YUVAL NOAH HARARI ~ 21 LESSONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ~ 2018

~ H-TI-S-RT-I-F-N-O-E-A-TSTS-TB ~ Humans – Think – In – Stories – Rather Than – In – Facts – Numbers – Or – Equations – And – The Simpler The Story – The Better

~ H-WAFBA-IT-T-UTW ~ Humans – Were Always Far Better At – Inventing Tools – Than – Using Them Wisely

~ T-TR-MS-PBOHOOTJM-A-CAMN-‘UC’-LTSAPU ~ The – Technological Revolution – Might Soon – Push Billions Of Humans Out Of The Job Market – And – Create A Massive New – “Useless Class” – Leading To – Social And Political Upheavals

~ IIGAT-MLAR-WCAELOW-IIFFCT-TFEWNU-EAC ~ It Is Generally Agreed That – Machine Learning And Robotics – Will Change Almost Every Line Of Work – It Is Far From Certain That – The Future Economy Will Need Us – Even As Consumers

~ IIDWIIBT-PPW-UBI-TCP-O-UBS-TCP-BOHAAD-B-NMWPYC-TRPIIDW-‘U’-A-‘B’-AM ~ It Is Debatable Whether It Is Better To – Provided People With – Universal Basic Income – The Capitalist Paradise – Or – Universal Basic Services – The Communist Paradise – Both Options Have Advantages And Drawbacks – But – No Matter Which Paradise You Choose – The Real Problem Is In Defining What – “Universal” – And – “Basic” – Actually Mean

~ TQF-MAC-ME-TQFAJ ~ The Quest For – Meaning And Community – Might Eclipse – The Quest For A – Job

~ TBS-C-BPIEI ~ The Biometric Sensor – Converts – Biological Processes Into Electronic Information

~ PGM ~ Precision-Guided Manipulation

~ DD ~ Digital Dictators

~ TRPWR-INTOAI-B-RTNSACOTHM ~ The Real Problem With Robots – Is Not Their Own Artificial Intelligence – But – Rather – The Natural Stupidity And Cruelty Of Their Human Masters

~ VRATW ~ Veteran Robots Against The War

~ D-IIPF-CS-TMOBAI-EDWSRIIARNF-O-HWCTLI-‘DD’ ~ Democracy – In Its Present Form – Cannot Survive – The Merger Of Biotech And Infotech – Either Democracy Will Successfully Reinvent Itself In A Radically New Form – Or – Humans Will Come To Live In – “Digital Dictatorships”

~ HF-WGUTITTAAOAATUAISIHH ~ Human Figureheads – Will Give Us The Illusion That The Algorithms Are Only Advisers And That Ultimate Authority Is Still In Human Hands

~ AI&NS ~ Artificial Intelligence And Natural Stupidity

~ TINRTATAIWGC-B-IAC-AVDT-I-ITATSP-C-ITATF ~ There Is No Reason To Assume That Artificial Intelligence Will Gain Consciousness – Because – Intelligence And Consciousness – Are Very Different Things – Intelligence – Is The Ability To Solve Problems – Consciousness – Is The Ability To Feel

~ FTLFD-PAOTW-WTTHIOTPT-E-AT-G-A-NT-WHUGTS-IR-TT-FC-MC-TMUSIH ~ For The Last Few Decades – People All Over The World – Were Told That Humankind Is On The Path To – Equality – And That – Globalization – And – New Technologies – Will Help Us Get There Sooner – In Reality – The Twenty-First Century – Might Create – The Most Unequal Societies In History

~ B-2100-TR-1%-MONMMOTWW-BA-MOTW-B-C-H ~ By – 2100 – The Richest – 1 Percent – Might Own Not Merely Most Of The World’s Wealth – But Also – Most Of The World’s – Beauty – Creativity – Health

~ IWWTPTCOAWAPITHOASE-TKIT-RTOOD ~ If We Want To Prevent The Concentration Of All Wealth And Power In The Hands Of A Small Elite – The Key Is To – Regulate The Ownership Of Data

~ OACABTFU-TTAIWGB ~ Once Algorithms Choose And Buy Things For Us – The Traditional Advertising Industry Will Go Bust

~ APA-MLABM-A-MELMITST-B-ALAISD-ICBWB ~ A Popular App – May Lack A Business Model – And – May Even Lose Money In The Short Term – But – As Long As It Sucks Data – It Could Be Worth Billions

