Of Europe – In Less Than A Hundred Years – Free Cities – Had Been Called Into Existence – Everywhere – They Bequeathed To The Following Generations – All The Arts – All The Industries – Of Which Our Present Civilization – With All Its Achievements And Promises For The Future – Is Only A Further Development

~ AGMBAOEFFTVWSWAC-TOFCWTBBTEOTVC-ANLOFBTDWTFE-TMCWB ~ A General Movement Began All Over Europe For Fortifying The Villages With Stone Walls And Citadels – Thousands Of Fortified Centres Were Then Built By The Energies Of The Village Communities – A New Life Of Freedom Began To Develop Within The Fortified Enclosures – The Mediaeval City Was Born

~ G-AFDIMT-P-AIPITEOTC-M/C/H/P/P/P/T/B/E/LW-AOOTSDPO-S-JAMS-AAOMSIACAIAAOLAIWAOFMJ ~ Guilds – A Formidable Development In Mediaeval Times – Played – An Important Part In The Emancipation Of The Cities – Merchants / Craftsmen / Hunters / Peasants / Priests / Painters / Teachers / Beggars / Executioners / Lost Women – All Organized On The Same Double Principle Of – Self-Jurisdiction And Mutual Support – An Association Of Mutual Support In All Circumstances And In All Accidents Of Life And It Was An Organization For Maintaining Justice

~ HOCIWTCITLHRU-ATAOT-NTIVOD-WDUTMOLGFOE-TSLIR-TCOIAAFOBSVCAG ~ Hundreds Of Charters In Which The Cities Inscribed Their Liberation Have Reached Us – And Through All Of Them – Notwithstanding The Infinite Variety Of Details – Which Depended Upon The More Or Less Greater Fulness Of Emancipation – The Same Leading Ideas Run – The City Organized Itself As A Federation Of Both Small Village Communities And Guilds

~ TG-L-S-A-A-P-WTCAOTMC-A-L-CG-WICF-AIO-‘J’-TTC-O- ‘R’ -TBPAC-WWSSEN-PPAE ~ To Guarantee – Liberty – Self-Administration – And – Peace – Was The Chief Aim Of The Mediaeval City – And – Labour – Craft Guilds – Was Its Chief Foundation – An Idea Of – “Justice” – To The Community – Of – “Right” – Towards Both Producer And Consumer – Which Would Seem So Extravagant Now – Penetrated Production And Exchange

~ TIOPRIAAU-TMGS-ITBPTTSWNHTII ~ The Immensity Of Progress Realized In All Arts Under – The Mediaeval Guild System – Is The Best Proof That The System Was No Hindrance To Individual Initiative

~ IR-TMC-WAFO-AACPIFS-AIHTMRFIBTFOIA-TWATC ~ In Reality – The Mediaeval City – Was A Fortified Oasis – Amidst A Country Plunged Into Feudal Submission – And It Had To Make Room For Itself By The Force Of Its Arms – The War Against The Castles

~ TC-NTE-WTRMOTNU ~ The Cities – Not The Emperors – Were The Real Makers Of The National Unity

~ TTITNDTVCDOIOA;E-OTC-ITTRCSCOP-BNASE-TAIATCTCL ~ The Truth Is That Nowhere Did The Village Community Disappear Of Its Own Accord; Everywhere – On The Contrary – It Took The Ruling Classes Several Centuries Of Persistent – But Not Always Successful Efforts – To Abolish It And To Confiscate The Communal Lands

~ TCLCTBPU-ATPWDRTL-BIWESTMOTEC-T-I-E-AEE-IBPOASPTSWOATOCO-TLOTVCWTBTL-ATAWSBP ~ The Communal Lands Continued To Be Preyed Upon – And The Peasants Were Driven From The Land – But It Was Especially Since The Middle Of The Eighteenth Century – That – In – England – As Everywhere Else – It Became Part Of A Systematic Policy To Simply Weed Out All Traces Of Communal Ownership – The Land Of The Village Community Was Taken By The Lords – And The Appropriation Was Sanctioned By Parliament

~ IS-TSPTNDO-TVC-IVO-EL-IAGAJATSP-TNDOSSOAB ~ In Short – To Speak Of The Natural Death Of – The Village Communities – In Virtue Of – Economic Laws – Is As Grim A Joke As To Speak Of – The Natural Death Of Soldiers Slaughtered On A Battlefield

