JOHN TIERNEY + ROY BAUMEISTER ~ THE POWER OF BAD ~ 2019

~ NE ~ Negativity Effect
~ NB/ND/NE:TUTF-N-EAE-TAUMST-P-O ~ Negativity Bias / Negativity Dominance / Negativity Effect: The Universal Tendency For – Negative – Events And Emotions – To Affect Us More Strongly Than – Positive – Ones
~ DBAWOC-B-UBASOP-STHFITC-A-MATFS-BIS-B-GCP-IWKWWUA ~ Devastated By A Word Of Criticism – But – Unmoved By A Shower Of Praise – See The Hostile Face In The Crowd – And – Miss All The Friendly Smiles – Bad Is Stronger – But – Good Can Prevail – If We Know What We’re Up Against
~ B-RT-NE-A-OOIR-WC-BDP-TMEATF-A-ETRBOTB-BL/BN/BF-C-PI-TMP-IF-TMU-S/S/K ~ By – Recognizing The – Negativity Effect – And – Overriding Our Innate Responses – We Can – Break Destructive Patterns – Think More Effectively About The Future – And – Exploit The Remarkable Benefits Of This Bias – Bad Luck / Bad News / Bad Feelings – Create – Powerful Incentives – The Most Powerful – In Fact – To Make Us – Stronger / Smarter / Kinder
~ T-NE-DR-BC-PTAE-SBS-IMP-PP-ED ~ The – Negativity Effect – Destroys Reputations / Bankrupts Companies / Promotes Tribalism And Xenophobia / Spreads Bogus Scares / Ignites Moral Panics / Poisons Politics / Elects Demagogues
~ TASMM-SP-O-FAV-T-MOB-WH-PFAP-B-FTP-A-FH ~ There Are So Many More – Skilled Purveyors – Of – Fear And Vitriol – The – Merchants Of Bad – Who Have – Prospered Financially And Politically – By – Frightening The Public – And – Fomenting Hatred
~ T-UOB-IIPT-STM-A-ETW ~ The – Upside Of Bad – Is Its Power To – Sharpen The Mind – And – Energize The Will
~ BM-C-UF-TDGA ~ Bad Moments – Create – Unconscious Feelings – That Don’t Go Away
~ PEATT-SMES-B-OF-TSOB-CBD-A-WWFH-G-DAWFU ~ Paying Extra Attention To Threats – Still Makes Evolutionary Sense – But – Our Fine-Tuned Sense Of Bad – Can Be Debilitating – And – What Worked For Hunger-Gathers Doesn’t Always Work For Us
~ BT-AHIM-A-TUTMJASA-J-FM ~ Bad Today – Also Has Its Merchants – And – They Use The Media Just As Skilfully As – Junk-Food Marketers
~ WAPT-OOA-AWA-OPTCOD ~ We’re All Prone To – Overestimate Our Abilities – As Well As – Our Power To Control Our Destiny
~ CC-TN-ESO-HT-LTATLEWO ~ Crisis Crisis – The Never-Ending Series Of – Hyped Threats – Leading To Actions That Leave Everyone Worse Off
~ HBIB? ~ How Bad Is Bad?
~ TPW-BAG-YNT-EYRM ~ To – Properly Weigh – Bad Against Good – You Need To – Engage Your Rational Mind
~ PR-TNOGEFEBE ~ Positivity Ratio – The Number Of Good Events For Every Bad Event
~ T-ROF-IT-FGT-T-O-OBT-IDATEPIES-NTEKO-GAB-E-SFOBAIP ~ The – Rule Of Four – It Takes – Four Good Things – To – Overcome – One Bad Thing – It Doesn’t Apply To Every Person In Every Situation – Nor To Every Kind Of – Good And Bad – Event – Some Forms Of Bad Are Incomparably Powerful
~ T-W-T-H-E-NTIBTDWTBOIC-IMAWFOTC ~ The – What-The-Hell – Effect – Now That I’ve Broken The Diet With The Bowl Of Ice Cream – I May As Well Finish Off The Carton
~ TTDOOYH-IOTYFITM-MARB-H-ASR-III-X-S-IWD-Y-ARTTRBCDAII ~ Take The Decision Out Of Your Hands – Instead Of Trusting Your Feelings In The Moment – Make A Rule Before-Hand – A Simple Rule – If I’m In – X – Situation – I Will Do – Y – A Rule That The Rational Brain Can Deploy Against Irrational Impulses
~ WTOSB-A-CS-TG-RTA-NL-TB ~ We’re Too Often Swayed By – A – Clear Short-Term Gain – Rather Than A – Nebulous Long-Term Benefit
~ NIATDTS-A-IHC ~ Negativity Is A Tough Disease To Shake – And – It’s Highly Contagious
~BAT-HYT-RTSSNOS-WDMMFYRT-AGWOD ~ Being Able To – Hold Your Tongue – Rather Than Say Something Nasty Or Spiteful – Will Do Much More For Your Relationship Than – A Good Word Or Deed
~ DO ~ Don’t Overpromise
~ DECFGTEM ~ Don’t Expect Credit For Going The Extra Mile
~ RT-BIITEOTB-AOTSTTTROTW-CDARIILLTOP ~ Remember That – Bad Is In The Eye Of The Beholder – An Offense That Seems Trifling To The Rest Of The World – Can Destroy A Relationship If It Looms Large To One Person
~ PTBMTGU ~ Put The Bad Moments To Good Use
~TBYB ~ Think Before You Blame
~ WYF-BIAIR ~ When You’re Fighting – Bring In An Imaginary Referee
~ GASO ~ Get A Second Opinion
~ SJ ~ Suspend Judgment
~ DTTB ~ Don’t Take The Bait
~ IYMR-DE ~ If You Must Respond – Don’t Escalate
~ FT-NGR-INSMWYDOO-IWYDO ~ Follow The – Negative Golden Rule – It’s Not So Much What You Do Onto Others – It’s What You Don’t Do
~ TFB-B-R-TTBATNS-AIADTT-TBFLOAITEFOD ~ The Fearful Brain – Bad – Rules – Throughout The Brain And The Nervous System – Attention Is Automatically Drawn To Threats – The Brain Focuses Longer On An Image That Evokes Fear Or Disgust
~ WMAACOTOATBFOOMAF ~ We’re Marvellously Adept At Convincing Ourselves That Others Are To Blame For Our Own Mistakes And Failures
~ ACISC ~ A Carrot In Stick’s Clothing
~ C/A/N/O/E ~ Conscientiousness / Agreeableness / Neuroticism / Openness / Extraversion
~ O-L/D/EU-P-WETSTWT-IDMITWOPWMOTG-TSCCFTDD ~ One – Lazy / Disagreeable / Emotionally Unstable – Person – Was Enough To Sabotage The Whole Team – It Didn’t Matter If There Was One Particularly Wonderful Member Of The Group – The Star Couldn’t Compensate For The Dud’s Damage
~ SR-IJOOMVOBN-IAYMSAPTOT ~ Social Rejection – Isn’t Just One Of Many Varieties Of Bad News – It Affects You More Strongly And Profoundly Than Other Types
~ SR-IMST-SA ~ Social Rejection – Is Much Stronger Than – Social Acceptance
~ TFSIDWBAITIT ~ The First Step In Dealing With Bad Apples Is To Identify Them
~ OP-TI-HA-TNE ~ Online Perils – The Internet – Has Amplified – The Negativity Effect
~ CE ~ Counternegativity Experts
~ IYFI-SLTLA-ES-A-R-P-O-CAM-A-SMTLA-SOY-FAF ~ If You’re Feeling Insecure – Spend Less Time Looking At – Elaborately Staged – And – Retouched – Photos – Of – Celebrities And Models – And – Spend More Time Looking At – Snapshots Of Your – Friends And Family
~ T-CC-TEOPNBBC ~ The – Crisis Crisis – The Exploitation Of People’s Negativity Bias By Crisismongers
~ TMOB ~ The Merchants Of Bad
~ T-NB-MUPT-QGAIOIAATWG-AT-GLFMO-T-W-H-I-IETA ~ The – Negativity Bias – Makes Us Prone To – Quickly Generalize Any Individual’s Offence Into Animus Against The Whole Group – And Then – Go Looking For More Offenders – The – Witch-Hunting – Instinct – Is Easy To Arouse
~ RLAGPTW-TSWDAG-OW-HSIWMTEW ~ Remarkably Little Attention Gets Paid To Whether – The Solution Will Do Any Good – Or Whether – History Suggests It Will Make Things Even Worse
~ WA-THDT-IOA-LRDT ~ Worrying About – Tiny Hypothetical Dangers Tomorrow – Instead Of A – Large Real Danger Today
~ S-GPFTP-TP-IOS ~ Stop – Giving Prizes For Terror Pornography – The Publicity – Inspires Other Sociopaths
~ WRONG ~ Page 228 ~ “vaping – safer” ~ vaping (“pens”) mixtures just like tobacco (cigarette) mixtures (you mention this) it’s the additives (details) that make the poison (evil)
~ WRONG ~ Page 243 ~ “fake news” ~ very real polarizing effect on society ~ weaponized by authoritarian states (Russia / China / Iran / Saudi Arabia / North Korea for specific domestic political objectives and generally as destabilizing (polarizing) propaganda directed at their perceived enemies
~ IDEA ~ Climate Change ~ an excellent example of a serious problem (which has sometimes been treated as if it were “tiny hypothetical dangers tomorrow”)

