STEVEN SLOMAN + PHILIP FERNBACH ~ THE KNOWLEDGE ILLUSION ~ 2017

~ IOU-TWUHTWWIFOUIM ~ Illusion Of Understanding – That We Understand How Things Work When In Fact Our Understanding Is Meager

~ OMS-WCOABOI-A-WWKILMTAFOUWCRU ~ On Most Subjects – We Connect Only Abstract Bits Of Information – And – What We Know Is Little More Than A Feeling Of Understanding We Can’t Really Unpack

~ WLIACOK ~ We Live In A Community Of Knowledge

~ TMSBTBTI-TB-TE-APOTO-STSOTMCBRTTSOTB ~ The Mind Stretches Beyond The Brain To Include – The Body – The Environment – And People Other Than Oneself – So The Study Of The Mind Cannot Be Reduce To The Study Of The Brain

~ WFDKWWDK ~ We Frequently Don’t Know What We Don’t Know

~ BPAVDRHLTU ~ Both Politicians And Voters Don’t Realize How Little They Understand

~ IOAC-PTTAWOOASD ~ Instead Of Appreciating Complexity – People Tend To Affiliate With One Or Another Social Dogma

~ BOKIEWTOO-TCSOBAA ~ Because Our Knowledge Is Enmeshed With That Of Others – The Community Shapes Our Beliefs And Attitudes

~ IISHTRAOSBOPTTOWDETTECBOTM-WLOGDOTFU ~ It Is So Hard To Reject An Opinion Shared By Our Peers That Too Often We Don’t Even Try To Evaluate Claims Based On Their Merits – We Let Our Group Do Our Thinking For Us

~ ATCNOKSMUMRAWDOBAV ~ Appreciating The Communal Nature Of Knowledge Should Make Us More Realistic About What’s Determining Our Beliefs And Values

~ BWTC-WTTOIT-IIIO-WLBWWTWO ~ Because We Think Communally – We Tend To Operate In Teams – Individual Intelligence Is Overrated – We Learn Best When We’re Thinking With Others

~ IoED ~ Illusion Of Explanatory Depth

~ Deliberation Is Only A Tiny Part Of What Goes On When We Think – Most Of Cognition Consists Of Intuitive Thought That Occurs Below The Surface Of Consciousness

~ MOTFOTHBISATM ~ Much Of The Functionality Of The Human Brain Is Still A Total Mystery

~ PA-DOBAPOS-THOWTAHSPOMCS ~ Pavlovian Associations – Don’t Occur Between Arbitrary Pairs Of Stimuli – They Happen Only When The Association Has Some Possibility Of Making Causal Sense

~ WKJETGB ~ We Know Just Enough To Get By

~ IAOS-TRKLE ~ Intuitions Are Only Superficial – The Real Knowledge Lies Elsewhere

~ TWOBATW ~ Thinking With Our Bodies And The World

~ EI ~ Embodied Intelligence

~ WDCATWBOSG ~ We Draw Conclusions About The World Based On Small Glimpses

~ OBPFTMUAAWU ~ Our Bodies Produce Feelings To Make Us Aware And Warn Us

~ TDNTPOASITB-TUK-I-TB-TB-A-TWMG-TSIA ~ Thought Does Not Take Place On A Stage Inside The Brain – Thought Uses Knowledge – In – The Brain – The Body – And – The World More Generally – To Support Intelligent Action

~ TWOP-SI-ABHTITSIWOSTWATC ~ Thinking With Other People – Shared Intentionality – A Basic Human Talent Is To Share Intentions With Others So That We Accomplish Things Collaboratively

~ TMIASE ~ The Mind Is A Social Entity

~ PABTC ~ People Are Built To Collaborate

~ TSAU-ITSOBMS-MWBTWABATUO ~ The Smartest Among Us – In The Sense Of Being Most Successful – May Well Be Those Who Are Best Able To Understand Others

~ IACOK-WMMTHK-IHATK ~ In A Community Of Knowledge – What Matters More Than Having Knowledge – Is Having Access To Knowledge

~ BWCTKIOHWTKWHAT-WALUOHLWU ~ Because We Confuse The Knowledge In Our Heads With The Knowledge We Have Access To – We Are Largely Unaware Of How Little We Understand

~ TDN(Y)SI ~ Technology Does Not (Yet) Share Intentionality

~ CTTC ~ Committing To The Community

~ TFTASMOPHSP-DNMTTOII-AAR-SFAIDNEFDU-TOEITAOU ~ The Fact That A Strong Majority Of People Has Some Preference – Does Not Mean That Their Opinion Is Informed – As A Rule – Strong Feelings About Issues Do Not Emerge From Deep Understanding – They Often Emerge In The Absence Of Understanding

~ WDPHSPAITKSLA? ~ Why Do People Have Such Passion About Issues They Know So Little About?

