ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ THE ENERGY OF SLAVES ~ 2012

~ B-ITAO-WAT-EERBAMO-DRTS ~ But – In The Absence Of – Wisdom And Temperance – Every Energy Relationship Becomes A Matter Of – Dominion Rather Than Stewardship

~ ODOTEOS-WANSTPAIM ~ Once Dependent On The Energy Of Slaves – We Are Now Slaves To Petroleum And Its Masters

~ SHM-B/P/E-EFMTM-W-H-ETWFLC-TTYA-HD-DTAPWHOSES ~ Shackled Human Muscle – Built / Powered / Emboldened – Empires From Mesopotamia To Mexico – When – Hammurabi – Established The World’s First Legal Codes – Two Thousand Years Ago – He Decreed – Death To Any Person Who Helped Or Sheltered Escaping Slaves

~ OC-ACC-PAPRISTER-MCSTISTPTD ~ Orphaned Children – And – Convicted Criminals – Played A Prominent Role In Swelling The Energy Ranks – Many Citizens Sold Themselves Into Slavery To Pay Their Debts

~ ES-RLPALI-A-APAGMTTP ~ Escaped Slaves – Represented Lost Property And Lost Income – And – Also Posed A General Menace To The Public

~ WMT-WRTAEOHS-W-ANS-PBFF ~ Without Much Thought – We Replaced The Ancient Energy Of Human Slaves – With – A New Servitude – Powered By Fossil Fuels

~ G-RHCTFP-ATWPOKD-A-DIIR ~ Gasoline – Refiners Had Considered The Flammable Product – A Troublesome Waste Product Of Kerosene Distillation – And – Dumped It Into Rivers

~ TN-H-Y-GSFTTNMWAMSN-GR-DO-O-B-F/P-A-D-RIS ~ The New – High-Yielders – Grew So Fast That They Needed More Water And More Soil Nutrients – Green Revolution – Depended On – Oil-Based – Fertilizers / Pesticides – And – Diesel-Run Irrigation Systems

~ E-LC-AV-BS-AIWT-240KOO-NTMIT ~ Every – Laptop Computer – A Veritable – Brain Slave – Arrives Impregnated With The – 240 Kilograms Of Oil – Needed To Make It

~ EGOG-BIAV-RTPOEO-98T-O-PBPM ~ Every Gallon Of Gasoline – Burned In A Vehicle – Required The Pumping Or Excavation Of – 98 Tons – Of – Prehistoric Buried Plant Material

~ E-ES-CIO-SD-A-UD ~ Every – Energy System – Creates Its Own – Starling Dependencies – And – Unpredictable Dynamics

~ OOTRCOSAACOPITI ~ One Of The Remarkable Characteristics Of Slaveholders As A Class Of People Is Their Indebtedness

~ ATW-OAIS-HR-TNOG/TSOS/TWOP/TMOC-A-TPOE ~ Around The World – Oil And Its Servants – Have Reengineered – The Nature Of Government / The Scale Of Science / The Weight Of Populations / The Metabolism Of Cities – And – The Purpose Of Economics

~ A-F-OA-RE-MIAGMOGB-F/P/M-IBITSDTAMIMPOTWW-L-EO ~ As – Farming – Once A – Renewable Enterprise – Morphed Into A Giant Mining Operation Governed By – Fertilizers / Pesticides / Machines – It Became Impossible To Sit Down To A Meal In Many Parts Of The World Without – Literally – Eating Oil

~ M-VAC-NCF-P/M/V-TTDOHYA-RSTTSOPGHDTUOGN ~ Most – Vegetables And Cereals – Now Contain Fewer – Proteins / Minerals / Vitamins – Than They Did One Hundred Years Ago – Researchers Suspect That The Speed Of Plants Growth Has Diluted Their Uptake Of Good Nutrients

~ C-TUO-30%-OT-AF-TRWA ~ Crops – Take Up Only – 30 Percent – Of The – Applied Fertilizer – The Rest Washes Away

~ ETUEF ~ Enslavement To Unsustainable Energy Flows

~ OSAO-F-FF-HB-I-RC ~ One Striking Aspect Of – Fossil-Fueled Farming – Has Been – It’s – Relentless Concentration

~ R/B/I-O-CF-HOTWACY-GE-B-70,000-D-PAPD-DAAEO-$35B-O-P ~ Rusts / Blights / Insects – One-Crop Farms – Half Of The World’s Annual Crop Yield – Gets Eaten – By – 70,000 – Different – Pests And Plant Diseases – Despite An Annual Expenditure Of – $35 Billion – On – Pesticides