GEORGE LAKOFF + MARK JOHNSON ~ TRUTH ~ METAPHORS WE LIVE BY ~ 1980

~ TITTI-AOT-INO-M-B-SAP-D-TIARTACSTIDILPBM-MOOMHEIOCOALP-B-M-AIUUB-PIP-PL/RL/BL/A/M/E ~ The Idea That There Is – Absolute Objective Truth – Is Not Only – Mistaken– But – Socially And Politically – Dangerous – Truth Is Always Relative To A Conceptual System That Is Defined In Large Part By Metaphor – Most Of Our Metaphors Have Evolved In Our Culture Over A Long Period – But – Many – Are Imposed Upon Us By – People In Power – Political Leaders / Religious Leaders / Business Leaders / Advertisers / Media / Etc

~ IACWT-MOO-IVMA-A-TIAAT-TPWGT-ITMOTC-GTDWWCTBT-AAO-T ~ In A Culture Where The – Myth Of Objectivism – Is Very Much Alive – And – Truth Is Always Absolute Truth – The People Who Get To – Impose Their Metaphors On The Culture – Get To Define What We Consider To Be True – Absolutely And Objectively – True

~ TIOTIODL-WBOA-B-PAS-O-WWTTBT ~ The Importance Of Truth In Our Daily Lives – We Base Our Actions – Both – Physical And Social – On – What We Take To Be True

~ OTW-TMTU-B-IHSV-A-AUTFIOW ~ On The Whole – Truth Matters To Us – Because – It Has Survival Value – And – Allows Us To Function In Our World

~ TIBOU ~ Truth Is Based On Understanding

AMARTYA SEN ~ THE IDEA OF JUSTICE ~ 2009

~ MAON-ACB-PWAD ~ Many Acts Of Nastiness – Are Committed By – People Who Are Deluded

~ OOTMPIFO-R-ITIHUT-SI-A-BB ~ One Of The Main Points In Favour Of – Reason – Is That It Helps Us To – Scrutinize Ideology – And – Blind Belief

~ R-CBCW-TRWO-V-A-T-OP/OC/OC-A-W-EDGFRAT-WCARA-OOM-A-TTLNTRT ~ Reasoning – Can Be Concerned With – The Right Way Of – Viewing – And – Treating – Other People / Other Cultures / Other Claims – And – With – Examining Different Grounds For Respect And Tolerance – We Can Also Reason About – Our Own Mistakes – And – Try To Learn Not To Repeat Them

~ M-CD-F-CI-RF-UF-MAC-BO-R-A-CS ~ Millions – Can Die – From – Calamitous Inaction – Resulting From – Unreasoned Fatalism – Masquerading As Composure – Based On – Realism – And – Common Sense

~ T-N-A-D-OT-NE-AHSP ~ The – Neglect – And – Deterioration – Of The – Natural Environment – A Hugely Serious Problem

~ TPC-CB-H-N-O-CO-WN-CS-NJ-GWTO ~ To Prevent Catastrophes – Caused By – Human – Negligence – Or – Callous Obduracy – We Need – Critical Scrutiny – Not Just – Good Will Towards Others

~ NGO-UI-A-UFS ~ Not Giving Or – Unscrutinized Instincts – An – Unconditional Final Say

~ JAF-B-WIF?-ICBSAADFI ~ Justice As Fairness – But – What Is Fairness? – It Can Broadly Be Seen As A Demand For Impartiality

~ HTTNO-DATM-A-TAA-OSOPOJFTTEG ~ How To Take Note Of – Diversities Among The Members – And – To Arrive At – One Set Of Principles Of Justice Fair To The Entire Group

~ LCBRTBOAFTCOF ~ Liberty Cannot Be Reduced To Being Only A Facility That Complements Other Facilities

~ T-IR-O-AB ~ The – Inescapable Relevance – Of – Actual Behaviour

~ WRHTP-CBB-ACCOATOJ ~ What Really Happens To People – Cannot But Be – A Central Concern Of A Theory Of Justice

~ TROGP ~ The Relevance Of Global Perspectives

~ TCNOIC ~ The Contingent Nature Of Institutional Choice

~ TNIOUP-BB-IB-IVIFS-BA-B-PC ~ The Negative Influence Of Unchecked Power – Both Because – Institutional Balance – Is Very Important For Society – But Also – Because – Power Corrupts

~ IAF-ATOJ-HTGAIPTTROI-H-ITPJRTTTITMOJ-TBUONBCSTWAHITW-NMHETIATTB ~ Institutions As Foundations – Any Theory Of Justice – Has To Give An Important Place To The Role Of Institutions – However – Institutions That Promote Justice Rather Than Treating The Institutions Themselves Manifestations Of Justice – The Basic Unreliability Of Not Being Constantly Sensitive To What Actually Happens In The World – No Matter How Excellent The Institution Are Taken To Be

~ NOA-DAC-POTSMOTTOJ-IIATCT-TN-R-A-R-OTT-DOCF-DAD ~ Not Only Are – Dialogue And Communication – Part Of The Subject Matter Of The Theory Of Justice – It Is Also The Case That – The Nature – Robustness – And – Reach – Of The Theories – Depend On Contributions From – Discussion And Discourse

~ IIU-THADOTFOHB-TSSPWLM-FONTBIITFC ~ It Is Unsustainable – To Have A Defence Of The Freedom Of Human Beings – That Separates Some People Whose Liberties Matter – From Others Not To Be Included In That Favoured Category

~ JOJ-CBAEPA-TIUTO ~ Judgements Of Justice – Cannot Be An Entirely Private Affair – That Is Unfathomable To Others

~ TICAII-ITNOT-IAP-OTWANPTTSCOAP-B-WBSOTCODT ~ There Is Clearly An Important Issue – In The Neglect Of The – Interests And Perspectives – Of Those Who Are Not Parties To The Social Contract Of A Polity – But – Who Bear Some Of The Consequence Of Decisions Taken

~ TLRO-OP-ADTO-UAU-P-TBBIC-A-EUTBF-TITCF-DS-IS ~ The Liberating Role Of – Open Impartiality – Allows Different Types Of – Unprejudiced And Unbiased – Perspectives – To Be Brought Into Consideration – And – Encourages Us To Benefit From – The Insights That Come From – Differently Situated – Impartial Spectators

~ WWCS-I-NIOWWSIRTWWATTS ~ What We Can See – Is – Not Independent Of Where We Stand In Relation To What We Are Trying To See

~ WION?-TQOODTONHAHPITHOEIITW-WAIL-TAFN-NLITWT ~ Who Is Our Neighbour? – The Question Of One’s Duty To One’s Neighbours Has A Huge Place In The History Of Ethical Ideas In The World – We Are Increasingly Linked – There Are Few Non-Neighbours Left In The World Today

~ TAO-TCEHBHCTDMOMET-WMOTGPOTDHAETSDATVOTA-TDHN-H-ABPIE-TEAOEM-TEAAIPOUHB-TGEPIRIBRIS ~ The Assumption Of – The Completely Egoistic Human Being – Has Come To Dominate Much Of Mainstream Economic Theory – While Many Of The Great Practitioners Of The Discipline Have Also Expressed Their Serious Doubts About The Veracity Of That Assumption – This Dichotomy Has Not – However – Always Been Present In Economics – The Early Authors On Economic Matters – Took Ethics As An Important Part Of Understanding Human Behaviour – They Gave Ethical Principles Important Roles In Behavioural Relations In Society

~ BCOTDAPOO-NNBSAAVOR ~ Being Considerate Of The Desires And Pursuits Of Others – Need Not Be Seen As A Violation Of Rationality

~ TATGWOBATAO-MBTC-N-AC-TCBE-A-SN-TMWVITD ~ There Are Two Grand Ways Of Bringing About The Attainment Of – Mutual Benefits Through Cooperation – Namely – Agreed Contracts – That Can Be Enforced – And – Social Norms – That May Work Voluntarily In That Direction

~ PACD ~ Poverty As Capability Deprivation

~ MCBD-NOT-DTPOD-B-A-TRII ~ Much Can Be Done – Not Only To – Diminish The Penalty Of Disability – But – Also – To – Reduce Its Incidence

~ WHTCBT-FOA-A-TNOT-CAO-THAA-UOL ~ We Have To Consider Both The – Freedom Of Action – And – The Nature Of The – Consequences And Outcomes – To Have An Adequate – Understanding Of Liberty

~ COD-NMHVTMBITR-MFSWOATDAO-PG ~ Critics Of Democracy – No Matter How Vigorous They May Be In Their Rejection – Must Find Some Way Of Addressing The Deep Attraction Of – Participatory Governance

~ TVT-D-IBSA-‘GBD’-HG-WS ~ The View That – Democracy – Is Best Seen As – “Government By Discussion” – Has Gained – Widespread Support

~ WDNHTBBIACWALDH-T-CTPT ~ We Do Not Have To Be Born In A Country With A Long Democratic History – To – Choose That Path Today

~ IAU-FOV-R-O-O-CAA-T-FOTP-I-CTTP ~ Informed And Unregimented – Formation Of Values – Requires – Openness – Of – Communication And Argument – The – Freedom Of The Press – Is – Crucial To This Process

