ELLEN MEIKSINS WOOD ~ THE ORIGIN OF CAPITALISM ~ 1999

~ ITP-C-HAPOOI-RC-B-NWLAFF-N-A-EW-O ~ In The Past – Capitalism – Has Always Pulled Out Of Its – Recurrent Crises – But – Never Without Laying A Foundation For – New – And – Even Worse – Ones

~ AAIIASIWTBOSWIDB-PL-WAOTSTL-PIEFAW-IOTGATTMOLAOLI ~ Above All It Is A System In Which The Bulk Of Society’s Work Is Done By – Propertyless Labourers – Who Are Obliged To Sell Their Labour-Power In Exchange For A Wage – In Order To Gain Access To The Means Of Life And Of Labour Itself

~ TBOOT-CS-ITPAS-EOC-TDWOSTMNOHB-SVDFAPWO-OML-A-SR-HEFAVST-BAFOHEOE-ETWMEIO-TSRIHN-A-INCWA-OHP-WNCTIREB-TEMP-A-TOI-WE ~ The Basic Objective Of The – Capitalist System – Is The Production And Self-Expansion Of Capital – This Distinctive Way Of Supplying The Material Needs Of Human Beings – So Very Different From All Preceding Ways Of – Organizing Material Life – And – Social Reproduction – Has Existed For A Very Short Time – Barely A Fraction Of Humanity’s Existence On Earth – Even Those Who Most Emphatically Insist On – The System’s Roots In Human Nature – And – Its Natural Continuity With Age-Old Human Practices – Would Not Claim That It Really Existed Before – The Early Modern Period – And – Then Only In – Western Europe

~ IMAOCAIO-TRINO-CSATBT-S-AIONTBRFIC-FIFTFOF-TBATGAM-TTFAP:TPPOLOTROAAS-STACOI:PTWR-TEOTEITSTCBN-CACS-A-TDOD-TSOC-CTTCAOHACA-EOI-A-HN-A-AHHBWBIOGTC ~ In Most Accounts Of Capitalism And Its Origin – There Really Is No Origin – Capitalism Seems Always To Be There – Somewhere – And It Only Needs To Be Released From Its Chains – For Instance From The Fetters Of Feudalism – To Be Allowed To Grow And Mature – Typically These Fetters Are Political: The Parasitic Power Of Lordship Or The Restriction Of An Autocratic State – Sometimes They Are Cultural Or Ideological: Perhaps The Wrong Religion – The Effect Of These Explanation Is To Stress The Continuity Between Non-Capitalist And Capitalist Societies – And – To Deny Or Disguise – The Specificity Of Capitalism – Central To These Conventional Accounts Of History Are Certain Assumptions – Explicit Or Implicit – About – Human Nature – And – About How Human Beings Will Behave If Only Given The Chance

~ I-CI-TMI-NCBF-B-WMNABSC-ITTDADCOTCM-INOOC-B-OTC-C-AIM-IOWOA-EI-MR-IOTGATT-MOL-TUSO-M-D-MTTDOTCM-IIO-C/A/P-M-A-I-L-P-R-NOA-ET-B-SR-IG ~ In – Capitalist Ideology – The Market Implies – Not Compulsion But Freedom – But – What May Not Always Be So Clear – Is That The Distinctive And Dominant Characteristic Of The Capitalist Market – Is Not Opportunity Or Choice – But – On The Contrary – Compulsion – All Individuals Must – In One Way Or Another – Enter Into – Market Relations – In Order To Gain Access To The – Means Of Life – This Unique System Of – Market-Dependence – Means That The Dictates Of The Capitalist Market – Its Imperatives Of – Competition / Accumulation / Profit-Maximization – And – Increasing – Labour-Productivity – Regulate – Not Only All – Economic Transactions – But – Social Relations – In General

~ C-RA-HS-SF-A-A-HR-W-EF-TNOC-WDI-S-A-TLAPHPTBIIB-LOUOTP-ATST-IROHAEFTF ~ Capitalism – Represents A – Historically Specific – Social Form – And – A – Historic Rupture – With – Earlier Forms – The – Naturalization Of Capitalism – Which Denies Its – Specificity – And – The Long And Painful Historical Processes That Brought It Into Being – Limits Our Understanding Of The Past – At The Same Time – It Restricts Our Hopes And Expectations For The Future

~ TQO-TOOC-MSA-B-IGTTHOA-DRIOC-WAD-I-AT-S-C-‘F-M’A-IBTH-ICW-D-SJ-A-ES ~ The Question Of – The Origin Of Capitalism – May Seem Arcane – But – It Goes To The Heart Of Assumptions – Deeply Rooted In Our Culture – Widespread And Dangerous – Illusions – About The – So-Called – “Free Market” – And – Its Benefits To Humanity – Its Compatibility With – Democracy – Social Justice – And – Ecological Sustainability

~ TMCWOETOOC-ITPTIDI-TNOOHPAAOATSI-WROTROEOTHIR-FFRTTMBCWIBC-TASTCEWTMWLFA-OC ~ The Most Common Way Of Explaining The Origin Of Capitalism – Is To Presuppose That Its Development Is – The Natural Outcome Of Human Practices Almost As Old As The Species Itself – Which Required Only The Removal Of External Obstacles That Hindered Its Realization – Far From Recognizing That The Market Became Capitalist When It Became Compulsory – These Accounts Suggest That Capitalism Emerged When The Market Was Liberated From Age-Old Constraints

~ T-NOTM-A-IL-INRQ ~ The – Nature Of The Market – And – Its Laws – Is Never Really Questioned

~ I-A-ES-‘E’-R-A-P-W-‘E’-O-S-I-N-E-K/C/R/P-R-THBOMDEAT-TP-‘E’-M-O-PAMG-SA-TAOSAP-O-TMOCS-THBOWOOELTTTMO-ME-IP-‘R’-A-‘R’-IG-C-W-DE-BITTDT ~ In – All – Earlier Societies – “Economic’ – Relations – And – Practices – Were – “Embedded” – Or – Submerged – In – Non-Economic – Kinship / Communal / Religious / Political – Relationships – There Have Been Other Motives Driving Economic Activity Than – The Purely – “Economic” – Motives – Of – Profit And Material Gain – Such As – The Achievement Of Status And Prestige – Or – The Maintenance Of Communal Solidarity – There Have Been Other Ways Of Organizing Economic Life Than Through The Mechanisms Of – Market Exchange – In Particular – “Reciprocity” – And – “Redistribution” – In General – Competition – Was – Deliberately Eliminated – Because It Tended To Disorganize Trade

~ T-IR-R-SI-T-PTSF ~ The – Industrial Revolution – Required – State Intervention – To – Preserve The Social Fabric

~ WCAT-CAC-AOATS-O-TOPITOBASPOG ~ We Cannot Assume That – Commerce And Capitalism – Are One And The Same – Or – That One Passed Into The Other By A Simple Process Of Growth

~ TDOFHMTOO ~ The Dissolution Of Feudalism Had More Than One Outcome

~ TDDOC-CIP-WPBM-D-A-T-STTIOC ~ The Distinctive Dynamics Of Capitalism – Come Into Play – When Producers Become Market-Dependent – And – Therefore – Subject To The Imperatives Of Competition

~ TNIO-PE-I-NCOP-A-TEOP-WIEB-SR-CBTS-WRTI-TCOTM ~ The New Ideology Of – Political Economy – Including – New Conceptions Of Property – And – The Ethic Of Profit – Was Increasingly Enforced By – State Repression – Coercion By The State – Was Required To Impose – The Coercion Of The Market

~ TDB-TMAO-A-TMAAI ~ The Difference Between – The Market As Opportunity – And – The Market As An Imperative

~ F-W-D-A-IPSDO-OOOWWC ~ Feudalism – Was – Diverse – And – It Produced Several Different Outcomes – Only One Of Which Was Capitalism

~ TCFITDOCFAOFO-CS-WTDOC-S-PR-TG-MI-A-C-‘LOM’-WITOP ~ The Critical Factor In The Divergence Of Capitalism From All Other Forms Of – Commercial Society – Was The Development Of Certain – Social Property Relationships – That Generated – Market Imperatives – And – Capitalist – “Laws Of Motion” – Which Imposed Themselves On Production

~ ELTT-SC-MOTW-W-FOMI-TDPOTE-WN-SVDFP-B-‘BCASD’ ~ Even Later Than The – Seventeenth Century – Most Of The World – Was – Free Of Market Imperatives – The Dominant Principle Of Trade Everywhere – Was Not – Surplus Value Derived From Production – But – “Buying Cheap And Selling Dear

~ C-R-NA-SEOE-O-BAE-B-ACTIT-MB-H-RAP-A-RIA-OP-O-HIWN ~ Capitalism – Required – Not A – Simple Extension Or Expansion – Of – Barter And Exchange – But – A Complete Transformation In The – Most Basic – Human – Relations And Practices – And – Rupture In Age-Old Patterns – Of – Human Interaction With Nature

~ VEICSIAC-PRTM ~ Virtually Everything In Capitalist Society Is A Commodity – Produced For The Market

~ TUSOMDHSSRACSBNOMOP:TIO:C/A/P-M-A-H-A-C-SN-T-A/SONM/III ~ This Unique System Of Market Dependence Has Specific Systemic Requirements And Compulsions Shared By No Other Mode Of Production: The Imperatives Of: Competition / Accumulation / Profit-Maximization – And – Hence – A – Constant – Systemic Need – To – Accumulate / Search Out New Markets / Impose Its Imperatives

~ EP-I-BARF-EOR ~ Enhancing Productivity – Itself – Became A Reason For – Excluding Other Rights

~ NDOCHEOWSKOVHR ~ No Development Of Capitalism Has Ever Occurred Without Some Kind Of Violent Historic Rupture

