MORTIMER ADLER ~ HOW TO READ A BOOK ~ 1940

~ TISFNTRINANAIOW ~ There Is Some Feeling Nowadays That Reading Is Not As Necessary As It Once Was

~ R-CBMOL-A-TMATRTB ~ Reading – Can Be More Or Less – Active – The More Active The Reading The Better

~ T-AOR-IS-IAOTSSTAIITAOUD:KOO-RAM-ROI-A-OC-AITI-AAR ~ The – Art Of Reading – In Short – Includes All Of The Same Skills That Are Involved In The Art Of Unaided Discovery: Keenness Of Observation – Readily Available Memory – Range Of Imagination – And – Of Course – An Intellect Trained In – Analysis And Reflection

~ UHOARTBIMBTNUIAA ~ Understanding Half Of A Really Tough Book Is Much Better Than Not Understanding It At All

~ IYIOUEOEPBYGOTTN-YWNGVF ~ If You Insist On Understanding Everything On Every Page Before You Go On To The Next – You Will Not Get Very Far

~ B-WEHYGIYIYRSS?-IITTHST-B-WAC?-HTAI-OHISITP? ~ But – What Exactly Have You Gained If You Increase Your Reading Speed Significantly? – It Is True That You Have Saved Time – But – What About Comprehension? – Has That Also Increased – Or – Has It Suffered In The Process?

~ WITBAAAW?-WIBSID?-ITBT-IWOP?-WOI?-ITBHGYI-YMAAIS ~ What Is The Book About As A Whole? – What Is Being Said In Detail? – Is The Book True – In Whole Of Part? – What Of It? – If The Book Has Given You Information – You Must Ask About Its Significance

~ IYHTHOAABQAYR-YAABRTIYDN-AQINE-YHTTTAT ~ If You Have The Habit Of Asking A Book Questions As You Read – You Are A Better Reader Than If You Do Not – Asking Questions Is Not Enough – You Have To Try To Answer Them

~ TMKPWMCII-ROO ~ To Make Knowledge Practical We Must Convert It Into – Rules Of Operation

~ ABIAWOA ~ A Book Is A Work Of Art

~ T-MRB-IAAAOTPOTA ~ The – Most Readable Book – Is An Architectural Achievement On The Part Of The Author

~ RAW-AR-AA-TABT ~ Reading And Writing – Are Reciprocal – As Are – Teaching And Being Taught

~ YSBATSTMQTTBTTA ~ You Should Be Able To State The Main Question That The Book Tries To Answer

~ B-AWCHMM-EAIW ~ But – A Word Can Have Many Meanings – Especially An Important Word

~ A-T-IAW-UU-CTT-ITI-TWWARSS ~ A – Term – Is A Word – Used Unambiguously – Coming To Terms – Is The Ideal – Toward Which Writer And Reader Should Strive

~ TO-T-A-ASUOW-FTSO-CK ~ Think Of – Terms – As – A Skilled Use Of Words – For The Sake Of – Communicating Knowledge

~ W-ITBOWILFBAWAFN ~ Wonder – Is The Beginning Of Wisdom In Learning From Books As Well As From Nature

~ ‘V’:TBHOUWWRFTTTSCAWAOTETWTSR ~ “Verbalism: The Bad Habit Of Using Words Without Regard For The Thoughts They Should Convey And Without Awareness Of The Experiences To Which They Should Refer

~ TIOSJ:YMBATS-WRC-“IU”-BYCS-“IA”-O-“ID”-TAWUII-TDWUII ~ The Importance Of Suspending Judgment: You Must Be Able To Say – With Reasonable Certainty – “I Understand” – Before You Can Say – “I Agree” – Or – “I Disagree” – To Agree Without Understanding Is Inane – To Disagree Without Understanding Is Impudent

~ SJ-IAA-AOC-IITTPTSHNBS-YASTYANCOPOWOTO ~ Suspending Judgment – Is Also An – Act Of Criticism – It Is Taking The Position That Something Has Not Been Shown – You Are Saying That You Are Not Convinced Or Persuaded One Way Or The Other

~ WYD-DS-R-A-NDOC ~ When You Disagree – Do So – Reasonably – And – Not Disputatiously Or Contentiously

~ IAA-DNG-R-F-P-TCBTOAEO-PO ~ If – An Author – Does Not Give – Reasons – For – Propositions – They Can Be Treated Only As Expressions Of – Personal Opinions

~ RTDB-K-AM-PO-BGRFACJYM ~ Respect The Difference Between – Knowledge – And Mere – Personal Opinion – By Giving Reasons For Any Critical Judgment You Make

~ IINT-ATE-YBTADOTTAITCOI-O-YALTB-GVTFNSR-YMETYHR-WAYHASF ~ It Is Necessary To – Acknowledge The Emotions – You Bring To A Dispute Or Those That Arise In The Course Of It – Otherwise – You Are Likely To Be – Giving Vent To Feelings Not Stating Reasons – You May Even Think You Have Reasons – When All You Have Are Strong Feelings

~ YMKWY-P-TI-P-A-OYANLTATYOMBEETDA ~ You Must Know What Your – Prejudices – That Is – Your – Prejudgments – Are – Otherwise You Are Not Likely To Admit That Your Opponent May Be Equally Entitle To Different Assumptions

~ A-AAI-IAGAFTBTIAIIP-CWP-I-OC-I-B-TBSTTI-MLIIALH-EOTDSALTTTTO-POV ~ An – Attempt At Impartiality – Is A Good Antidote For The Blindness That Is Almost Inevitable In Partisanship – Controversy Without Partisanship – Is – Of Course – Impossible – But – To Be Sure That There Is – More Light In It And Less Heat – Each Of The Disputants Should At Least Try To Take The Other – Point Of View

~ FSCUWSI-EOI-TIETIYR-DOI-T-NSTFAT-SEOTS-SPOI-A-IYARFE-TIRNETTITAESOLIRBTQ:WOI? ~ Facts Seldom Come To Us Without Some Interpretation – Explicit Or Implied – This Is Especially True If You’re Reading – Digests Of Information – That – Necessarily Select The Facts According To – Some Evaluation Of Their Significance – Some Principle Of Interpretation – And – If You Are Reading For Enlightenment – There Is Really No End To The Inquiry That At Every Stage Of Learning Is Renewed By The Question: What Of It?

~ T-GW-HAB-GR-WTDR-TRW-ITNCOE-AGSFBAT-A-ST-AGRBAA ~ The – Great Writers – Have Always Been – Great Readers – What They Did Read – They Read Well – In The Natural Course Of Events – A Good Student Frequently Becomes A Teacher – And – So Too – A Good Reader Becomes An Author

~ TA-OC-MBWRW ~ There Are – Of Course – Many Books Worth Reading Well

~ SE-MBAS-A-IAOTTWGTTTOAI ~ Special Experience – Must Be Actively Sought – And – Is Available Only To Those Who Go To The Trouble Of Acquiring It

~ ETIRAS-SBSAEACAP ~ Everything That Is Relevant And Statable – Should Be Said As Explicitly And Clearly As Possible

~ A-GH-DN-OC-MUTP ~ A – Good Historian – Does Not – Of Course – Make Up The Past

~ T-MITTK-WR-ARO-CH-I-WIWTR ~ The – Most Important Thing To Know – When Reading – Any Report Of – Current Happenings – Is – Who Is Writing The Report

~ A GB-CTY-ATW-A-AY ~ A Good Book – Can Teach You – About The World – And – About Yourself

MARK GOULSTON ~ JUST LISTEN ~ 2010

~ JL ~ Just Listen

~ PC:FRTL;FLTC;FCTWTD;FWTDTD;FDTGTDACTD ~ Persuasion Cycle: From Resisting To Listening; From Listening To Considering; From Considering To Willing To Do; From Willing To Do To Doing; From Doing To Glad They Did And Continuing To Do

~ YGTTPBHT-‘BI’-‘BI’-OWPMF-‘R’-T-‘L’-T-‘C’-WYAS ~ You Get Through To People By Having Them – “Buy In” – “Buy-In” – Occurs When People Move From – “Resisting” – To – “Listening” – To – “Considering” – What You Are Saying

~ I-TKTG-‘B-IA-TMPTTROTCINWYTT-B-WYGTTTY-A-WHITMITP ~ Ironically – The Key To Gaining – “Buy-In” – And – Then Moving People Through The Rest Of The Cycle Is Not What You Tell Them – But – What You Get Them To Tell You – And – What Happens In Their Minds In The Process