~ LD-HSSEDTPPFH-ABT-RD/ED/SC-ABRW-DD-H-Y-F-‘U’-SB-PI-CO-V-A-A-FAHFF ~ Livestock Diversity – Has Suffered Similar Erosion Due To Petroleum’s Preference For Homogenization – Animals Bred To – Resist Disease / Endure Drought / Survive Cold – Are Being Replaced With – Dumbed Down – High-Yield – Factory – “Units” – Shaped By – Petroleum Inputs – Consisting Of – Vaccines – Antibiotics – And – Formulated And Highly Fertilized Feeds

~ A-H-E-U-C-TRAADGFEIANW-UTET-NOLT ~ All – High-Energy-Use – Countries – Treat Rural Areas As Dumping Grounds For Exploitative Industries And Nuclear Waste – Using The Excuse That – No One Lives There

~ T-F-F-M-HNWO-LT-LF-A-LCD-ATG-WTBLTFTCCTQOMN ~ The – Factory-Farm – Model – Has Nearly Wiped Out – Local Traditions – Local Farmers – And – Local Crop Diversity – Around The Globe – With The Bold Lie That Factory Techniques Can Conquer The Quirks Of Mother Nature

~ T-FFS-DTFPANWOS-HA-SP-IHFTPMOA-F-FDAMMA ~ The – Factory Food System – Designed To Fatten Plants And Animals With Oil Subsidies – Has Also – Supersized People – It Has Fattened The Poor Most Of All – Fast-Food Diets Are Much More Affordable

~ AOPI-MPASF-AATS-C-GR-F-O-FH ~ As Oil Prices Increase – Many Peasants And Small Farmers – Are Abandoning The So-Called – Green Revolution – For – Old-Fashioned Husbandry

~ AMPBTFPMBITFTHM-HPGOFAAFOFA ~ Although Many People Believe That Food Production Must Be Increased To Feed The Hungry Masses – Human Population Grows Or Falls As A Function Of Food Availability

~ IINHTTTDB-C-BBH-A-T-CBM-TFSP;TLSEAIIC ~ It Is Not Hard To Tell The Difference Between – Cities – Built By Hand – And – Those – Constructed By Machines – The Former Served People ; The Latter Serve Energy And Its Inanimate Clients

~ A-S-R-STD-SS-A-W-LF ~ As – Skyscrapers – Rose – So Too Did – Sprawling Slums – And – Window-Less Factories

~ R-SAT-W-CAA-‘YHI’ ~ Replacing – Soil And Trees – With – Concrete And Asphalt – “Urban Heat Islands”

~ RSL-W-FS-PFA-A-FGM ~ Rising Sea Levels – Will – Flood Slums – Poison Freshwater Aquifers – And – Force Great Migrations

~ E-BAJF-CC ~ Economics – Became A Justification For – Conspicuous Consumption

~ T-TPOE-L-S-I-HPP-TIAUMEHBTMLG ~ Today – The Pseudoscience Of Economics – Like – Science – Itself – Has Probably Peaked – The Ideological Assumptions Undermining Modern Economics Have Begun To Melt Like Glaciers

~ PS ~ Peak Science

~ 26.5-POO-F-EPOC ~ 26.5 – Ponds Of Oil – For – Every Pound Of Computer

~ EN-EOT-STCM-TLTD-A-T-EPC-OTDLVAEFER ~ Each New – Extreme Oil Technique – Seems To Cost More – Takes Longer To Develop – And – Typically – Exceeds Predicted Costs – Only To Deliver Less Volume And Even Fewer Energy Returns

~ M-CO2C-WRMEAPF-FTOY-C-BS-AESTREME ~ Monitoring – CO2 Cemeteries – Would Require More Energy And Public Funds – For Thousands Of Years – Classic – Big Science – An Energy Solution That Requires Even More Energy

~ WMEWYCSRT? ~ Why Manage Emissions When You Can Simply Reduce Them?

~ M-L-T-A-E ~ Many – Low-Tech – Alternatives – Exist

~ OAG-BRAD-LTAEOBSOTP-AAC-MOTTCABIA-‘I’-IAB ~ Oil And Gas – Basic Research And Development – Less Than Almost Every Other Business Sector On The Planet – As A Consequence – Most Of The Technology Currently Advertised By Industry As – “Innovative” – Is Anything But

~ FE-ASP ~ Fugitive Emissions – Are So Prevalent

~ TM-OOH-DE-TMHANEB ~ The More – Oil Or Hydrocarbons – Dominate Exports – The More Hollow A National Economy Becomes

~ EROEI ~ Energy Return On Energy Invested

~ MCOE-SBCW-QOL ~ Massive Consumption Of Energy – Shouldn’t Be Confused With – Quality Of Life

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ CHARLES ELTON ~ THREE QUESTIONS ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ HWTCATAAPTLHN? ~ How Will This Change Affect The Animals And Plants That Live Here Now?

~ WBASMBL? ~ What Beauty And Security May Be Lost?