~ TVSLTDTSF-MIIST-EI-WR-C-‘E-E’-I-TCFTDE ~ The Very Same Logic That Drives The System Forward – Makes It Inevitably Susceptible To – Economic Instabilities – Which Require – Constant – “Extra-Economic” – Interventions – To Compensate For Their Destructive Effects

~ HOAA-H-TD-A-ES-C-IB-TU ~ Hope Of Achieving A – Humane – Truly Democratic – And – Ecologically Sustainable – Capitalism – Is Becoming – Transparently Unrealistic

CATHY O’NEIL ~ WEAPONS OF MATH DESTRUCTION ~ 2016

~ TC-MIATCT-M-WNODEITWP-BAFMOT-THC-TCOMFI/TROU-AHBAAAB-MWMF ~ The Crash – Made It All Too Clear That – Mathematics – Was Not Only Deeply Entangled In The World’s Problems – But Also Fueling Many Of Them – The Housing Crisis / The Collapse Of Major Financial Institutions / The Rise Of Unemployment – All Had Been Aided And Abetted By – Mathematicians Wielding Magic Formulas

~ IWHBC-H-WAWHTASBATPTFOHMHBM-A-HWC-PASCITF-B-I-ITWOTC-NMT-WHTE-A-EISMD-MAS-W-SO-D/M/SP-TWPOT-A-COPA-S/W/L/C ~ If We Had Been Clear-Headed – We All Would Have Taken A Step Back At This Point To Figure Out How Math Had Been Misused – And – How We Could – Prevent A Similar Catastrophe In The Future – But – Instead – In The Wake Of The Crisis – New Mathematical Techniques – Were Hotter Than Ever – And – Expanding Into Still More Domains – Mathematicians And Statisticians – Were – Studying Our – Desires / Movements / Spending Power – They Were Predicting Our Trustworthiness – And –Calculating Our Potential As – Students / Workers / Lovers / Criminals

~ T-T-M-PA-PTDE-WBO-CMBFHB-SOTCWNDMWTBI-N-MOTME-H-P/M/B-IT-SS-TIMOL ~ Trouble – The – Math-Powered Applications – Powering The Data Economy – Were Based On – Choices Made By Fallible Human Beings – Some Of These Choices Were No Doubt Made With The Best Intentions – Nevertheless – Many Of These Models Encoded – Human – Prejudice / Misunderstanding / Bias – Into The – Software Systems – That Increasingly Managed Our Lives

LG-T-MM-W-O-TWITABTHPITD-TV-EW-WOH-W-BDOA-A-TTTPTPATOIOS-WMTRR ~ Like Gods – These – Mathematical Models – Were – Opaque – Their Workings Invisible To All But The Highest Priests In Their Domain – Their Verdicts – Even When – Wrong Or Harmful – Were – Beyond Dispute Or Appeal – And – They Tended To Punish The Poor And The Oppressed In Our Society – While Making The Rich Richer

~ ATR-H-B/P/P-T-A-I-NEJ Attempting To Reduce – Human – Behaviour / Performance / Potential – To – Algorithms – Is – No Easy Job

~ A-BD-C-R-RCT-MTOV ~ At – Big Data – Companies – Researchers – Run Constant Tests – And – Monitor Thousands Of Variables

~ WF-A-SE-CCSOFADA-WNLFIM ~ Without Feedback – A – Statistical Engine – Can Continue Spinning Out Faulty And Damaging Analysis – While Never Learning From Its Mistakes

~ DTOR-A-UITJTR-TTOM-I-S-P-HD-A-VC ~ Define Their Own Reality – And – Use It To Justify Their Results – This Type Of Model – Is – Self-Perpetuating – Highly Destructive – And – Very Common

~ P-DIAS-WCTSLUD-A-T-HV-AHTAFHSOETTAT ~ Probability – Distilled Into A Score – Which Can Turn Someone’s Life Upside Down – And – The – Human Victims – Are Held To A Far Higher Standard Of Evidence Than The Algorithms Themselves

~ TTIT-PEUSAA-SI-O-P-F-T-WSTDCCUAAA-THB-DS-ATOLSOTFOTREOTT ~ The Trouble Is That – Profits End Up Serving As A – Stand-In – Or – Proxy – For – Truth – We’ll See This Dangerous Confusion Crop Up Again And Again – This Happens Because – Data Scientists – All Too Often Lose Sight Of The Folks On The Receiving End Of The Transaction

~ BD-HPOE ~ Big Data – Has Plenty Of Evangelists

~ TCAM-WMCAWIETI-STWIA-TV-TCBEU-A-FWWCI-I-FAA ~ To Create A Model – We Make Choices About What’s Important Enough To Include – Simplifying The World Into A – Toy Version – That Can Be Easily Understood – And – From Which We Can Infer – Important – Facts And Actions

~ AM-BS-RT-JAP-OI-C ~ A Model’s – Blind Spots – Reflect The – Judgments And Priorities – Of Its – Creators

~ AMBFT-WWABWT-IWGSIINCU ~ A Model Built For Today – Will Work A Bit Worse Tomorrow – It Will Grow Stale If It’s Not Constantly Updated

~ R-I-TMSOPM-IIPB-HDG-A-SC-RB-II-A-PB-CB ~ Racism – Is – The Most Slovenly Of Predictive Models – It Is Powered By – Haphazard Data Gathering – And – Spurious Correlations – Reinforced By – Institutional Inequities – And – Polluted By – Confirmation Bias

~ T-PFL-T-DL-GRAR-A-ITP-TMBMAMU ~ The – Pernicious Feedback Loop – This – Destructive Loop – Goes Round And Round – And – In The Process – The Model Becomes More And More Unfair

~ B-TPINW-SPB-IT-SMS-TMPBA-SDITFOMOP-OFTFOR-A-ONA-TU ~ But – The Point Is Not Whether – Some People Benefit – It’s That – So Many Suffer – These Models Powered By Algorithms – Slam Doors In The Face Of Millions Of People – Often For The Flimsiest Of Reasons – And – Offer No Appeal – They’re Unfair

~ A-HOMTAA:TCL-FOFTTN-A-TOD ~ And – Here’s One More Thing About Algorithms: They Can Leap – From One Field To The Next – And – They Often Do

~ BA-TVSS-TTSTC ~ Bet Against – The Very Same Securities – That They’d Sold To Customers

~ TBWMAPWRWABS-UC-EA-U-TWTC ~ The Bonds Were Marketed As Products Whose Risk Was Assessed By Specialists – Using Cutting-Edge Algorithms – Unfortunately – This Wasn’t The Case

~ TMWDATCAASS ~ The Math Was Directed Against The Consumer As A Smoke Screen

~ B-O-T-O-U-IOU ~ Billions – Or – Trillions – Of – Unpayable – IOUs

~ VFPHT-EATIR-TKWWAGOS-A-MOTPWD-LTITSU ~ Very Few People Had The – Expertise And The Information Required – To Know What Was Actually Going On – And – Most Of The People Who Did – Lacked The Integrity To Speak Up

~ T-F-A-NMPWDATST-WBOT-T-STBD-T-DWL-RAU

~ The – False – Assumption – Not Many People Would Default At The Same Time – Was Based On The – Theory – Soon To Be Disproven – That – Defaults Were Largely – Random And Unrelated

~ TPO-MC-FF-AASUIH ~ The Power Of – Modern Computing – Fueled Fraud – At A Scale Unequalled In History

~ TWE-FSTPOTOSOTA ~ That’s When Everyone – Finally Saw The People On The Other Side Of The Algorithms

~ B-2009-IWCTTLOTMCHBNNDTTWOFAHINNV-TLS-FTMP-A-TGRTS:TRIDM-EFAFRTAAFHTJT ~ By – 2009 – It Was Clear That The Lessons Of The Market Collapse Had Brought No New Direction To The World Of Finance And Had Instilled No New Values – The Lobbyists Succeed – For The Most Part – And – *The Game Remained The Same: To Rope In Dumb Money – Except For A Few Regulations That Added A Few Hoops To Jump Through

~ TRTAR-RDIF ~ The Refusal To Acknowledge Risk – Runs Deep In – Finance

~ TAWMST-TD-L-WRTW ~ The Algorithms Would Make Sure That – Those Deemed – Losers – Would Remain That Way

~ ALM-WGEMCOT-DE-TI-OF-A-CTATW-TTDI ~ A Lucky Minority – Would Gain Ever More Control Over The – Data Economy – Taking In – Outrageous Fortunes – And – Convincing Themselves All The While – That They Deserved It

~ H-WUCAMFP-IIFST-GI-B-PAETMTTCRTR ~ However – When You Create A Model From Proxies – It Is Far Simpler To – Game It – Because – Proxies Are Easier To Manipulate Than The Complicated Reality They Represent

~ W-CP-BATW-TO-T-ANO-S-B-F ~ We – Criminalize Poverty – Believing All The While – That Our – Tools – Are Not Only – Scientific – But – Fair

~ J-CJBSTOPOSIUTO ~ Justice – Cannot Just Be Something That One Part Of Society Inflicts Upon The Other

~ OR ~ Operations Research

~ B-ITWFI ~ Bogus – Is The Word For It

~ C-GT ~ Computer-Generated Terrorism

~ B-AOTATP-HOMOP-F-TODS-IGTGALOTFW ~ But – Any Operation That Attempts To Profile – Hundreds Of Millions Of People – From – Thousands Of Different Sources – Is Going To Get A Lot Of The Facts Wrong

~ M-A-LO-ALA-TSRFOTE ~ Mistakes – Are – Learning Opportunities – As Long As – The System Receives Feedback On The Error

~ R-ISWU-TI-FMSF ~ Redlining – Is Still With Us – Though In – Far More Subtle Forms

~ IWGTB-EBTL-O-TEAV-WCSF-STDUIDC-A-TUD ~ If We’re Going To Be – Equal Before The Law – Or – Treated Equally As Voters – We Cannot Stand For – Systems That Drop Us Into Different Castes – And – Treat Us Differently

~ TG-OC-HAP-RR-TP ~ The Government – Of Course – Has A Powerful – Regulatory Role – To Play