~ T-RW-H-TPTH ~ The – Right Words – Have – Tremendous Power To Heal

~ WOLAOPAVD-OB-WISW ~ While Our Lives And Our Problems Are Very Different – Our Brains – Work In Similar Ways

~ Y-A-ASADIYB-FIAIISATTY-TT-D-NTBP-EACTYE-CLIOAW-S-WYRS-YA-ISOY-HB-CYTAOPI-AH-YBIASP-T-FC-INLIC-YATRDD-YWMF-SHFYS-IMTHFTFETF ~ Your – Amygdala – A Small Area Deep In Your Brain – Flies Into Action If It Senses A Threat To You – This Threat – Doesn’t – Need To Be Physical – Even A Challenge To Your Ego – Can Light It Off As Well – Sometimes – When You’re Really Scared – Your Amygdala – Instantly Shuts Out Your – Higher Brain – Causing You To Act On Primitive Instinct – Amygdala Hijack – Your Brain’s Intelligent And Sensible Pilot – The – Frontal Cortex – Is No Longer In Control – Your Ability To Reason Drops Drastically – Your Working Memory Falters – Stress Hormones Flood Your System – It Make Take Hours For The Full Effects To Fade

~ IYTTTFARWAPWI-FAH-Y-WYT-B-I-B-TAHTBP-A-TPHBCSIC ~ If You’re Trying To Talk Facts And Reason With A Person Who’s In – Full Amygdala Hijack – You’re – Wasting Your Time – But – Intervene – Before – The Amygdala Hits The Boiling Point – And – The Person’s Higher Brain Can Stay In Control

~ MN ~ Mirror Neurons

~ WC-MTW-CTIN-TTWI-LAA-A-ETWMTW-ICALRHTBMB ~ We Constantly – Mirror The World – Conforming To Its Needs – Trying To Win Its – Love And Approval – And – Each Time We Mirror The World – It Creates A Little Reciprocal Hunger To Be Mirrored Back

~ MNRC ~ Mirror Neuron Receptor Deficits

~ GTTYF-B-ICOYOWAE-B-MOTT-TWSCS-S-T-FAMIR-F-TCIASS-I-GYUCF ~ Get Through To Yourself First – Be – In Control Of Your Own Thoughts And Emotions – Because – Most Of The Time – That’s Where Successful Communicating Starts – So – The – First And Most Important Rule – For – Taking Control In A Stressful Situation – Is – Getting Yourself Under Control First

~ O-ACE-IMYBFPTO-IT-PWTWYF-AES ~ One – Absolutely Crucial Element – In Moving Your Brain From Panic To Logic – Is To – Put Words To What You’re Feeling – At Each Stage

~ RYTL ~ Rewire Yourself To Listen

~ GROTF-TSYTYAKAS-‘L’/’L’/’W’/’H’/’I’-I-IR-BOWYNTK-RT-MB-A-YRTSRPYTWU ~ Get Rid Of The Filter – The Stuff You Think You Already Know About Someone – “Lazy” / “Loser” / “Whinny” / “Hostile” / “Impossible” – Is – In Reality – Blocking Out What You Need To Know – Remove The – Mental Block – And – You’re Ready To Start Reaching People You Thought Were Unreachable

~ OYM-A-LFTRBTB-A-YTTFSTBDB-A-CWA-‘I’-P ~ Open Your Mind – And – Look For The Reasons Behind The Behavior – And – You’ll Take The First Step Toward Breaking Down Barriers – And – Communicating With An – “Impossible” – Person

~ MTOPF-‘F’-WPF-F-TFLA-A-WTFLA-TFLAAA-A-TOTUTTMYTTS ~ Make The Other Person Feel – “Felt” – When People Feel – Felt – They Feel Less Alone – And – When They Fell Less Alone – They Feel Less Anxious And Afraid – And – That Opens Them Up To The Message You’re Trying To Send

~ BE-I-T-I-DJ-AI-BI ~ Be More – Interested – Than – Interesting – Don’t Just – Act Interested – Be Interested

~ TMOS-A-I-HDASIYAIO;TMOI-I-HMYTTITWY ~ The Measure Of Self-Assurance – Is – How Deeply And Sincerely Interested You Are In Others; The Measure Of Insecurity – Is – How Much You Try To Impress Them With You

~ MPFV ~ Make People Feel Valuable

~ ‘IMADTYH’ ~ “It Makes A Difference That You’re Here”

~ ISTGOOYWTMTAPIYL-C/K/O-FI-OTMOTH-M-E-T-U-P-HIC-IT-TFAITWITTWE-IS-TPADYCFT-SR-TNTM-WTTSDYC?-TYNTSTN ~ It’s Smart To Go Out Of Your Way To Make The Annoying People In Your Life – Complainers / Kvetchers / Obstructers – Feel Important – One Thing Most Of These High-Maintenance – Easy-To-Upset – People – Have In Common – Is That – They Feel As If The World Isn’t Treating Them Well Enough – In Short – These People Are Driving You Crazy For The – Simple Reason – They Need To Matter – Want Them To Stop Driving You Crazy? – Then You’ll Need To Satisfy That Need

~ T-GP-IYL-NADRTTV-A-T-AP-IYL-MNDIBTNIEM-GBOTWTW-AFTTM-A-TGYWYN ~ The – Good People – In Your Life – Need And Deserve Reassurance That They’re Valued – And – The – Annoying People – In Your Life – May Not Deserve It But They Need It Even More – Give Both Of Them What They Want – A Feeling That They Matter – And – They’ll Give You What You Need

~ ECFT-B-NOSNTCFI ~ Everyone Competes For Time – But – No One Should Need To Compete For Importance

~ HPT-E-EAM ~ Help People To – Exhale – Emotionally And Mentally

~ MAPAFD-IWSCOIDTWLSOOIL-TG-A-I-LFWWRUN-ATP-WTBLFAEEFOPTBEROR ~ Moving A Person Away From Distress – It’s When Stress Crosses Over Into Distress That We Lose Sight Of Our Important Long-Term Goals – And – Instead – Look For What Will Relieve Us Now – At That Point – We’re Too Busy Looking For An Emergency Exit From Our Pain To Be Either Rational Or Reachable

~ YCRAPW-V-B-YWUDYOC ~ You Can’t Reach A Person Who’s – Venting – Because – You Wind Up Defending Yourself Or Counterattacking

~ WYGA-DP-BR-APAASTE-YDJGTSBTN-YAIOI-B-IATGAPTCD-YBA-MB-BTPAY-A-WYBTB-YCCAI ~ When You Give A – Distressed Person – Breathing Room – A Place And A Space To Exhale – You Don’t Just Get The Situation Back To Normal – You Actually Improve On It – Because – In Addition To Getting A Person To Calm Down – You Build A – Mental Bridge – Between The Person And Yourself – And – When You Build That Bridge – You Can Communicate Across It

~ TBTTDWSI-V/W/C-IT-AI ~ The Best Thing To Do When Someone Is – Venting / Whining / Complaining – Is To – Avoid Interrupting

~ CYDATD ~ Check Your Dissonance At The Door

~ WASL-BYN-WYACAEIYMYFL-BYT-RDIY-FYF-A-BYN-I ~ When All Seems Lost – Bare Your Neck – When You Are Cornered And Everything Inside You Makes You Feel Like – Baring Your Teeth – Reach Deeper Into Yourself – Feel Your Fear – And – Bare Your Neck – Instead

~ SC-O-TP ~ Steer Clear – Of – Toxic People

~ YCBCAOTAATSM ~ You Can’t Be Curious And On The Attack At The Same Moment

~ BYWASSEP-FOITRIAP ~ Before You Worry About Solving Someone Else’s Problem – Find Out If There Really Is A Problem

~ DGD;GD ~ Don’t Get Defensive; Go Deeper

~ SPBOETMPHAYATBMLTGYTPAUA ~ Show Poise By Openly Expressing The Misgivings People Have About You And They’ll Be More Likely To Give You Their Positive And Undivided Attention

~ WYAPQ-RTA ~ When You Ask People Questions – Respect Their Answers

~ WYCGT-FTF-T-SBS ~ When You Can’t Get Through – Face To Face – Try – Side By Side

~ DQ-MPTY-TAT-LT-FITB-A-TFYTWT ~ Direct Questions – Make People Think You’re – Talking At Them – Let Them – Fill In The Blanks – And – They’ll Feel You’re Talking With Them

~ ATBTYC-AT-BTP-T-AY-WWTLT ~ Assemble The Best Team You Can – And Then – Become The Person – They – And You – Would Want To Lead Them

MICHAEL SANDEL ~ THE TYRANNY OF MERIT ~ 2020

~ WBOTCG? ~ What’s Become Of The Common Good?