~ I-AMIRTS-TROM-AEO-DOD-I-T-LCBGWHTRMR ~ If – A Majority Is Ready To Support – The Rights Of Minorities – And Even Of – Dissenting Or Discordant – Individuals – Then – Liberty Can Be Guaranteed Without Having To Restrain Majority Rule

~ O-MEIPR-I-QCT-TPOJ ~ Open-Minded Engagement In Public Reasoning – Is – Quite Central To – The Pursuit Of Justice

~ JBSTBD ~ Justice Being Seen To Be Done

~ N-P-A-RFJ ~ Non-Parochialism – A – Requirement Or Justice

HENRIETTE KLAUSER ~ WITH PEN IN HAND ~ 2003

~ THPOW ~ The Healing Power Of Writing

~ AWEODF-WR-I-P-A-P-WFTPOOW-BTDOSOTPFOH-A-RIWH ~ As We Expressed Our Deepest Feelings – Without Reserve – In – Poetry – And – Prose – We Felt The Power Of Our Words – Begin To Draw Out Some Of The Pain From Our Hearts – And – Replace It With Hope

~ AST-ATAOU:W ~ A Simple Tool – Available To All Of Us: Writing

~ R;GIAD ~ Rapidwriting: Get It All Down

~ TW:YCHTT ~ Twilight Writing: You Can Handle The Truth

~ RHM:WPWTS ~ Resistance Has Meaning: Write Past Wanting To Stop

~ LFYPS:IYB ~ Learn From Your Physical Self: Interview Your Body

~ OHWTP ~ Others Have Walked This Path

~ WH ~ Writing Heals

~ WPG-MCM-OO-A-U-T-PG ~ Writing Provides Grounding – Making Concrete Marks – Out Of – Abstract – Unarticulated – Thoughts – Provides Grounding

~ WIT ~ Writing Is Therapeutic

~ TAOMTPATP-CBM-CACS ~ The Act Of Moving The Pen Across The Page – Can Be Meditative – Creating A Calming State

~ TINROWWTW ~ There Is No Right Or Wrong Way To Write

~ TT-I-CC-WW-A-IA ~ Taking Time – Is – Counter Culture – We Want – An – Instant Answer

~ SPW-T-BWTW ~ Some People Write – Then – Burn What They Wrote

~ UYPWAABOYP-LB-YWSHFYHC ~ Use Your Past Writing As A Benchmark Of Your Progress – Look Back – You Will See How Far You Have Come

~ WIPOTPTGYTTOS-YMNFLW-DIA ~ Writing Is Part Of The Process That Gets You To The Other Side – You May Not Feel Like Writing – Do It Anyway

~ RE-CTTS ~ Raw Emotions – Coming To The Surface

~ L-MI-C-A ~ Listing – Makes It – Concrete – Attainable

~ ASIP ~ A Shift In Perception

~ A-IO-A-ATD-EATSPUIFM-A-MLTAUB ~ Action – Is Often – An – Antidote To Depression – Even A Tiny Step Puts You In Forward Motion – And – May Lead To An Unpredictable Boon

~ OWTFYAOWIMIOY-I-TDAPOYH-A-PIOI-WYAFATPM ~ One Way To Focus Your Awareness On What Is Moving Inside Of You – Is – To Draw A Picture Of Your Heart – And – Pencil Inside Of It – Whatever You Are Feeling At This Precise Moment

~ KOW-A-LTPAFY ~ Keep On Writing – And – Let The Pen Answer For You

~ S-WMYS-HAMFY-IYWBPETLFI ~ Sometimes – What Makes You Sad – Has A Message For You – If You Will Be Patient Enough To Listen For It

~ WBAFTI-W-HTIOMA-WNA-B-WYWSD-ISBTY ~ Writing Brings A Fullness To Ideas – Which – Holding Them In Our Mind Alone – Will Never Accomplish – Because – When You Write Something Down – It Speaks Back To You

~ T-ATEOTD-WBYL-A-WMYS ~ Track – At The End Of The Day – What Brought You Light – And – What Made You Sad

~ LYWSBTY ~ Let Your Writing Speak Back To You

~ BGTBAN-WOSYAGW-A-SOI-PTPAAQ-A-DBFANKTA-LTQSIYC-FTINM-WUWCTM-DNBCINISIT-NTIOP-YBIWOI-YWBATTAWIPIDYD ~ Before Going To Bed At Night – Write Out Something You Are Grappling With – And – Sleep On It – Pose The Problem As A Question – And – Don’t Be Frantic About Not Knowing The Answer – Let The Question Seep Into Your Consciousness – First Thing In The Morning – Write Up Whatever Comes To Mind – Do Not Be Concerned If No Immediate Solution Is There – Now That It’s On Paper – Your Brain Is Working On It – You Will Be Alert To The Answer When It Presents Itself During Your Day

~ TIA-FAR-TCF-CWHBBUFY-T-P ~ There Is A – Freedom And Release – That Comes From – Consigning What Has Been Bottled Up For Years – To – Paper

~ WYHAROYW-IPAIIDP ~ When You Have A Record Of Your Whining – It Provides An Insight Into Destructive Patterns

~ LIP-FYP ~ Life Is Precious – Follow Your Passion

~ AJ-IAWTRI-ANH-S-TBTY-O-S-S ~ A Journal – Is A Way To Ramble Incessantly – And Not Have – Someone – Talk Back To You – Or – Say – Stop

~ WYH/GYT/PTP-O-SAV-AAII-YJ ~ Wring Your Hands / Gnash Your Teeth / Pound The Pillow – Or – Seethe And Vent – All About It In – Your Journal

~ APOA-CTD ~ A Pattern Of Abuse – Connecting The Dots

~ L-UAU-DV-E ~ Left – Unchecked And Unchallenged – Domestic Violence – Escalates

~ WGTTC ~ Writing Gets To The Core

~ CWAMAAIEIYL-NFP-B-FY-T-NWSY-A-P-TSWAFS-CF-A-F-BH-WCWWA-S/G-TMYW-TMYWR ~ Consider Writing A Memoir About An Important Event In Your Life – Not For Publication – But – For Yourself – To – Name What Shaped You – And – Perhaps – To Share With A Few Select – Close Friends – And – Family – Be Honest – Write Continuously Without Worrying About – Style / Grammar – The More You Write – The More You Will Remember

~ WAR ~ Writing And Ritual

~ BC-I-JW-WTCPI-IDHTBP ~ Be Creative – In – Journal Writing – Whatever That Creative Process Is – It Doesn’t Have To Be Perfect

~ T-A-ET ~ Thanks – And – Ever Thanks

TIM KASSER ~ THE HIGH PRICE OF MATERIALISM ~ 2002

~ ATPI-HH-WH-EMR-T-F/C/S/E-ELIOE-TSREINMA-UF-IIA-R-AWTILSD-N-AQLAMAPOTWGTUJHFWAFAAOTG-I-T-HC-I-DIITDW:A-‘F’-FW-O/L/ME-A-A-‘T’-CB-D/PS ~ At This Point In – Human History – We Have – Enough Material Resources – To – Feed / Clothe /Shelter / Educate – Every Living Individual On Earth – That Such Resources Exist Is Not Merely A – Utopian Fantasy – It Is A – Reality – About Which There Is Little Serious Debate – Nonetheless – A Quick Look Around Most Any Part Of This Warming Globe Tells Us Just How Far We Are From Achieving Any Of These Goals – Instead – The – Human Community – Is – Dividing Itself Into Two Distinct Worlds: A – “First” – Filled With – Opulence / Luxury / Material Excess – And – A – “Third” – Characterized By – Deprivation / Poverty /Struggle

~ W-F-A-T-W-CFBDANB-I-A-IMC-OF-RIPOW-SB-EW-FOI ~ Whereas – First – And – Third – Worlds – Could Formerly Be Distinguished Along National Boundaries – Increasingly – And – In Most Countries – One Finds – Relatively Insulated Pockets Of Wealth – Surrounded By – Ever Widening – Fields Of Impoverishment

~ MOTWPINGUI-W-T-A-E-WTMGOIITGWTCFT-WT-EL-SAM-ANLBSA-MP-B-A-CG-T-GR-E-H-OB-P-EOOU-CSRBCTTRO-CAM ~ Most Of The World’s Population Is Now Growing Up In – Winner-Take-All – Economies – Where The Main Goal Of Individuals Is To Get Whatever They Can For Themselves – Within This – Economic Landscape – Selfishness And Materialism – Are No Longer Being Seen As – Moral Problems – But – As – Cardinal Goals – This – Global Reality – Exists – However – Only Because – People – Each One Of Us – Can So Readily Be Converted To The Religions Of – Consumerism And Materialism

~ WHAA-WV-IW-WAS-I-J-NB-AW/K/CC-B-I-T-R-‘S’

~ We Have Adopted A – World View – In Which – Worth And Success – Is– Judged – Not By – Apparent Wisdom / Kindness / Community Contributions – But – In – The – Right – “Stuff”

~ TBTMPOTHS ~ The Burdens That Materialism Places On The Human Soul

~ DTH-MAM-MG-DUIAEMFPOL-NOMW-WH-B-O-PTG-WHT-M/U/R/I-A-CM-A-E-H-L-SAS ~ Desires To Have – More And More – Material Goods – Drive Us Into An Ever More Frantic Pace Of Life – Not Only Must We – Work Harder – But – Once – Possessing The Goods – We Have To – Maintain / Upgrade / Replace / Insure – And – Constantly Manage – An – Ever-Heavier – Load – Strain And Stress

~ WIR?-WT-POMAP-BA-‘TGL’-O-ATPO-CS-F? ~ Who Is Right? – Will The – Pursuit Of Money And Possessions – Bring About – “The Good Life” – Or – Are The Promises Of – Consumer Society – False?