~ MAC-NFD-B-FTCWM-A-WDTPAT-A-WTLO-TCANJA-L/P/E-TA-FM ~ Models Are Constructed – Not Just From Data – But – From The Choices We Make – About – Which Data To Pay Attention To – And – Which To Leave Out – Those Choices Are Not Just About – Logistics / Profits / Efficiency – They Are – Fundamentally Moral

JEFF GOODELL ~ THE WATER WILL COME ~ 2017

~ IT-TC-TORASI-B-TWBTHFBFFHMIOGAA-AHOTR-S-LR-IT-TC-CFTEOTWO-T-SARAMTTTRTDITLC ~ In The – Twentieth Century – The Oceans Rose About Six Inches – But – That Was Before The Heat From Burning Fossil Fuels Had Much Impact On Greenland And Antarctica – About Half Of The Recorded – Sea-Level Rise – In The – Twentieth Century – Came From The Expansion Of The Warming Oceans – Today – Seas Are Raising At More Than Twice The Rate They Did In The Last Century

~ IWCHTWTA-TD-F-APTWMOF-TF-O-S-LR-TC-GPMTTA~ If We Can Hold The Warming To About – Three Degrees – Fahrenheit – Above Preindustrial Temperatures We Might Only Face – Two Feet – Of – Sea-Level Rise – This Century – Giving People More Time To Adapt

~ H-IWDET-FFP-WHFMT-EDOW-A-WT-ABAO-WCG-FF-O-S-LR-BTEOTC-O-WCG-TF ~ However – If We Don’t End The – Fossil Fuel Party – We’re Headed For More Than – Eight Degrees Of Warming – And – With That – All Bets Are Off – We Could Get – Four Feet – Of – Sea-Level Rise – By The End Of The Century – Or – We Could Get – Thirteen Feet

~ IETKOTTWHAGIETDW-WANWTMDABPTTGAOT ~ It’s Exactly The Kind Of Threat That We Humans Are Genetically Ill Equipped To Deal With – We Are Not Wired To Make Decisions About Barely Perceptible Threats That Gradually Accelerate Over Time

~ AIASTBTGACMMI-ITWCWTM(ASTWLTTOY)-IWRTE-S-L-BA-THF-IAOGWTG(ASTCTSLT)-IWR-SL-A-TTF ~ Antarctica Is About Seven Times Bigger Than Greenland And Contains Much More Ice – If The Whole Continent Were To Melt (A Scenario That Would Likely Take Thousands Of Years) – It Would Raise The Earth’s – Sea Levels – By About – Two Hundred Feet – If All Of Greenland Were To Go (A Scenario That Could Take Significantly Less Time) – It Would Raise – Sea Levels – About – Twenty-Two Feet

~ RN-MFGCRTAMTSS-LRAA-B-TMCICD ~ Right Now – Melting From Greenland Contributes Roughly Twice As Much To Current Sea-Level Rise As Antarctica – But – That May Change In Coming Decades

~ T-BMO2012-TFTTR-WMHSMFTMHPMTSWMFTM-BW? ~ The – Big Melt Of 2012 – The Fact That The Real-World Melt Happened So Much Faster Than Models Had Predicted Meant That Something Was Missing From The Models – But What?

~ G-T-TEOTO-CBTERT-HCAHOTOS-LRITLFY-ITF-TPWDATEIDBIMRIGAA ~ Globally – The – Thermal Expansion Of The Oceans – Caused By The Earth’s Rising Temperature – Has Contributed About Half Of The Observed Sea-Level Rise In The Last Fifty Years – In The Future – That Percentage Will Decline As Thermal Expansion Is Dwarfed By Increasing Melt Rates In Greenland And Antarctica

~ TITSCHAPEOTMROSAIINN ~ The Idea That Soot Can Have A Powerful Effect On The Melt Rate Of Snow And Ice Is Not New

~ SL-TDBTFASFITDBAMCCAAD-LRD ~ Sea Level – The Difference Between Three Feet And Six Feet Is The Difference Between A Manageable Coastal Crisis And A Decades-Long Refugee Disaster

~ EY-WHSS-TQHOT-ITTY? ~ Every Year – When Hurricane Seasons Starts – The Question Hovers Out There – Is This The Year?

~ O-MACL-ATHNRFDFZAST-KTREMA ~ Often – Mayors And Civic Leaders – Argue To Have Neighborhoods Removed From Designated Flood Zone Areas Simply To – Keep The Real Estate Market Alive

~ B-TINQT-AWR-IRWGU-A-U-A-U ~ But – There Is No Question That –As Waters Rise – Insurance Rates Will Go Up – And – Up – And – Up

~ MP-HNTTWATF ~ Most People – Have No Time To Worry About The Future

~ WC ~ Walled Cities

~ WOPTPWABT ~ Walls Only Protect The People Who Are Behind Them

~ W/D/L-MPFS-EWTAN ~ Walls / Dikes / Levees – Make People Feel Safe – Even When They Are Not

~ LB ~ Living Breakwaters

~ YASDALAIWR ~ Yet Another Step Down A Long And Increasingly Wet Road

~ TBIOCC-IT-TPWALRFTPATOWWPTMDFI-WDWOT? ~ The Basic Injustice Of Climate Change – Is That – The People Who Are Least Responsible For The Problem Are The Ones Who Will Pay The Most Dearly For It – What Do We Owe Them?

~ MT-1BP-LI-L-ECZ-AFPOTPAIPCWLMTHWA ~ More Than – 1 Billion People – Live In – Low-Elevation Coastal Zones – A Fair Percentage Of These People Are In Poor Countries With Little Money To Help With Adaptation

~ OWTVTPTYOCT-IA-AEABPNTECFRNFSTF ~ One Way To View The Past Thirty Years Of Climate Talks – Is As – An Extended Attempt By Poor Nations To Extract Compensation From Rich Nations For Stealing Their Future

~ EY-A-20MP-AM-H-B-F/S/OD-RTTAMATDBCOV ~ Every Year – About – 20 Million People – Are Made – Homeless – By – Floods / Storms / Other Disasters – Roughly Three Times As Many As Those Displaced By Conflict Or Violence

~ CR-LLSUIL ~ Climate Refugees – Lack Legal Status Under International Law

~ CA ~ Climate Apartheid

~ S-LR-W-DALOP-A-TPAGTHTGS ~ Sea-Level Rise – Will – Displace A Lot Of People – And – Those People Are Going To Have To Go Somewhere

~ SOFS-A-CODW ~ Salinization Of The Soil – And – Contamination Of Drinking Water

~ IAGBP-I-UA-F-CBOAIC-I-V-A-HS ~ It Ain’t Gonna Be Pretty – In – Urban Areas – Floods – Contaminated By Organic An Inorganic Compounds – Including – Viruses – And – Human Shit

~ W-FO-S ~ Water – Full Of – Shit

~ CAB-A-W-WC-TSROOTG ~ Coffins Are Buoyant – And – When – Water Comes – They Sometimes Rise Out Of The Ground

~ G-CIBAIT-IT-W-TH-D-W-D-A-C-C-T ~ Geoengineering – Could Indeed Be An Important Tool – In The – What-The-Hell-Do-We-Do-About-Climate-Change – Toolbox

~ GS-F-TFFI-A-$1T-AY ~ Global Subsidies – For – The Fossil Fuel Industry – About – $1 Trillion – A Year

~ G-ABUCQA-G-WHCTT? ~ Geoengineering – Also Brings Up Complex Questions About – Governance – Whose Hand Controls The Thermostat?

~ G-O-E-TTOG-CLT-C-A-E-CW ~ Geoengineering – Or – Even – The Threat Of Geoengineering – Could Lead To – Conflict – And – Even – Climate Wars

~ OC-NOWBTAGAASTS-LR(OAE)-ITWHGSACGGE-TYA-WSFBTRTA ~ Of Course – No One Would Be Talking About Geoengineering As A Solution To Sea-Level Rise (Or Anything Else) – If The World Had Gotten Serious About Cutting Greenhouse Gas Emissions – Thirty Years Ago – When Scientists First Began To Raise The Alarm

~ MOWWKA-G-CF-CM-AWA-A-F-M-LE ~ Most Of What We Know About – Geoengineering – Comes From – Computer Models – As Well As – A – Few – Modest – Laboratory Experiments

~ PF ~ Planet Frankenstein

~ B-TFWNTCOI ~ But – The Future Will Not Take Care Of Itself

~ OAT-HD-PWLOVC-WHTF-TMDOITIO-R ~ Of All The – Hard Decisions – People Who Live On Vulnerable Coasts – Will Have To Face – The Most Difficult One Is The Idea Of – Retreat

~ IMW-R-ITOO-G-IOROSTTCOTPFY-IR-IA-TP-A-AWTCYL-MOA-IM-GU-TWWW-A-ATNHW ~ In Many Ways – Retreat – Is The Opposite Of – Geoengineering – Instead Of Relying On Scientists To Take Care Of The Problem For You – It Requires – Individual Action – Thoughtful Planning – And – A Willingness To Change Your Life – Most Of All – It Means – Giving Up – The War With Water – And – Admitting That Nature Has Won

~ DYHTRT-BASOYP-EI-ICFFYN? ~ Do You Have The Right To – Build A Seawall On Your Property – Even If – It Causes Flooding For Your Neighbor?

TERRY O’REILLY + MIKE TENNANT ~ THE AGE OF PERSUASION ~ 2016

~ DGAWE?-NOCS-TFDT-BACCLT ~ Does Great Advertising Win Elections? – No One Can Say – Though Few Doubt That – Bad Advertising Can Certainly Lose Them

~ A-GUC-A-G-S-IEF-A ~ A – Great Unwritten Contract – Advertisers – Give – Something – In Exchange For – Attention

~ A-OTSORAYMCFE ~ Advertising – Offered The Sort Of Remuneration Artistic Young Minds Couldn’t Find Elsewhere

~ MA-‘I’-IN-PP-PS-A-OAWLO-BL ~ Making An – “Impact” – Is Now – Part Product – Part Smarts – And – Often A Whole Lot Of – Blind Luck

~ YDAI ~ Your Daily Ad Intake

~ AY-‘E’-TA-A-IYSIWYEADCNI? ~ Are You – “Exposed” – To An – Ad – If You Scan It With Your Eyes And Don’t Consciously Notice It?