~ WOTD?-TMWBTMIPQOOE ~ Who Owns The Data? – This May Well Be The Most Important Political Question Of Our Era

~ HHB-IYTTPLMOATYPTWATNTOTOE-YCVYAA-BSS-EAYAPTTOG-B-OYRTHBHB-A-TTSN-R-H-A-SS-IBFMDTJTE-HCYETVOCWRTFSTMICS? ~ Human Have Bodies – If You Think That People Live Mainly Online And That You Provide Them With All The Necessary Tools Of Their Online Existence – You Can View Yourself As A – Beneficial Social Service – Even As You Avoid Paying Taxes To Offline Governments – But – Once You Remember That Human Beings Have Bodies – And – That They Still Need – Roads – Hospitals – And – Sewage Systems – It Becomes Far More Difficult To Justify Tax Evasion – How Can You Extol The Virtues Of Community While Refusing To Financially Support The Most Important Community Services?

~ WMCTMTGODWOWSFO ~ We May Come To Miss The Good Old Days When Online Was Separated From Offline

~ WITOVAAPLF-AA-Y-TOTTAUTSTITOAALDACSFT ~ We Insist That Our Values Are A Precious Legacy From – Ancient Ancestors – Yet – The Only Thing That Allows Us To Say This Is That Our Ancestors Are Long Dead And Cannot Speak For Themselves

~ W-S-I-T-A-P-FMQTCD-W-AMPFMIIOA ~ War – Spreads – Ideas – Technologies – And – People – Far More Quickly Than Commerce Does – War – Also Makes People Far More Interested In One Another

~ ACEITBCFFACI-A-HNHALTSE-NW-CC-A-TD ~ A Common Enemy Is The Best Catalyst For Forging A Common Identity – And – Humankind Now Has At Least Three Such Enemies – Nuclear War – Climate Change – And – Technological Disruption

~ S-TGFCO-2008-TISIRD-WIBIV-A-MEAB ~ Since – The Global Financial Crisis Of – 2008 – The International Situation Is Rapidly Deteriorating – Warmongering Is Back In Vogue – And – Military Expenditures Are Ballooning

~ HS-I-OOTMIFIH-Y-WOTTDI ~ Human Stupidity – Is – One Of The Most Important Forces In History – Yet – We Often Tend To Discount It

~ OPRF-HS-IADO-H ~ One Potential Remedy For – Human Stupidity – Is A Dose Of – Humility

~ DT-TNOG-IV-PTDM-WSNU-TNOG-TJ-OPI-OEA-O-OPH ~ Don’t Take – The Name Of God – In Vain – Perhaps The Deeper Meaning – We Should Never Use – The Name Of God – To Justify – Our Political Interests – Our Economic Ambitions – Or – Our Personal Hatreds

~ TVSR-T-IHABISP-ILACIO ~ The Very Same Religions – That – Inspire Hate And Bigotry In Some People – Inspire Love And Compassion In Others

~ IOT-AM-YDNTBIAMOS-YJNT-D-ADAOS ~ In Order To – Act Morally – You Don’t Need To Believe In Any Myth Or Story – You Just Need To – Develop – A Deep Appreciation Of Suffering

~ QYCA-AUFBFY-T-AYCQ ~ Questions You Cannot Answer – Are Usually Far Better For You – Than – Answers You Cannot Question

~ TOP-R-E-IITSHIATOA-TIITT-HHANRTLOL-BITS-CTPO-AR-PMFH-A-SBFTWCOPAV ~ The Only Place – Rights – Exist – Is In The Stories Humans Invent And Tell One Another – Though It Isn’t True That – Humans Have A Natural Right To Life Or Liberty – Belief In This Story – Curbed The Power Of – Authoritarian Regimes – Protected Minorities From Harm – And – Safeguarded Billions From The Worst Consequences Of Poverty And Violence

~ PRATI-B-TLTI-A-EC-O-L-MF-A-S-CNF-WTBACRASC ~ People Rarely Appreciate Their Ignorance – Because – They Lock Themselves Inside – An – Echo Chamber – Of – Like-Minded Friends – And – Self-Confirming News Feeds – Where Their Beliefs Are Constantly Reinforced And Seldom Challenged

