ABIGAIL SELLEN + RICHARD HARPER ~ THE MYTH OF THE PAPERLESS OFFICE ~ 2002

~ ISTTMIPRAHAT-TMPNTPI ~ It Seems That The More Information People Receive And Have Access To – The More People Need To Print It

~ SOPIAEBCIFMO ~ Storage Of Paper Is An Even Bigger Cost Issue For Many Organizations

~ TRIFO-H-INTGROPFIOS-BTHSMTUTOWP-ATWIWPPAR ~ The Real Issue For Organizations – However – Is Not To Get Rid Of Paper For Its Own Sake – But – To Have Sufficient Motivation To Understand Their Own Work Processes – And The Ways In Which Paper Plays A Role

~ PE ~ Paper Everywhere

~ KWRSAFPDORBTTITDK-R-IITPOTNTIIIHTTCAOTT ~ Knowledge Workers Rarely Store And File Paper Documents Or Refer Back To The Information They Do Keep – Rather – It Is The Process Of Taking Notes That Is Important In Helping Them To Construct And Organize Their Thoughts

~ DOAPD-AWO-’MSIGT’ ~ Delivery Of A Paper Document – A Way Of – “Making Sure It Gets There”

~ RFP ~ Reading From Paper

~ WTOMPWGT-PWP-TMITMOD-TMPOP-O-DCTFAW ~ Wherever Two Or More People Were Gathered Together – Paper Was Present – The More Intensive The Meeting Or Discussion – The More Bits Of Paper – On – Desks, Coffee Tables, Floors, And Walls

~ TROPIMMCADIWWPTMA ~ The Role Of Paper Is Much More Complex And Deeply Interwoven With Work Practice Than Might Appear

~ TIALTBGIONLLAPAAPIOL-IOCTIUAAIOAWOLAHTMBDD ~ There Is A Lot To Be Gained If One No Longer Looks At Paper As A Problem In Organizational Life – Instead One Can Treat Its Use As An Indication Or A Way Of Learning About How Things Might Be Done Differently

~ PCABUAAFBOWAFPTAMHTF ~ Paper Can Also Be Used As A Fall-Back Or Work-Around For Problems That Are Much Harder To Fix

~ HMPWTBITOOTF? ~ How Much Paper Will There Be In The Office Of The Future?

~ PAWPHCOTY-A-CTLSWP-WESTACI-ID ~ Paper And Work Practices Have Coevolved Over The Years – And – Changing These Long-Standing Work Patterns – Within Existing Social, Technological, And Cultural Infrastructures – Is Difficult

~ MDATPAIDFTTAH ~ Many Digital Alternatives To Paper Are Inadequately Designed For The Tasks At Hand

~ PHPATMITBCFSTAH-A-TWLCTMITPMFCWTITFF ~ Paper Has Particular Affordances That Make It The Best Choice For Some Tasks At Hand – And – That Will Likely Continue To Make It The Preferred Medium For Certain Work Tasks In The Foreseeable Future

~ GROPOAASRIOL-OTCGITWOUTRUPTME ~ Getting Rid Of Paper Often Assumes A Symbolic Role In Office Life – One That Can Get In The Way Of Understanding The Real Underlying Problems That May Exist

~ TROPIOLNTBUAHCWWPATABHTDAA ~ The Role Of Paper In Office Life Needs To Be Understood As Having Coevolved With Work Practices And Thus As Being Hard To Disentangle And Alter

~ DTM-TITTAABTGPIOSM-TNTBCCRFMC-BOAGUOTE-SPATIAIP ~ Dispel The Myths – The Idea That There Are Always Benefits To Going Paperless Is One Such Myth – There Need To Be Clear-Cut Reasons For Making Changes – Based On A Good Understanding Of The Existing – Social, Physical, And Technological Infrastructures Already In Place

~ CFTSOCIHP-GPFTSO-’OWTO-IWTN’-IDTEIF ~ Change For The Sake Of Change Is Hugely Problematic – Going Paperless For The Sake Of – “Out With The Old – In With The New” – Is Destined To End In Failure

~ TNTBBRTOEANJAOANT-OERAPATWPSIAAKH-OAE-OTIAFTRTIOLATBP ~ There Needs To Be Better Recognition That Office Environments Are Not Just About Old And New Technologies – Office Environments Revolve Around People And The Ways People Share Informational Artifacts And Know-How – Offices Are Ecologies – Often There Is A Failure To Recognize The Importance Of Looking At This Broader Picture

~ COP-IHNOIEAC-TPOCTTCSANACISTAPCOFDOWR ~ Communities of Practice – Informal Human Networks Of Information Exchange And Collaboration – The Patterns Of Collaboration That These Communities Support Are Not Adequately Captured In Such Things As Process Charts Or Formal Descriptions Of Work Responsibilities

~ NTWUSTROPRTRI-TNWNRTOBWC-W-IWEOIDW ~ New Technologies Will Usually Shift The Role Of Paper Rather Than Replace It – The New Will Not Replace The Old But Will Coexist – Will – Interact With Each Other In Different Ways

~ DTF ~ Designing The Future

~ MKWMMPC ~ More Knowledge Work Means More Paper Consumed

~ MIMIDFTMOSIOAMSOI-TIODTPOP ~ More Information Means Increased Demand For The Means Of Sorting It Out And Making Sense Of It – This Is Often Done Through Printing On Paper

~ TPO-IAM-NBPFTATG-BBTKTWTTGCBAWP ~ The Paperless Office – Is A Myth – Not Because People Fail To Achieve Their Goals – But Because They Know Too Well That Their Goals Cannot Be Achieved Without Paper