~ ACOKCBD-WGMDKM-BSAP-ESEEAJTV-AHOM ~ A Community Of Knowledge Can Become Dangerous – When Group Members Don’t Know Much – But Share A Position – Everyone Sees Everyone Else As Justifying Their View – A House Of Mirrors

~ WITTYODUTPIAISAC-NDY ~ While It’s True That Your Opponents Don’t Understand The Problem In All Its Subtlety And Complexity – Neither Do You

~ SI ~ Shattering Illusions

~ YCCTIOAPBROHYFAI ~ You Can’t Consider The Implications Of A Policy By Ruminating On How You Feel About It

~ People Often Have Strong Positions On Issues – Positions That Are Generally Based On Very Little – Certainly Very Little That They Can Articulate – Asking Them To Generate A Detailed Causal Explanation – Makes Them Less Extreme

~ DTCOAE-ICAMMPT-AETBAE ~ Discovering The Credibility Of An Expert – Is Certainly A More Manageable Problem Than – Asking Everyone To Become An Expert

~ EPICUT-PALITSNIAFOTTWW-CEIAEWTSTI-BPDLHTIS-PLTFS-NI ~ Exposing People’s Illusions Can Upset Them – People Are Less Inclined To Seek New Information After Finding Out That They Were Wrong – Causal Explanation Is An Effective Way To Shatter The Illusion – But People Don’t Like Having Their Illusions Shattered – People Like To Feel Successful – Not Incompetent

~ TNDOS ~ The New Definition Of Smart

~ FI-IWWTWWSSI-‘S’-TPHTATCTCQWTTAIATFNTO ~ Fluid Intelligence – Is What We’re Thinking When We Say Someone Is “Smart” – The Person Has The Ability To Come To Conclusions Quickly Whatever The Topic And Is Able To Figure New Things Out

~ CI-RTHMIOHAODSIM ~ Crystallized Intelligence – Refers To How Much Information One Has At One’s Disposal Stored In Memory

~ CI ~ Collective Intelligence

~ INITMTM-FMITTQOAII-TQOTT ~ It’s Not Ideas That Matter The Most – Far More Important Than The Quality Of An Idea Is – The Quality Of The Team

~ HABTBMOAS;HABTPIAC ~ Humans Aren’t Built To Become Masters Of All Subjects; Humans Are Built To Participate In A Community

~ SIDBAC ~ Science Is Done By A Community

~ WPFDBS? ~ Who Profits From Doing Bad Science?

~ COL ~ Communities Of Learning

~ BDOOFWWKMUVTTWWETFIOTSF ~ Being Dependent On Others For What We Know Makes Us Vulnerable To Those Who Would Exploit This Fact In Order To Spread Falsehoods

~ TAOEITFOPJ ~ The Appearance Of Evidence In The Form Of Pseudoscientific Jargon

~ AWIHSUAP ~ A Whole Industry Has Sprung Up Around Pseudoscience

~ TSINMI ~ The Solution Is Not More Information

~ TCOK-TFTSWIIOOHFWIITHOO ~ The Curse Of Knowledge – The Failure To Separate What Is In One’s Own Head From What Is In The Heads Of Others

~ THE ~ The Hive Economy

~ NBD ~ Nudging Better Decisions

~ RC ~ Reduce Complexity

~ SDR ~ Simple Decision Rules

~ CYU-KWYDKAYTGHAFITGWTNA-IBYDTEAPYFAIATDID-DTYMRL ~ Check Your Understanding – Knowing What You Don’t Know Allows You To Get Help And Fill In The Gaps When The Need Arises – It Brings You Down To Earth And Prevents You From Allowing Intellectual Arrogance To Drive Important Decisions – Decisions That You Might Regret Later

~ IPDKHITA ~ Ignorant People Don’t Know How Ignorant They Are

~ TD-KE-TWPTWOTOSTM-SPOUTP-TUJDKWTDK ~ The Dunning-Krugger Effect – Those Who Perform The Worst Overrate Their Own Skills The Most – Strong Performers Often Underestimate Their Performance – The Unskilled Just Don’t Know What They Don’t Know

~ ASC ~ A Saner Community

~ ASLIOW-KHTIACATAOTKWI-A-WCDRTTWTME ~ A Strong Leader Is One Who – Knows How To Inspire A Community And Take Advantage Of The Knowledge Within It – And – Who Can Delegate Responsibility To Those With The Most Expertise

~ BDLWAC-WMRTRFOD ~ But Despite Living Within A Community – We Must Retain The Responsibility For Our Decisions