~ WHTO-IE-A-IR-WWATMO-CC-A-PB?-WHTT-QOOL-W-WV,? ~ What Happens To Our – Internal Experience – And – Interpersonal Relationships – When We Adopt The Messages Of – Consumer Culture – As – Personal Beliefs? – What Happens To The – Quality Of Our Lives – When – We Value Materialism?

~ AI ~ Aspiration Index

~ TM-MV-AATCOOL-TMO-QOL-ID ~ The More – Materialistic Values – Are At The Center Of Our Lives – The More Our – Quality Of Life – Is Diminished

~ MV-AAW-RL-W-B ~ Materialistic Values – Are Associated With – Relatively Low – Well-Being

~ PN ~ Psychological Needs

~ PACBWM-T-NCBSBHTRP-AOU-T-SE-TO-O-I-MV-TI-WI-TMOCS-I-OO-VABS-TVTBTOOL-BI-G/A/B ~ People Are Constantly Bombarded With Messages – That – Needs Can Be Satisfied By Having The Right Products – All Of Us – To – Some Extent –Take On – Or – Internalize – Materialistic Values – That Is – We Incorporate – The Messages Of Consumer Society – Into – Our Own – Value And Belief Systems – These Values Then Begin To Organize Our Lives – By Influencing – Goals / Attitudes / Behaviors

~ ASFOMV-IO-A-S-O-M-O-A-PH-CB-A-R-FINS ~ A Strong Focus On Materialistic Values – Is Often – A – Symptom – Or – Manifestation – Of – A – Personal History – Characterized By – A – Relative – Failure In Need Satisfaction

~ MVANJEOU-I-TLPTOTLIWTDAPJOSTN-AT-CEMT-M ~ Materialistic Values Are Not Just Expressions Of Unhappiness – Instead – They Lead People To Organize Their Lives In Ways That Do A Poor Job Of Satisfying Their Needs – And Thus – Contribute Even More To – Misery

~ TF-IOC-T-PSE-F-OEY-A-TEWHT-SDHMW-EF-SAS ~ The Family – Is Or Course The – Primary Socializing Environment – For – Our Early Years – And – The Experiences We Have There – Strongly Determine How Much We – Eventually Feel – Safe And Secure

~ TWPTTCSOTF-A-SC-IWCAR-H-IR-ITO-FN-O-S/S/S ~ The Ways Parents Treat Their Children – Stability Of The Family – And – Socioeconomic Circumstances – In Which Children Are Raised – Have – Important Ramifications – In Terms Of – Fulfilling Needs – Of – Safety / Sustenance / Security

~ A-MO-DWI-HE-EIC-T-FTSTNF-S/S/S ~ A – Materialistic Orientation – Develops When Individuals – Have Experiences – Especially In Childhood – That – Fail To Support Their Needs For – Security / Safety / Sustenance

~ MV-AB-ASOAUI-A-ACSTOIAAT-AP-A-SN-TPITMVARPCS ~ Materialistic Values – Are Both – A Symptom Of An Underlying Insecurity – And – A Coping Strategy Taken On In An Attempt To – Alleviate Problems – And – Satisfy Needs – The Problem Is That Materialistic Values Are Rather Poor Coping Strategies

~ ETSPOMI-EAU ~ Even The Successful Pursuit Of Materialistic Ideals – Typically Turns Out To Be – Empty And Unsatisfying

~ MPT-N-MG-SON-AT-I-W-B ~ Making Progress Toward – Non-Materialistic Goals – Satisfies One’s Needs – And Thus – Improves – Well-Being

~ N-ODAADA-LS-E ~ Narcissism – Often Develops As A Defense Agaisnt – Low Self-Esteem

~ P-ES-ALAFO-HFTAF-W/W/W-TIWLTB ~ People’s – Emotional States – Are Largely A Function Of – How Far They Are From – Who / What / Where – They Ideally Would Like To Be

~ OOTMRMIHUI-A-WAP-ITTFVSIITM ~ One Of The Main Reasons Materialistic Individuals Have Unrealistic Ideals – About – Wealth And Possessions – Is That They Frequently View Such Images In The Media

~ MIWALOT ~ Materialistic Individuals Watch A Lot Of Television

~ RB-LFTNNT-TWGT-RTF ~ Rising Baselines – Looking For The Next New Thing – That Will Give The – Temporary Fix

~ TSTIT-WPFTEOEMSOF-TOPITT-MWBB-AT-CTSFWWNMTH ~ The Sad Truth Is That – When People Feel The Emptiness Of Either Material Success Or Failure – They Often Persist In Thinking That – More Will Be Better – And Thus – Continue To Strive For What Will Never Make Them Happier

~ PWFOMA-ODSAT-‘E’-O-TR ~ People Who Focus On Materialistic Aims – Often Do So At The – “Expense” – Of – Their – Relationships

~ BVHBEOHB-TETWIFOMP-ATWTIWOP ~ Because Values Have Broad Effects On Human Behavior – The Extent To Which Individuals Focus On Materialistic Pursuits – Affect The Way They Interact With Other People

~ ‘MM’ ~ “Market Metaphors”

~ W-C/P/M-BO-PA-WBLCWFU-O-SE/F/D-I-OBO-AT-LVAP ~ When – Consumption / Possessions / Money – Become Our – Primary Aims – We Become Less Concerned With Fully Understanding – Others’ – Subjective Experience / Feelings / Desires – Instead – Others Become Objects – And Thus – Lose Value As People

~ ASFO-W/F/I-U-TSONF-AAA ~ A Strong Focus On – Wealth / Fame / Image – Undermines – The Satisfaction Of Needs For – Authenticity And Autonomy

~ IRAIMOB-GP-MOP-F-DSTE-CITM-OTOH-ICLP-TCMATRTTA-A-C-TE-L-I-A-E ~ If Rewards Are Important Motivators Of Behavior – Giving People – Money Or Praise – For – Doing Something They Enjoy – Could Increase Their Motivation – On The Other Hand – It Could Lead People To Care More About The Rewards Than The Activity – And – Consequently – To Experience – Less – Interest – And – Enjoyment

~ RT-PPT-FAA-PF-C/P/C-WT-FOMV ~ Rather Than – Providing Paths To – Freedom And Autonomy – People Feel – Chained / Pressured / Controlled – When They – Focus On Materialistic Values

~ WMVDOS-WM-FAFF-WMUC-WTEOILHW ~ When Materialistic Values Dominate Our Society – We Move – Farther And Farther From – What Makes Us Civilized – We Treat Each Other In Less Humane Ways

~ MV-UO-QOL ~ Materialistic Values – Undermine Our – Quality Of Life

~ AYWMVHAWFY-O-WTCTPYPI ~ Ask Yourself Whether Materialistic Values Have Actually Worked For You – Or – Whether They Continue To Perpetuate Your Problems Instead

~ TAGLAWYNRA ~ Take A Good Look At What Your Needs Really Are

~ A-F-Z ~ Advertising-Free-Zones

~ AATBDTPW-B ~ Advertisements Appear To Be Detrimental To Peoples Well-Being

~ MVBU-W-TAHIICWOV ~ Materialistic Values Become Unhealthy – When – They Are Highly Important In Comparison With Other Values

ROY BAUMEISTER + JOHN TIERNEY ~ WILLPOWER ~ 2011

~ W-LAM-BFFO-B-CABSOTLTTE ~ Willpower – Like A Muscle – Becomes Fatigued From Overuse – But – Can Also Be Strengthened Over The Long Term Through Exercise

~ MMP-PAS-COFOS-C:CSAB/IV/UIS/PAW/AADA/UD/LOE/CA/EA ~ Most Major Problems – Personal And Social – Center On Failure Of Self-Control: Compulsive Spending And Borrowing / Impulsive Violence / Underachievement In School / Procrastination At Work / Alcohol And Drug Abuse / Unhealthy Diet / Lack Of Exercise / Chronic Anxiety / Explosive Anger

~ PS-C-CWJAEKOIT ~ Poor Self-Control Correlates With Just About Ever Kind Of Individual Trauma

~ TASATNM-RFASMEB ~ To Avoid Smirking At The Next Meeting – Refrain From Any – Strenuous Mental Exercises – Beforehand

~ WSRD-T-I-DW-WD-A-T-CE ~ What Stress Really Does – Though – Is – Deplete Willpower – Which Diminishes – Ability – To – Control Emotions

~ YHA-FAOW-T-BDAYUI-YUTS-SOW0FAMOT ~ You Have A – Finite Amount Of Willpower – That – Becomes Depleted As You Use It – You Use The Same – Stock Of Willpower – For All Manner Of Tasks