TOM SLEE ~ WHAT’S YOURS IS MINE

~ TSE-AWONBTUTITMCWSP-FRWE ~ The Sharing Economy – A Wave Of New Businesses That Use The Internet To Match Customers With Service Providers – For Real-World Exchanges

~ TSEPTHPPITMCOTLBB-‘ME’~ The Sharing Economy Promises To Help Previously Powerless Individuals Take More Control Of Their Lives By Becoming – “Micro-Entrepreneurs”

~ W-TWTP-U-SDAADIH-TSEIEAHADFMIPPAOOL ~ Well – That Was The Promise – Unfortunately – Something Different And Altogether Darker Is Happening – The Sharing Economy Is Extending A Harsh And Deregulated Free Market Into Previously Protected Areas Of Our Lives

~ TLCANCJT ~ The Leading Companies Are Now Corporate Juggernauts Themselves

~ MSEC-AMBM-FTIAE-AGJFTSEAM-BCRAMPFOLPWFTWAWITSE ~ Many Sharing Economy Companies – Are Making Big Money – For Their Investors And Executives – And Good Jobs For Their Software Engineers And Marketers – By Creating Riskier And More Precarious Forms Of Low-Paid Work For Those Who Actually Work In The Sharing Economy

~ CC ~ Collaborative Consumption

~ TME ~ The Mesh Economy

~ PTPP ~ Peer-To-Peer Platform

~ TGE ~ The Gig Economy

~ CS ~ Concierge Services

~ TODE ~ ~ The On-Demand Economy

~ REACAATOUG-THSBTTOVCF ~ Running Errands And Cleaning Are Among The Other Unglamorous Jobs – That Have Suddenly Become The Target Of Venture Capital Funding

~ TIINSCABWTPASWLTB ~ The Internet Is Not So Complete A Break With The Past As Some Would Like To Believe

~ CICOCONCFOS ~ Commercial Incentives Can Often Crowd Out Non-Commercial Forms Of Sharing

~ TSE-WBSBOBAC-B-ABOBAC-A-OBAW ~ The Sharing Economy – Will Be Shaped By Our Behavior As Consumers – But – Also By Our Behavior As Citizens – And – Our Behavior As Workers

~ NTCPAIPIBABF-B-TDNPASTSCSP-O-TRLSOSC ~ New Technologies Can Play An Important Part In Building A Better Future – But – They Do Not Provide A Shortcut To Solving Complex Social Problems – Or – To Resolving Longstanding Sources Of Social Conflict

~ ITSEP-WDBIEAS-WTBSU-TNTDTHOIC-A-LSL-FTIOFWHBEISFY ~ If The Sharing Economy Proponents – Who Do Believe In Equality And Sustainability – Want To Build Something Useful – They Need To Drop The Hubris Of Internet Culture – And – Learn Some Lessons – From Those In Other Fields Who Have Been Engaged In Sharing For Years

~ JATANSTSCSP-STINSBITCTWOTSE-ASPITWRIFWII ~ Just As There Are No Shortcuts To Solving Complex Social Problems – So There Is No Simple Big Idea To Countering The Worst Of The Sharing Economy – A Starting Point Is That We Recognize It For What It Is

~ SPLAPC? ~ Shouldn’t Public Libraries And Parks Count?

~ TSEIAEASNOTFBBLAOVC ~ The Sharing Economy Is Almost Entirely A Small Number Of Technology Firms Backed By Large Amounts Of Venture Capital

~ TSE-IAM-F-D ~ The Sharing Economy – Is A Movement – For – Deregulation

~ MFI-A-IVCF-ASAOTCRMBDCGATW ~ Major Financial Institutions – And – Influential Venture Capital Funds – Are Seizing An Opportunity To Challenge Rules Made By Democratic City Governments Around The World

~ ATLO-CAAPP-FPFG ~ Appropriating The Language Of – Collective Action And Progressive Politics – For Private Financial Gain

~ ITT ~ Inspirational Technology Tales

~ WCT-AAWALOMBI-WOITOTAWIIWABS ~ When Coupled To – An Agenda With A Lot Of Money Behind It – We Owe It To Ourselves To Ask What It Is We Are Being Sold

~ PBND ~ Platitudes But No Data

~ M-LACSI-CTOMATDADA ~ Meanwhile – Less Ambitious Car-Sharing Initiatives – Continue To Operate Much As They Did A Decade Ago

~ LIBACC ~ Low Income Became A Consistent Complaint

~ TRFM ~ The Required Founding Myth

~ ARSHBU-TUHBAMOFITWOSD ~ As Rating Systems Have Become Ubiquitous – Their Usefulness Has Become A Matter Of Faith In The World Of Software Development

~ TSE-IATCEOAPF-’AR’-IWRPCAR-B-RASA ~ The Sharing Economy – Is At The Cutting Edge Of A Push For – “Algorithmic Regulation” – In Which – Rules Protecting Consumers Are Replaced – By – Ratings And Software Algorithms

~ TPORSIAM ~ The Promise Of Reputation Systems Is A Mirage

~ MRETSTTTCCSFT-AAPPICOF-KHFP-TBOTCAIGC-RWNSTP ~ Most Regulations Exist To Screen Those Things That Customers Cannot See For Themselves – Accommodations Are Properly Protected In Case Of Fire – Kitchen Handles Food Properly – The Breaks Of The Car Are In Good Condition – Ratings Will Never Solve These Problems