~ WNTAWTSTOFP-ITLMFB-TPOM-O-TSACGBTSATS ~ We Need To Ask Whether The Solution To Our Fractious Politics – Is To Live More Faithfully By – The Principle Of Merit – Or – To Seek A Common Good Beyond The Sorting And The Striving

~ B-TRORNRH-ITE-IINETR-MWNERTTMC ~ But – The Rhetoric Of Rising Now Rings Hollow – In Today’s Economy – It Is Not Easy To Rise – Most Will Not Even Rise To The Middle Class

~ T-TCWT-HM-TTBTWT-GE-TATR-IS-DLO-TSOP-TOAT=E=HC-A-OR-TEPTSITWOW ~ Today – The Countries With The – Highest Mobility – Tend To Be Those With The – Greatest Equality – The Ability To Rise – It Seems – Depends Less On – The Spur Of Poverty – Than On Access To – Education – Health Care – And – Other Resources – That Equip People To Succeed In The World Of Work

~ ASRTTGBRAPMRDWIOPAW-RT-RCWTPOHPSUALWRGFAFA ~ Any Serous Response To The Gap Between Rich And Poor Must Reckon Directly With Inequalities Of Power And Wealth – Rather Than – Rest Content With The Project Of Helping People Scramble Up A Ladder Whose Rungs Grow Father And Farther Apart

~ M-IIUWTTDTORTM-DSLOTS-TWCTMI-A-MITCOTPP-OTMQ-TAISMPP:TMAATMEP-ATWAAATL-ATW-IGH-ATL-HAR ~ Morally – It Is Unclear Why The Talented Deserve The Outsize Rewards That Market-Driven Societies Lavish On The Successful – Those Who Celebrate The Meritocratic Ideal – And – Make It The Center Of Their Political Project – Overlook This Moral Question – They Also Ignore Something More Politically Potent: The Morally Attractive Attitudes The Meritocratic Ethic Promotes – Among The Winners And Also Among The Losers – Among The Winners – It Generates Hubris – Among The Losers – Humiliation And Resentment

~ TPCIATTOM-A-TCIJ ~ The Populist Complaint Is About The Tyranny Of Merit – And – The Complaint Is Justified

~ TNT-TSR-TAHW-ETW-TCTSTOD-AMOTV-A-TLDUTLFTT-MH-RTTOWTITDOTS-TFT-CAGF-THTOTW-IIT-SC-OT-WLOT-TTDTF-A-T-TOTB-DTT ~ The Notion That – The System Rewards – Talent And Hard Work – Encourages The Winners – To Consider Their Success Their Own Doing – A Measure Of Their Virtue – And – To Look Down Upon Those Less Fortunate Than Themselves – Meritocratic Hubris – Reflects The Tendency Of Winners To Inhale Too Deeply Of Their Success – To Forget The – Luck And Good Fortune – That Helped Them On Their Way – It Is The – Smug Conviction – Of Those – Who Land On Top – That They Deserve Their Fate – And – That – Those On The Bottom – Deserve Theirs Too

~ T- T-CG-IUMI-ET-IILACSODTBOC-TA-SCP-AMBT-GDP-TMFA-IPD ~ Today – The – Common Good – Is Understood Mainly In – Economic Terms – It Is Less About Cultivating Solidarity Or Deepening The Bonds Of Citizenship – Than About – Satisfying Consumer Preferences – As Measured By The – Gross Domestic Product – This Makes For An – Impoverished Public Discourse

~ WPF-PA-TD-CEO-NMTT-WINO-OE-SM-IWPTPOAWRL-C-ATPS-FT-EPD-FAD-TRSTTAO-RPD-DNMTNPABD-ISMTABDE-OOPV-B-AA(OCBTITR)-B-CBABM-B-CL-W-CC-BIWPO ~ What Passes For – Political Argument – These Days – Consists Either Of – Narrow Managerial Technocratic Talk – Which Inspires No One – Or Else – Shouting Matches – In Which Partisans Talk Past One Another Without Really Listening – Citizens – Across The Political Spectrum – Find This – Empty Public Discourse – Frustrating And Disempowering – They Rightly Sense That The Absence Of – Robust Public Debate – Does Not Mean That No Policies Are Being Decided – It Simply Means They Are Being Decided Elsewhere – Out Of Public View – By – Administrative Agencies (Often Captured By The Industries They Regulate) – By – Central Banks And Bond Markets – By – Corporate Lobbyists – Whose – Campaign Contributions – Buy Influence With Public Officials

~ FD-O-M-DG-H-HOPD-DOC-A-PAPB ~ Four Decades – Of – Market-Driven Globalization – Have – Hollowed Out Public Discourse – Disempowered Ordinary Citizens – And – Prompted A Populist Backlash

~ B-IIOTTHPRFAM;IISETATWA-EOU-WRFOLIL ~ But – It Is One Thing To Hold People Responsible For Acting Morally; It Is Something Else To Assume That We Are – Each Of Us – Wholly Responsible For Our Lot In Life

~ TNTOFROM-RDIT-MI-O-WC-IRTBTTMUIAIAWTAPWMASWW-T-MWOT-GRTHATTWSM-TMATS-TGTSTTVHBIOH[H]~ The Notion That Our Fate Reflects Our Merit – Runs Deep In The – Moral Intuitions – Of – Western Culture – It Reflects The Belief That The Moral Universe Is Arranged In A Way That Aligns Prosperity With Merit And Suffering With Wrongdoing – This – Meritocratic Way Of Thinking – Gives Rise To Harsh Attitudes Toward Those Who Suffer Misfortune – The More Acute The Suffering – The Greater The Suspicion That The Victim Has Brought It On Himself[/Herself]

~ MOTF-TS-WFL-AAFAMPOV ~ Many Of The Factors – That Separate – Winners From Losers – Are Arbitrary From A Moral Point Of View

~ TMWVOAS-MAS-S-TLLWATCFTFOTLFTO-IMSIMOD-TFMBTF-TLMMCOC-TSANOPRFOFMIHTIOIOPS ~ The More We View Ourselves As Self-Made And Self-Sufficient – The Less Likely We Are To Care For The Fate Of Those Less Fortunate Than Ourselves – If My Success Is My Own Doing – Their Failure Must Be Their Fault – This Logic Makes Meritocracy Corrosive Of Commonality – Too Strenuous A Notion Of Personal Responsibility For Our Fate Makes It Hard To Imagine Ourselves In Other People’s Shoes

~ TROR ~ The Rhetoric Of Responsibility

~ FD-ME-ITMT-TW-WHAPBTR-CRAFATTWTT-TDNNTFT-SATBOSTSA-T-ROR-WLAPTAT ~ For Decades – Meritocratic Elites – Intoned The Mantra That – Those Who – Work Hard And Play By The Rules – Can Rise As Far As Their Talents Will Take Them – They Did Not Notice That For Those – Stuck At The Bottom Or Struggling To Stay Afloat – The – Rhetoric Of Rising – Was Less A Promise Than A Taunt

~ C:TLAP ~ Credentialism: The Last Acceptable Prejudice

~ ‘SVD’- BTD-EOI-C-L-‘JVU’-O-‘RVW’ ~ “Smart Versus Dumb” – Began To Displace – Ethical Or Ideological – Contrasts – Like – “Just Versus Unjust” – Or – “Right Versus Wrong”

~ T-‘STTD’-A-PTA-POS-IR-TDNDO-MC ~ The – “Smart Thing To Do” – Always – Pointed To A – Prudential Or Self-Interested Reason – That Did Not Depend On – Moral Considerations

~ TNT-‘TBATB’-ABAG-TT-L-C-FC-I-AMBOMH ~ The Notion That – “The Best And The Brightest” – Are – Better At Governing – Than Their – Less-Credentialed – Fellow Citizens – Is – A Myth Born Of Meritocratic Hubris

~ P-TO-RW-I-RME ~ Parties – That Once – Represented Workers – Increasingly – Represented Meritocratic Elites

~ WMFAMITEHAECTCTLOS;IHNTSAHFATROTLSB-T-MI-INA-ROI-IIA-JOI ~ What Matters For A Meritocracy Is That Everyone Has An Equal Chance To Climb The Ladder Of Success; It Has Nothing To Say About How Far Apart The Rungs On The Ladder Should Be – The – Meritocratic Ideal – Is Not A – Remedy Of Inequality – It Is A – Justification Of Inequality