~ TVCHLFOATY;AWTPWNRBWAE-TSITMOC ~ The Village Communities Had Lived For Over A Thousand Years; And Where And When The Peasants Were Not Ruined By Wars And Exactions – They Steadily Improved Their Methods Of Culture

~ CWM-FWC-TWP-AMWD-B-TVC-FTI-ATSCS ~ Canals Were Maintained – Forests Were Cleared – Trees Were Planted – And Marshes Were Drained – By – The Village Communities – From Time Immoral – And The Same Continues Still

~ EUTSORIWNP-TAMPMTM-SI ~ Even Under The System Of Reckless Individualism Which Now Prevails – The Agricultural Masses Piously Maintain Their Mutual-Support Inheritance

~ ASATSRTILBMOWTHBAB-TBAAOR-NTD-P/E/S-WAM-A-ISFABATTMR ~ As Soon As The States Relax The Iron Laws By Means Of Which They Have Broken All Bonds – These Bonds Are At Once Reconstituted – Notwithstanding The Difficulties – Political / Economical / Social – Which Are Many – And – In Such Forms As Best Answer To The Modem Requirements

~ TPWI-BO-TM-AT-TTGD-WATPO-TGPI-A-I-A-S ~ The Periods When Institutions Based On – The Mutual-Aid Tendency – Took Their Greatest Development – Were Also The Periods Of – The Greatest Progress In – Arts – Industry – And – Science

~ MAITRFOOEC ~ Mutual Aid Is The Real Foundation Of Our Ethical Conceptions

DAVID GRAEBER ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ LAS-U-IFO-TCOPWAA-M/M/F/M-T ~ Layoffs And Speed-Ups – Invariably Fall On – That Class Of People Who Are Actually – Making / Moving / Fixing / Maintaining – Things

~ I-1%-OTP-CMOT-DW-WWC-‘TM’-RW-T-TIUOI-NAE ~ If – 1 Percent – Of The Population – Controls Most Of The – Disposable Wealth – What We Call – “the Market” – Reflects What – They – Think Is Useful Or Important – Not Anybody Else

~ HWNMTW ~ Humans Were Not Made To Work

~ WHBACBO-W-NE-‘PW’-B-WAEAMII ~ We Have Become A Civilization Based On – Work – Not Even – “Productive Work” – But – Work As An End And Meaning In Itself

~ MLOPO ~ Multiple Layers Of Private Outsourcing

~ BS-J-TA-POEMUOT-TTPDTJCTB-P/U/OEP-JT-WTTD-WMNDW-AA-TAJTTHTFSNE-T-THTBSDO-PAF-IAW-TJ-MFOTP-TTI-IF-AGRWHJE ~ Bullshit Jobs – Jobs – That Are – Primarily Or Entirely Made Up Of Tasks – That The Person Doing That Job Considers To Be – Pointless / Unnecessary / Or Even Pernicious – Jobs That – Were They To Disappear – Would Make No Difference Whatsoever – Above All – These Are Jobs That The Holders Themselves Feel Should Not Exist – Typically – There Has To Be Some Degree Of – Pretense And Fraud – Involved As Well – The Jobholder – Must Feel Obliged To Pretend – That There Is – In Fact – A Good Reason Why Her[/His] Job Exists

~ MPWDAGDOHITW-APATKTTDS-O-TATTB-TEAOP-TIAAT-TCUWRWTARDG-N-TASRTA-TT ~ Most People Who Do A Great Deal Of Harm In The World – Are Protected Against The Knowledge That They Do So – Or – They Allow Themselves To Believe – The Endless Accretion Of Paid Flunkies – That Inevitably Assemble Around Them – To Come Up With Reasons Why They Are Really Doing Good – Nowadays – These Are Sometimes Referred To As – Think Tanks

~ ITPOTEIACO-PBTWIONSV-OSPATATAR ~ If The Preponderance Of Those Engaged In A Certain Occupation – Privately Believe Their Work Is Of No Social Value – One Should Proceed Along The Assumption They Are Right

~ AD-B-J-TA-P-AJTAM-B-‘SJ’-TTASOC-O-TMABCO ~ Another Distinction – Between – Jobs – That Are – Pointless – And Jobs That Are Merely – Bad – “Shit Jobs” – The Two Are So Often Confused – Odd – They Might Almost Be Considered Opposites