~ RSAATWTTDWEFOT-AFOT-SECHIETDWTF ~ Reputation Systems Are Also The Wrong Tool To Deal With Extreme Failures Of Trust – Assault, Fraud, Or Theft – Sharing Economy Companies Have Proved Ill-Equipped To Deal With These Failures

~ RSAETV-PTPR-TTSEV ~ Reputation Systems Are Eroding The Very – Person-To-Person Relationships – That The Sharing Economy Supposedly Values

~ RIEOITTAIAFFTTOCOR ~ Reputation Is Effective Only If The Testimonies Are Impartial And Free From The Taint Of Collusion Or Retaliation

~ TORAAAIADPTT ~ Thinking Of Reputation As An Asset Is A Dangerous Path To Take

~ IYCBAST-TTLTATDBTAO ~ If You Can Buy And Sell Testimonies – Those Testimonies Lose Their Ability To Discriminate Between Trustworthiness And Opportunism

~ ‘PAC’ ~ “People As Companies”

~ ‘ME’ ~ “Micro-Entrepreneurs”

~ PTTGRTTER-HR-TTSHR ~ People Tend To Grade Relative To The Existing Rating – Highly Rated – Tend To Stay Highly Rated

~ RSANSFR-TAASFACMS-AABOAT ~ Reputation Systems Are Not Substitutes For Regulation – They Are A Substitute For A Company Management Structure – And A Bad One At That

~ PFTRTCC ~ Persistent Failure To Respond To Customer Complaints

~ RSATUIASOS ~ Reputation Systems Are Turning Us Into A Society Of Snitches

~ INOWAWMMITWIMO ~ It’s Not Obvious Where Artists Will Make Money If Their Work Is Made Open

~ OD-M-’ETE’ ~ Open Data – May – “Empower The Empowered”

~ PSI ~ Public Sector Information

~ WRMM ~ Weather Risk Management Market

~ ITGOTM-I-TPE-IWNFMEO-EIS-L-A-SPOD-O-WIAPVPR-WSBP-BTWTDKARTMMUOI ~ If The Goal Of The Movement Is – To Promote Equality – It Will Need Far More Emphasis On – Experimentation In Standards – Licensing – And – Selective Provision Of Data – Otherwise – What Is A Potentially Valuable Public Resource – Will Simply Be Plundered – By Those With The Digital Skills And Resources To Make Most Use Of It

~ SVIDCTTITSACGT ~ Silicon Valley Is Deeply Committed To The Idea That Sharing And Commerce Go Together

~ CO ~ Crowding Out

~ SECITWTMCOSE ~ Sharing Economy Companies Ignore The Ways That Money Crowds Out Social Exchange

~ TINIATWTTSEWE ~ There Is Nothing Inevitable About The Way That The Sharing Economy Will Evolve

~ A-IAWSCGP-WODN-O-WTOOAPOCSIAASOP-O-WTCACOCPAAFTBOO ~ Alienation – It Appears When Some Contributors Get Paid – While Others Do Not – Or – When The Owner Of A Privately Owned Common Sees It As A Source Of Profit – Or – When The Creativity And Commitments Of Cultural Producers Are Appropriated For The Benefit Of Others

~ ECS-WTACFST-TSOFP-AMOTU ~ Early Collaborative Sites – Were Treated As Commons For Some Time – Then Sold Off For Profit – Alienating Many Of Their Users

~ MIWTTCNPTWTATS ~ New Institutions Will Try To Create New Problems To Which They Are The Solution

~ TOTCIACW-TIOTTOTC-AI-WTWTTC ~ Trading On The Commons Is A Contradiction When – The Interests Of Those Trading On The Commons – Are Incompatible – With Those Who Tend The Commons

~ WSAA-ATC-PTPC-S-A-S-HBTPOB ~ What Started As An – Appeal To Community – Person-To-Person Connections – Sustainability – And – Sharing – Has Become The Playground Of Billionaires

~ STOCMD ~ Selective Truths Of Company Marketing Departments

~ HPAWCL ~ High-Profile And Well-Connected Lobbyists

~ WICFIALM-ITWPTATTCPAH-B-SRISM-WMGS ~ What Is Called For Is A Little Modesty – If Technologists Were Prepared To Accept That Technology Can Play A Helpful – But – Secondary Role In Social Movements – We Might Get Somewhere

CHRISTOPHER STEINER ~ AUTOMATE THIS

~ BLU-ACAWDST-AWPMAMOOWUTCOAWCLTOW-OWIPTS ~ But Left Unsupervised – Algorithms Can And Will Do Strange Things – As We Put More And More Of Our World Under The Control Of Algorithms We Can Lose Track Of Who – Or What – Is Pulling The Strings

~ JWOBOCFSANBSABFPOCC ~ Jobs We Once Blamed Other Countries For Stealing Are Now Being Snatched Away By Faceless Piles Of Computer Code

~ ITSM-HHLBRTIO-TAOTMN ~ In Today’s Stock Market – Humans Have Largely Been Reduced To Interested Observers – The Algorithms Own The Market Now

~ NSTAWSFTTB ~ News Services That Are Written Specifically For The Trading Bots

~ TINWTUTIOGATFCTTNH-TSAWSCBWIF ~ There Is No Way To Understand The Implications Of Giving Algorithms The Full Control That They Now Have – The Speed At Which Something Can Go Wrong Is Frightening

~ SADTOYASPVRR-AOTCCHI-ITCWOT ~ Some Algorithms Developed Thousands Of Years Ago Still Play Very Real Roles – Albeit Ones Their Creators Couldn’t Have Imagined – In The Computerized World Of Today