~ MOO-V-ASB-CG-RT-IR-A-WHOTTV-DT-GL ~ Most Of Our – Views – Are Shaped By – Communal Groupthink – Rather Than – Individual Rationality – And – We Hold On To These Views – Due To – Group Loyalty

~ T-GCIMH-RNJF-HAG-BEMS-F-IAI ~ The – Greatest Crimes In Modern History – Resulted Not Just From – Hatred And Greed – But Even More So – From – Ignorance And Indifference

~ IYWT-GGL-RPT-BAA-IAFBTTATT-BTT ~ If You Want To – Gauge Group Loyalty – Requiring People To – Believe An Absurdity – Is A Far Better Test Than Asking Them To – Believe The Truth

~ OOTGFOAI-TDTCOTW-A-TIAT ~ One Of The Greatest Fictions Of All Is – To Deny The Complexity Of The World – And – Think In Absolute Terms

~ F-IYWRI-PGMFI ~ First – If You Want Reliable Information – Pay Good Money For It

~ S-SSTT-TFC:CT/C/C/C ~ Schools – Should Switch To Teaching – The Four C’s: Critical Thinking / Communication / Collaboration / Creativity

~ T-BQFH-I-‘WITMOL?’-B-R-“HDWSS?’-TRTITWIS ~ The – Big Question Facing Humans – Isn’t – “What Is The Meaning Of Life?” – But – Rather – “How Do We Stop Suffering?” – The Realest Thing In The World Is Suffering

YUVAL NOAH HARARI ~ 21 LESSONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ~ 2018

~ D-TEOHHBP ~ Disillusionment – The End Of History Has Been Postponed

~ W-WYGU-YMNHAJ ~ Work – When You Grow Up – You Might Not Have A Job

~ L-BDIWY ~ Liberty – Big Data Is Watching You

~ E-TW-OTD-OTF ~ Equality – Those Who – Own The Data – Own The Future

~ C-HHB ~ Community – Humans Have Bodies

~ C-TIJOCITW ~ Civilization – There Is Just One Civilization In The World

~ N-GPNGA ~ Nationalism – Global Problems Need Global Answers

~ I-SCMBBTO ~ Immigration – Some Cultures Might Be Better Than Others

~ T-DP ~ Terrorism – Don’t Panic

~ W-NUHS ~ War – Never Underestimate Human Stupidity

~ G-DTTNOGIV ~ God – Don’t Take The Name Of God In Vain

~ S-AYS ~ Secularism – Acknowledge Your Shadow

~ I-YKLTYT ~ Ignorance – You Know Less Than You Think

~ J-OSOJMBOOD ~ Justice – Our Sense Of Justice Might Be Out Of Date

~ P-T-SFNLF ~ Post-Truth – Some Fake News Lasts Forever

~ SF-TFINWYSITM ~ Science Fiction – The Future Is Not What You See In The Movies

~ E-CITOC ~ Education – Change Is The Only Constant

~ M-LINAS ~ Meaning – Life Is Not A Story

~ M-JO ~ Mediation – Just Observe

YUVAL NOAH HARARI ~ HOMO DEUS ~ A BRIEF HISTORY OF TOMORROW ~ 2015

~ FTFTIH-MPDT-FETMTFETL ~ For The First Time In History – More People Die Today – From Eating Too Much Than From Eating Too Little

~ IIWOPTMTBATRTIOSEF ~ It Is Within Our Power To Make Things Better And To Reduce The Incidence Of Suffering Even Further

~ SWFTPSAOCWWSTNL ~ Schools Were Founded To Produce Skilful And Obedient Citizens Who Would Serve The Nation Loyally

~ DIIC-AHHEIRD-TIGE-RTGC ~ Dramatic Improvements In Conditions – As Humankind Has Experienced In Recent Decades – Translate Into Greater Expectations – Rather Than Greater Contentment

~ FBOW-AGPOTPITPMOARB-NOTCDMI-BATFMMDATOB ~ For Better Or Worse – A Growing Percentage Of The Population Is Taking Psychiatric Medicines On A Regular Basis – Not Only To Cure Debilitating Mental Illnesses – But Also To Face More Mundane Depression And The Occasional Blues

~ UTN-IHPRMOUOET-ITFIMRMOU-THBAM-O-OMDWOT ~ Up Till Now – Increasing Human Power Relied Mainly On Upgrading Our External Tools – In The Future It May Rely More On Upgrading – The Human Body And Mind – Or – On Merging Directly With Our Tools