~ FOOPAAT ~ Focus On One Project At A Time

~ TWTT-QS-WA-RTE-O-CBOA-TTFAAT-TM-SD-O-W-ABP-IT-MORASTI ~ Those Who Try To – Quit Smoking – While Also – Restricting Their Eating – Or – Cutting Back On Alcohol – Tend To Fail At All Three – Too Many – Simultaneous Demands – On – Willpower – A Better Plan – Is To – Make One Resolution An Stick To It

~ NG-NW-ATBUGDS-C-ISTCSTTE-WPHMDFS-C-THFSI-EJETHTES-CSTMPHFSF ~ No Glucose – No Willpower – As The Body Uses Glucose During Self-Control – It Starts To Crave Sweet Things To Eat – When People Have More Demands For Self-Control – Their Hunger For Sweets Increases – Even Just Expecting To Have To Exert Self-Control Seems To Make People Hungry For Sweet Foods

~ IYH-A-T-A-IM-O-A-VP-DTIOWG ~ If You Have – A – Test – An – Important Meeting – Or – A – Vital Project – Don’t Take It On Without Glucose

~ DACWABC-HBFTB-EMDT-DWMI-Y0IS-IUSMOYGTFTC-T-TNELFTB ~ Driving A Car With A Bad Cold – Has Been Found To Be – Even More Dangerous Than – Driving When Mildly Intoxicated – Your – Immune System – Is Using So Much Of Your Glucose To Fight The Cold – That – There’s Not Enough Left For The Brain

~ WYT-S ~ When You’re Tired – Sleep

~ SD-HBSTITPOG-W-PICF-S-C ~ Sleep Deprivation – Has Been Shown To Impair The Processing Of Glucose – Which – Produces Immediate Consequences For Self-Control

~ TGTMOOOW-UITSAETTS ~ To Get The Most Out Of Our Willpower – Use It To Set Aside Enough Time To Sleep

~ TFSI-S-C-I-TSA-CG ~ The First Step In – Self-Control – Is – To Set A – Clear Goal

~ TRO-CG-I-U-IO-A ~ The Result Of – Conflicting Goals – Is – Unhappiness – Instead Of – Action

~ YIN ~ Your Inner Nag

~ UT-A-UG-TTPIOM ~ Uncompleted Tasks – And – Unmet Goals – Tend To Pop Into One’s Mind

~ TPO-DT-INAITTUIWTFTT-I-TUIATCM-T-MAP-OTPIM-TUCSN ~ The Persistence Of – Distracting Thoughts – Is Not An Indication That The Unconscious Is Working To Finish The Task – Instead – The Unconscious Is Asking The Conscious Mind – To – Make A Plan – Once The Plan Is Made – The Unconscious Can Stop Nagging

~ DF ~ Decision Fatigue

~ S-TT-I-NAGSFL ~ Short-Term Thinking – Is – Not A Great Strategy For Life

~ SYFO-HFYC-O-HMRTBD?-TS-MAA-F-I-O-TRA ~ Should You Focus On – How Far You’ve Come – Or – How Much Remains To Be Done? – To Stoke – Motivation And Ambition – Focus – Instead – On – The Road Ahead

~ WW ~ Willpower Workouts

~ ISRFHTBITF-YOIA-C/C-S-SYM-UC ~ In Setting Rules For How To Behave In The Future – You’re Often In A – Calm / Cool – State – So You Make – Unrealistic Commitments

~ TA-MT-TEYTCWFTMWII-TTRWTI-B-ITLRTLYLDFTMWITASCTS ~ There Are – Mental Tricks – That Enable You To Conserve Willpower For Those Moments When It’s Indispensable – These Techniques Require Willpower To Implement – But – In The Long Run They Leave You Less Depleted For Those Moments When It Takes A Strong Core To Survive

~ P:LYIAVP-MI-I/UD/S-T-LTP ~ Precommitment: Lock Yourself Into A Virtuous Path – Make It – Impossible / Unthinkably Disgraceful / Sinful – To – Leave The Path

~ TBAF-YW-A-AP-I-WED ~ The Best Advice For – Young Writers – And – Aspiring Professors – Is – Write Every Day

~ H(LH)-I-OP ~ Heaven (Like Hell) – Is – Other People

~ PORST-BAITWIS ~ Plenty Of Research Suggests That – Being Alone In The World Is Stressful

~ L-A-LP-TTHMO-JAEKO-MAPI-T-PWLIRSN ~ Loners – And – Lonely People – Tend To Have More Of – Just About Every Kind Of – Mental And Physical Illness – Than – People Who Live In Rich Social Networks

~ POTGPCFTPAOSTAL ~ Part Of The Group’s Power Comes From The Passive Act Of Sitting There And Listening

~ APGCSMROYSIOL-P-IYKTAWBMY ~ A Personal Goal Can Seem More Real Once You Speak It Out Loud – Particularly – If You Know The Audience Will Be Monitoring You

~ TB-RIN-I-TPCOTS-EM-A-IINTL-TCAS-B-TMPDTETINMCBM-S-H-O-OBC ~ The Broad – Rise In Narcissism – Is – The Problem Child Of The Self-Esteem Movement – And – It Is Not Too Likely – To Change Anytime Soon – Because – The Movement Persists Despite The Evidence That It’s Not Making Children Become More – Successful – Honest – Or – Otherwise Better Citizens

~ WTGGT-PWHS-EODTSB ~ When The Going Gets Tough – People With High Self-Esteem Often Decide They Shouldn’t Bother

~ NAEAT-CNAWCR-AT-BHAFOTR-I-AVFOHD ~ Nearly All Experts Agree That – Children Need And Want Clear Rules – And That – Being Held Accountable For Obeying The Rules – Is – A Vital Feature Of Healthy Development

~ ALOASDTTT-TOTBOOTSPO-CB ~ A Lack Of Adult Supervision During The Teenage Years – Turned Out To Be One Of The Strongest Predictors Of – Criminal Behavior

~ TCWMTHO-WWFMIOTGTM-T-SBDT ~ The Children Who Manged To Hold Out – Who Waited Fifteen Minutes In Order To Get Two Marshmallows – Typically – Succeeded By Distracting Themselves

~Y-CAII-B-YNWTCA ~ Yes – Controlling Attention Is Important – But – You Need Willpower To Control Attention

~ TFSI-S-C-IT-ERG ~ The First Step In – Self-Control Is To – Establish Realistic Goals

~ T-CB-WPOTOSOTR-A-HWETR ~ The – Candy Bowl – Was Placed On The Other Side Of The Room – And – Hence Was Easier To Resist

~ ITWTTDD-B-A-ILSOTMTS-L-RT-N ~ It Takes Willpower To Turn Down Dessert – But – Apparently – It’s Less Stressful On The Mind To Say – Later – Rather Than – Never

~ WTDCA-DGLAFT-VTYWEAOT-SOL-B-JNT ~ When The Dessert Cart Arrives – Don’t Gaze Longingly At Forbidden Treats – Vow That You Will Eat All Of Them – Sooner Or Latter – But – Just Not Tonight

~ TBWTRSIYLIT-SSU ~ The Best Way To Reduce Stress In Your Life Is To – Stop Screwing Up

~ OOTMOYWIR:DKPIO ~ One Of The Most Obvious Yet Widely Ignored Rules: Don’t Keep Putting It Off

~ BOM-BD-W-YEID-B-YTTFO-W-S-TG-A-DC ~ Beware Of Making – Binding Decisions – When – Your Energy Is Down – Because – You’ll Tend To Favor Options – With – Short-Term Gains – And – Delayed Costs

~ TNA-YM-FI-RTSYD-W-NM-DT-YMIG-WNI ~ The Nothing Alternative – You Might – For Instance – Resolve To Start Your Day – With – Ninety Minutes – Devoted To – Your Most Important Goal – With No Interruptions

~ KT-M-I-CFAKOP-A-ICEWIYDMAPAA ~ Keep Track – Monitoring – Is – Crucial For Any Kind Of Plan – And – It Can Even Work If You Don’t Make A Plan At All

GERARD DUMENIL + DOMINIQUE LEVY ~ THE CRISIS OF NEOLIBERALISM ~ 2011

~ N-NCO-TWTTBO-T-HIB/CO/UFOM-TGCOIIFOAPMWACAOTNSO ~ Neoliberalism – New Class Objectives – That Worked To The Benefit Of – The – Highest Income Brackets / Capitals Owners / Upper Fractions Of Management – The Greater Concentration Of Income In Favor Of A Privileged Minority Was A Crucial Achievement Of The New Social Order

~ TDSTRDN-WHBII-AAHNBMB-CAMC-IPTUF ~ The Dramatic Social Transformation Realized During Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible If – An Alliance Had Not Been Made Between – Capitalist And Managerial Classes – In Particular Their Upper Fractions

~ N-IA-SO-AATGOIFTUIB-N-IIP-NEL-SP ~ Neoliberalism – Is A – Social Order – Aimed At The Generation Of Income For The Upper Income Brackets – Not – Investment In Production – Nor Even Less – Social Progress

~ TOBWTT-COTC-WGTTI-SE-SCANOAW-K/E/R-AC ~ The Original Bet Was That The – Countries Of The Center – Would Gradually Transform Themselves Into – Services Economies – Still Concentrating A Number Of Activities Where – Knowledge / Education / Research – Are Crucial