~ AOWWWKTEFTNTBEOM ~ Algorithms Only Work When We Know The Exact Factors That Need To Be Examined Or Manipulated

~ TWP-PANITATTITN-A-SIOTFTM ~ To Work Properly – Predictive Algorithms Need Instructions That Allow Them To Ignore The Noise – And – Zero In On The Factors That Mater

~ TWI-A-I-W-NSFC-P0TCTW-TJHABCOTROA ~ Those Who Imagine – Art – Innovations – Words – Novel Strategies For Companies – Products That Change The World – Their Jobs Have Always Been Considered Outside The Reach Of Algorithms

~ SPATTCROBWCTT-TNITACI-TABCC-WNL-H-TTADA ~ Smart People Assume That This Creeping Revolution Of Bot Workers Can’t Touch Them – The Notion Is That Algorithms Can’t Innovate – That A Bot Can’t Create – We’re Now Learning – However – That These Are Dangerous Assumptions

~ ACBTTETQAOOOC ~ Algorithms Can Be Taught To Evaluate The Quality And Originality Of Others’ Creations

~ AWPDAABAA? ~ At What Point Does An Algorithm Become An Artist?

~ TVOAIAITS-AAUTSMAMIOD-DMILT-IKA-RL ~ The Value Of Algorithms Is All In Their Speed – Algorithms Allow Us To Squeeze More And More Into Our Days – Doing More In Less Time – Is Known As – Removing Latency

~ M-S-T-HAGT-FBOW ~ Money – Speed – Technology – Have Always Gone Together – For Better Or Worse

~ THABITHOAPF-SOPTWMTGF-H-ATPWDT ~ Technology Has Always Been In The Hands Of A Privileged Few – Some Of Those Who Make The Greatest Fortunes – However – Are The People Who Democratize Technology

~ GTS ~ Gaming The System

~ AWCTIPASATWHAAWRIH ~ Algorithms Will Continue To Invade Professions And Skill Areas That We Have Always Assumed Will Remain Inherently Human

~ TPMBHEWNBTTGR ~ The Predictions Made By Human Experts Were No Better Than Those Generated Randomly

~ TACT ~ Technical Automated Compatibility Testing

~ PDB ~ Paging Dr. Bot

~ WMSTBRUOIF-TTITIABSBA-ATRCAYTC ~ While Medicine Seems To Be Rather Unhackable On Its Face – The Truth Is That It’s Already Been Shaken By Algorithms – And The Real Changes Are Yet To Come

~ IASBGNOH-CAAITNOWDAAP ~ In A Small But Growing Number Of Hospitals – Consulting An Algorithm Is Task Number One When Diagnosing Any Admitted Patients

~ TJFPRSTAPMACE ~ The Jobs For People Reading Scans, Tests, And Patient Metadata Are Certainly Endangered

~ T-C-A-A-TGSED ~ They’re – Cheap – Accurate – And – They Get Smarter Every Day

~ AOU-WOBATE-CB-C-T-A-CLAAIAZ ~ All Of Us – When Observed By A True Expert – Can Be – Categorized – Tagged – And – Catalogued Like An Animal In A Zoo

~ PCPRC-EHWAPIETLTAAS ~ People’s Core Personalities Rarely Change – Exceptions Happen When A Person Is Exposed To Long-Term Abuse And Stress

~ AWGO-OVMGVAD-BTWIWWS-TSWLTOS-RTS-TSGAACATHAOUPLAAUP ~ As We Get Older – Our Vocabulary May Grow Varied And Dense – But The Way In Which We Speak – The Structures We Lend To Our Sentences – Remains The Same – Those Structures Give Away Amazing Clues As To How Any Of Us Process Logic And Act Under Pressure

~ HTSRAAUITMIEK ~ How The Speech Recognition Algorithms Are Used In The Markets Isn’t Exactly Known

~ TPFBI-B-S-AE-P(TR)-ICH ~ The Potential For Bots In – Business – Service – And Even – Politics (Think Robocalls) – Is Clearly Huge

~ WLCPTTFTOTFH-WBCSM-S-LC-A-HC? ~ Why Leave Customers Prone To The Fickle Treatment Of Their Fellow Humans – When Bots Can Secure More – Satisfaction – Lower Costs – And – Happier Customers?

~ AOT-CEAC-D-G-S-S-A-E ~ All Of This – Click, Eyeball And Cursor – Data – Gets – Strained – Sifted – And – Examined

~ HWSIWSWOITPO-TIRCTSP-TBI-H-OATSTBCTTOTI-TSATWCSAE ~ How We Speak Indicates What Spot We Occupy In The Pecking Order – The Influencers Rarely Change Their Speech Patterns – Those Being Influenced – However – Often Alter Their Speech To Be Closer To That Of The Influencer – The Same Applies To Written Communication Such As E-Mail

~ WBOI-OLT ~ Words Betray One’s Influence – Or Lack Thereof

~ BATIPOTDAOAWSCLTNAI-P-M-S-M-TTMMTBM-FTNTH ~ Being Able To Identify Pecking-Order Top Dogs Automatically On A Wide Scale Could Led To New Approaches In – Politics – Management – Sales – Marketing – There’s Too Much Money To Be Made – For This Not To Happen

~ HE-WLTAAOTTTTDOUSREY-CBAEIAWTD ~ Human Error – Which Leads To Almost All Of The Thirty-Three Thousand Deaths On U.S. Roads Every Year – Could Be Almost Eliminated If Algorithms Were The Drivers