~ AT-AOG-BRWTT-W-C-IDNFMOW-PI-B-WRASASSOWTP-W-EASCALS ~ Although The – Age Of Globalization – Brought Rich Rewards To – The Well-Credentialed – It Did Not Nothing For Most Ordinary Workers – Productivity Increased – But – Workers Reaped A Smaller And Smaller Share Of What They Produced – While – Executives And Shareholders Captured A Larger Share

~ OTLSD-TIT-TMWMRTVOOSC-HBDE ~ Over The Last Several Decades – The Idea That – The Money We Make Reflects The Value Of Our Social Contribution – Has Become Deeply Embedded

~ M-FA-HRTP-EG-TDPATEI-SP-MTDOTWEAL-P-U-GAS-IT-RE ~Much – Financial Activity – Hinders Rather Than Promotes – Economic Growth – The Disproportionate Prestige Accorded Those Engaged In – Speculative Pursuits – Mocks The Dignity Of Those Who Earn A Living – Producing – Useful – Goods And Services – In The – Real Economy

~ A-PA-TRT-DOW-WUT-TS-TRTEOEB-DS-A-HPL ~ A – Political Agenda – That Recognizes The – Dignity Of Work – Would Use The – Tax System – To Reconfigure The Economy Of Esteem By – Discouraging Speculation – And – Honoring Productive Labor

JOHN FREEMAN ~ DON’T SEND ~ THE TYRANNY OF E-MAIL ~ 2009

~ DS ~ Don’t Send

~ DCIFTITMOLAN ~ Don’t Check It First Thing In The Morning Or Late At Night

~ CITAD ~ Check It Twice A Day

~ KAWT-DLAIEMII ~ Keep A Written To-Do List And Incorporate E-Mail Into It

~ GGE ~ Give Good E-Mail

~ RTEIEBR ~ Read The Entire Incoming E-Mail Before Replying

~ DNDCOSMBE ~ Do Not Debate Complex Or Sensitive Matters By E-Mail

~ IYHTWAAGBE-MYC-F-T-F ~ If You Have To Work As A Group By E-Mail – Meet Your Correspondents – Face-To-Face

~ SUYDTDSEBE ~ Set Up Your Desk To Do Something Else Beside E-Mail

~ SMFTED ~ Schedule Media-Free Time Every Day

JOHN FREEMAN ~ THE TYRANNY OF E-MAIL ~ 2009

~ WLTIWTWBMO;NODWNTSOPTUTMEBOMLHTMOLAMSOTWBMTAOO ~ We Lean To Interact With The World By Mirroring Others; Not Only Do We Need To See Other People To Understand Them Most Effectively – Our Mind Learns How To Move Our Limbs And Make Sense Of The World By Mirroring The Actions Of Others

~ T-CS-H-IAENRE-RTBDOAS-LISDIOE-IIBRIOP ~ The – Computer Screen – However – Is An Entirely New Reading Experience – Rather Than Bouncing Down Off A Surface – Light Is Shot Directly Into Our Eyes – It Is Beamed Right Into Our Pupils

~ EHDWTA-B-IHTALLBDTCADTTFTPSBCOTDFOASTITFIFOTF ~ Eyesight Has Deteriorated With The Ages – But – It Has Taken A Large Leap Back During The Computer Age Due To The Fact That People Spend Big Chunks Of Their Day Focusing On A Screen That Is Two Feet In Front Of Their Faces

~ BDOOFEATTFOPC-WAFATLOMIIL ~ By Depriving Ourselves Of Facial Expressions And The Tangible Frisson Of Physical Contact – We Are Facing A Terrible Loss Of Meaning In Individual Life

~ SB-P/P/C-OBHAIMOSMN ~ Surrounded By – Plastics / Polystyrenes / Chemicals – Our Bodies Have An Instinctual Memory Of Something More Natural

~ ECBHEI-WETNOTCBTTON ~ Each Communication Breakthrough Has Encouraged Individuality – While Expanding The Notion Of The Commons Beyond The Tangible Or Nearby

~ T-EA-O-NMOC-AO-TEI-IOUA-WBGBBAOTC ~ The – Earliest Adopters – Of – New Modes Of Communication – Are Often – Those Engaged In – Illegal Or Unethical Activity – Who Benefit Greatly By Being Ahead Of The Curve

~ IO-IBTCA-F-FA ~ Information Overload – Is Beginning To Create A – Free-Floating Anxiety

~ WNSAEAOTIFOOM ~ We Now Spend An Enormous Amount Of Time In Front Of Our Machines

~ HMATOE-B-WARAATAW ~ Humans May Adapt To Our Environment – But – We Also Rebel Against Adaptions That Aren’t Working

~ L-OT-E-MT ~ Life – On The – E-Mail Treadmill

~ TTIT-T-R-IE-CETROA-F-T-F-CI-S-D-IDNC-NG/VT/I/FE-TWATFBT-EAD-WLT-CWOB ~ The Truth Is That – Text – Rarely – If Ever – Can Equal The Richness Of A – Face-To-Face – Conversation – It’s – Static – Disembodied – It Does Not Convey – Hand Gestures / Verbal Tone / Inflection / Facial Expressions – Things We Are Taught From Birth To – Encode And Decode – We Learn To – Communicate With Our Bodies

~ SB ~ Sensory Brownout

~ WSAPBGTW-A-CIBGTB ~ We Sneak A Peak Before Going To Work – And – Clock In Before Going To Bed

~ COFS ~ Culture Of Forwarding Stuff

~ E-MVN-IC-BEF-P/R/C ~ E-Mail’s Viral Nature – Is Clearly – Being Exploited For – Payback / Revenge / Comeuppance

~ TGBWOPAACP-MT-AAMCBF-WCLT-DPE ~ The Gap Between What One Person And Another Considers Private – Means That – Almost Any Message Can Be Forwarded – Which Can Lead To – Devastating Personal Experiences

~ OH ~ Online Humiliation

~ C-B-S-A-W-A-V-P-TTTWND ~ Connectedness – Both – Strength – And – Weakness – A – Virus – Potential – To Take The Whole Network Down

~ 85-95-P-OA-E-I-S ~ 85-95 – Percent – Of All – Email – Is – Spam

~ PLANTBL-NS-MSPSMSNS ~ People Love And Need To Be Loved – Not Surprisingly – Most Successful Phishing Schemes Mimic Social Networking Sites

~ TTTWSTSUFTWFA-TCIACOOOOT-HNB-TLELEI-B-WCSTLO ~ The Technology That Was Supposed To Set Us Free To Work From Anywhere – To Check In And Clock Out On Our Own Time – Has Now Become – The Longest Employee Leash Ever Invented – Because – We Can’t Seem To Log Off

~ ‘VIRS’ ~ “Variable Interval Reinforcement Schedule”

~ AWAV-IADWYTEA-EIFOAFH ~ As With Any Vice – It’s A Disaster When You Take E-Mail Away – Even If For Only A Few Hours

~ ‘IA’ ~ “Internet Addition”

~ OUOTHBTAOAS;WSREOBF-S-AOT-M ~ Our Use Of Technology Has Begun To Alter Our Attention Span; We’ve Started Reverse Engineering Our Brains For – Speed – As Opposed To – Mindfulness

~ DJ-FTS-CC-GD ~ Disinhibted Jeering – From The Sidelines – Can Cause – Grave Damage

~ T-TATTTLOTPW-M-STCOIUE ~ Technology – That Appears To Transcend The Limits Of The Physical World – Merely – Shifts The Cost Of Its Use Elsewhere

~ T-I-WSTAUT-WFA-A-SWD-F-O-V/H/POW-IWMT-LU-FTT-DAO-IIHLUT-WATT-TINASWTL-B-CO-C-EAPB-WM-A-U ~ The – Internet – Was Supposed To Allow Us To – Work From Anywhere – And – So We Do – From – Our – Vacations / Homes / Places Of Worship – It Was Meant To – Liberate Us – From Ties To – Desk And Office – Instead It Has Led Us To – Work All The Time – This Is Not A Sustainable Way To Live – Being – Constantly On – Causes – Emotional And Physical Burnout – Workplace Meltdowns – And – Unhappiness

~ S-M-TSAWWDS-A-COEOI-WACANITTFT ~ Speed – Matters – The Speed At Which We Do Something – Anything – Changes Our Experience Of It – Words And Communication Are Not Immune To This Fundamental Truth

~ WNTPTFWOOAIWCAOR ~ We Need To Protect The Finite Well Of Our Attention If We Care About Our Relationships

~ WNTIOTPCTEOWWSUO-WNTTGTPAPROOTC-WNTTSADAFOWSTWSEWWM ~ We Need Time In Order To Properly Consider The Effect Of What We Say Upon Others – We Need Time In Order To Grasp The Political And Professional Ramifications Of Our Typed Correspondence – We Need Time To Shape And Design And Filer Our Words So That We Say Exactly What We Mean