~ NSTCOA-FAU-FS-BO-QP-A-‘PTTPOFS’ ~ Neoliberalism Saw The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure – Based On – Questionable Practices – A – “Propensity To The Production Of Fictitious Surplus”

~ T-FMOCI-IOP-MPIAGC ~ The – Free Mobility Of Capital Internationally – Impairs Or Prohibits – Macro Policies In A Given Country

~ TOST-FAG-GTI-PATNPFTDGO-HD-WTCO-FI-A-G-TTBOAPM ~ The Overall Shift Toward – Fictionalization And Globalization – Given Their Interconnectedness – Provided All The Necessary Prerequisites For The Dramatic Growth Of – Households’ Debt – With The Collaboration Of – Financial Institutions – And – Governments – To The Benefit Of A Privileged Minority

~ TWISR-ITCOTC-FE-TMADOWP ~ There Were Important Social Resistances – In The Countries Of The Center – For Example – To Maintain A Degree Of Welfare Protection

~ RTTDCBN ~ Reaction To The Devastation Caused By Neoliberalism

~ N:’FC’~ Neoliberalism: “Financialized Capitalism”

~ ‘FC’ ~ “Finance Capital”

~ O-FAG-MTCOA-FAU-FS ~ Overall – Financialization And Globalization – Meant The Construction Of A – Fragile And Unwieldy – Financial Structure

~ IAWO-FT-A-FCM-IIDTC-IR/L/ER ~ In A World Of – Free Trade – And – Free Capital Mobility – It Is Difficult To Control – Interest Rates / Loans / Exchange Rates

~ TRFT-2001R-WOOATCO-TRORI-ABOTHS-W-PIRL ~ The Recovery From The – 2001 Recession – Was Obtained Only At The Cost Of – The Rise Of Residential Investment – A Boom Of The Hosing Sector – While – Productive Investment Remained Low

~ TCOIATT ~ The Concentration Of Income At The Top

~ TDB-WAM-I-TIT-S-A-C-M-WAOTSS-A-UMOTCS-A-M-IPI-UL-IGICT-SA-AIFOTSGWETTB ~ The Difference Between – Workers And Managers – Is – That In The – Stick-And-Carrot – Metaphor – Workers Are On The Stick Side – And – Upper Management On The Carrot Side – Actually – Management – In Particular Its – Upper Layers – Increased Gradually Its Capability To – Set Apart – An Increasing Fraction Of The Surplus Generated Within Enterprises To Their Benefit

~ N-I-T-UA-TEO-TROT-PAI-O-CC ~ Neoliberalism – Is – Thus – Understood As – The Expression Of – The Restoration Of The – Power And Income – Of – Capitalist Classes

~ TRPLOTFS ~ The Record Profitability Levels Of The Financial Sector

~ MSNBSA-MPA-ITDOT-COH-IN-T-MC-IPT-UF-AP-ITFOT-NST-EHR-A-WTGOEITRO-AO-IF-TION-WHBI-HNTNABSWTULOTSP-B-OAM ~ Mangers Should Not Be Seen As – Merely Passive Agents – In The Determination Of The – Course Of History – In Neoliberalism – The – Managerial Classes – In Particular Their – Upper Fractions – Actively Participated – In The Formation Of The – New Social Trends – Expecting High Remunerations – And – With The Goal Of Entering Into The Realm Of – Active Ownership – In Fact – The Imposition Of Neoliberalism – Would Have Been Impossible – Had Not The New Alliance Been Struck Within The Upper Layers Of The Social Pyramid – Between – Ownership And Management

~ WT-PP-OTBO-WE-W-S-UWIS-DTND ~ While The – Purchasing Power – Of The Bulk Of – Wage Earners – Was – Stagnating – Upper Wages – Increased Sharply – During The Neoliberal Decades

~ B-CM-SO-AAA-IC-OT-MG ~ Besides – Corporate Managers – State Officials – Are Also An – Important Component – Of The – Managerial Classes

~ T-TON-O-ESI-WG-PLOTFOB-PTROW-ITOHI-A-SO ~ The – Tenants Of Neoliberalism – Oppose – Excessive State Intervention – Whenever Governments – Place Limits On The Freedom Of Business – Protect The Rights Of Workers – Imposes Taxes On High Incomes – And – So On

~ NRTSOT-SDC-NTSIG ~ Neoliberalism Rejected The State Of The – Social Democratic Compromise – Not The State In General

~ PH ~ Prevailing Hegemonies

~ TSWSFAMC ~ The Stage Was Set For A Major Collapse

~ ACBE-N-A-NG-DA-TSAFOT-FS ~ As Could Be Expected – Neoliberalism – And – Neoliberal Globalization – Deeply Altered – The Structure And Function Of The – Financial Sector

~ TIOTFS-IA-NASP ~ The – Indebtedness Of The Financial Sector – Is A – New And Spectacular Phenomenon

~ TMAEO-TH-CBCIAA-NA ~ The Multiplication And Expansion Of – Tax Havens – Can Be Clearly Interpreted As A – Neoliberal Accomplishment

~ AM ~ Asset Management

~ CT ~ Carry Trade

~ EC ~ Exchanging Currencies

~ AFAUS ~ A Fragile And Unwieldy Structure

~ TIOT-UIB-IDDT-ND-TROPASVOFCFSG ~ The Income Of The – Upper Income Brackets – Increased Dramatically During The – Neoliberal Decades – The Rise Of Profits And Stock Values Of Financial Corporations Fed Skyrocketing Gains

~ THONAICIOOSTBRATL-WCBDAT-‘DOPAF’-WTPOTFSRP?-OWGWTTGOTUWBITSB?-BADTD ~ The History Of Neoliberalism At Its Climax Is One Of Subtle Transition Between Reaching And Trespassing Limits – What Could Be Denoted As The – “Dialectics Of Performance And Fictitiousness” – Were The Profits Of The Financial Sector Real Profits? – On What Grounds Were The Tremendous Gains Of The Upper Wage Brackets In The Sector Based? – Boundaries Are Difficult To Draw

~ OSFOT-FS-I-TCOVHW ~ One Specific Feature Of The – Financial Sector – Is – The Concentration Of Very High Wages

~ P-IW-A-RFE ~ Practices – Impossible Within – A – Regulated Financial Economy

~ TFWOD-WAIFI-TCO-BAT-I-1980/1990

ITL190SAE1990S ~ The First Wave Of Deregulation – Was An Important Factor In – The Crisis Of – Banking And Thrift – Institutions – In – 1980/1990

~ SL-BEAAROTEO-UC-AOTC-HIR-O-B-W-HCR ~ Subprime Loans – Became Easier As A Result Of The Elimination Of – Usury Controls – Allowing Originators To Charge – Higher Interest Rates – On – Borrowers – With – Higher Credit Risks

~ NG-LTLPBTAOT-IMOC-WHBC-BR ~ Neoliberal Globalization – Lifted The Limits Placed By The Agreements On The – International Movements Of Capital – Which Had Been Considered – Basic Requirements

~ F-IT-F-GS ~ Fundamentals – In The – Financial-Global Storm

~ DA-A-GD ~ Declining Accumulation – And – Growing Disequilibria

~ TMTDW-T-RDI-A-T-ROFF ~ The Most Threatening Developments Were – The – Rising Domestic Indebtedness – And – The – Reliance On Foreign Financing

~ TSOQMBP:WIB?-A-FWP?-A-WIL-A-TWI? ~ Two Sets Of Questions Must Be Posed: Who Is Borrowing? – And – For What Purpose? – And – Who Is Lending – And – Through Which Instruments?

~ MW ~ Mortgage Wave

~ F-T-MW ~ Feeding – The – Mortgage Wave

~ T-LO-O-CDO-AP-SI ~ The – Late Outburst – Of – Collateralized Debt Obligations – A Prominent – Speculative Instrument

~ RI-V-FS ~ Real Incomes – Versus – Fictitious Surplus

~ NINAPOI-B-ASOAATPAIOTUC ~ Neoliberalism Is Not About Principles Or Ideology – But – A Social Order Aiming At The Power And Income Of The Upper Classes

~ IN-TS-AWIFOTUC ~ In Neoliberalism – The State – Always Worked In Favor Of The Upper Classes

~ TGC ~ The Great Contraction

~ GFT ~ Global Financial Turmoil

~ COFH ~ Crises Of Financial Hegemony

~ A-DD-T-RAC ~ A – Deficient Determination – To – Regulate And Control

~ TLF-TD-WF ~ The Lessons From – The Depression – Were Forgotten

~ A-FS-ITSO-TRE ~ A – Financial Sector – In The Service Of – The Real Economy

~ BN ~ Beyond Neoliberalism

~ IWBNT-PSL-O-TTOLFOITTUFOIB ~ It Will Be Necessary To – Place Severe Limitations – On – The Transfer Of Large Flows Of Income Toward The Upper Fractions Of Income Brackets

~ NC-AA-TMLOOTCON-FTCD ~ Neomanagerial Capitalism – Appears As – The Most Likely Outcome Of The Crisis Of Neoliberalism – For The Coming Decades

NICHOLAS CARR ~ UTOPIA IS CREEPY ~ 2016

~ TPFGOTH ~ Technological Paradise Forever Glittering On The Horizon

~ TIOTCNAAEOLIAIF ~ The Idea Of The Computer Network As An Engine Of Liberation Is An Innocent Fraud