~ LAASAATAAI-TADNRHIOTPTICMPL ~ Lawyers Are As Susceptible As Anybody To An Algorithm Invasion – The Algorithm Does Not Require Health Insurance Or The Promise That It Could Make Partner Later

KEN ROBINSON + LOU ARONICA ~ THE ELEMENT ~ 2009

~ FYPCE ~ Finding Your Passion Changes Everything

~ E-TPWTTYLTDATTTYAGACT ~ Element – The Place Where The Things You Love To Do And The Things That You Are Good At Come Together

~ HWPOCAHWCATO-DLOWWEOO ~ How We Perceive Our Circumstances And How We Create And Take Opportunities – Depends Largely On What We Expect Of Ourselves

~ EIAAAYATAOTWIWYETW-ADWYOTSL-JDTTFG ~ Element Is All About Allowing Yourself Access To All Of The Ways In Which You Experience The World – And Discovering Where Your Own True Strengths Lie – Just Don’t Take Them For Granted

~ GCTAD-TACOVDSOPWDBCT ~ Great Creative Teams Are Diverse – They Are Composed Of Very Different Sorts Of People With Different But Complementary Talents

~ CTHADPACTGDSS ~ Creative Teams Have A Distinctive Personality And Come Together To Do Something Specific

~ G-SBTRIASWTFOOOTG-WMDODPTSCWOP ~ Groupthink – Since Breaking The Rules Is A Sure Way To Find Ourselves Out Of The Group – We May Deny Our Deepest Passions To Stay Connected With Our Peers

~ FTLOI ~ For The Love Of It

~ TBIYE-IINTDEEADIAD-ED-MPETLDOT-ATTCTASITLTDTTTL ~ To Be In Your Element – It Isn’t Necessary To Drop Everything Else And Do It All Day – Every Day – Many People Earn Their Living Doing One Thing – And Then Then Create Time And Space In Their Lives To Do The Thing They Love

YOCHAI BENKLER ~ THE PENGUIN AND THE LEVIATHAN

~ CTOSI ~ Cooperation Triumphs Over Self-Interest

~ WNNB-RSTTGL-AGBTIHOTM-O-POTCHOF-TSTCW-IHOT-TSOL-ICTA-TP~ We Need Not Be – Robotic Slaves To The Government’s Leviathan – Automations Guided By The Invisible Hand Of The Market – Or – Parts Of The Collectivist Hive Of Fascism – To Serve The Common Weal – In Honor Of Tux – The Symbol Of Linux – I’ll Call This Alternative – The Penguin

~ INTCCSDBTLNTIHOTFMCEGS-WSWT? ~ If Neither The Command-Control Systems Dictated By The Leviathan Nor The Invisible Hand Of The Free Market Can Effectively Govern Society – Where Shall We Turn?

~ EWBNTUQOTSS-A-WBTTOHBITOAMPR-TPAE ~ Economics Was By Now The Unquestioned Queen Of The Social Sciences – And – We Began To Think Of Human Behavior In Terms Of Almost Mechanical, Predictable, Responses – To Punishments And Incentives

~ PAIFMC-TMEAOPA-TIJT-DOFSHICS-OMSAETEIBO ~ People Are In Fact More Cooperative – Than Most Economists And Others Previously Assumed – This Isn’t Just Theory – Dozens Of Field Studies Have Identified Cooperative Systems – Often More Stable And Effective Than Equivalent Incentive-Based Ones

~ UCOCASTMUIE ~ Using Control Of Carrots And Sticks To Motivate Us Isn’t Effective

~ ORTTMOUSPITIINWW-OMS ~ One Reason That The Myth Of Universal Selfishness Persists Is That It Is Not Wholly Wrong – Only Mostly So

~ Y-SBAS-BFASAOTT-ASOUDNAOOSI ~ Yes – Some People Are Selfish – But Few Are Selfish All Of The Time – And Some Of Us Do Not Act Out Of Self-Interest

~ HBTTSONSETHUMSOOCACW ~ Human Beings Tend To Seek Out Neat, Simple Explanations To Help Us Make Sense Of Our Confusing And Complex World

~ATGHNBEASTTITOUS-OWGITHOTOOAOBIAGW-WTTIATEWEACSIFWOPAA-BDSB-AEO ~ Almost Two Generations Have Now Been Educated And Socialized To Think In Terms Of Universal Selfishness – Once We Get In The Habit Of Thinking Of Ourselves And Our Behavior In A Given Way – We Tend To Interpret All The Evidence We Encounter And Collect So It Fits With Our Preconceptions And Assumptions – By Discarding Some Bits – And Emphasizing Others

~ WASB-WPSAB-WAEBJAM-INM-TWARB ~ We Are Social Beings – We Perform Selfless Acts Because – We Are Emotional Beings Just As Much – If Not More – Than We Are Rational Beings

~ ONADAFMCAVTTSDTMPAG-UR-TFHBLIOOP ~ Our Needs And Desires Are Far More Complex And Varied Than The Simple Desire To Maximize Pleasure And Gain – Until Recently – These Findings Have Been Largely Ignored Outside Of Psychology

~ F-OCFWIRAF-ODTBSFBOPASBTASG-AFBTGTRD ~ Finally – Our Concern For What Is Right And Fair – Our Desire To Be Seen Favorably By Our Peers And So Belong To A Social Group – Are Finally Beginning To Get Their Rightful Due