~ CAGH-HOUDT-IAI-TUNHBHBOCMC ~ Communicating At Great Haste – Hones Our Utterances Down To – Instincts And Impulses – That Until Now Have Been Held Back Or Channelled More Carefully

~ A-IOOTMVMR-IWWIO-FC-WWHNLWWRNI ~ Attention – Is One Of The Most Valuable Modern Resources – If We Waste It On – Frivolous Communication – We Will Have Nothing Left When We Really Need It

~ T-PW-M ~ The – Physical World – Matters

~ C-M-WNCIOTL-A-ITEOECHSPI-WSSOFAS-B-TBTTRWASD ~ Context – Matters – We Need Context In Order To Live – And – If The Environment Of Electronic Communication Has Stopped Providing It – We Shouldn’t Search Online For A Solution – But – Turn Back To The Real World And Slow Down

JEFF FAUX ~ THE SERVANT ECONOMY ~ 2012

~ FASTCPO-WASATDODF ~ For A Society That Constantly Promotes Optimism – We Are Surprisingly Addicted To Depictions Of Dystopian Futures

~ M-DE-T-CNHBF-A-RTWCA ~ Major – Dislocating Events – That – Could Not Have Been Foretold – Are – Rarer Than We Commonly Acknowledge

~ HACS-DNATT-TW-‘E’ ~ History And Common Sense – Did Not Apply To Them – They Were – “Exceptional”

~ B-TWDTEOTC-DNEUSOPB ~ But – Those Who Drove The Economy Off The Cliff – Did Not End Up Sleeping On Park Benches

~ TCFPASSFTFHCFTGTTWGTNF ~ The Call For Patience And Shared Sacrifice For The Future Has Costs For The Governed That Those Who Govern Typically Never Face

~ WTFW-A-U-W-TBOA-FB-O-A-ED-O-COO-HBGAFT-TATT-T-GC-PNTDOI-PM-R-IUUTMOTA-BT ~ Whether The Folly Was – An – Unnecessary – War – The Bursting Of A – Financial Bubble – Or – An – Environmental Disaster – Our – Culture Of Optimism – Has Been Generous And Forgiving To – Those At The Top – The – Governing Class – Prefers Not To Dwell On Its – Past Mistakes – Rather – It Urges Us To Move On To A – Better Tomorrow

~ YDBAMOT-GC-B-CTSQ ~ You Don’t Become A Member Of The – Governing Class – By – Challenging The Status Quo

~ TROGIFM-NLWTRT-CTTOTMTSAB-NWITDTBBTP-IWT-IOATDHBD-DTRO-L-F-TGRITERC-B-TRHC-IPNW-TIATDHC-T-PUTP-PTBT-A-HTROTCPFTD ~ The Role Of Government In Financial Markets – No Longer Was That Role To – Control The Tendency Of The Markets Toward Speculative Asset Bubbles – Nor Was It To Diffuse The Bubbles Before They Popped – It Was To – Intervene Only After The Damage Had Been Done – Despite The Rhetoric Of – Laissez-Faire – The Government’s Role In The Economy Remained Critical – But – That Role Had Changed – Its Purpose Now Was – To Intervene After The Damage Had Occurred – To – Pick Up The Pieces – Put Them Back Together – And – Have The Rest Of The Country Pay For The Damage

~ T-HFDALTI-IA-EUM ~ That – High Federal Deficits Always Lead To Inflation – Is An – Economic Urban Myth

~ T-L-BAIF-A-TBTF-TGTM-A-TPTR ~ The – Largest – Banks And Investment Firms – Are – Too Big To Fail – Too Global To Monitor – And – Too Powerful To Regulate

~ PS-B-D-I-LA-STBPW-TW-WBEMOADCT-S-E ~ Personal Service – By – Definition – Is – Largely About – Satisfying The Boss’s Personal Whims – The Workplace – Will Become Even More Of A Daily Challenge To – Self-Esteem

~ WCET-M-B/T/H-W-FOB ~ We Can Expect That – More – Bridges / Tunnels / Highways – Will – Fall Or Breakdown

~ NOD-YBYJ-OT-YTTSTEWTTLOTWYD ~ Not Only Do – You Become Your Job – Over Time – You Tend To See The Economic World Through The Lens Of The Work You Do

~ N-EP-TI-DO-M-F-T-RR-A-T-GC-WATAOET ~ No – Established Party – That Is – Dependent On – Money – From – The – Reactionary Rich – And – The – Globalizing Corporations – Will Act To Alter Our Economic Trajectory

~ T-IOMIP-ETT-G-WIOBOCI-N-T-MC ~ The – Influence Of Money In Politics – Ensures That The – Government – Will Intervene On Behalf Of Corporate Interests – Not – The – Middle Class

BARBARA EHRENREICH ~ HAD I KNOWN ~ 2020

~ T-TIWFWAMONOTE=WF-B-P-W-OO-‘CP-TONTBPOTBP ~ True – The Internet Was Filled With A Multiplicity Of New Outlets To Write For – But – Paying – Writers – Or Other – “Content Providers” – Turned Out Not To Be Part Of Their Business Plan

~ TITRFOJT:NM-D-A-YA-B-L-WWADSPWCMUETESOT-A/PE/V-TWTD-MLFAOTCTCODT-TIOJ-IJ ~ This Is The Real Face Of Journalism Today: Not Million-Dollar-A-Year Anchorpersons – But – Low-Wage Workers And Downwardly Spiralling Professionals Who Cant Muster Up Expenses To Even Start On The – Articles / Photo Essays / Videos – They Want To Do – Much Less Find An Outlet To Cover The Costs Of Doing Them – This Impoverishment Of Journalists – Impoverishes Journalism

~ WCTF-LAL-ITM-A-TPWW-FPTP ~ We Come To Find – Less And Less – In The Media – About – The People Who Work – From Paycheck To Paycheck

~ BA-ASP-DNSI ~ Burying An – Aching Social Problem – Does Not Solve It

~ B-IIRPTMALOTKOJCATUP? ~ But – Is It Really Possible To Make A Living On The Kinds Of Jobs Currently Available To Unskilled People?

~ AT-OA-SJ-I-‘SW’-ITC-S/S/S/R/R ~ A Third – Of A – Server’s Job – Is – “Side Work” – Invisible To Customers – Sweeping / Scrubbing / Slicing / Refilling / Restocking

~ CWTPTM-SWTSTG-B-MATFOOR-TMSTMIMFSTETEFA ~ Cooks Want To Prepare Tasty Meals – Servers Want To Serve Them Graciously – But – Mangers Are There For Only One Reason – To Make Sure That Money Is Made For Some Theoretical Entity That Exists Far Away

~ MCS-FHAATITW-B-ITJTSTNOEED-EWTNTD-A-TIW-FS-STCBAEAR ~ Mangers Can Sit – For Hours At A Time If They Want – But – It’s Their Job To See That No One Else Ever Does – Even When There’s Nothing To Do – And – This Is Why – For Servers – Slow Times Can Be As Exhausting As Rushes

~ A-BR-IN-AR-ICBTA ~ A – Break Room – Is Not – A Right – It Can Be Taken Away

~ G-WSTM-ETAT-MS ~ Gossip – Which Seems To Mean – Employees Talking Among Themselves – Must Stop

~ IP-AICPIP-SCAE ~ In Poverty – As In Certain Propositions In Physics – Starting Conditions Are Everything

~ TAN-SETNTP-OTC-TAAHOSC ~ There Are No – Secret Economies That Nourish The Poor – On The Contrary – There Are A Host Of Special Costs

~ T-RP-AUTWOHT-A-OI-B-TIASVSM-S/PT/TP-TBFTC-WME-ALOOOH ~ The – Regulation Poster – Admonishes Us To Wash Our Hands Thoroughly – And – Offers Instructions – But – There Is Always Some Vital Substance Missing – Soap / Paper Towels / Toilet Paper – Too Bad For The Customers – Who Must Eat – Almost Literally Out Of Our Hands

~ B-F-TCTU-WWCETSKOAOPTOBEOU ~ But – Fortunately – The Commercial Tells Us – We Workers Can Exert The Same Kind Of Authority Over Our Painkillers That Our Bosses Exert Over Us

~ ORFOTMAL-WW-TCOP-WA-IAAC-FTSAFACFTWTDATWTP ~ One Redeeming Feature Of The Most Abject Low-Wage Work – The Camaraderie Of People – Who Are – In Almost All Cases – Far Too Smart And Funny And Caring For The Work They Do And The Wages They’re Paid

~ PHBAMCTOOT-A-WBTTTPTASGTH-NM-NFIHP-A-NASOPC? ~ Punishment Has Become A Major Cultural Theme Of Our Time – And – Who Better To Take The Punishment Than A Social Group That Has – No Money – No Friends In High Places – And – Not A Speck Of Political Clout?