~ ‘T’-GWSTSTOAPOS ~ “Tribes” – Groups Who Share The Same Thinking On A Product Or Subject

~ NT:NKOC ~ New Technologies: New Kinds Of Clutter

~ AA-POTIS ~ Ambient Advertising – Part Of The Immediate Surroundings

~ A-DM-DOAF-S-O-A-OT-R ~ Ad-Driven Media – Media – Dependent On Advertising For – Some – Or – All – Of Their – Revenues

~ E-PTL ~ Ever-Present Transparent Logo

~ SB-TPO-L-S-T-EC-TOS-IOTUTOST-PAUS ~ Squeeze-Back – The Practice Of – Literally – Squeezing – The – End Credits – To One Side – In Order To Use The Other Side To – Promote An Upcoming Show

~ TV-B-HSPTA-MAMPH ~ TV – Broadcasters – Have Shrunk Programming To Accommodate – More Ad Messages Per Hour

~ BTC ~ Breaking The Contract

~ FA-B-O-IA-ST-S-D-S-T-SR-I-U/O ~ For Any – Brand – Overpromising – Is A – Short Term – Self-Destructive – Strategy – The – Smarter Route – Is – Underpromise / Overdeliver

~ TELI-EV ~ The Edge Lies In – Entertainment Value

~ AHOC-C-A-D-D-M-DAC ~ A – Handful Of Complaints – Can – And – Do – Derail – Multimillion-Dollar Ad Campaigns

~ R-CRAAPA-B-F-YHTATRQ ~ Research – Can Reveal Astounding And Powerful Answers – But – First – You Have To Ask The Right Questions

~ PP-TAOIABNOIIA-S/F/E/B ~ Product Placement – The Act Of Infusing A Brand Name Or Image Into A – Story / Film / Event / Broadcast

~ ‘Y’-TN-HGOM-T/T-A/YA ~ “Yoots” – The New – Holy Grail Of Marketing – Tweens / Teen-Agers / Young Adults

~ RIP-FOTPK-A-TGNEDO-T-BB-GUWTSWOCGSAT ~ Raised In Prosperity – Few Of Their Parents Knew – And – Their Grandparents Never Even Dreamed Of – The – Baby Boomers – Grew Up With The Strong Winds Of Consumerism Gathering Speed Around Them

~ OOTSCTCWTEOT-OW-WT-BTNGA-THICF ~ One Of The Sea Changes That Came With The Emergence Of The – Online World – Was That – Bad Things Never Go Away – They Hang In Cyberspace Forever

~ LTTTMTTA ~ Life Tends To Take More Time Than Art

~ TSO-VM:TADTW ~ The Secret Of – Viral Marketing: The Audience Does The Work

~ I-N-SOLOC-A-THNCITAOP ~ Ideas – Not – Slogans Or Logos Or Catchphrases – Are – The Hot New Currency In The Age Of Persuasion

~ GM:T-PS ~ Guerrilla Marketing: The – Publicity Stunt

~ POTTOOWIM ~ People Opposed To The Objectification Of Women In Marketing

~ AIB-GM-ATPNAFTLGATNATG ~ At Its Best – Guerrilla Marketing – Appeals To People’s Natural Affinity For The Little Guy And Their Natural Aversion To Giants

~ BI:H-HO-A-EOPC-TGIA ~ Borrowed Interest: Hitch-Hiking On – An – Element Of Popular Culture – To Get Immediate Attention

~ AMSI-F/A/M/L-ICTRBTAAA ~ As Marketing Seeps Into – Films / Arts / Music / Literature – It Changes The Relationship Between The Arts And Audiences

~ IEBQTEAOTC-SBTCOC ~ In Each Brand’s Quest To Elbow Ahead Of The Competition – Superlatives Became The Cheapest Of Commodities

~ T-‘AW-B-NOM’-M ~ The – “Advertising Works – But – Not On Me” – Myth

~ PATETB-TTODRI ~ People Attache Themselves Emotionally To Brands – Though They Often Don’t Realize It

~ S-T-RASI-BA ~ Story-Telling – Remains A Staple In – Broadcast Ads

ALICIA ELER ~ THE SELFIE GENERATION ~ 2017

~ TSG ~ The Selfie Generation

~ DTUF-SM-ISAINOIP-DP ~ Despite The Uses For – Social Media – It Seems As If No One Is Protecting – Digital Privacy

~ IV-A-ALOPB-GC-A-U-R-BTGIASY-EIYNPTSM-TTE-IF-ITBTS-AS-SAC-ATBTOWTS ~ Internet Visibility – And – A Lack Of Personal Boundaries – Get Conflated – And – Ultimately– Rationalized – Because The Government Is Already Surveilling You – Even If You Never Post To Social Media – To This Extent – It Feels – Impossible To Beat The System – And So – Submission And Complacency – Appear To Be The Only Way To Survive

~ RTS-T-PS-IT-AOS-S-IAW-S-IITAO-ROTSOWPPT ~ Responding To Surveillance – Through – Planned Sousveillance – In The – Age Of Surveillance – Sousveillance – Is Associated With – Selfie-Ing – It Is The Act Of – Recording Oneself Through Small Or Wearable Portable Personal Technologies

~ U-IDMHTWO-IMWHATTD-A-WTPTDWI ~ Ultimately – It Doesn’t Matter How The Watching Occurs – It Matters Who Has Access To The Data – And – What They Plan To Do With It

~ P-INA-IR ~ Privacy – Is Not An – Inalienable Right

~ BAWP?-IT-SS-SM-IV-ET-A-PA-KOU-BTO ~ But At What Price? – In The – Surveillance State – Social Media – Is Very – Easily Trackable – And – People Are – Knowingly Or Unknowingly – Branding Themselves Online

~ DB-ABT-CPIAC-A-STDO-WCP-TOBOB ~ Data Brokers – Are Businesses That – Collect Personal Information About Consumers – And – Sell That Data Off – Without Consumers’ Permission – To Other Brokers Or Businesses

~ SMU-MT-T-V-A-S ~ Social Media Users – Make Themselves – Trackable – Visible – And – Searchable

~ TAA-BSW-CTTCBUAAMO-VI-O-AWTBV ~ The Argument Against – Ballot Selfies – Claimed That They Could Be Used As A Means Of – Voter Intimidation – Or – A Way To Buy Votes

~ NEISE ~ Not Everyone Is Surveilled Equally

~ P-UTS-‘T’-L-T-JTSTTAD-ELAAT-TIA-A-IIH ~ Police – Use The Same – “Terrorism” – Language – To – Justify The Spying That They Are Doing – Effectively Labeling Activists As Terrorists – This Is Alarming – And – It Is Happening

~ CTTI ~ Consent To The Image

~ IOTASTFAITSE-O-PITTI ~ It Only Takes A Second To Forward An Image To Someone Else – Or – Post It To The Internet

~ AP-CEB-UAR-B-AE ~ Anything Posted – Can Easily Be – Used And Reused – By – Another Entity

~ B-PTTS-UGTALTUIIPAWTSF-A-FAPPTWL-YATTBSUFTS-TDNTPYOELYKITCIBUE ~ By – Posting To Their Site – You Grant Them A License To Use It In Practically Any Way They See Fit – And – For Any Promotional Purposes They Would Like – You Agree To This By Signing Up For The Service – They Don’t Need To Pay You Or Even Let You Know If The Content Is Being Used Elsewhere

~ TEFA-FS-OC-ITYPFIWYD-ATNTUIHTW ~ The Exchange For A – Free Service – Of Course – Is That You Pay For It With Your Data – Allowing The Network To Use It However They Want

~ TMST-AOU-CGIT-F-RAM ~ The Most Shocking Thing – Any Of Us – Could Get In Trouble – For – Retweeting A Meme

~ TA-CT-WEBMIBO-BU-LAP-FTPOGACITEMFT ~ There Are – Copyright Trolls – Whose Entire Business Model Is Based On – Buying Up – Licenses And Patents – For The Purpose Of Going After Copyright Infringers To Extort Money From Them

~ WYDK-WHY-UID ~ What You Don’t Know – Won’t Hurt You – Until It Does

~ RP-I-RC ~ Revenge Porn – Is – Rape Culture

~ ALLSFH ~ A Limited Licensing Scenario From Hell

~ DTFTTPWTANSITCOOTI-TTOTI-IAAO-CS-ICEUA-SBA-SINC ~ Despite The Fact That The Person Who Takes A Nude Selfie Is The Copyright Owner Of The Image – The Transmission Of That Image – Is An Act Of – Consensual Sharing – It Could End Up Anywhere – Seen By Anyone – Sharing Is Not Caring

~ T24/7SNC ~ The 24/7 Selfie News Cycle

~ MMN-TSS-OFO-YWAHTL-TIUBYWASTTTS-WDOTA-BT-TARTA-‘V’-A-‘N’-ITSTMTTAPS ~ Mainstream Media Narratives – That Surround Selfies – Often Focus On – Young Women And How They Look – This Is Uncomfortable Because Young Women Are Simultaneously Told That Their Self-Worth Depends On Their Appearance – But Then – They Are Referred To As – “Vain” – And – “Narcissistic” – If They Spend Too Much Time Taking And Posting Selfies

~ TSHMC-IDNJEIA-VS-SFT-‘RW’ ~ The Selfie Has Material Consequences – It Does Not Just Exist In A – Virtual Space – Separate From The – “Real World