~ BS-OPQWATTOEWC-TJP-SJ-AUNAAB-TTIWTNTBDAICOBTS-IJTTWWDTAPATB ~ Bullshit Jobs – Often Pay Quite Well And Tend To Offer Excellent Working Conditions – They’re Just Pointless – Shit Jobs – Are Usually Not At All Bullshit – They Typically Involve Work That Needs To Be Done And Is Clearly Of Benefit To Society – It’s Just That The Workers Who Do Them Are Paid And Treated Badly

~ IIATPTHAJTIBSAB ~ It Is Also Theoretically Possible To Have A Job That Is Both Shit And Bullshit

~ N-UB-SJARI-TPS-AI-TPS-EM-PAPBHBSIETIOVDTTTA ~ Nowadays – Useless Bureaucrats – Seem Just As Rife In – The Private Sector – As In – The Public Sector – Even More – Public And Private Bureaucracies Have Become So Increasingly Entangled That It’s Often Very Difficult To Tell Them Apart

~ ‘MR’-AICBM-NL ~ “Market Reforms” Almost Invariably Create More Bureaucracy – Not Less

~ CA-BR-AFYB-BO-TY-IATFO-GR-B-IYRWTRACFR-MOTWWB-TB ~ Complain About – Bureaucratic Run-Around From Your Bank – Bank Officials – Tell You – It’s All The Fault Of – Government Regulations – But – If You Research Where Those Regulations Actually Come From – Most Of Them Were Written By – The Bank

~ IOCRIT-BG-AI-O-T-BW ~ If One Common Reaction Is To – Blame Government – Another Is – Oddly – To – Blame Women

~ TIAVTLB-EL-A-TC ~ There Is A Very Thin Line Between – Extreme Luxury – And – Total Crap

~ TI-IS-AWGOJ-TICTDD-BASWHHPFRUTATDTW ~ There Is – It Seems – A Whole Genre Of Jobs – That Involve Correcting The Damage Done – By A Superior Who Holds His Position For Reasons Unrelated To Ability To Do The Work

~ IIPTHABJANKI? ~ Is It Possible To Have A Bullshit Job And Not Know It?

~ TMAPEOBTIABS ~ The Moral And Psychological Effects Of Being Trapped Inside A Bullshit Job

~HB-A-SIS-TI-COFRWOH-TBTDP ~ Human Beings – Are – So Intrinsically Social – That If – Cut Off From Relations With Other Humans –They Begin To Decay Physically

~ AHBUTHAMIOTWCTE ~ A Human Being Unable To Have A Meaningful Impact On The World Ceases To Exist

~ TT-MS-MOF-PWFDTDF-TTTDOOAY-BJAFHADO-AOFD-NAA ~ The Typical – Medieval Serf – Male Or Female – Probably Worked From Dawn To Dusk For – Twenty To Thirty Days Out Of Any Year – But Just A Few Hours A Day Otherwise – And On Feast Days – Not At All

~ TITOPTCBTSEIAQP-MHSTHEEWNHCOSAT-HCYBT?-AAR-TOMOEOWLTWDEITAWAOPWAAS ~ The Idea That One Person’s Time Can Belong To Someone Else Is Actually Quite Peculiar – Most Human Societies That Have Ever Existed Would Never Have Conceived Of Such A Thing – How Could You Buy Time? – As A Result – The Overwhelming Majority Of Examples Of Wage Labor That We Do Encounter In The Ancient World Are Of People Who Are Already Slaves

~ TINAGAWWCBM-BTWITMI ~ Time Is Not A Grid Against Which Work Can Be Measured – Because The Work Is The Measure Itself

~ ‘S’-TLOCM-M-PM-BJ-I-S-TCOBA-NOIESWTASTSOHTASTFATS ~ “Scriptlessness” – The Lack Of Cultural Models – Many – Probably Most – Bullshit Jobs – Involve – Scriptlessness – The Codes Of Behavior Ambiguous – No One Is Even Sure What They Are Supposed To Say Or How They Are Supposed To Feel About Their Situation

~ S-RASAFCOBJ ~ Stress-Related Ailments Seem A Frequent Consequence Of Bullshit Jobs