~ B-WAKT-‘WR’-M-I-PE-TSHGTBP ~ But – We All Know That – “Welfare Reform” – Means – In – Plain English – That Someone Has Got To Be Punished

~ WIISH-F-TPATT-T-GATDOTLOO? ~ Why Is It So Hard – For – The People At The Top – To – Graciously Acknowledge Their Dependency On The Labor Of Others?

~ IINACTBP? ~ Is It Now A Crime To Be Poor?

~ The – Safety Net – Or – What’s Left Of It – Has Been Transformed Into A Dragnet

~ IWCATTHTP-NCSATGOTT ~ If We Can’t Afford To Truly Help The Poor – Neither Can We Afford To Go On Tormenting Them

~ ML-F-WTCW-TT-WTBDQ ~ Manual Labor – From – Waitressing To Construction Work – Tends To – Wear The Body Down Quickly

~ TWOD ~ The Wages Of Despair

~ TEO-R-B-ITT-BC-I-AROP-N-AIOATTRA-B-ANMITLC-L-MOGH ~ The Effect Of – Relentless – Brightsiding – Is To Transform – Breast Cancer – Into – A Rite Of Passage – Not – An Injustice Or A Tragedy To Rail Against – But – A Normal Marker In The Life Cycle – Like – Menopause Or Graying Hair

~ IOU-TVIO-EC-TMCE-WOHDOCAD-A-WTO-O-E-ST-PT ~ Ignoring Or Underemphasizing – The Vexing Issue Of – Environmental Causes – The Multinational Corporate Enterprise – With One Hand Doles Out Carcinogens And Disease – And – With The Other – Offers – Expensive – SemiToxic – Pharmaceutical Treatments

~ T-MT-O-‘S’-DTDATD-DWHL-‘F’-HTTWD?-CWCTB-‘B’-B-P-T-TD? ~ The – Mindless Triumphalism – Of – “Surviorhood” – Denigrates The Dead And The Dying – Did We Who Live – “Fight” – Harder Than Those Who’ve Died? – Can We Claim To Be – “Braver” – Better – People – Than – The Dead?

~ IINOK!-WII-AWCGOASAPWOD-I-AA-A-TTETIH-M-A-A-C ~ IT IS NOT OK! – What It Is – Along With Cancer Generally Or Any Slow And Painful Way Of Dying – Is – An Abomination – And – To The Extent That It’s Human-Made – Also – A – Crime

~ M-INLAPFO-CS ~ Morality – Is No Longer A Prominent Feature Of – Civil Society

~ FDM-WADSFTTAIAS ~ Facts Don’t Matter – When A Dogma So Flattering To The Affluent Is At Stake

~ TCOATWAAHCF-IC-ASOGW ~ The Combination Of A Tiny Waist And A Huge Carbon Footprint – Is Considered – A Sign Of Great Wealth

~ F-HNBCAMFIH-B-P-I-A-‘TPOP’-IG-SB ~ Fun – Has Never Been Considered A Major Force In History – But – Perhaps – It – And – “The Pursuit Of Pleasure” – In General – Should Be

~ IAOS:IYWTSS-FFTTATIC ~ It’s An Old Story: If You Want To Sell Something – First Find The Terrible Affliction That It Cures

~ TDTWSTMUSAMCTOH-WAMWOM-C-‘NB’-A-‘MM’-AWA-PDAWLHOS ~ The Devices That Were Supposed To Make Us Smarter And More Connected To Other Humans – Were Actually Messing With Our Minds – Causing – “Net Brain” – And – “Monkey Mind” – As Well As – Physical Disorders Associated With Long Hours Of Sitting

~ D-IAA-‘TV’ ~ Dissent – Is Also A – “Traditional Value”

~ TCOB ~ The Cult Of Busyness

~ T-H-N-AGBOL-A-T-H-ADBTE ~ The – Have-Nots – Are Getting By On Less – And – The – Haves – Are Doing Better Than Ever

RACHEL CARSON ~ SILENT SPRING ~ 1962

~ IWASWV-N-W-N-EA-HSTRONLITSW-TPHDIT ~ It Was A Spring Without Voices – No – Witchcraft – No – Enemy Action – Had Silenced The Rebirth Of New Life In This Stricken World – The People Had Done It Themselves

~ CO-A/E/R/S-W-DAELM-IFTMP-I-T-COE-II-NOITWTMSL-B-ILT-I-FTMP-I ~ Contamination Of – Air / Earth / Rivers / Sea – With – Dangerous And Even Lethal Materials – Is For The Most Part – Irrecoverable – The – Chain Of Evil – It Initiates – Not Only In The World That Must Support Life – But – In Living Tissue – Is – For The Most Part – Irreversible

~ NC-CFOLIA-ES-NCTW-B-AR-S-TA-CTOTLOBE ~ New Chemicals – Come From Our Laboratories In An – Endless Stream – New Chemicals To Which – Bodies – Are Required – Somehow – To Adapt – Chemicals Totally Outside The Limits Of Biologic Experience

~ NC-THTPTK-EI-‘G’-A-‘B’-TTITMBO-AFWOI ~ Nonselective Chemicals – That Have The Power To Kill – Every Insect – “Good” – And – “Bad” – Though The Intended Target May Be Only – A Few Weeds Or Insects

~ TSNBC-‘I’-B-‘B’-STAITTOPAA-AE-PTGCTSOATVMOHUWTSOTFD ~ They Should Not Be Called – “Insecticides” – But – “Biocides” – Substances That Accumulate In The Tissue Of Plants And Animals – And Even – Penetrate The Germ Cells To Shatter Or Alter The Very Material Of Heredity Upon Which The Shape Of The Future Depends

~ HCIBSTCAFUSBAMTCTEEABTTODADETTOK? ~ How Could Intelligent Beings Seek To Control A Few Unwanted Species By A Method That Contaminated The Entire Environment And Brought The Threat Of Disease And Death Even To Their Own Kind?

~ C-MBGT-R-NT-MS-A-TMEMBSTTDNDUAWTI ~ Control – Must Be Geared To – Realities – Not To – Mythical Situations – And – The Methods Employed Must Be Such That They Do Not Destroy Us Along With The Insects

~ S-GF-DNTAOTPBWNW;IIAAAEMCITB ~ Single-Crop Farming – Does Not Take Advantage Of The Principles By Which Nature Works; It Is Agriculture As An Engineer Might Conceive It To Be

~ TSOTODKOOFTNHTINT ~ The Spreading Of Thousands Of Different Kinds Of Organisms From Their Native Homes To Invade New Territories

~ MOTNKINA-B-WDNUI-WTEIOUAEETIOGA-B-WSTTA ~ Much Of The Necessary Knowledge Is Now Available – But – We Do Not Use It – We Train Ecologists In Our Universities And Even Employ Them In Our Governmental Agencies – But – We Seldom Take Their Advice

~ WAT-CDR-TF-ATTWNA-WIF-TAM-A-OICSDMMIGO-HWFIAMSTMUAAITWIIOD-ATHLTWOTVTDTWIG? ~ We Allow The – Chemical Death Rain – To Fall – As Though There Were No Alternative – Whereas In Fact – There Are Many – And – Our Ingenuity Could Soon Discover Many More If Given Opportunity – Have We Fallen Into A Mesmerized State That Makes Us Accept As Inevitable That Which Is Inferior Or Detrimental – As Though Having Lost The Will Or The Vision To Demand That Which Is Good?