~ TSTRID:K ~ The Selfie That Results In Death: Killfie

~ SATWD ~ Selfie-Ing And Texting While Driving

~ TGUWTIABTS-A-AIATOR-TAPOSI ~ Teens Grow Up With The Internet Always By Their Side – And – Adolescence Is A Time Of Risk-Taking And Proving One’s Social Identity

~ TMETS-TMAAVIWG ~ The More Extreme The Selfie – The More Attention And Virality It Will Garner

~ FTES ~ Faking The Extreme Selfie

~ FITNR ~ Fake Is The New Real

~ M-SA ~ Meta-Selfie Advertising

~ ASIAA ~ A Selfie Is An Advertisement

~ TSTTLBVAP-COTSIB ~ The Selfie Tows The Line Between Vulnerability And Publicity – Capitalizing On The Space In Between

~ A-A-TPIY ~ And – Always – The Product Is You

~ IA-S-IOPA-‘C’-A-WAEO-‘F’-I-IAETCBEC ~ In Advertising – Selfie-Ing – Is Often Presented As – “Carefree” – And – With An Element Of – “Fun” – Involved – It’s An Experience That Can Be Easily Commodified

~ T-SML-I-S-P-EIIMI-AA-SM ~ The – Social Media Loop – Is – Self-Perpetuating – Even If Its Message Is – Anti-Social Media

~ SG ~ Selfie Gazing

~ SDWE ~ Selfies Don’t Win Elections

~ ‘SJ’ ~ “Selfie Journalism”

~ TAFUWIKWWTR ~ The Algorithms Feed Us What It Knows We Want To Read

~ IGSMTHAMT-YWCF ~ It Got Shared More Than Half A Million Times – Yet Was Completely False

~ PPFI-A-N-F-C-LTSR-‘P-T’-TITWALIACTHNGOWIH ~ People Posting False Information – And – Not – Fact-Checking – Leads To Something Resembling – “Post-Truth” – The Idea That We Are Living In A Culture That Has No Grasp On What Is Happening

~ TSIA-AI-NBHIB-E/C/F-TSWWWTB ~ The Selfie Is An – Aspirational Image – Never Before Has It Been – Easier / Cheaper / Faster – To Share What We Want To Be

~ WBAAS ~ Woman’s Bodies Are Always Sexualized

~ S-I-UCDT-AD-PEAN-TSO-NFSEE-B-JFO-TBS-IIAMFS-ATSNAI-AAAE ~ Self-Imaging – Ultimately Comes Down To – A Desire – Perhaps Even A Need – To See Oneself – Not For Someone Else’s Enjoyment – But – Just For Oneself – To Be Seen – It Is A Mechanism For Survival – A Truly Stark Negation Agaisnt Invisibility – An Action Agaisnt Erasure

~ GS-A ~ Get Selfie-Aware

ANNA LOWENHAUPT TSING ~ THE MUSHROOM AT THE END OF THE WORLD ~ 2015

~ P-OSTFOTLF-NISTAOLAP-EW-FTM-OPAL-NMOU-NAS-CTCO-TWE ~ Precarity – Once Seemed The Fate Of The Less Fortunate – Now It Seems That All Our Lives Are Precarious – Even When – For The Moment – Our Pockets Are Lined – Now Many Of Us – North And South – Confront The Condition Of – Trouble Without End

~ TLWPRMTRATWPUH-ATSUT ~ To Live With Precarity Requires More Than Railing At Those Who Put Us Here – Although That Seems Useful Too

~ TCOWIP-B-VPIUP-I-AFC ~ The Concentration Of Wealth Is Possible – Because – Value Produced In Unplanned Patches – Is – Appropriated For Capital

~ AON ~ Arts Of Noticing

~ TIASWNTK-IT-TOTBA-BOP-FBLLADL-AY-IWETSWD-WAAH-O-TOATOSO-PAR-PAR ~ This Is A Story We Need To Know – Industrial Transformation – Turned Out To Be A – Bubble Of Promise – Followed By Lost Livelihoods And Damaged Landscapes – And Yet – If We End The Story With Decay – We Abandon All Hope – Or – Turn Our Attention To Other Sites Of – Promise And Ruin – Promise And Ruin

~ AFYIT-NC-TIOAT-FBJATE-SLC-WOWC-TWF-‘J’-WASWTPOLDEAER ~ A Few Years Into The – New Century – The Idea Of A Trade-Off Between Jobs And The Environment – Seemed Less Convincing – With Or Without Conservation – There Were Fewer – “Jobs” – We Are Stuck With The Problem Of Living Despite Economic And Ecological Ruination

~ WI-P-I-A-WWIA-T-AT-COTS-WS? ~ What If – Precarity – Indeterminacy – And – What We Imagine As – Trivial – Are The – Center Of The Systematicity – We Seek?

~ P-ITCOBVTO ~ Precarity – Is The Condition Of Being Vulnerable To Others

~ UETU:WANIC-EOO ~ Unpredictable Encounters Transform Us: We Are Not In Control – Even Of Ourselves

~ I-TUNOT-I-F-B-TTPMIET-IAMLP ~ Indeterminacy – The Unplanned Nature Of Time – Is – Frightening – But – Thinking Through Precarity Makes It Evident That – Indeterminacy Also Makes Life Possible

~ P-IAFM-DOKOTIIR-WTDB-WMNOTP ~ Progress – Is A Forward March – Drawing Other Kinds Of Time Into Its Rhythms – Without That Driving Beat – We Might Notice Other Temporal Patterns

~ P-O-UC-DI-A-TNSPM-WTIOTRASITDLTG-S-TTOTBAMTMR-PE-AWA-ES ~ Patterns – Of – Unintentional Coordination – Develop In – Assemblages – To Notice Such Patterns Means – Watching The Interplay Of Temporal Rhythms And Scales In The Divergent Lifeways That Gather – Surprisingly – This Turns Out To Be A Method That Might Revitalize – Political Economy – As Well As – Environmental Studies

~ TPIT-PSMS-MAMOULUODART-TEHNC-IIITDTNTFNSSI-I-LOESAS ~ The Problem Is That – Progress Stopped Making Sense – More And More Of Us Looked Up One Day And Realized That – The Emperor Had No Clothes – It Is In This Dilemma That New Tools For Noticing Seem So Important – Indeed – Life On Earth Seems At Stake

~ DOCS ~ Dilemmas Of Collaborative Survival

~ CAS ~ Contamination As Collaboration

~ WACBOE;TCWWAAWMWFO-ECAHOC;PINAO ~ We Are Contaminated By Our Encounters; They Change Who We Are As We Make Way For Others – Everyone Carries A History Of Contamination; Purity Is Not An Option

~ OVOKPIMITIMURT-CWCITSOS ~ One Value Of Keeping Precarity In Mind Is That It Makes Us Remember That – Changing With Circumstances Is The Stuff Of Survival

~ SPWS ~ Some Problems With Scale

~ TLTATAROS-IA-M-A-WNMTSCACIA-S-A-ATK? ~ To Listen To And Tell A Rush Of Stories – Is A – Method – And – Why Not Make The Strong Claim And Call It A – Science – An – Addition To Knowledge?

~ S-IF-ACOMC-SP-UTS-A-I-AOS-WSWP-TT-WANKOS:MFUG-WMI-A-TAHBMAAW ~ Scientific-Industrial Forestry – A Creature Of Many Compromises – Scalable Plantations – Unwanted Trees Species – And – Indeed – All Other Species – Were Sprayed With Poison – Timber Trees – Were A New Kind Of Sugarcane: Managed For Uniform Growth – Without Multispecies Interference – And – Thinned And Harvested By Machines And Anonymous Workers

~ E-AF-SCP-WBFTCTE-B-TTCAMOTBT-HAL ~ Environmentalists – Asking For – Stricter Conservation Protections – Were Blamed For The Crashing Timber Economy – But – The Timber Companies And Most Of The Big Trees – Had Already Left

~ A-ADB-TSOWTG-AMAT-A-PD ~ Assemblages – Are Defined By – The Strength Of What They Gather – As Much As Their – Always-Possible Dissipation

~ NCBPTGU ~ Nostalgia Can Be Put To Good Uses

~ AP:SA ~ After Progress: Salvage Accumulation

~ LAGB-C-ATFTETIS-Y-MOTETPIRDS ~ Like A Giant Bulldozer – Capitalism – Appears To Flatten The Earth To Its Specifications – Yet – Much Of The Economy Takes Place In Radically Different Scenes

~ S-INAOOOCP-IIAFOHCW-SFSASIAOC-‘P’ ~ Salvage – Is Not An Ornament On Ordinary Capitalist Processes – It Is A Feature Of How Capitalism Works – Sites For Salvage Are Simultaneously Inside And Outside Capitalism – “Pericapitalist”

~ ‘SC’-ACCTTVTTBODF;TBNACVSIWTD ~ “Supply Chains” – Are Commodity Chains That Translate Value To The Benefit Of Dominate Firms; Translation Between Noncapitalist And Capitalist Value Systems Is What They Do

~ ‘TRTTB’:TRO-GSC-IP-CL/DS/PSI-W-LF-PSTPCACP-SPCAPO ~ “The Race To The Bottom”: The Role Of – Global Supply Chains – In Promoting – Coerced Labor / Dangerous Sweatshops / Poisonous Substitute Ingredients – Where – Lead Firms – Pressure Suppliers To Provide Cheaper And Cheaper Products – Such Production Conditions Are Predictable Outcomes

~ PEF-CBSFRTUAOCIOL-ATVL-D-OACOMWF-NJO ~ Pericapitalist Economic Forms – Can Be Sites For Rethinking The Unquestioned Authority Of Capitalism In Our Lives – At The Very Least – Diversity – Offers A Chance Of Multiple Ways Forward – Not Just One