~ WWTATR-EOBAMIO-AA-TEOA-D-A-M ~ We Want The Ability To Re-Engineer Our Bodies And Minds In Order – Above All – To Escape Old Age – Death – And – Misery

~ BOH-WCTDW-P-I-W-EATEAARF-EYAGP-TLIPHAHDATTLIS-ATIUTC ~ Billions Of Humans – Will Continue To Deal With – Poverty – Illness – Violence – Even As The Elites Are Already Reaching For – Eternal Youth And Godlike Powers – Those Living In Palaces Have Always Had Different Agendas To Those Living In Shacks – And That Is Unlikely To Change

~ WTPOMPITCCA? ~ What’s The Point Of Making Predictions If They Cannot Change Anything?

~ SH-GUMO ~ Studying History – Gives Us More Options

~ HHWT-RAF-OM-R-E-C ~ History Has Witnessed The – Rise And Fall – Of Many – Regions – Empires – Cultures

~ TA ~ The Anthropocene

~ WRTOA-HHLSBG-WDLTROTTD-BWHNBPJOMG ~ With Regard To Other Animals – Humans Have Long Since Become Gods – We Don’t Like To Reflect On This Too Deeply – Because We Have Not Been Particularly Just Or Merciful Gods

~ TWIPMBHATDA ~ The World Is Populated Mainly By Humans And Their Domesticated Animals

~ 99%OOD-ITMILC-AMBTHRAWC-S-E-D ~ 99 Percent Of Our Decisions – Including The Most Important Life Choices – Are Made By The Highly Refined Algorithms We Call – Sensations – Emotions – Desires

~ TMIAFOSE-SA-P-P-A-L-TMEAMO-I-S-E-T-WFFABM-AID-TOEFAV-TFCOEC-TSOC ~ The Mind Is A Flow Of Subjective Experiences – Such As – Pain – Pleasure – Anger – Love – These Mental Experiences Are Made Of – Interlinked – Sensations – Emotions – Thoughts – Which Flash For A Brief Moment – And Immediately Disappear – Then Other Experiences Flicker And Vanish – This Frenzied Collection Of Experiences Constitutes – The Stream Of Consciousness

~ EAHD-IROACS-MITBTWON-CA ~ Everything A Human Does – Including Reporting On Allegedly Conscious States – Might In Theory Be The Work Of Non-Conscious Algorithms

~ HSITOSOECOCFILN-IAT-WBVIAW-B-IHHNLTCFILN-OCBADHWSBSFSRTUA ~ Homo Sapiens Is The Only Species On Earth Capable Of Cooperating Flexibly In Large Numbers – Intelligence And Toolmaking – Were Obviously Very Important As Well – But – If Humans Had Not Learned To Cooperate Flexibly In Large Numbers – Our Crafty Brains And Deft Hands Would Still Be Splitting Flint Stones Rather Than Uranium Atoms

~ SDBAT-ACML-BRAT-AWSL-WARBE-TE-AIFSATRTSMOAH-GB ~ Sapiens Don’t Behave According To – A Cold Mathematical Logic – But Rather According To – A Warm Social Logic – We Are Ruled By Emotions – These Emotions – Are In Fact Sophisticated Algorithms That Reflect The Social Mechanism Of Ancient Hunter-Gather Bands

~ TTHMTARPTTCOOIS-HIWWTUOF-CGACNIHE-WMADTFTGMTTW ~ To Think Historically Means To Ascribe Real Power To The Contents Of Our Imaginary Stories – Hence If We Want To Understand Our Future – Cracking Genomes And Crunching Numbers Is Hardly Enough – We Must Also Decipher The Fictions That Give Meaning To The World

~ WLMHBCAAMWODR-BIGBAPWTRR-WORCWOR-IWORTHTGW ~ Written Language May Have Been Conceived As A Modest Way Of Describing Reality – But It Gradually Became A Powerful Way To Reshape Reality – When Official Reports Collided With Objective Reality – It Was Often Reality That Had To Give Way

~ HIASN-BTOAN-WWCTT-O-WAACTSO ~ History Isn’t A Single Narrative – But Thousands Of Alternative Narratives – Whenever We Choose To Tell – One – We Are Also Choosing To Silence Others