~ WHP-PABPC-IITHOPLOWIOTPFH-WHSENOPTCWTPWTCAOWTK-WHATCTBUWLONAIOTEO-S/W/[H]M ~ We Have Put – Poisonous And Biologically Potent Chemicals – Indiscriminately Into The Hands Of Persons Largely Or Wholly Ignorant Of Their Potentials For Harm – We Have Subjected Enormous Numbers Of People To Contact With These Poisons Without Their Consent And Often Without Their Knowledge – We Have Allowed These Chemicals To Be Used With Little Or No Advance Investigation Of Their Effect On – Soil / Water / [Hu]Man

~ FG-AUTCOLOPCF-TIOTNWTSAL ~ Future Generations – Are Unlikely To Condone Our Lack Of Prudent Concern For – The Integrity Of The Natural World That Supports All Life

~ TRTMADAWCISC ~ The Right To Make A Dollar At Whatever Cost Is Seldom Challenged

~ IITPTIBATATR-TPMDWIWTCOTPR-A-ICDSOWIFPOTF ~ It Is The Public That Is Being Asked To Assume The Risks – The Public Must Decide Whether It Wishes To Continue On The Present Road – And – It Can Do So Only When In Full Possession Of The Facts

~ EOD ~ Elixirs Of Death

~ ACOT-SWW-ITCODAOCW-SOTCCITLWFTBLTI ~ A Child Of The – Second World War – In The Course Of Developing Agents Of Chemical Warfare – Some Of The Chemicals Created In The Laboratory Were Found To Be Lethal To Insects

~ NAMDCAATTLEY-IWAGTLSIWTC-EADT-TTITVMOOB-WHBKSATNATP ~ New And More Deadly Chemicals Are Added To The List Each Year – If We Are Going To Live So Intimately With These Chemicals – Eating And Drinking Them – Taking Them Into The Very Marrow Of Our Bones – We Had Better Know Something About Their Nature And Their Power

~ FOOTA-TATLOTFC-A-VSA-MEAA-HC ~ From One Organism To Another – Through All The Links Of The Food Chains – A – Very Small Amount – May End As A Heavy Concentration

~ CAMSTPTA ~ Children Are More Susceptible To Poisoning Than Adults

~ P-TFSOT-DIOC-IAYLK ~ Potentiation – The Full Scope Of The – Dangerous Interaction Of Chemicals – Is As Yet Little Known

~ H-L-I-ISVDC-A-T-CU-ITBTTA-‘S’-CHDR ~ Herbicides – Like – Insecticides – Include Some Very Dangerous Chemicals – And – Their – Careless Use – In The Belief That They Are – “Safe” – Can Have Disastrous Results

~ ‘M’:ACOMTG ~ “Mutagens”: Agents Capable Of Modifying The Genes

~ TPEOWCFMS-TA-LU-I/T/SOE ~ The Pollution Entering Our Waterways Comes From Many Sources – There Are – Little-Understood – Interactions / Transformations / Summations Of Effect

~ PO-GW-I-POWE ~ Pollution Of – GroundWater – Is – Pollution Of Water Everywhere

~ CWST-PWIIW-WNAEI-CON? ~ Can We Suppose That – Poisons We Introduce Into Water – Will Not Also Enter Into – Cycles Of Nature?

~ CWUA-NF-WAK-TF-TITRO-T-IABA-TATTIENFTS? ~ Can We Use A – Nonspecific Fungicide – Without Also Killing – The Fungi – That Inhabit The Roots Of – Trees – In A Beneficial Association – That Aids The Tree In Extracting Nutrients From The Soil?

~ CC-STHPOTATTSCAWSAAOI-TVNOTWOTSHBLI ~ Chemical Control – Seems To Have Proceeded On The Assumption That The Soil Could And Would Sustain Any Amount Of Insult – The Very Nature Of The World Of The Soil Has Been Largely Ignored

~ SMA-OAPOY-MBUFQIS ~ Seemingly Moderate Applications – Over A Period Of Years – May Build Up Fantastic Quantities In Soil

~ NO-IP-B-SWA ~ Not Only – Improperly Planned – But – Studded With Abuses

~ IT-EON-NV-HIEP ~ In The – Economy Of Nature – Natural Vegetation – Has Its Essential Place

~ B-DH-O-‘W’ ~ Bees – Depend Heavily – On – “Weeds”

~ TDTHATFOW-IPWITLRT-DK ~ To Destroy The Homes And The Food Of Wildlife – Is Perhaps Worse In The Long Run Than – Direct Killing

~ SS-MTAOCA-PH-KTAM ~ Selective Spraying – Minimizes The Amount Of Chemical Applied – Potential Harm – Kept To A Minimum

~ TQI-WAC-CWRWOL-WDI-A-WLTRTBCC ~ The Question Is – Whether Any Civilization – Can Wage Relentless War On Life – Without Destroying Itself – And – Without Losing The Right To Be Called Civilized

~ TATEWP ~ The Authoritarians Temporarily Entrusted With Power

~ ROD ~ Rivers Of Death

~ WMMWUO-AM-TANK-A-WMDOIARTDO ~ We Must Make Wider Use Of – Alternative Methods – That Are Now Known – And – We Must Devote Our Ingenuity And Resources To Developing Others

~ IFTS ~ Indiscriminately From The Skies

~ TF-H-CTA ~ The Facts – However – Continue To Accumulate

~ UO-PITK-IMB-AAE ~ Use Of Poisons – In The Kitchen – Is Made Both – Attractive And Easy

~ WOL-IIST ~ Warnings On Labels – Inconspicuously In Small Type

~ THP ~ The Human Price

~ I/I ~ Interrelationship / Interdependence

~ A-HB-U-A-LA-URCC-INETOCA ~ A – Human Being – Unlike – A – Laboratory Animal – Under Rigidly Controlled Conditions – Is Never Exposed To One Chemical Alone

~ TEO-ACOSIN-CBDC-B-TAOA ~ The Effect Of – A Chemical Of Supposedly Innocuous Nature – Can Be Drastically Changed – By – The Action Of Another

~ TT-GROOI-BO-ASOAMMDO ~ Trying To – Get Rid Of One Insect – Brought On – A Scourge Of A Much More Destructive One

~ ATEVO-A-IA ~ A Truly Extraordinary Variety Of – Alternatives – Is Available

MARY GRAY + SIDDHARTH SURI ~ GHOST WORK ~ 2019

~ TSWT-PCCMGFTTAGWAM-RPAUI-CMPFT-TCAPL ~ The Same Way That – Poker Chips Can Make Gamblers Forget That The Are Gambling With Actual Money – Representing People As Unique Indentifiers – Can Make Programmers Forget That – Their Code Affects People’s Lives

~ HIANFTE-TD-GW-WMTMM-SHMTD-A-STPUPOJP ~ Hypervigilance Is A Necessity For Top Earners – Those Doing – Ghost Work – Who Make The Most Money – Spend Hours Monitoring Their Dashboards – And – Scrolling Through Pages Upon Pages Of Job Postings

~ APD-GW-MW-FIS ~ All People Doing – Ghost Work – Must Weather – Fluctuating Income Streams

~ WE ~ Weaponized Ignorance

~ HITL-AI-IT-D-HZ-FCTSGWHAIWMUTWR-SOTECBCUTL-TCITBTSIF-B-EIA-PF-RTA-EB-OT-GWE ~ Humans In The Loop – Appear Interchangeable – In This De-Humanized Zone – Few Companies That Sell Ghost Work Have Any Idea Who Makes Up Their Workforce Ranks – Some Of This Erasure Can Be Chalked Up To Logistics – The Crowd Is Too Big To See Individual Faces – But – Erasure Is A – Purposeful Feature – Rather Than An – Errant Bug – Of The – Ghost Work Economy

~ TA-LR-WA-O-DP-MNWT-K-O-CTM-AIW ~ There Are – Legal Reasons – Why An – On-Demand Platform – Might Not Want To – Know – Or – Care Too Much – About Its Workers

~ IIHTIHNHHBITGSO-AI ~ It Is Hard To Ignore How Necessary Humans Have Become In The Growing Shadow Of – AI

~ SFAFELR ~ Shielded From A Formal Employers Legal Responsibilities

~ WYWHNC ~ When Your Work Has No Category

~ MWOEC ~ Murky Waters Of Employment Classification

~ TA-HADO-ETLP ~ Technological Advancement – Has Always Depended On – Expendable Temporary Labor Pools

~ CL-TITFOABPL-HFS-A-ITFCOV ~ Contingent Labor – Tucked In The Folds Of A Busy Production Loop – Hidden From Sight – And – Impossible To Fully Credit Or Value

~ SB-T-WWCL-O-TS-SELR ~ Some Believed – That – Workers Were Costly Liabilities – Outsourcing – Temporary Staffing – Soon Everyone Looked Replaceable

~ TGEWNLDBBS ~ The Global Economy Was No Longer Driven By Building Stuff

~ AC-A-T-HC-O-GW ~ Algorithmic Cruelty – And – The – Hidden Costs – Of – Ghost Work

~ ID-A-I-UC ~ Indifferent Design – And – Its – Unintended Consequences

~ TBOAAWTWFAR-WIADDTMPM-HTUCOEA ~ The Benefit Of Allowing Any Worker To Work For Any Requester – Which Is A Design Decision That Most Platforms Make – Has The Unintended Consequence Of Eroding Accountability