~ TDOADAWU-TIHTMT-B-IHNTU ~ The Dreams Of A Digital Awakening Went Unfulfilled – The Internet Had Transformed Many Things – But – It Had Not Transformed Us

~ TCOTA ~ The Cult Of The Amateur

~ TPO-W2.0-VTA-A-DTP ~ The Promoters Of – Web 2.0 – Venerate The Amateur – And – Distrust The Professional

~ TPOF ~ The Price Of Free

~ LION-W2.0-L-W1.0-BI-I-A-IA-SOE-O-OAC-IDCWICAGOB-S-LDT-UR-A-STTAII-NAWWIWB ~ Like It Or Not – Web 2.0 – Like – Web 1.0 – Before It – Is – Amoral – It’s A – Set Of Economics – Of – Production And Consumption – It Doesn’t Care Whether Its Consequences Are Good Or Bad – So – Lets Ditch The – Utopian Rhetoric – And – See The Thing As It Is – Not As We Wish It Would Be

~ Q-T-SMO ~ Questioning – The – Social Media Orthodoxy

~ DS ~ Digital Sharecropping

~ DTEOWCORY-WTATBGEMC-WR-BC-IN-OC-B-T-EV-OTC ~ Despite The Explosion Of Web Content Over Recent Years – Web Traffic Appears To Be Growing Ever More Concentrated – What’s Really – Being Concentrated – Is Not – Online Content – But – The – Economic Value – Of That Content

~ T-S-OHIA-AE-WT-OOHIACE-T-AE-IJAMOC-CI-FT-CE-MSITW-FITP ~ The – Sharecroppers – Operate Happily In An – Attention Economy – While Their – Overseers Operate Happily In A Cash Economy – The – Attention Economy – Is Just A Means Of Creating – Cheap Inputs – For The – Cash Economy – Many Share In The Work – Few In The Profit

~ TGPO-SN-IT-IUNATGFTC ~ The Great Paradox Of – Social Networking – Is That – It Uses Narcissism As The Glue For The Community

~ ATPWTOMOTCOAS-WSRITSW-ALTWCBFFTAONKWTEBRAUL-ALTWCFSTHOT-EIIN ~ As The Physical World Takes On More Of The Characteristics Of A Simulation – We Seek Reality In The Simulated World – At Least There We Can Be Freed From The Anxiety Of Not Knowing Where The Edge Between Real And Unreal Lies – At Least There We Can Find Something To Hold On To – Even If It’s Nothing

~ GITC ~ Ghosts In The Code

~ GAAA ~ Go Ask Alice’s Avatar

~ IB-I-YW-R-H-TMAMS ~ I Bet – If – You Were – Really – Really – High – That Might Actually Make Sense

~ STNF? ~ Should The Net Forget?

~ TSOTIGMBBCV-TOGIT-KU-TTITDO-IL-B-TTIU-TS-TMSIEMIDOOLAD ~ The Strategy Of Today’s Internet Giants Might Best Be Called Vampiric – Their Overriding Goal Is To – Know Us – To Transfer Into Their Databases Our – Informational Life-Blood –Their Thirst Is Unquenchable – To Survive – They Must Suck In Ever More Intimate Details Of Our Lives And Desires

~ IANS:FYGYCTETPDTY-A-TY-NOSTDTA-B-YGTCTBTVFTA ~ It’s A Nifty System: First You Get Your Customers To Entrust Their Personal Data To You – And – Then You – Not Only Sell That Data To Advertisers – But – You Get The Customers To Be The Vector For The Ads

~ IYWTPAIBHI-YHTO:MMS-O-MPD ~ If You Want To Push Artificial Intelligence Beyond Human Intelligence – You Have Two Options: Make Machines Smarter – Or – Make People Dumber

~ RTVC ~ Raising The Virtual Child

~ GFOP-WCTT-ASA-PDSTCDA ~ Great Fans Of Progress – Will Change Their Tune – As Soon As – Progress Destroys Something They Care Deeply About

~ YNLNAC-TBA-CP ~ You No Longer Need A Couch – To Be A – Couch Potato

~ GTA ~ Grand Theft Attention

~ WSBSOAWDO-VGS-TATSALOTIFOACS-SO-A/M/ATM-TE-SIHTOF ~ We Should Be Skeptical Of Anyone Who Draws On – Video Game Studies – To Argue That Spending A Lot Of Time In Front Of A Computer Screen – Strengthens Our – Attentiveness / Memory / Ability To Multitask – The Evidence – Suggest It Has — The Opposite Effect

~ TDFPIS;VIS ~ The Desire For Privacy Is Strong; Vanity Is Stronger

~ I-AT-D ~ Innovation – Arcs Toward – Decadence

~ WKTCARS-WCSGB ~ We’ll Know That Computers Are Really Smart – When Computers Start Getting Bored

~ IIT-VON-MT-VON-T-TMI ~ It Is The – Vanity Of Neuroticism – More Than – The – Vanity Of Narcissism – That – The Mirror Incites

~ HIACSTHAIC-W-S-IICUTW-‘BS’-? ~ How Is A Computer Supposed To Have An Intelligent Conversation – With – Singularitarians – If It Can'[T Use The Word – “BullShit” – ?

~ UW ~ UnderWearables

~ J-HAB-A-B-P-OT-MIH-NIA ~ Jobs – Have Always Been – A By-Product – Of The – Market’s Invisible Hand – Not Its Aim

~ TLITSOAS-I-TBLTTW ~ To Look Into The Screen Of A Smartphone – Is – To Be Lost To The World

~ TIOICIA ~ The Illusion Of Involvement Conceals Its Absence

~ TGS-WWSLTCTP-NAO-A-B-AO-R-TWHN-A-Q ~ Things Get Sticky – When We Start Looking To Computers To Perform – Not As Our – Aides – But – As Our – Replacements – That’s What’s Happening Now – And – Quickly

~ T-ROAI-DLISDF-TAHN ~ The – Risks Of Artificial Intelligence – Don’t Lie In Some Dystopian Future – They Are Here Now

~ T-PD-HLAYWTWFTNNTTA?-HMESCYE ~ The – Patience Deficit – How Long Are You Willing To Wait For The Next New Thing To Arrive? – How Many Empty Seconds Can You Endure

~ WL-M-ETMCOU ~ We Live – Mythically – Even The Most Calculating Of Us

~ ITIOANTTDTIOTCTI ~ Increasing The Intelligence Of A Network Tends To Decrease The Intelligence Of Those Connected To It

~ SHST-R-TTMUALALME-ALMATTILOO ~ Studies Have Shown That – Reading – Tends To Make Us At Least A Little More Empathetic – A Little More Alert To The Inner Lives Of Others

~ T-GD-PBT-EOPP-ITIMLU-A-I-AAA-S-T-D-TCOP-TSIA-OAU ~ The – Greatest Danger – Posed By The – Erosion Of Personal Privacy – Is That It May Lead Us – As – Individuals – And As A – Society – To – Devalue – The Concept Of Privacy – To See It As – Outdated And Unimportant

~ W-CWIS-A-WI-A-WVA-D ~ We – Cherish What Is Scarce – And – What Is – Abundant – We View As – Disposable

~ T-V-OA-W-MAW-U-T-L-NOI-WIPFU-B-WIPU ~ The – Value – Of A – Well-Made And Well-Used – Tool – Lies – Not Only In – What It Produces For Us – But – What It Produces In Us

~ WWET-VW-WRTSMOOB-TDFU;IEU ~ When We Enter The – Virtual World – We’re Required To Shed Much Of Our Body – That Doesn’t Free Us; It Emaciates Us

~ T-BIT-AA-B-S-H-A-F-I-S-IAUT-FO-ATF-W-RUOR-FTF ~ The – Belief In Technology – As A – Benevolent – Self-Healing – Autonomous – Force – Is – Seductive – It Allows Us To – Feel Optimistic – About The Future – While – Relieving Us Of Responsibility – For That Future

~ GF ~ Grandiose Futurism

~ U-IAFO-S-D ~ Utopianism – Is A Form Of – Self-Delusion

~ WWRS-I-WRTCOII-DW-AT-FOI-A-I-TSUAFM ~ What We Risk Sacrificing – If – We Rush To Curtail Our Involvement In – Difficult Work – Are The – Flashes Of Insight – And – Inspiration – That Set Us Apart From Machines

~ LITC ~ Lost In The Cloud

~ A-WNTET-COO-CH-DEUITHOA-SGOCE-T-FOPNP ~ And – We’ll Need To Ensure That – Control Over Our – Cultural Heritage – Doesn’t End Up In The Hands Of A – Small Group Of Commercial Enterprises – That – Focus On Profit Not Posterity

EVGENY MOROZOV ~ THE NET DELUSION ~ 2011

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ CU:ANBITENOOCTROASRTAID ~ Cyber-Utopianism: A Naive Belief In The Emancipatory Nature Of Online Communication That Rests On A Stubborn Refusal To Acknowledge Its Downside

~ TDSOIF ~ The Dark Side Of Internet Freedom

~ EL-‘FR’-HBTBOOT-TTC-A-ET-PC ~ Expressions Like – “Freedom Recession” – Have Begun To Break Out Of The – Think-Tank Circuit – And – Enter The – Public Conversation