~NE-OW-CD ~ Noncapitalist Elements – On Which – Capitalism Depends

~ TLAAA-OUIK ~ To Learn About An Assemblage – One Unravels Its Knots

~ In – Supply Chains – Goods Gathered From Many Arrangements Can Lead To Profits For The Lead Firms; Commitments To – Jobs / Education / Well-Being – Are Not Longer Even Theoretically Necessary – Instead – Labor Would Be Outsourced Elsewhere – Into More And More Precarious Situations

~ F-GTC-A-B ~ From – Gifts To Commodities – And – Back

~ C-TA-TFTL-W-TB-OOE-TP:’A’ ~ Commodification – Things Are – Torn From Their Life-Worlds – To Become – Objects Of Exchange – The Process: “Alienation”

~ SA:COCVFNVR ~ Salvage Accumulation: Creation Of Capitalist Value From Noncapitalist Value Regimes

~ T-ES-IPTUAA-SOA-SBTEOTA-FTIITTA-CL-ATWTESSO-IITTRO-UOTE-W-AON ~ The – Economic System – Is Presented To Us As A – Set Of Abstractions – Seduce By The Elegance Of These Abstractions – Few Think It Important To Take A – Closer Look – At The World The Economic System Supposedly Organizes – It Is Time To Reimbue Our – Understanding Of The Economy – With – Arts Of Noticing

~ T-BOP-DOCAIRN-T-AAS-I-N-HT-F-A-E-F-NW-EHRTGWTCBTGRO-W-CDCTSS ~ The – Business Of Progress – Depended On Conquering An Infinitely Rich Nature – Through – Alienation And Scalability – If – Nature – Has Turned – Finite – And – Even – Fragile – No Wonder – Entrepreneurs Have Rushed To Get What They Can Before The Goods Run Out – While – Conservationists Desperately Contrive To Save Scraps

~ DB:UD ~ Disturbed Beginnings: Unintentional Design

~ D-RP-F-TE ~ Disturbance – Realigns Possibilities – For – Transformative Encounter

~ WFTCSRC-SC ~ We Forget That Collaborative Survival Requires Cross-Species Coordinations

~ IWWTKWMPL-WSBS-PA-GOWOB-AAPOL ~ If We Want To Know What Makes Places Livable – We Should Be Studying – Polyphonic Assemblages – Gatherings Of Ways Of Being – Assemblages Are Performances Of Livability

~ DFOD ~ Disturbances Follow Other Disturbances

~ D:AO-EROUP ~ Disturbance: An Open-Ended Range Of Unsettling Phenomena

~ WITL-TMOTM? ~ Where Is The Line – That Marks Off Too Much?

~ PLIAAA ~ Precarious Living Is Always An Adventure

~ OOTMMTAFITTSGBATHBD ~ One Of The Most Miraculous Things About Forests Is That They Sometimes Grow Back After They Have Been Destroyed

~ FS-IBMWTHON ~ Future Sustainability – Is Best Modeled With The Help Of Nostalgia

~ RH-KOS ~ Reckless Harvesting – Kills Off Species

~ IP-MMOTMBMTF ~ Inexperienced Pickers – Miss Most Of The Mushrooms By Moving Too Fast

~ PAON ~ Practice Arts Of Noticing

~ P-MNBATP-B-IASN-AOWWWIA ~ Precarity – Means Not Being Able To Plan – But – It Also Stimulates Noticing – As One Works With What Is Available

ROBERT CIALDINI ~ INFLUENCE ~ 1984

~ TPOP ~ The Psychology Of Persuasion

~ PHUANOMSWEIMOEJ-JH-S-AFSTTWWMOTT-B-LUUT-OCM ~ Psychologists Have Uncovered A Number Of Mental Shortcuts We Employ In Making Our Everyday Judgments – Judgmental Heuristics – Shortcuts – Allowing For Simplified Thinking That Works Well Most Of The Time – But – Leaves Us Upon To – Occasional Costly Mistakes

~ TIAUTIOSTAUTSADOIWATBAOAT-TI-RTTAAEAABC(ON)-WFITAAAOTBCJBTESA-‘E’ ~ There Is An Unsettling Tendency In Our Society To Accept Unthinkingly The Statements And Directions Of Individuals Who Appear To Be Authorities On A Topic – That Is – Rather Than Thinking About An Expert’s Arguments And Being Convinced (Or Not) – We Frequently Ignore The Arguments And Allow Ourselves To Be Convinced Just By The Expert’s Status As – “Expert”

~ MOUKVLAO-ABP-PTISPBOT-M-U-M-IWTO ~ Most Of Us Know Very Little About Our – Automatic Behavior Patterns – Perhaps That Is So Precisely Because Of The – Mechanistic – Unthinking – Manner – In Which They Occur

~ SJAIIPTMTSBOWATBHOCDOTTOPPBOW-IIPTMTPOTSISHOLDOTPOAPPI ~ So Just As It Is Possible To Make The Same Bucket Of Water Appear To Be Hotter Or Colder Depending On The Temperature Of Previously Presented Buckets Of Water – It Is Possible To Make The Price Of The Same Item Seem Higher Or Lower Depending On The Price Of A Previously Presented Item

~ A-BP-TTBTBASFOTRIITS-T-SF-O-TF-COPVBAAITDOACCOAWHTACACEOTOPOIITS ~ Automatic-Behavior Patterns – Tend To Be Triggered By A Single Feature Of The Relevant Information In The Situation – This – Single Feature – Or – Trigger Feature – Can Often Prove Valuable By Allowing An Individual To Decide On A Correct Course Of Action Without Having To Analyze Carefully And Completely Each Of The Other Pieces Of Information In The Situation

~ R:TO-GAT ~ Reciprocation: The Old – Give And Take

~ OOTMPOTLOIAU-TROR ~ One Of The Most Potent Of The Levers Of Influence Around Us – The Rule Of Reciprocation

~ TPORCBBLAL ~ The Pull Of Reciprocity Can Be Both Lifesaving And Lifelong

~ LTANALNWTLTBROL-SA-R ~ Little Things Are Not Always Little – Not When They Link To Big Rules Of Life – Such As – Reciprocity

~ BTIAGDFTWTAMNETGIR-WWOGTGLTABCAF ~ Because There Is A General Distaste For Those Who Take And Make No Effort To Give In Return – We Will Often Go To Great Lengths To Avoid Being Considered A Freeloader

~ P-F-MNFAGTPA-P-F ~ Problem-Free – May Not Feel As Good To People As – Problem-Freed

~ SFF-OS-LRF ~ Small First Favors – Often Stimulate – Larger Return Favors

~ BRAASVIHSS-WHBCTFUWB ~ Because Reciprocal Arrangements Are So Vital In Human Social Systems – We Have Been Conditioned To Feel Uncomfortable When Beholden

~ T-R-T-R-O-D-I-T-F-T-RHOTPTRC-BSWAERSTBR-ARCTPRTASR9TODAA) ~ The – Rejection-Then-Retreat – Or – Door-In-The-Face – Technique – Relies Heavily On The Pressure To Reciprocate Concessions – By Starting With An Extreme Request Sure To Be Rejected – A Requester Can Then Profitably Retreat To A Smaller Request (The One Desired All Along)

~ APIAREOC-PFMRF-A-M-SWTO ~ After Participating In A Reciprocal Exchange Of Concessions – People Feel More Responsible For – And – More – Satisfied With The Outcome

~ OBDATUORPTGOCINSROTIOOO-R-WSAIFOCIGF-B-BRTRTATSTLBPAS-OTARITW-WSNLFANTRWAFOCOOO ~ Our Best Defense Agaisnt The Use Of Reciprocity Pressures To Gain Our Compliance Is Not Systematic Rejection Of The Initial Offers Of Others – Rather – We Should Accept Initial Favors Or Concessions In Good Faith – But – Be Ready To Redefine Them As Tricks Should They Later Be Proved As Such – Once They Are Redefined In This Way – We Should No Longer Feel A Need To Respond With A Favor Or Concession Of Our Own

~ L:TFT ~ Liking: The Friendly Thief

~ LFP ~ Liking For Profit

~ HE-WOPCOAPDTWHOSIVIMOR-PA-IOSAC ~ Halo Effect – When One Positive Characteristic Of A Person Dominates The Way He Or She Is Viewed In Most Other Respects – Physical Attractiveness – Is Often Such A Characteristic

~ WLPWALU ~ We Like People Who Are Like Us

~ WAMLTHTWWCATO ~ We Are More Likely To Help Those Who Wear Clothing Akin To Ours

~ W-BC-O-SS-A-LTWGTTU-WAPSFF ~ We – Believe Compliments – Of – Sundry Sorts – And – Like Those Who Give Them To Us – We Are Phenomenal Suckers For Flattery

~ PC-JAMLFTF-W-U-AW-T ~ Positive Comments – Just As Much Liking For The Flatterer – When – Untrue – As When – True

~ FAG-GC-YWTRTLUT ~ Find And Give – Genuine Compliments – You Want The Recipient To Live Up To

~ C-NJ-OTB-B-OTT-YPSMOI ~ Compliment – Not Just – On The Behavior – But – On The Trait – You’ll Probably See More Of It

~ WLTFTU ~ We Like Things Familiar To Us

~ E-F-FC-B-MBWR ~ Even – Far-Fetched Claims – Become – More Believable With Repetition

~ CETAPOO-UUC-LTLL ~ Continued Exposure To A Person Or Object – Under Unpleasant Conditions – Leads To Less Liking

~ GC/BC-BT-GC-HIROTSB-T-RR-PFARF-TMRTTIE-T-ITIGTSTITTISOH[/H]S ~ Good Cop / Bad Cop – Because The – Good Cop – Has Intervened Repeatedly On The Suspect’s Behalf – The – Reciprocity Rule – Pressures For A Return Favor – The Main Reason The Technique Is Effective – Though – Is That It Gives The Suspect The Idea That There Is Someone On His[/Her] Side

~ TIANHTTDAPWBUUI-EWTPDNCTBN-HE ~ There Is A Natural Human Tendency To Dislike A Person Who Brings Us Unpleasant Information – Even When That Person Did Not Cause The Bad News – Horns Effect