~ HWTCA-‘TAIOC’ ~ How Will This Change Affect – “The Accumulating Instability Of Communities?”

ANDREW NIKIFORUK ~ PANDEMONIUM ~ 2006

~ W-OBP-OTMEY-WSBSTMTHAPU ~ With – One Billion People – On The Move Every Year – We Shouldn’t Be Surprised That Microbial Traffic Has Also Picked Up

~ ED-G-T-FOB-DEANOGIITWWL ~ Every Day – Globe-Trotting – Fungi Or Bacteria – Determinedly Expose A Number Of Glaring Insecurities In The Way We Live

~ T-TPO-600-LD-PIQTWOTT-LR-A-T-B-I-B-FIA ~ The Troubling Proliferation Of – 600 – Livestock Diseases – Puts Into Question The Wisdom Of The – “Livestock Revolution” – And – The – Bigger-Is-Better – Fad In Agriculture

~ WHBGTIP ~ We Have Become Grand Traders In Pandemonium

~ F-MI ~ Factory-Made Infections

~ BF-INPTSTHLA-VT ~ Bird Flu – Is Now Poised To Sweep Through Humans Like A – Viral Tsunami

~ VAALFOTETD ~ Viruses Are Always Looking For Opportunities To Expand Their Domain

~ WAVOBGIAFATFSOWG-T-‘U’-A-RRUARO ~ Whenever A Virus Or Bacterium Gets Into A Factory And Threatens Feed Schedules Or Weight Gain – The – “Units” – Are – Routinely Rounded Up And Rubbed Out

~ YC-C-P-P-A-P-T-WBABMFVC ~ You Can’t – Crowd – People – Pigs – And – Poultry – Together – Without Building A Better Market For Viral Commerce

~ OLFS ~ Officials Looking For Scapegoats

~ N-OC-WTTA-C-M-IGAGC

~ Nobody – Of Course – Wants To Talk About – Crowding – More – In Greater And Greater Concentrations

~ VANBOOTNRIWAUR-TTP-HE ~ Viruses Are Now Breaking Out Of Their Natural Reservoirs In Wildlife At Unprecedented Rates – Thanks To Persistent – Human Encroachment

~ T-SGE ~ The – Sixth Great Extinction

~ HH-RMAMLASO-BE-TGEMLAGATPASOOTI ~ Human History – Reads More And More Like A String Of – Biological Explosions – That Grow Ever More Loud And Grotesque As The Pace And Scale Of Our Trading Increases

~ CC/SC/BW-TAT-NHTPTCPBAEGO ~ Cargo Containers / Shipping Crates / Ballast Water – Trade And Transport – Now Have The Power To Collapse Political Borders And Erase Geographical Ones

~ BI-OER-RLEWDOAIO-I/A/WH ~ Biological Invaders – Outrageous Economic Robberies – Ruining Local Economies With Deliberate Or Accidental Invasions Of – Influenza / Ants / Water Hyacinth

~ FS-IAE-DH-BD ~ For Starters – Importers And Exporters – Don’t Hold – Biology Degrees

~ B-TRPACDT-A-TCOI-ABB-C/T ~ But – The Real Problem Always Comes Down To – Accountability – The Costs Of Invasions – Are Borne By – Consumers / Taxpayers

~ TUE:HE ~ The Ultimate Invader: Homo Economicus

~ ML-LDR-PIFOGC-SBO-NRTVABIHBS-GD-HAHBC ~ Modern Livestock – Little Disease Resistance – Packed In Feedlots Or Gestation Crates – Stressed By Overcrowding – Natural Resistance To Viral And Bacterial Infections Has Been Shattered – Growing Densities – Hidden And Huge Biological Costs

~ TM-TP-ATEO-AH-W-TL-HCTACGO-P-AH-S ~ To Maximize – Trade Profit – At The Expense Of – Animal Health – With – Trade Liberalization – Has Come A Corresponding Gutting Of – Public – Animal Health – Services

~ H-OATLBTEDOIT19C-AG-A-OTR-MT-40%-AE ~ Half – Of All The Livestock Breeds That Europe Depended On In The 19th Century – Are Gone – And – Of Those Remaining – More Than – 40 Percent – Are Endangered

~ GD-MTBIA-F/D/E ~ Genetic Diversity – Makes The Best Insurance Against – Famine / Drought / Epidemics

~ ‘GCP’ ~ “Great Cattle Plague”

~ MCD-BSE-TSE-‘SGA’-IOTWR-4,500-M-S-BTI-EEWTHO-BC-A-IF ~ Mad Cow Disease – Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy – Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy – “Spectacular Geographic Amplification” – Invasion Of The World’s Remaining – 4,500 – Mammal – Species – By These Illnesses – Expands Exponentially With The Help Of – Barnyard Cannibalism – And – Industrial Farming