~ TPOCINSSUD-IIGISOTBWAMRRIBS ~ The Promise Of Cooperation Is Not Some Silly Utopian Dream – It Is Grounded In Some Of The Best Work And Most Rigorous Research In Behavioural Science

~ SORAP-STIASRFSITGABBSATEOTWC ~ Systems Of Reciprocity Aren’t Perfect – So There Is Always Some Room For Some Individuals To Get Ahead By Being Selfish At The Expense Of Those Who Cooperate

~ AWMADTA-WHTFITSWI-EEHGAT-TFE-PWMDDDOHASIP ~ Anytime We Make A Decision To Act – We Have To First Interpret The Situation We’re In – Even Economists Have Grudgingly Admitted This – The Framing Effect – People Will Make Different Decision Depending On How A Situation Is Presented

~ SCRASC ~ Social Capital, Reputation, And Social Contagion

~ SRHTOC ~ Social Relations Have Their Own Currency

~ MESTOBIASIGIBTBWOIPAU-EIWCUOTI ~ Much Evidence Suggests That Our Behavior In Any Situation Is Greatly Influenced By The Behavior We’ve Observed In People Around Us – Even If We’re Completely Unaware Of That Influence

~ WSTBWTNO-FPAADAPASI ~ We Seem To Be Wired To Need Others – Few Punishments Are As Debilitating And Painful As Social Isolation

~ WASBNLTWAI-STLUBBWBTSTSUAJOOTO ~ We Are Social Beings No Less Than We Are Individuals – Systems That Let Us Be Both Work Better Than Systems That See Us As Just One Or The Other

~ E-NM-WWOOPDS-TNIOBFIATESPAWWADTSAO-OBMNOPOMM-BPEAW ~ Empathy – Neuron Mirroring – When We Observe Other People Doing Something – The Neurons In Our Brains Fire In Almost The Exact Same Patterns As When We Are Doing Those Same Acts Ourselves – Our Brains Mirror Not Only Pain Or Motor Movements – But Pure Emotions As Well

~ WVQAS-SPIG-‘LU’&‘NLU’~ We Very Quickly And Subconsciously Sort People Into Groups – “Like Us” and “Not Like Us”

~ IMC-TSATCACWO-IE-TGPTATFACG-WTGMB ~ In Many Cases – The Simple Ability To Communicate And Coordinate With Others – Is Enough – To Get People To Act Together For A Common Goal – Whatever That Goal Might Be

~ TIETSTWCEMATPTTAOOAS ~ There Is Evidence To Suggest That We Care Even More About The Process Than The Actual Outcome Of A Situation

~ ODFF-AIIUIACC-IACCOHMAB-IIIOSIEOS-WHABNODTBTF-ATBPISTTUF ~ Our Desire For Fairness – As It Is Understood In A Cultural Context – Is A Critical Component Of Human Motivation And Behavior – It Is Independent Of Self-Interest, Empathy Or Solidarity – We Have A Basic Need Or Desire To Be Treated Fairly – And To Be Participants In Systems That Treat Us Fairly

~ IWWTBASTMPTWW-OCE-INETOTSRAI-WANTTAHFTSI ~ If We Want To Build A System That Motivates People To Work Well – Or Cooperate Effectively – It’s Not Enough To Offer Them Simple Rewards And Incentives – We Also Need To Think About How Fair The System Is

~ FI-APIPOMSWW-A-FMPFWACWT ~ Fairness Is – A Practical, Integral Part Of Making Systems Work Well – And – Of Making People Function Well And Cooperatively Within Them

~ PAAQGASUEASRFA-TASOMAUAECN ~ People Are Actually Quite Good At Setting Up, Enforcing, And Self-Regulating Fair Arrangements – Through A Set Of Mutually Agreed Upon And Enforced Community Norms

~ NPOV ~ Neutral Point Of View

~ TIEETST-WICTC-PMP-TBBAECS-WITBLOCTS ~ There Is Enough Evidence To Suspect That – When It Comes To Cooperation – Practice Makes Perfect – That By Building And Engaging Cooperative Systems – We Increase The Baseline Level Of Cooperation Throughout Society

~ TSOFAOSSBENE ~ The Success Of Free And Open-Source Software Baffles Economist No End

~ COEOW-TOOMR-E-CWAPEAAI-O-IWAPSOAAC ~ Crowding-Out Effects Occur When – The Offer Of Material Rewards – Either – Clash With A Person’s Expectation About An Interaction – Or – Interferes With A Person’s Sense Of Autonomy And Control

~ AM-AROAP-CARTTPOOM-ASUOTPOC ~ Adding Money – As Reward Or As Punishment – Can Actually Redirect The Total Pull Of Our Motivations – And Steer Us Off The Path Of Cooperation

~ NIMIIACSTCATP-WPAATC-TA-ME-MT-A-CRSMRTWTCTTOA ~ Nothing Is More Important In A Cooperative System Than Communication Among The Participants – When People Are Able To Communicate – They Are – More Empathetic – More Trusting – And – Can Reach Solutions More Readily Than When They Cannot Talk To One Another

~ VANAA-FINSYATATPDAHTIEOIOPHBM-FIITEHC-FSAPS ~ Values Are Not An Afterthought – Fairness Is Not Something You Attend To After The Practical Decisions About How To Improve Efficiency Or Innovation Or Productivity Have Been Made – Fairness Is Integral To Effective Human Cooperation – Fair Systems Are Productive Systems

~ CHU-LTR-BDAI ~ Cooperation Hinges Upon – Long-Term Reciprocity – Both Direct And Indirect