~ AIA-WEBTOGT-WIHPFAU ~ An Innocent Association – With Either Bad Things Or Good Things – Will Influence How People Feel About Us

~ O-SSTTECA-CSBI ~ Odors – So Slight That They Escape Conscious Awareness – Can Still Be Influential

~ SP:TAU ~ Social Proof: Truths Are Us

~ TDBMPBOTP ~ The Dishes Became More Popular Because Of Their Popularity

~ SP-WDWICBFOWOPTIC-WBWTPIPB-MOP ~ Social Proof – We Determine What Is Correct By Finding Out What Other People Think Is Correct – Works Best When The Proof Is Provided By – Many Other People

~ OAE-INOAE ~ Often An Emergency – Is Not Obviously An Emergency

~ ETDOMLISTDNDT ~ Explaining The Dangers Of Modern Life In Scientific Terms Does Not Dispel Them

~ WTACOTRFI-IACE-PAER ~ When They Are Confident Of Their Responsibilities For Intervening – In A Clear Emergency – People Are Exceedingly Responsive

~ BAPAPAYNFA ~ Be As Precise As Possible About Your Need For Aid

~ TUO-FM-LATLMFAL-AWATRHMF ~ The Use Of – Fabricated Merriment – Leads Audiences To Laugh More Frequently And Longer – As Well As To Rate Humorous Material Funnier

~ UF-RC-B-A ~ Unbounded Fears – Rendered Contagious – By – Algorithms

~ TWAWC-PB-DP-WALBA-CF ~ The World Abounds With Cults – Populated By – Dependent People – Who Are Led By A – Charismatic Figure

~ A:DD ~ Authority: Directed Deference

~ T-OS-O-PAA-MBC-WTFOM ~ The – Outward Signs – Of – Power And Authority – May Be Counterfeited – With The Flimsiest Of Materials

~ ITATAE?-TCPOI:TACATROTCTTTAH ~ Is This Authority Truly An Expert? – Two Crucial Pieces Of Information: The Authority’s Credentials And The Relevance Of Those Credentials To The Topic At Hand

– And – How Truthful Can We Expect This Expert To Be?

~ S:TROTF ~ Scarcity: The Rule Of The Few

~ UCORAU-TTOPL-PAEPRIHD-M ~ Under Conditions Of Risk And Uncertainty – The Threat Of Potential Loss – Plays An Especially Powerful Role In Human Decision-Making

~ CAC:HOTM ~ Commitment And Consistency: Hobgoblins Of The Mind

~ TMETGIAC-TGIATITAAAOTPWMI ~ The More Effort That Goes Into A Commitment – The Greater Its Ability To Influence The Attitudes And Actions Of The Person Who Made It

~ WBNSTUCWHCOT ~ We Build New Struts To Undergird Choices We Have Committed Ourselves To

~ U:T-‘W’-ITS-M ~ Unity: The – “We” – Is The Shared – Me

~ AFA-IGA ~ Asking For Advice – Is Good Advice

JAMES SCOTT ~ TWO CHEERS FOR ANARCHISM ~ 2012

~ DI-H-TAGE-B-CT-OUFATTHB ~ Democratic Institutions – Have – To A Great Extent – Become – Commodities – Offered Up For Auction To The Highest Bidder

~ D-IACH-WRE ~ Democracy – Is A Cruel Hoax – Without Relative Equality

~ I-RE-I-ANCOMAF-HCIBGETTS?-B-TAP-TAOTSINAO ~ If – Relative Equality – Is – A Necessary Condition Of Mutuality And Freedom – How Can It Be Guaranteed Except Through The State? – Both – Theoretically And Practically – The Abolition Of The State Is Not An Option

~ TS-HH-TL-CO-LA-PD ~ The State – Has Historically – Thwarted Lower-Class Organization – Let Alone – Public Defiance

~ IP:F-D/P/P/D/S/D/A/S/F ~ InfraPolitics: Foot-Dragging / Poaching / Pilfering / Dissimulation / Sabotage / Desertion / Absenteeism / Squatting / Flight

~ AY-TAOTOEMOSPACHME ~ And Yet – The Accumulation Of Thousands Or Even Millions Of Such Petty Acts Can Have Massive Effect

~ SC-HHNHTLO-OPO-THNPTFW-M/C/C-A-M-A-PCFB ~ Subordinate Classes – Have Historically Not Had The Luxury Of – Open Political Organization – That Has Not Prevented Them From Working – Microscopically / Cooperatively / Complicitly – And – Massively – At – Political Change From Below

~ FO-I-C/C/A-TE-MWH-ATQEOMP ~ Forms Of – Informal – Cooperation / Coordination / Action – That Embody – Mutuality Without Hierarchy – Are The Quotidian Experience Of Most People

~ LMHGBTIOJ ~ Leviathan May Have Given Birth To Its Own Justification

~ YCST-HTG-O-PASC-HBT-SOOTA-WTDMAA-YCBPSTSHGTW ~ You Could Say That – Historically The Goal – Of – Peasants And Subaltern Classes – Has Been To – Stay Out Of The Archives – When They Do Make An Appearance – You Can Be Pretty Sure That Something Has Gone Terribly Wrong

~ MOT-GPR-O-TNATW-HBABEEO-CD/R/L/TDOPO-A-ATL-CW ~ Most Of The – Great Political Reforms – Of – The Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries – Have Been Accompanied By Massive Episodes Of – Civil Disobedience / Riots / Lawbreaking / The Disruption Of Public Order – And – At The Limit – Civil War

~PTGFO-LD-ITHFTSPTVEASIOTLADTTI-TFTDPARAITDVOMEO-E-ID-IMICTTPODAT-IOPC-IWBW-A-IF-D-TCTS-L-SP-AOEGLTMSR-TMILTGR-TROCR-A-IEC-TOORD-N-IIUTMEOMRHNBIWMDATROETCANT ~ Perhaps The Greatest Failure Of – Liberal Democracies – Is Their Historical Failure To Successfully Protect The Vital Economic And Security Interests Of Their Less Advantaged Citizens Though Their Institutions – The Fact That Democratic Progress And Renewal Appear Instead To Depend Vitally On Major Episodes Of – Extra-Institutional Disorder – Is Massively In Contradiction To The Promise Of Democracy As The – Institutionalization Of Peaceful Change – It Would Be Wrong – And – In Fact – Dangerous – To Claim That Such – Large-Scale Provocations – Always Or Even Generally Lead To Major Structural Reform – They May Instead Lead To Growing Repression – The Restriction Of Civil Rights – And – In Extreme Cases – The Overthrow Of Representative Democracy – Nevertheless – It Is Undeniable That Most Episodes Of Major Reform Have Not Been Initiated Without Major Disorder And The Rush Of Elites To Contain And Normalize Them

~ OOTCOGP-I-NHTL-TATBOTHA-IG-BTTTATT ~ One Of The Characteristics Of Great Power Is – Not Having To Listen – Those At The Bottom Of The Heap Are – In General – Better Listeners Than Those At The Top

~ TM-H-P/R/F-ASOEOI-TMLIITB-POIP-TTFSDNRAWWICNCTE-FPTTFOCACAM ~ The More – Highly – Planned / Regulated / Formal – A Social Or Economic Order Is – The More Likely It Is To Be – Parasitic On Informal Processes – That The Formal Scheme Does Not Recognize And Without Which It Could Not Continue To Exist – Formal Processes That The Formal Order Cannot Alone Create And Maintain

~ TROT-M-AN-H-PM-OT-N-S-DATC=AHOVPF:SB/T/FC/LCOT/MC/E ~ The Rise Of The – Modern – And Now – Hegemonic – Political Module – Of The – Nation-State – Displaced And Then Crushed – A Host Of Vernacular Political Forms: Stateless Bands / Tribes / Free Cities / Loose Confederations Of Towns / Maroon Communities / Empires

~ OIP-TM-(N-)S-SA-HIP-AT-P-D/V-P-TEAGPOH-AHVOLAD-OMU-W-LTS-STA-SNL-OTDOTDR-TLTTDO-L/LL/M/L/WWOM-TDOSVNHBM-OWNWTSTTDOAVAAU-TRIAMDI-C/P/E-D-AMHI-L/C/PS/PF-AAA-MOSATLTST ~ Once In Place – The Modern – (Nation-) State – Set About – Homogenizing Its Population – And The – People’s – Deviant / Vernacular – Practices – This Entailed A Great Project Of Homogenization – A Huge Variety Of Languages And Dialects – Often Mutually Unintelligible – Were – Largely Through Schooling – Subordinated To A – Standardized National Language – Often The Dialect Of The Dominant Region – This Led To The Disappearance Of – Languages / Local Literatures / Music / Legends / Whole Worlds Of Meaning – The Disappearance Of Some Vernaculars Need Hardly Be Mourned – One Would Not Want To Spring To The Defense Of All Vernaculars Against All Universals – The Result Is A Massive Diminution In – Cultural / Political / Economic – Diversity – A Massive Homogenization In – Languages / Cultures / Property Systems / Political Forms – And Above All – Modes Of Sensibility And The Lifewords That Sustain Them

~ T-IAL-IF-TWPOT-T-A-MA-BTDOL-OTL-WTBDTWPITOMSTCEBL-IWDDTE-A-CK-A-TPTKCOW-TL-WPOA-D/S-W-IW-O-‘H’-CBESFA-ID-IOW-OWWMLC-T-‘S’-OTW ~ The – Industrial Assembly Line – In Fact – The Whole Point Of The – Time-And-Motion Analysis – Behind The Division Of Labor – On The Line – Was To Break Down The Work Process Into Thousands Of Minute Steps That Could Easily Be Learned – It Was Deliberately Designed To Eliminate – Artisanal-Craft Knowledge – And – The Power This Knowledge Conferred On Workers – The Line – Was Premised On A – Deskilled / Standardized – Workforce – In Which – One – “Hand” – Could Be Easily Substituted For Another – It Depended – In Other Words – On What We Might Legitimately Call – The – “Stupidification” – Of The Workforce