~ R-‘SFOA’-ICFR-DGE-BATCID-SI-A-ATOKOR-B-TEO-RDR-CW-CSDTTWW-K-MAB-MBM-P-OTLM-MFA-IF-DC-FIDTTM-CCAE-MHNPICOTSB ~ Rendering – “Scientific Feeding Of Animals” – Industrial Cannibalism For Ruminants – Devoted Grass Eaters – Balked At The Change In Diet – Suffered Indigestion – And – Ate Their Own Kind Only Reluctantly – But – The Efficiency Of – Recycling Dead Ruminants – Combined With – Cereal Shortages During The Two World Wars – Kept – Meat And Bonemeal – MBM – Powder – On The Livestock Menu – Material From An – Infected Few – Diligently Concentrated – For Industrial Delivery To The Many – Could Cause An Epidemic – Mammals Had Never Partaken In Cannibalism On That Scale Before

~ SW ~ Slaughterhouse Waste

~ ISP ~ Inadequate Surveillance Program

~ ATCOAF-IB-DAE ~ Analyzing The Content Of Animal Feeds – Is Both – Difficult And Expensive

~ F-MT-1M-S-TMOTWMDCDAFIO-SCOOC-OAWA-OHOAWTBD-ASFCCAHOAR ~ Fungi – More Than – 1 Million – Species – The Majority Of The World’s Most Devastating Crop Diseases Are Fungal In Origin – Specialized Cultivation Of One Crop – Over A Wide Area – One Hell Of A Way To Brew Disease – A Simple Fungus Can Create A Hell Of A Rumpus

~ AECOANOESINUSOHHABWD-TGEOAP-I-RAG ~ Almost Every Crop Of Any Nutritional Or Economic Significance Is Now Under Siege Or Has Had A Brush With Death – The Global Exchange Of Agricultural Pathogens – Is – Real And Growing

~ ‘GCA’ ~ “Global Change Agents”

~ FAP-HDAETS ~ Famine And Pestilence – Have Dogged Agriculture’s Every Tortured Step

~ M-TPOOCVOAWA ~ Monoculture – The Planting Of One Crop Variety Over A Wide Area

~ W-WOB-30,000-V-NCIO-TOF-SV-TMBETW-135K-O-PPPA ~ Wheat – Which Once Boasted – 30,000 – Varieties – Now Comes In Only – Three Of Four – Specialized Varieties – That Must Be Engineered To Withstand – 135 Kilograms – Of – Pesticide Poison Per Acre

~ TEB-AM-FF-D-W-UMW ~ The Epidemic Began – As Most – Fungal Fiestas – Do – With – Unusually Moist Weather

~ TF ~ Toxic Fungicides

~ M-I-D-A-GT-GTIPUL-AMFGCD-HABOE-DP-M ~ Monocultures – Invite – Disease – And – Global Trade – Gives The Invading Pathogens Unlimited Mileage – Abandoning Monoculture For Greater Crop Diversity – Has Always Been On Every – Disaster Prevention – Menu

~ WHEATPO-E-PAP-RA-L4(TS)L-DOAL ~ We Have Even Added The Possibility Of – Engineered – Pests And Plants – Running Amok – Level 4 (Top Security) Labs – Deliberate Or Accidental Leaks

~ TWABM-WR-TID-WR ~ The World Already Boasts More – Water Refugees – Than It Does – War Refugees

~ RT ~ Red Tides

~ CS-‘FBI’ ~ Cargo Ships – “Floating Biological Islands”

~ LO-UAM-P-LOT-D ~ Loads Of – Untreated Animal Manure – Produce – Loads Of Trouble – Downstream

~ CW:OOTPMEDFAPK ~ Cold Winters: One Of The Planet’s Most Effective Disease Filters And Pest Killers

~ ITL-10Y-JAE-E-BD-HZEIT ~ In The Last – 10 Years – Just About Every – Insect-Borne Disease – Has Zealously Expanded Its Territory

~ A-SP-WST-GE-WTSFAA-MED ~ A – Severe Pandemic – Will Shock The – Global Economy – With The Same Force As A – Major Economic Depression

~ MWWLT-WC-LT-W-LBIUW ~ Maybe We Will Learn That – We Can’t – Liberalize Trade – Without – Liberating Biology In Unpredictable Ways

~ IIM-EAC-T-IABHACDIP-TIIT-SARP ~ It Is Much – Easier And Cheaper – To – Identify A Biological Hitchhiker And Close Down Its Pathways – Than It Is To – Stop A Runaway Pandemic

~ B-WFGTDTRT-CBAHE-AA-TOP ~ But – Waiting For Government To Do The Right Thing – Can Be A – Hazardous Enterprise – And A – Test Of Patience

~ ATWTPTR ~ Ask Them Where They Plan To Retire

~ BL-A-LM ~ Buy Less – And – Live More