~ T-BOTC-UTFOC-B-N-IFSOTPDGW-MWHZRISHTTAATAPFTW

~ The – Burden Of Transaction Costs – Used To Fall On Companies – But – Now – It Fall Squarely On The People Doing Ghost Work – Most Workers Have Zero Recourse If Something Happens To Their Account And They Aren’t Paid For Their Work

~ H-SA-F ~ Hypervigilance – Spun As – Flexibility

~ IR-FAAM-WCFAF-WTBOCDAN ~ In Reality – Flexibility Is A Myth – Work Comes Faster And Faster – Workers To Be On Call Day And Night

~ IALOG-SA-A ~ Isolation And Lack Of Guidance – Spun As – Autonomy

~ IMC-PDGWALTTODTNTIAOOAJ-I-AAQMRIADTCAWTJ ~ In Most Cases – People Doing Ghost Work Are Left To Their Own Devices To Navigate The Ins And Outs Of A Job – Indeed – Asking A Question May Result In A Delay That Costs A Worker Their Job

~ TDGWBTCOLHTNNOTTBATWC-A-THNCTAQOGFFR ~ Those Doing Ghost Work Bear The Costs Of Learning How To Navigate Not Only The Task But Also The Work Culture – And – They Have No Chance To Ask Questions Or Get Feedback From Requesters

~ NGPWTFOH-SA-M ~ Not Getting Paid When Technical Failure Or Hustle – Spun As – Malfeasance

~ PWDO-DJSAWHFBCARPS ~ People Who Design On-Demand Job Sites Assume Workers Have Fast Broadband Connections And Reliable Power Sources

~ OWSCTBUAWCOGP ~ One Wrong Step Can Totally Blow Up A Worker’s Chance Of Getting Paid

~ GP-CBTHPOTJ ~ Getting Paid – Can Be The Hardest Part Of The Job

~ NBIP-NIC ~ No Boss Is Perfect – Neither Is Code

~ O-DW-HLAT-PAWFE ~ On-Demand Workers – Have Little Access To – Protections Associated With Formal Employment

~ SS-OWETOI-ACPAHORS ~ Statistics Show – Once Women Earn Their Own Income – A Country’s Prosperity And Health Outcomes Rise Steadily

~ O-DW-C-AWARIC-OOTP ~ On-Demand Work – Cuts – Anyone Without A Reliable Internet Connection – Out Of The Picture

~ OOTMCWPMTENOWM-I-TSCAC ~ One Of The Most Common Ways People Make The Economic Necessity Of Work Meaningful – Is – Through Social Connections And Camaraderie

~ TBTR ~ Talking Back To Robots

~ TKOSATPOC ~ The Kindness Of Strangers And The Power Of Collaboration

~ MJ-POAFC-B-YHTIYDE-TPWAU ~ Most Jobs – Pay Only A Few Cents – But – You Hope That If You Do Enough – The Pennies Will Add Up

~ WCTOSATPSFTPTWO-S-TC-TRTTCIOTBTP-TGTWD-A-PSSTOA ~ Workers Collaborate To Overcome Social And Technical Problems Stemming From The Platforms They Work On – Specifically – They Collaborate – To Reduce The Transaction Costs Imposed On Them By The Platforms – To Get The Work Done – And – Provide Social Support To One Another

~ RCA ~ Reimagining Collective Action

~ W2.0 ~ Watercooler 2.0

~ TKACOWHOA-A-A-TDEMVI-Y-M-GWP-SDTDI ~ The Kindness And Collaborations Of Workers Helping One Another – Are – Arguably – The Digital Economy’s Most Valuable Ingredient – Yet – Most – Ghost Work Platforms – Seem Determined To Delete It

~ NSCEWNF-C/V/R/F-WDBTWAWTP ~ No System Can Erase Workers’ Need For – Connection / Validation / Recognition / Feedback – Without Damaging Both The Worker And What They Produce

~ RTR-WC-PD-MWTCT-‘S’-TFTW ~ Rather Than Resist – Worker Collaboration – Platform Designers – Might Want To Consider Taking – “Scafolding” – Tips From The Workers

~ TDBL-PW-TWLGF-IN-AGONEO-O-DS ~ The Double Bottom Line – Prioritize Workers – Treating Workers Like Ghostly Figures – Is Not – A Given Or Necessary Element Of – On-Demand Services

~ SAABS ~ Scaffolding As A Business Strategy

~ CASOA ~ Creating A Seal Of Approval

~ WWANITCOAO-DSD-TPSAEWNAWAJ-LB-TT-TP-A-TP-DTW ~ When Workers Are Not Intentionally The Center Of An On-Demand Service’s Design – The Platform Strips Away Everything We Now Associate With A Job – Leaving Behind – The Task – The Pay – And – The Person – Doing The Work

~ A-V-HL-IA-FD ~ Automation – Vs – Human Labor – Is A – False Dichotomy

~ GW-ARNFO-CP-TC-TSAPOS-W-HI ~ Ghost Work – A Relatively New Form Of – Computing Power – That Combines – The Speed And Precision Of Software – With – Human Ingenuity

~ WFMRT-O-DPAJS-TA-B/D-OLM-TCO-H-OBSOTM ~ We First Must Recognize That – On-Demand Platforms Aren’t Just Software – They Are – Bustling / Dynamic – Online Labor Markets – That Consist Of – Humans – On Both Sides Of The Market

ROBERT SHILLER ~ THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN SETTING THE STAGE FOR MARKET MOVES ~ IRRATIONAL EXUBERANCE ~ 2000

~ THOSBBRWTAON ~ The History Of Speculate Bubbles Begins Roughly With The Advent Of Newspapers

~ ATNM-N/M/BM/TI-PTADOOME-TATAIPOTE-SME-GOOITISTALGOP-A-TNMAEVFTSOI ~ Although The News Media – Newspapers / Magazines / Broadcast Media / The Internet – Present Themselves As Detached Observers Of Market Events – They Are Themselves An Integral Part Of These Events – Significant Market Events – Generally Occur Only If There Is Similar Thinking Among Large Groups Of People – And – The News Media Are Essential Vehicles For The Spread Of Ideas

~ NS-RHA-S/P-EOTM ~ News Stories – Rarely Have A – Simple / Predictable – Effect On The Market

~ TNMAICCTCTPATNTS-SFTR-FADIN-FAONTH-W-O-M-P-TBTA-A-WP-DAOSTETATRSC ~ The News Media Are In Constant Competition To Capture The Public Attention They Need To Survive – Survival For Them Requires – Finding And Defining Interesting News – Focusing Attention On News That Has – Word-Of-Mouth – Potential – To Broaden Their Audience – And – Whenever Possible – Defining An Ongoing Story That Encourages Their Audience To Remain Steady Customers

~ TNMANATFM-B-ATVLTMP-CN-ITFO-DPC-NBTSMFSFOPINI ~ The News Media Are Naturally Attracted To Financial Markets – Because – At The Very Least The Markets Provide – Constant News – In The Form Of – Daily Price Changes – Nothing Beats The Stock Market For Sheer Frequency Of Potentially Interesting News Items

~ TSMAHSQ-TBCIT-BC-TMFMP-A-BTOAGDISAABOTSOTN-AITTMCFABF ~ The Stock Market Also Has Star Quality – The Pubic Considers It The – Big Casino – The Market For Major Players – And – Believes That On Any Given Day It Serves As A Barometer Of The Status Of The Nation – All Impressions That The Media Can Foster And Benefit From

~ FN-MHGHIPTTETIDWTMOBOF-TOORGONOACSI-SE-FNASN-TAFRHOTECOMNT ~ Financial News – May Have Great Human Interest Potential To The Extent That It Deals With The Making Or Breaking Of Fortunes – The Only Other Regular Generator Of News On A Comparable Scale Is – Sporting Events – Financial News And Sports News – Together Account For Roughly Half Of The Editorial Content Of Many Newspapers Today

~ TMOSTTOS-IRLATDIEDW-TWOFSTISTSAROAGD-TITNASRACBS-OATTCPHATE-IA-WIDO-DI-EAAOIAOQD-APFSTDIFUBCS ~ The Media Often Seem To Thrive On Superlatives – If Reporters Look At The Data In Enough Different Ways – They Will Often Find Something That Is Close To Setting A Record On Any Given Day – The Impression That New And Significant Records Are Constantly Being Set – Only Adds To The Confusion People Have About The Economy – It Also – With Its Deluge Of – Different Indicators – Encourages An Avoidance Of Individual Assessment Of Quantitative Data – A Preference For Seeing The Data Interpreted For Us By Celebrity Sources