~ STHODMANJMPBAMCWHE ~ Systems That Harness Our Diverse Motivations Are Not Just More Productive But Also More Consistent With Human Experience

GARY HAUGEN + VICTOR BOUTROS ~ THE LOCUST EFFECT

~ TEOPRTEOV ~ The End Of Poverty Requires The End Of Violence

~ TVSWOV ~ The Vast Subterranean World Of Violence

~ TRIVHFOTS-B-MAOVATPAIH ~ This Reality Is Very Hard For Outsiders To See – Because – Most Acts Of Violence Against The Poor Are Intentionally Hidden

~ AESEOAFLAT-EM ~ An Entire Subterranean Economy Of Abduction, Forced Labor, And Torture – Engulfing Millions

~ VIAMAPOWIMTBPA-B-HSHOJ-IF-VIFTPTPPAMCA-IIOOTCRTAPITFP-AOOTPRTSP ~ Violence Is As Much A Part Of What It Means To Be Poor As – Being – Hungry, Sick, Homeless, Or Jobless – In Fact – Violence Is Frequently The Problem That Poor People Are Most Concerned About – It Is One Of The Core Reasons They Are Poor In The First Place – And One Of The Primary Reasons They Stay Poor

~ SV-OOTMPADSOVATP ~ Sexual Violence – One Of The Most Pervasive And Devastating Sources Of Violence Against The Poor

~ LSDP-SVHSIENACOTDW-THSAWOAPOWCAC-IIOWAGWARV ~ Like Some Dread Plague – Sexual Violence Has Seeped Into Every Nook And Cranny Of The Developing World – The Homes, Schools, Alleys, Workplaces, Orphanages And Places Of Worship, Commerce, And Care – It Is Overwhelmingly Women And Girls Who Are The Victims

~ THCBAPOSLBFTPWAG ~ The Home Can Be A Place Of Silent, Lawless Brutality For The Poorest Women And Girls

~ OOTPRGDGTSITDWISV ~ One Of The Primary Reasons Girls Don’t Go To School In The Developing World Is Sexual Violence

~ SVIAB-EDTAMOPWAROSMAPOACT ~ Sexual Violence Is A Business – Every Day There Are Millions Of People Who Are Raped Or Sexually Molested As Part Of A Commercial Transaction

~ ‘PG’ ~ “Property Grabbing”

~ MOTWPPLICIWTCBSTOOTHAOTLBTINRRKSFADWOTLATP ~ Most Of The World’s Poorest People Live In Circumstances In Which They Can Be Summarily Thrown Out Of Their Homes And Off Their Land Because There Is No Reliable Record Keeping System For Accurately Demonstrating Who Owns The Land And The Property

~ TBEOTSPATACBSAIAITVLS ~ The Best Efforts Of The Struggling Poor And Their Allies Can Be Swept Away In An Instance Through Violent Land Seizures

~ APAAD ~ Abusive Police And Arbitrary Detention

~ TIOLEITDWAAATTV-TIPWTPHBTTTTW-TMPCAPPFTGPIFTOPF ~ The Institutions Of Law Enforcement In The Developing World Are Actually Adding To The Violence – This Is Precisely What The Poor Have Been Trying To Tell The World – The Most Pervasive Criminal And Predatory Presence For The Global Poor Is Frequently Their Own Police Force

~ AD ~ Abusive Detention

~ AGFAPPAATDW-BPUATIJBTPOFC-AAWOEMSAPAOGAS ~ A Great Fear Among Poor People All Around The Developing World – Begin Picked Up And Thrown In Jail By The Police On False Charges – As A Way Of Extorting Money, Sex Acts, Property And Other Goods And Services

~ FFFIAIAFFW-IIITTEOOTRWTO ~ Freedom From Fear Is As Important As Freedom From Want – It Is Impossible To Truly Enjoy One Of These Rights Without The Other

~ ERSLOPTVTOECBDTPH-EIIIOOTFPA-TDHE ~ Even Relatively Small Losses Of Property Through Violent Theft Or Extortion Can Be Debilitating To Poor Households – Especially If It Is One Of Their Few Productive Assets – They Don’t Have Extras

~ IABIVBV-LU-E-A-ACW-TREIDAW-ATP-MPALTBDUTB ~ If A Breadwinner Is Victimized By Violence – Locked Up – Enslaved – Assaulted – And Can’t Work – The Ripple Effect Is Deep And Wide – Among The Poor – More People Are Likely To Be Dependent Upon That Breadwinner

~ THCOT ~ The Hidden Cost Of Trauma

~ TGDOVII-IITDOTPI ~ The Greatest Devastation Of Violence Is Invisible – It Is The Destruction Of The Person Inside

~ IWCOTLE-NEGPDTHTPWBTS ~ If We Can’t Overcome The Locust Effect – Nothing Else Good People Do To Help The Poor Will Be Truly Sustainable

~ BEPJSITDWICDD-AU ~ Building Effective Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Is Costly, Difficult, Dangerous – And Unlikely

~ IICTTCNAATLVMBA ~ It Is Certainly True That Cultural Norms And Attitudes That Legitimate Violence Must Be Addressed

~ IDN-E&B-A-‘TEN’-FIWP-CPTPIABWAPWAMCOTTPTNETL-TPACOBTPAPTWOABTMV ~ In Developing Nations – Extortion And Bribery – Are – “The Expected Norm” – For Interactions With The Police – Corruption Places The Poor In A Bidding War Against Perpetrators Who Are Making Counter Offers To The Police To Not Enforce The Law – The Police Are Co-Opted By The Powerful And Put To Work Oppressing And Bullying The Most Vulnerable