~ YCS-‘O’-TYB ~ You Can’t Say – “Orange” – To Your Boss

~ TLOASOPEAAP ~ The Lack Of A Sense Of Purpose Eats Away At People

~ IHENBTSWAFTYASTH ~ It’s Hard Enough Nowadays Being Taken Seriously When Asking For Things You’re Already Supposed To Have

~ WWAWI-TROTFO-PC-T-OW-CPAC-D-T-S-F-SOT-THATDIW-WEWTNFTTO-TSCAIO ~ What We Are Witnessing Is – The Rise Of Those Forms Of – Popular Culture – That – Office Workers – Can Produce And Consume – During – The – Scattered – Furtive – Shards Of Time – They Have At Their Disposal In Workplaces – Where Even When There’s Nothing For Them To Do – They Still Can’t Admit It Openly

~ TMOLOM-WBJITSTTOA-HCTDAA-‘CI’ ~ The Multiplication Of Levels Of Managers – Whose Basic Job Is To Sell Things To One Another – Has Come To Dominate Almost All – “Creative Industries”

~ W-WNLFALTCTFNTT-HTBI-M/M/S ~ Workers – Who No Longer Felt Any Loyalty To Corporations That Felt None Toward Them – Had To Be Increasingly – Monitored / Managed / Surveilled

~ TSTBAIC-B-TFOTE-TBOII-A-TPOBS ~ There Seems To Be An Intrinsic Connection – Between – The Financialization Of The Economy – The Blossoming Of Information Industries – And – The Proliferation Of Bullshit Jobs

~ A-MROWH-IPTQAETTCBDTSTP ~ A – Mass Reduction Of Working Hours – Is Probably – The Quickest And Easiest Thing That Could Be Done To Save The Planet

~ TMYWHABO-A-TM-SV-YC-TLYALTBPFI ~ The More Your Work Helps And Benefits Others – And – The More – Social Value – You Create – The Less You Are Likely To Be Paid For It

~ ROTCC ~ Revolt Of The Caring Classes

~ W-A-A-E-I-I-M ~ Work-As-An-End-In-Itself-Morality

~ TMTEBAMOTM-DOL-TM-IAUCOC-AMS-STATFOOBSTSUAMOTLAP ~ The More The Economy Becomes A Matter Of The Mere – Distribution Of Loot – The More – Inefficiency And Unnecessary Chains Of Command – Actually Make Sense – Since These Are The Forms Of Organization Best Suited To Soaking Up As Much Of That Loot As Possible

~ TPOMW=MPSODAS-WICUIWFAL+MPHTJ ~ The Paradox Of Modern Work = Most People’s Sense Of Dignity And Self-Worth Is Caught Up In Working For A Living + Most People Hate Their Jobs

DAVID GRAEBER ~ THE FIVE MAJOR VARIETIES OF BULLSHIT JOBS ~ BULLSHIT JOBS ~ 2018

~ WFD-OOPTMSELOFI-YCBMWAE ~ What Flunkies Do – Only Or Primarily To Make Someone Else Look Or Feel Important – You Cannot Be Magnificent Without An Entourage

~ WGD-PW-J-A-EMAA ~ What Goons Do – People Whose – Jobs – Are – Essentially Manipulative And Aggressive

~ WDTD-WJEOBOAGOFITO-TSAPTONTE ~ What Duct Tapers Do – Whose Jobs Exist Only Because Of A Glitch Or Fault In The Organization – To Solve A Problem That Ought Not To Exist

~ WBTD-EWEOOPTAAOTBATCIIDST-IF-IIND ~ What Box Tickers Do – Employees Who Exist Only Or Primarily To Allow An Organization To Be Able To Claim It Is Doing Something That – In Fact – It Is Not Doing

~ WTD-TWRCEOAWTO ~ What Taskmasters Do – Those Whose Role Consists Entirely Of Assigning Work To Others

~ AM-DTDPWOTFCIBT-OTMSTCEOS ~ Ambiguous Multiform – Difficult To Determine Precisely Which Of The Five Categories It Belongs To – Often It May Seem To Contain Elements Of Several

~ SOBJ-INSPAAOT-B-WAUP-B-TAPISOAPE ~ Second Order Bullshit Jobs – In No Sense Pointless In And Of Themselves – But – Which Are Ultimately Pointless – Because – They Are Performed In Support Of A Pointless Enterprise