~ FTA-H-AG-WRTTI-C-U-DNPHUIWPFPP-HMDWLTUIFS-A-HS-MSOIC-WB ~ Failing To Anticipate How – Authoritarian Governments – Would Respond To The Internet – Cyber-Utopians – Did Not Predict How Useful It Would Prove For Propaganda Purposes – How Masterfully Dictators Would Learn To Use It For Surveillance – And – How Sophisticated – Modern Systems Of Internet Censorship – Would Become

~ P-ITRTSTDOTNDE-C-U-EUBTROTI-RTSTIPARAWOPL-NJTOCTD ~ Paradoxically – In Their Refusal To See The Downside Of The New Digital Environment – Cyber-Utopians – Ended Up Belittling The Role Of The Internet – Refusing To See That It Penetrates And Reshaped All Walks Of Political Life – Not Just The Ones Conducive To Democratization

~ IMWIW-C-U-UR ~ I Myself Was Intoxicated With – Cyber-Utopianism – Until Recently

~ ATITOAEGRITPOBAADS-TPTFTC-A-SWWTIAWOG ~ As The Internet Takes On An Even Greater Role In The Politics Of Both Authoritarian And Democratic States – The Pressure To Forget The Context – And – Start With What The Internet Allows Will Only Grow

~ TSAAITIOABTFWAVIH-EITHAUTPWTLFG ~ The Struggle Agaisnt Authoritarianism Is Too Important Of A Battle To Fight With A Voluntary Intellectual Handicap – Even If That Handicap Allows Us To Play With The Latest Fancy Gadgets

~ TUCOAIR ~ The Unimaginable Consequences Of An Imagined Revolution

~ TBB-C-U-A-C-NIABO ~ The Border Between – Cyber-Utopianism – And – Cyber-Naivete – Is A Blurry One

~ TRWSMPAJBITPOTIIBTHNGTSMT ~ The Reason Why So Many Politicians And Journalists Believe In The Power Of The Internet Is Because They Have Not Given This Subject Much Thought

~ TIHAETSPTSAP-O-AMAR ~ The Internet Has Also Empowered: The Secret Police / The Censors / The Propaganda

~ RTATTWCAS-RTU-AR-I-EI ~ Refusing To Acknowledge That The Web Can Actually Strengthen – Rather Than Undermine – Authoritarian Regimes – Is – Extremely Irresponsible

~ MAR-HLTFIAEMBTAOI ~ Modern Authoritarian Regimes – Have Learned To Function In An Environment Marked By The Abundance Of Information

~ OD-A-T-CI ~ Online Discontents – And – Their – Content Intellectuals

~ CPTEICADIAMB-FMET-24/7P-TIHMTEEOTLUA-A-TLIAD-MA ~ Controlling People Through Entertainment Is Cheaper And Doesn’t Involve As Much Brutality – Far More Effective Than – 24/7 Policing – The Internet Has Made The Entertainment Experiences Of Those Living Under Authoritarianism – And – Those Living In A Democracy – Much Alike

~ ACTUSTAFOUV ~ A Call To Use Strategies That Are Free Of Utopian Visions

~ C-A-S ~ Censors – And – Sensibilities

~ UO-ILT-IAP ~ Unwarranted Optimism – Inevitably Leads To – Inaction And Paralysis

~ CS-AA-DAF-T-TTI-NOTU-A-T-BA-WEED ~ Censorship-Systems – Are As – Detailed And Fine-Tuned – To – The Information-Needs Of Their Users – As – The – Behavioral Advertising – We Encounter Every Day

~ TTU ~ Time To Unfriend

~ TBTTIITBTCIDN ~ The Belief That The Internet Is Too Big To Censor Is Dangerously Naive

~ WDC;WO! ~ We Don’t Censor; We Outsource!

~ WC-UC ~ Wise Crowds – Unwise Causes

~ METI-DNBI-DSFAG ~ Mere Exposure To Information – Does Not By Itself – Decrease Support For Authoritarian Governments

~ TH-THHBAMEWTETPTAS-TT-BDAI ~ Throughout History – There Has Hardly Been A More Effective Way To Ensure That People Talk About Something – Than To – Ban Discussions About It

~ MP-DNDBP-EP-TM/CG/BP-A-MR-RT ~ Modern Propaganda – Does Not Discriminate Between Platforms – Easily Penetrating – Text Messages / Computer Games / Blog Posts – And – Most Recently – Ringback Tones

~ TUO-TM-F-PP-‘RT’ ~ The Use Of – Text Messaging – For – Propaganda Purposes – “Red-Texting”

~ TIINGTUTPFOMA ~ The Internet Is Not Going To Undermine The Propaganda Foundations Of Modern Authoritarianism

~ TIROT-B-IDOTAOUNV ~ The Internet Runs On Trust –But – Its Dependence On Trust Also Opens Up Numerous Vulnerabilities

~ TWIYTMADTCOIC ~ The World Is Yet To Meet A Database That Cried Over Its Contents

~ SS-TC-AAACOWIS ~ Surveillance Software – That Can – Automatically Annotate And Comment On What It Sees

~ BTAO-SM-ITALOEF-RG-T-LATP-DAAW ~ Before The Advent Of – Social Media – It Took A Lot Of Effort For – Repressive Governments – To – Learn About The People – Dissidents Are Associated With

~ TC-DTCIWMOTUO-WSUTCOGTW ~ Technology Companies – Utterly Disregard The Contexts In Which Many Of Their Users Operate – While Significantly Underestimating The Consequences Of Getting Things Wrong

~ T-IV-O-SE-INLO-T-IG-C-AG ~ The – Intelligence Value – Of – Search Engines – Is Not Lost On – The – Internet Gurus – Consulting – Authoritarian Governments

~ FAF-ACSDM-N-WTFIPE ~ First And Foremost – Authorities Can Shut Down Mobile-Networks – Whenever They Find It Politically Expedient

~ NOHY-TAAG-B-ATPOAC-A-CJATG ~ No One Has Yet – Toppled An Authoritarian Government – By – Assuming The Posture Of A Clown – And – Cracking Jokes About The Guillotine

~ P-H-N-ACBTUO-SN-A-N ~ Psychologists – Have – Noticed – A Correlation Between The Use Of – Social Networking – And – Narcissism

~ DWD ~ Dissidents Without Dissent

~ MO-DA-IMB-CI-WOO-KP ~ Much Of – Digital Activism – Is Mediated By – Commercial Intermediaries – Who Operate On – Kafkaesque Principles

~ DI ~ Dangerous Intermediaries

~ ‘IS’TIT-G-H-LC-OT-NAA-O-TWMTIM ~ “Information Sovereignty” – The Idea That – Governments – Have – Legitimate Concerns – Over The – Nationalities And Allegiances – Of – Those Who Mediate Their Information Markets

~ IF-A-TC ~ Internet Freedoms – And – Their Consequences

~ TOTWAAASIAFO ~ The Only Thing Worse Than An Authoritarian State Is A Failed One

~ NMT-PVAACA-FRC ~ Nothing More Than – Poorly Veiled Attempts At Creating A – Favorable Regulatory Climate

~ A-UT-ITHO-OP-I-ARFD ~ An – Unruly Tool – In The Hands Of – Overconfident People – Is – A Recipe For Disaster

~ H-C-W-SOL-P-EP-TWMUPAOHESTRA ~ Hidden-Costs – Will – Sooner Or Later – Produce – Environmental Problems – That Will Make Us Painfully Aware Of How Expensive Such Technologies Really Are

~ TFTWCYCATCOAGT-F/M/E-DNMTICF ~ The Fact That We Cannot Yet Calculate All The Costs Of A Given Technology – Financial / Moral / Environmental – Does Not Mean That It Comes Free

~ J-AOP-B-CT-TIWSIHA-I-ETKOCTSBST-MAP-NJ-T-S ~ Justifying – Assault On Privacy – By – Clamming That – This Is Where Society Is Heading Anyway – Is – Exactly The Kind Of Claim That Should Be Subject To – Moral And Political – Not Just – Technological – Scrutiny

~ WI-MD-A-ST-TD-ITIHOAO-TS-A-TP ~ What Is – Most Dangerous – About – Succumbing To – Technological Determinism – Is That It Hinders Our Awareness Of – The Social – And – The Political

~ TMWLA-T-TLIMSTFOIA-IIFOF ~ The More We Learn About – Technology – The Less It Makes Sense To Focus On It Alone – In Isolation From Other Factors

~ UNC-SWBGT-AFPOE ~ Under No Circumstances – Should We Be Giving Technologies – A Free Pass On Ethics

~ TWF ~ The Wicked Fix

~ E-WP-CBCASO-AH-LP-AT-SBTOTHPL ~ Every – Wicked Problem – Can Be Considered A Symptom Of – Another Higher-Level Problem – And Thus – Should Be Tackled On The Highest Possible Level

~ TUIOTMW-WIMDOTTE-IT-ATBEMII-P-A-S-L-LALAIP-TSAP-DOTI ~ The Ultimate Irony Of The Modern World – Which Is More Dependent On Technology Than Ever – Is That – As Technology Becomes Ever More Integrated Into – Political – And – Social – Life – Less And Less Attention Is Paid – To The – Social And Political – Dimensions Of Technology Itself