~ TSRIT:TPDHPP ~ The Stark Reality Is This: The Poor Don’t Have Police Protection

~ ADD ~ A Dream Devastated

~ CNOTJDS ~ Catastrophic Neglect Of The Justice Delivery System

~ OCTLSICIAFL-TTLOTCP-ANOTPAEE ~ Of Course The Legal System Is Conducted In A Foreign Language – That’s The Language Of The Colonial Power – And Now Of The Political And Economic Elite

~ PJAPL ~ Private Justice And Public Lawlessness

~ EDNNAEPJSTPTFBVBO-B-TMNABPJSTPTFBHAFVO ~ Elites Do Not Need An Effective Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Victimized By Others – But – They May Need A Broken Public Justice System To Protect Them From Being Held Accountable For Victimizing Others

~ BJSAITTHB-ECJSTIOTM ~ Broken Public Justice Systems Auction Impunity To The Highest Bidder – Effective Criminal Justice Systems Take Impunity Off The Market

~ SV ~ Security Vacuums

~ IC ~ International Crime

~ TTHSCFTIACTRIIPTATLTIUSMOETATP ~ The Time Has Surely Come For The International Aid Community To Revise Its Investment Priorities To Address The Lawlessness That Is Undermining So Many Other Efforts To Assist The Poor

~ STBFJSITDWALTSOWTALLACFWTCTFOAVCCSASB-TPTISEASOLLACF ~ Struggles To Build Functioning Justice Systems In The Developing World Are Likely To Succeed Only Where There Are Local Leaders And Community Forces Willing To Carry The Fight On A Very Committed, Costly, Sustained, And Sacrificial Basis – This Priorities The Identification, Support, Encouragement, And Strengthening Of Local Leaders And Community Forces

~ TPWITPJSITDWA-GVPP-O-IT-PM-UR-FTSTWAADODL-A-TICOAGRVAT ~ The People Working In The Public Justice Systems In The Developing World Are – Generally Very Poorly Paid – Overworked – Ill-Trained – Poorly Managed – Under-Resourced – Forced To Serve The Whims And Arbitrary Demands Of Dysfunctional Leaders – And – Trained In Cultures Of Abuse, Gratuitous Rudeness, Violence, And Theft

~ DPOH ~ Demonstrations Projects Of Hope

~ 15-70-15 ~ The 15-70-15 Rule

~ BSD ~ Build Social Demand

~ LFDCRITS ~ Look For Decisive, Courageous Reformers Inside The System

~ ACITCJSF ~ Attack Corruption In The Criminal Justice System First

~ CHAEIFPC ~ Clean House And End Impunity For Police Corruption

~ TTNPWR ~ Treat The New Police With Respect

~ WPTTECFAPR ~ Win Public Trust Through Effective Crime Fighting And Public Relations

~ IBTJ ~ International Bridges To Justice

~ JSR ~ Justice Sector Roundtables

~ RAC ~ Rights Awareness Campaigns

~ DRC&TPOLS ~ Defender Resource Centers And The Provision Of Legal Services

~ T-DOT-I-IDOPARAP ~ Transformed – Days Of Tragedy – Into – Iconic Days Of Public Awareness, Remembrance And Protest

~ LEOTP ~ Legal Empowerment Of The Poor

~ TTCAGP-WWSOGP-WMSOTVIITP ~ Transform The Conversation About Global Poverty – Whenever We Speak Of Global Poverty – We Must Speak Of The Violence Imbedded In That Poverty

~ TPOVDETW-H-DW-D-I-U-GD-H-S-BFTP-VIEBAD-A-IFTHFUSTTON ~ The Problem Of Violence Deserves Equal Time With – Hunger – Dirty Water – Disease – Illiteracy – Unemployment – Gender Discrimination – Housing – Sanitation – Because For The Poor – Violence Is Every Bit As Devastating – And – Is Frequently The Hidden Force Undermining Solutions To These Other Needs

~ FFVAF ~ Freedom From Violence And Fear

CALI RESSLER + JODY THOMPSON ~ ROWE GUIDEPOSTS ~ WHY WORKS SUCK – AND HOW TO FIX IT

~ ROWE ~ Results Only Work Environment

~ PAALSDAATIAWO-TT-TCT-O-TCT ~ People At All Levels Stop Doing Any Activity That Is A Waste Of – Their Time – The Customer’s Time – Or – The Company’s Time

~ EHTFTWAWTW ~ Employees Have The Freedom To Work Any Way They Want

~ EFLS ~ Everyday Feels Like Saturday

~ PHAUAO‘PTO’ALATWGD ~ People Have An Unlimited Amount Of “Paid Time Off” As Long As The Work Gets Done

~ WIAPYG-ISYD ~ Work Isn’t A Place You Go – It’s Something You Do

~ NTAHMHTW ~ Nobody Talks About How Many Hours They Work

~ EMIO ~ Every Meeting Is Optional

~ IOTGSOAWM-CAMOATA-O-TANOATA ~ It’s Okay To Grocery Shop On A Wednesday Morning – Catch A Movie On A Tuesday Afternoon – Or Take A Nap On A Thursday Afternoon

~ TANWS ~ There Are No Work Schedules

~ NFQOOSO ~ Nobody Feels Guilty, Overworked, Or Stressed-Out

~ TAALMFD ~ There Aren’t Any Last-Minute Fire Drills

~ TINJAHYSYT ~ There Is No Judgment About How You Spend Your Time