~ MCTDH ~ Myths Continue To Dominate Humankind

~ IMHAM-II-SH ~ If Modernity Has A Motto – It Is – Shit Happens

~ I-IMNBWTCTBIEGA-R-BINPTSM-INM-OOED ~ Indeed – It May Not Be Wrong To Call The Belief In Economic Growth A – Religion – Because It Now Purports To Solve Many – If Not Most – Of Our Ethical Dilemmas

~ TGSD-W-TDOI-OHRHLTKATW-TSHAVGRTSNK ~ The Greatest Scientific Discovery – Was – The Discovery Of Ignorance – Once Humans Realised How Little They Know About The World – They Suddenly Had A Very Good Reason To Seek New Knowledge

~ WDS-TPAASFMTTR-EITRCTTITFP ~ When Disaster Strikes – The Poor Almost Always Suffer Far More Than The Rich – Even If The Rich Caused The Tragedy In The First Place

~ IEIFS-I-TCATP-TE ~ If Everything Is For Sale – Including – The Courts And The Police – Trust Evaporates

~ WWHTTJMOAIOHIMCT?WWBTPIOAMNCOEUP? ~ What Will Happen To The Job Market Once Artificial Intelligence Outperforms Humans In Most Cognitive Tasks? – What Will Be The Political Impact Of A Massive New Class Of Economically Useless People?

~ WIWTISTTTCCOLASOOISLACY-EOUHASSTTAMOOE-KOAFCS-MTUWBF-M-N-S-OOD-A-WOOATJASCSAWIA ~ We Identify With The Inner System That Takes The Crazy Chaos Of Life And Spins Out Of It Seemingly Logical And Consistent Yarns – Each Of Us Has A Sophisticated System That Throws Away Most Of Our Experiences – Keeps Only A Few Choice Samples – Mixes Them Up With Bits From – Movies – Novels – Speeches – Our Own Daydreams – And – Weaves Out Of All That Jumble A Seemingly Coherent Story About Who I Am

~ WAATFAFO-EU-D/T/S-TMNAFT-FWOIH-C-D-TFM-A-HR-STF? ~ We Are About To Face A Flood Of – Extremely Useful – Devices / Tools / Structures – That Make No Allowance For The – Free Will Of Individual Humans – Can – Democracy – The Free Market – And – Human Rights – Survive This Flood?

~ TGD-IIDFC-WANDNTON-CI ~ The Great Decoupling – Intelligence Is Decoupling From Consciousness – We Are Now Developing New Types Of Non-Conscious Intelligence

~ TMIQIT-F-CEMWBWTDWATSP ~ The Most Important Question In Twenty-First-Century Economics May Well Be What To Do With All The Superfluous People

~ WWCHD-OWHHIN-CATCDAEB? ~ What Will Conscious Humans Do – Once We Have Highly Intelligent Non-Conscious Algorithms That Can Do Almost Everything Better?

~ AAPHOOTJM-WMBCITHO-TTETOTA-PA ~ As Algorithms Push Humans Out Of The Job Market – Wealth Might Become Concentrated In The Hands Of – The Tiny Elite That Owns The All-Powerful Algorithms

~ TQSM-S-KTN ~ The Quantified Self Movement – Self-Knowledge Through Numbers

~ OPDIPTMVRMHSHTO-AWAGITTTGIEFESAFCV ~ Our Personal Data Is Probably The Most Valuable Resource Most Humans Still Have To Offer – And We Are Giving It To The Tech Giants In Exchange For Email Services And Funny Cat Videos

~ TSOAFHTAIHAAU-NAAROSMGD-BDTAFOMC ~ The Shifting Of Authority From Humans To Algorithms Is Happening All Around Us – Not As A Result Of Some Momentous Governmental Decision – But Due To A Flood Of Mundane Choices

~ WEIRD ~ Western – Educated – Industrialized – Rich – Democratic

~ D-TDR-TUCODF-SAHKAW-TIBDACA-TI-O-A-T ~ Dataism – The Data Religion – The Universe Consists Of Data Flows – Sceptical About Human Knowledge And Wisdom – Trust In Big Data And Computer Algorithms – The Internet-Of-All-Things

~ M-G-LT-W-MP-IARFD ~ Mixing – God-Like Technology – With – Megalomaniac Politics – Is A Recipe For Disaster