~ ST-IR-A-HU-AVISOTP-HB-P-A-DOLHOFTL ~ Since The – Industrial Revolution – And – Headlong Urbanization – A Vastly Increasing Share Of The Population – Has Become – Propertyless – And – Dependent On Large Hierarchical Organizations For Their Livelihood

~ AS-D-OC-SPIPW ~ Authoritarian Settings – Do – Of Course – Shape Personalities In Profound Ways

~ TDF-A-F-COTWD-A-TSOFAS-RSCP-IA-VUSA ~ The Desire For – Autonomy – For – Control Over The Working Day – And – The Sense Of Freedom And Self-Respect Such Control Provides – Is A – Vastly Underestimated Social Aspiration

~ AAFO-SP-IHT-M/T/P-I-RRAE-B-TV-C/V/M-OIA ~ Almost All Forms Of – Small Property – Is Hard To – Monitor / Tax / Police – It – Resists Regulation And Enforcement – By – The Very – Complexity / Variety / Mobility – Of Its Activities

~ OKTT-OP-OTLF-LPITPT-EOS-PR-IDS-TUSALAMIATF ~ One Key To The – Oligopoly Position – Of The Largest Firms – Lies Precisely In Their Power To – Eliminate Or Swallow – Potential Rivals – In Doing So – They Undoubtedly Stifle At Lest As Much Innovation As They Facilitate

~ A-S-DB-SAS-CCT-E-AT-POOTMOP-TAESYD ~ A – Society – Dominated By – Smallholders And Shopkeepers – Comes Closer To – Equality – And To – Popular Ownership Of The Means Of Production – Than Any Economic System Yet Devised

~ C-BA-ISDAOATN:O/N/PS-BTA-OC-C-BAIDP-IPABDITTOC:WTM-HTMI-CO-‘D’-‘A’-‘C’-HOATINV-A-HTNVAUIDM ~ Cost-Benefit Analysis – Its Success Depends Absolutely On Appearing Totally Nonpolitical: Objective / Nonpartisan / Palpably Scientific – Beneath This Appearance – Of Course – Cost-Benefit Analysis Is Deeply Political – It’s Politics Are Buried Deep In The Techniques Of Calculation: What To Measure – How To Measure It – Conventions Of – “Discounting” – And – “Commensuration” – How Observations Are Translated Into Numerical Values – And – How These Numerical Values Are Used In Decision Making

~ DAP-AMTDBTTAAB-CSWDCAPA-NSEFPV Discretion And Politics – Are Made To Disappear By Techniques That Are At Bottom – Completely Saturated With Discretionary Choices And Political Assumptions – Now Shielded Effectively From Public View

~ T-GEG-F-HF-HNBTRO-OIP-BO-D/U/S-A-COTSOFB ~ The – Great Emancipatory Gains – For – Human Freedom – Have Not Been The Result Of – Orderly Institutional Procedures – But Of – Disorderly / Unpredictable / Spontaneous – Action – Cracking Open The Social Order From Below

RICHARD THALER + CASS SUNSTEIN ~ THE SLIPPERY SLOPE ~ NUDGE ~ 2008

~ S-MFT-OWA-MP-HII-WSF-T-O-M/C/B ~ Skeptics Might Fear That – Once We Accept – Modest Paternalism – Highly Intrusive Interventions – Will Surely Follow – To – Outright – Manipulation / Coercion / Bans

~ ROA-S-S-A-DTQOW-PHMIAOT-P-CTCTDRTTROOTFOAHSS-IOPAW-MPOT-A-DWITT-PSOTS ~ Reliance On A – Slippery-Slope – Argument – Ducks The Question Of Whether – Proposals Have Merit In And Of Themselves – Policies – Constructive To Criticize Them Directly Rather Than To Rely Only On The Fear Of A Hypothetical Slippery Slope – If Our Proposals Are Worthwhile – Make Progress On Those – And – Do Whatever It Takes To – Pour Sand On The Slope

~ LCOOR-RTSOTOSS-P-ED-T-RFOC-SLA-PI-CBEABTWSTAACOTO-TRDBAAM ~ Low Cost Opt-Out Rights – Reduces The Steepness Of The Ostensibly Slippery Slope – Proposals – Emphatically Designed – To – Retain Freedom Of Choice – So Long As – Paternalistic Interventions – Can Be Easily Avoided By Those Who Seek To Adopt A Course Of Their Own – The Risks Decried By Antipaternalists Are Modest

~ IMC-SKONII-A-CA-W-POP-MDS ~ In Many Cases – Some Kind Of Nudge Is Inevitable – And – Choice Architects – Whether – Private Or Public – Must Do Something

~ OLTUPTPDNA-B-PAP-I-NRTDHSSAH-WTRSI-IIBPFTOASSTTDNSTARAA-B-TRANT-A-STANSS ~ Often Life Turns Up Problems That People Did Not Anticipate – Both – Private And Public – Institutions – Need Rules To Determine How Such Situations Are Handled – When Those Rules Seem Invisible – It Is Because People Find Them Obvious And So Sensible That They Do Not See Them As Rules At All – But – The Rules Are Nonetheless There – And – Sometimes They Are Not So Sensible

~ TWMTA-SS-AI-TDTTSTB-CFNOFTS-TIAM ~ Those Who Make This Argument – Sometimes Speak – As If – The Default Terms That Set The Background – Come From Nature Or From The Sky – This Is A Mistake

JAMES FADIMAN ~ BE ALL THAT YOU CAN BE ~ 19??

~ NHPMBOB-TFOL-M-A-K-P ~ Negative Habit Patterns May Be Overcome By – The Forces Of Liberation – Motivation – Awareness – Knowledge – Practice

~ TRBWTAROGMBTWAACOKAE ~ The Route Between Wishful Thinking And Realizing Our Goals Must Be Traveled With An Artful Combination Of Knowledge And Effort

~ WAY? ~ Who Are You?

~ OWYKWYACYKWYCB ~ Only When You Know Who You Are Can You Know Who You Can Become

~ TLOPEOTRPOYPIEETYCSC ~ The Level Of Personal Effectiveness Or The Realized Portion Of Your Potential Is Exactly Equal To Your Current Self Concept

~ YBTAIAWWYHBTAY ~ You Begin To Act In Accordance With What You Have Been Told About Yourself

~ ANHPIBC-IBY ~ A Negative Habit Pattern Is Beyond Control – It Behaves You

~ SMWBDAAHDCTPFM ~ Success Might Well Be Defined As A Highly Developed Capacity To Profit From Mistakes

~ POMTAUBNI-ANHP ~ Patterns Of Mistakes That Are Unchanged By New Information – Are Negative Habit Patterns

~ TANBIHOG ~ There Are No Benefits In Holding Onto Guilt

~ TROGIOOTGGTOPCGTTOTA ~ The Removal Of Guilt Is One Of The Great Gifts That One Person Can Give To Themselves Or To Another

~ EPGDOGICOOH ~ Effective Personal Growth Depends On Gaining Increased Control Over Our Habits

~ ETWTASU-WNTROMAROAAACI ~ Each Time We Take A Step Up – We Need To Reevaluate Our Motivation And Refine Our Awareness And Acquire Current Information

~ BTAMTROTNPANR ~ Being Truly Alive Means To Remain Open To New Possibilities And New Responses

~ TSFKTPITLATMCSICH ~ The Step From Knowledge To Practice Is The Last And The Most Critical Step In Changing Habits

~ K-‘A’-IG-B-K-‘O’-ITRN ~ Knowledge – “About” – Is Good – But Knowledge – “Of” – Is The Real Necessity

~ WANWTTFOOL ~ We Are Never Without The Tools For Our Own Liberation

~ TWSG-CTOF ~ Those Who Set Goals – Create Their Own Futures

~ BWTBHAYTATYAAPWDH ~ Being Willing To Be Happy Asks You To Accept That You Are A Person Who Deserves Happiness

~ TSTASONANAN ~ To See The Actual Situation Occurring Now And Now And Now

~ YNTDOAGWOEOTP-TBSYDIRN-AOEOTF-TBSTTAGWBC ~ You Need To Decide On A Goal With One Eye On The Present – To Be Sure You Desire It Right Now – And One Eye On The Future – To Be Sure That The Achieved Goal Will Bring Contentment

~ TMSTG-TEIWBA ~ The More Specific The Goal – The Easier It Will Be Achieved

~ SGFY-ANFO ~ Set Goals For Yourself – And Not For Others

~ RTSAGAETGAAB ~ Remember That Setting A Goal Also Establishes That Goal As A Boundary

~ LSIAIORTESATW ~ Learning Something Important Always Includes Our Reactions To Each Step Along The Way

~ FITVTLTCATITLOEFY ~ Freedom Is Too Valuable To Leave To Chance And Too Important To Let Others Establish For You

~ IITTBTTRB ~ It Is To The Bold That The Rewards Belong

~ TWSWTIFNTTSOEC ~ Those Who Stop With The Initial Failures Never Taste The Sweetness Of Eventual Completion

~ WDNGWWW-BWWTWD ~ We Do Not Get What We Wish – But What We Think We Deserve

~ TAAS-NACOES ~ There Are Always Solutions – Not Always Comfortable Or Easy Solutions

~ EIIBWREAPWMA ~ Every Ideas Is Born With Rough Edges And Peppered With Mistaken Assumptions

~ IIETBACTAC ~ It Is Easier To Be A Critic Than A Creator

~ ITGTBYLGI? ~ Is This Going To Be Your Last Good Idea?

~ DTPAFACAP ~ Define The Problem As Fully And Correctly As Possible

~ FITATCITMWIBFUTD ~ Freedom Is The Ability To Choose In The Moment What Is Best For Us To Do

~ CITATDWWC ~ Capacity Is The Ability To Do What We Choose